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OONOPIDAE SPECIES DESCRIPTION
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Aprusia kerala       Get publication



            Male (PBI_OON 12360). Total length 2.8. CEPHALOTHORAX: Carapace pale orange, without any pattern, broadly oval in dorsal view, pars cephalica strongly elevated in lateral view, anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less, with rounded posterolateral corners, posterolateral edge without pits, posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim, anterolateral corners without extension or projections, posterolateral surface without spikes, surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides finely reticulate, fovea absent, two shallow posterior thoracic depressions., without radiating rows of pits; lateral margin straight, smooth, without denticles; plumose setae near posterior margin of pars thoracica absent; non-marginal pars cephalica setae light, needle-like, present in one row; non-marginal pars thoracica setae light, needle-like; marginal setae absent. Clypeus margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae present, light, needle-like. Chilum absent. Eyes six, well developed, all subequal, all eyes oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front; ALE separated by their radius to diameter, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, not fused to carapace, median concavity absent, without radial furrows between coxae I-II, II-III, III-IV, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent, surface smooth, without pits, sickle-shaped structures absent, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin extending posteriorly beyond anterior edges of coxae IV as single extension, anterior corner unmodified, distance between coxae approximately equal, extensions of pre-coxal triangles present, lateral margins with narrow extensions between coxae, without posterior hump; setae sparse, light, needle-like, evenly scattered, originating from surface, without hair tufts. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; without teeth on both promargin and retromargin; fangs without tooth-like projections, directed posteriorly, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified; setae dark, needle-like, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with pairs of enlarged setae, distal region unmodified, posterior surface unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified. Labium not fused to sternum, anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization, wide, with a procurved indentation; subdistal portion with unmodified setae, two subdistal normal setae.. Endites distally not excavated, anteromedian tip unmodified, posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization, ummodified, relatively short, anteriorly directed, parallel.. ABDOMEN: ovoid, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, inter-scutal membrane rows of small sclerotized platelets absent posteriorly; dorsum soft portions white, without color pattern, three pale orange spots anterolateral to each ALS.. Book lung covers large, elliptical, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles not connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, unmodified, scuto-pedicel region unmodified, scutum extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs absent, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent, cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering 1/2 to 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width, fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface smooth, sides smooth, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum weakly sclerotized, pale orange, short, almost rectangular, covering about 1/2 of abdominal length, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, without posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum absent. Dorsum setae present, light, needle-like. Epigastric area setae uniform, light, needle-like. Postepigastric area setae present, light, needle-like. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Interscutal membrane with setae. Colulus represented only by setae. LEGS: pale orange, without color pattern; femur IV not thickened, same size as femora I-III, patella plus tibia I near as long as carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, tibia IV ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent. Leg spination (only surfaces bearing spines listed, all spines longer than segment width): (leg I: femur: pv0-0-1-1-1-0, rv0-0-1-0-1-0 Tibia: v2-2-2-0 Matatarsus: V2-2-0, leg II: tibia: v2-2-2-0 Femur: vr1-0-0 Metatarsus: v2-2-0, leg III: legs III missing, leg IV: tibia: v1-1-2, r0-0-1 Metatarsus dorsal: 1-2-1 Metatarsus ventral: 0-1-0. ). Tarsi I to IV superior claws tooth not examined in detail. Tarsi I to IV without inferior claw. Trichobothria not examined. GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore large, circular, situated between anterior and posterior spiracles, unmodified; furrow without omega-shaped insertions. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical, proximal segments pale orange; embolus light, prolateral excavation absent, embolus short, gently sinuous, with an also short paraembolic process.; trochanter normal size, unmodified; femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella basally; patella shorter than femur, not enlarged, setae unmodified; tibia trichobothria not examined; cymbium white, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, without distal patch of setae; bulb white, 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium, stout, elongated, distal part with a tiny conical projection.
Aprusia kerala, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmdembr12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male abdomen, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpabdv12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male carapace, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpcara12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male carapace, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpcard12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male carapace, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpcarv12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male embolus, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpembr12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male endites, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpendv12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male habitus, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmphabv12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male palp, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmppalr12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male palp, ventral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmppalv12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male habitus, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmphabd12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male habitus, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmphabl12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male carapace, lateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpcarl12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male tarsus IV, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpta4r12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg I, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpcl1d12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg IV, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmpcl4r12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg IV, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmdcl4r12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male palp, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

apruskeralmppalp12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male tarsus IV, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

Apruskeralmsta4a12360XG.tif

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg IV, anterior view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

Apruskeralmscl4a12360XG.tif

Aprusia kerala, male tarsal organ, leg IV, dorsal view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

Apruskeralmsto4d12360XG.tif

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg I, prolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

Apruskeralmpcl1p12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg II, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

Apruskeralmpcl2r12360XG.jpg

Aprusia kerala, male claws, leg III, retrolateral view (image by XG, specimen ID: ---12360)

Apruskeralmpcl3r12360XG.jpg

 

DISTRIBUTION

INDIA
Aprusia kerala coordinates
Click the following link for a map from Discover Life which displays the records below. You can click anywhere on that map to zoom in, and clicking on any point will display the full data for that locality Aprusia kerala, Discover Life Map
 

MATERIAL EXAMINED
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PBI USI Country State Division Locality Sex Type Status Elevation(m) GPS Coordinate Habitat Collection_Date Collector Inst. Code
PBI_OON 00012360  INDIA  Kerala    Cardamom Hills, Muttapatti prs de Munnar  2 Adult Male    1700  10.08467; 77.06168    24 Nov 1972  Besuchet, C. and Lbl, I.  MNVG 


 
 
 
 
The American Museum of Natural History, New York, in collaboration with
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