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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Varioonops funator       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON_0049193). Total length 1.54. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, without pits, microsculpture medially and in furrows, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, lateral margin grooves not examined Sternum surface loosely and coarsely granulated; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites posteromedian with broad triangular projection. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale yellow-brown ground color with wide dark purple netlike pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, anterior half with projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, postepigastric scutum posterior margin straight. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into two plates. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; tibiae: I v4-2-2; II v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, dorsoventrally flattened, moderately curved prolaterad, prolateral longitudinally ribbed; short tip tube-shaped, with simple oval opening and distal scoop-shaped, elongated projection; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, one to two times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone short, tarsal organ 2 sensilla; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, spherical, distal part conductor originating prolaterally on same base as embolus, narrow, moderately flattened, simply pointed, half as long as embolus.
Varioonops funator, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpabda49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpabdd49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpabdl49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpabdv49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpcara49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpcard49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpcarl49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmphabd49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmppald49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmppalp49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmppalr49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatmpstev49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmsembp10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male embolus opening, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmsemop10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmspalp10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmsbulr10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmsembd10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmsembr10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmsemod10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmspald10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmspalr10665AO.tif

Varioonops funator, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---10665)

variofunatmstopd10665AO.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_0049193). Total length 1.77. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace dark red-brown. Sternum lateral margin grooves not examined Sternum surface loosely and coarsely granulated. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions dorsally dark red-brown, ventrally pale yellow-brown ground color with wide dark purple netlike pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two to four posteriad pale lines. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum divided into two plates. Colulus small plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: aLS bisegmented, with single major ampullate gland spigot and four piriform gland spigots; PMS: pMS unisegmented, with eight spigots; PLS: pLS bisegmented, with 12 spigots. LEGS: tibiae emerit's glands not examined. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II p0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; r1-0-0; II p0-1-0; v4-2-1p; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: epigastric region inconspicuous. Dorsal view: large plate with lateral extensions, median protruding and covering anterior genitalic process, protruding part distally wider than long, anterior genitalic process dendriform, narrow stalked, slightly shorter than posterior genitalic process (receptaculum), originating from a small plate, field of filiform glands at base of anterior genitalic process, posterior genitalic process broad, elongated pocket-like shaped, distally moderately tapering and rounded.
Varioonops funator, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpabdd49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpabdv49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpcard49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpepiv49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfphabd49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpegsv49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female ALS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfsALST49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female PLS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfsPLST49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female PMS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfsPMST49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female spinnerets, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfsspiT49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpegsd49193AO.tif

Varioonops funator, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49193)

variofunatfpifgd49193AO.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

PANAMA
Varioonops funator coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00010132  PANAMA  Bocas del Toro    25 km NNE San Felix  1 Adult Male    1500  8.56666; -81.83333  cloud forest, litter  05 Jun 1980  J. Wagner  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00037760  PANAMA  Bocas del Toro    25 km NNE San Felix  1 Adult Male    1500  8.56666; -81.83333  cloud forest, litter  06 Jun 1980  J. Wagner  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00037097  PANAMA  Bocas del Toro    Fortuna- Chiriqui Grande Road  1 Adult Female    800  8.78333; -82.18333  cloud forest, litter  16 Jul 1987  D. Olson  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00037092  PANAMA  Bocas del Toro    Bocas del Toro  1 Adult Male    800  8.78333; -82.18333  cloud forest, litter  14 Jul 1987  D. Olson  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00010155  PANAMA  Bocas del Toro    25 km NNE San Felix  1 Adult Male    1500  8.56666; -81.83333  cloud forest, litter  04 Jun 1980  J. Wagner  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049222  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Cloudforest at Quebrada Honda  2 Adult Male      8.75204; -82.23964  cloud forest, litter  22 Sept 2008  M. Draney, A. McKenna-Foster  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049194  PANAMA  Chiriqui    30.7 km W Volcan Hartman's Finca  1 Adult Male    1800  8.83333; -82.75000  mixed oak forest, litter  16 Jun 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00010665  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Reserva Forestal Fortuna, Cloudforest at Quebrada Samudio  5 Adult Male      8.73502; -82.24719  cloud forest, litter  21 Sept 2008  M. Draney, A. McKenna-Foster  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010415  PANAMA  Chiriqui    3.5 km E Escopeta  1 Adult Male    1856  8.56666; -81.83333  cloud forest, litter  13 Jun 1980  J. Wagner  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049193  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Bocas del Toro, La Fortuna Area, Cont. Divide trail  5 Adult Female  Paratype  1200  8.74222; -82.25083  wet montane cloud forest, litter  09 Jun 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049223  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Cloudforest at Quebrada Honda  1 Adult Female      8.75204; -82.23964  wet montane cloud forest, litter  23 Sept 2008  M. Draney, A. McKenna-Foster  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049193  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Bocas del Toro, La Fortuna Area, Cont. Divide trail  7 Adult Male  Holotype  1200  8.74222; -82.25083  wet montane cloud forest, litter  09 Jun 1995  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049223  PANAMA  Chiriqui    Cloudforest at Quebrada Honda  1 Adult Male      8.75204; -82.23964  wet montane cloud forest, litter  23 Sept 2008  M. Draney, A. McKenna-Foster  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00049191  PANAMA  Veraguas    6.1 km N Santa Fe, Cerro Tute  1 Adult Male    1220  8.50833; -81.11833  wet cloud forest, litter  13 Jun 1996  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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