The World Spider Catalog, Version 2.0
by Norman I. Platnick

© Copyright 2000, 2001 American Museum of Natural History. All Rights Reserved.
Title Page Introduction Families Counts Bibliography

FAM. THERAPHOSIDAE Thorell, 1870

Last updated Apr. 26, 2001

N.B.: see note under Barychelidae.

Transferred to other families:
Aphantopelma Simon, 1903 -- see Thalerommata under Barychelidae.
Hapalopinus Simon, 1903 -- see Trichopelma under Barychelidae.
Hesperopholis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939 -- see Calisoga under Nemesiidae.
Leptofischelia Strand, 1929 -- see Trichopelma under Barychelidae.
Leptopelma Ausserer, 1871 -- see Nemesia under Nemesiidae.
Melloa Schenkel, 1953 -- see Melloina under Paratropididae.

In synonymy:
Adranochelia Simon, 1889 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 148).
Ancylochiros Mello-Leitão, 1920 = Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Raven, 1985a: 149).
Apachepelma Smith, 1995 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Prentice, 1997: 147).
Ashantia Strand, 1908 = Harpactirella Purcell, 1902 (Raven, 1985a: 149).
Avicuscodra Strand, 1908 = Chaetopelma Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 149).
Baccallbrapo Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 = Phlogiellus Pocock, 1897 (Raven, 2000: 570).
Barropelma Chamberlin, 1940 = Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 150, sub Crypsidromus).
Brachypelmides Schmidt & Krause, 1994 = Brachypelma Simon, 1891 (Smith, 1995: 159).
Butantania Mello-Leitão, 1935 (removed from S of Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum) = Homoeomma Ausserer, 1871 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52, contra Raven, 1985a: 150).
Calopelma Chamberlin, 1917 = Homoeomma Ausserer, 1871 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 241).
Cenobiopelma Mello-Leitão & Arlé, 1934 = Oligoxystre Vellard, 1924 (Raven, 1985a: 150).
Ceropelma Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Plesiopelma Pocock, 1901 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55).
Chaetorhombus Ausserer, 1871 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 151).
Chaunopelma Chamberlin, 1940 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 151, sub Rhechostica).
Chilocosmia Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992 = Selenocosmia Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 2000: 570).
Crypsidromus Ausserer, 1871 = Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52).
Cyclothoracoides Strand, 1929 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 151).
Davus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Valerio, 1982: 412).
Delopelma Petrunkevitch, 1939 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 151, sub Rhechostica).
Dolichothele Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Dryptopelma Simon, 1889 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46).
Dryptopelmides Strand, 1907 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Dugesiella Pocock, 1901 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 152, sub Rhechostica).
Encyocratella Strand, 1907 = Chaetopelma Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Erythropoicila Fischel, 1927 = Cyriocosmus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 152).
Eurypelma C. L. Koch, 1850 = Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Eurypelmella Strand, 1907 = Schizopelma F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Euthycaelus Simon, 1889 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Goniodontium Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 153).
Gosipelma Chamberlin, 1940 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 153, sub Rhechostica).
Harpaxictis Simon, 1892 = Sericopelma Ausserer, 1875 (Raven, 1985a: 153, sub Mygalarachne).
Heterophrictus Pocock, 1900 = Plesiophrictus Pocock, 1899 (Raven, 1985a: 154).
Idiothele Hewitt, 1919 = Pterinochilus Pocock, 1897 (Raven, 1985a: 154).
Ischnocolella Strand, 1907 = Plesiophrictus Pocock, 1899 (Raven, 1985a: 155).
Lasiopelma Simon, 1892 = Grammostola Simon, 1892 (Schmidt, 1994e: 5, contra Raven, 1985a: 119, who placed it as a S of Tapinauchenius Ausserer, 1871).
Loxophobema Simon, 1907 = Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 (Laurent, 1946: 303).
Loxoptygella Strand, 1906 = Loxoptygus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 155).
Luphocemus Denis, 1960 = Harpactirella Purcell, 1902 (Benoit, 1965c: 297).
Magulla Simon, 1892 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 155).
Melognathus Chamberlin, 1917 = Cyriopagopus Simon, 1887 (Raven, 1985a: 156).
Melopoeus Pocock, 1895 = Haplopelma Simon, 1892 (Raven, 1985a: 116).
Monocentropella Strand, 1907 = Citharischius Pocock, 1900 (Raven, 1985a: 156).
Neischnocolus Petrunkevitch, 1925 = Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 156, sub Crypsidromus).
Neochilobrachys Hirst, 1909 = Phlogiellus Pocock, 1897 (Raven, 1985a: 156).
Pelinobius Karsch, 1885 = Phoneyusa Simon, 1884 (Raven, 1985a: 157).
Phlogiodes Pocock, 1899 = Haploclastus Simon, 1892 (Raven, 1985a: 157).
Phlogius Simon, 1887 = Selenocosmia Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 2000: 570, contra Schmidt, 1995k: 9).
Phrixotrichus Simon, 1889 = Euathlus Ausserer, 1875 (Schmidt, 1996a: 14, contra Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54).
Proshapalopus Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Raven, 1985a: 157, sub Stichoplastus).
Pseudohomoeomma Mello-Leitão, 1930 = Cyriocosmus Simon, 1903 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 48).
Pseudoschizopelma Smith, 1995 = Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46).
Pterinochilides Strand, 1920 = Pterinochilus Pocock, 1897 (Laurent, 1946: 323).
Pterinopelma Pocock, 1901 (removed from S of Eurypelma=Avicularia) = Eupalaestrus Pocock, 1901 (Pérez-Miles, 1992: 28, contra Raven, 1985a: 158, who placed it as a S of Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901, sub Rhechostica).
Rhechostica Simon, 1892 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Raven, 1985a: 149, but priority reversed by ICZN Opinion 1637).
Scopelobates Simon, 1903 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Raven, 1985a: 158).
Selenopelma Schmidt & Krause, 1995 = Selenocosmia Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 2000: 570).
Sickius Soares & Camargo, 1948 = Hapalotremus Simon, 1903 (Raven, 1985a: 159).
Sorata Strand, 1907 = Grammostola Simon, 1892 (Raven, 1985a: 159).
Stichoplastus Simon, 1889 = Holothele Karsch, 1879 (Rudloff, 1997a: 10).
Trasyphoberus Simon, 1903 = Acanthoscurria Ausserer, 1871 (Raven, 1985a: 159).
Umangia Strand, 1920 = Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 (Laurent, 1946: 303).
Weyenberghiana Mello-Leitão, 1941 = Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86, sub Pterinopelma).
Zophopelma Benoit, 1965 = Euphrictus Hirst, 1908 (Raven, 1985a: 160).

Nomina dubia:
Mygalarachne Ausserer, 1871 (type M. brevipes Ausserer, 1871a: 207, f, Honduras) -- Lucas et al., 1991: 229.
Pachypelma Karsch, 1880c: 390 (type Mygale oculata Nicolet, 1849: 331, pl. 1, f. 1, f, Chile, supposedly = Mygale pygmaea Nicolet, 1849: 331, pl. 1, f. 3, f, Chile) -- Raven, 1985a: 146 (but see Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 47 under Phormictopus); Huber, Samm & Schmidt, 1996: 42.
Yamia Kishida, 1920a: 304 (type Y. watasei Kishida, 1920a: 305, f. 3, f, Taiwan) -- Huber, Samm & Schmidt, 1996: 42; Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 41.

Homonyms replaced:
Scodra Becker, 1879 -- see Stromatopelma.
Weyenberghia Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Aphonopelma.

Gen. Acanthopelma F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897

Transferred to other genera:
A. maculatum Banks, 1906 -- see Trichopelma under Barychelidae.

mf annae Reichling, 1997....................Belize
A. a. Reichling, 1997b: 337, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

m beccarii Caporiacco, 1947....................Guyana
A. b. Caporiacco, 1947a: 21 (Dm).
A. b. Caporiacco, 1948a: 618, f. 12-13 (m).

m rufescens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 *....................Central America
A. r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 34, pl. 2, f. 13 (Dm).
A. r. Smith, 1986b: 74, f. 2h (m).
A. r. Smith, 1987d: 74, f. 2h (m).
A. r. Smith, 1995: 27, f. 1-11 (m).

Gen. Acanthoscurria Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Trasyphoberus Simon, 1903 by Raven, 1985a: 159.

Transferred to other genera:
A. cristata Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
A. dubia Chamberlin, 1917 -- see Phormictopus.

In synonymy:
A. abnormis Ibarra, 1954 = A. insubtilis Simon, 1892 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 412).
A. gigantea Tullgren, 1905 = A. sternalis Pocock, 1903 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 393).
A. lycosoides (Tullgren, 1905, T from Cyrtopholis) = A. ferina Simon, 1892 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965a: 375).
A. parvitarsis (Simon, 1903) = A. ferina Simon, 1892 (Lucas, 1983a: 155).
A. pheopygus (Mello-Leitão, 1923, T from Phormictopus) = A. gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923 (Lucas, 1983c: 350).
A. substernalis Strand, 1907 = A. sternalis Pocock, 1903 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 393).

mf acuminata Schmidt & Tesmoingt, 2000....................Bolivia, Brazil
A. a. Schmidt & Tesmoingt, 2000: 2, f. 1-2 (Df).
A. a. Schmidt, 2000b: 1, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f antillensis Pocock, 1903....................Lesser Antilles
A. a. Pocock, 1903b: 86 (Df).

m<>


‹bertragung unterbrochen

..................Brazil
A. a. Vellard, 1924a: 143, pl. 8, f. 35 (Dmf).
A. a. Bücherl, 1957: 396, f. 58-58b (m).
A. a. Schmidt, 1986: 54, f. 71-73 (m).
A. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 147-149 (m).
A. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 90-91, 94 (m).
A. a. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 25-26 (m).

m aurita Piza, 1939....................Brazil
A. a. Piza, 1939a: 5, f. 2-3 (Dm).

mf brocklehursti F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Brazil
A. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 739, pl. 24, f. 18 (Df).
A. b. Bücherl, 1957: 397, f. 60-60a (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1986: 54, f. 74-75 (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 150-151 (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 95 (m).

mf chacoana Brèthes, 1909....................Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina
A. c. Brèthes, 1909a: 45 (Df).
A. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 402, pl. I, f. 14-19 (f, Dm).

m chiracantha Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. c. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 288, f. 81-82, 89, 181 (Dm).
A. chiracanthia Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 409, pl. II, f. 19-23 (m).

f convexa (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Brazil
Mygale c. C. L. Koch, 1842: 94, f. 750 (Df).
Crypsidromus c. Ausserer, 1871a: 195.
Callyntropus c. Pocock, 1901c: 544.
A. c. Simon, 1903a: 943.

mf cordubensis Thorell, 1894....................Argentina
A. c. Thorell, 1894a: 28 (Dm).
A. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 401, pl. I, f. 8-13 (m, Df).
A. c. Schmidt, 1999f: 4, f. 26-27 (m).

m cunhae Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. c. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 282, f. 55-59, 168 (Dm).
A. cunhai Bonnet, 1955: 136.

m cursor Chamberlin, 1917....................Brazil
A. c. Chamberlin, 1917: 65, pl. 4, f. 10 (Dm).
A. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 408, pl. II, f. 15-18 (m).
A. c. Smith, 1986b: 146, f. 7h (m).
A. c. Smith, 1987d: 146, f. 7h (m).

mf ferina Simon, 1892....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
A. f. Simon, 1892d: 282 (Dm).
Trasyphoberus parvitarsis Simon, 1903a: 942, f. 1087 (Df).
Cyrtopholis lycosoides Tullgren, 1905: 9 (Df).
Trasyphoberus parvitarsis Bücherl, 1957: 399, f. 72-72a (m).
A. f. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 410, pl. II, f. 9-14 (m, Df).
A. f. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965a: 375, f. 1-2 (f, S).
Trasyphoberus f. Lucas, 1983a: 155 (S).
Trasyphoberus parvitarsis Schmidt, 1986: 56, f. 80-82 (m).
A. f. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 152-154 (m).
A. f. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 92, 96-97 (m).

mf fracta Chamberlin, 1917....................Brazil
A. f. Chamberlin, 1917: 66, pl. 5, f. 1 (Dm).
A. f. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 185, pls. XI, XIX (Df).
A. f. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 411, pl. III, f. 15-18 (m).
A. f. Smith, 1986b: 146, f. 10h (m).
A. f. Smith, 1987d: 146, f. 10h (m).

mf geniculata (C. L. Koch, 1841) *....................Brazil
Mygale g. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 43, f. 718 (Dm).
Scurria g. C. L. Koch, 1850: 74.
A. g. Ausserer, 1871a: 206, pl. 1, f. 10 (m).
A. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 737, pl. 34, f. 17 (Df).
A. g. Bücherl, 1957: 397, f. 63 (m).
A. g. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 293, f. 15-16 (f).
A. g. Schmidt, 1986: 54, f. 76 (m).
A. g. Schmidt, 1993d: 76, f. 155-156 (mf).
A. g. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 41, f. 3-4, 6 (m).
A. g. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 93, 98 (mf).
A. g. Schmidt, 1998e: 2, f. 1 (f).

mf gomesiana Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. g. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 306, f. 51-55, 167 (Dm).
Phormictopus pheopygus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 273, f. 150-152 (Df).
A. g. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 411, pl. III, f. 4-9 (m, Df).
A. g. Lucas, 1983c: 350 (S).

m guaxupe Piza, 1972....................Brazil
A. g. Piza, 1972b: 161, 1 fig. (Dm).

m insubtilis Simon, 1892....................Bolivia
A. i. Simon, 1892d: 282 (Dm).
A. abnormis Ibarra, 1954: 19, f. 1-5 (Dm).
A. i. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 412, pl. II, f. 1-8 (m, S).
A. i. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 27-28 (m).

mf juruenicola Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. j. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 294 (Df).
A. j. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 413, pl. III, f. 3 (f).
A. j. Lucas et al., 1981b: 151, f. 1-5 (Dm).
A. j. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 29-30 (m).

m maga Simon, 1892....................South America
A. m. Simon, 1892d: 280 (Dm).

f melanotheria Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 310 (Df).

m minor Ausserer, 1871....................Guyana
A. m. Ausserer, 1871a: 206, pl. 1, f. 11 (Dm).

mf musculosa Simon, 1892....................Bolivia, Brazil
A. m. Simon, 1892d: 281 (Dm).
A. m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 302, f. 83-85, 180 (m).
A. m. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 413, pl. III, f. 10-14 (m).
A. m. Stewien, 1969: 79, f. 1-7 (Df).

f natalensis Chamberlin, 1917....................Brazil
A. n. Chamberlin, 1917: 64 (Df).
A. n. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 414, pl. III, f. 1-2 (f).

m parahybana Mello-Leitão, 1926....................Brazil
A. p. Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 321 (Dm).

m paulensis Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 304, f. 86-88, 178-179 (Dm).
A. p. Smith, 1986b: 148, f. 18h (m).
A. p. Smith, 1987d: 148, f. 18h (m).

m pugnax Vellard, 1924....................Brazil
A. p. Vellard, 1924a: 142, pl. 8, f. 34 (Dm).

f rhodothele Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 296, f. 122, 140 (Df).

f rondoniae Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 287 (Df).
A. rondoniensis Bonnet, 1955: 138 (invalid emendation).
A. rondoniensis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 415, pl. II, f. 24 (f).

mf sternalis Pocock, 1903....................Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina
A. s. Pocock, 1903b: 86 (Df).
A. gigantea Tullgren, 1905: 11, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
A. substernalis Strand, 1907l: 66 (Df).
A. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1933c: 173 (Dm).
A. s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 403, pl. I, f. 1-7 (f, Sm).
A. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965a: 375, f. 4 (f).

mf suina Pocock, 1903....................Argentina, Uruguay
A. s. Pocock, 1903b: 87 (Df).
A. s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 407, p. I, f. 20-25 (f, Dm).
A. s. Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
A. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 41, f. 5 (f).
A. s. Schmidt, 1999f: 5, f. 24 (f).

f tarda Pocock, 1903....................Brazil
A. t. Pocock, 1903b: 87 (Df).

m theraphosoides (Doleschall, 1871)....................Brazil
Acanthopalpus t. Doleschall, in Ausserer, 1871a: 208, pl. 1, f. 12-13 (Dm).
A. t. Simon, 1892a: 158.
A. t. Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 75, f. 1-2 (m).

m transamazonica Piza, 1972....................Brazil
A. t. Piza, 1972a: 99, 1 fig. (Dm).

mf urens Vellard, 1924....................Brazil
A. u. Vellard, 1924a: 140, pl. 7, f. 33 (Dmf).

mf violacea Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. v. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 292, f. 182 (Df).
A. v. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 415, pl. III, f. 19-21 (f, Dm).

mf xinguensis Timotheo, 1960....................Brazil
A. x. Timotheo, 1960: 2, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

Gen. Annandaliella Hirst, 1909

mf pectinifera Gravely, 1935....................India
A. p. Gravely, 1935a: 78, f. 2c-d (Dmf).
A. p. Smith, 1986b: 108, f. 11h (m).
A. p. Smith, 1987d: 108, f. 11h (m).

mf travancorica Hirst, 1909 *....................India
A. t. Hirst, 1909: 389 (Df).
A. t. Gravely, 1915: 271, pl. 15, f. 4 (Dm).

Gen. Anoploscelus Pocock, 1897

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 by Smith, 1990c: 21, contra Raven, 1985a: 149.

m celeripes Pocock, 1897 *....................Uganda, Tanzania
A. c. Pocock, 1897b: 760, pl. 41, f. 3 (Dm).
A. c. Smith, 1986b: 31, f. 1h (m).
A. c. Smith, 1987d: 31, f. 1h (m).
A. c. Smith, 1990c: 21, f. 1-12 (Tm from Phoneyusa).
A. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 109, f. 333 (m).

f lesserti Laurent, 1946....................Rwanda
A. l. Laurent, 1946: 301 (Df).
A. l. Smith, 1990c: 22 (Tf from Phoneyusa).

Gen. Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Eurypelma C. L. Koch, 1850 by Chamberlin, 1940a: 4; considered a junior synonym of Rhechostica Simon, 1892 (which was suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1637) and a senior synonym of Dugesiella Pocock, 1901, Pterinopelma Pocock, 1901 (considered a senior synoym of Weyenberghiana Mello-Leitão, 1941e: 322, replacement name for Weyenberghia Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 102, type Lasiodora weijenberghi Thorell, 1894, preoccupied, by Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86, although Mello-Leitão's specimens are misidentified juveniles of Grammostola; see Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, 1967a: 488), Delopelma Petrunkevitch, 1939b: 567, type Eurypelma marxi Simon, 1890 (considered a subgenus of Aphonopelma by Chamberlin, 1940a: 26), Chaunopelma Chamberlin, 1940a: 30, type Delopelma radinum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939, Clavopelma Chamberlin, 1940a: 30, type Eurypelma tamaulipecum Chamberlin, 1937 (S rejected, see below), and Gosipelma Chamberlin, 1940a: 21, type G. angusi Chamberlin, 1940 (described as a subgenus of Aphonopelma but provisionally considered an independent genus by Brignoli, 1983c: 137) by Raven, 1985a: 149; not a senior synonym of Pterinopelma Pocock, 1901 (Pérez-Miles, 1992: 28, contra Raven, 1985); considered a senior synonym of Apachepelma Smith, 1995: 45, type Aphonopelma paloma Prentice, 1993 by Prentice, 1997: 147; not a senior synonym of Clavopelma Chamberlin, 1940 (Prentice, 1997: 148).

Transferred to other genera:
A. balboanum Chamberlin, 1940 -- see Sericopelma.
A. consocius Chamberlin, 1940 -- see Sericopelma.
A. mendozina (Holmberg, 1876) -- see Avicularia.
A. saltator (Pocock, 1903) -- see Eupalaestrus.
A. stygia Gertsch, 1971 -- see Spelopelma.
A. tamaulipeca (Chamberlin, 1937) -- see Clavopelma.
A. vitiosum (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Eupalaestrus.
A. weijenberghi (Thorell, 1894) -- see Eupalaestrus.

In synonymy:
A. angusi Chamberlin, 1940 = A. iodius (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939) (Prentice, 1997: 162).
A. dubium (Mello-Leitão, 1923, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) = A. wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 129, sub Pterinopelma).
A. melanius (Chamberlin & lvie, 1939) = A. iodius (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939) (Prentice, 1997: 162).
A. nevadanum Chamberlin, 1940 = A. iodius (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939) (Prentice, 1997: 162).
A. simulatum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939) = A. marxi (Simon, 1890) (Prentice, 1997: 147).
A. vellutinum (Mello-Leitão, 1923, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) = A. wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 129, sub Pterinopelma).

Nomina dubia:
A. californicum (Ausserer, 1871a: 214, m, USA, originally in Eurypelma, T to Dugisiella by Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 253, here by Schmidt, 1993d: 78) -- Smith, 1995: 80 (but see Smith, 1908: 223, pl. 17, f. 1-2 and Comstock, 1940: 109, f. 98).
A. lamperti (Strand, 1907l: 38, m, from unknown locality, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) -- Smith, 1995: 118.
A. leiogaster (Ausserer, 1871a: 214, m, USA, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) -- Smith, 1995: 118.
A. orthonops Chamberlin, 1940a: 29 (f, USA) -- Smith, 1995: 127.
A. pseudoroseum (Strand, 1907l: 41, f, USA, originally in Eurypelma=Avicularia, T to Delopelma by Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 253) -- Smith, 1995: 131.
A. rileyi (Marx, 1888b: 116, f, USA, originally in Eurypelma) -- Prentice, 1997: 145, 147 (but see Smith, 1995: 134, f. 630-634).
A. sericeus (Ausserer, 1875: 169, j, Mexico, originally in Ischnocolus, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) -- Smith, 1995: 143.

j aberrans (Chamberlin, 1917)....................Chile
Eurypelma a. Chamberlin, 1917: 51, pl. 4, f. 2 (Dj).
Eurypelma a. Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1036, pl. VIII, f. 1-6 (j).
A. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 78 (Tj from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

f albiceps (Pocock, 1903)....................Mexico
Eurypelma pallidum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 21, pl. 1, f. 17 (f, misidentified).
Brachypelma albiceps Pocock, 1903b: 103 (Df).
A. a. Smith, 1995: 70, f. 76-82 (removed f from S of A. pallidum).

mf anax (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella a. Chamberlin, 1940a: 34 (Dmf).
A. a. Smith, 1995: 71, f. 83-100 (mf).

m apacheum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. a. Chamberlin, 1940a: 15 (Dm).
A. a. Smith, 1995: 73, f. 109-117 (m).

f armada (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella a. Chamberlin, 1940a: 32 (Df).
A. a. Smith, 1995: 74, f. 118-123 (f).

m arnoldi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. a. Smith, 1995: 74, f. 124-134 (Dm).

f baergi Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. b. Chamberlin, 1940a: 19 (Df).
A. b. Smith, 1995: 75, f. 135-141 (f).

mf behlei Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. b. Chamberlin, 1940a: 26 (Dmf).
A. b. Smith, 1995: 76, f. 142-150 (m).

mf bicoloratum Struchen, Brändle & Schmidt, 1996....................Mexico
A. b. Struchen, Brändle & Schmidt, 1996: 2, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

m bistriatum (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Brazil
Mygale bistriata C. L. Koch, 1838: 16 (D).
Eurypelma b. Bonnet, 1956: 1831 (omitted by Roewer).
A. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 78 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

f braunshausenii Tesmoingt, 1996....................Mexico
A. b. Tesmoingt, 1996c: 2, f. 1-15 (Df).

f breenei Smith, 1995....................USA
A. b. Smith, 1995: 78, f. 151-158 (Df).

m brunnius Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. b. Chamberlin, 1940a: 11 (Dm; N.B.: specific name is a neuter comparative adjective).
A. brunnium Brignoli, 1983c: 134.
A. brunnium Smith, 1995: 79, f. 159-165 (m).

mf burica Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
A. b. Valerio, 1980b: 275, f. 6-7, 13, 18, 20 (Dmf).
Rhechostica b. Smith, 1986a: 25, f. 14 (f).

mf caniceps (Simon, 1891)....................Mexico
Eurypelma c. Simon, 1891h: 336, f. 3 (Dm).
Eurypelma c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 21, pl. 2, f. 6 (Dm).
Eurypelma c. Smith, 1986b: 59, f. 71h (m).
Eurypelma c. Smith, 1987d: 59, f. 71h (m).
A. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 78 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 80, f. 166-174 (m).

mf chalcodes Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. c. Chamberlin, 1940a: 7 (Dmf).
A. c. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 40, f. 35 (f).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 82, f. 175-192 (mf).

f chamberlini Smith, 1995....................USA
A. c. Smith, 1995: 86, f. 193-199 (Df).

m chambersi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. c. Smith, 1995: 86, f. 200-210 (Dm).

mf clarki Smith, 1995....................USA
A. c. Smith, 1995: 87, f. 211-230 (Dmf).

m clarum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. c. Chamberlin, 1940a: 10 (Dm).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 89, f. 231-237 (m).

f coloradanum (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella coloradana Chamberlin, 1940a: 35 (Df).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 90, f. 238-244 (f).

f cookei Smith, 1995....................Mexico
A. c. Smith, 1995: 91, f. 231-237 (Df; N.B.: duplicate f. numbers).

mf cratium Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. cratius Chamberlin, 1940a: 18 (Dmf).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 92, f. 238-253 (mf; N.B.: some duplicate f. numbers).

mf crinirufum (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Citharacanthus crinirufus Valerio, 1980b: 277, f. 8-9, 15, 19 (Dmf).
Citharacanthus crinirufus Smith, 1987d: 51, f. 69 (m).
Citharacanthus crinirufus Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 51, f. 46 (f).
A. c. Rudloff, 1997b: 9 (Tmf from Citharacanthus).

mf crinitum (Pocock, 1901)....................Mexico
Dugesiella crinita Pocock, 1901c: 552 (Dmf).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 93, f. 254-270 (mf).

mf cryptethum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. cryptethus Chamberlin, 1940a: 16 (Dmf).
A. c. Smith, 1995: 95, f. 271-278 (m).

m duplex (Chamberlin, 1925)....................Mexico
Eurypelma d. Chamberlin, 1925c: 106, f. 4 (Dm).
Dugesiella d. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 254.
A. d. Smith, 1995: 96, f. 279-288 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

m echinum (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella echina Chamberlin, 1940a: 36 (Dm).
A. e. Smith, 1995: 96, f. 289-298 (m).

m eustathes (Chamberlin, 1940)....................Mexico
Dugesiella e. Chamberlin, 1940a: 33 (Dm).
A. e. Smith, 1995: 98, f. 299-307 (m).

mf eutylenum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. e. Chamberlin, 1940a: 9 (Dmf).
A. e. Smith, 1995: 99, f. 308-321 (mf).

m gabeli Smith, 1995....................USA
A. g. Smith, 1995: 100, f. 322-333 (Dm).

mf geotoma (Chamberlin, 1937)....................Mexico
Eurypelma g. Chamberlin, 1937a: 289, f. 18 (Dmf).
A. g. Smith, 1995: 101, f. 334-342 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

m gertschi Smith, 1995....................Mexico
A. g. Smith, 1995: 102, f. 343-351 (Dm).

f griseum Chamberlin, 1940....................Mexico
A. g. Chamberlin, 1940a: 13 (Df).
A. g. Smith, 1995: 103, f. 352-358 (f).

m gurleyi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. g. Smith, 1995: 104, f. 359-367 (Dm).

m hageni (Strand, 1906)....................Mexico
Eurypelma h. Strand, 1906c: 19 (Dm).
Delopelma h. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 252.
A. h. Smith, 1995: 105, f. 368-377 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia per Roewer).

f harlingenum (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella harlingena Chamberlin, 1940a: 37 (Df).
A. h. Smith, 1995: 106, f. 378-383 (f).

m helluo (Simon, 1891)....................Mexico
Eurypelma h. Simon, 1891g: 323 (Dm).
Delopelma h. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 252.
A. h. Smith, 1995: 106, f. 384-392 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia per Roewer).

mf hentzi (Girard, 1852)....................USA
Mygale hentzii Girard, 1852: 262, pl. 16, f. 1-3 (D).
Eurypelma h. Simon, 1891g: 322 (Dm).
Dugesiella h. Banks, Newport & Bird, 1932: 34.
A. h. Smith, 1995: 107, f. 393-411 (m, Df).
A. h. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 178-179 (m).

j hesperum (Chamberlin, 1917)....................Mexico
Eurypelma hespera Chamberlin, 1917: 54 (Dj).
A. h. Smith, 1995: 112, f. 412-415 (Tj from Eurypelma=Avicularia)

f heterops Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. h. Chamberlin, 1940a: 29 (Df).
A. h. Smith, 1995: 113, f. 416-422 (f).

m hollyi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. h. Smith, 1995: 114, f. 423-434 (Dm).

m iodius (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)....................USA
Delopelma i. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939b: 7, f. 3 (Dm; N.B.: specific name is a neuter comparative adjective).
Delopelma melanius Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939b: 5, f. 1-2 (Dmf; N.B.: specific name is a neuter comparative adjective).
A. nevadanum Chamberlin, 1940a: 12 (Dm).
A. angusi Chamberlin, 1940a: 21 (Dmf).
Gosipelma a. Brignoli, 1983c: 137.
A. angusi Smith, 1995: 72, f. 101-108 (m).
A. iodium Smith, 1995: 115, f. 435-443 (m).
A. melanium Smith, 1995: 120, f. 482-489 (m).
A. nevadanum Smith, 1995: 125, f. 533-542 (m).
A. iodium Prentice, 1997: 162, f. 9-10, 29-50 (mf, S).

m iviei Smith, 1995....................USA
A. i. Smith, 1995: 115, f. 444-452 (Dm).

mf joshua Prentice, 1997....................USA
A. j. Prentice, 1997: 150, f. 1-2, 5, 7, 12-15, 22-23, 51 (Dmf).

m jungi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. j. Smith, 1995: 116, f. 453-462 (Dm).

mf lanceolatum (Simon, 1891)....................Nicaragua
Eurypelma lanceolatum Simon, 1891h: 335, f. 2 (Dmf).
Eurypelma lanceolatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 25, pl. 1, f. 13 (m).
Eurypelma l. Smith, 1986b: 59, f. 74h (m).
Eurypelma l. Smith, 1987d: 59, f. 74h (m).
A. l. Schmidt, 1993d: 78 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

mf latens (Chamberlin, 1917)....................El Salvador, Nicaragua
Eurypelma l. Chamberlin, 1917: 52, pl. 3, f. 10 (Dmf).
Eurypelma l. Kraus, 1955b: 10, f. 12-15 (m).
Eurypelma l. Bücherl, 1957: 393, f. 44-44a (m).
Eurypelma l. Schmidt, 1986: 50, f. 53-58 (m).
Eurypelma l. Smith, 1986b: 60, f. 75h (m).
Eurypelma l. Smith, 1987d: 60, f. 75h (m).
A. l. Schmidt, 1993d: 78, f. 170-175 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 172-175, 181-182 (m).

m levii Smith, 1995....................Mexico
A. l. Smith, 1995: 118, f. 463-472 (Dm).

m lithodomum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. l. Chamberlin, 1940a: 14 (Dm).
A. l. Smith, 1995: 119, f. 473-481 (m).

m marxi (Simon, 1891)....................USA
Eurypelma m. Simon, 1891g: 324 (Dm).
Eurypelma m. Petrunkevitch, 1929a: 517, pl. 1, f. 13 (m).
Eurypelma m. Gertsch, 1935a: 4 (Df).
Delopelma m. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 252.
Delopelma m. Petrunkevitch, 1939b: 568.
Delopelma simulatum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939b: 8 (Dm).
A. m. Smith, 1995: 119 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. simulatum Smith, 1995: 144, f. 717-724 (m).
A. m. Prentice, 1997: 147 (S).

m minchi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. m. Smith, 1995: 121, f. 490-499 (Dm).

m moderatum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)....................USA
Delopelma m. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939b: 9, f. 5 (Dm).
A. m. Smith, 1995: 122, f. 500-507 (m).

mf mojave Prentice, 1997....................USA
A. m. Prentice, 1997: 157, f. 3-4, 6, 8, 11, 16-21, 24-28 (Dmf).

m mooreae Smith, 1995....................Mexico
A. moorei Smith, 1995: 123, f. 508-517 (Dm; N.B.: patronym for Barbara Moore).

f mordax (Ausserer, 1871)....................USA
Eurypelma mordax Ausserer, 1871a: 211, pl. 1, f. 1-3 (Dm).
A. m. Smith, 1995: 124, f. 518-523 (removed f from S of A. hentzi).

