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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Neotrops lopardoae       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 1861). CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides smooth, thorax without depressions, fovea absent, without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae setae lost (bases remain); non-marginal pars thoracica setae setae lost (bases remain); marginal setae dark, needle-like. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, dark, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, ALE, PME subequal, larger than PLE, ALE circular, PME circular, PLE oval; posterior eye row recurved from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum as long as wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture absent, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, lateral margin without infra-coxal grooves, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; fangs directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium elongated hexagon, not fused to sternum, anterior margin not indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; with 6 or more setae on anterior margin, subdistal portion with unmodified setae. Endites serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with backwards folded ridge, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, anteromedian part less sclerotised, lateral ridges with acute tips medially oriented.. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions without color pattern, pale grey. Book lung covers large, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum absent. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, not surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, short, only around epigastric furrow, not fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, dark, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, dark, needle-like. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV thickened, much larger than femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: femur: d0-1-0, pv0-0-1-1-0, tibia: v2-2-2-2-2-0, metatarsus: 2-2-2, leg II: femur: d0-1-0, pv0-0-1-1-0, tibia: v2-2-2-2-2-0, metatarsus: 2-2-2, leg IV: femur: d0-1-1-0, tibia: d0-1-0, p1-0-0, v0-1-0-2, metatarsus: d0-1-2, p0-1-1, v0-0-1, r0-1-1. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore not visible; furrow without omega-shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus dark, prolateral excavation absent; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium pale orange, ovoid in dorsal view, not fused with bulb, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae; bulb white, more than 2 times as long as cymbium, slender, elongated, distal part conductor traslucent, acute, short. An additional process prolateral ventral, darkened, sclerotised, terminating in two short prongs..
Neotrops lopardoae, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

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Neotrops lopardoae, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmphabl01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmphabv01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmpcard01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmpcara01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmpcarl01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmpcarv01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmppalp01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male palp, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmppald01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmppalr01861XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---01861)

neotrloparmdpalr01861XG.jpg


            Female (PBI_OON 14796). As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace broadly oval in dorsal view; non-marginal pars cephalica setae dark, needle-like, present in one row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae dark, needle-like. Labium . Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified. Female palp claws absent; spines absent; tarsus unmodified. ABDOMEN: dorsum soft portions light grey. Epigastric scutum without lateral joints. Colulus absent. LEGS: Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: femur: d0-1-1-1-0, pv0-0-1-1-0, tibia: v2-2-2-2-2-0, metatarsus: 2-2-2-2, leg II: femur: d0-1-0-1-0, pv0-0-1-1-0, tibia: v2-2-2-2-2-0, metatarsus: 2-2-2-2, leg III: femur: d0-1-1, tibia: d0-1-0, r0-1-0, p1-1, v2-2; metatarsus: d0-2-2, v1-1, leg IV: femur: d0-1-1-0-1-0, tibia: d0-1-0, p1-0-1, r1-0-1, v0-1-2; metatarsus: v0-1-2, p1-1, d0-0-1, r1-1. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Shape: the genital opening connects to the uterus externus, from which two elements emerge: one anterior receptaculum and a posterior plate, with an anterior concavity. The long anterior receptacle have accesory glands and a set of muscles attached anteroventrally, some of them presumably to the ventral cuticle, and one pair to the lateral projections of a sclerotised posterior plate. The anterior part of the posterior plate have an U-shaped margin.. Dorsal view: anterior receptaculum elongated, with accesory glands in most length of the "stalk", that ends in a widened transverse sector. There is no evident any locking mechanism, only a longitudinal, not sclerotised opening between both receptacles..
Neotrops lopardoae, female habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

neotrloparfphabd14796XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

neotrloparfphabv14796XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

neotrloparfphabl14796XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14790)

neotrloparfphabl14790XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

neotrloparfpcard14796XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

neotrloparfpcarv14796XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14790)

neotrloparfpcarl14790XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female epigynum, epigynal area, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

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Neotrops lopardoae, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

neotrloparfdifgd14796XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14790)

neotrloparfdifgd14790XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female internal female genitalia, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14929)

neotrloparfdifgd14929XG.jpg

Neotrops lopardoae, female carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---14796)

Neotrloparfpcara14796XG.tif

 

DISTRIBUTION

ARGENTINA
Neotrops lopardoae coordinates
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MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00043189  ARGENTINA  Misiones    P. N. Iguaz˙, Sendero Macuco, ┴rea Cataratas  1 Adult Female      -25.66413; -54.45130  subtropical forest  11 Jun 1993  M. Di Vitteti  MACN 
PBI_OON 00001861  ARGENTINA  Misiones    PN Iguazu, Pto. Canoas  1 Adult Male  Holotype  200  -25.68319; -54.45470  subtropical forest  08 Dec 1990  S., J. Peck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00001861  ARGENTINA  Misiones    PN Iguazu, Pto. Canoas  2 Adult Female  Paratype  200  -25.68319; -54.45470  Hill forest  08 Dec 1990  S., J. Peck  AMNH 
PBI_OON 00014796  ARGENTINA  Misiones  San Pedro  Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero  1 Juvenile sex unknown      -26.46666; -56.96666  Hill forest  13 Jan 2005  C. Grismado, L. Lopardo, L. Piacentini, A. Quaglino, G. Rubio  MACN 
PBI_OON 00014790  ARGENTINA  Misiones  San Pedro  Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero  1 Adult Female  Paratype    -26.46666; -56.96666  Hill forest  13 Jan 2005  C. Grismado, L. Lopardo, L. Piacentini, A. Quaglino, G. Rubio  MACN 
PBI_OON 00014796  ARGENTINA  Misiones  San Pedro  Parque Provincial Cruce Caballero  1 Adult Female  Holotype    -26.46666; -56.96666  Hill forest  13 Jan 2005  C. Grismado, L. Lopardo, L. Piacentini, A. Quaglino, G. Rubio  MACN 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
The California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   The University of California, Berkeley
The Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago   George Washington University, Washington DC
 
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This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB 0613754. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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