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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Varioonops sansidro       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON_0049184). Total length 1.73. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, elevated portion of pars cephalica less granulated, appears to be smoother., without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, without pits, microsculpture medially and in furrows, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, sternum surface loosely coarsely and granulated, lateral margin grooves not examined; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites posteromedian with broad triangular projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale yellow-brown ground color with wide dark brown net-like pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent, anteriodorsal margin concave (in frontal view). Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, almost semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, postepigastric scutum posterior margin straight. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into two plates. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, plate with two setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I v4-2-2; II v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, tube-shaped, elongated, smooth, almost orthogonally bent prolaterad, opening subtriangular, distally with stepped, truncated, plate-shaped projection; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, one to two times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone distally moderately elongated, tarsal organ with 2 sensilla; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part conductor simple, flat, triangular, less than 1/3 of embolus length.
Varioonops sansidro, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpabda49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpabdd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpabdl49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpabdv49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpcara49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpcard49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpcarl49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimphabd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimppald49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimppalp49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimppalr49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimpstev49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimsbulp49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimsembd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimsembr49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimsemod49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus opening, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimsemop49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimspald49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimspalp49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimspalr49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansimstopd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimsbulp49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimsembd49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimsembp49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimsemod49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male embolus opening, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimsemop49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimspald49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimspalp49174AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49174)

variosansimstopd49174AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_0049184). Total length 1.87. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace with angular posterolateral corners, elevated portion of pars cephalica less granulated, appears to be smoother.. Eyes ALE separated by more than their diameter, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum sternum surface loosely granulated, lateral margin grooves not examined. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions purple-brown ground color with wide dark purple net-like pattern and indistinct lateral stripes, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers posterior spiracles connected by posterior rim of postepigastric scutum. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, postepigastric scutum very short. Spinneret scutum divided into two plates. Colulus plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: aLS bisegmented, with single major ampullate gland spigot and four piriform gland spigots; PMS: pMS unisegmented, with nine spigots; PLS: pLS bisegmented, with 12 spigots. LEGS: tibiae emerit's glands not examined. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; II p0-1-0; v4-2-2; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: epigastric region inconspicuous, anterior sclerite and plate barely visible through the epigastric scutum. Dorsal view: large plate with lateral extensions, not bent posteriad, median protruding and covering anterior genitalic process, protruding part as longer as wide, anterior genitalic process long, narrow, distally enlarged bulb, shorter than posterior genitalic process (receptaculum), originating from a small plate, field of filiform glands at base of anterior genitalic process, posterior genitalic process long duct with subspherical enlarged distal end, moderately bent, many suboval glands attached at duct.
Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifpabda49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifpabdd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifpabdl49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifpabdv49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifphabd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31112)

variosansifpegsd31112AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49155)

variosansifpegsd49155AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifpegsd49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifpegsd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---31112)

variosansifpifgd31112AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49155)

variosansifpifgd49155AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifpifgd49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifpifgd49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifsabdv49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female ALS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifsALST49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female colulus, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifscolv49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifsifgd49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifsepiv49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female Pore field of receptaculum, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifspfrd49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female PLS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifsPLST49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female PMS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifsPMST49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female PMS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifsPMST49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female Receptaculum, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifsrecd49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female spinnerets, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49168)

variosansifsspiT49168AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female spinnerets, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49184)

variosansifsspiv49184AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpabda49190AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01774)

variosansifpabdd01774AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpabdd49190AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01774)

variosansifpabdl01774AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpabdl49190AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01774)

variosansifpabdv01774AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpabdv49190AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpegsd49190AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01774)

variosansifpegsv01774AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpegsv49190AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---01774)

variosansifpifgd01774AO.tif

Varioonops sansidro, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49190)

variosansifpifgd49190AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

COSTA RICA ; PANAMA
Varioonops sansidro coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Varioonops sansidro, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00001774  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    35 km NE San Vito nr. Las Alturas, Rio Bella Vista, Rd. to Gravel Pit  1 Adult Female    1311  8.93794; -82.83556    22 Mar 1991  L. Herman  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00031113  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    La Lucha, Cerro Amuo, base camp for INBio Darwin Project  1 Adult Male    1500  9.11439; -83.09342  rock outcrop  19 Feb 2008  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00010650  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Estacion Biologica, Finca Las Cruces, San Vito  1 Adult Male    1219  8.76667; -82.96667  rock outcrop  18 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049163  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Alturas, Quepos  1 Adult Male      9.43194; -84.16111  rock outcrop  29 Jul 2010  A. Solis, C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00031112  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    La Lucha, Cerro Amuo, base camp for INBio Darwin Project  4 Adult Female    1500  9.11439; -83.09342  rock outcrop  19 Feb 2008  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00010615  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Finca Las Cruces, La Fila  1 Adult Female    1433  8.78937; -82.98133  rock outcrop  21 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049155  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Est. Biol. Las Alturas, 2 km NE Alturas  2 Adult Female    1520  8.94888; -82.83361  montane forest, litter  20 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049226  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Finca Las Cruces, La Fila  1 Adult Female    1433  8.78937; -82.98133  Leaf Litter  15 Mar 1973  J. Wagner, J. Kethley  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00031112  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    La Lucha, Cerro Amuo, base camp for INBio Darwin Project  1 Adult Male    1500  9.11439; -83.09342  rock outcrop  19 Feb 2008  C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049158  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Est. Biol. Las Cruces  1 Adult Female    1400  8.78694; -82.98694  wet cloud forest, litter  22 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00031004  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    1km SW Biolley, Altamira  1 Adult Female    1350  9.03063; -83.05511  mantillo  01 Jan 1996  R. Villalobos  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049168  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    Alturas, Quepos  1 Adult Female      9.43194; -84.16111  mantillo  29 Jul 2010  A. Solis, C. Viquez  INBIO 
PBI_OON 00049174  COSTA RICA  Puntarenas    5 km SW Est. Biol. Las Cruces  1 Adult Male    1400  8.78694; -82.98694  wet cloud forest, litter  22 Jun 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049184  COSTA RICA  San Jose    km 117, Pan-Amer. Hwy., 19 km N San Isidro  3 Adult Female  Paratype  1800  9.46666; -83.70555  cloud forest, litter  15 Feb 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049184  COSTA RICA  San Jose    km 117, Pan-Amer. Hwy., 19 km N San Isidro  2 Adult Male  Holotype  1800  9.46666; -83.70555  cloud forest, litter  15 Feb 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049190  PANAMA  Chiriqui    5.6 km N Boquete, La Culebra Trail  1 Adult Female    1800  8.81666; -82.43333  wet cloud forest, litter  15 Jun 1996  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010146  PANAMA  Chiriqui    2 km N Santa Clara, Hartmann Finca  1 Adult Female    1550  8.84483; -82.76076  wet cloud forest, litter  25 May 1977  S., J. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049253  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Finca Palo Santo, W. Nueva California  1 Adult Female    1524  8.80833; -82.66666  litter  10 Mar 1959  H. Dybas  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049225  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Near Nueva Calfornia W of Finca Palo Santo  1 Adult Female    1448  8.78661; -82.65063  leaf mold  05 Mar 1959  H. Dybas  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049192  PANAMA  Chiriqui    30.7 km W Volcan Hartman's Finca  1 Adult Male    1800  8.83333; -82.75000  mixed oak forest, litter  16 Jun 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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