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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Costarina paraplena       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 49941). Total length 1.91. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with slightly sclerotized triangular projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum undivided, small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum wider than long, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with bridges to coxae, without posterior hump, with three transverse ridges connected by anastomosing longitudinal ridges; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling; promargin with one tooth, retromargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization, anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, ventral process narrow, with sinuous tip, dorsal process short. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent , metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r0-1-1; tibiae: I, II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I, II v2-2-1p. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, distal prong with ventrally directed tip, proximal prong long, arched; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated.
Costarina paraplena, male embolus, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29746)

Costaparapmsembp29746LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29746)

Costaparapmsembr29746LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, male embolus, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---29746)

Costaparapmsembv29746LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, male palp, prolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49943)

Costaparapmppalp49943LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, male palp, retrolateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49943)

Costaparapmppalr49943LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, male palp, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49943)

Costaparapmppalv49943LE.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 49944). Total length 2.31. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace posterior portion with U-shaped smooth area. Chilum small, triangular, fused to clypeus, seam present. Sternum with three transverse ridges connected by anastomosing longitudinal ridges. Labium anterior portion set at sharp angle to flat posterior portion. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum almost semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I, II p0-0-2; r1-1-1; tibiae: I v4-4-2; II v4-4-1p; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II v2-1r-1p. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: genital atrium short, much wider than long.
Costarina paraplena, female sternum, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49944)

Costaparapfpstev49944LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, female abdomen, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49944)

Costaparapfpabdv49944LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, female abdomen, lateral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49944)

Costaparapfpabdl49944LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49944)

Costaparapfpifgv49944LE.tif

Costarina paraplena, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by LE, specimen ID: ---49944)

Costaparapfpifgd49944LE.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Costarina paraplena coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Costarina paraplena, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00049945  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Anita  1 Adult Female      10.92583; -85.09111    19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049944  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, La Hacienda, Aeropuerto  5 Adult Female      10.88917; -85.01778  cacao  15 Aug 2009  A. Solis, R. Guries, C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049942  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Edwin  1 Adult Male      10.96500; -85.05944  cacao  19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049948  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Aeropuerto  1 Adult Female      10.88917; -85.01778  cacao  19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029748  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Montecristo  1 Adult Male      10.90694; -84.96889  mulch  13 Apr 2007  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049941  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Edwin  1 Adult Male      10.96500; -85.05944  mulch  19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049943  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Aeropuerto  1 Adult Male  Holotype    10.88917; -85.01778  mulch  19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029746  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Montecristo  2 Adult Male      10.90694; -84.96889  humus  14 Apr 2007  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049946  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Edwin  1 Adult Female      10.96500; -85.05944  humus  19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049947  COSTA RICA  Alajuela    Upala, Aeropuerto  1 Adult Female      10.88917; -85.01778  humus  19 Mar 2010  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029817  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Est Pitilla, 9 km S de Santa Cecilia  1 Adult Female    700  10.99113; -85.42754  mulch  01 Apr 1995  P. Rios  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029817  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Est Pitilla, 9 km S de Santa Cecilia  1 Adult Male    700  10.99113; -85.42754  mulch  01 Apr 1995  P. Rios  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00040801  COSTA RICA  Guanacaste    Pitilla Field Station, 9 km S Santa Cecilia  1 Adult Female    600  10.99028; -85.42694  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  02 May 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00027648  COSTA RICA  Heredia    11 km SE La Virgen (450-550)  1 Adult Female      10.33333; -84.06666  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Mar 2003  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027639  COSTA RICA  Heredia    9 km NE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    1550  10.23333; -84.10000  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  06 Mar 2005  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027645  COSTA RICA  Heredia    11 km SE La Virgen (450-550)  1 Adult Female      10.33333; -84.06666  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Feb 2003  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027662  COSTA RICA  Heredia    11 km SE La Virgen (450-550)  1 Adult Female      10.33333; -84.06666  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Mar 2003  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029749  COSTA RICA  Heredia    9 km NE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    1550  10.23333; -84.10000  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  07 Apr 2005  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027999  COSTA RICA  Heredia    9 km NE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Female    1550  10.23333; -84.10000  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  11 Apr 2005  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027644  COSTA RICA  Heredia    9 km NE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    1550  10.23333; -84.10000  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  06 Mar 2005  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027658  COSTA RICA  Heredia    11 km SE La Virgen (450-550)  1 Adult Female      10.33333; -84.06666  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Mar 2003  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027997  COSTA RICA  Heredia    16 km SSE La Virgen  1 Adult Female    1150  10.26666; -84.08333  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  20 Feb 2001  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027642  COSTA RICA  Heredia    11 km ESE La Virgen  1 Adult Female    350  10.35000; -84.05000  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  18 Feb 2004  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027654  COSTA RICA  Heredia    9 km NE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    1550  10.23333; -84.10000  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  12 Mar 2005  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00027996  COSTA RICA  Heredia    11 km SE La Virgen (450-550)  2 Adult Male      10.33333; -84.06666  low mountain rainforest, Leaf Litter  22 Feb 2003  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00029745  COSTA RICA  Limon    Reserva Biologica Silvestre Gandoca Manzanillo, Lagoon Gandoca  1 Adult Male      9.58833; -82.60472  Leaf Litter  08 Feb 2002  D.Chandler  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00002757  COSTA RICA  Limon    5.5 km E Guapiles  3 Adult Female    200  10.20472; -83.74861  tropical wet forest, Leaf Litter  14 May 1987  D. Ubick  CAS 
PBI_OON 00051261  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Parcela Aleman, Centro Cientifico Tropical, Monteverde  1 Adult Female    920  10.30222; -84.73472  tropical wet forest, Leaf Litter  17 Aug 2009  D. Gutierrez  INBIO 


 
 
 
 
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