m nayaritum Chamberlin, 1940....................Mexico
A. n. Chamberlin, 1940a: 23 (Dm).
Gosipelma n. Brignoli, 1983c: 137.
A. n. Smith, 1995: 125, f. 524-532 (m).

f odelli Smith, 1995....................USA
A. o. Smith, 1995: 126, f. 543-548 (Df).

m pallidum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Mexico
Eurypelma p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 21, pl. 1, f. 17 (Dm; not f, =A. albiceps).
Brachypelma p. Smith, 1986b: 50, f. 30h (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
Brachypelma p. Smith, 1987d: 50, f. 30h (m).
A. p. Smith, 1993a: 14 (Tm from Brachypelma=Euathlus per Raven).
A. p. Smith, 1995: 127, f. 549-559 (m).

mf paloma Prentice, 1993....................USA
A. p. Prentice, 1993: 189, f. 1-11 (Dmf).
Apachepelma p. Smith, 1995: 45, f. 66-73 (Tmf from Aphonopelma).
Apachepelma p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 169-171 (mf).

f pedatum (Strand, 1907)....................Surinam
Eurypelma p. Strand, 1907l: 44 (Df).
Delopelma p. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 252 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

m phanum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. phanus Chamberlin, 1940a: 24 (Dm).
Gosipelma phanus Brignoli, 1983c: 137.
A. phanus Smith, 1995: 128, f. 560-568 (m).

m phasmus Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. p. Chamberlin, 1940a: 28 (Dm).
A. p. Smith, 1995: 129, f. 569-575 (m).

m platnicki Smith, 1995....................Mexico
A. p. Smith, 1995: 130, f. 576-585 (Dm).

m prosoicum Chamberlin, 1940....................Mexico
A. prosoicus Chamberlin, 1940a: 13 (Dm).
A. p. Smith, 1995: 130, f. 586-594 (m).

m punzoi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. p. Smith, 1995: 131, f. 595-604 (Dm).

m radinum (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)....................USA
Delopelma r. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939b: 4, f. 6, 10-11 (Dm).
Chaunopelma r. Chamberlin, 1940a: 30.
Delopelma r. Smith, 1986b: 55, f. 50h (m).
Delopelma r. Smith, 1987d: 55, f. 50h (m).
A. r. Smith, 1995: 132, f. 605-613 (m).

mf reversum Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. r. Chamberlin, 1940a: 8 (Dmf).
A. r. Smith, 1995: 133, f. 614-629 (mf).

m rothi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. r. Smith, 1995: 135, f. 635-643 (Dm).

mf rubropilosum (Ausserer, 1871)....................Brazil
Mygale avicularia C. L. Koch, 1842: 73, f. 737 (mf, misidentified).
Eurypelma rubropilosa Ausserer, 1871a: 213 (Df).
Eurypelma r. Simon, 1892a: 167, f. 76.
Pterinopelma r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 191 (m).
Eurypelma r. Bücherl, 1957: 393, f. 47-47c (m).
Eurypelma r. Schmidt, 1986: 50, f. 61-63 (m).
A. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 80, f. 178-180 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 177 (m).

m ruedanum Chamberlin, 1940....................Mexico
A. r. Chamberlin, 1940a: 25 (Dm).
Gosipelma r. Brignoli, 1983c: 137.
A. r. Smith, 1995: 136, f. 644-649 (m).

m rusticum (Simon, 1891)....................Mexico
Eurypelma r. Simon, 1891g: 323 (Dm).
Eurypelma r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 24, pl. 1, f. 20 (m).
A. r. Pocock, 1901c: 553.
Eurypelma r. Strand, 1916b: 89.
A. r. Smith, 1986b: 48, f. 22h (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. r. Smith, 1987d: 48, f. 22h (m).
A. r. Smith, 1995: 137, f. 650-659 (m).

mf sandersoni Smith, 1995....................USA
A. s. Smith, 1995: 138, f. 660-675 (Dmf).

mf schmidti Smith, 1995....................USA
A. s. Smith, 1995: 140, f. 676-692 (Dmf).

f sclerothrix (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Citharacanthus s. Valerio, 1980b: 278, f. 16-17, 21 (Df).
A. s. Rudloff, 1997b: 9 10 (Tf from Citharacanthus).

mf seemanni (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) *....................Central America
Eurypelma s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 26, pl. 3, f. 1 (Df).
A. s. Pocock, 1901c: 553.
A. s. Valerio, 1980b: 274, f. 4-5, 11-12 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia, Dm).
Rhechostica s. Smith, 1986a: 22, f. 1-13 (f).
A. s. Smith, 1986b: 48, f. 23h (m).
A. s. Smith, 1987d: 48, f. 23h (m).
A. s. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 35, f. 30 (f).
A. s. Smith, 1995: 141, f. 693-706 (mf).
A. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 42, f. 8 (f).
A. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 180, 184 (mf).
A. seemani Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 2, 19-20 (m).

m serratum (Simon, 1891)....................Mexico
Eurypelma s. Simon, 1891h: 336, f. 4 (Dm).
Eurypelma s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 23, pl. 1, f. 16 (m).
Eurypelma s. Smith, 1986b: 60, f. 78h (m).
Eurypelma s. Smith, 1987d: 60, f. 78h (m).
A. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 80 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. s. Smith, 1995: 143, f. 707-716 (m).

m smithi Smith, 1995....................USA
A. s. Smith, 1995: 145, f. 725-733 (Dm).

m stahnkei Smith, 1995....................USA
A. s. Smith, 1995: 146, f. 734-743 (Dm).

m steindachneri (Ausserer, 1875)....................USA
Eurypelma s. Ausserer, 1875: 199, pl. 7, f. 43-44 (Dmf).
Delopelma s. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 253.
Rhechostica s. Raven, 1985a: 160 (removed from S of Eurypelma californicum).
Delopelma s. Smith, 1986b: 55, f. 52h (m).
Delopelma s. Smith, 1987d: 55, f. 52h (m).
A. s. Smith, 1995: 147, f. 744-753 (m).

m stoicum (Chamberlin, 1925)....................Mexico
Eurypelma stoica Chamberlin, 1925c: 109, f. 6 (Dm).
A. s. Smith, 1995: 148, f. 754-763 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. s. Schmidt & Piepho, 1997: 3, f. 1 (Df).

m sullivani Smith, 1995....................USA
A. s. Smith, 1995: 149, f. 764-774 (Dm).

m texense (Simon, 1891)....................USA
Homoeomma t. Simon, 1891g: 320 (Dm).
Rhechostica texensis Simon, 1892a: 162.
Rhechostica t. Pérez-Miles, 1992: 29, f. 1 (m).
A. texensis Smith, 1995: 152, f. 791-799 (m).
A. t. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 42, f. 7 (m).

m truncatum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Mexico
Eurypelma t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 23, pl. 1, f. 21 (Dm).
Eurypelma t. Smith, 1986b: 61, f. 79h (m).
Eurypelma t. Smith, 1987d: 61, f. 79h (m).
A. t. Schmidt, 1993d: 80 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. t. Smith, 1995: 153, f. 800-812 (m).

m vogelae Smith, 1995....................USA
A. vogeli Smith, 1995: 154, f. 813-821 (Dm; N.B.: patronym for Beatrice Vogel).

m vorhiesi (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)....................USA
Delopelma v. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939b: 7, f. 4, 12-13 (Dm).
Delopelma v. Smith, 1986b: 55, f. 53h (m).
Delopelma v. Smith, 1987d: 55, f. 53h (m).
A. v. Smith, 1995: 155, f. 822-832 (m).

m wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pterinopelma w. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 185, f. 114-115 (Dm).
Pterinopelma vellutinum Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 186, f. 112-113 (Dm).
Pterinopelma dubium Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 188 (Dm).
Eurypelma dubium Bücherl, 1957: 393, f. 43-43a (m).
Pterinopelma w. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 129 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia, S).
Eurypelma dubium Schmidt, 1986: 50, f. 59-60 (m).
A. dubium Schmidt, 1993d: 78, f. 176-177 (m).
A. w. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 176, 183 (m).

m waconum (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella wacona Chamberlin, 1940a: 38 (Dm).
A. w. Smith, 1995: 156, f. 832a-832i (m).

m wichitanum (Chamberlin, 1940)....................USA
Dugesiella wichitana Chamberlin, 1940a: 35 (Dm).
A. w. Smith, 1995: 157, f. 833-841 (m).

f xanthochromum (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Pterinopelma xanthochroma Valerio, 1980b: 276, f. 14, 22 (Df).
A. xanthochroma Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 185 (f).

m zionis Chamberlin, 1940....................USA
A. z. Chamberlin, 1940a: 24 (Dm).
Gosipelma z. Brignoli, 1983c: 137.
A. z. Smith, 1995: 157, f. 842-850 (m).

Gen. Avicularia Lamarck, 1818

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Eurypelma C. L. Koch, 1850 (but not of Plesiopelma Pocock, 1901 or Pterinopelma Pocock, 1901) and Ancylochiros Mello-Leitão, 1920 by Raven, 1985a: 149; not a senior synonym of Iridopelma Pocock, 1901 (Smith, 1993b: 13, after Raven, 1985: 119, but see note under that name).

Transferred to other genera:
A. aberrans (Chamberlin, 1917) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. annulipes (C. L. Koch, 1841) -- see Arbanitis under Idiopidae.
A. aureoceps (Chamberlin, 1917) -- see Brachypelma.
A. bistriata (C. L. Koch, 1838) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. californica (Ausserer, 1871) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. caniceps (Simon, 1891) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. conspersa (Walckenaer, 1837) -- see Rachias under Nemesiidae.
A. cyaneopubescens (Strand, 1907) -- see Chromatopelma.
A. deborrii Becker, 1879 -- see Tapinauchenius plumipes.
A. dubia (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. duplex (Chamberlin, 1925) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. embrithes (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Brachypelma.
A. emilia (White, 1856) -- see Brachypelma.
A. epicureana (Chamberlin, 1925) -- see Brachypelma.
A. geotoma (Chamberlin, 1937) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. hageni (Strand, 1906) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. helluo (Simon, 1891) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. hespera (Chamberlin, 1917) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. hirsuta (Pocock, 1901) -- see Iridopelma.
A. imperatrix (Piza, 1976) -- see Plesiopelma.
A. lamperti (Strand, 1907) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. lanceolata (Simon, 1891) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. latens (Chamberlin, 1917) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. leiogaster (Ausserer, 1871) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. magdalena (Karsch, 1879) -- see Hapalopus.
A. marxi (Simon, 1891) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. mendozae (Strand, 1907) -- see Grammostola.
A. mesomelas (O. P.-Cambridge, 1902) -- see Megaphobema.
A. minax (Thorell, 1894) -- see Grammostola.
A. muritelaria (Holmberg, 1876) -- see Kukulkania under Filistatidae.
A. myodes (Pocock, 1901) -- see Plesiopelma.
A. pallida (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. parvior (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Ladiodora.
A. pedata (Strand, 1907) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. pseudorosea (Strand, 1907) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. regina (Chamberlin, 1917) -- see Homoeomma.
A. rileyi (Marx, 1888) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. rubropilosa (Ausserer, 1871) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. rustica (Simon, 1891) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. sabulosa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Brachypelma.
A. saltator (Pocock, 1903) -- see Eupalaestrus.
A. seemanni (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. seladonia (C. L. Koch, 1841) -- see Iridopelma.
A. sericea (Ausserer, 1875) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. serrata (Simon, 1891) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Brachypelma.
A. spinicrus (Latreille, 1819) -- see Citharacanthus.
A. steindachneri (Ausserer, 1875) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. stoica (Chamberlin, 1925) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. tamaulipeca (Chamberlin, 1937) -- see Clavopelma.
A. tripeppi (Dresco, 1984) -- see Hapalopus.
A. truncata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. vagans (Ausserer, 1875) -- see Brachypelma.
A. vellutina (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. wacketi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Aphonopelma.
A. zorodes (Mello-Leitão, 1926) -- see Iridopelma.

Nomina dubia:
A. adusta (C. L. Koch, 1836a: 37, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
A. athletica (C. L. Koch, 1838: 18, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1594.
A. australiana (Walckenaer, 1837: 227, Australia, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
A. barrowi (Walckenaer, 1835a: 646, South Africa, originally in Mygale) -- Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
A. bicolor (Lucas, 1859a: 108, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
A. brunnipes (C. L. Koch, 1842: 35, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2992.
A. californica Banks, 1906b: 95 (f, USA) -- Smith, 1995: 30.
A. conformis (C. L. Koch, 1839a: 21, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595.
A. drassiformis (C. L. Koch, 1842: 69, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. elegans (Blackwall, 1833: 441, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. felina (C. L. Koch, 1842: 96, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. fervida (C. L. Koch, 1842: 78, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. fimbriata (C. L. Koch, 1842: 50, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595.
A. fusca (Perty, 1833: 191, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. herculea (C. L. Koch, 1839: 21, Australia, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. hirsuta (Walckenaer, 1835a: 646, Uruguay, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. hostilis (Walckenaer, 1837: 219, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1595; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. longitarsis Audouin, in Latreille, 1832: 75, Madagascar, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2993.
A. maculata (Walckenaer, 1805: 4, Jamaica, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. mendozina (Holmberg, 1876: 5, Argentina, originally in Mygale) -- Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 8, sub Eurypelma; Roewer, 1955c: 1596.
A. mexicana (Bellevoye, 1870: 108, Mexico, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. mindanao (Walckenaer, 1847a: 370, Philippines, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. mutata (Ausserer, 1871a: 195, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. notasiana (Walckenaer, 1805: 5, Australia, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. pumilio (Perty, 1833: 191, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596; Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. reichii (C. L. Koch, 1842: 30, locality unknown, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596.
A. rufidens (C. L. Koch, 1842: 51, Brazil, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596.
A. splendens (Nicolet, 1849: 335, pl. 1, f. 4, m, Chile, originally in Mygale, placed in Brachythele by Simon, 1889a: 221, in Tryssothele=Acanthogonatus by Roewer but not by Goloboff, 1995) -- Bonnet, 1957: 2994.
A. ursina (C. L. Koch, 1842: 93, Antilles, originally in Mygale) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1597.

Nomina nuda:
A. caucasica (Wagner, 1897: 271, originally in Mygale).
A. sandariciventris Maia, Roberto & Varela-Freire.
A. whitei Bonnet, 1957: 2994 (sub Mygale; = Holconia immanis, Sparassidae; see Hirst, 1991: 99).

f affinis (Nicolet, 1849)....................Chile
Mygale a. Nicolet, 1849: 333, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
Brachypelma a. Mello-Leitão, 1936d: 118.

j alticeps (Keyserling, 1878)....................Uruguay
Ischnocolus a. Keyserling, 1878a: 609 (Dj).
Eurypelma a. Roewer, 1942a: 238.

f ancylochira Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. a. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 330 (Df; N.B.: spelled this way in key and index, ancylochyra in heading, this spelling apparently intended, as per generic name Ancylochiros by same author).

f anthracina (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Uruguay
Mygale a. C. L. Koch, 1842: 77, f. 739 (Df).
Eurypelma a. C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.

mf aurantiaca Bauer, 1996....................Peru
A. a. Bauer, 1996: 2, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

mf avicularia (Linnaeus, 1758) *....................Costa Rica to Brazil
Aranea a. Linnaeus, 1758: 622 (Dm).
Aranea vestiaria De Geer, 1783: 122, pl. 38, f. 8-10 (Df).
Mygale a. Latreille, 1804a: 152, pl. 62, f. 1 (D).
Mygale a. Latreille, 1806: 82, pl. 3, f. 1 (D).
Mygale a. Hahn, 1820: 1, pl. 4, f. 16.
Mygale a. Hahn, 1833a: 101, f. 75 (m).
Mygale testacea C. L. Koch, 1841a: 45, f. 719 (Dm).
Mygale scoparia C. L. Koch, 1841a: 54, f. 725 (Df).
Mygale hirsutissima C. L. Koch, 1842: 76, f. 738 (Df).
A. vestiaria Ausserer, 1871a: 201.
A. vulpina Ausserer, 1871a: 202.
A. vestaria Hasselt, 1888: 166 (mf).
A. a. Simon, 1892a: 171, f. 120.
A. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 741, pl. 33, f. 10-11, pl. 34, f. 19, pl. 35, f. 12 (mf).
A. a. Bücherl, 1957: 404, f. 91-91a (m).
A. a. Valerio, 1979: 307, f. 7-10 (mf).
A. a. Schmidt, 1986: 61, f. 105-106 (m).
A. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 102, f. 310, 316-317 (mf).

f avicularia variegata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Brazil
A. a. v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 743, pl. 33, f. 12 (Df).
A. a. v. Schmidt, 1993d: 102, f. 312 (f).

f aymara (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Peru
Eurypelma a. Chamberlin, 1916: 201 (Df).

f azuraklaasi Tesmoingt, 1996....................Peru
A. a. Tesmoingt, 1996d: 8, f. 1-8 (Df).

mf bicegoi Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. b. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 329, f. 187, 189 (Df).
A. b. Bücherl, 1957: 404, f. 92-92a (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1986: 61, f. 107-108 (m).
A. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 102, f. 314-315 (m).

f borelli (Simon, 1897)....................Paraguay
Eurypelma borellii Simon, 1897e: 3 (Df).

f braunshauseni Tesmoingt, 1999....................Brazil
A. b. Tesmoingt, 1999a: 14, f. 1-5 (Df).

f caesia (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Puerto Rico
Mygale c. C. L. Koch, 1842: 83, f. 744 (Df).
Typhochlaena c. C. L. Koch, 1850: 75.
A. c. Simon, 1892a: 171.
A. c. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 51, f. 32-35 (f).

j cuminami Mello-Leitão, 1930....................Brazil
A. c. Mello-Leitão, 1930b: 56, f. 3 (Dj).
A. cuminamensis Bonnet, 1955: 830 (invalid emendation).

m detrita (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Brazil
Mygale d. C. L. Koch, 1842: 86, f. 746 (Dm).
A. d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 744.

f diversipes (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Brazil
Mygale d. C. L. Koch, 1842: 65, f. 731 (Df).
Eurypelma d. C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.

j doleschalli (Ausserer, 1871)....................Brazil
Ischnocolus d. Ausserer, 1871a: 189 (Dj).
Eurypelma d. Roewer, 1942a: 239.

m exilis Strand, 1907....................Surinam
A. e. Strand, 1907j: 220 (Dm).

mf fasciculata Strand, 1907....................South America
A. f. Strand, 1907l: 92 (Dmf).
A. f. Strand, 1907m: 465 (Dm).

m fasciculata clara Strand, 1907....................South America
A. f. c. Strand, 1907m: 467 (Dm).

mf geroldi Tesmoingt, 1999....................Brazil
A. g. Tesmoingt, 1999b: 17, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

j glauca Simon, 1891....................Panama
A. g. Simon, 1891f: 312 (Dj).

j gracilis (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Ischnocolus g. Keyserling, 1891: 11 (Dj; N.B.: a primary junior homonym of I. g. Ausserer, 1871, needs to be replaced if species proves valid, but probably a nomen dubium).
Eurypelma gracile Roewer, 1942a: 239.

m guyana (Simon, 1892)....................Guyana
Eurypelma guyanum Simon, 1892a: 167 (Dm).

j hirsuta (Ausserer, 1875)....................Cuba
Ischnocolus hirsutus Ausserer, 1875: 70 (Dj).
Eurypelma hirsutum Roewer, 1942a: 240.

mf holmbergi Thorell, 1890....................French Guiana
A. holmbergii Thorell, 1890a: 399 (Dmf).

mf huriana Tesmoingt, 1996....................Ecuador
A. h. Tesmoingt, 1996a: 6, f. 1-18 (Df).
A. h. Tesmoingt, 1996b: 2, f. 1A, 2-7 (f, Dm).

mf juruensis Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
A. j. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 321, f. 156, 188 (Df).
A. j. Bücherl, 1953: 128, f. 9-11 (Dm, tentatively assigned here).

f laeta (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Puerto Rico
Mygale l. C. L. Koch, 1842: 66, f. 732 (Df).
A. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 744.
A. l. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 48, f. 31 (f).

f leporina (C. L. Koch, 1841)....................Brazil
Mygale l. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 55, f. 726 (Df).
A. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 744.

f metallica Ausserer, 1875....................Surinam
A. m. Ausserer, 1875: 185 (Df).

mf minatrix Pocock, 1903....................Venezuela
A. m. Pocock, 1903b: 81 (Df).
A. m. Smith, 1992b: 22, f. 1-8 (f).
A. m. Tinter, 1993: 10, f. 1-3 (Dm).

f nigrotaeniata Mello-Leitão, 1940....................Guyana
A. n. Mello-Leitão, 1940c: 178, f. 1 (Df).

j obscura (Ausserer, 1875)....................Colombia
Ischnocolus obscurus Ausserer, 1875: 171, pl. 6, f. 19 (Dj).
Eurypelma obscurum Roewer, 1942a: 240.

f ochracea (Perty, 1833)....................Brazil
Mygale o. Perty, 1833: 191, pl. 38, f. 2 (Df).
Mygale o. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 48, f. 721 (f).
Eurypelma o. Ausserer, 1871a: 215.

f palmicola Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Brazil
A. p. Mello-Leitão, 1945c: 170 (Df).
A. p. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 126, f. 44 (f).

f panamensis (Simon, 1891)....................Mexico, Guatemala, Panama
Eurypelma panamense Simon, 1891h: 337 (Df).
Eurypelma panamense F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 25, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).

j parva (Keyserling, 1878)....................Uruguay
Ischnocolus parvus Keyserling, 1878a: 611 (Dj).
Eurypelma parvum Roewer, 1942a: 241.

?? plantaris (C. L. Koch, 1842)....................Brazil
Mygale p. C. L. Koch, 1842: 71 (D).
Eurypelma p. C. L. Koch, 1850: 74.

f pulchra Mello-Leitão, 1933....................Brazil
A. p. Mello-Leitão, 1933c: 171, f. 33 (Df).

f purpurea Kirk, 1990....................Ecuador
A. p. Kirk, 1990: 15, f. 1-4 (Df).

m rapax (Ausserer, 1875)....................South America
Eurypelma r. Ausserer, 1875: 200, pl. 7, f. 45 (Dm).

mf recifiensis Struchen & Brändle, 1996....................Brazil
A. r. Struchen & Brändle, 1996: 2, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f rufa Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945....................Brazil
A. r. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 190, pls. XV-XVI, XXV (Df).

m rutilans Ausserer, 1875....................Colombia
A. r. Ausserer, 1875: 184, pl. 7, f. 34 (Dm).

f soratae Strand, 1907....................Bolivia
A. s. Strand, 1907a: 556 (Df).
A. s. Strand, 1907f: 260 (Df).
A. soratensis Bonnet, 1955: 832 (invalid emendation).

m subvulpina Strand, 1906....................South America
A. s. Strand, 1906a: 22 (Dm).

f surinamensis Strand, 1907....................Surinam
A. s. Strand, 1907l: 90 (Df).

f taunayi (Mello-Leitão, 1920)....................Brazil
Ancylochiros t. Mello-Leitão, 1920a: 142 (Df).

mf tigrina (Pocock, 1903)....................Uruguay
Pterinopelma tigrinum Pocock, 1903b: 109 (Dmf).
Eurypelma tigrinum Simon, 1903a: 937.

f ulrichea Tesmoingt, 1996....................Brazil
A. sp. Tesmoingt, 1996a: 6, f. on p. 11 (f).
A. u. Tesmoingt, 1996b: 2, f. 1B (Df).

mf urticans Schmidt, 1994....................Peru
A. u. Schmidt, 1994f: 5, f. 1-2 (Df).
A. u. Schmidt, 1995g: 2, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf velutina Simon, 1889....................Venezuela
A. v. Simon, 1889m: 213 (Df).
A. v. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 191, pl. XVII (Dm).

mf versicolor (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Guadeloupe, Martinique
Aranea hirtipes Fabricius, 1775: 428 (Df, apparently considered a nomen dubium by Simon and later authors).
Mygale hirtipes C. L. Koch, 1836a: 38, f. 193 (f).
Mygale v. Walckenaer, 1837: 211 (Dmf).
A. v. Simon, 1892a: 171.
A. v. Charpentier, 1992b: no p. or f. numbers (mf).
A. v. Schmidt, 1993d: 102, f. 311 (f).

j violacea (Mello-Leitão, 1930)....................Brazil
Ephebopus violaceus Mello-Leitão, 1930b: 56, f. 4 (Dj).
A. v. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1992: 163 (Tj from Ephebopus).

mf walckenaeri (Perty, 1833)....................Brazil
Mygale walckenaerii Perty, 1833: 191, pl. 38, f. 3 (Df).
Mygale w. Walckenaer, 1837: 217 (Dm).
Mygale w. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 46, f. 720 (f).
A. w. Simon, 1892a: 171.

Gen. Batesiella Pocock, 1903

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Encyocrates Simon, 1892 by Smith, 1990c: 23, contra Raven, 1985a: 150.

f crinita Pocock, 1903 *....................Cameroon
B. c. Pocock, 1903e: 258 (Df).
B. c. Smith, 1990c: 23, f. 13-27 (Tf from Encyocrates).
B. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 109, f. 334 (f).

Gen. Bonnetina Vol, 2000

B. Vol, 2000: 3, type (by monotypy only) B. cyaneifemur Vol, 2000.

mf cyaneifemur Vol, 2000 *....................Mexico
B. c. Vol, 2000: 3, 7 unnumbered f. (Dmf).

Gen. Brachionopus Pocock, 1897

N.B.: transferred here from the Barychelidae by Raven, 1985a: 112; Brachyonopus is an unjustified emendation; Raven's transfer was not accepted by Charpentier, 1993: 5, who nevertheless identified no close relatives of the genus among the known barychelids.

f annulatus Purcell, 1903....................South Africa
B. a. Purcell, 1903b: 105 (Df).

m leptopelmiformis Strand, 1907....................South Africa
B. l. Strand, 1907a: 552 (Dm).
B. l. Strand, 1907f: 204 (Dm).

f pretoriae Purcell, 1904....................South Africa
B. p. Purcell, 1904: 126 (Df).
B. pretorianus Bonnet, 1955: 905 (invalid emendation).

mf robustus Pocock, 1897 *....................South Africa
B. r. Pocock, 1897b: 740, pl. 42, f. 4 (Df).
B. r. Hewitt, 1921: 6, f. 2 (Dm).
B. r. Smith, 1990c: 66, f. 304-317 (f).

f tristis Purcell, 1903....................South Africa
B. t. Purcell, 1903b: 105 (Df).

Gen. Brachypelma Simon, 1891

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Euathlus Ausserer, 1875 by Schmidt, 1992a: 10; considered a senior synonym of Brachypelmides Schmidt & Krause, 1994b: 7, type Brachypelmides klaasi Schmidt & Krause, 1994 by Smith, 1995: 159; Schmidt (1997d, 1998f) did not accept that synonymy, but failed to present evidence that the species he would place in Brachypelmides represent the sister group of the remaining species of Brachypelma (or of some other group entirely).

mf albopilosum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
B. albopilosa Valerio, 1980a: 270, f. 20-24, 35 (Dmf).
B. albopilosa Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 43, f. 38 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 3-7 (Tmf from Euathlus).
B. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 189 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 194 (f).

m andrewi Schmidt, 1992....................Unknown
Euathlus truculentus Smith, 1992a: 18, f. 1-12 (m, misidentified).
B. a. Schmidt, 1992c: 13, f. 6-7 (Dm).
Euathlus truculentus Schmidt, 1997g: 16, f. 81 (m; N.B.: correction of figure legend to B. andrewi is per Schmidt).

f angustum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
B. angusta Valerio, 1980a: 269, f. 19 (Df).
B. a. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 8 (Tf from Euathlus).
B. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 192 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 197 (f).

mf annitha Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997....................Mexico
B. a. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 1-6 (Dmf; N.B.: specific name considered a noun in apposition rather than a patronym).
B. a. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997b: 2, pl. 7-8, 11 (m).

mf auratum Schmidt, 1992....................Mexico
B. a. Schmidt, 1992d: 9, f. 1, 3 (Dmf).
B. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 187 (f).
B. a. Smith, 1995: 160, f. 851-866 (mf).
B. a. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 5 (f).
B. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 192 (f).
B. a. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 6 (f).

f aureoceps (Chamberlin, 1917)....................USA (probably introduced)
Eurypelma a. Chamberlin, 1917: 55, pl. 4, f. 3 (Df).
B. a. Smith, 1993a: 14 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. a. Smith, 1995: 162, f. 867-874 (f).

m baumgarteni Smith, 1993....................Mexico
B. b. Smith, 1993a: 15, f. 1-10 (Dm).
B. b. Smith, 1995: 163, f. 875-883 (m).

mf boehmei Schmidt & Klaas, 1993....................Mexico
B. b. Schmidt & Klaas, 1993: 7, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
B. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 193a (m).
B. b. Schmidt & Klaas, 1994: 8, f. 1-2 (mf).
B. b. Smith, 1995: 164, f. 884-900 (mf).
B. b. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 1 (f).
B. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 190 (m).
B. b. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 41-42 (m).

f embrithes (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama
Eurypelma e. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 7 (Df).
B. e. Smith, 1993a: 14 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

mf emilia (White, 1856) *....................Mexico
Mygale e. White, 1856: 185, pl. 43 (Dm).
Brachypelma aemilia Simon, 1891h: 338 (Dmf).
Eurypelma e. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 19, pl. 2, f. 5 (m).
Brachypelma e. Smith, 1986b: 49, f. 27h (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
Brachypelma e. Smith, 1987d: 49, pl. 2, f. 27h (m).
Brachypelma e. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 46, f. 41 (f).
B. e. Schmidt, 1992a: 10 (Tmf from Euathlus per Raven).
B. e. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 188 (f).
Euathlus e. Baxter, 1993: 72, f. 19-20 (f).
B. e. Smith, 1995: 166, f. 901-915 (mf).
B. e. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 9-10 (mf).
B. e. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 6 (f).
B. e. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 191, 193 (mf).
B. e. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 7 (f).

m epicureanum (Chamberlin, 1925)....................Mexico
Eurypelma epicureana Chamberlin, 1925c: 107, f. 5 (Dm).
Dugesiella eepicureana Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 254.
B. epicureana Smith, 1993a: 15 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia per Roewer).
B. e. Smith, 1995: 168, f. 916-925 (m).
B. e. Schmidt & Bullmer, 1996: 3, f. 1 (Df).

mf fossorium Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
B. fossoria Valerio, 1980a: 271, f. 25-28 (Dmf).
B. fossoria Smith, 1986b: 49, f. 28h (m).
B. fossoria Smith, 1987d: 49, f. 28h (m).
B. f. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 9-12 (Tmf from Euathlus).

mf hamorii Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997....................Mexico
B. h. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 1-6 (Dmf).
B. h. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997b: 3, pl. 9-11 (m).

mf klaasi (Schmidt & Krause, 1994)....................Mexico
Brachypelmides k. Schmidt & Krause, 1994b: 7, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
B. k. Smith, 1995: 169, f. 926-939 (mf).
Brachypelmides k. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 198, 202 (mf).
Brachypelmides k. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 4, 9 (mf).

mf ruhnaui (Schmidt, 1997), new combination....................Mexico
Brachypelmides r. Schmidt, 1997d: 205, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Brachypelmides r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 199-201 (mf).
Brachypelmides r. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 3 (m).

f sabulosum (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Guatemala
Eurypelma s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 26 (Df).
Delopelma s. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 253.
B. s. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 42, f. 37 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. s. Schmidt, 1992a: 10 (Tf from Euathlus).
B. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 191 (f).
B. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 196 (f).

mf smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897)....................Mexico
Eurypelma s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 20, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
Brachypelma s. Pocock, 1903b: 103.
B. s. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 44, f. 39 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. s. Schmidt, 1992a: 10 (Tf from Euathlus).
B. s. Schmidt, 1992d: 14, f. 2, 4 (f, Dm).
B. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 82, f. 190 (f).
Euathlus s. Baxter, 1993: 73, f. 17-18, pl. A, f. 1-6 (mf).
B. s. Smith, 1995: 170, f. 940-956 (mf).
B. s. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997a: 9, pl. 2, f. 2 (f).
B. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 195 (f).
B. s. Tesmoingt, Cleton & Verdez, 1997b: 4, pl. 10-11 (m).
B. s. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 5 (m).

mf vagans (Ausserer, 1875)....................Mexico, Central America
Eurypelma v. Ausserer, 1875: 197, pl. 7, f. 41 (Dmf).
Eurypelma dupontii Becker, 1879d: 143 (Df).
Eurypelma v. Becker, 1881b: 45, pl. 2, f. 1 (f).
Eurypelma v. Simon, 1891h: 334, f. 1 (m).
Eurypelma v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 25, pl. 1, f. 9 (mf).
Brachypelma v. Pocock, 1903b: 103.
B. v. Smith, 1986b: 51, f. 33h (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
B. v. Smith, 1987d: 51, pl. 2, f. 33h (m).
B. v. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 49, f. 44 (f).
B. v. Schmidt, 1992a: 10, f. 2 (Tmf from Euathlus).
B. v. Smith, 1995: 174, f. 957-980 (mf).
B. v. Locht, Yáñez & Vázquez, 1999: 196, f. 2, 8 (mf).

