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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Himalayana parbat       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 15983). Total length 1.86. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange, without any pattern, pyriform in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present in u-shaped row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, all eyes circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by more than their diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, surface finely reticulate, without pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, orange; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae anterior face unmodified, chelicerae, endites and labium orange; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin deeply incised, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, orange. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, orange. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0 matatarsi: v2-2-0, leg II: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0 matatarsi: v2-2-0. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, circular, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus light, prolateral excavation absent, one retrolateral and other prolateral accompanying laminae with filiform projections (more numerous in the latter); trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur enlarged, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb pale orange, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part distal part on acute, short, projection dorsal prolateral, reaching to the half of the embolus..
Himalayana parbat, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbamphabd15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbamphabv15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbamphabl15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbampcard15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbampcarv15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbampcara15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbampcarl15983XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15717)

Himalparbamppalp15717XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male palp, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15717)

Himalparbamppald15717XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15717)

Himalparbamppalr15717XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15983)

Himalparbamdpalp15983XG.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 15729). Total length 1.76. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange. Sternum pale orange. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum pale orange, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum pale orange, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0 matatarsi: v2-2-0, leg II: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0 matatarsi: v2-2-0. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Dorsal view: similar to those of H. siliwali, but the anterior T-shaped element have narrower stalk and thin, linger transverse extensions..
Himalayana parbat, female habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafphabd15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafphabv15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafphabl15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female habitus, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafphaba15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafpcard15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafpcarv15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafpcarl15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafpepiv15729XG.tif

Himalayana parbat, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15729)

Himalparbafdifgd15729XG.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

NEPAL
Himalayana parbat coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Himalayana parbat, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00015729  NEPAL  Dhawalagiri  Parbat  zw. Deorali u. Chitre  2 Adult Female    2700  ;     01 May 1995  J. Martens & W. Schawaller  SGN 
PBI_OON 00015983  NEPAL  Dhawalagiri  Parbat  zw. Deorali u. Chitre  1 Adult Male    2700  ;     01 May 1995  J. Martens & W. Schawaller  SGN 
PBI_OON 00015717  NEPAL      Parbat Dist., Chitre, gebüschreiches Bachbett  1 Adult Male    2400  ;     04 May 1980  Martens & Ausobsky  SGN 


 
 
 
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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