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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Brignolia elongata       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 16112). Total length 1.47. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange-brown, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with angular posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge with pair of pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners with strongly sclerotized, triangular extension, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides striated, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, posterior declivity with distinct shoulders but tubercles not enlarged, without radiating rows of pits, posterior margin squared, with pair of dark triangular sclerotizations; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present, scattered; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like; marginal setae dark, needle-like. Clypeus margin strongly rebordered, straight in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE largest, ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, orange-brown, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent, with radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, furrow with rows of small pits, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner with strongly sclerotized triangle in male, lateral margin with infra-coxal grooves and anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, with distinct posterior ridge; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, densest laterally, originating from small pits, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium orange-brown. Chelicerae slightly divergent, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin with row of flattened setae, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove present. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, much more heavily sclerotized than sternum; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with stout projection (Brignolia type), posteromedian part unmodified, much more heavily sclerotized than sternum. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers small, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified, protuberant. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region with W-shaped scutal ridge, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs dorsal and lateral of pedicel, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface punctate, sides punctate, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, orange-brown, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus absent. LEGS: yellow, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex present, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, rebordered; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp minute, strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments dark red-brown; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, with ventral projection; femur normal size, one to two times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium dark red-brown, narrow in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb dark red-brown, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, slender, elongated, elongated, with reflexed, elongated dorsal extension.
Brignolia elongata, male abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpabda16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male abdomen, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpabdl16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male abdomen, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpabdv16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male carapace, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpcara16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpcard16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpcarl16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male carapace, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpcart16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpstev16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male bulb, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpbulp16112ND.jpg

Brignolia elongata, male bulb, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmpbulr16112ND.jpg

Brignolia elongata, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmppalp16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmppalr16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmsabda16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmscard16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male carapace, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmscart16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male embolus, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmsembp16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male endites, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmsendv16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male palp, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmspald16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male palp, prolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmspalp16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male palp, retrolateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmspalr16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, male palp, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongmspalv16112ND.tif


            Female (PBI_OON 16112). Total length 1.48. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace posterior declivity with distinct shoulders but tubercles not enlarged, posterior margin squared, with pair of dark triangular sclerotizations. Sternum anterior margin unmodified, with distinct posterior ridge. Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified, patella without prolateral row of ridges. ABDOMEN: Book lung covers protuberant. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum not fused to epigastric scutum. LEGS: Leg spines absent. Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Ventral view: enormously elongated. occupying most of abdominal length. Dorsal view: posterior tube enlarged, elongated, reaching almost to rear of postepigastric sclerite.
Brignolia elongata, female abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpabda16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female abdomen, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpabdl16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female abdomen, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpabdv16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female carapace, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpcara16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpcard16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female carapace, lateral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpcarl16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female carapace, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpcart16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female sternum, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpstev16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpifgd16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female internal female genitalia, ventral view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfpifgv16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female abdomen, anterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfsabda16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female carapace, dorsal view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfscard16112ND.tif

Brignolia elongata, female carapace, posterior view (image by ND, specimen ID: ---16112)

Brignelongfscart16112ND.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

MALAYSIA
Brignolia elongata coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00031739  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Matang Mountain, Serapi  1 Adult Male    400  1.62462; 110.19651    12 Jan 1984  unknown  NML 
PBI_OON 00031739  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Matang Mountain, Serapi  1 Adult Female    400  1.62462; 110.19651    12 Jan 1984  unknown  NML 
PBI_OON 00031590  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Matang Reserve  1 Adult Male    305  1.62112; 110.19656  litter  04 Apr 1985  C.L. Deeleman and P.R. Deeleman  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00016112  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Gunung Gading National Park, near Lundu  17 Adult Female    500  1.68805; 109.85138  primary forest  30 May 2007  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00031742  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Matang Reserve  3 Adult Female    305  1.62112; 110.19656  primary forest  25 Mar 1985  C.L. Deeleman and P.R. Deeleman  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00016112  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Gunung Gading National Park, near Lundu  14 Adult Male    500  1.68805; 109.85138  primary forest  30 May 2007  A. Schultz  MHNG 
PBI_OON 00031742  MALAYSIA  Sarawak    Matang Reserve  4 Adult Male    305  1.62112; 110.19656  primary forest  25 Mar 1985  C.L. Deeleman and P.R. Deeleman  MHNG 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
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The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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