Gen. Brazilopelma Schmidt, 1998

B. Schmidt, 1998c: 2, type B. coloratovillosum Schmidt, 1998.

mf coloratovillosum Schmidt, 1998 *....................Brazil
B. c. Schmidt, 1998c: 2, f. 1 (Df).
B. c. Schmidt, 1998b: 7, f. 1-3 (Dm).
B. c. Schmidt, 1998h: 20, f. 237-240 (mf).

Gen. Ceratogyrus Pocock, 1897

In synonymy:
C. schultzei Purcell, 1908 = C. bechuanicus Purcell, 1902 (De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 45).

mf bechuanicus Purcell, 1902....................Southern Africa
C. b. Purcell, 1902a: 339 (Dm).
C. schultzei Purcell, 1908: 213 (Df).
C. b. Lawrence, 1936: 145 (Df).
C. b. Smith, 1987d: 128, pl. 3, f. 51h (m).
C. b. Smith, 1990c: 70, f. 317a-330a (m).
C. b. De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 45, f. 4E-F, 5A-C, 6A-B, 7A-J (mf, S).
C. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 116, f. 356 (f).

mf brachycephalus Hewitt, 1919....................Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa
C. b. Hewitt, 1919b: 103, pl. 1, f. a-c (Df).
C. b. Lessert, 1936: 208, f. 104 (f, Dm).
C. b. De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 50, f. 4D, 8A-D (f).

f cornuatus De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991....................Zimbabwe
C. c. De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 52, f. 3B, 4H, 10A-D (Df).

mf darlingi Pocock, 1897 *....................Zimbabwe, Mozambique
C. darlingii Pocock, 1897b: 754, pl. 42, f. 5, pl. 43, f. 1 (Df).
C. d. Simon, 1903a: 948, f. 1098.
C. darlingii Smith, 1987d: 128, pl. 3, f. 53h (m).
C. darlingii Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
C. d. Smith, 1990c: 71, f. 331-342 (mf).
C. darlingii De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 54, f. 4G, 11A-D (f).
C. d. Schmidt, 1993d: 116, f. 357-360 (mf).

mf dolichocephalus Hewitt, 1919....................Zimbabwe
C. d. Hewitt, 1919b: 104, pl. 1d, 2a (Dmf).
C. d. Smith, 1990c: 73, f. 343-355 (mf).
C. d. De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 57, f. 4C, 13A-C (f).

mf marshalli Pocock, 1897....................Zimbabwe
C. m. Pocock, 1897b: 754, pl. 43, f. 2 (Dm).
C. m. Smith, 1986b: 128, f. 55h (m).
C. m. Smith, 1987d: 128, f. 55h (m).
C. m. Smith, 1990c: 74, f. 356-365 (m, Df).
C. m. De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 60, f. 3A, 4A, 15A-C (m).

mf sanderi Strand, 1906....................Namibia, Zimbabwe
C. s. Strand, 1906h: 23 (Dm).
C. s. Strand, 1907f: 239 (Df).
C. s. De Wet & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1991: 62, f. 4B, 16A-C, 17A-B (mf).

Gen. Chaetopelma Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Encyocratella Strand, 1907 and Avicuscodra Strand, 1908 by Raven, 1985a: 149.

Transferred to other genera:
C. longipes L. Koch, 1875 -- see Holothele.

In synonymy:
C. aegyptiacum Ausserer, 1871 = C. gracilis (Ausserer, 1871) (Vollmer, 1997: 5).

Homonym replaced:
C. olivaceum (Strand, 1907) -- see C. strandi.

mf adenense Simon, 1890....................Syria, Aden
C. a. Simon, 1890a: 83 (Df).
C. a. Smith, 1990c: 109, f. 601-616 (Dm).

mf anatolicum Schmidt & Smith, 1995....................Turkey
C. a. Schmidt & Smith, 1995: 1, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

f arabicum (Strand, 1908)....................Middle East
Avicuscodra arabica Strand, 1908b: 771 (Df).

mf gardineri Hirst, 1911....................Seychelles
C. g. Hirst, 1911: 383, f. 1 (Dmf).
C. g. Benoit, 1978c: 417, f. 5A-H (mf).
C. gardinieri Smith, 1990c: 112, f. 632-651 (mf).

mf gracile (Ausserer, 1871)....................Cyprus
Ischnocolus gracilis Ausserer, 1871a: 187 (Dj).
C. aegyptiaca Ausserer, 1871a: 191 (Dmf).
Ischnocolus gracilis Smith, 1986b: 88, f. 58h (m).
Ischnocolus gracilis Smith, 1987d: 88, f. 58h (m).
C. aegyptiacum Smith, 1990c: 110, f. 617-631 (m).
Ischnocolus gracilis Smith, 1990c: 127, f. 787-802 (Df).
C. aegyptiacum Schmidt, 1993d: 56, f. 17 (m).
Ischnocolus gracilis Schmidt, 1993d: 57, f. 30 (f).
C. g. Vollmer, 1997: 5, f. 1-2 (Tmf from Ischnocolus, S).

mf karlamani Vollmer, 1997....................Cyprus
C. k. Vollmer, 1997: 5, f. 3-13 (Dmf).

mf olivaceum (C. L. Koch, 1841) *....................Syria to East Africa
Mygale olivacea C. L. Koch, 1841a: 34, f. 712 (Df).
Avicularia striatocauda Simon, 1873a: 203 (Dmf).
Ischnocolus striatocauda Ausserer, 1875: 173.
C. o. Simon, 1892a: 140, f. 124.
C. o. Strand, 1907l: 21 (Dmf).
C. o. Denis, 1955a: 438, f. I.A-C (m).
C. o. Schmidt, 1986: 43, f. 25 (m).
C. o. Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
C. o. Smith, 1990c: 113, f. 652-668 (mf).
C. o. Schmidt, 1993d: 56, f. 18-19 (mf).

mf shabati Hassan, 1950....................Egypt
C. s. Hassan, 1950: 163, f. 1-10 (Dmf).
C. s. Smith, 1990c: 114, f. 669-685 (mf).

f strandi Schmidt, 1991....................Sudan
Encyocratella olivacea Strand, 1907a: 556 (Df).
Encyocratella olivacea Strand, 1907f: 257 (Df).
C. s. Schmidt, 1991c: 13 (replacement name for Encyocratella olivaceum Strand, 1907, preoccupied in C.).

f webborum Smith, 1990....................Cameroon
C. webbi Smith, 1990c: 115, f. 686-701 (Df; N.B.: patronym for Ann and Frank Webb).

Gen. Chilobrachys Karsch, 1891

Transferred to other genera:
C. samarae Giltay, 1935 -- see Selenocosmia.

mf andersoni (Pocock, 1895)....................India, Myanmar, Malaysia
Musagetes andersonii Pocock, 1895a: 172 (Df).
Phlogius cervinus Thorell, 1895: 5 (Dm, not f).
Musagetes rufofuscus Thorell, 1897a: 177 (Df).
C. a. Pocock, 1900a: 197 (mf).

f annandalei Simon, 1901....................Malaysia
C. a. Simon, 1901k: 46 (Df).

mf assamensis Hirst, 1909....................India
C. a. Hirst, 1909: 387, pl. 24, f. 1 (Dmf).

mf bicolor (Pocock, 1895)....................Myanmar
Musagetes b. Pocock, 1895a: 172 (Dmf).
C. b. Pocock, 1900a: 196, f. 62D (mf).
C. b. Smith, 1986b: 117, f. 3h (m).
C. b. Smith, 1987d: 117, f. 3h (m).

f brevipes (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar
Musagetes b. Thorell, 1897a: 179 (Df).
C. b. Pocock, 1900a: 199.

f dyscolus (Simon, 1886)....................Vietnam
Phrictus d. Simon, 1886a: 161 (Df).
C. d. Simon, 1904b: 271.

m femoralis Pocock, 1900....................India
C. f. Pocock, 1900a: 195 (Dm).

mf fimbratus Pocock, 1899....................India
C. f. Pocock, 1899d: 746 (Dmf).

mf flavopilosus (Simon, 1884)....................India, Myanmar
Phrictus f. Simon, 1884q: 358 (Dmf).
Phlogius cervinus Thorell, 1895: 5 (Df, not m).
Musagetes decipiens Thorell, 1897a: 179 (Df).
C. f. Pocock, 1900a: 196.
C. f. Simon, 1903a: 956, f. 1105.

mf fumosus (Pocock, 1895)....................India
Musagetes f. Pocock, 1895a: 174, pl. 10, f. 7 (Df).
C. f. Pocock, 1900a: 196.
C. f. Hirst, 1909: 386 (Dm).

mf hardwicki (Pocock, 1895)....................India
Musagetes hardwickii Pocock, 1895a: 174 (Dmf).
C. hardwickii Pocock, 1900a: 198, f. 62C (mf).
C. hardwickii Smith, 1986b: 118, f. 9h (m).
C. hardwickii Smith, 1987d: 118, f. 9h (m).

f huahini Schmidt & Huber, 1996....................Thailand
C. h. Schmidt & Huber, 1996: 2, f. 1-3 (Df).

m hubei Song & Zhao, 1988....................China
C. h. Song & Zhao, 1988: 1, f. 1-2 (Dm).
C. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 40, f. 17L-M (m).

mf nitelinus Karsch, 1891 *....................Sri Lanka
C. n. Karsch, 1891: 271, pl. 10, f. 2 (Df).
C. n. Pocock, 1900a: 197 (Dm).
C. n. Schmidt, 2000c: 6, f. 1 (f).

j oculatus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Phlogius o. Thorell, 1895: 13 (Dj).
C. o. Pocock, 1895d: 228.

f paviei (Simon, 1886)....................Thailand
Phrictus p. Simon, 1886a: 160 (Df).
C. p. Simon, 1904b: 271.

mf pococki (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar
Musagetes poccockii Thorell, 1897a: 180 (Df).
C. p. Pocock, 1900a: 195 (Dm).

mf sericeus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Phlogius s. Thorell, 1895: 10 (Dmf).
C. s. Pocock, 1895d: 227.
C. sericans Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 39, f. 34 (f).

f soricinus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar
Phrictus s. Thorell, 1887: 15 (Df).
C. s. Pocock, 1900a: 199.

mf stridulans (Wood Mason, 1877)....................India
Mygale s. Wood-Mason, 1877: 281, pl. 7 (Df).
Musagetes masoni Pocock, 1895a: 174, pl. 10, f. 6 (Dm).
C. masoni Pocock, 1900a: 197, f. 60-61 (m).
C. s. Pocock, 1900a: 198, f. 62A (Dm).
C. s. Hirst, 1909: 388.
C. s. Smith, 1986b: 119, f. 15h (m).
C. s. Smith, 1987d: 119, f. 15h (m).

m thorelli Pocock, 1900....................India
C. thorellii Pocock, 1900a: 199, f. 62B (Dm).
C. t. Smith, 1986b: 119, f. 16h (m).
C. t. Smith, 1987d: 119, f. 16h (m).

j tschankoensis Schenkel, 1963....................China
C. t. Schenkel, 1963: 16 (Dj).

Gen. Chromatopelma Schmidt, 1995

C. Schmidt, 1995f: 25, type Avicularia cyaneopubescens (Strand, 1907).

mf cyaneopubescens (Strand, 1907) *....................Venezuela
Eurypelma c. Strand, 1907l: 35 (Dmf).
Delopelma c. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 252.
C. cyanopubescens Schmidt, 1995f: 25 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia per Roewer).
C. c. Schmidt & Herzin, 1997: 12, f. 1-2 (m).
C. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 23-24 (m).
C. cyanopubescens Schmidt, 2000a: 11, f. 1 (f).

Gen. Citharacanthus Pocock, 1901

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Plesiopelma Pocock, 1901 by Raven, 1985a: 157 but that synonymy rejected by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55.

Transferred to other genera:
C. crinirufus Valerio, 1980 -- see Aphonopelma.
C. imperatrix (Piza, 1976) -- see Plesiopelma.
C. sclerothrix Valerio, 1980 -- see Aphonopelma.

In synonymy:
C. cubanus (Franganillo, 1930) = C. spinicrus (Latreille, 1819) (Franganillo, 1934: 148, sub Demotarbus).

mf alayoni Rudloff, 1995....................Cuba
C. a. Rudloff, 1995d: 14, f. 8-14 (Df).
C. a. Rudloff, 1998: 1, f. 9-10 (Dm).

mf cyaneus (Rudloff, 1994)....................Cuba
Cyrtopholis c. Rudloff, 1994a: 44, f. 5-10 (Dmf).
Cyrtopholis c. Rudloff, 1994b: 10, f. 5-10 (mf).
C. c. Rudloff, 1995c: 12, f. 2-7 (Tmf from Cyrtopholis).
C. c. Rudloff, 1998: 1, f. 7-8 (m).

mf livingstoni Schmidt & Weinmann, 1996....................Guatemala
C. l. Schmidt & Weinmann, 1996: 2, f. 1-11 (Dmf).
C. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 163-167 (mf).

mf longipes (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) *....................Mexico, Central America
Eurypelma l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 21, pl. 1, f. 15 (Dmf).
C. l. Pocock, 1901c: 551.
C. l. Smith, 1986b: 51, f. 35h (m).
C. l. Smith, 1987d: 51, f. 35h (m).
C. l. Smith, 1995: 178, f. 981-1001 (mf).
C. l. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 11 (m).
C. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 162 (m).

mf meermani Reichling & West, 2000....................Belize
C. m. Reichling & West, 2000: 128, f. 1A-D, 2 (Dmf).

m niger Franganillo, 1931....................Cuba
C. longipes n. Franganillo, 1931: 170 (Dm).
C. n. Rudloff, 1998: 1, f. 1-6 (m, elevated from subspecies).

f sargi (Strand, 1907)....................Guatemala
Cyrtopholis s. Strand, 1907l: 26 (Df).
C. s. Rudloff, 1998: 5 (Tf from Cyrtopholis).

mf spinicrus (Latreille, 1819)....................Cuba, Hispaniola
Mygale s. Latreille, 1819: 118 (D).
Mygale cubana Walckenaer, 1837: 213 (Dmf).
Mygale s. Lucas, 1857a: 73, pl. 4, f. 1 (Dmf).
Eurypelma s. Ausserer, 1871a: 215.
Xenestis cubana Franganillo, 1930: 8, f. 3 (Dmf; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
Demotarbus cubanus Franganillo, 1931: 168, f. 5-9 (Tmf from Xenesthis).
Demotarbus s. Franganillo, 1934: 148, f. 1-4 (S).
Demotarbus cubanus Franganillo, 1936c: 34, f. 10-14 (m).
Citharacanthus s. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 251.
Eurypelma s. Bryant, 1940: 261.
C. s. Smith, 1986b: 52, f. 37h (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
C. s. Smith, 1987d: 52, f. 37h (m).
C. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 85, f. 194 (f).
C. s. Rudloff, 1998: 4 (considered a nomen dubium, but probably a senior S of one of Rudloff's names).

Gen. Citharischius Pocock, 1900

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Monocentropella Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 156.

f crawshayi Pocock, 1900 *....................Kenya
C. c. Pocock, 1900f: 493, f. a (Df).
C. crawshagi Bonnet, 1956: 1096 (lapsus).
C. c. Smith, 1990c: 24, f. 28-37 (f).
C. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 109, f. 335-336 (f).

m stridulantissimus (Strand, 1907)....................Africa
Monocentropella stridulantissima Strand, 1907m: 400 (Dm).

Gen. Citharognathus Pocock, 1895

f hosei Pocock, 1895 *....................Borneo
C. h. Pocock, 1895a: 183, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df).

Gen. Clavopelma Chamberlin, 1940

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 by Prentice, 1997: 148.

mf tamaulipeca (Chamberlin, 1937) *....................Mexico
Eurypelma t. Chamberlin, 1937a: 287, f. 17 (Dmf; N.B.: specific name is a noun in apposition).
Clavopelma t. Chamberlin, 1940a: 30 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
A. tamaulipecum Smith, 1995: 150, f. 775-790 (mf).
Aphonopelma t. Schmidt, 1997g: 19, f. 186 (f).
C. tamaulipecum Prentice, 1997: 148 (Tmf from Aphonopelma).
C. t. Schmidt, 1998h: 19, f. 186 (f).

Gen. Coelogenium Purcell, 1902

N.B.: Charpentier's (1993: 5) suggested placement of this name as a junior synonym of Pterinochilus Pocock, 1897 was not based on examination of type material and is not accepted here.

f hillyardi Smith, 1990....................Malawi
C. h. Smith, 1990c: 77, f. 365a-365k (Df).

f nigrifemur Schmidt, 1995....................East Africa
C. n. Schmidt, 1995h: 7, f. 1 (Df).

mf pillansi Purcell, 1902 *....................Malawi, Zimbabwe
C. p. Purcell, 1902a: 338 (Df).
C. p. Smith, 1990c: 75, f. 366-376j (f, Dm).
C. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 116, f. 361-363 (mf).
C. p. Gallon, 1999: 8, f. 1-2 (m).

m raveni Smith, 1990....................Sudan
C. r. Smith, 1990c: 77, f. 377-385 (Dm).

Gen. Coremiocnemis Simon, 1892

f cunicularia (Simon, 1892) *....................Malaysia
Phlogius cunicularius Simon, 1892d: 279 (Df).
C. c. Simon, 1892a: 146.

mf valida Pocock, 1895....................Malaysia
C. validus Pocock, 1895a: 175, pl. 10, f. 5 (Df).
C. v. Abraham, 1924: 1117, pl. 6, f. 27-28 (Dm).
C. validus Smith, 1987a: 67, f. 1-14 (m).
C. validus Smith, 1987d: 120, pl. 3, f. 17h (m).

Gen. Crassicrus Reichling & West, 1996

C. Reichling & West, 1996: 254, type C. lamanai Reichling & West, 1996.

mf lamanai Reichling & West, 1996 *....................Belize
C. l. Reichling & West, 1996: 254, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
C. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 187-189 (mf).

Gen. Cratorrhagus Simon, 1891

mf concolor (Simon, 1873) *....................Syria
Nemesia c. Simon, 1873a: 215 (Dmf).
C. c. Simon, 1891g: 330.
C. c. Simon, 1903a: 926, f. 1073-1076 (m).
C. c. Schmidt, 1986: 40, f. 3-6 (m).
C. c. Smith, 1990c: 116, f. 702-705 (m).
C. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 56, f. 20-23 (m).

m tetramerus (Simon, 1873)....................Syria
Avicularia tetramera Simon, 1873a: 201 (Df).
C. tetramera Simon, 1892a: 137.
C. t. Reimoser, 1919: 8.
C. tetrameris Bonnet, 1956: 1247.

Gen. Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Davus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892 by Valerio, 1982: 412; of Chaetorhombus Ausserer, 1871, Adranochelia Simon, 1889 and Magulla Simon, 1892 by Raven, 1985a: 148; and of Dryptopelma Simon, 1889 (but not of Butantania Mello-Leitão, 1935, Melloleitaoina Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960 or Tmesiphantes Simon, 1892 (contra Raven, 1985a: 150) and Pseudoschizopelma Smith, 1995: 186, type Schizopelma macropus Ausserer, 1875 (by transfer of type species) by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46.

Transferred to other genera:
C. chickeringi (Caporiacco, 1955) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. crassifemur (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960) -- see Melloleitaoina.
C. hirsutum (Mello-Leitão, 1935) -- see Homoeomma.
C. ischnoculiforme Franganillo, 1926 -- see Cyrtopholis.
C. longipes (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945) -- see Holothele vellardi.
C. majus Franganillo, 1926 -- see Cyrtopholis.
C. minensis (Mello-Leitão, 1943) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. nubilum (Simon, 1892) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. physopus (Mello-Leitão, 1926) -- see Tmesiphantes.
C. rondoni (Lucas & Bücherl, 1972) -- see Holothele.
C. semiaurantiacum Simon, 1897 -- see Plesiopelma.
C. serratum (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958) -- see Homoeomma.
C. stylipum Valerio, 1982 -- see Stichoplastoris.

f bicolor (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945)....................Brazil
Chaetorrhombus b. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 180, pl. VII, f. c-e (Df).

m fasciatum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1892)....................Costa Rica
Davus fasciatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 91, pl. 12, f. 4 (Dm; legend reads Pella fasciata).
Davus fasciatus O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 41, pl. 3, f. 4 (m).
C. fasciatus Valerio, 1982: 412, f. 21-25 (m).
C. fasciatus Smith, 1986b: 78, f. 17h (m).
C. fasciatus Smith, 1987d: 78, f. 17h (m).
C. fasciatus Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 47, f. 42 (f).

f garbei (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Chaetorrhombus g. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 134 (Df).

mf gaujoni Simon, 1889....................Ecuador
C. g. Simon, 1889g: 403 (Df).
C. g. Berland, 1913b: 83 (Dm).

f janeirum (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Ischnocolus janeirus Keyserling, 1891: 13 (Dj).
Magulla janeira Pocock, 1895d: 226.
Magulla janeira Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 136 (Df).

m janthinum (Simon, 1889)....................Ecuador
Dryptopelma ianthinum Simon, 1889g: 402 (Dm, lapsus).
Dryptopelma j. Simon, 1892a: 137.
Dryptopelma j. Simon, 1903a: 920, f. 1079 (m).
Dryptopelma j. Schmidt, 1986: 41, f. 8 (m).
Dryptopelma j. Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 86 (m).
C. janthina Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 47, f. 14 (m).
Dryptopelma j. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 13 (m).

mf kochi (Ausserer, 1871)....................Venezuela
Chaetorhombus kochii Ausserer, 1871a: 196 (Df).
Chaetorrhombus k. Simon, 1889m: 205 (Dm).
Chaetorrhombus k. Simon, 1892a: 141, f. 117, 121 (m).
Chaetorrhombus k. Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 44-45 (m).
C. k. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 55-56 (m).
C. k. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 129, 133 (m).

mf macropus (Ausserer, 1875)....................Mexico
Crypsidromus m. Ausserer, 1875: 179, pl. 6, f. 24-25 (Dmf).
Schizopelma m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 29, pl. 1, f. 10 (m).
Pseudoschizopelma m. Smith, 1995: 187, f. 1034-1040 (Tmf from Schizopelma).
C. m. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 15 (m).

m melloleitaoi Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971....................Brazil
C. m. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 125, f. 29-31 (Dm; N.B.: omitted by Brignoli).

mf multicuspidatum (Mello-Leitão, 1929)....................Brazil
Phormictopus multicuspidatus Mello-Leitão, 1929c: 91, f. 1-2 (Dm).
C. m. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 123, f. 21-24, 33-34 (Tm from Phormictopus, Df).

f obesum (Simon, 1892)....................Brazil
Magulla obesa Simon, 1892d: 276 (Df).
Magulla obesa Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 75, f. 14-15 (f).
C. o. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 50 (f).

f obscurum Simon, 1891....................Mexico
C. o. Simon, 1891h: 331 (Df).

m palomeranum West, 2000....................Mexico
C. p. West, 2000: 303, f. 1E-F (Dm; N.B.: specific name is patronymic adjective).

mf pentalore (Simon, 1888)....................Guatemala
Crypsidromus pentaloris Simon, 1888b: 216 (Df).
Hapalopus ruficeps Simon, 1891a: 109 (Df).
Hapalopus pentaloris F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 31, pl. 2, f. 2-3, pl. 3, f. 2 (f, Dm).
Hapalopus pentaloris Smith, 1986b: 84, f. 43h (m).
Hapalopus pentaloris Smith, 1987d: 84, f. 43h (m).
Pseudoschizopelma p. Smith, 1995: 187, f. 1041-1061 (Tmf from Hapalopus).
Pseudoschizopelma p. Schmidt, 1997g: 17, f. 115-118 (mf).
Davus p. Schmidt, 1998h: 17, f. 115-118.

m rufohirtum (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela
Adranochelia rufohirta Simon, 1889m: 207 (Dm).
Adranochelia rufohirta Simon, 1892a: 141, f. 118, 122 (m).
Adranochelia rufohirta Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 62, f. 74-78 (m).
Adranochelia rufohirta Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 46-47 (m).
C. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 57-60 (m).
C. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 126, 130-131, 134 (m).

mf schmardae Ausserer, 1871 *....................Colombia, Ecuador
C. s. Ausserer, 1871a: 192 (Df).
C. s. Simon, 1892a: 141, f. 123 (Dm).
C. s. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 124, f. 26-27 (m).
C. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 67, f. 68-73 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 43 (m).
C. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 52-54 (mf).
C. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 46, f. 12-13 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 124-125, 128 (mf).

mf symmetricum (Bücherl, 1949)....................Brazil
Magulla symmetrica Bücherl, 1949b: 264, f. 1-2, pls. I-II (Df).
Magulla symmetrica Bücherl, 1950: 1, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Magulla symmetrica Bücherl, 1957: 391, f. 36-36a (m).
Magulla symmetrica Lucas & Bücherl, 1973: 244, f. 5-7 (mf).
Magulla symmetrica Schmidt, 1986: 42, f. 19-20 (m).
C. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 61-63 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 127, 132 (m).

m viridimonte Valerio, 1982....................Costa Rica
C. viridimontis Valerio, 1982: 412, f. 10-14, 27 (Dm).
C. viridimontis Smith, 1986b: 79, f. 20h (m).
C. viridimontis Smith, 1987d: 79, f. 20h (m).

Gen. Cyriocosmus Simon, 1903

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Pseudhomoeomma Mello-Leitão, 1930 by Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 48 and of Erythropoicila Fischel, 1927 by Raven, 1985a: 152.

Transferred to other genera:
C. nigriventris Mello-Leitão, 1939 -- see Metriopelma.

In synonymy:
C. fasciatus (Mello-Leitão, 1930) = C. elegans (Simon, 1889) (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973b: 67).
C. planus (Fischel, 1927) = C. elegans (Simon, 1889) (Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 100).
C. semifasciatus Mello-Leitão, 1939 = C. elegans (Simon, 1889) (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973b: 67).

m bertae Pérez-Miles, 1998....................Brazil
C. b. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 99, f. 21-24 (Dm).

m blenginii Pérez-Miles, 1998....................Bolivia
C. b. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 99, f. 25-27 (Dm).

m butantan Pérez-Miles, 1998....................Brazil
C. b. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 96, f. 1-7 (Dm).

mf chicoi Pérez-Miles, 1998....................Brazil
C. c. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 97, f. 8-13 (Dmf).

mf elegans (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela, Trinidad, Brazil, Bolivia
Hapalopus e. Simon, 1889m: 210 (Df).
C. e. Simon, 1903a: 929.
Erythropoicila plana Fischel, 1927: 72, f. 13-15 (Dm).
Pseudhomoeomma fasciatum Mello-Leitão, 1930b: 57, f. 5-7 (Dmf).
C. semifasciatus Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 46 (Dm).
C. e. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 181, pl. VIII (Dm).
C. e. Schenkel, 1953a: 3, f. 3a-c (m).
Pseudohomoeomma fasciatum Bücherl, 1957: 391, f. 38-38a (m).
Pseudohomoeomma fasciatum Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 125, f. 35-37 (mf).
Chaetorrhombus semifasciatus Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 126, f. 42-43 (Tf from Cyriocosmus, rejected).
C. e. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973b: 67, f. 9-15 (f, S).
Pseudohomoeomma fasciatum Smith, 1986b: 97, f. 98h (m).
Pseudohomoeomma fasciatum Smith, 1987d: 97, f. 98h (m).
C. e. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 100 (S).
C. e. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 17-18 (m).

mf leetzi Vol, 1999....................Colombia
C. l. Vol, 1999: 2, 9 unnumbered f. (Dmf)
C. l. Sejna, 2000: 9, f. (f).

m ritae Pérez-Miles, 1998....................Peru, Brazil
C. r. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 98, f. 14-20 (Dm).

mf sellatus (Simon, 1889) *....................Peru, Brazil
Hapalopus s. Simon, 1889m: 218 (Dmf).
C. s. Simon, 1903a: 929, f. 1082 (m).
C. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 67, f. 16-22 (mf).
C. s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973b: 65, f. 1-4, 16-18 (mf).
C. s. Schmidt, 1986: 43, f. 24 (m).
C. s. Smith, 1986b: 80, f. 24h (m).
C. s. Smith, 1987d: 80, f. 24h (m).
C. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 63, f. 64-67 (mf).
C. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48, f. 16 (m).
C. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 19-22 (mf).

mf versicolor (Simon, 1897)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
Cyclosternum v. Simon, 1897e: 3 (Dmf).
C. v. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973b: 69, f. 5-8, 19-21 (Tmf from Hapalopus per Roewer).
C. v. Schmidt, 1999f: 5, f. 4-6 (mf).

Gen. Cyriopagopus Simon, 1887

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Melognathus Chamberlin, 1917 by Raven, 1985a: 156.

m dromeus (Chamberlin, 1917)....................Philippines
Melognathus d. Chamberlin, 1917: 70, pl. 5, f. 4-7.
Melognathus d. Smith, 1986b: 120, f. 21h (m).
Melognathus d. Smith, 1987d: 120, f. 21h (m).

f paganus Simon, 1887 *....................Myanmar
C. p. Simon, 1887i: 111 (Df).

mf schioedtei (Thorell, 1891)....................Malaysia
Omothymus s. Thorell, 1891: 11 (Dm).
Omothymus s. Pocock, 1895a: 180 (Df).
C. s. Simon, 1903a: 946.

m thorelli (Simon, 1901)....................Malaysia
Omothymus t. Simon, 1901k: 45 (Dm).
C. t. Simon, 1903a: 946.

Gen. Cyrtopholis Simon, 1892

Transferred to other genera:
C. angustata Kraus, 1955 -- see Stichoplastoris.
C. cyanea Rudloff, 1994 -- see Citharacanthus.
C. longistyla Kraus, 1955 -- see Stichoplastoris.
C. lycosoides Tullgren, 1905 -- see Acanthoscurria.
C. sargi Strand, 1907 -- see Citharacanthus.
C. schusterae Kraus, 1955 -- see Stichoplastoris.

In synonymy:
C. debilis Franganillo, 1931 = C. unispina Franganillo, 1926 (Franganillo, 1931: 170).
C. debilis bispinosa Franganillo, 1931 = C. major (Franganillo, 1926) (Franganillo, 1931: 171).

m agilis Pocock, 1903....................Hispaniola
C. a. Pocock, 1903b: 97 (Dm).
C. a. Bryant, 1948b: 337, f. 6-7 (m).

