The World Spider Catalog, Version 2.0
by Norman I. Platnick

© Copyright 2000, 2001 American Museum of Natural History. All Rights Reserved.
Title Page Introduction Families Counts Bibliography

FAM. THERIDIIDAE Sundevall, 1833

Last updated Apr. 30, 2001

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Hadrotarsidae Thorell, 1881 (removed from the synonymy of Oonopidae by Roewer, 1963a: 122, contra Roewer, 1942a: 287) by Forster, Platnick & Coddington, 1990: 111 (after Wunderlich, 1978a: 25 and Wunderlich, 1986: 95, contra Baert, 1984a: 615 and Davies, 1985: 67), who recognized an expanded Hadrotarsinae as well as a separate subfamily Spintharinae.

Transferred to other families:
Ablemma Roewer, 1963 -- see Tetrablemmidae.
Archerius Levi, 1957 -- see Comaroma under Anapidae.
Artonis Simon, 1895 -- see Araneidae.
Calodipoena Gertsch & Davis, 1936 -- see Mysmenidae.
Cepheia Simon, 1894 -- see Mysmenidae.
Chorizopes O. P.-Cambridge, 1870 -- see Araneidae.
Comaroma Bertkau, 1889 -- see Anapidae.
Cyclocarcina Komatsu, 1942 -- see Nesticidae.
Dubiaranea Mello-Leitão, 1943 -- see Linyphiidae.
Eidmannella Roewer, 1935 -- see Nesticidae.
Enthorodera Simon, 1907 -- see Wendilgarda under Theridiosomatidae.
Euxinella Drensky, 1938 -- see Nurscia under Titanoecidae.
Gossiblemma Roewer, 1963 -- see Pseudanapis under Anapidae.
Hexablemma Berland, 1920 -- see Tetrablemmidae.
Iardinis Simon, 1899 -- see Mysmenidae.
Leviola Miller, 1970 -- see Mysmenidae.
Liger O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 -- see Linyphiidae.
Mecynidis Simon, 1894 -- see Linyphiidae.
Micropholcomma Crosby & Bishop, 1927 -- see Micropholcommatidae.
Moero O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 -- see Cyatholipus under Cyatholipidae.
Mysmena Simon, 1894 -- see Mysmenidae.
Mysmenopsis Simon, 1897 -- see Mysmenidae.
Nicodamus Simon, 1887 -- see Nicodamidae.
Paculla Simon, 1887 -- see Tetrablemmidae.
Paurotylus Tullgren, 1910 -- see Gasteracantha under Araneidae.
Perania Thorell, 1893 -- see Tetrablemmidae.
Sedasta Simon, 1894 -- see Araneidae.
Sunitorypha Komatsu, 1960 -- see Nesticus under Nesticidae.
Synaphris Simon, 1894 -- see Mysmenidae.
Synotaxus Simon, 1895 -- see Synotaxidae.
Tamasesia Marples, 1955 -- see Mysmenidae.
Taphiassa Simon, 1880 -- see Mysmenidae.
Tekella Urquhart, 1893 -- see Cyatholipidae.
Theridilella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Theridiosoma under Theridiosomatidae.
Trogloneta Simon, 1922 -- see Mysmenidae.
Zangherella Caporiacco, 1949 -- see Anapidae.

In synonymy:
Acanthomysmena Mello-Leitão, 1944 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 15).
Allodipoena Bryant, 1947 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805) = Wamba O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (Wunderlich, 1995n: 611, contra Levi, 1957a: 19).
Allotheridion Archer, 1946 = Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 (Levi, 1957a: 19).
Ancocoelus Simon, 1894 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 16).
Ancylorrhanis Simon, 1894 = Pholcomma Thorell, 1870 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 16).
Arctachaea Levi, 1957 = Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 16).
Argyroaster Yaginuma, 1958 = Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 16).
Argyrodina Strand, 1926 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 16).
Argyroelus Hogg, 1922 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 16).
Ariamnes Thorell, 1869 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 17).
Armigera Marples, 1956 = Pholcomma Thorell, 1870 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 17).
Asagena Sundevall, 1833 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi, 1957b: 375).
Asagenella Schenkel, 1937 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 17).
Atkinia Strand, 1929 (removed from S of Dipoena Thorell, 1870) = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 17).
Billima Simon, 1908 = Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 (Levi, 1967d: 340).
Brontosauriella Bristowe, 1938 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 17).
Chacoca Badcock, 1932 = Latrodectus Walckenaer, 1805 (Levi, 1959c: 18).
Chindellum Archer, 1950 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805) = Wamba O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (Wunderlich, 1995n: 611, contra Levi, 1957a: 19).
Conopistha Karsch, 1881 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 18).
Cryptachaea Archer, 1946 = Achaearanea Strand, 1929 (Levi, 1955a: 6).
Ctenium Menge, 1871 = Robertus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 19).
Cyatholipulus Petrunkevitch, 1930 = Styposis Simon, 1894 (Brignoli, 1980l: 731).
Diaprocorus Simon, 1895 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 19).
Dipoenoides Chamberlin, 1925 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi, 1954b: 3).
Emertonella Bryant, 1945 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi, 1954b: 3).
Episinopsis Simon, 1894 = Episinus Latreille, 1809 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 20).
Faiditus Keyserling, 1884 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805) = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 21).
Formicinoides Keyserling, 1884 = Helvibis Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 21).
Garricola Chamberlin, 1916 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 21).
Garritus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933 = Robertus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 (Kaston, 1946: 1, sub Ctenium).
Hentziectypus Archer, 1946 = Achaearanea Strand, 1929 (Levi, 1955a: 6).
Hubba O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805) = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 22).
Hyocrea Simon, 1894 = Episinus Latreille, 1809 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 22).
Hypobares Simon, 1894 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 22).
Hyptimorpha Strand, 1906 = Episinus Latreille, 1809 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 22).
Janula Strand, 1932 = Episinus Latreille, 1809 (Levi, 1955b: 66).
Kochiura Archer, 1950 = Anelosimus Simon, 1891 (Levi, 1956b: 412).
Lithyphantes Thorell, 1869 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi, 1957b: 375).
Loxonychia Tullgren, 1910 = Coscinida Simon, 1894 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 23).
Meotipa Simon, 1894 = Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 23).
Microcephalus Restrepo, 1944 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi, 1972b: 534).
Mufila Bryant, 1949 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi, 1954b: 3).
Neospintharus Exline, 1950 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 24).
Paidisca Bishop & Crosby, 1926 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 25).
Paoningia Schenkel, 1936 = Dipoena Thorell, 1869 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 25).
Parasteatoda Archer, 1946 = Achaearanea Strand, 1929 (Levi, 1955a: 6).
Penictis Simon, 1894 = Episinus Latreille, 1809 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 26).
Phaetoticus Simon, 1894 = Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 26).
Philto Simon, 1894 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 26).
Phycosoma O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 26).
Phylarchus Simon, 1889 = Euryopis Menge, 1868 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 26).
Phyllonethis Thorell, 1869 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805) = Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 27; priority by ICZN Opinion 517).
Plocamis Simon, 1894 = Episinus Latreille, 1809 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 27).
Pselothorax Chamberlin, 1948 = Dipoena Thorell, 1869 (lvie, 1967: 126).
Rhomphaea L. Koch, 1872 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 27).
Selkirkiella Berland, 1924 = Anelosimus Simon, 1891 (Levi, 1972b: 536).
Spelobion Chamberlin & Ivie, 1938 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 28).
Spheropistha Yaginuma, 1957 = Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Tanikawa, 1998a: 22).
Sphyrotinus Simon, 1894 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 28).
Steassa Simon, 1910 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 28).
Stethopoma Thorell, 1890 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 28).
Stictoxena Simon, 1894 = Dipoena Thorell, 1869 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 28).
Sudabe Karsch, 1879 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805) = Phoroncidia Westwood, 1835 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 29).
Symopagia Simon, 1894 = Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 29).
Teutana Simon, 1881 = Steatoda Sundevall, 1833 (Levi, 1957b: 375).
Theridiella Tullgren, 1910 = Coscinida Simon, 1894 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 30).
Theridiotis Levi, 1954= Chrosiothes Simon, 1894 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 30).
Tholocco Archer, 1946 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 30).
Thonastica Simon, 1909 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 30).
Thymoella Bryant, 1948 = Thymoites Keyserling, 1884 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 31).
Topo Exline, 1950 = Thwaitesia O. P.-Cambridge, 1881 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 31).
Trichursa Simon, 1908 = Dipoenura Simon, 1908 (Levi, 1972b: 534).
Trigonobothrys Simon, 1889 = Dipoena Thorell, 1869 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 31).
Trithena Simon, 1867 = Phoroncidia Westwood, 1835 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 31).
Ulesanis L. Koch, 1872 = Phoroncidia Westwood, 1835 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 31).
Umfila Keyserling, 1886 = Dipoena Thorell, 1869 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 32).
Wibrada Keyserling, 1886 = Phoroncidia Westwood, 1835 (Levi, 1964d: 72, through transfer of type species).

Homonyms replaced:
Achaea O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 -- see Achaearanea.
Argyria Yaginuma, 1957 -- see Chrysso.
Atkinsonia O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 -- see Euryopis.

Nomen dubium:
Melos O. P.-Cambridge, 1899c: 6 (type M. bicolor O. P.-Cambridge, 1899c: 6, pl. A, f. 3, j, France) -- Brignoli, 1970b: 1413.

Nomen nudum:
Adansonia Saville-Kent, 1897 (contrary to Bonnet, Saville-Kent, 1897: 261 did not describe a spider, A. rupestris, under this name; he merely referred to an existing plant name).

Incertae sedis:
"Taphiassa" punctigera Simon, 1895g: 150 (m, Sri Lanka) -- Brignoli, 1980j: 736, f. 12-13.

Gen. Achaearanea Strand, 1929

A. Strand, 1929, replacement name for Achaea O. P.-Cambridge, 1882, preoccupied, omitted by Roewer; considered a senior synonym of Cryptachaea Archer, 1946: 36 (described as a subgenus of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805; elevated to genus by Archer, 1950: 14), type Theridion catapetraeum Gertsch & Archer, 1942 [=A. porteri], Parasteatoda Archer, 1946: 38 (described as a subgenus of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805; elevated to genus by Archer, 1950: 13), type Theridion tepidariorum C. L. Koch, 1842 and Hentziectypus Archer, 1946: 51, type Theridion globosum Hentz, 1850 by Levi, 1955a: 6; possibly polyphyletic (Forster, Platnick & Coddington, 1990: 114).

Transferred to other genera:
A. caboverdensis Schmidt & Piepho, 1994 -- see Paidiscura.
A. cambridgei (Petrunkevitch, 1911) -- see Chrysso.
A. conigera (Simon, 1914) -- see Theridion.
A. crocea (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Dipoena.
A. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) -- see Paidiscura.
A. gibberosa (Kulczyn'ski, 1899) -- see Echinotheridion.
A. herbigrada (Simon, 1873) -- see Neottiura.
A. index (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944) -- see Coleosoma.
A. leguiai (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Theridion.
A. liaoyuanensis Zhu & Yu, 1982 -- see Theridion.
A. luculenta (Bryant, 1940) -- see Chrysso.
A. nordica (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947) -- see Chrysso.
A. orgea Levi, 1967 -- see Theridion.
A. quadripartita (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Theridion.
A. serica (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Steatoda.
A. xinjiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989 -- see Theridion.

In synonymy:
A. bentifica (Keyserling, 1891, T from Theridion) = A. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi, 1959b: 70).
A. boqueronica (Kraus, 1955) = A. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231).
A. catapetraea (Gertsch & Archer, 1942) = A. porteri (Banks, 1896) (Levi, 1955a: 30).
A. credula (Gertsch & Davis, 1936) = A. schullei (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) (Levi, 1955a: 17).
A. fordum luctuosa (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Tidarren) = A. migrans (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 225).
A. geochares Levi, 1955 = A. acoreensis (Berland, 1932) (Levi, 1963b: 220).
A. guadalupensis (Keyserling, 1884, T from Theridion) = A. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi, 1959b: 70).
A. ignota (Keyserling, 1884, T from Theridion) = A. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi, 1959b: 70).
A. krausi Chrysanthus, 1963 = A. camura (Simon, 1877) (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107).
A. lunata (Olivier, 1789, T from Theridion) = A. lunata (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
A. maronica (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Chrysso) = A. hirta (Taczanowski, 1872) (Levi, 1959b: 70).
A. mea (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Theridion) = A. ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Ono, 1981c: 2, sub Theridion).
A. mendax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899) = A. florens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1955a: 15).
A. mesax Levi, 1959 = A. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231).
A. nipponica Yoshida, 1983 = A. tabulata Levi, 1980 (Moritz, Levi & Pfüller, 1988: 361).
A. obnubila (Keyserling, 1891, T from Theridion) = A. nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231).
A. pallida (Walckenaer, 1842, T from Theridion) = A. tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55, sub Theridion).
A. pentagona (Caporiacco, 1954) = A. hieroglyphica (Mello-Leitão, 1940) (Levi, 1967b: 22).
A. picadoi (Banks, 1909) = A. tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 232).
A. portoricensis (Petrunkevitch, 1930, T from Theridion) = A. porteri (Banks, 1896) (Levi, 1959b: 61).
A. redempta (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936, T from Theridion) = A. porteri (Banks, 1896) (Levi, 1955a: 30).
A. salvadorensis (Kraus, 1955) = A. taeniata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 210).
A. saxatilis (C. L. Koch, T from Theridion) = A. riparia (Blackwall, 1834) (Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, sub Theridion).
A. simulata (Emerton, 1926, T from Theridion) = A. ohlerti (Thorell, 1870)
(Levi, 1957a: 98, sub Theridion).
A. teja Levi, 1967 = A. acoreensis (Berland, 1932) (Sedgwick, 1973: 349).
A. terex Levi, 1959 = A. tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 232).
A. umbratica (L. Koch, 1872, T from Theridion) = A. ohlerti (Thorell, 1870) (Holm, 1945b: 13, sub Theridion).
A. undata (Keyserling, 1884, T from Theridion) = A. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi, 1959b: 70).
A. ungilensis Kim & Kim, 1996 = A. japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yoshida, 2000b: 142; N.B.: a junior S of A. kompirensis instead per Namkung, Kim & Lee, 2000: 308, 338).

Homonym replaced:
A. pallipes (Keyserling, 1891) -- see A. pallipera.

Nomen dubium:
A. quadripunctata (Simon, 1895g: 145, m, Brazil, originally in Achaea) -- Levi, 1963b: 194 (but see Dyal, 1935: 160, pl. 14, f. 86).

mf acoreensis (Berland, 1932)....................Cosmopolitan
Theridion a. Berland, 1932a: 74, f. 1-2 (Df).
Theridion a. Machado, 1941: 22, f. 18-21 (f, Dm).
A. geochares Levi, 1955a: 20, f. 39-40, 46 (Dmf).
A. a. Denis, 1962a: 60, f. 57-59 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. a. Levi, 1963b: 220 (S).
A. teja Levi, 1967a: 8, f. 8-10 (Df).
A. a. Levi, 1967c: 179, f. 12-14 (mf).
A. a. Sedgwick, 1973: 349 (S).
A. a. Wunderlich, 1992a: 408, f. 567-569 (mf).

f alacris (Keyserling, 1884)....................Colombia, Venezuela
Theridion alacre Keyserling, 1884a: 27, pl. 1, f. 12 (Df).
Theridion alacre Berland, 1913b: 86, pl. 8, f. 16-17 (f).
A. alacre Levi, 1963b: 227, f. 91-92 (Tf from Theridion).
A. a. Levi, 1967b: 22.

f alboinsignita Locket, 1980....................Comoro Is.
A. a. Locket, 1980: 118, f. 2-8 (Df).

mf altiventer (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil
Achaea a. Keyserling, 1884a: 108, pl. 5, f. 70 (Df).
Theridion a. Simon, 1894a: 535.
A. a. Levi, 1963b: 204, f. 9-12, 45 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

f ambera Levi, 1963....................USA
A. a. Levi, 1963b: 204, f. 7-8 (Df).

f analista Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. a. Levi, 1963b: 223, f. 72-74 (Df).

f anastema Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
A. a. Levi, 1963b: 221, f. 57-59 (Df).

mf angulithorax (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Russia, China, Taiwan, Japan
Theridion a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 144, pl. 12, f. 292 (Df).
Theridion a. Saito, 1959: 70, f. 64a-b (f).
Theridion a. Yaginuma, 1960: 36, f. 34.6 (f).
Theridion a. Lee, 1966: 29, f. 6l-m (f).
Theridion a. Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.6 (f).
A. anglithorax Saito, Takahashi & Sagara, 1979: 7, f. 4-6 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion a. Hu, 1984: 167, f. 173.1-3 (mf).
Theridion a. Guo, 1985: 95, f. 2-40.1-2 (f).
A. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.2 (mf).
A. a. Zhang, 1987: 104, f. 83.1-3 (mf).
A. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 4 (mf).
A. a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 89, f. 110a-b (mf).
A. a. Zhao, 1993: 201, f. 92a-c (mf).
A. a. Zhu, 1998: 92, f. 53A-E (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38A-B, I-J (mf).
A. a. Yoshida, 2000b: 144, f. 20-23 (mf).

mf anna Levi, 1959....................Jamaica, Bermuda
A. a. Levi, 1959b: 62, f. 13-15 (Dmf).

mf apex Levi, 1959....................Panama
A. a. Levi, 1959b: 64, f. 9-12 (Dmf).

mf asiatica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Japan
Achaea a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 148, pl. 12, f. 278 (Dmf).
A. a. Matsumoto, 1973a: 9, f. 1-7 (mf).
A. a. Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 8-9 (mf).
A. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.7 (mf).
A. a. Zhu, 1998: 96, f. 56A-E (mf).
A. asiaticus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38C-D, K-L (mf).
A. a. Yoshida, 2000b: 143, f. 14-16 (mf).

m azteca (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Mexico
Theridion aztecum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 34, pl. 11, f. 97-98 (Dm).
A. a. Levi, 1959b: 61 (Tm from Theridion).
A. a. Levi, 1963b: 201, f. 47 (m).

f banosensis Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
A. b. Levi, 1963b: 221, f. 60-61 (Df).

f barra Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. b. Levi, 1963b: 206, f. 24-25 (Df).

mf bellula (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Theridion bellulum Keyserling, 1891: 180, pl. 6, f. 125 (Df).
A. b. Levi, 1963b: 227, f. 86-90 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

f brookesiana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
A. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 436, f. 261a-g (Df).

f budana Tikader, 1970....................India
A. b. Tikader, 1970: 16, f. 9a-b (Df).

f caliensis Levi, 1963....................Colombia, Ecuador
A. c. Levi, 1963b: 208, f. 34-35 (Df).

mf campanulata Chen, 1993....................China
A. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 138, f. 130.1-5 (mf; nomen nudum).
A. c. Chen, 1993: 36, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 88, f. 50A-E (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38E-F, M-N (mf).

mf camura (Simon, 1877)....................Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Is.
Theridion camurum Simon, 1877b: 85 (Dm).
Theridion camurum Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 441 (Df).
Parasteatoda c. Archer, 1950: 14, pl. I, f. 5 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. krausi Chrysanthus, 1963: 744, f. 89-94, 99 (Dmf).
A. c. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 4-5 (mf, S).

mf canionis (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929)....................USA
Theridion c. Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929: 103, pl. 4, f. 43 (Df).
A. c. Levi, 1955a: 24, f. 60-68 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

f caqueza Levi, 1963....................Colombia
A. c. Levi, 1963b: 224, f. 75-76 (Df).

mf celsadomina Zhu, 1998....................China
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 82, f. 45A-E (Dmf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38G-H, O-P (mf).

f chilensis Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. c. Levi, 1963b: 223, f. 67-69 (Df).

mf chiricahua Levi, 1955....................USA
A. c. Levi, 1955a: 26, f. 57-59 (Df).
A. c. Levi, 1963b: 213, f. 39-40 (Dm).

f cingulata Zhu, 1998....................China
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 85, f. 48A-C (Df).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 39A-B (f).

mf cinnabarina Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. c. Levi, 1963b: 214, f. 46, 62-63 (Dmf).

mf conjuncta (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA
Theridion inornatum Banks, 1899b: 192 (Dm, preoccupied).
Theridion conjunctum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 10 (replacement name).
A. conjunctum Levi, 1955a: 14, f. 14-18 (Tm from Theridion, Df).

mf culicivora (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Japan
Theridion culicivorum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 143, pl. 12, f. 297 (Dm).
A. culicivorum Yoshida, 1983b: 40 (Tm from Theridion).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.4 (mf).
A. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 2 (mf).
A. c. Gao & Guan, 1991: 54, f. 1.1-2 (m).
A. c. Yoshida, 2000b: 146, f. 32-36 (mf).

mf dalana Buckup & Marques, 1991....................Brazil
A. d. Buckup & Marques, 1991: 83, f. 4-6, 8 (Dmf).

mf daliensis Zhu, 1998....................China
A. d. Zhu, 1998: 87, f. 49A-F (Dmf).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 39C-D, K-L (mf).

mf decorata (L. Koch, 1867)....................Krakatau, New Guinea, Queensland
Theridion decoratum L. Koch, 1867b: 188 (Df).
Theridion decoratum L. Koch, 1872a: 265, pl. 22, 5. 4 (f).
Theridion decoratum Rainbow, 1916a: 54, pl. 15, f. 31-32 (Dm).
A. d. Chrysanthus, 1963: 743, f. 84-88 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. d. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 6-7 (f).

m diamantina Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. d. Levi, 1963b: 211, f. 41 (Dm).

f diglipuriensis Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is.
A. d. Tikader, 1977a: 173, f. 9A-B (Df).

mf disparata Denis, 1965....................Gabon, Ivory Coast
A. d. Denis, 1965a: 396, f. 1-12 (Dmf).
A. d. Darchen & Ledoux, 1978: 121, f. 4a-c (mf, may be S of A. tesselata).

mf diversipes (Rainbow, 1920)....................Norfolk, Lord Howe Is.
Theridion d. Rainbow, 1920b: 242, pl. 29, f. 39-42 (Dmf).
A. d. Gray, 1974: 52 (Tmf from Theridion).

f dromedariformis (Roewer, 1942)....................Ecuador, Peru
Achaea dromedaria Keyserling, 1884a: 109, pl. 5, f. 71 (Df; preoccupied in Theridion by Simon, 1880).
Theridion dromedarius Simon, 1894a: 535.
Theridion dromedariforme Roewer, 1942a: 491 (replacement name).
A. dromedariforma Levi, 1963b: 205, f. 16-17 (Tf from Theridion).
A. d. Levi, 1967b: 22.

f dubitabilis Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is.
A. d. Wunderlich, 1987a: 217, f. 571-573 (Df).

f ducta Zhu, 1998....................China
A. d. Zhu, 1998: 107, f. 64A-C (Df).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39E-F (f).

f durgae Tikader, 1970....................India
A. d. Tikader, 1970: 17, f. 10a-b (Df).

f epicosma (Rainbow, 1920)....................Lord Howe Is.
Theridion epicosmus Rainbow, 1920b: 243, pl. 29, f. 43-44 (Df).
A. epicosmum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tf from Theridion).

f eramus Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. e. Levi, 1963b: 228, f. 95-97 (Df).

f extrilida (Keyserling, 1889)....................Australia, Norfolk, Lord Howe Is.
Theridion extrilidum Keyserling, 1890: 244, pl. 22, f. 3 (Df).
A. extrilidum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tf from Theridion).

m extumida Xing, Gao & Zhu, 1994....................China
A. e. Xing, Gao & Zhu, 1994: 166, f. 6-8 (Dm).

mf ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan
Theridion ferrum-equinum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 139, pl. 12, f. 261 (Dmf).
Theridion meum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 145, pl. 12, f. 294 (Df).
Theridion ferrum-equinum Oi, 1957: 45, f. 1-3 (f).
Theridion ferrum-equinum Yaginuma, 1958f: 70, f. 2, 7 (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Saito, 1959: 70, f. 65a-c (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Yaginuma, 1960: 36, f. 34.5 (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.5 (f).
Theridion ferrumequinum Ono, 1981c: 2, f. 1 (f, S).
A. f. Yoshida, 1983b: 40 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. ferrumequinum Yaginuma, 1986a: 34, f. 19.8 (f).
A. ferrumequinum Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 5 (mf).
A. f. Zhu, 1998: 99, f. 56A-C (f).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39G-H (f).
A. f. Yoshida, 2000b: 140, f. 4-7 (mf).

mf florendida Levi, 1959....................USA to Venezuela
A. florens Levi, 1955a: 15, f. 30-31 (m, misidentified).
A. f. Levi, 1959b: 65, f. 17, 20-21 (Dmf).

mf florens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................USA to Panama, Cuba
Theridion f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 205, pl. 24, f. 12 (Df).
Steatoda f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 5 (f).
Achaea mendax O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 294, pl. 39, f. 7 (Dm).
Achaea mendax F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 401, pl. 37, f. 31 (m).
A. f. Levi, 1955a: 15, f. 26-29 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
A. f. Levi, 1959b: 65, f. 16, 18-19 (mf).

mf fresno Levi, 1955....................USA
A. f. Levi, 1955a: 27, f. 53-55 (Dmf).

mf galeiforma Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991....................China
A. g. Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 172, f. 3-7 (Dmf).
A. g. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 852, f. 1A-E (mf).
A. g. Zhu, 1998: 80, f. 44A-E (mf).
A. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39I-J, M-N (mf).

f gigantea (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru
Theridion giganteum Keyserling, 1884a: 31, pl. 2, f. 15 (Df).
A. g. Levi, 1963b: 220, f. 52-54 (Tf from Theridion).

mf globispira Henschel & Jocqué, 1994....................South Africa
A. g. Henschel & Jocqué, 1994: 1288, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf globosa (Hentz, 1850)....................North America
Theridion globosum Hentz, 1850: 279, pl. 9, f. 23 (Df).
Theridion globosum Emerton, 1882: 14, pl. 2, f. 3 (f).
Theridion globosum Keyserling, 1884a: 91, pl. 4, f. 59 (f).
Theridion globosum Emerton, 1902: 112, f. 262 (f).
Theridion globosum Emerton, 1911: 387, pl. 1, f. 1 (f, Dm).
Hentziectypus globosus Archer, 1946: 51, pl. II, f. 1-3 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion globosum Kaston, 1948: 108, f. 131, 152 (m).
Hentziectypus globosus Archer, 1950: 17, pl. I, f. 4 (m).
A. g. Levi, 1955a: 9, f. 19-25 (mf).
A. g. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 6 (m).
A. g. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 76 (m).
A. globosus Kaston, 1972a: 109, f. 242B (m).
A. g. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 36, f. 51, 54 (m).
A. g. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 51, 54 (m).
A. g. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 51, 54 (m).
A. g. Breene et al., 1993: 58, f. 26A-C (mf).
A. g. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 54 (m).

m gui Zhu, 1998....................China
A. g. Zhu, 1998: 114, f. 69A-C (Dm).
A. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 40K-L (m).

f hammeni Chrysanthus, 1963....................New Guinea
A. h. Chrysanthus, 1963: 746, f. 95-98, 100 (Df).

mf hermosillo Levi, 1959....................Mexico
A. h. Levi, 1959b: 63, f. 4-8 (Dmf).

f hieroglyphica (Mello-Leitão, 1940)....................Brazil, French Guiana, Peru
Achaea h. Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 202 (Df).
Chrysso pentagona Caporiacco, 1954: 75, f. 12, 12a (Df).
A. pentagona Levi, 1962b: 211 (Tf from Chrysso).
A. pentagona Levi, 1963b: 202, f. 1-3 (f).
A. h. Levi, 1967b: 22 (S).

mf hirta (Taczanowski, 1873)....................Panama to Argentina
Argyrodes hirtus Taczanowski, 1873: 119 (Df).
Achaea h. Keyserling, 1884a: 104, pl. 5, f. 67 (f).
Achaea undata Keyserling, 1884a: 105, pl. 5, f. 68 (Dmf).
Achaea guadalupensis Keyserling, 1884a: 110, pl. 5, f. 72 (Df).
Achaea ignota Keyserling, 1884a: 112, pl. 5, f. 73 (Df).
Theridion bentificum Keyserling, 1891: 184, pl. 6, f. 129 (Dm).
Theridion guadalupense Simon, 1894a: 535.
Theridion ignotum Simon, 1894a: 535.
Theridion undatum Simon, 1894a: 535.
Chrysso maronica Caporiacco, 1954: 74, f. 11, 11a (Df).
A. h. Levi, 1959b: 70, f. 35-38 (f, Sm).
A. h. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 77 (m).
A. h. Müller, 1992: 97, f. 1-4 (f).

m inopinata Brignoli, 1972....................Venezuela
A. i. Brignoli, 1972c: 378, f. 31-32 (Dm).

mf inops Levi, 1963....................Brazil, Guyana
A. i. Levi, 1963b: 217, f. 43 (Dm).
A. i. Buckup & Marques, 1991: 83, f. 1-3, 7 (m, Df).

mf insulsa (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA, Mexico
Theridion insulsum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 11, f. 25-26 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
A. i. Levi, 1955a: 19, f. 41-45 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf isana Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. i. Levi, 1963b: 229, f. 100-102, 113-114 (Dmf).

mf japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan
Theridion japonicum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 140, pl. 12, f. 283 (Dmf).
Theridion japonicum Nakatsudi, 1942a: 301, f. 29 (f).
Theridion japonicum Lee, 1966: 28, f. 6i-k (mf).
A. j. Yoshida, 1983b: 41 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion japonicum Hu, 1984: 168, f. 175.1-3 (mf).
A. j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.5 (mf).
A. j. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 6 (mf).
A. j. Chen & Gao, 1990: 89, f. 111a-b (mf).
A. japonicum Chen & Zhang, 1991: 140, f. 132.1-2 (mf).
A. ungilensis Kim & Kim, 1996b: 28, f. 1-6 (Dm).
A. j. Zhu, 1998: 89, f. 51A-E (mf).
A. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40A-B, M-N (mf).
A. j. Yoshida, 2000b: 142, f. 11-13 (mf, S, but see Namkung, Kim & Lee, 2000: 304, 338 regarding that S).

mf jequirituba Levi, 1963....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
A. j. Levi, 1963b: 226, f. 98-99 (Df).
A. j. González, 1992: 134, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f jinghongensis Zhu, 1998....................China
A. j. Zhu, 1998: 94, f. 54A-C (Df).
A. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40C-D (f).

mf kaindi Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982....................New Guinea
A. k. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 111, f. 20-25 (Dmf).

f kaspi Levi, 1963....................Peru
A. k. Levi, 1963b: 219, f. 50-51 (Df).

f koepckei Levi, 1963....................Peru
A. k. Levi, 1963b: 222, f. 64-66 (Df).

mf kompirensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan
Theridion kompirense Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 141, pl. 5, f. 41, pl. 12, f. 284 (Dmf).
Theridion kompirense Namkung, 1964: 35, f. 13 (f).
Theridion kompirense Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 10-11 (mf).
Theridion kompirense Shinkai, 1978: 86, f. 1-2 (mf).
Theridion kompirense Song, 1980: 136, f. 72a-c (m).
A. k. Yoshida, 1983b: 41 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion kompirense Hu, 1984: 169, f. 176.1-3 (m).
A. k. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.6 (mf).
A. k. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 7 (mf).
A. kompirense Chen & Gao, 1990: 90, f. 112a-b (mf).
A. kompirense Chen & Zhang, 1991: 141, f. 133.1-2 (mf).
A. kompirense Zhao, 1993: 202, f. 93a-b (mf).
A. k. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1706, f. 3a-e (mf).
A. k. Zhu, 1998: 109, f. 66A-E (mf).
A. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40E-F, O-P (mf).
A. k. Yoshida, 2000b: 144, f. 17-19 (mf).

mf labarda Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
A. l. Roberts, 1983: 228, f. 38-49 (Dmf).

mf lanyuensis Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000....................Taiwan
A. l. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 130, f. 26-31 (Dmf).

f longiducta Zhu, 1998....................China
A. l. Zhu, 1998: 97, f. 57A-C (Df).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40G-H (f).

f lota Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. l. Levi, 1963b: 206, f. 20-21 (Df).

mf lunata (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic
Araneus lunatus Clerck, 1757: 52, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
Araneus formosus Clerck, 1757: 56, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
Aranea l. Olivier, 1789: 210.
Aranea formosa Olivier, 1789: 210.
Aranea sisiphia Walckenaer, 1802: 206 (D; preoccupied).
Aranea urticae Walckenaer, 1802: 210 (D).
Theridion sisiphum Walckenaer, 1805: 74.
Theridion sisyphum Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 29, f. e (Df).
Theridion lunatum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 74, f. 645 (Dmf).
Theridion sisiphum Walckenaer, 1842: 298.
Theridion urticae Walckenaer, 1842: 326 (Df).
Theridion lunatum C. L. Koch, 1845: 137, f. 1060-1061 (mf).
Theridion formosum Westring, 1851: 39.
Steatoda l. Thorell, 1856: 28.
Theridion formosum Westring, 1861: 157 (Dmf).
Theridion sisyphum Blackwall, 1864a: 179, pl. 13, f. 113 (mf).
Steatoda l. Menge, 1866: 150, pl. 28, f. 63 (mf).
Steatoda formosa Karsch, 1873: 138.
Theridion formosum O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 83, pl. 4, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion formosum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 37 (mf).
Theridion formosum Simon, 1894a: 533, f. 538.
Theridion formosum Becker, 1896: 95, pl. 21, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion formosum Bösenberg, 1902: 97, pl. 8, f. 116 (mf).
Theridion formosum Simon, 1914a: 260, 296, f. 519 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Reimoser, 1930b: 54, f. 7 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Wiehle, 1937: 158, f. 95-100 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Denis, 1944c: 111, f. 1, 4 (m).
Parasteatoda formosum Archer, 1950: 14 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion lunatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 62, f. 42, 43A-B, G (mf).
Theridium lunatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 409, 431 (mf).
A. l. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 5-7 (mf).
A. l. Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1c, pl. I, f. 3, pl. II, f. 8 (mf).
A. l. Palmgren, 1974b: 30, f. 8.1-5 (mf).
A. l. Punda, 1975b: 59, f. 119-120 (f).
A. l. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 121, f. 79-84 (mf).
A. l. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 80d (mf).
A. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 752 (mf).
A. l. Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 11, 16 (m).
A. l. Roberts, 1995: 278, f. (mf).
Theridium lunatum Mcheidze, 1997: 194, f. 394-396 (mf).
A. l. Levy, 1998b: 165, f. 316-321 (mf).
A. l. Roberts, 1998: 292, f. (mf).

f lunata serrata (Franganillo, 1930)....................Cuba
Theridion formosum serratum Franganillo, 1930: 9 (Df).
A. l. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 391 (Tf from Theridion).

m machaera Levi, 1959....................Panama
A. m. Levi, 1959b: 75, f. 51 (Dm).

f manzanillo Levi, 1959....................Mexico
A. m. Levi, 1959b: 77, f. 27-28 (Df).

m maraca Buckup & Marques, 1991....................Brazil
A. m. Buckup & Marques, 1991: 85, f. 9 (Dm).

mf maricaoensis (Bryant, 1942)....................Panama, Puerto Rico
Theridion m. Bryant, 1942b: 2, f. 2-4 (Dm).
A. m. Levi, 1959b: 73, f. 45-50 (Tm from Theridion, Df).
A. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 80 (f).

f maxima (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Achaea m. Keyserling, 1891: 198, pl. 7, f. 142 (Df).
Theridion maximum Simon, 1894a: 535.
A. m. Levi, 1963b: 205, f. 18-19 (Tf from Theridion).

mf meraukensis Chrysanthus, 1963....................New Guinea
A. m. Chrysanthus, 1963: 746, f. 101-105 (Dmf).

m micratula (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica
Dipoena m. Banks, 1909a: 205, pl. 6, f. 29 (Dm).
A. m. Levi, 1963a: 138 (Tm from Dipoena).
A. m. Levi, 1963b: 232, f. 109 (m).

f migrans (Keyserling, 1884)....................Venezuela to Peru, Brazil
Theridion m. Keyserling, 1884a: 18, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
Tidarren fordum luctuosum Caporiacco, 1954: 77 (Df).
A. m. Levi, 1963b: 225, f. 77-83 (Tf from Theridion, S).

mf milagro Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
A. m. Levi, 1963b: 233, f. 13-15, 107-108 (Dmf).

mf mundula (L. Koch, 1872)....................India to New Caledonia
Theridion mundulum L. Koch, 1872a: 263, pl. 22, f. 3 (Df).
Theridion amoenum Thorell, 1877b: 463 (Df).
Theridion amoenum Workman, 1896: 68, pl. 68 (f).
Theridion amoenum Hogg, 1919: 83 (Dm).
A. m. Chrysanthus, 1963: 741, f. 76-77, 83 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. m. Zhu, 1998: 100, f. 59A-C (f).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40I-J (f).

f mundula papuana Chrysanthus, 1963....................New Guinea
A. m. p. Chrysanthus, 1963: 741, f. 78-82 (Df).

f nayaritensis Levi, 1959....................Mexico
A. n. Levi, 1959b: 67, f. 67-69 (Df).

f nigrodecorata (Rainbow, 1920)....................Lord Howe Is.
Theridion nigrodecoratum Rainbow, 1920b: 241, pl. 28, f. 35-37 (Df).
A. nigrodecoratum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tf from Theridion).

mf nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Mexico to Paraguay
Theridion nigrovittatum Keyserling, 1884a: 26, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
Theridion obnubilum Keyserling, 1891: 187, pl. 6, f. 132 (Dm).
Theridion boqueronicum Kraus, 1955b: 18, f. 37-39 (Df).
A. boqueronicum Levi, 1959b: 61 (Tf from Theridion).
A. mesax Levi, 1959b: 74, f. 53-56 (Dmf).
A. n. Levi, 1963b: 231, f. 110 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).

f oblivia (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Costa Rica, Panama
Theridion oblivium O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 207, pl. 24, f. 13 (Df).
Steatoda o. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 383, pl. 36, f. 9 (f).
A. o. Levi, 1959b: 78, f. 61-63 (Tf from Theridion).

mf oculiprominens (Saito, 1939)....................China, Korea, Japan
Nesticus oculiprominentis Saito, 1939: 52, f. 6 (5), pl. 1, f. 7 (Dm; N.B.: species name is a genitive of a participle rather than the nominative, per H. D. Cameron).
Nesticus oculiprominentis Saito, 1959: 68, f. 58a-h (m).
A. oculiprominentis Yoshida, 1991b: 4, f. 1-3 (Tm from Nesticus, Df).
A. oculiprominentis Kim, 1997b: 203, f. 1-3 (f).
A. oculiprominentis Zhu, 1998: 95, f. 55A-E (mf).
A. oculiprominentis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 41A-B, G-H (mf).
A. oculiprominentis Yoshida, 2000b: 140, f. 8-10 (mf).

mf ohlerti (Thorell, 1870)....................Holarctic
Theridion ohlertii Thorell, 1870a: 85 (Df).
Theridion umbraticum L. Koch, 1872b: 243 (Df).
Theridion umbraticum Simon, 1881a: 87 (Dm).
Theridion umbraticum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 35 (mf).
Theridion umbraticum Bösenberg, 1902: 100, pl. 8, f. 121 (mf).
Theridion umbraticum Fedotov, 1912b: 452, pl. 8, f. 1 (f).
Theridion umbraticum Simon, 1914a: 262, 296, f. 522-523 (mf).
Theridion simulatum Emerton, 1926: 115, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Theridion affine Strand, 1928a: 90 (m, provisional name only).
Theridion umbraticum Wiehle, 1937: 162, f. 107-113 (Dmf).
Theridion o. Holm, 1945b: 13 (S).
Parasteatoda umbraticum Archer, 1950: 14 (Tmf from Theridion, rejected).
Theridion o. Levi & Levi, 1951: 220, f. 3, 7-8 (mf).
Theridion o. Levi, 1957a: 98, f. 324-325, 332-334 (mf, S).
Theridion o. Holm, 1958a: 526, f. 4-5 (mf)
Theridion umbraticum Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 406, 427 (mf).
Theridion o. Miller, 1971: 194, pl. XXXIV, f. 20-21 (mf).
Theridion o. Palmgren, 1974b: 27, f. 6.11-14 (mf).
A. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 756 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf ohlerti lundbecki (Sørensen, 1898)....................Greenland
Theridion lundbeckii Sørensen, 1898: 191 (Dmf).
Theridion lundbecki Jackson, 1930: 642, pl. 17, f. 10 (f).
Theridion o. l. Holm, 1958a: 525, f. 1-3 (mf, removed from S of Theridion umbraticum=A. o., per Roewer, placed as subspecies).

m orana Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
A. o. Levi, 1963b: 230, f. 112 (Dm).

mf oxymaculata Zhu, 1998....................China
A. o. Zhu, 1998: 83, f. 46A-E (Dmf).
A. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 41C-D, I-J (mf).

mf palgongensis Seo, 1993....................Korea
A. p. Seo, 1993a: 169, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

m pallipera Levi, 1963....................Brazil
Theridium pallipes Keyserling, 1891: 191, pl. 6, f. 138 (Dm; peoccupied by Lucas, 1846).
A. p. Levi, 1963b: 219, f. 49 (m, replacement name).

m parana Levi, 1963....................Paraguay
A. p. Levi, 1963b: 213, f. 42 (Dm).

mf passiva (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Theridion passivum Keyserling, 1891: 195, pl. 7, f. 141 (Df).
A. p. Levi, 1963b: 207, f. 26-28 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

f pilaton Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
A. p. Levi, 1963b: 225, f. 84-85 (Df).

mf pinguis (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil, Uruguay
Theridion pingue Keyserling, 1886b: 235, pl. 20, f. 290 (Dmf).
A. pingue Levi, 1963b: 228, f. 93-94 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. p. Levi, 1967b: 22.

f polygramma (Kulczyn'ski, 1911)....................New Guinea
Theridion polygrammum Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 442, pl. 19, f. 16-17 (Df).
A. p. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 2-3 (Tf from Theridion).

mf porteri (Banks, 1896)....................USA to Panama, West Indies
Theridion p. Banks, 1896d: 203 (D).
Theridion portoricense Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 197, f. 42-43 (Df).
Theridion redemptum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 13, f. 14-15 (Dmf).
Theridion catapetraeum Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 10, f. 7 (Df).
Cryptachaea catapetraeum Archer, 1946: 36 (Tf from Theridion).
Cryptachaea p. Archer, 1950: 15 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. p. Levi, 1955a: 30, f. 71-75, 80-82 (mf, S).
A. p. Levi, 1959b: 61 (S).
A. p. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 7 (m).
A. p. Kaston, 1977: 17, f. 11 (m).
A. p. Brignoli, 1979c: 437, f. 10 (f).

mf propera (Keyserling, 1890)....................New South Wales, Tasmania, Lord Howe Is.
Theridion properum Keyserling, 1890: 242, pl. 22, f. 2 (Df).
Theridion properum Hickman, 1967: 48, f. 82-83 (f, Dm).
A. properum Gray, 1974: 52 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf pura (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894)....................Mexico
Theridion purum O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 131, pl. 17, f. 6 (Df).
Steatoda p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 383, pl. 36, f. 10 (f).
A. p. Levi, 1959b: 73, f. 42-44 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

m pusillana (Roewer, 1942)....................French Guiana
Theridion pusillum Keyserling 1884a: 87, pl. 4, f. 55 (Df; preoccupied by Wider, 1834).
Theridion pussilanum Roewer, 1942a: 497 (replacement name with typographical error).
Theridion pusillanum Roewer, 1942a: 1039 (correction of typographical error).
A. p. Levi, 1963b: 230, f. 111 (Tm from Theridion).

mf pydanieli Buckup & Marques, 1991....................Brazil
A. p. Buckup & Marques, 1991: 85, f. 10-14 (Dmf).

f quadrimaculata Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000....................Taiwan
A. q. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 130, f. 32-35 (Df).

m rafaeli Buckup & Marques, 1991....................Brazil
A. r. Buckup & Marques, 1991: 86, f. 15-16 (Dm).

mf rapa Levi, 1963....................Paraguay
A. r. Levi, 1963b: 229, f. 103-106 (Dmf).

mf rioensis Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. r. Levi, 1963b: 209, f. 36-38 (Dmf).

mf riparia (Blackwall, 1834)....................Palearctic
Theridion riparium Blackwall, 1834a 51 (Df).
Theridion riparium Blackwall, 1834b: 354 (f).
Theridion saxatile C. L. Koch, 1835: 131, pl. 7-8 (Dmf).
Theridion saxatile C. L. Koch, 1838: 116, f. 324-325 (Dmf).
Theridion liotheum Bremi-Wolff, 1849: (D).
Ero saxatilis C. L. Koch, 1850: 16.
Theridion riparium Blackwall, 1864a: 182, pl. 12, f. 115 (mf).
Steatoda saxatilis Menge, 1868: 153, pl. 29, f. 64 (mf).
Theridion riparium Thorell, 1870a: 82.
Theridion riparium Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 36 (mf).
Theridion riparium Becker, 1896: 93, pl. 20, f. 2 (mf).
Theridion riparium Bösenberg, 1902: 102, pl. 9, f. 125 (mf).
Theridion saxatile Simon, 1914a: 261, 297, f. 520-521 (mf).
Theridion saxatile Wiehle, 1937: 160, f. 101-106 (mf).
Cryptachaea saxatilis Archer, 1950: 15 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion saxatile Locket & Millidge, 1953: 63, f. 43C, E (mf).
Theridium riparium Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 405 (m, S).
A. r. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 10-11 (mf).
A. saxatilis Palmgren, 1974b: 30, f. 7.12-15 (mf).
A. r. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 51.
A. r. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 80e (mf).
A. r. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 755 (mf).
A. r. Gao, Guan & Zhu, 1993: 75, f. 11-15 (mf).
A. r. Roberts, 1995: 278, f. (mf).
A. r. Zhu, 1998: 101, f. 60A-E (mf).
A. r. Roberts, 1998: 292, f. (mf).
A. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 41E-F, K-L (mf).
A. r. Yoshida, 2000b: 139, f. 1-3 (mf).

mf rostra Zhu & Zhang, 1992....................China
A. r. Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 21, f. 1A-F (Dmf).
A. r. Zhu, 1998: 108, f. 65A-E (mf).
A. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42A-B, K-L (mf).

mf rostrata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Venezuela
Theridion rostratum O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 204, pl. 24, f. 10 (Df).
Steatoda r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 384.
Tidarren rostratum Caporiacco, 1955: 336, f. 26a-c (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
A. r. Levi, 1959b: 79, f. 64-66 (Tmf from Tidarren).

mf rupicola (Emerton, 1882)....................USA, Canada
Theridion r. Emerton, 1882: 14, pl. 2, f. 2 (Dmf).
Theridion r. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 368, pl. 7, f. 36 (m).
Theridion r. Emerton, 1902: 113, f. 261 (f).
Theridion r. Kaston, 1948: 109, f. 129-130 (m).
Cryptachaea r. Archer, 1950: 15 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. r. Levi, 1955a: 21, f. 47-52, 56 (mf).
A. r. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 78-79 (m).

mf ryukyu Yoshida, 2000....................Japan, Ryukyu Is.
A. r. Yoshida, 2000b: 150, f. 43-50 (Dmf).

m schneirlai Levi, 1959....................Panama
A. s. Levi, 1959b: 67, f. 26 (Dm).

f schraderorum Levi, 1959....................Costa Rica
A. s. Levi, 1959b: 68, f. 24-25 (Df).

mf schullei (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA, Mexico
Theridion s. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 15, f. 22 (Df).
Theridion credulum Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 11, f. 17 (Dm).
Hentziectypus credulus Archer, 1950: 17 (Tm from Theridion).
A. s. Levi, 1955a: 17, f. 32-38 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).

f septemguttata (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam
Achaea s. Simon, 1909e: 91 (Df).

f serax Levi, 1959....................Mexico
A. s. Levi, 1959b: 66, f. 22-23 (Df).

mf serenoae (Gertsch & Archer, 1942)....................USA
Theridion s. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 10, f. 27-28 (Dmf).
Cryptachaea s. Archer, 1950: 15 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. s. Levi, 1955a: 28, f. 76-79 (mf).

mf sicki Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. s. Levi, 1963b: 218, f. 48, 70-71 (Dmf).

f simaoica Zhu, 1998....................China
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 84, f. 46A-C (Df).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42C-D (f).

mf simulans (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic
Theridion formosum s. Thorell, 1875c: 55 (Df).
Theridion s. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 63.
Theridion s. Bösenberg, 1902: 97, pl. 8, f. 117 (f, Dm).
Theridion tepidariorum s. Wiehle, 1937: 157.
Theridion tepidariorum s. Denis, 1944c: 111, f. 3, 6 (m).
A. s. Martin, 1972: 276 (elevated to species).
A. s. Locket & Luczak, 1974: 267, f. 1B (f).
A. s. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 52, f. 29B (f).
A. s. Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1b, pl. I, f. 2, pl. II, f. 5, 7 (mf).
A. tepidariorum s. Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 7.9-10 (f).
A. s. Punda, 1975b: 59, f. 121-122 (f).
A. tepidariorum s. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81b (mf).
A. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 754 (mf).
A. s. Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 12, 17 (m).
A. s. Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
A. s. Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).
A. s. Yoshida, 2000b: 148, f. 37-42 (mf).

mf songi Zhu, 1998....................China
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 104, f. 62A-E (Dmf).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42E-F, I-J (mf).

mf subtabulata Zhu, 1998....................China
A. nipponica Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 172, f. 1-2 (m, misidentified).
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 111, f. 67A-E (Dmf).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42G-H, M-N (mf).

mf subvexa Zhu, 1998....................China
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 102, f. 61A-E (Dmf).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 43A-B, G-H (mf).

mf tabulata Levi, 1980....................Holarctic
A. t. Levi, 1980b: 334, f. 1-2 (Df).
A. nipponica Yoshida, 1983b: 38, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. nipponica Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.3 (mf).
A. nipponica Paik, 1986b: 4, f. 1-5 (m).
A. t. Moritz, Levi & Pfüller, 1988: 361, f. 1-3 (f, Sm).
A. t. Yoshida, 1989b: 317, f. 4N-O (mf).
A. t. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 3 (mf).
A. t. Knoflach, 1991: 59, f. 1-10, 14-15 (mf).
A. t. Dimitrov, 1994: 77, f. 1, 3 (m).
A. t. Zhu, 1998: 112, f. 68A-E (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 43C-D, I-J (mf).
A. t. Yoshida, 2000b: 145, f. 24-27 (mf).

mf taeniata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Guatemala to Peru
Theridion taeniatum Keyserling, 1884a: 12, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dmf).
Steatoda t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 3-4 (mf).
Theridion salvadorense Kraus, 1955b: 17, f. 34-36 (Df).
A. salvadorense Levi, 1959b: 61 (Tf from Theridion).
A. t. Levi, 1959b: 72, f. 39-41 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. t. Levi, 1963b: 210 (S).

mf tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841)....................Cosmopolitan
Theridion t. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 75, f. 646-648 (Dmf).
Theridion pallidum Walckenaer, 1842: 321 (Df).
Theridion vulgare Hentz, 1850: 271, pl. 9, f. 1 (Df).
Steatoda t. Thorell, 1856: 108.
Theridion t. Blackwall, 1864a: 180, pl. 13, f. 114 (mf).
Theridion marmoreum Holmberg, 1876: 14 (Df).
Theridion t. Emerton, 1882: 13, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion tepidatorium Keyserling, 1884a: 9, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion varium Urquhart, 1886: 187, pl. 6, f. 3 (Dmf).
Theridion t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 38 (mf).
Theridion t. Simon, 1894a: 536, f. 545 (m).
Theridion t. Becker, 1896: 97, pl. 20, f. 3 (mf).
Theridion t. Tullgren, 1901a: 5, pl. 1, f. 1 (f).
Theridion t. Bösenberg, 1902: 96, pl. 8, f. 115 (mf).
Steatoda t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 1-2 (mf).
Theridion t. Emerton, 1902: 111, f. 256-260 (mf).
Theridion t. Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 561, pl. 14, f. 24 (m).
Theridion t. Simon, 1914a: 260, 296, f. 518 (mf).
Theridion t. Saito, 1933b: 42, pl. 2, f. 9.
Theridion t. Wiehle, 1937: 155, f. 91-94 (mf).
Theridion t. Comstock, 1940: 360, f. 342-343 (mf).
Theridion t. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 301, f. 30 (m).
Theridion t. Muma, 1943: 67, pl. XIII, f. 5-6 (mf).
Theridion t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55 (S).
Theridion t. Denis, 1944c: 111, f. 2, 5 (m).
Parasteatoda t. Archer, 1946: 38 (Tmf from Theridion)
Theridion t. Kaston, 1948: 103, f. 155-161 (mf).
Theridion t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 63, f. 43D, F (mf).
A. t. Levi, 1955a: 32, f. 69-70, 83-84 (mf).
Theridion t. Saito, 1959: 72, f. 71a-j (mf).
A. t. Abalos & Báez, 1963: 203, f. 16-19, 29-30 (mf).
Theridion t. Lee, 1966: 28, f. 6e-h (mf).
A. t. Abalos, 1967: 273, f. 12A (f).
A. t. Levi, 1967c: 178, f. 9-11 (mf).
Theridium t. Azheganova, 1968: 60, f. 116-117 (mf).
Theridium t. Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 408, 432 (mf).
A. t. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 22, pl. XXXV, f. 1 (mf).
A. t. Locket & Luczak, 1974: 267, f. 1A, 2A, 5 (mf).
A. t. Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1a, pl. I, f. 1, pl. II, f. 4, 6 (mf).
A. t. Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 7.11 (m).
A. t. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 52, f. 29A (f).
A. t. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 36, f. 52, 55 (m).
A. t. Chrysanthus, 1975: 45, f. 168 (f).
A. t. Woz'ny, 1976: 217, f. 5b (f).
Theridion t. Song, 1980: 138, f. 74a-e (mf).
A. t. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 52, 55 (m).
A. t. Heimer, 1982: 41, f. 6 (m).
A. t. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 5B (m).
Theridion t. Hu, 1984: 173, f. 181.1-2 (f).
A. t. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 52, 55 (m).
A. t. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81a (mf).
Theridion t. Guo, 1985: 99, f. 2-43.1-3 (mf).
A. t. Zhu et al., 1985: 98, f. 84a-d (mf).
A. t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.1 (mf).
A. t. Song, 1987: 119, f. 80 (mf).
A. t. Zhang, 1987: 104, f. 84.1-4 (mf).
A. t. Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 1 (mf).
A. t. Hu & Wu, 1989: 118, f. 91.1-3 (mf).
Theridium t. Izmailova, 1989: 96, f. 75 (f).
A. t. Feng, 1990: 112, f. 87.1-4 (mf).
A. t. Chen & Gao, 1990: 90, f. 113a-b (mf).
A. t. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 139, f. 131.1-3 (mf).
A. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 753 (mf).
A. t. Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 13, 18-19 (m).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 853, f. 2A-B (mf).
A. t. Zhao, 1993: 203, f. 94a-d (mf).
A. t. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 55 (m).
A. t. Dimitrov, 1994: 77, f. 2, 4 (m).
A. t. Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
A. t. Agnarsson, 1996: 52, f. 35A-B (mf).
Theridium t. Mcheidze, 1997: 193, f. 393-393 (mf).
A. t. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1706, f. 4a-b (mf).
A. t. Zhu, 1998: 105, f. 63A-E (mf).
A. t. Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 12F, 43E-F, K-L (mf).
A. t. Yoshida, 2000b: 146, f. 28-31 (mf).

f tepidariorum australis (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Theridium t. australe Thorell, 1895: 95 (Df).

mf tesselata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Mexico to Paraguay, New Guinea, Pakistan
Theridion tesselatum Keyserling, 1884a: 40, pl. 2, f. 27 (Df).
Theridion picadoi Banks, 1909a: 204 (D).
Theridion tesselatum Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 195, f. 40-41 (f).
Theridion tesselatum Kraus, 1955b: 16, f. 30 (f).
A. terex Levi, 1959b: 74, f. 52 (Dm).
A. t. Levi, 1959b: 76, f. 70-71 (Tf from Theridion).
A. picadoi Levi, 1959b: 76, f. 57-60 (Tf from Theridion).
A. t. Levi, 1963b: 232 (S).
A. mundula Chrysanthus, 1963: 741 (S, rejected).
A. t. Levi, 1967c: 179, f. 15-19 (mf).
A. t. Darchen & Ledoux, 1978: 126, f. 4d-e (mf, may be senior S of A. disparata).

f tingo Levi, 1963....................Peru
A. t. Levi, 1963b: 202, f. 4-6 (Df).

m tovarensis Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
A. t. Levi, 1963b: 211, f. 29 (Dm).

mf transipora (Zhu & Zhang, 1992)....................China
Theridion transiporum Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 27, f. 7A-C (Df).
A. t. Zhu, 1998: 91, f. 52A-E (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44A-D (mf).

mf trapezoidalis (Taczanowski, 1873) *....................Panama to Paraguay
Argyrodes t. Taczanowski, 1873: 115, pl. 5, f. 10 (Dmf).
Achaea insignis O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 428, pl. 30, f. 5 (Dm).
Thwaitesia diversa O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 432, pl. 31, f. 8 (Df).
Achaea t. Keyserling, 1884a: 102, pl. 5, f. 66 (mf).
Achaea t. Simon, 1894a: 551, f. 562 (f).
Achaea t. Archer, 1950: 17, pl. II, f. 1 (m).
A. t. Levi, 1955a: 9, f. 7-13 (mf).
A. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 74-75 (m).

mf triangula Yoshida, 1993....................Singapore, Java, Bali
A. t. Yoshida, 1993b: 10, f. 4-10 (Dmf).

mf triguttata (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Theridion triguttatum Keyserling, 1891: 190, pl. 6, f. 136 (Df).
Theridion triguttatum Levi, 1963c: 542, f. 76-77 (f).
A. t. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 46, f. 1-2, 9 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf trinidensis Levi, 1959....................Trinidad, Peru
A. t. Levi, 1959b: 68, f. 29-31 (Dmf).

f turquino Levi, 1959....................Cuba
A. t. Levi, 1959b: 62, f. 1-3 (Df).

m uviana Levi, 1963....................Peru
A. u. Levi, 1963b: 218, f. 44 (Dm).

f valoka Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea, New Britain
A. v. Chrysanthus, 1975: 47, f. 172-173 (Df).
A. v. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 109, f. 11-13 (f).

mf veruculata (Urquhart, 1886)....................Australia, New Zealand, England, Belgium
Theridion veruculatum Urquhart, 1886: 188, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dmf).
Theridion nigrofolium Urquhart, 1888: 112, pl. 11, f. 3 (Df).
A. v. Merrett & Rowe, 1961: 89, f. 1-7 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. v. Dondale, 1966: 1158, f. 1A-F (mf).
A. v. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 53, f. 30, 31A-D (mf).
A. v. Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81c (mf).
A. v. Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
A. v. Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).

f vervoorti Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea
A. v. Chrysanthus, 1975: 45, f. 169-171 (Df).
A. v. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 109, f. 8-10, 26 (f, Dm).

f vivida (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Theridion vividum Keyserling, 1891: 193, pl. 7, f. 139 (Df).
A. v. Levi, 1963b: 206, f. 22-23 (Tf from Theridion).

mf wau Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982....................New Guinea
A. w. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 110, f. 14-19 (Dmf).

mf zonensis Levi, 1959....................Panama to Peru, Brazil
A. z. Levi, 1959b: 69, f. 32-34 (Dmf).

Gen. Achaearyopa Barrion & Litsinger, 1995

A. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 437, type A. pnaca Barrion & Litsinger, 1995.

f pnaca Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 *....................Philippines
A. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 438, f. 262a-i (Df).

Gen. Ameridion Wunderlich, 1995

A. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612, type Theridion petrum Levi, 1959.

In synonymy:
A. quemadum (Levi, 1959, T from Theridion) = A. unanimum (Keyserling, 1891) (Levi, 1963c: 555, sub Theridion).

f armouri (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Trinidad
Theridion a. Levi, 1959b: 138, f. 259-260 (Df).
Theridion a. Levi, 1963c: 559, f. 143-144 (f).
A. a. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

f aspersum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Guatemala
Steatoda aspersa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 384, pl. 36, f. 13 (Df).
Theridion a. Levi, 1959b: 130, f. 311-312 (f).
A. a. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

f atlixco (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion a. Levi, 1959b: 135, f. 303-304 (Df).
A. a. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

mf bridgesi (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion b. Levi, 1959b: 138, f. 307-308, 328 (Dmf).
A. b. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

f chilapa (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion c. Levi, 1959b: 132, f. 309-310 (Df).
A. c. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

mf clemens (Levi, 1959)....................Jamaica
Theridion c. Levi, 1959b: 136, f. 322-324 (Dmf).
A. c. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

f cobanum (Levi, 1959)....................Guatemala
Theridion c. Levi, 1959b: 129, f. 291-292 (Df).
A. c. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

f colima (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico, Ecuador
Theridion c. Levi, 1959b: 136, f. 277-279 (Df).
A. c. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

mf lathropi (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion l. Levi, 1959b: 127, f. 272-276 (Dmf).
A. l. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

f malkini (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion m. Levi, 1959b: 131, f. 295-296 (Df).
A. m. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

m marvum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Venezuela
Theridion m. Levi, 1959b: 128, f. 326 (Dm).
A. m. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tm from Theridion).

mf moctezuma (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion m. Levi, 1959b: 129, f. 285-288 (Dmf).
A. m. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

m musawas (Levi, 1959)....................Nicaragua
Theridion m. Levi, 1959b: 139, f. 327 (Dm).
A. m. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tm from Theridion).

mf paidiscum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion p. Levi, 1959b: 133, f. 299-300, 329-330 (Dmf).
A. p. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

f panum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion p. Levi, 1959b: 140, f. 289-290 (Df).
A. p. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

mf petrum (Levi, 1959) *....................Panama, Trinidad, Peru
Theridion p. Levi, 1959b: 127, f. 280-284 (Dmf).
A. p. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

f plantatum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion p. Levi, 1959b: 137, f. 255-256 (Df).
A. p. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

f progum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion p. Levi, 1959b: 135, f. 305-306 (Df).
A. p. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

mf quantum (Levi, 1959)....................Costa Rica, Panama
Theridion q. Levi, 1959b: 130, f. 293-294, 317 (Dmf).
A. q. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf reservum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion r. Levi, 1959b: 126, f. 318-321 (Dmf).
A. r. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

f rinconense (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion r. Levi, 1959b: 139, f. 261-262 (Df).
A. r. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

m ruinum (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion r. Levi, 1959b: 131, f. 325 (Dm).
A. r. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tm from Theridion).

m schmidti (Levi, 1959)....................Costa Rica
Theridion s. Levi, 1959b: 133, f. 331 (Dm).
A. s. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tm from Theridion).

mf signaculum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Brazil
Theridion s. Levi, 1959b: 134, f. 301-302, 333 (Dmf).
A. s. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf signum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Theridion s. Levi, 1959b: 132, f. 297-298, 332 (Dmf).
A. s. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612, f. 3 (Tmf from Theridion).

f tempum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Brazil
Theridion t. Levi, 1959b: 137, f. 315-316 (Df).
A. t. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tf from Theridion).

mf unanimum (Keyserling, 1891)....................Mexico to Brazil
Theridion u. Keyserling, 1891: 181, pl. 6, f. 126 (Dmf).
Theridion quemadum Levi, 1959b: 140, f. 257-258 (Df).
Theridion u. Levi, 1963c: 555, f. 131-134 (mf, S).
A. u. Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

Gen. Anatea Berland, 1927

N.B.: transferred here from the Clubionidae by Reiskind & Levi, 1967: 20.

mf formicaria Berland, 1927 *....................New Caledonia
A. f. Berland, 1927c: 55, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
A. f. Reiskind & Levi, 1967: 21, f. 1-6 (m).

Gen. Anelosimus Simon, 1891

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 by Archer, 1950: 21; considered a senior synonym of Kochiura Archer, 1950: 16, type Theridion aulicum C. L. Koch, 1838 by Levi, 1956b: 412 and of Selkirkiella Berland, 1924 (transferred from the Araneidae) by Levi, 1972b: 536; probably polyphyletic (Forster, Platnick & Coddington, 1990: 114), Chilean species probably misplaced; for a rejected transfer of A. virgulatum (Nicolet, 1849) out of the synonymy of A. ocellatus (Nicolet, 1849), see Lycosa fernandezi.

Transferred to other genera:
A. albolineatus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Theridion.
A. australis (Simon, 1896) -- see Episinus.
A. cynicus (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Theridion.
A. giladensis Levy & Amitai, 1982 -- see Enoplognatha.
A. nelsoni Bryant, 1945 -- see Nesticodes.

In synonymy:
A. barrosi (Mello-Leitão, 1951, T from Conopistha=Argyrodes) = A. attritus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1963f: 40).
A. bucculentus (Nicolet, 1849) = A. roseus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 9).
A. chiloensis Levi, 1963 = A. ocellatus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 11).
A. dorsatulus (Roewer, 1942, T from Linyphia) = A. analyticus (Chamberlin, 1924) (Levi, 1972b: 536).
A. dubius (Chamberlin, 1916, T from Enoplognatha) = A. studiosus (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1956b: 419).
A. foliaceus (Nicolet, 1849, T from Theridion) = A. roseus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 9).
A. foliicola (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, T from Enoplognatha) = A. crassipes (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, 1955c: 15, sub Enoplognatha).
A. fraternus Bryant, 1948 = A. studiosus (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1956b: 419).
A. gracilis (Keyserling, 1884) = A. roseus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 9).
A. gymnasticus (Keyserling, 1884, T from Theridion) = A. ethicus (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1956b: 416).
A. higensis (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, T from Theridion) = A. crassipes (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, 1961b: 22).
A. levipes (Nicolet, 1849, removed from S of Theridion spinipes Nicolet, 1849) = A. attritus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1963c: 491).
A. magnificus (Keyserling, 1884) = A. studiosus (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1963c: 491).
A. nigrescens (Keyserling, 1884, T from Theridion) = A. ethicus (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1956b: 416).
A. opimus (Nicolet, 1849, T from Theridion) = A. roseus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 9).
A. portazuelo Levi, 1967 = A. alboguttatus (Berland, 1924) (Levi, 1972b: 536).
A. recurvatus (Tullgren, 1901) = A. ventrosus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 13).
A. rubicundus (Nicolet, 1849, T from Theridion) = A. roseus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 9).
A. saramacca Levi & Smith, 1983 = A. domingo Levi, 1963 (Levi, in Rypstra & Tirey, 1989: 368).
A. tosus (Chamberlin, 1916, T from Theridion) = A. jucundus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1956b: 417).
A. transversus (Nicolet, 1849, T from Theridion) = A. purpureus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 11).
A. triangulifer (Simon, 1902, T from Enoplognatha) = A. ventrosus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1962a: 12, sub A. recurvatus).
A. virgulatus (Nicolet, 1849, T from Theridion) = A. ocellatus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1967a: 11).
A. viridulus (Roewer, 1942, T from Lithyphantes=Steatoda) = A. ocellatus (Nicolet, 1849) (Archer, 1963: 14, sub Lithyphantes viridis).

mf alboguttatus (Berland, 1924)....................Juan Fernandez Is.
Selkirkiella alboguttata Berland, 1924b: 430, f. 20-24 (Df).
A. portazuelo Levi, 1967a: 14, f. 34-36 (Dmf).
A. a. Levi, 1972b: 536 (S).

mf analyticus (Chamberlin, 1924)....................USA, Mexico
Linyphia dorsalis Banks, 1898b: 244, pl. 14, f. 9 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Wider, 1834).
Theridion analyticum Chamberlin, 1924b: 637, f. 76-77 (Dmf).
Linyphia dorsatula Roewer, 1942a: 588 (replacement name for L. dorsalis).
A. a. Levi, 1956b: 421, f. 19, 40-42 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. a. Levi, 1972b: 536 (S).
A. a. Stejskal, 1976: 344, f. 4.5 (f).

mf attritus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile, Juan Fernandez Is.
Theridion attritum Nicolet, 1849: 542 (Df).
Theridion levipes Nicolet, 1849: 541 (Df).
Theridion minusculum Nicolet, 1849: 542 (Dj).
Theridion attritum Simon, 1904e: 91.
Conopistha barrosi Mello-Leitão, 1951: 330, f. 2 (Df).
A. a. Levi, 1963c: 490 (Tf from Theridion, S).
A. a. Levi, 1963f: 38, f. 14-19 (f, Dm, S).

mf aulicus (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Canary Is., Cape Verde Is. to Azerbaijan
Theridion aulicum C. L. Koch, 1838: 115, f. 323 (Df).
Theridion rufolineatum Lucas, 1846: 260, pl. 16, f. 10 (Df).
Steatoda aulica C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
Theridion elegans Blackwall, 1862a: 376 (Dmf).
Theridion spirafer O. P.-Cambridge, 1863: 8574 (Dmj).
Theridion concinnum Blackwall, 1870b: 424, pl. 16, f. 10 (Df).
Theridion delicatum Blackwall, 1870b: 428, pl. 16, f. 11 (Dm).
Theridion spirifer O. P.-Cambridge, 1873a: 445, pl. 33, f. 9 (m, Df).
Theridion aulicum Simon, 1881a: 95.
Theridion aulicum Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 374, pl. 7, f. 53.
Theridion aulicum Bösenberg, 1902: 108, pl. 9, f. 135 (mf).
Theridion aulicum Wiehle, 1937: 139, f. 41-43 (mf).
Kochiura aulica Archer, 1950: 16, pl. I, f. 3 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion aulicum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 61, f. 41A-B (mf).
A. aulicum Levi, 1956b: 412.
Theridium aulicum Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 393, 419 (mf).
A. a. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 124, f. 85-92 (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1985: 181, f. 80c (mf).
A. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 282, f. 757 (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1995: 281, f. (mf).
A. a. Levy, 1998b: 135, f. 252-259 (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1998: 294, f. (mf).
A. a. Schmidt & Krause, 1998: 419, f. 1 (f).

mf camoteensis Levi, 1967....................Juan Fernandez Is.
A. c. Levi, 1967a: 15, f. 30-32 (Dmf).

mf carelmapuensis Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. c. Levi, 1963f: 45, f. 45-48 (Df).
A. c. Levi, 1967a: 13, f. 33 (Dm).

mf casablanca Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. c. Levi, 1963f: 37, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf chickeringi Levi, 1956....................Mexico to Peru
A. c. Levi, 1956b: 421, f. 20, 43-45 (Dmf).

m chonganicus Zhu, 1998....................China
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 291, f. 197A-B (Dm).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44K (m).

mf crassipes (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan, Ryukyu Is.
Enoplognatha crassipes Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 157, pl. 12, f. 271 (Dmf).
Enoplognatha foliicola Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 381, pl. 4, f. 36 (Dm).
Theridion higense Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 379, pl. 5, f. 45 (Df).
Enoplognatha crassipes Saito, 1933b: 46, pl. 3, f. 14.
Enoplognatha c. Yaginuma, 1955c: 15 (S).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1960: 38, f. 37 (Tmf from Enoplognatha).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1961b: 22 (S).
A. c. Lee, 1966: 27, f. 6a-d (mf).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1971: 38, f. 37 (m).
A. c. Hu, 1984: 157, f. 160.1-3 (mf).
A. c. Yoshida, 1986: 33, f. 1-3 (mf).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 41, f. 22.2 (mf).
A. c. Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4I-J (mf).
A. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 8 (mf).
A. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 143, f. 137.1-2 (mf).
A. c. Paik, 1996c: 36, f. 1-13 (mf).
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 288, f. 194A-C (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44E-F, L (mf).

mf decoloratus (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Theridion decoloratum Keyserling, 1886b: 234, pl. 20, f. 289 (Df).
Theridion decoloratum Levi, 1963c: 562, f. 154-155 (f).
A. d. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 47, f. 3-4, 10 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf dialeucon (Simon, 1890)....................Aden
Theridion d. Simon, 1890a: 97 (Df).
A. d. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 124 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf domingo Levi, 1963....................Ecuador, Peru, Surinam
A. d. Levi, 1963f: 36, f. 63-65 (Dmf).
A. saramacca Levi & Smith, 1983: 275, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
A. d. Levi, in Rypstra & Tirey, 1989: 368 (S).

mf dubiosus (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Theridion dubiosum Keyserling, 1891: 187, pl. 6, f. 133 (Dm).
A. d. Levi, 1963f: 34 (Tm from Theridion).
A. d. Levi & Smith, 1983: 277, f. 4 (m).
A. d. Gonzaga & Santos, 1999: 432, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf episinoides Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. e. Levi, 1963f: 40, f. 20-24 (Dmf).

mf ethicus (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil
Theridion ethicum Keyserling, 1884a: 44, pl. 2, f. 24 (Dm).
Theridion nigrescens Keyserling, 1884a: 42, pl. 2, f. 22 (Df).
Theridion gymnasticum Keyserling, 1884a: 43, pl. 2, f. 23 (Df).
A. e. Levi, 1956b: 416, f. 25, 28-30 (Tm from Theridion, Sf).
A. e. Stejskal, 1976: 344, f. 4.6, 5.5 (mf).

mf exiguus Yoshida, 1986....................China, Japan, Ryukyu Is.
A. e. Yoshida, 1986: 37, f. 13-16 (Dmf).
A. e. Zhu, 1998: 289, f. 195A-D (mf).
A. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44G-H, M (mf).

mf eximius (Keyserling, 1884) *....................Lesser Antilles, Panama to Argentina
Theridion eximium Keyserling, 1884a: 45, pl. 2, f. 25 (Dmf).
A. socialis Simon, 1891d: 11, pl. 2 (Dmf).
Theridion eximium Simon, 1894a: 548.
A. e. Archer, 1950: 22 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. e. Levi, 1956b: 413, f. 11-17 (mf).
A. e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 51, f. 184-185 (m).
A. e. Stejskal, 1976: 344, f. 4.3, 5.1-5.3 (mf).
A. e. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 94 (m).

mf iwawakiensis Yoshida, 1986....................Korea, Japan
A. i. Yoshida, 1986: 36, f. 9-12 (Dmf).
A. i. Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4F-H (mf).
A. i. Paik, 1996c: 38, f. 14-22 (mf).

mf jabaquara Levi, 1956....................Brazil
A. j. Levi, 1956b: 414, f. 18 (Dm).
A. dubiosus Levi, 1963f: 34 (S, rejected).
A. j. Levi & Smith, 1983: 277 (removed from S of A. dubiosus).
A. j. Gonzaga & Santos, 1999: 434, f. 4-5 (Df).

mf jucundus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Argentina
Theridion jucundum O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 166, pl. 21, f. 13 (Dm).
A. j. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 394, pl. 37, f. 14-15 (Dmf).
Theridion tosum Chamberlin, 1916: 229, pl. 16, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. j. Levi, 1956b: 417, f. 26-27, 31-36 (Tmf from Theridion, S).
A. j. Stejskal, 1976: 344, f. 4.4, 5.4, 6.3 (mf).

mf kohi Yoshida, 1993....................Singapore
A. k. Yoshida, 1993b: 8, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

mf locketi Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
A. l. Roberts, 1983: 240, f. 89-94 (Dmf).

mf lorenzo Fowler & Levi, 1979....................Paraguay
A. l. Fowler & Levi, 1979: 11, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf luisi Levi, 1967....................Chile
A. albolineatus Levi, 1963f: 42, f. 35-38 (f, Dm, misidentified).
A. l. Levi, 1967a: 13 (name for above misidentified specimens).

mf magallanes Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. m. Levi, 1963f: 42, f. 31-34 (Dmf).

mf michaelseni (Simon, 1902)....................Chile
Theridion m. Simon, 1902h: 14 (Df).
A. m. Levi, 1963c: 491 (Tf from Theridion).
A. m. Levi, 1963f: 44, f. 41-44 (f, Dm).

f nigrobaricus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
A. n. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 453, f. 273a-f (Df).

mf ocellatus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Theridion ocellatum Nicolet, 1849: 532 (Dm).
Theridion viride Nicolet, 1849: 536 (Df; preoccupied by Wider, 1834).
Theridion virgulatum Nicolet, 1849: 537 (Df).
Theridion viridulum Roewer, 1942a: 500 (replacement name for T. viride).
A. chiloensis Levi, 1963f: 41, f. 25-26 (Df).
Lithyphantes viridis Archer, 1963: 14 (Tf from Theridion).
A. o. Levi, 1967a: 11, f. 6-7, 27 (Tmf from Theridion, S).

m osorno Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. o. Levi, 1963f: 47, f. 58-61 (Dm).

mf pacificus Levi, 1956....................Mexico
A. p. Levi, 1956b: 417, f. 48-49 (Df).
A. p. Levi, 1963f: 35, f. 62 (Dm).

mf placens (Blackwall, 1877)....................Seychelles
Theridion p. Blackwall, 1877: 13, pl. 2, f. 10 (Dmf).
A. p. Saaristo, 1978: 118, f. 192-202 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. p. Roberts, 1978: 918, f. 31-34 (mf).
A. p. Roberts, 1983: 240, f. 95-96 (f).

mf pulchellus (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Europe to Russia, North Africa
Aranea pulchella Walckenaer, 1802: 208 (D).
Theridion pulchellum Walckenaer, 1805: 75.
Theridion pulchellum Walckenaer, 1842: 311 (Dmf).
Theridion pulchellum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 39 (mf).
Theridion pulchellum Becker, 1896: 103, pl. 23, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion pulchellum Bösenberg, 1902: 102, pl. 9, f. 126 (mf).
Theridion pulchellum Simon, 1914a: 249, 293, f. 496-497 (mf).
Theridion pulchellum Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 563, pl. 14, f. 28-29 (m).
Theridion pulchellum Wiehle, 1937: 139, f. 38-40 (mf).
Theridion pulchellum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 61, f. 40E-F (mf).
Theridium pulchellum Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 398, 418 (mf).
A. pulchellum Levi, 1956b: 412 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. p. Roberts, 1985: 181, f. 80b (mf).
A. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 282, f. 759 (mf).
A. p. Roberts, 1995: 280, f. (mf).
Theridium pulchellum Mcheidze, 1997: 190, f. 379-380 (mf).
A. p. Roberts, 1998: 294, f. (mf).

mf purpureus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Theridion purpureum Nicolet, 1849: 529 (Df).
Theridion transversum Nicolet, 1849: 529 (Df).
A. bucculentus Levi, 1963f: 41, f. 27-30 (f, Dm, misidentified).
A. p. Levi, 1967a: 11 (Tf from Theridion, S).

mf rabus Levi, 1963....................Brazil
A. r. Levi, 1963f: 35, f. 66-68 (Dmf).

mf roseus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile, Juan Fernandez Is.
Theridion roseum Nicolet, 1849: 527, pl. 5, f. 11 (Dmf).
Theridion rubicundum Nicolet, 1849: 530 (D).
Theridion bucculentum Nicolet, 1849: 531 (Df).
Theridion opimum Nicolet, 1849: 534 (Df).
Theridion foliaceum Nicolet, 1849: 538 (Dmf).
Theridion gracile Keyserling, 1884a: 32, pl. 2, f. 16 (Dmf).
Theridion gracile Tullgren, 1902: 11, pl. 1, f. 3 (m).
A. bucculentus Levi, 1963c: 490 (Tf from Theridion).
A. gracilis Levi, 1963c: 491 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. gracilus Levi, 1963f: 37, f. 5-13 (mf).
A. r. Levi, 1967a: 9, f. 1-5 (Tf from Theridion, S).

mf rupununi Levi, 1956....................Trinidad to Paraguay
A. r. Levi, 1956b: 414, f. 24, 46-47 (Dmf).
A. r. Stejskal, 1976: 344, f. 4.1, 6.1 (mf).

f salaensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
A. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 452, f. 272a-h (Df).

mf studiosus (Hentz, 1850)....................USA to Argentina
Theridion studiosum Hentz, 1850: 274, pl. 16, f. 5 (Df).
Theridion fasciatum Holmberg, 1876: 12, f. 13 (Df).
Theridion sordidum Holmberg, 1876: 12, f. 14 (Df).
Theridion studiosum Emerton, 1882: 14 (Dm).
Theridion studiosum Keyserling, 1884a: 20, pl. 1, f. 7 (mf).
Theridion magnificum Keyserling, 1884a: 47, pl. 2, f. 26 (Dmf).
A. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 395, pl. 37, f. 16-17 (mf).
Enoplognatha dubia Chamberlin, 1916: 233, pl. 17, f. 3 (Df).
A. textrix Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 37 (S, rejected).
A. fraternus Bryant, 1948b: 381, f. 55-57 (Dm).
A. s. Kaston, 1948: 99, f. 178-181 (mf).
A. textrix Archer, 1950: 22, pl. II, f. 5-6 (m).
A. magnificus Levi, 1956b: 417 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. s. Levi, 1956b: 418, f. 21-23, 37-39 (Tmf from Theridion, S).
A. s. Levi, 1963c: 491; 1963f: 36 (S).
A. s. Stejskal, 1976: 344, f. 4.2 (f).
A. s. Breene et al., 1993: 56, f. 20A-C (mf).
A. s. Griswold et al., 1998: 66, f. 15C, 16A (m).

mf taiwanicus Yoshida, 1986....................Taiwan, Krakatau
A. t. Yoshida, 1986: 33, f. 4-8 (Dmf).
A. t. Zhu, 1998: 295, f. 196A-D (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44I-J, N (mf).

f temuco Levi, 1963....................Chile
A. t. Levi, 1963f: 44, f. 39-40 (Df).

f tepus Levi, 1967....................Chile
A. t. Levi, 1967a: 15, f. 28-29 (Df).

mf ventrosus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile, Argentina, Falkland Is.
Theridion ventrosum Nicolet, 1849: 536 (Df).
Theridion recurvatum Tullgren, 1901b: 191 (Dj).
Enoplognatha triangulifera Simon, 1902h: 14 (Df).
A. recurvatus Levi, 1962a: 12 (Tf from Theridion, S).
A. recurvatus Levi, 1963f: 45, f. 49-52 (f, Dm).
A. v. Levi, 1967a: 13 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
A. recurvatus Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1974: 86, f. 36-38 (mf).

mf vittatus (C. L. Koch, 1836)....................Palearctic
Theridion vittatum C. L. Koch, 1836a: 65, f. 217 (Df).
Theridion formosum Blackwall, 1837: 101 (Dmf).
Theridion vittatum C. L. Koch, 1838: 118, f. 326 (Dm).
Theridion pulchellum Blackwall, 1864a: 191, pl. 14, f. 122 (mf, misidentified).
Steatoda pulchella Menge, 1868: 162, pl. 30, f. 70 (f, misidentified).
Theridion vittatum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 36, pl. 1, f. 40 (mf).
Theridion vittatum Simon, 1914a: 249, 293, f. 494 (mf).
Theridion vittatum Wiehle, 1937: 137, f. 31-37 (mf).
Theridion vittatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 59, f. 40A-D (mf).
Theridium vittatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 394, 417 (mf).
A. v. Levi, 1956b: 412 (Tmf from Theridion).
A. v. Miller, 1971: 191, pl. XXXIV, f. 12-13 (mf).
A. v. Roberts, 1985: 181, f. 80a (mf).
A. v. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 282, f. 758 (mf).
A. v. Roberts, 1995: 280, f. (mf).
Theridium vittatum Mcheidze, 1997: 190, f. 377-378 (mf).
A. v. Roberts, 1998: 294, f. (mf).

f wellingtoni Levi, 1967....................Chile
A. w. Levi, 1967a: 14, f. 37-38 (Df).

Gen. Argyrodes Simon, 1864

N.B.: preoccupied by Guenée, 1845 (unused) but on Official List of Generic Names in Zoology; considered a senior synonym of Ariamnes Thorell, 1869, Rhomphaea L. Koch, 1872, Conopistha Karsch, 1881, Faiditus Keyserling, 1884 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805), Argyrodina Strand, 1926 and Neospintharus Exline, 1950a: 112, type N. parvus Exline, 1950 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 16-27, of Microcephalus Restrepo, 1944: 393, type M. fur Restrepo, 1944 (=A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873) by Levi, 1972b: 534, and of Spheropistha Yaginuma, 1957b: 14, type S. melanosoma Yaginuma, 1957 (transferred here from the Theridiosomatidae by Brignoli, 1981a: 9, contra Levi & Levi, 1962: 28) by Tanikawa, 1998a: 22.

Transferred to other genera:
A. acuminatus (Schenkel, 1953) -- see Chrysso.
A. anomalus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Synotaxus under Synotaxidae.
A. argentiopunctatus Rainbow, 1916 -- see Thwaitesia.
A. argyrodiformis (Yaginuma, 1952) -- see Chrysso.
A. barrosi (Mello-Leitão, 1951) -- see Anelosimus.
A. crucinotus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Leucauge under Tetragnathidae.
A. flavonotatus (Urquhart, 1890) -- see Tekelloides under Cyatholipidae.
A. floridanus Banks, 1900 -- see Coleosoma.
A. infelix O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 -- see Helvibis.
A. longispinus Saito, 1933 -- see Cyclosa under Araneidae.
A. lucmae Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Linyphiidae incertae sedis.
A. monoceros (Caporiacco, 1947) -- see Synotaxus under Synotaxidae.
A. nigronodosus Rainbow, 1912 -- see Thwaitesia.
A. pulcherrimus Mello-Leitão, 1917 -- see Chrysso.
A. vittatulus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Chrysso.
A. yesoensis Saito, 1934 -- see Octonoba under Uloboridae.

In synonymy:
A. ammonia Denis, 1947 = A. argyrodes (Walckenaer, 1842) (Levy, 1985a: 99, after Denis, 1941a: 112).
A. anceps (Xu, 1985, transferred from Walckenaeria) = A. bonadea (Karsch, 1881) (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95).
A. approximatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894) = A. attenuatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1881) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 131).
A. argentatus hedini Schenkel, 1936 = A. bonadea (Karsch, 1881) (Zhu, 1998: 210).
A. argenteolus O. P.-Cambridge, 1894 = A. americanus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Bryant, 1940: 306, after F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902).
A. argenteolus (Simon, 1873) = A. nasicus (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 204).
A. argenteomaculatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 = A. globosus Keyserling, 1884 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 164).
A. argentinus (Mello-Leitão, 1941) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
A. banksi Petrunkevitch, 1911 = A. nephilae Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 139).
A. biclavis Chamberlin, 1924 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
A. bifissus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) = A. furcatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 116).
A. cambridgei Keyserling, 1891 = A. nephilae Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 139).
A. canariensis (Schmidt, 1956) = A. rostratus (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 26, 205).
A. carnicobarensis Tikader, 1977 = A. xiphias Thorell, 1887 (Yoshida, 1993d: 83).
A. cingulatus Petrunkevitch, 1925 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135, contra Exline, 1945a: 510).
A. concinnus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880, removed from S of A. nephilae) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
A. cylindricus Franganillo, 1936 = A. caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 176).
A. decorus Banks, 1908 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
A. delicatulus (Simon, 1883) = A. nasicus (Simon, 1873) (Benoit, 1977a: 136).
A. elongatus (Bryant, 1940) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135, contra Bryant, 1942a: 339 and Exline, 1945a: 510).
A. falcatus Badcock, 1932 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
A. feioi (Mello-Leitão, 1947) = A. projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1967b: 32).
A. felix O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 = A. caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 176).
A. friburgensis (Mello-Leitão, 1943) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Levi, 1967b: 32).
A. frontatus Banks, 1908 = A. furcatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 116).
A. fur (Restrepo, 1944) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Levi, 1972b: 534).
A. gracillimus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894) = A. attenuatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1881) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 130).
A. honestus Exline & Levi, 1962 = A. brasiliensis Mello-Leitão, 1920 (Levi, 1967b: 32).
A. indignus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. americanus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 161).
A. jucundus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135, contra Bryant, 1942a: 339).
A. levii Zhu & Song, 1991 = A. xiphias Thorell, 1887 (Yoshida, 1993d: 83).
A. linguatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 (removed from S of A. obtusus) = A. subdolus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 190).
A. longus (Kulczyn'ski, 1905) = A. rostratus (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 205).
A. lugens O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135, contra Bryant, 1942a: 339).
A. manta (Exline, 1945) = A. caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 176).
A. martinae (Exline, 1950) = A. projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 106).
A. menlunensis Zhu & Song, 1991 = A. fissifrons O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 (Chida & Tanikawa, 1999: 33).
A. montanus Keyserling, 1884 = A. obscurus Keyserling, 1884 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 115).
A. musgravei Rainbow, 1916 = A. miniaceus (Doleschall, 1857) (Grostal, 1999: 626).
A. obtusus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 = A. amplifrons O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 155).
A. oculus (Muma, 1944) = A. pluto Banks, 1905 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 143).
A. pachysomus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. atopus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 149).
A. parvior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. americanus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 161).
A. petrunkevitchi (Mello-Leitão, 1945) = A. paradoxus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 113).
A. pickeli (Mello-Leitão, 1943) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Levi, 1967b: 32).
A. pizai (Soares & Camargo, 1948) = A. amplifrons O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 155).
A. pozonae (Schenkel, 1953) = A. altus Keyserling, 1891 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 155).
A. pulcher (Soares & Camargo, 1948) = A. attenuatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1881) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 131).
A. remotus (Bryant, 1940) = A. fictilium (Hentz, 1850) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 103).
A. rorerae (Exline, 1945) = A. globosus Keyserling, 1884 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 164).
A. rotundus Caporiacco, 1938 = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
A. scutatus Chrysanthus, 1975 = A. fissifrons O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 106).
A. sextuberculatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 = A. caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 176).
A. simoni (Petrunkevitch, 1911) = A. procerus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 109).
A. simplex (Caporiacco, 1954) = A. elevatus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 136).
A. sinuatus (Schenkel, 1953) = A. attenuatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1881) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 131).
A. socius Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. ululans O. P.-Cambridge, 1880 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 171).
A. spinicaudatus (Keyserling, 1884) = A. paradoxus Taczanowski, 1873 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 113).
A. spinosus (Badcock, 1932) = A. projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 106).
A. trituberculatus Becker, 1879 = A. americanus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 161).
A. ululabilis Keyserling, 1891 = A. americanus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 161).
A. vexus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 176).
A. v-notatus (Petrunkevitch, 1925, T from Cyclosa) = A. caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874) (Levi, 1999: 310).
A. walckeri Rainbow, 1902 = A. miniaceus (Doleschall, 1857) (Berland, 1938: 162, omitted by Roewer).

