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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Prethopalpus madurai       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 15598). Total length 1.27. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica finely reticulate, sides finely reticulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae absent; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin slightly rebordered, curved downwards in front view, sloping forward in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, eyes quite small, ALE largest, all eyes circular; posterior eye row procurved from both above and front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME separated by less than their radius, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface coarsely reticulate, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 1 or 2 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, tooth-like projection, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, endites twice as long as wide, tooth-like projection tiny.. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, strongly protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering about 3/4 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of stout setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, with strongly protruding extension; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus light, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella subbasally; patella longer than femur, slightly larger than femur, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, with distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically.
Prethopalpus madurai, male carapace, anterior view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmpcara15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male habitus, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmphabd15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male habitus, lateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmphabl15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male habitus, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmphabv15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmppald15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmppalp15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmppalr15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male sternum, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmpstev15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male abdomen, ventral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmpabdv15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male palp, dorsal view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmdpald15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male palp, prolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmdpalp15598BB.tif

Prethopalpus madurai, male palp, retrolateral view (image by BB, specimen ID: ---15598)

prethmadurmdpalr15598BB.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

INDIA
Prethopalpus madurai coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00015598  INDIA  unknown    Madurai 21 km N  1 Adult Male  Holotype  250  9.83333; 78.08333    02 Nov 1972  C. Besuchet, I. Löbl  MNVG 


 
 
 
 
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