?? anacanta Franganillo, 1935....................Cuba
C. anacantus Franganillo, 1935: 25 (D).

mf annectans Chamberlin, 1917....................Barbados
C. a. Chamberlin, 1917: 40, pl. 3, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
C. a. Smith, 1986b: 80, f. 28h (m).
C. a. Smith, 1987d: 80, f. 28h (m).

mf bartholomaei (Latreille, 1832)....................St. Thomas, Antigua
Mygale b. Latreille, 1832: 62 (D).
Mygale incana C. L. Koch, 1842: 70, f. 735 (Df).
Crypsidromus gypsator Becker, 1879a: 85, pl. 2, f. 11-15 (Df).
C. antillana Thorell, 1894a: 25 (Dmf).
C. venatorius Pocock, 1903b: 95.
C. venatoria Simon, 1903a: 931.
C. b. Strand, 1906c: 4, f. 1-2 (m).
C. acutispina Strand, 1907f: 217 (Dmf).
C. acutispina Strand, 1907l: 25 (Dmf).
C. pelus Chamberlin, 1917: 42, pl. 2, f. 8-10 (Dmf).
C. b. Petrunkevitch, 1926: 33, f. 1 (f).
C. b. Petrunkevitch, 1929a: 519, pl. 1, f. 14-16 (m).
C. b. Schmidt, 1997a: 3, f. 2-5 (mf).

m bonhotei (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901)....................Bahama Is.
Lyroscelus b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901b: 324, pl. 7, f. 6 (Dm).
C. b. Pocock, 1903b: 95.
C. b. Simon, 1903a: 931.
C. b. Smith, 1986b: 81, f. 30h (m).
C. b. Smith, 1987d: 81, f. 30h (m).

f bryantae Rudloff, 1995....................Cuba
C. bryanti Rudloff, 1995b: 14, f. 10-18 (Df; N.B.: a patronym for Elizabeth Bryant).

f culebrae (Petrunkevitch, 1929)....................Puerto Rico
Stichoplastus c. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 43, f. 25-27 (Df).
C. c. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tf from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

f cursor (Ausserer, 1875) *....................Hispaniola
Cyrtosternum c. Ausserer, 1875: 176 (Df).
C. c. Simon, 1892a: 143.
C. c. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 68, f. 6-7 (f).
C. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 63, f. 70 (f).
C. c. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48, f. 17 (f).
C. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 151 (f).

m femoralis Pocock, 1903....................Montserrat
C. f. Pocock, 1903b: 96 (Dm).

mf flavostriata Schmidt, 1995....................Virgin Is.
C. flavostriatus Schmidt, 1995i: 3, f. 1-2 (Df).
C. flavostriatus Schmidt, 1997a: 2, f. 1 (Dm).

mf gibbosa Franganillo, 1936....................Cuba
Cyrtopholis gibbosus Franganillo, 1936a: 259, f. 1-5, pl. 23 (Dmf).
Cyrtopholis gibbosus Franganillo, 1936c: 27, f. 7, 8.2-5, 9.1-2 (m).
Sphaerobothria gibbosus Bryant, 1940: 261 (Tmf from Cyrtopholis).
C. gibbosus Schmidt, 1993b: 10, f. 1 (Tmf from Sphaerobothria).

f innocua (Ausserer, 1871)....................Cuba
Crypsidromus innocuus Ausserer, 1871a: 194 (Df).
C. innocuus Simon, 1903a: 931.

f intermedia (Ausserer, 1875)....................South America
Crypsidromus intermedius Ausserer, 1875: 180 (Df).
C. intermedius Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 297 (removed f from S of Phormictopus cancerides).

f ischnoculiformis (Franganillo, 1926)....................Cuba
Cyclosternum ischnoculiforme Franganillo, 1926a: 43, f. 1 (Df).
C. implumis Franganillo, 1931: 285, f. 18 (Tf from Cyclosternum; unjustified replacement name).
Cyclosternum ischnocoliforme Roewer, 1942a: 228.

f jamaicola Strand, 1908....................Jamaica
C. j. Strand, 1908b: 769 (Df).

f major (Franganillo, 1926)....................Cuba
Cyclosternum majus Franganillo, 1926a: 44 (Df).
C. debilis bispinosa Franganillo, 1931: 171 (Tf from Cyclosternum; unjustified replacement name, omitted by Roewer).
Cyclosternum majum Roewer, 1942a: 228.

mf media Chamberlin, 1917....................St. Kitts
C. medius Chamberlin, 1917: 37, pl. 2, f. 4-6 (Dmf).
C. medius Smith, 1986b: 81, f. 32h (m).
C. medius Smith, 1987d: 81, f. 32h (m).

f meridionalis (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Cyrtosternum m. Keyserling, 1891: 6 (Df).
C. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 58.
Metriopelma m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 170.

?? obsoleta (Franganillo, 1935)....................Cuba
Stichoplastus obsoletus Franganillo, 1935: 24 (D).
Stichoplastus obsoletus Franganillo, 1936c: 22, f. 5 (D).
C. obsoletus Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (T from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

m palmarum Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945....................Brazil
C. p. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 182, pl. IX (Dm).
C. p. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 68, f. 1-5 (m).
C. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 63, f. 68-69 (m).
C. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 149-150 (m).

m pernix (Ausserer, 1875)....................Mexico
Crypsidromus p. Ausserer, 1875: 178, pl. 6, f. 22-23 (Dm).
Hapalopus p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1895b: 31, pl. 2, f. 14 (m).
C. p. Pocock, 1903b: 98.
C. p. Simon, 1903a: 931.
C. p. Smith, 1986b: 82, f. 34h (m).
C. p. Smith, 1987d: 82, f. 34h (m).
C. p. Smith, 1995: 182, f. 1011-1021 (m).

f plumosa Franganillo, 1931....................Cuba
C. plumosus Franganillo, 1931: 171 (Df).

mf portoricae Chamberlin, 1917....................Puerto Rico
C. p. Chamberlin, 1917: 39, pl. 2, f. 7 (Df).
C. p. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 20, f. 8-17 (f, Dm).

mf ramsi Rudloff, 1995....................Cuba
C. r. Rudloff, 1995e: 17, f. 15-23 (Dmf).

mf regibbosa Rudloff, 1994....................Cuba
C. regibbosus Rudloff, 1994a: 42, f. 1-4 (Df).
C. regibbosus Rudloff, 1994b: 7, f. 1-4 (f).
C. regibbosus Rudloff, 1995a: 13, f. 1-9 (Dm).

?? respina Franganillo, 1935....................Cuba
C. respinus Franganillo, 1935: 45 (D; N.B.: listing from Roewer, unconfirmed).

f schmidti Rudloff, 1996....................Brazil
C. s. Rudloff, 1996c: 3, f. 1-2 (Df).

f unispina Franganillo, 1926....................Cuba
C. unispinus Franganillo, 1926a: 45 (Df).
C. debilis Franganillo, 1931: 170, f. 10 (f; N.B.: unjustified replacement name).

f zorodes Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
C. z. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 143 (Df).
C. z. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 124, f. 28 (f).

Gen. Encyocrates Simon, 1892

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Batesiella Pocock, 1903 (Smith, 1990c: 23, contra Raven, 1985a: 150).

Transferred to other genera:
E. crinita (Pocock, 1903 -- see Batesiella.

mf raffrayi Simon, 1892 *....................Madagascar
E. r. Simon, 1892d: 280 (Df).
E. r. Berland, 1917: 477, f. 11-12 (Dm).
E. r. Fage, 1922: 367, f. 5.
E. r. Smith, 1986b: 31, f. 4h (m).
E. r. Smith, 1987d: 31, f. 4h (m).
E. r. Smith, 1990c: 26, f. 38-50 (m).
E. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 109, f. 337 (m).

Gen. Ephebopus Simon, 1892

Transferred to other genera:
E. violaceus Mello-Leitão, 1930 -- see Avicularia.

mf cyanognathus West & Marshall, 2000....................French Guiana
E. c. West & Marshall, 2000: 6, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

f fossor Pocock, 1903....................Ecuador
E. f. Pocock, 1903b: 85 (Df).

mf murinus (Walckenaer, 1837) *....................Brazil
Mygale murina Walckenaer, 1837: 220 (Df).
E. m. Simon, 1892a: 155.
Santaremia pococki F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 746, pl. 33, f. 8-9, 13, pl. 34, f. 20, pl. 35, f. 12 (Df).
E. m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 316.
E. m. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1991: 246, f. 1-4 (Dm).
E. m. Schmidt, 1993d: 104, f. 322-325 (mf).

mf rufescens West & Marshall, 2000....................French Guiana
E. r. West & Marshall, 2000: 8, f. 3-4 (Dmf).

mf uatuman Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1992....................Brazil
E. u. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1992: 162, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

Gen. Euathlus Ausserer, 1875

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Brachypelma Simon, 1891 by Raven, 1985a: 150; Schmidt (1991b: 12) removed that name from synonymy; that resurrection was subsequently rejected by Smith (1991: 19) but was justified by Schmidt, 1992a: 10; considered a senior synonym of Phrixotrichus Simon, 1889 by Schmidt, 1996a: 14, contra Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54 (who considered Phrixotrichus a senior synonym of Grammostola Simon, 1892).

Transferred to other genera:
E. albopilosus (Valerio, 1980) -- see Brachypelma.
E. angustus (Valerio, 1980) -- see Brachypelma.
E. chilensis (Molina, 1810) -- see Paraphysa.
E. emilia (White, 1856) -- see Brachypelma.
E. fossorius (Valerio, 1980) -- see Brachypelma.
E. mesomelas (O. P.-Cambridge, 1892) -- see Megaphobema.
E. pallidus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Aphonopelma.
E. parvulus (Pocock, 1903) -- see Paraphysa.
E. sabulosus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Brachypelma.
E. scrofa (Molina, 1788) -- see Paraphysa.
E. smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Brachypelma.
E. vagans (Ausserer, 1875) -- see Brachypelma.

In synonymy:
E. phryxotrichoides (Strand, 1907) = E. truculentus Ausserer, 1875 (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48).

Nomen dubium:
E. roseus (Guérin, 1838a: 165, pl. 48, f. 1, m, Chile) -- Schmidt, 1996a: 17 (contra Porter, 1930: 162 and Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54, f. 35).

mf pulcherrimaklaasi (Schmidt, 1991)....................Ecuador
Paraphysa p. Schmidt, 1991d: 8, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Paraphysa p. Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 259, 268-269 (mf).
Phrixotrichus p. Schmidt, 1994k: 5 (Tmf from Paraphysa).
P. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 83, 85 (mf).

mf truculentus Ausserer, 1875 *....................Chile, Argentina
E. t. Ausserer, 1875: 188, pl. 7, f. 35 (Dm).
Paraphysa phryxotrichoides Strand, 1907f: 225 (D).
Paraphysa manicata Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1963: 106, f. 8 (f, misidentified).
Paraphysa phryxotrichoides Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1027, pl. II, f. 1-13 (f, Dm; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
Paraphysa phryxotrichoides Schmidt, 1991d: 9, f. 5-9 (mf).
E. t. Schmidt, 1992a: 9, f. 1 (m).
E. t. Schmidt, 1992c: 9, f. 1-5 (m).
Paraphysa phryxotrichoides Schmidt, 1993c: 8, unnumbered f. (f).
Paraphysa phryxotrichoides Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 264-267 (mf).
Phrixotrichus phryxotrichoides Schmidt, 1994k: 5 (Tmf from Paraphysa).
E. t. Smith, 1995: 184, f. 1022-1031 (m).
E. t. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48, f. 18-19 (m, Sf).
E. t. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 82, 84, 86 (mf).
E. t. Schmidt, 1999f: 5, f. 20-23 (mf).
E. t. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 7-8 (m).

mf vulpinus (Karsch, 1880)....................Chile
Orthothrichus v. Karsch, 1880c: 390 (Dmf).
E. v. Schmidt, 1996a: 14 (removed mf from S of E. roseus).
E. v. Schmidt, 1996b: 67, unnnumbered f. (mf).
E. v. Schmidt, 1998b: 10, f. 1 (m).

f vulpinus ater (Donoso, 1957)....................Chile
Phrixotrichus roseus a. Donoso, 1957: 9 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Brignoli, specific name is a nomen dubium per Schmidt, 1996a: 17).
E. v. a. Schmidt, 1998i: 6.

Gen. Eucratoscelus Pocock, 1898

f longiceps Pocock, 1898 *....................Kenya
E. l. Pocock, 1898g: 500 (Df).
E. l. Smith, 1990c: 78, f. 386-395 (f).

f pachypus Schmidt & von Wirth, 1990....................Tanzania
E. p. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1990: 11, f. 1-2 (Df).
E. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 118, f. 367 (f).

f tenuitibialis Schmidt & Gelling, 2000....................East Africa
E. t. Schmidt & Gelling, 2000: 371, f. 1-2 (Df).

Gen. Eumenophorus Pocock, 1897

f clementsi Pocock, 1897 *....................Sierra Leone
E. clementsii Pocock, 1897b: 766 (Df).
E. c. Smith, 1990c: 27, f. 51-65 (f).
E. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 110, f. 338 (f).

mf murphyorum Smith, 1990....................Sierra Leone
E. murphyi Smith, 1990c: 28, f. 66-80 (Dmf; N.B.: patronym for John and Frances Murphy).

Gen. Eupalaestrus Pocock, 1901

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Pterinopelma Pocock, 1901 by Pérez-Miles, 1992: 28 (contra Raven, 1985).

In synonymy:
E. pugilator Pocock, 1901 = E. campestratus (Simon, 1891) (Pérez-Miles, 1992: 30).
E. saltator (Pocock, 1903, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) = E. weijenberghi (Thorell, 1894) (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86, sub Pterinopelma).
E. tennuitarsus Bücherl, 1947 = E. campestratus (Simon, 1891) (Pérez-Miles, 1992: 30).

Nomina dubia:
E. spinosissimus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 221, f. 104-105 (f, Brazil) -- Pérez-Miles, 1992: 34.
E. vitiosus (Keyserling, 1891: 21, pl. 1, f. 5, m, Brazil, Argentina, originally in Eurypelma, T from Aphonopelma) -- Pérez-Miles, 1992: 34.

f anomalus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus a. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 343 (Dm).
E. a. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tf from Pamphobeteus).

mf campestratus (Simon, 1891) *....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
Eurypelma campestratum Simon, 1891f: 311 (Dm).
Lasiodora campestrata Simon, 1897e: 1.
E. c. Simon, 1903a: 939.
E. pugilator Pocock, 1901c: 547 (Df).
E. tennuitarsus Bücherl, 1947b: 301, 2 pls. (Dmf).
E. tenuitarsus Bücherl, 1957: 400, f. 75 (m).
E. tenuitarsus Lucas & Bücherl, 1973: 247, f. 9-11 (mf).
E. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 294, f. 17-22 (m, Df).
E. pugilator Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 294, f. 23-24 (f).
E. tenuitarsus Brignoli, 1983c: 137 (lapsus).
E. tenuitarsus Schmidt, 1986: 56, f. 85 (m).
E. c. Pérez-Miles, 1992: 30, f. 2, 4 (mf, S).
E. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 85, f. 195-198 (mf).
E. pugilator Schmidt, 1993d: 85, f. 199 (f).
E. tenuitarsis Schmidt, 1993d: 85, f. 203-204 (m).
E. c. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48, f. 20-21 (mf).
E. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 209, 211-213 (mf).
E. c. Schmidt, 1999f: 5, f. 33-35 (mf).
E. c. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 3, 31-32 (m).

mf tarsicrassus Bücherl, 1947....................Brazil
E. t. Bücherl, 1947b: 298, 1 pl. (Df).
E. t. Bücherl, 1957: 399, f. 74-74a (m).
E. t. Lucas & Bücherl, 1973: 246, f. 8 (f).
E. t. Schmidt, 1986: 56, f. 83-84 (m).
E. t. Pérez-Miles, 1992: 32, f. 5 (f).
E. t. Schmidt, 1993d: 85, f. 200-202 (mf).
E. t. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 210, 214 (mf).

mf weijenberghi (Thorell, 1894)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
Lasiodora weijenberghii Thorell, 1894a: 31 (Dm).
Pterinopelma saltator Pocock, 1903b: 108 (Dmf).
Eurypelma saltator Simon, 1903a: 937.
Weyenberghia weijemberghi Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 120, pl. II, f. 3 (Tm from Lasiodora, Df).
Weyemberghiana weijemberghi Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203 (Mello-Leitão's ff are juveniles of Grammostola).
Pterinopelma w. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86 (S).
E. w. Pérez-Miles, 1992: 33, f. 3, 6 (Tm from Aphonopelma, Df).

Gen. Euphrictus Hirst, 1908

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Zophopelma Benoit, 1965c: 300, type Z. squamosa Benoit, 1965 by Raven, 1985a: 112.

m spinosus Hirst, 1908 *....................Cameroon
E. s. Hirst, 1908: 404, f. 2-5 (Dm).
E. s. Smith, 1990c: 136, f. 883-891 (m).
E. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 58, f. 33 (m).

mf squamosus (Benoit, 1965)....................Congo
Zophopelma squamosa Benoit, 1965c: 301, f. 2-5 (Dmf).

Gen. Grammostola Simon, 1892

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Sorata Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 159; N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Lasiopelma Simon, 1892 by Schmidt, 1994e: 5, contra Raven, 1985; the synonymy of this genus with Phrixotrichus Simon, 1888 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54 was rejected by Schmidt, 1996a: 14; see notes under Homoeomma villosum and Eupalaestrus weijenberghi.

Transferred to other genera:
G. familiaris (Bertkau, 1880) -- see Homoeomma.

In synonymy:
G. argentinensis Strand, 1907 = G. spatulata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) (Bücherl, 1951: 123).
G. australis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948 = G. inermis Mello-Leitão, 1941 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202).
G. brevimetatarsis Strand, 1907 = G. actaeon (Pocock, 1903) (Bücherl, 1951: 119).
G. cala Chamberlin, 1917 = G. rosea (Walckenaer, 1837) (Schmidt, 1998i: 6).
G. fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. grossa (Ausserer, 1871) (Bücherl, 1951: 116, sub G. pulchripes).
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. grossa (Ausserer, 1871) (Bücherl, 1951: 116, sub G. pulchripes).
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. iheringi (Keyserling, 1891) (Bücherl, 1951: 120).
G. grandicola Strand, 1908 = G. grossa (Ausserer, 1871) (Bücherl, 1951: 116, sub G. pulchripes).
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. mollicoma (Ausserer, 1875) (Bücherl, 1951: 112).
G. minax (Thorell, 1894, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) = G. doeringi (Holmberg, 1881) (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86).
G. pulchripes (Simon, 1891, removed from S of G. grossa) = G. mollicoma (Ausserer, 1875) (Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 56, sub Phrixotrichus, contra Schmidt, 1994g: 23).
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1921 = G. mollicoma (Ausserer, 1875) (Bücherl, 1951: 112).
G. spatulata (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) = G. rosea (Walckenaer, 1837) (Schmidt, 1996a: 17).

mf actaeon (Pocock, 1903)....................Brazil, Uruguay
Citharoscelus a. Pocock, 1903b: 99 (Dm).
G. brevimetatarsis Strand, 1907l: 33 (Dm).
G. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 67.
G. a. Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 301 (Df).
G. a. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 204, f. 69-71 (mf).
G. a. Bücherl, 1951: 119, f. 3.III, 4, 12-13, 17-20, 28.III, 31, pl. V (mf, S).
G. a. Bücherl, 1957: 394, f. 51-51a (m).
G. a. Bücherl, 1962b: 72, f. XI (m).
G. a. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962a: 13, pl. I, f. 2 (f).
G. a. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 64-55 (m).
G. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 86, f. 222-223 (m).
G. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 56, 58 (m).
G. a. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 1, 9-10 (m).

m alticeps (Pocock, 1903)....................Uruguay
Citharoscelus a. Pocock, 1903b: 100 (Dmf).
G. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 68.
G. iheringi Bücherl, 1951: 120 (S, subsequently rejected).
G. a. Pérez, 1985: 4 (removed from S of G. iheringi).

mf burzaquensis Ibarra, 1946....................Argentina
G. b. Ibarra, 1946: 786, f. 8 (Dmf).
G. pulchripes b. Bücherl, 1951: 118 (reduced to subspecies).
G. b. Bücherl, 1957: 395, f. 53 (m).
G. b. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 3-4 (mf, restored to species).
G. b. Ibarra, 1961: 7, unnumbered f. (f).
G. b. de Carlo, 1973: 344, f. 1 (f).
G. b. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 66 (m).
G. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 86, f. 218 (m).
G. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 52 (m).

mf chalcothrix Chamberlin, 1917....................Argentina
G. c. Chamberlin, 1917: 46, pl. 3, f. 5-7 (Dm).
G. iheringi Bücherl, 1951: 120 (S, subsequently rejected).
G. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 11-12 (mf, removed from S of G. iheringi).
G. c. Smith, 1986b: 62, f. 86h (m).
G. c. Smith, 1987d: 62, f. 86h (m).

mf doeringi (Holmberg, 1881)....................Argentina
Eurypelma doeringii Holmberg, 1881b: 147, pl. 3, f. 8 (Dm).
E. d. Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 6.
Eurypelma minax Thorell, 1894a: 33 (Dm).
G. d. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1962a: 154, f. 1-2 (Tm from Euthycaelus=Holothele, Df).
G. d. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86 (S).
G. d. Schmidt, 1999f: 6, f. 14 (f).

mf gossei (Pocock, 1899)....................Argentina
Citharoscelus g. Pocock, 1899g: 358, f. 2 (Dmf).
G. g. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 68.
G. spatulata Bücherl, 1951: 122 (S, apparently incorrect).
G. gossei Smith, 1986b: 63, f. 90h (m).
G. gossei Smith, 1987d: 63, f. 90h (m).

mf grossa (Ausserer, 1871)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina
Lasiocnemus grossus Ausserer, 1871a: 210, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dm).
Lasiopelma grossum Simon, 1892a: 169.
G. grandicola Strand, 1908b: 770 (Df).
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 297 (Dm).
G. fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 299 (Df).
G. ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 196, f. 63-65 (m).
G. ferruginea Smith, 1986b: 63, f. 88h (m).
G. ferruginea Smith, 1987d: 63, f. 88h (m).
G. grandicola Schmidt, 1993d: 88, f. 213 (f).
G. g. Schmidt, 1994e: 5 (Tm from Tapinauchenius).
G. g. Schmidt, 1994g: 23 (Sf).
G. g. Schmidt, 1994h: 5, f. 3 (m).
G. g. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 53, 61, 65 (mf).

mf iheringi (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Eurypelma iheringii Keyserling, 1891: 19, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dmf).
Agathostola i. Pocock, 1895d: 227.
Citharoscelus i. Pocock, 1903b: 99.
G. jheringi Simon, 1903a: 935.
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 302 (Dm).
G. gigantea Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 205, f. 79-80 (m).
G. i. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 207, f. 72-74 (m).
G. i. Bücherl, 1951: 120, f. 3.IV, 28.IV, 32, pl. VI (mf, S).
G. iheringii Bücherl, 1957: 395, f. 54 (m).
G. iheringii Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962a: 13, pl. I, f. 1 (f).
G. iheringii Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962b: 69, pl. I, f. 1-2 (mf).
G. iheringii Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 67 (m).
G. i. Schmidt, 1993d: 88, f. 216, 224 (mf).
G. i. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 57, 64 (mf).

mf inermis Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina
G. i. Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 101, pl. II, f. 2, 2a (Dm).
G. australis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 7, f. 8-9 (Dm).
G. spatulata i. Bücherl, 1951: 123 (reduced to subspecies).
G. spatulata australis Bücherl, 1951: 124 (reduced to subspecies).
G. i. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202, f. 1-2 (m, Df, restored to species, S).

mf mendozae (Strand, 1907)....................Argentina
Eurypelma mendozae Strand, 1907l: 46 (Dmf).
Dugesiella m. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 255.
G. mendozina Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia, using specific name by Holmberg, 1876 -- see nomina dubia under Avicularia --but attributing it to Strand, 1907).

mf mollicoma (Ausserer, 1875) *....................Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina
Eurypelma mollicomum Ausserer, 1875: 198 (Df).
Eurypelma mollicomum Keyserling, 1878a: 612, pl. 14, f. 28 (Dm; N.B.: a misidentified Eupalaestrus per Schmidt, 1999f).
Eurypelma pulchripes Simon, 1891f: 311 (Dm).
G. pulchripes Simon, 1892a: 163.
Citharoscelus mollicomus Pocock, 1903b: 99.
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 303 (Dm).
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 304 (Dm).
G. m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 211.
G. roquettei Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 212, f. 75-78 (m).
G. longimana Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 214, f. 107-109 (m).
G. m. Bücherl, 1951: 111, f. 3.II, 28.II, 29, pls. I-II (mf, S).
G. pulchripes Bücherl, 1951: 115, f. 3.I, 28.I, 30, pl. III (m, Sf).
G. m. Bücherl, 1957: 395, f. 55 (m).
G. pulchripes Bücherl, 1957: 396, f. 56 (m).
G. m. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202, f. 13-14 (m).
G. pulchripes Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 10 (m).
G. m. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 68 (m).
G. pulchripes Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 69 (m).
G. m. Pérez-Miles, 1989: 264, f. 1-2, 6-8 (mf).
G. pulchripes Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 37, f. 32 (f).
G. m. Schmidt, 1993d: 88, f. 220 (m).
G. pulchripes Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 217, 219 (mf).
Phrixotrichus m. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 36-37 (mf, S).
G. m. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 54 (m).

f monticola (Strand, 1907)....................Bolivia
Sorata m. Strand, 1907a: 554 (Df).
Sorata m. Strand, 1907f: 241 (Df).

m porteri (Mello-Leitão, 1936)....................Chile
Lasiodora p. Mello-Leitão, 1936d: 122, pl. 13 (Dm).
G. p. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 295 (Tm from Lasiodora).

mf pulchra Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
G. p. Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 298 (Dmf).
G. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 198, f. 66-68 (mf).
G. pulchripes p. Bücherl, 1951: 118, pl. IV (m, reduced to subspecies).
G. pulchripes p. Bücherl, 1957: 396, f. 57 (m).
G. p. Schmidt, 1986: 52, f. 70 (m).
G. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 214, 221 (mf).
G. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 55, 62 (mf).

mf rosea (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Bolivia, Chile, Argentina
Mygale rosea Walckenaer, 1837: 213 (Dm).
Mygale rubiginosa Nicolet, 1849: 330 (Dmf).
Lasiodora rosea C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.
Eurypelma rosea Ausserer, 1871a: 215.
Eurypelma spatulatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 24, pl. 1, f. 19 (Dm).
Citharoscelus kochii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899b: 16, pl. 2, f. 13-15 (Df).
Citharoscelus kochii Pocock, 1899g: 348 (Dm).
Citharoscelus spatulatus Pocock, 1903b: 98.
G. spatulata Simon, 1903a: 935.
G. argentinense Strand, 1907l: 29 (Dmf).
G. cala Chamberlin, 1917: 47, pl. 3, f. 8-9 (Dm).
G. spatulata Bücherl, 1951: 122 (S).
G. spatulata Bücherl, 1951: 123 (S, subsequently rejected).
G. spatulata Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 201, f. 7-8 (mf).
G. cala Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 202, f. 15 (m, removed from S of G. spatulata).
G. spathulata Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962b: 69, pl. I, f. 3-4 (mf).
G. spathulata Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1029, pl. III, f. 1-10, pl. IV, f. 1-6 (mf).
G. cala Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1032, pl. V, f. 1-10 (m).
G. cala Smith, 1986b: 62, f. 85h (m).
G. spatulatus Smith, 1986b: 65, f. 98h (m).
G. cala Smith, 1987d: 62, f. 85h (m).
G. spatulatus Smith, 1987d: 65, f. 98h (m).
G. spatulata Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 54, f. 49 (f).
G. spatulata Smith, 1990b: 19, unnumbered f. (f).
G. spatulata Schmidt, 1992e: 9, f. 2 (f).
G. cala Schmidt, 1993d: 87, f. 211 (Df).
G. spatulata Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 212 (f).
G. argentinensis Schmidt, 1993d: 86, f. 215 (f).
G. r. Schmidt, 1996a: 17 (S).
G. cala Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 59 (f).
G. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 60, 63 (f).
G. r. Schmidt, 1998i: 6 (S).

mf vachoni Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961....................Argentina
G. v. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 204, f. 5-6 (Dmf).

Gen. Hapalopus Ausserer, 1875

Transferred to other genera:
H. flavohirtus Simon, 1889 -- see Plesiopelma.
H. incei F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 -- see Holothele.
H. pentaloris (Simon, 1888) -- see Cyclosternum.
H. pictus Pocock, 1903 -- see Homoeomma.
H. rectimanus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Plesiopelma.
H. semiaurantiacus (Simon, 1897) -- see Plesiopelma.
H. versicolor (Simon, 1897) -- see Cyriocosmus.

In synonymy:
H. magdalena (Karsch, 1879, T from Avicularia) = H. formosus Ausserer, 1875 (Schmidt, 1995b: 11).

mf aldanus West, 2000....................Mexico
H. a. West, 2000: 299, f. 1A-D (Dmf; N.B.: specific name is patronymic adjective).

mf formosus Ausserer, 1875 *....................Colombia
H. f. Ausserer, 1875: 175, pl. 6, f. 17-18 (Dm).
Typhochlaena magdalena Karsch, 1879h: 106 (Dm).
Avicularia magdalenae Simon, 1892a: 171.
H. f. Simon, 1903a: 929, f. 1080-1081.
H. f. Schenkel, 1953a: 1, f. 1a-c (m).
H. f. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 71, f. 79-84 (m, Df).
H. f. Schmidt, 1986: 41, f. 9-10 (m).
H. f. Smith, 1987d: 84, f. 41h (m).
H. f. Schmidt, 1993d: 66, f. 98-100 (mf).
H. f. Schmidt, 1995b: 11 (S).
H. f. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48, f. 22 (m).
H. f. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 135-137 (mf).

m guianensis Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana
H. g. Caporiacco, 1954: 49, f. 1, 1a (Dm).

m nondescriptus Mello-Leitão, 1926....................Brazil
H. n. Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 319, f. 7-8 (Dm).

m tripepii (Dresco, 1984)....................Brazil
Eurypelma t. Dresco, 1984: 86, f. 1-10 (Dm).
H. tripeppi Raven, 1985a: 161 (Tm from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

f triseriatus Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela
H. t. Caporiacco, 1955: 276 (Df).

Gen. Hapalotremus Simon, 1903

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Dolichothele Mello-Leitão, 1923 (transferred from the Barychelidae by Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 128), Goniodontium Mello-Leitão, 1923, Cyclothoracoides Strand, 1929 and Sickius Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 405, type S. longibulbi Soares & Camargo, 1948 by Raven, 1985a: 151.

Transferred to other genera:
H. uruguayensis Mello-Leitão, 1946 -- see Homoeomma.

mf albipes Simon, 1903 *....................Bolivia
H. a. Simon, 1903a: 930, f. 1083 (Dm).
H. a. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 72, f. 63-67 (m).
H. a. Schmidt, 1986: 41, f. 12 (m).
H. a. Schmidt, 1993a: 10, f. 1-6 (m, Df).
H. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 66, f. 101-103 (m).
H. a. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52, f. 23 (m).
H. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 76-79 (mf).

m cyclothorax (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Cyclothorax c. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 342 (Dm, generic name preoccupied).
Cyclothoracoides c. Strand, 1929: 17 (replacement generic name).
Strongylothorax c. André, 1937: 27 (superfluous replacement generic name).

f exilis (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Dolichothele e. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 120 (Df).
Dolichothele e. Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 127, f. 52 (f).

m longibulbi (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Brazil
Sickius l. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 406, f. 86-88 (Dm).

f muticus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Goniodontium muticum Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 127 (Df).

f scintillans (Mello-Leitão, 1929)....................Brazil
Dolichothele s. Mello-Leitão, 1929c: 92 (Df).

Gen. Haploclastus Simon, 1892

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Phlogiodes Pocock, 1899 by Raven, 1985a: 157.

f cervinus Simon, 1892 *....................India
H. c. Simon, 1892a: 152 (Df).

m himalayensis (Tikader, 1977)....................India
Phlogiodes h. Tikader, 1977e: 317, f. 36-38 (Dm).
Phlogiodes himalayaensis Brignoli, 1983c: 139.

f kayi Gravely, 1915....................India
H. k. Gravely, 1915: 278 (Df).

f nilgirinus Pocock, 1899....................India
H. n. Pocock, 1899d: 747 (Df).

f robustus (Pocock, 1899)....................India
Phlogiodes r. Pocock, 1899d: 748 (Df).
Phlogiodes r. Pocock, 1900a: 180, f. 57 (f).

f satyanus (Barman, 1978)....................India
Phlogiodes s. Barman, 1978a: 168, f. 1A-D (Df).

m tenebrosus Gravely, 1935....................India
H. t. Gravely, 1935a: 79, f. 3a (Dm).
H. t. Smith, 1986b: 109, f. 16h (m).
H. t. Smith, 1987d: 109, f. 16h (m).

mf validus (Pocock, 1899)....................India
Phlogiodes v. Pocock, 1899d: 748 (Df).

Gen. Haplocosmia Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996

H. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996: 12, type H. nepalensis Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996.

f nepalensis Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996 *....................Nepal
H. n. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1996: 12, f. 1-6 (Df).

