The World Spider Catalog, Version 15
by Norman I. Platnick

© Copyright 2000 — 2014 American Museum of Natural History. All Rights Reserved.
Title Page Introduction Families Counts Bibliography Generic List Fossils Database


FAM. ARANEIDAE Clerck, 1757: 1 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spiderfam:0102]

Last updated June 7, 2014

N.B.: family name and authorship as per ICZN Opinion 2224; some genera considered members of the Zygiellidae by Wunderlich, 2004f.

Transferred to other families:
Alcimosphenus Simon, 1895 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Andasta Simon, 1893 -- see Theridiosomatidae.
Atimiosa Simon, 1894 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Azilia Keyserling, 1882 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Billima Simon, 1908 -- see Theridion under Theridiidae.
Cardimia Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see Azilia under Tetragnathidae.
Chorizopella Lawrence, 1947 -- see Theridiidae.
Chrysometa Simon, 1894 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Clitaetra Simon, 1888 -- see Nephilidae.
Cyathidea Simon, 1907 -- see Wendilgarda under Theridiosomatidae.
Cyatholipus Simon, 1894 -- see Cyatholipidae.
Diphya Nicolet, 1849 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Dolichognatha O. P.-Cambridge, 1869 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Epeirotypus O. P.-Cambridge, 1894 -- see Theridiosomatidae.
Gnolus Simon, 1879 -- see Mimetidae.
Helvidia Thorell, 1890 -- see Theridiidae.
Herennia Thorell, 1870 -- see Nephilidae.
Homalometa Simon, 1897 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Homalopoltys Simon, 1895 -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
Landana Simon, 1883 -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
Malkara Davies, 1980 -- see Malkaridae.
Meta C. L. Koch, 1836 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Metargyra F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Metella Fage, 1931 -- see Pimoa under Pimoidae.
Mimicosa Petrunkevitch, 1925 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Neoprolochus Reimoser, 1927 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Nephila Leach, 1815 -- see Nephilidae.
Nephilengys L. Koch, 1871 -- see Nephilidae.
Nicholasia Bryant & Archer, 1940 -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
Ogulnius O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 -- see Theridiosomatidae.
Orsinome Thorell, 1890 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Paraebius Thorell, 1894 -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
Parameta Simon, 1895 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Parazilia Lessert, 1938 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Phricotelus Simon, 1895 -- see Mysmenidae.
Prolochus Thorell, 1895 -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
Pseudometa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903 -- see Chrysometa under Tetragnathidae.
Sancus Tullgren, 1910 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Selkirkiella Berland, 1924 -- see Theridiidae.
Tecmessa O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 -- see Chthonos under Theridiosomatidae.
Theridiosoma O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 -- see Theridiosomatidae.
Timonoe Thorell, 1898 -- see Tetragnathidae.
Totua Keyserling, 1891 -- see Linyphiidae.
Trichursa Simon, 1908 -- see Dipoenura under Theridiidae.
Wendilgarda Keyserling, 1886 -- see Theridiosomatidae.

