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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Prethopalpus meghalaya       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 15409). Total length 1.77. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present in u-shaped row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, aLE:0.062; PME:0.054; PLE:0.051, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow smooth, surface smooth, covered with small round pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from small pits, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 1 or 2 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites about 1 1/2 x as long as wide; thooth-like projection short, square.. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, long, almost rectangular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of stout setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella subbasally; patella about as long as femur, enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, middle part bulb pyriform distally with riangular medially bent embolus with 2 ridges seen from lateral view..
Prethopalpus meghalaya, male abdomen, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghampabdl15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghampcara15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghampcard15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghampcarl15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamphabl15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamphabd15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamppald15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamppalp15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamphabv15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamppalr15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghampstev15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamdpald15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamdpalp15410BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15410)

prethmeghamdpalr15410BB.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 15409). Total length 1.62. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Eyes aLE:0.044; PME:0.038; PLE:0.032. Endites endites about 1 1/2 x as long as wide.. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Dorsal view: epigastric area with epigynal opening broadly oval apical sclerotized hood, copulatory duct long oval contracted in middle with circular knob anteriorly..
Prethopalpus meghalaya, female abdomen, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafpabdv15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafpcara15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafpcard15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafpepiv15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafpcarl15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafphabl15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafphabv15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafphabd15409BB.tif

Prethopalpus meghalaya, female sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15409)

prethmeghafpstev15409BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

INDIA
Prethopalpus meghalaya coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Prethopalpus meghalaya, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00015391  INDIA  Assam    Manas  1 Adult Male    200  26.72500; 91.03600    21 Oct 1978  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 
PBI_OON 00015409  INDIA  Meghalaya    Garo-Hills: above Tura  2 Adult Female    700  25.56000; 89.49000    01 Nov 1978  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 
PBI_OON 00015409  INDIA  Meghalaya    Garo-Hills: above Tura  1 Adult Male    700  25.56000; 89.49000    01 Nov 1978  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 
PBI_OON 00012714  INDIA  Meghalaya    Khasi Hills: Au-dessus de Shillong  1 Adult Male    1850  25.56666; 91.88333    25 Oct 1978  D. Burckhardt, I. Löbl  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00015410  INDIA  Meghalaya    Khasi Hills: Mawphlang  1 Adult Male  Holotype  1800  ;     28 Oct 1978  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 
PBI_OON 00012686  INDIA  Meghalaya    Khasi Hills: Au-dessus de Shillong  1 Adult Male    1850  25.56666; 91.88333    30 Oct 1978  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 
PBI_OON 00015410  INDIA  Meghalaya    Khasi Hills: Mawphlang  1 Adult Female  Paratype  1800  ;     28 Oct 1978  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 


 
 
 
 
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