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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Costarina cima       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 21114). Total length 2.02. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum undivided, small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum wider than long, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with bridges to coxae, without posterior hump, with three transverse ridges, longitudinal ridge almost obsolete between two posteriormost transverse ridges; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling; promargin with one tooth, retromargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, ventral process basally widened, distal process narrow. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r0-1-1; II p0-0-2; tibiae: I, II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-1p; II v2-1p-1r. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, distal and proximal prongs fused for most of their length, producing wide structure with translucent prolateral portion; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated.
Costarina cima, male embolus, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49238)

Costacima9msembp49238LE.tif

Costarina cima, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49238)

Costacima9msembr49238LE.tif

Costarina cima, male embolus, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49238)

Costacima9msembv49238LE.tif

Costarina cima, male palp, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49238)

Costacima9mppalp49238LE.tif

Costarina cima, male palp, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49238)

Costacima9mppalr49238LE.tif

Costarina cima, male palp, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49238)

Costacima9mppalv49238LE.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 88). Total length 2.24. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace posterior portion with smooth area reduced to median strip. Chilum small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Sternum with three transverse ridges, longitudinal ridge almost obsolete between two posteriormost transverse ridges. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum almost semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r1-1-1; II p0-0-2; tibiae: I v4-4-2; II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II v3-0-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: genital atrium very short, with broad, heavily sclerotized anterior margin.
Costarina cima, female sternum, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---00088)

Costacima9fpstev00088LE.tif

Costarina cima, female abdomen, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---00088)

Costacima9fpabdv00088LE.tif

Costarina cima, female abdomen, lateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---00088)

Costacima9fpabdl00088LE.tif

Costarina cima, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---00088)

Costacima9fpifgv00088LE.tif

Costarina cima, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---00088)

Costacima9fpifgd00088LE.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Costarina cima coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029751  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Zarcero, cerca Rio Espino, Palmitas  1 Adult Female    1580  10.17250; -84.39583    05 Aug 2007  A. Solis, C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00000092  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    16.5km NW Barva (Heredia)  1 Adult Male    1829  10.12861; -84.16194  litter near stream  16 Mar 1991  L. Herman  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029751  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Zarcero, cerca Rio Espino, Palmitas  1 Adult Male    1580  10.17250; -84.39583  litter near stream  05 Aug 2007  A. Solis, C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049238  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Cacao Field Station  3 Adult Male    1400  10.92833; -85.47139  wet cloud forest, forest litter  02 Feb 1996  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049245  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Rincon de la Vieja Las Pailas  2 Adult Male    1400  10.78333; -85.35000  forest litter  18 Feb 1996  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049243  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Rincon de la Vieja Las Pailas  2 Adult Male    1400  10.78333; -85.35000  forest litter  18 Feb 1996  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00021114  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Volcan Cacao, summit  1 Adult Male  Holotype    10.93409; -85.45045  forest litter  27 Jul 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049239  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Cacao Field Station, Parque Nacional Guanacaste  1 Adult Male    1200  10.92833; -85.47139  mountain hardwood cloud forest, litter  04 May 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049237  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Cacao Field Station, Parque Nacional Guanacaste  1 Adult Male    1200  10.92833; -85.47139  mountain hardwood cloud forest, litter  04 May 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049246  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Cacao Field Station, Parque Nacional Guanacaste  1 Adult Male    1200  10.92833; -85.47139  mountain hardwood cloud forest, litter  04 May 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049600  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Cacao Field Station  2 Adult Male    1400  10.92833; -85.47139  wet cloud forest, litter  20 Feb 1996  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00036780  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Male    1500  10.32777; -84.81888  litter  28 Aug 1983  J., F. Murphy  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00036780  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  2 Adult Female    1500  10.32777; -84.81888  litter  28 Aug 1983  J., F. Murphy  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00000090  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Female      10.30500; -84.80959  litter  05 Jul 1983  D. Linderian  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029365  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  2 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  15 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029368  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  2 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  09 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029370  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  2 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  11 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029372  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  3 Adult Male    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  12 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010469  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  2 Adult Female    1760  10.30500; -84.80960  montane forest, litter  10 May 1989  R. Leschen, R. Brooks  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00000088  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Male    1500  10.30500; -84.80959  Leaf Litter  23 Feb 1991  H., A Howden  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00000084  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Female      10.30500; -84.80959  Leaf Litter  14 Jul 1983  D. Linderian  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029367  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  Leaf Litter  13 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029369  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  2 Adult Male    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  Leaf Litter  10 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029371  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  4 Adult Male    1800  10.31472; -84.79694  Leaf Litter  10 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010468  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Female    1570  10.30500; -84.80959  Leaf Litter  14 May 1989  R. Leschen, R. Brooks  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00002731  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Male    1480  10.32778; -84.81889  Leaf Litter  15 Jul 1975  E. M. Fisher  CAS 
PBI_OON 00000088  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  4 Adult Female    1500  10.30500; -84.80959  Leaf Litter  23 Feb 1991  H., A Howden  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029366  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1730  10.31944; -84.83250  montane forest, litter  12 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029369  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1650  10.31472; -84.79694  montane forest, litter  10 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029371  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1800  10.31472; -84.79694  montane forest, litter  10 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010410  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Male    1400  10.30500; -84.80960  montane forest, litter  17 Jul 1989  R. H. Pine  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00000090  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde  1 Adult Male      10.30500; -84.80959  montane forest, litter  05 Jul 1983  D. Linderian  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029366  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  2 Adult Male    1730  10.31944; -84.83250  montane forest, litter  12 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029368  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  09 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029370  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  11 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00029372  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Monteverde, Estacion Biologica  1 Adult Female    1540  10.32778; -84.81889  montane forest, litter  12 Jun 2001  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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