Nomina nuda:
A. piraticum McCook, 1890 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 135).
"Rhomphaea" tohsin Kishida (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 386).

m abscissus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Madagascar
A. abscissa O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 328, pl. 29, f. 7 (Dm).

f aculeatus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Rhomphaea aculeata Thorell, 1898: 284 (Df).

mf acuminatus Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil, Argentina
A. a. Keyserling, 1891: 207, pl. 7, f. 149 (Dmf).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 157, f. 225-230 (mf).

mf affinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Brazil
A. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 337, pl. 30, f. 16, 16b-c, e (Dmf).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 199, f. 400-405 (mf).

f affinis (Lessert, 1936)....................Mozambique
Rhomphaea a. Lessert, 1936: 236, f. 31-32 (Df; N.B.: if actually congeneric with the above, will need a replacement name).

mf alannae Grostal, 1999....................Eastern Australia
A. a. Grostal, 1999: 629, f. 2D, 6A-K (Dmf).

mf alticeps Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil, Paraguay
A. a. Keyserling, 1891: 210, pl. 8, f. 151 (Dm).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 198, f. 395-399 (m, Df).

f altissimus (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Brazil
Rhomphaea altissima Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 249 (Df).
A. a. Levi, 1967b: 32, f. 35-37 (f).

mf altus Keyserling, 1891....................Venezuela, Brazil
A. a. Keyserling, 1891: 211, pl. 8, f. 152 (Df).
Conopistha pozonae Schenkel, 1953a: 11, f. 11a-c (Df).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 153, f. 212-216 (f, Dm, S).

mf amates Exline & Levi, 1962....................Mexico, Guatemala
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 193, f. 375-379 (Dmf).

f ambalikae Tikader, 1970....................India
A. a. Tikader, 1970: 10, f. 4a-b (Df).

mf amboinensis Thorell, 1878....................Sulawesi, Amboina, New Guinea, New Caledonia
A. a. Thorell, 1878b: 141 (Dmf).
A. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 331, pl. 29, f. 8 (mf).

mf americanus (Taczanowski, 1874)....................USA to Brazil
Ero americana Taczanowski, 1874: 62 (Df).
A. trituberculatus Becker, 1879a: 79, pl. 1, f. 1-3 (Dm).
A. a. Keyserling, 1884a: 195, pl. 9, f. 117 (f).
A. trituberculatus Keyserling, 1884a: 203, pl. 10, f. 122 (m).
A. ululabilis Keyserling, 1891: 212, pl. 8, f. 153 (Df).
A. argenteola O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 128, pl. 16, f. 4 (Dm).
A. aurea O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 207, pl. 26, f. 1 (Df).
A. aurea O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 259, pl. 38, f. 4 (Dm).
A. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 403, pl. 38, f. 4-5 (f, Dm).
A. a. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 185, f. 27-28 (mf).
A. parvior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 37, pl. 9, f. 66-69, pl. 10, f. 85-87 (Dmf).
A. indignus Chamberlin, & Ivie, 1936a: 38, pl. 10, f. 94-95 (Df).
Conopistha a. Bryant, 1940: 306 (S).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 161, f. 236-247 (mf, S).

mf amplifrons O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Panama to Argentina
A. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 339, pl. 30, f. 17a-h (Dmf).
A. obtusa O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 338, pl. 30, f. 17 (Dm).
A. a. Keyserling, 1884a: 186, pl. 9, f. 111 (mf).
A. obtusus Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 505 (m).
A. obtusus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 403, pl. 38, f. 3 (m).
A. obtusus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 186, f. 29-32 (m, Df).
Conopistha pizai Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 364, f. 14 (Dm).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 155, f. 217-224 (mf, S).

f analiae González & Carmen, 1996....................Brazil
A. a. González & Carmen, 1996: 131, f. 26-28 (Df).

f andamanensis Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is.
A. a. Tikader, 1977a: 170, f. 7A-B (Df).

f angulipalpis (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi
Rhomphaea a. Thorell, 1877b: 469 (Df).

mf antipodianus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand
A. antipodiana O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 327 (Df).
A. conus Urquhart, 1885: 40, pl. 10, f. 6 (Dmf).
A. antipodiana Dalmas, 1917a: 353, f. 29 (Dm).
A. antipodiana Berland, 1924a: 197, f. 65 (m).
A. a. Grostal, 1999: 623, f. 2A, F, 3A-K (mf).

f apiculatus Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
A. a. Thorell, 1895: 120 (Df).

mf argentatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................China, East Indies
A. argentata O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 325, pl. 28, f. 5 (Dmf).
A. argenteus Simon, 1894a: 499.
A. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 403, pl. 38, f. 1-2 (mf).
A. argentella Strand, 1907n: 573 (provisional name only).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 140, f. 148-150 (mf).
A. a. Chrysanthus, 1963: 739, f. 59-62 (f).
A. a. Chrysanthus, 1975: 39, f. 149-152 (m).
Conopistha bonadea Song, 1980: 140, f. 75a-c (f, misidentified).
Conopistha bonadea Hu, 1984: 160, f. 164.1-3 (f, misidentified).
A. bonadea Zhang, 1987: 106, f. 85.1-3 (f, misidentified).
A. a. Zhu & Song, 1991: 131, f. 1A-D (mf).
A. a. Zhu, 1998: 210, f. 137A-E (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 45A-B, K (mf).

mf argyrodes (Walckenaer, 1842) *....................Mediterranean to West Africa, Seychelles
Linyphia a. Walckenaer, 1842: 282 (Dmf).
Linyphia gibbosa Lucas, 1846: 254, pl. 15, f. 9 (Df).
Linyphia argyrodes Vinson, 1863: 274, 317, pl. 11, f. 3 (f, misidentified).
A. epeirae Simon, 1866b: 282, pl. 4, f. 1, 7 (Dmf).
A. gibbosus Simon, 1873a: 313.
Aranea epeira O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 323, pl. 28, f. 3a.
A. a. Simon, 1881a: 16, pl. 25, f. 2-4 (mf).
A. gibbosus Dalmas, 1917a: 354, f. 30 (m).
A. gibbosus Strand, 1928b: 42.
Conopistha a. Exline, 1945a: 509, f. 18-19 (m).
A. ammonia Denis, 1947a: 40, pl. II, f. 1-3 (Dm).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 134, f. 151-153 (mf).
Conopistha a. Brignoli, 1967e: 185, f. 5-7 (mf).
A. a. Benoit, 1977i: 132, f. 55a-c (mf).
A. a. Saaristo, 1978: 113, f. 118-130 (mf).
A. a. Levy, 1985a: 99, f. 15-28 (mf, S).
A. a. Lopez, 1990: 19, f. 11 (m).
A. a. Levy, 1998b: 121, f. 224-237 (mf).

mf arthuri Exline & Levi, 1962....................Panama
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 151, f. 199-205 (Dmf).

mf atopus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................Panama to Ecuador
A. a. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 39, pl. 9, f. 70-72 (Dm).
A. pachysomus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 41, pl. 10, f. 92-93 (Df).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 149, f. 188-193 (f, Dm, S).

f atriapicatus Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia
A. a. Strand, 1906b: 682 (Df).
Argyrodes a. Strand, 1908l: 26, pl. 2, f. 21-22 (f).

mf attenuatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1881)....................Costa Rica, West Indies to Argentina
Ariamnes attenuata O. P.-Cambridge, 1881d: 770, pl. 66, f. 3 (Dm).
Ariamnes gracillima O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 129, pl. 17, f. 9 (Df).
Ariamnes approximata O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 130, pl. 17, f. 8 (Df).
Ariamnes gracillimus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 408, pl. 38, f. 20 (f).
Ariamnes pulcher Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 364, f. 13 (Dm).
Ariamnes sinuatus Schenkel, 1953a: 10, f. 10a-b (Dm).
Ariamnes a. Kritscher, 1957: 271, f. 31-32 (Df).
A. a. Exline & Levi, 1962: 131, f. 118-127 (mf, S).

mf baboquivari Exline & Levi, 1962....................USA, Mexico
A. b. Exline & Levi, 1962: 119, f. 89-94 (Dmf).

m bandanus Strand, 1911....................Banda Is.
A. b. Strand, 1911d: 134, pl. 5, f. 34 (Dm).

mf barycephalus Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
A. b. Roberts, 1983: 245, f. 99-102 (Dmf).

mf benedicti Lopez, 1988....................French Guiana
A. b. Lopez, 1988: 20, f. 8-12 (Dmf).

m bicornis O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Brazil
A. b. Exline & Levi, 1962: 125, f. 95-96 (m, removed from S of A. trigonum).

m binotatus Rainbow, 1915....................Australia
A. binotata Rainbow, 1915: 781, pl. 67, f. 7-8 (Dm).

m birgitae (Strand, 1917)....................Myanmar
Ariamnes gracillimus Thorell, 1895: 74 (Dm; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1894).
Ariamnes b. Strand, 1917c: 71 (replacement name).

mf bonadea (Karsch, 1881)....................China, Taiwan, Japan, Philippines
Conopistha b. Karsch, 1881c: 39 (Dmf).
A. b. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 129, pl. 5, f. 52, pl. 12, f. 264 (mf).
A. b. Saito, 1933b: 45, pl. 3, f. 20.
A. b. hedini Schenkel, 1936b: 33, f. 9 (Df).
Conopistha b. Archer, 1950: 28, pl. IV, f. 8 (removed mf from S of A. argentatus).
A. b. Saito, 1959: 69, f. 63a-d (f).
A. b. Levi & Levi, 1962: 64, f. 299-300 (m).
Conopistha b. Lee, 1966: 25, f. 5e-f (f).
Walckenaeria anceps Xu, 1985: 86, f. 1-9 (Dmf; preoccupied by Millidge, 1983).
A. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.5 (mf).
A. b. Yoshikura, 1987: 266, f. 35.1 (m).
Walckenaeria xui Platnick, 1989b: 298 (replacement name for Walckenaeria anceps Xu).
A. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 34, f. 21 (mf).
A. b. Feng, 1990: 114, f. 89.1-4 (mf).
A. b. Chen & Gao, 1990: 91, f. 114a-c (mf).
A. b. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 151, f. 147.1-2 (f).
A. b. Zhu & Song, 1991: 132, f. 2A-D (mf).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 854, f. 4A-D (mf).
A. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 461, f. 278a-e, 279a-c (mf).
A. b. Zhu, 1998: 209, f. 136A-D (mf, S).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 45C-D, L (mf, S).

mf borbonicus Lopez, 1990....................Réunion
A. b. Lopez, 1990: 20, f. 8-10 (Dmf).

mf brasiliensis Mello-Leitão, 1920....................Venezuela, Brazil
Romphaea b. Mello-Leitão, 1920c: 174, unnumbered f. (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
A. honestus Exline & Levi, 1962: 110, f. 14-15, 41-43 (Dmf).
A. b. Levi, 1967b: 32 (Sm).

mf bryantae Exline & Levi, 1962....................Costa Rica, Panama
A. b. Exline & Levi, 1962: 172, f. 286-288 (Dm).
A. b. Eberhard, Platnick & Schuh, 1993: 8, f. 3-4 (Df).

f callipygus Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
A. c. Thorell, 1895: 119 (Df).

f calmettei Lopez, 1990....................Réunion
A. c. Lopez, 1990: 19, f. 13 (Df).

f campestratus (Simon, 1903)....................Gabon, Congo
Ariamnes c. Simon, 1903f: 720 (Df).

mf cancellatus (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Canada, Bahama Is.
Theridion cancellatum Hentz, 1850: 278, pl. 9, f. 17-18 (Dmf).
Lasaeola cancellata Emerton, 1882: 26, pl. 5, f. 4 (f).
A. larvatus Keyserling, 1884a: 197, pl. 9, f. 118 (Dm).
Bellinda cancellata Keyserling, 1884a: 216, pl. 10, f. 130 (f).
A. c. Keyserling, 1886b: 243, pl. 20, f. 297 (f).
A. c. Emerton, 1909: 184, pl. 1, f. 10 (mf).
Conopistha partita Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 38 (S, rejected).
Conopistha cancellata Kaston, 1948: 88, f. 80-84 (mf).
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 180, f. 323-336, 406-407 (mf).

f caronae González & Carmen, 1996....................Brazil
A. c. González & Carmen, 1996: 130, f. 19-22 (Df).

mf caudatus (Taczanowski, 1874)....................USA, West Indies to Argentina
Ero caudata Taczanowski, 1874: 63 (Dmf).
A. sextuberculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 335, pl. 30, f. 13 (Dmf).
A. felix O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 340, pl. 30, f. 19 (Df).
A. c. Keyserling, 1884a: 198, pl. 9, f. 119 (mf).
Cyclosa v-notata Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 115, f. 29-31 (Df).
A. c. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 182, f. 23 (mf).
A. vexus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 39, pl. 9, f. 76-78 (Dm).
A. cylindrica Franganillo, 1936b: 81, f. 40 (Dmf).
A. cylindrica Franganillo, 1936c: 57, f. 22-23 (m).
Conopistha manta Exline, 1945a: 524, f. 24-33 (Dmf).
Conopistha obtusa Caporiacco, 1948a: 649, f. 56 (f, misidentified).
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 176, f. 300-322 (mf, S).

f ceraosus Zhu & Song, 1991....................China
A. c. Zhu & Song, 1991: 133, f. 3A-D (Df).
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 215, f. 140A-D (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 45E-F (f).

m chicaensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. c. González & Carmen, 1996: 133, f. 44-46 (Dm).

mf chickeringi Exline & Levi, 1962....................Panama
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 189, f. 359-364 (Dmf).

m chionus Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
A. c. Roberts, 1983: 245, f. 97-98 (Dm).

f chiriatapuensis Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is.
A. c. Tikader, 1977a: 172, f. 8A-B (Df).

m coactatus Lopez, 1988....................French Guiana
A. c. Lopez, 1988: 16 (Dm).

mf cochleaformus (Exline, 1945)....................Ecuador, Peru
Conopistha cochleaforma Exline, 1945b: 178, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
A. cochleaforma Exline & Levi, 1962: 147, f. 178-182 (mf).

mf cognatus (Blackwall, 1877)....................Seychelles
Epeira cognata Blackwall, 1877: 17, pl. 2, f. 12 (Dmf).
A. c. Keyserling, 1884a: 198.
A. c. Saaristo, 1978: 116, f. 149-156 (mf).
A. c. Roberts, 1978: 926, f. 51-56 (mf).

mf colubrinus (Keyserling, 1890)....................Queensland, New South Wales, Lord Howe Is.
Ariamnes c. Keyserling, 1890: 237, pl. 21, f. 5 (Dmf).

mf cometes (L. Koch, 1872)....................New Guinea, Samoa
Rhomphaea c. L. Koch, 1872a: 290, pl. 24, f. 3 (Df).
Rhomphaea c. Simon, 1894a: 502, f. 490, 500.
Rhomphaea c. Berland, 1929b: 45, f. 12-13 (Dm).
Rhomphaea c. Chrysanthus, 1975: 44, f. 165-167 (m).

mf concisus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Mexico
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 120, f. 56-60 (Dmf).

f conus González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. c. González & Carmen, 1996: 136, f. 62-64 (Df).

mf convivans Lawrence, 1937....................South Africa
A. c. Lawrence, 1937: 229, f. 9 (Dmf).

f convolutus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Guatemala to Peru, Brazil
A. spinosus Keyserling, 1891: 214, pl. 8, f. 155 (f, misidentified).
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 196, f. 387-389 (Df).

mf cordillera (Exline, 1945)....................Ecuador
Conopistha c. Exline, 1945a: 516, f. 20-23 (Dmf).
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 144, f. 155-159 (mf).

mf corniger (Simon, 1900)....................Hawaii
Ariamnes c. Simon, 1900a: 447, pl. 15, f. 2 (Df).
Ariamnes c. Simon, 1904a: 339 (Dm).

m cristinae González & Carmen, 1996....................Brazil
A. c. González & Carmen, 1996: 132, f. 42-43 (Dm).

mf cubensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Cuba
A. c. Exline & Levi, 1962: 167, f. 266-270 (Dmf).

mf cylindratus Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar to Japan
A. c. Thorell, 1898: 286 (Df).
A. c. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 135, pl. 10, f. 193 (f).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.4 (mf).
A. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 35, f. 26 (mf).

mf cylindrogaster (Simon, 1889)....................China, Taiwan, Japan
Ariamnes c. Simon, 1889d: 251 (Dmf).
Ariamnes c. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 128, pl. 5, f. 53, pl. 10, f. 195, pl. 12, f. 245, 262 (mf).
Ariamnes c. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 301, f. 34-35, 37 (f).
Ariamnes c. Saito & Kishida, 1947: 996, f. 2830 (f).
Ariamnes c. Lee, 1966: 26, f. 5i-m (mf).
Ariamnes c. Hu, 1984: 157, f. 161.1-3 (mf).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.7 (mf).
A. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 35, f. 28 (mf).
A. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 153, f. 149.1-5 (mf).
A. c. Hu, Wang & Wang, 1991: 40, f. 8-13 (mf).
A. c. Zhu & Song, 1991: 133, f. 4A-D (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 853, f. 3A-D (mf).
A. c. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1707, f. 5a-d (mf).
A. c. Zhu, 1998: 198, f. 128A-D (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 45G-H, M (mf).

mf cyrtophorae Tikader, 1963....................India
A. cyrtophore Tikader, 1963d: 99, f. 1a-c (Dmf).
A. c. Patel, 1973: 150, f. 12 (f).

mf darlingtoni Exline & Levi, 1962....................Jamaica, Hispaniola
A. d. Exline & Levi, 1962: 184, f. 337-341 (Dmf).

mf davisi Exline & Levi, 1962....................USA, Mexico
A. d. Exline & Levi, 1962: 191, f. 370-374 (Dmf).

mf delicatulus Thorell, 1878....................Amboina
A. d. Thorell, 1878b: 151 (Dmf).

mf dipali Tikader, 1963....................India
A. d. Tikader, 1963d: 103, f. 4a-c (Dmf).
A. d. Patel, 1973: 150, f. 11 (f).

mf dracus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................USA to Paraguay
A. maculosus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 405, pl. 38, f. 12, 12a-b (mf, misidentified).
A. d. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 38, pl. 9, f. 73-75, pl. 10, f. 88-89 (Dmf).
Conopistha spinosa Exline, 1945a: 522, f. 34-37 (mf, misidentified).
A. d. Exline & Levi, 1962: 187, f. 352-358 (mf).

f duckensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Brazil
A. d. González & Carmen, 1996: 132, f. 38-41 (Df).

f ecaudatus (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil
Faiditus e. Keyserling, 1884a: 160, pl. 7, f. 99 (Df).
Theridion ecaudatum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 194.
A. e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 64 (Tf from Theridion).
A. e. Exline & Levi, 1962: 151, f. 170-172 (f).

mf elevatus Taczanowski, 1873....................USA to Argentina, Galapagos Is.
A. e. Taczanowski, 1873: 120, pl. 5, f. 12 (Df).
A. concinna O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 322, pl. 28, f. 2 (Dm).
A. jucunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 326, pl. 18, f. 6 (Df).
A. lugens O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 327, pl. 28, f. 2a-c (Df).
A. e. Keyserling, 1884a: 188, pl. 9, f. 112 (f).
A. jucunda Keyserling, 1884a: 190, pl. 9, f. 113 (f).
A. jucunda F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 406, pl. 38, f. 14 (f).
A. decorus Banks, 1908: 208 (Df).
A. biclavis Chamberlin, 1924a: 5, pl. 1, f. 2-5 (Dm).
A. cingulatus Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 98, f. 3 (Df).
A. falcatus Badcock, 1932: 9, f. 4 (Df).
A. rotundus Caporiacco, 1938b: 264 (Df).
Conopistha elongata Bryant, 1940: 306, f. 68-69, 75-76 (Dmf).
Conopistha argentinus Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 143, f. 39 (Dm).
Conopistha nephilae Bryant, 1942a: 339, f. 15, 26 (m, misidentified).
Conopistha friburgensis Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 259 (Df).
Conopistha pickeli Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 259 (Df).
Microcephalus fur Restrepo, 1944: 393, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
Conopistha argyrodes nephilae Exline, 1945a: 510, f. 1-17 (mf, misidentified).
Rhomphaea simplex Caporiacco, 1954: 72, f. 10, 10a (Df).
Conopistha argyrodes nephilae Kraus, 1955b: 15, f. 27-29 (mf, misidentified).
Conopistha jucunda Kritscher, 1957: 271, f. 30 (Dm).
A. e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 63, f. 302-303 (Dm).
A. e. Exline & Levi, 1962: 134, f. 128-132, 154 (mf, S).
A. e. Levi, 1967b: 32 (S).
A. e. Levi, 1972b: 534 (S).
A. e. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 88 (m).

mf exiguus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Cuba, Puerto Rico
A. obtusus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 186, f. 29-32 (mf, misidentified).
A. e. Exline & Levi, 1962: 157, f. 231-235 (Dmf).

f exlineae (Caporiacco, 1949)....................Kenya
Conopistha exlinae Caporiacco, 1949a: 400, f. 50a-c (Df).
A. e. Brignoli, 1983c: 393.

mf fasciatus Thorell, 1892....................Malaysia, Singapore
A. f. Thorell, 1892a: 212 (Dmf).
A. f. Workman, 1896: 63, pl. 63 (mf).

mf fictilium (Hentz, 1850)....................Canada to Argentina
Theridion f. Hentz, 1850: 282, pl. 10, f. 4 (Dmf).
A. f. Emerton, 1882: 24, pl. 5, f. 2 (f).
Ariamnes f. Keyserling, 1884a: 170.
Rhomphaea f. Simon, 1894a: 502.
A. f. Emerton, 1902: 126, f. 300-301 (f).
Rhomphaea lacerta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 45 (S, subsequently rejected).
Rhomphaea remota Bryant, 1940: 308, f. 74 (Dm).
A. f. Exline & Levi, 1962: 103, f. 6-7, 26-28 (mf, S).

mf fissifrons O. P.-Cambridge, 1869....................Sri Lanka to China, Australia
A. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 380, pl. 12, f. 31-38 (Dm).
A. inguinalis Thorell, 1878b: 149 (Df).
A. inguinalis O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 329, pl. 29, f. 8a (f).
A. procastinans O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 330, pl. 29, f. 9 (Df).
A. f. Strand, 1918: 93, pl. 2, f. 18-19 (m).
A. f. Chrysanthus, 1963: 737, f. 55-58 (m).
A. f. Chrysanthus, 1975: 41, f. 156-159 (f).
A. scutatus Chrysanthus, 1975: 43, f. 153-155 (Df).
A. f. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 106, f. 1 (f, S).
A. f. Feng, 1990: 115, f. 90.1-5 (mf).
A. menlunensis Zhu & Song, 1991: 139, f. 11A-C (Df).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 854, f. 5A-E (mf).
A. menlunensis Zhu, 1998: 220, f. 144A-C (f).
A. f. Chida & Tanikawa, 1999: 33, f. 1-2 (mf).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 45I-J, N (mf).
A. menlunensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46G-H (f).
A. f. Grostal, 1999: 632, f. 2E, 7A-I (mf).

f fissifrons terressae Thorell, 1891....................Nicobar Is.
A. f. t. Thorell, 1891: 35 (Df).

mf fissifrontellus Saaristo, 1978....................Seychelles
A. fissifrontella Saaristo, 1978: 114, f. 141-148 (Dmf).

f flagellum (Doleschall, 1857)....................Southeast Asia, Australia
Ariadne f. Doleschall, 1857: 411, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
Ariamnes f. Thorell, 1869: 37 (replacement generic name).
Ariamnes f. Simon, 1894a: 498, f. 506 (f).
Ariamnes f. Workman, 1896: 61, pl. 61 (f).
Ariamnes f. Dyal, 1935: 163, pl. 14, f. 89 (f).

f flagellum nigritus (Simon, 1901)....................Southeast Asia
Ariamnes f. n. Simon, 1901k: 51 (Df).

mf flavescens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1880)....................Sri Lanka to China, Japan, New Guinea
A. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 321, pl. 28, f. 1 (Dmf).
A. sumatranus Thorell, 1890a: 247 (Dmf).
A. sumatranus Workman & Workman, 1894: 17, pl. 17 (mf).
A. miniaceus Chikuni, 1989b: 34, f. 22 (mf, misidentified).
A. f. Zhu & Song, 1991: 135, f. 6A-D (mf).
A. f. Tanikawa, Chida & Kumada, 1996: 48, f. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 (mf).
A. f. Zhu, 1998: 204, f. 132A-D (mf).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46A-B, K (mf).

m flavipes Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
A. f. Rainbow, 1916a: 53, pl. 15, f. 29-30 (Dm).

m fragilis Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi
A. f. Thorell, 1877b: 460 (Dm).

f fulvus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Brazil
A. f. Exline & Levi, 1962: 146, f. 165-167 (Df).

mf fur Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan
A. f. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 133, pl. 11, f. 226 (Dmf).
Conopistha f. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 92, f. 2 (f).
A. f. Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.3 (mf).
A. f. Chikuni, 1989b: 34, f. 24 (mf).
A. f. Zhu & Song, 1991: 135, f. 7A-C (f).
A. f. Zhu, 1998: 200, f. 129A-C (f).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46C-D (f).

mf furcatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894)....................USA to El Salvador, West Indies
Ariamnes furcata O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 129, pl. 17, f. 10 (Df).
A. furcata O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 258, pl. 38, f. 3 (Df, preoccupied).
Rhomphaea furcata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 15.
Rhomphaea bifissa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 16 (replacement name for A. furcata O. P.-Cambridge, 1898).
A. frontatus Banks, 1908: 208, f. 9 (Dmf).
A. f. Exline & Levi, 1962: 116, f. 84-88 (f, Sm).

m gansuensis Zhu, 1998....................China
A. g. Zhu, 1998: 202, f. 131A-C (Dm).
A. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46I-J (m).

f gapensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Jamaica
A. g. Exline & Levi, 1962: 174, f. 292-294 (Df).

mf gazedes Tikader, 1970....................India
A. g. Tikader, 1970: 11, f. 5a-d (Dmf).

f gazingensis Tikader, 1970....................India
A. g. Tikader, 1970: 11, f. 6a-b (Df).

m gemmatus Rainbow, 1920....................Lord Howe Is.
A. gemmata Rainbow, 1920b: 239, pl. 28, f. 26-27 (Dm).

mf gertschi Exline & Levi, 1962....................Panama
A. g. Exline & Levi, 1962: 152, f. 206-211 (Dmf).

mf globosus Keyserling, 1884....................USA to Ecuador
A. g. Keyserling, 1884a: 204, pl. 10, f. 123 (Dm).
A. argenteomaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 193, pl. 24, f. 9 (Dm).
A. argenteomaculatus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 404, pl. 38. f. 6 (m).
Conopistha rorerae Exline, 1945a: 519, f. 38-42 (Dmf).
Conopistha globosa Archer, 1946: 28, pl. I, f. 3, pl. II, f. 6 (m).
A. g. Exline & Levi, 1962: 164, f. 248-260 (m, Sf).

f godmani Exline & Levi, 1962....................Guatemala
A. maculosus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 405, pl. 38, f. 12, 13, 13a (m, misidentified).
A. g. Exline & Levi, 1962: 185, f. 342-346 (Dmf).

mf gouri Tikader, 1963....................India
A. g. Tikader, 1963d: 102, f. 3a-c (Dmf; probably misplaced).

mf gracilis (L. Koch, 1872)....................Lord Howe Is., New Caledonia, Samoa
Ariamnes g. L. Koch, 1872a: 252, pl. 21, f. 3 (Dmf).
Ariamnes malleiformis L. Koch, 1872a: 254, pl. 21, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
A. g. Rainbow, 1920b: 239.
A. g. Berland, 1924a: 199, f. 72-74 (f).
A. g. Berland, 1929b: 44, f. 6-11 (mf).
Conopistha g. Archer, 1950: 29, pl. IV, f. 7 (m).

f haitensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Hispaniola
A. h. Exline & Levi, 1962: 129, f. 110-111 (Df).

m hawaiiensis Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
A. h. Simon, 1900a: 447 (Dm).

j helminthoides (Simon, 1907)....................Guinea-Bissau
Ariamnes h. Simon, 1907d: 252 (Dj).

mf hyrcanus Logunov & Marusik, 1990....................Georgia, Azerbaijan, China
A. hyrcana Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 133, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
A. hyrcana Zhu & Song, 1991: 136, f. 8A-C (m).
A. h. Zhu, 1998: 217, f. 142A-C (m).
A. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46L-M (m).

m iguazuensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. i. González & Carmen, 1996: 131, f. 29-32 (Dm).

mf incertus Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is.
A. i. Wunderlich, 1987a: 206, f. 541-543 (Dmf).
A. i. Wunderlich, 1992a: 408, f. 570-571 (f).

mf incisifrons Keyserling, 1890....................Queensland
A. i. Keyserling, 1890: 246, pl. 22, f. 5-6 (Dmf).

mf incursus Gray & Anderson, 1989....................New South Wales, Lord Howe Is.
A. i. Gray & Anderson, 1989: 25, f. 4-11 (Dmf).

f irroratus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar, Pulu Berhala (near Sumatra)
Rhomphaea irrorata Thorell, 1898: 285 (Df).

mf jamaicensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Jamaica
A. j. Exline & Levi, 1962: 166, f. 261-265 (Dmf).

mf jamkhedes Tikader, 1963....................India
A. j. Tikader, 1963d: 101, f. 2a-c (Dmf).

f jeanneli (Berland, 1920)....................East Africa
Ariamnes j. Berland, 1920b: 139, f. 165-167 (Df).

f kratochvili (Caporiacco, 1949)....................Kenya
Conopistha k. Caporiacco, 1949a: 402, f. 51a-c (Df).
A. k. Brignoli, 1983c: 393.

f kualensis Hogg, 1927....................Malaysia
A. k. Hogg, 1927: 267, f. a-d (Df).
Argyrodina hualensis Roewer, 1942a: 433 (lapsus).

mf kulczynskii (Roewer, 1942)....................New Guinea
A. argenteolus Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 438, pl. 19, f. 14 (Df; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1894).
Argyrodina k. Roewer, 1942a: 434 (replacement name).
A. k. Chrysanthus, 1963: 741, f. 70-75 (f, Dm).

mf kumadai Chida & Tanikawa, 1999....................China, Taiwan, Japan
A. fissifrons Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 130, pl. 5, f. 48, pl. 11, f. 235-236, 240 (mf, misidentified).
A. fissifrons Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.2 (mf, misidentified).
A. fissifrons Chikuni, 1989b: 34, f. 23 (mf, misidentified).
A. fissifrons Zhu & Song, 1991: 134, f. 5A-E (mf, misidentified).
A. fissifrons Zhu, 1998: 206, f. 134A-E (mf, misidentified).
A. k. Chida & Tanikawa, 1999: 33, f. 3-8 (Dmf).

mf labiatus Zhu & Song, 1991....................China
A. l. Zhu & Song, 1991: 137, f. 9A-G (Dmf).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 855, f. 6A-G (mf).
A. l. Zhu, 1998: 213, f. 139A-G (mf).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46E-F, N (mf).

f lactifer (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam
Rhomphaea lactifera Simon, 1909e: 81 (Df).

mf lanyuensis Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 1998....................Taiwan
A. l. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 1998: 2, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

f laraensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. l. González & Carmen, 1996: 131, f. 33-37 (Df).

mf leonensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Mexico
A. l. Exline & Levi, 1962: 197, f. 390-394 (Dmf).

f lepidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879....................New Zealand
A. l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 688, pl. 52, f. 5 (Df).

j levuca Strand, 1915....................Fiji
A. l. Strand, 1915d: 192, pl. 15, f. 36 (Dj).

m longicaudatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Lebanon
Ariamnes longicaudata O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 277, pl. 14, f. 11A (Dm).
A. longicaudata Levy, 1985a: 109, f. 44-51 (m).
A. longicaudata Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 134, f. 8 (m).

mf longissimus (Keyserling, 1891)....................Peru, Brazil
Ariamnes l. Keyserling, 1891: 202, pl. 7, f. 145 (Dmf).
A. l. Exline & Levi, 1962: 127, f. 100-109 (mf).

mf maculiger Strand, 1911....................Kei Is.
A. m. Strand, 1911d: 133, pl. 4, f. 5, pl. 5, f. 33, 36 (Dmf).

mf maculosus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................USA, Mexico
A. maculosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 258, pl. 37, f. 3 (Df).
A. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 405, pl. 38, f. 12-13 (f, Dm).
A. m. Exline & Levi, 1962: 168, f. 271-275 (mf).

f margaritarius (Rainbow, 1894)....................New South Wales
Theridion margritarium Rainbow, 1894a: 290, pl. 10, f. 3 (Df).
A. m. Rainbow, 1902b: 525.

mf mariae González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. m. González & Carmen, 1996: 128, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

mf melanosoma (Yaginuma, 1957)....................Japan
Spheropistha m. Yaginuma, 1957b: 15, f. 2A-E (Df).
Spheropistha m. Yaginuma, 1960: 39, f. 39.6-8 (f).
Spheropistha m. Yaginuma, 1971: 39, f. 39.6-8 (f).
Spheropistha m. Brignoli, 1981a: 16, f. 11-12 (f, Dm).
Spheropistha m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 53, f. 28.8 (mf).
Spheropistha m. Chikuni, 1989b: 35, f. 29 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 1998a: 22, f. 3-5, 7, 8, 11, 13 (mf).

mf mellissi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................St. Helena
Ariadne mellissii O. P.-Cambridge, 1869d: 534, pl. 42, f. 2 (Df).
Ariamnes m. Simon, 1894a: 501.
A. m. Benoit, 1977i: 134, f. 56, 57a-d (f, Dm).

m mertoni Strand, 1911....................Aru Is.
A. m. Strand, 1911d: 135, pl. 5, f. 37 (Dm).

mf metalissimus (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Panama to Brazil
Rhomphaea metaltissima Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 365, f. 15-18 (Dmf).
A. m. Exline & Levi, 1962: 111, f. 16-22, 35-40 (mf).

mf meus Strand, 1907....................Madagascar
A. m. Strand, 1907a: 528 (Dmf).
A. m. Strand, 1907n: 574 (Dmf).

f meus poecilior Strand, 1913....................Central Africa
A. m. p. Strand, 1913a: 344 (Df).

mf mexicanus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Mexico
A. m. Exline & Levi, 1962: 129, f. 99, 112-115 (Dmf).

mf miltosus Zhu & Song, 1991....................China
A. m. Zhu & Song, 1991: 139, f. 12A-C (Df).
A. miniaceus Zhu & Song, 1991: 141, f. 13A-C (m, misidentified).
A. miniaceus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 152, f. 148.1-3 (mf, misidentified).
A. m. Zhu, 1998: 205, f. 133A-F (f, corrected m misidentification).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 47A-B, K-L (mf).

m minax O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Madagascar, Comoro Is.
A. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 336, pl. 30, f. 15a, c-e (Dm).
A. m. Locket, 1980: 119, f. 12-14 (m).

mf miniaceus (Doleschall, 1857)....................Japan to Australia
Theridion miniaceum Doleschall, 1857: 408 (D).
A. m. Thorell, 1878b: 138 (Dmf).
A. miniatus Thorell, 1881: 161 (lapsus).
A. walckeri Rainbow, 1902b: 524, pl. 28, f. 2-3 (Dmf).
A. m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 132, pl. 15, f. 399, 403 (mf).
A. musgravei Rainbow, 1916a: 52, pl. 15, f. 28 (Df).
A. m. Berland, 1938: 162, f. 93-94 (mf).
A. m. Nakatsudi, 1943a: 152, f. 3a-c (mf).
A. m. Chrysanthus, 1963: 739, f. 63-66, 69 (mf).
Conopistha miniacea Lee, 1966: 25, f. 5g-h (f).
Conopistha miniacea Hu, 1984: 160, f. 165.1-2 (f, presumably misidentified specimen of A. miltosus).
A. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.1 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, Chida & Kumada, 1996: 48, f. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 (mf).
A. m. Grostal, 1999: 626, f. 2B, 4A-I (mf, S).

mf miyashitai Tanikawa, 1998....................Japan
A. m. Tanikawa, 1998a: 23, f. 1-2, 6, 8, 10, 12 (Dmf).

f modestus Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon
A. m. Thorell, 1899: 23 (Df).

mf morretensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Brazil, Argentina
A. m. González & Carmen, 1996: 129, f. 10-18 (Dmf).

mf nasicus (Simon, 1873)....................Mediterranean, Africa, St. Helena
Ariamnes nasica Simon, 1873a: 316, pl. 2, f. 17-18, 20 (Dmf).
Ariamnes argenteolus Simon, 1873a: 318 (Df).
Ariamnes n. Simon, 1881a: 19, pl. 25, f. 6 (mf).
Ariamnes argenteola Simon, 1881a: 21, pl. 25, f. 7-8 (f).
Ariamnes delicatulus Simon, 1883: 272, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
Rhomphaea nasica Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 502 (m).
Rhomphaea argenteola Simon, 1914a: 244, 290.
Rhomphaea argenteola Berland, 1920b: 144, f. 171-175 (f).
A. nasica Benoit, 1977i: 136, f. 58a-f (mf, S).
A. n. Wunderlich, 1987a: 204, f. 536-537.

m nasutus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Sri Lanka
A. nasuta O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 333, pl. 29, f. 11 (Dm).

m nataliae González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. n. González & Carmen, 1996: 130, f. 23-25 (Dm).

mf neocaledonicus Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia
A. n. Berland, 1924a: 198, f. 66-71 (Dmf).

mf nephilae Taczanowski, 1873....................USA, West Indies to Argentina, Galapagos Is.
A. n. Taczanowski, 1873: 114 (Dmf).
A. n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 324, pl. 28, f. 4 (mf).
A. n. Keyserling, 1884a: 184, pl. 8, f. 110 (mf).
A. cambridgei Keyserling, 1891: 215, pl. 8, f. 157 (Dmf).
A. n. Emerton, 1902: 215, f. 297-299 (mf).
A. rostratus Banks, 1908: 207, f. 9 (Dmf; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1877).
A. banksi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 166 (replacement name for A. rostratus).
A. n. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 179, f. 19-22 (mf).
Conopistha cambridgei Bryant, 1942a: 338, f. 21, 24 (m).
A. n. Exline & Levi, 1962: 139, f. 133-137 (mf, S).

mf nigroris Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000....................Taiwan
A. n. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 125, f. 5-10 (Dmf).

mf nipponicus Kumada, 1990....................China, Japan
A. n. Kumada, 1990: 2, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. n. Zhu & Song, 1991: 142, f. 14A-C (f).
A. n. Zhu, 1998: 201, f. 130A-E (mf).
A. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 47C-D, M (mf).

mf obscurus Keyserling, 1884....................Peru
A. o. Keyserling, 1884a: 194, pl. 9, f. 116 (Dm).
A. montanus Keyserling, 1884a: 193, pl. 9, f. 115 (Df).
A. o. Exline & Levi, 1962: 115, f. 79-83 (m, Sf).

mf orbitus Zhu, 1998....................China
A. o. Zhu, 1998: 221, f. 145A-D (Dmf).
A. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 47E-F, N (mf).

f oris González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. o. González & Carmen, 1996: 135, f. 59-61 (Df).

f ornatissimus (Dyal, 1935)....................India
Rhomphaea ornatissima Dyal, 1935: 167 (Df).

f palmarensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. p. González & Carmen, 1996: 134, f. 53-55 (Df).

mf paradoxus Taczanowski, 1873....................St. Vincent, Mexico to Brazil
A. p. Taczanowski, 1873: 121, pl. 5, f. 13 (Df).
Ariamnes p. Keyserling, 1884a: 168, pl. 8, f. 103 (f).
Ariamnes spinicaudatus Keyserling, 1884a: 171, pl. 8, f. 104 (Dmf).
Rhomphaea paradoxa Simon, 1897d: 860.
Rhomphaea spinicauda Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 238 (Tmf from Ariamnes).
Rhomphaea petrunkevitchi Mello-Leitão, 1945c: 171, f. 1 (Dm).
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, f. 23-25, 44-50 (f, Sm).

f parcestellatus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
A. p. Simon, 1909e: 83 (Df).

mf parvus (Exline, 1950)....................Panama to Ecuador
Neospintharus p. Exline, 1950a: 112, f. 2, 4 (Df).
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 121, f. 51-55 (f, Dm).

f patersoniensis (Hickman, 1927)....................Tasmania
Ariamnes p. Hickman, 1927: 79, pl. 10 (Df).

f pavesii (Leardi, 1902)....................India, Sri Lanka
Ariamnes p. Leardi, 1902a: 350 (Df).

mf peruensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Peru
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 194, f. 380-384 (Dmf).

f pignalitoensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. p. González & Carmen, 1996: 136, f. 65-67 (Df).

m plaumanni Exline & Levi, 1962....................Brazil
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 159, f. 168-169 (Dm).

mf pluto Banks, 1905....................USA, Mexico, Jamaica
A. p. Banks, 1906b: 95 (Df).
Conopistha ocula Muma, 1944: 5, f. 7 (Df).
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 143, f. 138-142 (f, Dm, S).

m praeacutus Simon, 1903....................Equatorial Guinea
A. p. Simon, 1903e: 71 (Dm).

mf proboscifer (Exline, 1945)....................Ecuador, Peru
Conopistha proboscifera Exline, 1945b: 184, f. 5-8 (Dmf).
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 150, f. 194-198 (mf).

mf procerus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898)....................Costa Rica to Argentina
Rhomphaea sp. Simon, 1894a: 500, f. 507 (f).
Ariamnes procera O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 257, pl. 38, f. 5 (Df).
Rhomphaea procera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 19 (f).
Rhomphaea simoni Petrunkevitch, 1911: 186 (Df).
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 108, f. 11-13, 32-34 (f, Dm, S).

f projeles Tikader, 1970....................India
A. p. Tikader, 1970: 13, f. 7a-b (Df).

mf projiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................USA to Argentina, India
Rhomphaea p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 186, pl. 23, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
Rhomphaea p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 17-18 (mf).
Rhomphaea spinosa Badcock, 1932: 8 (D).
Ariamnes feioi Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 10, f. 46 (Df).
Rhomphaea martinae Exline, 1950a: 116, f. 5, 7-8, 14-16 (Dmf)
A. p. Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, f. 8-10, 29-31 (mf, S).
A. p. Levi, 1967b: 32 (S).
A. p. Patel, 1973: 152, f. 7-10 (f).

m pusillus Saaristo, 1978....................Seychelles
A. p. Saaristo, 1978: 116, f. 164-169 (Dm).
A. p. Roberts, 1978: 929, f. 60-64 (m).

mf quasiobtusus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Puerto Rico, Virgin Is.
A. q. Exline & Levi, 1962: 186, f. 347-351 (Dmf).

mf rainbowi (Roewer, 1942)....................Queensland, New South Wales
A. argentata Rainbow, 1916a: 50, pl. 15, f. 24 (Df; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1880).
Argyrodina r. Roewer, 1942a: 435 (replacement name).
A. r. Grostal, 1999: 628, f. 2C, 5A-J (f, Dm).

f recurvatus Saaristo, 1978....................Seychelles
A. r. Saaristo, 1978: 116, f. 157-163 (Df).
A. r. Roberts, 1978: 928, f. 57-59 (f).

m reticola Strand, 1911....................Aru Is.
A. r. Strand, 1911d: 134, pl. 5, f. 35 (Dm).

f rigidus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Brazil
A. r. Exline & Levi, 1962: 200, f. 410-412 (Df).

mf rioensis Exline & Levi, 1962....................Brazil, Argentina
A. r. Exline & Levi, 1962: 125, f. 61-65 (Dmf).

mf rossi Exline & Levi, 1962....................Colombia
A. r. Exline & Levi, 1962: 145, f. 160-164 (Dmf).

mf rostratus (Simon, 1873)....................Mediterranean
Ariamnes r. Simon, 1873a: 320, pl. 2, f. 19, 21 (Df).
Ariamnes r. Simon, 1881a: 20, pl. 25, f. 5 (f).
Rhomphaea rostrata Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 501 (f).
Rhomphaea longa Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 533, pl. 14, f. 1-2 (Df).
Rhomphaea rostrata Simon, 1914a: 243, 290 (Dm).
Rhomphaea rostrata Berland, 1926: 175, f. 1-3 (mf).
Rhomphaea canariensis Schmidt, 1956e: 147, f. 6a (Dm).
A. canariensis Brignoli, 1983c: 393.
A. r. Wunderlich, 1987a: 205, f. 539-540 (m, S).

mf rostratus Blackwall, 1877....................Seychelles
Argynodes rostrata Blackwall, 1877: 14, pl. 2, f. 11 (Dm).
A. nephilae r. Saaristo, 1978: 113, f. 131-140 (m, Df, reduced to subspecies).
A. r. Roberts, 1978: 923, f. 44-50 (mf, elevated to species; N.B.: this name may be a secondary junior homonym of Ariamnes rostratus Simon, 1873 but until modern studies confirm that these species are congeneric, a replacement name seems premature).

f rufopictus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Ariamnes r. Thorell, 1895: 76 (Df).

f russulus (Simon, 1903)....................Equatorial Guinea
Ariamnes r. Simon, 1903e: 71 (Df).

mf saganus (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................Russia, Azerbaijan to Japan, Philippines
Ariamnes s. Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 378, pl. 5, f. 46 (Df).
A. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.6 (mf).
A. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 35, f. 27 (mf).
A. s. Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 135, f. 9-14 (mf).
A. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 458, f. 277a-e (m).
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 212, f. 138A-D (mf).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 47G-H, O (mf).

mf samoensis O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................New Caledonia, Samoa
A. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 323, pl. 28, f. 3 (Dmf).
A. s. Berland, 1924a: 196, f. 62-64 (mf).

f scapulatus Schmidt & Piepho, 1994....................Cape Verde Is.
A. s. Schmidt & Piepho, in Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 97, f. 11 (Df).

m schlingeri Exline & Levi, 1962....................Peru
A. s. Exline & Levi, 1962: 133, f. 116-117 (Dm).

mf scintillulanus O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................India, Sri Lanka
A. scintillulana O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 332, pl. 29, f. 10 (Dmf).

f setipes (Hasselt, 1882)....................Sumatra
Ariamnes s. Hasselt, 1882: 31, pl. 4, f. 15 (Df).

mf sextuberculosus Strand, 1908....................Mozambique, Madagascar
A. s. Strand, 1908b: 773 (Dm).
A. cyclosiformis Strand, 1908f: 460 (Df).
A. s. Lessert, 1936: 238, f. 33-37 (f, Dm).

mf sextuberculosus dilutior (Caporiacco, 1940)....................Ethiopia
Argyrodina cyclosiformis d. Caporiacco, 1940c: 816 (Dmf).

mf sicki Exline & Levi, 1962....................Brazil
A. s. Exline & Levi, 1962: 174, f. 295-299 (Dmf).

f silvicola Saito, 1934....................Japan
A. silvicolum Saito, 1934b: 304, pl. 13, f. 16, pl. 14, f. 55 (Df).
A. silvicolum Saito, 1959: 69, f. 60a-e (f).

f simulans (O. P.-Cambridge, 1892)....................India
Ariamnes s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892a: 417, pl. 22, f. 1-4 (Df).

mf sinicus Zhu & Song, 1991....................China
A. s. Zhu & Song, 1991: 142, f. 15A-F (Dmf).
A. s. Zhu, 1998: 216, f. 141A-F (mf).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 47I-J, P (mf).

f sjostedti (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Rhomphaea sjöstedti Tullgren, 1910: 123, pl. 2, f. 38 (Df).
Rhomphaea s. Berland, 1920b: 146, f. 176-177 (f).

f solidao Levi, 1967....................Brazil
A. s. Levi, 1967b: 34, f. 32-34 (Df).

m spinosus Keyserling, 1884....................Venezuela, Peru
A. s. Keyserling, 1884a: 201, pl. 9, f. 121 (Dm).
A. s. Exline & Levi, 1962: 173, f. 289-291 (m).

f strandi (Caporiacco, 1940)....................Ethiopia
Argyrodina s. Caporiacco, 1940c: 817, f. 26 (Df).

m striatus Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
A. s. Keyserling, 1891: 213, pl. 8, f. 154 (Dm).
A. s. Exline & Levi, 1962: 201, f. 408-409 (m).

m stridulator Lawrence, 1937....................South AFrica
A. s. Lawrence, 1937: 229, f. 8 (Dm).

mf subdolus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................USA to Guatemala
A. subdola O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 260, pl. 38, f. 2 (Df).
Argyrodes linguata O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 259, pl. 38, f. 1 (Dm).
A. obtusus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 403, pl. 38, f. 3 (m, misidentified).
A. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 405, pl. 38, f. 11 (f).
A. s. Exline & Levi, 1962: 190, f. 365-369 (mf, S).

m subflavus Exline & Levi, 1962....................Peru
A. s. Exline & Levi, 1962: 195, f. 385-386 (Dm).

f sublimis L. Koch, 1872....................Fiji
A. s. L. Koch, 1872a: 251, pl. 21, f. 2 (Df).

mf sullana (Exline, 1945)....................Peru
Conopistha sullana Exline, 1945b: 181, f. 9-13 (Dmf).
A. sullana Exline & Levi, 1962: 148, f. 183-187 (mf).
A. sullanus Brignoli, 1983c: 395 (invalid emendation, specific name is a noun in apposition).

mf sundaicus (Doleschall, 1859)....................Thailand, Java, New Britain
Theridion sundaicum Doleschall, 1859: 49, pl. 13, f. 4 (Df).
A. s. Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 503 (Dm).
A. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 561, pl. 14, f. 24-25 (mf).

mf syriacus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872....................Lebanon, Israel
A. syriaca O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 279, pl. 13, f. 10 (Dmf).
A. syriaca Levy, 1985a: 103, f. 29-43 (mf).
A. syriaca Levy, 1998b: 115, f. 208-222 (mf).

mf taeter Exline & Levi, 1962....................Mexico
A. t. Exline & Levi, 1962: 170, f. 276-280 (Dmf).

mf tenuis Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi
A. t. Thorell, 1877b: 457 (Dmf).

f tenuis infumatus Thorell, 1878....................Amboina
A. t. i. Thorell, 1878b: 150 (Df).

m triangularis Taczanowski, 1873....................Panama, French Guiana
A. t. Taczanowski, 1873: 123, pl. 5, f. 14 (Dm).
A. t. Keyserling, 1884a: 200, pl. 9, f. 120 (m).
A. t. Exline & Levi, 1962: 126, f. 97-98 (m).

mf triangulatus (Urquhart, 1887)....................New Zealand
Ariamnes t. Urquhart, 1887: 97, pl. 8, f. 6 (Dmf).
Rhomphaea triangularis Bryant, 1933b: 12 (lapsus).

f triangulus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar
Ariamnes t. Thorell, 1887: 91 (Df).

mf trigonum (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Canada
Theridion t. Hentz, 1850: 280, pl. 9, f. 24-25 (Dmf).
A. bicornis O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 334, pl. 29, f. 12 (Dm).
A. t. Emerton, 1882: 23, pl. 5, f. 1 (mf).
A. argyrodes Keyserling, 1884a: 181, pl. 8, f. 109 (mf, misidentified).
A. t. Simon, 1894a: 596, f. 504 (m).
A. trigonus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 404, pl. 38, f. 7-8 (mf).
A. t. Emerton, 1902: 124, f. 292-296 (mf).
Conopistha rufa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 38 (S, subsequently rejected).
Conopistha trigona Kaston, 1948: 88, f. 73-79 (m).
A. t. Exline & Levi, 1962: 122, f. 66-78 (mf).
A. t. Breene et al., 1993: 56, f. 21A-C (mf).

m tripunctatus Simon, 1877....................Philippines
A. t. Simon, 1877b: 86, pl. 3, f. 15 (Dm).

mf ululans O. P.-Cambridge, 1880....................Mexico to Brazil
A. u. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 336, pl. 30, f. 14 (Dmf).
A. socius Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 40, pl. 10, f. 90-91 (Df).
A. u. Exline & Levi, 1962: 170, f. 281-285 (mf, S).

mf unimaculatus (Marples, 1955)....................Samoa, Tongatabu, Niue
Conopistha u. Marples, 1955a: 480, pl. 59, f. 5, 22 (Dmf).
A. u. Brignoli, 1983c: 394.

mf urquharti (Bryant, 1933)....................New Zealand
Ariamnes attenuatus Urquhart, 1887: 98 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Rhomphaea u. Bryant, 1933b: 12, pl. 1, f. 5 (replacement name).

m vadoensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. v. González & Carmen, 1996: 137, f. 68-70 (Dm).

j vatovae (Caporiacco, 1940)....................Ethiopia
Argyrodina v. Caporiacco, 1940c: 817, f. 27 (Dj).

f velhaensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Brazil
A. v. González & Carmen, 1996: 135, f. 56-58 (Df).

f viridis (Vinson, 1863)....................Madagascar, Réunion
Linyphia v. Vinson, 1863: 318, pl. 11, f. 4 (Df).
A. v. Simon, 1864: 254.

f vittatus Bradley, 1877....................New Guinea
A. vittata Bradley, 1877: 115 (Df).

mf weyrauchi Exline & Levi, 1962....................Peru
A. w. Exline & Levi, 1962: 142, f. 143-147 (Dmf).

mf wolfi Strand, 1911....................New Guinea
A. w. Strand, 1911b: 202 (Dmf).
A. w. Chrysanthus, 1975: 41, f. 160-164 (mf).

mf woytkowskii Exline & Levi, 1962....................Peru
A. w. Exline & Levi, 1962: 159, f. 173-177 (Dmf).

mf xiphias Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar, Nicobar Is. to Japan, Krakatau
A. x. Thorell, 1887: 95 (Dmf).
A. x. Workman, 1896: 62, pl. 62 (mf).
A. carnicobarensis Tikader, 1977a: 168, f. 6A-D (Dmf).
A. levii Zhu & Song, 1991: 138, f. 10A-D (Dmf).
A. x. Yoshida, 1993d: 83, f. 1-4 (mf, S).
A. levii Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 855, f. 7A-D (mf).
A. x. Zhu, 1998: 218, f. 143A-D (mf).
A. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 48A-B, E (mf).
A. x. Xu, Yin & Kim, 2000: 87, f. 4-5 (f).

f yacuiensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. y. González & Carmen, 1996: 134, f. 50-52 (Df).

f yunnanensis Xu, Yin & Kim, 2000....................China
A. y. Xu, Yin & Kim, 2000: 86, f. 1-3 (Df).

m yutoensis González & Carmen, 1996....................Argentina
A. y. González & Carmen, 1996: 133, f. 47-49 (Dm).

mf zhui Zhu & Song, 1991....................China
A. z. Zhu & Song, 1991: 143, f. 16A-E (Dmf).
A. z. Zhu, 1998: 208, f. 135A-E (mf).
A. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 48C-D, F-G (mf).

mf zonatus (Walckenaer, 1842)....................East Africa, Madagascar, Réunion, Bioko
Linyphia zonata Walckenaer, 1842: 281 (Df).
Linyphia parasita Vinson, 1863: 169, pl. 11, f. 2 (Dmf).
Linyphia zonata Vinson, 1863: 271, pl. 11, f. 1 (f).
A. z. Berland, 1920b: 141, f. 168-170.
A. z. Lopez, 1990: 19, f. 12 (m).

mf zonatus occidentalis Simon, 1903....................Guinea-Bissau
A. z. o. Simon, 1903e: 69 (Dmf).

Gen. Audifia Keyserling, 1884

mf duodecimpunctata Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau, Congo
A. d. Simon, 1907d: 254 (Dmf).

f laevithorax Keyserling, 1884 *....................Brazil
A. l. Keyserling, 1884a: 210, pl. 10, f. 126 (Df).
A. l. Levi & Levi, 1962: 42, f. 63-66 (f).
A. l. Levi, 1963a: 125, f. 1-4 (f).

f semigranosa Simon, 1895....................Brazil
A. s. Simon, 1894a: 526, f. 533-535 (nomen nudum).
A. s. Simon, 1895g: 132 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1963a: 125, f. 5-6 (f).

Gen. Cabello Levi, 1964

C. Levi, 1964f: 90, type C. eugeni Levi, 1964.

mf eugeni Levi, 1964 *....................Venezuela
C. e. Levi, 1964f: 90, f. 40-46 (Dmf).

Gen. Carniella Thaler & Steinberger, 1988

C. Thaler & Steinberger, 1988: 998, type C. brignolii Thaler & Steinberger, 1988; misplaced per Forster, Platnick & Coddington, 1990: 108.

m brignolii Thaler & Steinberger, 1988 *....................Belgium, Germany, Austria
C. b. Thaler & Steinberger, 1988: 998, f. 1-4, 9-15 (Dm).

f detriticola (Miller, 1970)....................Angola
Theonoe d. Miller, 1970: 158, pl. LII, f. 1-5 (Df).
C. d. Knoflach, 1996b: 577 (Tf from Theonoe).

mf globifera (Simon, 1899)....................Sumatra
Theonoe g. Simon, 1899a: 86, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
C. g. Wunderlich, 1995j: 554 (Tmf from Theonoe).

m krakatauensis Wunderlich, 1995....................Krakatau
C. k. Wunderlich, 1995j: 554, f. 1-8 (Dm).

f orites Knoflach, 1996....................Thailand
C. o. Knoflach, 1996b: 574, f. 8, 19-20 (Df).

m schwendingeri Knoflach, 1996....................Thailand
C. s. Knoflach, 1996b: 572, f. 2-3, 7, 16-18 (Dm).

mf siam Knoflach, 1996....................Thailand
C. s. Knoflach, 1996b: 568, f. 1, 4-6, 9-15, 21-22 (Dmf).

mf sumatraensis Wunderlich, 1995....................Sumatra
C. s. Wunderlich, 1995j: 555, f. 9-14 (Dmf).

f weyersi (Brignoli, 1979)....................China, Sumatra
Theonoe w. Simon, 1926 (nomen nudum).
Theonoe w. Brignoli, 1979m: 1076, f. 1 (Df).
Theonoe w. Song & Kim, 1991: 21, f. 7-9 (f).
C. w. Knoflach, 1996b: 575, f. 23-24 (Tf from Theonoe).
Theonoe w. Zhu, 1998: 323, f. 217A-C (f).
Theonoe w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 71E-F (f).

Gen. Cephalobares O. P.-Cambridge, 1870

mf globiceps O. P.-Cambridge, 1870 *....................Sri Lanka
C. g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1870d: 735, pl. 44, f. 4 (Dm).
C. g. Simon, 1894a: 551, f. 560.
C. g. Levi & Levi, 1962: 50, f. 178-183 (m, Df).

Gen. Cerocida Simon, 1894

mf ducke Marques & Buckup, 1989....................Brazil
C. d. Marques & Buckup, 1989: 102, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf strigosa Simon, 1894 *....................Venezuela, Guyana
C. s. Simon, 1894a: 508, f. 510 (Df).
C. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 52, f. 189-195 (f, Dm).
C. s. Levi, 1963d: 170, f. 1-6 (mf).

Gen. Chorizopella Lawrence, 1947

Choriozopella Lawrence, 1947: 22, type C. tragardhi Lawrence, 1947; compared by Lawrence with "Choriozopes" of the "family [sic] Choriozopeae" (although attributed by him to the Araneidae rather than Theridiidae), so original spelling considered "an evident lapsus calami" and emended by Brignoli, 1983c: 265; transferred here from the Araneidae by Emerit, 1997: 51 (following Levi, pers. commun.)

f tragardhi Lawrence, 1947 *....................South Africa
Choriozopella trägårdhi Lawrence, 1947: 23, f. 11c-d, 12a-c (Df).

Gen. Chrosiothes Simon, 1894

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Theridiotis Levi, 1954a: 178, type Dipoena jocosa Gertsch & Davis, 1936 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 30.

Transferred to other genera:
C. australis (Simon, 1896) -- see Episinus.

In synonymy:
C. barrowsi (Levi, 1954) = C. silvaticus Simon, 1894 (Levi, 1964f: 85).
C. conservativus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = C. silvaticus Simon, 1894 (Levi, 1964f: 85).
C. munifex (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896, T from Theridion) = C. silvaticus Simon, 1894 (Levi, 1959b: 80).
C. probabilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899) = C. silvaticus Simon, 1894 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 53).

mf chirica (Levi, 1954)....................USA, Mexico
Theridiotis c. Levi, 1954a: 184, f. 7-8, 20, 30-31 (Dmf).
C. c. Levi, 1964f: 83.

mf fulvus Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000....................Taiwan
C. c. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 126, f. 11-15 (Dmf).

mf goodnightorum (Levi, 1954)....................Mexico to Costa Rica
Theridiotis g. Levi, 1954a: 186, f. 9, 24, 34-35 (Dmf).
C. g. Levi, 1964f: 84.

f iviei Levi, 1964....................USA
C. i. Levi, 1964f: 87, f. 37-39 (Df).

mf jamaicensis Levi, 1964....................Jamaica, Dominica
C. j. Levi, 1964f: 86, f. 27-30 (Dmf).

mf jenningsi Piel, 1995....................USA
C. j. Piel, 1995: 181, f. 4-6, 10-12 (Dmf).

mf jocosus (Gertsch & Davis, 1936)....................USA, Mexico
Dipoena jocosa Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 7, f. 20 (Dmf).
Theridiotis jocosa Levi, 1954a: 178, f. 1-5, 10, 19, 26-27 (Tmf from Dipoena).
C. j. Levi & Levi, 1962: 53, f. 199-201 (m).
C. j. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 37, f. 23, 25 (m).
C. jocosa Roth, 1982: 47-10, f. 23, 25 (m).
C. jocosa Roth, 1985: B43-8, f. 23, 25 (m).
C. j. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 82 (m).
C. jocosa Roth, 1994: 182, f. 25 (m).
C. j. Piel, 1995: 183, f. 7-9 (m).

f litus Levi, 1964....................Mexico
C. l. Levi, 1964f: 90, f. 34-36 (Df).

mf minusculus (Gertsch, 1936)....................USA, Mexico
Episinus m. Gertsch, 1936a: 9, f. 9 (Dm).
Theridiotis minuscula Levi, 1954a: 182, f. 11, 16-18, 21, 28-29 (Tm from Episinus, Df).
C. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 53, f. 202 (f).
C. minuscula Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 83 (m).

mf niteroi Levi, 1964....................Bolivia, Brazil
C. n. Levi, 1964f: 86, f. 31-33 (Df).
C. n. Marques & Buckup, 1997: 185, f. 8 (Dm).

mf perfidus Marques & Buckup, 1997....................Brazil
C. p. Marques & Buckup, 1997: 182, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf portalensis Levi, 1964....................USA, Mexico
C. p. Levi, 1964f: 89, f. 19-22 (Dmf).

f proximus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899)....................Mexico to Panama
Euryopis proxima O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 296, pl. 39, f. 2 (Df).
Euryopis proxima F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 397, pl. 37, f. 24 (f).
Theridiotis probabilis Levi, 1954a: 187 (Tf C. proximus from Euryopis, S, rejected).
C. p. Levi, 1964f: 85, f. 24-25 (f, removed from S).

mf silvaticus Simon, 1894 *....................USA to Ecuador
C. s. Simon, 1894a: 521 (Df).
Theridion munifex O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 203, pl. 24, f. 8 (Df).
Euryopis probabilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 295, pl. 39, f. 1 (Df).
Steatoda munifex F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 385, pl. 36, f. 17 (f).
Euryopis probabilis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 397, pl. 37, f. 23 (f).
C. conservativus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 32, pl. 10, f. 81 (Df).
Theridiotis barrowsi Levi, 1954a: 187, f. 13-15 (Dmf).
Theridiotis probabilis Levi, 1954a: 187, f. 25, 36-37 (Tf from Euryopis, S, rejected).
C. s. Levi, 1959b: 80 (S).
C. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 53, f. 198 (f, S).
C. s. Levi, 1964f: 84, f. 26 (f, Sm).

mf sudabides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Japan
Theridion s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 145, pl. 10, f. 186 (Df).
Phoroncidia s. Yoshida, 1979: 48, f. 4-6 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
Theridion subabides Song, 1980: 137, f. 73a-d (f).
C. s. Yoshida, 1982b: 21 (Tmf from Phoroncidia).
Theridion s. Hu, 1984: 172, f. 180.1-4 (f).
C. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 44, f. 23.5 (mf).
C. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 32, f. 18 (mf).
C. s. Feng, 1990: 113, f. 88.1-2 (f).
C. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 92, f. 115a-b (mf).
C. s. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 141, f. 134.1-3 (mf).
C. s. Zhu, 1998: 255, f. 172A-D (mf).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 48H-I, L (mf).

m taiwan Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000....................Taiwan
C. t. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 127, f. 16-18 (Dm).

mf tonala (Levi, 1954)....................Mexico to Honduras
Theridiotis t. Levi, 1954a: 185, f. 6, 22, 32-33 (Dmf).
C. t. Levi, 1964f: 84.
C. t. Piel, 1995: 183, f. 1-3 (m).

m valmonti (Simon, 1897)....................St. Vincent
Dipoena v. Simon, 1897d: 863 (Dm).
C. v. Levi, 1963a: 138 (Tm from Dipoena).
C. v. Levi, 1964f: 85, f. 23 (m).

m venturosus Marques & Buckup, 1997....................Brazil
C. v. Marques & Buckup, 1997: 184, f. 6-7 (Dm).

m wagneri (Levi, 1954)....................Mexico
Theridiotis w. Levi, 1954a: 188, f. 12, 23 (Dm).
C. w. Levi, 1964f: 84.

Gen. Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Theridion by Bryant, 1940: 313; considered a senior synonym of Meotipa Simon, 1894, Arctachaea Levi, 1957e: 102, type A. pelyx Levi, 1957 and Argyroaster Yaginuma, 1958b: 37 (replacement name for Argyria Yaginuma, 1957b: 11, type A. venusta Yaginuma, 1957, preoccupied) by Levi & Levi, 1962: 16-23.

Transferred to other genera:
C. acrobeles (Thorell, 1895) -- see Coleosoma.
C. conigerum (Simon, 1914) -- see Theridion.
C. maronica Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Achaearanea.
C. pentagona Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Achaearanea.

In synonymy:
C. acuminata (Schenkel, 1953, T from Conopistha=Argyrodes) = C. cambridgei (Petrunkevitch, 1911) (Levi, 1962b: 224, contra Exline & Levi, 1962: 91).
C. bidens Xing, Gao & Zhu, 1994 = C. venusta (Yaginuma, 1957) (Zhu, 1998: 59).
C. caudata (Saito, 1933, T from Theridula) = C. nigra (O. P.-Cambridge, 1880) (Yoshida, 1978a: 23).
C. clementinae (Petrunkevitch, 1930) = C. pulcherrima (Mello-Leitão, 1917) (Levi, 1967b: 26).
C. davisi Bryant, 1945 = C. albomaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1957c: 61).
C. emendata (Roewer, 1942, T from Theridion) = C. albomaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1957c: 68, sub C. elegans).
C. keyserlingi (Petrunkevitch, 1911, T from Theridion) = C. nigriceps Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, 1957c: 65).
C. lacteovittata (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Faiditus=Theridion) = C. rubrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1962b: 218).
C. luculenta (Bryant, 1940, T from Achaea=Achaearanea) = C. albomaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1957c: 61).
C. lypara Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 (T from Theridion) = C. vexabilis Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, 1957c: 63).
C. ovsjannikovi (Charitonov, 1950, T from Theridula) = C. nordica (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947) (Esyunin & Efimik, 1996a: 18, sub Achaearanea).
C. perplexa Keyserling, 1886 = C. rubrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Buckup & Marques, 1996: 48).
C. rotunda (Keyserling, 1891, T from Theridion) = C. nigrosternum Keyserling, 1891 (Levi, 1962b: 217).
C. rubicundula (Roewer, 1942, T from Theridion) = C. vexabilis Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, 1962b: 216).
C. signatella (Roewer, 1942, T from Theridion) = C. pulchra (Keyserling, 1891) (Levi, 1962b: 229).
C. splendens (Roewer, 1942, T from Theridion) = C. cambridgei (Petrunkevitch, 1911) (Levi, 1957c: 60, sub Achaearanea).
C. voluta (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902, T from Theridion) = C. albomaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1957c: 61).

mf albomaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 *....................USA, West Indies to Brazil
Argyrodes elegans Taczanowski, 1873: 118, pl. 5, f. 11 (Dmf; preoccupied in Theridion by Blackwall, 1862).
C. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 429, pl. 30, f. 6 (Dmf).
C. elegans Keyserling, 1884a: 151, pl. 7, f. 93 (f).
C. a. Keyserling, 1884a: 152, pl. 7, f. 94 (mf).
Steatoda a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 385, pl. 36, f. 18-19 (mf).
Steatoda elegans F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 386.
Steatoda voluta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 386, pl. 36, f. 20 (Dm).
Theridion elegans Petrunkevitch, 1911: 194.
Theridion volutum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 210.
Theridion albomaculatum Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 181.
Achaea luculenta Bryant, 1940: 311, f. 83-84 (Df).
Theridion emendatum Roewer, 1942a: 492 (replacement name for Argyrodes elegans).
C. a. Bryant, 1940: 311, f. 78, 81 (mf).
C. davisi Bryant, 1945c: 202, f. 4, 11 (Dm).
C. davisi Archer, 1950: 18, pl. II, f. 3-4 (m).
C. a. Levi, 1957c: 61, f. 1-4, 18-19, 25-27 (Tmf from Theridion, S).
C. elegans Levi, 1957c: 68 (S).
C. a. Levi, 1962b: 215.

f alecula Levi, 1962....................Panama
C. a. Levi, 1962b: 234, f. 82-83 (Df).

f anei Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 422, f. 250a-e (Df).

f antonio Levi, 1962....................Brazil
C. a. Levi, 1962b: 220, f. 19-21 (Df).

mf argyrodiformis (Yaginuma, 1952)....................China, Japan, Philippines
Ariamnes a. Yaginuma, 1952: 14, f. 1-6 (Df).
Topo a. Yaginuma, 1955c: 16 (Tf from Ariamnes=Argyrodes).
C. a. Yaginuma, 1965a: 35 (Tf from Topo=Thwaitesia).
C. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 45, f. 24.3 (f, Dm).
C. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 32, f. 14 (mf).
C. a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 93, f. 116 (f).
C. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 419, f. 248a-i, 249a-b (mf).

f arima Levi, 1962....................Trinidad
C. a. Levi, 1962b: 235, f. 84-85 (Df).

m arops Levi, 1962....................Brazil
C. a. Levi, 1962b: 228, f. 29-30 (Dm).

f backstromi (Berland, 1924)....................Juan Fernandez Is.
Theridion backströmi Berland, 1924b: 426, f. 4-6 (Df).
C. b. Levi, 1962b: 230, f. 58-60 (Tf from Theridion).

mf barrosmachadoi Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela
C. b. Caporiacco, 1955: 337 (Dj).
C. barromachadoi Levi, 1962b: 223, f. 48-51 (Dmf).

mf bimaculata Yoshida, 1998....................Japan
C. b. Yoshida, 1998a: 105, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf calima Buckup & Marques, 1992....................Brazil
C. c. Buckup & Marques, 1992: 121, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf cambridgei (Petrunkevitch, 1911)....................Mexico to Venezuela
Achaea vittata O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 130, p. 17, f. 11 (Df; preoccupied in Theridion by C. L. Koch, 1836).
Thwaitesia vittata O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 197.
Thwaitesia lepida O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 197, pl. 25, f. 5 (Df; preoccupied in Theridion by Simon, 1881).
C. splendida Banks, 1898b: 237, pl. 14, f. 13 (Df; preoccupied in Theridion by Taczanowski, 1874).
Theridion splendidum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 391.
Theridion vittatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 391, pl. 37, f. 6-7 (mf).
Theridion c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 192 (replacement name for Achaea vittata and Thwaitesia lepida).
Theridion splendens Roewer, 1942a: 498 (replacement name for C. splendidum).
Conopistha acuminata Schenkel, 1953a: 12, f. 12a-d (Df).
Achaearanea c. Levi, 1957c: 60 (Tmf from Theridion, S).
C. c. Levi, 1962b: 224, f. 43-47 (Tmf from Achaearanea, S).

f caraca Levi, 1962....................Brazil
C. c. Levi, 1962b: 230, f. 61-62 (Df).

mf caudigera Yoshida, 1993....................China, Taiwan
C. c. Yoshida, 1993c: 29, f. 6-9 (Df).
C. c. Zhu, 1998: 52, f. 26A-E (f, Dm).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 48J-K, M-N (mf).

mf compressa (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru, Brazil
Achaea c. Keyserling, 1884a: 107, pl. 5, f. 69 (Df).
Theridion conspersa Simon, 1894a: 535 (lapsus).
C. c. Levi, 1962b: 226, f. 63-70 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf cyclocera Zhu, 1998....................China
C. c. Zhu, 1998: 62, f. 34A-E (mf).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 49A-B, I-J (mf).

mf diplosticha Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................Panama to Peru
C. diplostichus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 36, pl. 10, f. 83 (Df).
C. d. Levi, 1957c: 65, f. 9, 30-31 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf ecuadorensis Levi, 1957....................Colombia to Bolivia
C. e. Levi, 1957c: 66, f. 10, 38-39 (Df).
C. e. Levi, 1962b: 225, f. 31-37 (f, Dm).

m gounellei Levi, 1962....................Brazil
C. g. Levi, 1962b: 217, f. 6-8 (Dm).

f huanuco Levi, 1957....................Peru
C. h. Levi, 1957c: 64, f. 20-22 (Df).

mf indicifera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................Panama to Peru
C. indicifer Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 36, pl. 10, f. 82, pl. 11, f. 96 (Df).
C. indicifer Levi, 1957c: 66, f. 11-12, 17, 34-35 (Tf from Theridion per Roewer, Dm).

f isumbo Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 423, f. 252a-e (Df).

m jianglensis Zhu & Song, 1993....................China
C. j. Zhu & Song, in Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 857, f. 9A-C (Dm).
C. j. Zhu, 1998: 68, f. 39A-C (m).
C. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 49K-L (m).

f lativentris Yoshida, 1993....................China, Korea, Taiwan
C. l. Yoshida, 1993c: 27, f. 1-5 (Df).
C. l. Zhu, 1998: 48, f. 22A-C (f).
C. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 49C-D (f).

mf lingchuanensis Zhu & Zhang, 1992....................China
C. l. Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 22, f. 2A-D (Df).
C. l. Zhu, 1998: 55, f. 29A-F (f, Dm).
C. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 49E-F, M-N (mf).

m mariae Levi, 1957....................Peru
C. m. Levi, 1957c: 68, f. 15 (Dm).

m melba Levi, 1962....................Panama
C. m. Levi, 1962b: 234, f. 79 (Dm).

mf mussau Chrysanthus, 1975....................Bismarck Arch.
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1975: 48, f. 174-177 (Dmf).

mf nigra (O. P.-Cambridge, 1880)....................Sri Lanka to Taiwan, Indonesia
Argyrodes n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 341, pl. 30, f. 20 (Dmf).
Theridion oxyurum Thorell, 1890a: 266 (Df).
Theridion nigrum Simon, 1905c: 58.
Theridula caudata Saito, 1933b: 44, pl. 3, f. 4 (Df).
C. n. Levi, 1962b: 209, f. 1-2 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridula caudata Lee, 1966: 30, f. 7e-g (f).
C. n. Yoshida, 1978a: 23, f. 4 (m, S).
Theridula caudata Hu, 1984: 174, f. 182.1-5 (f).
C. n. Yoshida, 1993c: 33, f. 15, 18-19 (m).
C. n. Zhu, 1998: 53, f. 27A-E (mf).
C. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 49G-H, O (mf).

f nigriceps Keyserling, 1884....................Colombia, Ecuador
C. n. Keyserling, 1884a: 154, pl. 7, f. 95 (Df).
Theridion keyserlingi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 198 (replacement name for C. nigriceps, erroneously provided for a senior, rather than junior, secondary homonym).
C. n. Levi, 1957c: 65, f. 16, 32-33 (Tf from Theridion, S).

mf nigrosterna Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
C. nigrosternum Keyserling, 1891: 206, pl. 7, f. 148 (Dmf).
Theridion rotundum Keyserling, 1891: 191, pl. 6, f. 137 (Df).
Theridion nigrosternum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 201.
C. nigrosternum Levi, 1962b: 217, f. 9-13 (Tmf from Theridion, S).

mf nordica (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947)....................Central Asia to Mongolia, North America
Achaea n. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 25 (Dj).
Theridula ovsjannikovi Charitonov, 1950: 445, f. 278 (Df).
Theridion ovsjannikovi Azheganova, 1951: 153, f. 9-10, 12-15 (Tf from Theridula, Dm).
Arctachaea n. Levi, 1957e: 105, f. 1-2, 7-22 (Tj from Achaea=Achaearanea, Dmf).
Theridion ovsjannikovi Azheganova, 1968: 59, f. 107-109 (mf).
Theridula ovsjannikovi Tyschchenko, 1971: 154, f. 369 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea n. Brignoli, 1983c: 389.
Arctachaea n. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 95 (m).
Achaearanea n. Esyunin & Efimik, 1996a: 18 (S).

mf orchis Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000....................Taiwan
C. o. Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 128, f. 21-25 (Dmf).

m oxycera Zhu & Song, 1993....................China
C. o. Zhu & Song, in Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 857, f. 10A-D (Dm).
C. o. Zhu, 1998: 63, f. 35A-D (m).
C. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 50H-I (m).

mf pelyx (Levi, 1957)....................USA
Arctachaea p. Levi, 1957e: 104, f. 3-6, 12-13 (Dmf).
C. p. Levi, 1962b: 211.

f picturata (Simon, 1895)....................India
Meotipa p. Simon, 1895g: 133 (Df).
Meotipa p. Levi & Levi, 1962: 47, f. 112-113 (f).

mf pulcherrima (Mello-Leitão, 1917)....................Pantropical
Argyrodes pulcherrimus Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 86, f. 7-8 (Df).
Meotipa clementinae Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 212, f. 61-62 (Df).
Meotipa clementinae Schmidt, 1956a: 30, f. 6 (Dm).
Meotipa clementinae Schmidt, 1956f: 240, f. 1 (f).
Argyrodes elevatus Exline & Levi, 1962: 135 (S, rejected).
C. clementinae Levi, 1962b: 231, f. 71-75 (mf).
C. p. Levi, 1967b: 26 (removed f from S of Argyrodes elevatus, Sm).
C. p. Levi, 1967c: 182, f. 28-31 (mf).
C. p. Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 23, f. 3A-D (mf).
C. clementinae Müller, 1992: 99, f. 5-6 (f).
C. p. Yoshida, 1993c: 30, f. 10-12, 20 (mf).
C. p. Zhu, 1998: 54, f. 28A-D (mf).
C. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 50A-B, J (mf).

f pulchra (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Achaea pulchra Keyserling, 1891: 200, pl. 7, f. 144 (Df).
Achaea signata Keyserling, 1891: 199, pl. 7, f. 143 (Df; preoccupied in Theridion by Walckenaer, 1805).
Theridion pulchrum Simon, 1894a: 535.
Theridion signatum Simon, 1894a: 535.
Theridion signatellum Roewer, 1942a: 498 (replacement name for Achaea signata).
C. p. Levi, 1962b: 220, f. 55-57 (Tf from Theridion, S).

mf punctifera (Yaginuma, 1960)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan
Argyroaster p. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 2, pl. 11, f. 63, f. 101D, J, N (Dmf).
Argyroaster p. Namkung, 1964: 33, f. 6 (f).
C. p. Yaginuma, 1965a: 35.
C. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 45, f. 24.2 (mf).
C. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 32, f. 13 (mf).
C. p. Feng, 1990: 117, f. 92.1-2 (f).
C. p. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 150, f. 145.1-2 (mf).

mf questona Levi, 1962....................Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad
C. q. Levi, 1962b: 222, f. 22-23, 76-78 (Dmf).

mf rapula (Yaginuma, 1960)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan
Theridion rapulum Yaginuma, 1960: append. 2, pl. 9, f. 55, f. 101C (Dmf).
Theridion rapulum Akiyama, 1961: 77, unnumbered f. (f).
Theridion rapulum Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 20.5 (mf).
Theridion rapulum Chikuni, 1989b: 42, f. 58 (mf).
Theridion rapulum Feng, 1990: 122, f. 97.1-2 (f).
Theridion rapulum Chen & Zhang, 1991: 154, f. 150.1-3 (mf).
C. rapulum Yoshida, 1993c: 32, f. 21 (Tmf from Theridion).
C. rapulum Zhu, 1998: 57, f. 30A-D (mf).
C. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 50C-D, K (mf).

f ribeirao Levi, 1962....................Brazil
C. r. Levi, 1962b: 229, f. 52-54 (Df).

mf rubrovittata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil, Argentina
Faiditus rubrovittatus Keyserling, 1884a: 159, pl. 7, f. 98 (Df).
C. perplexa Keyserling, 1886b: 242, pl. 20, f. 296 (Dm).
Theridion perplexum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 202.
Theridion rubrovittatum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 205.
Faiditus lacteovittatus Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 233, f. 7 (Df).
C. r. Levi, 1962b: 218, f. 14-17 (Tf from Theridion, S).
C. perplexa Levi, 1962b: 220, f. 18 (Tm from Theridion).
C. r. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 48, f. 11 (Sm).

f scintillans (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Physcoa s. Thorell, 1895: 83 (Df).
Physcoa s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 47, f. 114-117 (f; N.B.: generic name regarded as junior S of Meotipa by Simon, 1895a: 1068).

f sicki Levi, 1957....................Brazil
C. s. Levi, 1957c: 67, f. 14, 36-37 (Df).

mf silva Levi, 1962....................Panama
C. s. Levi, 1962b: 235, f. 86-90 (Dmf).

mf simoni Levi, 1962....................Venezuela
C. s. Levi, 1962b: 222, f. 24-28 (Dmf).

mf spiniventris (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................Sri Lanka to Japan (Europe, introduced)
Theridion spiniventre O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 384, pl. 12, f. 52-56 (Dm).
Theridion buitenzorgi Strand, 1907m: 412 (f, provisional name only).
Theridion spiniventre van der Hammen, 1949: 76, f. 1-3 (mf).
Theridion spiniventre Yoshida, 1977: 9, f. 1-4 (mf).
C. spiniventre Yaginuma, 1986a: 46, f. 24.5 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion spiniventre Song, 1987: 128, f. 89 (mf).
C. s. Zhu, 1998: 66, f. 38A-D (mf).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 50E-L (mf).

m subrapula Zhu, 1998....................China
C. subrapulum Zhu, 1998: 65, f. 37A-C (Dm).
C. subrapulum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 50M-N (m).

mf sulcata (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
Helvibis sulcata Keyserling, 1884a: 175, pl. 8, f. 106 (Dm).
C. s. Keyserling, 1886b: 243.
Theridion sulcatum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 207.
C. s. Levi, 1957c: 67, f. 13 (Tm from Theridion).
C. s. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 50, f. 5-8, 12 (m, Df).

f tiboli Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 423, f. 251a-f (Df).

mf trimaculata Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991....................China, Taiwan
C. t. Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 174, f. 8-12 (Dmf).
C. t. Yoshida, 1993c: 31, f. 13-14 (m).
C. t. Zhu, 1998: 58, f. 31A-F (mf).
C. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 50F-G, O-P (mf).

f trispinula Zhu, 1998....................China
C. t. Zhu, 1998: 50, f. 24A-D (Df).
C. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 51A-B (f).

mf vallensis Levi, 1957....................Panama
C. v. Levi, 1957c: 64, f. 7-8, 28-29 (Dmf).

mf venusta (Yaginuma, 1957)....................China, Japan, Philippines
Argyria v. Yaginuma, 1957b: 11, f. 1A-J (Dmf).
Argyroaster v. Yaginuma, 1958c: 37.
Argyroaster v. Yaginuma, 1960: 38, f. 36 (m).
C. v. Levi, 1962b: 209, f. 3-5 (mf).
C. v. Yaginuma, 1971: 38, f. 36 (m).
C. v. Hu, 1984: 158, f. 163.1-3 (m).
C. v. Yaginuma, 1986a: 46, f. 24.4 (mf).
C. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 32, f. 12 (mf).
C. v. Feng, 1990: 116, f. 91.1-5 (mf).
C. v. Amalin & Barrion, 1990: 180, f. 1a-c (m).
C. v. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 149, f. 144.1-3 (mf).
C. bidens Xing, Gao & Zhu, 1994: 164, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
C. v. Kim et al., 1995: 88, f. 9-12 (f).
C. v. Zhu, 1998: 59, f. 32A-D (mf, S).
C. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 51C-D, K (mf).

f vesiculosa (Simon, 1895)....................Vietnam to Japan, Philippines
Meotipa v. Simon, 1894a: 514, f. 522, 527 (nomen nudum).
Meotipa v. Simon, 1895g: 134 (Df).
C. v. Levi, 1962b: 232, f. 80-81 (f).
C. v. Yaginuma, 1986a: 45, f. 24.1 (f).
C. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 32, f. 15 (f).
C. v. Zhu, 1998: 51, f. 25A-C (f).
C. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 51E-F (f).

mf vexabilis Keyserling, 1884....................Panama to Argentina
C. v. Keyserling, 1884a: 155, pl. 7, f. 96 (Dmf).
Steatoda rubicunda F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 386, pl. 36, f. 21 (Dm; preoccupied in Theridion by Nicolet, 1849).
Theridion rubicundum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 204.
Theridion vexabile Petrunkevitch, 1911: 209.
C. lyparus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 35, pl. 10, f. 84 (Df).
Theridion rubicundulum Roewer, 1942a: 498 (replacement name for Steatoda rubicunda).
C. v. Levi, 1957c: 63, f. 5-6, 23-24 (Tmf from Theridion, S).
C. v. Levi, 1962b: 216 (S).

mf viridiventris Yoshida, 1996....................Taiwan, Ryukyu Is.
C. v. Yoshida, 1996: 139, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf vitra Zhu, 1998....................China
C. v. Zhu, 1998: 61, f. 33A-G (Dmf).
C. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 51G-H, L-M (mf).

mf vittatula (Roewer, 1942)....................Colombia to Bolivia
Argyrodes vittatus Keyserling, 1884a: 191, pl. 9, f. 114 (Dmf; preoccupied by Bradley, 1877).
Argyrodina v. Roewer, 1942a: 439 (replacement name).
C. v. Exline & Levi, 1962: 91 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
C. v. Levi, 1962b: 224, f. 38-42 (mf).

mf volcanensis Levi, 1962....................Costa Rica, Panama
C. v. Levi, 1962b: 236, f. 91-95 (Dmf).

f wangi Zhu, 1998....................China
C. w. Zhu, 1998: 49, f. 23A-D (Df).
C. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 51I-J (f).

m wenxianensis Zhu, 1998....................China
C. w. Zhu, 1998: 64, f. 36A-D (Dm).
C. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 51N-O (m).

