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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Orchestina saltitans Banks, 1894       Get publication


Orchestina saltitans Banks, 1894b: 300 (Dj).
Orchestina saltitans Emerton, 1909: 214, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dm).
Orchestina saltabunda Petrunkevitch, 1910: 207, pl. 21, f. 2-3 (m, misidentified).
Orchestina saltitans Dalmas, 1916: 239, f. 24-25, 35-36 (m).
Orchestina saltitans Petrunkevitch, 1920: 158, pl. 9, f. 1-9 (m).
Orchestina saltitans Kaston, 1938a: 12 (Df).
Orchestina saltitans Comstock, 1940: 311, f. 290 (m).

            Male (PBI_OON 42750). Total length 0.92. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, with net-shaped pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent, slightly sloping forward; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, posterior eye row slightly recurved in front view, PME largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row recurved from above; ALE separated by more than their diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, with net-shaped pattern; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium rectangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula absent, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale white, with gray netlike pattern. Book lung covers large, round, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, with fringe of setae, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum absent, but abdomen extending anteriad of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum absent. Postepigastric scutum absent. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus present. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I longer than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally, with brown net-shaped pattern; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, stout, spherical.
Orchestina saltitans, male carapace, anterior view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42584)

ORCHESALTImpcara42584MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male carapace, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42584)

ORCHESALTImpcarl42584MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male carapace, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42584)

ORCHESALTImpcard42584MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male sternum, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42584)

ORCHESALTImpsted42584MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male carapace, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---51089)

ORCHESALTImpcarl51089MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male carapace, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---51089)

ORCHESALTImpcard51089MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male palp, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---51089)

ORCHESALTImppald51089MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male palp, prolateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---51089)

ORCHESALTImppalp51089MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male palp, retrolateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---51089)

ORCHESALTImppalr51089MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, male palp, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42587)

ORCHESALTImdpald42587MI.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 42750). Total length 1.42. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange. Clypeus slightly sloping forward. Eyes posterior eye row slightly recurved in front view. Sternum yellow, with net-shaped pattern. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium yellow. Endites serrula present in single row. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent, without lateral joints. LEGS: patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope.
Orchestina saltitans, female habitus, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---01070)

ORCHESALTIfphabv01070MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, female habitus, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---01070)

ORCHESALTIfphabl01070MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, female abdomen, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---42584)

ORCHESALTIfpabdv42584MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---26481)

ORCHESALTIfdifgv26481MI.tif

Orchestina saltitans, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---26481)

