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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Orchestina kamehameha       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 38004). CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange, with net-shaped pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae present; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, pME placed on a protuberance, PME largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by more than their diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum as long as wide, pale orange, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, net shaped pattern; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium rectangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula absent, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions dark purple, with gray netlike pattern. Book lung covers large, round, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, with fringe of setae, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum absent, but abdomen extending anteriad of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum absent. Postepigastric scutum absent. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present. Epigastric area setae uniform. Postepigastric area setae present. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus present. LEGS: yellow; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I longer than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope; metatarsus: each with one. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia with one purple band in the middle, trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, stout, spherical.
Orchestina kamehameha, male carapace, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHmpcarl38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, male eye group, anterior view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHmpeyea38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, male eye group, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHmpeyed38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, male eye group, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHmpeyel38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, male palp, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHmdpald38004MI.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 38004). Total length 1.69. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace ovoid in dorsal view. Eyes posterior eye row slightly recurved when viewed from font; PME touching throughout most of their length. Sternum longer than wide, net shaped pattern. Labium elongated hexagon; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent, without lateral joints. Dorsum setae dark, needle-like. Epigastric area dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae dark, needle-like. LEGS: patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, femora with purple pigment, patellae with purple pigment, tibiae with purple pigment. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria examined with Stereo microscope.
Orchestina kamehameha, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHfpifgv38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHfpepiv38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, female habitus, dorsal view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHfphabd38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, female habitus, lateral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHfphabl38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, female habitus, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHfphabv38004MI.tif

Orchestina kamehameha, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by MI, specimen ID: ---38004)

ORCHEKAMEHfdifgv38004MI.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

USA
Orchestina kamehameha coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Orchestina kamehameha, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00038004  USA  Hawaii  Hawaii County  Honokahau  1 Adult Male  Paratype    ;     06 Sept 1957  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00050036  USA  Hawaii  Hawaii County  Honokahau  1 Adult Female  Paratype    ;     06 Sept 1957  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00038004  USA  Hawaii  Hawaii County  Honokahau  3 Adult Female  Paratype    ;     06 Sept 1957  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00050036  USA  Hawaii  Hawaii County  Honokahau  1 Adult Male  Holotype    ;     06 Sept 1957  A. Nadler  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00042714  USA  Hawaii  Kauai County  Kahili Mountain, 5 mi N Koloa  1 Adult Male  Paratype    21.96196; -159.47770    11 Jan 1998  J., E. Berry  JAB 
PBI_OON 00038006  USA  Hawaii  Maui County  Kahului, Maui  1 Adult Female  Paratype    ;     17 Sept 1957  A. Nadler  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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