Gen. Coleosoma O. P.-Cambridge, 1882

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 by Bryant, 1940: 303, 1944: 51.

Transferred to other genera:
C. margaritum Yoshida, 1985 -- see Neottiura.

In synonymy:
C. acrobeles (Thorell, 1895, T from Chrysso) = C. blandum O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Roberts, 1978: 915).
C. albovittatum (Caporiacco, 1955, T from Theridion) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Levi, 1959a: 6).
C. aleipata (Marples, 1955, T from Theridion) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Levi, 1959a: 6).
C. antheae (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995, T from Theridion) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Knoflach, 1999: 364).
C. blatchleyi (Bryant, 1945, T from Theridion) = C. adamsoni (Berland, 1934) (Archer, 1946: 46, sub Theridion hobbsi).
C. conurum (Thorell, 1895, T from Theridion) = C. blandum O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Lehtinen, in Saaristo, 1978: 117, sub Chrysso acrobeles).
C. delebile (Petrunkevitch, 1930, T from Theridion) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Levi, 1959a: 6).
C. flavipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1895 = C. acutiventer (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1959a: 4).
C. floridanum (Banks, 1900, T from Argyrodes) = C. acutiventer (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1959a: 4).
C. hobbsi (Gertsch & Archer, 1942, T from Theridion) = C. adamsoni (Berland, 1934) (Levi, 1959b: 112, sub Theridion).
C. index (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944, T from Achaea=Achaearanea) = C. acutiventer (Keyserling, 1884) (Kaston, 1945b: 4, sub C. flavipes).
C. insulicola (Bryant, 1947, T from Theridion) = C. adamsoni (Berland, 1934) (Levi, 1957a: 62, sub Theridion hobbsi).
C. interruptum (Banks, 1908, T from Theridion) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Bryant, 1940: 303).
C. magnificum (Archer, 1950, T from Chindellum=Theridion) = C. adamsoni (Berland, 1934) (Levi, 1957a: 63, sub Theridion hobbsi).
C. nigripalpe (Banks, 1929, T from Theridion per Roewer) = C. acutiventer (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1957c: 60, sub C. flavipes).
C. oophorum (Petrunkevitch, 1930, T from Lithyphantes=Steatoda) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Bryant, 1940: 303).
C. rapanae (Berland, 1942, T from Theridion) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Levi, 1959a: 6).
C. saispotum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Knoflach, 1999: 364).
C. semicinctum (Banks, 1914) = C. floridanum Banks, 1900 (Levi, 1972b: 534).
C. vituperabile (Petrunkevitch, 1911, T from Theridion) = C. blandum O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1959a: 3).

mf acutiventer (Keyserling, 1884)....................USA to Brazil
Achaea a. Keyserling, 1884a: 113, pl. 5, f. 74 (Df).
C. flavipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1895a: 154, pl. 19, 12 (Dm).
Argyrodes floridana Banks, 1900a: 98 (Df).
Theridion flavipes Petrunkevitch, 1911: 195.
Chrysso nigripalpis Banks, 1929: 85, pl. 3, f. 46, pl. 4, f. 72 (Df).
Achaea index Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 36, f. 87, 105 (Df).
C. flavipes Bryant, 1944: 52, f. 1, 4, 7, 9 (Tf from Theridion, Df).
C. flavipes Levi, 1957c: 60 (S).
C. a. Levi, 1959a: 4, f. 6-11 (Tf from Theridion per Roewer, Sf).
C. a. Breene et al., 1993: 60, f. 30A-D (mf).

mf adamsoni (Berland, 1934)....................Pantropical
Theridion a. Berland, 1934a: 102, f. 6-9 (Df).
Theridion hobbsi Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 5, f. 6 (Df).
Theridion blatchleyi Bryant, 1945c: 205, f. 5 (Dm).
Theridion hobbsi Archer, 1946: 46 (Sm).
Theridion insulicola Bryant, 1947a: 88, f. 1 (Df).
Chindellum magnificum Archer, 1950: 13, pl. I, f. 2 (Df).
Theridion hobbsi Levi, 1957a: 62, f. 198-199, 209, 213-214 (mf, S).
Theridion a. Levi, 1959b: 112 (S).
Theridion a. Marples, 1964: 409, f. 11 (Dm).
Theridion a. Levi, 1967c: 181, f. 20-23 (mf).
C. a. Saaristo, 1978: 117, f. 183-191 (Tm from Theridion, Df).
Theridion a. Kamura, 1986: 2, f. 1-8 (mf).
Theridion a. Chikuni, 1989b: 43, f. 61 (mf).
Theridion a. Saito, 1992c: 946, f. 6 (f).
Theridion a. Zhu, 1998: 162, f. 101A-E (mf).
Theridion a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 71G-H, M-N (mf).

m africanum Schmidt & Krause, 1995....................Cape Verde Is.
C. a. Schmidt & Krause, 1995b: 363, f. 10 (Dm).

mf blandum O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 *....................Cosmopolitan
C. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 427, pl. 29, f. 3 (Dm; preoccupied in Theridion by Hentz, 1850).
C. b. Keyserling, 1884a: 212, pl. 10, f. 129 (Df).
Theridion b. Simon, 1894a: 533, 536, f. 540-541 (m).
Theridion acrobeles Thorell, 1895: 88 (Df).
Theridion conurum Thorell, 1895: 90 (Df).
C. b. Workman, 1896: 60, pl. 60 (m).
Theridion vituperabile Petrunkevitch, 1911: 210 (replacement name).
Theridion b. Lessert, 1933: 105, f. 20-21 (m).
C. b. Levi, 1959a: 3, f. 18 (Tmf from Theridion, where listed by Roewer sub T. vituperabile, S; N.B.: because Petrunkevitch's replacement name was supplied before 1960, Levi's retention of C. blandum is contrary to the Code, but has been followed by enough subsequent workers to merit suppression of C. vituperabile).
C. b. Levi & Levi, 1962: 46, f. 107 (m).
C. blundum Ohno & Yaginuma, 1972: 62, f. 2.1-8 (mf).
C. b. Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 4-7 (mf).
Chrysso acrobeles Saaristo, 1978: 117, f. 170-174 (Tf from Theridion, S).
C. b. Roberts, 1978: 915, f. 27-30 (f, S).
C. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 48, f. 26.3 (mf).
C. b. Song, 1987: 120, f. 81 (mf).
C. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 33, f. 17 (mf).
C. b. Amalin & Barrion, 1990: 182, f. 2a-f (mf).
C. b. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 136, f. 128.1-6 (mf).
C. b. Okuma et al., 1993: 11, f. 10A-E (mf).
C. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 427, f. 254a-b, 255a-d (mf).
C. b. Zhu, 1998: 70, f. 40A-F (mf).
C. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 52A-B, G (mf).

f caliothripsum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. c. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 428, f. 256a-e (Df).

mf floridanum Banks, 1900....................Pantropical, greenhouses in Europe
C. floridana Banks, 1900a: 98 (Dm).
Theridion interruptum Banks, 1908: 205, f. 9 (Df).
Theridion f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 195.
Bathyphantes semicincta Banks, 1914c: 640 (D).
Theridion interruptum Banks, 1930b: 275, pl. 2, f. 1-2 (f, Dm).
Lithyphantes oophorus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 170, f. 8-9 (Df).
Theridion delebile Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 206, f. 53-56 (Df).
C. floridana Bryant, 1940: 303, f. 70-71 (Tm from Theridion, Sf).
C. f. Bryant, 1944: 54, f. 3, 6 (mf).
Theridion rapanae Berland, 1942: 15, f. 6a-f (Dmf).
Theridium albovittatum Caporiacco, 1955: 334, f. 25a-c (Df).
Theridion aleipata Marples, 1955a: 483, pl. 58, f. 9, 13, 19 (Dmf).
C. f. Levi, 1959a: 6, f. 12-17 (mf, S).
C. f. Levi & Levi, 1962: 46, f. 103-104 (m).
C. f. Levi, 1967c: 181, f. 32-36 (mf).
C. semicincta Ivie, 1969: 7 (Tf from Bathyphantes).
C. f. Spoczynska, 1969: 1, f. 1A-D (mf).
C. f. Levi, 1972b: 534 (S).
C. floridana Saaristo, 1978: 117, f. 175-182 (mf).
C. f. Tanikawa, 1991b: 4, f. 6-15 (mf).
C. f. Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 23, f. 4A-E (mf).
C. f. Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 95, 126, f. 8 (m).
C. saispotum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 432, f. 258a-l (Dm).
Theridion antheae Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 447, f. 268a-d (Df).
C. f. Zhu, 1998: 71, f. 41A-E (mf).
C. f. Knoflach, 1999: 364, f. 71-82 (mf, S).
C. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 107, f. 52C-D, H (mf).

m matinikum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 435, f. 260a-k (Dm).

mf normale Bryant, 1944....................USA to Brazil
C. n. Bryant, 1944: 56, f. 2, 5, 8, 10 (Dmf).
C. n. Levi, 1959a: 3, f. 1-5 (mf).
C. n. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 37, f. 67 (m).
C. n. Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 67 (m).
C. n. Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 67 (m).
C. n. Roth, 1994: 184, f. 67 (m).

mf octomaculatum (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan
Theridion octomaculatum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 138, pl. 3, f. 14, pl. 12, f. 281 (Dmf).
Theridion o. Lee, 1966: 29, f. 6n-o (f).
Theridion o. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 29, f. 11 (f).
Theridion o. Song, 1980: 134, f. 71a-f (mf).
C. o. Yoshida, 1982d: 38, f. 1-4 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion o. Hu, 1984: 170, f. 178.1-5 (mf).
Theridion o. Guo, 1985: 97, f. 2-41.1-3 (mf).
Theridion o. Zhu et al., 1985: 103, f. 89a-d (mf).
C. o. Yaginuma, 1986a: 48, f. 26.4 (mf).
C. o. Zhang, 1987: 106, f. 86.1-4 (mf).
C. o. Chikuni, 1989b: 33, f. 18 (mf).
C. o. Feng, 1990: 120, f. 95.1-5 (mf).
C. o. Chen & Gao, 1990: 93, f. 117a-b (mf).
C. o. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 137, f. 129.1-6 (mf).
C. o. Zhao, 1993: 205, f. 95a-d (mf).
C. o. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 427, f. 253a-e (f).
C. o. Zhu, 1998: 72, f. 42A-D (mf).
C. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 52E-F, I (mf).

m pabilogum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 432, f. 259a-f (Dm).

f pseudoblandum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
C. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 431, f. 257a-e (Df).

Gen. Coscinida Simon, 1895

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Loxonychia Tullgren, 1910 and Theridiella Tullgren, 1910 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 23, 30.

Transferred to other genera:
C. subtilis Simon, 1895 -- see Stemmops.

In synonymy:
C. monticola (Tullgren, 1910) = C. lugubris (Tullgren, 1910) (Levi & Levi, 1962: 49).

mf asiatica Zhu & Zhang, 1992....................China
C. a. Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 24, f. 5A-F (Dmf).
C. a. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 856, f. 8A-F (mf).
C. a. Zhu, 1998: 32, f. 14A-E (mf).
C. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 52J-M (mf).

mf coreana Paik, 1995....................Korea
C. c. Paik, 1995b: 17, f. 1-10 (Dmf).

f decemguttata Miller, 1970....................Congo
C. d. Miller, 1970: 149, pl. XLVI, f. 1-7 (Df).

f gentilis Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka
C. g. Simon, 1895g: 138 (Df).

mf japonica Yoshida, 1994....................Japan
C. j. Yoshida, 1994a: 28, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf leviorum Locket, 1968....................Angola
C. l. Locket, 1968: 135, f. 54A-F (Df).
C. l. Miller, 1970: 151, pl. XLVII, f. 1-2, pl. XLVIII, f. 1-4 (f, Dm).

mf lugubris (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Loxonychia l. Tullgren, 1910: 125, pl. 2, f. 40 (Dmf).
Theridiella monticola Tullgren, 1910: 136, pl. 2, f. 53 (Dm).
Loxonychia l. Levi & Levi, 1962: 49, f. 146-148 (mf, S).
Theridiella monticola Levi & Levi, 1962: 49, f. 149 (m).

m novemnotata Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka
C. n. Simon, 1895g: 137 (Dm).

m proboscidea Simon, 1899....................Sumatra
C. p. Simon, 1899a: 82 (Dm).

mf propinqua Miller, 1970....................Angola
C. p. Miller, 1970: 146, pl. XLIV, f. 1-5, pl. XLV, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf tibialis Simon, 1895 *....................Africa, Israel
C. t. Simon, 1894a: 529 (nomen nudum).
C. t. Simon, 1895g: 137 (Dmf).
C. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 48, f. 139-144 (mf).
C. t. Miller, 1970: 146, pl. XLIII, f. 1-2 (f).
C. t. Levy, 1985a: 112, f. 52-59 (mf).
C. t. Levy, 1998b: 162, f. 308-315 (mf).

f triangulifera Simon, 1904....................Sri Lanka, Java
C. t. Simon, 1904d: 68 (Df).

mf ulleungensis Paik, 1995....................Korea
C. u. Paik, 1995b: 18, f. 11-24 (Dmf).

Gen. Craspedisia Simon, 1894

mf cornuta (Keyserling, 1891) *....................Brazil
Umfila c. Keyserling, 1891: 222, pl. 8, f. 163 (Dm).
C. c. Simon, 1894a: 580, f. 587 (m).
C. c. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 275-280 (m, Df).
C. c. Levi, 1963d: 177, f. 27-31 (mf).

m spatulata Bryant, 1948....................Hispaniola
C. s. Bryant, 1948b: 373, f. 47-48 (Dm).
C. s. Levi, 1963d: 178, f. 32-33 (m).

Gen. Crustulina Menge, 1868

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Wamba O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (Levi, 1959b: 112); for comments on species from New Guinea, see Yoshida, 1985c: 10.

Transferred to other genera:
C. congenera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Wamba.

In synonymy:
C. borealis Banks, 1900 = C. sticta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861) (Kaston, 1948: 75).
C. nitida Simon, 1884 = C. scabripes Simon, 1881 (Knoflach, 1994: 332).
C. pallipes Banks, 1906 = C. sticta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861) (Levi, 1957b: 371).
C. rugosa (Thorell, 1875) = C. sticta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861) (Knoflach, 1994: 334).

f albovittata (Thorell, 1875)....................Ukraine
Steatoda albo-vittata Thorell, 1875b: 67 (Df).
Steatoda a. Thorell, 1875c: 57 (Df).
C. a. Simon, 1881a: 161.

mf altera Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA
C. a. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 1, f. 9 (Dmf).
C. a. Kaston, 1948: 74, f. 30-33, 2119 (mf).
C. a. Levi, 1957b: 372, f. 4-6, 8-10 (mf).
C. a. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 272-274 (m).
C. a. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 37, f. 4-5 (m).
C. a. Roth, 1982: 47-8, f. 4-5 (m).
C. a. Roth, 1985: B43-7, f. 4-5 (m).
C. a. Roth, 1994: 181, f. 5 (m).

f ambigua Simon, 1889....................Madagascar
C. a. Simon, 1889b: 229 (Df).

f bicruciata Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
C. b. Simon, 1908d: 412 (Df).

mf conspicua (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Egypt, Israel, Syria
Theridion conspicuum O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 285, pl. 13, f. 11 (Dmf).
C. c. Simon, 1881a: 160.
C. c. Levy & Amitai, 1979: 117, f. 1-16 (mf).
C. c. Levy, 1998b: 17, f. 1-16 (mf).

f erythropus (Lucas, 1846)....................Morocco, Algeria
Theridion e. Lucas, 1846: 265, pl. 17, f. 7 (Df).
C. e. Simon, 1881a: 160.

f grayi Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea
C. g. Chrysanthus, 1975: 32, f. 124-125 (Df).

mf guttata (Wider, 1834) *....................Palearctic
Theridion guttatum Wider, 1834: 241, pl. 16, f. 7 (Dmf).
Theridion guttatum C. L. Koch, 1834: 131, pl. 5-6 (mf).
Theridion guttatum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 81, f. 651-652 (mf).
Theridion argus Lucas, 1846: 264, pl. 17, f. 6 (Df).
Steatoda g. Thorell, 1856: 108.
Theridion guttatum Blackwall, 1864a: 200, pl. 14, f. 131 (mf).
C. g. Menge, 1868: 168, pl. 31, f. 73 (mf).
Ceratina globosa Menge, 1868: 174, pl. 32, f. 77 (Df).
Steatoda g. Emerton, 1882: 20, pl. 4, f. 2 (mf).
C. sticta Keyserling, 1886b: 37, pl. 12, f. 154 (mf, misidentified).
C. g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 38, pl. 2, f. 2 (mf).
C. g. Becker, 1896: 113, pl. 25, f. 3 (mf).
C. g. Bösenberg, 1902: 125, pl. 11, f. 162 (mf).
Steatoda g. Emerton, 1902: 120, f. 280-281 (mf).
C. g. Wiehle, 1937: 191, f. 194-199 (mf).
C. g. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 51, f. 26D, 35A-C (mf).
C. g. Azheganova, 1968: 50, f. 93-94 (mf).
C. g. Palmgren, 1974b: 36, f. 8.22-24 (mf).
C. g. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79a (mf).
C. g. Yaginuma, 1986a: 48, f. 26.2 (mf).
C. g. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 11 (mf).
C. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 282, f. 761 (mf).
C. g. Knoflach, 1994: 328, f. 1, 3, 5-8, 10-11, 14, 23, 28-29, 31, 34-38, 45, 47 (mf).
C. g. Roberts, 1995: 272, f. (mf).
C. g. Zhu, 1998: 322, f. 216A-D (mf).
C. g. Roberts, 1998: 287, f. (mf).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 53A-B, E (mf).

f hermonensis Levy & Amitai, 1979....................Israel
C. h. Levy & Amitai, 1979: 122, f. 17-20 (Df).
C. h. Levy, 1998b: 21, f. 17-20 (f).

mf incerta Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
C. i. Tullgren, 1910: 138, pl. 3, f. 56 (Dmf).

mf jeanneli Berland, 1920....................East Africa
C. j. Berland, 1920b: 170, f. 211-216 (Dmf).

f lineiventris (Pavesi, 1884)....................Ethiopia
Steatoda l. Pavesi, 1884: 461 (Df).
C. l. Simon, 1894a: 578.

f lugubris Chrysanthus, 1975....................New Guinea
C. l. Chrysanthus, 1975: 34, f. 126-127 (Df).

f molesta (Pavesi, 1883)....................Ethiopia
Steatoda m. Pavesi, 1883: 34 (Df).
C. m. Simon, 1894a: 578.

mf obesa Berland, 1920....................East Africa
C. o. Berland, 1920b: 173, f. 217-223 (Dmf).

mf scabripes Simon, 1881....................Mediterranean
Steatoda s. Becker, 1880: 140 (nomen nudum).
C. s. Simon, 1881a: 159 (Dmf).
C. nitida Simon, 1884j: 331 (Df).
C. s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 38, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
C. s. Brignoli, 1967e: 180, f. 1-2 (mf).
C. s. Levy & Amitai, 1979: 126, f. 29-36 (mf).
C. s. Knoflach, 1994: 332, f. 2, 4, 9a-b, 12-13, 15-17, 21-22, 25, 30, 33, 43-44, 46, 48-52 (mf, S).
C. s. Levy, 1998b: 26, f. 29-36 (mf).

f starmuehlneri Kritscher, 1966....................New Caledonia
C. starmühlneri Kritscher, 1966b: 375, f. 1 (Df).
C. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 398.

mf sticta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861)....................Holarctic
Theridion stictum O. P.-Cambridge, 1861a: 432 (Df).
Theridion stictum Blackwall, 1864a: 196, pl. 14, f. 126 (f).
Theridion stictum O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 420 (Dm).
Steatoda s. Thorell, 1873: 439.
Steatoda rugosa Thorell, 1875a: 93 (Df).
Steatoda rugosa Thorell, 1875c: 57 (Df).
Steatoda s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 97, pl. 3, f. 4 (mf).
C. s. Simon, 1881a: 159.
C. rugosa Simon, 1881a: 161.
C. rugosa Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 38, pl. 2, f. 3 (f).
C. borealis Banks, 1900a: 98 (Dm).
C. pallipes Banks, 1906b: 96, pl. 2, f. 15 (Df).
C. s. Kaston, 1948: 75, f. 34, 2120 (mf, S).
C. s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 53, f. 35D-F (mf).
C. s. Levi, 1957b: 370, f. 1-3, 7 (mf, S).
Crustlina s. Ohno & Yaginuma, 1967: 36, f. 2.1-4 (m).
C. s. Yaginuma, 1971: 125, f. 103.1-3 (m).
C. s. Palmgren, 1974b: 36, f. 8.25-27 (mf).
C. rugosa Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977a: 91, f. 1a-b (f).
C. s. Levy & Amitai, 1979: 125, f. 21-28 (mf).
C. s. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79b (mf).
C. s. Kim, 1985a: 17, f. 1-5 (mf).
C. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 47, f. 26.1 (m).
C. s. Holm, 1987: 160, f. 4 (f).
C. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 10 (mf).
C. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 282, f. 762 (mf).
C. s. Knoflach, 1994: 334, f. 18-20, 24, 26-27, 32, 39-42 (mf, S).
C. s. Roberts, 1995: 273, f. (mf).
C. s. Kupryjanowicz, 1997a: 183, f. 1-2 (m).
C. s. Zhu, 1998: 320, f. 215A-E (mf).
C. s. Levy, 1998b: 23, f. 21-28 (mf).
C. s. Roberts, 1998: 287, f. (mf).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 53C-D, F (mf).

Gen. Cyllognatha L. Koch, 1872

mf affinis Berland, 1929....................Samoa
C. a. Berland, 1929b: 46, f. 14-18 (Dmf).
C. a. Marples, 1955a: 481, pl. 58, f. 14 (m).

m gracilis Marples, 1955....................Samoa
C. g. Marples, 1955a: 481, pl. 58, f. 15, 17-18 (Dm).

mf subtilis L. Koch, 1872 *....................Lord Howe Is., Samoa
C. s. L. Koch, 1872a: 249, pl. 20, f. 7, pl. 21, f. 1 (Dmf).
C. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 44, f. 82-86 (mf).

mf surajbe Patel & Patel, 1972....................India
C. s. Patel & Patel, 1972: 293, f. 1a-i (Dmf).

Gen. Dipoena Thorell, 1869

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Umfila Keyserling, 1886, Trigonobothrys Simon, 1889, Stictoxena Simon, 1895 and Paoningia Schenkel, 1936 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 25-32 and of Pselothorax Chamberlin, 1948a: 541, type P. atopus Chamberlin, 1948, transferred from the Linyphiidae, by Ivie, 1967: 126; restricted by Wunderlich, 1988: 149 to the type species, D. melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837), with other species being assigned to the resurrected junior synonym Lasaeola Simon, 1881 or to Dipoenata Wunderlich, 1988; most species were unplaced by Wunderlich, and only those few taxa definitely assigned by him are listed here as being transferred.

Transferred to other genera:
D. balboae Chickering, 1943 -- see Dipoenata.
D. bequaerti Chickering, 1948 -- see Lasaeola.
D. calcarata Simon, 1897 -- see Maymena under Mysmenidae.
D. canariensis Wunderlich, 1987 -- see Dipoenata.
D. caninotata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Theridion.
D. chikunii Yoshida, 1988 -- see Thymoites.
D. conica Chickering, 1943 -- see Dipoenata.
D. cubana Bryant, 1940 -- see Thymoites.
D. cylindrica Soares & Camargo, 1955 -- see Dipoenata.
D. donaldi Chickering, 1943 -- see Lasaeola.
D. intrita Bishop & Crosby, 1926 -- see Theridion.
D. jocosa Gertsch & Davis, 1936 -- see Chrosiothes.
D. lascivula (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Thymoites.
D. longitarsis Denis, 1962 -- see Dipoenata.
D. micratula Banks, 1909 -- see Achaearanea.
D. micropunctata Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Pholcomma.
D. morosa Bryant, 1948 -- see Dipoenata.
D. munda Barrows & Ivie, 1942 -- see Euryopis.
D. nana (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879) -- see Euryopis.
D. nigerrima Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Theridula.
D. okumae Yoshida, 1988 -- see Thymoites.
D. pallida Emerton, 1913 -- see Thymoites.
D. pictipes Banks, 1904 -- see Thymoites.
D. proba O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 -- see Tidarren.
D. regia Drensky, 1929 -- see Neottiura.
D. spinithorax (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Lasaeola.
D. superba Chickering, 1948 -- see Lasaeola.
D. testaceomarginata (Simon, 1881) -- see Lasaeola.
D. testaceomarginata oceanica (Simon, 1883) -- see Lasaeola oceanica.
D. tristis (Hahn, 1833) -- see Lasaeola.
D. valmonti Simon, 1897 -- see Chrosiothes.

In synonymy:
D. barro Levi, 1963 = D. anas Levi, 1963 (Müller & Heimer, 1991b: 269).
D. copiosa Levi, 1953 = D. cordiformis Keyserling, 1886 (Buckup & Marques, 1996: 50).
D. coreana Paik, 1995 = D. martinae Robert, 1983 (Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 132).
D. crassiventris Keyserling, 1886 = D. nigra (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1953b: 21).
D. daltoni Levi, 1953 = D. atopa (Chamberlin, 1948) (Ivie, 1967: 126).
D. decamaculata Chen, Peng & Zhao, 1992 = D. martinae Roberts, 1983 (Zhu, 1998: 236).
D. dissimilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1905) = D. inornata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861) (Bristowe, 1939: 63).
D. furtiva Chickering, 1951 = D. alta Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1963a: 159).
D. hamata Tullgren, 1949 = D. prona (Menge, 1868) (Levi, 1963a: 145).
D. hubeiensis Chen & Zhao, 1996 = D. sinica Zhu, 1992 (Zhu, 1998: 238).
D. inca Levi, 1963 = D. tingo Levi, 1963 (Buckup & Marques, 1996: 54).
D. inornata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944, T from Euryopis) = D. abdita Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 (Levi, 1953b: 37).
D. itu Levi, 1963 = D. taeniatipes Keyserling, 1891 (Buckup & Marques, 1996: 54).
D. kayaensis Paik, 1996 = D. japonica (Yoshida, 1985) (Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 128, but see Marusik & Koponen, 2000: 65).
D. longisterna Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = D. mutilata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 139).
D. lutea (Keyserling, 1891, T from Euryopis) = D. alta Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1963a: 159).
D. maculata Keyserling, 1891 = D. pumicata (Keyserling, 1886) (Levi, 1963a: 171).
D. matagrossensis Soares & Camargo, 1948 = D. militaris Chickering, 1943 (Levi, 1963a: 151).
D. parvula Banks, 1901 = D. nigra (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1963a: 144).
D. procax (Simon, 1879) = D. torva (Thorell, 1875) (Locket & Millidge, 1953: 51).
D. roeweri Chickering, 1951 = D. rubella (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963a: 168).
D. ruedai Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 = D. martinae Robert, 1983 (Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 132).
D. schmidti Levi, 1963 = D. banksi Chickering, 1943 (Levi, 1963a: 177).
D. sicki Levi, 1963 (T from Dipoenata) = D. variabilis (Keyserling, 1886) Buckup & Marques, 1996: 54).
D. tibialis Banks, 1906 = D. nigra (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1953b: 22).
D. trapezoidalis Levy & Amitai, 1981 = D. convexa (Blackwall, 1870) (Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994: 2).
D. uniforma Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = D. castrata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Arita, 1970: 26).

Homonyms replaced:
D. maculata (Keyserling, 1891, T from Euryopis) -- see D. keyserlingi.
D. pallida Chickering, 1943 -- see D. alta.
D. petrunkevitchi Chickering, 1943 -- see D. rubella.

Nomen dubium:
D. pulchella Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 101, f. 6 (f, Panama) -- Levi, 1963a: 138.

mf abdita Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936....................USA, Mexico, West Indies
D. a. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 6, f. 28 (Df).
Euryopis inornata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 42, f. 85, 103 (Df).
D. a. Levi, 1953b: 37, f. 77-82, 108-109 (f, Dm, S).

mf aculeata (Hickman, 1951)....................Tasmania
Trigonobothrys aculeatus Hickman, 1951b: 6, f. 9-14 (Dmf).
D. a. Brignoli, 1983c: 399.

f ahenea (Dyal, 1935)....................India
Trigonobothrys aheneus Dyal, 1935: 162, pl. 11, f. 10, pl. 14, f. 87-88 (Df).

mf alta Keyserling, 1886....................Panama to Brazil
D. a. Keyserling, 1886b: 45, pl. 12, f. 159 (Dm).
Euryopis lutea Keyserling, 1891: 227, pl. 9, f. 168 (Df).
D. pallida Chickering, 1943b: 364, f. 50-51 (Df, preoccupied by Emerton, 1913).
D. furtiva Chickering, in Roewer, 1951: 455 (replacement name).
D. furtiva Levi, 1953a: 3, f. 18 (f).
D. a. Levi, 1963a: 159, f. 138-139 (Sf).
D. a. Roberts, 1979: 201, f. 1-57, 107, 111-114 (mf).
D. a. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 76 (m).

mf amamiensis (Yoshida, 1985)....................China, Korea, Japan, Ryukyu Is.
Pholcomma a. Yoshida, 1985c: 11, f. 4-5, 11-12 (Df).
D. a. Yoshida, 1991e: 35 (Tf from Pholcomma, Dm now placed in D. okinawana).
D. japonica Yoshida, 1991e: 33, f. 1, 3-4 (f, misidentified).
D. a. Zhu, 1992: 108, f. 1-4 (f, may be that of D sticta).
D. a. Paik, 1995c: 33, f. 7-12 (f).
D. a. Zhu, 1998: 242, f. 159A-D (f, may be that of D sticta, not m).
D. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 53G-H (f, not m).
D. a. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 130, f. 7-10 (f, Dm).

f anahuas Levi, 1963....................Mexico
D. a. Levi, 1963a: 164, f. 171-173 (Df).

mf anas Levi, 1963....................Panama, Colombia
D. a. Levi, 1963a: 153, f. 68-69 (Dm).
D. barro Levi, 1963a: 173, f. 232-234 (Df).
D. a. Müller & Heimer, 1991b: 269, f. 1-7 (m, Sf).

m appalachia Levi, 1953....................USA
D. a. Levi, 1953b: 19, f. 23-29 (Dm).
D. a. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 8-9 (m).

mf atlantica Chickering, 1943....................Panama to Paraguay
D. a. Chickering, 1943b: 330, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
D. a. Levi, 1963a: 163, f. 150-154 (mf).

mf atopa (Chamberlin, 1948)....................USA
Pselothorax atopus Chamberlin, 1948a: 541 (Dm).
D. daltoni Levi, 1953b: 35, f. 65-71, 116-117 (Dmf).
D. a. Ivie, 1967: 126 (S).
D. a. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 37, f. 44 (m).
D. a. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 44 (m).
D. a. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 44 (m).
D. a. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 44 (m).

f augara Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
D. a. Levi, 1963a: 176, f. 254-256 (Df).

f austera Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
D. a. Simon, 1908d: 411 (Df).

mf banksi Chickering, 1943....................Costa Rica to Venezuela
D. b. Chickering, 1943b: 337, f. 10-13 (Dmf).
D. schmidti Levi, 1953a: 9, f. 25-26 (Df).
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 177, f. 263-265 (mf, S).

f bellingeri Levi, 1963....................Jamaica
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 151, f. 66-67 (Df).

f beni Levi, 1963....................Bolivia
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 157, f. 111-113 (Df).

f bernardino Levi, 1963....................USA
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 147, f. 125-127 (Df).

mf bimini Levi, 1963....................Bahama Is., Cuba
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 169, f. 199-204 (Dmf).
D. b. Gruia, 1973a: 309, f. 14-17 (mf).
D. b. Gruia, 1977: 160, f. 5 (f).

mf blattea (Urquhart, 1886)....................New Zealand
Theridium blatteus Urquhart, 1886: 190, pl. 7, f. 2 (Df).
Theridium setiger Urquhart, 1886: 196, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Theridium tuberculum Urquhart, 1887: 104 (Dm).
Theridium albo-gullatum Urquhart, 1887: 108, pl. 8, f. 11 (Dm).
D. tubercula Bryant, 1933b: 10, pl. 2, f. 16, pl. 4, f. 42 (mf).
D. b. Bryant, 1935c: 57.

f bodjensis (Simon, 1885)....................Bodjo Is., near Sumatra
Lasaeola b. Simon, 1885a: 39 (Df).

m boquete Levi, 1963....................Panama
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 149, f. 44-45 (Dm).

mf braccata (C. L. Koch, 1841)....................Europe, Mediterranean
Theridium braccatum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 85, f. 656 (Df).
Steatoda b. C. L. Koch, 1850: 18.
Lasaeola b. Simon, 1881a: 140 (Dm).
Euryopis b. Becker, 1881a: 30.
Lasaeola b. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 24, pl. 1, f. 43 (mf).
D. b. Lessert, 1910b: 115.
D. b. Simon, 1914a: 277, 300, f. 528 (mf).
D. b. Wiehle, 1937: 184, f. 180-183 (mf).
D. b. Tullgren, 1949: 50, f. 7b (f).
D. b. Levi, 1953b: 7, f. 36, 90 (mf).
D. b. Miller, 1967: 290, pl. XIII, f. 5-9 (mf).
D. b. Miller, 1971: 184, pl. XXXI, f. 21 (f).
D. b. Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 185, f. 28-36 (mf).
D. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 286, f. 771 (mf).
D. b. Levy, 1998b: 155, f. 294-302 (mf).

j bristowei Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
D. b. Caporiacco, 1949a: 377 (Dj).

mf bryantae Chickering, 1943....................Panama, Trinidad
D. b. Chickering, 1943b: 339, f. 14-17 (Dmf).
D. b. Levi, 1963a: 168, f. 191-193 (mf).

mf buccalis Keyserling, 1886....................North America
D. b. Keyserling, 1886b: 42, pl. 12, f. 157 (Df).
D. b. Kaston, 1948: 91, f. 91-92 (f, Dm).
D. b. Levi, 1953b: 27, f. 6, 16-18, 33-34, 98-101 (mf).

m cartagena Sedgwick, 1973....................Chile
D. c. Sedgwick, 1973: 353, f. 11-14 (Dm).

mf castrata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan
D. c. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 149, pl. 5, f. 50, pl. 12, f. 246-247 (Df).
D. uniforma Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 151, pl. 12, f. 285 (Dm).
D. c. Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 7 (f).
D. c. Shinkai, 1969: 13, f. 13 (f).
D. c. Arita, 1970: 26, f. 15-18 (f, Sm).
D. c. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 28, f. 9 (f).
D. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 42, f. 23.1 (mf).
D. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 36, f. 30 (mf).
D. c. Gao & Guan, 1991: 54, f. 2.1-2 (f).
D. c. Zhu, 1998: 248, f. 164A-E (mf).
D. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 53I-J, N-O (mf).
D. c. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 143, f. 31-32 (mf).

m cathedralis Levi, 1953....................USA
D. c. Levi, 1953b: 15, f. 19-22 (Dm).

f chathami Levi, 1953....................USA
D. c. Levi, 1953b: 21, f. 85-86 (Df).

m chickeringi Levi, 1953....................Panama
D. c. Levi, 1953a: 1, f. 1-4 (Dm).

mf chillana Levi, 1963....................Chile
D. c. Levi, 1963a: 149, f. 46-52 (Dmf).

mf convexa (Blackwall, 1870)....................Mediterranean
Theridion convexum Blackwall, 1870b: 426 (Df).
Euryopis pilula Simon, 1873a: 303 (Dmf).
Steatoda c. Thorell, 1875c: 58.
Lasaeola c. Simon, 1881a: 148 (m).
Lasaeola c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 26, pl. 1, f. 23 (mf).
D. c. Simon, 1894a: 526, f. 572.
D. c. Simon, 1914a: 274, 302, f. 528 (mf).
D. c. Brignoli, 1967e: 183, f. 3A-C (f).
D. trapezoidalis Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 184, f. 23-27 (Dm).
D. c. Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994: 2, f. 1-5 (mf, S).
D. c. Levy, 1998b: 154, f. 287-293 (mf).

mf coracina (C. L. Koch, 1837)....................Western Europe to Ukraine
Theridium coracinum C. L. Koch, 1837b: 8 (D).
Theridium coracinum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 84, f. 655 (Df).
Steatoda c. C. L. Koch, 1850: 18.
Steatoda c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 98 (Dm).
Lasaeola nigrina Simon, 1881a: 144 (Dmf).
Lasaeola nigrina Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 26, pl. 1, f. 22 (mf).
Lasaeola nigrina Bösenberg, 1902: 123, pl. 11, f. 156 (mf).
D. nigrina Lessert, 1910b: 117.
D. c. Simon, 1914a: 277, 301, f. 528 (mf).
D. c. Miller, 1947: 62, pl. IV, f. 3-4 (mf).
D. c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 48, f. 33B, E (mf).
D. c. Miller, 1967: 290, pl. XIII, f. 10-15 (mf).
D. c. Miller, 1971: 184, pl. XXXI, f. 16-17 (mf).
D. c. Palmgren, 1974b: 11, f. 3.10-11 (mf).
D. c. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78e (mf).
D. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 286, f. 769 (mf).
D. c. Roberts, 1998: 284, f. (mf).

mf cordiformis Keyserling, 1886....................Costa Rica to Brazil
D. c. Keyserling, 1886b: 259, pl. 21, f. 307 (Dm).
D. copiosa Levi, 1953a: 3, f. 14-15, 27-28 (Df).
D. c. Levi, 1963a: 175, f. 244 (m).
D. copiosa Levi, 1963a: 175, f. 245-247 (f).
D. c. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 50, f. 13 (m, Sf).

mf cornuta Chickering, 1943....................Nicaragua to Guyana
D. c. Chickering, 1943b: 344, f. 20-23 (Dmf).
D. c. Levi, 1963a: 171, f. 219-222 (mf).

mf croatica (Chyzer, 1894)....................Eastern Europe
Lasaeola c. Chyzer, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 24, pl. 1, f. 17 (Dmf).

m crocea (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Guatemala
Achaea c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 210, p. 26, f. 11 (Dm).
Achaea c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 401, pl. 37, f. 30 (m).
D. c. Levi, 1953a: 8 (Tm from Achaearanea).
D. c. Levi, 1963a: 148, f. 110 (m).

m destricta Simon, 1903....................Sierra Leone
D. d. Simon, 1903e: 78 (Dm).

m dominicana Wunderlich, 1986....................Hispaniola
D. d. Wunderlich, 1986: 73, f. 98-103 (Dm).

f dorsata Muma, 1944....................USA to Paraguay
D. d. Muma, 1944: 6, f. 8 (Df).
D. d. Levi, 1953b: 17, f. 87-88 (f).
D. d. Levi, 1963a: 144, f. 65 (f).

mf duodecimpunctata Chickering, 1943....................Panama, Venezuela
D. 12-punctata Chickering, 1943b: 348, f. 27-29 (Dm).
D. d. Levi, 1963a: 174, f. 238-241 (m, Df).

f eatoni Chickering, 1943....................Mexico, Panama
D. e. Chickering, 1943b: 350, f. 30-31 (Df).
D. e. Levi, 1963a: 153, f. 81-83 (f).

mf erythropus (Simon, 1881)....................Europe
Lasaeola e. Simon, 1881a: 141 (Dm).
Lasaeola e. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 24 (Df).
Lasaeola proxima O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 102, pl. A, f. 3 (Dm).
Lasaeola e. Bösenberg, 1902: 125, pl. 11, f. 161 (m).
D. proxima Lessert, 1910b: 115.
D. e. Simon, 1914a: 276, 301, f. 528 (m).
D. e. Wiehle, 1937: 188, f. 190 (Dm).
D. e. Denis, 1950a: 140, f. 1-2, 6-7 (f).
D. e. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 46, f. 31C, 32B (mf).
D. e. Miller, 1967: 291, pl. XIII, f. 20 (m).
D. e. Miller, 1971: 185, pl. XXXII, f. 6-7 (mf).
D. e. Palmgren, 1974b: 11, f. 3.8-9 (mf).
D. e. Wunderlich, 1975a: 382, f. 1-3 (f).
D. e. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78a (mf).
D. e. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 284, f. 766 (m).
D. e. Roberts, 1995: 269, f. (mf).
D. e. Roberts, 1998: 285, f. (mf).
D. e. Jäger et al., 2000: 33, f. 6-7 (f).

f esra Levi, 1963....................Peru
D. e. Levi, 1963a: 161, f. 119-121 (Df).

mf excisa (Simon, 1889)....................Madagascar
Trigonobothrys excisus Simon, 1889b: 231 (Df).
Trigonobothrys excisus Simon, 1894a: 559, f. 571 (f).
Trigonobothrys excisus Levi & Levi, 1962: 41, f. 52-54 (f, Dm).

f flavomaculata (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Heribertus flavomaculatus Keyserling, 1891: 223, pl. 9, f. 164 (Df).
Ulesanis f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 214.
D. f. Levi, 1963a: 150, f. 57-58 (Tf from Ulesanis=Phoroncidia).

mf flavomarginata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan
D. f. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 151, pl. 12, f. 279 (Dmf).
D. f. Ohno & Yaginuma, 1968: 27, f. 1-5 (f).
D. f. Arita, 1970: 26, f. 13-14 (f).
D. f. Yoshida, 1978a: 22, f. 3 (m).
D. f. Yaginuma, 1986a: 42, f. 23.2 (mf).
D. f. Chikuni, 1989b: 36, f. 33 (mf).
D. f. Zhu, 1998: 231, f. 150A-D (mf).
D. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 53K-L, P (mf).
D. f. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 136, f. 18-20 (mf).

f foliata Keyserling, 1886....................Brazil
D. f. Keyserling, 1886b: 260, pl. 21, f. 308 (Df).
D. f. Levi, 1963a: 181, f. 292-294 (f, not m, =D. ira).

f fornicata Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
D. f. Thorell, 1895: 104 (Df).

mf fortunata Levi, 1953....................Mexico
D. f. Levi, 1953a: 4, f. 10, 17, 21-22 (Dmf).

f galilaea Levy & Amitai, 1981....................Israel
D. g. Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 186, f. 37-42 (Df).
D. g. Levy, 1998b: 159, f. 303-307 (f).

f glomerabilis Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
D. g. Simon, 1909e: 95 (Df).

m grammata Simon, 1903....................Gabon
D. g. Simon, 1903e: 78 (Dm).

f grancanariensis Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is.
D. g. Wunderlich, 1987a: 212, f. 564-565 (Df).

m granulata (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Umfila g. Keyserling, 1886b: 257, pl. 20, f. 305 (Dm).
Umfila g. Levi & Levi, 1962: 41, f. 55-57 (m).
D. g. Levi, 1963a: 182, f. 302-303 (m).

mf gui Zhu, 1998....................China
D. g. Zhu, 1998: 228, f. 148A-E (Dmf).
D. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 54A-B, I-J (mf).

mf hainanensis Zhu, 1998....................China
D. h. Zhu, 1998: 234, f. 153A-F (Dmf).
D. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 54C-D. K-L (mf).

f hana Zhu, 1998....................China
D. h. Zhu, 1998: 237, f. 155A-C (Df).
D. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 54E-F (f).

mf hasra Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
D. h. Roberts, 1983: 221, f. 10-17 (Dmf).

mf hortoni Chickering, 1943....................Panama to Brazil
D. h. Chickering, 1943b: 352, f. 32-35 (Dmf).
D. h. Levi, 1963a: 175, f. 250-253 (mf).

f hui Zhu, 1998....................China
D. h. Zhu, 1998: 247, f. 163A-C (Df).
D. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 54G-H (f).

m immaculata Zhu, 1998....................China
D. i. Zhu, 1998: 251, f. 167A-D (Dm).
D. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 54M-N (m).

mf inornata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1861)....................Europe
Theridion inornatum O. P.-Cambridge, 1861a: 433 (Dmf).
Theridion inornatum Blackwall, 1864a: 196, pl. 14, f. 127 (mf).
Euryopis i. Pavesi, 1873a: 90.
Steatoda i. L. Koch, 1877b: 140.
Euryopis i. Bertkau, 1880b: 310, pl. 6, f. 11 (m).
Lasaeola i. Simon, 1881a: 146.
Lasaeola i. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 25, pl. 1, f. 18 (mf).
Lasaeola i. Bösenberg, 1902: 125, pl. 11, f. 160 (mf).
Lasaeola bösenbergi Strand, 1902: 5 (name for specimens erroneously thought misidentified as D. i. by Bösenberg, 1902).
Lasaeola dissimilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1905: 49. 58, pl. A, f. 6-8 (Dm).
Lasaeola dissimilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1906a: 75, 84, pl. A, f. 1 (Df).
D. i. Lessert, 1910b: 117.
D. i. Simon, 1914a: 278, 301, f. 528 (mf).
D. i. Wiehle, 1937: 187, f. 186-189 (mf).
D. i. Bristowe, 1939: 63 (S).
D. i. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 47, f. 31D-E, 32C (mf).
D. i. Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 110, f. 15 (f).
D. i. Miller, 1967: 291, pl. XIV, f. 5-6 (f).
D. i. Tyschchenko, 1971: 144, f. 373, 376 (mf).
D. i. Miller, 1971: 186, pl. XXXI, f. 22 (f).
D. i. Palmgren, 1974b: 11, f. 3.6-7 (mf).
D. i. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78c (mf).
D. i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 284, f. 767 (mf).
D. i. Roberts, 1995: 268, f. (mf).
D. i. Roberts, 1998: 283, f. (mf).

mf insulana Chickering, 1943....................Mexico to Panama
D. i. Chickering, 1943b: 355, f. 36-39 (Dmf).
D. i. Levi, 1963a: 165, f. 174-177 (mf).

mf ira Levi, 1963....................Brazil
D. i. Levi, 1963a: 173, f. 235-237 (Df).
D. foliata Levi, 1963a: 181, f. 295-296 (m, misidentified).
D. i. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 52, f. 14 (m).

mf isthmia Chickering, 1943....................Panama
D. i. Chickering, 1943b: 357, f. 40-41 (Dm).
D. i. Levi, 1963a: 179, f. 281-284 (m, Df).

mf jamesi Roberts, 1979....................Jamaica, Panama
D. j. Roberts, 1979: 204, f. 88-106, 115-116 (Dmf).

mf japonica (Yoshida, 1985)....................Korea, Japan
Pholcomma japonicum Yoshida, 1985c: 10, f. 3, 8-10 (Df).
Pholcomma japonicum Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4M (f).
D. j. Yoshida, 1991e: 33, f. 1, 4 (Tf from Pholcomma, Dm).
D. kayaensis Paik, 1996e: 42, f. 1-14 (Dmf).
D. j. Kim & Kim, 1997: 20, f. 1-5 (f).
D. j. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 128, f. 1-6 (mf, S, but see Marusik & Koponen, 2000: 65, sub D. amamiensis).

mf josephus Levi, 1953....................Costa Rica, Panama
D. j. Levi, 1953a: 6, f. 11-13, 23-24 (Dmf).
D. j. Levi, 1963a: 148, f. 109 (m).

m keumunensis Paik, 1996....................Korea
D. k. Paik, 1996e: 43, f. 15-19 (Dm).

f keyserlingi Levi, 1963....................Brazil
Euryopis maculata Keyserling, 1891: 227, pl. 9, f. 169 (Df, preoccupied in D. by Keyserling, 1891).
D. k. Levi, 1963a: 174, f. 242-243 (Tf from Euryopis, replacement name).

mf kuyuwini Levi, 1963....................Venezuela, Guyana
D. k. Levi, 1963a: 156, f. 105-108 (Dmf).

f labialis Zhu, 1998....................China
D. l. Zhu, 1998: 241, f. 158A-D (Df).
D. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 55A-B (f).

f lana Levi, 1953....................USA, Panama
D. l. Levi, 1953b: 36, f. 112-113 (Df).
D. l. Levi, 1963a: 146, f. 128-130 (f).

m latifrons Denis, 1950....................France
D. l. Denis, 1950a: 141, f. 3-5 (Dm).

f lesnei Simon, 1899....................Algeria
D. l. Simon, 1899c: 86 (Df).

f leveillei (Simon, 1885)....................Tunisia
Lasaeola l. Simon, 1885g: 26 (Df).

mf liguanea Levi, 1963....................Jamaica
D. l. Levi, 1963a: 179, f. 277-280 (Dmf).

m lindholmi (Strand, 1910)....................Ukraine
Lasaeola l. Strand, 1910d: 114 (Dm).

mf lineatipes Bryant, 1933....................USA to Brazil
D. l. Bryant, 1933a: 174, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df).
D. l. Levi, 1953b: 12, f. 11-15, 120-121 (f, Dm).
D. alta Levi, 1963a: 159, f. 138-139 (S, rejected).
D. l. Roberts, 1979: 202, f. 58-87, 108-110 (mf, removed from S).

f longiventris (Simon, 1905)....................Argentina
Euryopis l. Simon, 1905e: 6 (Df).
D. l. Levi, 1963a: 160, f. 114-115 (Tf from Euryopis).

f lugens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1909)....................Britain (introduced from Portugal or Spain)
Laseola l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1909b: 249 (Df).
D. l. Bristowe, 1930b: 646.

m luisi Levi, 1953....................Mexico
D. l. Levi, 1953a: 6, f. 9, 16 (Dm).

m maculosa Yoshida & Ono, 2000....................Japan
D. m. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 147, f. 37-39 (Dm).

mf malkini Levi, 1953....................USA
D. m. Levi, 1953b: 33, f. 8, 60-64, 110-111 (Dmf).

mf martinae Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra, China, Korea, Ryukyu Is., Philippines
D. m. Roberts, 1983: 227, f. 32-35 (Dm).
D. japonica Yoshida, 1991e: 33, f. 2 (f, misidentified).
D. decamaculata Chen, Peng & Zhao, 1992: 270, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
D. coreana Paik, 1995c: 32, f. 1-6 (Dm).
D. ruedai Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 454, f. 274a-j (Dm).
D. m. Zhu, 1998: 236, f. 154A-F (m, Sf).
D. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 55C-D, K-L (mf).
D. m. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 132, f. 11-16 (mf, S).

f meckeli Simon, 1897....................St. Vincent
D. m. Simon, 1897d: 863 (Df).
D. m. Levi, 1963a: 177, f. 257-258 (f).

mf melanogaster (C. L. Koch, 1837) *....................Europe, North Africa to Azerbaijan
Atea m. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 4 (D).
Atea m. C. L. Koch, 1844: 143, f. 941-942 (Dmf).
Theridion congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1863: 8576 (Df).
Theridion m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 422.
D. m. Simon, 1881a: 115.
D. m. Becker, 1896: 105, pl. 23, f. 2 (mf).
D. m. Bösenberg, 1902: 117, pl. 10, f. 147 (mf).
D. m. Wiehle, 1937: 181, f. 169-174 (mf).
D. m. Levi, 1953b: 11, f. 1-3, 9-10 (mf).
D. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 50, f. 33C, F-G (mf).
D. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 40, f. 48-49 (mf).
D. m. Hamamura, 1965: 41, f. IIb (f).
D. m. Miller, 1967: 286, pl. XII, f. 1-3 (mf).
D. m. Miller, 1971: 184, pl. XXXI, f. 10-11 (m).
D. m. Punda, 1975b: 60, f. 124-125 (f).
D. m. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 37, f. 39 (f).
D. m. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 39 (f).
D. m. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 39 (f).
D. m. Heimer, 1982: 41, f. 7 (m).
D. m. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78f (mf).
D. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 284, f. 763 (mf).
D. m. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 39 (f).
D. m. Roberts, 1995: 270, f. (mf).
D. m. Roberts, 1998: 285, f. (mf).

f mendoza Levi, 1967....................Argentina
D. m. Levi, 1967b: 34, f. 38-40 (Df).

mf menustya Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
D. m. Roberts, 1983: 224, f. 24-31 (Dmf).

f mertoni Levi, 1963....................Panama
D. m. Levi, 1963a: 161, f. 122-124 (Df).

mf militaris Chickering, 1943....................Panama to Paraguay
D. m. Chickering, 1943b: 358, f. 42-43 (Df).
D. matogrossensis Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 366, f. 19-20 (Dm).
D. m. Levi, 1963a: 151, f. 59-64 (f, Sm).

f mitifica Simon, 1899....................Sumatra
D. m. Simon, 1899a: 83 (Df).

f mollis (Simon, 1903)....................Equatorial Guinea
Trigonobothrys molle Simon, 1903e: 75 (Df).

mf mustelina (Simon, 1889)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan, Krakatau
Euryopis m. Simon, 1889d: 251 (Df).
Euryopies m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 137, pl. 3, f. 2, pl. 12, f. 276 (f).
Euryopis m. Paik, 1962: 74, f. 1 (f).
D. m. Yaginuma, 1967b: 88, f. 1a-c (Tf from Euryopis, Dm).
D. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 42, f. 23.3 (mf).
D. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 36, f. 32 (mf).
D. m. Zhu, 1992: 109, f. 5-6 (f).
D. m. Zhu, 1998: 240, f. 157A-D (mf).
D. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 55E-F, M (mf).
D. m. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 135, f. 17 (m).

f mutilata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Korea, Japan
D. m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 150, pl. 12, f. 275 (Df).
D. longisternum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 152, pl. 10, f. 189 (Df).
D. m. Paik, 1962: 74, f. 2 (f).
D. m. Yamakawa & Kumada, 1979: 5, f. 2 (f).
D. m. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 139, f. 21-30 (f, Dm, S).

f neotoma Levi, 1953....................USA
D. n. Levi, 1953b: 36, f. 7, 118-119 (Df).

mf nigra (Emerton, 1882)....................USA, Canada
Steatoda n. Emerton, 1882: 21, pl. 4, f. 4 (Dmf).
D. crassiventris Keyserling, 1886b: 41, pl. 12, f. 156 (Df).
D. parvula Banks, 1901a: 584, pl. 22, f. 4 (Df).
D. n. Banks, 1892a: 31.
D. tibialis Banks, 1906b: 96 (Df).
D. n. Kaston, 1948: 90, f. 88-90 (mf).
D. n. Levi, 1953b: 21, f. 30-32, 37-46, 91-97 (mf, S).
D. n. Levi, 1963a: 143 (S).

mf nigromaculata (Yoshida, 1987)....................Taiwan, Ryukyu Is.
Pholcomma nigromaculatum Yoshida, 1987c: 29, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
D. n. Zhu, 1998: 227, f. 147A-E (Tm<>


‹bertragung unterbrochen

I>D. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 55G-H, N (mf).

mf nigroreticulata (Simon, 1879)....................Europe
Euryopis nigro-reticulata Simon, 1879a: 254 (Df).
Lasaeola n. Simon, 1881a: 150.
Lasaeola n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 25, pl. 1, f. 21 (f).
D. n. Simon, 1914a: 275, 301, f. 528 (f).
D. n. Miller, 1967: 287, pl. XII, f. 4-9 (f, Dm).
D. n. Miller, 1971: 184, pl. XXXI, f. 18-19 (f).
D. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 284, f. 768 (mf).
D. n. Finch, 1999: 66, f. 1a-b (mf).

m niteroi Levi, 1963....................Brazil
D. n. Levi, 1963a: 166, f. 181-182 (Dm).

f notata Dyal, 1935....................India
D. n. Dyal, 1935: 166 (Df).

f obscura Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
D. o. Keyserling, 1891: 226, pl. 9, f. 167 (Df).
D. o. Levi, 1963a: 164, f. 169-170 (f).

f ocosingo Levi, 1953....................Mexico
D. o. Levi, 1953a: 8, f. 29-30 (Df).

f ohigginsi Levi, 1963....................Chile
D. o. Levi, 1963a: 150, f. 53-55 (Df).

m okinawana Yoshida & Ono, 2000....................China, Ryukyu Is.
D. amamiensis Yoshida, 1991e: 35, f. 5-6 (m, misidentified).
D. amamiensis Zhu, 1998: 242, f. 159E (m, misidentified).
D. amaniensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 110, f. 53M (m, misidentified).
D. o. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 146, f. 33-36 (Dm).

f olivenca Levi, 1963....................Brazil
D. o. Levi, 1963a: 154, f. 90-92 (Df).

f opana Levi, 1963....................Brazil
D. o. Levi, 1963a: 154, f. 93-95 (Df).

m origanata Levi, 1953....................Mexico
D. o. Levi, 1953a: 9, f. 5-8 (Dm).

mf orvillei Chickering, 1943....................Panama
D. o. Chickering, 1943b: 360, f. 44-45 (Dm).
D. o. Levi, 1963a: 178, f. 268-271 (m, Df).

mf pacifica Chickering, 1943....................Panama, Jamaica
D. p. Chickering, 1943b: 361, f. 46-49 (Dmf).
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 178, f. 272-276 (mf).

f pacificana Berland, 1938....................New Hebrides
D. p. Berland, 1938: 163, f. 95-98 (Df).

f pallisteri Levi, 1963....................Peru
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 180, f. 288-291 (Df).

f parki Chickering, 1943....................Panama
D. p. Chickering, 1943b: 366, f. 52-53 (Df).
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 152, f. 78-80 (f).

mf pelorosa Zhu, 1998....................China
D. p. Zhu, 1998: 243, f. 160A-E (Dmf).
D. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 55I-J, O (mf).

m peregregia Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
D. p. Simon, 1909e: 94 (Dm).

mf perimenta Levi, 1963....................Panama
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 158, f. 133-137 (Dmf).

f peruensis Levi, 1963....................Peru, Paraguay
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 157, f. 131-132 (Df).

f petrunkevitchi Roewer, 1942....................Myanmar
D. tristis Petrunkevitch, 1914a: 171, pl. 26, f. 4 (Df; preoccupied by Hahn 1833, sub Linyphia).
D. p. Roewer, 1942a: 422 (replacement name).

f picta (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra
Lasaeola p. Thorell, 1890a: 285 (Df).

mf plaumanni Levi, 1963....................Brazil
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 155, f. 99-104 (Dmf).

f polita (Mello-Leitão, 1947)....................Brazil
Theridula p. Mello-Leitão, 1947d: 127, f. 1 (Df).
Theridula p. Levi, 1966b: 123, f. 6 (f).
D. p. Levi, 1967b: 36 (Tf from Theridula, possible S of D. militaris).

m praecelsa Simon, 1914....................France
D. p. Simon, 1914a: 276, 301, f. 528 (Dm).

m pristea Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
D. p. Roberts, 1983: 221, f. 18-23 (Dm).

mf prona (Menge, 1868)....................Holarctic
Pachydactylus pronus Menge, 1868: 177, pl. 33, f. 80 (Dmf).
Theridion pronum O. P.-Cambridge, 1873b: 535.
Steatoda p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1874d: 324.
Euryopis p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 481.
Lasaeola p. Simon, 1881a: 145.
Lasaeola p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 25, pl. 1, f. 20 (mf).
Lasaeola p. Bösenberg, 1902: 124, pl. 11, f. 159 (f).
Lasaeola jucunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1903: 152, 162, pl. A, f. 3 (Dmf).
Lasaeola jucunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1907: 125, pl. A, f. 13-15 (mf).
D. p. Simon, 1914a: 277, 302, f. 528 (mf).
D. p. Wiehle, 1937: 186, f. 184-185 (mf).
D. p. Tullgren, 1949: 50, f. 9 (f).
D. hamata Tullgren, 1949: 50, f. 10, 11a-b (Dm).
D. hamata Levi, 1953b: 30, f. 50-59, 105-106 (mf).
D. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 46, f. 31A-B, 32A (mf).
D. p. Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 110, f. 14 (f).
D. p. Levi & Levi, 1962: 50 (m).
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 145 (S).
D. p. Miller, 1967: 290, pl. XIII, f. 16-19 (mf).
D. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 143, f. 372, 375 (mf).
D. p. Miller, 1971: 185, pl. XXXI, f. 14-15 (mf).
D. p. Palmgren, 1974b: 11, f. 2.27-29 (mf).
D. hamata Palmgren, 1974b: 11, f. 3.4-5 (mf, after Levi, 1953b).
D. p. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78b (mf).
D. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 284, f. 765 (mf).
D. p. Roberts, 1995: 269, f. (mf).
D. p. Roberts, 1998: 284, f. (mf).
D. p. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 149, f. 40-47 (mf).

mf proterva Chickering, 1943....................Panama
D. p. Chickering, 1943b: 371, f. 60-63 (Dmf).
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 152, f. 70-73 (mf).

f provalis Levi, 1953....................USA
D. p. Levi, 1953b: 34, f. 114-115 (Df).

f puertoricensis Levi, 1963....................Puerto Rico
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 166, f. 178-180 (Df).

f pulicaria (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra
Lasaeola p. Thorell, 1890a: 283 (Df).
D. p. Reimoser, 1931a: 760.

mf pumicata (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Euryopis p. Keyserling, 1886b: 264, pl. 21, f. 312 (Df).
D. maculata Keyserling, 1891: 225, pl. 9, f. 166 (Dm).
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 170, f. 209-218 (Tf from Euryopis, Sm).

mf punctisparsa Yaginuma, 1967....................Korea, Japan
D. p. Yaginuma, 1967b: 97, f. 3f-h (Dmf).
D. p. Yaginuma, 1971: 128, f. 107.18-20 (mf).
D. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 42, f. 23.4 (mf).
D. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 36, f. 31 (mf).

f pusilla (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Euryopis p. Keyserling, 1886b: 263, pl. 21, f. 311 (Df).
D. p. Levi, 1963a: 165, f. 160-162 (Tf from Euryopis).

f quadricuspis Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
D. q. Caporiacco, 1949a: 378, f. 35a-b (Df).

mf redunca Zhu, 1998....................China
D. r. Zhu, 1998: 232, f. 151A-F (Dmf).
D. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 56A-B, I-J (mf).

f ripa Zhu, 1998....................China
D. r. Zhu, 1998: 233, f. 152A-D (Df).
D. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 56C-D (f).

f rita Levi, 1953....................USA
D. r. Levi, 1953b: 32, f. 107 (Df).

mf rubella (Keyserling, 1884)....................Panama to Peru, Brazil
Theridion rubellum Keyserling, 1884a: 63, pl. 3, f. 37 (Df).
D. petrunkevitchi Chickering, 1943b: 368, f. 54-59 (Dmf, preoccupied by Roewer, 1942).
D. roeweri Chickering, in Roewer, 1951: 455 (replacement name).
D. rubellum Levi, 1963a: 167, f. 187-190 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
D. r. Levi, 1967b: 22.

mf santacatarinae Levi, 1963....................Brazil
D. s. Levi, 1963a: 168, f. 194-198 (Dmf).
D. santacaterinae Brignoli, 1983c: 403 (lapsus).

m scabella Simon, 1903....................Equatorial Guinea
D. s. Simon, 1903e: 77 (Dm).

mf seclusa Chickering, 1948....................Panama to Venezuela
D. s. Chickering, 1948: 335, f. 4-7 (Dmf).
D. s. Levi, 1963a: 152, f. 74-77 (mf).
D. s. Georgescu, 1987: 114, f. 22 (m).

f sedilloti (Simon, 1885)....................France, Algeria, Tunisia
Lasaeola s. Simon, 1885g: 25 (Df).
D. s. Simon, 1914a: 277, 300, f. 528 (f).

f semicana Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
D. s. Simon, 1909e: 92 (Df).

j seminigra Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
D. s. Simon, 1909e: 94 (Dj).

f sericata (Simon, 1879)....................France
Euryopis s. Simon, 1879a: 253 (Df).
Lasaeola s. Simon, 1881a: 141.
D. s. Simon, 1914a: 277, 302, f. 528 (f).

m sertata (Simon, 1895)....................Sri Lanka
Stictoxena s. Simon, 1894a: 529 (nomen nudum).
Stictoxena s. Simon, 1895g: 138 (Dm).
Stictoxena s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 41, f. 60-61 (m).

f setosa (Hickman, 1951)....................Tasmania
Trigonobothrys setosus Hickman, 1951b: 4, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
D. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 399.

mf signifera Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
D. s. Simon, 1909e: 93 (Dmf).

f silvicola Miller, 1970....................Angola
D. s. Miller, 1970: 161, pl. LIV, f. 1-4 (Df).

mf sinica Zhu, 1992....................China
D. s. Zhu, 1992: 109, f. 7-13 (Dmf).
D. hubeiensis Chen & Zhao, 1996: 35, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
D. s. Zhu, 1998: 238, f. 156A-G (mf, S).
D. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 56E-F, K-L (mf).

m spundana Roberts, 1978....................Seychelles
D. s. Roberts, 1978: 903, f. 1-4 (Dm).

f standleyi Levi, 1963....................Panama
D. s. Levi, 1963a: 163, f. 155-159 (Df).

f stellaris Zhu, 1998....................China
D. s. Zhu, 1998: 230, f. 149A-D (Df).
D. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 56G-H (f).

m sticta Zhu, 1992....................China
D. s. Zhu, 1992: 110, f. 14-17 (Dm).
D. s. Zhu, 1998: 252, f. 168A-D (m).
D. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 56M-N (m).

mf striata Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is.
D. s. Wunderlich, 1987a: 211, f. 557-563 (Dmf).

f subflavida Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
D. s. Thorell, 1895: 102 (Df).

f submustelina Zhu, 1998....................China
D. s. Zhu, 1998: 250, f. 166A-D (Df).
D. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 57A-B (f).

mf sulfurica Levi, 1953....................USA, Mexico
D. s. Levi, 1953b: 29, f. 4-5, 47-49, 83-84, 102-104 (Dmf).

mf taeniatipes Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
D. t. Keyserling, 1891: 224, pl. 9, f. 165 (Df).
D. t. Levi, 1963a: 154, f. 87-89 (f).
D. itu Levi, 1963a: 181, f. 297-298 (Dm).
D. t. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 52, f. 15-16 (Sm).

f tecoja Levi, 1953....................Mexico
D. t. Levi, 1953a: 10, f. 19-20 (Df).

mf tingo Levi, 1963....................Peru, Brazil
D. t. Levi, 1963a: 180, f. 285-287 (Df).
D. inca Levi, 1963a: 182, f. 299-301 (Dm).
D. t. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 54, f. 17 (Sm).

mf tiro Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
D. t. Levi, 1963a: 171, f. 223-227 (Dmf).

mf torva (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic
Steatoda t. Thorell, 1875c: 58 (Df).
Euryopis procax Simon, 1879a: 254 (Dm).
Lasaeola procax Simon, 1881a: 143.
Lasaeola t. Simon, 1881a: 152.
Lasaeola procax Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 242, pl. 3, f. 4 (m, Df).
Lasaeola t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 25, pl. 1, f. 19 (f).
Lasaeola t. Bösenberg, 1902: 124, pl. 11, f. 158 (Dmf).
D. procax Simon, 1914a: 275, 301, f. 528 (m).
Lasaeola t. Pereleschina, 1928: 14, f. 1 (f).
D. t. Miller, 1936b: 263, f. 9-10 (f).
D. procax Wiehle, 1937: 189, f. 191-193 (mf).
D. t. Tullgren, 1949: 52, f. 12 (f).
D. procax Tullgren, 1949: 54, f. 13, 14a-b (m).
D. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 51, f. 34A-D (mf, S).
D. procax Wiehle, 1960b: 232, f. 6-9 (m).
D. t. Miller, 1967: 288, pl. XII, f. 10-18 (mf).
D. t. Tyschchenko, 1971: 142, f. 371, 374 (mf).
D. t. Miller, 1971: 184, f. 20 (f).
D. t. Palmgren, 1974b: 13, f. 3.1-3 (mf).
D. t. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78g (mf).
D. t. Izmailova, 1989: 87, f. 65 (f).
D. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 284, f. 764 (mf).
D. t. Roberts, 1995: 270, f. (mf).
D. t. Roberts, 1998: 285, f. (mf).
D. t. Aakra, 2000a: 84, f. 5 (f).
D. t. Pesarini, 2000: 380, f. 5 (m).

j transversisulcata Strand, 1908....................Madagascar
D. t. Strand, 1908f: 462 (Dj).

mf trinidensis Levi, 1963....................Trinidad
D. t. Levi, 1963a: 172, f. 228-231 (Dmf).

mf tropica Chickering, 1943....................Panama, Colombia
D. t. Chickering, 1943b: 375, f. 64-66 (Dm).
D. t. Levi, 1963a: 177, f. 259-262 (m, Df).

m tuldokguhitanea Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
D. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 456, f. 275a-g (Dm).

mf turriceps (Schenkel, 1936)....................China
Paoningia t. Schenkel, 1936b: 42, f. 12 (Dm).
Paoningia t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 41, f. 62 (m).
D. t. Zhu, 1998: 244, f. 161A-F (m, Df).
D. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 57C-D, I (mf).

mf umbratilis (Simon, 1873)....................Western Mediterranean
Euryopis u. Simon, 1873a: 301, pl. 2, f. 25 (Df).
Lasaeola auberti Simon, 1881a: 147 (Dm).
Lasaeola u. Simon, 1881a: 149 (Dm).
D. u. Simon, 1914a: 275, 301, f. 528 (mf).
D. u. Machado, 1949: 21, f. 14 (f).

mf variabilis (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Euryopis v. Keyserling, 1886b: 262, pl. 21, f. 310 (Df).
D. v. Levi, 1963a: 167, f. 185-186 (Tf from Euryopis).
D. sicki Levi, 1963a: 176, f. 248-249 (Dm).
Dipoenata sicki Wunderlich, 1988: 156 (Tm from Dipoena).
D. v. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 54, f. 18 (Sm).

f venusta Chickering, 1948....................Panama
D. v. Chickering, 1948: 339, f. 11-12 (Df).
D. v. Levi, 1963a: 160, f. 116-118 (f).

mf wangi Zhu, 1998....................China
D. w. Zhu, 1998: 245, f. 162A-F (Dmf).
D. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 57E-F, J-K (mf).

m washougalia Levi, 1953....................USA
D. w. Levi, 1953b: 35, f. 72-76 (Dm).

f waspucensis Levi, 1963....................Nicaragua
D. w. Levi, 1963a: 160, f. 140-142 (Df).

f woytkowskii Levi, 1963....................Venezuela, Peru
D. w. Levi, 1963a: 162, f. 147-149 (Df).

m xanthopus Simon, 1914....................Algeria
D. x. Simon, 1914a: 276 (Dm).

m yona Yoshida & Ono, 2000....................Ryukyu Is.
D. y. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 153, f. 54-56 (Dm).

mf yoshidai Ono, 1991....................Japan
D. y. Ono, in Ono et al., 1991: 91, f. 2-8 (Dmf).
D. y. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 152, f. 48-53 (mf).

mf yutian Hu & Wu, 1989....................China
D. y. Hu & Wu, 1989: 120, f. 93.1-6 (Dmf).
D. y. Zhu, 1998: 249, f. 165A-E (mf).
D. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 57G-H, L-M (mf).

f zeteki Chickering, 1943....................Panama
D. z. Chickering, 1943b: 376, f. 67-68 (Df).
D. z. Levi, 1963a: 155, f. 96-98 (Df).

Gen. Dipoenata Wunderlich, 1988

D. Wunderlich, 1988: 154, type D. stipes Wunderlich, 1988 (from Dominican amber).

Transferred to other genera:
D. sicki (Levi, 1963) -- see Dipoena.

In synonymy:
D. cylindrica (Soares & Camargo, 1955, T from Dipoena) = D. conica (Chickering, 1943) (Levi, 1963a: 162, sub Dipoena).

mf balboae (Chickering, 1943)....................Panama, Venezuela
Dipoena b. Chickering, 1943b: 334, f. 6-9 (Dmf).
Dipoena b. Levi, 1963a: 148, f. 39-43 (mf).
D. b. Wunderlich, 1988: 158 (Tmf from Dipoena).

f cana Kritscher, 1996....................Malta
D. c. Kritscher, 1996: 128, f. 2 (Df).

mf canariensis (Wunderlich, 1987)....................Canary Is.
Dipoena c. Wunderlich, 1987a: 210, f. 552-556 (Dmf).
D. c. Wunderlich, 1988: 154 (Tmf from Dipoena).

mf conica (Chickering, 1943)....................Panama, Brazil
Dipoena c. Chickering, 1943b: 341, f. 18-19 (Df).
Dipoena cylindrica Soares & Camargo, 1955: 580, f. 9, 12-13 (Dm).
Dipoena c. Levi, 1963a: 162, f. 56, 143-146 (f, Sm).
D. c. Wunderlich, 1988: 161 (Tmf from Dipoena).

f flavitarsis Wunderlich, 1992....................Canary Is.
D. f. Wunderlich, 1992a: 409, f. 572-573 (Df).

f longitarsis (Denis, 1962)....................Madeira
Dipoena l. Denis, 1962a: 57, f. 49-55 (Df).
D. l. Wunderlich, 1992a: 89 (Tf from Dipoena).

m morosa (Bryant, 1948)....................Hispaniola to Brazil
Dipoena m. Bryant, 1948b: 376, f. 50, 52-53 (Dm).
Dipoena m. Levi, 1963a: 153, f. 84-86 (m).
D. m. Wunderlich, 1988: 156 (Tm from Dipoena).

Gen. Dipoenura Simon, 1908

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Trichursa Simon, 1909 (transferred from the Araneidae) by Levi, 1972b: 534.

In synonymy:
D. quadrilobata (Simon, 1909) = D. fimbriata Simon, 1909 (Levi, 1972b: 534).

mf aplustra Zhu & Zhang, 1997....................China
D. a. Zhu & Zhang, 1997: 23, f. 2A-F (Dmf).
D. a. Zhu, 1998: 42, f. 20A-E (mf).
D. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 58A-B, E (mf).

mf cyclosoides (Simon, 1895)....................Sierra Leone, China
Dipoena c. Simon, 1894a: 562, f. 573 (f, nomen nudum).
Dipoena c. Simon, 1895g: 145 (Dmf).
D. c. Levi & Levi, 1962: 49, f. 157-159 (f).
D. c. Zhu & Zhang, 1997: 22, f. 1A-F (mf).
D. c. Zhu, 1998: 43, f. 21A-F (mf).
D. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 112, f. 58C-D, F (mf).

mf fimbriata Simon, 1909 *....................Vietnam, Krakatau
D. f. Simon, 1909e: 95 (Dmf).
Trichursa quadrilobata Simon, 1909e: 119 (Df).
D. f. Levi & Levi, 1962: 49, f. 150-156 (mf).
D. f. Levi, 1972b: 534 (S).

f quadrifida Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
D. q. Simon, 1909e: 96 (Df).

Gen. Echinotheridion Levi, 1963

E. Levi, 1963b: 234, type E. cartum Levi; Wunderlich's (1987a: 207) synonymy with Tidarren Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934 has not been followed by subsequent workers and was explicitly rejected by Wunderlich, 1992a: 410.

Transferred to other genera:
E. pseudogibberosum (Schmidt, 1973) -- see Tidarren.

f andresito Ramírez & González, 1999....................Brazil, Argentina
E. a. Ramírez & González, 1999: 197, f. 8-13 (Df).

mf cartum Levi, 1963 *....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
E. c. Levi, 1963b: 236, f. 117-121 (Df).
E. c. Ramírez & González, 1999: 195, f. 1-7 (f, Dm).

f elicolum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
E. e. Levi, 1963b: 237, f. 115-116 (Df).

f gibberosum (Kulczyn'ski, 1899)....................Madeira, Canary Is.
Theridion g. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 364, pl. 6, f. 27, pl. 7, f. 37-40 (Df).
Achaearanea gibberosa Denis, 1962a: 62 (Tf from Theridion).
E. g. Schmidt, 1973: 369 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Tidarren g. Wunderlich, 1987a: 207, f. 544-545 (f, S, rejected).

m levii Ramírez & González, 1999....................Brazil
E. cartum Levi, 1981c: 178, f. 1-2 (m, misidentified).
E. l. Ramírez & González, 1999: 197 (Dm).

f lirum Marques & Buckup, 1989....................Brazil
E. l. Marques & Buckup, 1989: 103, f. 7-12 (Df).

f otlum Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
E. o. Levi, 1963b: 236, f. 122-124 (Df).

m urarum Buckup & Marques, 1989....................Brazil
E. u. Buckup & Marques, 1989: 124, f. 1-3 (Dm).

f utibile (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil
Theridion u. Keyserling, 1884a: 28, pl. 1, f. 13 (Df).
E. u. Levi, 1963b: 237, f. 125-126 (Tf from Theridion).

Gen. Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880

N.B.: placed on Official List of Generic Names in Zoology (instead of its senior synonym Phyllonethis Thorell, 1869) by ICZN Opinion 517; considered a senior synonym of Symopagia Simon, 1894 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 29.

Transferred to other genera:
E. bellicosa (Simon, 1873) -- see Rugathodes.
E. crassipes Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Anelosimus.
E. dubia Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Anelosimus.
E. foliicola Dönitz & Strand, 1906 -- see Anelosimus.
E. gigans (Franganillo, 1913) -- see Zygiella under Araneidae.
E. mainlingensis Hu & Li, 1987 -- see Steatoda.
E. pallida Emerton, 1914 -- see Eidmanella under Nesticidae.
E. triangulifera Simon, 1902 -- see Anelosimus.
E. trifididens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873) -- see Napometa under Linyphiidae.