ORCHESALTIfpifgv26481MI.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

USA
Orchestina saltitans coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Orchestina saltitans, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00001732  USA  Alabama  Montgomery  Montgomery  1 Adult Female      32.36604; -86.29829      A. Archer  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042580  USA  Connecticut  Hartford  New Britain  1 Adult Female      41.66777; -72.78194    20 Nov 1950  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042581  USA  Connecticut  New Haven  none  13 Adult Male      41.30827; -72.92788    01 Jan 1934  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042563  USA  Connecticut  New Haven  Meriden  1 Adult Male      41.53500; -72.79750    25 Sept 1937  H. L. Johnson  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042582  USA  Connecticut  New Haven  none  3 Juvenile sex unknown      41.30827; -72.92788    01 Jan 1934  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042582  USA  Connecticut  New Haven  none  3 Adult Female      41.30827; -72.92788    01 Jan 1934  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042579  USA  Connecticut  New Haven  none  1 Adult Male      41.30827; -72.92788      B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00026485  USA  District of Columbia    unknown  1 Adult Female    21  38.91535; -76.95653      N. Banks  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00026485  USA  District of Columbia    unknown  1 Adult Male    21  38.91535; -76.95653      N. Banks  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00042583  USA  Georgia  Hall  Gainesville  2 Adult Female    381  34.30444; -83.83388    01 Sept 1939  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042584  USA  Georgia  Hall  Gainesville  2 Adult Male    381  34.30444; -83.83388    25 Aug 1942  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042584  USA  Georgia  Hall  Gainesville  4 Adult Female    381  34.30444; -83.83388    25 Aug 1942  B. J. Kaston  USNM 
PBI_OON 00042587  USA  Georgia    Gainesville  1 Adult Female    385  34.30444; -83.83389    10 Sept 1940  B. J. Kaston  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042587  USA  Georgia    Gainesville  4 Adult Male    385  34.30444; -83.83389    10 Sept 1940  B. J. Kaston  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042830  USA  Georgia    Gainesville  2 Adult Male    385  34.30444; -83.83389    07 Dec 1944  B. J. Kaston  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026483  USA  Massachusetts    Allston  1 Adult Female      ;     31 May 1916  E. Bryant  MCZ 
  USA  Massachusetts    Allston  1 Adult sex unknown  none    ;     31 May 1916  J. H. Emerton Coll.  MCZ 
  USA  Massachusetts    “cellar of B.S. Nat. Hist.” (= Boston Society of Natural History)  1 Adult sex unknown  none    ;     03 Jun 1889  J. H. Emerton Coll.  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00026484  USA  Massachusetts    Allston  1 Adult Male      ;     25 Apr 1916  E. Bryant  MCZ 
  USA  Massachusetts    Allston  1 Adult sex unknown  none    ;     25 Apr 1916  J. H. Emerton Coll.  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00001658  USA  Massachusetts  Suffolk  9 Baldwin St., Cambridge  1 Adult Male      42.37640; -71.10808    13 Oct 1968  W. A. Shear  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026480  USA  Michigan  Calhoun  Ott Biol. Pres.  1 Adult Male      ;     06 Jun 1947  unknown  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00042567  USA  Michigan  Ingham  East Lansing, MSU Nat Sci building, fourth floor desk  1 Adult Female    258  42.73083; -84.47833    19 Jun 1969  unknown  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026479  USA  Michigan    Ann Arbor  1 Adult Female      ;     09 Apr 1943  R. Westover  MCZ 
  USA  Michigan    Ott Biological Preserve  1 Adult sex unknown  none    ;     06 Jun 1947  A. Chickering  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00026478  USA  Michigan    Ann Arbor  1 Adult Male      ;     07 Feb 1944  R. Westover  MCZ 
  USA  Michigan    Ann Arbor  1 Adult sex unknown  none    ;     09 Apr 1943  R. Westover  MCZ 
  USA  Michigan    Ann Arbor  1 Adult sex unknown  none    ;     01 Jan 1900  R. Westover  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00042565  USA  Missouri  Boone  Columbia  1 Adult Male      38.95167; -92.33389    01 Jun 1905  Crosby  CUIC 
PBI_OON 00042564  USA  Missouri  unknown  Missouri University  1 Adult Male      38.94528; -92.32861      C. R. Crosby  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001445  USA  New Jersey  Bergen  Ramsey  2 Adult Male      41.05722; -74.14139    26 May 1939  W. Gertsch  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042840  USA  New Jersey  Bergen  Ramsey  1 Adult Male      41.05722; -74.14139    20 Feb 1938  Gertsch  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001445  USA  New Jersey  Bergen  Ramsey  2 Adult Female      41.05722; -74.14139    26 May 1939  W. Gertsch  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001446  USA  New Jersey  Hunterdon  Lambertville  1 Adult Male      40.36666; -74.93333    01 Aug 1951  W. Ivie  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001457  USA  New York  Monroe  Dewey Bldg Campus, Univ. of Rochester  1 Adult Male      43.12730; -77.63011    31 Jan 1946  G. Leclerc  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001456  USA  New York  Monroe  Dewey Bldg Campus, Univ. of Rochester  1 Adult Male      43.12730; -77.63011    18 Nov 1940  John Buck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00038007  USA  New York  Monroe  Dewey Bldg Campus, Univ. of Rochester  1 Adult Male      43.12730; -77.63011    13 Aug 1942  John Buck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00026481  USA  New York  Nassau  Sea Cliff  5 Adult Female      40.84422; -73.64408      N. Banks  MCZ 
  USA  New York  Nassau  Sea Cliff  1 Adult sex unknown  Holotype    40.84422; -73.64408    01 Jan 1900  none  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00026481  USA  New York  Nassau  Sea Cliff  3 Adult Male      40.84422; -73.64408      N. Banks  MCZ 
  USA  New York  Nassau  Sea Cliff  1 Adult sex unknown  none    40.84422; -73.64408    01 Jan 1900  N. Banks  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00042750  USA  New York  Nassau  Sea Cliff  1 Adult Female  Holotype    40.84422; -73.64408      Nathan Banks  MCZ 
PBI_OON 00042835  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  1 Adult Male    27  40.78111; -73.97388    19 Aug 1936  Gertsch  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042294  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  1 Adult Female    27  40.78111; -73.97388    26 May 1937  Paul Richard  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042835  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  1 Adult Female    27  40.78111; -73.97388    19 Aug 1936  Gertsch  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042294  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  2 Adult Male    27  40.78111; -73.97388    26 May 1937  Paul Richard  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00051089  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  1 Adult Female    27  40.78111; -73.97388    01 Sept 1937  Paul Richard  MACN 
PBI_OON 00051089  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  1 Adult Male    27  40.78111; -73.97388    01 Sept 1937  Paul Richard  MACN 
PBI_OON 00042294  USA  New York  New York  AMNH building  1 Juvenile sex unknown    27  40.78111; -73.97388    26 May 1937  Paul Richard  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042711  USA  North Carolina  Carteret  Beaufort, Piver's Island  1 Adult Male    34.71750; -76.67194    24 Jul 1965  J. A. Beatty  JAB 
PBI_OON 00042710  USA  North Carolina  Durham  Durham, Duke Forest  1 Adult Female      36.01706; -78.98256    10 Jun 1963  J. A. Beatty  JAB 
PBI_OON 00042839  USA  Ohio  Franklin  Columbus  2 Adult Female      39.96111; -82.99889      W. M. Barrows  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042839  USA  Ohio  Franklin  Columbus  2 Adult Male      39.96111; -82.99889      W. M. Barrows  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042712  USA  Ohio  Wayne  Wooster Colllege Campus, in building  1 Adult Male    338  40.81416; -81.93361    10 Nov 1958  J. A. Beatty  JAB 
PBI_OON 00001070  USA  Pennsylvania  Bucks  Horseshoe Bend, Neshaminy Creek, NE of Jamison  1 Adult Female    48  40.26800; -75.05500    01 Jan 1960  W. Ivie  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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