In synonymy:
Aerea Urquhart, 1891 = Arkys Walckenaer, 1837 (Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 166).
Afraranea Archer, 1951 = Neoscona Simon, 1864 (Grasshoff, 1986: 4).
Agathostichus Simon, 1897 = Mastophora Holmberg, 1876 (Levi, 2003: 315).
Allepeira Banks, 1932 = Mecynogea Simon, 1903 (Levi, 1968a: 322).
Amamrotypus Archer, 1951 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1973: 478).
Anawixia Chamberlin, 1916 = Wagneriana F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 (Levi, 1991b: 370).
Aranea Linnaeus, 1758 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104; see also ICZN Opinion 2224).
Archemorus Simon, 1893 = Arkys Walckenaer, 1837 (Heimer, 1984a: 156).
Atea C. L. Koch, 1837 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1991a: 171).
Austrargiope Kishida, 1936 = Argiope Audouin, 1826 (Yaginuma, 1959c: 21).
Brachygea Caporiacco, 1947 = Argiope Audouin, 1826 (Levi, 1983: 258).
Bunocrania Thorell, 1878 = Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 (Levi, 1996b: 140).
Cambridgepeira Archer, 1951 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1973: 478).
Cathaistela Archer, 1958 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Yaginuma, 1959c: 28).
Chaetacis Simon, 1895 = Micrathena Sundevall, 1833 (Magalhães & Santos, 2012: 29).
Chaetargiope Kishida, 1936 = Argiope Audouin, 1826 (Yaginuma, 1959c: 21).
Chinestela Chamberlin, 1924 = Neoscona Simon, 1864 (Archer, 1958: 17).
Coganargiope Kishida, 1936 = Argiope Audouin, 1826 (Yaginuma, 1959c: 21).
Conaranea Archer, 1951 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1973: 478).
Conepeira Archer, 1951 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1973: 478).
Cubanella Franganillo, 1926 = Neoscona Simon, 1864 (Berman & Levi, 1971: 469, after Bryant, 1940: 511).
Cyphepeira Archer, 1951 = Nuctenea Simon, 1864 (Levi, 1974b: 300).
Dicrostichus Simon, 1895 = Ordgarius Keyserling, 1886 (Davies, 1988b: 316).
Diotherisoma Caporiacco, 1947 = Bertrana Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, in Coddington, 1986: 6).
Drexelia McCook, 1892 = Larinia Simon, 1874 (Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 243, after Levi, 1975b: 102).
Epeirella Mello-Leitão, 1941 = Eriophora Simon, 1864 (Levi, 2002: 562).
Euglyptila Simon, 1909 = Ordgarius Keyserling, 1886 (Levi, 2003: 376).
Heterargiope Kishida, 1936 = Argiope Audouin, 1826 (Yaginuma, 1959c: 21).
Ildibaha Keyserling, 1892 = Micrathena Sundevall, 1833 (Levi, 1985: 440).
Lariniacantha Archer, 1951 = Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1976: 388).
Larinopa Grasshoff, 1970 = Larinia Simon, 1874 (Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 242, contra Levy, 1986: 5).
Lobetina Simon, 1895 = Prasonica Simon, 1895 (Grasshoff, 1971b: 295).
Macpos Mello-Leitão, 1940 = Kaira O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1977b: 214).
Madrepeira Levi, 1995 = Spintharidius Simon, 1893 (Levi, 2008c: 216).
Nanduti Mello-Leitão, 1945 = Testudinaria Taczanowski, 1879 (Levi, 2002: 562).
Neoarchemorus Mascord, 1968 = Arkys Walckenaer, 1837 (Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 166).
Neosconella F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903 = Araneus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1973: 478).
Paraverrucosa Mello-Leitão, 1939 = Wagneriana F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 (Levi, 1991b: 370, contra Archer, 1951a: 20).
Parazygia Caporiacco, 1955 = Cyclosa Menge, 1866 (Levi, 1977a: 73).
Parepeira Mello-Leitão, 1933 = Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1976: 388).
Paurotylus Tullgren, 1910 = Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 (Emerit, 1982c: 458).
Pickardiana Mello-Leitão, 1943 = Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1988: 472).
Pronarachne Mello-Leitão, 1937 = Kaira O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1977b: 214).
Salassina Simon, 1895 = Witica O. P.-Cambridge, 1895 (Levi, 1986b: 37).
Simonarachne Archer, 1951 = Eriovixia Archer, 1951 (Grasshoff, 1986: 118, contra Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36).
Singotypa Simon, 1894 = Phonognatha Simon, 1894 (Dondale, 1966: 1170).
Subaraneus Caporiacco, 1948 = Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1976: 388).
Subedricus Caporiacco, 1954 = Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1976: 388).
Suzumia Nakatsudi, 1943 = Cyrtophora Simon, 1864 (Yaginuma, 1958b: 10).
Thaumastobella Mello-Leitão, 1945 = Micrathena Sundevall, 1833 (Scharff, 1991: 155).
Trichocharis Simon, 1895 = Caerostris Thorell, 1868 (Grasshoff, 1984: 727).
Tukaraneus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 = Eriovixia Archer, 1951 (Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2611).
Zigana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = Pronous Keyserling, 1881 (Levi, 1995b: 168).

