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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Prethopalpus bali        Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 16128). Total length 1.12. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present in u-shaped row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, aLE:0.039; PME:0.024; PLE:0.023, ALE largest, ALE circular, PME oval, PLE circular; posterior eye row straight from both above and front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface finely reticulate, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from small pits, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 1 or 2 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites about 2 x as long as wide; tooth-like projection hook-shaped and bent medially. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, long, almost rectangular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with long posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of stout setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus light, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella subbasally; patella about as long as femur, enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part bulb pyriform with thin, medially bent embolus..
Prethopalpus bali , male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mpcara16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male carapace, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mpcard16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male carapace, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mpcarl16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mphabd16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mphabl16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mphabv16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mppald16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mppalp16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mppalr16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mpstev16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mdpald16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mdpalp16128BB.tif

Prethopalpus bali , male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---16128)

prethbali mdpalr16128BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

INDONESIA
Prethopalpus bali  coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00016128  INDONESIA  Bali    N part, between Budungbiu and Pupuan  1 Adult Male  Holotype  600  -8.28333; 114.93333  primary forest  19 Dec 2007  A. Schultz  MNVG 
PBI_OON 00015287  INDONESIA  Bali    Pura Batukau ( 7km N Jeh Panas)  1 Adult Male      -8.84666; 114.43138  primary forest  22 Nov 1978  J. T. Huber  MNVG 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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