In synonymy:
E. aituarca Esyunin & Efimik, 1998 = E. serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879) (Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 107).
E. ambigua Kulczyn'ski, 1894 = E. serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879) (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 236).
E. arganoi (Brignoli, 1980, T from Robertus) = E. testacea Simon, 1884 (Eskov, 1987b: 290).
E. camtschadalica Kulczyn'ski, 1885 = E. caricis (Fickert, 1876) (Levi, 1957a: 13, sub E. tecta).
E. corollata (Bertkau, 1883) = E. oelandica (Thorell, 1875) (Wiehle, 1960b: 234).
E. cottarellii (Brignoli, 1980) = E. testacea Simon, 1884 (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 222).
E. crucifera (Thorell, 1875) = E. mordax (Thorell, 1875) (van Helsdingen, 1978b: 192).
E. hungarica Kolosváry, 1934 = E. serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879) (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 236).
E. jacksoni Schenkel, 1927 = E. serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879) (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 236).
E. joshua pintura Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = E. joshua Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 (Levi, 1957a: 15).
E. krasnojarskensis (Strand, 1903, removed from S of Theridion undulatum) = E. serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879) (Holm, 1973: 76).
E. mansueta (L. Koch, 1882, T from Theridion) = E. mandibularis (Lucas, 1846) (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 231).
E. maritima Simon, 1884 = E. mordax (Thorell, 1875) (Bristowe, 1939: 3, 64, sub E. schaufussi).
E. marmorata parvior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = E. marmorata (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1957a: 12).
E. militaris Wunderlich, 1995 = E. latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982 (Malten, 2000: 58).
E. mimoides (Chamberlin, 1920) = E. marmorata (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1957a: 12).
E. nigrocincta Simon, 1884 = E. mandibularis (Lucas, 1846) (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 231, after Wunderlich, 1976a: 99).
E. pikes Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = E. intrepida (Sørensen, 1898) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 27, sub E. rugosa).
E. piuta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = E. joshua Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 (Levi, 1957a: 15).
E. puritana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = E. caricis (Fickert, 1876) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 27, sub E. tecta).
E. redimita (Linnaeus, 1758, T from Theridion) = E. ovata (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
E. robustula Roewer, 1942 = E. diversa (Blackwall, 1859) (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 226).
E. rugosa Emerton, 1908 = E. intrepida (Sørensen, 1898) (Levi, 1957a: 17).
E. schaufussi (L. Koch, 1882) = E. mordax (Thorell, 1875) (Wunderlich, in Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 107, sub E. crucifera).
E. tecta Keyserling, 1884 = E. caricis (Fickert, 1876) (Rûzicka & Holec, 1998: 2, after Wunderlich, 1976).
E. thoracicoides Nosek, 1905 = E. quadripunctata Simon, 1884 (Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 218).

mf afrodite Hippa & Oksala, 1983....................Southern Europe
E. a. Hippa & Oksala, 1983b: 73, f. 3, 5, 8, 10-11, 13-14 (Dmf).
E. a. Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994: 2, f. 6-7 (mf).
E. a. Pesarini, 2000: 382, f. 6 (m).

f almeriensis Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Spain
E. a. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 231, f. 121-122 (Df).

m apaya Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 473, f. 289a-c (Dm).

f bidens Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
E. b. Simon, 1908d: 414 (Df).

mf biskrensis Denis, 1945....................Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
E. b. Denis, 1945b: 49, f. 18 (Df).
E. b. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 220, f. 48-52 (f, Dm, removed from S of E. quadripunctata Simon, 1884, contra Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 66. and of E. testacea Simon, 1884, contra Wunderlich, 1995x: 703).

f bobaiensis Zhu, 1998....................China
E. b. Zhu, 1998: 312, f. 209A-D (Df).
E. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 58G-H (f).

f cariasoi Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. c. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 469, f. 285a-g (Df).

mf caricis (Fickert, 1876)....................Holarctic
Steatoda c. Fickert, 1876: 72 (Df).
E. c. Simon, 1884a: 188 (Dm).
Lithyphantes tectus Keyserling, 1884a: 138, pl. 6, f. 86 (Dm).
E. camtschadalica Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 28, pl. 9, f. 9 (Df).
E. tecta Simon, 1894a: 578.
E. c. Simon, 1914a: 285, 306, f. 533 (mf).
E. camtschadalica Schenkel, 1930b: 6, f. 3 (Dm).
E. c. Wiehle, 1937: 209, f. 251-253 (mf).
E. marmorata Fox, 1940: 40 (S, rejected).
E. puritana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 41, f. 87-88 (Dmf).
E. tecta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 27 (S).
Theridion tectum Archer, 1950: 24, pl. III, f. 7 (m).
Theridion puritanum Levi & Field, 1954: 444, f. 12 (m).
E. tecta Levi, 1957a: 13, f. 11, 25, 28-29, 34-37 (mf, S).
E. tecta Shear, 1967: 5, f. 4-5 (m).
E. c. Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 8-9 (f).
E. c. Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 108, f. 6-11, 16 (mf).
E. tecta Wunderlich, 1976a: 102, f. 17-22 (mf; N.B.: regarded E. c. as nomen dubium, subsequently rejected).
E. tecta Roberts, 1985: 192, f. 85d (mf).
E. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 286, f. 772 (f).
E. tecta Roberts, 1995: 291, f. (mf).
E. tecta Kupryjanowicz, 1997a: 185, f. 3-6 (m).
E. c. Zhu, 1998: 303, f. 203A-C (f).
E. tecta Roberts, 1998: 305, f. (mf).
E. c. Rûzicka & Holec, 1998: 2 (not a nomen dubium, contra Wunderlich, 1976; S)
E. tecta Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 215, f. 18-23 (mf).
E. tecta Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 58I-J (f).

mf carinata Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Morocco, Algeria
E. c. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 237, f. 113-117 (Dmf).

mf deserta Levy & Amitai, 1981....................Morocco to Israel
E. d. Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 55, f. 25-31 (Dmf).
E. d. Levy, 1998b: 38, f. 61-67 (mf).
E. d. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 230, f. 91-95 (mf).

mf diodonta Zhu & Zhang, 1992....................China
E. mandibularis Song, 1980: 142, f. 77a-d (m, misidentified).
E. d. Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 26, f. 6A-G (Dmf).
E. d. Zhu, 1998: 318, f. 214A-G (mf).
E. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 58K-N (mf).

mf diversa (Blackwall, 1859)....................Madeira, Canary Is., Spain, Morocco to Greece
Epeira d. Blackwall, 1859b: 262 (Df).
E. robusta Simon, 1884j: 332 (Df; preoccupied by Thorell, 1878).
E. d. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 377, pl. 7, f. 42-43, 45 (f, Dm).
E. robustula Roewer, 1942a: 402 (replacement name for E. robusta Simon).
E. d. Denis, 1962a: 67, f. 60 (f).
E. d. Wunderlich, 1987a: 199, f. 528-530 (mf).
E. d. Wunderlich, 1995x: 705, f. 11 (m).
E. d. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 226, f. 78-82 (mf, S)

f dorsinotata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Japan
E. d. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 156, pl. 10, f. 194 (Df).
E. d. Saito, 1939: 52, f. 6(4) (f).
E. d. Saito, 1959: 66, f. 53a-b (f).
E. d. Yaginuma, 1960: 33, f. 32 (f).
E. d. Yaginuma, 1965b: 363, f. 3.6 (f).
E. d. Yaginuma, 1971: 33, f. 32 (f).
E. d. Hu, 1984: 162, f. 167.1 (f).
E. d. Zhu et al., 1985: 99, f. 85a-c (f).
E. d. Yaginuma, 1986a: 38, f. 21.3 (f).
E. d. Zhang, 1987: 107, f. 87.1-3 (f).
E. d. Chen & Gao, 1990: 94, f. 118 (f).
E. d. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 145, f. 138 (f).
E. d. Zhao, 1993: 219, f. 98 (f).

mf franzi Wunderlich, 1995....................Mediterranean
E. f. Wunderlich, 1995x: 704, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
E. f. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 224, f. 73-77 (mf).

mf gemina Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Mediterranean
E. g. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 235, f. 103-107 (Dmf).

m gershomi Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Israel
E. g. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 231, f. 118-120 (Dm).

mf giladensis (Levy & Amitai, 1982)....................Rhodes, Israel
Anelosimus g. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 127, f. 93-97 (Dmf).
Anelosimus g. Levy, 1998b: 139, f. 260-264 (mf).
E. g. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 412, f. 1-5, 8, 54-57 (Tmf from Anelosimus).

mf gramineusa Zhu, 1998....................China
E. g. Zhu, 1998: 307, f. 206A-F (Dmf).
E. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 59A-B, I-J (mf).

mf hangzhouensis Zhu, 1998....................China
E. h. Zhu, 1998: 314, f. 211A-E (Dmf).
E. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 59C-D, K-L (mf).

m hermani Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Algeria
E. h. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 229, f. 88-90 (Dm).

f inornata O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................South Africa
E. i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 151, pl. 10, f. 2 (Df).

mf intrepida (Sørensen, 1898)....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Greenland
Theridion intrepidum Sørensen, 1898: 190 (Df).
E. rugosa Emerton, 1909: 182, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dmf).
E. i. Jackson, 1930: 642, pl. 17, f. 7 (f).
E. pikes Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 42, f. 89-91 (Dmf).
E. i. Braendegaard, 1946: 27, f. 12 (f).
E. rugosa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 27 (S).
E. rugosa Kaston, 1948: 77, f. 43-46 (mf).
E. rugosa Schenkel, 1950b: 52, f. 15 (f).
E. i. Levi, 1957a: 17, f. 40-41, 48, 51-52 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
E. i. Holm, 1967: 7, f. 1 (m).
E. i. Hippa & Oksala, 1983b: 73, f. 6 (m).

mf japonica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan
E. j. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 156, pl. 12, f. 250, pl. 5, f. 47 (Df).
E. j. Yaginuma, 1960: 33, f. 32 (f).
E. j. Yaginuma, 1965b: 363, f. 3.5 (f).
E. j. Yaginuma, 1971: 33, f. 32 (f).
E. j. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 29, f. 10 (f).
E. j. Song, 1980: 141, f. 76a-j (mf).
E. j. Hu, 1984: 161, f. 166.1-4 (mf).
E. j. Guo, 1985: 94, f. 2-39.1-3 (mf).
E. j. Zhu et al., 1985: 100, f. 86a-c (f).
E. j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 38, f. 21.2 (mf).
E. j. Zhang, 1987: 108, f. 88.1-3 (f).
E. j. Chikuni, 1989b: 37, f. 37 (mf).
E. j. Feng, 1990: 118, f. 93 (f).
E. j. Chen & Gao, 1990: 94, f. 119a-c (mf).
E. j. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 145, f. 139.1-4 (mf).
E. j. Zhao, 1993: 213, f. 97a-c (f).
E. j. Zhu, 1998: 304, f. 204A-F (mf).
E. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 59E-F, M-N (mf).

mf joshua Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................USA
E. j. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 44, f. 96-97 (Dmf).
E. j. pintura Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 44, f. 98-101 (Dmf).
E. piuta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 45, f. 102-103 (Dmf).
E. j. Levi, 1957a: 15, f. 42-46, 54-56 (mf, S).
E. j. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 91 (m).

f juninensis (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru
Lithyphantes j. Keyserling, 1884a: 143, pl. 6, f. 90 (Df).
E. j. Simon, 1894a: 578.
E. j. Levi, 1962a: 17, f. 11-13 (f).

m kalaykayina Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. k. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 465, f. 282a-e (Dm).

mf latimana Hippa & Oksala, 1982....................Holarctic
E. ovata Miller, 1971: 189, pl. XXXII, f. 19-20 (mf, misidentified).
E. l. Hippa & Oksala, 1982: 217, f. 4-6, 12-13, 17-20 (Dmf).
E. l. Snazell, 1983b: 93, f. 1-2, 5-6 (mf).
E. l. Hippa & Oksala, 1983a: 99, f. 1-8 (f).
E. l. Janssen, 1986: 9, unnumbered f. (mf).
E. l. Roberts, 1987: 178, f. 93a, c (mf).
E. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 288, f. 775 (mf).
E. l. Kwiecien'-Wrotniewska et al., 1993: 73, f. 2, 2a, 4, 6 (mf).
E. l. Roberts, 1995: 290, f. (mf).
E. militaris Wunderlich, 1995w: 698, f. 1-4 (Dm).
E. l. Wunderlich, 1995w: 700, f. 8, 10, 13-14 (mf).
E. l. Roberts, 1998: 304, f. (mf).
E. l. Malten, 2000: 58, f. 1-2 (m, S).

mf lordosa Zhu & Song, 1992....................China
E. l. Zhu & Song, 1992: 4, f. A-C (Dm).
E. l. Song & Li, 1997: 401, f. 2A-C (m).
E. l. Zhu, 1998: 313, f. 210A-E (m, Df).
E. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 59G-H, O-P (mf).

mf macrochelis Levy & Amitai, 1981....................Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Israel
E. m. Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 51, f. 4-5, 7-8, 17-24 (Dmf).
E. m. Wunderlich, 1995x: 705, f. 10 (m).
E. m. Levy, 1998b: 35, f. 40-41, 43, 52-60 (mf).
E. m. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 229, f. 83-87 (mf).

f malapahabanda Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 471, f. 286a-h (Df).

mf mandibularis (Lucas, 1846) *....................Palearctic
Theridion mandibulare Lucas, 1846: 260, pl. 17, f. 1 (Dm).
Theridion vicinum Lucas, 1846: 261, pl. 17, f. 3 (Df).
Zilla rossii Thorell, 1870a: 33 (Df).
Pachygnatha mandibulare O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 299 (mf).
E. m. Pavesi, 1880a: 192.
E. m. Pavesi, 1880b: 327.
Depranodus m. Simon, 1880b: 113.
Theridium mansuetum L. Koch, 1882: 631, pl. 30, f. 9 (Df)
E. m. Simon, 1884a: 186.
E. nigrocincta Simon, 1884a: 193 (Dmf).
E. m. Simon, 1914a: 286, 306, f. 535 (mf).
E. m. nigrocincta Simon, 1914a: 286, 306.
E. m. Wiehle, 1937: 210, f. 254-258 (mf).
E. m. Hull, 1948: 60, f. 5 (m).
E. m. Tullgren, 1949: 59, f. 15b, 16b (f).
E. m. Azheganova, 1968: 50, f. 84a-b, 95 (mf).
E. m. Palmgren, 1974b: 33, f. 8.11-14 (mf).
E. m. Wunderlich, 1976a: 99 (S).
E. m. Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 48, f. 1-3, 6, 9-16 (mf).
E. m. Hu, 1984: 162, f. 168.1-3 (m).
E. m. Wunderlich, 1987a: 198, f. 526-527 (f).
E. m. Izmailova, 1989: 88, f. 66 (f).
E. m. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 146, f. 140.1-4 (mf).
E. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 288, f. 776 (mf).
E. m. Roberts, 1995: 293, f. (mf).
E. m. Wunderlich, 1995x: 706, f. 12-16, 16a (m).
E. nigrocincta Wunderlich, 1995x: 707, f. 24-25 (removed mf from S of E. mandibularis, contra Wunderlich, 1976a: 99, after Wunderlich, in Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 108).
E. m. Levy, 1998b: 32, f. 37-39, 42, 44-51 (mf).
E. m. Roberts, 1998: 306, f. (mf).
E. m. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 231, f. 98-102 (mf).

mf margarita Yaginuma, 1964....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan
E. m. Yaginuma, 1964a: 6, 8, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
E. m. Yaginuma, 1971: 128, f. 107.6-9 (mf).
E. m. Namkung & Yoon, 1980: 19, f. 1 (f).
E. m. Hippa & Oksala, 1983b: 72, f. 2, 4, 9, 12 (mf).
E. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.4 (mf).
E. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 37, f. 38 (mf).
E. m. Yang, Tang & Song, 1992: 95, f. 1-9 (mf).
E. m. Yaginuma & Zhu, 1992: 159, f. 9-15 (mf).
E. m. Zhu, 1998: 310, f. 208A-G (mf).
E. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 60A-B, K-L (mf).

mf mariae Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Crete, Rhodes
E. m. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 215, f. 24-29 (Dmf).

mf maricopa Levi, 1962....................USA
E. m. Levi, 1962a: 15, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf marmorata (Hentz, 1850)....................North America
Theridion marmoratum Hentz, 1850: 273, pl. 9, f. 3 (Df).
Steatoda m. Emerton, 1882: 20, pl. 4, f. 3 (f, Dm).
Lithyphantes marmoratus Keyserling, 1884a: 136, pl. 6, f. 84 (f).
E. m. Simon, 1894a: 578.
Steatoda m. Emerton, 1902: 120, f. 282-284 (mf).
Lithyphantes mimoides Chamberlin, 1919b: 8, pl. 3, f. 4 (Df).
E. mimoides Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 8, pl. 1, f. 8.
E. m. parvior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 41, f. 86 (Dm).
E. m. Kaston, 1948: 77, f. 35-42 (mf).
Theridion marmoratum Levi & Field, 1954: 444, f. 11 (m).
E. m. Levi, 1957a: 11, f. 24, 26-27, 30-33 (mf, S).
E. m. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 38, f. 14-15, 18 (m).
E. m. Roth, 1982: 47-8, f. 14-15, 18 (m).
E. m. Roth, 1985: B43-7, f. 14-15, 18 (m).
E. m. Roth, 1994: 181, f. 18 (m).

m maysanga Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 471, f. 288a-d (Dm).

mf mediterranea Levy & Amitai, 1981....................Turkey, Cyprus, Israel
E. m. Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 62, f. 40-49 (Dmf).
E. m. Levy, 1998b: 44, f. 76-85 (mf).
E. m. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 223, f. 58-62 (mf).

mf molesta O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................South Africa
E. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 149, pl. 10, f. 1 (Dmf).

mf mordax (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic
Zilla m. Thorell, 1875a: 82 (Dm).
Zilla m. Thorell, 1875c: 15 (Dm).
Zilla crucifera Thorell, 1875b: 57 (Dmf).
Zilla crucifera Thorell, 1875c: 14 (Dmf).
E. m. Pavesi, 1880a: 192.
E. crucifera Pavesi, 1880a: 192.
Meta schaufussii L. Koch, 1882: 628, pl. 20, f. 3-6 (Dmf).
E. maritima Simon, 1884a: 189 (Dmf).
E. maritima Bösenberg, 1902: 116, pl. 10, f. 145E. maritima Lessert, 1904: 309, pl. 5, f. 7.
E. maritima Simon, 1914a: 284, 306, f. 530-531 (mf).
E. maritima Wiehle, 1937: 207, f. 244-250 (mf).
E. schaufussi Bristowe, 1939: 3, 64 (S).
E. schaufussi Locket & Millidge, 1953: 83, f. 54B, 55A-B, 56A, C (mf).
E. maritima Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 381 (f).
E. schaufussi Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 10-11 (f).
E. crucifera Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 107, f. 12, 15 (f).
E. crucifera Wunderlich, 1976a: 106, f. 24-26 (f, rejected S with E. mordax).
E. m. van Helsdingen, 1978b: 192 (S).
E. crucifera Müller, 1982b: 52, f. 1-2 (m).
E. crucifera Roberts, 1985: 192, f. 85c (mf).
E. schaufussi Hu & Wu, 1989: 125, f. 96.1-3 (f).
E. schaufussi Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 777 (mf).
E. m. Próchniewicz, 1991b: 181, f. 1-5 (mf).
E. m. Almquist, 1994: 113, f. 1-7 (mf).
E. m. Roberts, 1995: 291, f. (mf).
E. m. Wunderlich, 1995x: 706, f. 17-23 (mf).
E. m. Zhu, 1998: 306, f. 205A-C (f).
E. m. Roberts, 1998: 305, f. (mf).
E. m. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 213, f. 6-11 (mf).
E. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 60C-D (f).

mf nigromarginata (Lucas, 1846)....................Spain to Greece, Morocco, Algeria
Theridion nigro-marginatum Lucas, 1846: 258, pl. 16, f. 7 (Df).
E. n. Pavesi, 1880a: 192.
E. n. Simon, 1884a, 185 (Dm).
E. n. Simon, 1894a: 574, f. 588 (m).
E. n. Simon, 1914a: 283, 305, f. 529 (mf).
E. n. Wunderlich, 1995x: 707, f. 26-29 (mf).
E. n. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 214, f. 12-17 (mf).

mf oelandica (Thorell, 1875)....................Palearctic
Steatoda o. Thorell, 1875a: 92 (Df).
Steatoda o. Thorell, 1875c: 56 (Df).
Drepanodus corollatus Berktau, in Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 246 (Dm).
E. o. Simon, 1884a: 195.
E. corollata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 43, pl. 2, f. 8 (m, Df).
E. corollata Bösenberg, 1902: 115, pl. 10, f. 145 (mf).
E. o. Tullgren, 1949: 57, f. 15a, 16a, 17a-b (mf).
E. mandibularis Locket & Millidge, 1953: 85, f. 54C, 55C-D, 56B, D (mf).
E. o. Wiehle, 1960b: 234, f. 10-14 (mf, S).
E. o. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 385 (f; N.B.: may be E. diversa).
E. o. Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 1-3 (mf).
E. o. Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 108, f. 13-14 (f).
E. o. Wunderlich, 1976a: 109, f. 8-15 (mf).
E. o. Roberts, 1985: 192, f. 85e (mf).
E. thoracica Hu & Wu, 1989: 125, f. 97.1-2 (f, misidentified).
E. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 288, f. 778 (mf).
E. o. Roberts, 1995: 292, f. (mf).
E. o. Zhu, 1998: 315, f. 212A-C (f).
E. o. Roberts, 1998: 306, f. (mf).
E. o. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 224, f. 63-67 (mf).
E. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 60E-F (f).

f oreophila (Simon, 1894)....................Sri Lanka
Symopagia o. Simon, 1894a: 559 (Df).
Symopagia o. Simon, 1895g: 146 (Df).
Symopagia o. Levi & Levi, 1962: 61, f. 283-285 (f).

f orientalis Schenkel, 1963....................China
E. mandibularis o. Schenkel, 1963: 107, f. 62 (Df).
E. o. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 234, f. 96-97 (f, elevated from subspecies).

mf ovata (Clerck, 1757)....................Holarctic
Araneus ovatus Clerck, 1757: 58, pl. 3, f. 8 (Df).
Araneus redimitus Clerck, 1757: 59, pl. 3, f. 9 (Df).
Araneus lineatus Clerck, 1757: 60, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df).
Aranea redimita Linnaeus, 1758: 621.
Aranea coronata De Geer, 1778: 242, pl. 14, f. 4-12 (D).
Aranea myopa Fabricius, 1781: 545 (D).
Aranea vittata Fourcroy, 1785: 534 (D).
Araneae lepida Walckenaer, 1802: 208 (D).
Aranea venusta Walckenaer, 1802: 208 (D).
Aranea rubricata Schrank, 1803: 240 (D).
Aranea purpurata Panzer, 1804: 85, pl. 22 (D).
Theridion lineatum Walckenaer, 1805: 73.
Theridion ovatum Walckenaer, 1805: 73.
Theridion venustum Walckenaer, 1805: 75.
Theridion redimitum Hahn, 1826: 2, pl. 15, f. C (f).
Theridion ovatum Sundevall, 1831: 6, 1832: 113 (Dm).
Theridion redimitum Hahn, 1833a: 86, f. 65 (f, Dm).
Steatoda redimita C. L. Koch, 1837b: 9, pl. 2, f. 17.
Theridion venustum Walckenaer, 1842: 316 (Df).
Theridion redimitum C. L. Koch, 1845: 133, f. 1053-1055 (mf).
Theridion lineatum Westring, 1861: 153 (Dm).
Theridion lineatum Blackwall, 1864a: 176, pl. 13, f. 111 (mf).
Theridion lineatum Menge, 1868: 165, pl. 31, f. 72 (mf).
Phyllonethis lineata Thorell, 1870a: 78.
Phyllonethis lineata Hansen, 1882: 33, pl. 2, f. 9 (mf).
Theridion lineatum Simon, 1894a: 550, f. 550 (m).
Theridion lineatum Becker, 1896: 82, pl. 17, f. 1 (mf).
Phyllonethis lineata Bösenberg, 1902: 94, pl. 8, f. 114 (mf).
Theridion ovatum Simon, 1914a: 251, 293, f. 498-499 (mf).
Theridion redimitum Reimoser, 1929c: 87, f. 7 (mf).
Theridion redimitum Wiehle, 1937: 140, f. 44-51 (mf).
Theridion redimitum Kaston, 1948: 111, f. 141-142, 172-173 (mf).
Theridion ovatum Archer, 1950: 23, pl. III, f. 7 (m).
Theridion lineatum Locket & Millidge, 1951: 40, f. 13D (m).
Theridion ovatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 76, f. 50A-D (mf).
E. o. Levi, 1957a: 7, f. 1-10 (Tmf from Theridion).
E. o. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 11 (m).
E. o. Levi & Levi, 1962: 61, f. 281-282 (m).
E. o. Levi, 1967c: 182, f. 42-45 (mf).
Theridium ovatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 420 (f).
E. o. Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 8.6-10 (mf).
E. o. Punda, 1975b: 62, f. 132-134 (f).
E. o. Hippa & Oksala, 1982: 215, f. 1-3, 14-16 (mf).
E. o. Snazell, 1983b: 93, f. 3-4, 7-8 (mf).
E. o. Hippa & Oksala, 1983a: 102, f. 9-10 (f).
E. o. Hippa & Oksala, 1983b: 72, f. 7 (m).
E. o. Roberts, 1985: 192, f. 85a (mf).
E. o. Janssen, 1986: 9, unnumbered f. (mf).
E. o. Roberts, 1987: 178, f. 93b, d (mf).
Theridium ovatum lineatum Izmailova, 1989: 93, f. 73 (f).
E. o. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 90 (m).
E. lineata Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 288, f. 774 (mf).
E. o. Kwiecien'-Wrotniewska et al., 1993: 73, f. 1, 1a, 3, 5 (mf).
E. o. Roberts, 1995: 290, f. (mf).
E. o. Wunderlich, 1995w: 700, f. 5-6, 9, 11-12 (mf).
Theridion ovatum Mcheidze, 1997: 191, f. 381-383 (f).
E. o. Roberts, 1998: 304, f. (mf).

mf parathoracica Levy & Amitai, 1981....................Turkey, Israel
E. p. Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 58, f. 32-39 (Dmf).
E. p. Levy, 1998b: 40, f. 68-75 (mf).
E. p. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 220, f. 42-47 (mf).

mf penelope Hippa & Oksala, 1982....................Greece, Bulgaria
E. p. Hippa & Oksala, 1982: 221, f. 7-11 (Dmf).
E. p. Wunderlich, 1995w: 700, f. 7 (m).

mf peruviana Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru
E. p. Chamberlin, 1916: 232, pl. 16, f. 8-11, pl. 27, f. 1-2 (Df).
E. p. Levi, 1962a: 16, f. 6-8 (f, Dm).

m philippinensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 464, f. 281a-d (Dm).

f procerula Simon, 1909....................South Africa
E. p. Simon, 1909c: 38 (Df).

f pulatuberculata Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 471, f. 287a-d (Df).

f puno Levi, 1962....................Peru
E. p. Levi, 1962a: 17, f. 9-10 (Df).

mf quadripunctata Simon, 1884....................Mediterranean
E. q. Simon, 1884j: 333 (Df).
E. thoracicoides Nosek, 1905b: 129 (Df).
E. q. Levy & Amitai, 1981b: 65 (removed from S of E. thoracica, S, rejected).
E. q. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 218, f. 36-41 (f, Dm, S).

f qiuae Zhu, 1998....................China
E. qiui Zhu, 1998: 317, f. 213A-C (Df).
E. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 118, f. 60G-H (f, corrected patronym).

m robusta Thorell, 1878....................Myanmar
E. r. Thorell, 1878b: 288 (Dm).

mf sattleri Bösenberg, 1895....................Madeira, Salvages, Canary Is.
E. s. Bösenberg, 1895: 4, f. 7 (Df).
E. s. Denis, 1962a: 69, f. 61-62 (f).
E. s. Wunderlich, 1987a: 200, f. 531-535 (f, Dm).
E. s. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 224, f. 68-72

mf selma Chamberlin & Ivie, 1946....................USA
E. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1946: 3, f. 1-2 (Dm).
E. s. Levi, 1957a: 10, f. 15-16, 19-20, 22-23 (m, Df).

mf serratosignata (L. Koch, 1879)....................Palearctic
Theridium serrato-signatum L. Koch, 1879c: 79 (Dj).
E. s. Simon, 1884a: 195.
E. ambigua Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 43, pl. 2, f. 9 (Df).
Theridion krasnojarskense Strand, 1903a: 3 (Df).
E. jacksoni Schenkel, 1927b: 235, f. 2 (Df).
E. hungarica Kolosváry, 1934b: 14, f. 4 (Dmf).
E. hungarica Kolosváry, 1935a: 136, f. 1 (mf).
E. ambigua Kolosváry, 1939a: 46, f. 1 (Dm).
E. s. Holm, 1973: 76, f. 1-3 (Sf).
E. jacksoni Wunderlich, 1976a: 102, f. 17-22 (f, Dm).
E. aituarca Esyunin & Efimik, 1998: 147, f. 8-11 (Dm).
E. s. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 236, f. 108-112 (f, Sm).
E. s. Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 107 (S).

mf submargarita Yaginuma & Zhu, 1992....................China
E. thoracica Zhou, Wang & Zhu, 1983: 155, f. 4a-d (mf, misidentified).
Theridion ovatum Hu & Wu, 1989: 135, f. 107.1-8 (mf, misidentified).
E. s. Yaginuma & Zhu, 1992: 157, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
E. s. Zhu, 1998: 309, f. 207A-G (mf).
E. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 60I-J, M-N (mf).

mf tadzhica Sytshevskaja, 1975....................Tajikistan
E. t. Sytshevskaja, 1975: 197, f. 1-12 (Dmf).

mf testacea Simon, 1884....................Southern Europe to Central Asia
E. t. Simon, 1884a: 192 (Dmf).
E. t. Simon, 1914a: 285, 306, f. 534 (mf).
Robertus monticola Machado, 1949: 25, f. 15 (f, misidentified).
E. t. Dresco, 1962b: 180, f. 1 (f).
E. t. Wunderlich, 1976a: 105, f. 1-7 (mf).
Robertus arganoi Brignoli, 1980k: 262, f. 3 (Df).
Robertus cottarellii Brignoli, 1980k: 260, f. 2 (Df).
E. cottarellii Eskov, 1987b: 290 (Tf from Robertus).
E. t. Eskov, 1987b: 290 (S).
E. t. Wunderlich, 1995x: 703 (S).
E. t. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 222, f. 53-57 (mf, S).

mf thoracica (Hahn, 1833)....................Holarctic
Theridion thoracicum Hahn, 1833a: 88, f. 66 (Dmf).
Eucharia t. Menge, 1850: 70.
Micryphantes thoracicus C. L. Koch, 1850: 20.
Drepanodus obscurus Menge, 1869: 242, pl. 47, f. 141 (Dm).
Neriene hispida O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 449 (Df).
Neriene albipunctata O. P.-Cambridge, 1873a: 451, pl. 34, f. 15 (Dmf).
Erigone albipunctata O. P.-Cambridge, 1878a: 115.
Steatoda t. Becker, 1879b: 106.
Drepanodus thoracicus Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 245.
E. t. Simon, 1884a: 191.
E. t. Becker, 1896: 2, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
E. t. Bösenberg, 1902: 116, pl. 10, f. 146 (mf).
E. t. Lessert, 1910b: 126, f. 83 (mf).
E. t. Simon, 1914a: 284, 306, f. 532 (mf).
E. t. Wiehle, 1937: 205, f. 237-243 (mf).
E. t. Tullgren, 1949: 60, f. 18 (f).
E. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 83, f. 54A, D (mf).
E. t. Levi, 1957a: 9, f. 13-14, 17-18, 21 (mf).
E. t. Miller, 1971: 189, pl. XXXII, f. 21-22 (f).
E. t. Roberts, 1985: 192, f. 85b (mf).
E. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 286, f. 773 (mf).
E. t. Roberts, 1995: 290, f. (mf).
E. t. Roberts, 1998: 305, f. (mf).
E. t. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 216, f. 30-35 (mf).

mf transversifoveata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan
Teutana t. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 153, pl. 12, f. 288 (Df).
E. t. Yaginuma, 1960: 33, f. 32 (Tf from Teutana=Steatoda).
E. t. Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 8 (f).
E. t. Yaginuma, 1965b: 363, f. 3.4 (f).
E. t. Yaginuma, 1971: 33, f. 32 (f).
E. t. Hu, 1984: 163, f. 167.2 (f).
E. t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 38, f. 21.1 (mf).
E. t. Song, 1987: 123, f. 83 (f).
E. t. Chikuni, 1989b: 37, f. 36 (mf).
E. t. Feng, 1990: 119, f. 94.1-4 (f).
E. t. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 146, f. 141.1-3 (f).

f turkestanica Charitonov, 1946....................Central Asia
E. t. Charitonov, 1946: 23, f. 27 (Df).

m tuybaana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 465, f. 283a-g (Dm).

mf verae Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999....................Morocco, Spain, Tunisia, Italy, Greece
E. v. Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 213, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf wyuta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................USA
E. w. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 43, f. 93-95 (Dmf).
E. w. Levi, 1957a: 15, f. 38-39, 47, 49-50, 53 (mf).

m yelpantrapensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
E. y. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 467, f. 284a-i (Dm).

f zapfeae Levi, 1962....................Chile
E. zapfei Levi, 1962a: 19, f. 14-15 (Df).
E. z. Levi, 1967a: 18.

Gen. Episinus Walckenaer, in Latreille, 1809

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Janula Strand, 1932 by Levi, 1955b: 66 and of Moneta O. P.-Cambridge, 1870 (rejected), Episinopsis Simon, 1894, Hyocrea Simon, 1894, Penictis Simon, 1894, Plocamis Simon, 1894, and Hyptimorpha Strand, 1906 (rejected; erroneously listed as a junior synonym of Argyrodes Simon, 1864 by Brignoli, 1983c: 382) by Levi & Levi, 1962: 20-27; Moneta (along with its junior synonym Hyptimorpha) was removed from synonymy by Okuma, 1994: 16.

Transferred to other genera:
E. caudifer Dönitz & Strand, 1906 -- see Moneta.
E. minusculus Gertsch, 1936 -- see Chrosiothes.
E. mirabilis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Moneta.
E. paiki Seo, 1985 -- see Moneta.
E. spiniger (O. P.-Cambridge, 1870) -- see Moneta.
E. spinigeroides Zhu & Song, 1992 -- see Moneta.
E. tanikawai Yoshida, 1991 -- see Moneta.
E. yoshimurai Yoshida, 1983 -- see Moneta.

In synonymy:
E. bicornutus Yoshida, 1983 = E. nubilus Yaginuma, 1960 (Yoshida, 1985b: 27).
E. bigibbosus (Roewer, 1951, T from Thymoites) = E. immundus (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963c: 490).
E. brasilianus Keyserling, 1884 = E. truncatus Latreille, 1809 (Levi, 1964c: 5).
E. duseni Tullgren, 1902 = E. typicus (Nicolet, 1849) (Levi, 1964c: 10).
E. germaini (Simon, 1895) = E. nebulosus (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1964c: 21).
E. simplicifrons (Simon, 1897) = E. cognatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1893 (Levi, 1964c: 13).
E. spinatus (Tullgren, 1901, T from Theridion) = E. porteri (Simon, 1901) (Levi, 1963c: 492, sub Anelosimus australis).

Homonyms replaced:
E. australis (Simon, 1896, T from Anelosimus) -- see E. porteri.
E. bituberculatus (Keyserling, 1844) -- see E. immundus.

Nomina dubia:
E. americanus Nicolet, 1849: 543, Chile -- Levi, 1964c: 5.
E. longipes Keyserling, 1884a: 207, pl. 10, f. 125 (f, Peru) -- Levi, 1964c: 13.

mf affinis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyu Is.
E. a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 136, pl. 5, f. 55, pl. 12, f. 251 (Df).
E. a. Yaginuma, 1960: 39, f. 38, 39.1-4 (f).
E. a. Yaginuma, 1971: 39, f. 38, 39.1-4 (f).
E. a. Yoshida, 1985b: 26, f. 9-12 (mf).
E. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 46, f. 25.1 (mf).
E. a. Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4A-D (mf).
E. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 38, f. 39 (mf).
E. a. Okuma, 1994: 7, f. 1A-D (mf).
E. a. Zhu, 1998: 265, f. 176A-D (mf).
E. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 61A-B, I (mf).

f albescens Denis, 1965....................France
E. a. Denis, 1965e: 611, f. 1-3 (Df).

f albostriatus (Simon, 1895)....................Peru
Episinopsis a. Simon, 1895g: 136 (Df).
E. a. Levi, 1964c: 12, f. 5-7 (f).

mf algiricus Lucas, 1846....................Spain, France, Italy, Northwest Africa
E. a. Lucas, 1846: 269, pl. 17, f. 11 (Dm).
E. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1905c: 434, pl. 11, f. 2, 8, 10-11 (m, Df).
E. a. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 421, f. 20-21 (f).

mf amoenus Banks, 1911....................USA
E. a. Banks, 1911: 445, pl. 35, f. 13, 15 (Df).
E. a. Levi, 1955b: 68, f. 4, 17-18, 32, 39 (f, Dm).

mf angulatus (Blackwall, 1836)....................Europe to Russia
Theridion angulatum Blackwall, 1836: 483 (Dm).
Theridion angulatum Blackwall, 1864a: 202, pl. 14, f. 133 (m, Df).
E. a. Cavanna, 1876: 290.
E. truncatus Bösenberg, 1902: 119, pl. 10, f. 151 (Dmf).
E. truncatus Kulczyn'ski, 1905c: 433, pl. 11, f. 6-7, 16 (mf).
E. a. Wiehle, 1937: 130, f. 10-13 (mf).
E. a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 41, f. 28, 29A-B (mf).
E. a. Palmgren, 1974b: 7, f. 2.8-12 (mf).
E. a. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 47, f. 26A (f).
E. a. Roberts, 1985: 174, f. 77a (mf).
E. a. Wunderlich, 1986: 75, f. 115 (m).
E. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 290, f. 780 (mf).
E. a. Knoflach, 1993b: 363, f. 14-15 (m).
E. a. Roberts, 1995: 266, f. (mf).
E. a. Roberts, 1998: 282, f. (mf).
E. a. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 423, f. 17, 23 (mf).

f antipodianus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879....................New Zealand
E. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 701, pl. 53. f. 16 (Df).
E. a. Court, 1982: 366, f. 15-16 (f).

mf aspus Levi, 1964....................Nicaragua
E. a. Levi, 1964c: 19, f. 48-51 (Dmf).

mf bicorniger (Simon, 1894)....................Brazil
Theridium bicorne Keyserling, 1891: 193, pl. 7, f. 140 (Dmf; preoccupied in Janula).
Janulus bicorniger Simon, 1894a: 517 (replacement name).
E. b. Levi, 1964c: 20, f. 55-57 (mf).

f bicornis (Thorell, 1881)....................Queensland
Janulus b. Thorell, 1881: 163 (Df).
Janula b. Strand, 1932: 139.

f bicruciatus (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil
Janulus b. Simon, 1895g: 136 (Df).
E. b. Levi, 1964c: 21, f. 69-72 (f).

f bifrons (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Janulus b. Thorell, 1895: 85 (Df).

mf bigibbosus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Panama
E. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 167, pl. 20, f. 8 (Df).
E. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 208, pl. 26, f. 6 (Dm).
E. b. Wunderlich, 1986: 76, f. 110, 116-125 (removed mf from S of E. putus).

j bilineatus Simon, 1894....................South Africa
E. b. Simon, 1894a: 520 (Dj).

f bimucronatus (Simon, 1895)....................Venezuela
Sphyrotinus b. Simon, 1895g: 144 (Df).
E. b. Levi, 1964b: 448 (Tf from Sphyrotinus=Thymoites).
E. b. Levi, 1964c: 20, f. 52-54 (f).

m bishopi (Lessert, 1929)....................Congo
Episinopsis b. Lessert, 1929: 120, f. 10-11 (Dm).

mf bruneoviridis (Mello-Leitão, 1948)....................Panama, Trinidad to Guyana
Faiditus b. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 156, f. 4-5 (Df).
E. b. Levi, 1955b: 70, f. 13, 19-20, 34 (Tf from Faiditus=Theridion, Dm).

mf cavernicola (Kulczyn'ski, 1897)....................Croatia, Slovenia
Plocamis c. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1897: 317, pl. 10, f. 66, 70 (Dmf).
E. c. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 416, f. 12-13 (f).

m chiapensis Levi, 1955....................Mexico
E. c. Levi, 1955b: 76, f. 7 (Dm).

mf chikunii Yoshida, 1985....................Japan
E. c. Yoshida, 1985b: 25, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
E. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 38, f. 41 (mf).
E. c. Okuma, 1994: 9, f. 2A-D (mf).

mf coercerveus Roberts, 1978....................Seychelles
E. c. Roberts, 1978: 921, f. 39-43 (Dmf).

mf cognatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1893....................USA to Peru, Brazil
E. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 109, pl. 15, f. 2 (Dm).
Episinopsis simplicifrons Simon, 1897d: 860 (Df).
E. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 398, pl. 37, f. 26-27 (m, Df).
E. c. Banks, 1929: 87, pl. 2, f. 23, pl. 3, f. 45, 49, 53, pl. 4, f. 76 (mf).
E. c. Levi, 1955b: 71, f. 8-10, 21-22, 33, 41 (mf, S, rejected).
E. c. Levi, 1964c: 13 (S).
E. c. Wunderlich, 1982: 35, f. 18 (m).
E. c. Wunderlich, 1986: 76, f. 111, 126-129 (m).

m colima Levi, 1955....................Mexico to Panama
E. c. Levi, 1955b: 76, f. 11, 40 (Dm).

mf conifer (Urquhart, 1886)....................New Zealand
Moneta conifera Marples, 1956: 338, f. 6 (Dm).

mf crysus Buckup & Marques, 1992....................Brazil
E. c. Buckup & Marques, 1992: 123, f. 5-8 (Dmf).

f cuzco Levi, 1967....................Peru
E. c. Levi, 1967b: 30, f. 25-27 (Df).

f dominicus Levi, 1955....................Hispaniola
E. d. Levi, 1955b: 77, f. 26-27, 38 (Df).
E. d. Levi & Levi, 1962: f. 221 (f).
E. d. Wunderlich, 1988: 136, f. 304-305 (f).

f emanus Levi, 1964....................Panama
E. e. Levi, 1964c: 11, f. 9-11 (Df).

mf erythrophthalmus (Simon, 1894)....................Panama, Lesser Antilles to Bolivia
Janulus e. Simon, 1894c: 525 (Dmf).
Janulus e. Simon, 1894a: 514, f. 524-525.
E. e. Levi, 1964c: 23, f. 79-93 (mf).
E. erythrophthalamus Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 78 (m).

f fontinalis Levy, 1985....................Israel
E. f. Levy, 1985a: 94, f. 11-14 (Df).
E. f. Levy, 1998b: 132, f. 248-251 (f).

m garisus Buckup & Marques, 1992....................Brazil
E. g. Buckup & Marques, 1992: 124, f. 9-10 (Dm).

mf gibbus Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China
E. g. Zhu & Wang, 1995: 278, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
E. g. Zhu, 1998: 251, f. 173A-F (Dmf).
E. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 61C-D, J-K (mf).

mf gratiosus Bryant, 1940....................Cuba, Hispaniola
E. g. Bryant, 1940: 313, f. 65 (Df).
Meotipa clementina Bryant, 1940: 314, f. 79-80 (Dm, misidentified).
E. g. Levi, 1955b: 71, f. 23 (f).
E. g. Levi, 1964c: 13, f. 1-4 (mf).

j hickmani Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
E. h. Caporiacco, 1949a: 398, f. 49 (Dj).

f immundus (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru, Brazil
Theridion immundum Keyserling, 1884a: 89, pl. 4, f. 57 (Df).
Theridion bituberculatum Keyserling, 1884a: 92, pl. 4, f. 60 (Df, preoccupied by Wider, 1834).
Thymoites i. Keyserling, 1886b: 295.
Thymoites bituberculatus Keyserling, 1886b: 295.
Thymoites bigibbosus Roewer, 1951: 455 (replacement name).
E. i. Levi, 1963c: 491 (Tf from Thymoites, S).
E. i. Levi, 1964c: 8, f. 16-22 (f).

j implexus (Simon, 1894)....................Venezuela
Hyocrea implexa Simon, 1894a: 559 (Df).
Hyocrea implexa Simon, 1895g: 147 (Df).
E. i. Levi, 1964c: 15, f. 23 (Simon's f is j).

mf israeliensis Levy, 1985....................Israel
E. i. Levy, 1985a: 92, f. 1-10 (Dmf).
E. i. Levy, 1998b: 129, f. 238-247 (mf).

mf juarezi Levi, 1955....................Mexico
E. j. Levi, 1955b: 74, f. 5-6, 30-31, 42-43 (Dmf).

mf kitazawai Yaginuma, 1958....................Russia, Japan
E. k. Yaginuma, 1958f: 75, f. 23-26 (Df).
E. k. Yoshida, 1985b: 27, f. 21-23 (mf).
E. k. Yaginuma, 1986a: 47, f. 25.3 (mf).
E. k. Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4E (m).
E. k. Chikuni, 1989b: 38, f. 42 (mf).
E. k. Okuma, 1994: 10, f. 3A-D (mf).

m longabdomenus Zhu, 1998....................China
E. l. Zhu, 1998: 270, f. 180A-C (Dm).
E. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 61L-M (m).

f luteolimbatus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Janulus l. Thorell, 1898: 291 (Df).

mf macrops Simon, 1903....................Equatorial Guinea, Congo
E. m. Simon, 1903e: 74 (Dm).
Episinopsis m. Simon, 1907d: 254 (Df).

mf maculipes Cavanna, 1876....................England to Algeria
E. m. Cavanna, 1876: 291 (Dm).
E. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1905c: 433, pl. 11, f. 1, 4, 9, 15, 18 (m, Df).
E. m. Brignoli, 1967e: 188, f. 8A-C (mf).
E. m. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 48, f. 26C (f).
E. m. Hillyard, 1983: 88, f. 1-7 (mf).
E. m. Roberts, 1985: 174, f. 77c (mf).
E. m. Roberts, 1995: 267, f. (mf).
E. m. Roberts, 1998: 283, f. (mf).
E. m. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 417, f. 14-15, 18-19, 24 (mf).

f maculipes numidicus Kulczyn'ski, 1905....................North Africa
E. m. numidica Kulczyn'ski, 1905c: 437, pl. 11, f. 17 (Df).

mf maderianus Kulczyn'ski, 1905....................Madeira
E. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1905c: 433, pl. 11, f. 13 (Df).
E. m. Schenkel, 1938a: 7, f. 2 (Dm).

mf makiharai Okuma, 1994....................Taiwan
E. m. Okuma, 1994: 11, f. 4A-E (Dmf).
E. m. Zhu, 1998: 266, f. 177A-E (mf).
E. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 61E-F, N-O (mf).

f malachinus (Simon, 1895)....................Peru
Janulus m. Simon, 1895g: 135 (Df).
E. m. Levi, 1964c: 14, f. 30-33 (f).

m marginatus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Janulus m. Thorell, 1898: 290 (Dm).

f marignaci (Lessert, 1933)....................Angola
Episinopsis m. Lessert, 1933: 103, f. 17-19 (Df).

f meruensis Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
E. m. Tullgren, 1910: 124, pl. 2, f. 39 (Df).

j modestus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Janulus m. Thorell, 1898: 292 (Dj).

f moyobamba Levi, 1964....................Peru
E. m. Levi, 1964c: 16, f. 40-42 (Df).

j mucronatus (Simon, 1894)....................Singapore
Penictis mucronata Simon, 1894a: 520 (Dj).

mf nadleri Levi, 1955....................Bahama Is., Jamaica
E. n. Levi, 1955b: 77, f. 12, 28-29, 37 (Dmf).

f nebulosus (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil, Paraguay
Janulus n. Simon, 1895g: 135 (Df).
Janulus germaini Simon, 1895g: 136 (Df).
E. n. Levi, 1964c: 21, f. 64-68 (f, S).

mf nubilus Yaginuma, 1960....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyu Is.
E. n. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 3, pl. 11, f. 66, f. 38, 101E (Dmf).
E. n. Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 9 (f).
E. n. Yaginuma, 1971: 39, f. 38 (f).
E. n. Nishikawa, 1977b: 359, f. 9-10 (mf).
E. bicornutus Yoshida, 1983a: 76, f. 11 (Dm; not f, = E. yoshidai).
E. n. Hu, 1984: 163, f. 169.1-2 (f).
E. bicornutus Seo, 1985b: 97, f. 1-4 (m).
E. n. Yoshida, 1985b: 27, f. 13-15 (mf, S).
E. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 46, f. 25.2 (mf).
E. bicornutus Song, 1987: 124, f. 84 (mf).
E. n. Kumada, 1989: 39, f. 1-5 (mf).
E. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 38, f. 40 (mf).
E. bicornutus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 147, f. 142.1-4 (mf).
E. n. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 858, f. 11A-C (mf).
E. n. Okuma, 1994: 12, f. 5A-E (mf).
E. n. Zhu, 1998: 267, f. 178A-F (mf).
E. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 61G-H, P-Q (mf).

j ocreatus (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam
Janulus o. Simon, 1909e: 84 (Dj).

mf panamensis Levi, 1955....................Panama
E. p. Levi, 1955b: 73, f. 14, 35 (Dm).
E. p. Levi, 1964c: 18, f. 37-39 (Df).

f pictus (Simon, 1895)....................Singapore
Janulus p. Simon, 1895g: 134 (Df).

mf porteri (Simon, 1901)....................Chile, Argentina
Chrosiothes australis Simon, 1896c: 143 (Dj, preoccupied here by E. a. Keyserling, 1890).
Chrosiothes p. Simon, 1901b: 18 (Dm).
Theridion spinatum Tullgren, 1901b: 189, pl. 15, f. 2 (Dmf).
Anelosimus australis Levi, 1963c: 492 (Tm from Chrosiothes, Sf).
Anelosimus australus Levi, 1963f: 47, f. 53-57 (mf).
E. p. Levi, 1967a: 16, f. 39-42 (mf, removed from S of Chrosiothes australis).

m punctisparsus Yoshida, 1983....................Taiwan
E. p. Yoshida, 1983a: 75, f. 7-8 (Dm).
E. p. Song, 1987: 125, f. 85 (m).
E. p. Okuma, 1994: 14, f. 6A-B (m).
E. p. Zhu, 1998: 271, f. 181A-B (m).
E. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 62A (m).

mf putus O. P.-Cambridge, 1894....................Mexico to Panama
E. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 132, pl. 18, f. 7 (Dm).
E. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 397, pl. 37, f. 25 (m).
E. cognatus Levi, 1955b: 71 (S, rejected).
E. p. Wunderlich, 1986: 76, f. 112, 130-133 (m).

f pyrenaeus (Simon, 1914)....................France
Plocamis pyrenaea Simon, 1914a: 246, 291 (Df).

f pyrus Levi, 1964....................Panama
E. p. Levi, 1964c: 17, f. 34-36 (Df).

m recifensis Levi, 1964....................Brazil
E. r. Levi, 1964c: 12, f. 8 (Dm).

f rhomboidalis (Simon, 1895)....................Cameroon, Myanmar, Singapore
Episinopsis r. Simon, 1894a: 522, f. 520 (nomen nudum).
Episinopsis r. Simon, 1895g: 136 (Df).
Episinopsis r. Levi & Levi, 1962: 55, f. 27 (f).

f rio Levi, 1967....................Brazil
E. r. Levi, 1967b: 29, f. 22-24 (Df).

mf salobrensis (Simon, 1895)....................Trinidad, Brazil, Guyana
Janulus s. Simon, 1895g: 135 (Df).
E. erythrophthalmus Levi, 1955b: 74, f. 24-25, 36 (f, misidentified).
E. s. Levi, 1964c: 22, f. 73-78 (f, Dm).

f similanus Urquhart, 1893....................New Zealand
E. s. Urquhart, 1893a: 182 (Df).

mf similitudus Urquhart, 1893....................New Zealand
E. s. Urquhart, 1893a: 181 (Dmf).

m taibeli Caporiacco, 1949....................Ethiopia
E. t. Caporiacco, 1949a: 398, f. 48 (Dm).

mf taprobanicus (Simon, 1895)....................Sri Lanka
Janulus t. Simon, 1895g: 134 (Dmf).

f teresopolis Levi, 1964....................Brazil
E. t. Levi, 1964c: 15, f. 24-26 (Df).

mf theridioides Simon, 1873....................Corsica, Sardinia
E. t. Simon, 1873a: 309, pl. 2, f. 32 (Df).
E. t. Simon, 1881a: 41, pl. 26, f. 5 (f, in part).
Plocamis t. Simon, 1894a: 521.
Plocamis t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 55, f. 222-223 (f).
E. t. Knoflach, 1993b: 359, f. 1-2, 4-5, 8-11 (f, Dm).
E. t. Wunderlich, 1995a: 371, f. 37, 50 (mf).

mf truncatus Latreille, 1809 *....................Palearctic
E. t. Latreille, 1809: 371 (D).
E. t. Walckenaer, 1842: 375, pl. 21, f. 1 (Dmf).
E. t. C. L. Koch, 1844: 166, f. 958-959 (mf).
E. lugubris Simon, 1873a: 307, pl. 2, f. 33 (Dmf).
E. t. Menge, 1879: 499, pl. 82, f. 285 (mf).
E. t. Hansen, 1882: 29, pl. 2, f. 5 (mf).
E. brasilianus Keyserling, 1884a: 206, pl. 10, f. 124 (Df).
E. lugubris Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 18, pl. 1, f. 10 (mf).
E. t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 19, pl. 1, f. 11 (mf).
E. t. Simon, 1894a: 514, f. 521.
E. t. Becker, 1896: 76, pl. 15, f. 3 (mf).
E. lugubris Bösenberg, 1902: 119, pl. 10, f. 150 (mf).
E. t. Kulczyn'ski, 1905c: 433, pl. 11, f. 3, 5, 12-14 (mf).
E. lugubris O. P.-Cambridge, 1906a: 74, 83, pl. 27, f. 2.
E. t. Reimoser, 1931b: 85, f. 3 (mf).
E. t. Wiehle, 1937: 128, f. 4-9 (mf).
E. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 44, f. 29C-D (mf).
E. t. Levi, 1955b: 67, f. 1-3, 15-16 (mf).
E. t. Levi, 1964c: 5 (S).
E. t. Azheganova, 1968: 51, f. 89-91 (mf).
E. t. Palmgren, 1974b: 7, f. 2.13-16 (mf).
E. t. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 47, f. 26B (f).
E. t. Punda, 1975b: 63, f. 130-131 (f).
E. t. Roberts, 1985: 174, f. 77b (mf).
E. t. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 79 (m).
E. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 290, f. 779 (mf).
E. t. Knoflach, 1993b: 363, f. 3, 6-7, 12-13 (mf).
E. t. Roberts, 1995: 267, f. (mf).
E. t. Mcheidze, 1997: 181, f. 356-358 (mf).
E. t. Roberts, 1998: 282, f. (mf).
E. t. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 421, f. 10, 16, 22 (mf).

mf typicus (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Theridion typicum Nicolet, 1849: 539 (Df).
E. dusénii Tullgren, 1902: 14, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dmf).
E. t. Levi, 1963c: 492 (Tf from Theridion, S rejected).
E. t. Levi, 1964c: 10, f. 12-15 (f, Dm, S).

mf unitus Levi, 1964....................Cuba, Jamaica
E. u. Levi, 1964c: 16, f. 27-29 (Df).
E. u. Gruia, 1977: 161, f. 6-11 (Dm).

mf variacorneus Chen, Peng & Zhao, 1992....................China
E. v. Chen, Peng & Zhao, 1992: 271, f. 6-13 (Dmf).
E. v. Zhu, 1998: 264, f. 175A-E (mf).
E. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 62B-C, H-I (mf).

mf vaticus Levi, 1964....................Costa Rica, Panama
E. v. Levi, 1964c: 18, f. 43-47 (Dmf).

mf xiushanicus Zhu, 1998....................China
E. x. Zhu, 1998: 263, f. 171A-F (Dmf).
E. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 62D-E, J (mf).

mf yoshidai Okuma, 1994....................Taiwan
E. bicornutus Yoshida, 1983a: 76, f. 9-10 (f, misidentified).
E. y. Okuma, 1994: 15, f. 7A-C (Dmf).
E. y. Zhu, 1998: 269, f. 179A-D (mf).
E. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 62F-G, K (mf).

mf zurlus Levi, 1964....................Venezuela
E. z. Levi, 1964c: 23, f. 58-63 (Dmf).

Gen. Euryopis Menge, 1868

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Dipoenoides Chamberlin, 1925, Emertonella Bryant, 1945b: 182, type Euryopis emertoni Bryant, 1933 and Mufila Bryant, 1949b: 66, type M. texana Bryant, 1949 (=E. quinquemaculata Banks, 1900) by Levi, 1954b: 3, and of Atkinia Strand, 1929 (replacement name for Atkinsonia O. P.-Cambridge, 1879, preoccupied, removed from the synonymy of Dipoena by Hickman, 1951b: 18), Phycosoma O. P.-Cambridge, 1879, Phylarchus Simon, 1889, Diaprocorus Simon, 1895 and Acanthomysmena Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 323, type A. spinifera Mello-Leitão, 1944 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 15-26.

Transferred to other genera:
E. inornata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 -- see Dipoena.
E. longiventris Simon, 1905 -- see Dipoena.
E. lutea Keyserling, 1891 -- see Dipoena.
E. maculata Keyserling, 1891 -- see Dipoena.
E. mustelina Simon, 1888 -- see Dipoena.
E. ornata Bryant, 1933 -- see Stemmops.
E. orniceps Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 -- see Stemmops.
E. probabilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 -- see Chrosiothes.
E. proxima O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 -- see Chrosiothes.
E. pumicata Keyserling, 1886 -- see Dipoena.
E. pusilla Keyserling, 1886 -- see Dipoena.
E. tuberosa Wunderlich, 1987 -- see Eurypoena.
E. variabilis Keyserling, 1886 -- see Dipoena.

In synonymy:
E. annulipes Miller, 1963 = E. saukea Levi, 1951 (Miller, 1966: 154).
E. apacheca (Chamberlin, 1925) = E. scriptipes Banks, 1908 (Levi, 1954b: 43).
E. bryantae Levi, 1954 = E. quinquemaculata Banks, 1900 (Levi, 1963a: 131).
E. dentata Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 = E. taczanowskii Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1954b: 24, sub E. nigripes).
E. deridens Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 = E. spinigera O. P.-Cambridge, 1895 (Levi, 1954b: 21, contra Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 41).
E. episinoides tarsalis Pavesi, 1875 = E. episinoides (Walckenaer, 1847) (Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 178, sub E. acuminata).
E. flava Wiehle, 1960 = E. flavomaculata (C. L. Koch, 1836) (Wunderlich, 1974b: 166).
E. floricola Keyserling, 1886 = E. taczanowskii Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1963a: 132).
E. georgiana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 = E. emertoni Bryant, 1933 (Levi, 1954b: 15).
E. munda (Barrows & Ivie, 1942, T from Dipoena) = E. quinquemaculata Banks, 1900 (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 40).
E. nigripes Banks, 1929 = E. taczanowskii Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1963a: 132).
E. particeps (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = E. sexalbomaculata (Lucas, 1846) (Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 180).
E. quadrimaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 = E. episinoides (Walckenaer, 1847) (Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 178, sub E. acuminata).
E. rosascostai Mello-Leitão, 1944 = E. taczanowskii Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1963a: 132).
E. scripta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) = E. episinoides (Walckenaer, 1847) (Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 178, sub E. acuminata).
E. strandi Sytshevskaja, 1935 = E. argentea Emerton, 1882 (Levi, 1954b: 13).

Homonyms replaced:
E. acuminata (Lucas, 1846) -- see E. episinoides.
E. texana (Bryant, 1949) -- see E. quinquemaculata.

Nomina dubia:
E. brevis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1870d: 743, pl. 44, f. 9, j, India, originally in Phycus=Phylarchus) -- Levi, 1963a: 132.
E. gracilis (Holmberg, 1876: 14, Argentina, originally in Micryphantes) -- Levi, 1963a: 126.
E. haematostigma (Blackwall, 1864a: 198, pl. 14, f. 129, f, England, Ireland, originally in Theridion) -- Bristowe, 1939: 63.
E. inscripta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 284, f, Lebanon, originally in Theridion) -- Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 178.
E. limbata (Walckenaer, 1842: 81, USA, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1963a: 130.
E. modesta Schenkel, 1936b: 47, f. 14 (j, China) -- Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123.

f aeneocincta Simon, 1877....................Philippines
Euryopis a. Simon, 1877b: 84 (Df).
Phylarchus aeneocinctus Simon, 1894a: 529.

f albomaculata Denis, 1951....................Egypt
E. a. Denis, 1951c: 313, f. 1 (Df).

mf argentea Emerton, 1882....................USA, Canada, Russia
E. a. Emerton, 1882: 27, pl. 5, f. 5 (Dj).
E. a. Keyserling, 1886b: 50, pl. 12, f. 162 (j).
E. argentata Banks, 1908: 206.
E. strandi Sytshevskaja, 1935: 87, f. 2-3 (Dm).
E. a. Kaston, 1948: 97, f. 184-186 (mf).
E. a. Levi, 1954b: 11, f. 4, 7, 11-14 (mf, S).

f bifascigera Strand, 1913....................Central Africa
E. b. Strand, 1913a: 345 (Df).

mf californica Banks, 1904....................USA, Mexico
E. c. Banks, 1904b: 345, pl. 39, f. 23, 36 (Df).
E. c. Levi, 1954b: 39, f. 61, 74, 77, 92-93, 105, 132 (f, Dm).

j campestrata Simon, 1907....................Egypt
E. c. Simon, 1907e: 5 (Dj).

mf camis Levi, 1963....................Brazil
E. c. Levi, 1963a: 132, f. 17-19 (Dmf).

mf cobreensis Levi, 1963....................Jamaica
E. c. Levi, 1963a: 134, f. 22-26 (Dmf).

mf coki Levi, 1954....................USA
E. c. Levi, 1954b: 33, f. 56, 68, 85-86, 102, 130 (Dmf).

m cyclosisa Zhu & Song, 1997....................China
E. c. Zhu & Song, 1997: 93, f. A-C (Dm).
E. c. Zhu, 1998: 40, f. 19A-C (m).
E. cyclosia Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 62P-Q (m).

mf dentigera Simon, 1879....................Spain, France, Sweden, Bulgaria
E. d. Simon, 1879a: 251 (Dm).
E. d. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 62, pl. 1, f. 14 (Df).

f deplanata Schenkel, 1936....................China
E. d. Schenkel, 1936b: 45, f. 13 (Df).

mf duodecimguttata Caporiacco, 1950....................Italy
E. d. Caporiacco, 1950b: 71, f. 2 (Df).
E. d. Caporiacco, 1951a: 78, f. 5 (Dm).
E. d. Brignoli, 1968d: 95, f. 12-14 (f).

mf elegans Keyserling, 1890....................Australia
Euryopis e. Keyserling, 1890: 249, pl. 23, f. 1 (Df).
Phylarchus e. Simon, 1894a: 527.
E. e. Hickman, 1967: 48, f. 84-86 (f, Dm).

f elenae González, 1991....................Argentina
E. e. González, 1991: 62, f. 14-17 (Df).

mf emertoni Bryant, 1933....................USA
E. e. Bryant, 1933a: 172, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dm).
E. e. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 41 (S E. deridens, rejected).
E. georgiana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 41, f. 90, 104 (Df).
Emertonella e. Bryant, 1945b: 182 (Tmf from Euryopis).
E. e. Kaston, 1948: 98, f. 200-203 (m).
E. e. Levi, 1954b: 15, f. 19-22, 29, 31, 34, 37 (m, Sf).
E. e. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 5 (m).
E. e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 39, f. 30, 32-34 (mf).
E. e. Levi, 1963a: 130, f. 27-28 (m).
E. e. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 38, f. 41, 43 (m).
E. e. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 41, 43 (m).
E. e. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 41, 43 (m).
E. e. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 77 (m).
E. e. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 43 (m).

mf episinoides (Walckenaer, 1847)....................Mediterranean, China
Theridion acuminatum Lucas, 1846: 268, pl. 17, f. 10 (Dmf; N.B.: a primary junior homonym of T. acuminatum Wider, 1834 and hence not available).
Argus e. Walckenaer, 1847a: 501 (Dmf).
Theridion scriptum O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 283 (Dmf).
E. tarsalis Pavesi, 1875: 7 (Df).
Theridium acuminatum Canestrini, 1876: 210, pl. 8, f. 4 (mf).
E. quadrimaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 569 (Dmf).
E. acuminata Simon, 1881a: 127.
E. scripta Simon, 1881a: 130.
E. acuminata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 20, pl. 1, f. 12 (mf).
E. acuminata tarsalis Simon, 1914a: 248, 292.
E. acuminata tarsalis Miller, 1947: 35, pl. IV, f. 6 (m).
E. acuminata tarsalis Miller, 1963: 343, pl. I, f. 1-3 (m).
E. tarsalis Brignoli, 1967e: 189, f. 9A-B (f, elevated from subspecies).
E. tarsalis Brignoli, 1968d: 95, f. 9-10 (m).
E. acuminata tarsalis Miller, 1971: 183, pl. XXXI, f. 6 (m).
E. acuminata Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 178, f. 1-10 (mf, S).
E. acuminata Zhu, 1998: 36, f. 16A-E (mf).
E. acuminata Levy, 1998b: 144, f. 265-274 (mf).
E. acuminata Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 119, f. 62L-O (mf).

f estebani González, 1991....................Argentina
E. e. González, 1991: 62, f. 18-21 (Df).

f euterpe Denis, 1954....................Algeria
E. e. Denis, 1954a: 311, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf flavomaculata (C. L. Koch, 1836) *....................Palearctic
Micryphantes flavomaculatus C. L. Koch, 1836a: 67, f. 220 (Df).
Theridium flavomaculatum Westring, 1851: 40.
Theridium multimaculatum Grube, 1859: 490 (Dm).
Theridium flavomaculatum Westring, 1861: 192 (Dm).
Theridion flavomaculatum Blackwall, 1864a: 201, pl. 14, f. 132 (mf).
E. f. Menge, 1868: 175, pl. 33, f. 78 (mf).
E. f. Thorell, 1870a: 95 (S).
E. f. Becker, 1896: 106, pl. 23, f. 3 (mf).
E. f. Bösenberg, 1902: 121, pl. 11, f. 153 (mf).
E. f. Charitonov, 1926a: 260, f. 3-4 (f).
E. f. Wiehle, 1937: 132, f. 14-19 (mf).
E. f. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 44, f. 30A-E (mf).
E. f. Levi, 1954b: 7, f. 1, 8-10 (mf).
E. flava Wiehle, 1960b: 242, f. 21-27 (Dm).
E. f. Levi & Levi, 1962: 39, f. 35-36 (mf).
E. f. Miller, 1963: 343, pl. I, f. 4-9 (mf).
E. f. Miller, 1971: 183, pl. XXXI, f. 7-8 (mf).
E. f. Wunderlich, 1974b: 166 (S).
E. f. Palmgren, 1974b: 9, f. 2.17-19 (mf).
E. f. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 38, f. 38 (f).
E. f. Wunderlich, 1978a: 27, f. 8-9 (m).
E. flavomaculatis Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 38 (f).
E. flavomaculatis Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 38 (f).
E. f. Roberts, 1985: 174, f. 77d (mf).
E. f. Wunderlich, 1986: 217, f. 221 (m).
E. f. Hu & Wu, 1989: 126, f. 98.1-2 (m).
E. f. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 192, f. 783 (mf).
E. f. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 38 (f).
E. f. Roberts, 1995: 271, f. (mf).
E. f. Zhu, 1998: 39, f. 18A-C (m).
E. f. Roberts, 1998: 286, f. (mf).
E. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 63E-F (m).

mf formosa Banks, 1908....................USA, Canada
E. f. Banks, 1908: 207 (Dmf).
E. f. Levi, 1954b: 40, f. 62, 75, 78, 94-96, 106-17 (mf).

mf funebris (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Canada
Theridion funebre Hentz, 1850: 276, pl. 9, f. 11 (Dm).
E. f. Emerton, 1882: 27, pl. 5, f. 6 (m, Df).
E. f. Keyserling, 1886b: 49, pl. 12, f. 161 (f).
E. f. Emerton, 1902: 127, f. 303 (f).
E. limbata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 42 (T from Araneus, S, rejected).
E. f. Kaston, 1948: 97, f. 182-183, 199 (m).
E. limbata Levi, 1954b: 26, f. 53, 65, 69, 83-84, 100, 120-121, 129 (mf).
E. f. Levi, 1963a: 130 (rejected S).
E. f. Griswold et al., 1998: 67, f. 16D (m).

f galeiforma Zhu, 1998....................China
E. g. Zhu, 1998: 35, f. 15A-D (Df).
E. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 63A-B (f).

mf gertschi Levi, 1951....................USA
E. g. Levi, 1951: 4, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
E. g. Levi, 1954b: 9, f. 3, 6, 15-16 (mf).

m giordanii Caporiacco, 1950....................Italy
E. g. Caporiacco, 1950e: 125, f. 5-6 (Dm).
E. g. Pesarini, 2000: 382, f. 7 (m).

m hebraea Levy & Amitai, 1981....................Israel
E. h. Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 182, f. 20-22 (Dm).
E. h. Levy, 1998b: 150, f. 284-286 (m).

mf helcra Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
E. h. Roberts, 1983: 219, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

mf iharai Yoshida, 1992....................Japan, Ryukyu Is.
E. i. Yoshida, 1992a: 140, f. 5-9 (Dmf).

f jucunda Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
E. j. Thorell, 1895: 106 (Df).

mf laeta (Westring, 1861)....................Europe to Tajikistan
Theridium laetum Westring, 1861: 191 (Dm).
Theridium argentatum Keyserling, 1863: 376, pl. 10, f. 12-16 (m, Df).
E. l. Thorell, 1870a: 95.
E. zimmermanni L. Koch, 1875c: 1, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
E. microthorax Lebert, 1877: 185 (Dm).
E. zimmermanni Simon, 1881a: 124 (Dm).
E. l. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 20, pl. 1, f. 13 (f).
E. zimmermanni Bösenberg, 1902: 120, pl. 11, f. 152 (mf).
E. zimmermanni Kulczyn'ski, 1915: 919, pl. 66, f. 30.
E. l. Wiehle, 1937: 134, f. 25-30 (mf).
E. l. Miller, 1963: 345, pl. II, f. 1-5 (mf).
E. l. Azheganova, 1968: 50, f. 103-104 (mf).
E. l. Miller, 1971: 183, pl. XXXI, f. 3-5 (mf).
E. l. Palmgren, 1974b: 9, f. 2.20-22 (mf).
E. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 292, f. 782 (mf).
E. l. Roberts, 1995: 271, f. (mf).
E. l. Roberts, 1998: 280, f. (mf).

m levii Heimer, 1987....................Mongolia
E. l. Heimer, 1987a: 139, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf lineatipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1893....................USA to Colombia
E. l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 108, pl. 15, f. 6 (Df).
E. l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 131, pl. 16, f. 2 (Dm).
E. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 396, pl. 37, f. 20-21 (mf).
E. l. Levi, 1954b: 36, f. 60, 73, 76, 90-91, 104, 125-126 (mf).

f maga Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
E. m. Simon, 1908d: 408 (Df).

mf margaritata (L. Koch, 1867)....................Italy, Greece
Theridium margaritatum L. Koch, 1867c: 861 (Df).
E. m. Simon, 1881a: 130.
E. m. Hadjissarantos, 1940: 56, f. 18-20 (f, Dm).
E. m. Kritscher, 1969: 279, f. 1-2 (f).

f megalops (Caporiacco, 1934)....................Karakorum
Phylarcus m. Caporiacco, 1934a: 143, pl. 4, f. 4 (Df).

f molopica Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
E. m. Thorell, 1895: 105 (Df).

mf mulaiki Levi, 1954....................USA
E. m. Levi, 1954b: 19, f. 17-18, 27-28, 32 (Dmf).

f multipunctata (Simon, 1895)....................Victoria
Diaprocorus multipunctatus Simon, 1894a: 529 (nomen nudum).
Diaprocorus multipunctatus Simon, 1895g: 137 (Df).
Diaprocorus multipunctatus Levi & Levi, 1962: 40, f. 37 (f).

m mutoloi Caporiacco, 1948....................Greece
E. m. Caporiacco, 1948c: 50, f. 7 (Dm).
E. mutuloi Brignoli, 1983c: 407 (lapsus).

mf nana (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................New Zealand
Atkinsonia n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 691, pl. 53, f. 10 (Dm).
Theridium pusillulum Urquhart, 1890c: 257 (Df).
Dipoena n. Dalmas, 1917a: 358.
Atkinia n. Strand, 1929: 14 (replacement generic name).
Dipoena n. Bryant, 1933b: 10 (f).
Atkinsonia n. Hickman, 1951b: 18, f. 26-29 (Tmf from Dipoena).
Atkinsonia n. Levi & Levi, 1962: 40, f. 38-39 (mf).

mf nigra Yoshida, 2000....................Japan
E. n. Yoshida, 2000a: 133, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

f notabilis (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Theridion notabile Keyserling, 1891: 189, pl. 6, f. 135 (Df).
E. notabila Levi, 1963a: 136, f. 34-35 (Tf from Theridion).
E. n. Levi, 1967b: 22.

f nubila Simon, 1889....................India
E. n. Simon, 1889d: 252 (Df).

mf octomaculata (Paik, 1995)....................Korea, Japan
Steatoda o. Paik, 1995a: 7, f. 8-13 (Df).
E. o. Yoshida, 1997: 111, f. 1-5 (Tf from Steatoda, Dm).

f oecobioides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................New Zealand
Phycosoma o. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 692, pl. 52, f. 6 (Df).

f orsovensis Kulczyn'ski, 1894....................Hungary, Asia Minor
E. o. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 20, pl. 1, f. 14 (Df).

m pepini Levi, 1954....................USA
E. p. Levi, 1954b: 32, f. 55, 67, 71, 101 (Dm).

mf petricola (Hickman, 1951)....................Tasmania
Atkinsonia p. Hickman, 1951b: 21, f. 30-34 (Dmf).
E. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 407.

mf pickardi Levi, 1963....................Jamaica, Panama to Peru
E. p. Levi, 1963a: 135, f. 30-33 (Dmf).

f pilosa Miller, 1970....................Angola
E. pilosus Miller, 1970: 159, pl. LIII, f. 1-5 (Df).
E. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 407.

f potteri Simon, 1901....................Ethiopia
E. p. Simon, 1901d: 19 (Df).

j praemitis Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
E. p. Simon, 1909e: 85 (Dj).

f promo González, 1991....................Argentina
E. p. González, 1991: 61, f. 10-13 (Df).

mf quinqueguttata Thorell, 1875....................Europe to Turkmenistan
E. q. Thorell, 1875b: 68 (Df).
E. q. Thorell, 1875c: 59 (Df).
E. argenteomaculata Simon, 1879a: 252 (Dmf).
E. quinquenotata Simon, 1880h: 108 (Df).
E. argenteomaculata Simon, 1881a: 126, pl. 26, f. 3 (mf).
E. argenteomaculata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 21, pl. 1, f. 15 (mf).
E. argenteomaculata Bösenberg, 1902: 121, pl. 11, f. 154 (mf).
E. quinquenotata Simon, 1914a: 247, 292.
E. q. Wiehle, 1937: 133, f. 20-24 (mf).
Euophrys quinquenotata Roewer, 1955c: 1177 (lapsus).
E. q. Miller, 1963: 344, pl. I, f. 10-11, pl. II, f. 6-7 (mf).
E. q. Miller, 1971: 183, pl. XXXI, f. 9 (f).
E. q. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 290, f. 781 (mf).

mf quinquemaculata Banks, 1900....................USA
E. 5-maculata Banks, 1900a: 97 (Df).
Dipoena munda Barrows & Ivie, 1942: 20, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
E. q. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 40 (S).
Dipoena q. Muma, 1945: 96 (T, subsequently rejected).
Mufila texana Bryant, 1949b: 67, f. 1A-B (Dm, preoccupied in E. by Banks, 1908).
E. q. Levi, 1954b: 46, f. 133-136 (f).
E. bryantae Levi, 1954b: 47, f. 137 (m, replacement name for E. texana).
E. q. Levi, 1963a: 131, f. 11-16 (mf, S).

f sagittata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand
Phycus sagittatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 38 (Df).
Phylarchus sagittatus Simon, 1894a: 527.

mf saukea Levi 1951....................Holarctic
E. s. Levi, 1951: 6, f. 5-9 (Dm).
E. s. Levi, 1954b: 7, f. 2, 5 (m).
E. s. Levi & Field, 1954: 442, f. 2, 4, 6 (m).
E. s. Levi, 1963a: 130, f. 7-9 (Df).
E. annulipes Miller, 1963: 346, pl. III, f. 1-11 (Dmf).
E. s. Miller, 1966: 154 (S).
E. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 292, f. 784 (mf).
E. s. Esyunin & Efimik, 1995: 74, f. 11 (m).
E. s. Szinetár, 1998: 104, f. 1A-F (m).

mf scriptipes Banks, 1908....................North America
E. s. Banks, 1908: 206 (Dmf).
Dipoenoides apachecus Chamberlin, 1925d: 215 (Dm).
E. s. Levi, 1954b: 43, f. 59, 63, 79-80, 82, 97-99, 108-114, 116-119, 127-128 (mf, S).

mf sexalbomaculata (Lucas, 1846)....................Mediterranean
Theridion sex-albomaculatum Lucas 1846: 265, pl. 17, f. 8 (Dm).
Theridion particeps O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 282 (Dmf).
E. particeps Simon, 1881a: 129.
E. s. Simon, 1881a: 130.
E. s. Levy & Amitai, 1981a: 180, f. 11-19 (mf, S).
E. s. Levy, 1998b: 146, f. 275-283 (mf).

mf spinifera (Mello-Leitão, 1944)....................Argentina
Acanthomysmena s. Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 324, f. 4 (Dm).
E. s. Levi, 1963a: 133, f. 20 (m).
E. s. González, 1990: 47, f. 1-9 (m, Df).

mf spinigera O. P.-Cambridge, 1895....................USA to Colombia
E. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895a: 146, pl. 19, f. 2 (Dm).
E. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 397, pl. 37, f. 22 (m).
E. s. Emerton, 1924a: 142, f. 4 (m).
E. deridens Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 7, f. 13 (Df).
E. s. Levi, 1954b: 20, f. 23-24, 30, 33, 36 (m, Sf).
E. s. Levi, 1963a: 130, f. 29 (m).

m spiritus Levi, 1954....................USA
E. s. Levi, 1954b: 46, f. 64, 81, 115 (Dm).

f splendens (Rainbow, 1916)....................New South Wales
Phylarchus s. Rainbow, 1916b: 60, f. 3 (Df).

f splendida (Simon, 1889)....................New Caledonia
Phylarchus splendidus Simon, 1889c: 241 (Df).

f superba (Rainbow, 1896)....................New South Wales, Victoria
Pachygnatha s. Rainbow, 1896b: 630, pl. 49, f. 2 (Df).
E. s. Rainbow, 1911: 156.

mf taczanowskii Keyserling, 1886....................USA to Argentina, Sri Lanka to Ryukyu Is.
E. t. Keyserling, 1886b: 47, pl. 12, f. 160 (Df).
E. floricola Keyserling, 1886b: 261, pl. 21, f. 309 (Df).
E. nigripes Banks, 1929: 86, pl. 3, f. 47, pl. 4, f. 60 (Df).
E. dentata Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 6, f. 10-11 (Dmf).
E. rosascostai Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 325, f. 6 (Df).
E. nigripes Levi, 1954b: 24, f. 38-52 (f, Sm).
E. t. Levi, 1963a: 132, f. 10 (Sm).
E. t. Levi, 1967c: 178, f. 37-41 (mf).
E. t. Yoshida, 1992a: 139, f. 1-4 (mf).
E. t. Zhu, 1998: 37, f. 17A-D (mf).
E. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 63C-D, G (mf).

mf talaveraensis González, 1991....................Argentina
E. t. González, 1991: 59, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

m tavara Levi, 1954....................USA
E. t. Levi, 1954b: 29, f. 54, 66, 70, 131 (Dm).

mf texana Banks, 1908....................USA, Mexico
E. t. Banks, 1908: 207 (Dm).
E. t. Levi, 1954b: 34, f. 57-58, 72, 87-89, 103, 122-124 (m, Df).

f tribulata Simon, 1905....................Argentina
E. t. Simon, 1905e: 6 (Df).
E. t. Levi, 1963a: 136, f. 36-38 (f).

f umbilicata L. Koch, 1872....................Australia
E. u. L. Koch, 1872a: 274, pl. 23, f. 1 (Df).

f varis Levi, 1963....................USA
E. variabilis Levi, 1954b: 23, f. 25-26, 35 (f).
E. v. Levi, 1963a: 130 (name for above misidentified f).

j venutissima (Caporiacco, 1934)....................Karakorum
Philarcus venutissimus Caporiacco, 1934a: 143, pl. 4, f. 3 (Dj).

m weesei Levi, 1963....................USA
E. w. Levi, 1963a: 134, f. 21 (Dm).

Gen. Eurypoena Wunderlich, 1992

E. Wunderlich, 1992a: 411, type Euryopis tuberosa Wunderlich, 1987.

mf tuberosa (Wunderlich, 1987) *....................Canary Is.
Euryopis t. Wunderlich, 1987a: 209, f. 547-551 (Dmf).
E. t. Wunderlich, 1992a: 411 (Tmf from Euryopis).

f tuberosa alegranzaensis Wunderlich, 1992....................Canary Is.
E. t. a. Wunderlich, 1992a: 411 (Df).

Gen. Exalbidion Wunderlich, 1995

E. Wunderlich, 1995n: 613, type Theridion sexmaculatum Keyserling, 1884.

f barroanum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Ecuador
Theridion b. Levi, 1959b: 122, f. 234-235 (Df).
E. b. Wunderlich, 1995n: 613 (Tf from Theridion).

mf dotanum (Banks, 1914)....................Mexico to Panama
Singa dotana Banks, 1914a: 679, pl. 28, f. 1, 11 (Df).
Theridion d. Levi, 1959b: 120, f. 245-248 (Tf from Singa, Dm).
E. d. Wunderlich, 1995n: 613 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf pallisterorum (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Theridion p. Levi, 1959b: 121, f. 242-244 (Dmf).
E. paisterorum Wunderlich, 1995n: 613 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf rufipunctum (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Ecuador
Theridion r. Levi, 1959b: 118, f. 230-233 (Dmf).
Theridion r. Levi, 1963c: 543, f. 80-81 (f).
E. rufipunctatum Wunderlich, 1995n: 613 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf sexmaculatum (Keyserling, 1884) *....................Guatemala, West Indies to Brazil
Theridion s. Keyserling, 1884a: 82, pl. 4, f. 51 (Df).
Theridion s. Keyserling, 1886b: 238, pl. 20, f. 292 (Dm).
Steatoda sexmaculata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 386, pl. 36, f. 22 (f).
Theridion s. Levi, 1959b: 119, f. 236-239 (mf).
E. s. Wunderlich, 1995n: 613, f. 4-6 (Tmf from Theridion).

Gen. Gmogala Keyserling, 1890

N.B.: the spelling Gmogola in Platnick, 1989b: 188 is a lapsus.

mf scarabaeus Keyserling, 1890 *....................New Guinea, Australia
G. scarabaea Keyserling, 1890: 270, pl. 24, f. 9 (Df).
G. s. Simon, 1893a: 307, f. 266.
G. s. Rainbow, 1902a: 315, f. 27.
G. s. Wunderlich, 1978a: 25, f. 1-7 (Dm).

Gen. Gnophomytis Simon, 1895

N.B.: may be a junior synonym of Phoroncidia Westwood, 1835 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 21).

f variolosa Simon, 1895 *....................Venezuela
G. v. Simon, 1894a: 560 (nomen nudum).
G. v. Simon, 1895g: 148 (Df).

Gen. Guaraniella Baert, 1984

G. Baert, 1984: 608, type G. mahnerti Baert, 1984.

mf bracata Baert, 1984....................Brazil, Paraguay
G. b. Baert, 1984a: 614, f. 28-37 (Dmf).

mf mahnerti Baert, 1984 *....................Brazil, Paraguay
G. m. Baert, 1984a: 610, f. 17-27 (Dmf).

Gen. Hadrotarsus Thorell, 1881

mf babirussa Thorell, 1881 *....................New Guinea
H. b. Thorell, 1881: 191 (Dmf).
H. b. Pocock, 1903f: 619, f. 1a-d.
H. b. Levi, 1968b: 144, f. 1-9 (m).

mf fulvus Hickman, 1942....................Tasmania
H. f. Hickman, 1942: 152, f. 20-29, 40 (Dmf).
H. f. Archer, 1950: 17, pl. I, f. 6 (m).

mf ornatus Hickman, 1942....................Tasmania
H. o. Hickman, 1942: 148, f. 1-19, 35-39 (Dmf).

m setosus Hickman, 1942....................Tasmania
H. s. Hickman, 1942: 155, f. 30-34 (Dm).

mf yamius Wang, 1955....................Taiwan
H. y. Wang, 1955: 199, f. 6-9 (Dmf).
H. y. Levi, 1968b: 141 (probably misplaced).

Gen. Helvibis Keyserling, 1884

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Formicinoides Keyserling, 1884 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 21.

In synonymy:
H. keyserlingi Banks, 1929 = H. longistyla (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) (Levi, 1964g: 140).

mf brasiliana (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru
Formicinoides b. Keyserling, 1884a: 214, pl. 10, f. 128 (Df).
Formicinoides b. Simon, 1894a: 507, f. 509.
H. b. Levi, 1964g: 135, f. 7-13 (f, Dm).

mf chilensis (Keyserling, 1884)....................Chile, Brazil
Formicinoides c. Keyserling, 1884a: 215, pl. 10, f. 129 (Df).
H. c. Levi, 1964g: 135, f. 1-6 (f).
H. c. Levi, 1967b: 29, f. 17-21 (Dm).

mf germaini Simon, 1895....................Peru, Brazil
H. g. Simon, 1894a: 504, f. 508 (nomen nudum).
H. g. Simon, 1895g: 132 (Dmf).
H. g. Levi, 1964g: 137, f. 26-33 (mf).

f infelix (O. P.-Cambridge, 1880)....................Brazil
Argyrodes i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1880: 340, pl. 30, f. 18 (Df).
H. i. Exline & Levi, 1962: 91 (Tf from Argyrodes).
H. i. Levi, 1964g: 137, f. 34-37 (f).

mf longicauda Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
H. l. Keyserling, 1891: 204, pl. 7, f. 146 (Df).
H. l. Levi, 1964g: 140, f. 50-59 (f, Dm).

mf longistyla (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Panama, Trinidad
Steatoda l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 386, pl. 36, f. 23 (Dm).
Theridion longistylum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 199.
H. keyserlingi Banks, 1929: 87, pl. 3, f. 34, 37, pl. 4, f. 67 (Df).
H. longistylum Levi & Levi, 1962: 49, f. 166 (Tm from Theridion).
H. longistylum Levi, 1964g: 140, f. 60-71 (m, Sf).

m monticola Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
H. m. Keyserling, 1891: 205, pl. 7, f. 147 (Dm).
H. m. Levi, 1964g: 138, f. 47-49 (m).

f rossi Levi, 1964....................Peru
H. r. Levi, 1964g: 137, f. 21-25 (Df).

mf thorelli Keyserling, 1884 *....................Peru, Brazil
H. thorellii Keyserling, 1884a: 173, pl. 8, f. 105 (Dmf).
H. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 49, f. 160-165 (mf).
H. t. Levi, 1964g: 138, f. 38-46 (mf).

mf tingo Levi, 1964....................Peru
H. t. Levi, 1964g: 135, f. 14-20 (Dmf).

Gen. Helvidia Thorell, 1890

N.B.: transferred here from the Theridiosomatidae by Levi, 1972b: 536.

m scabricula Thorell, 1890 *....................Sumatra
H. s. Thorell, 1890a: 280 (Dm).
H. s. Levi, 1972b: 537, f. 3-9 (m).
H. s. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 99 (m).

Gen. Hetschkia Keyserling, 1886

mf gracilis Keyserling, 1886 *....................Brazil
H. g. Keyserling, 1886b: 247, pl. 20, f. 299 (Dm).
H. g. Levi & Levi, 1962: 50, f. 172-177 (m, Df).
H. g. Levi, 1963d: 172, f. 7-13 (mf).

Gen. Histagonia Simon, 1895

mf deserticola Simon, 1895 *....................South Africa
H. d. Simon, 1894a: 585, f. 589 (m, nomen nudum).
H. d. Simon, 1895g: 148 (Dmf).
H. d. Levi & Levi, 1962: 43, f. 72-73 (mf).

Gen. Icona Forster, 1955

I. Forster, 1955c: 189, type I. alba Forster, 1955.

mf alba Forster, 1955 *....................Auckland Is., Campbell Is.
I. a. Forster, 1955c: 190, f. 35-39 (Dmf).
I. a. Levi & Levi, 1962: 61, f. 286-289 (mf).
I. a. Forster, 1964b: 91, f. 102-107 (mf).

mf drama Forster, 1964....................Auckland Is.
I. d. Forster, 1964b: 92, f. 108-114 (Dmf).

Gen. Jamaitidion Wunderlich, 1995

J. Wunderlich, 1995n: 613, type Theridion jamaicense Levi, 1959.

mf jamaicense (Levi, 1959) *....................Jamaica
Theridion j. Levi, 1959b: 117, f. 219-222 (Dmf).
J. j. Wunderlich, 1995n: 614, f. 7-11 (Tmf from Theridion).

Gen. Landoppo Barrion & Litsinger, 1995

L. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 438, type L. misamisoriensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995.

m misamisoriensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 *....................Philippines
L. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 439, f. 263a-h (Dm).

Gen. Lasaeola Simon, 1881

N.B.: removed (together with its junior synonym Deliana Keyserling, 1886) from the synonymy of Dipoena Thorell, 1869 by Wunderlich, 1988: 148; only taxa specifically mentioned by Wunderlich are shown as transfers here.

m bequaerti (Chickering, 1948)....................Panama
Dipoena b. Chickering, 1948: 331, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Diponea b. Levi, 1963a: 178, f. 266-267 (m).
Dipoena becquaerti Brignoli, 1983c: 401 (lapsus).
L. b. Wunderlich, 1988: 154 (Tm from Dipoena).

mf donaldi (Chickering, 1943)....................Panama, Venezuela
Dipoena d. Chickering, 1943b: 347, f. 24-26 (Dm).
Dipoena d. Levi, 1963a: 165, f. 163-168 (m, Df).
L. d. Wunderlich, 1988: 150 (Tmf from Dipoena).

mf oceanica Simon, 1883....................Azores
L. testaceomarginata o. Simon, 1883: 271 (Dmf).
L. o. Wunderlich, 1992a: 412, f. 574-575 (mf, elevated from subspecies).

f spinithorax (Keyserling, 1886)....................Peru
Deliana s. Keyserling, 1886b: 35, pl. 11, f. 153 (Df).
Deliana s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 19, f. 58-59 (f).
Dipoena s. Levi, 1963a: 170, f. 205-208 (f).
L. s. Wunderlich, 1988: 148 (Tf from Dipoena).

m superba (Chickering, 1948)....................Mexico, Panama
Dipoena s. Chickering, 1948: 337, f. 8-10 (Dm).
Dipoena s. Levi, 1963a: 167, f. 183-184 (m).
L. s. Wunderlich, 1988: 152 (Tm from Dipoena).

mf testaceomarginata Simon, 1881....................Spain to Italy
L. t. Simon, 1881a: 142 (Dmf).
Dipoena t. Simon, 1914a: 276, 301, f. 528 (mf).
Dipoena t. Brignoli, 1968d: 97, f. 7-8, 11 (mf).
L. t. Wunderlich, 1992a: 412, f. 576 (Tmf from Dipoena).

mf tristis (Hahn, 1833) *....................Europe to Tajikistan
Theridion triste Hahn, 1833a: 89, f. 67 (Dmf).
Theridion triste C. L. Koch, 1841a: 83, f. 653-654 (mf).
Steatoda t. C. L. Koch, 1850: 18.
Euryopis t. Menge, 1868: 176, pl. 33, f. 79 (j).
L. t. Simon, 1881a: 138.
L. t. Becker, 1896: 110, pl. 24, f. 2 (mf).
L. t. Bösenberg, 1902: 122, pl. 11, f. 155 (mf).
Dipoena t. Simon, 1914a: 276, 301.
Dipoena t. Wiehle, 1937: 182, f. 175-179 (mf).
Dipoena t. Tullgren, 1949: 48, f. 7a, 8a-b (mf).
Dipoena t. Levi, 1953b: 7, f. 35, 89 (mf).
Dipoena t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 48, f. 33A, D (mf).
Dipoena t. Miller, 1967: 289, pl. XIII, f. 1-4 (mf).
Dipoena t. Miller, 1971: 184, pl. XXXI, f. 12-13 (mf).
Dipoena t. Palmgren, 1974b: 13, f. 2.23-26 (mf).
Dipoena t. Roberts, 1985: 176, f. 78d (mf).
L. t. Wunderlich, 1988: 148 (Tmf from Dipoena, as type species of L.).
Dipoena t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 286, f. 770 (mf).
Dipoena t. Roberts, 1995: 269, f. (mf).
Dipoena t. Roberts, 1998: 284, f. (mf).

f tristis hissariensis (Charitonov, 1951)....................Russia, Central Asia
Dipoena t. h. Charitonov, 1951: 210, f. 1 (Df).

Gen. Latrodectus Walckenaer, 1805

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Chacoca Badcock, 1932 by Levi, 1959c: 18.

In synonymy:
L. agoyangyang Plantilla & Mabalay, 1935 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. albomaculatus Franganillo, 1930 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. carteri Badcock, 1932 = L. antheratus (Badcock, 1932) (Abalos, 1980: 43, contra Levi, 1959c: 39).
L. concinnus O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 = L. geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841 (Smithers, 1944: 301).
L. cretaceus Badcock, 1932 = L. antheratus (Badcock, 1932) (Mello-Leitão, 1946b: 34, sub L. carteri).
L. distinctus (Badcock, 1932, removed from S of L. curacaviensis) = L. geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841 (Abalos, 1980: 49, contra Levi, 1959c: 39).
L. flavodorsatus (Badcock, 1932) = L. antheratus (Badcock, 1932) (Abalos, 1980: 43, contra Levi, 1959c: 39).
L. foliatus Mello-Leitão, 1940 (removed from S of L. mactans) = L. curacaviensis (Müller, 1776) (Levi, 1959c: 39, but see also Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965c: 58).
L. geometricus modestus Caporiacco, 1949 = L. geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841 (Levi, 1959c: 21).
L. geometricus obscuratus Caporiacco, 1949 = L. geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841 (Levi, 1959c: 21).
L. geometricus subalbicans Caporiacco, 1949 = L. geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841 (Levi, 1959c: 21).
L. hahli Dahl, 1902 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. hasselti ancorifer Dahl, 1902 = L. hasselti Thorell, 1870 (Levi, 1959c: 27, sub Pacific populations of L. mactans).
L. hasselti aruensis Strand, 1911 = L. hasselti Thorell, 1870 (Levi, 1959c: 27, sub Pacific populations of L. mactans).
L. hasselti elegans Thorell, 1898 = L. hasselti Thorell, 1870 (Levi, 1959c: 27, sub Pacific populations of L. mactans).
L. hasselti indicus Simon, 1897 = L. hasselti Thorell, 1870 (Levi, 1959c: 27, sub Pacific populations of L. mactans).
L. incertus Lawrence, 1927 (removed from S of L. mactans) = L. renivulvatus Dahl, 1902 (Lotz, 1994a: 46, contra Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. luzonicus Dahl, 1902 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. mactans albomaculatus Franganillo, 1930 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. mactans insularis Dahl, 1902 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. mactans insularis lunifer Dahl, 1902 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. mactans mexicanus Gonzalez, 1954 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 28).
L. mactans texanus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935 = L. hesperus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935 (Kaston, 1970: 39, contra Levi, 1959c: 28).
L. pallidus pavlovskii Charitonov, 1954 = L. pallidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872 (Levi, 1959c: 38).
L. sagittifer Dahl, 1902 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 27).
L. schuchii C. L. Koch, 1836 = L. mactans (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1959c: 26).
L. stuhlmanni Dahl, 1902 (removed from S of L. mactans) = L. cinctus Blackwall, 1865 (Lotz, 1994a: 28, contra Levi, 1959c: 27).