Homonyms replaced:
Anepsia L. Koch, 1871 -- see Anepsion.
Novakia Court and Forster, 1988 -- see Novakiella.
Thoracites Thorell, 1898 -- see Thorellina.

Nomen dubium:
Metimorpha Strand, 1906, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 188, type M. tullia Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 189, pl. 2, f. 200 (j, Japan, considered a possible S of Nephila malabarensis papuana Thorell, 1881 by Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 464, T here from the Tetragnathidae by Kuntner, 2005b: 1277) -- Kuntner, 2005b: 1278.

Gen. Acacesia Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01418]

In synonymy:
A. alticeps Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. cornigera Petrunkevitch, 1925 (Glueck, 1994: 73).
A. cornigera Petrunkevitch, 1925 = A. tenella (L. Koch, 1871) (Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 23).
A. folifera (Marx, 1890) = A. hamata (Hentz, 1847) (Bryant, 1945a: 364).
A. hallucinor (Petrunkevitch, 1911, T from Araneus) = A. hamata (Hentz, 1847) (Bryant, 1945a: 364).
A. nigrolineata (Caporiacco, 1955) = A. hamata (Hentz, 1847) (Glueck, 1994: 70).
A. pentagona Caporiacco, 1954 = A. cornigera Petrunkevitch, 1925 (Glueck, 1994: 73).
A. spinulosa Mello-Leitão, 1948 = A. cornigera Petrunkevitch, 1925 (Glueck, 1994: 73).

Nomen dubium:
A. peruviana Chamberlin, 1916: 244, pl. 18, f. 6 (f, Peru) -- Glueck, 1994: 73.

mf benigna Glueck, 1994....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014406]
A. b. Glueck, 1994: 77, f. 23-27 (Dmf).

mf graciosa Lise & Braul, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014408]
A. g. Lise & Braul, 1996: 180, f. 1-17 (Dmf).

mf hamata (Hentz, 1847) *....................USA to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014409]
Epeira hamata Hentz, 1847: 474, pl. 31, f. 10 (Dm).
Epeira foliata Hentz, 1847: 475, pl. 31, f. 14 (Df).
Epeira foliata Emerton, 1884: 318, pl. 37, f. 6-10 (f, Dm).
Epeira folifera Marx, 1890: 545, 593 (D).
Epeira foliata McCook, 1894: 154, pl. 4, f. 7-8 (mf).
A. foliata Simon, 1895a: 795.
A. foliata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 502, pl. 48, f. 1-2 (mf).
Araneus hallucinor Petrunkevitch, 1911: 296 (replacement name for Epeira hamata Hentz, thought preoccupied in Araneus by Araneus hamatus Clerck, now in Singa).
A. foliata Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 331, f. 213-214 (mf).
A. lanceolata Badcock, 1932: 20, f. 14 (Df).
A. foliata Comstock, 1940: 523, f. 546 (f).
A. h. Bryant, 1945a: 364 (S).
A. h. Kaston, 1948: 235, f. 705, 725-726 (m).
A. folifera Camargo, 1953: 306, f. 7, 35-38, 42-44 (m).
Araneus nigrolineatus Caporiacco, 1955: 357, f. 36a-b (Df).
A. h. Levi, 1976: 375, f. 74-87 (mf).
A. nigrolineata Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Araneus).
A. h. Breene et al., 1993: 104, f. 157A-C (mf).
A. h. Glueck, 1994: 69, f. 1, 4-8 (mf, S).
A. h. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 15 (m).
A. h. Levi, 2002: 557, f. 287-290 (m).

