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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Varioonops spatharum       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON00031104). Total length 1.84. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, indistinct darkened radial stripes present, elevated portion of pars cephalica less granulated, appears to be smoother, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, without pits, microsculpture medially and in furrows, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, sternum surface loosely and coarsely granulated; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites posteromedian with broad triangular projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale yellow-brown ground color with indistinct wide purple net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, anterior half without projecting denticles, posterior margin convex. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, postepigastric scutum posterior margin concave. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, reduced to two small plates. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; r1-0-0; II v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, tube-shaped, elongated, evenly curved prolaterad, tip with rebordered, oval opening and distally strongly elongated, triangularly pointed protrusion, proximal of opening with slightly elevated protuberance; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, one to two times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone narrow, cone-shaped, tarsal organ 2 sensilla; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, distal part conductor basally broad, lamelliform, enlarged distally, T-shaped, with simple, pointed, furrowed, proximal branch twice as long as elongated hook-shaped distal branch.
Varioonops spatharum, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpabda31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpabdd31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpabdl31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpabdv31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpcara31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpcard31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpcarl31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmphabd31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmppald31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmppalp31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmppalr31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmpstev31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmsbulr31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmsembd31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmsembr31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmsemod31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus opening, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmsemor31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmspald31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmspalr31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmstopd31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmsembp31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31104)

variospathmspalp31104AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsbulp31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsbulr31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsembp31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsembr31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsemod31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus opening, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsemor31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmspalp31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmspald31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmspalr31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male palpal tibia, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsptir31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male tarsal organ, palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmstopr31101AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31101)

variospathmsembd31101AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 31002). Total length 2.00. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace indistinct darkened radial stripes present, elevated portion of pars cephalica less granulated, appears to be smoother. Eyes PME touching for less than half their length. Sternum furrow with rows of small pits, sternum surface loosely and coarsely granulated. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions purple-brown ground color with indistinct wide dark purple net-like pattern and indistinct lateral stripes, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two or four posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers posterior spiracles connected by posterior rim of postepigastric scutum. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum pale orange, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, postepigastric scutum very short. Spinneret scutum divided into two plates. Colulus small plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: tibiae emerit's glands not examined. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; r1-0-0; II p0-1-0; v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: epigastric region inconspicuous, anterior sclerite, plate and posterior sclerite moderately visible through the epigastric and postepigastric scuta. Dorsal view: large plate with moderate lateral extensions, median protruding and covering anterior genitalic process, protruding part as long as wide, anterior genitalic process short stalked, leaf-shaped, approximately half the length of posterior genitalic process (receptaculum), originating from a small plate, posterior genitalic process originating from small w-shaped plate, long tubelike, basally stronger sclerotized (ring of glands), distally bent and moderately subspherically enlarged.
Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpabda31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpabdd31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpabdl31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpabdv31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpcara31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpcard31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpcarl31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpegsv31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpstev31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31002)

variospathfpifgd31002AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---27794)

variospathfpabda27794AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---27794)

variospathfpabdd27794AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---27794)

variospathfpabdv27794AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---27794)

variospathfpabdl27794AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---27794)

variospathfpegsv27794AO.tif

Varioonops spatharum, female epigynum, epigynal area, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---27794)

variospathfpepid27794AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA
Varioonops spatharum coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00027794  COSTA RICA  Cartago    Reserva Forestal de Rio Macho, km 70 on interamericana  1 Adult Female    2850  9.65000; -83.85000  litter  22 Mar 1999  J. Zujko-Miller  USNM 
PBI_OON 00031104  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6 km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male  Holotype  2000  10.18333; -84.11667  litter  15 Apr 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00031101  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6 km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    2000  10.18333; -84.11667  litter  16 Apr 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00031102  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6 km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male      10.18256; -84.09570  litter  16 Mar 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00031002  COSTA RICA  Heredia    La Selva  1 Adult Female      10.43333; -84.01666  litter  20 Feb 2001  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049178  COSTA RICA  Heredia    La Selva  1 Adult Male      10.43333; -84.01666  litter  17 Feb 2002  unknown  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00031108  COSTA RICA  Heredia    6 km ENE Vara Blanca  1 Adult Male    2000  10.18333; -84.11667  litter  16 Mar 2002  ALAS (Arthropods of La Selva Project)  INBIO 


 
 
 
 
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