Nomina dubia:
L. dotatus C. L. Koch, 1841a: 115, f. 683 (m) -- Levi, 1959c: 26.
L. limacidus Cantor, 1842: 491 (China) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1537.
L. pallidus immaculatus Caporiacco, 1933: 323 (f, Libya) -- Levi, 1959c: 26.

mf antheratus (Badcock, 1932)....................Paraguay, Argentina
Chacoca antherata Badcock, 1932: 10, f. 5 (Dm).
Chacoca flavodorsata Badcock, 1932: 11, f. 6 (Df).
L. carteri Badcock, 1932: 13, f. 8 (Df).
L. cretaceus Badcock, 1932: 13 (Df).
L. carteri Mello-Leitão, 1946b: 34 (S).
L. curacaviensis Levi, 1959c: 38, f. 68 (f, S, rejected).
L. a. Abalos, 1980: 43, f. 18, 45-55 (mf, removed from S, S).

f apicalis Butler, 1877....................Galapagos Is.
L. a. Butler, 1877: 75, pl. 13, f. 5 (Df).
L. a. Roth & Craig, 1970: 121 (removed from S of L. mactans).

f atritus Urquhart, 1890....................New Zealand
L. katipo a. Urquhart, 1890c: 259 (Df; omitted by Roewer).
L. hasseltii a. Parrott, 1948: 162 (recognized as subspecies).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 27 (uncertain S, rejected).
L. a. Forster, 1995: 23 (elevated from subspecies).

mf bishopi Kaston, 1938....................USA
L. mactans b. Kaston, 1938e: 60 (Dmf).
L. curacaviensis Levi, 1958: 1055 (S, rejected).
L. b. McCrone & Levi, 1964: 15, f. 2, 4-7 (mf, removed from S of L. curacaviensis, elevated from subspecies of L. mactans).

mf cinctus Blackwall, 1865....................Cape Verde Is., Africa
L. c. Blackwall, 1865b: 341 (Df).
L. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 256, pl. 26, f. 4f (f).
L. stuhlmanni Dahl, 1902a: 45 (Df).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 26 (S, rejected).
L. c. Lotz, 1994a: 28, f. 4a-c, 5, 6a-e (removed f from S of L. mactans, Dm, S).
L. c. Lotz, 1994b: 12, f. 4a-c, 5, 6a-e (mf).

mf corallinus Abalos, 1980....................Argentina
L. c. Abalos, 1980: 39, f. 19, 31-37 (Dmf).

mf curacaviensis (Müller, 1776)....................Lesser Antilles, South America
Aranea c. Müller, 1776: 342 (Df).
L. c. Thorell, 1875e: 141 (Dm).
L. geographicus Hasselt, 1888: 176, pl. 5, f. 1-4 (Df).
L. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 254, pl. 27, f. 4.
L. geographicus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 379, pl. 35, f. 21-22 (f, Dm).
L. c. Tullgren, 1905: 27, pl. 3, f. 7 (f).
L. c. Carbonell, 1923a: 351, f. 3.
L. foliatus Mello-Leitão, 1940b: 35, f. 33, pl. I, f. 4 (Dmf).
L. mactans Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1942: 16 (S, rejected).
L. c. Levi, 1959c: 38, f. 2-4, 16-18, 35-36, 52, 70-71 (mf in part, S).
L. c. Carcavallo, 1960: 91, f. 2, 6, 9 (mf).
L. c. McCrone & Levi, 1964: 13, f. 1, 16-17 (f).
L. sp. Bücherl, 1965: 95, f. 1-6 (m).
L. c. Abalos, 1980: 46, f. 56 (f).

mf dahli Levi, 1959....................Socotra, Israel, Iran, Central Asia
L. d. Levi, 1959c: 42, f. 11-12 (Df).
L. d. Tyschchenko & Ergashev, 1974: 934, f. 1-5, 9 (f, Dm).
L. d. Levy & Amitai, 1983: 55, f. 37-41 (mf).
L. d. Ergashev, 1990: 65, f. 31.1-5, 9 (mf).
L. d. Marusik & Tarabaev, 1995: 213, f. 5-6 (f).
L. d. Levy, 1998b: 108, f. 198-202 (mf).

mf diaguita Carcavallo, 1960....................Argentina
L. d. Carcavallo, 1960: 85, f. 3-4, 7, 10 (Dmf).
L. mactans Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965c: 57, f. 8 (f, S, rejected).
L. d. Abalos, 1980: 38, f. 24-30 (mf, removed from S of L. mactans).

mf erythromelas Schmidt & Klaas, 1991....................Sri Lanka
L. e. Schmidt & Klaas, 1991: 7, f. 1 (Dmf).

mf geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841....................Cosmopolitan
L. g. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 117, f. 684 (Df).
L. g. Thorell, 1875e: 138, pl. 25, f. 4 (f).
Theridium zickzack Karsch, 1878b: 311, pl. 8, f. 1 (Df).
L. g. Keyserling, 1884a: 148, pl. 7, f. 92 (f, Dm).
L. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378, pl. 35, f. 23-24.
L. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 252, pl. 27, f. 7.
L. concinnus O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 152, pl. 10, f. 3-4 (Dmf).
L. g. Strand, 1908f: 464, f. B, D (f).
L. g. Carbonell, 1923a: 351, f. 1.
L. g. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 175, f. 14-16 (f).
Chacoca distincta Badcock, 1932: 11, f. 7 (Df).
L. g. Smithers, 1944: 301, f. 6c, 7b, 8d, 17-20 (mf, S).
L. g. modestus Caporiacco, 1949a: 376 (Df).
L. g. subalbicans Caporiacco, 1949a: 376 (Df).
L. g. obscuratus Caporiacco, 1949a: 377 (Df).
L. g. Levi, 1959c: 21, f. 8-10, 25-28, 37, 39-51, 80-83 (mf, S).
L. g. Biasi, 1962: 327, f. 1-2 (f).
L. g. Levi & Levi, 1962: 59, f. 253 (f).
L. g. Abalos & Báez, 1963: 198, f. 1-3, 20-22 (mf).
L. g. Chrysanthus, 1963: 737, f. 53-54, 113 (f).
L. g. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965c: 59, f. 10-11 (mf).
L. g. Abalos, 1967: 269, f. 11A-D (mf).
L. g. Abalos & Báez, 1967a: 24, f. 9-10, 15-16 (mf).
L. g. Abalos & Báez, 1967b: 60, f. 4.11-12, 7-8 (mf).
L. g. Levi, 1967c: 185, f. 57-59 (mf).
L. g. Zumpt, 1968: 385, f. 2 (f).
L. g. Abalos, 1980: 49, f. 17, 65-68 (mf, S).
L. g. Levy & Amitai, 1983: 56, f. 42-46 (mf).
L. g. Müller, 1985a: 27, f. 1-3 (f).
L. g. Lotz, 1994a: 11, f. 1a-d, 2a, 2c-d, 8a (mf).
L. g. Lotz, 1994b: 11, f. 1a-d, 2a, 2c-d, 8a (mf).
L. g. Levy, 1998b: 110, f. 203-206 (f).

mf hasselti Thorell, 1870....................Southeast Asia to Australia, New Zealand
L. hasseltii Thorell, 1870c: 369 (Dmj).
L. scelio Thorell, 1870c: 370 (Df).
L. h. L. Koch, 1872a: 276, pl. 23, f. 2-3 (m, Df).
L. scelio L. Koch, 1872a: 279, pl. 23, f. 4 (f).
Theridium melanozantha Urquhart, 1887: 102, pl. 8, f. 8 (Dmj).
Theridium zebrinia Urquhart, 1890c: 256 (Df).
L. scelio indicus Simon, 1897h: 98 (Df).
L. elegans Thorell, 1898: 293 (Df).
L. indicus Pocock, 1900a: 237.
L. h. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 255, pl. 26, f. 4, pl. 27, f. 6.
L. h. indicus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 255, pl. 27, f. 1.
L. ancorifer Dahl, 1902a: 43 (Df).
L. h. elegans Simon, 1909e: 97.
L. h. aruensis Strand, 1911d: 136 (Df).
L. h. ancorifer Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 443.
L. cinctus Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1942: 10 (S, rejected).
L. h. Hickman, 1967: 44, f. 72-76 (mf).
L. hasseltii Patel, 1973: 150, f. 5-6 (f).
L. mactans hasselti Chrysanthus, 1975: 38, f. 138-143 (mf).
L. mactans hasselti Nishikawa, 1976b: 186, f. 5-14 (mf).
L. h. Forster, 1995: 13, f. 4 (removed mf from S of L. mactans).

mf hesperus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................North America, Israel
L. mactans h. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935a: 15, f. 1, 4, 6-14, 21, 23-33 (Dmf; omitted by Roewer).
L. mactans texanus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935a: 14, f. 3, 15-18 (Dmf; omitted by Roewer).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 28 (S, rejected).
L. curacaviensis Bhatnagar & Rempel, 1962: 465, f. 1-69 (mf, misidentified).
L. variolus Levi, 1969: 72 (S, rejected).
L. h. Kaston, 1970: 39, f. 11a-h, 13e, f, h (removed mf from S, S).
L. h. Levy & Amitai, 1983: 53, f. 29-36 (mf).
L. h. Levy, 1998b: 104, f. 190-197 (f).

f hystrix Simon, 1890....................Aden
L. h. Simon, 1890a: 99 (Df).
L. h. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 252, pl. 26, f. 2.
L. h. Levi, 1959c: 42, f. 13-14, 29-30, 32 (f).

mf indistinctus O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................Namibia, South Africa
L. i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 154, pl. 11, f. 1 (Df).
L. i. Smithers, 1944: 266, f. 1-9, 12-15, 20f (f, Dm).
L. i. Lotz, 1994a: 33, f. 5, 7a-c, 8c-g (removed mf from S of L. mactans).
L. i. Lotz, 1994b: 14, f. 5, 7a-c, 8c-g (mf).

mf karrooensis Smithers, 1944....................South Africa
L. indistinctus k. Smithers, 1944: 298, f. 16 (Dmf).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 28 (S, rejected).
L. k. Lotz, 1994a: 39, f. 5, 9a-b, 10a-c (elevated mf from subspecies of L. indistinctus).
L. k. Lotz, 1994b: 15, f. 5, 9a-b, 10a-c (mf).

mf katipo Powell, 1870....................New Zealand
L. k. Powell, 1871: 57, pl. 5, f. a-g (Dmf).
L. k. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 255, pl. 27, f. 5.
L. k. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1942: 10 (removed from S of L. hasselti).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 27 (S, rejected).
L. k. Forster, 1995: 22 (removed mf from S of L. mactans).

mf lilianae Melic, 2000....................Spain
L. l. Melic, 2000a: 21, f. 4A, 6C, 7B-C, 8C, F-I, 9B-C, 11-13 (Dmf).

mf mactans (Fabricius, 1775)....................probably North America only
Aranea m. Fabricius, 1775: 432 (D).
Aranea m. Fabricius, 1793: 410 (D).
Meta schuchii C. L. Koch, 1836a: 10, f. 167 (Df).
L. schuchii C. L. Koch, 1837b: 7, pl. 1, f. 14 (f).
L. formidabilis Walckenaer, 1837: 647 (Df).
L. perfidus Walckenaer, 1837: 647 (Df).
L. m. Walckenaer, 1837: 648 (Df).
L. intersector Walckenaer, 1837: 649 (Df).
L. m. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 115, f. 682 (f).
Tetragnatha zorilla Walckenaer, 1842: 221, pl. 19, f. 2 (Dm).
L. formidabilis Nicolet, 1849: 460, pl. 4, f. 10 (f).
L. thoracius Nicolet, 1849: 462 (Df).
Theridion verecundum Hentz, 1850: 280, pl. 10, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Theridion lineatum Hentz, 1850: 281, pl. 10, f. 3 (Dm; preoccupied).
L. malmignatus tropica Hasselt, 1860: 62, pl. 5, f. 1-6 (Df).
Theridion carolinum Butler, 1877: 75, pl. 13, f. 3 (Df).
Theridion lineamentum McCook, 1879b: 203 (replacement name for Theridion lineatum Hentz).
L. m. Keyserling, 1884a: 145, pl. 7, f. 91 (Dm).
L. m. McCook, 1889: 274, f. 250-252 (mf).
Lathrodectus m. Tullgren, 1901a: 6, pl. 1, f. 2 (f).
L. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378, pl. 35, f. 19-20 (mf).
L. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 253, pl. 27, f. 2.
L. insularis Dahl, 1902a: 41 (Df).
L. insularis lunulifer Dahl, 1902a: 41 (Df).
L. sagittifer Dahl, 1902a: 42 (Df).
L. hahli Dahl, 1902a: 44 (Df).
L. luzonicus Dahl, 1902a: 44 (Df).
L. m. Emerton, 1902: 123, f. 288, 291 (mf).
L. m. Carbonell, 1923a: 351, f. 2.
L. m. Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 103, f. 10 (f).
L. m. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 172, f. 10-13 (mf).
L. albomaculatus Franganillo, 1930: 11 (Dj).
L. agoyangyang Plantilla & Mabalay, 1935: 188, f. 1 (Dmf).
L. m. Franganillo, 1936b: 81, f. 41-42 (m).
L. m. albomaculatus Franganillo, 1936b: 81 (Df, reduced to subspecies).
L. m. Franganillo, 1936c: 57, f. 24-25 (m).
L. m. mexicanus Gonzalez, 1954: 455, f. 1 (Dmf).
L. m. Levi, 1959c: 24, f. 1, 5-7, 15, 19-21, 53-67, 72-79 (mf, S).
L. m. Carcavallo, 1960: 91, f. 1, 5, 8 (mf).
L. m. Wiehle, 1960c: 466, f. 11a-c (mf).
L. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 59, f. 254 (f).
L. m. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965c: 58, f. 1-7, 9, 12-16 (mf, in part, S).
L. m. Wiehle, 1967c: 200, f. 14-16 (mf).
L. m. Levi, 1967c: 185, f. 60-62 (mf).
L. m. Zumpt, 1968: 385, f. 3 (f).
L. m. Kaston, 1970: 37, f. 2, 12, 13a-d, g, i, k (mf).
L. m. Bücherl, 1972: 19, f. 10b (f).
L. m. Canese, 1972b: 87. f. II, IV (f).
L. m. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 39, f. 6-8 (mf).
L. m. Abalos, 1980: 31, f. 14-16 (mf).
L. m. Roth, 1982: 47-8, f. 6-8 (mf).
L. m. Roth, 1985: B43-7, f. 6-8 (mf).
L. m. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 87 (m).
L. m. Schmidt & Klaas, 1991: 9, f. 3 (f).
L. m. Breene et al., 1993: 57, f. 23A-B, 24A-B (mf).
L. m. Roth, 1994: 181, f. 7-8 (mf).
L. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 457, f. 276a-f (f).
L. m. Zhu, 1998: 294, f. 199A-C (f).
L. m. Kim, 1999b: 23, f. 13-15 (f).
L. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 63H-I (f).

mf menavodi Vinson, 1863....................Madagascar, Comoro Is.
L. m. Vinson, 1863: 306, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
L. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 255, pl. 27, f. 3.
L. m. Lotz, 1998: 74, f. 1-8 (removed f from S of L. mactans, Dm).

mf mirabilis (Holmberg, 1876)....................Argentina
Theridium mirabile Holmberg, 1876: 11 (D).
L. curacaviensis Levi, 1959c: 39, f. 69 (f, S, rejected).
L. m. Abalos, 1980: 31, f. 1-13, 21 (mf, removed from S of L. mactans).

f obscurior Dahl, 1902....................Cape Verde Is., Madagascar
L. o. Dahl, 1902a: 41 (Df).
L. o. Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 92 (removed f from S of L. geometricus, contra Levi, 1959c: 21).

mf pallidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1872....................Cape Verde Is., Libya to Russia, Iran
L. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 287 (Df).
L. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 253, pl. 26, f. 1.
L. p. pavlovskii Charitonov, 1954: 481, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
L. p. pavlovskii Charitonov, 1955: 244, f. 5 (f).
L. p. Levi, 1959c: 38, f. 22-24, 31, 33-34 (f, S).
L. p. Levi, 1966a: 428, f. 5-7, 17-22 (mf).
L. p. Levy & Amitai, 1983: 47, f. 18-23 (mf).
L. p. pavlovskii Ergashev, 1990: 66, f. 32 (m).
L. p. Lotz, 1994a: 43, f. 11a-e (mf).
L. p. Levy, 1998b: 100, f. 183-188 (f).

mf quartus Abalos, 1980....................Argentina
L. q. Abalos, 1980: 41, f. 20, 22-23, 38-44 (Dmf).

mf renivulvatus Dahl, 1902....................Africa
L. r. Dahl, 1902a: 45 (Df).
L. incertus Lawrence, 1927: 30, pl. 1, f. 19, pl. 4, f. 78-79 (Df).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 27 (S, rejected).
L. r. Lotz, 1994a: 46, f. 5, 12a-c, 13a-c (removed f from S of L. mactans, Dm, S).
L. r. Lotz, 1994b: 16, f. 5, 11a-c, 12a-c (mf).

mf revivensis Shulov, 1948....................Israel
L. r. Shulov, 1948: 209, f. 1-11 (Dmf).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 28 (S, rejected).
L. r. Levi, 1966a: 428, f. 8-11, 23-27 (mf, removed from S of L. mactans).
L. r. Levy & Amitai, 1983: 51, f. 24-28 (mf).
L. r. Levy, 1998b: 97, f. 178-182 (f).

mf rhodesiensis Mackay, 1972....................Southern Africa
L. r. Mackay, 1972: 239, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
L. r. Lotz, 1994a: 23, f. 2b-d, 3a-d, 8b (mf).
L. r. Lotz, 1994b: 12, f. 2b-d, 3a-d, 8b (mf).

mf tadzhicus Marusik & Tarabaev, 1995....................Tajikistan
L. t. Marusik & Tarabaev, 1995: 212, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790) *....................Mediterranean to China
Aranea brevipes Martini & Goeze, 1778: 286 (D; suppressed for lack of usage, see Bonnet).
Aranea 13-guttata Rossi, 1790: 136, pl. 9, f. 10 (Df).
L. 13decimguttatus Walckenaer, 1805: 81.
Theridion tredecim-guttatum Latreille, 1806: 98.
Theridion lugubre Dufour, 1820a: 355, pl. 69, f. 1 (Df).
L. argus Audouin, 1826: 353, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df).
L. erebus Audouin, 1826: 352, pl. 3, f. 9 (Df).
Meta hispida C. L. Koch, 1836a: 9, f. 166 (Df).
L. hispidus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 7.
L. 5-guttatus Krynicki, 1837: 75, pl. 6, f. 1 (Df).
L. malmignatus Walckenaer, 1837: 642 (Dmf).
L. martius Walckenaer, 1837: 644 (Dm).
L. oculatus Walckenaer, 1837: 645 (Df).
L. venator Walckenaer, 1837: 646 (Df).
L. 13-guttatus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 39, f. 273 (f).
L. conglobatus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 41, f. 274 (Df).
L. argus Lucas, 1838: 35, pl. 6, f. 6 (Dm).
L. lugubris Motschulsky, 1849: 290, pl. 2, f. 3-4 (Df).
L. t. Simon, 1873a: 270.
L. t. lugubris Thorell, 1875b: 69.
L. 13-guttatus Thorell, 1875c: 65.
L. t. Simon, 1881a: 177, pl. 26, f. 12 (mf).
L. t. Simon, 1894a: 568, f. 491-492, 576 (m).
L. t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902c: 254, pl. 26, f. 3.
L. t. Dahl, 1902a: 45, f. 1-3 (f).
L. mactans Levi, 1959c: 24 (S, rejected).
L. t. Vintila et al., 1963: 231, f. 1 (f).
L. t. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965c: 57, f. 17 (f).
L. mactans t. Levi, 1966a: 428, f. 1-4, 12-16 (mf).
L. mactans t. Fuhn, 1966: 77, f. 3-4 (mf).
L. t. Brignoli, 1967e: 184, f. 4 (f).
L. mactans t. Tyschchenko & Ergashev, 1974: 934, f. 6-8 (f).
L. t. Levy & Amitai, 1983: 46, f. 1-17 (mf, elevated from subspecies of L. mactans).
L. mactans t. Brignoli, 1984b: 293, f. 15-16 (f).
L. t. Schmidt & Klaas, 1991: 9, f. 2 (f).
L. mactans t. Ergashev, 1990: 66, f. 31.6-8 (f).
L. t. Lotz, 1994a: 52, f. 14, 15a-d, 16a-c (mf).
L. t. Mcheidze, 1997: 180, f. 353-355 (mf).
L. t. Zhu, 1998: 293, f. 198A-E (mf).
L. t. Levy, 1998b: 90, f. 161-177 (mf).
L. t. Kim, 1999b: 22, f. 8-12 (mf).
L. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 63J-M (mf).
L. t. Melic, 2000a: 15, f. 1-2, 4B, 6A-B, 7A, 8A-B, D-E, 9A (mf).

mf variegatus Nicolet, 1849....................Chile, Argentina
L. v. Nicolet, 1849: 461, pl. 4, f. 9 (Df).
L. curacaviensis Levi, 1959c: 38 (S, rejected).
L. v. Abalos, 1980: 47, f. 57-64 (mf, removed from S of L. mactans).

mf variolus Walckenaer, 1837....................USA, Canada
L. v. Walckenaer, 1837: 648 (Dm).
L. curacaviensis Levi, 1959c: 38, f. 2-4, 16-18, 35-36, 52, 70-71 (mf, in part).
L. v. McCrone & Levi, 1964: 15, f. 3, 8-13 (mf, removed from S of L. mactans).
L. v. Kaston, 1970: 38, f. 14a-b, f (mf).

Gen. Macaridion Wunderlich, 1992

M. Wunderlich, 1992a: 413, type Theridion barreti Kulczyn'ski, 1899.

mf barreti (Kulczyn'ski, 1899) *....................Madeira
Theridion b. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 369, pl. 6, f. 26 (Df).
Theridion b. Bristowe, 1925a: 334, f. 1-4 (f, Dm).
M. barretti Wunderlich, 1992a: 414, f. 577-583 (Tmf from Theridion).

Gen. Marianana Georgescu, 1989

M. Georgescu, 1989: 89, type M. mihaili Georgescu, 1989.

f mihaili Georgescu, 1989 *....................Romania
M. m. Georgescu, 1989: 89, f. 17-26 (Df).

Gen. Molione Thorell, 1892

mf triacantha Thorell, 1892 *....................Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan
M. t. Thorell, 1892a: 216 (Df).
M. t. Simon, 1894a: 550, f. 564-565.
M. t. Workman, 1896: 50, pl. 59 (f).
M. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 48, f. 134-138 (f).
M. t. Yoshida, 1982d: 39, f. 5-8 (f, Dm).
M. t. Wunderlich, 1995k: 569, f. 43-48 (m).
M. t. Zhu, 1998: 30, f. 13A-D (mf).
M. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 64A-C (mf).

f trispinosa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)....................Sri Lanka
Phoroncidia t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873d: 125, pl. 14, f. 9 (Df).
M. t. Simon, 1894a: 550.

m uniacantha Wunderlich, 1995....................Malaysia, Sumatra
M. u. Wunderlich, 1995k: 570, f. 49-52 (Dm; N.B.: spelled uniacanthus in abstract and heading, this way four other times).

Gen. Moneta O. P.-Cambridge, 1870

N.B.: removed (along with its junior synonym Hyptimorpha Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) from the synonymy of Episinus Walckenaer, 1809 by Okuma, 1994: 16, contra Levi & Levi, 1962: 24.

In synonymy:
M. paiki (Seo, 1985) = M. caudifera (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) (Okuma, 1994: 17, contra Yoshida, 1985b: 27).

mf australis (Keyserling, 1890)....................Queensland
Episinus a. Keyserling, 1890: 251, pl. 23, f. 4 (Df).
M. a. Rainbow, 1920b: 239, pl. 28, f. 28-29 (Dm).

mf caudifera (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan
Episinus caudifer Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 379, pl. 4, f. 39 (Df).
Episinus paiki Seo, 1985b: 98, f. 5-12 (Dmf).
Episinus mirabilis Yoshida, 1985b: 27, f. 18-20 (mf, S, rejected).
Episinus mirabilis Yaginuma, 1986a: 47, f. 25.4 (mf).
Episinus mirabilis Chikuni, 1989b: 38, f. 43 (mf).
M. caudifer Okuma, 1994: 17, f. 8A-D (removed mf from S of M. mirabilis, contra Yoshida, 1985, S).
M. caudifer Zhu, 1998: 280, f. 188A-E (mf).
M. caudifer Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 64D-E, K-L (mf).

f conifera (Urquhart, 1887)....................New Zealand
Ariamnes c. Urquhart, 1887: 96, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
M. c. Dalmas, 1917a: 355.

f grandis Simon, 1905....................India
M. g. Simon, 1905a: 176 (Df).

f hunanica Zhu, 1998....................China
M. h. Zhu, 1998: 277, f. 185A-C (Df).
M. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 64F-G (f).

f longicauda Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
M. l. Simon, 1908d: 407 (Df).

mf mirabilis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan
Hyptimorpha m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 136, pl. 11, f. 227 (Df).
Hyptimorpha m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 55, f. 224-225 (f).
M. m. Okuma, 1994: 18, f. 9A-C (Tf from Episinus, Dm; N.B.: previously identified m = M. caudifera; not a senior S of M. caudifera or M. paiki).
M. m. Zhu, 1998: 281, f. 189A-D (mf).
M. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 64H, M (mf).

f orientalis Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
M. o. Simon, 1909e: 83 (Df).

mf spinigera O. P.-Cambridge, 1870 *....................Africa to Taiwan
M. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1870d: 736, pl. 44, f. 5 (Df).
M. s. Berland, 1920b: 147, f. 178 (f, Dm).
M. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 55, f. 228-230 (f).
Episinus spiniger Roberts, 1978: 920, f. 35-38 (f).
Episinus spiniger Yoshida, 1983a: 74, f. 1-4 (mf).
Episinus spiniger Song, 1987: 125, f. 86 (mf).
Episinus spiniger Chen & Zhang, 1991: 148, f. 143.1-4 (mf).
M. spiniger Okuma, 1994: 20, f. 10A-F (Tmf from Episinus).
M. spiniger Zhu, 1998: 273, f. 182A-D (mf).
M. spiniger Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 64I-J, N (mf).

f spinigeroides (Zhu & Song, 1992)....................China
Episinus s. Zhu & Song, 1992: 4, f. D-E (Df).
Episinus s. Song & Li, 1997: 402, f. 3A-B (f).
M. s. Zhu, 1998: 278, f. 186A-B (Tf from Episinus).
M. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65A-B (f).

f subspinigera Zhu, 1998....................China
M. subspiniger Zhu, 1998: 274, f. 183A-C (Df).
M. subspiniger Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65C-D (f).

mf tanikawai (Yoshida, 1991)....................Japan
Episinus t. Yoshida, 1991c: 7, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
M. t. Okuma, 1994: 21, f. 11A-E (Tmf from Episinus).

f triquetra Simon, 1889....................New Caledonia
M. t. Simon, 1889c: 241 (Df).
M. t. Simon, 1894a: 511, f. 516-518.

f tumida Zhu, 1998....................China
M. t. Zhu, 1998: 279, f. 187A-C (Df).
M. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65E-F (f).

m tumulicola Zhu, 1998....................China
M. t. Zhu, 1998: 282, f. 190A-B (Dm).
M. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65I-J (m).

mf uncinata Zhu, 1998....................China
M. u. Zhu, 1998: 275, f. 184A-E (Dmf).
M. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65G-H, K-L (mf).

mf variabilis Rainbow, 1920....................Lord Howe Is.
M. v. Rainbow, 1920b: 240, pl. 28, f. 30-34 (Dmf).

m yoshimurai (Yoshida, 1983)....................Taiwan
Episinus y. Yoshida, 1983a: 75, f. 5-6 (Dm).
Episinus y. Yoshida, 1985b: 28, f. 16-17 (m).
Episinus y. Song, 1987: 127, f. 87 (m).
M. y. Okuma, 1994: 23, f. 12A-B (Tm from Episinus).
M. y. Zhu, 1998: 283, f. 191A-B (m).
M. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65M (m).

Gen. Neottiura Menge, 1868

N.B.: I follow Miller, Wunderlich, and Heimer & Nentwig in regarding this genus as valid (and probably a member of the Spintharinae); see also Knoflach, 1999.

In synonymy:
N. apicata O. P.-Cambridge, 1872 (T from Theridion) = N. uncinata (Lucas, 1846) (Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 116, sub Theridion).
N. pusillata (Roewer, 1942, T from Theridion) = N. herbigrada (Simon, 1873) (Knoflach, 1999: 353).
N. pustulifera (Levy & Amitai, 1982, T from Theridion) = N. herbigrada (Simon, 1873) (Knoflach, 1999: 353).
N. regia (Drensky, 1929, T from Dipoena) = N. suaveolens (Simon, 1879) (Wunderlich, 1977a: 289).

mf bimaculata (Linnaeus, 1767) *....................Holarctic
Aranea b. Linnaeus, 1767: 1033 (D).
Aranea carolina Walckenaer, 1802: 208 (D).
Theridion carolinum Walckenaer, 1805: 75.
Theridion dorsiger Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 23, f. A (Df).
Theridion dorsiger Hahn, 1833a: 82, f. 61 (Dm).
Linyphia b. C. L. Koch, 1834: 19.
Theridion carolinum Walckenaer, 1842: 315 (Dmf).
Theridion reticulatum C. L. Koch, 1845: 136, f. 1059 (Df).
Steatoda reticulata C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
Linyphia dorsigera Siemaschko, 1861: 125.
Theridion bimaculatum Thorell, 1856: 94.
Theridion carolinum Blackwall, 1864a: 192, pl. 14, f. 123 (mf).
N. b. Menge, 1868: 163, pl. 31, f. 71 (Dmf).
Theridion brachiatum Thorell, 1871a: 145 (Dm).
Theridion b. Simon, 1894a: 536, f. 551 (m).
Theridion b. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 92, pl. 1, f. 24 (mf).
Theridion b. Becker, 1896: 80, pl. 16, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion lepidum Becker, 1896: 85, pl. 16, f. 2 (f, Dm).
Theridion b. Bösenberg, 1902: 109, pl. 9, f. 137 (mf).
Theridion b. Simon, 1914a: 252, 294, f. 500-501 (mf).
Theridion b. Wiehle, 1937: 149, f. 70-75 (mf).
N. b. Archer, 1950: 21, p. III, f. 8 (m).
Theridion bimaculatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 80, f. 52A-C (mf).
N. b. Levi, 1956b: 409, f. 1-10 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion bimaculatum Yaginuma, 1967b: 94, f. 2k (f).
Theridion bimaculatum Azheganova, 1968: 54, f. 100, 111 (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 399, 422-423 (mf).
N. b. Miller, 1971: 191, pl. XXXIV, f. 3-4 (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Palmgren, 1974b: 17, f. 3.12-14 (mf).
N. b. Punda, 1975b: 63, f. 127-129 (f).
Theridion bimaculatum Zhou, Wang & Zhu, 1983: 154, f. 3a-c (f).
Theridion bimaculatum Roberts, 1985: 188, f. 84b (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Yaginuma, 1986a: 38, f. 20.7 (f).
Theridion bimaculatum Chikuni, 1989b: 43, f. 59 (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Hu & Wu, 1989: 132, f. 105.1-3 (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Izmailova, 1989: 91, f. 71 (f).
N. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 292, f. 785 (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Roberts, 1995: 289, f. (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Zhu, 1998: 130, f. 74A-E (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Roberts, 1998: 203, f. (mf).
N. b. Knoflach, 1999: 350, f. 1-5, 7, 10-11, 24-30, 32-35, 44, 50, 56, 64-65, 84 (mf).
Theridion bimaculatum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72A-B, O-P (mf).

mf bimaculata pellucida (Simon, 1873)....................Spain, France, Italy
Theridion pellucidum Simon, 1873a: 294, pl. 2, f. 29 (Dmf).
Theridion bimaculatum pellucidum Simon, 1914a: 252, 295.
Theridion bimaculatum pellucidum Brignoli, 1967e: 192, f. 10A-B (f).
N. b. p. Knoflach, 1999: 350, f. 31, 47 (mf).

mf curvimana (Simon, 1914)....................Spain, France, Algeria
Theridion curvimanus Simon, 1914a: 254, 295, f. 503 (Dmf).
Theridion curvimanus Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994: 2, f. 10-13 (mf).
N. c. Knoflach, 1999: 352, f. 17-18, 38-39, 49, 52, 55 (Tmf from Theridion, after suggestion by Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994).

mf herbigrada (Simon, 1873)....................France, Madeira, to Israel, China
Theridion h. Simon, 1873a: 297, pl. 2, f. 28 (Dmf).
Theridion pusillum Kulczyn'ski, 1905d: 442, pl. 12, f. 6, 9 (Dmf; preoccupied by Wider, 1834).
Theridion pusillatum Roewer, 1942a: 470 (replacement name for T. pusillum).
Achaearanea h. Denis, 1962a: 61, f. 56 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion pustuliferus Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 119, f. 76-78 (Df).
Theridion h. Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994: 2, f. 9 (m).
Theridion pustuliferus Zhu, 1998: 144, f. 87A-E (f).
Theridion pustuliferum Levy, 1998b: 215, f. 408-410 (f).
N. h. Knoflach, 1999: 353, f. 6, 9, 20-22, 36-37, 45, 54, 58, 61, 67 (Tmf from Achaearanea, after suggestion by Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994, S).
Theridion pustuliferus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 78G-H (f).
N. h. Pesarini, 2000: 382, f. 8 (m).

mf margarita (Yoshida, 1985)....................Russia, China, Japan
Coleosoma margaritum Yoshida, 1985a: 45, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
Coleosoma margaritum Chikuni, 1989b: 33, f. 19 (mf).
Theridion margaritum Gao, Guan & Zhu, 1993: 78, f. 19-24 (mf; N.B.: no justification for a generic T was presented).
Theridion margaritum Zhu, 1998: 177, f. 113A-F (mf).
N. m. Knoflach, 1999: 345 (Tmf from Coleosoma).
Theridion margaritum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 76C-D, I-J (mf).

mf suaveolens (Simon, 1879)....................Europe, Russia
Theridion s. Simon, 1879a: 256 (Dmf).
Theridion s. Kulczyn'ski, 1898: 62, pl. 1, f. 18 (f).
Theridion s. Simon, 1914a: 254, 295, f. 502 (mf).
Dipoena regia Drensky, 1929: 33 (spelled regia), 69 (spelled regina), pl. 3, f. 6-8 (spelled regalis) (Dm).
Theridion s. Miller, 1947: 35, pl. IV, f. 5 (f).
N. s. Miller, 1971: 191, pl. XXXIV, f. 1-2 (Tmf from Theridion).
N. s. Wunderlich, 1975a: 384, f. 4-7 (f).
N. s. Wunderlich, 1977a: 289 (S).
N. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 786 (mf).
N. s. Esyunin & Efimik, 1995: 74, f. 4-6 (f).
N. s. Pozzi & Hänggi, 1998: 41, f. 22-22 (mf).
N. s. Knoflach, 1999: 357, f. 15-16, 40-41, 46, 51, 59, 62, 66 (mf).
N. s. Pesarini, 2000: 382, f. 9 (m).

mf uncinata (Lucas, 1846)....................Mediterranean
Theridion uncinatum Lucas, 1846: 267, p. 17, f. 2 (Df).
Theridion uncinatum Simon, 1873a: 295, pl. 2, f. 30 (f, Dm).
Theridion apicatum O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 281 (Df).
Theridion uncinatum Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 116, f. 69-75 (mf, S).
Theridion uncinatum Levy, 1998b: 211, f. 401-407 (mf).
N. u. Knoflach, 1999: 358, f. 19, 42-43, 48, 53, 57, 60, 63, 68 (Tmf from Theridion, after suggestion by Levy & Amitai, 1982a).

Gen. Nesticodes Archer, 1950

N. Archer, 1950: 22, type Theridion rufipes Lucas, 1846; removed from the synonymy of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 by Wunderlich, 1987a: 214, contra Levi, 1957a: 19.

In synonymy:
N. nelsoni (Bryant, 1945, T from Anelosimus) = N. rufipes (Lucas, 1846) (Levi, 1956b: 413, sub Theridion).
N. pilosus (Denis, 1956, T from Robertus) = N. rufipes (Lucas, 1846) (Levi, 1957a: 56, sub Theridion).

mf rufipes (Lucas, 1846) *....................Pantropical
Theridion r. Lucas, 1846: 263, pl. 16, f. 5 (Df).
Theridion luteolum Blackwall, 1859b: 259 (Dj).
Theridion borbonicum Vinson, 1863: 318, pl. 14, f. 6 (Df).
Theridion luteipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 382, pl. 12, f. 46-51 (Dmf).
Theridion albonotatum Taczanowski, 1872: 56 (Dmf).
Theridion bajulans L. Koch, 1875b: 21, pl. 2, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
Theridion flavo-aurantiacum Simon, 1880i: 171 (Df).
Theridion longipes Hasselt, 1882: 33 (Dm).
Theridion albonotatum Keyserling, 1884a: 15, pl. 1, f. 4 (mf).
Theridion r. Simon, 1898b: 271 (Dm).
Theridion r. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 374, pl. 6, f. 33 (m).
Theridion r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 384, pl. 36, f. 15-16 (mf).
Anelosimus nelsoni Bryant, 1945c: 200, f. 8 (Dmf).
N. r. Archer, 1950: 22, pl. II, f. 7-8 (Tmf from Theridion).
Robertus pilosus Denis, 1956a: 203, f. 15-16 (Dmf).
Theridion r. Levi, 1956b: 413 (S).
Theridion r. Levi, 1957a: 56, f. 188-193 (mf, S).
Theridion r. Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 95 (m).
Theridion r. Chrysanthus, 1963: 748, f. 106-109 (mf).
Theridion r. Levi, 1967c: 179, f. 24-27 (mf).
Theridion r. Roberts, 1978: 913, f. 20-26 (mf).
Theridion r. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 86, f. 1-5 (mf).
N. r. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215, f. 570 (mf).
Theridion r. González & Estévez, 1988: 500, f. 1-3 (f).
Theridion r. Tanikawa, 1991b: 2, f. 1-5 (mf).
N. r. Zhu, 1998: 117, f. 71A-E (mf).
Theridion r. Levy, 1998b: 171, f. 322-326 (mf).
N. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65N-Q (mf).

Gen. Paidiscura Archer, 1950

P. Archer, 1950: 26, type Theridion pallens Blackwall, 1834; removed from the synonymy of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 by Wunderlich, 1987a: 214, contra Levi, 1957a: 19.

Transferred to other genera:
P. musiva (Simon, 1873) -- see Theridion.

In synonymy:
P. bigibba (O. P.-Cambridge, 1912, T from Theridion) = P. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) (Wunderlich, 1977a: 290, sub Theridion).
P. caboverdensis (Schmidt & Piepho, 1994, T from Achaearanea) = P. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) (Schmidt & Krause, 1996: 263).
P. palustre (Pavesi, 1880, removed from S of Theridion nigrovariegatum Simon, 1873) = P. dromedaria (Simon, 1880) (Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 429, after Simon, 1908).

mf dromedaria (Simon, 1880)....................North Africa to Middle East, Cape Verde Is.
Theridion dromedarius Simon, 1880g: 99 (Dm).
Theridion palustre Pavesi, 1880b: 328 (Dm).
Theridion bigibbum O. P.-Cambridge, 1912a: 403, f. 51 (Dm).
Theridium dromedarium Spassky & Shnitnikov, 1937: 271, f. 1-2 (mf).
Achaearanea d. Denis, 1962a: 62 (removed from S of Theridion tuberculatum, Tmf, rejected).
Theridion dromedarium Wunderlich, 1977a: 290, f. 3-7 (mf, S).
Theridion dromedarius Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 110, f. 58-64 (mf; not a synonym of Theridion tuberculatum).
P. d. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea caboverdensis Schmidt & Piepho, in Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 96, f. 10 (Df).
P. d. Schmidt & Krause, 1996: 263 (S).
Theridion dromedarius Levy, 1998b: 205, f. 390-396 (mf).
P. d. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 429, f. 30, 33, 36, 41-42, 58 (mf, S).

mf orotavensis (Schmidt, 1968)....................Canary Is., Madeira
Theridion palustre Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 370, pl. 6, f. 28, pl. 7, f. 46, 48-52 (mf, misidentified).
Theridion orotavense Schmidt, 1968: 409, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
P. o. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215 (Tmf from Theridion).
P. o. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 431, f. 29, 32, 35, 39-40 (mf).

mf pallens (Blackwall, 1834) *....................Europe, Russia
Theridion p. Blackwall, 1834b: 357 (Df).
Theridion minimum Wider, 1834: 249, pl. 17, f. 2 (Df).
Dictyna hystrica C. L. Koch, 1837b: 12 (D).
Epeira nubila Blackwall, 1837: 101 (Dm).
Theridion albens Blackwall, 1841: 627 (Df).
Theridion minimum Walckenaer, 1842: 320 (D).
Micryphantes hystricus C. L. Koch, 1845: 155, f. 1074 (Df).
Epeira nubila Blackwall, 1864a: 194, pl. 14, f. 125 (m, Df).
Theridion albens Blackwall, 1864a: 199, pl. 14, f. 130 (f).
Theridion p. Thorell, 1873: 438.
Theridion persubtile L. Koch, 1877b: 182, f. 5 (Dm).
Theridion p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 92, pl. 2, f. 8 (mf).
Theridion p. Bösenberg, 1902: 107, pl. 9, f. 133 (mf).
Theridion p. Wiehle, 1937: 178, f. 160-168 (mf).
P. p. Archer, 1950: 27, pl. IV, f. 6 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 81, f. 53A-B (mf).
Theridion p. Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 16-17 (mf).
Theridion p. Palmgren, 1974b: 28, f. 7.1-3 (mf).
Theridion p. Roberts, 1985: 188, f. 84d (mf).
P. p. Wunderlich, 1987a: 215.
Theridion p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 805 (mf).
Theridion p. Roberts, 1995: 288, f. (mf).
Theridion p. Roberts, 1998: 303, f. (mf).
P. p. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 425, f. 25-28, 31, 34, 37-38, 59-60 (mf).

Gen. Paratheridula Levi, 1957

P. Levi, 1957d: 105, type Mysmena quadrimaculata Banks, 1896.

In synonymy:
P. arcadica (Gertsch & Archer, 1942, T from Allotheridion=Theridion) = P. perniciosa (Keyserling, 1886) (Levi, 1957a: 21, sub Mysmena quadrimaculata).
P. quadrimaculata (Banks, 1896) = P. perniciosa (Keyserling, 1886) (Levi, 1966b: 130).

mf perniciosa (Keyserling, 1886) *....................USA to Chile
Theridion perniciosum Keyserling, 1886b: 233, pl. 20, f. 288 (Dmf).
Mysmena quadrimaculata Banks, 1896e: 66 (Df).
Theridion quadrimaculatum Bryant, 1933a: 173, f. 4 (Tf from Mysmena, Dm).
Theridion arcadicum Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 4, f. 24 (Df).
Allotheridion arcadicum Archer, 1950: 20 (Tf from Theridion).
Mysmena quadrimaculata Levi, 1957a: 21 (S).
P. quadrimaculata Levi, 1957d: 106, f. 1-6 (Tmf from Theridion).
P. p. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 3 (Tmf from Theridion).
P. p. Levi & Levi, 1962: 42, f. 67-68 (m).
P. p. Levi, 1966b: 128 (S).
P. p. Levi, 1967c: 176, f. 1-4 (mf).
P. p. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 39, f. 61-63 (mf).
P. p. Gruia, 1977: 159, f. 1 (f).
P. quadrimaculata Heimer, 1982: 42, f. 9 (m).
P. p. Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 61-63 (mf).
P. p. Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 61-63 (mf).
P. p. Roth, 1994: 184, f. 62-63 (mf).

Gen. Pholcomma Thorell, 1869

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Ancylorrhanis Simon, 1894 by Levi, 1957d: 108 and of Armigera Marples, 1956: 335, type A. turbotti Marples, 1956 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 17.

Transferred to other genera:
P. amamiense Yoshida, 1985 -- see Dipoena.
P. japonicum Yoshida, 1985 -- see Dipoena.
P. nigromaculatum Yoshida, 1987 -- see Dipoena.

m antipodianum (Forster, 1955)....................Antipodes Is.
Erigone antipodiana Forster, 1955c: 198, f. 52-55 (Dm).
P. a. Levi, 1957d: 110 (Tm from Erigone).

mf barnesi Levi, 1957....................USA
P. b. Levi, 1957d: 114, f. 31-37 (Dmf).

mf carota Levi, 1957....................USA
P. c. Levi, 1957d: 113, f. 28-30 (Dm).
P. c. Levi, 1975a: 281, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf gibbum (Westring, 1851) *....................Europe, Russia, Ukraine, North Africa
Erigone gibba Westring, 1851: 44 (Df).
Erigone gibba Westring, 1861: 279 (Dm).
Theridion projectum O. P.-Cambridge, 1862: 7962 (Dm).
P. projectum Thorell, 1869: 98.
Theridium g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873a: 445, pl. 33, f. 8 (m).
P. thorelli Simon, 1873a: 305, pl. 2, f. 15 (Df).
P. g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 82, pl. 3, f. 5 (mf).
P. g. Simon, 1894a: 592, f. 594-598 (m).
P. g. Becker, 1896: 108, pl. 24, f. 1 (mf).
P. g. Bösenberg, 1902: 129, pl. 11, f. 167 (mf).
P. g. Simon, 1914a: 289, 308, f. 536-537 (mf).
P. g. Wiehle, 1937: 218, f. 275-280 (mf).
P. g. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 89, f. 59A-D (mf).
P. g. Levi, 1957d: 110, f. 13-18 (mf).
P. g. Miller, 1971: 182, pl. XXX, f. 20-21, pl. XXXI, f. 2 (m).
P. g. Palmgren, 1974b: 33, f. 8.15-18 (mf).
P. g. Roberts, 1985: 196, f. 87a (mf).
P. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 787 (mf).
P. g. Roberts, 1995: 295, f. (mf).
P. g. Roberts, 1998: 309, f. (mf).

f hickmani Forster, 1964....................Campbell Is.
P. h. Forster, 1964b: 94, f. 115-117 (Df).

mf hirsutum Emerton, 1882....................USA
P. h. Emerton, 1882: 29, pl. 6, f. 6 (Dmf).
Ancylorrhanis h. Simon, 1894a: 592.
Ancylorrhanis h. Kaston, 1948: 94, f. 105-110 (mf).
P. hirsuta Levi, 1957d: 110, f. 19-27 (mf).
P. hirsuta Levi & Levi, 1962: 56, f. 234 (m).
P. h. Levi, 1964e: 37.

f mantinum Levi, 1964....................Brazil
P. m. Levi, 1964e: 38, f. 17-18 (Df).

f micropunctatum (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Argentina
Dipoena micropunctata Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 142, f. 37-38 (Df).
P. m. Levi, 1964e: 37, f. 15-16 (Tf from Dipoena).

f soloa (Marples, 1955)....................Samoa, Niue
Theridion s. Marples, 1955a: 487, pl. 59, f. 7 (Df).
P. s. Marples, 1960: 386 (Tf from Theridion).

m turbotti (Marples, 1956)....................New Zealand
Armigera t. Marples, 1956: 336, f. 4a-b (Dm).
P. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 17.

f yunnanense Song & Zhu, 1994....................China
P. y. Song & Zhu, 1994: 38, f. 4A-C (Df).
P. yunnanensis Zhu, 1998: 223, f. 146A-C (f).
P. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 66A-B (f).

Gen. Phoroncidia Westwood, 1835

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Sudabe Karsch, 1879 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805), Trithena Simon, 1867, Oronota Simon, 1871 and Ulesanis L. Koch, 1872 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 31, and of Wibrada Keyserling, 1886 by Levi, 1964d: 72 (through transfer of type species).

Transferred to other genera:
P. flavomaculata (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Dipoena.
P. sudabides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Chrosiothes.

In synonymy:
P. borea Logunov & Marusik, 1992 = P. minschana (Schenkel, 1936) (Logunov, 1992e: 66).
P. brevispinosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1873 = P. thwaitesi O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 (Simon, 1894a: 553-557, S omitted by Roewer).
P. coquimbo Levi, 1964 = P. pennata (Nicolet, 1849) (Sedgwick, 1973: 353).
P. excussa (Urquhart, 1892) = P. quadrata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879) (Marples, 1955c: 754, sub Ulesanis).
P. lacunosa (Urquhart, 1892) = P. quadrata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879) (Marples, 1955c: 754, sub Ulesanis).
P. margamarga Levi, 1964 = P. variabilis (Nicolet, 1849) (Sedgwick, 1973: 354).
P. sagaensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Gasteracantha) = P. pilula (Karsch, 1879) (Yaginuma, 1960: 35, sub Oronota).

f aciculata Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi
P. a. Thorell, 1877b: 455 (Df).

mf aculeata Westwood, 1835 *....................India
P. a. Westwood, 1835: 453, pl. 22, f. 19 (Df).
P. a. Levi & Levi, 1962: 57, f. 235-237 (f, Dm).

f alishanensis Chen, 1990....................Taiwan
P. alishanense Chen, 1990: 20, f. 1A-C (Df).

mf altiventris Yoshida, 1985....................Japan
P. a. Yoshida, 1985c: 8, f. 1-2, 6-7 (Df).
P. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 39, f. 46 (f, Dm).

f alveolata (Simon, 1903)....................Equatorial Guinea
Ulesanis alveolatus Simon, 1903e: 76 (Df).

mf americana (Emerton, 1882)....................USA, Canada, Cuba, Jamaica
Ulesanis a. Emerton, 1882: 28, pl. 6, f. 1 (Dmf).
Ulesanis a. Keyserling, 1886b: 17, pl. 11, f. 142 (Df).
Ulesanis a. Kaston, 1948: 96, f. 112-119 (m).
Ulesanis a. Archer, 1950: 39, pl. IV, f. 2 (m).
Oronota a. Levi, 1955c: 334, f. 1-8 (mf).
Ulesanis a. Levi & Levi, 1962: 57, f. 244-245 (m).
P. a. Levi, 1964d: 74.

f argoides (Doleschall, 1857)....................Amboina
Plectana a. Doleschall, 1857: 425 (Df).
Plectana a. Doleschall, 1859: pl. 8, f. 2 (f).
Micrathena a. Butler, 1873b: 429.
P. a. Thorell, 1881: 158.

f aurata O. P.-Cambridge, 1877....................Madagascar
P. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1877c: 31, pl. 7, f. 9 (Df).
P. a. Butler, 1882b: 766, pl. 57, f. 4 (f).
P. a. Simon, 1894a: 553, f. 568 (f).

f bifrons (Simon, 1895)....................Philippines
Ulesanis b. Simon, 1895g: 147 (Df).

f biocellata (Simon, 1893)....................Brazil
Trithena b. Simon, 1893d: 323, pl. 7, f. 4 (Df).
P. b. Levi, 1964d: 81, f. 67-71 (f).

m bukolana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
P. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 417, f. 247a-g (Dm).

mf capensis (Simon, 1895)....................South Africa
Ulesanis c. Simon, 1895g: 147 (Dmf).

m coracina (Simon, 1899)....................Sumatra
Ulesanis c. Simon, 1899a: 81 (Dm).

f cribrata (Simon, 1893)....................Paraguay
Trithena c. Simon, 1893d: 323, pl. 7, f. 5 (Df).
P. c. Levi, 1964d: 79, f. 52-56 (f).

f crustula Zhu, 1998....................China
P. c. Zhu, 1998: 29, f. 12A-D (Df).
P. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 66C-D (f).

mf cygnea (Hickman, 1951)....................Tasmania
Ulesanis c. Hickman, 1951b: 11, f. 15-20 (Dmf).
P. c. Brignoli, 1983c: 409.

f eburnea (Simon, 1895)....................South Africa
Ulesanis e. Simon, 1895g: 147 (Df).

m ellenbergeri Berland, 1913....................Gabon
P. e. Berland, 1913a: 75, f. 1-3 (Dm).

m escalerai (Simon, 1903)....................Equatorial Guinea
Ulesanis e. Simon, 1903e: 75 (Dm).

f flavolimbata (Simon, 1893)....................Ecuador
Trithena f. Simon, 1893d: 322, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
Trithena f. Simon, 1894a: 555, f. 569 (f).
P. f. Levi, 1964d: 81, f. 57-61 (f).

f fumosa (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Gasteracantha f. Nicolet, 1849: 477 (Df).
Glyptogona f. Simon, 1895a: 867.
P. f. Levi, 1996b: 146 (Tf from Glyptogona).

f gayi (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Gasteracantha g. Nicolet, 1849: 473, pl. 5, f. 4 (Df).
Ulesanis g. Simon, 1894a: 554.
Glyptogona g. Simon, 1895a: 867.
P. g. Levi, 1996b: 146 (Tf from Glyptogona).

f gira Levi, 1964....................Venezuela
P. g. Levi, 1964d: 84, f. 82-86 (Df).

f hankiewiczi (Kulczyn'ski, 1911)....................Portugal, France
Ulesanis h. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 55, pl. 2, f. 71-72 (Df).

f hexacantha Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra
P. h. Thorell, 1890a: 240 (Df).

f jacobsoni (Reimoser, 1925)....................Sumatra
Ulesanis j. Reimoser, 1925: 92 (Df).

mf kibonotensis (Tullgren, 1910)....................East Africa
Ulesanis k. Tullgren, 1910: 136, pl. 2, f. 54 (Dm).
Ulesanis k. Caporiacco, 1949a: 374, f. 34a-b (Df).

f kibonotensis concolor (Caporiacco, 1949)....................Kenya
Ulesanis k. c. Caporiacco, 1949a: 374 (Df).
P. k. c. Brignoli, 1983c: 409.

mf levii Chrysanthus, 1963....................New Guinea
P. l. Chrysanthus, 1963: 735, f. 44-48 (Df).
P. l. Chrysanthus, 1975: 31, f. 121-123 (Dm).

m longiceps (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Wibrada l. Keyserling, 1886b: 22, pl. 11, f. 145 (Dm; N.B.: erroneously listed as W. longipes in Roewer).
Vibrada l. Simon, 1894a: 560, f. 570 (Df).
Wibrada l. Levi & Levi, 1962: 57, f. 240-243 (m).
P. l. Levi, 1964d: 72, f. 12-17 (m).

mf lygeana (Walckenaer, 1842)....................Malaysia, Sumatra
Plectana l. Walckenaer, 1842: 197 (Df).
P. acrosomoides Hasselt, 1882: 30, pl. 1, f. 7, pl. 4, f. 2-3 (Df).
P. l. Thorell, 1890a: 243 (Dm).
P. l. Simon, 1894a: 553, f. 566 (f).
P. l. Workman, 1896: 58, pl. 58 (f).
P. l. Archer, 1950: 39, pl. IV, f. 5 (m).
P. l. Bristowe, 1976b: 11, f. 7-14 (mf).

f maindroni (Simon, 1905)....................India
Ulesanis m. Simon, 1905a: 177 (Df).

mf minschana (Schenkel, 1936)....................Russia, China
Ulesanis m. Schenkel, 1936b: 49, f. 15 (Dmf).
P. borea Logunov & Marusik, 1992: 95, f. 3-9, 12 (Dmf).
P. minshana Logunov, 1992e: 66 (S).

f minuta (Spassky, 1932)....................Georgia, Azerbaijan
Ulesanis m. Spassky, 1932b: 978, f. 9 (Df).
P. m. Logunov & Marusik, 1992: 93, f. 1-2, 10-11 (f).

mf moyobamba Levi, 1964....................Peru, Brazil
Wibrada longiceps Archer, 1950: 27, pl. IV, f. 4 (m, misidentified).
P. m. Levi, 1964d: 70, f. 1-5 (Dm).
P. m. Buckup & Marques, 1989: 125, f. 4-11 (m, Df).

f musiva (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia
Oroodes m. Simon, 1880i: 171 (Df).

mf nasuta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)....................Sri Lanka
Stegosoma n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873d: 127, pl. 14, f. 11 (Dmf).
Ulesanis n. Simon, 1894a: 554.

f nicoleti (Roewer, 1942)....................Chile
Gasteracantha pallida Nicolet, 1849: 476 (Df; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1845).
Glyptogona pallida Simon, 1895a: 867.
Glyptogona n. Roewer, 1942a: 891 (replacement name).
P. n. Levi, 1996b: 146 (Tf from Glyptogona).

m nicoleti Levi, 1964....................Chile
P. n. Levi, 1964d: 75, f. 24-26 (Dm; N.B.: if actually congeneric with above, will need replacement name).

f oahuensis (Simon, 1900)....................Hawaii
Ulesanis o. Simon, 1900a: 460, pl. 16, f. 11 (Df).

mf paradoxa (Lucas, 1846)....................Europe, North Africa
Epeira p. Lucas, 1846: 251, pl. 15, f. 7 (Dm).
Plectana p. Walckenaer, 1847a: 477.
Oroodes paradoxus Simon, 1873a: 311 (Df).
Sclerogaster pusillus Cavanna, 1876: 90, pl. 1, f. 3-11 (Dmf).
Ulesanis p. Simon, 1914a: 273, 300.
Oronota p. Levi, 1955c: 334, f. 9 (m).
P. p. Brignoli, 1969c: 266, f. 1, 4-5 (m).
P. p. Thaler & Noflatscher, 1990: 173, f. 14-15 (m).
P. p. Vanuytven, 1991: 103, f. 1a-f (mf).

f pennata (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Gasteracantha p. Nicolet, 1849: 474, pl. 5, f. 5 (Df).
Ulesanis p. Simon, 1894a: 556.
Glyptogona p. Simon, 1895a: 867.
P. coquimbo Levi, 1964d: 77, f. 38-41 (Df).
P. p. Sedgwick, 1973: 353 (Tf from Glyptogona, S).

mf personata (L. Koch, 1872)....................Samoa, Fiji, Lord Howe Is.
Ulesanis p. L. Koch, 1872a: 243, pl. 20, f. 3 (Df).
Ulesanis chelys L. Koch, 1872a: 244, pl. 20, f. 4 (Df).
Ulesanis p. Berland, 1929b: 48, f. 19 (f. Dm).

mf pilula (Karsch, 1879)....................China, Japan
Sudabe p. Karsch, 1879g: 63 (Df).
Theridion p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 146, pl. 12, f. 268 (f).
Gasteracantha sagaensis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 239, pl. 15, f. 426 (Dm).
Oronota p. Yaginuma, 1956d: 26 (Tf from Theridion).
Oronota p. Yaginuma, 1960: 35 (S).
Theridion p. Komatsu, 1961a: 22, f. 12A-E (f).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1965a: 34.
P. p. Yoshida, 1979: 46, f. 1-3 (f, Dm).
P. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 44, f. 23.6 (mf).
P. p. Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4K-L (m).
P. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 39, f. 45 (mf).
P. p. Zhu, 1998: 27, f. 11A-D (mf).
P. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 66E-G (mf).

f pilula (Simon, 1895)....................Zanzibar
Ulesanis p. Simon, 1895g: 146 (Df; N.B.: if actually congeneric with above, will need replacement name).

mf pukeiwa (Marples, 1955)....................New Zealand
Ulesanis p. Marples, 1955c: 756, f. 2C-D, 3B (Dmf).
P. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 409.

mf puketoru (Marples, 1955)....................New Zealand
Ulesanis p. Marples, 1955c: 758, f. 2B, 3C (Dmf).
P. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 409.

f puyehue Levi, 1967....................Chile
P. p. Levi, 1967a: 18, f. 23-26 (Df).

f quadrata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................New Zealand
Stegosoma quadratum O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 698, pl. 53. f. 15 (Df).
Stegosoma lacunosa Urquhart, 1893a: 169 (Df).
Stegosoma excussa Urquhart, 1893a: 171 (Df).
Ulesanis q. Dalmas, 1917a: 358.
Ulesanis lacunosa Dalmas, 1917a: 358.
Ulesanis excussa Dalmas, 1917a: 358.
Ulesanis quadratum Marples, 1955c: 754, f. 2A, 3A (Dm, S).

f quadrispinella Strand, 1907....................Madagascar
P. q. Strand, 1907d: 729 (Df).
P. q. Strand, 1907o: 33 (Df).

m ravot Levi, 1964....................Venezuela
P. r. Levi, 1964d: 76, f. 27-29 (Dm).

f reimoseri Levi, 1964....................Brazil
P. r. Levi, 1964d: 83, f. 77-81 (Df).

mf rotunda (Keyserling, 1890)....................Queensland, Lord Howe Is., Samoa
Wirada r. Keyserling, 1890: 236, pl. 21, f. 4 (Df).
Ulesanis r. Rainbow, 1920b: 243, pl. 29, f. 45 (f, Dm).
Ulesanis r. Berland, 1929b: 49, f. 20-21 (f).

f rubens Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon
P. r. Thorell, 1899: 28 (Df).

f rubroargentea Berland, 1913....................Madagascar
P. r. Berland, 1913a: 77, f. 4 (Df).

m rubromaculata (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Heribertus rubromaculatus Keyserling, 1886b: 28, pl. 11, f. 148 (Dm).
Ulesanis r. Simon, 1894a: 554.
P. r. Levi, 1964d: 72, f. 21-23 (m).

mf ryukyuensis Yoshida, 1979....................Ryukyu Is.
P. r. Yoshida, 1979: 49, f. 7-11 (Dmf).
P. r. Yaginuma, 1986a: 44, f. 23.7 (mf).

f saboya Levi, 1964....................Colombia
P. s. Levi, 1964d: 82, f. 72-76 (Df).

f scutellata (Taczanowski, 1879)....................Peru
Tricantha s. Taczanowski, 1879: 122, pl. 1, f. 35 (Df).
P. s. Levi, 1964d: 79, f. 42-45 (f).

mf scutula (Nicolet, 1849)....................Bolivia, Chile
Gasteracantha s. Nicolet, 1849: 478, pl. 5, f. 6 (Df).
Gasteracantha caduceator Nicolet, 1849: 479 (Df).
Gasteracantha violaceata Nicolet, 1849: 479 (Df).
Gasteracantha maculata Nicolet, 1849: 480 (Df).
Gasteracantha porcellanae Nicolet, 1849: 480 (Df).
Gasteracantha venusta Nicolet, 1849: 480 (Df).
Gasteracantha scitula Nicolet, 1849: 481 (Df).
Gasteracantha ventrosa Nicolet, 1849: 481 (Df).
Gasteracantha columnata Nicolet, 1849: 482 (Df).
Gasteracantha inflata Nicolet, 1849: 482 (Df).
Gasteracantha punctata Nicolet, 1849: 483 (Df).
Gasteracantha minuta Nicolet, 1849: 483 (Df).
Ulesanis s. Keyserling, 1886b: 18, pl. 11, f. 143 (f).
Ulesanis s. Tullgren, 1902: 16, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dm).
P. s. Levi, 1964d: 73, f. 18-20 (m).
P. s. Levi, 1967a: 17, f. 19-22 (f).

mf septemaculeata O. P.-Cambridge, 1873....................Sri Lanka
P. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873d: 124, pl. 14, f. 8 (Dmf).

f sextuberculata (Keyserling, 1890)....................Queensland
Ulesanis s. Keyserling, 1890: 235, pl. 21, f. 3 (Df).

f sjostedti Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
P. sjöstedti Tullgren, 1910: 137 (Df).

f spissa (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Gasteracantha s. Nicolet, 1849: 475 (Df).
Glyptogona s. Simon, 1895a: 867.
P. s. Levi, 1996b: 146 (Tf from Glyptogona).

mf splendida Thorell, 1899....................West Africa
P. s. Thorell, 1899: 27 (Df).
P. s. Kritscher, 1957: 270, f. 29 (Dm).

f studo Levi, 1964....................Peru, Brazil
P. s. Levi, 1964d: 71, f. 6-11 (Df).

mf testudo (O. P.-Cambridge, 1873)....................India, Sri Lanka
Stegosoma t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873d: 126, pl. 14, f. 10 (Df).
Ulesanis t. Simon, 1894a: 555.
Ulesanis t. Archer, 1950: 39, pl. IV, f. 3 (Dm).

mf thwaitesi O. P.-Cambridge, 1869....................Sri Lanka
P. thwaitesii O. P.-Cambridge, 1869a: 270, pl. 9, f. 17-22 (Df).
P. t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873d: 123 (Dm).
P. brevispinosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1873d: 124, pl. 14, f. 7 (Df).
P. t. Simon, 1894a: 553, f. 567 (f, S).

m tina Levi, 1964....................Brazil
P. t. Levi, 1964d: 78, f. 35-37 (Dm).
P. t. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 97 (m).

f tricuspidata (Blackwall, 1863)....................Brazil
Plectana t. Blackwall, 1863a: 38 (Df).
Tricantha tricornis Simon, 1864: 293.
Trithena inuncans Simon, 1867: 23 (Df).
Phoroncidia t. Keyserling, 1886b: 24, pl. 11, f. 146 (f).
Trithena t. Simon, 1893d: 322, pl. 7, f. 2 (f).
Trithena t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 57, f. 246-247 (f).
P. t. Levi, 1964d: 80, f. 46-51 (f).

mf trituberculata (Hickman, 1951)....................Tasmania
Ulesanis t. Hickman, 1951b: 14, f. 21-25 (Dmf).
P. t. Brignoli, 1983c: 409.

f triunfo Levi, 1964....................Mexico to Costa Rica
Tricantha tricornis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 540, pl. 51, f. 26 (f, misidentified).
P. t. Levi, 1964d: 82, f. 62-65 (Df).

m truncatula (Strand, 1909)....................South Africa
Ulesanis t. Strand, 1909g: 564 (Dm).

f umbrosa (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Gasteracantha u. Nicolet, 1849: 474 (Df).
Glyptogona u. Simon, 1895a: 867.
P. u. Levi, 1996b: 146 (Tf from Glyptogona).

mf variabilis (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Gasteracantha v. Nicolet, 1849: 476 (Df).
Glyptogona v. Simon, 1895a: 867.
P. margamarga Levi, 1964d: 77, f. 30-34 (Df).
P. margamarga Levi, 1967a: 18, f. 16-18 (Dm).
P. v. Sedgwick, 1973: 354 (Tf from Glyptogona, Sm).

Gen. Proboscidula Miller, 1970

P. Miller, 1970: 153, type P. loricata Miller, 1970.

m loricata Miller, 1970 *....................Angola
P. l. Miller, 1970: 153, pl. XLIX, f. 1-4 (Dm).
P. l. Levi, 1972b: 533, f. 1-2 (m).

mf milleri Knoflach, 1995....................Rwanda
P. m. Knoflach, 1995: 979, f. 1-16 (Dmf).

Gen. Propostira Simon, 1894

N.B.: considered a possible synonym of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 or Achaearanea Strand, 1929 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 27, 45.

f quadrangulata Simon, 1894 *....................India, Sri Lanka
P. q. Simon, 1894a: 510, f. 513-515 (Df).
P. quadrangulosa Simon, 1895g: 132 (lapsus).
P. q. Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 96-97 (f).

f ranii Bhattacharya, 1935....................India
P. r. Bhattacharya, 1935a: 961, f. 1-3 (Df).

Gen. Robertus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879

N.B.: this name (not its senior synonym Ctenium Menge, 1871) on Official List of Generic Names in Zoology; considered a senior synonym of Garritus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933 by Kaston, 1946: 1 (sub Ctenium).

Transferred to other genera:
R. arganoi Brignoli, 1980 -- see Enoplognatha.
R. cottarellii Brignoli, 1980 -- see Enoplognatha.
R. femoralis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Brachycerasphora under Linyphiidae.
R. pilosus Denis, 1956 -- see Nesticodes.

In synonymy:
R. asper (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) = R. neglectus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) (Locket & Millidge, 1953: 87).
R. exortus (Drensky, 1929, T from Agroeca) = R. frivaldskyi (Chyzer, 1894) (Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 433).
R. fuscus (Emerton, 1911) = R. fuscus (Emerton, 1894) (Kaston, 1946: 8, sub Ctenium).
R. grasshoffi Wunderlich, 1973 = R. neglectus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) (Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 435).
R. palustris (Banks, 1892) = R. laticeps (Keyserling, 1884) (Kaston, 1946: 9, sub Ctenium).
R. paradoxus Miller, 1967 = R. ungulatus Vogelsanger, 1944 (Miller, 1971: 188).
R. terrestris (Emerton, 1913) = R. frontatus (Banks, 1892) (Kaston, 1946: 7, sub Ctenium).
R. umbilicatus Denis, 1961 = R. mazaurici (Simon, 1901) (Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 433).

Nomen dubium:
R. dubius (Blackwall, 1841b: 652, originally in Neriene) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1602; Bonnet, 1958: 3869.

f alpinus Dresco, 1959....................Italy
R. a. Dresco, 1959b: 246, f. 6-8 (Df).

m arcticus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947)....................Alaska
Ctenium arcticum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 25, f. 11-13 (Dm).
R. a. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

mf arundineti (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)....................Palearctic
Neriene a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 441 (Df).
Neriene clarkii O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 441, pl. 56, f. 30 (Dm).
Erigone a. Thorell, 1871a: 131.
Erigone clarkii L. Koch, 1872b: 262.
Ctenium clarkii Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 250, pl. 3, f. 6 (m).
Pedanostethus a. Simon, 1884a: 196.
Pedanostethus clarkii Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 47, pl. 2, f. 11 (m, Df).
Pedanostethus a. Becker, 1896: 4, pl. 1, f. 2 (mf).
Pedanostethus clarkii Bösenberg, 1902: 138, pl. 12, f. 183 (mf).
R. clarki Lessert, 1910b: 127.
R. a. Simon, 1914a: 287, 307.
R. a. Wiehle, 1937: 214, f. 267-269 (mf).
Ctenium a. Ovsyannikov, 1937: 90, f. 3-4 (mf).
R. a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 87, f. 57B, 58C (mf).
R. a. Braendegaard, 1958: 30, f. 20 (f).
R. a. Wiehle, 1965a: 12, f. 1a, 2a, 3a, 4a (m).
R. a. Miller, 1967: 284, pl. X, f. 8, pl. XI, f. 1-4 (mf).
R. a. Azheganova, 1968: 52, f. 85, 97 (mf).
R. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 389, 392 (mf).
R. a. Miller, 1971: 187, pl. XXXII, f. 15-16 (mf).
R. a. Waaler, 1971a: 18, f. 3-4 (mf).
R. a. Wunderlich, 1973b: 411, f. 19 (m).
R. a. Gruia, 1973b: 75, f. 3-5 (f).
R. a. Palmgren, 1974b: 44, f. 11.4, 10 (mf).
R. a. Roberts, 1985: 194, f. 86b (mf).
R. a. Zhou & Song, 1987: 19, f. 4a-c (f).
R. a. Weiss & Andriescu, 1989: 77, f. 1-3 (mf).
R. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 127, f. 99.1-2 (f).
R. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 789 (mf).
R. a. Roberts, 1995: 294, f. (mf).
R. a. Agnarsson, 1996: 54, f. 38A-B (mf).
R. a. Zhu, 1998: 296, f. 200A-E (mf).
R. a. Roberts, 1998: 307, f. (mf).
R. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 66H-I, N-O (mf).

mf banksi (Kaston, 1946)....................USA, Canada
Ctenium b. Kaston, 1946: 5, f. 1-8, 49 (Dmf).
Ctenium b. Kaston, 1948: 83, f. 2080-2088 (mf).
Ctenium b. Kaston, 1972a: 115, f. 257 (m).
R. b. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

mf borealis (Kaston, 1946)....................USA, Canada
Ctenium b. Kaston, 1946: 6, f. 41-43, 50 (Dmf).
R. b. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

m calidus Knoflach, 1995....................Congo
R. c. Knoflach, 1995: 985, f. 17-20 (Dm).

f cantabricus Fage, 1931....................Spain
R. c. Fage, 1931: 141, f. 10A (Df).

f cardesensis Dresco, 1959....................France
R. c. Dresco, 1959b: 245, f. 3-5 (Df).

f crosbyi (Kaston, 1946)....................USA
Ctenium c. Kaston, 1946: 7, f. 52 (Df).
R. c. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

mf emeishanensis Zhu, 1998....................China
R. e. Zhu, 1998: 298, f. 201A-D (Dmf).
R. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 66J-K, P-Q (mf).

mf eremophilus Chamberlin, 1928....................USA
R. e. Chamberlin, in Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1928: 180 (Df).
Ctenium e. Kaston, 1946: 7, f. 26-28, 54 (f, Dm).
Ctenium e. Kaston, 1948: 84, f. 2090, 2102-2104 (mf).

f floridensis (Kaston, 1946)....................USA
Ctenium f. Kaston, 1946: 7, f. 48 (Df).
R. f. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

mf frivaldszkyi (Chyzer, 1894)....................Eastern Europe, Moldova
Pedanostethus f. Chyzer, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 47, pl. 2, f. 12 (Dmf).
Agroeca exortus Drensky, 1929: 21, 66, pl. 2, f. 6 (Df).
R. f. Miller, 1967: 284, pl. XI, f. 8-9 (mf).
R. f. Wunderlich, 1976a: 111, f. 39-41 (mf).
R. f. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 433, f. 44-47 (mf, S).

mf frontatus (Banks, 1892)....................USA, Canada
Microneta frontata Banks, 1892a: 48, pl. 5, f. 51 (Df).
Pedanostethus terrestris Emerton, 1914: 262, pl. 8, f. 2 (Dm).
R. terrestris Crosby & Bishop, 1928b: 1040.
Ctenium frontata Kaston, 1946: 7, f. 35-37, 51 (Tf from Microneta, Sm).
Ctenium frontata Kaston, 1948: 82, f. 2094, 2108-2110 (mf).

mf fuscus (Emerton, 1894)....................USA, Canada
Steatoda fusca Emerton, 1894: 407, pl. 2, f. 1 (Dmf).
Pedanostethus f. Emerton, 1911: 387, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dm).
R. f. Crosby & Bishop, 1928b: 1040.
Ctenium fusca Kaston, 1946: 8, f. 38-40, 56 (Tmf from Steatoda, S).
Ctenium fusca Kaston, 1948: 84, f. 2092, 2114-2116 (mf).

m golovatchi Eskov, 1987....................Georgia
R. g. Eskov, 1987b: 281, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf heydemanni Wiehle, 1965....................Germany, Austria, Romania, Russia
R. h. Wiehle, 1965a: 12, f. 1b, 2b, 3b, 4b (Dm).
R. h. Wunderlich, 1973b: 411, f. 20 (m).
R. h. Weiss & Andriescu, 1989: 78, f. 4-6 (m, Df).

mf insignis O. P.-Cambridge, 1907....................Europe, Russia
R. i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1907: 127, 138, pl. A, f. 16-19 (Dm).
R. i. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 89, f. 58D (m).
R. i. Wiehle, 1960b: 237, f. 15-16 (m).
R. i. Merrett & Snazell, 1975: 106, f. 5 (f).
R. i. Wunderlich, 1976a: 111, f. 42-45 (mf).
R. i. Almquist, 1978: 124, f. 1-11 (mf).
R. i. Roberts, 1985: 194, f. 86e (mf).
R. i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 795 (m).

mf kastoni Eskov, 1987....................Russia
R. k. Eskov, 1987b: 282, f. 3-7 (Dmf).

mf kuehnae Bauchhenss & Uhlenhaut, 1993....................Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Austria
R. grasshoffi Wunderlich, 1973b: 408, f. 15-18 (f, misidentified).
R. sp. Knoflach, 1992: 161, f. 1-5 (m).
R. k. Bauchhenss & Uhlenhaut, 1993: 25, f. 1-4 (Dm, Tf from R. grasshoffi).
R. k. Roberts, 1998: 308, f. (mf).

mf laticeps (Keyserling, 1884)....................USA
Theridion l. Keyserling, 1884a: 96, pl. 4. f. 63 (Dm).
Microneta palustris Banks, 1892a: 47, pl. 2, f. 47 (Dm).
Pedanostethus l. Banks, 1910: 22.
Pedanostethus palustris Banks, 1910: 22.
Microneta palustris Banks, 1916: 77, pl. 11, f. 16, 25 (m, Df).
R. palustris Crosby & Bishop, 1928b: 1040.
Ctenium l. Kaston, 1946: 9, f. 14-16, 46 (f, Sm).
Ctenium l. Kaston, 1948: 83, f. 2089, 2096-2098 (mf).

mf lividus (Blackwall, 1836)....................Holarctic
Neriene rufipes Blackwall, 1833: 345 (D; preoccupied).
Neriene livida Blackwall, 1836: 486 (Dm).
Erigone pinguis Westring, 1851: 43 (in part).
Erigone pinguis Westring, 1861: 269 (mf, in part).
Neriene l. Blackwall, 1864a: 252, pl. 18, f. 169 (Df).
Ctenium pingue Menge, 1871: 292, pl. 53, f. 169 (mf).
Erigone l. Thorell, 1871a: 131.
Erigone lapidicola Thorell, 1873: 443 (replacement name for Neriene rufipes Blackwall).
Ctenium lividum Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 248.
Pedanostethus l. Simon, 1884a: 198.
Pedanostethus l. Keyserling, 1886b: 126, pl. 15, f. 206 (Df).
Pedanostethus l. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 312, pl. 5, f. 17, pl. 6, f. 19, 22, 24, 26 (mf).
Pedanostethus l. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 48, pl. 2, f. 13 (mf).
Pedanostethus l. Becker, 1896: 5, pl. 1, f. 3 (mf).
Pedanostethus l. Bösenberg, 1902: 138, pl. 12, f. 181 (mf).
R. l. Lessert, 1910b: 128.
R. l. Charitonov, 1926a: 263, f. 5 (f).
R. l. Fage, 1931: 142, f. 10C (f).
R. l. Wiehle, 1937: 213, f. 259-263 (mf).
Ctenium livida Kaston, 1946: 9, f. 17-19, 58 (mf).
R. l. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 86, f. 57A, 58A (mf).
R. l. Miller, 1967: 283, pl. X, f. 9, pl. XI, f. 14-16 (mf).
R. l. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 388, 391 (mf).
R. l. Miller, 1971: 188, pl. XXXII, f. 9-10 (mf).
R. l. Gruia, 1973b: 75, f. 1-2, 8-12 (mf).
R. l. Palmgren, 1974b: 42, f. 11.1-3, 9 (mf).
R. l. Brignoli, 1980k: 260, f. 1 (f).
R. l. Heimer, 1982: f. 4 (m).
R. l. Roberts, 1985: 194, f. 86a (mf).
R. l. Wunderlich, 1986: 217, f. 220 (m).
R. l. Eskov, 1987b: 283, f. 13 (m).
R. l. Izmailova, 1989: 89, f. 68 (f).
R. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 790 (mf).
R. l. Knoflach, 1992: 164, f. 8-9, 11, 17-19, 25, 30-31, 38-43 (mf).
R. l. Roberts, 1995: 293, f. (mf).
R. l. Roberts, 1998: 307, f. (mf).

mf longipalpus (Kaston, 1946)....................USA, Canada
Ctenium l. Kaston, 1946: 10, f. 20-22, 47 (Dmf).
Ctenium l. Kaston, 1948: 82, f. 2093, 2111-2113 (mf).
R. l. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

mf lyrifer Holm, 1939....................Iceland, Scandinavia, Russia
R. l. Holm, 1939b: 13, f. 6 (Df).
R. l. Holm, 1945b: 14, f. 2a-c (Dm).
R. l. Hauge, 1969: 2, f. 3-5 (mf).
R. l. Palmgren, 1974b: 45, f. 11.7, 13 (mf).
R. l. Wunderlich, 1976a: 111, f. 46-48 (mf).
R. l. Agnarsson, 1996: 54, f. 39A-B (mf).

mf mazaurici (Simon, 1901)....................France
Pedanostethus m. Simon, 1901i: 238 (Dmf).
R. m. Simon, 1911a: 181.
R. m. Fage, 1931: 142, f. 10B (f).
R. m. Dresco, 1959b: 243, f. 1 (m).
R. umbilicatus Denis, 1961b: 122, f. 4 (Df).
R. m. Wunderlich, 1976a: 111, f. 53-55 (mf).
R. m. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 433, f. 48 (f, S).

mf mediterraneus Eskov, 1987....................Mediterranean, Russia
R. m. Eskov, 1987b: 285, f. 9-12 (Dmf).
R. m. Knoflach, 1992: 164, f. 6-7, 10, 14-16, 24, 27-29, 32-37 (mf).

f monticola Simon, 1914....................France
R. monticola Simon, 1914a: 287, 308 (Dmf).
R. m. Dresco, 1959b: 244, f. 2 (removed f from S of R. scoticus, but see also Wunderlich, 1976a: 111).

mf neglectus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871) *....................Palearctic
Neriene neglecta O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 443, pl. 56, f. 31 (Dm).
Neriene aspera O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 448 (Df).
R. astutus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 103, pl. 6, f. 7 (Df).
Pedanostethus n. Simon, 1884a: 199 (f).
Pedanostethus n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 47, pl. 2, f. 10 (mf).
R. n. Lessert, 1910b: 127.
R. n. Wiehle, 1937: 215, f. 270-272 (mf).
R. n. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 87, f. 57D, 58B (mf, S).
R. n. Miller, 1967: 283, pl. X, f. 12, pl. XI, f. 13 (mf).
R. n. Tyschchenko, 1971: 144, f. 390 (m).
R. n. Miller, 1971: 188, pl. XXXII, f. 11-12 (mf).
R. n. Gruia, 1973b: 75, f. 6 (f).
R. grasshoffi Wunderlich, 1973b: 408, f. 10-14 (Dm, not f).
R. n. Palmgren, 1974b: 44, f. 11.5, 11 (mf).
R. n. Roberts, 1985: 194, f. 86c (mf).
R. grasshoffi Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 792 (m, not f).
R. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 794 (mf).
R. n. Roberts, 1995: 294, f. (mf).
R. n. Knoflach, 1995: 986, f. 21-22 (m).
R. n. Roberts, 1998: 308, f. (mf).
R. n. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 435, f. 50-53 (mf, S).

m nipponicus Yoshida, 1995....................Japan
R. n. Yoshida, 1995b: 154, f. 5-6 (Dm).

mf ogatai Yoshida, 1995....................Japan
R. o. Yoshida, 1995b: 156, f. 7-10 (Dmf).

f potanini Schenkel, 1963....................China
R. p. Schenkel, 1963: 108, f. 63 (Df).

mf pumilus (Emerton, 1909)....................USA
Pedanostethus p. Emerton, 1909: 183, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dmf).
R. p. Crosby & Bishop, 1928b: 1040.
Ctenium p. Kaston, 1946: 10, f. 32-34, 53 (mf).
Ctenium p. Kaston, 1948: 83, f. 2091, 2105-2107 (mf).

mf riparius (Keyserling, 1886)....................USA, Canada, Alaska
Pedanostethus r. Keyserling, 1886b: 265, pl. 21, f. 313 (Df).
Pedanostethus r. Emerton, 1909: 182, pl. 1, f. 1 (f, Dm).
R. r. Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 180.
R. r. Comstock, 1940: 380, f. 372-373 (mf).
Ctenium r. Kaston, 1946: 11, f. 11-13, 44 (mf).
Ctenium r. Kaston, 1948: 81, f. 63, 2099-2101 (mf).
R. r. Levi & Levi, 1962: 62, f. 290-291 (m).
Ctenium r. Kaston, 1972a: 115, f. 256 (m).
R. r. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 86 (m).

mf saitoi Yoshida, 1995....................Japan
R. s. Yoshida, 1995b: 153, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf scoticus Jackson, 1914....................Palearctic
R. s. Jackson, 1914: 120, pl. 2, f. 15 (Df).
R. s. Schenkel, 1923: 84, pl. 7, f. 1-2 (f, Dm).
R. s. Wiehle, 1937: 217, f. 273-274 (mf).
R. s. Machado, 1949: 25, f. 15 (f).
R. s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 89, f. 57C (f).
Ctenium scoticum Locket, Millidge & La Touche, 1958: 139, f. 2a-b (m).
R. s. Wiehle, 1960b: 239, f. 17-20 (mf).
R. s. Miller, 1967: 284, pl. X, f. 10-11, pl. XI, f. 17-18 (mf).
R. s. Miller, 1971: 188, pl. XXXII, f. 13-14 (mf).
R. s. Gruia, 1973b: 75, f. 7, 13 (mf).
R. s. Palmgren, 1974b: 45, f. 11.6, 12 (mf).
R. s. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 59, f. 34A-B (m).
R. s. Roberts, 1985: 194, f. 86d (mf).
R. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 793 (mf).
R. s. Bauchhenss & Uhlenhaut, 1993: 25, f. 5-6 (mf).
R. s. Roberts, 1995: 294, f. (mf).
R. s. Mcheidze, 1997: 197, f. 408 (f).
R. s. Roberts, 1998: 308, f. (mf).

mf sibiricus Eskov, 1987....................Russia, Japan
R. s. Eskov, 1987b: 287, f. 14-17 (Dmf).
R. s. Ono et al., 1991: 92, f. 9-13 (mf).

f similis (Kaston, 1946)....................USA
Ctenium s. Kaston, 1946: 13, f. 45 (Df).
R. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.

mf spinifer (Emerton, 1909)....................USA
Pedanostethus spiniferus Emerton, 1909: 183, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
R. spiniferus Crosby & Bishop, 1928b: 1040.
Ctenium spiniferus Kaston, 1946: 12, f. 23-25, 57 (mf).
Ctenium spiniferus Kaston, 1948: 84, f. 64-66, 2095 (mf).

mf truncorum (L. Koch, 1872)....................Europe
Erigone t. L. Koch, 1872b: 259 (Dmf).
Pedanostethus t. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 314, pl. 5, f. 18, pl. 6, f. 20-21, 23, 25 (mf).
Pedanostethus t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 49, pl. 2, f. 14 (mf).
Pedanostethus t. Bösenberg, 1902: 138, pl. 12, f. 182 (mf).
R. t. Lessert, 1910b: 129.
R. t. Fage, 1931: 142, f. 10D (f).
R. t. Wiehle, 1937: 213, f. 264-266 (mf).
R. t. Miller, 1967: 283, pl. XI, f. 5-7 (mf).
R. t. Miller, 1971: 188, pl. XXXII, f. 17-18 (mf).
R. t. Brignoli, 1980k: 260, f. 4 (f).
R. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 791 (mf).
R. t. Knoflach, 1992: 164, f. 12-13, 20-23, 26 (m).

mf ungulatus Vogelsanger, 1944....................Palearctic
R. u. Vogelsanger, 1944: 160, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
R. paradoxus Miller, 1967: 281, pl. X, f. 1-3, pl. XI, f. 10-12 (Dmf).
R. u. Miller, 1971: 188, pl. XXXIII, f. 6-7 (f, S).
R. paradoxus Palmgren, 1972: 129, f. 16 (mf).
R. paradoxus Palmgren, 1974b: 47, f. 11.8, 14 (mf).
R. u. Wunderlich, 1976a: 111, f. 49-52 (mf).
R. u. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 788 (mf).
R. u. Gao, Guan & Zhu, 1993: 76, f. 16-18 (m).
R. u. Zhu, 1998: 299, f. 202A-E (mf).
R. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 66L-M, R-S (mf).

f ussuricus Eskov, 1987....................Russia
R. u. Eskov, 1987b: 289, f. 8 (Df).

mf vigerens (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933)....................USA, Canada, Alaska
Garritus v. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 9, pl. 2, f. 10-20 (Dmf).
Ctenium v. Kaston, 1946: 13, f. 9-10, 29-31, 55 (mf).

Gen. Rugathodes Archer, 1950

R. Archer, 1950: 24, type Theridion sexpunctatum Emerton, 1882, originally described as a subgenus of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805; removed from the synonymy of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 and elevated to genus by Wunderlich, 1987a: 213, contra Levi, 1957a: 19.

In synonymy:
R. lowriei (Barrows, 1945, T from Theridion) = R. aurantius (Emerton, 1915) (Levi, 1980b: 336, sub Theridion).

mf acoreensis Wunderlich, 1992....................Azores
R. a. Wunderlich, 1992a: 415, f. 584-588 (Dmf).
R. a. Wunderlich, 1993c: 684, f. 7c (m).

mf aurantius (Emerton, 1915)....................Holarctic
Theridion aurantium Emerton, 1915a: 136, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
Theridion lowriei Barrows, 1945: 72, pl. I, f. 5 (Df).
Theridion (R.) aurantium Archer, 1950: 24.
Theridion aurantium Levi, 1951: 3, f. 10 (f).
Theridion aurantium Levi & Field, 1954: 444, f. 7-8 (mf).
Theridion aurantium Levi, 1957a: 93, f. 337-339, 350-352 (mf).
Theridion lowriei Levi, 1957a: 98, f. 353 (f).
Theridion aurantium Levi, 1980b: 336 (S).

mf bellicosus (Simon, 1873)....................Europe, Russia
Theridion bellicosum Simon, 1873a: 290 (Dm).
Theridion bellicosum Jackson, 1914: 123, pl. 2, f. 7, 9, 11, 14 (m).
Theridion instabile bellicosum Simon, 1914a: 256, 294, f. 508 (m).
Theridion bellicosum Wiehle, 1937: 144, f. 52-59, 62a, c (m, Df).
Theridium bellicosum Tullgren, 1949: 36, f. 1 (f).
Theridion (R.) bellicosum Archer, 1950: 24.
Theridion bellicosum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 79, f. 51B, D, G-H (mf).
Theridion bellicosum Braendegaard, 1958: 29, f. 19 (f).
Enoplognatha bellicosa Denis, 1962a: 67 (Tmf from Theridion, rejected).
Theridion bellicosum Waaler, 1966: 183, f. 1 (f).
Theridium bellicosum Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 439 (f).
Enoplognatha bellicosum Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 4-5 (f).
Theridion bellicosum Palmgren, 1974b: 22, f. 4.10-14 (mf).
Theridion bellicosum Roberts, 1985: 188, f. 84b (mf).
R. bellicosum Wunderlich, 1987a: 214 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion bellicosum Izmailova, 1989: 90, f. 70 (f).
Theridion bellicosum Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 804 (mf).
R. b. Kronestedt, 1993b: 111, f. 2 (f).
R. bellicosum Wunderlich, 1993c: 684, f. 7a (m).
Theridion bellicosum Roberts, 1995: 288, f. (mf).
R. b. Esyunin & Efimik, 1995: 75, f. 2-3 (f).
R. b. Agnarsson, 1996: 53, f. 36A-B (mf).
Theridion bellicosum Roberts, 1998: 302, f. (mf).

mf instabilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1871)....................Europe, Russia, Ukraine
Theridion instabile O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 416, pl. 55, f. 14 (Dmf).
Phyllonethis instabilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1879g: 85.
Theridion lepidum Simon, 1881a: 64 (Dmf).
Theridion lepidum Lessert, 1910b: 98, f. 79-80 (mf).
Theridion instabile Jackson, 1914: 122, pl. 2, f. 8, 10, 12-13 (mf).
Theridion instabile Simon, 1914a: 256, 294, f. 507 (mf).
Theridion instabile Wiehle, 1937: 146, f. 59, 60b, d, 61-62 (mf).
Theridion (R.) instabile Archer, 1950: 24.
Theridion instabile Locket & Millidge, 1953: 77, f. 51A, C, E-F (mf).
Theridion instabile Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 421 (f).
Theridion instabile Roberts, 1985: 188, f. 84a (mf).
Theridion instabile Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 803 (mf).
R. i. Kronestedt, 1993b: 111, f. 1 (f).
Theridion instabile Roberts, 1995: 287, f. (mf).
Theridion instabile Roberts, 1998: 302, f. (mf).

mf madeirensis Wunderlich, 1987....................Madeira
R. madeirense Wunderlich, 1987a: 213, f. 566-569 (Dmf).
R. m. Wunderlich, 1993c: 684, f. 7b (m).

mf pico (Merrett & Ashmole, 1989)....................Azores
Theridion p. Merrett & Ashmole, 1989: 51, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
R. p. Wunderlich, 1992a: 417, f. 590-594 (Tmf from Theridion).
R. p. Wunderlich, 1993c: 684, f. 7c (m).

mf sexpunctatus (Emerton, 1882) *....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Russia
Theridion sexpunctatum Emerton, 1882: 12, pl. 2, f. 5 (Dmf).
Theridion marxii Keyserling, 1884a: 68, pl. 3, f. 41 (Df).
Theridion marxi Keyserling, 1886b: 231, pl. 20, f. 285 (Dm).
Theridion sexpunctatum Emerton, 1915a: 137, pl. 1, f. 3 (m).
Theridion (R.) sexpunctatum Archer, 1950: 24, pl. III, f. 7 (m).
Theridion sexpunctatum Levi & Field, 1954: 444, f. 5, 9-10 (mf).
Theridion sexpunctatum Levi, 1957a: 91, f. 340-349 (mf).
Theridion sexpunctatum Kaston, 1977: 16, f. 9-10 (f).
R. s. Wunderlich, 1987a: 213.