Gen. Haplopelma Simon, 1892

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Melopoeus Pocock, 1895 by Raven, 1985a: 116.

mf albostriatum (Simon, 1886)....................Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia
Selenocosmia albostriata Simon, 1886a: 161 (Dmf).
Melopoeus albostriatus Pocock, 1895a: 180.
Melopoeus albostriatus Simon, 1903a: 945, f. 1089-1091 (m).
Melopoeus albostriatus Simon, 1904b: 270, pl. 16, f. 1 (mf).
Melopoeus albostriatus Schmidt, 1986: 73, f. 128-130 (m).
Melopoeus albostriatus Smith, 1987c: 10, f. 1-15 (m).
H. a. Smith, 1996: 25, f. 27-36 (m).

f costale Schmidt, 1998....................Thailand
H. c. Schmidt, 1998a: 2, f. 1, 3-4 (Df).

f doriae (Thorell, 1890) *....................Borneo
Selenocosmia d. Thorell, 1890a: 397 (Df).
H. d. Simon, 1892a: 151.
H. d. Simon, 1903a: 946, f. 1092.
H. d. Schmidt, 1998a: 2, f. 2 (f).

mf lividum Smith, 1996....................Myanmar
H. l. Smith, 1996: 22, f. 1-14 (Dmf).

mf minax (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar, Thailand
Melopoeus m. Thorell, 1897a: 182 (Df).
Ornithoctonus m. Gravely, 1935b: 211, f. a-c (Dm).
Melopoeus m. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 48, f. 43 (f).
H. m. Smith, 1996: 24, f. 15-26 (m).

f robustum Strand, 1907....................Singapore
H. r. Strand, 1907l: 70 (Df).

f salangense (Strand, 1907)....................Malaysia
Melopoeus salangensis Strand, 1907l: 67 (Df).

f schmidti von Wirth, 1991....................Vietnam
H. s. von Wirth, 1991b: 7, f. 1-11 (Df).
H. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 122, f. 386, 393 (f).
H. s. Peters, 1999: 11, f. 2-3 (f).

Gen. Harpactira Ausserer, 1871

mf atra (Latreille, 1832) *....................South Africa
Mygale atra Latreille, 1832: 70 (D).
Mygale funebra Walckenaer, 1837: 226 (Dmf).
Mygale coracina C. L. Koch, 1841a: 37, f. 714 (Dm).
Mygale funebris C. L. Koch, 1842: 81, f. 742-743 (f).
H. a. Ausserer, 1871a: 204.
H. a. Simon, 1903a: 948, f. 1094-1097 (m).
H. a. Smith, 1990c: 80, f. 396-407 (mf).
H. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 118, f. 372-373 (mf).

mf baviana Purcell, 1903....................South Africa
H. b. Purcell, 1903a: 30, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dmf).
H. b. Smith, 1990c: 81, f. 407a (m).

mf cafreriana (Walckenaer, 1837)....................South Africa
Mygale c. Walckenaer, 1837: 225, pl. 5, f. 1D-E (Dmf).
Mygale villosa Walckenaer, 1837: 225 (D).
H. c. Purcell, 1902a: 325.

m chrysogaster Pocock, 1897....................South Africa
H. c. Pocock, 1897b: 750 (Dm).
H. c. Smith, 1990c: 81, f. 408-420 (m).

mf curator Pocock, 1898....................South Africa
H. c. Pocock, 1898c: 199, pl. 8, f. 1 (Dmf).
H. c. Smith, 1990c: 83, f. 421-430 (f).

f curvipes Pocock, 1897....................South Africa
H. c. Pocock, 1897b: 750 (Df).

mf dictator Purcell, 1902....................South Africa
H. d. Purcell, 1902a: 331 (Dmf).

f gigas Pocock, 1898....................South Africa
H. g. Pocock, 1898a: 316 (Df).

f guttata Strand, 1907....................South Africa
H. g. Strand, 1907a: 553 (Df).

mf hamiltoni Pocock, 1902....................South Africa
H. h. Pocock, 1902b: 316 (Dmf).
H. h. Smith, 1990c: 85, f. 446-455 (m).

f lineata Pocock, 1897....................South Africa
H. l. Pocock, 1897b: 749 (Df).

f lyrata (Simon, 1892)....................South Africa
Planadecta l. Simon, 1892a: 169 (Df).
H. l. Simon, 1903a: 948.

mf marksi Purcell, 1902....................South Africa
H. m. Purcell, 1902a: 322 (Dmf).

mf namaquensis Purcell, 1902....................Namibia, South Africa
H. n. Purcell, 1902a: 324 (Dmf).

f pulchripes Pocock, 1901....................South Africa
H. p. Pocock, 1901a: 287 (Df).

mf tigrina Ausserer, 1875....................South Africa
H. t. Ausserer, 1875: 185 (Df).
H. t. Pocock, 1897b: 748, pl. 43, f. 5.
H. t. Purcell, 1902a: 328 (Dm).
H. t. Smith, 1990c: 88, f. 472-483 (mf).

Gen. Harpactirella Purcell, 1902

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Luphocemus Denis, 1960c: 186, type L. insidiosus Denis, 1960 by Benoit, 1965c: 297; transferred here from the Barychelidae and considered a senior synonym of Ashantia Strand, 1908 by Raven, 1985a: 112; that transfer was not accepted by Charpentier, 1993: 5, who nevertheless identified no close relatives of the genus among the known barychelids.

f domicola Purcell, 1903....................South Africa
H. d. Purcell, 1903b: 103 (Df).

f flavipilosa Lawrence, 1936....................South Africa
H. f. Lawrence, 1936: 145 (Df).

mf helenae Purcell, 1903....................South Africa
H. h. Purcell, 1903b: 101 (Dmf).

f insidiosa (Denis, 1960)....................Morocco
Luphocemus insidiosus Denis, 1960c: 186, f. 1 (Df).
H. i. Benoit, 1965c: 297.

mf karrooica Purcell, 1902....................South Africa
H. k. Purcell, 1902a: 344 (Dmf).

mf lapidaria Purcell, 1908....................South Africa
H. l. Purcell, 1908: 215, pl. 11, f. 3 (Dmf).
H. l. Smith, 1990c: 90, f. 486 (m).

f latithorax (Strand, 1908)....................Ghana
Ashantia l. Strand, 1908b: 770 (Df).

f leleupi Benoit, 1965....................Zimbabwe
H. l. Benoit, 1965c: 298, f. 1 (Df).

f lightfooti Purcell, 1902....................South Africa
H. l. Purcell, 1902a: 346 (Df).

mf longipes Purcell, 1902....................South Africa
H. l. Purcell, 1902a: 343 (Dmf).
H. l. Purcell, 1908: 215, pl. 11, f. 2 (m).
H. l. Smith, 1990c: 91, f. 487 (m).

f magna Purcell, 1903....................South Africa
H. m. Purcell, 1903b: 102 (Df).

f schwarzi Purcell, 1904....................South Africa
H. s. Purcell, 1904: 126 (Df).

mf spinosa Purcell, 1908....................South Africa
H. s. Purcell, 1908: 214, pl. 11, f. 1 (Dmf).
H. s. Smith, 1990c: 91, f. 488 (m).

mf treleaveni Purcell, 1902 *....................South Africa
H. t. Purcell, 1902a: 341 (Dmf).

Gen. Hemiercus Simon, 1903

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Holothele Karsch, 1879 by Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (contra Raven, 1985a).

f cervinus (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela
Hapalopus c. Simon, 1889m: 209 (Df).
H. c. Simon, 1903a: 929.
H. c. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tf from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).

m inflatus (Simon, 1889) *....................Venezuela
Hapalopus i. Simon, 1889m: 209 (Dm).
H. i. Simon, 1903a: 929, f. 1084.
H. i. Schmidt, 1986: 41, f. 11 (m).
Holothele inflata Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 105 (m).
H. i. Rudloff, 1997a: 14, f. 21 (Tm from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).
H. i. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 1 (m).

m kastoni Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela
H. k. Caporiacco, 1955: 274, f. 1a-b (Dm).
H. k. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tm from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).

m modestus (Simon, 1889)....................Colombia
Hapalopus m. Simon, 1889m: 218 (Dm).
H. m. Simon, 1903a: 929.
H. m. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tm from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).

f proximus Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
H. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 155 (Df).
H. p. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tf from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).

Gen. Hemirrhagus Simon, 1903

f cervinus (Simon, 1891) *....................Mexico
Cratorrhagus c. Simon, 1891h: 330 (Df).
Cratorrhagus c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 41, pl. 2, f. 1 (f).
H. c. Simon, 1903a: 926, f. 1077.
H. ochriventris Strand, 1907l: 17 (Dm, provisional name only).
H. c. Pérez-Miles, 1998a: 121, f. 1-6 (f).

mf major Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru
H. m. Chamberlin, 1916: 198, pl. 7, f. 8 (Dmf).

mf peruvianus Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru
H. p. Chamberlin, 1916: 196, pl. 6, f. 4-10, pl. 7, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

Gen. Heteroscodra Pocock, 1899

mf crassipes Hirst, 1907....................Cameroon, Gabon
H. c. Hirst, 1907b: 36, f. 3 (Df).
H. c. Berland, 1917: 476, f. 10 (Dm).
Heterscodra c. Smith, 1986b: 23, f. 19h (m).
Heterscodra c. Smith, 1987d: 23, f. 19h (m).
Heterscodra c. Smith, 1990c: 30, f. 81-91 (m).
H. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 114, f. 351 (m).

f crassipes latithorax Strand, 1920....................Congo
H. l. Strand, 1920: 107 (Df).
H. c. l. Laurent, 1943: 7 (reduced to subspecies).

mf maculata Pocock, 1899 *....................West, Central Africa
H. m. Pocock, 1899e: 840 (Df).
H. m. Strand, 1907l: 36 (Df).
Heterscodra m. Charpentier, 1992a: 11, f. 1-1b, 2-2g (f, Dm).

f pachypoda (Strand, 1908)....................Cameroon
Scodra p. Strand, 1908b: 770 (Dj).
Scodra p. Strand, 1916b: 53 (Df).
H. p. Charpentier, 1996b: 6 (Tf from Scodra=Stromatopelma).

Gen. Heterothele Karsch, 1879

mf affinis Laurent, 1946....................Congo, Tanzania
H. a. Laurent, 1946: 296, f. 2 (Dmf).
H. a. Smith, 1990c: 117, f. 706-716 (m).

f atropha Simon, 1907....................Congo
H. a. Simon, 1907d: 222 (Df).

f caudicula (Simon, 1886)....................Argentina
Mitura c. Simon, 1886c: 575 (Df).
Mitothele c. Simon, 1892a: 135.
H. c. Simon, 1903a: 925.

f darcheni (Benoit, 1966)....................Gabon
Macrothele d. Benoit, 1966a: 87, f. 1-2 (Df).
H. d. Raven, 1983b: 557, f. 1-4, pl. II, f. 3, 5 (Tf from Macrothele).

f decemnotata (Simon, 1891)....................Congo
Solenothele d. Simon, 1891e: 298 (Df).
H. d. Simon, 1903a: 925.

mf gabonensis (Lucas, 1858)....................Gabon
Mygale g. Lucas, 1858: 382, pl. 13, f. 1 (Dm).
Diplura longipalpis Karsch, 1879a: 364 (Df).
H. g. Pocock, 1899e: 846.
H. g. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 72, f. 8-13 (mf).
H. g. Smith, 1990c: 118, f. 717-720 (mf).
H. g. Schmidt, 1993d: 56, f. 24-25 (mf).

mf honesta Karsch, 1879 *....................Congo
H. h. Karsch, 1879i: 65 (Dmf).

m hullwilliamsi Smith, 1990....................Cameroon
H. hullwilliamsoni Smith, 1990c: 119, f. 721-739 (Dm; N.B.: patronym for Vincent Hull-Williams).

f ogbunikia Smith, 1990....................Nigeria
H. o. Smith, 1990c: 120, f. 740-757 (Df).

m spinipes Pocock, 1897....................Tanzania
H. s. Pocock, 1897b: 737, pl. 41, f. 6 (Dm).
H. s. Smith, 1987d: 86, f. 53h (m).
H. s. Smith, 1990c: 121, f. 758-777 (m).

m villosella Strand, 1907....................East Africa
H. v. Strand, 1907a: 552 (Dm).
H. v. Strand, 1907f: 206 (Dm).

Gen. Holothele Karsch, 1879

N.B.: transferred here from the Dipluridae by Raven, 1980a: 254; considered a senior synonym of Schismatothele Karsch, 1879 (rejected, see below), Euthycaelus Simon, 1889, Hemiercus Simon, 1903, Scopelobates Simon, 1903 and Dryptopelmides Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 153; considered a senior synonym of Stichoplastus Simon, 1889 (itself considered a senior synonym of Proshapalopus Mello-Leitão, 1923 by Raven, 1985a: 157) by Rudloff, 1997a: 10 (through transfer of type species); not a senior synonym of Schismatothele Karsch, 1879 (Rudloff, 1997a: 12, contra Raven, 1985a); Rudloff's resurrections of the genera Euthycaelus Simon, 1889 and Proshapalopus Mello-Leitão, 1923 were not accompanied by detailed diagnoses and are not followed here.

Transferred to other genera:
H. asterix (Valerio, 1980) -- see Stichoplastoris.
H. cervina (Simon, 1889) -- see Hemiercus.
H. culebrae (Petrunkevitch, 1929) -- see Cyrtopholis.
H. denticulata (Valerio, 1980) -- see Stichoplastoris.
H. doeringi (Holmberg, 1881) -- see Grammostola.
H. elusinus (Valerio, 1980) -- see Stichoplastoris.
H. inflata (Simon, 1889) -- see Hemiercus.
H. kastoni (Caporiacco, 1955) -- see Hemiercus.
H. lineata (Karsch, 1879) -- see Schismatothele.
H. modesta (Simon, 1889) -- see Hemiercus.
H. obelix (Valerio, 1980) -- see Stichoplastoris.
H. obsoleta (Franganillo, 1935) -- see Cyrtopholis.
H. proxima (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Hemiercus.
H. spinulosa (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897) -- see Metriopelma.

In synonymy:
H. ravida (Simon, 1889) = H. recta Karsch, 1879 (Rudloff, 1997a: 10).

Homonym replaced:
H. longipes (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945) -- see H. vellardi.

Nomina dubia:
H. mutilata (Caporiacco, 1947a: 21, f, Guyana, originally in Scopelobates) -- Huber, Samm & Schmidt, 1996: 42; Rudloff, 1997a: 5.
H. variegata (Caporiacco, 1955: 281, f, Venezuela) -- Huber, Samm & Schmidt, 1996: 42 (sub Proshapalopus); Rudloff, 1997a: 5 (sub Proshapalopus).

m anomala (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Proshapalopus anomalus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 146, f. 60-62 (Dm).
Proshapalopus anomalus Smith, 1986b: 97, f. 97h (m).
Proshapalopus anomalus Smith, 1987d: 97, f. 97h (m).
Proshapalopus anomalus Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 119-120 (m).

f colonica (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela
Euthycaelus c. Simon, 1889m: 200 (Df; specific name is a substantive).

f culebrae (Petrunkevitch, 1929)....................Puerto Rico
Ischnocolus c. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 30, f. 18-24 (Df).
H. c. Rudloff, 1997a: 8, f. 23 (Tf from Ischnocolus).

mf denticulata (Franganillo, 1930)....................Cuba
Ischnoculus denticulatus Franganillo, 1930: 5 (Df).
Ischnocolus denticularis Roewer, 1942a: 235.
H. d. Rudloff, 1997a: 9, f. 5-7 (Tf from Ischnocolus, Dm).

mf incei (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898)....................Trinidad, Venezuela
Hapalopus i. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898b: 894, pl. 54, f. 8, 10, 12 (Dmf).
H. i. Rudloff, 1997a: 9, f. 20 (Tmf from Hapalopus).

m longipes (L. Koch, 1875)....................Venezuela
Chaetopelma l. L. Koch, in Ausserer, 1875: 174, pl. 6, f. 20-21 (Dm).
H. l. Rudloff, 1997a: 9 (Tm from Chaetopelma).

f ludwigi (Strand, 1907)....................Venezuela
Dryptopelmides l. Strand, 1907l: 19 (Df).

mf recta Karsch, 1879 *....................Venezuela
H. r. Karsch, 1879d: 544 (Df).
Stichoplastus ravidus Simon, 1889m: 208 (Dmf).
Stichoplastus ravidus Schenkel, 1953a: 2, f. 2a-b (m).
H. r. Rudloff, 1997a: 10, f. 1-2 (f, Sm).

mf rondoni (Lucas & Bücherl, 1972)....................Brazil
Dryptopelmides r. Lucas & Bücherl, 1972: 234, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Dryptopelma r. Raven, 1985a: 152 (Tmf from Dryptopelmides=Holothele).
Dryptoplema r. Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 96-97 (mf).
Dryptopelmides r. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 10-11 (mf).
H. r. Rudloff, 1997a: 10, f. 19 (Tmf from Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum).

mf sanguiniceps (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898)....................Trinidad
Stichoplastus s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898b: 895 (Df).
H. s. Rudloff, 1997a: 11, f. 3-4 (f, Dm).

f sericea (Simon, 1903)....................Hispaniola
Scopelobates sericeus Simon, 1903a: 928 (Df).
H. sericeous Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 60, f. 53 (f).
H. s. Rudloff, 1997a: 11, f. 8-11 (f).

f shoemakeri (Petrunkevitch, 1926)....................Costa Rica, St. Thomas
Ischnocolus s. Petrunkevitch, 1926: 36, f. 2-3 (Df).
H. s. Rudloff, 1997a: 11 (Tf from Ischnocolus).

f steini (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela
Euthycaelus s. Simon, 1889m: 201 (Df).

f vellardi Rudloff, 1997....................Venezuela
Chaetorrhombus longipes Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 178, pl. VII, f. a-b (Df).
Chaetorrhombus longipes Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 69, f. 23-24 (f).
Cyclosternum longipes Schmidt, 1993d: 62, f. 51 (f).
H. v. Rudloff, 1997a: 12 (replacement name for H. longipes, T from Cyclosternum).

Gen. Homoeomma Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Calopelma Chamberlin, 1917 by Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 241 and of Butantania Mello-Leitão, 1935 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52.

Transferred to other genera:
H. alcirae Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1954 -- see Plesiopelma.

In synonymy:
H. moreirae (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = H. brasilianum (Chamberlin, 1917) (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 245).
H. regina (Chamberlin, 1917, T from Eurypelma=Avicularia) = H. strabo (Simon, 1892) (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 251).
H. serratum (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958, T from Tmesiphantes) = H. uruguayense (Mello-Leitão, 1946) (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 253).

m brasilianum (Chamberlin, 1917)....................Brazil
Calopelma brasiliana Chamberlin, 1917: 44, pl. 3-4 (Dm).
Calopelma b. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 146, f. 45-47 (m).
Calopelma moreirae Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 149 (Dm).
Calopelma brasiliana Bücherl, 1957: 388, f. 26-26a (m).
H. b. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 245, f. 1-10 (m, S).
H. brasiliana Schmidt, 1986: 45, f. 41-42 (m).
Calopelma b. Smith, 1986b: 75, f. 7h (m).
Calopelma moreirae Smith, 1986b: 75, f. 8h (m).
Calopelma b. Smith, 1987d: 75, f. 7h (m).
Calopelma moreirae Smith, 1987d: 75, f. 8h (m).
H. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 106-107 (m).
H. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 25, 32 (m).

m elegans (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958)....................Argentina
Tmesiphantes e. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958: 4, f. 6-10 (Dm).
H. e. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 245, f. 40-44 (Tm from Tmesiphantes).
H. e. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 118-119 (m).
H. e. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 30, 37 (m).
H. e. Schmidt, 1999f: 8, f. 7-8 (m).

f familiare Bertkau, 1880....................Brazil
H. familiaris Bertkau, 1880a: 37, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
Grammostola familiaris Mello-Leitão, 1921a: 303 .
Grammostola mollicoma Bücherl, 1951: 112 (S, subsequently rejected).
H. familiaris Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1961: 203, f. 9 (removed f from S of Grammostola mollicoma, returned to H.).

m hirsutum (Mello-Leitão, 1935)....................Brazil
Butantania hirsuta Mello-Leitão, 1935c: 359, f. 5-8 (Dm).
Butantania hirsuta Bücherl, 1957: 388, f. 25 (m).
Butantania hirsuta Lucas & Bücherl, 1973: 242, f. 3-4 (m).
Butantania hirsuta Schmidt, 1986: 42, f. 18 (m).
Butantania hirsuta Smith, 1986b: 75, f. 6h (m).
Butantania hirsuta Smith, 1987d: 75, f. 6h (m).
Dryptopelma h. Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 87 (m).
H. h. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52, f. 26 (m).
Cyclosternum h. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 14 (m).

m humile Vellard, 1924....................Brazil
H. h. Vellard, 1924a: 150, pl. 10, f. 37 (Dm).

mf montanum (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Tmesiphantes montanus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 139, f. 48-50 (Dmf).
Tmesiphantes montanus Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 126, f. 38-41 (mf).
H. m. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 249, f. 11-17 (Tmf from Tmesiphantes).
Tmesiphantes montanus Smith, 1986b: 100, f. 109h (m).
Tmesiphantes montanus Smith, 1987d: 100, f. 109h (m).
H. m. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 108-110 (mf).
H. m. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 26, 33, 39 (mf).
H. m. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 13-14 (m).

mf nigrum (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Brazil
Mygale n. Walckenaer, 1837: 214 (D).
Mygale n. Walckenaer, 1842: 427 (Df).
Mygale versicolor C. L. Koch, 1842: 57, f. 727 (Dm).
Lasiodora versicolor C. L. Koch, 1850: 72.
H. versicolor Ausserer, 1871a: 211.
H. versicolor Ausserer, 1875: 196, pl. 7, f. 38 (m).
H. n. Pocock, 1903b: 111.
H. n. Smith, 1986b: 87, f. 55h (m; see note under H. stradlingi).
H. n. Smith, 1987d: 87, f. 55h (m).

m pictum (Pocock, 1903)....................Peru
Hapalopus pictus Pocock, 1903b: 110 (Dm).
H. pictus Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 49 (Tm from Hapalopus).

m simoni Soares & Camargo, 1948....................Brazil
H. s. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 404, f. 81-85 (Dm).

mf strabo (Simon, 1892)....................Colombia, Brazil
Agathostola s. Simon, 1892a: 163 (Dm).
H. s. Simon, 1903a: 936.
Eurypelma regina Chamberlin, 1917: 49, pl. 4, f. 1 (Dmf).
Plesiopelma regina Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 182.
H. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 251, f. 23-34 (mf, S).
Plesiopelma regina Smith, 1986b: 66, f. 102h (m).
Plesiopelma regina Smith, 1987d: 66, f. 102h (m).
H. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 113-115 (mf).
H. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 28, 35, 40 (mf).

mf stradlingi O. P.-Cambridge, 1881 *....................Brazil
H. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881c: 683, pl. 60, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
H. s. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 244, f. 35-39 (m, removed from S of H. nigrum, considered an unidentifiable member of this genus).
H. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 116-117 (m).
H. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52, f. 24-25 (m).
H. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 29, 36 (m).

mf uruguayense (Mello-Leitão, 1946)....................Uruguay, Argentina
Hapalotremus uruguayensis Mello-Leitão, 1946c: 7, f. 10-11 (Dm).
Hapalotremus uruguayensis Bücherl, 1957: 391, f. 35-35a (m).
Tmesiphantes serratus Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958: 3, f. 1-5 (Dm).
H. uruguayensis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 253, f. 45-51 (Tm from Hapalotremus, Df, S).
H. uruguayensis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 74, f. 25-31 (mf).
Hapalotremus uruguayensis Schmidt, 1986: 41, f. 13-14 (m).
H. u. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 120-122 (mf).
H. u. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 31, 38, 41 (mf).
H. u. Schmidt, 1999f: 8, f. 9 (f).

mf villosum (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Hapalopus villosus Keyserling, 1891: 7, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dm).
Ischnocolus pilosus Keyserling, 1891: 9 (Df).
Ischnocolus nigrescens Keyserling, 1891: 10 (Df; see below).
Crypsidromus perfidus Keyserling, 1891: 14 (Df; see below).
Crypsidromus funestus Keyserling, 1891: 15 (Df; see below).
H. v. Pocock, 1903b: 112.
H. v. Simon, 1903a: 936.
H. v. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 167 (Dmf).
H. v. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 255, f. 18-22 (m; N.B.: three species described by Keyserling, 1891--Ischnocolus nigrescens, Crypsidromus perfidus, and C. funestus--that were considered by Simon and Pocock as synonyms of H. v. are based on juveniles thought by Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1972: 237 to be unidentifiable members of Grammostola).
H. v. Schmidt, 1993d: 67, f. 111-112 (m).
H. v. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 27, 34 (m).

Gen. Hysterocrates Simon, 1892

Transferred to other genera:
H. minimus Strand, 1907 -- see Phoneyusa.
H. severini Strand, 1920 -- see Phoneyusa.

In synonymy:
H. ochraceus congonus Strand, 1919 = H. ochraceus Strand, 1907 (Laurent, 1946: 303).

f affinis Strand, 1907....................Cameroon
H. a. Strand, 1907a: 555 (Df).
H. a. Strand, 1907f: 250 (Df).

f affinis angusticeps Strand, 1907....................Cameroon
H. a. a. Strand, 1907f: 251 (Df).

mf apostolicus Pocock, 1900....................São Tomé
H. a. Pocock, 1900f: 491 (Df).
H. a. Berland, 1917: 480, f. 13-16 (Dm).
H. a. Smith, 1986b: 33, f. 9h (m).
H. a. Smith, 1987d: 33, f. 9h (m).
H. a. Smith, 1990c: 33, f. 97-104 (mf).
H. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 110, f. 341-342 (mf).
H. a. Charpentier, 1995a: 13, f. 19-20 (f).

mf crassipes Pocock, 1897....................Cameroon
H. c. Pocock, 1897b: 764, pl. 41, f. 4c (Dmf).
H. c. Smith, 1990c: 34, f. 105-112 (m).

f didymus Pocock, 1900....................São Tomé
H. d. Pocock, 1900f: 489, f. b (Df).
H. d. Simon, 1903a: 949, f. 1102 (f).

mf ederi Charpentier, 1995....................Bioko Is. (Equatorial Guinea)
H. e. Charpentier, 1995a: 3, f. 2-18 (Dmf).

mf gigas Pocock, 1897....................Cameroon
H. g. Pocock, 1897b: 762 (Dmf).
H. g. Smith, 1990c: 34, f. 119-133 (mf).

mf greeffi (Karsch, 1884)....................Cameroon
Selenocosmia g. Karsch, 1884a: 60 (Dm).
Phoneyusa g. Karsch, 1886a: 83 (Df).
H. maximus Strand, 1907f: 249 (Df, not m).
H. g. Strand, 1908e: 265 (mf).

f greshoffi (Simon, 1891) *....................Congo
Phoneyusa g. Simon, 1891e: 298, f. (Df).
H. g. Simon, 1892a: 153.
H. g. Simon, 1903a: 949, f. 1099-1101.

f haasi Strand, 1906....................Cameroon
H. h. Strand, 1906h: 31 (Df).

f hercules Pocock, 1899....................Niger, Nigeria
H. h. Pocock, 1899e: 844 (Df).
H. h. Smith, 1990c: 36, f. 134-141 (f).

mf laticeps Pocock, 1897....................Cameroon
H. l. Pocock, 1897b: 765, pl. 41, f. 4b (Dmf).
H. camerunensis Strand, 1907l: 33 (m, provisional name only).
H. l. Smith, 1986b: 34, f. 16h (m).
H. l. Smith, 1987d: 34, f. 16h (m).
H. l. Smith, 1990c: 37, f. 142-157 (mf).

m maximus Strand, 1906....................Cameroon
H. m. Strand, 1906c: 14 (Dm).
H. m. Strand, 1907f: 249 (m, not f).

f ochraceus Strand, 1907....................Cameroon, Congo
H. o. Strand, 1907a: 555 (Df).
H. o. Strand, 1907f: 255 (Df).
H. o. congonus Strand, 1920: 105 (Df).
H. o. Laurent, 1946: 303 (S).

f robustus Pocock, 1899....................Río Muni
H. r. Pocock, 1899e: 844 (Df).
H. r. Smith, 1990c: 39, f. 158-165 (f).

f robustus sulcifer Strand, 1908....................Cameroon
H. r. sulcifera Strand, 1908e: 264 (Df).

f scepticus Pocock, 1900....................São Tomé
H. s. Pocock, 1900f: 490 (Df).
H. s. Smith, 1990c: 39, f. 165a-h (f).
H. s. Charpentier, 1995b: 2, f. 23-24 (f).

f sjostedti (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon
Lycotharses sjöstedtii Thorell, 1899: 6 (Df).
H. sjöstedti Strand, 1906c: 9.

f spellenbergi Strand, 1906....................Cameroon
H. s. Strand, 1906h: 25 (Df).

f vosseleri Strand, 1906....................West Africa
H. v. Strand, 1906h: 27 (Df).

f weileri Strand, 1906....................Cameroon
H. w. Strand, 1906c: 10 (Df).

Gen. Iracema Pérez-Miles, 2000

I. Pérez-Miles, 2000: 141, type I. cabocla Pérez-Miles, 2000.

mf cabocla Pérez-Miles, 2000....................Brazil
I. c. Pérez-Miles, 2000: 142, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

Gen. Iridopelma Pocock, 1901

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 by Smith, 1993b: 13 (following Raven, 1985: 119).

mf hirsutum Pocock, 1901 *....................Brazil
Iridopelma h. Pocock, 1901c: 550 (Dmf).
Avicularia hirsuta Simon, 1903a: 960.
Typhochlaena pococki Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 333 (Dmf).
Avicularia hirsuta Bücherl, 1957: 404, f. 93-93a (m).
Avicularia hirsuta Schmidt, 1986: 61, f. 109-110 (m).
I. h. Smith, 1993b: 15, f. 1-10 (Tmf from Avicularia).
Avicularia hirsuta Schmidt, 1993d: 102, f. 326-327 (m).

mf seladonium (C. L. Koch, 1841)....................Brazil
Mygale seladonia C. L. Koch, 1841a: 39, f. 716 (Df).
Typhochlaena seladonia C. L. Koch, 1850: 75.
Avicularia seladonia Simon, 1892a: 171 (in part).
Typhochlaena seladonia Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 335, f. 191-193 (Dm).
I. seladonia Smith, 1993b: 15 (Tmf from Avicularia).

m zorodes (Mello-Leitão, 1926)....................Brazil
Typhochlaena z. Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 322, f. 9-10 (Dm).
Avicularia z. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 289.
I. z. Smith, 1993b: 18 (Tm from Avicularia).

Gen. Ischnocolus Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Leptopelma Ausserer, 1871 [=Nemesia Audouin, 1826] (Raven, 1990: 21, contra Raven, 1985a: 155).

Transferred to other genera:
I. culebrae Petrunkevitch, 1929 -- see Holothele.
I. denticulatus Franganillo, 1930 -- see Holothele.
I. gracilis Ausserer, 1871 -- see Chaetopelma.
I. shoemakeri Petrunkevitch, 1926 -- see Holothele.

m algericus Thorell, 1875....................Algeria, Tunisia
I. a. Thorell, 1875c: 123 (Dm).
I. a. Simon, 1903a: 925, f. 1070-1071 (m).
I. a. Schmidt, 1986: 40, f. 1-2 (m).
I. a. Smith, 1987d: 88, f. 89 (m).
I. a. Smith, 1990c: 126, f. 778-786 (m).
I. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 57, f. 26-29 (m).

mf andalusiacus (Simon, 1873)....................Spain
Avicularia andalusiaca Simon, 1873a: 197, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dmf).
I. a. Ausserer, 1875: 173.
I. a. Bacelar, 1932: 171, f. 3-5 (m).

f decoratus Tikader, 1977....................India
I. d. Tikader, 1977e: 311, f. 16-20 (Df).

f fasciculatus Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia
I. f. Strand, 1906b: 606 (Df).

m fuscostriatus Simon, 1885....................Algeria, Tunisia
I. f. Simon, 1885g: 41 (Dm).

f hancocki Smith, 1990....................Morocco
I. hancockii Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 36, f. 31 (f; nomen nudum).
I. h. Smith, 1990c: 127, f. 803-818 (Df).

f holosericeus L. Koch, 1871 *....................Spain
I. h. L. Koch, in Ausserer, 1871a: 186 (Dj)
I. h. Simon, 1892a: 136, f. 119.
I. h. Smith, 1990c: 129, f. 819-829 (Df).

f jerusalemensis Smith, 1990....................Israel
I. j. Smith, 1990c: 130, f. 830-846 (Df).

f jickelii L. Koch, 1875....................Ethiopia
I. j. L. Koch, 1875b: 58, pl. 6, f. 2 (Df).

f khasiensis Tikader, 1977....................India
I. k. Tikader, 1977e: 314, f. 21-25 (Df).

mf maroccanus (Simon, 1873)....................Morocco, Algeria
Avicularia marocanna Simon, 1873a: 199 (Dmf).
I. m. Ausserer, 1875: 173.
I. fuscoannulatus Strand, 1908h: 25 (f, provisional name only).
I. m. Smith, 1990c: 131, f. 847-860 (m).

f mogadorensis Simon, 1909....................Morocco
I. m. Simon, 1909b: 10 (Df).

m numidus Simon, 1909....................Morocco, Algeria
I. numida Simon, 1909b: 9 (Dm).

