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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Gradunguloonops orellana       Get publication

            Male (PBI_OON 14968). Total length 1.88. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace yellow-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae absent, seem to be lost; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae dark, needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae absent. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, on dark pigment, all subequal, all eyes circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium elongated hexagon, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, with a lateral furrow that bisects the maxilla in two sections: a dorsal one, flattened, bearing the serrula, and a ventral one, thickened, with a truncated, less sclerotized tip, but with a ventral medial slerotized ridge.. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus absent. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, femora slightly thickener than I-III. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments white; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, upwardly directed, relatively short; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium white, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb white, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, with a ventral basal bulge, middle part tapering abruptly, distal part conductor short, darkened.
Gradunguloonops orellana, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male habitus, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male palp, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


Gradunguloonops orellana, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14968)


            Female (PBI_OON 14953). Total length 2.46. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace non-marginal pars cephalica setae seem to be lost; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent, seem to be lost. Clypeus setae seem to be lost. Eyes on dark pigment. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified, without the modifications of the male. Female palp claws present; spines absent; tarsus unmodified. LEGS: femora missing. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: aterior receptacle with two elements: a ventral one, long, distally widened, as a site for muscle attachment; and a dorsal one with thick walls covered with glands, its base is transverserly wide, the median part is strongly narrowed and forwardly directed, which is continued with the additional membranose, elongated sac. Transverse ventral ridge with a median deep identation; posterior receptacle inconspicuous (probably broken during the microscopis preparation)..
Gradunguloonops orellana, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14954)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)


Gradunguloonops orellana, female habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14953)




Gradunguloonops orellana coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Gradunguloonops orellana, Discover Life Map

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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00001903  ECUADOR  Orellana    1 km S Onkone Gare Camp, Reserva Etnica Waorani  1 Adult Female    216  -0.65716; -76.45300    04 Oct 1995  T. Erwin et al.  USNM 
PBI_OON 00014968  ECUADOR  Orellana    Reserva Etnica Waorani, 1 km S. Onkone Gare Camp, Transect Ent.  1 Adult Male  Holotype  216  -0.65714; -76.45300    04 Oct 1995  T. Erwin et al.  USNM 
PBI_OON 00014953  ECUADOR  Orellana    1 km S Onkone Gare Camp, Reserva Etnica Waorani  1 Adult Female  Paratype  216  -0.65716; -76.45300    05 Oct 1995  T. Erwin et al.  USNM 
PBI_OON 00014954  ECUADOR  Orellana    1 km S Onkone Gare Camp, Reserva Etnica Waorani  1 Adult Female    216  -0.65716; -76.45300    26 Jun 1996  T. Erwin et al.  USNM 

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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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