Gen. Sardinidion Wunderlich, 1995

S. Wunderlich, 1995u: 687, type S. perplexum Wunderlich, 1995.

m perplexum Wunderlich, 1995 *....................Sardinia
S. p. Wunderlich, 1995u: 688, f. 1-7 (Dm).

Gen. Simitidion Wunderlich, 1992

S. Wunderlich, 1992a: 417, type Theridion simile C. L. Koch, 1836.

mf agaricographum (Levy & Amitai, 1982)....................Cyprus, Israel
Theridion agaricographus Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 92, f. 14-16 (Df).
S. a. Knoflach, 1996c: 149, f. 1-3, 7, 9, 11-12 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
Theridion a. Levy, 1998b: 178, f. 337-339 (f).

mf lacuna Wunderlich, 1992....................Canary Is., Spain, North Africa, Israel
Theridion simile Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 94, f. 17-22 (mf, misidentified).
S. l. Wunderlich, 1992a: 418, f. 595-600 (Dmf).

mf simile (C. L. Koch, 1836) *....................Holarctic
Theridion s. C. L. Koch, 1836a: 62, f. 215 (Df).
Theridion s. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 79, f. 649 (Dm).
Steatoda similis C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
Theridion s. Blackwall, 1864a: 187, pl. 14, f. 119 (mf).
Theridion erebennum Bertkau, in Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 243, pl. 3, f. 5 (Dmf).
Theridion s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 34 (mf).
Theridion s. Becker, 1896: 101, pl. 22, f. 2 (mf).
Theridion s. Bösenberg, 1902: 106, pl. 9, f. 132 (mf).
Theridion erebennum Bösenberg, 1902: 105, pl. 9, f. 131 (mf).
Theridion salvum O. P.-Cambridge, 1912b: 88, pl. A, f. 8 (D).
Theridion s. Simon, 1914a: 264, 271, 299, f. 524 (mf).
Theridion s. Wiehle, 1937: 169, f. 132-135 (mf).
Theridion s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 68, f. 46B, 47C (mf).
Theridion s. Levi, 1957a: 53, f. 179-180, 187 (mf).
Theridion s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 413, 430 (mf).
Theridion s. Miller, 1971: 196, pl. XXXV, f. 6-7 (mf).
Theridion s. Palmgren, 1974b: 26, f. 5.14-17 (mf).
Theridion s. Punda, 1975b: 68, f. 143, 150-151 (mf).
Theridion s. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 82d (mf).
Theridion s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 807 (mf).
S. s. Wunderlich, 1992a: 418, f. 601-604 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion s. Roberts, 1995: 284, f. (mf).
S. s. Knoflach, 1996c: 151, f. 4-6, 8, 10, 13-16 (mf).
Theridium s. Mcheidze, 1997: 194, f. 397-398 (m).
Theridion s. Levy, 1998b: 182, f. 343-348 (mf).
Theridion s. Roberts, 1998: 298, f. (mf).

Gen. Spintharus Hentz, 1850

Transferred to other genera:
S. minutus Petrunkevitch, 1926 -- see Theridion.

In synonymy:
S. hentzi Levi, 1955 = S. flavidus Hentz, 1850 (Levi, 1963e: 225).

mf argenteus Dyal, 1935....................India
S. a. Dyal, 1935: 159, pl. 14, f. 83-85 (Dmf).

mf flavidus Hentz, 1850 *....................USA to Bolivia, Brazil
S. f. Hentz, 1850: 284, pl. 10, f. 8 (Df).
S. f. Emerton, 1882: 28, pl. 5, f. 7 (f).
S. f. Keyserling, 1884a: 176, pl. 8, f. 107 (f, Dm).
S. elongatus Keyserling, 1884a: 178, pl. 8, f. 108 (Df).
S. f. Simon, 1894a: 513, f. 493, 519 (f).
S. lineatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 190, pl. 25, f. 11 (Dm).
S. affinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 190, pl. 24, f. 2 (Dm).
S. affinis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 398, pl. 37, f. 28-29 (m, Df).
S. f. Emerton, 1902: 127, f. 302 (mf).
S. f. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 178, f. 17-18 (f).
S. f. Muma, 1943: 63, pl. XII, f. 18-19 (mf).
S. f. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 168, f. 11, 11a (m).
S. f. Archer, 1950: 25, pl. III, f. 1-2 (m).
S. f. Levi, 1955b: 79, f. 46, 48-50, 52-53 (mf).
S. hentzi Levi, 1955b: 83, f. 47, 51, 54-55 (Df).
S. f. Levi & Levi, 1962: 53, f. 203-206 (m).
S. f. Levi, 1963e: 225, f. 1, 2K-U, W, 3-9 (mf, S).
S. f. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 81 (m).

mf gracilis Keyserling, 1886....................Brazil
S. g. Keyserling, 1886b: 244, pl. 20, f. 298 (Dmf).
S. g. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 169, f. 12, 12a (f).
S. g. Levi, 1963e: 227, f. 2V, 10-13 (mf).
S. g. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 80 (m).

Gen. Steatoda Sundevall, 1833

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Asagena Sundevall, 1833, Lithyphantes Thorell, 1869 and Teutana Simon, 1881 by Levi, 1957b: 375 and of Stethopoma Thorell, 1890, Ancocoelus Simon, 1894, Steassa Simon, 1910, Argyroelus Hogg, 1922 and Asagenella Schenkel, 1937 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 16-28; not a senior synonym of Moero O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 (Griswold, 1987b: 505).

Transferred to other genera:
S. cyanea (Worley, 1928) -- see Singa under Araneidae.
S. dubia (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) -- see Araneus under Araneidae.
S. fusca Emerton, 1894 -- see Robertus.
S. octomaculata Paik, 1995 -- see Euryopis.
S. oophora (Petrunkevitch, 1930) -- see Coleosoma.
S. pollocki (Denis, 1956) -- see Singa under Araneidae.
S. rubra Keyserling, 1886 -- see Theridion.
S. septemguttata (Simon, 1873) -- see Singa under Araneidae.
S. transversifoveata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Enoplognatha.
S. viridula (Roewer, 1942) -- see Anelosimus.

In synonymy:
S. albilunata (Saito, 1939) = S. cavernicola (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, Yamaguchi & Nishikawa, 1976: 825).
S. albiornata Mello-Leitão, 1940 = S. sabulosa (Tullgren, 1901) (Levi, 1962a: 30).
S. alticeps (Keyserling, 1886) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1957b: 377, sub S. nigrofemorata).
S. argentea (Caporiacco, 1933) = S. ephippiata (Thorell, 1875) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 22).
S. brasiliana Keyserling, 1884 = S. bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1962a: 20).
S. cancellata (Mello-Leitão, 1944) = S. iheringi (Keyserling, 1886) (Levi, 1962a: 31).
S. castanea (Olivier, 1789) = S. castanea (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
S. cavaleriei (Schenkel, 1963) = S. cingulata (Thorell, 1890) (Zhu, 1998: 329).
S. cavernicola (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) = S. cingulata (Thorell, 1890) (Zhu, 1998: 329).
S. cingulata (Chrysanthus, 1975) = S. subannulata (Kulczyn'ski, 1911) (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107).
S. clara (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898) = S. autumnalis (Banks, 1898) (Levi, 1957b: 382).
S. flavomaculata (Lucas, 1846, T from Theridion) = S. triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 84).
S. fuerteventurae Schmidt, 1976 = S. latifasciata (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 419).
S. gerhardti (Wiehle, 1934) = S. maura (Simon, 1909) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 21).
S. hermosa (Banks, 1909) = S. quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1957b: 385).
S. huangyuanensis Zhu & Li, 1983 = S. castanea (Clerck, 1757) (Zhu, 1998: 333).
S. lugubris (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) = S. autumnalis (Banks, 1898) (Levi, 1957b: 382).
S. lugubris (Schenkel, 1963) = S. triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) (Zhu, 1998: 335).
S. marcuzzii (Caporiacco, 1955) = S. quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1957b: 385).
S. melanomela (Mello-Leitão, 1944) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1962a: 34).
S. merula Fox, 1940 = S. grandis Banks, 1901 (Levi, 1957b: 415).
S. modesta (Bryant, 1948) = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1957b: 405).
S. nesiotes (Chamberlin, 1924) = S. fulva (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1957b: 391).
S. nigrofemorata (Keyserling, 1884) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1962a: 34).
S. ochracea (Simon, 1908) = S. ephippiata (Thorell, 1875) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 22).
S. parvula (Banks, 1898) = S. fulva (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1957b: 391).
S. patagonica (Tullgren, 1901) = S. ancorata (Holmberg, 1876) (Levi, 1962a: 34).
S. phalerata corsica (Simon, 1873) = S. phalerata (Panzer, 1801) (Knoflach, 1996d: 382).
S. phalerata seraiensis (Nosek, 1905) = S. phalerata (Panzer, 1801) (Knoflach, 1996d: 382).
S. punctilineata Mello-Leitão, 1939 = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1962a: 26).
S. regia (Marples, 1956) = S. lepida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879) (Hann, 1994: 230).
S. saylori (Fox, 1940, T from Theridion) = S. triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levi, 1957a: 21, sub Teutana).
S. septemmaculata (Keyserling, 1884) = S. erigoniformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Levi, 1962a: 25).
S. serica (Urquhart, 1886, removed from S of Achaearanea tepidariorum) = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Hann, 1994: 236).
S. signata O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 = S. erigoniformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 26).
S. tricolor (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944) = S. quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) (Levi, 1957b: 385).
S. venusta (Marx, in Banks, 1898) = S. fulva (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1957b: 391).
S. zionis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935 = S. grandis Banks, 1901 (Levi, 1957b: 415).
S. zonata (Keyserling, 1884) = S. grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1957b: 405).

Homonyms replaced:
S. albovittata (Lawrence, 1947) -- see S. lawrencei.
S. americana (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see S. mexicana.
S. distincta Thorell, 1877 -- see S. variata.
S. lepida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see S. capensis.

Nomina dubia:
S. bimaculata (Menge, 1869: 264, originally in Eucharia) -- Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 197.
S. brasiliana (Simon, 1864: 163, f. 163, f, Brazil, originally in Asagena) -- Bonnet, 1955: 753.
S. corollata (Linnaeus, 1758: 621, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1396; Bonnet, 1957: 2551.
S. dhruvai Patel, Pillai & Sebastian, 1987: 166 (mf, India; no diagnosis provided).
S. dubia (Hentz, 1847: 461, pl. 24, f. 24, f, USA, originally in Herpyllus) -- Levi, 1957b: 400.
S. nubilosa Urquhart, 1893a: 168 (f, New Zealand) -- Hann, 1994: 225 (but see Bryant, 1933b: 13, pl. 3, f. 22, pl. 4, f. 40).

f abrupta (Karsch, 1879)....................Japan
Linyphia a. Karsch, 1879g: 61 (Df).
Stearodea a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 152, pl. 12, f. 253 (f).

f adumbrata (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia
Teutana a. Simon, 1908d: 413 (Df).

mf aethiopica (Simon, 1909)....................Central Africa
Lithyphantes aethiopicus Simon, 1909c: 37 (Dmf).

mf alamosa Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 40 (m, misidentified).
S. a. Gertsch, 1960b: 41, f. 53, 59-60, 68-69 (Dmf).

m albimaculosa (Saito, 1934)....................Japan
Teutana a. Saito, 1934b: 302, pl. 12, f. 14, pl. 14, f. 53 (Dm).

mf alboclathrata (Simon, 1897)....................India
Lithyphantes alboclathratus Simon, 1897i: 292 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes alboclathratus Reimoser, 1934b: 477 (mf).

mf albomaculata (De Geer, 1778)....................Cosmopolitan
Aranea albo-maculata De Geer, 1778: 257, pl. 15, f. 2-4 (D).
Aranea maculata Olivier, 1789: 209 (D).
Aranea albolunulata Panzer, 1804: 224, pl. 255, f. 6.
Theridion maculatum Walckenaer, 1805: 74 (D).
Theridion dispar Sundevall, 1831: 13, 1832: 120 (Dm).
Theridion albomaculatum Hahn, 1833a: 79, f. 59 (Df).
Theridion anchorum Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 29, f. c (Df).
Eucharia corollata C. L. Koch, 1837b: 8 (D).
Phrurolithus corollatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 100, f. 504-505 (Dmf).
Asagena corollata C. L. Koch, 1840b: 401.
Theridion maculatum Walckenaer, 1842: 293 (Dmf).
Theridion albocinctum Lucas, 1846: 262, pl. 16, f. 4 (Df).
S. corollata Thorell, 1856: 85.
Theridion albomaculatum Westring, 1861: 186 (Dmf).
Eucharia a. Menge, 1869: 264, pl. 49, f. 155 (m).
Lithyphantes corollatus Thorell, 1869: 94.
Lithyphantes corollatus Hansen, 1882: 36, pl. 2, f. 12 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Keyserling, 1884a: 129, pl. 6, f. 81 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 41, pl. 2, f. 6 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Becker, 1896: 117, pl. 25, f. 1 (mf).
Lithyphantes corollatus Bösenberg, 1902: 118, pl. 10, f. 149 (mf).
S. corollata Emerton, 1902: 121, f. 285 (f).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Wiehle, 1934: 72, f. 1, 4 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Wiehle, 1937: 200, f. 222-227 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Kaston, 1948: 78, f. 47-50 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 55, f. 37A-C (mf).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 396, f. 56-65 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Azheganova, 1968: 51, f. 86, 98 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Miller, 1971: 186, pl. XXXII, f. 1-3 (mf).
S. a. Palmgren, 1974b: 38, f. 10.5-8, 17 (mf).
S. a. Yamakawa & Kumada, 1979: 5, f. 3-6 (mf).
S. a. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 15, f. 1-9 (mf).
S. a. Hu, 1984: 164, f. 170.1-3 (f).
S. a. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79d (mf).
S. a. Zhu et al., 1985: 101, f. 87a-d (m).
S. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.6 (m).
S. a. Zhang, 1987: 109, f. 89.1-4 (m).
S. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 47 (mf).
S. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 128, f. 101.1-5 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Izmailova, 1989: 88, f. 67 (f).
S. a. Tang & Song, 1990: 48, f. 1A-B (f).
S. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 799 (mf).
S. a. Roberts, 1995: 274, f. (mf).
S. a. Paik, 1995a: 5, f. 1-7 (f).
S. a. Knoflach, 1996a: 142, f. 6-8, 12-21 (mf).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus Mcheidze, 1997: 184, f. 367-369 (mf).
S. a. Zhu, 1998: 341, f. 228A-E (mf).
S. a. Levy, 1998b: 50, f. 87-95 (mf).
S. a. Roberts, 1998: 289, f. (mf).
S. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67A-B, I-J (mf).

mf albomaculata infuscata (Schenkel, 1925)....................Switzerland
Lithyphantes albomaculatus infuscatus Schenkel, 1925d: 288, f. 5 (Df).
Lithyphantes albomaculatus infuscatus Schenkel, 1926: 306, f. 1 (Dm).

mf americana (Emerton, 1882)....................USA, Canada, China
Asagena a. Emerton, 1882: 23, pl. 4, f. 6 (Dm).
Asagena a. Keyserling, 1886b: 2, pl. 11, f. 135 (mf).
Asagena a. Simon, 1894a: 574, f. 586.
Asagena a. Emerton, 1902: 122, f. 287 (mf).
Asagena a. Bishop, 1925: 66, f. 1 (m).
Asagena a. Kaston, 1948: 73, f. 25-29 (mf, removed from S of A. dubia).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 400, f. 66-69 (mf).
S. phalerata Hu & Wu, 1989: 132, f. 103.1-2 (f, misidentified).
S. a. Knoflach, 1996d: 395, f. 58-64, 69, 74 (mf).
S. a. Zhu, 1998: 338, f. 226A-E (mf).
S. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67C-D, K-L (mf).

f amurica (Strand, 1907)....................Russia
Asagena a. Strand, 1907k: 132 (Df).

m ancora (Grube, 1861)....................Russia
Theridium a. Grube, 1861: 165 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Epeira ancora Krynicki, 1837 if that name is a S of S. bipunctata and these two species are congeneric).
S. a. Reimoser, 1919: 189.

mf ancorata (Holmberg, 1876)....................Mexico to Chile
Theridium anchoratum Holmberg, 1876: 13, f. 16 (Df).
Lithyphantes vittatus Keyserling, 1884a: 134, pl. 6, f. 83 (Df).
Lithyphantes nigrofemoratus Keyserling, 1884a: 139, pl. 6, f. 87 (Df).
Asagena alticeps Keyserling, 1886b: 4, pl. 11, f. 136 (Dm).
Lithyphantes laetus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 181, pl. 22, f. 12 (Dm).
Lithyphantes vittatus Simon, 1897e: 5 (Dm).
Asagena patagonica Tullgren, 1901b: 194, pl. 15, f. 4 (Df).
Lithyphantes nigrofemoratus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 376, pl. 35, f. 14 (f).
Asagena alticeps F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 377, pl. 35, f. 16 (m).
Lithyphantes anchoratus Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 141, f. 36 (m).
Asagena melanomela Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 325, f. 5 (Dm).
Asagena alticeps Caporiacco, 1955: 329, f. 22 (Df).
S. nigrofemorata Levi, 1957b: 377, f. 11-13 (f, Sm).
S. a. Levi, 1962a: 34, f. 40-47 (mf, S).
S. a. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 98 (m).

mf andina (Keyserling, 1884)....................Venezuela to Chile
Lithyphantes andinus Keyserling, 1884a: 132, pl. 6, f. 82 (Dmf).
S. a. Levi, 1962a: 26, f. 16-19 (mf).

mf apacheana Gertsch, 1960....................USA
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 39, 50 (mf, misidentified).
S. a. Gertsch, 1960b: 43, f. 54, 61, 63, 66-67 (Dmf).

mf atascadera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942....................USA
S. a. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 39, f. 83-84 (Dmf).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 419, f. 106-109, 134-141 (mf).

mf atrocyanea (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia, Loyalty Is.
Lithyphantes atro-cyaneus Simon, 1880i: 171 (Dj).
Lithyphantes atrocyaneus Berland, 1924a: 203 (Dmf).

f autumnalis (Banks, 1898)....................Mexico
Lithyphantes a. Banks, 1898b: 240, pl. 14, f. 6 (Df).
Lithyphantes clarus O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 252, pl. 38, f. 6 (Df).
Lithyphantes lugubris F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 376, pl. 35, f. 15 (Df).
S. a. Levi, 1957b: 382, f. 21-22 (f, S).

f badia (Roewer, 1961)....................Senegal
Teutana b. Roewer, 1961b: 45, f. 9a-c (Df).
S. b. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

mf bertkaui (Thorell, 1881)....................Moluccas, New Guinea
Theridion b. Thorell, 1881: 175 (Df).
Lithyphantes b. Chrysanthus, 1963: 737, f. 49-52 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf bipunctata (Linnaeus, 1758) *....................Holarctic
Aranea b. Linnaeus, 1758: 620 (D).
Aranea quadripunctata Fabricius 1775: 434 (D).
Aranea punctata De Geer, 1778: 255, pl. 15, f. 1 (D).
Aranea m-album Panzer, 1804: 244 (D).
Theridion 4-punctatum Walckenaer, 1805: 73, pl. 7, f. 69-70 (f).
Theridion 4-punctatum Hahn, 1826: 2, pl. 15, f. A (f).
Theridion quadripunctatum Sundevall, 1831: 11, 1832: 118 (Dm).
Theridion quadripunctatum Hahn, 1833a: 78, f. 58 (f, Dm).
S. quadripunctatum Sundevall, 1833b: 16-17.
Epeira ancora Krynicki, 1837: 81 (Df).
Phrurolithus ornatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 114, f. 515 (Df).
Theridion quadrimaculatum Walckenaer, 1842: 290 (Dmf).
Eucharia b. C. L. Koch, 1845: 99, f. 1027 (Df).
Eucharia quadripunctata Menge, 1850: 70.
Theridium b. Westring, 1861: 184 (Dm).
Theridium quadripunctatum Blackwall, 1864a: 177, pl. 13, f. 112 (mf).
Theridium cruciatum Giebel, 1869c: 303 (Df).
Eucharia b. Menge, 1869: 260, pl. 49, f. 153 (mf).
S. b. Thorell, 1870a: 91.
S. b. Hansen, 1882: 35, pl. 2, f. 11 (mf).
S. brasiliana Keyserling, 1884a: 115, pl. 5, f. 75 (Dm).
S. b. Keyserling, 1884a: 116, pl. 6, f. 76 (mf).
S. brasiliana Keyserling, 1886b: 238, pl. 20, f. 293 (Df).
S. b. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 37, pl. 1, f. 42 (mf).
S. b. Becker, 1896: 111, pl. 24, f. 3 (mf).
Stearodea b. Strand, 1902: 6.
S. b. Bösenberg, 1902: 113, pl. 10, f. 142 (mf).
S. b. Reimoser, 1929c: 62, f. 5 (mf).
S. b. Wiehle, 1937: 193, f. 200-204 (mf).
S. b. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 56, f. 38A-C (mf).
S. b. Chrysanthus, 1955c: 56, f. 1E-H (m).
S. b. Levi, 1957b: 413, f. 86-89, 155-156 (mf).
S. b. Braendegaard, 1958: 27, f. 17 (f).
S. b. Levi, 1962a: 20 (S).
S. b. Azheganova, 1968: 52, f. 87, 99 (mf).
S. b. Miller, 1971: 186, pl. XXXII, f. 8 (m).
S. b. Palmgren, 1974b: 37, f. 2.1-3, 10.1-4, 16 (mf).
S. b. Heimer, 1982: 39, f. 5 (m).
S. b. Roberts, 1985: 178, pl. B (mf).
S. b. Izmailova, 1989: 89, f. 69 (f).
S. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 800 (mf).
S. b. Roberts, 1995: 274, f. (mf).
S. b. Mcheidze, 1997: 182, f. 359-361 (mf).
S. b. Zhu, 1998: 328, f. 219A-D (mf).
S. b. Roberts, 1998: 289, f. (mf).
S. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67E-F, M (mf).

mf borealis (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Canada, Alaska
Theridion boreale Hentz, 1850: 274, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).
S. b. Emerton, 1882: 19, pl. 4, f. 1 (f, Dm).
S. b. Keyserling, 1884a: 119, pl. 6, f. 77 (mf).
S. b. Emerton, 1902: 119, f. 276-279 (mf).
Theredion boreale Dionne, 1910: 40 (lapsus).
S. b. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 9, pl. 1, f. 7 (f).
S. b. Muma, 1943: 64, pl. XII, f. 20 (m).
S. b. Kaston, 1948: 85, f. 51-56 (mf).
S. b. Levi, 1957b: 422, f. 116-118, 148-154 (mf).
S. b. Shear, 1967: 5, f. 1-3 (m).

f bradyi (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa
Lithyphantes b. Strand, 1907a: 530 (Df).
Lithyphantes b. Strand, 1907n: 592 (Df).

f brignolii Knoflach, 1996....................Greece
S. b. Knoflach, 1996d: 394, f. 54-57 (Df).

mf capensis Hann, 1990....................St. Helena, South Africa, New Zealand
Teutana lepida O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 154, pl. 11, f. 2 (Dmf; preoccupied in S.).
S. lepida Benoit, 1977i: 139, f. 59a-c (f).
S. c. Hann, 1990: 283 (replacement name).
S. c. Hann, 1994: 226, f. 1-6 (mf).

mf carbonaria (Simon, 1907)....................Congo, Bioko
Lithyphantes carbonarius Simon, 1907d: 262 (Dmf).

f carbonaria minor (Simon, 1907)....................Congo
Lithyphantes carbonarius m. Simon, 1907d: 263 (Df).

mf castanea (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic (Canada, introduced)
Araneus castaneus Clerck, 1757: 49, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df).
Aranea c. Olivier, 1789: 210.
Theridium castaneum Sundevall, 1833a: 263 (Dm).
Eucharia hera C. L. Koch, 1836b: 134, pl. 8-9 (Dmf).
Clubiona c. Walckenaer, 1837: 592.
Acalanthis hera Gistel, 1848: 9.
Eucharia c. C. L. Koch, 1845: 100, f. 1028-1029 (mf).
S. c. Thorell, 1856: 27.
Eucharia c. Menge, 1869: 263, pl. 49, f. 154 (mf).
Teutana c. Simon, 1881a: 162, 166.
S. c. Bösenberg, 1902: 113, pl. 10, f. 143 (mf).
Teutana c. Kolosváry, 1934c: 42, f. 6 (f).
Teutana c. Wiehle, 1937: 195, f. 205-211 (mf).
S. c. Levi, 1957b: 410, f. 77-79 (mf).
S. c. Levi & Levi, 1962: 59, f. 255-257 (mf).
Teutana c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 384 (f).
Teutana c. Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 18-19 (mf).
S. c. Traciuc, 1973: 367, f. 2c (f).
S. c. Palmgren, 1974b: 40, f. 10.12-13, 19 (mf).
S. huangyuanensis Zhu & Li, 1983a: 140, f. a-e (Dmf).
S. c. Brignoli, 1984b: 295, f. 19-20 (f).
S. c. Hu & Wu, 1989: 129, f. 102.1-3 (mf).
S. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 797 (mf).
S. c. Roberts, 1995: 275, f. (mf).
Teutana c. Mcheidze, 1997: 185, f. 374 (f).
S. c. Zhu, 1998: 333, f. 223A-E (mf).
S. c. Roberts, 1998: 289, f. (mf).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 67G-H, N-O (mf).

f chinchipe Levi, 1962....................Ecuador, Peru
S. c. Levi, 1962a: 32, f. 31-32 (Df).

mf cingulata (Thorell, 1890)....................China, Korea, Japan, Sumatra, Java
Stethopoma cingulatum Thorell, 1890a: 289 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes cavernicola Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 154, pl. 5, f. 57 (Dm).
Taphiassa c. Reimoser, 1925: 92.
Asagena albilunata Saito, 1939: 51, f. 6 (3), pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
Asagena albilunata Saito, 1959: 66, f. 52a-e (m).
Stethopoma cingulatum Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 264-265 (mf).
Lithyphantes cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963: 102, f. 60a-b (Dm).
S. albilunata Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 10 (f).
S. cavernicola Yaginuma, Yamaguchi & Nishikawa, 1976: 825 (S).
S. cavernicola Song, 1980: 143, f.78a-f (mf).
S. cavalierei Brignoli, 1983c: 411.
S. cavernicola Hu, 1984: 166, f. 1-6 (mf).
S. cavernicola Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.5 (mf; legend reads S. albilunata).
S. cavernicola Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 48 (mf).
S. cavernicola Chen & Gao, 1990: 95, f. 120a-b (mf).
S. cavernicola Chen & Zhang, 1991: 143, f. 136.1-3 (mf).
S. c. Zhu, 1998: 329, f. 220A-E (mf, S).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68A-B, I-J (mf).

f connexa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................South Africa
Teutana c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 156, pl. 11, f. 3 (Df).

f craniformis Zhu & Song, 1992....................China
S. c. Zhu & Song, 1992: 5, f. F-H (Df).
S. c. Song & Li, 1997: 402, f. 4A-C (f).
S. c. Zhu, 1998: 327, f. 218A-D (f).
S. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68C-D (f).

mf dahli (Nosek, 1905)....................Turkey to Israel, Central Asia
Lithyphantes d. Nosek, 1905b: 130, pl. 4, f. 11 (Dm).
S. d. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 15, f. 10-17 (m, Df).
S. d. Levy, 1998b: 54, f. 96-103 (mf).

mf diamantina Levi, 1962....................Brazil
S. d. Levi, 1962a: 31, f. 28-30 (Dmf).
S. d. Levi, 1967b: 34, f. 41 (m).

f distincta (Blackwall, 1859)....................Madeira
Latrodectus distinctus Blackwall, 1859b: 260 (Df).
Lithyphantes distinctus Simon, 1883: 281.

f ephippiata (Thorell, 1875)....................Algeria to Israel
Lithyphantes ephippiatus Thorell, 1875c: 63 (Df).
Lithyphantes ochraceus Simon, 1908a: 428 (Df).
Teutana argentea Caporiacco, 1933: 322, f. 5 (Df).
Teutana argentea Denis, 1966e: 121, f. 31 (f).
S. e. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 22, f. 42-44 (f, S).
S. e. Levy, 1998b: 71, f. 131-133 (f).

mf erigoniformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Pantropical
Theridion erigoniforme O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 284 (Dmf).
S. signata O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 568 (Df).
Crustulina signata Simon, 1881a: 161.
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Keyserling, 1884a: 141, pl. 6, f. 88 (Df).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 155, pl. 12, f. 277 (f).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 169, f. 6-7 (f).
Asagenella e. Schenkel, 1937: 381, f. 3 (m).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Bryant, 1945c: 204, f. 7, 9 (Dm).
S. septemmaculata Levi, 1957b: 402, f. 70-73 (mf).
S. e. Levi, 1962a: 25 (S).
Asagenella e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 261-262 (mf).
Lithyphantes septemmaculatus Lee, 1966: 27, f. 5o-p (f).
S. e. Levi, 1967c: 184, f. 46-49 (mf).
S. septemmaculata Gruia, 1973a: 311, f. 18-21 (m).
S. e. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 26, f. 63-71 (mf, S).
S. septemmaculatus Hu, 1984: 165, f. 171.1-2 (f).
S. e. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.8 (mf).
S. e. Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 49 (m).
S. septemmaculatus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 142, f. 135 (f).
S. e. Zhu, 1998: 332, f. 222A-E (mf).
S. e. Levy, 1998b: 81, f. 152-160 (mf).
S. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68E-F, K-L (mf).

f fagei (Lawrence, 1964)....................South Africa
Teutana f. Lawrence, 1964: 68, f. 15-17 (Df).
S. f. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

f fallax (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is.
Theridion f. Blackwall, 1865a: 91 (Df).
Lithyphantes f. Simon, 1883: 302.

mf felina (Simon, 1907)....................Congo
Lithyphantes felinus Simon, 1907d: 263 (Dmf).

mf foravae Dippenaar-Schoeman & Müller, 1992....................South Africa
S. f. Dippenaar-Schoeman & Müller, 1992: 11, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf fulva (Keyserling, 1884)....................USA, Mexico
Lithyphantes fulvus Keyserling, 1884a: 142, pl. 6, f. 89 (Df).
Lithyphantes parvulus Banks, 1898b: 238, pl. 14, f. 1 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes venustus Marx, in Banks, 1898b: 239, pl. 14, f. 2 (Df).
Teutana nesiotes Chamberlin, 1924b: 639, f. 80 (Df).
S. f. Levi, 1957b: 391, f. 32-33, 45-47, 52 (f, Sm).
S. f. Gertsch, 1960b: 45, f. 62, 64-65, 70-71 (mf).

mf grandis Banks, 1901....................USA
S. g. Banks, 1901b: 578 (Df).
S. zionis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 12, pl. 5, f. 36, pl. 6, f. 42 (Dmf).
S. merula Fox, 1940: 41, f. 3 (Df).
S. g. Levi, 1957b: 415, f. 92-97, 119-123 (f, Sm).

mf grossa (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Cosmopolitan
Aranea nocturna Schrank, 1781: 528 (D; N.B.: preoccupied by Linnaeus, 1758).
Theridium grossum C. L. Koch, 1838: 112, f. 321 (Df).
Theridion pulchellum Lucas, 1838: 44 (Df).
Theridion fulvo-lunulatum Lucas, 1846: 267, pl. 17, f. 9 (Df).
Theridion versutum Blackwall, 1846b: 302 (Dm).
S. g. C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
Theridion versutum Blackwall, 1864a: 193, pl. 14, f. 124 (m).
Theridion coeliferum L. Koch, 1867b: 189 (Dj).
Eucharia zonata Ohlert, 1867: 40 (Dm).
Theridium g. Blackwall, 1867b: 211 (m).
Theridium nicoluccii Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 856 (Df).
S. versuta Thorell, 1870a: 89.
Theridium coeliferum L. Koch, 1872a: 269, pl. 22, f. 6 (Dm).
S. fulvolunulata Simon, 1873a: 300.
S. pulchella Thorell, 1875c: 55 (Dm).
Theridium nitidum Holmberg, 1876: 13, f. 15 (Df).
Theridium domesticum Holmberg, 1876: 13 (Df).
S. pusulosa Keyserling, 1878a: 579, pl. 14, f. 7-8 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes grossus Pavesi, 1878: 371.
Teutana g. Simon, 1881a: 164.
Teutana nitida Keyserling, 1884a: 124, pl. 6, f. 79 (f, Dm).
Teutana zonata Keyserling, 1884a: 127, pl. 6, f. 80 (Dm).
Theridion sericum Urquhart, 1886: 198, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
Theridion sericum Urquhart, 1890c: 258, pl. 17, f. 2 (Dm).
Teutana g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 36, pl. 1, f. 41 (m).
Teutana g. Bösenberg, 1902: 114, pl. 10, f. 144 (mf).
Teutana zonata O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 306 (Df).
Teutana g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 374, pl. 35, f. 9-10 (mf).
Asagena zonata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378.
Teutana g. Emerton, 1911: 387, pl. 1, f. 2 (f).
Teutana g. Wiehle, 1937: 196, f. 213-216 (mf).
S. punctilineata Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 61, f. 30-31 (Df).
Teutana g. Kaston, 1948: 86, f. 60-62 (mf).
Teutana modesta Bryant, 1948b: 375, f. 49, 51 (Df).
Teutana g. Hull, 1950: 424, f. 11 (f).
Teutana g. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 58, f. 39A-C (mf).
S. g. Levi, 1957b: 404, f. 74, 83-85 (mf, S).
S. g. Levi, 1962a: 26 (S).
S. g. Levi, 1967c: 184, f. 50-52 (mf).
Teutana g. Azheganova, 1968: 52, f. 88, 110 (mf).
Teutana g. Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 387 (f).
Teutana g. Miller, 1971: 190, pl. XXXIII, f. 15-17 (mf).
S. g. Palmgren, 1974b: 40, f. 10.14-15, 20 (mf).
S. g. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 25, f. 55-62 (mf).
S. g. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79e (mf).
S. g. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.7 (f).
S. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 801 (mf).
S. g. Snazell & Jones, 1993: 164, f. 6 (f).
S. g. Hann, 1994: 236, f. 16-18 (mf, S).
S. g. Roberts, 1995: 273, f. (mf).
Teutana g. Mcheidze, 1997: 185, f. 370-373 (mf).
S. g. Griswold et al., 1998: 66, f. 15A-B, 16B-C (m).
S. g. Levy, 1998b: 77, f. 144-151 (mf).
S. g. Roberts, 1998: 288, f. (mf).

f grossa obliterata (Franganillo, 1918)....................Spain
Teutana g. o. Franganillo, 1918a: 64 (Df).

?? grossa strandi (Ermolajev, 1934)....................Russia
Teutana g. s. Ermolajev, 1934: 145 (D).

m gui Zhu, 1998....................China
S. g. Zhu, 1998: 345, f. 231A-D (Dm).
S. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 128, f. 68M-N (m).

mf hespera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933....................USA, Canada
S. h. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 9, pl. 1, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
S. h. Levi, 1957b: 420, f. 90-91, 110-115, 142-147 (mf).

mf hui Zhu, 1998....................China
S. h. Zhu, 1998: 321, f. 221A-E (Dmf).
S. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 68G-H, O-P (mf).

mf iheringi (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
Lithyphantes iheringii Keyserling, 1886b: 240, pl. 20, f. 295 (Df).
Lithyphantes cancellatus Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 326, f. 7-8 (Df).
S. i. Levi, 1962a: 31, f. 33-36, 48 (f, Dm, S).

mf incomposita (Denis, 1957)....................Spain, Gibraltar, Corsica
Lithyphantes incompositus Denis, 1957b: 294, f. 18-19 (Df).
S. i. Brignoli, 1983c: 411.
S. i. Knoflach, 1996a: 141, f. 1-5, 9-11 (f, Dm).

mf italica Knoflach, 1996....................Corsica, Italy
S. i. Knoflach, 1996d: 391, f. 3-4, 9, 11, 15-16, 18-20, 33-35, 39-41, 48-53, 65, 68, 73 (Dmf).

f japonica (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................Japan
Asagena j. Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 380, pl. 5, f. 44 (Df).

mf kiwuensis (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa
Lithyphantes k. Strand, 1913a: 349 (Dmf).

mf kuytunensis Zhu, 1998....................China
S. k. Zhu, 1998: 339, f. 227A-E (Dmf).
S. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69A-B, I-J (mf).

mf latifasciata (Simon, 1873)....................Canary Is., Morocco to Israel
Lithyphantes latifasciatus Simon, 1873a: 267, pl. 2, f. 31 (Df).
Lithyphantes latifasciatus Denis, 1955b: 130, f. 31 (f).
S. fuerteventurae Schmidt, 1976: 325, f. 7-8 (Df).
S. l. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 23, f. 45-52 (f, Dm).
S. l. Wunderlich, 1992a: 419, f. 604a-b (mf, S).
S. l. Levy, 1998b: 72, f. 134-141 (mf).

f latrodectoides (Franganillo, 1913)....................Spain
Lithypantes l. Franganillo, 1913: 130 (Df).

f lawrencei Brignoli, 1983....................South Africa
Teutana albovittata Lawrence, 1947: 17, f. 9a-b (Df, preoccupied in S. by Thorell, 1875).
S. l. Brignoli, 1983c: 412 (replacement name).

mf lenzi (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa
Lithyphantes l. Strand, 1907a: 530 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes l. Strand, 1907n: 588 (Dmf).

f leonardi (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Theridium (Teutana) l. Thorell, 1898: 299 (Df).

mf lepida (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................New Zealand
Lithyphantes lepidus O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 690, pl. 53, f. 9 (Dm).
Theridium triloris Urquhart, 1886: 194, pl. 8, f. 1 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes lepidus Dalmas, 1917a: 360, f. 31 (m only, not f).
Lithyphantes regius Marples, 1956: 337, f. 5 (Df).
S. regia Brignoli, 1983c: 412.
S. l. Hann, 1994: 230, f. 7-10 (mf, S).

mf livens (Simon, 1894)....................Tasmania
Ancocoelus l. Simon, 1894a: 581 (Df).
Ancocoelus l. Simon, 1895g: 150 (Df).
Ancocoelus l. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 266-268 (f, Dm).
S. l. Hickman, 1967: 46, f. 77-81 (mf).

mf longurio (Simon, 1909)....................Central Africa
Lithyphantes l. Simon, 1909c: 37 (Dmf).

mf mainlingensis (Hu & Li, 1987)....................China
Enoplognatha m. Hu & Li, 1987b: 271, f. 15.1-7 (Dmf).
Enoplognatha m. Hu & Wu, 1989: 123, f. 95.1-2 (f).
S. m. Zhu, 1998: 342, f. 229A-F (Tmf from Enoplognatha).
S. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69C-D, K-L (mf).

f marmorata (Simon, 1910)....................South Africa
Steassa m. Simon, 1910b: 192 (Df).
Steassa m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 263 (f).

mf marta Levi, 1962....................Colombia
S. m. Levi, 1962a: 28, f. 20-22 (Dmf).

mf maura (Simon, 1909)....................Mediterranean
Lithyphantes maurus Simon, 1909b: 23 (Df).
Lithyphantes gerhardti Wiehle, 1934: 71, f. 3, 6-8 (Dmf).
S. m. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 21, f. 33-41 (mf, S).
S. m. Levy, 1998b: 67, f. 123-130 (mf).

mf medialis (Banks, 1898)....................USA, Mexico
Lithyphantes m. Banks, 1898b: 240, pl. 14, f. 3 (Df).
Lithyphantes punctulatus Chamberlin, 1924b: 116 (S, rejected).
S. m. Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 42-43, 53-54 (f, Dm).
S. m. Gertsch, 1960b: 16, f. 6-10, 14-17, 28-30 (mf).

mf meridionalis (Kulczyn'ski, 1894)....................Eastern Europe to Georgia
Asagena m. Kulczyn'ski, in Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 39, pl. 2, f. 5 (Dm).
Asagena m. Prisniy, 1981: 201, f. 1-9 (m, Df).
S. m. Brignoli, 1984b: 295, f. 17-18 (Df).
S. m. Knoflach, 1996d: 2, 36-38, 42-47, 67, 72 (mf).

mf mexicana Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico
Stearodea americana F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 377, pl. 35, f. 12 (f; N.B.: preoccupied in Steatoda by Emerton, 1882).
S. americana Banks, 1909a: 205.
S. grandis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 12, f. 37, 40-41 (mf, misidentified).
S. m. Levi, 1957b: 417, f. 98-103, 124-128 (mf, replacement name).

mf micans (Hogg, 1922)....................Vietnam
Argyroelus m. Hogg, 1922: 288, f. 2 (Df).
Argyroelos m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 60, f. 269-271 (f, Dm).

f minima (Denis, 1955)....................Niger
Teutana m. Denis, 1955b: 129, f. 30 (Df).
S. m. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

f minor (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................Japan
Lithyphantes minus Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 380, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df).

f moerens (Thorell, 1875)....................Algeria, Tunisia
Lithyphantes m. Thorell, 1875c: 64 (Df).

mf moesta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Brazil
Asagena m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 209, pl. 25, f. 3 (Df).
Asagena m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378, pl. 35, f. 18 (f).
S. m. Levi, 1957b: 379, f. 15-18 (f, Dm).

f morsitans (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................South Africa
Lithyphantes m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885a: 237, pl. 9, f. 2 (Df).

mf nahuana Gertsch, 1960....................Mexico
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 41 (m, misidentified).
S. n. Gertsch, 1960b: 37, f. 51-52, 57-58, 74-75 (Dmf).

m nasata (Chrysanthus, 1975)....................Krakatau, New Ireland, Australia
Lithyphantes nasatus Chrysanthus, 1975: 36, f. 134-137 (Dm).
S. n. Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

f ngipina Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
S. n. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 462, f. 280a-f (Df).

mf nigrocincta O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand
S. n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 37 (Dmf).

f niveosignata (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia
Lithyphantes niveo-signatus Simon, 1908d: 413 (Df).

mf nobilis (Thorell, 1875)....................Madeira, Canary Is. (England, introduced)
Lithyphantes n. Thorell, 1875c: 60 (Dmf).
S. clarkii O. P.-Cambridge, 1879e: 193 (Dj).
Lithyphantes n. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 376, pl. 7, f. 54, 59-60 (mf).
Teutana n. Jackson, 1907: 3, pl. 1, f. 5-9.
Lithyphantes n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1908b: 823, pl. 50, f. 25-28 (f).
Teutana n. Schmidt, 1956g: 244, f. 7c (f).
S. n. Roberts, 1993: 14, f. 6a (mf).
S. n. Snazell & Jones, 1993: 164, f. 1-5 (mf).
S. n. Roberts, 1995: 276, f. (mf).
S. n. Roberts, 1998: 290, f. (mf).

f octonotata (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia
Lithyphantes octonotatus Simon, 1908d: 414 (Df).

mf palomara Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA
S. p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 13, pl. 6, f. 43 (Df).
S. p. Levi, 1957b: 419, f. 104-105, 129-133 (f, Dm).

m parvula Saito, 1933....................Japan
S. p. Saito, 1933c: 273, f. 1 (Dm).
S. p. Saito, 1959: 67, f. 55a-d (m).

mf paykulliana (Walckenaer, 1805)....................Europe, Mediterranean to Central Asia
Theridion paykullianum Walckenaer, 1805: 74 (D).
Theridion dispar Dufour, 1824: 210, pl. 10, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
Latrodectus martius Audouin, 1826: 354, pl. 3, f. 10 (f, misidentified).
Latrodectus venator Audouin, 1826: 354, pl. 3, f. 11 (Df).
Phrurolithus hamatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 105, f. 507-508 (Dmf).
Phrurolithus lunatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 107, f. 509 (Df).
Phrurolithus erythrocephalus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 109, f. 510 (Df).
Theridion triste Walckenaer, 1842: 291 (mf, misidentified).
Theridion paykullianum Walckenaer, 1842: 295 (Dmf).
Latrodectus ornatus Lucas, 1846: 233, pl. 14, f. 8 (Dmf).
Theridium hamatum Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 781.
Lithyphantes dispar Thorell, 1870a: 94.
Lithyphantes hamatus Pavesi, 1873a: 86.
Lithyphantes martius Simon, 1873a: 265.
Lithyphantes paykullianus Thorell, 1875c: 61.
Lithyphantes venator Simon, 1881a: 171.
Lithyphantes paykullianus Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 41, pl. 2, f. 7 (m).
Lithyphantes paykullianus Wiehle, 1934: 72, f. 2, 5 (mf).
S. p. Maretic', Levi & Levi, 1964: 153, f. 3.1-6 (mf).
S. p. Jones, 1980: 6, f. A-E (mf).
S. p. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 18, f. 26-32 (mf; not a senior synonym of Latrodectus venator Audouin, 1826).
S. p. Ergashev, 1990: 131, f. 68.1-6 (mf).
S. p. Noflatscher, 1991: 81, f. 1-4 (mf).
S. p. Roberts, 1995: 277, f. (mf).
S. p. Zhu, 1998: 344, f. 230A-F (mf).
S. p. Levy, 1998b: 63, f. 116-122 (mf).
S. p. Roberts, 1998: 291, f. (mf).
S. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69E-F, M-N (mf).

f paykulliana obsoleta (Strand, 1908)....................Ethiopia
Lithyphantes paykullianus o. Strand, 1908h: 97 (Df).

m perakensis Simon, 1901....................Malaysia
S. p. Simon, 1901k: 53 (Dm).

f perspicillata (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Theridium (Teutana) p. Thorell, 1898: 296 (Df).

mf phalerata (Panzer, 1801)....................Palearctic
Phalangium phaleratum Panzer, 1801: 78, pl. 21 (D).
Aranea signata Walckenaer, 1802: 209 (D).
Aranea serratipes Schrank, 1803: 233 (Dm).
Aranea notata Latreille, 1804a: 234 (D).
Theridion signatum Walckenaer, 1805: 76.
Drassus p. Sundevall, 1831: 26, 1832: 133.
Theridion 4-signatum Hahn, 1833a: 80, f. 60 (Dmf).
Asagena p. Sundevall, 1833b: 19 (mf).
Theridion quadrisignatum Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 29, f. d (m).
Asagena serratipes C. L. Koch, 1839a: 98, f. 502-503 (m, Df).
Theridion signatum Walckenaer, 1842: 333 (mf).
Phrurolithus pallipes C. L. Koch, 1845: 98, f. 1026 (Df).
Latrodectus spinipes Lucas, 1846: 235, pl. 14, f. 9 (Dm).
Theridium serratipes Westring, 1861: 173.
Theridion signatum Blackwall, 1864a: 205, pl. 14, f. 135 (mf).
Asagena serratipes Menge, 1869: 256, pl. 49, f. 152 (mf).
Asagena corsica Simon, 1873a: 262 (Dmf).
Asagena p. Simon, 1881a: 173.
Asagena p. corsica Simon, 1881a: 174.
Asagena p. Hansen, 1882: 36, pl. 2, f. 13 (mf).
Asagena p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 39, pl. 2, f. 4 (mf).
Asagena p. Becker, 1896: 119, pl. 25, f. 4 (mf).
Asagena p. Bösenberg, 1902: 117, pl. 10, f. 148 (mf).
Asagena p. seraiensis Nosek, 1905b: 131 (Df).
Asagena p. Reimoser, 1931b: 59, f. 3 (mf).
Asagena p. Wiehle, 1937: 202, f. 228-236 (mf).
Asagena p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 54, f. 36A-C (mf).
Asagena p. Beer, 1964: 527, f. 2-3 (f).
Asagena p. Azheganova, 1968: 49, f. 83, 92 (mf).
Asagena p. Miller, 1971: 186, pl. XXXII, f. 4-5 (mf).
S. p. Palmgren, 1974b: 40, f. 10.9-11, 18 (mf).
Asagena p. Prisniy, 1981: 201, f. 10-18 (mf).
Asagena p. Hu, 1984: 158, f. 162.1-2 (f).
S. p. Roberts, 1985: 178, f. 79c (mf).
S. p. Zhang, 1987: 110, f. 90.1-2 (f).
S. p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 132, f. 103.1-2 (f).
S. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 296, f. 796 (mf).
S. p. Roberts, 1995: 275, f. (mf).
S. p. Namkung, Im & Kim, 1996: 15, f. 1-6 (m).
S. p. Knoflach, 1996d: 382, f. 1, 5-8, 10, 12-14, 17, 21-32, 66, 70-71 (mf, S).
Asagena p. Mcheidze, 1997: 183, f. 362-365 (mf).
S. p. Zhu, 1998: 337, f. 225A-E (mf).
S. p. Roberts, 1998: 290, f. (mf).
S. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 69G-H, O-P (mf).

f picea (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon
Teutana p. Thorell, 1899: 26 (Df).

f porteri (Simon, 1900)....................Chile
Lithyphantes p. Simon, 1900c: 50 (Df).
S. p. Levi, 1962a: 33, f. 37-39 (f).

mf pulchra (Keyserling, 1884)....................USA
Lithyphantes pulcher Keyserling, 1884a: 137, pl. 6, f. 85 (Df).
Lithyphantes pulcher Banks, 1898b: 238, pl. 14, f. 7-8 (f).
S. pulcher Levi, 1957b: 393, f. 37-38, 49 (f, Dm).
S. pulcher Gertsch, 1960b: 33, f. 47-50, 55-56, 72-73 (mf).

mf punctulata (Marx, 1898)....................USA, Mexico
Lithyphantes p. Marx, in Banks, 1898b: 239, pl. 14, f. 4 (Df).
S. medialis Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 34, 44, 55 (f, Dm).
S. p. Levi, 1959d: 109, f. 1-20 (mf).
S. p. Gertsch, 1960b: 11, f. 3-5, 11-13, 26-27 (mf).

mf quadrimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................USA to Venezuela, West Indies
Asagena q. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 189, pl. 23, f. 12 (Dm).
Asagena q. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 378, pl. 35, f. 17 (m).
Lithyphantes hermosus Banks, 1909a: 205, pl. 6, f. 44 (Df).
Lithyphantes tricolor Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 44, f. 68-74 (Df).
Asagena marcuzzii Caporiacco, 1955: 330, f. 23a-b (Df).
S. q. Levi, 1957b: 385, f. 28-31 (m, Sf).

m quaesita (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico
Lithyphantes quaesitus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 180, pl. 22, f. 6 (Dm).
Lithyphantes quaesitus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 376, pl. 35, f. 13 (m).
S. q. Levi, 1957b: 381, f. 14 (m).

f quinquenotata (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is.
Theridion quinquenotatum Blackwall, 1865a: 92 (Df).
S. q. Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 96, f. 9 (f).

mf retorta González, 1987....................Argentina
S. r. González, 1987: 179, f. 1-13 (Dmf).

m rhombifera (Grube, 1861)....................Russia
Theridium r. Grube, 1861: 164 (Dm).
S. r. Reimoser, 1919: 189.

f rubrocalceolata (Simon, 1907)....................Bioko
Lithyphantes rubrocalceolatus Simon, 1907d: 261 (Df).

mf rufoannulata (Simon, 1899)....................India, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Java
Teutana r. Simon, 1899a: 84 (Dmf).

mf sabulosa (Tullgren, 1901)....................Bolivia, Argentina, Chile
Lithyphantes sabulosus Tullgren, 1901b: 193, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dm).
S. albiornata Mello-Leitão, 1940b: 36, f. 34, pl. I, f. 5 (Df).
S. s. Levi, 1962a: 30, f. 25-27 (m, Sf).

j sagax (Blackwall, 1865)....................Cape Verde Is.
Theridion s. Blackwall, 1865a: 93 (Dj).
Teutana s. Simon, 1883: 302.

f saltensis Levi, 1957....................Mexico
S. s. Levi, 1957b: 381, f. 19-20 (Df).

f seriata (Simon, 1899)....................Sumatra
Teutana s. Simon, 1899a: 84 (Df).

mf singoides (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Teutana s. Tullgren, 1910: 140, pl. 3, f. 58 (Dmf).
Teutana s. Berland, 1920b: 176, f. 224 (mf).

f sordidata O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand
S. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 38 (Df).

f speciosa (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar
Theridium (Teutana) s. Thorell, 1898: 294 (Df).

f subannulata (Kulczyn'ski, 1911)....................New Guinea, New Britain
Teutana s. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 444, pl. 19, f. 18-19 (Df).
Lithyphantes cingulatus Chrysanthus, 1975: 35, f. 132-133 (Df).
S. s. Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107 (S).
S. cingulata Brignoli, 1983c: 412.

m terastiosa Zhu, 1998....................China
S. t. Zhu, 1998: 346, f. 232A-C (Dm).
S. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70C-D (m).

mf tigrina (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Teutana t. Tullgren, 1910: 139, pl. 3, f. 57 (Dmf).

mf transversa (Banks, 1898)....................USA, Mexico
Lithyphantes transversus Banks, 1898b: 240, pl. 14, f. 5 (Df).
S. t. Levi, 1957b: 383, f. 23-27 (f, Dm).

m trianguloides Levy, 1991....................Israel
S. t. Levy, 1991: 228, f. 3-6 (Dm).
S. t. Levy, 1998b: 62, f. 112-115 (m).

mf triangulosa (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Cosmopolitan
Aranea t. Walckenaer, 1802: 207 (D).
Theridion triangulifer Walckenaer, 1805: 75, pl. 8. f. 73-74 (Df).
Theridium venustissimum C. L. Koch, 1838: 114, f. 322 (Df).
Theridion triangulifer Walckenaer, 1842: 324 (Dm).
Theridion punicum Lucas, 1846: 256, pl. 16, f. 3 (Df).
Theridion flavomaculatum Lucas, 1846: 257, pl. 17, f. 4 (Df).
Theridion serpentinum Hentz, 1850: 273, pl. 9, f. 2 (Df).
S. venustissima C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
S. triangulifera Simon, 1873a: 300.
S. t. Thorell, 1873: 505.
Teutana t. Simon, 1881a: 163.
Teutana t. Keyserling, 1884a: 122, pl. 6, f. 78 (mf).
Teutana t. Becker, 1896: 115, pl. 25, f. 2 (mf).
Teutana t. Emerton, 1902: 121, f. 286 (mf).
Teutana t. Lessert, 1910b: 121, f. 81-82 (mf).
Teutana t. punica Simon, 1914a: 280.
Teutana t. Wiehle, 1937: 198, f. 217-221 (mf).
Theridion saylori Fox, 1940: 43, f. 1 (Df).
Teutana t. Muma, 1943: 65, pl. XIII, f. 1 (m).
Teutana t. Kaston, 1948: 86, f. 57-59 (mf).
Teutana t. Levi, 1957a: 21 (S).
S. t. Levi, 1957b: 407, f. 75-76, 80-82 (mf).
S. t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 59, f. 258-259 (m).
Teutana lugubris Schenkel, 1963: 104, f. 61a-c (Dmf).
S. t. Namkung, 1964: 34, f. 11 (f).
S. t. Levi, 1967c: 185, f. 53-56 (mf).
S. t. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 84 (S).
S. t. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 17, f. 18-25 (mf).
S. lugubris Brignoli, 1983c: 412.
S. t. Zhu et al., 1985: 102, f. 88a-c (m).
S. t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 39, f. 21.9 (f).
S. t. Zhang, 1987: 111, f. 91.1-3 (mf).
S. t. Chen & Gao, 1990: 96, f. 121a-b (mf).
S. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 798 (mf).
S. t. Saito, 1992c: 946, f. 1-2 (f).
S. t. Breene et al., 1993: 56, f. 22A-C (mf).
S. t. Roberts, 1995: 276, f. (mf).
S. t. Zhu, 1998: 335, f. 224A-E (mf, S).
S. t. Levy, 1998b: 59, f. 104-111 (mf).
S. t. Roberts, 1998: 290, f. (mf).
S. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70A-B, E-F (mf).

f triangulosa concolor (Caporiacco, 1933)....................Libya
Teutana t. c. Caporiacco, 1933: 322 (Df).

mf tristis (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Asagena t. Tullgren, 1910: 141, pl. 3, f. 59 (Dmf).

mf tristis ruwenzorica (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa
Asagena t. r. Strand, 1913a: 348 (Dmf).

mf truncata (Urquhart, 1887)....................New Zealand
Theridium truncatum Urquhart, 1888: 115, pl. 11, f. 5 (Df).
Lithyphantes lepidus Dalmas, 1917a: 360, f. 31 (f, misidentified).
S. t. Hann, 1994: 234, f. 11-15 (removed f from S of S. lepida, Dm).

m ulleungensis Paik, 1995....................Korea
S. u. Paik, 1995a: 8, f. 14-21 (Dm).

f variabilis (Berland, 1920)....................East Africa
Teutana v. Berland, 1920b: 176, f. 225 (Df).

mf variata Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico
S. distincta Thorell, 1877c: 485 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1859).
Lithyphantes distinctus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1933a: 8, pl. 1, f. 9 (f).
S. medialis Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 35 (m, misidentified).
S. v. Gertsch, 1960b: 24, f. 22-25, 34-44 (Dmf).

mf variata china Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico
S. v. c. Gertsch, 1960b: 29 (Dmf).

f variipes (Keyserling, 1884)....................Peru
Theridion v. Keyserling, 1884a: 93, pl. 4, f. 61 (Df).
S. v. Levi, 1962a: 33, f. 23-24 (Tf from Theridion).

f vaulogeri (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam
Teutana v. Simon, 1909e: 97 (Df).

f venator (Audouin, 1826)....................Egypt
S. v. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 19 (removed from S of S. paykulliana).

f violacea (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia
Asagena v. Strand, 1906b: 615 (Df).

m wangi Zhu, 1998....................China
S. w. Zhu, 1998: 347, f. 233A-C (Dm).
S. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70G-H (m).

mf washona Gertsch, 1960....................USA, Mexico
S. medialis Levi, 1957b: 388, f. 36 (m, misidentified).
S. w. Gertsch, 1960b: 21, f. 18-22, 31-33 (Dmf).

f xerophila Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
S. x. Levy & Amitai, 1982b: 24, f. 53-54 (Df).
S. x. Levy, 1998b: 76, f. 142-143 (f).

Gen. Stemmops O. P.-Cambridge, 1894

In synonymy:
S. darlingtoni Bryant, 1940 = S. bicolor O. P.-Cambridge, 1894 (Levi, 1955c: 338).
S. orniceps (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944, T from Euryopis) = S. ornatus (Bryant, 1933) (Levi, 1954b: 3).

f belavista Marques & Buckup, 1996....................Brazil
S. b. Marques & Buckup, 1996: 71, f. 9-10 (Df).

mf bicolor O. P.-Cambridge, 1894 *....................USA to Panama, Cuba, Bahama Is.
S. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 125, pl. 17, f. 5 (Dm).
Ataulfo nugax O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 178, pl. 22, f. 7 (Dm).
Mettus reclivis O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 293, pl. 38, f. 8 (Df).
S. darlingtoni Bryant, 1940: 316, f. 87, 89 (Df).
S. b. Levi, 1955c: 338, f. 14, 17-18, 35-36 (mf, S).
S. b. Levi & Levi, 1962: 51, f. 186-188 (m).
S. b. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 84 (m).

mf cambridgei Levi, 1955....................Mexico, Honduras
S. c. Levi, 1955c: 340, f. 10, 20, 31-32 (Dmf).

f caranavi Marques & Buckup, 1996....................Bolivia
S. c. Marques & Buckup, 1996: 73, f. 13-14 (Df).

mf carius Marques & Buckup, 1996....................Brazil
S. c. Marques & Buckup, 1996: 70, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

f concolor Simon, 1897....................St. Vincent
S. c. Simon, 1897d: 861 (Df).

f cryptus Levi, 1955....................Panama
S. crypta Levi, 1955c: 342, f. 23-24 (Df).

mf forcipus Zhu, 1998....................China
S. f. Zhu, 1998: 255, f. 170A-E (Dmf).
S. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70I-L (mf).

mf lina Levi, 1955....................Mexico
S. l. Levi, 1955c: 342, f. 12-13, 15, 19, 25-26 (Dmf).

f mellus Levi, 1964....................Panama
S. m. Levi, 1964f: 79, f. 13-15 (Df).

m nigrabdomenus Zhu, 1998....................China
S. n. Zhu, 1998: 257, f. 171A-C (Dm).
S. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 70M-N (m).

mf nipponicus Yaginuma, 1969....................China, Japan
S. n. Yaginuma, 1969a: 14, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
S. n. Irie, 1985: 4, f. 5-6 (mf).
S. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 49, f. 27.1 (mf).
S. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 41, f. 51 (mf).
S. n. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 135, f. 127.1-4 (mf).
S. n. Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 176, f. 13-16 (mf).
S. n. Zhu, 1998: 254, f. 169A-D (mf).
S. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 132, f. 71A-D (mf).

mf ornatus (Bryant, 1933)....................USA
Euryopis ornata Bryant, 1933a: 172, pl. 1, f. 2-3 (Dm).
Euryopis orniceps Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 43, f. 86, 123 (Dm).
S. ornata Levi, 1954b: 3 (Tm from Euryopis, S).
S. ornata Levi, 1955c: 341, f. 16, 21-22, 29-30 (m, Df).
S. o. Levi, 1964d: 77.

mf orsus Levi, 1964....................Panama, Brazil
S. o. Levi, 1964f: 80, f. 16-18 (Df).
S. o. Heimer, 1987b: 75, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf questus Levi, 1955....................Mexico to Venezuela
S. questa Levi, 1955c: 340, f. 33-34 (Df).
S. questa Levi, 1964f: 79, f. 6-8 (Dm).
S. questa Georgescu, 1987: 114, f. 21 (m).

f salenas Marques & Buckup, 1996....................Brazil
S. s. Marques & Buckup, 1996: 72, f. 11-12 (Df).

mf servus Levi, 1964....................Panama
S. s. Levi, 1964f: 78, f. 9-12 (Dmf).

m subtilis (Simon, 1895)....................Venezuela
Coscinida s. Simon, 1895g: 137 (Dm).
S. s. Levi, 1964f: 77, f. 1 (Tm from Coscinida).

mf vicosa Levi, 1964....................Brazil
S. v. Levi, 1964f: 77, f. 2-5 (Dmf).

f victoria Levi, 1955....................Mexico
S. v. Levi, 1955c: 341, f. 11, 27-28 (Df).

Gen. Styposis Simon, 1894

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Cyatholipulus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 311, type C. luteus Petrunkevitch, 1930 (erroneously listed under Cyatholipus by Roewer) by Brignoli, 1980l: 731.

f ajo Levi, 1960....................USA
S. a. Levi, 1960: 19, f. 25-27 (Df).

f albula (Gertsch, 1960)....................Guyana
Iardinus albulus Gertsch, 1960a: 9, f. 9-10 (Df).
S. albulus Forster & Platnick, 1977: 5 (Tf from Iardinus).

mf chickeringi Levi, 1960....................Panama
S. c. Levi, 1960: 15, f. 10-17 (Dmf).

mf clausis Levi, 1960....................USA to Colombia
S. c. Levi, 1960: 15, f. 1-4 (Df).
S. c. Levi, 1964e: 36, f. 10-12 (Dm).
S. c. Heimer & Müller, 1991: 161, f. 1-8 (mf).

m colorados Levi, 1964....................Ecuador
S. c. Levi, 1964e: 35, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf flavescens Simon, 1894 *....................Nicaragua to Venezuela
S. f. Simon, 1894a: 592, f. 599 (Df).
S. f. Levi, 1960: 14, f. 7, 18-22 (f, Dm).
S. f. Levi & Levi, 1962: 55, f. 231-233 (m).

f kahuziensis Miller, 1970....................Congo
S. k. Miller, 1970: 163, pl. LV, f. 1-5 (Df).

f lutea (Petrunkevitch, 1930)....................Puerto Rico
Cyatholipulus luteus Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 311, f. 185-187 (Df).

m nicaraguensis Levi, 1960....................Nicaragua
S. n. Levi, 1960: 15, f. 8-9 (Dm).

mf rancho Levi, 1960....................Venezuela
S. r. Levi, 1960: 18, f. 5-6 (Dm).
S. r. Levi, 1964e: 36, f. 13-14 (Df).

m scleropsis Levi, 1960....................Panama
S. s. Levi, 1960: 18, f. 23-24 (Dm).

mf selis Levi, 1964....................Brazil
S. s. Levi, 1964e: 35, f. 4-9 (Dmf).

Gen. Tekellina Levi, 1957

T. Levi, 1957d: 107, type T. archboldi Levi, 1957.

mf archboldi Levi, 1957 *....................USA
T. a. Levi, 1957d: 107, f. 7-12 (Dmf).
T. a. Levi & Levi, 1962: 52, f. 196-197 (m).
T. a. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 41, f. 27-28 (m).
T. a. Roth, 1982: 47-10, f. 27-28 (m).
T. a. Roth, 1985: B43-8, f. 27-28 (m).
T. a. Roth, 1994: 182, f. 28 (m).

mf bella Marques & Buckup, 1993....................Brazil
T. b. Marques & Buckup, 1993: 128, f. 9-12 (Dmf).

mf crica Marques & Buckup, 1993....................Brazil
T. c. Marques & Buckup, 1993: 127, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f guaiba Marques & Buckup, 1993....................Brazil
T. g. Marques & Buckup, 1993: 127, f. 5-6 (Df).
T. g. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 61, f. 26 (f).

m minor Marques & Buckup, 1993....................Brazil
T. m. Marques & Buckup, 1993: 128, f. 7-8 (Dm).

m pretiosa Marques & Buckup, 1993....................Brazil
T. p. Marques & Buckup, 1993: 129, f. 13-14 (Dm).

Gen. Theonoe Simon, 1881

N.B.: as Theonoe Philippi, 1865 has never been used, Levi & Levi, 1962: 29 used this name rather than its junior synonym Coressa Simon, 1894.

Transferred to other genera:
T. americana Simon, 1897 -- see Thymoites.
T. detriticola Miller, 1970 -- see Carniella.
T. globifera Simon, 1899 -- see Carniella.
T. striatipes Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Eidmannella under Nesticidae.
T. weyersi Brignoli, 1979 -- see Carniella.

Nomen dubium:
T. fusca (Blackwall, 1841, originally in Theridion) -- O. P.-Cambridge, 1900b: 76; Bristowe, 1939: 62).

f africana Caporiacco, 1947....................Tanzania
T. a. Caporiacco, 1947d: 149 (Df).

f formivora (Walckenaer, 1842)....................France
Argus formivorus Walckenaer, 1842: 350 (Df).
Theridion fuscum Walckenaer, 1847a: 502 (placed in synonymy, but T. fuscum Blackwall, 1841 is a nomen dubium).
Micryphantes formivorus Simon, 1864: 195.

f major Denis, 1961....................Spain
T. m. Denis, 1961a: 239, f. 2A-B (Df).

mf minutissima (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879) *....................Europe, Russia, Ukraine
Walckenaera m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879e: 203, pl. 12, f. 7 (Df).
T. filiola Simon, 1881a: 131 (Dmf).
Ceratinella m. Simon, 1884a: 858.
T. filiola Simon, 1894a: 586, f. 591, 593 (m).
Coressa m. Simon, 1894a: 647.
Onesinda m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 105, pl. A, f. 4.
T. m. Carpenter, 1898: 160.
Theridiellum minutissimum Dahl, 1912b: 598 (D).
T. m. Wiehle, 1937: 219, f. 281-286 (mf).
T. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 90, f. 60A-C (mf).
Coressa m. Levi, 1955a: 4, f. 1 (m).
T. m. Tyschchenko, 1971: 142, f. 377 (m).
T. m. Miller, 1971: 182, pl. XXX, f. 18-19 (mf).
T. m. Palmgren, 1974b: 35, f. 8.19-21 (mf).
T. m. Heimer, 1982: 41, f. 8 (m).
T. m. Roberts, 1985: 196, f. 87b (mf).
T. m. Thaler & Steinberger, 1988: 1001, f. 8, 21-22 (m).
T. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 298, f. 802 (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1995: 296, f. (mf).
T. m. Agnarsson, 1996: 55, f. 40A-B (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1998: 309, f. (mf).
T. m. Thaler & Knoflach, 2000: 161, f. 4, 6, 9 (mf).

mf sola Thaler & Steinberger, 1988....................Germany, Austria
T. s. Thaler & Steinberger, 1988: 1001, f. 5-7, 16-20 (Dm).
T. s. Thaler & Knoflach, 2000: 160, f. 1-3, 5, 7-8 (m, Df).

mf stridula Crosby, 1906....................USA, Canada, Alaska
T. s. Crosby, 1906: 308, f. 33-34 (Dm).
Coressa s. Levi, 1955a: 4, f. 2-6 (m, Df).
T. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 58, f. 251-252 (m).
T. s. Coddington, 1990: 17, f. 85 (m).
T. s. Thaler & Knoflach, 2000: 163, f. 10 (m).

Gen. Theridion Walckenaer, 1805

N.B.: this spelling (rather than the invalid emendations Theridium Leach, 1824 and Theridio Simon, 1864), with type species T. pictum (Walckenaer, 1802), on Official List of Generic Names in Zoology; considered a senior synonym of Allotheridion Archer, 1946: 41, type T. murarium Emerton, 1882 (described as a subgenus of T. but elevated to genus by Archer, 1950: 18) by Levi, 1957a: 19, of Phaetoticus Simon, 1894 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 26, and of Billima Simon, 1908 (transferred from the Theridiosomatidae) by Levi, 1967d: 340; subgenera Cryptachaea Archer, 1946 and Parasteatoda Archer, 1946 belong to Achaearanea Strand, 1929, subgenus Tholocco Archer, 1946 to Thymoites Keyserling, 1884; not a senior synonym of Coleosoma O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Bryant, 1944: 51), Anelosimus Simon, 1891 (Levi, 1956b: 412), Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1957c: 59), Phyllonethis Thorell, 1869, Sudabe Karsch, 1879, Faitidus Keyserling, 1884 or Hubba O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 (Levi & Levi, 1962: 21-29), of Nesticodes Archer, 1950, Paidiscura Archer, 1950, or Rugathodes Archer, 1950 (Wunderlich, 1987a: 213), or of Wamba O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (removed from S of Crustulina Menge, 1868 by Levi, 1959b: 112), Allodipoena Bryant, 1947 or Chindellum Archer, 1950 (Wunderlich, 1995n: 611, contra Levi, 1957a: 19); for a rejected transfer of T. virgulatum Nicolet, 1849, see Lycosa fernandezi; see note under Neottiura.

Transferred to other genera:
T. acoreense Berland, 1932 -- see Achaearanea.
T. acrobeles Thorell, 1895 -- see Coleosoma.
T. acutiventer (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Coleosoma.
T. adamsoni Berland, 1935 -- see Coleosoma.
T. agaricographum Levy & Amitai, 1982 -- see Simitidion.
T. akiyoshiense Uyemura, 1941 -- see Nesticus under Nesticidae.
T. alacre Keyserling, 1884 -- see Achaearanea.
T. albomaculatum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1882) -- see Chrysso.
T. albovittatum Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Coleosoma.
T. aleipata Marples, 1955 -- see Coleosoma.
T. altiventer (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Achaearanea.
T. ambitum Barrows, 1940 -- see Maymena under Mysmenidae.
T. amputatum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Thymoites.
T. analyticum Chamberlin, 1924 -- see Anelosimus.
T. angulithorax Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Achaearanea.
T. ansatum Walckenaer, 1842 -- see Tidarren.
T. antheae Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Coleosoma.
T. apicatum O. P.-Cambridge, 1872 -- see Neottiura.
T. arcadicum Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Paratheridula.
T. armouri Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. aspersum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Ameridion.
T. atlixco Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. atropunctatum Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Wamba.
T. attritum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. aulicum C. L. Koch, 1838 -- see Anelosimus.
T. aurantium Emerton, 1915 -- see Rugathodes.
T. aztecum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Achaearanea.
T. backstromi Berland, 1924 -- see Chrysso.
T. barreti Kulczyn'ski, 1899 -- see Macaridion.
T. barroanum Levi, 1959 -- see Exalbidion.
T. bellicosum Simon, 1873 -- see Rugathodes.
T. bellissimum L. Koch, 1879 -- see Thymoites.
T. bellulum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. bentificum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. bertkaui Thorell, 1881 -- see Steatoda.
T. bigibbum O. P.-Cambridge, 1912 -- see Paidiscura.
T. bimaculatum (Linnaeus, 1767) -- see Neottiura.
T. blatchleyi Bryant, 1945 -- see Coleosoma.
T. boqueronicum Kraus. 1955 -- see Achaearanea.
T. brevipalpe Bryant, 1942 -- see Wamba.
T. bridgesi Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. bruneoviride (Mello-Leitão, 1948) -- see Episinus.
T. bucculentum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. cambridgei Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Chrysso.
T. camurum Simon, 1877 -- see Achaearanea.
T. canionis Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929 -- see Achaearanea.
T. caracasanum Simon, 1894 -- see Thymoites.
T. catalinae Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Thymoites.
T. catapetraeum Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Achaearanea.
T. chevalieri Berland, 1936 -- see Tidarren.
T. chilapa Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. chinda Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 -- see Wamba.
T. cidrelicola Simon, 1895 -- see Mysmenopsis under Mysmenidae.
T. citrinum Taczanowski, 1874 -- see Nesticus under Nesticidae.
T. clemens Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. cobanum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. colima Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. compressum (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Chrysso.
T. confraternum Banks, 1898 -- see Thymoites.
T. congener (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Wamba.
T. conjunctum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 -- see Achaearanea.
T. conurum Thorell, 1895 -- see Coleosoma.
T. credulum Gertsch & Davis, 1936 -- see Achaearanea.
T. crinitum L. Koch, 1872 -- see Ambicodamus under Nicodamidae.
T. crispulum Simon, 1895 -- see Wamba.
T. culicivorum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Achaearanea.
T. cuneolatum Tullgren, 1910 -- see Tidarren.
T. curvimanum (Simon, 1914) -- see Neottiura.
T. decoloratum Keyserling, 1886 -- see Anelosimus.
T. decoratum L. Koch, 1867 -- see Achaearanea.
T. delebile Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Coleosoma.
T. dialeucon Simon, 1890 -- see Anelosimus.
T. dianae (Bryant, 1947) -- see Wamba.
T. diplostichum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Chrysso.
T. diversipes Rainbow, 1920 -- see Achaearanea.
T. dotanum (Banks, 1914) -- see Exalbidion.
T. dromedariforme Roewer, 1942 -- see Achaearanea.
T. dromedarius Simon, 1880 -- see Paidiscura.
T. dubiosum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Anelosimus.
T. ecaudatum (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Argyrodes.
T. edinburgense Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 -- see Thymoites.
T. eigenmanni Banks, 1902 -- see Gaucelmus under Nesticidae.
T. emendatum Roewer, 1942 -- see Chrysso.
T. epicosmum Rainbow, 1920 -- see Achaearanea.
T. ethicum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Anelosimus.
T. eximium Keyserling, 1884 -- see Anelosimus.
T. expulsum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 -- see Thymoites.
T. extrilidum Keyserling, 1889 -- see Achaearanea.
T. ferrumequinum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Achaearanea.
T. fidum Mello-Leitão, 1943 -- see Mangora under Araneidae.
T. flavipes (O. P.-Cambridge, 1895) -- see Coleosoma.
T. flavomaculatum Lucas, 1846 -- see Steatoda.
T. florens O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 -- see Achaearanea.
T. floridanum (Banks, 1900) -- see Coleosoma.
T. foliaceum
Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. fordulum Banks, 1909 -- see Tidarren.
T. formosum serratum Franganillo, 1930 -- see Achaearanea.
T. fuscum Blackwall, 1841 -- see Theonoe.
T. gibberosum Kulczyn'ski, 1899 -- see Echinotheridion.
T. gibbithorax Simon, 1894 -- see Thymoites.
T. giganteum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Achaearanea.
T. globosum Hentz, 1850 -- see Achaearanea.
T. gracile Keyserling, 1884 -- see Anelosimus.
T. guadalupense (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Achaearanea.
T. guanicae Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Thymoites.
T. gymnasticum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Anelosimus.
T. haemorrhoidale Bertkau, 1880 -- see Tidarren.
T. hansi Schenkel, 1950 -- see Thymoites.
T. herbigradum Simon, 1873 -- see Neottiura.
T. higense Dönitz & Strand, 1906 -- see Anelosimus.
T. hilgendorfi Karsch, 1879 -- see Hypsosinga under Araneidae.
T. hobbsi Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Coleosoma.
T. ignotum (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Achaearanea.
T. imparatum Bishop & Crosby, 1928 -- see Thymoites.
T. indicatum Banks, 1929 -- see Thymoites.
T. indiciferum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Chrysso.
T. insigne (O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Thymoites.
T. instabile O. P.-Cambridge, 1871 -- see Rugathodes.
T. insulicola Bryant, 1947 -- see Coleosoma.
T. insulsum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 -- see Achaearanea.
T. interruptum Banks, 1908 -- see Coleosoma.
T. intervallatum Emerton, 1915 -- see Wamba.
T. intrepidum Sørensen, 1898 -- see Enoplognatha.
T. jamaicense Levi, 1959 -- see Jamaitidion.
T. japonicum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Achaearanea.
T. jucundum O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 -- see Anelosimus.
T. keyserlingi Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Chrysso.
T. kompirense Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Achaearanea.
T. krasnojarskense Strand, 1903 -- see Enoplognatha.
T. lacteovittatum (Mello-Leitão, 1945) -- see Chrysso.
T. lathropi Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. levipes Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. lobifrons Simon, 1894 -- see Thymoites.
T. longistylum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Helvibis.
T. lowriei Barrows, 1945 -- see Rugathodes.
T. lunatum (Clerck, 1757) -- see Achaearanea.
T. lunatum (Olivier, 1789) -- see Achaearanea.
T. lyparum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Chrysso.
T. maderae Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Thymoites.
T. magnificum (Archer, 1950) -- see Coleosoma.
T. magnificum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Anelosimus.
T. malkini Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. mansuetum L. Koch, 1882 -- see Enoplognatha.
T. maricaoense Bryant, 1942 -- see Achaearanea.
T. marvum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. maximum (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Achaearanea.
T. meum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Achaearanea.
T. michaelseni Simon, 1902 -- see Anelosimus.
T. migrans Keyserling, 1884 -- see Achaearanea.
T. moctezuma Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. mundulum L. Koch, 1872 -- see Achaearanea.
T. munifex O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 -- see Chrosiothes.
T. musawas Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. nicoleti Keyserling, 1886 -- see Thymoites.
T. nigrescens Keyserling, 1884 -- see Anelosimus.
T. nigripalpe (Banks, 1929) -- see Coleosoma.
T. nigrodecoratum Rainbow, 1920 -- see Achaearanea.
T. nigrosternum (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Chrysso.
T. nigrovittatum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Achaearanea.
T. nigrum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1880) -- see Chrysso.
T. notabile Keyserling, 1891 -- see Euryopis.
T. oblivium O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 -- see Achaearanea.
T. obnubilum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. ocellatum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. octomaculatum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Coleosoma.
T. ohlerti Thorell, 1870 -- see Achaearanea.
T. ohlerti lundbecki Sørensen, 1898 -- see Achaearanea.
T. oleatum L. Koch, 1879 -- see Thymoites.
T. opimum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. ornatulum Roewer, 1942 -- see Mangora under Araneidae.
T. orotavense Schmidt, 1968 -- see Paidiscura.
T. ovsjannikovi (Charitonov, 1950) -- see Chrysso.
T. paidiscum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. pallens Blackwall, 1834 -- see Paidiscura.
T. pallidum Walckenaer, 1842 -- see Achaearanea.
T. pallipes Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. pallisterorum Levi, 1959 -- see Exalbidion.
T. palustre Pavesi, 1880 (removed from S of T. nigrovariegatum Simon, 1873) -- see Paidiscura.
T. panamense Levi, 1959 -- see Wamba.
T. panum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. paradisiacum Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Thymoites.
T. parenzani Trossarelli, 1931 -- see Nesticus under Nesticidae.
T. passivum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. perniciosum Keyserling, 1886 -- see Paratheridula.
T. perplexum (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Chrysso.
T. petrense Sørensen, 1898 -- see Thymoites.
T. petrum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. phyllicolum Marples, 1955 -- see Mysmena under Mysmenidae.
T. picadoi Banks, 1909 -- see Achaearanea.
T. pico Merrett & Ashmole, 1989 -- see Rugathodes.
T. pilulum (Karsch, 1879) -- see Phoroncidia.
T. pingue Keyserling, 1886 -- see Achaearanea.
T. placens Blackwall, 1877 -- see Anelosimus.
T. plantatum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. polygrammum Kulczyn'ski, 1911 -- see Achaearanea.
T. porteri Banks, 1896 -- see Achaearanea.
T. portoricense Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Achaearanea.
T. progum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. properum Keyserling, 1890 -- see Achaearanea.
T. puer Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Thymoites.
T. pulchellum (Walckenaer, 1802) -- see Anelosimus.
T. pulchrum (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Chrysso.
T. purpureum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. purum O. P.-Cambridge, 1894 -- see Achaearanea.
T. pusilanum Roewer, 1942 -- see Achaearanea.
T. pusillatum Roewer, 1942 -- see Neottiura.
T. pustuliferum Levy & Amitai, 1982 -- see Neottiura.
T. quadrimaculatum (Banks, 1896) -- see Paratheridula.
T. quantum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. quemadum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. rapanae Berland, 1942 -- see Coleosoma.
T. rapulum Yaginuma, 1960 -- see Chrysso.
T. rarum Keyserling, 1886 -- see Thymoites.
T. realisticum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 -- see Wamba.
T. recurvatum Tullgren, 1901 -- see Anelosimus.
T. redemptum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 -- see Achaearanea.
T. redimitum (Linnaeus, 1758) -- see Enoplognatha.
T. reservum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. rinconense Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. roseum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. rostratum O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 -- see Achaearanea.
T. rotundum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Chrysso.
T. rubellum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Dipoena.
T. rubicundulum Roewer, 1942 -- see Chrysso.
T. rubicundum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. rubrovittatum (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Chrysso.
T. rufipes Lucas, 1846 -- see Nesticodes.
T. rufipunctum Levi, 1959 -- see Exalbidion.
T. ruinum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. rupicola Emerton, 1882 -- see Achaearanea.
T. salvadorense Kraus, 1955 -- see Achaearanea.
T. santaanae Kraus, 1955 -- see Gaucelmus under Nesticidae.
T. saxatile C. L. Koch, 1834 -- see Achaearanea.
T. saylori Fox, 1940 -- see Steatoda.
T. schmidti Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. schullei Gertsch & Mualik, 1936 -- see Achaearanea.
T. serenoae Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Achaearanea.
T. sericum Urquhart, 1886 -- see Steatoda.
T. sexmaculatum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Exalbidion.
T. sexpunctatum Emerton, 1882 -- see Rugathodes.
T. sexsetosum Barrows, 1940 -- see Graphomoa under Linyphiidae.
T. signaculum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. signatellum Roewer, 1942 -- see Chrysso.
T. signum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. simile C. L. Koch, 1836 -- see Simitidion.
T. simulatum Emerton, 1926 -- see Achaearanea.
T. soloa Marples, 1955 -- see Pholcomma.
T. spinatum Tullgren, 1901 -- see Episinus.
T. spinipes Nicolet, 1849 -- see Ero under Mimetidae.
T. spiniventre O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 -- see Chrysso.
T. splendens Roewer, 1942 -- see Chrysso.
T. struthio Simon, 1894 -- see Thymoites.
T. studiosum Hentz, 1850 -- see Anelosimus.
T. stylifrons Simon, 1894 -- see Thymoites.
T. suaveolens Simon, 1879 -- see Neottiura.
T. subimpressum Zhu, 1998 -- see Thymoites.
T. subterraneum Banks, 1898 -- see Eidmanella under Nesticidae.
T. sudabides Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Chrosiothes.
T. sulcatum (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Chrysso.
T. taeniatum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Achaearanea.
T. tempum Levi, 1959 -- see Ameridion.
T. tepidariorum C. L. Koch, 1841 -- see Achaearanea.
T. terrestrellum Roewer, 1942 -- see Nesticus under Nesticidae.
T. tesselatum Keyserling, 1884 -- see Achaearanea.
T. texanum Banks, 1910 -- see Tidarren.
T. tosum Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Anelosimus.
T. transiporum Zhu & Zhang, 1992 -- see Achaearanea.
T. transversum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. triguttatum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. typicum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Episinus.
T. umbraticum L. Koch, 1872 -- see Achaearanea.
T. unanimum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Ameridion.
T. uncinatum Lucas, 1846 -- see Neottiura.
T. undatum (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Achaearanea.
T. unimaculatum Emerton, 1882 -- see Thymoites.
T. utibile Keyserling, 1884 -- see Echinotheridion.
T. variipes (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Steatoda.
T. ventrosum Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. veruculatum Urquhart, 1886 -- see Achaearanea.
T. vexabile (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Chrysso.
T. virgulatum
Nicolet, 1849 -- see Anelosimus.
T. viridulum
Roewer, 1942 -- see Anelosimus.
T. vittatum C. L. Koch, 1836 -- see Anelosimus.
T. vituperabile Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Coleosoma.
T. vividum Keyserling, 1891 -- see Achaearanea.
T. vivum O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 -- see Thymoites.
T. volutum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Chrysso.
T. wallacei Gertsch & Archer, 1942 -- see Thymoites.