mf tenella (L. Koch, 1871)....................Mexico to Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017149]
Epeira t. L. Koch, 1871: 76, pl. 6, f. 5-6 (Dmf).
A. cornigera Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 117, f. 32-41 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014407].
A. alticeps Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 54, pl. 16, f. 140 (Dj).
A. spinulosa Mello-Leitão, 1948: 158, f. 6 (Df).
Wixia t. Archer, 1951a: 15 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. pentagona Caporiacco, 1954: 87, f. 15, 15a-b (Df).
A. cornigera Glueck, 1994: 73, f. 2-3, 9-16 (mf, S).
A. t. Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 23, f. 1A-D, 2A-E (Tmf from Wixia, S).

mf villalobosi Glueck, 1994....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014410]
A. v. Glueck, 1994: 79, f. 28-33 (Dmf).

mf yacuiensis Glueck, 1994....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014411]
A. y. Glueck, 1994: 75, f. 17-22 (Dmf).

Gen. Acantharachne Tullgren, 1910 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03437]

N.B.: the replacement name Acantharanea Strand, 1929 is unnecessary, as Acantharachne Tullgren, 1910 is not preoccupied by the differently-spelled Acantharachna in the echinoderms.

f cornuta Tullgren, 1910 *....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014412]
A. c. Tullgren, 1910: 171, f. 1, pl. 4, f. 124 (Df).
Acantharanea c. Strand, 1929: 17.

f giltayi Lessert, 1938....................Congo, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014413]
A. g. Lessert, 1938: 451, f. 38-40 (Df).
A. g. Emerit, 2000: 155, f. 17-18 (f).

f lesserti Giltay, 1930....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014414]
A. l. Giltay, 1930: 128, f. 1 (Df).

f madecassa Emerit, 2000....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037056]
A. m. Emerit, 2000: 153, f. 12-13 (Df).

f milloti Emerit, 2000....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037057]
A. m. Emerit, 2000: 154, f. 14-16 (Df).

f psyche Strand, 1913....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014415]
A. p. Strand, 1913a: 389 (Df).

f regalis Hirst, 1925....................Cameroon, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014416]
A. r. Hirst, 1925a: 1271, f. 1 (Df).

f seydeli Giltay, 1935....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014417]
A. s. Giltay, 1935b: 10, f. 6 (Df).

Gen. Acanthepeira Marx, 1883 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01419]

In synonymy:
A. cerasiae (Walckenaer, 1841, T from Araneus) = A. stellata (Walckenaer, 1805) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 105, sub Marxia).
A. iris (Walckenaer, 1841, T from Araneus) = A. stellata (Walckenaer, 1805) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 105, sub Marxia).

Nomina dubia:
A. grisea (McCook, 1894: 195, pl. 13, f. 10, f, USA, originally in Marxia) -- Levi, 1976: 363.
A. moestella Roewer, 1942a: 777 (replacement name for Epeira moesta Keyserling, 1892: 108, pl. 5, f. 80, f, USA, preoccupied by Blackwall, 1865) -- Levi, 1976: 363 (but see McCook, 1894: 196, pl. 12, f. 11).

mf cherokee Levi, 1976....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014418]
A. c. Levi, 1976: 366, f. 24, 29-35, 42-43 (Dmf).
A. c. Breene et al., 1993: 103, f. 153A-B (mf).

m labidura (Mello-Leitão, 1943)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014419]
Marxia l. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 184, f. 22 (Dm).
A. l. Brignoli, 1983c: 255.

mf marion Levi, 1976....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014420]
A. m. Levi, 1976: 368, f. 25, 36-41, 44 (Dmf).