?? rubropilosus Keyserling, 1891....................Brazil
I. r. Keyserling, 1891: 12 (D).

f syriacus Ausserer, 1871....................Syria
I. s. Ausserer, 1871a: 189 (Df).

mf tomentosus Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon, Congo
I. t. Thorell, 1899: 9 (Df).
I. t. Laurent, 1946: 294, f. 1 (Dm).

j triangulifer Ausserer, 1871....................Italy
I. t. Ausserer, 1871a: 186 (Dj).

f tripolitanus Caporiacco, 1937....................Libya
I. t. Caporiacco, 1937: 57 (Df).

mf tunetanus Pavesi, 1880....................Tunisia
I. t. Pavesi, 1880b: 362 (Dm).
I. t. Strand, 1908h: 23 (Df).

m valentinus (Dufour, 1820)....................Spain
Mygale valentina Dufour, 1820b: 101, pl. 73, f. 1-2 (Dm).
Mygale valenciana Walckenaer, 1837: 228.
Trechona v. Thorell, 1870b: 168.
I. v. Ausserer, 1871a: 186.

Gen. Lampropelma Simon, 1892

f nigerrimum Simon, 1892 *....................Indonesia
L. n. Simon, 1892a: 151 (Df).

mf violaceopes Abraham, 1924....................Malaysia, Singapore
L. violaceopedes Abraham, 1924: 1108, pl. 5, f. 19-24 (Dmf; N.B.: specific names cannot be plural).
L. violaceopedes Smith, 1990a: 14, f. 1-15 (mf).

Gen. Lasiodora C. L. Koch, 1850

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Weyenberghiana Mello-Leitão, 1941 (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1979b: 86); considered a senior synonym of Crypsidromus Ausserer, 1871 (itself considered a senior synonym of Metriopelma Becker, 1878 (contra Valerio, 1982: 408, rejected, see below), Neischnocolus Petrunkevitch, 1925 and Barropelma Chamberlin, 1940a: 39, type Eurypelma parvior Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 by Raven, 1985a: 150) but not Metriopelma Becker, 1878 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52.

Transferred to other genera:
L. auronitens (Keyserling, 1891) -- see Pycnothele under Nemesiidae.
L. breyeri (Becker, 1878) -- see Metriopelma.
L. colorata (Valerio, 1982) -- see Metriopelma.
L. drymusetes (Valerio, 1982) -- see Metriopelma.
L. familiaris (Simon, 1889) -- see Metriopelma.
L. morosa (Banks, 1909) -- see Metriopelma.
L. porteri Mello-Leitão, 1936 -- see Grammostola.
L. velox (Pocock, 1903) -- see Metriopelma.
L. weijenberghi Thorell, 1894 -- see Eupalaestrus.
L. zebrata (Banks, 1909) -- see Metriopelma.

f acanthognatha Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. a. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 339 (Df).
L. a. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 246, f. 100, 146 (f).

f boliviana (Simon, 1892)....................Bolivia
Crypsidromus bolivianus Simon, 1892d: 278 (Df).

m brevibulba (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Crypsidromus brevibulbus Valerio, 1980b: 279, f. 23, 31-32, 49 (Dm).

m carinata (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Crypsidromus carinatus Valerio, 1980b: 281, f. 26, 37-38, 52 (Dm).

f citharacantha Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. c. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 342 (Df).
L. c. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 251, f. 171, 173 (f).

f cryptostigma Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. c. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 342 (Df).
L. c. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 250, f. 97, 165 (f).

mf curtior Chamberlin, 1917....................Brazil
L. c. Chamberlin, 1917: 58, pl. 4, f. 6-7 (Df).
L. c. Vellard, 1924a: 145, pl. 9, f. 36 (f, Dm).
L. c. Bücherl, 1957: 400, f. 76-76a (m).
L. c. Schmidt, 1986: 57, f. 87-88 (m).
L. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 236-237 (m).
L. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 143-144 (m).

mf differens Chamberlin, 1917....................Brazil
L. d. Chamberlin, 1917: 56, pl. 4, f. 4-5 (Df).
L. d. Bücherl, 1957: 401, f. 77-77a (m).
L. d. Schmidt, 1986: 57, f. 89-90 (m).
L. d. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 238-239 (m).
L. d. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 139, 145 (m).

mf difficilis Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. d. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 345 (Dmf).
L. d. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 257, f. 91, 161 (mf).
L. d. Bücherl, 1957: 401, f. 78-78a (m).
L. d. Schmidt, 1986: 57, f. 91-92 (m).
L. d. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 240-241 (m).
L. d. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 140, 146 (m).

f dolichosterna Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. d. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 348 (Df).
L. d. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 264, f. 172, 174 (f).

f dulcicola Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. d. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 340 (Df).
L. d. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 248, f. 94, 163 (f).

mf erythrocythara Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. e. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 347 (Df).
L. e. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 260, f. 106, 170 (f).
L. e. Bücherl, 1957: 402, f. 80 (m).
L. e. Schmidt, 1986: 57, f. 93 (m).
L. e. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 242 (m).
L. erythocytara Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 147 (m).

f fallax (Bertkau, 1880)....................Brazil
Crypsidromus f. Bertkau, 1880a: 27, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dj).
Hapalopus f. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 159 (Df).

f fracta Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. f. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 343 (Df).
L. f. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 252, f. 99 (f).

m gutzkei (Reichling, 1997), new combination....................Belize
Crypsidromus g. Reichling, 1997a: 49, f. 1-4 (Dm).

mf icecu (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Crypsidromus i. Valerio, 1980b: 280, f. 25, 35-36, 51, 59 (Dmf).

mf isabellina (Ausserer, 1871)....................Brazil
Crypsidromus isabellinus Ausserer, 1871a: 194 (Df).
Pamphobeteus isabellinus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 227, 235.
Pamphobeteus isabellinus Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 85 (m).
Crypsidromus isabellinus Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 51 (m).
Crypsidromus isabellinus Schmidt, 1993d: 61, f. 46 (m).

f itabunae Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. i. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 349 (Df).
L. i. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 266, f. 96, 169 (f).

mf klugi (C. L. Koch, 1841) *....................Brazil
Mygale klugii C. L. Koch, 1841a: 25, f. 708 (Df).
L. k. C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.
L. k. Simon, 1892a: 160, f. 75.
L. bahiensis Strand, 1907l: 54 (Dm).
L. k. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 255.
L. k. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 294, f. 1-7 (mf).
L. k. Schmidt, 1993d: 91, f. 233-235 (mf).
L. k. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 52, f. 27 (m).
L. k. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 138, 142, 148 (mf).
L. k. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 35-36 (m).

m lakoi Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil
L. l. Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 257 (Dm).

mf mariannae Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. m. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 341 (Dmf).
L. m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 248, f. 93, 103, 164 (mf).

?? moreni (Holmberg, 1876)....................Argentina
Mygale morenii Holmberg, 1876: 6, f. 4 (D).
Crypsidromus m. Petrunkevitch, 1939a: 267 (see note under Metriopelma velox).

f panamana (Petrunkevitch, 1925)....................Panama
Neischnocolus panamanus Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 85 (Df).

f pantherina (Keyserling, 1891)....................Brazil
Trechona p. Keyserling, 1891: 18 (Df).
Crypsidromus pantherinus Simon, 1903a: 931.
Metriopelma p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 174.

mf parahybana Mello-Leitão, 1917....................Brazil
L. p. Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 74 (Df).
L. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 267, f. 98, 149 (f).
L. p. Bücherl, 1957: 402, f. 82 (m).
L. p. Schmidt, 1986: 57, f. 94 (m).
L. p. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 53, f. 48 (f).
L. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 90, f. 231, 243 (mf).
L. p. Tansley, 1997: 55, f. b (f).
L. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 141 (m).

f parvior (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama
Eurypelma p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 7 (Df).
Barropelma p. Chamberlin, 1940a: 39 (Tf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).

f pleoplectra Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. p. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 347 (Df).
L. p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 262, f. 175 (f).

mf puriscal (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Crypsidromus p. Valerio, 1980b: 280, f. 24, 33-34, 50, 58 (Dmf).

m rubitarsa (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Crypsidromus rubitarsus Valerio, 1980b: 281, f. 27, 39-40, 53 (Dm).

m saeva (Walckenaer, 1837)....................Uruguay
Mygale s. Walckenaer, 1837: 222 (Dm).
L. s. Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 47.

f spinipes Ausserer, 1871....................Brazil
L. s. Ausserer, 1871a: 209 (Df).
L. s. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 265, f. 95 (f).

f sternalis (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Metriopelma s. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 171 (Df).

m striatipes (Ausserer, 1871)....................Brazil
Eurypelma s. Ausserer, 1871a: 212, pl. 1, f. 15-16 (Dm).
L. s. Ausserer, 1875: 190.
L. s. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 259, f. 92, 102, 159 (m).

m subcanens Mello-Leitão, 1921....................Brazil
L. s. Mello-Leitão, 1921b: 344 (Dm).
L. s. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 253, f. 90, 101, 155 (m).
L. s. Smith, 1986b: 158, f. 60h (m).
L. s. Smith, 1987d: 158, f. 60h (m).

m tetrica (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela
Crypsidromus tetricus Simon, 1889m: 212 (Dm).
Miaschistopus rapidus Pocock, 1897b: 770, pl. 41, f. 5 (Dm).
Acentropelma tetricus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 555.
Acentropelma rapida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 555.
Metriopelma tetricum Pocock, 1903b: 114.
Crypsidromus tetricus Strand, 1916b: 86.
Crypsidromus tetricus Smith, 1987d: 93, f. 78h (m).

m trinitatis (Pocock, 1903)....................Trinidad
Metriopelma t. Pocock, 1903b: 114 (Dm).
Crypsidromus t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 56.

m trinitatis pauciaculeis (Strand, 1916)....................Trinidad
Crypsidromus t. p. Strand, 1916b: 85 (Dm).

Gen. Lasiodorides Schmidt & Bischoff, 1997

L. Schmidt & Bischoff, 1997: 154, type L. polycuspulatus Schmidt & Bischoff, 1997.

mf polycuspulatus Schmidt & Bischoff, 1997 *....................Peru
L. p. Schmidt & Bischoff, 1997: 154, f. 1-6 (Df).
L. p. Schmidt, 1997f: 488, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f rolinae Tesmoingt, 1999....................Peru
L. rolinii Tesmoingt, 1999c: 21, f. 1-18 (Df; N.B.: specific name is a patronym for Isabelle Rolin Couvrer).

mf striatus (Schmidt & Antonelli, 1996)....................Peru
Pamphobeteus s. Schmidt & Antonelli, 1996: 3, f. 1-10 (Dmf).
L. s. Schmidt & Bischoff, 1997: 154 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
L. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 217-219 (mf).

Gen. Loxomphalia Simon, 1889

f rubida Simon, 1889 *....................Zanzibar
L. r. Simon, 1889h: 413 (Df).

Gen. Loxoptygus Simon, 1903

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 (contra Laurent, 1946: 303) and considered a senior synonym of Loxoptygella Strand, 1906 by Raven, 1985a: 117.

f coturnatus Simon, 1903....................Ethiopia
L. o. Simon, 1903a: 952 (Df).

m ectypus (Simon, 1889) *....................Ethiopia
Harpaxotheria ectypa Simon, 1889h: 415 (Dm).
L. e. Simon, 1903a: 952.

f erlangeri (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia
Loxoptygella e. Strand, 1906b: 607 (Df).

Gen. Lyrognathus Pocock, 1895

In synonymy:
L. liewi West, 1991 = L. robustus Smith, 1988 (Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992a: 10).

f crotalus Pocock, 1895 *....................India
L. c. Pocock, 1895a: 175 (Df).

m pugnax Pocock, 1900....................India
L. p. Pocock, 1900a: 203 (Dm).
Selenocosmia p. Gravely, 1935a: 83, f. 3d (m).
L. p. Smith, 1986b: 120, f. 19h (m).
L. p. Smith, 1987d: 120, f. 19h (m).

f robustus Smith, 1988....................Malaysia
L. r. Smith, 1988b: 15, f. 1-13 (Df).
L. r. Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
L. liewi West, 1991: 616, f. 1-7, 10-11 (Df).
L. r. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992a: 10 (S).

?? saltator Pocock, 1900....................India
L. s. Pocock, 1900a: 203 (D).

Gen. Megaphobema Pocock, 1901

mf mesomelas (O. P.-Cambridge, 1892)....................Costa Rica
Eurypelma m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 90, pl. 11, f. 8 (Dm).
Eurypelma m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 27, pl. 1, f. 14 (m).
Brachypelma m. Valerio, 1980a: 272, f. 29-32, 36 (Tmf from Eurypelma=Avicularia).
Brachypelma m. Smith, 1986b: 50, f. 29h (m).
Brachypelma m. Smith, 1987d: 50, f. 29h (m).
Brachypelma m. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 45, f. 40 (f).
Megaphobema m. Schmidt, 1991b: 11, f. 2 (Tmf from Euathlus).
E. m. Smith, 1991a: 19 (rejected T).
E. m. Smith, 1991b: 18, f. 1-14 (mf).
M. m. Schmidt, 1992b: 11 (Tmf from Euathlus).
M. m. Schmidt, 1993d: 91, f. 245-246 (f).
M. m. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 204 (f).

mf peterklaasi Schmidt, 1994....................Costa Rica
M. p. Schmidt, 1994j: 2, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
M. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 206 (f).

mf robustum (Ausserer, 1875) *....................Colombia
Lasiodora robusta Ausserer, 1875: 190, pl. 7, f. 42 (Dmf).
M. robusta Pocock, 1901c: 546.
M. robusta Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 295, f. 41-45 (m).
M. robusta Smith, 1986b: 158, f. 61h (m).
M. robusta Smith, 1987d: 158, f. 61h (m).
M. robusta Schmidt, 1991b: 11, f. 1 (Df; f of Ausserer is a juvenile m).
M. robusta Smith, 1991a: 15, f. 1-8 (m).
M. robusta Schmidt, 1993d: 91, f. 244, 247-248 (mf).
M. r. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53, f. 28 (m).
M. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 203, 207-208 (mf).

mf velvetosoma Schmidt, 1995....................Ecuador
M. v. Schmidt, 1995d: 86, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
M. v. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 205 (f).

Gen. Melloleitaoina Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960

M. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960: 200, type M. crassifemur Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960; removed from the synonymy of Dryptopelma Simon, 1889 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53.

mf crassifemur Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960 *....................Argentina
M. c. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1960: 201, f. 1-3 (Dm).
M. c. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 75, f. 45-50 (m, Df).
M. c. Smith, 1986b: 91, f. 69h (m).
M. c. Smith, 1987d: 91, f. 69h (m).
Dryptopelma c. Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 93-95 (mf).
M. c. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53, f. 29 (Tmf from Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum).
M. c. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 8-9 (m).
M. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 73-75 (mf).
M. c. Schmidt, 1999f: 8, f. 17-19 (mf).

Gen. Metriopelma Becker, 1878

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Crypsidromus Ausserer, 1871 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53.

In synonymy:
M. morosum (Banks, 1909) = M. zebratum (Banks, 1909) (Valerio, 1982: 409).

m breyeri (Becker, 1878) *....................Mexico
Sericopelma breyerii Becker, 1878a: 77, pl. 2, f. 1-6 (Dm).
M. b. Becker, 1878b: 256.
Crypsidromus b. Simon, 1892a: 143.
Acentropelma b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 555.
Crypsidromus b. Smith, 1995: 181, f. 1002-1010 (m).

f coloratum Valerio, 1982....................Panama
M. colorata Valerio, 1982: 410, f. 3, 6 (Df).
M. colorata Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53 (Tf from Crypsidromus=Lasiodora, contra Raven, 1985a).

f drymusetes Valerio, 1982....................Costa Rica
M. d. Valerio, 1982: 410, f. 2, 5 (Df).
M. d. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53 (Tf from Crypsidromus=Lasiodora, contra Raven, 1985a).

mf familiare (Simon, 1889)....................Venezuela
Crypsidromus familiaris Simon, 1889m: 211 (Dm).
M. f. Pocock, 1903b: 114.
Crypsidromus familiaris Strand, 1916b: 85 (Dm).
M. f. Schmidt, 1997b: 4, f. 1 (Tm from Crypsidromus=Lasiodora, Df, contra Raven, 1985a).

f nigriventre (Mello-Leitão, 1939)....................Venezuela
Cyriocosmus nigriventris Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 44, f. 2 (Df).
M. n. Pérez-Miles, 1998b: 101 (Tf from Cyriocosmus).

m spinulosum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897....................Guatemala
M. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 33, pl. 2, f. 12 (Dm).
Acentropelma s. Pocock, 1901c: 555.
Stichoplastus spinulosus Simon, 1903a: 930.
Stichoplastus spinulosus Smith, 1986b: 99, f. 108h (m).
Stichoplastus spinulosus Smith, 1987d: 99, f. 108h (m).
M. s. Rudloff, 1997a: 2, 4 (Tm from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

mf velox Pocock, 1903....................Ecuador
M. v. Pocock, 1903b: 113 (Dm).
Crypsidromus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 56.
Crypsidromus. v. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 65, f. 51-57 (mf).
Crypsidromus v. Schmidt, 1993d: 61, f. 47-49 (mf).
M. v. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 108-110 (Tm from Crypsidromus=Lasiodora, contra Raven, 1985a, Df).
M. v. Schmidt, 1999f: 15, f. 25, 29 (mf; N.B.: text uses the combination M. morenii (Holmberg, 1876), listed under Crypsidromus above).

mf zebratum Banks, 1909....................Costa Rica
M. zebrata Banks, 1909a: 195, pl. 5, f. 8 (Dm).
M. morosus Banks, 1909a: 196, pl. 5, f. 16 (Dm).
Crypsidromus morosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 55.
Crypsidromus zebratus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 56.
M. zebrata Valerio, 1982: 409, f. 1, 4, 7-9, 26 (m, Df, S).
M. z. Smith, 1986b: 93, f. 81h (m).
M. z. Smith, 1987d: 93, f. 81h (m).
M. z. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53 (Tmf from Crypsidromus=Lasiodora, contra Raven, 1985a).

Gen. Monocentropus Pocock, 1897

mf balfouri Pocock, 1897 *....................Socotra
M. b. Pocock, 1897b: 759, pl. 41, f. 1 (Dmf).
M. b. Smith, 1986b: 36, f. 23 (m).
M. b. Smith, 1987d: 36, f. 23 (m).
M. b. Smith, 1990c: 42, f. 167-179a (m).
M. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 111, f. 346 (m).

mf lambertoni Fage, 1922....................Madagascar
M. l. Fage, 1922: 365, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
M. l. Smith, 1990c: 43, f. 179b-e (m).

m longimanus Pocock, 1903....................Yemen
M. l. Pocock, 1903c: 219 (Dm).
M. l. Smith, 1990c: 43, f. 180-187 (m).

Gen. Myostola Simon, 1903

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884 (contra Laurent, 1946: 303) by Raven, 1985a: 117.

Transferred to other genera:
M. gabonica (Simon, 1889) -- see Phoneyusa.

mf occidentalis (Lucas, 1858) *....................Gabon, Cameroon
Mygale o. Lucas, 1858: 380 (Df).
Phoneyusa o. Pocock, 1899e: 842 (Df).
M. o. Simon, 1903a: 951.
M. o. Strand, 1920: 104.

Gen. Nesiergus Simon, 1903

mf halophilus Benoit, 1978....................Seychelles
N. insulanus Hirst, 1911: 383.
N. h. Benoit, 1978c: 412, f. 4A-E (Dmf).
N. h. Smith, 1990c: 133, f. 861-877 (mf).
N. h. Schmidt, 1993d: 57, f. 31-32 (mf).

f insulanus Simon, 1903 *....................Seychelles
N. i. Simon, 1903a: 928 (Df).
N. i. Benoit, 1978c: 412, f. 3A-E (f).
N. i. Smith, 1990c: 134, f. 878-882 (f).

Gen. Nesipelma Schmidt & Kovarick, 1996

N. Schmidt & Kovarick, 1996: 1, type N. insulare Schmidt & Kovarick, 1996.

mf insulare Schmidt & Kovarick, 1996 *....................Nevis
N. i. Schmidt & Kovarick, 1996: 2, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
N. i. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 152-156 (mf).

Gen. Nhandu Lucas, 1983

N.B.: the synonymy of Nhandu Lucas, 1983b: 157, type N. carapoensis Lucas, 1983 with Sericopelma Ausserer, 1875 by Raven, 1985a: 156 (sub Mygalarachne) has not been accepted by subsequent workers.

mf carapoensis Lucas, 1983 *....................Brazil
N. c. Lucas, 1983b: 157, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
N. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 249-250 (mf).
N. c. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 53, f. 30-31 (mf).
N. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 111-112 (mf).
N. c. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 37-38 (m).

f tripartitus Schmidt, 1997....................Unknown
N. t. Schmidt, 1997e: 2, f. 1 (Df).

Gen. Oligoxystre Vellard, 1924

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Cenobiopelma Mello-Leitão & Arlé, 1934 (transferred here from the Barychelidae by Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1970a: 152) by Raven, 1985a: 150.

mf argentinense (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Chile, Argentina, Uruguay
Cenobiopelma argentinensis Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 104, pl. II, f. 4 (Df).
Cenobiopelma argentinensis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973a: 110, f. 1-7 (f, Dm).
Cenobiopelma argentinensis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 63, f. 32-38 (mf).
Cenobiopelma argentinensis Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1038, pl. IX, f. 1-8 (f).
O. argentinensis Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 123-125 (mf).
O. argentinensis Schmidt, 1999f: 8, f. 1-3 (mf).
O. argentinensis Costa, Pérez-Miles & Corte, 2000: 131, f. 1-2 (mf).

m auratum Vellard, 1924 *....................Brazil
O. a. Vellard, 1924a: 152, pl. 10, f. 38 (Dm).

f mimeticum (Mello-Leitão & Arlé, 1934)....................Brazil
Cenobiopelma mimetica Mello-Leitão & Arlé, 1934: 128, f. 4-8 (Df).

Gen. Ornithoctonus Pocock, 1892

Transferred to other genera:
O. gadgili Tikader, 1977 -- see Poecilotheria.

f andersoni Pocock, 1892 *....................Myanmar
O. a. Pocock, 1892b: 317, pl. 22, f. 1-3 (Df).
O. a. Pocock, 1900a: 206, f. 63-64 (f).
O. a. von Wirth, 1991a: 7, f. 3 (f).
O. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 124, f. 396 (f).

mf huwena (Wang, Peng & Xie, 1993)....................China
Selenocosmia h. Wang, Peng & Xie, 1993: 72, f. 1-6 (Df, not m, per Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 41).
Selenocosmia h. Yin & Bao, 1995b: 131, f. 1-9 (Dm).
Selenocosmia h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 40, f. 17N-P (mf).
Selenocosmia h. Peters, 1999: 7, f. 1, 4 (f; may be a S of Haplopelma schmidti).
O. h. Zhu & Song, 2000a: 54. f. 1-16 (Tmf from Selenocosmia).

Gen. Orphnaecus Simon, 1892

mf pellitus Simon, 1892 *....................Philippines
O. p. Simon, 1892c: 36 (Dmf).
O. p. Simon, 1903a: 956, f. 1106-1107.

Gen. Ozopactus Simon, 1889

f ernsti Simon, 1889 *....................Venezuela
O. e. Simon, 1889m: 212 (Df).
O. silvicola Simon, 1892a: 144 (presumed lapsus for O. ernsti).

Gen. Pachistopelma Pocock, 1901

j concolor Caporiacco, 1947....................Guyana
Pachystopelma c. Caporiacco, 1947a: 21 (Dj).

mf rufonigrum Pocock, 1901 *....................Brazil
P. r. Pocock, 1901c: 548 (Dmf).

Gen. Pamphobeteus Pocock, 1901

Transferred to other genera:
P. anomalus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Eupalaestrus.
P. cephalopheus Piza, 1944 -- see Vitalius.
P. cesteri Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. communis Piza, 1939 -- see Vitalius.
P. cristatus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) -- see Vitalius.
P. cucullatus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. exsul Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. holophaeus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. insularis Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. litoralis Piza, 1976 -- see Vitalius.
P. masculus Piza, 1939 -- see Vitalius.
P. melanocephalus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. mus Piza, 1944 -- see Vitalius.
P. piracicabensis Piza, 1933 -- see Vitalius.
P. platyomma Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. rondoniensis Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. roseus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. sorocabae Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. striatus Schmidt & Antonelli, 1996 -- see Lasiodorides.
P. tetracanthus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Vitalius.
P. urbanicolus Soares, 1941 -- see Vitalius.
P. ypiranguensis Soares, 1941 -- see Vitalius.

mf antinous Pocock, 1903....................Peru, Bolivia
P. a. Pocock, 1903b: 91 (Df).
P. a. Strand, 1907f: 225 (Dm).
P. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 254 (f).
P. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 223 (f).

f augusti (Simon, 1889)....................Ecuador
Lasiodora a. Simon, 1889g: 403 (Dm).
P. a. Pocock, 1903b: 93.

f benedeni (Bertkau, 1880)....................Brazil
Lasiodora benedenii Bertkau, 1880a: 34, pl. 1, f. 10 (Df).
P. b. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 229.

mf ferox (Ausserer, 1875)....................Colombia
Lasiodora f. Ausserer, 1875: 194 (Df).
P. f. Pocock, 1903b: 93.
P. f. Schmidt, 1990a: 13, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf fortis (Ausserer, 1875)....................Colombia
Lasiodora f. Ausserer, 1875: 194 (Df).
P. f. Pocock, 1903b: 93.
P. f. Strand, 1907m: 464 (Dm).
P. f. Smith, 1989b: 15, f. 1-3 (m).
P. f. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 38, f. 33 (f).
P. f. Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 255 (f).
P. f. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 224 (f).

m insignis Pocock, 1903....................Colombia
P. i. Pocock, 1903b: 91 (Dm).

mf nigricolor (Ausserer, 1875) *....................Colombia to Bolivia
Lasiodora n. Ausserer, 1875: 192, pl. 7, f. 36 (Dmf).
P. n. Pocock, 1901c: 545.
P. n. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 295, f. 25-31 (mf).
P. negricolor Smith, 1986b: 160, f. 72h (m).
P. negricolor Smith, 1987d: 160, f. 72h (m).
P. n. Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 256-258 (mf).
P. n. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54, f. 32 (m).
P. n. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 220-222 (mf).
P. n. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 39-40 (m).

m ornatus Pocock, 1903....................Colombia
P. o. Pocock, 1903b: 92 (Dm).

mf ultramarinus Schmidt, 1995....................Ecuador
P. u. Schmidt, 1995e: 280, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

mf vespertinus (Simon, 1889)....................Ecuador
Lasiodora vespertina Simon, 1889g: 404 (Dm).
P. v. Pocock, 1903b: 93.
P. v. Schmidt, 1995e: 284, f. 4-5 (m, Df).

Gen. Paraphysa Simon, 1892

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Pseudhapalopus Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 158 but that synonymy was rejected by Schmidt & Weinmann, 1997: 69 (after Schmidt, 1991d).

Transferred to other genera:
P. aculeatus (Strand, 1907) -- see Pseudhapalopus.
P. phryxotrichoides Strand, 1907 -- see Euathlus.
P. pulcherrimaklaasi Schmidt, 1991 -- see Euathlus.
P. vulpinus (Karsch, 1880) -- see Euathlus.

In synonymy:
P. chilensis (Molina, 1810, removed from S of Phrixotrichus roseus) = P. scrofa (Molina, 1788) (Schmidt, 1996a: 17).
P. manicata Simon, 1892 = P. scrofa (Molina, 1788) (Schmidt, 1996a: 17).

f horrida Schmidt, 1994....................Brazil
P. h. Schmidt, 1994k: 2, f. 1 (Df).

m parvula (Pocock, 1903)....................Chile
Phryxotrichus parvulus Pocock, 1903b: 107 (Dm).
Phrixotrichus parvulus Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1035, pl. VII, f. 1-10 (m).
Phrixotrichus parvulus Schmidt, 1993d: 96, f. 281-283 (m).
P. p. Schmidt, 1996a: 17 (Tm from Phrixotrichus=Euathlus).

mf scrofa (Molina, 1788) *....................Chile, Argentina
Aranea scrofa Molina, 1788: 236 (D).
Mygale chilensis Molina, 1810: 185 (D).
Mygale rosea C. L. Koch, 1842: 59, f. 728 (m, misidentified).
Mygale chilensis Nicolet, 1849: 332, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
Phrixotrichus roseus Simon, 1889a: 222 (misidentified).
P. manicata Simon, 1892a: 166 (Dm).
Phrixotrichus chilensis Simon, 1896e: 63.
P. manicata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 27, pl. 1, f. 18 (m).sa
Phrixotrichus auratus Pocock, 1903b: 104 (Dmf).
P. manicata Strand, 1907f: 221 (Df).
Phrixotrichus s. Porter, 1930: 162 (Tmf from Aranea=Araneus, where omitted by Roewer, S).
Phrixotrichus s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1963: 105, f. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9-10 (mf).
P. manicata Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1963: 106, f. 2, 4, 6, 11-12 (m).
P. manicata Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1024, pl. I, f. 1-15 (m, Df).
Phrixotrichus s. Legendre & Calderón, 1984: 1034, pl. VI, f. 1-10 (m).
Phrixotrichus roseus Schmidt, 1992e:9, f. 1 (f, misidentified).
P. manicata Schmidt, 1993c: 8, unnumbered f. (f).
P. manicata Schmidt, 1993d: 92, f. 260-263 (mf).
P. manicata Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54, f. 33 (m).
P. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54 (Tmf from Phrixotrichus=Euathlus).
P. s. Schmidt, 1996a: 17 (S).
P. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 69-70, 72 (mf; N.B.: not fig. 71, = Thrixopelma pruriens).
P. s. Schmidt, 1998i: 4, f. 1 (f).
P. s. Schmidt & Antonelli, 1999: 21, f. 1-7 (mf).
P. s. Schmidt, 1999f: 8, f. 15-16 (m).

Gen. Phlogiellus Pocock, 1897

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Neochilobrachys Hirst, 1909 by Raven, 1985a: 156, and of Baccallbrapo Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 21, type B. bundokalbo Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 by Raven, 2000: 570.

Transferred to other genera:
P. lucubrans (L. Koch, 1874) -- see Selenocosmia.

m aper (Simon, 1891)....................Java
Ischnocolus a. Simon, 1891f: 308 (Dm).

mf atriceps Pocock, 1897....................Java
P. a. Pocock, 1897c: 596, pl. 25, f. 1 (Dmf).

f baeri (Simon, 1877)....................Philippines
Ischnocolus b. Simon, 1877b: 91 (Df).

f bicolor Strand, 1911....................New Britain
P. b. Strand, 1911b: 202 (Df).
P. b. Strand, 1915d: 184, pl. 15, f. 34 (f).

mf brevipes (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar
Ischnocolus b. Thorell, 1897a: 170 (Dmf).

mf bundokalbo (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995)....................Philippines
Baccallbrapo b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 22, f. 5a-q (Dmf).

mf inermis (Ausserer, 1871) *....................Malaysia to Lombok
Ischnocolus i. Ausserer, 1871a: 188 (Dmf).
P. i. Pocock, 1897c: 596.
P. i. Simon, 1903a: 955, f. 1108 (m).
P. i. Giltay, 1934: 2, f. 1B.
P. i. Roewer, 1938: 6, f. 1-2.
P. i. Schmidt, 1986: 69, f. 119 (m).
P. i. Smith, 1986b: 121, f. 24h (m).
P. i. Smith, 1987d: 121, f. 24h (m).
P. i. Schmidt, 1993d: 129, f. 404 (m).
P. i. Schmidt, 1999b: 8, f. 6 (f, see also correction in Arachnol. Mag. 9(3/4): 12).

f insularis (Simon, 1877)....................Philippines
Ischnocolus i. Simon, 1877b: 91 (Df).

f mutus (Giltay, 1935)....................Philippines
Neochilobrachys m. Giltay, 1935c: 5 (Df).

f nebulosus (Rainbow, 1899)....................Solomon Is.
Ischnocolus n. Rainbow, 1899b: 305, pl. 24, f. 1 (Df).

f ornatus (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar
Ischnocolus o. Thorell, 1897a: 173 (Dj).
Ischnocolus o. Pocock, 1900a: 183 (Df).

mf subarmatus (Thorell, 1891)....................Nicobar Is.
Ischnocolus s. Thorell, 1891: 13 (Df).
Phlogiellus s. Pocock, 1900a: 202.
Neochilobrachys s. Hirst, 1909: 389 (Dm).

mf subinermis (Giltay, 1934)....................Southeast Asia
Selenocosmia s. Giltay, 1934: 4, f. 1A (Dmf).

