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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Prethopalpus framenaui       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 46542). Total length 1.22. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica flat in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present in u-shaped row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes absent. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, with posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from small pits, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 1 or 2 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites twice as long as wide, directed medially. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers small, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum absent, but abdomen not extending anterior of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, almost semicircular, only around epigastric furrow, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of stout setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, circular, situated in front of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus light, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella subbasally; patella longer than femur, slightly larger than femur, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb pale orange, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, slender, spherical, bulb ventrally greatly bulged with short coiled tip.
Prethopalpus framenaui, male carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframempcard46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframempcarl46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframemphabd46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframemphabl46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframemppald46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframemppalp46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframemppalr46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframempcara46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframemphabv46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframempstev46542BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, male bulb, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---46542)

prethframempbulp46542BB.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 23554). Total length 1.35. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Dorsal view: epigastric area with small round epigynal opening, internal genital structure with free, needle-like anterior sclerite, and a long sinuous copulatory duct, posterior part reaching groove of posterior spiracles..
Prethopalpus framenaui, female carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefpcara23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefpcard23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefpcarl23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefphabd23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefpepiv23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefphabl23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefphabv23554BB.tif

Prethopalpus framenaui, female sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---23554)

prethframefpstev23554BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

AUSTRALIA
Prethopalpus framenaui coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Prethopalpus framenaui, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00046544  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia    Nambi Stn, Shady Well calcrete bore litter trap 11  1 Adult Male      -28.38333; 122.18333  litter  01 Jul 2010  W.F. Humphreys, S. Cooper  WAMP 
PBI_OON 00023554  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia    Nambi Stn, Shady Well calcrete bore litter trap 11  1 Adult Female  Paratype    -28.38333; 122.18333  bore  01 Jul 2010  W.F. Humphreys, S. Cooper  WAMP 
PBI_OON 00046542  AUSTRALIA  Western Australia    Nambi Stn, Shady Well calcrete bore litter trap 11  1 Adult Male  Holotype    -28.38333; 122.18333  bore  01 Jul 2010  W.F. Humphreys, S. Cooper  WAMP 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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