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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Gradunguloonops florezi       Get publication

            Male (PBI_OON 43165). Total length 1.86. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace yellow, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae absent; non-marginal pars thoracica setae absent; marginal setae dark, needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, on dark pigment, all subequal, all eyes circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, yellow, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium yellow. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium elongated hexagon, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, with a lateral furrow that bisects the maxilla in two sections: a dorsal one, flattened, bearing the serrula, and a ventral one, thickened, with a truncated, less sclerotized tip. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus absent. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg II: femora: d1, leg III: tibiae: r0-0-1; metatarsi: d0-1-0, r0-0-1, p1-0-1, leg IV: tibiae: d0-0-1-0, r1-1, p1-1; metatarsi: d1-0-1, r1-1, p1-1. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, curved upwards and prolaterally, with a wide opening accompanyied by a strong hook; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part prolateral conductor reduced to a small, blunt protuberance.
Gradunguloonops florezi, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male palp, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male embolus, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


            Female (PBI_OON 43165). Total length 1.90. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like. Eyes on dark pigment. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions pale white. LEGS: femora femur IV slightly thicker than I-III. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg III: femora: d1ap; tibiae: d1, p1-1, r1-1, v1-1ap; metatarsi: p1ap, d1-1ap, r1-1ap, leg IV: femora: d1-4ap; tibiae: p1-1, r1-0-1, v1-2ap; metatarsi: p1ap, d1-1ap, r1-1ap. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: anterior receptacle with two elements, a ventral, solid, T-shaped that serves as muscle attachment, and other dorsal, with thickened walls and gland tissue; with a narrow anterior projection (with a dorsal, sac-like, membranous vesicle)and a basal, globular part. Two short, curved, transverse ridges connected between them above the base of the anterior receptacle. The widened endings of the transverse bars don´t reach to the lateral apodemas of the posterior, procurved bar. Posterior receptacle relatively small, wider than long..
Gradunguloonops florezi, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)


Gradunguloonops florezi, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---43165)




Gradunguloonops florezi coordinates
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00043165  COLOMBIA  Amazonas    Leticia, IMANI Est.  2 Adult Female  Paratype    ;     12 Nov 2001  Eduardo Flórez  ICN 
PBI_OON 00043165  COLOMBIA  Amazonas    Leticia, IMANI Est.  1 Adult Male  Holotype    ;     12 Nov 2001  Eduardo Flórez  ICN 

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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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