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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Gradunguloonops raptor       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 1781). Total length 2.24. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae absent, seem to be lost; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, on darkened pigment, all subequal, all eyes circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching for less than half their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like, most setae lost. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Spinneret scutum without fringe of setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus absent. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg II: femora: d1-0-0, leg III: femora: d1-1 articles other than femora missing., leg IV: femora: d0-1-1-0-0-1; tibiae: d1, p0-1, r1-1, v1-2ap; metatarsi: d0-0-1-1, p1-1, r1-1, v1-2ap. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments yellow; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, curved distally, with a acute dorsal terminal projection and accompanyed prolaterally by a scaled curved lobe.; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically, middle part after a median constriction, the bulb turn to dorsal., distal part conductor on the prolateral side, as a curved, strong, dark spiniform projection.
Gradunguloonops raptor, male tarsus I, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompta1v01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male tarsus II, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompta2v01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomphabd01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomphabv01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomphabl01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male habitus, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomphaba01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompcard01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompcarv01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompcarl01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male endites, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompendv01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomppalp01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male palp, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomppald01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomppalr01781XG.tif

Gradunguloonops raptor, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompbulr01781XG.tif.jpg

Gradunguloonops raptor, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptompembr01781XG.tif.jpg

Gradunguloonops raptor, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01781)

Graduraptomdbulr01781XG.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

VENEZUELA
Gradunguloonops raptor coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Gradunguloonops raptor, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00001781  VENEZUELA  Merida    Estacion Teleferico La Montana, Merida  1 Adult Male  Holotype  2450  8.57215; -71.11308    27 Jun 1989  S., J. Peck  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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