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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Varioonops parlata       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 49200). Total length 1.92. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, elevated portion of pars cephalica less granulated, appears to be smoother (compared to other species of the group, granulation is not as distinct in this species), without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin undulate, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE, PME subequal, larger than PLE, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, without pits, microsculpture medially and in furrows, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, sternum surface loosely and indistinctly granulated; lateral margin grooves not examined; setae sparse, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites posteromedian with narrow triangular projection; anteriomedian with distinct modifications (distal cone-shaped process, median lamella and sickle-shaped seta). ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale yellow-brown ground color with indistinct wide dark purple netlike pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, middle surface finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, anterior half without projecting denticles, dorsal scutum weakly fused to epigastric scutum. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring, divided into two plates. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, small plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: not examined; PMS: not examined; PLS: not examined. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi tarsi III and IV with two special setae between claws with tooth-like tips (examined with microscope, not SEM). Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; tibiae: I v4-2-2; II v4-2-1p; IV v0-0-2; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; (leg III: indistinct spines on metatarus (p0-0-1), leg IV: also indistinct lateral spines at tibia (p0-0-1, r0-0-1) and metatarsus (p0-0-1). ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, triangular with rounded angles, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, basally broad, tube-shaped, finely longitudinally ribbed, distally abrupt narrowed. elongated, curved ventroprolaterad; tip with simple oval opening; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria with 3 trichobothria; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae, cymbial cone longitudinally furrowed, tarsal organ 2 sensilla; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part conductor massive, discontinuously attached to bulb prolaterally of embolus base, wrench-shaped, as long as embolus.
Varioonops parlata, male abdomen, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampabda49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampabdd49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampabdl49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampabdv49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male carapace, anterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampcara49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampcard49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male carapace, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampcarl49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male endites, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampendl49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamphabd49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamppald49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamppalp49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamppalr49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male sternum, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlampstev49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male bulb, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsbulp49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male embolus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsembd49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male embolus, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsembp49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsembr49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male embolus opening, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsemod49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamspald49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male palp, prolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamspalp49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamspalr49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male tarsal organ, palp, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamstopd49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, male sternum, ventral view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsstev49200AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, male endites, ventral view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamsendv49200AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, male claws, leg IV, dorsal view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlamscl4d49200AB.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_0049200). Total length 2.11. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace elevated portion of pars cephalica less granulated, appears to be smoother (compared to other species of the group, granulation is not as distinct in this species). Sternum sternum surface loosely and indistinctly granulated; lateral margin grooves not examined. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions pale yellow-brown ground color with indistinct wide dark purple netlike pattern, cardiac mark pale, posteriorly with two posteriad pale lines. Book lung covers posterior spiracles connected by posterior rim of postepigastric scutum. Pedicel scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum pale orange, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum. Spinneret scutum divided into two plates. Colulus small plate with two setae. Spinnerets: ALS: aLS bisegmented, with single major ampullate gland spigot and two piriform gland spigots; PMS: pMS unisegmented, with six spigots; PLS: pLS bisegmented, with nine spigots. LEGS: tibiae emerit's glands not examined, tarsi tarsi III and IV with two special setae between claws with tooth-like tips (examined with microscope, not SEM). Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-1-1; II v0-0-1; tibiae: I p1-1-0; v4-2-2; II p1-0-0; v4-2-1p; IV v0-0-2; metatarsi: I, II p1-0-0; v2-2-2; (leg III: indistinct spines on tibia and metatarus (p0-0-1), leg IV: indistinct lateral spines at tibia (p0-0-1, r0-0-1) and metatarsus (p0-0-1, r0-0-1). ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: epigastric region inconspicuous, anterior sclerite and plate distinctly visible through the epigastric scutum. Dorsal view: large plate with lateral extensions, median protruding and covering anterior genitalic process, protruding part as long as wide, anterior genitalic process goblet-shaped, 2.5 times longer than posterior genitalic process (receptaculum), laterally at base of anterior genitalic process with two small strongly sclerotized oval structures (lateral extensions of the smaller plate); field of filiform glands at base of anterior genitalic process present; posterior genitalic process subspherical, distally with narrow elongated glands.
Varioonops parlata, female abdomen, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlafpabdd49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female abdomen, lateral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlafpabdl49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female abdomen, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlafpabdv49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlafpcard49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlafpegsv49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female habitus, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49200)

varioparlafphabd49200AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female ALS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsALST49211AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female PLS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsPLST49211AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female PMS, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsPMST49211AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female spinnerets, posterior view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsspiT49211AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female epigastric sclerite, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafpegsd49211AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AO, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafpifgd49211AO.tif

Varioonops parlata, female sternum, ventral view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsstev49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female Receptaculum, dorsal view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsrecd49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsifgd49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female endites, ventral view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsendv49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female epigastric sclerite, ventral view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafsegsv49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female chelicerae, posterior view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafscheT49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female chelicerae, anterior view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafschea49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafscard49211AB.tif

Varioonops parlata, female tarsal organ, palp, anterior view (image by AB, specimen ID: ---49211)

varioparlafstopa49211AB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

VENEZUELA
Varioonops parlata coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00049203  VENEZUELA  Merida    Paramo La Culata, 18.5 km N.E. Merida  1 Adult Female  Paratype  2950  8.74277; -71.06222  shrub litter  25 May 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049207  VENEZUELA  Merida    La Mucuy, 7 km E Tabay, Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada  1 Adult Female    2340  8.62888; -71.04055  upper montane forest, litter  24 May 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00021017  VENEZUELA  Merida    N of Merida, trail to Monte Cerpa  1 Adult Female    2256  8.60000; -71.15000  litter  29 Mar 1992  L. Herman  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049200  VENEZUELA  Merida    Paramo La Culata, 18.5 km N.E. Merida  1 Subadult sex unknown    2950  8.74277; -71.06222  shrub litter  25 May 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049200  VENEZUELA  Merida    Paramo La Culata, 18.5 km N.E. Merida  1 Adult Female  Paratype  2950  8.74277; -71.06222  shrub litter  25 May 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049200  VENEZUELA  Merida    Paramo La Culata, 18.5 km N.E. Merida  1 Adult Male  Holotype  2950  8.74277; -71.06222  shrub litter  25 May 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00049211  VENEZUELA  Merida    La Mucuy, 7 km E Tabay, Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada  2 Adult Female    2520  8.62805; -71.02944  cloud forest, litter  24 May 1998  R. Anderson  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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