Welcome Locality Data Entry        | Links | About Oonopidae | Outreach | Sign In 
Home | Project Description | Investigators | Species Pages |
Home >> Species Pages >>
OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
(1) List all species     
OR       (2) Search by: Select the genus
Select the species
(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Scaphidysderina pinocchio       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 30631). Total length 2.24. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace red-brown, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to between 0.5 and 0.75 times its maximum width, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, elevated portion of pars cephalica with low tubercles around midline, surrounded by U-shaped smooth area, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, with sharply pointed denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae light, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection present; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum undivided, fused to clypeus, without seam, elongated into smoothly tapering proboscis. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum wider than long, orange-brown, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, without pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins with bridges to coxae, without posterior hump, surface crenulated. depressions separated by anastomosing ridges; setae sparse, light, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face with swelling, almost entire length of paturon occupied by median excavation, inner margin bearing highly sclerotized spine extending back toward clypeus; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae light, needle-like, densest medially; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally excavated, serrula present in single row, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, anteromedian portion with short ventral and longer dorsal projections, both projections directed distally. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube medium, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, almost semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, tiny, with pair of setae. Spinnerets: ALS: bisegmented; PMS: unisegmented; PLS: bisegmented. LEGS: orange-brown, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I p0-0-2; r0-1-1; tibiae: I, II v4-4-2; metatarsi: I, II v2-2-2. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, triangular with rounded angles, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, embolus bipartite, both flanges elongated, sharply pointed, angularly sigmoid; trochanter minute, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated.
Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male bulb, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmpbulv00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male carapace, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmpcara00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmpcard00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male endites, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmpendl00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmppalp00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmppalr00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmpstev00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male embolus, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmsembv00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male endites, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmsendv00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmsstev00551ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, male carapace, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00551)

Scadypinocmscara00551ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 552). Total length 2.93. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace elevated portion of pars cephalica with low tubercles around midline, surrounded by U-shaped smooth area. Chilum fused to clypeus, without seam, triangular, extending distance equal to about half of clypeal height. Sternum surface crenulated. depressions separated by anastomosing ridges. Mouthparts: Chelicerae anterior face of paturon with produced ledge with rounded edges; with one tooth on both promargin and retromargin. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum covering about 1/2 of abdominal length, not fused to epigastric scutum. Colulus tiny, with pair of setae. Spinnerets: ALS: bisegmented; PMS: unisegmented; PLS: bisegmented. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): femora: I, II p0-1-1; r0-1-1; tibiae: I, II v4-4-2; metatarsi: I v2-2-2; II v2-2-1p. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: without unsclerotized atrium, internally with complexly folded anterior receptaculum.
Scaphidysderina pinocchio, female abdomen, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00555)

Scadypinocfpabdl00555ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, female abdomen, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00555)

Scadypinocfpabdv00555ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, female carapace, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00555)

Scadypinocfpcara00555ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00555)

Scadypinocfpepiv00555ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00555)

Scadypinocfpifgd00555ND.tif

Scaphidysderina pinocchio, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---00555)

Scadypinocfpifgv00555ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

ECUADOR
Scaphidysderina pinocchio coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Scaphidysderina pinocchio, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00000552  ECUADOR  Cotopaxi    Bosque Intergral Otonga  1 Adult Female    2000  -0.41666; -79.00000    12 Aug 1997  I. Tapia  QCAZ 
PBI_OON 00000555  ECUADOR  Los Rios    47 km S Santo Domingo, Rio Palenque Station  1 Adult Female    213  -0.68400; -79.15631    30 Aug 1977  S. Sandoval  QCAZ 
PBI_OON 00010233  ECUADOR  Manabi    73 km NE Chone, 85 km W Santo Domingo  1 Adult Female    300  -0.23196; -79.62018  forest litter  12 Jun 1976  S., J. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00010233  ECUADOR  Manabi    73 km NE Chone, 85 km W Santo Domingo  1 Adult Male    300  -0.23196; -79.62018  forest litter  12 Jun 1976  S., J. Peck  FMNH 
PBI_OON 00000643  ECUADOR  Pichincha    Hosteria Shishink, 5.5km NSE Puerto Rico  1 Adult Male  Holotype  373  -0.05609; -79.20596  forest litter  08 Dec 2009  Niarchos Expedition, M. Ramirez  QCAZ 
PBI_OON 00030631  ECUADOR  Pichincha    Hosteria Shishink, 5.5km NSE Puerto Rico  1 Adult Male    373  -0.05609; -79.20596  forest litter  08 Dec 2009  Niarchos Expedition, M. Ramirez  MACN 
PBI_OON 00000551  ECUADOR  Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas    Bosque Integral Otonga  1 Adult Male    1705  -0.41972; -78.99472  forest litter  08 Dec 2009  Niarchos expedition, N. Duperre, E. Tapia  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00000062  ECUADOR  Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas    W of Alluriquin, Tinalandia  1 Adult Male    2600  -0.29888; -79.05250  litter near stream  19 May 1993  L. Herman  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00000551  ECUADOR  Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas    Bosque Integral Otonga  1 Adult Female    1705  -0.41972; -78.99472  litter near stream  08 Dec 2009  Niarchos expedition, N. Duperre, E. Tapia  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00000068  ECUADOR  Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas    W of Alluriquin, Tinalandia  1 Adult Male    2600  -0.29888; -79.05250  litter near stream  19 May 1993  L. Herman  AMNH 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
©Copyright 2006-2022. All Rights Reserved.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
If the format of any material on the website interferes with your ability to access that material, please contact us at [email protected]