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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Opopaea rugosa       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 18059). Total length 1.44. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with angular posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica granulate, sides striated, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, high shouldered, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with blunt denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, aLE: 0.084; PME: 0.070; PLE: 0.054, ALE largest, all eyes circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME touching. Sternum as long as wide, orange-brown, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow with rows of small pits, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface rugose, covered with small round pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae abundant, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from small pits, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, pointed posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers small, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, with small, dorsolateral, triangular extensions, scuto-pedicel region with paired curved scutal ridges, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent, scuto-pedicel region more than diameter of pedicel, paired scutal ridges not connected. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with long posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, postepigastric scutum with longitudinal line of setae about 1/2 of postepigastric scutum length. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of stout setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, circular, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical; embolus light, prolateral excavation present; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella medially; patella longer than femur, much larger than femur, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified, palpal patella 0.281 long, 0.159 wide, connection to femur at 0.053.; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, covered with plumose setae, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb orange-brown, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, bulb ventrally strongly bulged, tip with ventral crest and deep prolateral incision, fentesta large.
Opopaea rugosa, male abdomen, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmpabda18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male abdomen, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmpabdv18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmpcara18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male carapace, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmpcarp18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmphabd18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmphabl18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmppald18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmphabv18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmppalp18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmppalr18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmpstev18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmspald18059BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---18059)

OPOPARUGOSmspalp18059BB.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 48272). Total length 1.58. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace high shouldered. Eyes aLE: 0.078; PME: 0.066; PLE: 0.059. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Pedicel scuto-pedicel region more than diameter of pedicel, paired scutal ridges not connected. Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined.
Opopaea rugosa, female abdomen, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpabdv48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpcara48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpcard48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female carapace, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpcarp48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpepiv48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfphabd48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfphabl48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfphabv48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpstev48272BB.tif

Opopaea rugosa, female epigynum, epigynal area, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---48272)

OPOPARUGOSfpepid48272BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

AUSTRALIA
Opopaea rugosa coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Opopaea rugosa, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00018059  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia    Barrow Island, 1 km W. of Warehouse  1 Adult Male  Holotype    -20.72860; 115.43220    04 Nov 1993  Harvey, M.S., Waldock, J.M.  WAMP 
PBI_OON 00017775  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia    Barrow Island, old air strip  1 Adult Female      -20.75000; 115.38333    01 May 2006  S. Callan, R. Graham  WAMP 
PBI_OON 00048272  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia    Barrow Island, 1 km W. of Warehouse  1 Adult Female  Allotype    -20.72860; 115.43220    04 Nov 1993  Harvey, M.S., Waldock, J.M.  WAMP 
PBI_OON 00048263  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia  Pilbara  Dresser Mining Center, 10 km SSW, site MBE11  1 Adult Male      -21.23666; 119.40833    12 Oct 2005  CALM Pilbara Survey  WAMP 


 
 
 
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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