Gen. Phoneyusa Karsch, 1884

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Loxophobema Simon, 1907 and Umangia Strand, 1920 by Laurent, 1946: 303 and of Pelinobius Karsch, 1885, but not of Loxoptygus Simon, 1903 or Myostola Simon, 1903, by Raven, 1985a: 149, contra Laurent, 1946: 303, or of Anoploscelus Pocock, 1897 (Smith, 1990c: 21, contra Raven, 1985a: 149).

Transferred to other genera:
P. celeripes (Pocock, 1897) -- see Anoploscelus.
P. lesserti (Laurent, 1946) -- see Anoploscelus.

In synonymy:
P. severini (Strand, 1920, T from Hysterocrates) = P. bidentata Pocock, 1899 (Laurent, 1946: 305).
P. umangiana Strand, 1920 = P. bidentata Pocock, 1899 (Laurent, 1946: 305).

Nomen nudum:
P. pococki Dresco, 1973a: 110 (name for mf specimens from Congo believed misidentified as P. bidentata by Lessert, 1930: 613, f. 1, but no diagnosis provided).

f antilope (Simon, 1889)....................Congo
Harpaxotheria a. Simon, 1889h: 414 (Df).
P. a. Pocock, 1897b: 760.

f belandana Karsch, 1884 *....................Central African Rep.
P. b. Karsch, 1884c: 348 (Df).
P. b. Smith, 1990c: 46, f. 188-196 (f).
P. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 111, f. 347 (f).

m bettoni Pocock, 1898....................Kenya
P. b. Pocock, 1898g: 503 (Dm).
P. b. Smith, 1990c: 47, f. 197-208 (m).
P. b. Schmidt, 1993d: 111, f. 348 (m).

mf bidentata Pocock, 1899....................West, Central Africa
P. b. Pocock, 1899e: 843, pl. 56, f. 11 (Dm).
P. b. Lessert, 1930: 613, f. 1 (m, Df).
Hysterocrates severini Strand, 1920: 105 (Df).
Phoneyusa umangiana Strand, 1920: 106 (Dm).
Umangia umangiana Strand, 1920: 106.
P. b. Laurent, 1946: 305 (S).
P. b. Smith, 1986b: 37, f. 29h (m).
P. b. Smith, 1987d: 37, f. 29h (m).
P. b. Smith, 1990c: 48, f. 209-220 (m).

m bidentata ituriensis Laurent, 1946....................Congo
P. b. i. Laurent, 1946: 307 (Dm).

f bouvieri Berland, 1917....................Madagascar
P. b. Berland, 1917: 469, f. 3 (Df).

f buettneri Karsch, 1886....................Gabon
P. büttneri Karsch, 1886a: 83 (Df).

f celerierae Smith, 1990....................Ivory Coast
P. celerieri Smith, 1990c: 49, f. 222-230 (Df; N.B.: patronym for Marie-Louise Célérier).
P. celerieri Schmidt, 1993d: 111, f. 349 (f).

f chevalieri Simon, 1906....................West Africa
P. c. Simon, 1906e: 189 (Df).

m cultridens Berland, 1917....................Congo
P. c. Berland, 1917: 472, f. 6-7 (Dm).
P. c. Smith, 1986b: 38, f. 31h (m).
P. c. Smith, 1987d: 38, f. 31h (m).
P. c. Smith, 1990c: 50, f. 231-232 (m).

f efuliensis Smith, 1990....................Cameroon
P. e. Smith, 1990c: 50, f. 233-243 (Df; N.B.: spelled efuliensus in species heading but correct elsewhere).

f elephantiasis Berland, 1917....................Congo
P. e. Berland, 1917: 470, f. 4-5 (Df).

f gabonica (Simon, 1889)....................Gabon
Pelinobius gabonicus Simon, 1889h: 413 (Df).
P. g. Smith, 1990c: 52 (Tf from Myostola per Roewer).

m giltayi Laurent, 1946....................Congo
P. g. Laurent, 1946: 314 (Dm).

m gracilipes (Simon, 1889)....................Congo
Harpaxotheria g. Simon, 1889h: 414 (Dm).

m gregori Pocock, 1897....................Kenya
P. gregorii Pocock, 1897b: 761, pl. 43, f. 6 (Dm).
P. gregorii Smith, 1986b: 39, f. 34h (m).
P. gregorii Smith, 1987d: 39, pl. I.29, f. 34h (m).
P. g. Smith, 1990c: 52, f. 245-254 (m).

mf lesserti Dresco, 1973....................Central African Rep.
P. l. Dresco, 1973a: 105, f. 1-13 (Dmf).
P. l. Smith, 1990c: 53, f. 254a-l (mf).

mf manicata Simon, 1907....................Principe
P. m. Simon, 1907d: 224 (Df).
P. m. Bacelar, 1958: 39 (Dm).

f minima (Strand, 1907)....................Cameroon
Hysterocrates minimus Strand, 1907a: 554 (Df).
Hysterocrates minimus Strand, 1907f: 245 (Df).
P. m. Laurent, 1946: 311 (Tf from Hysterocrates).

m mutica (Karsch, 1885)....................Tanzania, South Africa
Pelinobius muticus Karsch, 1885: 134, f. 5 (Dm).

m nigroventris (Marx, 1893)....................Congo
Selenocosmia n. Marx, 1893: 587 (Dm).
P. n. Laurent, 1946: 312 (Tm from Selenocosmia where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer).

f principium Simon, 1907....................Principe
P. p. Simon, 1907d: 224 (Df).

m rufa Berland, 1914....................East Africa
P. r. Berland, 1914: 86, f. 7 (Dm).
P. r. Smith, 1990c: 54, f. 255a (m).

f rutilata (Simon, 1907)....................Guinea-Bissau
Loxophobema r. Simon, 1907d: 225 (Df).

f westi Smith, 1990....................Angola
P. w. Smith, 1990c: 55, f. 255-262 (Df).

Gen. Phormictopus Pocock, 1901

Transferred to other genera:
P. intermedius (Ausserer, 1875) -- see Cyrtopholis.
P. multicuspidatus Mello-Leitão, 1929 -- see Cyclosternum.
P. pheopygus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Acanthoscurria.

f atrichomatus Schmidt, 1991....................Honduras
P. a. Schmidt, 1991a: 7, f. 1 (Df).
P. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 94, f. 274 (f).
P. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 161 (f).

m australis Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina
P. a. Mello-Leitão, 1941a: 116 (Dm).

f brasiliensis Strand, 1907....................Brazil
P. b. Strand, 1907l: 58 (Df).

mf cancerides (Latreille, 1806) *....................West Indies to Brazil
Mygale c. Latreille, 1806: 83 (D).
Mygale c. Hahn, 1820: 16, pl. 3 (Dm).
Mygale c. Hahn, 1833a: 77, f. 57 (m).
Mygale c. Walckenaer, 1837: 214 (Df).
Mygale erichsonii C. L. Koch, 1841a: 28, f. 709 (Dmf).
Mygale c. C. L. Koch, 1842: 63, f. 730 (f).
Eurypelma c. Ausserer, 1871a: 215.
Eurypelma c. Ausserer, 1875: 197, pl. 7, f. 40 (m).
Schizopelma erichsoni Banks, 1901d: 218.
P. c. Pocock, 1901c: 545.
P. c. Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 46, f. 28-30 (m).
P. c. Bücherl, 1957: 398, f. 71-71a (m).
P. c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 296, f. 8-14 (mf)
P. c. Schmidt, 1986: 55, f. 77-78 (m).
P. c. Smith, 1986b: 151, f. 29h (m).
P. c. Smith, 1987b: 8, f. 1-11 (m).
P. c. Smith, 1987d: 151, f. 29h (m).
P. c. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 50, f. 45 (f).
P. c. Schmidt, 1991a: 10, f. 2 (f).
P. c. Smith, 1992c: 40, f. 1.1-11 (m).
P. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 94, f. 270-273 (mf).
P. c. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 54, f. 34 (f).
P. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 18, f. 157-160 (mf).
P. c. Schmidt, 1999f: 15, f. 30-32 (mf).

mf cancerides centumfocensis (Franganillo, 1926)....................Cuba
Eurypelma c. c. Franganillo, 1926a: 45 (Df).
Eurypelma canceroides c. Franganillo, 1936c: 41 (Dm).
P. c. c. Roewer, 1942a: 249.

m cancerides tenuispinus Strand, 1906....................New World
P. c. tenuispina Strand, 1906c: 17 (Dm).

m cautus (Ausserer, 1875)....................South America
Lasiodora cauta Ausserer, 1875: 191 (Dm).
P. c. Pocock, 1901c: 545.

f cubensis Chamberlin, 1917....................Cuba
P. c. Chamberlin, 1917: 59 (Df).

f dubius (Chamberlin, 1917)....................Unknown
Acanthoscurria dubia Chamberlin, 1917: 67 (Df).
P. d. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 391, 393 (Tf from Acanthoscurria).

m hirsutus Strand, 1907....................Venezuela
P. h. Strand, 1907l: 60 (Dm).

f melodermus Chamberlin, 1917....................possibly West Indies
P. meloderma Chamberlin, 1917: 62 (Df).

mf nesiotes Chamberlin, 1917....................Cuba
P. n. Chamberlin, 1917: 60, pl. 4, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
P. n. Smith, 1986b: 152, f. 33h (m).
P. n. Smith, 1987d: 152, f. 33h (m).

f platus Chamberlin, 1917....................USA
P. p. Chamberlin, 1917: 63 (Df).

f ribeiroi Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
P. r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 275, f. 143, 176 (Df).

Gen. Phormingochilus Pocock, 1895

mf everetti Pocock, 1895 *....................Borneo
P. everettii Pocock, 1895a: 180, pl. 10, f. 4 (Df).
P. e. Smith, 1994: 20, f. 1-10, 17 (f, Dm).

f fuchsi Strand, 1906....................Sumatra
P. f. Strand, 1906c: 6 (Df).
P. f. Smith, 1994: 22, f. 16 (f).

f tigrinus Pocock, 1895....................Borneo
P. t. Pocock, 1895a: 181 (Df).
P. t. Smith, 1994: 21, f. 11-15 (f).

Gen. Plesiopelma Pocock, 1901

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Citharacanthus Pocock, 1900 and considered a senior synonym of Ceropelma Mello-Leitão, 1923 by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55.

In synonymy:
P. alcirae (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1954, T from Homoeomma) = P. longisternale Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1942 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1970b: 233, sub Ceropelma).

mf flavohirtum (Simon, 1889)....................Brazil
Hapalopus flavohirtus Simon, 1889m: 219 (Dm).
Ceropelma flavohirtus Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1970b: 231, f. 19-25 (Tm from Hapalopus, Df).
Ceropelma f. Schmidt, 1993d: 61, f. 40-42 (mf).
P. f. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 44, 47, 50 (mf).

f gertschi (Caporiacco, 1955)....................Venezuela
Ceropelma g. Caporiacco, 1955: 279 (Df).

f imperatrix Piza, 1976....................Brazil
P. i. Piza, 1976a: 3, fig. 1 (Df).
Eurypelma i. Brignoli, 1983c: 137 (T due to generic S of Eurypelma, but that S rejected by Raven, 1985a: 157).
Citharacanthus i. Platnick, 1993c: 103 (T due to generic S of Plesiopelma, but that S rejected by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55).

m insulare (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Ceropelma insularis Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 176 (Dm).
Ceropelma i. Bücherl, 1957: 389, f. 28-28a (m).
Ceropelma insularis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1970b: 229, f. 1-5 (m).
Ceropelma i. Schmidt, 1986: 46, f. 48-49 (m).
Ceropelma i. Schmidt, 1993d: 61, f. 36-37 (m).
P. i. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 38 (m).
P. i. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 42, 46 (m).
P. i. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 11-12 (m).

mf longisternale (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1942)....................Argentina, Uruguay
Ceropelma longisternalis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1942: 317, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Homoeomma alcirae Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1954: 420, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Ceropelma longisternalis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1970b: 233, f. 6-12 (m, Df, S).
Ceropelma longisternalis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 64, f. 85-91 (mf).
Ceropelma longisternalis Schmidt, 1993d: 61, f. 43-45 (mf).
P. l. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 39 (m).
P. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 45, 48, 51 (mf).
P. l. Schmidt, 1999f: 9, f. 10-12 (mf).

mf myodes Pocock, 1901 *....................Uruguay
P. m. Pocock, 1901c: 554 (Dm).
P. m. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 181 (Df).
P. m. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 40 (f).

mf rectimanum (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Hapalopus rectimanus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 161 (Dmf).
Hapalopus rectimanus Smith, 1986b: 84, f. 45h (m).
Hapalopus rectimanus Smith, 1987d: 84, f. 45h (m).
P. r. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 48 (Tmf from Hapalopus).

mf semiaurantiacum (Simon, 1897)....................Paraguay, Uruguay
Cyclosternum s. Simon, 1897e: 4 (Dmf).
Cyclosternum s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1962b: 72, pl. II, f. 1 (Tmf from Hapalopus per Roewer).
Ceropelma s. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1970b: 237, f. 13-18 (Tmf from Cyclosternum).
Ceropelma s. Schmidt, 1993d: 61, f. 38-39 (mf).
P. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 43, 49 (mf).

Gen. Plesiophrictus Pocock, 1899

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Heterophrictus Pocock, 1900 and Ischnocolella Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 154.

f bhori Gravely, 1915....................India
P. b. Gravely, 1915: 277 (Df).

mf blatteri Gravely, 1935....................India
P. b. Gravely, 1935a: 76, f. 2a (Dmf).

f collinus Pocock, 1899....................India
P. c. Pocock, 1899d: 749 (Df).
P. c. Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).

f fabrei (Simon, 1892)....................India
Stichoplastus f. Simon, 1892d: 278 (Df).
P. f. Simon, 1903a: 928.

f guangxiensis Yin & Tan, 2000....................China
P. g. Yin & Tan, 2000: 152, f. 1-10 (Df).

f linteatus (Simon, 1891)....................India
Ischnocolus l. Simon, 1891f: 308 (Df).
P. l. Pocock, 1900a: 183.

mf madraspatanus Gravely, 1935....................India
P. m. Gravely, 1935a: 77, f. 2b (Dmf).

f mahabaleshwari Tikader, 1977....................India
P. m. Tikader, 1977e: 317, f. 31-35 (Df).

mf meghalayaensis Tikader, 1977....................India
P. m. Tikader, 1977e: 314, f. 26-30 (Dmf).

m millardi Pocock, 1899 *....................India
P. m. Pocock, 1899d: 749 (Dm).

f milleti (Pocock, 1900)....................India
Heterophrictus m. Pocock, 1900a: 180 (Df).
P. m. Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).

f raja Gravely, 1915....................India
P. r. Gravely, 1915: 276 (Df).

mf satarensis Gravely, 1915....................India
P. s. Gravely, 1915: 274, pl. 15, f. 3 (Dmf).

f senffti (Strand, 1907)....................Micronesia
Ischnocolella s. Strand, 1907l: 14 (Df).
Ischnocolella s. Roewer, 1963a: 111, f. 3a-c.

f sericeus Pocock, 1900....................India
P. s. Pocock, 1900a: 182 (Df).

f tenuipes Pocock, 1899....................Sri Lanka
P. t. Pocock, 1899d: 749 (Df).

Gen. Poecilotheria Simon, 1885

In synonymy:
P. bara Chamberlin, 1917 = P. subfusca Pocock, 1895 (Kirk, 1996: 21).
P. gadgili (Tikader, 1977, T from Ornithoctonus) = P. regalis Pocock, 1899 (von Wirth, 1991a: 5).
P. vittata Pocock, 1895 = P. striata Pocock, 1895 (Kirk, 1996: 22).

mf fasciata (Latreille, 1804) *....................India, Sri Lanka
Mygale f. Latreille, 1804a: 160 (D).
Mygale f. Latreille, 1806: 83 (D).
Mygale f. Hahn, 1835: 65, f. 157 (Df).
Mygale f. C. L. Koch, 1841a: 41, f. 717 (f).
Scurria f. C. L. Koch, 1850: 74.
P. f. Simon, 1885e: 38.
P. f. Karsch, 1891: 274 (Dm).
P. f. Pocock, 1899a: 87, pl. 7, f. 2 (f).
Scurria f. Pocock, 1900a: 192.

f formosa Pocock, 1899....................India
P. f. Pocock, 1899a: 91 (Df).
P. f. Schmidt, 1995j: 5, unnumbered f. (f).

f metallica Pocock, 1899....................India
P. m. Pocock, 1899a: 93, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
P. m. Pocock, 1900c: 129, pl. 12, f. 3 (f).

f miranda Pocock, 1900....................India
P. m. Pocock, 1900a: 190 (Df).

f ornata Pocock, 1899....................Sri Lanka
P. o. Pocock, 1899a: 93 (Df).

mf pococki Charpentier, 1996....................Sri Lanka
P. p. Charpentier, 1996c: 23, f. 1-19 (Dmf).

mf regalis Pocock, 1899....................India
P. r. Pocock, 1899a: 89, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dmf).
P. r. Pocock, 1900c: 127, pl. 12, f. 1 (mf).
Ornithoctonus gadgili Tikader, 1977e: 308, f. 11-15 (Df).
P. r. von Wirth, 1991a: 5, f. 1-2 (f, S).
P. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 130, f. 412-413 (f).

mf rufilata Pocock, 1899....................India
P. r. Pocock, 1899d: 746 (Dm).
P. r. Pocock, 1900a: 189 (Df).
P. r. Charpentier, 1996a: 16, f. 1a-g, 2a-k (mf).

mf smithi Kirk, 1996....................Sri Lanka
P. s. Kirk, 1996: 24, f. 1-14 (Dmf).

mf striata Pocock, 1895....................India
P. s. Pocock, 1895a: 172 (Df).
P. vittata Pocock, 1895a: 172 (Dm).
P. s. Kirk, 1996: 22 (Sm).

mf subfusca Pocock, 1895....................Sri Lanka
Scurria fasciata Ausserer, 1871a: 199, pl. 1, f. 8 (m, misidentified).
P. s. Pocock, 1895a: 171 (Dmf).
P. bara Chamberlin, 1917: 71 (Df).
P. s. Kirk, 1996: 21 (S).

m uniformis Strand, 1913....................Sri Lanka
P. u. Strand, 1913d: 115 (Dm).

Gen. Polyspinosa Schmidt, 1999

P. Schmidt, 1999d: 14, replacement name for Polyspina Schmidt, 1994a: 3, type (by monotypy) P. schulzei Schmidt, 1994, preoccupied.

f schulzei (Schmidt, 1994) *....................Unknown
Polyspina s. Schmidt, 1993d: 111, f. 345 (f, nomen nudum).
Polyspina s. Schmidt, 1994a: 4, f. 1 (Df).
P. s. Schmidt, 1999d: 14.

Gen. Psalmopoeus Pocock, 1895

f affinis Strand, 1907....................West Indies
P. a. Strand, 1907l: 87 (Df).

mf cambridgei Pocock, 1895 *....................Trinidad
P. cambridgii Pocock, 1895a: 178, pl. 10, f. 3 (Df).
Santaremia longipes F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 749 (Df).
P. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898b: 892, pl. 4, f. 2-7 (f, Dm).
P. c. Smith, 1987d: 24, pl. I.28 (m).
P. c. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 52, f. 47 (f).
P. c. Saager, 1994: 59, f. 6B (f).
P. c. Tansley, 1997: 55, f. a (f).

mf ecclesiasticus Pocock, 1903....................Ecuador
P. e. Pocock, 1903b: 82 (Dmf).

f emeraldus Pocock, 1903....................Colombia
P. e. Pocock, 1903b: 84 (Df).

f intermedius Chamberlin, 1940....................Panama
P. i. Chamberlin, 1940a: 39 (Df).

mf irminia Saager, 1994....................Venezuela
P. i. Saager, 1994: 59, f. 2-5, 6A, 7-11 (Dmf).

mf maya Witt, 1996....................Belize
P. m. Witt, 1996: 1, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

f plantaris Pocock, 1903....................Colombia
P. p. Pocock, 1903b: 83 (Df).

m pulcher Petrunkevitch, 1925....................Panama
P. p. Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 87, f. 2 (Dm).

mf reduncus (Karsch, 1880)....................Costa Rica
Tapinauchenius r. Karsch, 1880c: 387 (Dmf).
P. r. Simon, 1903a: 960, f. 1109.
P. r. Valerio, 1979: 302, f. 1-5 (mf).
P. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 106, f. 328-329 (f).

f rufus Petrunkevitch, 1925....................Panama
P. r. Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 89 (Df).

Gen. Pseudhapalopus Strand, 1907

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Paraphysa Simon, 1892 by Schmidt & Weinmann, 1997: 69, after Schmidt, 1991d.

m aculeatus Strand, 1907 *....................Bolivia
P. a. Strand, 1907a: 553 (Dm).
P. a. Strand, 1907f: 213 (Dm).

mf spinulopalpus Schmidt & Weinmann, 1997....................Colombia
P. s. Schmidt & Weinmann, 1997: 69, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
P. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 102-104 (mf).

Gen. Pseudotheraphosa Tinter, 1991

P. Tinter, 1991: 6, type P. apophysis Tinter, 1991.

mf apophysis Tinter, 1991 *....................Venezuela
P. a. Tinter, 1991: 6, f. 1-10 (Dmf).
P. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 96, f. 284-286 (m).
P. a. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 41 (m).
P. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 121-123 (m).

Gen. Pterinochilus Pocock, 1897

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Pterinochilides Strand, 1920 by Laurent, 1946: 323 and of Idiothele Hewitt, 1919 (transferred from the Barychelidae by Benoit, 1964d: 412) by Raven, 1985a: 154; see note under Coelogenium.

In synonymy:
P. obenbergeri (Strand, 1920) = P. simoni Berland, 1917 (Laurent, 1946: 323).
P. occidentalis Strand, 1920 = P. simoni Berland, 1917 (Laurent, 1946: 323).

f affinis Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
P. a. Tullgren, 1910: 89 (Df).

m alluaudi Berland, 1914....................East Africa
P. a. Berland, 1914: 46, f. 5-6 (Df).
P. a. Smith, 1990c: 94, f. 489-490 (m).

f breyeri Hewitt, 1919....................South Africa
P. b. Hewitt, 1919b: 102 (Df).

j brunellii Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia
P. b. Caporiacco, 1940c: 777 (Df).

f carnivorus Strand, 1917....................Tanzania
P. c. Strand, 1917a: 166 (Df).

mf constrictus (Gerstäcker, 1873)....................East Africa
Harpactira constricta Gerstäcker, 1873: 486 (Df).
Harpactira chordata Gerstäcker, 1873: 487 (Dm).
Harpactira elevata Karsch, 1878a: 314 (D).
P. c. Strand, 1907f: 236.

mf crassispinus Purcell, 1902....................Southern Africa
P. crassispina Purcell, 1902a: 335 (Dmf).
P. crassispana Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
P. crassispina Smith, 1990c: 94, f. 491-503 (mf).

mf hindei Hirst, 1907....................Central, East Africa
P. h. Hirst, 1907b: 33, f. 1 (Dm).
P. h. Berland, 1917: 468 (Df).
P. h. Smith, 1986b: 134, f. 77h (m).
P. h. Smith, 1987d: 134, f. 77h (m).
P. h. Smith, 1990c: 95, f. 503a-512 (mf).

f junodi Simon, 1904....................South Africa
P. j. Simon, 1904d: 65 (Df).

m lugardi Pocock, 1900....................South Africa
P. l. Pocock, 1900e: 318 (Dm).
P. l. Smith, 1990c: 96, f. 513-524 (m).

mf mamillatus Strand, 1906....................East Africa
P. m. Strand, 1906h: 20 (Dm).
P. m. Schmidt, Peters & Samm, 2000: 8, f. 1-6 (m, Df).

m meridionalis Hirst, 1907....................Central Africa
P. m. Hirst, 1907b: 35, f. 2 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1953b: 71, f. 28-29 (m).
P. m. Smith, 1986b: 135, f. 80h (m).
P. m. Smith, 1987d: 135, f. 80h (m).
P. m. Smith, 1990c: 97, f. 525-534 (m).

mf murinus Pocock, 1897....................Kenya, Tanzania
P. m. Pocock, 1897b: 753, pl. 43, f. 4 (Df).
P. vosseleri Strand, 1907l: 73 (f, provisional name only).
P. m. Hirst, 1907b: 34 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1953b: 74, f. 30-31 (m).
P. m. Smith, 1988a: 5, f. 1-10 (m).
P. m. Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 34, f. 29 (f).
P. m. Smith, 1990c: 98, f. 535-551 (mf).
P. m. Schmidt, 1993d: 120, f. 375-377 (mf).
P. m. Charpentier, 1993: 13, unnumbered f. (mf).

m mutus Strand, 1920....................Congo
P. m. Strand, 1920: 101 (Dm).
P. m. Roewer, 1953b: 74, f. 26-27 (m).
P. m. Smith, 1990c: 100, f. 552-553 (m).

mf nigrofulvus Pocock, 1898....................South Africa
P. n. Pocock, 1898a: 317 (Dmf).
Idiothele n. Hewitt, 1919b: 98, f. 11, 12a, pl. 2, f. 6 (mf).
P. n. Smith, 1990c: 100, f. 554-566 (m).

f pluridentatus (Hewitt, 1919)....................South Africa
Idiothele pluridentatum Hewitt, 1919b: 101, f. 12b (Df).

mf raptor Strand, 1906....................Somalia
P. r. Strand, 1906b: 606 (Df).
P. r. Strand, 1908l: 13 (Dm).

m schoenlandi Pocock, 1900....................South Africa
P. schönlandi Pocock, 1900e: 318 (Dm).
P. s. Smith, 1990c: 101, f. 567-578 (m).

mf simoni Berland, 1917....................Congo
P. s. Berland, 1917: 466, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Pterinochilides obenbergeri Strand, 1920: 99 (Dm).
P. occidentalis Strand, 1920: 102 (Dmf).
P. s. Laurent, 1946: 323 (S).
P. s. Smith, 1986b: 136, f. 86h (m).
P. s. Smith, 1987d: 136, f. 86h (m).
P. s. Smith, 1990c: 101, f. 579-580 (m).

f sjostedti Tullgren, 1910....................Tanzania
P. sjöstedti Tullgren, 1910: 90 (Df).

m spinifer Pocock, 1898....................East Africa
P. s. Pocock, 1898g: 502, pl. 41, f. 1 (Dm).
P. s. Smith, 1990c: 102, f. 581-590 (m).

mf vorax Pocock, 1897 *....................Tanzania
P. v. Pocock, 1897b: 752, pl. 43, f. 3 (Dm).
P. v. Strand, 1907l: 19 (Dm).
P. v. Smith, 1990c: 102, f. 591-600 (m, removed from S of P. constrictus).
P. v. Schmidt, 1995h: 8, f. 2 (Df).

m widenmanni Strand, 1906....................Tanzania
P. w. Strand, 1906h: 17 (Dm).

Gen. Reversopelma Schmidt, 2001

R. Schmidt, 2001: 3, type R. petersi Schmidt, 2001.

mf petersi Schmidt, 2001 *....................Ecuador or Peru
R. p. Schmidt, 2001: 3, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

Gen. Schismatothele Karsch, 1879

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Holothele Karsch, 1879 by Rudloff, 1997a: 12 (contra Raven, 1985a).

f lineata Karsch, 1879 *....................Venezuela
S. l. Karsch, 1879d: 544 (Df).
S. l. Rudloff, 1997a: 12, f. 12-15 (Tf from Holothele, contra Raven, 1985a).
S. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 2 (f).

Gen. Schizopelma F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Eurypelmella Strand, 1907 by Raven, 1985a: 153.

Transferred to other genera:
S. elliotti Gertsch, 1973 -- see Spelopelma.
S. macropus (Ausserer, 1875) -- see Cyclosternum.
S. reddelli Gertsch, 1973 -- see Spelopelma.
S. stygia (Gertsch, 1971) -- see Spelopelma.

mf bicarinatum F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897 *....................Mexico, Central America
S. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 28, pl. 2, f. 11 (Dmf).
S. b. Smith, 1986b: 97, f. 99h (m).
S. b. Smith, 1987d: 97, f. 99h (m).
S. b. Smith, 1995: 190, f. 1062-1082 (mf).
S. b. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 55, f. 42-43 (m).
S. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 99-101 (mf).

m masculinum (Strand, 1907)....................Guatemala
Eurypelmella masculina Strand, 1907l: 51 (Dm).

m sorkini Smith, 1995....................Mexico
S. s. Smith, 1995: 191, f. 1083-1100 (Dm).

Gen. Selenobrachys Schmidt, 1999

S. Schmidt, 1999b: 2, type S. philippinus Schmidt, 1999.

f philippinus Schmidt, 1999 *....................Philippines
S. p. Schmidt, 1999b: 4, f. 1-5 (Df).

Gen. Selenocosmia Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: the resurection of Phlogius Simon, 1887 by Schmidt, 1995k: 9 was rejected by Raven, 2000: 570, who also placed Chilocosmia Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992b: 9, type C. dichromata Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992 and Selenopelma Schmidt & Krause, 1995a: 22, type S. kovariki Schmidt & Krause, 1995 as junior synonyms.

Transferred to other genera:
S. huwena Wang, Peng & Xie, 1993 -- see Ornithoctonus.
S. nigroventris Marx, 1893 -- see Phoneyusa.

