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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Orchestina microfoliata       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON_0033841). CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, with net-shaped pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent, small gutter-shaped excrescence just below where PME touch; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, aLE-PME touching, PME largest, all eyes circular; posterior eye row recurved from above, straight from front; ALE separated by more than their diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by PME radius to PME diameter. Sternum as long as wide, pale orange, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, anterior part swollen; margin mottled with dark spots forming irregular wide band; setae abundant, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium yellow. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified, fang straight; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae, subdistal region provided anteriorly with group of five needle like setae, medilally with one pair of thin symmetric flattened setae in the centre, followed posteriorly by one pair of thin asymmetric flattened setae, positioned in a slightly oblique longitudinal row. Endites distally not excavated, serrula absent, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions pale orange. Book lung covers without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum absent, but abdomen not extending anterior of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent, covered dorsally by sclerotized, triangular carapace extension, pointing backward; meshed texture visible in SEM view;. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum absent. Postepigastric scutum absent. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, needle-like. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I Emeritís glands absent, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae proximal part of tibia I slightly enlarged prolaterally with dorsal part slightly depressed and provided with oblique, longitudinal row of grouped pores visible with SEM. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth examined in detail; tarsal proclaws and retroclaws inner face smooth; tarsus I superior claws with eight teeth on lateral surface of proclaw, eight teeth on lateral surface of retroclaw. Trichobothria examined with SEM; tibia: each with three; metatarsus: each with one; base rounded, aperture internal texture not grate-like, hood covered by numerous low, closely spaced ridges. Tarsal organ pear-shaped. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent, slender, tube-shaped, as long as bulbus, at almost right angle with axis of bulbus; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified, attached to tibia sub-basally; tibia between two and three times as wide as femur, trichobothria not examined; cymbium yellow, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, tapering apically.
Orchestina microfoliata, male habitus, anterior view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33866)

orchemicromphaba33866AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, male habitus, dorsal view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33866)

orchemicromphabd33866AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, male habitus, lateral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33866)

orchemicromphabl33866AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, male habitus, ventral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33866)

orchemicromphabv33866AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, male palp, prolateral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33866)

orchemicromppalp33866AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, male palp, retrolateral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33866)

orchemicromppalr33866AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, male tibia I, dorsal view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33839)

orchemicrompti1d33839AH.tif


            Female (PBI_OON_0033865). As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Clypeus sloping forward in lateral view; setae dark. Eyes aLE-PME: touching. Sternum well developed, anterior part swollen; margin mottled with dark spots forming irregular wide band. Mouthparts: fangs shape normal; setae light. Endites serrula present in single row. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified. ABDOMEN: Pedicel scutum absent, but abdomen extending anteriad of pedicel. Epigastric area light. Postepigastric area setae light. LEGS: tibia I unmodified. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: with straight, tube shaped structure, visible in transparency: in ventral view strongly sclerotized and darker in front; in lateral view clearly folded back over almost half its length.
Orchestina microfoliata, female carapace, dorsal view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33864)

orchemicrofpcard33864AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, female carapace, lateral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33864)

orchemicrofpcarl33864AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33862)

orchemicrofpepiv33862AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, female prosoma (sternum+peripheral area), ventral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33864)

orchemicrofpprsv33864AH.tif

Orchestina microfoliata, female epigynum, epigynal area, lateral view (image by AH, specimen ID: ---33862)

orchemicrofpepil33862AH.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO ; UGANDA
Orchestina microfoliata coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Orchestina microfoliata, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00029261  DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO  Nord-Kivu    Kivu, forÍt de Visiki  1 Adult Male      0.20000; 29.25000    23 Dec 1971  Lejeune M.  MRAC 
PBI_OON 00016795  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female      1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  11 Jul 2005  Wagner T.  MRAC 
PBI_OON 00033866  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Male  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  11 Jul 2005  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033862  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  21 Jul 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033386  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Male  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  19 Jun 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033382  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  05 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033839  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Male  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  01 Jul 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033863  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  15 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033387  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  11 Jul 2005  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033383  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  21 Jul 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033623  UGANDA      Budongo forest  2 Adult Female      1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  01 Jul 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033840  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Male  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  15 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033864  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  05 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033388  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Male  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  11 Jul 2005  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033384  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  15 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033145  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  15 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033841  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Male  Holotype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  21 Jul 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033865  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  05 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033389  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  01 Jul 1995  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033385  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  swamp forest, Canopy  15 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 
PBI_OON 00033381  UGANDA      Budongo forest  1 Adult Female  Paratype    1.65000; 31.58333  primary forest, Canopy  05 Jan 1997  Wagner T.  ZFMK 


 
 
 
 
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