In synonymy:
T. aelleni Hubert, 1970 = T. spinitarse O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Brignoli, 1984b: 301).
T. alpinum (Giebel, 1867, T from Zygiella per Bonnet, omitted by Roewer) = T. sisyphium (Clerck, 1757) (Levi, 1974a: 270).
T. antusi Kasal, 1982 = T. hemerobium Simon, 1914 (Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 236).
T. atkinsi Bryant, 1940 = T. dilucidum Simon, 1897 (Levi, 1959b: 84).
T. atramontanum Banks, 1911 = T. flavonotatum Becker, 1879 (Levi, 1957a: 35).
T. berkeleyi Emerton, 1925 = T. hemerobium Simon, 1914 (Vanuytven, Van Keer & Jansssen, 1990: 16).
T. bifoveolatum Denis, 1944 = T. spinitarse O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 84).
T. bishopi Schenkel, 1950 = T. melanurum Hahn, 1831 (Levi, 1957a: 55).
T. botezati Rosca, 1935 = T. impressum L. Koch, 1881 (Deltshev, 1992a: 17).
T. cabriolatum Franganillo, 1930 = T. evexum Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, 1959b: 98).
T. caninotatum (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Dipoena) = T. subpallens Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Yoshida, 1988: 25).
T. cinerascens Roewer, 1942 = T. alabamense Gertsch & Archer, 1942 (Levi, 1957a: 58).
T. cretaense Wunderlich, 1995 = T. adrianopoli Drensky, 1915 (Knoflach, 1997: 138).
T. cybele Bryant, 1942 = T. positivum Chamberlin, 1924 (Levi, 1957a: 68).
T. defunctum Petrunkevitch, 1925 = T. dilucidum Simon, 1897 (Levi, 1959b: 84).
T. denisi Caporiacco, 1955 = T. positivum Chamberlin, 1924 (Levi, 1957a: 68).
T. denisi Wunderlich, 1987 = T. hannoniae Denis, 1944 (Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 238).
T. detractum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936 = T. positivum Chamberlin, 1924 (Levi, 1957a: 68).
T. dexteri Petrunkevitch, 1930 = T. antillanum Simon, 1894 (Bryant, 1942a: 343, sub T. minutum).
T. dimachaerum Bishop & Crosby, 1926 = T. flavonotatum Becker, 1879 (Levi, 1957a: 35).
T. diurnum Vinson, 1863: 284 (Rodriquez, Madagascar) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1681.
T. dodonaeum Brignoli, 1984 = T. adrianopoli Drensky, 1915 (Knoflach, 1997: 137).
T. dorsatum Banks, 1897 = T. melanurum Hahn, 1831 (Levi, 1957a: 55).
T. fieldi Levi, 1951 = T. hemerobium Simon, 1914 (Levi, 1957a: 52, sub T. berkeleyi).
T. floridense Banks, 1904 (removed from S of T. lyricum Walckenaer, 1842) = T. flavonotatum Becker, 1879 (Archer, 1946: 42).
T. frigicola Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947 = T. impressum L. Koch, 1881 (Levi, 1957a: 89).
T. hauseri Brignoli, 1984 = T. adrianopoli Drensky, 1915 (Knoflach, 1997: 138).
T. hublei Jocqué, 1977 = T. uhligi Martin, 1974 (Bosmans & Janssen, 1982: 283).
T. indianorum Gertsch & Archer, 1942 = T. intritum (Bishop & Crosby, 1926) (Levi, 1953b: 1, sub Allotheridion).
T. jeanae Gertsch & Archer, 1942 = T. morulum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 (Levi, 1959b: 110).
T. kentuckyense Keyserling, 1884 = T. lyricum Walckenaer, 1842 (Archer, 1946: 43).
T. kratochvili Kolosváry, 1934 = T. varians Hahn, 1833 (Wunderlich, 1977a: 289).
T. limaense Keyserling, 1884 = T. calcynatum Holmberg, 1876 (Levi, 1963c: 548).
T. maxillatum Roewer, 1942 = T. petraeum L. Koch, 1872 (Levi, 1957a: 24).
T. miami Levi, 1980 = T. melanostictum O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Levy, 1985a: 114).
T. minutum (Petrunkevitch, 1926) = T. antillanum Simon, 1894 (Levi, 1959b: 116).
T. mirabile Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991 = T. subpallens Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142).
T. mohave Gertsch & Archer, 1942 = T. geminipunctum Chamberlin, 1924 (Levi, 1957a: 43).
T. mumae Roewer, 1951 = T. rabuni Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 (Levi, 1957a: 29).
T. neglectum Wiehle, 1952 = T. mystaceum L. Koch, 1870 (Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 199).
T. notatum (Linnaeus, 1758) = T. sisyphium (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
T. ornatum Hahn, 1831 = T. pictum (Walckenaer, 1802) (preoccupied specific name validated by ICZN Opinion 517).
T. ogasawarense Yoshida, 1993 = T. melanostictum O. P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Yoshida, 1999: 129).
T. pascagoulense Becker, 1879 = T. flavonotatum Becker, 1879 (Levi, 1957a: 34).
T. paumotui Berland, 1942 = T. buxtoni Berland, 1929 (Benton & Lehtinen, 1995: 11).
T. penai Levi, 1963 = T. ambiguum Nicolet, 1849 (Levi, 1967a: 8).
T. pictulum Banks, 1908 = T. melanurum Hahn, 1831 (Levi, 1957a: 55).
T. pindi Brignoli, 1984 = T. refugum Drensky, 1929 (Deltshev, 1992a: 20).
T. pirini Drensky, 1921 = T. petraeum L. Koch, 1872 (Deltshev, 1992a: 20).
T. placidum Roewer, 1942 = T. neomexicanum Banks, 1901 (Levi, 1957a: 77).
T. pseudofrondeum Schenkel, 1950 = T. californicum Banks, 1904 (Levi, 1957a: 85).
T. purifum Roberts, 1978 = T. braueri Simon, 1898 (Saaristo, 1999: 3).
T. querulum Keyserling, 1891 = T. tinctorium Keyserling, 1891 (Buckup & Marques, 1996: 58).
T. reticulateum Muma, 1944 = T. rabuni Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 (Levi, 1957a: 28).
T. ritae Gertsch & Archer, 1942 = T. transgressum Petrunkevitch, 1911 (Levi, 1957a: 47).
T. rotundatum Petrunkevitch, 1911 = T. transgressum Petrunkevitch, 1911 (Levi, 1959b: 83).
T. spirale Emerton, 1882 = T. glaucescens Becker, 1879 (Gertsch, in Archer, 1946: 47).
T. stanfordi Emerton, 1925 = T. melanurum Hahn, 1831 (Levi, 1957a: 55).
T. talmo Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 = T. alabamense Gertsch & Archer, 1942 (Levi, 1957a: 58).
T. tuberculatum Kroneberg, 1875 = T. nigrovariegatum Simon, 1873 (Marusik, 1989b: 48).
T. virginus Bryant, 1942 = T. dilucidum Simon, 1897 (Levi, 1959b: 84).
T. volatile Keyserling, 1884 = T. glaucescens Becker, 1879 (Levi, 1963c: 525).
T. wallacei Schenkel, 1950 = T. hemerobium Simon, 1914 (Levi, 1957a: 52, sub T. berkeleyi).
T. zelotypum Emerton, 1882 = T. pictum (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levi, 1957a: 50, sub T. ornatum).

Homonyms replaced:
T. bertkaui Soares & Camargo, 1948 -- see T. soaresi.
T. maculipes Bryant, 1948 -- see T. elisabethae.
T. placidum Bryant, 1948 -- see T. bryantae.

Nomina dubia:
T. acanthognathum Lucas, 1858: 423 (Gabon) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1678.
T. affine Wider, 1834: 226 (Europe) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1679.
T. alveolus Walckenaer, 1805: 76 (Europe) -- Roewer, 1942a: 563.
T. americanum Walckenaer, 1842: 293 (USA, originally described as subspecies of T. quadripunctatum) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. araitense Saito, 1932: 100, f. 1, 1933a: 125, f. 1 (f, Kurile Is.) -- Marusik et al., 1993a: 83 (contra Saito, 1959: 70, f. 66a-g, f).
T. armatum Nicolet, 1849: 539 (m, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. aspersum Perty, 1833: 193, pl. 38, f. 6 (j, Brazil) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. atrilabrum Walckenaer, 1842: 319 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. auratum Blackwall, 1864a: 198, pl. 14, f. 128 (j, Ireland) -- O. P.-Cambridge, 1900b: 76.
T. aureomaculatum Workman, 1900: 119 (f, Singapore) -- omitted by Roewer.
T. aureum Workman, 1900: 116 (f, Singapore) -- omitted by Roewer.
T. backi Children, 1836: 275 (Canada) -- Gertsch, 1953: 418 (N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
T. bicolor Brullé, 1832: 51 (Greece) -- omitted by Roewer, listed by Bonnet, 1959: 4452.
T. bicolor Lucas, 1846b: 268 (Algeria) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1680.
T. blandum Hentz, 1850: 278, pl. 9, f. 20 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. brasilianum Keyserling, 1884a: 81, pl. 4, f. 59 (f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. candefactum Walckenaer, 1842: 313 (France) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1680.
T. catenatum Walckenaer, 1842: 289 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. concinnum Nicolet, 1849: 535 (f, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. conifaciens Hingston, 1932: 375 (f, Guyana) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. cruciatum Hentz, 1850: 275, pl. 9, f. 8 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. deltaforme Workman, 1900: 115 (f, Singapore) -- omitted by Roewer.
T. fuegianum Simon, 1904e: 90 (f, Argentina) -- Levi, 1967a: 17.
T. fuesslyi Simon, 1894c: 522, f. 3 (mf, St. Vincent) -- Levi, 1959b: 80 (contra Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 192, f. 37-38, f, and Bryant, 1948b: 382, f. 54, f).
T. funerarium Nicolet, 1849: 537 (f, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. gayi Roewer, 1942a: 493 (replacement name for T. vittatum Nicolet, 1849: 537, preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1836, j, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. gibbosum Urquhart, 1894: 205 -- Roewer, 1955c: 1681.
T. incisuratum Walckenaer, 1842: 307 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. inconstans Curtis, 1897: 92 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. intentum Hentz, 1850: 278, pl. 9, f. 19 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. labeculosum Workman, 1900: 117 (f, Singapore, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer.
T. liliputanum Nicolet, 1849: 538 (f, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. luctuosum Lucas, 1846: 263 (Algeria) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1682.
T. maculosum Keyserling, 1884a: 30, pl. 1, f. 14 (f, Venezuela) -- Levi, 1967b: 28, 1969: 71.
T. moraballi Hingston, 1932: 376 (f, Guyana) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. nebulosum Hahn, 1831b: 1 (Germany) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1683.
T. onustum Nicolet, 1849: 534 (f, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. orix Walckenaer, 1842: 313 (m, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. oscitabundum Hentz, 1850: 275, pl. 9, f. 9 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. partitum Walckenaer, 1842: 323 (f, USA) -- Exline & Levi, 1962: 181.
T. pertenue Hentz, 1850: 283, pl. 10, f. 6 (f, USA) -- Levi, 1957a: 22.
T. rubrolineatum Taczanowski, 1874: 58 (mf, French Guiana) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. silvestre Nicolet, 1849: 531 (mf, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. superbum Nicolet, 1849: 535 (f, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. tibiale Hahn, 1831a: 6 (Europe) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1685.
T. umbrosum Nicolet, 1849: 533 (f, Chile) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.
T. undulatum Westring, 1861: 175 (f, Sweden) -- Holm, 1973: 76.

Nomina nuda:
T. baeri Simon, 1894a: 533, 538.
T. massiliensis Soyer, 1973.
T. pinastraides Zhu et al., 1985 -- see T. pinastri.
T. pseudogibberosum Schmidt, 1954 -- see Tidarren.

f abruptum Simon, 1884....................North Africa
T. a. Simon, 1884k: 24 (Df).

m accoense Levy, 1985....................Israel
T. accoensis Levy, 1985a: 117, f. 62-65 (Dm).
T. a. Levy, 1998b: 184, f. 349-352 (m).

mf acutitarse Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. a. Simon, 1900a: 456, pl. 15, f. 9 (Dmf).

mf adjacens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Panama
Phyllonethis thorellii O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 132, pl. 18, f. 1 (Dm; preoccupied in T.).
Phyllonethis a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 166, pl. 20, f. 1 (Df).
T. thorelli F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 390, pl. 36, f. 28-29 (mf).
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 92, f. 111-117 (mf).

mf adrianopoli Drensky, 1915....................Bulgaria, Greece, Crete, Turkey
T. a. Drensky, 1915: 147, 175, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
T. dodonaeum Brignoli, 1984b: 297, f. 23-24 (Dm).
T. hauseri Brignoli, 1984b: 298, f. 25 (Df).
T. a. Deltshev, 1992a: 117, f. 1-3 (f).
T. cretaensis Wunderlich, 1995v: 691, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
T. a. Knoflach, 1997: 133, f. 1-12 (f, Sm).

f aeolium Levi, 1963....................USA
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 547, f. 96-97 (Df).

f agrarium Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 585, f. 256-257 (Df).

mf agreste Nicolet, 1849....................Chile
T. a. Nicolet, 1849: 540 (Df).
Episinus typicus Levi, 1963c: 490 (S, rejected).
T. ambiguum Levi, 1963c: 538, f. 54-58 (f, Dm, misidentified).
T. a. Levi, 1967a: 8 (removed from S of Episinus typicus).

mf agrifoliae Levi, 1957....................USA, Canada
T. a. Levi, 1957a: 83, f. 284-285, 302-303 (Dmf).

f akme Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 125, f. 210-211 (Df).

mf akron Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 124, f. 250-252 (Dmf).

mf alabamense Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA
T. cinereum Emerton 1913a: 212, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df; preoccupied by Thorell, 1875).
T. a. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 4 (replacement name).
T. cinerascens Roewer, 1942a: 502 (superfluous replacement name).
T. americanum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 46, f. 89, 106 (f).
T. talmo Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55, f. 81, 88 (Dm).
T. a. Kaston, 1948: 107, f. 143, 165-166 (m, Df).
T. a. Levi, 1957a: 58, f. 202-203, 206-208 (mf, S).

j albidorsum Strand, 1909....................South Africa
T. a. Strand, 1909g: 561 (Dj).

mf albidum Banks, 1895....................USA, Canada
T. a. Banks, 1895d: 84 (Dmf).
T. frondeum Muma, 1943: 66, pl. XIII, f. 3 (f, misidentified).
T. a. Kaston, 1945b: 5, f. 16-17 (mf).
T. a. Kaston, 1948: 106, f. 170-171 (mf).
Allotheridion a. Archer, 1950: 19, pl. III, f. 4 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. a. Levi, 1957a: 82, f. 286-287, 300-301 (mf).

mf albioculum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. a. Zhu, 1998: 128, f. 73A-F (Dmf).
T. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 71I-J, O-P (mf).

f albipes L. Koch, 1878....................Russia, Georgia
T. a. L. Koch, 1878b: 69 (Df).

f albocinctum Urquhart, 1892....................New Zealand
T. a. Urquhart, 1892b: 236 (Df).

f albodecoratum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. a. Rainbow, 1916a: 56, pl. 15, f. 35-36 (Df).

f albolineatum Nicolet, 1849....................Chile
T. a. Nicolet, 1849: 533 (Df).
Anelosimus albolineatus Levi, 1963c: 490 (Tf from Theridion).
T. a. Levi, 1967a: 8, f. 14-15 (Tf from Anelosimus, contra Levi, 1963f: 42).

f albolineolatum Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia
T. a. Caporiacco, 1940c: 815, f. 25 (Df).

j albomaculosum O. P.-Cambridge, 1869....................Sri Lanka
T. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 386, pl. 12, f. 57-60 (Dj).

m albopictum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. a. Thorell, 1898: 307 (Dm).

f albostriatum (L. Koch, 1867)....................New Guinea, Queensland, Tonga, Norfolk Is.
Ero albostriata L. Koch, 1867b: 187 (Df).
T. a. L. Koch, 1872a: 270, pl. 22, f. 7 (f).

mf albulum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Panama
T. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 255, pl. 34, f. 9 (Df).
Steatoda albula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 387.
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 114, f. 213-215 (f, Dm).

f altum Levi, 1963....................Paraguay
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 572, f. 211-212 (Df).

mf amarga Levi, 1967....................Chile, Argentina
T. foliaceum Levi, 1963c: 536, f. 44-46 (mf).
T. a. Levi, 1967a: 8 (name for above misidentified mf).

f amatitlan Levi, 1963....................Guatemala
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 545, f. 88-89 (Df).

f ambiguum Nicolet, 1849....................Chile
T. a. Nicolet, 1849: 532 (Df).
T. penai Levi, 1963c: 537, f. 52-53 (Df).
T. a. Levi, 1967a: 8 (S).

f ampascachi Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 144, f. 40 (Df).
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 568, f. 198-199 (f).

m ampliatum Urquhart, 1892....................New Zealand
T. a. Urquhart, 1892b: 237 (Dm).
T. a. Bryant, 1935c: 54, pl. 8, f. 2, 9 (m).

f angusticeps Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. a. Caporiacco, 1949a: 388, f. 41 (Df).

j angustifrons Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum
T. a. Caporiacco, 1934a: 148 (Dj).

m annulipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1869....................Sri Lanka
T. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1869b: 384 (Dm).

m anson Levi, 1967....................Juan Fernandez Is.
T. a. Levi, 1967a: 9, f. 11-13 (Dm).

mf antillanum Simon, 1894....................West Indies
T. a. Simon, 1894c: 522, f. 2 (Dmf).
Spintharus minutus Petrunkevitch, 1926: 51, f. 11 (Df).
T. dexteri Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 200, f. 45-50 (Dmf).
T. minutum Bryant, 1942a: 343 (Tf from Spintharus, Sm).
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 116, f. 223-226 (mf, S).

mf antoni Keyserling, 1884....................USA
T. antonii Keyserling, 1884a: 54, pl. 2, f. 31 (Dm).
T. a. Levi, 1957a: 60, f. 196-197, 205, 215-216, 219-220 (m, Df).
T. a. Kaston, 1977: 15, f. 5 (m).

f antron Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 528, f. 17-18 (Df).

f apiculatum Roewer, 1942....................Queensland
T. apicatum Thorell, 1881: 165 (Df; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1872).
T. a. Roewer, 1942a: 484 (replacement name).

m aporum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 576, f. 227-228 (Dm).

f apostoli Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Argentina
T. a. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 234, f. 8 (Df).
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 568, f. 196-197 (f).

f apulco Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 109, f. 187-188 (Df).

mf aragua Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 541, f. 68-71 (Dmf).

f archeri Levi, 1959....................Cuba
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 90, f. 93-94 (Df).

f argentatulum Roewer, 1942....................New Zealand
T. argentatum Urquhart, 1892b: 235 (Df; preoccupied by Keyserling, 1863).
T. a. Roewer, 1942a: 484 (replacement name).

f argyrodiforme Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Japan
T. a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 147, pl. 10, f. 190 (Df).

mf arizonense Levi, 1957....................USA
T. a. Levi, 1957a: 49, f. 137-138 (Df).
T. a. Levi, 1969: 68, f. 1-4 (f, Dm).

f artum Levi, 1959....................Panama, Trinidad
T. a. Levi, 1959b: 124, f. 313-314 (Df).

f aruanum Strand, 1911....................Aru Is.
T. a. Strand, 1911d: 136, pl. 5, f. 41 (Df).

f arushae Caporiacco, 1947....................Tanzania
T. a. Caporiacco, 1947d: 153, f. 23 (Df).

f asbolodes Rainbow, 1917....................South Australia
T. a. Rainbow, 1917a: 483, pl. 32, f. 1 (Df).
T. absolodes Bonnet, 1959: 4445 (lapsus).

j astrigerum Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
T. a. Thorell, 1895: 99 (Dj).

f atratum Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi
T. a. Thorell, 1877b: 467 (Df).

f attritum (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia
Billima attrita Simon, 1908d: 430 (Df).
T. a. Levi, 1967d: 340, f. 1-4 (f).

f auberti Simon, 1904....................South Africa
T. a. Simon, 1904d: 67 (Df).

m aulos Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. a. Levi, 1963c: 571, f. 209 (Dm).

mf australe Banks, 1899....................USA, Mexico, West Indies
T. australis Banks, 1899b: 191 (Df).
Allotheridion a. Archer, 1950: 38, pl. III, f. 5 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
T. a. Levi, 1957a: 41, f. 131-132, 148-151 (mf).
T. a. Breene et al., 1993: 60, f. 31A-B (mf).

f baccula Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar
T. b. Thorell, 1887: 114 (Df).

f baltasarense Levi, 1963....................Windward Is.
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 584, f. 252-253 (Df).

mf banksi Berland, 1920....................East Africa
T. b. Berland, 1920b: 160, f. 195-198 (Dmf).

mf barbarae Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. b. Levi, 1959b: 94, f. 120-123 (Dmf).

m beebei Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 578, f. 234 (Dm).

f bellatulum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 561, f. 151-153 (Df).

mf bergi Levi, 1963....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 581, f. 86-87 (Df).
Achaearanea canionis Brignoli, 1972c: 380, f. 33-34 (f, misidentified).
T. b. Xavier, Baptista & Trajano, 1995: 20, f. 2-8 (f, Dm).

f berlandi Roewer, 1942....................Samoa
T. albidum Berland, 1929b: 54, f. 33-36 (Df; preoccupied by Banks, 1895).
T. b. Roewer, 1942a: 485 (replacement name).

mf betteni Wiehle, 1960....................Palearctic
T. b. Wiehle, 1960b: 248, f. 31, 32c, 33c, 34, 35c (Dmf).
T. b. Braun, 1963b: 116, f. 7-9 (f).
T. b. Thaler, 1966: 153, f. 2c (f).
T. b. Wiehle, 1967b: 187, f. 11 (f).
T. b. Miller, 1971: 195, pl. XXXV, f. 18-19, pl. LXII, f. 21-23 (mf).
T. b. Gruia, 1973b: 82, f. 14-16 (m).
T. b. Ledoux, 1979: 287, f. 1a-b, 2a (f).
T. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 304, f. 815 (mf).
T. b. Roberts, 1998: 300, f. (mf).

f bicruciatum Roewer, 1961....................Senegal
T. b. Roewer, 1961b: 46, f. 10a-e (Df).

m biezankoi Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 573, f. 213 (Dm).

f biforaminum Gao & Zhu, 1993....................China
T. b. Gao & Zhu, in Zhu, Gao & Guan, 1993: 89, f. 1-4 (Df).
T. b. Zhu, 1998: 135, f. 79A-D (f).
T. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 71K-L (f).

mf biolleyi Banks, 1909....................Costa Rica
T. b. Banks, 1909a: 204, pl. 6, f. 26 (Df).
T. b. Banks, 1914a: 678, pl. 28, f. 7 (Dm).
T. b. Levi, 1959b: 106, f. 195-196 (f).

f biseriatum Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra
T. b. Thorell, 1890a: 267 (Df).

f bitakum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 441, f. 264a-f (Df).

mf blackwalli O. P.-Cambridge, 1871....................Europe, Russia, Ukraine, North Africa
T. blackwallii O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 419, pl. 55, f. 16 (Dm).
Euryopis b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1874d: 324.
T. hasseltii Thorell, 1875a: 92 (Dmf).
T. hasseltii Thorell, 1875c: 51 (Dmf).
T. b. L. Koch, 1877b: 183, f. 3-4 (Df).
T. b. Bösenberg, 1902: 104, pl. 9, f. 129 (mf).
T. b. Wiehle, 1937: 176, f. 154-159 (mf).
Allotheridion b. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. b. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 73, f. 48A-B, 49A (mf).
T. b. Miller, 1971: 193, pl. XXXIV, f. 14-15 (mf).
T. b. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 83e (mf).
T. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 302, f. 811 (mf).
T. b. Roberts, 1995: 286, f. (mf).
T. b. Roberts, 1998: 301, f. (mf).

f blaisei Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. b. Simon, 1909e: 86 (Df).

mf boesenbergi Strand, 1904....................Europe, Russia, Ukraine
T. bertkaui Bösenberg, 1899: 114, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df, preoccupied by Thorell, 1881).
T. bertkaui Bösenberg, 1902: 108, pl. 9, f. 136 (f).
T. bösenbergi Strand, 1904b: 89 (replacement name).
T. bertkaui Lessert, 1904: 303, pl. 5, f. 11-16 (f, Dm).
T. b. Wiehle, 1937: 175, f. 150-153 (mf).
Allotheridion bosenbergi Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. bösenbergi Wiehle, 1960b: 252, f. 36 (f).
T. b. Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 407, 433 (mf).
T. b. Miller, 1971: 196, pl. XXXV, f. 16-17 (mf).
T. b. Thaler, 1981c: 109, f. 15-16 (f).
T. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 306, f. 818 (mf).

f bolivari Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. b. Levi, 1959b: 108, f. 189-190 (Df).

m bolum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 526, f. 3-4 (Dm).

f bomae Schmidt, 1957....................Congo
T. b. Schmidt, 1957: 282, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf botanicum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. b. Levi, 1963c: 551, f. 117-120 (Dmf).

f brachypus Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar
T. b. Thorell, 1887: 119 (Df).

mf bradyanum Strand, 1907....................South Africa
T. b. Strand, 1907a: 529 (Df).
T. b. Strand, 1907n: 580 (Df).
T. b. Strand, 1909g: 562 (Dm).

mf braueri Simon, 1898....................Seychelles
T. b. Simon, 1898d: 377, f. 1-2 (Dm).
T. purifum Roberts, 1978: 909, f. 15-19 (Df).
T. b. Saaristo, 1999: 3 (S).

f brunellii Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia
T. b. Caporiacco, 1940c: 816 (Df).

f brunneonigrum Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. b. Caporiacco, 1949a: 380, f. 36a-c (Df).

f bryantae Roewer, 1951....................Mexico
T. placidum Bryant, 1948a: 58, f. 5 (Df, preoccupied by Roewer, 1942).
T. b. Roewer, 1951: 455 (replacement name).
T. b. Levi, 1959b: 88, f. 76-77 (f).

m bullatum Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
T. b. Tullgren, 1910: 133, pl. 2, f. 50 (Dm).

mf buxtoni Berland, 1929....................Samoa, Henderson Is., Tuamotu Arch.
T. b. Berland, 1929b: 51, f. 26-30 (Dmf).
T. paumotui Berland, 1942: 16, f. 6g-h (Df).
T. b. Benton & Lehtinen, 1995: 11 (S).

mf calcynatum Holmberg, 1876....................Venezuela to Argentina
T. c. Holmberg, 1876: 14 (D).
T. c. Keyserling, 1884a: 72, pl. 4, f. 44 (Dmf).
T. limaense Keyserling, 1884a: 76, pl. 4, f. 46 (Dmf).
T. calycinatum Bonnet, 1959: 4459 (lapsus).
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 548, f. 100-107 (mf, S).

mf californicum Banks, 1904....................USA, Canada
T. c. Banks, 1904b: 344, pl. 39, f. 34 (Df).
T. c. Emerton, 1924b: 30, f. 5-6 (Dm).
Allotheridion c. Archer, 1950: 38, pl. III, f. 5 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. pseudofrondeum Schenkel, 1950b: 50, f. 14 (Df).
T. c. Levi, 1957a: 84, f. 273, 276-277, 304-305 (mf, S).

f caliginosum Marples, 1955....................Samoa
T. c. Marples, 1955a: 486, pl. 58, f. 16, 20 (Df).

f cameronense Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1957a: 40, f. 114-115 (Df).
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 81, f. 74-75 (f).

f campestratum Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. c. Simon, 1900a: 450, pl. 18, f. 3 (Df).

f caplandense Strand, 1907....................South Africa
T. c. Strand, 1907a: 529 (Df).
T. c. Strand, 1907n: 582 (Df).

f carpathium Brignoli, 1984....................Greece
T. c. Brignoli, 1984b: 296, f. 21 (Df).

f cassinicola Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau
T. c. Simon, 1907d: 259 (Df).
T. crassinicola Roewer, 1942a: 476 (lapsus).

f castaneum Franganillo, 1931....................Cuba
T. c. Franganillo, 1931: 47 (Df).

f catharina Marples, 1955....................Samoa
T. c. Marples, 1955a: 485, pl. 59, f. 6, 11 (Df).

m cavipalpe (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902)....................Guatemala
Steatoda cavipalpus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 6 (Dm).
T. cavipalpus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 193.
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 91, f. 205 (m).
T. cavipalpus Wunderlich, 1995n: 610, f. 1 (m).

mf cazieri Levi, 1959....................Bahama Is.
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 115, f. 216-218 (Dmf).

f centrum Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 90, f. 208-209 (Df).

m chacoense Levi, 1963....................Bolivia
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 553, f. 121-122 (Dm).

m chakinuense Wunderlich, 1995....................Turkmenistan
T. c. Wunderlich, 1995v: 693, f. 12-13 (Dm).

f chamberlini Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. c. Caporiacco, 1949a: 391, f. 43 (Df).

f charitonowi Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. c. Caporiacco, 1949a: 383, f. 38a-b (Df).

mf cheimatos Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA
T. c. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 3, f. 15-16 (Df).
T. c. Levi, 1957a: 96, f. 335-336, 354-357 (f, Dm).

f cheni Zhu, 1998....................China
T. c. Zhu, 1998: 151, f. 92A-D (Df).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72C-D (f).

f chihuahua Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 108, f. 191-192 (Df).

mf chikunii Yaginuma, 1960....................China, Japan
T. c. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 1, pl. 9, f. 51, f. 34.3-4, 101A (Dmf).
T. c. Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.3-4 (f).
T. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 34, f. 19.10 (mf).
T. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 41, f. 52 (mf).
T. c. Zhu, 1998: 185, f. 119A-E (mf).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72E-F, Q-R (mf).

mf chiriqui Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 122, f. 268-271 (Dmf).

mf chonetum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. c. Zhu, 1998: 139, f. 82A-E (Dmf).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72G-H, S-T (mf).

f choroni Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 533, f. 34-35 (Df).

m cinctipes Banks, 1898....................USA, Mexico
T. c. Banks, 1898a: 186 (Dm).
T. c. Levi, 1957a: 29, f. 87-88, 99 (m).

mf cinereum Thorell, 1875....................Russia, Ukraine
T. c. Thorell, 1875b: 66 (Dmf).
T. c. Thorell, 1875c: 50 (Df).

f circumtextum Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau
T. c. Simon, 1907d: 257 (Df).

f clabnum Roberts, 1978....................Seychelles
T. c. Roberts, 1978: 908, f. 10-14 (Df).

f climacode Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. c. Thorell, 1898: 298 (Df; N.B.: described as possible member of Teutana=Steatoda).

f clivalum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. c. Zhu, 1998: 134, f. 78A-C (Df).
T. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72I-J (f).

f cloxum Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
T. c. Roberts, 1983: 239, f. 85-88 (Df).

mf clypeatellum Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa
T. c. Tullgren, 1910: 129, pl. 2, f. 44 (Djf).
T. c. Berland, 1920b: 158, f. 190-192 (f).
T. c. Caporiacco, 1941b: 70, f. 23 (Dm).

mf cochise Levi, 1963....................USA
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 553, f. 123-124 (Dm).
T. c. Levi, 1969: 69, f. 5-8 (m, Df).

f cochrum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 586, f. 266-269 (Df).

f cocosense Strand, 1906....................Costa Rica
T. c. Strand, 1906i: 784 (D).
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 543, f. 82-83 (f).

f coenosum Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar
T. c. Thorell, 1887: 110 (Df).
T. caenosum Bonnet, 1959: 4459 (lapsus).

f cohni Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 529, f. 19-20 (Df).

mf coldeniae Baert & Maelfait, 1986....................Galapagos Is.
T. c. Baert & Maelfait, 1986: 55, f. 5-9 (Dmf).

f comstocki Berland, 1920....................East Africa
T. c. Berland, 1920b: 162, f. 199-201 (Df).

f confusum O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand
T. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 34 (Df).

mf conigerum Simon, 1914....................Europe
Euryopis pyramidalis Simon, 1879a: 255 (Df, preoccupied).
Lasaeola pyramidalis Simon, 1881a: 151.
Dipoenura pyramidalis Simon, 1909e: 95.
T. c. Simon, 1914a: 261, 297 (replacement name).
Achaearanea conigera Levi & Levi, 1962: 44, 49 (Tj from Theridion, rejected).
T. c. Wunderlich, 1973b: 406, f. 1-9 (Dm, misidentified per Heimer, 1980).
Chrysso c. Heimer, 1980: 179, f. 1-3 (Tj from Theridion, Dm).
T. c. Knoflach, 1993a: 205, f. 1-2, 5-12 (Tm from Chrysso, Df).

mf contreras Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 100, f. 144-147 (Dmf).

f convexellum Roewer, 1942....................Queensland, New South Wales
T. convexum Keyserling, 1890: 241, pl. 22, f. 1 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1870).
T. c. Roewer, 1942a: 485 (replacement name).

mf convexisternum Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. c. Caporiacco, 1949a: 393, f. 45a-e (Dmf).

f corcyraeum Brignoli, 1984....................Corfu
T. c. Brignoli, 1984b: 297, f. 22 (Df).

f costaricaense Levi, 1963....................Costa Rica to Venezuela
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 556, f. 137-138 (Df).

f cowlesae Levi, 1957....................USA
T. c. Levi, 1957a: 31, f. 91-92 (Df).

mf coyoacan Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 93, f. 107-110 (Dmf).

mf crinigerum Simon, 1881....................Corsica, Morocco, Algeria
T. c. Simon, 1881a: 72 (Df).
T. c. Dalmas, 1922: 86 (Dm).

mf cruciferum Urquhart, 1886....................New Zealand
T. c. Urquhart, 1886: 193, pl. 7, f. 5 (Dmf).
T. calyciferum Urquhart, 1886: 192, pl. 7, f. 4 (Df).
T. maculopes Urquhart, 1887: 105 (Df).
T. helvolum Urquhart, 1888: 113, pl. 11, f. 2 (Df).
T. exornatum Urquhart, 1888: 115 (Df).
T. brunnea-folium Urquhart, 1889a: 142 (Df).
T. niger-punctillum Urquhart, 1889a: 143 (Df).
T. apiatum Urquhart, 1891a: 148 (Df).
T. literatum Urquhart, 1891a: 150 (Df).

m crucum Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1959b: 96, f. 142-143 (Dm).

f cuspulatum Schmidt & Krause, 1998....................Cape Verde Is.
T. c. Schmidt & Krause, 1998: 419, f. 2-3 (Df).

m cuyutlan Levi, 1963....................Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 579, f. 235 (Dm).

mf cynicum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936....................USA, Mexico
T. c. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 10, f. 12 (Dm).
Anelosimus c. Archer, 1950: 22 (Tm from Theridion, rejected).
T. c. Levi, 1957a: 39, f. 126-128 (m, Df).

f dafnense Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. dafnensis Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 113, f. 65-66 (Df).
T. d. Levy, 1998b: 208, f. 397-398 (f).

f darolense Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia
T. d. Strand, 1906b: 615 (Df).

f davisorum Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. d. Levi, 1959b: 89, f. 72-73 (Df).

f dayongense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. dayongensis Zhu, 1998: 175, f. 11A-D (Df).
T. dayongensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72K-L (f).

mf decaryi Fage, 1930....................Madagascar
T. d. Fage, 1930: 26, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

m decemmaculatum Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra
T. d. Thorell, 1890a: 275 (Dm).

m decemperlatum (Simon, 1889)....................Madagascar
Mastostigmus decemperlatus Simon, 1889b: 230 (Dm).
Mastostigmus decemperlatus Levi & Levi, 1962: 23 (this type species might belong to Euryopis).

mf dedux O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................South Africa
T. d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 158, pl. 12, f. 1 (Dmf).

f delicatum O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................South Africa
T. d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 157, pl. 11, f. 5 (Df).

f derhami Simon, 1895....................Sierra Leone, Gabon, Bioko
T. d. Simon, 1895g: 139 (Df).

f diadematum Chrysanthus, 1963....................New Guinea
T. d. Chrysanthus, 1963: 749, f. 110-112 (Df).

f dianiphum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. d. Rainbow, 1916a: 58, pl. 16, f. 38-39 (Df).

mf differens Emerton, 1882....................USA, Canada
T. d. Emerton, 1882: 9, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. d. Keyserling, 1884a: 52, pl. 2, f. 30 (mf).
T. d. Emerton, 1902: 114, f. 263-266 (mf).
T. d. Emerton, 1909: 180, pl. 1, f. 7 (f).
T. d. Comstock, 1940: 367, f. 132, 351-352 (mf).
T. spirale Muma, 1943: 67, pl. XIII, f. 4 (f).
T. d. Kaston, 1945b: 4, f. 14 (f).
T. d. Kaston, 1948: 103, f. 123-124, 144-145 (mf).
Allotheridion d. Archer, 1950: 20, pl. III, f. 4-5 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. d. Levi, 1957a: 32, f. 100-101, 104-106 (mf).
T. d. Shear, 1967: 6, f. 6-7 (m).

mf dilucidum Simon, 1897....................Costa Rica to Venezuela, West Indies
T. d. Simon, 1897d: 862 (Df).
T. defunctum Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 103, f. 13-14 (Dm).
T. atkinsi Bryant, 1940: 317, f. 72-73, 77 (Dmf).
T. virginus Bryant, 1942a: 344, f. 27 (Dm).
T. d. Levi, 1959b: 84, f. 78-81 (f, Sm).

mf dilutum Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico
T. d. Levi, 1957a: 37, f. 112-113, 123-125 (Dmf).

mf dividuum Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA
T. d. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 6, f. 29 (Dm).
Allotheridion d. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. d. Levi, 1957a: 25, f. 67-68, 71-74 (mf).

f dominica Levi, 1963....................Dominica
T. d. Levi, 1963c: 569, f. 200-201 (Df).

m dreisbachi Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. d. Levi, 1959b: 96, f. 201-202 (Dm).

f dubium Bradley, 1877....................New Guinea
T. d. Bradley, 1877: 116 (Df).

f dukouense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. dukouensis Zhu, 1998: 133, f. 77A-D (Df).
T. dukouensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 72M-N (f).

mf dulcineum Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA
T. d. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 4, f. 11-12, 17-18 (Dmf).
Allotheridion d. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. d. Levi, 1957a: 26, f. 69-70, 75-76 (mf).

f durbanicum Lawrence, 1947....................South Africa
T. d. Lawrence, 1947: 18, f. 10 (Df).

f ecuadorense Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
T. e. Levi, 1963c: 546, f. 92-93 (Df).

m electum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico
Phyllonethis electa O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 165, pl. 20, f. 3 (Dm, not f).
T. e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 390, pl. 36, f. 27 (m, not f).
Allotheridion e. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tm from Theridion).

mf elegantissimum Roewer, 1942....................Taiwan
T. elegans Saito, 1933b: 43, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1862).
T. e. Roewer, 1942a: 480 (replacement name).
T. elegans Lee, 1966: 29, f. 7a-d (mf).
T. e. Yoshida, 1978b: 9, f. 18-21 (mf).
T. elegans Hu, 1984: 168, f. 174.1-2 (mf).

f elevatum Thorell, 1881....................Queensland
T. e. Thorell, 1881: 167 (Df).

f elimatum L. Koch, 1882....................Mallorca
T. e. L. Koch, 1882: 630, pl. 20, f. 8 (Df).

f elisabethae Roewer, 1951....................Mexico
T. maculipes Bryant, 1948a: 57, f. 3 (Df, preoccupied by Urquhart, 1886).
T. e. Roewer, 1951: 455 (replacement name).
T. e. Levi, 1959b: 89, f. 87-88 (f).

mf elli Sedgwick, 1973....................Chile
T. e. Sedgwick, 1973: 352, f. 5-10 (Dmf).

mf ellicottense Dobyns & Bond, 1996....................USA
T. e. Dobyns & Bond, 1996: 90, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f emertoni Berland, 1920....................East Africa
T. e. Berland, 1920b: 157, f. 187-189 (Df).

f epiense Berland, 1938....................New Hebrides
T. epiensis Berland, 1938: 166, f. 107-109 (Df).

f eremum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. e. Levi, 1963c: 548, f. 98-99 (Df).

mf eugeni Roewer, 1942....................Bioko
T. morulum Simon, 1907d: 260 (Dmf; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1898).
T. e. Roewer, 1942a: 477 (replacement name).

mf evexum Keyserling, 1884....................Mexico, West Indies to Brazil
T. e. Keyserling, 1884a: 65, pl. 3, f. 39 (Df).
Phyllonethis electa O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 165, pl. 20, f. 2 (f, misidentified).
T. e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 389, pl. 36, f. 25-26 (mf).
T. cabriolatum Franganillo, 1931: 47 (Dm).
T. cabriolatum Bryant, 1936b: 325, pl. 23, f. 2-3 (m).
Allotheridion e. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. e. Levi, 1959b: 97, f. 124-135 (mf, S).

f excavatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Guatemala
T. e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 391, pl. 37, f. 5 (Df).
T. e. Levi, 1959b: 102, f. 206-207 (f).

mf exlineae Levi, 1963....................Ecuador, Peru
T. exlinae Levi, 1963c: 580, f. 237-240 (Dmf).
T. e. Brignoli, 1983c: 423.

f expallidatum O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand
T. e. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 34 (Df).
T. expallidum Bonnet, 1959: 4471 (lapsus).

mf familiare O. P.-Cambridge, 1871....................Palearctic
T. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 418, pl. 55, f. 15 (Dm).
T. f. Simon, 1881a: 81 (Df).
T. f. Bösenberg, 1902: 105, pl. 9, f. 130 (mf).
T. f. Wiehle, 1937: 170, f. 136-139 (mf).
T. f. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 72, f. 46E, 47E (mf).
T. f. Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 438 (f).
T. f. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 82e (mf).
T. f. Hu & Li, 1987b: 273, f. 16.1-2 (f).
T. f. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 304, f. 813 (mf).
T. f. Roberts, 1995: 285, f. (mf).
T. f. Roberts, 1998: 299, f. (mf).

mf fastosum Keyserling, 1884....................Ecuador, Peru
T. f. Keyserling, 1884a: 58, pl. 3, f. 34 (Dmf).
T. f. Levi, 1963c: 530, f. 21-23 (mf).

f fatuhivaense Berland, 1933....................Marquesas Is.
T. fatuhivaensis Berland, 1933b: 62, f. 40-41 (Df).

f femorale Thorell, 1881....................Queensland
T. f. Thorell, 1881: 173 (Df).

m femoratissimum Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. f. Caporiacco, 1949a: 387, f. 40 (Dm).

f fernandense Simon, 1907....................Bioko
T. f. Simon, 1907d: 256 (Df).

m filum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. f. Levi, 1963c: 525, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f flabelliferum Urquhart, 1887....................New Zealand
T. f. Urquhart, 1887: 106 (Df).
T. venustulum Urquhart, 1887: 107 (Dj).
T. f. Bryant, 1933b: 14, pl. 5, f. 48 (f).

mf flavonotatum Becker, 1879....................USA, Cuba
T. f. Becker, 1879a: 79, pl. 1, f. 7-9 (Df).
T. pascagoulensis Becker, 1879a: 80, pl. 1, f. 10 (Df).
T. pascagoulense Keyserling, 1884a: 22, pl. 1, f. 8 (Df).
T. f. Keyserling, 1884a: 61, pl. 3, f. 36 (f).
T. lyra Keyserling, 1884a: 50, pl. 2, f. 28 (f, misidentification).
T. floridensis Banks, 1904c: 125 (Df).
T. atramontanum Banks, 1911: 444, pl. 35, f. 12 (Dmf).
T. dimachaerum Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 181, pl. 23, f. 28 (Dm).
T. f. Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 182, pl. 23, f. 29 (f, Dm).
T. floridense Bryant, 1940: 319, f. 85 (f, removed from S of T. lyricum).
T. floridensis Bryant, 1945c: 206, f. 3, 6 (m, Dm).
T. f. Archer, 1946: 42 (S).
Allotheridion f. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. f. Levi, 1957a: 34, f. 102-103, 107-109 (mf, S).
T. f. Breene et al., 1993: 63, f. 37A-B (mf).

mf flavoornatum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. flavo-ornatum Thorell, 1898: 304 (Dmf).

j fornicatum Simon, 1884....................Sudan
T. f. Simon, 1884k: 22 (Dj).

f frio Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. f. Levi, 1959b: 110, f. 199-200 (Df).

mf frizzellorum Levi, 1963....................Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
T. f. Levi, 1963c: 550, f. 109-116 (Dmf).

mf frondeum Hentz, 1850....................USA, Bahama Is.
T. f. Hentz, 1850: 275, pl. 9, f. 7 (Df).
T. brassicae Fitch, 1869: 563 (Df).
T. f. Emerton, 1882: 15, pl. 3, f. 1 (f, Dm).
T. f. Simon, 1894a: 536, f. 549 (m).
T. f. Emerton, 1902: 116, f. 274 (mf).
T. f. Kaston, 1945b: 5, f. 18-19 (mf).
T. f. Kaston, 1948: 105, f. 135-140, 167-169 (mf).
Allotheridion f. Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. f. Levi, 1957a: 81, f. 288-289, 298-299 (mf).
T. f. Shear, 1967: 6, f. 8-9 (m).

mf fruticum Simon, 1890....................Yemen
T. f. Simon, 1890a: 98 (Dmf).

m fungosum Keyserling, 1886....................Ecuador, Peru
T. mirabile Keyserling, 1884a: 39, pl. 2, f. 20 (Dm, preoccupied).
T. f. Keyserling, 1886b: 294 (replacement name).
T. guriae Strand, 1917c: 72 (superfluous replacement name).
T. f. Levi, 1963c: 561, f. 179 (m).

mf furfuraceum Simon, 1914....................France, Algeria, Syria
T. f. Simon, 1914a: 266, 270, 298, f. 527 (Dmf).
T. f. Wunderlich, 1995v: 693, f. 10-11 (m).

f fuscodecoratum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. f. Rainbow, 1916a: 63, pl. 16, f. 52-53 (Df).

f fuscomaculatum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. f. Rainbow, 1916a: 55, pl. 15, f. 33-34 (Df).

m fuscum Franganillo, 1930....................Cuba
T. f. Franganillo, 1930: 13 (Dm; N.B.: primary junior homonym of T. f. Blackwall, 1841).

mf gabardi Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka
T. g. Simon, 1895g: 142 (Dmf).

mf galerum Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. g. Levi, 1959b: 85, f. 82-86 (Dmf).

f gekkonicum Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. gekkonicus Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 109, f. 56-57 (Df).
T. g. Levy, 1998b: 203, f. 388-389 (f).

mf geminipunctum Chamberlin, 1924....................USA, Mexico
T. g. Chamberlin, 1924b: 638, f. 78-79 (Dmf).
T. mohave Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 9, f. 8 (Df).
T. g. Levi, 1957a: 43, f. 135-136, 142-144 (mf, S).

mf genistae Simon, 1873....................Western Mediterranean to Uzbekistan
T. g. Simon, 1873a: 279 (Dmf).
T. g. Wiehle, 1960c: 469, f. 14 (f).
T. g. Brignoli, 1967e: 193, f. 11A-C (mf).
T. g. Vanuytven, Van Keer & Poot, 1994: 2, f. 8 (m).

f genistae turanicum Charitonov, 1946....................Uzbekistan
T. g. t. Charitonov, 1946: 24, f. 29 (Df).

m gentile Simon, 1881....................Corsica, Algeria
T. g. Simon, 1881a: 106 (Dm).

f gertschi Levi, 1959....................USA, Mexico
T. g. Levi, 1959b: 89, f. 91-92 (Df).

f gibbum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. g. Rainbow, 1916a: 59, pl. 16, f. 43-45 (Df).

m gigantipes Keyserling, 1890....................New South Wales, Victoria
T. g. Keyserling, 1890: 245, pl. 22, f. 4 (Dm).

f giraulti Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. g. Rainbow, 1916a: 60, pl. 16, f. 46-47 (Df).

mf glaciale Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum
T. g. Caporiacco, 1934a: 145, pl. 2, f. 6 (Dmf).

mf glaucescens Becker, 1879....................USA, Canada
T. glaucescens Becker, 1879a: 81, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
T. spirale Emerton, 1882: 10, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dmf).
T. glaucescens Keyserling, 1884a: 55, pl. 2, f. 32 (f).
T. spirale Keyserling, 1884a: 56, pl. 3, f. 33 (mf).
T. volatile Keyserling, 1884a: 60, pl. 3, f. 35 (Dmf).
Steatoda spiralis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 384.
T. spirale Emerton, 1902: 116, f. 270-273 (mf).
T. spirale Comstock, 1940: 369, f. 355-356 (mf).
T. differens Muma, 1943: 65, pl. XIII, f. 2 (f).
T. spirale Kaston, 1945b: 5, f. 13 (f).
T. spirale Kaston, 1948: 105, f. 126-127, 148-149 (mf).
T. g. Gertsch, in Archer, 1946: 47 (removed f from S of T. blandum Hentz, 1850, Sm).
T. g. Levi, 1957a: 44, f. 152-153, 155-156 (mf).
T. g. Levi, 1963c: 525 (S).
T. g. Breene et al., 1993: 63, f. 36A-C (mf).

f glaucinum Simon, 1881....................France
T. g. Simon, 1881a: 76 (Df).

mf goodnightorum Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico
T. g. Levi, 1957a: 41, f. 129-130, 145-147 (Dmf).

f gracilipes Urquhart, 1889....................New Zealand
T. g. Urquhart, 1889a: 145 (Df).
T. g. Bryant, 1933b: 14, pl. 4, f. 36, pl. 5, f. 44, 51 (f).

m grallator Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. g. Simon, 1900a: 456, pl. 15, f. 8 (Dm).

f gramineum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. gramineusum Zhu, 1998: 176, f. 112A-C (Df, lapsus).
T. gramineusum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 73A-B (f).

f grammatophorum Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. grammatophorus Simon, 1909e: 87 (Df).

mf grancanariense Wunderlich, 1987....................Canary Is.
T. grancanariensis Wunderlich, 1987a: 221, f. 586-589 (Dmf).

mf grandiosum Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. g. Levi, 1963c: 541, f. 72-75 (Dmf).

f grecia Levi, 1959....................Mexico to Venezuela
T. g. Levi, 1959b: 105, f. 185-186 (Df).

f guineense Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau
T. g. Simon, 1907d: 257 (Df).

f gyirongense Hu & Li, 1987....................China
T. gyirongensis Hu & Li, 1987b: 273, f. 16.3-4 (Df).

mf hainenense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. hainanensis Zhu, 1998: 172, f. 109A-E (Dmf).
T. hainanensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 73C-D, K-L (mf).

mf haleakalense Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. h. Simon, 1900a: 453, pl. 15, f. 5 (Dmf).

mf hannoniae Denis, 1944....................Europe, North Africa, Madeira, Canary Is.
T. h. Denis, 1944c: 116, f. 10, 13, 16 (Dmf).
T. denisi Wunderlich, 1987a: 220, f. 580-585 (Dmf; preoccupied by T. denisi Caporiacco, 1955, but that name was synonymized by Levi, 1957a: 69).
T. h. Thaler & Noflatscher, 1990: 173, f. 30 (m).
T. h. Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 238, f. 16-22 (mf, S).
T. h. Kloid, 1994: 56, f. 1-6 (f).
T. h. Jäger, 1996a: 558, f. 4-5 (f).
T. h. Roberts, 1998: 298, f. (mf).

f hartmeyeri Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
T. h. Simon, 1908d: 410 (Df).

f hassleri Levi, 1963....................Hispaniola
T. h. Levi, 1963c: 557, f. 139-140 (Df).

mf hebridisianum Berland, 1938....................New Hebrides
T. h. Berland, 1938: 165, f. 104-106 (Dmf).

f helophorum Thorell, 1895....................Java
T. h. Thorell, 1895: 98 (Df).
T. h. Workman, 1896: 70, pl. 70 (f).

mf hemerobium Simon, 1914....................USA, Canada, Europe
T. hemerobius Simon, 1914a: 264, 268, 297, f. 525 (Dmf).
T. berkeleyi Emerton, 1924b: 30, f. 8 (Dm).
T. zelotypum Kaston, 1948: 109, f. 151 (f, misidentified).
T. ornatum Tullgren, 1949: 45, f. 5a only (f, misidentified).
T. wallacei Schenkel, 1950b: 49, f. 13 (Df; preoccupied by Gertsch & Archer, 1942).
T. fieldi Levi, 1951: 3, f. 46 (Df).
Allotheridion fieldi Levi & Field, 1954: 441, f. 1 (f).
T. berkeleyi Levi, 1957a: 52, f. 166-167, 171-172, 174 (m, Sf).
T. berkeleyi Palmgren, 1974b: 24, f. 6.6 (f).
T. berkeleyi Kaston, 1977: 15, f. 8 (m).
T. antusi Kasal, 1982: 73, f. 1-5 (Dm).
T. pictum Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 96, f. 23-24 (f, misidentified).
T. h. Vanuytven, Van Keer & Janssen, 1990: 16 (S).
T. hemerobius Blick, Sammorey & Martin, 1993: 29, f. 3-4, 6 (mf; N.B.: the specific name is a Greek two-ending adjective, not a noun in apposition, per H. D. Cameron, in litt.).
T. hemerobius Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 236, f. 1-5 (mf, S).
T. hemerobius Roberts, 1995: 283, f. (mf).
T. hemerobius Levy, 1998b: 186, f. 353-354 (f).
T. hemerobius Roberts, 1998: 296, f. (mf).

f hermonense Levy, 1991....................Israel
T. h. Levy, 1991: 227, f. 1-2 (Df).
T. h. Levy, 1998b: 188, f. 355-356 (f).

f hewitti Caporiacco, 1949....................Ethiopia
T. h. Caporiacco, 1949a: 383, f. 37 (Df).

mf hidalgo Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico
T. h. Levi, 1957a: 43, f. 133-134, 139-141 (Dmf).
T. h. Breene et al., 1993: 62, f. 35A-C (mf).

m hierichonticum Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. hierichonticus Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 102, f. 38-40 (Dm).
T. h. Levy, 1998b: 195, f. 370-372 (m).

mf hispidum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Mexico, West Indies to Paraguay
T. h. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 259, pl. 35, f. 5 (Dm).
T. hirsutum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: pl. 34, f. 6 (m, lapsus).
Steatoda hispida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 385.
T. h. Levi, 1959b: 86, f. 95-102 (m, Df).
T. h. Levi, 1963c: 530, f. 194-195 (f).

f histrionicum Thorell, 1875....................Balkans
T. h. Thorell, 1875a: 92 (Df).
T. h. Thorell, 1875c: 54 (Df).

f hondurense Levi, 1959....................Honduras
T. h. Levi, 1959b: 107, f. 193-194 (Df).

mf hopkinsi Berland, 1929....................Samoa
T. h. Berland, 1929b: 53, f. 31-32 (Df).
T. h. Marples, 1955a: 483, pl. 58, f. 12 (Dm).

mf hotanense Zhu & Zhou, 1993....................China
T. petraeum Hu & Wu, 1989: 136, f. 108.1-2 (f, misidentified).
T. pinastri Hu & Wu, 1989: 137, f. 109 (m, misidentified).
T. hotanensis Zhu & Zhou, 1993: 84, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
T. hotaensis Zhu, 1998: 132, f. 76A-F (mf).
T. hotanensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 73E-F, M-N (mf).

mf huanrenense Zhu & Gao, 1993....................China
T. huanrenensis Zhu & Gao, in Zhu, Gao & Guan, 1993: 90, f. 5-10 (Dmf).
T. huanrenensis Zhu, 1998: 153, f. 94A-E (mf).
T. huanrenensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 73G-H, O-P (mf).

m huanuco Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. h. Levi, 1963c: 552, f. 108 (Dm).

f hui Zhu, 1998....................China
T. theridioides Hu & Wu, 1989: 137, f. 110.1-2 (f, misidentified).
T. h. Zhu, 1998: 150, f. 91A-C (Df).
T. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 137, f. 73I-J (f).

f humboldti Levi, 1967....................Peru
T. h. Levi, 1967b: 25, f. 7-9 (Df).

f hummeli Schenkel, 1936....................China
T. h. Schenkel, 1936b: 35, f. 10 (Df).

m idiotypum Rainbow, 1917....................South Australia
T. i. Rainbow, 1917a: 484, pl. 32, f. 2-4 (Dm).

f illecebrosum Simon, 1885....................Senegal
T. i. Simon, 1885d: 372 (Df).
T. illeceborosum Roewer, 1942a: 477 (lapsus).

f impegrum Keyserling, 1886....................Brazil
T. i. Keyserling, 1886b: 232, pl. 20, f. 286 (Df).
T. impigrum Levi, 1963c: 574, f. 217-218 (f, invalid emendation).

m impressithorax Simon, 1895....................Philippines
T. i. Simon, 1894a: 516, f. 539, 546 (m, nomen nudum).
T. i. Simon, 1895g: 138 (Dm).

mf impressum L. Koch, 1881....................Holarctic
Steatoda sisyphia Menge, 1868: 161, pl. 30, f. 69 (mf, misidentified).
T. i. L. Koch, 1881b: 45, pl. 2, f. 1 (Dm).
T. sisyphum Simon, 1881a: 100.
T. i. intermedium Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 27 (Df).
T. i. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 33, pl. 1, f. 26 (m, Df).
T. i. Bösenberg, 1902: 99, pl. 9, f. 111 (mf).
T. i. Simon, 1914a: 257, 295, f. 509, 512-513 (mf).
T. cornutum Yurinich & Drensky, 1917: 116, 136, pl. 1, f. 1-3 (Dj; preoccupied by Wider, 1834).
T. botezati Rosca, 1935: 243, f. 3 (Dmf).
T. botezati Rosca, 1936a: 198, f. 5 (mf).
T. i. Wiehle, 1937: 152, f. 81-84 (mf).
T. cornutum Drensky, 1939a: 85, f. 1.
T. i. Nakatsudi, 1942b: 9, f. 1C (f).
T. frigicola Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 27, f. 14-15 (Dmf).
Allotheridion i. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. i. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 67, f. 44C-D (mf).
T. i. Levi, 1957a: 89, f. 321, 326-328 (mf, S).
T. i. Azheganova, 1968: 58, f. 101, 112 (mf).
T. i. Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 401, 426 (mf).
T. i. Miller, 1971: 194, pl. XXXV, f. 4-5 (mf).
T. i. Izmailova, 1972b: 44, f. 2 (f).
T. i. Palmgren, 1974b: 18, f. 4.1-4 (mf).
T. i. Punda, 1975b: 64, f. 137-138 (f).
T. i. Müller, 1982a: 248, f. 4 (f).
T. i. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 81e (mf).
T. i. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. III.22, 24 (mf).
T. i. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 224, f. LXIX.22, 24 (mf).
T. i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 302, f. 808 (mf).
T. i. Deltshev, 1992a: 17 (S).
T. i. Roberts, 1995: 282, f. (mf).
T. i. Mcheidze, 1997: 192, f. 388-391 (mf).
T. i. Bellmann, 1997: 68, f. (f).
T. i. Zhu, 1998: 161, f. 100A-E (mf).
T. i. Roberts, 1998: 296, f. (mf).
T. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 74A-B, K-L (mf).

mf incanescens Simon, 1890....................Yemen
T. i. Simon, 1890a: 97 (Dmf).

f incertissimum (Caporiacco, 1954)....................French Guiana, Brazil
Tidarren i. Caporiacco, 1954: 77, f. 13, 13a (Df).
T. i. Levi, 1963c: 567, f. 192-193 (Tf from Tidarren).

m incertum O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India
T. i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 35 (Dm).

m inconspicuum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. i. Thorell, 1898: 305 (Dm).

f indicis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Japan
T. i. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 141, pl. 11, 12, f. 280 (Df).
T. i. Saito, 1939: 46, f. 6(1) (f).
T. i. Saito, 1959: 71, f. 67a-b (f).

f indicum Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is.
T. indica Tikader, 1977a: 168, f. 5A-C (Df).
T. i. Brignoli, 1983c: 416.

mf innocuum Thorell, 1875....................Russia, Ukraine
T. i. Thorell, 1875b: 65 (Dm).
T. i. Thorell, 1875c: 50 (Dm).
T. i. Azheganova, 1968: 58, f. 102, 113 (mf).
T. i. Izmailova, 1972b: 43, f. 1 (f).
T. i. Izmailova, 1989: 92, f. 72 (f).

f inquinatum Thorell, 1878....................Myanmar, Singapore, Amboina
T. i. Thorell, 1878b: 155 (Df).
T. i. Workman, 1896: 67, pl. 67 (f).

f inquinatum continentale Strand, 1907....................China
T. i. c. Strand, 1907k: 129 (Df).

f insignitarse Simon, 1907....................Gabon
T. i. Simon, 1907d: 256 (Df).

mf intritum (Bishop & Crosby, 1926)....................USA
Dipoena intrita Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 176, pl. 22, f. 21 (Dm).
T. indianorum Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 9, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
Allotheridion i. Levi, 1953b: 1 (Tm from Dipoena, Sf).
T. i. Levi, 1957a: 35, f. 110-111, 120-122 (mf).

mf iramon Levi, 1963....................Colombia, Ecuador
T. i. Levi, 1963c: 533, f. 36-39 (Dmf).

f ischagosum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 445, f. 267a-f (Df).

f isorium Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. i. Levi, 1963c: 582, f. 241-243 (Df).

mf istokpoga Levi, 1957....................USA to Panama
T. i. Levi, 1957a: 67, f. 235-236, 247-248 (Dmf).

m italiense Wunderlich, 1995....................Italy
T. i. Wunderlich, 1995v: 692, f. 8-9 (Dm).

f jordanense Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. jordanensis Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 103, f. 41-42 (Df).
T. j. Levy, 1998b: 196, f. 373-374 (f).

f kambalum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. k. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 444, f. 266a-b (Df).

mf karamayense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. karamayensis Zhu, 1998: 168, f. 106A-E (Dmf).
T. karamayensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 74C-D, I-J (mf).

f kauaiense Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. k. Simon, 1900a: 455, pl. 15, f. 7 (Df).

f kawea Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico
T. k. Levi, 1957a: 48, f. 118-119 (Df).

f kibonotense Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa
T. k. Tullgren, 1910: 127, pl. 2, f. 41 (Df).

mf kijabei Berland, 1920....................East Africa
T. k. Berland, 1920b: 153, f. 181-183 (Dmf).

m kiliani Müller & Heimer, 1990....................Colombia
T. k. Müller & Heimer, 1990: 136, f. 1A-B (Dm).

f kobrooricum Strand, 1911....................Aru Is.
T. k. Strand, 1911d: 135, pl. 4, f. 1 (Df).

j kochi Roewer, 1942....................Samoa
T. ambiguum L. Koch, 1872a: 273, pl. 22, f. 9 (Dj; preoccupied by Nicolet, 1849).
T. k. Roewer, 1942a: 486 (replacement name).

?? kollari Doleschall, 1852....................Austria
T. k. Doleschall, 1852: 649 (D).

f kraepelini Simon, 1905....................Java
T. k. Simon, 1905c: 57 (Df).

f kraussi Marples, 1957....................Fiji
T. k. Marples, 1957: 391, f. 3 (Df).

mf kunmingicum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. k. Zhu, 1998: 136, f. 80A-E (Dmf).
T. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 74E-F, M-N (mf).

mf lacticolor Berland, 1920....................Kenya, Yemen, Madagascar
T. l. Berland, 1920b: 159, f. 193-194 (Df).
T. l. Knoflach & van Harten, 2000a: 215, f. 1-14 (f, Dm).

f laevigatum Blackwall, 1870....................Italy
T. l. Blackwall, 1870b: 425 (Df).

f lago Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
T. l. Levi, 1963c: 588, f. 273-275 (Df).

f lamperti Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia
T. l. Strand, 1906b: 615 (Df).

f lapidicola Kulczyn'ski, 1887....................Italy
T. l. Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 309, pl. 5, f. 16 (Df).

mf latifolium Yaginuma, 1960....................China, Korea, Japan
T. l. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 1, pl. 9, f. 50, f. 34.1-2, 101B (Dmf).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.1-2 (f).
T. l. Hu, 1984: 170, f. 177.1-2 (f).
T. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 19.11 (mf).
T. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 41, f. 53 (mf).
T. l. Zhu, 1998: 152, f. 93A-E (mf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 74G-H, O-P (mf).

jj latisternum Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum
T. l. Caporiacco, 1934a: 148, pl. 1, f. 16 (Djj).

mf lawrencei Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA
T. l. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 8, f. 23 (Dm).
T. l. Levi, 1957a: 71, f. 257-260 (m, Df).

mf leechi Gertsch & Archer, 1942....................USA, Canada
T. l. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 8, f. 19-20 (Dmf).
T. l. Levi, 1957a: 74, f. 267-268, 290-291 (mf).

mf leguiai Chamberlin, 1916....................Colombia, Peru
T. l. Chamberlin, 1916: 229, pl. 15, f. 7-10 (Df).
Achaearanea l. Levi, 1963b: 221, f. 55-56 (Tf from Theridion).
T. l. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 55, f. 19-20 (Tf from Achaearanea, Dm).

m lenzianum Strand, 1907....................South Africa
T. l. Strand, 1907a: 530 (Dm).
T. l. Strand, 1907n: 586 (Dm).

mf leones Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. l. Levi, 1959b: 99, f. 148-151 (Dmf).

mf leucophaeum Simon, 1905....................India
T. l. Simon, 1905a: 178 (Dmf).

j leve Blackwall, 1877....................Seychelles
T. l. Blackwall, 1877: 14 (Dj).

m leviorum Gertsch & Riechert, 1976....................USA
T. l. Gertsch & Riechert, 1976: 9, f. 7-8 (Dm).

mf liaoyuanense (Zhu & Yu, 1982)....................China
Achaearanea liaoyuanensis Zhu & Yu, 1982: 60, f. 1a-f (Dmf).
Achaearanea liaoyuanensis Hu, 1984: 156, f. 159.1-6 (mf).
T. liaoyuanensis Zhu, 1998: 157, f. 97A-E (Tmf from Achaearanea).
T. liaoyuanensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 75A-B, G-H (mf).

f libudum Roberts, 1978....................Seychelles
T. l. Roberts, 1978: 905, f. 5-9 (Df).

f limatum Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
T. l. Tullgren, 1910: 130, pl. 2, f. 45 (Df).

f limitatum L. Koch, 1872....................Queensland, New South Wales
T. l. L. Koch, 1872a: 256, pl. 21, f. 5 (Df).

f linaresense Levi, 1963....................Chile
T. l. Levi, 1963c: 537, f. 50-51 (Df).

mf linimaculatum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. l. Zhu, 1998: 182, f. 117A-E (Dmf).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 75C-D, I-J (mf).

mf llano Levi, 1957....................USA
T. l. Levi, 1957a: 28, f. 77-80 (Dmf).

f lomirae Roewer, 1938....................New Guinea
T. l. Roewer, 1938: 21, f. 9-11 (Df).

m longicrure Marples, 1956....................New Zealand
T. l. Marples, 1956: 339, f. 7 (Dm).

f longihirsutum Strand, 1907....................China
T. l. Strand, 1907k: 131, f. 19 (Df).

m longipalpum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. l. Zhu, 1998: 193, f. 126A-C (Dm).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 75K-L (m).

f longipedatum Roewer, 1942....................Colombia
T. longipes Keyserling, 1884a: 66, pl. 4, f. 40 (Df; preoccupied by Hasselt, 1882).
T. l. Roewer, 1942a: 494 (replacement name).
Allotheridion l. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tf from Theridion).
T. l. Levi, 1963c: 540, f. 66-67 (f).

f ludekingi Thorell, 1890....................Java
T. ludekingii Thorell, 1890a: 277 (Df).

mf ludius Simon, 1880....................Malaysia to Australia, New Caledonia
T. l. Simon, 1880i: 170 (Df).
T. l. Simon, 1898b: 271 (Dm).

f lumabani Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. l. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 449, f. 271a-g (Df).

mf lunulatum Guan & Zhu, 1993....................China
T. l. Guan & Zhu, in Zhu, Gao & Guan, 1993: 91, f. 11-13 (Dm).
T. l. Zhu, 1998: 140, f. 83A-E (m, Df).
T. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 75E-F, M-N (mf).

mf lushanense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. lushanensis Zhu, 1998: 180, f. 115A-E (Dmf).
T. lushanensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 76A-B, G-H (mf).

f luteitarse Schmidt & Krause, 1995....................Cape Verde Is.
T. luteitarsis Schmidt & Krause, 1995b: 362, f. 9 (Df).

mf lyricum Walckenaer, 1842....................Holarctic
T. l. Walckenaer, 1842: 288 (D).
T. lyra Hentz, 1850: 279, pl. 9, f. 21 (Df).
T. lyra Keyserling, 1884a: 50, pl. 2, f. 28 (f).
T. kentuckyense Keyserling, 1884a: 78, pl. 4, f. 47 (Dm).
T. kentuckyense Banks, 1892a: 30, pl. 5, f. 43 (Df).
T. kentuckyense Emerton, 1909: 180, pl. 1, f. 6 (mf).
T. l. Archer, 1946: 43 (Sm).
T. lyra Kaston, 1948: 106, f. 132, 153-154 (mf).
Allotheridion l. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. l. Levi, 1957a: 89, f. 322-323, 329-331 (mf).
T. l. Yoshida, 1987a: 13, f. 1-2 (mf).
T. l. Yoshida, 1989b: 318, f. 4P-R (mf).
T. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 44, f. 64 (mf).

m macei Simon, 1895....................Congo
T. m. Simon, 1894a: 533, f. 543-544 (nomen nudum).
T. m. Simon, 1895g: 138 (Dm).

f machu Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 566, f. 188-189 (Df).

f macuchi Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 569, f. 204-205 (Df).

f maculiferum Roewer, 1942....................Zanzibar
T. maculatum Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 40, pl. 2, f. 20 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1805).
T. m. Roewer, 1942a: 478 (replacement name).

mf magdalenense Müller & Heimer, 1990....................Colombia
T. magdalenensis Müller & Heimer, 1990: 137, f. 2A-C (Dmf).

f maindroni Simon, 1905....................India
T. m. Simon, 1905a: 179 (Df).

f manjithar Tikader, 1970....................India
T. m. Tikader, 1970: 8, f. 3a-b (Df).

m manonoense Marples, 1955....................Samoa
T. m. Marples, 1955a: 487, pl. 59, f. 1 (Dm).

m maranum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 570, f. 206 (Dm).

f maron Levi, 1963....................Paraguay
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 565, f. 180-181 (Df).

m martini Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. m. Levi, 1959b: 104, f. 181-182 (Dm).

f mataafa Marples, 1955....................Samoa
T. m. Marples, 1955a: 485, pl. 58, f. 11, pl. 59, f. 13 (Df).

f mauense Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. m. Caporiacco, 1949a: 386, f. 39 (Df).

mf mauiense Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. m. Simon, 1900a: 452, pl. 15, f. 11 (Dmf).

m mehlum Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
T. m. Roberts, 1983: 230, f. 50-55 (Dm).

f melanoplax Schmidt & Krause, 1996....................Canary Is.
T. m. Schmidt & Krause, 1996: 263, f. 1-2 (Df).

mf melanoprorum Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
T. m. Thorell, 1895: 93 (Dmf).

f melanoprorum orientale Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. m. o. Simon, 1909e: 89 (Df).

f melanosternon Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 237, f. 4-5 (Df).
T. melanosternum Levi, 1969: 70, f. 9-12 (f).

mf melanostictum O. P.-Cambridge, 1876....................Mediterranean, China, Japan, USA
T. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 570 (Df).
T. miami Levi, 1980b: 336, f. 3-9 (Dmf).
T. m. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 99, f. 32-37 (f, Dm).
T. m. Levy, 1985a: 114 (S).
T. m. Wunderlich, 1987a: 219, f. 577-579 (mf).
T. m. Wunderlich, 1992a: 419, f. 605 (f).
T. ogasawarense Yoshida, 1993e: 111, f. 6-9 (Dmf).
T. m. Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 48, 54, 55c (mf).
T. m. Zhu, 1998: 148, f. 90A-E (mf).
T. m. Levy, 1998b: 192, f. 364-369 (mf).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 76E-F, K-L (mf).

mf melanurum Hahn, 1831....................Holarctic, Azores
Aranea denticulata Walckenaer, 1802: 208 (D, preoccupied by Olivier, 1789).
T. denticulatum Walckenaer, 1805: 74.
T. m. Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 22, f. A (Df).
T. denticulatum Walckenaer, 1842: 305 (Dmf).
T. denticulatum Blackwall, 1864a: 185, pl. 13, f. 118 (mf).
Steatoda undulata Menge, 1868: 158, pl. 30, f. 67 (Dmf).
Steatoda denticulata Karsch, 1873: 129.
T. denticulatum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 34, pl. 1, f. 33 (mf).
T. denticulatum Becker, 1896: 89, pl. 19, f. 2 (mf).
T. dorsatum Banks, 1897: 195 (Df).
T. denticulatum Bösenberg, 1902: 100, pl. 9, f. 122 (mf).
T. undulatum Bösenberg, 1902: 101, pl. 9, f. 123 (f).
T. pictulum Banks, 1908: 205 (Df).
T. stanfordi Emerton, 1924b: 30, f. 7, 9 (Dmf).
T. denticulatum Wiehle, 1937: 165, f. 114-118 (mf).
T. m. Tullgren, 1949: 41, f. 2-4 (mf).
T. bishopi Schenkel, 1950b: 47, f. 12 (Df).
Allotheridion dorsatum Archer, 1950: 19, pl. III, f. 4 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
T. m. Wiehle, 1952: 226, f. 1, 3, 6 (mf).
T. denticulatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 71, f. 45C, 46D, 47D (mf).
T. m. Levi, 1957a: 55, f. 181-186 (mf, S).
T. m. Locket & Millidge, 1957: 481, f. 3A-B (mf).
T. m. Wiehle, 1960b: 248, f. 32a, 33a, 35a (mf).
T. m. Thaler, 1966: 154, f. 2a (f).
T. m. Wiehle, 1967b: 187, f. 9 (m).
T. denticulatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 414, 434 (mf).
T. m. Miller, 1971: 195, pl. XXXV, f. 20-21, pl. LXII, f. 20 (mf).
T. m. Palmgren, 1974b: 22, f. 5.6-9 (mf).
T. m. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 55, f. 32A, 33A, C (mf).
T. denticulatum Ledoux, 1979: 288, f. 1d, 2d, 3b (mf).
T. denticulatum Ledoux & Canard, 1981: 17, f. 34 (f).
T. m. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 89, f. 6-10 (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 83a, c, pl. C (mf).
T. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 304, f. 816 (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1995: 285, f. (mf).
T. denticulatum Mcheidze, 1997: 194, f. 399-400 (f).
T. m. Levy, 1998b: 173, f. 327-331 (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1998: 299, f. (mf).
T. m. Aakra, 2000a: 85, f. 6B, D (f).

mf melinum Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. m. Simon, 1900a: 457, pl. 15, f. 10 (Dmf).

f mendozae Berland, 1933....................Marquesas Is.
T. m. Berland, 1933b: 62, f. 42-44 (Df).

j meneghettii Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. m. Caporiacco, 1949a: 390 (Dj).

mf metabolum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................Panama
T. m. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 33, pl. 10, f. 79 (Df).
T. m. Levi, 1959b: 101, f. 152-158 (f, Dm).

f metator Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau
T. m. Simon, 1907d: 255 (Df).

mf michelbacheri Levi, 1957....................USA
T. m. Levi, 1957a: 47, f. 159-163 (Dmf).

f micheneri Levi, 1963....................Panama
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 586, f. 263-265 (Df).

mf minutissimum Keyserling, 1884....................Panama, Peru
T. m. Keyserling, 1884a: 34, pl. 2, f. 17 (Dmf).
T. m. Levi, 1959b: 121, f. 249 (m).
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 564, f. 173-176 (mf).

m minutulum Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
T. m. Thorell, 1895: 101 (Dm).

m miserum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. m. Thorell, 1898: 312 (Dm).

f mneon Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Japan
T. m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 142, pl. 12, f. 286 (Df).

f modestum (Simon, 1894)....................Sri Lanka
Phaetoticus modestus Simon, 1894a: 552 (Df).
Phaetoticus modestus Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 98-99 (f).

f molliculum Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon
T. m. Thorell, 1899: 25 (Df).

m mollissimum L. Koch, 1872....................Australia, Samoa
T. m. L. Koch, 1872a: 262, pl. 22, f. 2 (Dm).

mf montanum Emerton, 1882....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Norway, Finland, Russia
T. m. Emerton, 1882: 10, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
Allotheridion m. Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. m. Levi, 1957a: 71, f. 251-256 (mf).
T. m. Palmgren, 1974b: 27, f. 6.15-18 (mf).

f monzonense Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. m. Levi, 1963c: 559, f. 145-146 (Df).

f mortuale Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
T. m. Simon, 1908d: 409 (Df).

mf morulum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................USA, Mexico
T. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 254, pl. 35, f. 6 (Df).
Steatoda morula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 384, pl. 36, f. 14 (f).
T. jeanae Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 7, f. 25-26 (Dmf).
T. jeanae Levi, 1957a: 79, f. 271, 280-281, 296-297 (mf).
T. m. Levi, 1959b: 110, f. 159-161 (f, Sm).

mf murarium Emerton, 1882....................North America
T. m. Emerton, 1882: 11, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dmf).
T. m. Keyserling, 1884a: 17, pl. 1, f. 5 (mf).
T. m. Emerton, 1902: 115, f. 267-269 (mf).
T. m. Comstock, 1940: 368, f. 353-354 (mf).
T. m. Kaston, 1945b: 5, f. 15 (f).
T. m. Kaston, 1948: 104, f. 125, 146-147 (mf).
Allotheridion m. Archer, 1950: 18, pl. III, f. 5 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. m. Levi, 1957a: 19, f. 12, 57-58, 61-63 (mf).
T. m. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 10 (m).
T. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 94 (m).
T. m. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 92 (m).
T. m. Breene et al., 1993: 61, f. 32A-C (mf).

f musivivoides Schmidt & Krause, 1995....................Cape Verde Is.
T. musivivum Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 95, f. 7 (f, misidentified).
T. m. Schmidt & Krause, 1995b: 360, f. 5 (Df).

mf musivivum Schmidt, 1956....................Canary Is.
T. denticulatum m. Schmidt, 1956e: 145 (Df).
T. denticulatum m. Schmidt, 1956g: 244, f. 7d (f).
T. m. Schmidt, 1975a: 508 (elevated to species).
T. m. Schmidt & Krause, 1995b: 360, f. 6-8 (f, Dm).

mf musivum Simon, 1873....................Mediterranean
T. m. Simon, 1873a: 278, pl. 2, f. 26 (Dmf).
T. m. Wiehle, 1960c: 460, f. 4 (f).
T. m. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 105, f. 43-47 (mf).
Paidiscura musiva Wunderlich, 1987a: 215 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. m. Levy, 1998b: 197, f. 375-379 (mf).
T. m. Knoflach & Thaler, 2000: 425 (Tmf from Paidiscura).

mf myersi Levi, 1957....................USA, Mexico, Jamaica
T. m. Levi, 1957a: 31, f. 95-98 (Dmf).

mf mystaceum L. Koch, 1870....................Palearctic
T. m. L. Koch, 1870: 21 (Dmf).
T. m. Bösenberg, 1902: 110, pl. 9, f. 138 (m).
T. neglectum Wiehle, 1952: 227, f. 2, 4-5, 7-8 (Dmf).
T. neglectum Locket & Millidge, 1957: 481, f. 3C-D (mf).
T. neglectum Wiehle, 1960b: 248, f. 32b, 33b, 35b (mf).
T. neglectum Pichka, 1966: 774, f. 2 (f).
T. neglectum Thaler, 1966: 154, f. 2b (f).
T. neglectum Wiehle, 1967b: 187, f. 10 (f).
T. neglectum Wiehle, 1967c: 198, f. 4 (f).
T. neglectum Miller, 1971: 195, pl. XXXV, f. 18-19, pl. LXII, f. 24 (mf).
T. m. Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 199 (removed mf from S of T. melanurum, S).
T. neglectum Palmgren, 1974b: 22, f. 5.1-5 (mf).
T. m. Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 56, f. 32B, 33B, D (mf).
T. m. Punda, 1975b: 64, f. 144, 146 (f).
T. m. Ledoux, 1979: 283, f. 1c, 2b-c, 3a (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 83b, d, pl. C (mf).
T. denticulatum Hu & Wu, 1989: 133, f. 106.1-2 (f, misidentified).
T. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 304, f. 817 (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1995: 286, f. (mf).
T. m. Zhu, 1998: 147, f. 89A-D (mf).
T. m. Roberts, 1998: 300, f. (mf).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 77C-D, K (mf).
T. m. Aakra, 2000a: 84, f. 6A, C (f).

f mysteriosum Schmidt, 1971....................Ecuador
T. m. Schmidt, 1971: 421, f. 24 (Df).

f nadleri Levi, 1959....................Trinidad
T. n. Levi, 1959b: 119, f. 240-241 (Df).

mf naevium Zhu, 1998....................China
T. n. Zhu, 1998: 171, f. 108A-E (Dmf).
T. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 77E-F, L-M (mf).

mf nagorum Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
T. n. Roberts, 1983: 236, f. 75-81 (Dmf).

mf naneum Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
T. n. Roberts, 1983: 231, f. 56-61 (Dmf).

m nasinotum Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. n. Caporiacco, 1949a: 395, f. 46 (Dm).

mf nasutum Wunderlich, 1995....................Sardinia
T. n. Wunderlich, 1995a: 371, f. 56-65 (Dmf).

f necijaense Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. necijaensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 444, f. 265a-g (Df).

mf negebense Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. negebensis Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 106, f. 48-55 (Dmf).
T. n. Levy, 1998b: 199, f. 380-387 (mf).

mf neomexicanum Banks, 1901....................USA, Canada
T. placens Keyserling, 1884a: 71, pl. 3, f. 43 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1877).
T. n. Banks, 1901b: 577 (Df).
T. placens Emerton, 1924b: 29, f. 4 (Dm).
T. placidum Roewer, 1942a: 504 (replacement name for T. placens).
T. n. Levi, 1957a: 76, f. 269, 274-275, 292-293 (f, Sm).
T. n. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 45, f. 78-79 (m).
T. n. Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 78-79 (m).
T. n. Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 78-79 (m).
T. n. Roth, 1994: 184, f. 78-79 (m).

mf neshamini Levi, 1957....................USA
T. n. Levi, 1957a: 88, f. 311-312, 317-319 (Dmf).

m nesticum Levi, 1963....................Trinidad
T. n. Levi, 1963c: 572, f. 210 (Dm).

f nigriceps Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
T. n. Keyserling, 1891: 188, pl. 6, f. 134 (Df).
T. n. Levi, 1963c: 575, f. 221-224 (f).

mf nigroannulatum Keyserling, 1884....................Peru
T. nigro-annulatum Keyserling, 1884a: 74, pl. 4, f. 45 (Dmf; N.B.: listed as T. migromaculatum in table on pp. 5, 8).
T. n. Levi, 1963c: 539, f. 59-63 (mf).

mf nigrolimbatum Yaginuma, 1972....................Japan
T. n. Yaginuma, 1972c: 22, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
T. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 37, f. 20.6 (mf).
T. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 45, f. 66 (mf).

f nigroplagiatum Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. n. Caporiacco, 1949a: 389, f. 42 (Df).

mf nigropunctatum Lucas, 1846....................Mediterranean
T. n. Lucas, 1846: 266, pl. 16, f. 6 (Df).
T. n. Simon, 1873a: 284 (Dm).
T. n. Simon, 1914a: 259, 296, f. 516-517 (mf).
T. n. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 97, f. 25-31 (mf).
T. n. Wunderlich, 1987a: 219, f. 574-576 (mf).
T. n. Levy, 1998b: 189, f. 357-363 (mf).

m nigropunctulatum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. n. Thorell, 1898: 306 (Dm).

mf nigrosacculatum Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
T. n. Tullgren, 1910: 130, pl. 2, f. 46 (Dmf).

mf nigrovariegatum Simon, 1873....................Palearctic
T. n. Simon, 1873a: 288, pl. 2, f. 27 (Dmf).
T. tuberculatum Kroneberg, 1875: 9, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dmf).
T. frivaldszkyi Herman, 1879: 89, 347, pl. 7, f. 154 (Dm).
T. n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 33, pl. 1, f. 27 (mf).
T. n. Bösenberg, 1902: 107, pl. 9, f. 134 (mf).
T. n. Simon, 1914a: 255, 294, f. 505-506 (mf).
T. n. Wiehle, 1937: 147, f. 63-69 (mf).
T. n. Buchar & Zdárek, 1960: 100, f. 4 (f).
T. n. Brignoli, 1968d: 98, f. 6 (m).
T. n. Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 424 (f).
T. n. Miller, 1971: 194, pl. XXXIV, f. 18-19 (mf).
T. n. Marusik, 1989b: 48 (S).
T. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 302, f. 810 (mf).
T. n. Jäger et al., 2000: 34, f. 1-5 (mf).

f nilgherinum Simon, 1905....................India
T. n. Simon, 1905a: 179 (Df).

f niphocosmum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. n. Rainbow, 1916a: 57, pl. 15, f. 37 (Df).

mf nivalium Saito, 1934....................Sakhalin
T. n. Saito, 1934a: 330, f. 5 (Dm).
T. nivarium Saito, 1959: 71, f. 68a-d (Df).

mf niveopunctatum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. n. Thorell, 1898: 302 (Dmf).

mf niveum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Mexico
T. n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 255, pl. 34, f. 11 (Df).
T. n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 390, pl. 37, f. 1-2 (f, Dm).
T. n. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 205, f. 51-52 (f).
T. n. Levi, 1959b: 101, f. 162-167 (mf).

f nivosum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. n. Rainbow, 1916a: 62, pl. 16, f. 48-50 (Df).

mf nodiferum Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka
T. n. Simon, 1894a: 533, f. 542 (nomen nudum).
T. n. Simon, 1895g: 140 (Dmf).

mf nojimai Yoshida, 1999....................Japan
T. n. Yoshida, 1999: 127, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf nudum Levi, 1959....................Mexico, Panama
T. n. Levi, 1959b: 118, f. 227-229 (Dmf).

f oatesi Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
T. oatesii Thorell, 1895: 86 (Df).

f obscuratum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. o. Zhu, 1998: 167, f. 105A-D (Df).
T. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 77G-H (f).

mf ochreolum Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. ochreolus Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 91, f. 11-13 (Dm).
T. ochreolus Levy, 1985a: 115, f. 60-61 (Df).
T. ochreolus Wunderlich, 1995v: 692, f. 7 (m).
T. o. Levy, 1998b: 176, f. 332-336 (mf).

j octoferum Strand, 1909....................South Africa
T. o. Strand, 1909g: 560 (Dj).

f odoratum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. odoratusum Zhu, 1998: 144, f. 86A-D (Df, lapsus).
T. odoratusum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 78A-B (f).

m olaup Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. o. Levi, 1963c: 580, f. 236 (Dm).

mf omilteni Levi, 1959....................Guatemala
T. evexum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 389, pl. 36, f. 25 (mf, misidentified).
T. o. Levi, 1959b: 105, f. 172-176 (Dmf).

f onticolum Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. o. Levi, 1963c: 544, f. 84-85 (Df).

mf opolon Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. o. Levi, 1963c: 580, f. 225, 258-259 (Dmf).

mf opuntia Levi, 1963....................Mexico
T. o. Levi, 1963c: 531, f. 25-29 (Dmf).

mf orgea (Levi, 1967)....................Brazil
Achaearanea o. Levi, 1967b: 23, f. 5-6 (Df).
T. o. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 56, f. 21-22, 27-28 (Tf from Achaearanea, Dm).

mf orlando (Archer, 1950)....................USA
Allotheridion o. Archer, 1950: 20, pl. III, f. 3 (Df).
T. o. Levi, 1957a: 87, f. 309-310, 315-316 (f, Dm).

m osprum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. o. Levi, 1963c: 577, f. 229 (Dm).

f oswaldocruzi Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. o. Levi, 1963c: 546, f. 94-95 (Df).

f otsospotum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. o. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 449, f. 269a-f (Df).

mf palanum Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
T. p. Roberts, 1983: 233, f. 62-65 (Dmf).

f palgongense Paik, 1996....................Korea
T. p. Paik, 1996d: 9, f. 9-16 (Df).

f pallidulum Roewer, 1942....................East Africa
T. pallidum Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 41, pl. 2, f. 21 (Df; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1836).
T. p. Roewer, 1942a: 478 (replacement name).

mf palmgreni Marusik & Cellarius, 1986....................Russia, Estonia
T. p. Marusik & Cellarius, 1986: 1736, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf pandani Simon, 1895....................Cambodia
T. p. Simon, 1895g: 140 (Dmf).

f panganii Caporiacco, 1947....................Tanzania
T. p. Caporiacco, 1947d: 151, f. 21 (Df).

f paraense Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 574, f. 219-220 (Df).

m parvulum Blackwall, 1870....................Sicily
T. p. Blackwall, 1870a: 400, pl. 8, f. 5 (Dm).

f parvum Keyserling, 1884....................Peru
T. p. Keyserling, 1884a: 83, pl. 4, f. 52 (Df).
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 560, f. 149-150 (f).

f patrizii Caporiacco, 1933....................Libya
T. p. Caporiacco, 1933: 321, f. 4 (Df).

f pelaezi Levi, 1963....................Mexico
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 545, f. 90-91 (Df).

mf pennsylvanicum Emerton, 1913....................USA, Canada
T. p. Emerton, 1913b: 255, pl. 48, f. 1 (Dm).
T. p. Kaston, 1948: 110, f. 174-175 (mf).
Allotheridion p. Archer, 1950: 38, pl. III, f. 5 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. p. Levi, 1957a: 85, f. 306-308, 313-314, 320 (mf).
T. p. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 93 (m).

f peristeri Drensky, 1929....................Balkans
T. p. Drensky, 1929: 29, 67, pl. 3, f. 1-2 (Df; N.B.: spelled this way in legend, peristerensis in heading, but peristeri was subsequently used by Drensky, as first reviser).

mf perkinsi Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. p. Simon, 1900a: 454, pl. 15, f. 6 (Dmf).

mf pernambucum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 532, f. 30-33 (Dmf).
T. pernambuco Brignoli, 1983c: 425 (lapsus).

m perpusillum Simon, 1885....................Malaysia
T. p. Simon, 1885f: 451 (Dm).

mf petraeum L. Koch, 1872....................Holarctic
T. p. L. Koch, 1872b: 246 (Dmf).
T. maxillare Emerton, 1913a: 212, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dm; preoccupied by Brullé, 1832).
T. pirini Drensky, 1921: 21, 76, pl. 1, f. 5-7 (Df).
T. maxillatum Roewer, 1942a: 503 (replacement name for T. maxillare).
T. p. Wiehle, 1937: 172, f. 140-142 (mf; not f. 143-145).
T. p. Denis, 1944c: 113, f. 8 (f).
Allotheridion p. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. p. Levi, 1957a: 24, f. 59-60, 64-66 (mf, S).
T. p. Wiehle, 1960b: 245, f. 28-30 (mf).
T. p. Wiehle, 1967c: 198, f. 3 (m).
T. p. Thaler, 1981c: 110, f. 14 (m).
T. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 306, f. 820 (mf).
T. p. Deltshev, 1992a: 20, f. 4 (m, S).
T. p. Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 238, f. 9-10, 14 (mf).
T. p. Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 39, 41, 45, 51, 55a, 60-61, 63a-c (mf).

f petrunkevitchi Berland, 1920....................East Africa
T. p. Berland, 1920b: 155, f. 184-186 (Df).

f phaeostomum Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. phaeostoma Simon, 1909e: 88 (Df).

mf pictipes Keyserling, 1884....................USA
T. p. Keyserling, 1884a: 64, pl. 3, f. 38 (Df).
Allotheridion p. Archer, 1950: 19, pl. III, f. 5 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
T. p. Levi, 1957a: 77, f. 270, 278-279, 294-295 (mf).

mf pictum (Walckenaer, 1802) *....................Holarctic
Aranea picta Walckenaer, 1802: 207 (D, preoccupied by Razoumowsky, 1789 but validated by ICZN Opinion 517).
T. p. Walckenaer, 1805: 74.
T. ornatum Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 3, f. C (Df).
T. p. Hahn, 1833a: 90, f. 68 (mf).
Steatoda picta C. L. Koch, 1837b: 9.
T. p. C. L. Koch, 1845: 139, f. 1062-1063 (mf).
T. p. Blackwall, 1864a: 184, pl. 13, f. 117 (mf).
Steatoda picta Menge, 1868: 154, pl. 29, f. 65 (mf).
T. zelotypum Emerton, 1882: 11, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).
T. zelotypum Keyserling, 1884a: 25, pl. 1, f. 10 (f).
T. p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 34, pl. 1, f. 31 (mf).
T. p. Becker, 1896: 92, pl. 20, f. 1 (mf).
T. p. Bösenberg, 1902: 99, pl. 8, f. 120 (mf).
T. zelotypum Emerton, 1909: 180, pl. 1, f. 5 (f, Dm).
T. p. Wiehle, 1937: 168, f. 126-131 (mf).
T. zelotypum Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 7, f. 3 (f).
T. zelotypum Kaston, 1948: 109, f. 128, 150 (mf).
T. ornatum Tullgren, 1949: 45, f. 5b only (f).
Allotheridion ornatum Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
Allotheridion zelotypum Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
Allotheridion pictum Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. zelotypum Levi, 1951: 4, f. 47 (f).
T. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 68, f. 45B, 46A, 47A (mf; valid name under ICZN Opinion 517).
Allotheridion zelotypum Levi & Field, 1954: 442, f. 3 (f).
T. ornatum Levi, 1957a: 50, f. 164-165, 168-170, 173 (mf, S).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1960: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. p. Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 90-93 (mf).
T. p. Azheganova, 1968: 59, f. 105, 114-115 (mf).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1971: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 151, f. 437 (f).
T. p. Miller, 1971: 196, pl. XXXV, f. 13-15 (mf).
T. p. Palmgren, 1974b: 24, f. 6.1-5 (mf).
T. p. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 45, f. 72, 74-77 (mf).
T. ornatum Kaston, 1977: 15, f. 6-7 (mf).
T. p. Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 72, 74-77 (mf).
T. p. Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 72, 74-77 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 82a (mf).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 20.1 (f).
T. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 42, f. 56 (mf).
T. p. Izmailova, 1989: 94, f. 74 (f).
T. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 806 (mf).
T. p. Blick, Sammorey & Martin, 1993: 30, f. 1-2, 5 (mf).
T. p. Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 236, f. 6-8 (mf).
T. p. Roth, 1994: 184, f. 74-77 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1995: 282, f. (mf).
T. p. Mcheidze, 1997: 196, f. 402-404 (mf).
T. p. Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 40, 43, 50, 55e, 59 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1998: 296, f. (mf).

f pigrum Keyserling, 1886....................Brazil
T. p. Keyserling, 1886b: 232, pl. 20, f. 287 (Df).
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 584, f. 254-255 (f).

mf pilatum Urquhart, 1893....................Tasmania
T. p. Urquhart, 1893b: 109 (Dmf).