In synonymy:
S. lucubrans (L. Koch, 1874, T from Phlogiellus) = S. crassipes (L. Koch, 1874) (Main, 1982c: 588).
S. stalkeri (Hirst, 1907) = S. stirlingi (Hogg, 1901) (Main, 1985b: 48).
S. vulpinus (Hogg, 1901) = P. crassipes (L. Koch, 1874) (Main, 1985b: 47).

mf arndsti (Schmidt & von Wirth, 1991)....................New Guinea
Selenotypus a. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1991: 5, f. 1-3 (Df).
Chilocosmia a. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992b: 12, pl. II, f. 1-6 (Tf from Selenotypus, Dm).
Chilocosmia a. Schmidt, 1993d: 128, f. 407-408 (f).

m aruana Strand, 1911....................Aru Is.
S. a. Strand, 1911d: 129, pl. 5, f. 30a, d (Dm).

f compta Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea
S. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1911d: 109, pl. 4, f. 1 (Df).

mf crassipes (L. Koch, 1874)....................Queensland
Phrictus c. L. Koch, 1874a: 489, pl. 37, f. 5 (Df).
Phlogius c. Simon, 1887d: 195.
Ischnocolus lucubrans L. Koch, 1874a: 487, pl. 37, f. 4 (Df).
S. vulpina Hogg, 1901: 246, f. 28 (Dm).
S. c. Main, 1982c: 588 (S).
S. c. Main, 1985b: 47 (S).
S. vulpina Smith, 1986b: 127, f. 48h (m).
S. vulpina Smith, 1987d: 127, f. 48h (m).
Phlogius c. Schmidt, 1995k: 10, f. 1-3. 5 (Tmf from Selenocosmia).

f deliana Strand, 1913....................Sumatra
S. d. Strand, 1913d: 114 (Df).

f dichromata (Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992)....................New Guinea
Chilocosmia d. Schmidt & von Wirth, 1992b: 10, pl. I, f. 1-7 (Df).
Chilocosmia d. Schmidt, 1993d: 128, f. 401 (f).

mf effera (Simon, 1891)....................Moluccas
Phlogius efferus Simon, 1891f: 309 (Dmf).

f fuliginea (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar
Phlogius fuligineus Thorell, 1895: 8 (Df).
S. f. Pocock, 1900a: 201.

f hainana Liang et al., 1999....................China
S. h. Liang et al., 1999: 300, f. 1-4 (Df).

f hasselti Simon, 1891....................Sumatra
S. h. Simon, 1891f: 310 (Df).

mf himalayana Pocock, 1899....................Himalayas
S. h. Pocock, 1899d: 746 (Df).
S. h. Hirst, 1907a: 523, f. 2 (Dm).
S. h. Smith, 1986b: 122, f. 28h (m).
S. h. Smith, 1987d: 122, f. 28h (m).

f hirtipes Strand, 1913....................Moluccas, New Guinea
S. h. Strand, 1913d: 115 (Df).

m honesta Hirst, 1909....................New Guinea
S. h. Hirst, 1909: 384, pl. 24, f. 3 (Dm).
S. h. femoralis Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 424, pl. 1, f. 2-3 (Dm).

m imbellis (Simon, 1891)....................Borneo
Phlogius i. Simon, 1891f: 310 (Dm).

m insignis (Simon, 1890)....................Sumatra
Phlogius i. Simon, in Hasselt, 1890: 203 (Dm).

m insulana Hirst, 1909....................Sulawesi
S. i. Hirst, 1909: 385, pl. 24, f. 5 (Dm).
Phlogiellus i. Giltay, 1934: 2.

mf javanensis (Walckenaer, 1837) *....................Malaysia to Sulawesi
Mygale j. Walckenaer, 1837: 216 (Df).
Mygale monstrosa C. L. Koch, 1838: 14, f. 346 (Df).
Mygale j. C. L. Koch, 1842: 89, f. 747 (Dm).
Eurypelma monstrosa C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.
Mygale j. Doleschall, 1859: 4, pl. 10, f. 2 (f).
S. j. Ausserer, 1871a: 205.
S. j. Simon, 1903a: 955, f. 1103-1104.
S. j. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 527, pl. 23, f. 1, 6.
S. j. Reimoser, 1927a: 44, f. 1-2.
S. j. Smith, 1986b: 123, f. 31h (m).
S. j. Smith, 1987d: 123, f. 31h (m).

f javanensis brachyplectra Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Java
S. j. b. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 531 (Df).

f javanensis dolichoplectra Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Java
S. j. d. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 531, pl. 23, f. 6 (Df).

mf javanensis fulva Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Java
S. j. f. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 532, pl. 23, f. 4, 7 (Dmf).

f javanensis sumatrana Strand, 1907....................Sumatra
S. j. s. Strand, 1907l: 81 (Df).

f kovariki (Schmidt & Krause, 1995)....................Vietnam
Selenopelma k. Schmidt & Krause, 1995a: 22, f. 1-5 (Df).

m kulluensis Chamberlin, 1917....................India
S. k. Chamberlin, 1917: 68, pl. 5, f. 2-3 (Dm).
S. k. Smith, 1986b: 123, f. 33h (m).
S. k. Smith, 1987d: 123, f. 33h (m).

f lanceolata Hogg, 1914....................New Guinea
S. l. Hogg, 1914a: 56 (Df).
S. l. Hogg, 1915a: 430, f. 21 (f).

mf lanipes Ausserer, 1875....................Moluccas, New Guinea
S. l. Ausserer, 1875: 187, pl. 7, f. 32-33 (Dm).
S. l. Pocock, 1897c: 594 (Df).
S. l. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 423, pl. 19, f. 4.
S. l. Smith, 1986b: 126, f. 43h (m).
S. l. Smith, 1987d: 126, f. 43h (m).

f lyra Strand, 1913....................Sumatra
S. l. Strand, 1913d: 114 (Df).

mf obscura Hirst, 1909....................Borneo
S. o. Hirst, 1909: 385, pl. 24, f. 6 (D(mj).
S. o. Giltay, 1934: 2.

f orophila (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar
Phlogius orophilus Thorell, 1897a: 175 (Dj).
S. o. Pocock, 1900a: 201 (Df).

f papuana Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................New Guinea
S. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1908a: 454 (Df).

mf peerboomi (Schmidt, 1999)....................Philippines
Chilocosmia p. Schmidt, 1999c: 281, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

m pritami Dyal, 1935....................India
S. p. Dyal, 1935: 241 (Dm).

mf raciborskii Kulczyn'ski, 1908....................Java
S. r. Kulczyn'ski, 1908d: 535, pl. 23, f. 2, 5 (Dmf).

j samarae (Giltay, 1935)....................Philippines
Chilobrachys s. Giltay, 1935c: 3, f. 1 (Dj).
Chilocosmia s. Schmidt, 1999c: 280, f. 5 (Tj from Chilobrachys).

mf similis Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea
S. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1911d: 111, pl. 4, f. 2-3 (Dmf).

mf stirlingi Hogg, 1901....................Australia
S. s. Hogg, 1901: 245, f. 27 (Dmf).
S. stalkeri Hirst, 1907a: 522, f. 1 (Df).
S. s. Main, 1985b: 48 (S).
S. s. Smith, 1986b: 126, f. 46h (m).
S. s. Smith, 1987d: 126, f. 46h (m).
Phlogius s. Schmidt, 1995k: 10, f. 4 (Tmf from Selenocosmia).

f strenua (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea, Queensland
Phrictus strenuus Thorell, 1881: 253 (Df).

f strubelli Strand, 1913....................Java, Moluccas or New Guinea
S. s. Strand, 1913d: 114 (Df).

m subvulpina Strand, 1907....................Queensland
S. s. Strand, 1907l: 83 (Dm).

m sutherlandi Gravely, 1935....................India
S. s. Gravely, 1935a: 83, f. 3c (Dm).
S. s. Smith, 1986b: 126, f. 39h (m).
S. s. Smith, 1987d: 126, f. 39h (m).

m tahanensis Abraham, 1924....................Malaysia
S. t. Abraham, 1924: 1115, pl. 6, f. 25-26 (Dm).

f valida (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea
Phrictus validus Thorell, 1881: 250 (Df).
Phlogius validus Simon, 1896a: 343.
Psophopoeus validus Thorell, 1897a: 175.
S. v. Simon, 1903a: 955.

Gen. Selenogyrus Pocock, 1897

f africanus (Simon, 1887)....................Ivory Coast
Hapalopus a. Simon, 1887a: 275 (Df).
S. a. Pocock, 1897b: 774.

m aureus Pocock, 1897....................Sierra Leone
S. a. Pocock, 1897b: 768, pl. 41, f. 2 (Dm).
S. a. Smith, 1987d: 98, f. 100h (m).
S. a. Smith, 1990c: 138, f. 892-911 (m).
S. a. Schmidt, 1993d: 58, f. 35 (m).

f austini Smith, 1990....................Sierra Leone
S. austinius Smith, 1990c: 139, f. 912-929 (Df; N.B.: patronym for Mr. E. E. Austin).
S. austinius Schmidt, 1993d: 58, f. 34 (f).

f brunneus Strand, 1907....................West Africa
S. b. Strand, 1907a: 552 (Df).
S. b. Strand, 1907f: 210 (Df).

f caeruleus Pocock, 1897 *....................Sierra Leone
S. c. Pocock, 1897b: 768 (Df).
S. c. Smith, 1990c: 140, f. 930-946 (f).

Gen. Selenotholus Hogg, 1902

N.B.: the spelling Selenostholus is a lapsus.

f foelschei Hogg, 1902 *....................Northern Territory
S. f. Hogg, 1902: 135, f. 26 (Df).

Gen. Selenotypus Pocock, 1895

Transferred to other genera:
S. arndsti Schmidt & von Wirth, 1991 -- see Selenocosmia.

f plumipes Pocock, 1895 *....................Queensland
S. p. Pocock, 1895a: 176, pl. 10, f. 2 (Df).
S. p. Hogg, 1901: 249, f. 29.

Gen. Sericopelma Ausserer, 1875

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Mygalarachne Ausserer, 1871 (considered instead a nomen dubium) by Lucas et al., 1991: 229, contra Raven, 1985a: 153, who also considered that name a senior synonym of Harpaxictis Simon, 1892 and Nhandu Lucas, 1983, but that latter synonymy has not been accepted by later workers.

Transferred to other genera:
S. carapoense (Lucas, 1983) -- see Nhandu.

In synonymy:
S. balboanum (Chamberlin, 1940, T from Aphonopelma) = S. rubronitens (Ausserer, 1875) (Valerio, 1980b: 287).
S. consocius (Chamberlin, 1940, T from Aphonopelma) = S. rubronitens (Ausserer, 1875) (Valerio, 1980b: 287).

mf commune F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897....................Panama
S. communis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 15, pl. 1, f. 11 (Dm).
S. c. Smith, 1986b: 162, f. 80h (m).
S. c. Smith, 1987d: 162, f. 80h (m).
S. c. Smith, 1991b: 18, f. 15-17 (m, Df).

m dota Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. d. Valerio, 1980a: 264, f. 5-6 (Dm).
S. d. Smith, 1986b: 162, f. 81h (m).
S. d. Smith, 1987d: 162, f. 81h (m).

m fallax Mello-Leitão, 1923....................Brazil
S. f. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 224 (Dm).
S. f. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 90-90a (m).
S. f. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 102-103 (m).
S. f. Smith, 1986b: 162, f. 82h (m).
S. f. Smith, 1987d: 162, f. 82h (m).
S. f. Schmidt, 1993d: 98, f. 289-290 (m, probably misplaced).

m ferrugineum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. ferruginea Valerio, 1980a: 264, f. 7-8 (Dm).
S. ferruginea Smith, 1986b: 163, f. 83h (m).
S. ferruginea Smith, 1987d: 163, f. 83h (m).

mf generala Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. g. Valerio, 1980a: 266, f. 11-12 (Dmf).
S. g. Smith, 1986b: 163, f. 84h (m).
S. g. Smith, 1987d: 163, f. 84h (m).

mf immensum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. immensa Valerio, 1980a: 265, f. 9-10, 17, 34 (Dmf).
S. immensa Smith, 1986b: 163, f. 85h (m).
S. immensa Smith, 1987d: 163, f. 85h (m).

mf melanotarsum Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. melanotarsa Valerio, 1980a: 262, f. 1, 3-4, 33 (Dm).
S. melanotarsa Smith, 1986b: 163, f. 86h (m).
S. melanotarsa Smith, 1987d: 163, f. 86h (m).
S. m. Schmidt, 1994d: 1, f. 1 (Df).

mf rubronitens Ausserer, 1875 *....................Central America
S. r. Ausserer, 1875: 195, pl. 7, f. 37 (Dm).
Theraphosa panamana Karsch, 1880d: 845 (Dm).
S. panamana F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 16.
S. r. Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 86 (Df).
Aphonopelma balboanum Chamberlin, 1940a: 20 (Df).
Aphonopelma consocius Chamberlin, 1940a: 20 (Df).
S. r. Valerio, 1980a: 261, f. 2 (m).
S. r. Valerio, 1980b: 287 (S).
Aphonopelma consocium Brignoli, 1983c: 134.
S. r. Smith, 1986b: 163, f. 87h (m).
S. r. Smith, 1987d: 163, f. 87h (m).

mf silvicola Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. s. Valerio, 1980a: 266, f. 13-14, 18 (Dmf).
S. s. Smith, 1986b: 164, f. 88h (m).
S. s. Smith, 1987d: 164, f. 88h (m).

f striatum (Ausserer, 1871)....................Venezuela
Harpaxibius striatus Ausserer, 1871a: 195 (Df; generic name preoccupied).
Harpaxictus striatus Simon, 1892a: 144 (replacement generic name).

m upala Valerio, 1980....................Costa Rica
S. u. Valerio, 1980a: 268, f. 15-16 (Dm).
S. u. Smith, 1986b: 164, f. 89h (m).
S. u. Smith, 1987d: 164, f. 89h (m).

Gen. Spelopelma Gertsch, 1982

S. Gertsch, 1982a: 87, type Schizopelma stygium (Gertsch, 1971).

f elliotti (Gertsch, 1973)....................Mexico
Schizopelma e. Gertsch, 1973a: 144, f. 2c (Df).
S. e. Gertsch, 1982a: 91, f. 14 (Tf from Schizopelma).
S. e. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 130 (f).
S. e. Smith, 1995: 32, f. 12-20 (f).

f grieta Gertsch, 1982....................Mexico
S. g. Gertsch, 1982a: 93, f. 17 (Df).
S. g. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 133 (f).
S. g. Smith, 1995: 33, f. 21-29 (f).

f mitchelli Gertsch, 1982....................Mexico
S. m. Gertsch, 1982a: 89, f. 12 (Df).
S. m. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 128 (f).
S. m. Smith, 1995: 34, f. 30-40 (f).

m nahuanum Gertsch, 1982....................Mexico
S. n. Gertsch, 1982a: 93, f. 10-11 (Dm).
S. n. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 126-127 (m).
S. n. Smith, 1995: 35, f. 41-43 (m).

f puebla Gertsch, 1982....................Mexico
S. p. Gertsch, 1982a: 91, f. 16 (Df).
S. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 132 (f).
S. p. Smith, 1995: 36, f. 44-54 (f).

f reddelli (Gertsch, 1973)....................Mexico
Schizopelma r. Gertsch, 1973a: 143, f. 2b (Df).
S. r. Gertsch, 1982a: 91, f. 15 (Tf from Schizopelma).
S. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 131 (f).
S. r. Smith, 1995: 36, f. 55-63 (f).

f stygium (Gertsch, 1971) *....................Mexico
Aphonopelma stygia Gertsch, 1971: 49 (Dj).
Schizopelma stygia Gertsch, 1973a: 142, f. 1, 2a (Df).
S. s. Gertsch, 1982a: 89, f. 13 (Tf from Schizopelma).
Schizopelma s. Brignoli, 1983c: 140.
S. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 68, f. 129 (f).
S. stygia Smith, 1995: 37, f. 64-65 (f).

Gen. Sphaerobothria Karsch, 1879

Transferred to other genera:
S. gibbosa (Franganillo, 1936) -- see Cyrtopholis.

mf hoffmanni Karsch, 1879 *....................Costa Rica
S. hoffmanii Karsch, 1879d: 536, pl. 7, f. 1-2 (Df).
S. h. Karsch, 1884b: 70 (Dm).
S. h. O. P.-Cambridge, 1892b: 89, pl. 12, f. 1-2 (mf).
S. h. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1897a: 17, pl. 1, f. 12 (m).
S. h. Valerio, 1980b: 273, f. 2-3, 19 (mf).
S. h. Smith, 1986b: 68, f. 112h (m).
S. h. Smith, 1987d: 68, f. 112h (m).
S. h. Schmidt, 1993d: 98, f. 294 (f).
S. h. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 19, f. 168 (f).
S. h. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 23-24 (m).

Gen. Stichoplastoris Rudloff, 1997

S. Rudloff, 1997a: 13, type Stichoplastus obelix Valerio, 1980.

mf angustatus (Kraus, 1955)....................El Salvador
Cyrtopholis a. Kraus, 1955b: 9, f. 6-8 (Dmf).
Cyrtopholis a. Bücherl, 1957: 389, f. 30-30a (m).
Cyrtopholis a. Schmidt, 1986: 44, f. 26-30 (m).
Cyrtopholis a. Schmidt, 1993d: 63, f. 71-75 (m).
S. a. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tmf from Cyrtopholis).
S. a. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 5-8 (m).

m asterix (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Stichoplastus a. Valerio, 1980b: 284, f. 29, 45-46, 56, 62 (Dmf).
Stichoplastus a. Smith, 1986b: 98, f. 102h (m).
Stichoplastus a. Smith, 1987d: 98, f. 102h (m).
S. a. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tm from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

m denticulatus (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Stichoplastus denticulatum Valerio, 1980b: 284, f. 30, 47-48, 57, 63 (Dmf).
Stichoplastus denticulatum Smith, 1986b: 98, f. 104h (m).
Stichoplastus denticulatum Smith, 1987d: 98, f. 104h (m).
S. d. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tm from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

mf elusinus (Valerio, 1980)....................Costa Rica
Stichoplastus e. Valerio, 1980b: 282, f. 27, 41-42, 54, 60 (Dmf).
S. e. Rudloff, 1997a: 14, f. 22 (Tmf from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

mf longistylus (Kraus, 1955)....................El Salvador
Cyrtopholis l. Kraus, 1955b: 8, f. 3-5 (Dmf).
Cyrtopholis l. Bücherl, 1957: 390, f. 31-31a (m).
Cyrtopholis l. Schmidt, 1986: 44, f. 31-35 (m).
Cyrtopholis l. Schmidt, 1993d: 63, f. 76-80 (m).
S. l. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tmf from Cyrtopholis).
S. l. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 3, 9-13 (mf).

mf obelix (Valerio, 1980) *....................Costa Rica
Stichoplastus o. Valerio, 1980b: 283, f. 43-44, 55, 61 (Dmf).
Stichoplastus o. Smith, 1986b: 99, f. 106h (m).
Stichoplastus o. Smith, 1987d: 99, f. 106h (m).
S. o. Rudloff, 1997a: 14, f. 16-18 (Tmf from Stichoplastus=Holothele).

mf schusterae (Kraus, 1955)....................El Salvador
Cyrtopholis s. Kraus, 1955b: 10, f. 9-11 (Dmf).
Cyrtopholis s. Bücherl, 1957: 390, f. 33-33a (m).
Cyrtopholis s. Schmidt, 1986: 45, f. 36-40 (m).
Cyrtopholis s. Schmidt, 1993d: 63, f. 81-85 (m).
S. s. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tmf from Cyrtopholis).
S. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 15, f. 14-18 (m).

mf stylipus (Valerio, 1982)....................Costa Rica, Panama
Cyclosternum s. Valerio, 1982: 413, f. 15-20 (Dmf).
Cyclosternum s. Smith, 1986b: 78, f. 19h (m).
Cyclosternum s. Smith, 1987d: 78, f. 19h (m).
Cyclosternum stylipum Nentwig, 1993: 95, f. 40a-d (mf).
S. s. Rudloff, 1997a: 14 (Tmf from Cyclosternum).

Gen. Stromatopelma Karsch, 1881

N.B.: considered the oldest name available to replace Scodra Becker, 1879 (preoccupied) by Raven, 1985a: 158.

Transferred to other genera:
S. pachypoda (Strand, 1908) -- see Heteroscodra.

In synonymy:
S. brachypoda (Pocock, 1897) = S. calceatum (Fabricius, 1793) (Charpentier, 1996b: 6).
S. straeleni (Roewer, 1953) = S. batesi (Pocock, 1902) (Charpentier, 1996b: 7).

m batesi (Pocock, 1902)....................Cameroon, Congo
Scodra batesii Pocock, 1902b: 315 (Dm).
Scodra straeleni Roewer, 1953b: 68, f. 25A-E (Df).
S. b. Smith, 1990c: 58, f. 263-271 (m).
S. b. Charpentier, 1996b: 6, f. 1a (S; N.B.: specimens of Roewer, 1953 are juvenile)

mf calceatum (Fabricius, 1793) *....................West Africa
Aranea calceata Fabricius, 1793: 427 (D).
Scodra aussererii Becker, 1879d: 142 (Df).
Scodra aussererii Becker, 1881b: 44, pl. 1, f. 1 (f).
S. alicapillatum Karsch, 1881e: 218 (Dmf).
Scodra calceata Simon, 1887a: 276.
Scodra brachypoda Pocock, 1897b: 757, pl. 43, f. 8 (Dmf).
Hyarachne horrida Thorell, 1899: 9 (Df).
Scodra calceata Strand, 1907l: 35 (m).
Scodra brachypoda Smith, 1986b: 26, f. 33h (m).
Scodra brachypoda Smith, 1987d: 26, f. 33h (m).
S. brachypoda Smith, 1990c: 59, f. 272-275 (m).
S. calceata Smith, 1990c: 59, f. 276-290 (mf).
S. calceata Charpentier, 1996b: 6, f. 1b (S).
S. c. Finke, 1998: 7, f. 2a, 3a (f).

mf calceatum griseipes (Pocock, 1897)....................West Africa
Scodra g. Pocock, 1897b: 756, pl. 43, f. 7 (Dmf).
Scodra g. Smith, 1986b: 27, f. 36h (m).
Scodra g. Smith, 1987d: 27, f. 36h (m).
Scodra grisepes Hancock & Hancock, 1989: 41, f. 36 (f).
S. calceata g. Smith, 1990c: 61, f. 298-301 (reduced to subspecies).
S. calceata g. Schmidt, 1993d: 114, f. 352 (f).
S. c. g. Finke, 1998: 7, f. 2b, 3b (f).

f fumigatum (Pocock, 1899)....................Río Muni
Scodra fumigata Pocock, 1899e: 839 (Df).
S. fumigata Smith, 1990c: 61, f. 291-297 (f).

m satanas (Berland, 1917)....................Gabon, Congo
Scodra s. Berland, 1917: 473, f. 8,- (Dm).
Scodra s. Smith, 1986b: 27, f. 38h (m).
Scodra s. Smith, 1987d: 27, f. 38h (m).
S. satanus Smith, 1990c: 62, f. 302-303 (m).

Gen. Tapinauchenius Ausserer, 1871

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Lasiopelma Simon, 1892 (Schmidt, 1994e: 5, contra Raven, 1985a: 119).

Transferred to other genera:
T. grossus (Ausserer, 1871) -- see Grammostola.

Nomina dubia:
T. caerulescens Simon, 1891g: 325 (j, USA) -- Smith, 1995: 30.
T. texensis Simon, 1891g: 326 (j, USA) -- Smith, 1995: 30.

m brunneus Schmidt, 1995....................Brazil
T. b. Schmidt, 1995a: 2, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf cupreus Schmidt & Bauer, 1996....................Ecuador
T. c. Schmidt & Bauer, 1996: 2, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

mf elenae Schmidt, 1994....................Ecuador
T. e. Schmidt, 1994b: 258, f. 1 (Df).
T. e. Schmidt, 1994h: 1, f. 1-2 (Dm).

mf gigas Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana
T. g. Caporiacco, 1954: 50 (Df).
T. g. Schmidt, 1994e: 2, f. 1-3 (f, Dm).

mf latipes L. Koch, 1875....................Venezuela
T. l. L. Koch, in Ausserer, 1875: 183, pl. 6, f. 36 (Dm).
T. l. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 193, pl. XVIII (Df).
T. l. Schenkel, 1953a: 5, f. 6a-b (m).
T. l. Schmidt, 1995c: 14, f. 2 (f).

mf plumipes (C. L. Koch, 1842) *....................Surinam
Mygale p. C. L. Koch, 1842: 67, f. 733 (Dm).
Eurypelma p. C. L. Koch, 1850: 73.
T. p. Ausserer, 1871a: 201.
Avicularia deborrii Becker, 1879d: 143 (Dmf).
T. p. Schmidt, 1994b: 259, f. 2 (Df).

mf purpureus Schmidt, 1995....................French Guiana
T. p. Schmidt, 1995c: 11, f. 1 (Dmf).

f sanctivincenti (Walckenaer, 1837)....................St. Vincent
Mygale sancti-vincentii Walckenaer, 1837: 216 (Df).
T. s. Simon, 1891c: 553.
T. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896: 745, pl. 34, f. 21.

f subcaeruleus Bauer & Antonelli, 1997....................Ecuador
T. s. Bauer & Antonelli, 1997: 429, f. 1-3 (Df).

Gen. Theraphosa Thorell, 1870

mf blondi (Latreille, 1804) *....................Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana
Mygale blondii Latreille, 1804a: 159 (D).
Mygale blondii Latreille, 1806: 83, pl. 5, f. 1 (Dm).
Mygale blondii Hahn, 1820: 15, f. 1 (Df).
Mygale leblondii Hahn, 1832: 25, f. 22 (f).
Mygale blondii C. L. Koch, 1842: 91, f. 748 (mf).
T. blondii Thorell, 1870b: 163.
T. blondii Karsch, 1880d: 844 (Dm).
T. leblondi Simon, 1903a: 942, f. 1086.
T. leblondi Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1966b: 669, f. 1-8 (mf).
T. leblondi Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1967a: 487, f. 1-8 (mf).
T. leblondi Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 297, f. 46-50 (mf).
T. leblondii Smith, 1989a: 13, unnumbered f. (f).
T. leblondi Schmidt, 1993d: 98, f. 295-297 (mf).
T. b. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 59, f. 46-47 (mf).
T. b. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 105-107 (mf).
T. b. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 6, 43-44 (m).

Gen. Thrixopelma Schmidt, 1994

T. Schmidt, 1994c: 4, type T. ockerti Schmidt, 1994.

mf ockerti Schmidt, 1994 *....................Peru
T. o. Schmidt, 1994c: 4, f. 1-2 (Df).
T. o. Schmidt, 1994i: 1, f. 1-3 (Dm).
T. o. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 16, f. 66-68 (mf).

mf pruriens Schmidt, 1998....................Chile
Paraphysa scrofa Schmidt, 1997g: 16, f. 71 (f, misidentified).
T. p. Schmidt, 1998i: 6, f. 2 (Df).
T. p. Schmidt, 1998h: 16, f. 71 (f).
T. p. Schmidt & Antonelli, 1999: 22, f. 8-17 (Dm).

Gen. Thrigmopoeus Pocock, 1899

mf insignis Pocock, 1899 *....................India
T. i. Pocock, 1899d: 747 (Df).
T. i. Pocock, 1900a: 186, f. 58-59 (f).
T. i. Gravely, 1935a: 81, f. 3b (Dm).
T. i. Smith, 1986b: 109, f. 17h (m).
T. i. Smith, 1987d: 109, f. 17h (m).

mf truculentus Pocock, 1899....................India
T. t. Pocock, 1899d: 748 (Df).
T. minor Strand, 1907l: 85 (m, provisional name only).

Gen. Tmesiphantes Simon, 1892

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Dryptopelma Simon, 1892 (=Cyclosternum Ausserer, 1871) by Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 59.

Transferred to other genera:
T. elegans Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958 -- see Homoeomma.
T. montanus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Homoeomma.
T. serratus Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1958 -- see Homoeomma.

f chickeringi Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela
T. c. Caporiacco, 1955: 278 (Df).
T. c. Schaefer, 1996: 27 (Tf from Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum).

m minensis Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Brazil
T. m. Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 257 (Dm).
T. m. Bücherl, 1957: 392, f. 39-39a (m).
T. m. Schmidt, 1986: 42, f. 22-23 (m).
Dryptopelma minense Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 91-92 (m).
T. m. Schaefer, 1996: 27, f. 15-16 (Tm from Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum).

mf nubilus Simon, 1892 *....................Brazil
T. n. Simon, 1892d: 277 (Dmf).
T. n. Simon, 1903a: 920, f. 1078.
T. n. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1973b: 76, f. 39-44 (mf).
T. n. Schmidt, 1986: 42, f. 21 (m).
T. n. Smith, 1986b: 100, f. 110h (m).
T. n. Smith, 1987d: 100, f. 110h (m).
Dryptopelma nubilum Schmidt, 1993d: 65, f. 88-90 (mf).
T. n. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 59, f. 48 (Tmf from Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum).
T. n. Schaefer, 1996: 27, f. 5-7 (mf).
T. n. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 17, f. 87-89 (mf).

m physopus Mello-Leitão, 1926....................Brazil
T. p. Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 318, f. 6 (Dm).
T. p. Schaefer, 1996: 27 (Tm from Dryptopelma=Cyclosternum).

mf spinopalpus Schaefer, 1996....................Paraguay
T. s. Schaefer, 1996: 24, f. 1-4 (Dmf; N.B.: spelled spinopalpa in legends).

Gen. Vitalius Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993

V. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 243, type Pamphobeteus sorocabae Mello-Leitão, 1923.

In synonymy:
V. cephalopheus (Piza, 1944) = V. roseus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. communis (Piza, 1939) = V. sorocabae (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. cucullatus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. exsul (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. holophaeus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. insularis (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. platyomma (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1949a: 126, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. litoralis (Piza, 1976, T from Pamphobeteus) = V. platyomma (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245).
V. masculus (Piza, 1939) = V. platyomma (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1949a: 126, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. melanocephalus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = V. sorocabae (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. mus (Piza, 1944) = V. tetracanthus (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 257, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. piracicabensis (Piza, 1933) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. urbanicolus (Soares, 1941) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus).
V. ypiranguensis (Soares, 1941) = V. cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923) (Bücherl, 1947a: 258, sub Pamphobeteus).

mf cesteri (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus c. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 236 (Df).
Pamphobeteus cucullatus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 237 (Df).
Pamphobeteus holophaeus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 239 (Df).
Pamphobeteus exsul Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 240 (Df).
Pamphobeteus piracicabensis Piza, 1933a: 119 (D).
Pamphobeteus urbanicolus Soares, 1941: 265, f. 6-7 (Df).
Pamphobeteus ypiranguensis Soares, 1941: 268, f. 8-12 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus c. Bücherl, 1947a: 258 (Sm).
Pamphobeteus c. Bücherl, 1957: 402, f. 84 (m).
Pamphobeteus c. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 95 (m).
Pamphobeteus holophoeus Eckardt, 1992: 24, f. a-e (f).
V. c. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
V. c. Schmidt, 1993d: 98, f. 306 (m).
V. c. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 228 (m).

mf cristatus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Acanthoscurria cristata Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 297 (Df).
Pamphobeteus c. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1964: 393, pl. III, f. 22 (Tf from Acanthoscurria).
V. c. Schmidt, 1998g: 16 (Tf from Pamphobeteus).
V. c. Baumgarten, 1998: 1, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf platyomma (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus p. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 228 (Df).
Pamphobeteus insularis Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 241 (Df).
Pamphobeteus masculus Piza, 1939a: 6, f. 4-6 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus p. Bücherl, 1949a: 126, pl. II (m, S).
Pamphobeteus p. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 86 (m).
Pamphobeteus litoralis Piza, 1976b: 56 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus p. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 96 (m).
V. p. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus, S).
V. p. Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 307 (m).
V. p. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 229 (m).
V. p. Schmidt, 1998d: 5, f. 3 (f).

f rondoniensis (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 230 (Df).
V. r. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tf from Pamphobeteus).
V. r. Schmidt, 1999a: 13, f. 3 (f).

mf roseus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus r. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 232 (Df).
Pamphobeteus cephalopheus Piza, 1944: 273, pl. 1 (Df).
Pamphobeteus r. Bücherl, 1947a: 257 (S).
Pamphobeteus r. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 87 (m).
Pamphobeteus cephalopeus Brignoli, 1983c: 133, 139 (lapsus).
Pamphobeteus r. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 97 (m).
V. r. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
V. r. Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 305 (m).
V. r. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 227 (m).
V. r. Schmidt, 1998d: 5, f. 2 (f).
V. r. Schmidt, 1999f: 10, f. 36, 38 (mf).

mf sorocabae (Mello-Leitão, 1923) *....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus s. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 233 (Df).
Pamphobeteus melanocephalus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 234 (Df).
Pamphobeteus communis Piza, 1939a: 6, f. 7-9 (Dm).
Pamphobeteus s. Bücherl, 1947a: 257 (Sm).
Pamphobeteus s. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 88-88a (m).
Pamphobeteus s. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 98-99 (m).
V. s. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 243, f. 1-3 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
V. s. Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 308-309 (m).
V. s. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 59, f. 49-50 (mf).
V. s. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 230, 232-233 (mf).
V. s. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 33-34 (m).

mf tetracanthus (Mello-Leitão, 1923)....................Brazil
Pamphobeteus t. Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 238 (Df).
Pamphobeteus mus Piza, 1944: 274, pl. 2 (Df).
Pamphobeteus t. Bücherl, 1947a: 257 (S).
Pamphobeteus t. Bücherl, 1957: 403, f. 89-89a (m).
Pamphobeteus t. Schmidt, 1986: 59, f. 100-101 (m).
V. t. Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1993: 245 (Tmf from Pamphobeteus).
V. t. Schmidt, 1993d: 100, f. 303-304 (m).
V. t. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 226, 231 (m).
V. t. Schmidt, 1999f: 15, f. 37 (m).
V. t. Bertani, 2000: 30, f. 4 (m).

mf vulpinus Schmidt, 1998....................Brazil
V. v. Schmidt, 1998d: 2, f. 1 (Df).
V. v. Schmidt & Samm, 1998a: 2, f. 1-3 (Dm).

Gen. Xenesthis Simon, 1891

Transferred to other genera:
X. cubana Franganillo, 1930 -- see Citharacanthus.

mf immanis (Ausserer, 1875) *....................Panama to Venezuela
Lasiodora i. Ausserer, 1875: 194 (Df).
X. colombiana Simon, 1891h: 333 (Dm).
X. i. Pocock, 1901c: 546.
X. i. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 298, f. 32-38 (mf).
X. i. Smith, 1987d: 164, pl. 4, f. 90h (m).
X. i. Smith, 1989b: 15, f. 1-3 (m).
X. i. Pérez-Miles et al., 1996: 60, f. 51-52 (mf).
X. i. Schmidt, 1997g, 1998h: 20, f. 215-216 (mf).

f intermedia Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945....................Venezuela
X. intermedius Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945: 188, pl. XIV (Df).

f monstrosa Pocock, 1903....................Colombia
X. monstrosus Pocock, 1903b: 93 (Df).
X. m. Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1979: 298, f. 39-40 (f).