Welcome Locality Data Entry        | Links | About Oonopidae | Outreach | Sign In 
Home | Project Description | Investigators | Species Pages |
Home >> Species Pages >>
OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
(1) List all species     
OR       (2) Search by: Select the genus
Select the species
(Female redundant descriptions removed)
Himalayana castanopsis       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 15978). Total length 1.60. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace orange, without any pattern, pyriform in dorsal view, pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, rebordered, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae needle-like, present in u-shaped row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae needle-like; marginal setae needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, sinuous in front view, vertical in lateral view, high, ALE separated from edge of carapace by their radius or more, median projection absent; setae present, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, all eyes circular; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE touching, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface finely reticulate, without pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump, orange; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; promargin without teeth; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region abruptly narrowed, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, not fused to sternum, anterior margin deeply incised, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 3-5 setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions not visible. Book lung covers large, round, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles, orange. Epigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes, orange. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like, converging setae around the furrow connecting the posterior spiracles. Spinneret scutum with fringe of needle-like setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus present, with two needle-like setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0, metatarsi: v2-2-0, leg II: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0, metatarsi: v2-2-0. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus light, a dorsal pointed, acute protrusion along the first third of the embolus; one retrolateral and other prolateral accompanying laminae with filiform projections (more numerous in the latter); trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally, relatively thickened; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, narrow in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb yellow-brown, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, slender, tapering apically, distal part prolateral bunch of many stout teeth-shaped, blackish setae.
Himalayana castanopsis, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamphabd15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamphabv15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamphabl15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastampcard15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastampcarv15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastampcarl15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastampcara15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male abdomen, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastampabdv15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamppalp15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male palp, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamppald15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamppalr15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

himalcastamdpalp15978XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

Himalcastamppalr15978XG.jpg

Himalayana castanopsis, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15978)

Himalcastampembr15978XG.jpg


            Female (PBI_OON 15747). Total length 1.76. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Sternum orange. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions pale white, without color pattern. Dorsal scutum pale orange, covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Postepigastric scutum pale orange, short, only around epigastric furrow. Colulus with two needle-like setae. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0, metatarsi: v2-2-0, leg II: tibiae: v2-2-2-2-0, metatarsi: v2-2-0. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined.
Himalayana castanopsis, female habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafphabd15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafphabv15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafphabl15747XG.jpg

Himalayana castanopsis, female carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafpcard15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafpcarv15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafpcarl15747XG.jpg

Himalayana castanopsis, female carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafpcara15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female abdomen, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafpabdv15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

himalcastafpepiv15747XG.tif

Himalayana castanopsis, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---15747)

Himalcastafdifgd15747XG.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

NEPAL
Himalayana castanopsis coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Himalayana castanopsis, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
Order by:    
PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00015747  NEPAL  Mechi  Ilam  Mai Pokhari  3 Adult Female    2200  ;   Castanopsis forest remnant  09 Apr 1988  J. Martens & W. Schawaller  SGN 
PBI_OON 00015978  NEPAL  Mechi  Ilam  Mai Pokhari  1 Adult Male    2200  ;   Castanopsis forest remnant  09 Apr 1988  J. Martens & W. Schawaller  SGN 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
©Copyright 2006-2022. All Rights Reserved.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
If the format of any material on the website interferes with your ability to access that material, please contact us at [email protected]