?? piligerum Frauenfeld, 1867....................Nicobar Is.
T. p. Fraunenfeld, 1867: 462 (D).

f piliphilum Strand, 1907....................South Africa
T. p. Strand, 1907a: 529 (Df).
T. p. Strand, 1907n: 584 (Df).

mf pinastri L. Koch, 1872....................Palearctic
T. p. L. Koch, 1872b: 249 (Dmf).
T. p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 34, pl. 1, f. 29 (mf).
T. p. Becker, 1896: 91, pl. 19, f. 3 (mf).
T. p. Bösenberg, 1902: 101, pl. 9, f. 124 (mf).
T. p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 147, pl. 10, f. 187 (f).
T. p. Wiehle, 1937: 173, f. 146-149 (mf).
T. p. Tullgren, 1949: 46, f. 6a-b (f).
Allotheridion p. Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. p. Paik, 1957: 43, f. 9-10 (f).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1960: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. p. Arita, 1970: 26, f. 9-10 (mf).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1971: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. p. Tyschchenko, 1971: 151, f. 416, 435 (mf).
T. p. Miller, 1971: 197, pl. XXXV, f. 11-12 (mf).
T. p. Palmgren, 1974b: 26, f. 6.7-10 (mf).
T. p. Punda, 1975b: 68, f. 141, 147 (f).
T. p. Murphy & Murphy, 1979: 314, f. 1-6 (mf).
T. p. Hu, 1984: 171, f. 179.1-3 (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 82c (mf).
T. p. Guo, 1985: 98, f. 2-42.1-2 (f).
T. pinastraides Zhu et al., 1985: 104, f. 90a-c (f; N.B.: nomen nudum; specific name attributed to Song, 1981, but never published by that author and considered by him to be this species).
T. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 20.2 (mf).
T. p. Song, 1987: 127, f. 88 (mf).
T. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 42, f. 55 (mf).
T. p. Feng, 1990: 121, f. 96.1-3 (mf).
T. p. Chen & Gao, 1990: 97, f. 122a-b (mf).
T. p. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 154, f. 151.1-3 (mf).
T. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 306, f. 819 (mf).
T. p. Jones, 1992: 6, f. 1 (f).
T. p. Roberts, 1995: 284, f. (mf).
T. p. Mcheidze, 1997: 195, f. 401 (f).
T. p. Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 42, 47, 53, 55b, 56-58 (mf).
T. p. Zhu, 1998: 191, f. 124A-E (mf).
T. p. Roberts, 1998: 298, f. (mf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 138, f. 78C-D, K-L (mf).

f pinguiculum Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. p. Simon, 1909e: 91 (Df).

mf pinicola Simon, 1873....................Corsica
T. p. Simon, 1873e: 364 (Dm).
T. p. Simon, 1881a: 105 (Df).

f pires Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 562, f. 156-157 (Df).

f piriforme Berland, 1938....................New Hebrides
T. piriformis Berland, 1938: 164, f. 101-103 (Df).

mf plaumanni Levi, 1963....................Venezuela, Brazil
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 583, f. 244-248 (Dmf).

f plectile Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. p. Simon, 1909e: 90 (Df).

f plumipes Hasselt, 1882....................Sumatra
T. p. Hasselt, 1882: 33 (Df).

f pluviale Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
T. p. Tullgren, 1910: 133, pl. 2, f. 49 (Df).

mf poecilum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. p. Zhu, 1998: 142, f. 85A-E (Dmf).
T. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 78E-F, M-N (mf).

f porphyreticum Urquhart, 1889....................New Zealand
T. p. Urquhart, 1889a: 144 (Df).
T. p. Bryant, 1933b: 15, pl. 3, f. 24, 27, pl. 4, f. 31 (f).

mf positivum Chamberlin, 1924....................USA, West Indies to Paraguay
T. p. Chamberlin, 1924b: 636, f. 75 (Df).
T. detractum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 14, f. 27 (Df).
T. cybele Bryant, 1942a: 342, f. 39 (Df).
Chindellum detractum Archer, 1950: 12 (Tf from Theridion).
T. denisi Caporiacco, 1955: 332, f. 24a-c (Df).
T. p. Levi, 1957a: 68, f. 237-239, 243-246 (f, Dm, S).
T. p. Levi, 1963c: 565, f. 177-178 (mf).

mf posticatum Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. p. Simon, 1900a: 458, pl. 15, f. 12 (Dmf).

f postmarginatum Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
T. p. Tullgren, 1910: 128, pl. 2, f. 42 (Df).

f praeclusum Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
T. p. Tullgren, 1910: 128, pl. 2, f. 43 (Df).

f praemite Simon, 1907....................Sierra Leone
T. p. Simon, 1907d: 258 (Df).

m praetextum Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. p. Simon, 1900a: 450, pl. 15, f. 4 (Dm).

m praetextum concolor Simon, 1900....................Hawaii
T. p. c. Simon, 1900a: 451 (Dm).

m prominens Blackwall, 1870....................Italy
T. p. Blackwall, 1870b: 427 (Dm).

f proximum Lawrence, 1964....................South Africa
T. proxima Lawrence, 1964: 69, f. 18-19 (Df).
T. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 417.

mf puellae Locket, 1980....................Comoro Is.
T. p. Locket, 1980: 119, f. 9-11 (Dmf).

mf pumilio Urquhart, 1886....................New Zealand
T. p. Urquhart, 1886: 190, pl. 7, f. 3 (Dmf).

mf punctipes Emerton, 1924....................USA, Mexico
T. p. Emerton, 1924b: 29, f. 1-3 (Dm).
T. p. Levi, 1957a: 75, f. 261-266 (m, Df).

mf punctosparsum Emerton, 1882....................USA
T. puncto-sparsum Emerton, 1882: 12, pl. 1, f. 6 (Dmf).
T. p. Keyserling, 1884a: 14, pl. 1, f. 3 (f).
T. p. Comstock, 1940: 365, f. 348 (f).
T. p. Kaston, 1948: 108, f. 133-134 (f).
Allotheridion p. Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. p. Levi, 1957a: 60, f. 194-195, 204, 217-218, 220-221 (mf).

f punicapunctatum Urquhart, 1891....................New Zealand
T. punica-punctata Urquhart, 1891a: 147 (Df).

f punongpalayum Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines
T. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 449, f. 270a-f (Df).

mf purcelli O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................St. Helena, South Africa
T. purcellii O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 159, pl. 12, f. 2 (Dmf).
T. p. Benoit, 1977i: 142, f. 60a-d, 61a-b (mf).

f pyramidale L. Koch, 1867....................Queensland, New South Wales
T. p. L. Koch, 1867b: 190 (Df).
T. p. L. Koch, 1872a: 266, pl. 21, f. 5 (f).

mf pyrenaeum Denis, 1944....................Spain, Andorra
T. p. Denis, 1944c: 115, f. 9, 12, 15 (Dmf).
T. p. Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 238, f. 11-13, 15 (mf).

mf qionghaiense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. qionghaiensis Zhu, 1998: 164, f. 102A-E (Dmf).
T. qionghaiensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 78I-J, O-P (mf).

mf quadratum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1882)....................Sri Lanka, Sumatra
Chrysso quadrata O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 430, pl. 30, f. 7 (Dmf).
T. q. Simon, 1894a: 535.

f quadrilineatum Lenz, 1886....................Madagascar
T. q. Lenz, 1886: 394 (Df).

mf quadrimaculatum Song & Kim, 1991....................China
T. q. Song & Kim, 1991: 20, f. 4-6 (Df).
T. q. Zhu, 1998: 178, f. 114A-F (f, Dm)
T. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 79A-B, I, K (mf).

j quadripapulatum Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
T. q. Thorell, 1895: 91 (Dj)

mf quadripartitum Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
T. q. Keyserling, 1891: 182, pl. 6, f. 127 (Dmf).
Achaearanea quadripartita Levi, 1963b: 208, f. 30-33 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. q. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 58, f. 23, 29 (Tmf from Achaearanea).

mf rabuni Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944....................USA, Bahama Is.
T. r. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 53, f. 75-77 (Df).
T. reticulateum Muma, 1944: 7, f. 9-10 (Dm).
T. reticulateum Muma, 1945: 96, f. 10 (Df).
T. mumae Roewer, 1951: 455 (replacement name for T. reticulateum, erroneously believed preoccupied by T. reticulatum Hahn, 1834).
T. r. Levi, 1957a: 28, f. 81-86 (f, Sm).
T. r. Breene et al., 1993: 62, f. 34A-B (mf).

mf rafflesi Simon, 1899....................Sumatra
T. r. Simon, 1899a: 83 (Dmf).

mf rampum Levi, 1963....................Peru, Venezuela
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 557, f. 141-142, 232-233 (Dmf).

mf ravum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 554, f. 127-130 (Dmf).

mf refugum Drensky, 1929....................Austria, Balkans, Bulgaria, Greece, Russia
T. refugus Drensky, 1929: 31, 68, pl. 3, f. 3-5 (Dmf).
T. wiehlei Thaler, 1981c: 110, f. 11-13 (mf, misidentified).
T. pindi Brignoli, 1984b: 300, f. 26 (Df).
T. refugus Deltshev, 1992a: 20, f. 1-3 (mf, S).
T. r. Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 46, 52, 55d (mf).

f reinhardti Charitonov, 1946....................Uzbekistan
T. r. Charitonov, 1946: 23, f. 28 (Df).

f resum Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. r. Levi, 1959b: 125, f. 253-254 (Df).

mf retreatense Strand, 1909....................South Africa
T. r. Strand, 1909g: 558 (Dmf).

m retrocitum Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. r. Simon, 1909e: 85 (Dm).

f rhodonotum Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. r. Simon, 1909e: 87 (Df).

mf ricense Levi, 1959....................Puerto Rico
T. r. Levi, 1959b: 99, f. 138-141 (Dmf).

f rossi Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 573, f. 214-216 (Df).

m rostriferum Simon, 1895....................West Africa
T. r. Simon, 1894a: 536, f. 548 (nomen nudum).
T. r. Simon, 1895g: 139 (Dm).

m rothi Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. r. Levi, 1959b: 95, f. 105-106 (Dm).

m rubiginosum Keyserling, 1884....................Brazil
T. r. Keyserling, 1884a: 80, pl. 4, f. 49 (Dm).
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 576, f. 226 (m).

f rubrum (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Steatoda rubra Keyserling, 1886b: 239, pl. 20, f. 294 (Df).
T. r. Levi, 1962a: 20 (Tf from Steatoda).
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 566, f. 184-185 (f).

m rurrenabaque Levi, 1963....................Bolivia
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 540, f. 64-65 (Dm).

f ruwenzoricola Strand, 1913....................Central Africa
T. r. Strand, 1913a: 346 (Df).

mf saanichum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947....................USA, Canada, Alaska
T. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 28, f. 16 (Df).
T. s. Levi, 1957a: 70, f. 240-242, 249-250 (f, Dm).

f sabinjonis Strand, 1913....................Central Africa
T. s. Strand, 1913a: 346 (Df).

f sadani Monga & Singh, 1989....................India
T. s. Monga & Singh, 1989: 81, f. 1-3 (Df).

f sagaphilum Strand, 1918....................Japan
T. s. Strand, 1918: 94 (Df).

f samoense Berland, 1929....................Samoa
T. samoensis Berland, 1929b: 50, f. 22-25 (Df).

m sanctum Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. sanctus Levi, 1959b: 95, f. 118-119 (Dm).
T. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 421.

mf sangzhiense Zhu, 1998....................China
T. sangzhiensis Zhu, 1998: 127, f. 72A-E (Dmf).
T. sangzhiensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 79C-D, J, L (mf).

m sardis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944....................USA
T. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 54, f. 78-80 (Dm).
T. sarde Levi, 1957a: 30, f. 89-90 (m).

f saropus Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar
T. s. Thorell, 1887: 104 (Df).

f scenicum Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé
T. s. Thorell, 1899: 24 (Df).

f schlingeri Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 566, f. 186-187 (Df).

m schrammeli Levi, 1963....................Mexico
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 556, f. 135-136 (Dm).

mf sciaphilum Benoit, 1977....................St. Helena
T. s. Benoit, 1977i: 144, f. 62a-d, 63a-b (Dmf).

mf scorinum Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra
T. s. Roberts, 1983: 233, f. 66-74 (Dmf).

f semitinctum Simon, 1914....................Spain, France, Balearic is.
T. s. Simon, 1914a: 270, 297 (Df).

f senckenbergi Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 567, f. 190-191 (Df).

f septempunctatum Berland, 1933....................Marquesas Is.
T. 7-punctatum Berland, 1933b: 63, f. 45 (Df).

m serpatusum Guan & Zhu, 1993....................China
T. s. Guan & Zhu, in Zhu, Gao & Guan, 1993: 92, f. 14-17 (Dm).
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 194, f. 127A-D (m).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 79M-N (m).

m sertatum Simon, 1909....................Vietnam
T. s. Simon, 1909e: 88 (Dm).

m setiferum Roewer, 1942 ....................Myanmar
T. setigerum Thorell, 1898: 309 (Dm; preoccupied by Urquhart, 1886).
T. s. Roewer, 1942a: 482 (replacement name).

m setosum L. Koch, 1872....................Queensland, New Hebrides, Samoa, New Caledonia
T. s. L. Koch, 1872a: 261, pl. 22, f. 1 (Dm).

f setum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 131, f. 75A-C (Df).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 79E-F (f).

f seximaculatum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 141, f. 84A-C (Df).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 79G-H (f).

mf sibiricum Marusik, 1988....................Russia, Mongolia
T. sibiricus Marusik, 1988a: 1478, f. 6.1-6 (Dmf).

f simplex Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi
T. s. Thorell, 1877b: 466 (Df).

m sinaloa Levi, 1959....................Mexico
T. s. Levi, 1959b: 115, f. 212 (Dm).

mf sisyphium (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic
Araneus sisyphius Clerck, 1757: 54, pl. 3, f. 5 (Df).
Aranea notata Linnaeus, 1758: 621 (D).
Aranea nervosa Olivier, 1789: 210 (D).
T. nervosum Walckenaer, 1802: 207.
Aranea scopulorum Schrank, 1803: 241 (D).
T. sisyphus Sundevall, 1831: 8, 1832: 115 (Dm).
T. sisyphum Hahn, 1834: 47, f. 132 (mf).
T. nervosum Hahn, 1834: 48, f. 133 (Dmf).
T. sisyphum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 73, f. 644 (m).
Linyphia cincta Walckenaer, 1842: 279 (D).
Steatoda sisyphus C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
T. nervosum Blackwall, 1864a: 183, pl. 13, f. 116 (mf).
Zilla alpina Giebel, 1867b: 434 (D).
T. s. Thorell, 1870a: 86.
T. s. Hansen, 1882: 34, pl. 2, f. 10 (mf).
T. sisyphum Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 33, pl. 1, f. 25 (mf).
T. sisyphum Becker, 1896: 99, pl. 22, f. 1 (mf).
T. sisyphum Bösenberg, 1902: 98, pl. 8, f. 118 (mf).
T. sisyphum Simon, 1914a: 257, 295, f. 509-511 (mf).
T. notatum Wiehle, 1937: 151, f. 76-80 (mf).
T. s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 66, f. 44A-B, 45A (mf).
T. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 147, f. 402, 425 (mf).
T. s. Miller, 1971: 194, pl. XXXV, f. 2-3 (mf).
T. s. Levi, 1974a: 270 (S).
T. s. Palmgren, 1974b: 19, f. 4.5-7 (mf).
T. s. Punda, 1975b: 64, f. 135-136 (f).
T. s. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 81d (mf).
T. s. Hu & Li, 1987a: 340, f. 18.1-2, 19.1-3 (mf).
T. sisyphius Hu & Wu, 1989: 138, f. 111.1-4 (mf).
T. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 302, f. 809 (mf).
T. sisyphius Zhao, 1993: 219, f. 99a-c (mf).
T. s. Roberts, 1995: 282, f. (mf).
T. s. Mcheidze, 1997: 192, f. 385-387 (f).
T. s. Bellmann, 1997: 68, f. (f).
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 168, f. 104A-E (mf).
T. s. Roberts, 1998: 295, f. (mf).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 80A-B, I-J (mf).

f sisyphium foliiferum Thorell, 1875....................Spain
T. sisyphum f. Thorell, 1875c: 49 (Df).

f sisyphium torandae Strand, 1917....................Yarkand, Karakorum
T. lepidum O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 32 (Dmf; preoccupied).
T. t. Strand, 1917c: 72 (replacement name).
T. s. illepida Caporiacco, 1934a: 147 (superfluous replacement name, reduced to subspecies).

m soaresi Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. bertkaui Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 367, f. 21 (Dm, preoccupied by Thorell, 1881).
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 526, f. 5 (m, replacement name).

f societatis Berland, 1934....................Tahiti
T. s. Berland, 1934a: 104, f. 13-16 (Df).

m solium Benoit, 1977....................St. Helena
T. s. Benoit, 1977i: 147, f. 64a-b (Dm).

m spinigerum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. s. Rainbow, 1916a: 62, pl. 16, f. 51 (Dm).

mf spinitarse O. P.-Cambridge, 1876....................North Africa
T. spinitarsis O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 570 (Df).
T. bifoveolatum Denis, 1945b: 48, f. 17 (Df).
T. aelleni Hubert, 1970b: 190, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
T. s. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 84 (S).
T. s. Brignoli, 1984b: 301 (Sm).

mf spinosissimum Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum
T. s. Caporiacco, 1934a: 144, pl. 4, f. 5 (Dmf).

f squalidum Urquhart, 1886....................New Zealand
T. squalide Urquhart, 1886: 195, pl. 8, f. 2 (Df).

m stamotum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 534, f. 40-41 (Dm).

m stannardi Levi, 1963....................Mexico
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 578, f. 231 (Dm).

mf sterninotatum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan
T. s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 143, f. 200, 289 (Dmf).
T. s. Yaginuma, 1960: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. s. Namkung, 1964: 35, f. 14a-b (f).
T. s. Yaginuma, 1971: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. s. Hu, 1984: 172, f. 179.4 (f).
T. s. Kumada, 1986: 1, f. 9-13 (mf).
T. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 20.3 (mf).
T. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 43, f. 60 (mf).
T. s. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 155, f. 152.1-3 (f).
T. s. Logunov, 1992e: 59, f. 4 (m).
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 156, f. 96A-F (mf).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 80C-D, K-L (mf).

mf strepitus Peck & Shear, 1987....................Galapagos Is.
T. s. Peck & Shear, 1987b: 881, f. 1-11 (Dmf).

mf striatum Keyserling, 1884....................Brazil
T. s. Keyserling, 1884a: 95, pl. 4, f. 62 (Dm).
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 527, f. 6-9 (m, Df).

mf styligerum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico, Guatemala
T. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 389, pl. 36, f. 24 (Dm).
T. s. Levi, 1959b: 103, f. 168-171 (m, Df).

mf subadultum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, Japan
T. s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 147, pl. 5, f. 42, pl. 10, f. 191 (Df).
T. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 19.12 (mf).
T. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 44, f. 63 (mf).

f subitum O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India
T. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 34 (Df).

m sublatifolium Zhu, 1998....................China
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 192, f. 125A-C (Dm).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 80M-N (m).

mf submirabile Zhu & Song, 1993....................China
T. submirabilis Zhu & Song, in Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 858, f. 12A-F (Dmf).
T. s. Zhu, 1998: 138, f. 81A-F (mf).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 80G-H, O-P (mf).

mf submissum Gertsch & Davis, 1936....................USA, Mexico, Bahama Is., Jamaica
T. s. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 10, f. 21 (Dm).
T. s. Levi, 1957a: 38, f. 116-117 (m).
T. s. Levi, 1959b: 84, f. 89-90 (Df).

mf subpallens Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan
T. s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 139, pl. 12, f. 293 (Df).
Dipoena caninotata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 150, pl. 12, f. 266 (Dmf).
T. s. Saito, 1934b: 300, pl. 14, f. 52 (f).
T. s. Saito, 1959: 71, f. 69a-d (f).
T. s. Shinkai & Hara, 1975: 10, f. 3-5 (f, Dm).
T. s. Shinkai, 1978: 87, f. 3-4 (mf).
T. s. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 30, f. 12.1-2 (f).
Dipoena caninotata Yaginuma, 1986a: 42, f. 23.8 (m).
T. s. Yoshida, 1988: 25 (Sm).
T. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 44, f. 65 (mf).
T. mirabilis Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 176, f. 17-21 (Dmf).
T. mirabilis Paik, 1996d: 10, f. 17-26 (f).
T. mirabile Zhu, 1998: 189, f. 122A-E (mf).
T. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 77A-B, I-J (mf, S).
T. s. Yoshida & Ono, 2000: 154, f. 57-58 (mf).

f subpingue Simon, 1908....................Western Australia
T. s. Simon, 1908d: 410 (Df).

m subradiatum Simon, 1901....................Malaysia
T. s. Simon, 1901k: 52 (Dm).

f subrotundum Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
T. s. Keyserling, 1891: 183, pl. 6, f. 128 (Df).
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 528, f. 14-16 (f).

f subvittatum Simon, 1889....................India
T. s. Simon, 1889i: 342 (Df).

f swarczewskii Werjbitzky, 1902....................Azerbaijan
T. s. Werjbitzky, 1902: 491, pl. 5, f. 1-2 (Df).

f taegense Paik, 1996....................Korea
T. t. Paik, 1996d: 8, f. 1-8 (Df).

f tahitiae Berland, 1934....................Tahiti
T. t. Berland, 1934a: 103, f. 10-12 (Df).

mf takayense Saito, 1939....................China, Japan
T. t. Saito, 1939: 47, f. 6 (2), pl. 1, f. 19 (Df).
T. t. Saito, 1959: 72, f. 70a-b (f).
T. t. Yaginuma, 1986a: 34, f. 19.9 (mf).
T. t. Chikuni, 1989b: 41, f. 54 (mf).
T. t. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 156, f. 153 (f).
T. t. Zhu, 1998: 186, f. 120A-D (mf).
T. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 81A-B, I (mf).

f tamerlani Roewer, 1942....................Myanmar
T. oleatum Thorell, 1887: 116 (Df; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1879).
T. t. Roewer, 1942a: 483 (replacement name).

m tayrona Müller & Heimer, 1990....................Colombia
T. t. Müller & Heimer, 1990: 139, f. 3A-C (Dm).

m tebanum Levi, 1963....................Venezuela
T. t. Levi, 1963c: 554, f. 125-126 (Dm).

mf teliferum Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka
T. t. Simon, 1895g: 141 (Dmf).

f tenellum C. L. Koch, 1841....................Greece
T. t. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 80, f. 650 (Df).

m tenuissimum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. t. Thorell, 1898: 310 (Dm).

f teresae Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. t. Levi, 1963c: 560, f. 147-148 (Df).

m tessellatum Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon
T. t. Thorell, 1899: 24 (Dm).
T. tesserulatum Roewer, 1942a: 479 (superfluous replacement name for T. t., erroneously thought preoccupied by T. tesselatum Keyserling, 1884, which is spelled differently).

j teutanoides Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. t. Caporiacco, 1949a: 385 (Dj).

mf thaleri Marusik, 1988....................Russia
T. t. Marusik, 1988a: 1476, f. 5.1-5 (Dmf).

f thalia Workman, 1878....................Myanmar
T. t. Workman, 1878: 452, pl. 18, f. 2 (Df).

mf theridioides (Keyserling, 1890)....................China, Queensland, New South Wales
Tobesoa t. Keyserling, 1890: 240, pl. 21, f. 6 (Df).
Theridion t. Simon, 1894a: 538.
Tobesoa t. Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 100-102 (f, Dm).

f thorelli L. Koch, 1865....................New South Wales
T. thorelii L. Koch, 1865: 857 (Df).

mf tigrae Esyunin & Efimik, 1996....................Russia
T. t. Esyunin & Efimik, 1996b: 1275, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

f tikaderi Patel, 1973....................India
T. t. Patel, 1973: 149, f. 1-4 (Df).

f timpanogos Levi, 1957....................USA
T. t. Levi, 1957a: 31, f. 93-94 (Df).

mf tinctorium Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
T. t. Keyserling, 1891: 185, pl. 6, f. 130 (Dm).
T. querulum Keyserling, 1891: 186, pl. 6, f. 131 (Df).
T. t. Levi, 1963c: 531, f. 24 (m).
T. querulum Levi, 1963c: 566, f. 182-183 (f).
T. t. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 58, f. 30 (m, Sf).

mf tinctum (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Holarctic
Aranea tincta Walckenaer, 1802: 208 (D).
Aranea punctata Walckenaer, 1802: 210 (D).
T. t. Walckenaer, 1805: 75.
T. longimanum Sundevall, 1831: 3, 1832: 110 (Dmf).
T. irroratum C. L. Koch, 1838: 120, f. 327 (Df).
T. t. Walckenaer, 1842: 308 (Dmf).
Steatoda irrorata C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
T. t. Blackwall, 1864a: 190, pl. 14, f. 121 (mf).
Steatoda punctulata Menge, 1868: 160, pl. 30, f. 68 (Dmf).
T. t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 34, pl. 1, f. 32 (mf).
T. t. Becker, 1896: 88, pl. 19, f. 1 (mf).
T. t. Bösenberg, 1902: 103, pl. 9, f. 127 (mf).
T. t. Simon, 1914a: 258, 296, f. 514-515 (mf).
T. t. Wiehle, 1937: 154, f. 85-90 (mf).
T. t. Ovsyannikov, 1937: 90, f. 1 (f).
T. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 75, f. 48C-D, 49B (mf).
T. t. Levi, 1957a: 61, f. 200-201, 210-212 (mf).
T. t. Miller, 1971: 193, pl. XXXIV, f. 8-9 (mf).
T. t. Palmgren, 1974b: 20, f. 3.15-19 (mf).
T. t. Punda, 1975b: 64, f. 139-140 (f).
T. t. Müller, 1982a: 248, f. 3 (f).
T. t. Roberts, 1983: 238, f. 82-84 (mf).
T. t. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 83f (mf).
T. t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 302, f. 812 (mf).
T. t. Roberts, 1995: 287, f. (mf).
T. t. Roberts, 1998: 301, f. (mf).

f t-notatum Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar, Singapore
T. T-notatum Thorell, 1895: 97 (Df).
T. T-notatum Workman, 1896: 65, pl. 65 (f).

m todinum Simon, 1880....................New Caledonia
T. t. Simon, 1880i: 170 (Dm).

f topo Levi, 1963....................Ecuador
T. t. Levi, 1963c: 587, f. 270-272 (Df).

mf torosum Keyserling, 1884....................Peru
T. t. Keyserling, 1884a: 36, pl. 2, f. 18 (Dmf).
T. t. Levi, 1963c: 569, f. 202-203 (f).

f trahax Blackwall, 1866....................Africa
T. t. Blackwall, 1866: 458 (Df).

mf transgressum Petrunkevitch, 1911....................USA, Mexico
T. rotundum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 254, pl. 34, f. 7 (Df; preoccupied by Keyserling, 1891).
T. transversum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 256, pl. 35, f. 3-4 (Dmf; preoccupied by Nicolet, 1849).
Steatoda transversa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 383, pl. 36, f. 11 (mf).
Steatoda compressa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 383, pl. 36, f. 12 (replacement name for T. rotundum O. P.-Cambridge, preoccupied in Theridion).
T. rotundatum Petrunkevitch, 1911: 204 (replacement name for T. rotundum and T. compressum).
T. t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 208 (replacement name for T. transversum).
T. ritae Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 7, f. 22 (Dm).
T. t. Levi, 1957a: 47, f. 154, 157-158 (mf, S).
T. t. Levi, 1959b: 83 (S).

mf trepidum O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................Mexico to Panama
T. t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 256, pl. 34, f. 10 (Dmf).
Phyllonethis t. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 307, pl. 39, f. 9 (m).
T. t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 391, pl. 37, f. 4 (m).
T. t. Levi, 1959b: 104, f. 177-180 (mf).

f triangulare Franganillo, 1936....................Cuba
T. t. Franganillo, 1936b: 79 (Df; if this species is ever recognized, a replacement name will be needed).

f trifile Simon, 1907....................West, East Africa
T. t. Simon, 1907d: 258 (Df).
T. t. Tullgren, 1910: 131, pl. 2, f. 47 (Df).

f trigonicum Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra, Java
T. t. Thorell, 1890a: 263 (Df).
T. trigonum Bonnet, 1959: 4545 (lapsus).

m tristani Levi, 1959....................Costa Rica
T. t. Levi, 1959b: 97, f. 136-137 (Dm).

m triviale Thorell, 1881....................Australia
T. t. Thorell, 1881: 170 (Dm).

j trizonatum Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. t. Caporiacco, 1949a: 382 (Dj).

f tubicola Doleschall, 1859....................Java, Moluccas, New Guinea
T. tubicolum Doleschall, 1859: 49, pl. 7, f. 7 (Df).
T. tubicolum Workman, 1896: 66, pl. 66 (f).

f tungurahua Levi, 1963....................Venezuela, Ecuador, Brazil
T. t. Levi, 1963c: 563, f. 158-160 (Df).

f turrialba Levi, 1959....................Costa Rica
T. t. Levi, 1959b: 109, f. 183-184 (Df).

f turrigerum Simon, 1899....................Mali
T. t. Simon, 1899d: 418 (Df).

f uber Keyserling, 1884....................Brazil
T. u. Keyserling, 1884a: 51, pl. 2, f. 29 (Df).
T. u. Levi, 1963c: 543, f. 78-79 (f).

mf uhligi Martin, 1974....................Europe
T. u. Martin, 1974a: 113, f. 1 (Df).
T. hublei Jocqué, 1977a: 59, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
T. u. Bosmans & Janssen, 1982: 283 (Sm).
T. u. Prinsen, 1996a: 4, f. 1-4 (f).
T. u. Roberts, 1998: 297, f. (mf).

m umbilicus Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. u. Levi, 1963c: 570, f. 207-208 (Dm).

m uncatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902....................Mexico
T. u. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 390, pl. 37, f. 3 (Dm).
T. u. Levi, 1959b: 103, f. 203-204 (m).

mf undatum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. u. Zhu, 1998: 190, f. 123A-E (Dmf).
T. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 81C-D, J-K (mf).

f undulanotum Roewer, 1942....................New Hebrides
T. undulatum Berland, 1938: 164, f. 99-100 (Df; preoccupied by Westring, 1861).
T. u. Roewer, 1942a: 488 (replacement name).

f urnigerum Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar
T. u. Thorell, 1898: 301 (Df).

mf ursoi Caporiacco, 1947....................Ethiopia
T. u. Caporiacco, 1947d: 152, f. 22 (Dmf).

m urucum Levi, 1963....................Brazil
T. u. Levi, 1963c: 577, f. 230 (Dm).

f usitum Strand, 1913....................Central Africa
T. u. Strand, 1913a: 346 (Df).

mf utcuyacu Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. u. Levi, 1963c: 535, f. 47-49 (Dmf).

m valleculum Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. v. Levi, 1959b: 88, f. 103-104 (Dm).

f vallisalinarum Levy & Amitai, 1982....................Israel
T. v. Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 115, f. 67-68 (Df).
T. v. Levy, 1998b: 210, f. 399-400 (f).

f vanhoeffeni Strand, 1909....................South Africa
T. v. Strand, 1909g: 560 (Df).

mf varians Hahn, 1833....................Holarctic
T. leuconotum Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 22, f. B (Df; suppressed for lack of usage).
T. v. Hahn, 1833a: 93, f. 71-72 (Df).
T. abelardi Walckenaer, 1842: 304 (D).
T. heloisii Walckenaer, 1842: 317 (Df).
T. v. C. L. Koch, 1845: 134, f. 1056-1058 (f, Dm).
Steatoda v. C. L. Koch, 1850: 17.
T. v. Blackwall, 1864a: 188, pl. 14, f. 120 (mf).
Steatoda v. Menge, 1868: 157, pl. 29, f. 66 (mf).
T. cuneatum Thorell, 1875a: 91 (Df).
T. cuneatum Thorell, 1875c: 48 (Df).
T. honorum O. P.-Cambridge, 1893a: 151, f. 4 (Df).
T. v. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1894: 34, pl. 1, f. 30 (mf).
T. v. Becker, 1896: 86, pl. 18, f. 1 (mf).
T. v. Bösenberg, 1902: 104, pl. 9, f. 128 (mf).
T. v. Kulczyn'ski, 1905a: 562, pl. 14, f. 26 (m).
T. v. Simon, 1914a: 266, 267, 298, f. 526 (mf).
T. kratochvili Kolosváry, 1934b: 14, f. 3 (Dm).
T. v. Wiehle, 1937: 166, f. 119-125 (mf).
Allotheridion v. Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
T. v. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 70, f. 46C, F, 47B (mf).
T. v. Levi, 1957a: 52, f. 175-178 (mf).
T. v. Braendegaard, 1958: 29, f. 18 (m).
T. v. Azheganova, 1968: 60, f. 106, 118 (mf).
T. v. Tyschchenko, 1971: 151, f. 436 (f).
T. v. Miller, 1971: 194, pl. XXXV, f. 8-10 (mf).
T. v. Palmgren, 1974b: 24, f. 5.10-13 (mf).
T. v. Punda, 1975b: 66, f. 142, 148-149 (mf).
T. v. Wunderlich, 1977a: 289, f. 1-2 (m, S).
T. v. Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 82b (mf).
T. v. Hu & Wu, 1989: 140, f. 112.1-2 (f).
T. v. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 304, f. 814 (mf).
T. v. Roberts, 1995: 283, f. (mf).
T. v. Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 35-38, 44, 49, 55f, 64a-e (mf).
T. v. Zhu, 1998: 146, f. 88A-E (mf).
T. v. Roberts, 1998: 297, f. (mf).
T. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 81E-F, L-M (mf).

mf varians cyrenaicum Caporiacco, 1933....................Libya
T. v. c. Caporiacco, 1933: 320 (Dmf).

mf varians melanotum Strand, 1907....................Germany
T. v. m. Strand, 1907e: 220 (Dmf).

mf varians rusticum Simon, 1873....................Western Mediterranean
T. r. Simon, 1873a: 285 (Dm).
T. r. Simon, 1881a: 68 (Df).
T. v. r. Simon, 1914a: 266, 267, 298.

f ventricosum Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland
T. v. Rainbow, 1916a: 58, pl. 16, f. 40-42 (Df).

m vespertinum Levy, 1985....................Israel
T. vespertinus Levy, 1985a: 119, f. 66-68 (Dm).
T. v. Levy, 1998b: 180, f. 340-342 (m).

f viridanum Urquhart, 1887....................New Zealand
T. viridana Urquhart, 1887: 106 (Df).

mf volubile Keyserling, 1884....................Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru
T. v. Keyserling, 1884a: 37, pl. 2, f. 19 (Df).
T. v. Levi, 1963c: 527, f. 10-13 (f, Dm).

f vosserleri Strand, 1907....................East Africa
T. v. Strand, 1907a: 528 (Df).
T. v. Strand, 1907n: 578 (Df).

f vossi Strand, 1907....................Cameroon
T. v. Strand, 1907a: 528 (Df).
T. v. Strand, 1907n: 576 (Df).

f vossioni Simon, 1884....................Sudan
T. v. Simon, 1884a: 23 (Df).

f vulvum Levi, 1959....................Panama
T. v. Levi, 1959b: 107, f. 197-198 (Df).

mf wangi Zhu, 1998....................China
T. w. Zhu, 1998: 183, f. 118A-E (Dmf).
T. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 81G-H, N-O (mf).

f weberi Thorell, 1892....................Singapore
T. w. Thorell, 1892a: 219 (Df).
T. w. Workman, 1896: 69, pl. 69 (f).

f weyrauchi Levi, 1963....................Peru
T. w. Levi, 1963c: 585, f. 260-262 (Df).

f whitcombi Sedgwick, 1973....................Chile
T. w. Sedgwick, 1973: 350, f. 1-4 (Df).

mf wiehlei Schenkel, 1938....................Spain, France, Algeria
T. w. Schenkel, 1938b: 5, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. petraeum Wiehle, 1937: 172, f. 143-145 (mf, misidentified).
T. w. Denis, 1944c: 113, f. 7, 11, 14 (mf).
T. petraeum Tyschchenko, 1971: 151, f. 415 (m, misidentified).
T. w. Deltshev, 1992a: 20, f. 5 (f).

mf wolmerense Paik, 1996....................Korea
T. w. Paik, 1996a: 10, f. 1-10 (Dmf).

mf workmani Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar
T. w. Thorell, 1887: 101 (Dm).
T. w. Thorell, 1895: 92 (Df).

m xianfengense Zhu & Song, 1992....................China, Taiwan
T. xianfengensis Zhu & Song, 1992: 5, f. I-J (Dm).
T. xianfengensis Song & Li, 1997: 403, f. 5A-B (m).
T. xianfengensis Zhu, 1998: 154, f. 95A-E (m, Df).
T. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 82A-B, K, O (mf).
T. xianfengensis Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 127, f. 19-20 (m).

mf xinjiangense (Hu & Wu, 1989)....................China
Achaearanea xinjiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989: 119, f. 92.1-5 (Dmf).
T. xinjiangensis Zhu, 1998: 187, f. 121A-E (Tmf from Achaearanea).
T. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 82E-F, I-J (mf).

mf xui Zhu, 1998....................China
T. x. Zhu, 1998: 181, f. 116A-E (Dmf).
T. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 82C-D, L-M (mf).

mf yaeyamense Yoshida, 1993....................Japan
T. y. Yoshida, 1993e: 109, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf yani Zhu, 1998....................China
T. y. Zhu, 1998: 159, f. 98A-E (Dmf).
T. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 82G-H, N (mf).

m yuma Levi, 1963....................USA
T. y. Levi, 1963c: 535, f. 42-43 (Dm).

f yunnanense Schenkel, 1963....................China
T. yunnanensis Schenkel, 1963: 101, f. 59 (Df).
T. y. Brignoli, 1983c: 416.

mf yunohamense Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, Japan
T. y. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 145, pl. 10, f. 185 (Df).
T. y. Yaginuma, 1957a: 53, f. 10a-b (mf).
T. y. Yaginuma, 1960: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. y. Yaginuma, 1971: 37, f. 35 (f).
T. y. Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 20.4 (mf).
T. y. Chikuni, 1989b: 42, f. 57 (mf).

f zantholobio Urquhart, 1886....................New Zealand
T. z. Urquhart, 1886: 197, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df).
T. z. Bryant, 1935c: 56, pl. 9, f. 17-18 (f).
T. xanthlabio Bonnet, 1959: 4555 (invalid emendation).

j zebra Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. z. Caporiacco, 1949a: 381 (Dj).

f zebrinum Zhu, 1998....................China
T. zebrinusum Zhu, 1998: 165, f. 103A-C (Df, lapsus).
T. zebrinusum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 83A-B (f).

mf zhaoi Zhu, 1998....................China
T. z. Zhu, 1998: 173, f. 110A-D (Dmf).
T. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 83C-D, G (mf).

f zhoui Zhu, 1998....................China
T. z. Zhu, 1998: 160, f. 99A-C (Df).
T. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 83E-F (f).

f zonarium Keyserling, 1884....................Peru
T. z. Keyserling, 1884a: 79, pl. 4, f. 48 (Df).
T. z. Levi, 1963c: 584, f. 249-251 (f).

?? zonatum Eydoux & Souleyet, 1841....................Unknown
T. z. Eydoux & Souleyet, 1841: 290 (D).

f zonulatum Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra
T. z. Thorell, 1890a: 273 (Df).

Gen. Theridula Emerton, 1882

Transferred to other genera:
T. caudata Saito, 1933 -- see Chrysso.
T. ovsjannikovi Charitonov, 1950 -- see Chrysso.
T. polita Mello-Leitão, 1947 -- see Dipoena.

In synonymy:
T. opulenta albomaculata Franganillo, 1936 = T. gonygaster (Simon, 1873) (Levi, 1954c: 340).
T. regia Gertsch & Archer, 1942 = T. gonygaster (Simon, 1873) (Levi, 1954c: 340).

Nomen dubium:
T. albipes Saito, 1935a: 59, f. 2, 1935b: 52 (f, Sakhalin) -- Marusik et al., 1993a: 83.

f albonigra Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. a. Caporiacco, 1949a: 396, f. 47 (Df).

f albonigra vittata Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya
T. a. v. Caporiacco, 1949a: 397 (Df).

mf angula Tikader, 1970....................India
T. a. Tikader, 1970: 15, f. 8a-c (Dmf).

mf casas Levi, 1954....................Mexico
T. c. Levi, 1954c: 338, f. 6-8 (Dmf).

mf emertoni Levi, 1954....................USA, Canada
T. opulenta Kaston, 1948: 99, f. 120-122 (m, misidentified).
T. e. Levi, 1954c: 333, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
T. e. Levi, 1961: 5, f. 4 (m).
T. e. Levi & Levi, 1962: 42, f. 69-71 (m).
T. e. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 47, f. 58-60 (m).
T. e. Kaston, 1977: 12, f. 1-2 (mf).
T. e. Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 58-60 (m).
T. e. Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 58-60 (m).
T. e. Roth, 1994: 184, f. 59-60 (mf).

mf faceta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894)....................Mexico, Guatemala
Theridion facetum O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 143, pl. 16, f. 14 (Dm).
T. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 393, pl. 37, f. 9-10 (m, Df).
T. f. Levi, 1954c: 337, f. 14-17 (mf).

mf gonygaster (Simon, 1873)....................Cosmopolitan
Theridion gonygaster Simon, 1873a: 292, pl. 2, f. 24 (Dmf).
Chrysso nivipictus Butler, 1882b: 764, pl. 57, f. 1 (Df).
T. triangularis Keyserling, 1886b: 30, pl. 11, f. 149 (Df).
T. quinqueguttata Keyserling, 1886b: 31, pl. 11, f. 150 (Df).
Mesopneustes nigrovittata O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 126, pl. 17, f. 3-4 (Dm).
T. tricornis O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 208, pl. 25, f. 1 (Dj).
T. nigrovittata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 392, pl. 37, f. 8 (Dm).
T. opulenta Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 189, f. 33-36 (mf, misidentified).
T. opulenta albomaculata Franganillo, 1936b: 79, f. 38 (D).
T. regia Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 2, f. 10 (Df).
T. g. Levi, 1954c: 340, f. 18-22 (mf, removed from S of T. opulenta, S).
T. g. Levi, 1967c: 176, f. 5-8 (mf).
T. g. Brignoli, 1969c: 262, f. 2-3, 6 (f).
T. g. Roberts, 1983: 227, f. 36-37 (mf).
T. g. Chikuni, 1989b: 40, f. 50 (f).
T. g. Zhu, 1998: 75, f. 43A-D (mf).
T. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 83H-J (mf).
T. g. Melic, 2000b: 49, f. 1-4 (f).

f huberti Benoit, 1977....................St. Helena
T. h. Benoit, 1977i: 148, f. 65a-d (Df).

f multiguttata Keyserling, 1896....................Brazil
T. m. Keyserling, 1886b: 258, pl. 21, f. 306 (Df).
T. m. Levi, 1966b: 127, f. 1-2 (f).

mf nigerrima (Petrunkevitch, 1911)....................Ecuador, Peru
Dipoena nigra Keyserling, 1886b: 43, pl. 12, f. 158 (Dmf; preoccupied in Dipoena by Steatoda nigra Emerton, 1882).
Dipoena n. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 174 (replacement name).
T. n. Levi, 1963a: 138 (Tmf from Dipoena).
T. n. Levi, 1966b: 127, f. 3-5 (mf).
T. n. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 100 (m).

mf opulenta (Walckenaer, 1842) *....................Cosmopolitan
Theridion o. Walckenaer, 1842: 322 (Df).
Theridion sphaerula Hentz, 1850: 279, pl. 9, f. 22 (Df).
Chrysso cordiformis Butler, 1882b: 763, pl. 57, f. 2 (Df).
T. sphaerula Emerton, 1882: 25, pl. 5, f. 3 (f, Dm).
Theridium ventillans Keyserling, 1884a: 84, pl. 4, f. 53 (Dm).
T. quadripunctata Keyserling, 1886b: 32, pl. 11, f. 151 (Df).
T. sphaerula Keyserling, 1886b: 33, pl. 11, f. 152 (f).
T. o. Simon, 1894a: 551, f. 561 (m).
T. sphaerula Emerton, 1902: 108, f. 304 (mf).
T. o. Simon, 1907d: 260.
T. o. Comstock, 1940: 370, f. 358 (m).
T. ventillans Archer, 1946: 52 (removed from S, rejected).
T. sphaerula Archer, 1946: 52 (removed from S, rejected).
T. o. Levi, 1954c: 334, f. 9-13 (mf).
T. o. Kaston, 1977: 12, f. 3-4 (mf).
T. o. Heimer, 1982: 43, f. 10 (m).
T. o. Hu, 1984: 174, f. 183.1-2 (m).

m perlata Simon, 1889....................Madagascar
T. p. Simon, 1889b: 228 (Dm).

mf puebla Levi, 1954....................Mexico, Panama
T. p. Levi, 1954c: 338, f. 23-25 (Dmf).

m pulchra Berland, 1920....................East Africa
T. p. Berland, 1920b: 150, f. 180 (Dm).

f sexpupillata Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Brazil
T. s. Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 250 (Df).

mf swatiae Biswas, Saha & Raychaydhuri, 1997....................India
T. s. Biswas, Saha & Raychaydhuri, 1997: 230, f. 1-12 (Dmf).

f theriella Strand, 1907....................Madagascar
T. t. Strand, 1907d: 729 (Df).
T. t. Strand, 1907o: 31 (Df).

Gen. Thwaitesia O. P.-Cambridge, 1881

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Topo Exline, 1950a: 113, type T. bracteatus Exline, 1950 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 31.

Transferred to other genera:
T. argyrodiformis (Yaginuma, 1952) -- see Chrysso.

In synonymy:
T. adamantifera Keyserling, 1884 = T. affinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Levi, 1963e: 231).

Nomen dubium:
T. conifera (Blackwall, 1862b: 429, originally in Theridion, f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1963c: 493.

mf affinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1882....................Panama to Paraguay
T. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1882c: 431, pl. 31, f. 8a (Df).
Twaitesia adamantifera Keyserling, 1884a: 164, pl. 7, f. 101 (Dmf).
T. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 196, pl. 25, f. 2-3 (Dm).
T. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 396, pl. 37, f. 18-19 (mf).
T. a. Levi & Levi, 1962: 54, f. 211-217 (mf).
T. a. Levi, 1963e: 231, f. 14-19 (mf, S).

f algerica Simon, 1895....................Algeria
T. a. Simon, 1895g: 134 (Df).

f argentata Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra
T. a. Thorell, 1890a: 256 (Df).

mf argenteoguttata (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Theridion argento-guttatum Tullgren, 1910: 134, pl. 2, f. 51 (Dmf).
T. a. Berland, 1920b: 149.

f argenteosquamata (Lenz, 1891)....................Madagascar
Theridium argentosquamatum Lenz, 1891: 173, pl. 2, f. 12 (Df).
T. a. Simon, 1894a: 517.

f argentiopunctata (Rainbow, 1916)....................Queensland
Argyrodes a. Rainbow, 1916a: 51, pl. 15, f. 25-27 (Df).
T. a. Davies & Gallon, 1986: 236 (Tf from Argyrodes).

f aureosignata (Lenz, 1891)....................Madagascar
Theridium aureosignatum Lenz, 1891: 173, pl. 2, f. 11 (Df).
T. a. Simon, 1894a: 517.

mf bracteata (Exline, 1950)....................Trinidad, Colombia to Paraguay
Topo bracteatus Exline, 1950a: 115, f. 1, 6, 15 (Df).
T. b. Levi, 1963e: 233, f. 22-24 (f, Dm).

f dangensis Patel & Patel, 1972....................India
T. d. Patel & Patel, 1972: 295, f. 2a-e (Df).

f glabicauda Zhu, 1998....................China
T. g. Zhu, 1998: 284, f. 192A-E (Df).
T. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 148, f. 83K-L (f).

f inaurata (Vinson, 1863)....................Réunion
Linyphia i. Vinson, 1863: 278 (Df; N.B.: spelled aurata on p. 318).
T. i. Simon, 1894a: 517.

mf margaritifera O. P.-Cambridge, 1881 *....................Sri Lanka, China, Vietnam
T. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881d: 766, pl. 66, f. 1 (Dmf).
T. m. Simon, 1894a: 514, f. 526.
T. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 54, f. 207-210 (mf).
T. m. Zhu, 1998: 286, f. 193A-D (m).
T. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 149, f. 83O-P (m).

mf meruensis (Tullgren, 1910)....................Tanzania
Theridium meruense Tullgren, 1910: 135, pl. 2, f. 52 (Dmf).
T. m. Berland, 1920b: 149.

f nigronodosa (Rainbow, 1912)....................Queensland
Argyrodes n. Rainbow, 1912a: 193, f. 3-4 (Df).
T. n. Davies & Gallon, 1986: 236 (Tf from Argyrodes).

f phoenicolegna Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar, Vietnam
T. p. Thorell, 1895: 78 (Df).

f pulcherrima Butler, 1882....................Madagascar
T. p. Butler, 1882b: 764, pl. 57, f. 7 (Df).

f rhomboidalis Simon, 1903....................Equatorial Guinea
T. r. Simon, 1903e: 72 (Df).

f scintillans Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea
T. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 440, pl. 19, f. 15 (Df).

mf simoni (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil
Hildbolda s. Keyserling, 1884a: 157, pl. 7, f. 97 (Df).
T. s. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 212.
Hildbolda s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 54, f. 218-219 (f).
T. s. Levi, 1963e: 234, f. 20-21 (f).
T. s. Buckup & Marques, 1996: 60, f. 24-25 (Dm).

mf spinicauda Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar
T. s. Thorell, 1895: 80 (Dmf).

f splendida Keyserling, 1884....................Panama to Venezuela
Twaitesia s. Keyserling, 1884a: 166, pl. 8, f. 102 (Df).
T. s. Levi, 1963e: 234, f. 25-26 (f).

f turbinata Simon, 1903....................Sierra Leone
T. t. Simon, 1903e: 73 (Df).

Gen. Thymoites Keyserling, 1884

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Sphyrotinus Simon, 1894 by Levi & Levi, 1962: 28; that name considered a senior synonym of Hypobares Simon, 1894, Hubba O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 (removed from S of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805), Philto Simon, 1894, Thonastica Simon, 1909, Garricola Chamberlin, 1916, Paidisca Bishop & Crosby, 1926 (itself considered a senior synonym of Tholocco Archer, 1946: 49, type Theridion amputatum Keyserling, 1884, described as a subgenus of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805, elevated to genus by Archer, 1950: 15, and Thymoella Bryant, 1948b: 377, type T. banksi Bryant, 1948, by Levi, 1957a: 99), Brontosauriella Bristowe, 1938, and Spelobion Chamberlin & Ivie, 1938 by Levi, 1959b: 141.

Transferred to other genera:
T. bigibbosus Roewer, 1951 -- see Episinus.
T. bimucronatus (Simon, 1894) -- see Episinus.
T. bituberculatus Keyserling, 1884 -- see Episinus immundus.
T. delfini (Simon, 1904) -- see Nesticus under Nesticidae.
T. immundus (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Episinus.

In synonymy:
T. americanus (Simon, 1897, T from Theonoe) = T. luculentus (Simon, 1894) (Levi, 1959b: 142, sub Sphyrotinus).
T. amputatus (Keyserling, 1884) = T. unimaculatus (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1957a: 106, sub Paidisca).
T. catalinae (Gertsch & Archer, 1942, T from Theridion) = T. pictipes (Banks, 1904) (Levi, 1953b: 3, sub Tholocco).
T. cubanus (Bryant, 1940, T from Dipoena) = T. pallidus (Emerton, 1913) (Levi, 1957a: 99, sub Paidisca).
T. deprus (Levi, 1959) = T. confraternus (Banks, 1898) (Levi, 1964b: 468).
T. edinburgensis (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) = T. pallidus (Emerton, 1913) (Levi, 1957a: 99, sub Paidisca).
T. hansi (Schenkel, 1950, T from Theridion) = T. pictipes (Banks, 1904) (Levi, 1957a: 102, sub Paidisca).
T. imparatus (Bishop & Crosby, 1928, T from Theridion) = T. unimaculatus (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1957a: 108, sub Paidisca).
T. insignis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) = T. caracasanus (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1964b: 468).
T. lascivulus (Keyserling, 1886, T from Dipoena) = T. unimaculatus (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1953b: 1, sub Tholocco amputata).
T. nicoleti (Keyserling, 1886, T from Theridion) = T. unimaculatus (Emerton, 1882) (Archer, 1950: 16, sub Tholocco).
T. paradisiacus (Gertsch & Archer, 1942, T from Theridion) = T. unimaculatus (Emerton, 1882) (Levi, 1957a: 108, sub Paidisca, contra Archer, 1946: 50 and Levi, 1953b: 3).
T. petrensis (Sørensen, 1898, T from Theridion) = T. oleatus (L. Koch, 1879) (Holm, 1967: 10, sub Theridion).
T. subimpressus (Zhu, 1998, T from Theridion) = T. bellissimus (L. Koch, 1879) (Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 111).
T. wallacei (Gertsch & Archer, 1942, T from Theridion) = T. pallidus (Emerton, 1913) (Archer, 1950: 16, sub Tholocco).

Nomen dubium:
T. spukilum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1938: 133, f. 11, originally in Spelobion, f, Mexico) -- Levi, 1959b: 142.

f aloitus Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. a. Levi, 1964b: 463, f. 44-45 (Df).

m amprus Levi, 1964....................Panama
T. a. Levi, 1964b: 463, f. 43 (Dm).

mf anicus Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. a. Levi, 1964b: 458, f. 17-21 (Dmf).

f anserma Levi, 1964....................Colombia
T. a. Levi, 1964b: 457, f. 5-6 (Df).

m banksi (Bryant, 1948)....................Hispaniola
Thymoella b. Bryant, 1948b: 378, f. 58, 62, 65-66 (Dm; not f, f. 59, 64, a linyphiid per Levi, 1959b: 153).
Sphyrotinus b. Levi, 1959b: 153, f. 398-400 (m).
T. b. Levi, 1964b: 455.

mf bellissimus (L. Koch, 1879)....................Sweden, Finland, Russia, China
Theridion bellissimum L. Koch, 1879c: 80, pl. 3, f. 2 (Df).
Theridion bellissimum Holm, 1945b: 12, f. 1a-d (f).
Theridion bellissimum Holm, 1973: 78, f. 4 (f).
Theridion bellissimum Palmgren, 1974b: 21, f. 4.8-9, 15-20 (f, Dm).
T. belissimum Eskov, 1988e: 105 (Tf from Theridion).
Theridion subimpressum Zhu, 1998: 170, f. 107A-D (Df).
Theridion subimpressum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 142, f. 80E-F (f).
T. belissimum Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 111 (S).

f bogus (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Sphyrotinus b. Levi, 1959b: 156, f. 417-418 (Df).
T. b. Levi, 1964b: 450.

f boneti (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus b. Levi, 1959b: 148, f. 369-370 (Df).
T. b. Levi, 1964b: 451.

m boquete (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico to Panama
Sphyrotinus b. Levi, 1959b: 156, f. 419-422 (Dm).
T. b. Levi, 1964b: 449.

f bradti (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus b. Levi, 1959b: 150, f. 371-372 (Df).
T. b. Levi, 1964b: 450.

mf camano (Levi, 1957)....................USA
Paidisca c. Levi, 1957a: 105, f. 367-373 (Dmf).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 449.

f cancellatus Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Argentina
T. c. Mello-Leitão, 1943c: 104 (Df).

mf caracasanus (Simon, 1895)....................Guatemala to Ecuador
Theridion caracasanum Simon, 1894a: 542, f. 557 (m, nomen nudum).
Theridion caracasanum Simon, 1895g: 143 (Dm).
Hubba insignis O. P.-Cambridge, 1897: 231, pl. 30, f. 4 (Dm).
Theridion insigne Simon, 1903a: 989.
Hubba insignis Banks, 1929: 85, pl. 2, f. 31, 33, pl. 3, f. 51 (m).
Sphyrotinus insignis Levi, 1959b: 154, f. 404-410 (Tm from Theridion, Df).
T. c. Levi, 1963c: 490 (Tm from Theridion).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 468 (S).

f chiapensis (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus c. Levi, 1959b: 148, f. 367-368 (Df).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 450.

mf chickeringi (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Sphyrotinus c. Levi, 1959b: 143, f. 339-341 (Dmf).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 452.

mf chikunii (Yoshida, 1988)....................Japan
Dipoena c. Yoshida, 1988: 26, f. 1-6, 12-14 (Dmf).
Dipoena c. Chikuni, 1989b: 37, f. 34 (mf).
T. c. Yoshida, 1995a: 114 (Tmf from Dipoena).

m chopardi (Berland, 1920)....................East Africa
Sphyrotinus c. Berland, 1920b: 164, f. 202-204 (Dm).

mf confraternus (Banks, 1898)....................Mexico to Peru
Theridion confraternum Banks, 1898b: 236, pl. 14, f. 11 (Dm).
Steatoda confraterna F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 387.
Sphyrotinus c. Levi, 1959b: 150, f. 382 (Tm from Theridion).
Sphyrotinus deprus Levi, 1959b: 157, f. 427-428 (Df).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 468 (S).

f corus (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus c. Levi, 1959b: 149, f. 373-374 (Df).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 451.

mf crassipes Keyserling, 1884 *....................Peru
T. c. Keyserling, 1884a: 162, pl. 7, f. 100 (Dmf).
T. c. Levi & Levi, 1962: 47, f. 118-122 (mf).
T. c. Levi, 1964b: 457, f. 7-11 (mf).

mf cravilus Marques & Buckup, 1992....................Brazil
T. c. Marques & Buckup, 1992: 55, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf delicatulus (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico to Venezuela
Sphyrotinus d. Levi, 1959b: 146, f. 360-362 (Dmf).
T. d. Levi, 1964b: 468.
T. d. Müller & Heimer, 1990: 140, f. 4A-G (mf).

mf ebus Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. e. Levi, 1964b: 464, f. 46-49 (Dmf).

mf expulsus (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA, Mexico, Cuba, Jamaica
Theridion expulsum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 9, f. 16-17 (Dmf).
Theridion dividuum Archer, 1946: 50, pl. II, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
Tholocco expulsa Archer, 1950: 33, pl. I, f. 7 (Tmf from Theridion).
Paidisca expulsa Levi, 1957a: 109, f. 400, 416-417 (mf).
Sphyrotinus e. Levi, 1959b: 146, f. 365-366 (f).
T. e. Levi, 1964b: 469.
T. e. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 47, f. 70 (m).
T. expulsa Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 70 (m).
T. expulsa Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 70 (m).
T. e. Breene et al., 1993: 60, f. 29A-B (mf).
T. expulsa Roth, 1994: 184, f. 70 (m).

mf gertrudae Müller & Heimer, 1990....................Colombia
T. g. Müller & Heimer, 1990: 141, f. 5A-G (Dmf).

m gibbithorax (Simon, 1894)....................Venezuela
Theridion g. Simon, 1894a: 542, f. 556 (Dm).
Theridion g. Simon, 1895g: 144 (Dm).
T. g. Levi, 1963c: 491 (Tm from Theridion).
T. g. Levi, 1964b: 465, f. 51-53 (m).

mf guanicae (Petrunkevitch, 1930)....................Mexico, Greater Antilles
Theridion g. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 208, f. 57-58 (Df).
T. g. Bryant, 1942a: 343, f. 36 (Dm).
Tholocco g. Archer, 1950: 16 (Tmf from Theridion).
Sphyrotinus g. Levi, 1959b: 144, f. 345-349 (mf).
T. guanice Gruia, 1973a: 309, f. 12-13 (f).

mf illudens (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA to Colombia
Paidisca i. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 3, f. 20-21 (Dmf).
Paidisca i. Levi, 1957a: 110, f. 396, 399, 414-415 (mf).
Sphyrotinus i. Levi, 1959b: 145, f. 342-344 (mf).
T. i. Müller & Heimer, 1990: 142, f. 6A (m).

f ilvan Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. i. Levi, 1964b: 462, f. 37-38 (Df).

mf incachaca Levi, 1964....................Bolivia
T. i. Levi, 1964b: 466, f. 58-60 (Dmf).

mf indicatus (Banks, 1929)....................Nicaragua to Panama
Theridion indicatum Banks, 1929: 84, pl. 2, f. 19, pl. 3, f. 48 (Dm).
Sphyrotinus i. Levi, 1959b: 151, f. 377-381 (Tm from Theridion, Df).

m ipiranga Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. i. Levi, 1964b: 465, f. 54 (Dm).

f iritus Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. i. Levi, 1964b: 460, f. 28-29 (Df).

mf levii Gruia, 1973....................Cuba
T. l. Gruia, 1973a: 305, f. 1-11 (Dmf).

m lobifrons (Simon, 1894)....................Venezuela
Theridion l. Simon, 1894a: 542, f. 558 (Dm).
Theridion l. Simon, 1895g: 143 (Dm).
T. l. Levi, 1963c: 491 (Tm from Theridion).
T. l. Levi, 1964b: 466, f. 55-57 (m).

m lori Levi, 1964....................Peru
T. l. Levi, 1964b: 459, f. 22-24 (Dm).

mf luculentus (Simon, 1894)....................Mexico to Panama, St. Vincent
Sphyrotinus l. Simon, 1894c: 524 (Dmf).
Theonoe americana Simon, 1897d: 864 (Df).
Sphyrotinus l. Levi, 1959b: 142, f. 334-338 (mf, S).

f machu Levi, 1967....................Peru
T. m. Levi, 1967b: 26, f. 15-16 (Df).

mf maderae (Gertsch & Archer, 1942)....................USA to Panama
Theridion m. Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 12, f. 30-31 (Dmf).
Tholocco m. Archer, 1950: 16 (Tmf from Theridion).
Paidisca m. Levi, 1957a: 106, f. 397-398, 420-421 (mf).
Sphyrotinus m. Levi, 1959b: 147, f. 350-356 (mf).
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 469.

f maracayensis Levi, 1964....................Venezuela, Brazil
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 456, f. 3-4 (Df).

mf marxi (Crosby, 1906)....................USA, Mexico
Histagonia m. Crosby, 1906: 309, f. 35-36 (Dmf).
Ulesanis serrata Emerton, 1913a: 213, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dm).
Paidisca m. Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 179, pl. 22, f. 23-27 (mf).
Paidisca m. Kaston, 1948: 95, f. 111 (f).
Paidisca m. Archer, 1950: 26, pl. IV, f. 1 (m).
Paidisca m. Levi, 1957a: 111, f. 393-395, 401, 418-419 (mf).
Sphyrotinus m. Levi, 1959b: 148, f. 363-364 (f).
T. m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 47, f. 125 (m).
T. m. Coddington, 1990: 18, f. 96 (m).

m matachic (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus m. Levi, 1959b: 154, f. 395-397 (Dm).
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 453.

m melloleitaoni (Bristowe, 1938)....................Brazil
Brontosauriella m. Bristowe, 1938c: 72, f. 8-13 (Dm).
Brontosauriella m. Levi & Levi, 1962: 48, f. 131-132 (m).
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 461, f. 35-36 (m).

mf minero Roth, 1992....................USA
T. m. Roth, 1992: 124, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

m minnesota Levi, 1964....................USA
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 467, f. 74-76 (Dm).

mf mirus Levi, 1964....................Brazil
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 461, f. 30-34 (Dmf).

mf missionensis (Levi, 1957)....................USA to Costa Rica
Paidisca m. Levi, 1957a: 102, f. 380-383 (Dmf).
Sphyrotinus m. Levi, 1959b: 157.
T. m. Levi, 1964b: 451.

mf nentwigi Yoshida, 1994....................Krakatau
T. n. Yoshida, 1994b: 142, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

mf nevada Müller & Heimer, 1990....................Colombia
T. n. Müller & Heimer, 1990: 142, f. 7A-D (Dmf).

mf notabilis (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Sphyrotinus n. Levi, 1959b: 155, f. 411-416 (Dmf).
T. n. Levi, 1964b: 450.

mf okumae (Yoshida, 1988)....................Japan
Dipoena o. Yoshida, 1988: 28, f. 7-11, 15-17 (Dmf).
Dipoena o. Chikuni, 1989b: 37, f. 35 (mf).
T. o. Yoshida, 1995a: 114, f. 1-2 (Tmf from Dipoena).

mf oleatus (L. Koch, 1879)....................Holarctic
Theridion oleatum L. Koch, 1879c: 81, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df).
Theridion petrense Sørensen, 1898: 188 (Df).
Theridion oleatum Kulczyn'ski, 1916: 4, pl. 1, f. 3-5 (f).
Theridion oleatum Dahl, 1928: 4, f. 1-4 (Dj, f).
Theridion petrense Levi, 1957a: 81, f. 272, 282-283 (f).
T. o. Levi, 1964b: 447, f. 69-73 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).
Theridion oleatum Holm, 1967: 10, f. 2-4 (f, Sm).

m orilla (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus o. Levi, 1959b: 149, f. 383-384 (Dm).
T. o. Levi, 1964b: 453.

mf pallidus (Emerton, 1913)....................USA, West Indies to Venezuela
Dipoena pallida Emerton, 1913a: 213, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dm).
Theridion edinburgensis Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 9, f. 18-19 (Dm).
Dipoena cubana Bryant, 1940: 304, f. 82 (Dm).
Theridion wallacei Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 5, f. 2 (Df).
Dipoena pallida Kaston, 1948: 91, f. 93 (m).
Tholocco pallida Archer, 1950: 16 (Tm from Dipoena, Sf).
Tholocco edinburgensis Archer, 1950: 16 (Tm from Theridion).
Paidisca pallida Levi, 1957a: 99, f. 358-366 (mf, S).
Sphyrotinus p. Levi, 1959b: 158.
T. p. Levi, 1964b: 470.

f palo Levi, 1967....................Brazil
T. p. Levi, 1967b: 26, f. 10-12 (Df).

mf piarco (Levi, 1959)....................Trinidad, Brazil
Sphyrotinus p. Levi, 1959b: 153, f. 390-394 (Dmf).
T. p. Levi, 1964b: 465, f. 50 (m).

mf pictipes (Banks, 1904)....................USA
Dipoena p. Banks, 1904b: 345 (D).
Theridion catalinae Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 6, f. 21 (Df).
Theridion hansii Schenkel, 1950b: 46, f. 11a-b (Dm).
Tholocco p. Levi, 1953b: 3 (T from Dipoena, Sf).
Paidisca p. Levi, 1957a: 102, f. 374-379 (f, Sm).

f praemollis (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam
Thonastica p. Simon, 1909e: 92 (Df).
Thonastica p. Levi & Levi, 1962: 48, f. 126-127 (f).

mf prolatus (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Sphyrotinus p. Levi, 1959b: 158, f. 423-426 (Dmf).
T. p. Levi, 1964b: 452.

f puer (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Brazil, Argentina
Theridion p. Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 211, f. 15 (Df).
T. p. Levi, 1964b: 460, f. 25-26 (Tf from Theridion).

f ramon Levi, 1964....................Peru
T. r. Levi, 1964b: 456, f. 1-2 (Df).

f rarus (Keyserling, 1886)....................Brazil
Theridion rarum Keyserling, 1886b: 237, pl. 20, f. 291 (Df).
T. r. Levi, 1963c: 492 (Tf from Theridion).
T. r. Levi, 1964b: 460, f. 27 (f).

f reservatus (Levi, 1959)....................Panama
Sphyrotinus r. Levi, 1959b: 151, f. 375-376 (Df).
T. r. Levi, 1964b: 451.

f sanctus (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Peru
Garricola s. Chamberlin, 1916: 231, pl. 16, f. 5, 7 (Df).
T. s. Levi, 1964b: 467, f. 61-63 (f).

f sarasota (Levi, 1957)....................USA
Paidisca s. Levi, 1957a: 105, f. 402-405 (Df).
T. s. Levi, 1964b: 449.

f sclerotis (Levi, 1957)....................USA, Mexico
Paidisca s. Levi, 1957a: 104, f. 384-387 (Df).
Sphyrotinus s. Levi, 1959b: 157.
T. s. Levi, 1964b: 449.

mf simla (Levi, 1959)....................Trinidad
Sphyrotinus s. Levi, 1959b: 153, f. 401-403 (Dm).
T. s. Levi, 1964b: 467, f. 67-68 (Df).

f simplex (Bryant, 1940)....................Cuba
Paidisca s. Bryant, 1940: 301, f. 66 (Df; probably a linyphiid, per Levi, 1959b: 142).
T. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 430.

mf struthio (Simon, 1895)....................Venezuela
Theridion s. Simon, 1894a: 542, f. 555 (m, nomen nudum).
Theridion s. Simon, 1895g: 142 (Dm).
T. s. Levi, 1963c: 492 (Tm from Theridion).
T. s. Levi, 1964b: 458, f. 12-16 (m, Df).

mf stylifrons (Simon, 1894)....................Panama, Venezuela, St. Vincent
Theridion s. Simon, 1894c: 522, f. 4 (Dmf).
Theridion s. Simon, 1894a: 542, f. 554 (m).
Sphyrotinus s. Levi, 1959b: 152, f. 385-389 (Tmf from Theridion).

m subtilis (Simon, 1894)....................Zanzibar
Philto s. Simon, 1894a: 552, f. 563 (Dm).
Philto s. Simon, 1895g: 145 (Dm).
Philto s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 48, f. 133 (m).

m ulleungensis (Paik, 1991)....................Korea
Savignia u. Paik, 1991e: 7, f. 1-13 (Dm).
T. u. Eskov, 1992b: 167 (Tm from Savignia).

mf unimaculatus (Emerton, 1882)....................USA, Canada
Theridion unimaculatum Emerton, 1882: 15, pl. 2, f. 4 (Dmf).
Theridion unimaculatum Keyserling, 1884a: 40, pl. 2, f. 21 (mf).
Theridion liliputanum Keyserling, 1884a: 88, pl. 4, f. 65 (Dm, preoccupied).
Crustulina lascivula Keyserling, 1886b: 39, pl. 12, f. 155 (Df).
Theridion nicoleti Keyserling, 1886b: 293 (replacement name for T. liliputanum Keyserling).
Theridium lascivum Simon, 1894a: 541.
Dipoena lascivula Simon, 1894a: 578.
Theridion unimaculatum Emerton, 1902: 118, f. 275 (mf).
Theridion imparatum Bishop & Crosby, 1926: 182, pl. 23. f. 30 (Dm).
Theridion amputatum Keyserling, 1884a: 90, pl. 4, f. 58 (Dm).
Theridion paradisiacum Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 11, f. 32-34 (Dmf).
Tholocco amputata Archer, 1946: 49 (Tm from Theridion).
Theridion unimaculatum Kaston, 1948: 107, f. 162-164 (mf).
Tholocco unimaculata Archer, 1950: 16 (Tmf from Theridion, S).
Tholocco amputata Levi, 1953b: 3 (Sf).
Paidisca unimaculata Levi, 1957a: 106, f. 388-392, 406-413 (mf, S).
T. u. Breene et al., 1993: 59, f. 28A-C (mf).

mf unisignatus (Simon, 1894)....................Colombia, Venezuela
Hypobares u. Simon, 1894a: 552, f. 559 (Dm).
Hypobares u. Simon, 1895g: 144 (Dm).
Hypobares u. Levi & Levi, 1962: 48, f. 128-130 (m, Df).
T. u. Levi, 1964b: 467, f. 64-66 (mf).

f urubamba Levi, 1967....................Peru
T. u. Levi, 1967b: 26, f. 13-14 (Df).

m verus (Levi, 1959)....................Mexico
Sphyrotinus v. Levi, 1959b: 146, f. 357-359 (Dm).
T. v. Levi, 1964b: 453.

mf villarricaensis Levi, 1964....................Paraguay
T. v. Levi, 1964b: 462, f. 39-42 (Dmf).

f vivus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899)....................Costa Rica
Theridion vivum O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 293, pl. 34, f. 8 (Df).
Steatoda viva F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 385.
Sphyrotinus v. Levi, 1959b: 159, f. 429-430 (Tf from Theridion).

mf wangi Zhu, 1998....................China
T. w. Zhu, 1998: 115, f. 70A-F (Dmf).
T. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 149, f. 83M-N, Q-R (mf).

mf yaginumai Yoshida, 1995....................Japan
T. y. Yoshida, 1995a: 114, f. 3-5 (Dmf).

Gen. Tidarren Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Echinotheridion Levi, 1963 (Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, contra Wunderlich, 1987).

Transferred to other genera:
T. cartum (Levi, 1963) -- see Echinotheridion.
T. fordum luctuosum Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Achaearanea.
T. gibberosum (Kulczyn'ski, 1899) -- see Echinotheridion.
T. incertissimum Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Theridion.
T. rostratum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896) -- see Achaearanea.

In synonymy:
T. ansatum (Walckenaer, 1842, T from Theridion) = T. sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1842) (Levi, 1957a: 21).
T. fordulum (Banks, 1909, T from Theridion) = T. haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880) (Levi, 1969: 71, contra Levi, 1957c: 73).
T. fordum (Keyserling, 1884) = T. sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1842) (Levi, 1969: 72, after Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 57).
T. hagemanni Schmidt, 1956 = T. chevalieri (Berland, 1936) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 410).
T. minor Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934 = T. haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880) (Levi, 1969: 71, contra Levi, 1957c: 73).
T. probum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899, T from Dipoena) = T. sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1842) (Levi, 1963a: 138).
T. pseudogibberosum Schmidt, 1973 (removed from S of Echinotheridion gibberosum) = T. chevalieri (Berland, 1936) (Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, contra Wunderlich, 1987).
T. texanum (Banks, 1910) = T. haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880) (Levi, 1969: 71, contra Levi, 1957c: 73).

mf chevalieri (Berland, 1936)....................Canary Is., Cape Verde Is.
Theridion c. Berland, 1936: 82, f. 28-29 (Df).
T. hagemanni Schmidt, 1956e: 146, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
T. pseudogibberosum Schmidt, 1973: 368, f. 5 (Df).
T. pseudogibberosum Schmidt, 1981: 96, f. 5 (Dm).
T. hagemanni Wunderlich, 1987a: 208, f. 546 (f).
T. c. Wunderlich, 1987a: 208 (Tf from Theridion).
T. c. Wunderlich, 1992a: 410, f. 606 (f, Sm).
T. c. Schmidt, Geisthardt & Piepho, 1994: 93, f. 5-6 (m).

mf cuneolatum (Tullgren, 1910)....................Central, East Africa, Yemen
Theridion c. Tullgren, 1910: 132, pl. 2, f. 48 (Df).
Theridion c. Denis, 1955e: 2, f. 2-4 (f).
T. c. Knoflach & van Harten, 2000b: 1641, f. 1-22 (Tf from Theridion, Dm).

mf haemorrhoidale (Bertkau, 1880)....................USA to Argentina
Theridion h. Bertkau, 1880a: 78 (Df).
Theridion elevatum Banks, 1897: 195 (Df, preoccupied).
Steatoda elevata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 387.
Theridion fordulum Banks, 1909a: 203 (D).
Theridion texanum Banks, 1910: 20 (replacement name for Theridion elevatum).
T. minor Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934: 10, pl. 3 (Dm).
T. minor Archer, 1950: 15, pl. II, f. 2 (m).
T. texanum Levi, 1957a: 21 (Tf from Theridion).
T. fordum Levi, 1957c: 73, f. 49-57, 61-64 (mf, S, misidentified).
T. h. Levi, 1969: 71 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
T. h. Breene et al., 1993: 59, f. 27A-C (mf).

f levii Schmidt, 1957....................Congo
T. l. Schmidt, 1957: 283, f. 4-5 (Df).

mf mixtum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1896)....................Mexico to Costa Rica
Theridium m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 206, pl. 24, f. 11 (Df).
Steatoda mixta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 383, pl. 36, f. 8 (f).
T. m. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934: 9, pl. 2 (mf).
T. m. Kraus, 1955b: 19, f. 43-48 (f).
T. m. Levi, 1957c: 72, f. 40, 46-48 (f).

mf sisyphoides (Walckenaer, 1842) *....................USA to Colombia, West Indies
Theridion s. Walckenaer, 1842: 321 (Df).
Theridion ansatum Walckenaer, 1842: 320 (Df).
Theridium fordum Keyserling, 1884a: 23, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Dipoena proba O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 294, pl. 37, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
Steatoda forda F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 7 (f).
Theridium fordum Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 194, f. 39 (f).
T. fordum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1934: 5, pl. 1 (mf).
T. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 57 (removed from S of Achaearanea tepidariorum, S).
T. s. Levi, 1957a: 21 (S).
T. s. Levi, 1957c: 70, f. 41-45, 58-60 (mf).
T. s. Levi & Levi, 1962: 44, f. 87-89 (mf).
T. s. Levi, 1963a: 138 (S).
T. s. Levi, 1969: 72 (S).
T. s. Levi & Randolph, 1975: 47, f. 48-50 (mf).
T. s. Gruia, 1977: 159, f. 2-4 (mf).
T. s. Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 48-50 (mf).
T. s. Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 48-50 (mf).
T. s. Roth, 1994: 183, f. 48, 50 (mf).

Gen. Tomoxena Simon, 1895

f alearia (Thorell, 1890)....................Java, Sumatra
Chrysso a. Thorell, 1890a: 262 (Dj).
T. a. Reimoser, 1927a: 45 (Df).

f dives Simon, 1895 *....................India
T. d. Simon, 1894a: 514, f. 523 (nomen nudum).
T. d. Simon, 1895g: 132 (Df).
T. d. Levi & Levi, 1962: 50, f. 169-171 (f).

mf flavomaculata Simon, 1895....................Sumatra
T. f. Simon, 1895g: 133 (Dmf).

Gen. Wamba O. P.-Cambridge, 1896

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Crustulina Menge, 1868 and placed as a junior synonym of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805 by Levi, 1959b: 112, but removed from Theridion and considered a senior synonym of Allodipoena Bryant, 1947b: 184, type A. dianae Bryant, 1947 (=W. atropunctata (Petrunkevitch, 1930)) and Chindellum Archer, 1950: 12, type Theridion intervallatum Emerton, 1915 by Wunderlich, 1995n: 611.

In synonymy:
W. atropunctatus (Petrunkevitch, 1930) = W. congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (Levi, 1959b: 112, sub Theridion, where the younger name was used because congener is preoccupied in Theridion).
W. brevipalpus (Bryant, 1942, T from Theridion) = W. congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (Levi, 1957a: 67, sub Theridion atropunctatum).
W. chindus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944, T from Theridion) = W. crispulus (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1957a: 64, sub Theridion intervallatum).
W. dianae (Bryant, 1947, T from Theridion) = W. congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 (Levi, 1957a: 67, sub Theridion atropunctatum).
W. intervallatus (Emerton, 1915, T from Theridion) = W. crispulus (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1959b: 113, sub Theridion).
W. realisticus (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936, T from Theridion) = W. crispulus (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1957a: 64, sub Theridion intervallatum).

mf congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 *....................USA, West Indies to Brazil
W. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 191, pl. 24, f. 1 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied in Theridion, but not here).
W. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1902a: 375, pl. 35, f. 11 (m).
Theridion atropunctatum Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 210, f. 59-60 (Df).
Theridion brevipalpus Bryant, 1942a: 341, f. 28, 31-32 (Dm).
Allodipoena dianae Bryant, 1947b: 184, f. 1-2 (Df, not m, f. 3-4).
Theridion atropunctatum Levi, 1957a: 66, f. 225-228, 232-234 (f, Sm).
Theridion atropunctatum Levi, 1959b: 112 (S).
Theridion atropunctatum Levi, 1963c: 563, f. 161-165 (mf).
W. atropunctata Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf crispulus (Simon, 1895)....................Canada to Brazil, West Indies
Theridion crispulum Simon, 1895g: 142 (Dmf).
Theridion intervallatum Emerton, 1915a: 136, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dm).
Theridion realisticum Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 11, f. 23-24 (Dmf).
Theridion chinda Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 49, f. 82-84 (Df).
Theridion blandum Kaston, 1945b: 5, f. 11-12 (mf, S, rejected).
Theridion blandum Kaston, 1948: 110, f. 176-177 (mf)
Chindellum intervallatum Archer, 1950: 12, pl. I, f. 1 (Tm from Theridion).
Theridion intervallatum Levi, 1957a: 64, f. 222-224, 229-231 (m, Sf).
Theridion crispulum Levi, 1959b: 113 (S).
Theridion crispulum Levi, 1963c: 564, f. 166-172 (mf).
Theridion crispulum Breene et al., 1993: 61, f. 33A-C (mf).
W. crispula Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

mf panamensis (Levi, 1959)....................Panama, Ecuador
Theridion panamense Levi, 1959b: 123, f. 263-267 (Dmf).
W. panamense Wunderlich, 1995n: 612 (Tmf from Theridion).

Gen. Wirada Keyserling, 1886

In synonymy:
W. rugithorax Simon, 1895 = W. punctata Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 1963d: 174).

mf punctata Keyserling, 1886 *....................Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru
W. p. Keyserling, 1886b: 26, pl. 11, f. 147 (Df).
Virada p. Simon, 1894a: 585.
Virada rugithorax Simon, 1894a: 585 (nomen nudum).
Virada rugithorax Simon, 1895g: 148 (Dm).
W. p. Levi & Levi, 1962: 57, f. 248-250 (Dm).
W. p. Levi, 1963d: 174, f. 14-18 (mf, S).

m tijuca Levi, 1967....................Brazil
W. t. Levi, 1967b: 32, f. 28-31 (Dm).

mf tovarensis Simon, 1895....................Venezuela
Virada t. Simon, 1894a: 585 (nomen nudum).
Virada t. Simon, 1895g: 148 (Dm).
W. t. Levi, 1963d: 176, f. 19-26 (m, Df).

Gen. Yoroa Baert, 1984

Y. Baert, 1984b: 229, type Y. clypeoglandularis Baert, 1984.

mf clypeoglandularis Baert, 1984 *....................New Guinea
Y. c. Baert, 1984b: 229, f. 3-8 (Dm).
Y. c. Harvey & Waldock, 2000: 59, f. 3-7, 10 (m, Df).

m taylori Harvey & Waldock, 2000....................Queensland
Y. t. Harvey & Waldock, 2000: 60, f. 1-2, 8-9 (Dm).

Gen. Zercidium Benoit, 1977

Z. Benoit, 1977i: 150, type Z. helenense Benoit, 1977.

mf helenense Benoit, 1977 *....................St. Helena
Z. h. Benoit, 1977i: 150, f. 66a-f (Dmf).