mf stellata (Walckenaer, 1805) *....................Canada to Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014421]
Epeira s. Walckenaer, 1805: 65 (Df).
Epeira nobilis Walckenaer, 1841: 119 (Df).
Epeira cerasiae Walckenaer, 1841: 119 (Df).
Epeira iris Walckenaer, 1841: 120 (Df).
Plectana s. Walckenaer, 1841: 171.
Epeira s. Hentz, 1850: 22, pl. 3, f. 12 (f).
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1864: 140, pl. 6, f. 24-25 (f).
Acrosoma stellatum Butler, 1873b: 427.
A. s. Marx, 1883: 22.
Epeira s. Emerton, 1884: 319, pl. 34, f. 17, pl. 37, f. 3-5 (f, Dm).
Cyrtarachne mexicana O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: pl. 14, f. 13 (f, nomen nudum).
Cyrtarachne dugesi O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 113 (Df).
Marxia nobilis McCook, 1894: 194, pl. 13, f. 7-9 (mf).
Marxia s. McCook, 1894: 193, pl. 12, f. 4-5 (mf).
Araneus s. Simon, 1895a: 801.
Epeira s. Emerton, 1902: 179, f. 419-420 (f).
Marxia s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 481, pl. 45, f. 21-22 (mf).
Araneus cerasiae Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285.
Araneus iris Petrunkevitch, 1911: 298.
A. s. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 105 (S).
A. s. Kaston, 1948: 234, f. 714-716, 734 (mf).
A. venusta Bryant, 1949c: 175, f. 4-5 (m, misidentified).
A. s. Levi, 1976: 364, f. 12-23 (mf, designated as type species).
A. s. Levi, 1978b: 10, f. 12-14 (m).
A. s. Breene et al., 1993: 103, f. 152A-C (mf).
A. s. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 60-61, 220-221 (mf).
A. s. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 41, f. 251-253 (mf).

mf venusta (Banks, 1896)....................USA, Cuba, Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014422]
Plectana v. Banks, 1896e: 69 (Df).
Araneus venustus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323 (assigned to subgenus Marxia).
A. v. Bryant, 1949c: 175, f. 1-3 (f, not m, f. 4-5, =A. stellata).
A. v. Levi, 1976: 369, f. 26-28, 45, 51-56 (f, Dm).

Gen. Acroaspis Karsch, 1878 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01420]

mf decorosa (Urquhart, 1894)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015877]
Epeira decorosa Urquhart, 1894: 212 (Df).
Eriophora d. Court & Forster, 1988: 110, f. 351, 531-538 (removed f from S of E. pustulosa, Dm).
A. d. Framenau et al., 2010: 88 (Tmf from Eriophora).

f olorina Karsch, 1878 *....................Western Australia, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014423]
A. o. Karsch, 1878c: 807 (Df).

f tuberculifera Thorell, 1881....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014424]
A. t. Thorell, 1881: 52 (Df).

Gen. Acrosomoides Simon, 1887 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01421]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 by Benoit, 1962a: 45.

f acrosomoides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014425]
Gasteracantha a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 289, pl. 27, f. 19 (Df).
A. a. Emerit, 1974: 61, f. 20-21, 22A-C, 26C (Tf from Gasteracantha).
A. a. Emerit, 1982b: 154, f. 1.

mf linnaei (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014426]
Plectana l. Walckenaer, 1841: 163 (Df).
Plectana inversa Walckenaer, 1841: 164 (Df).
Atelacantha heterodoxa Karsch, 1879a: 330 (Df).
Gasteracantha chaperi Simon, 1887a: 266 (Df).
Gasteracantha l. Dahl, 1914: 268.
A. l. Benoit, 1962a: 45, f. 30-31 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
A. l. Emerit, 1982c: 461, f. 3-4 (Dm).

f tetraedrus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Cameroon, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014427]
Plectana tetraedra Walckenaer, 1841: 166 (Df).
Gasteracantha tetraedra Dahl, 1914: 269, f. 9 (f).
A. tetraedra Benoit, 1962a: 48, f. 33-34 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

Gen. Actinacantha Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01422]

N.B.: described as a subgenus of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833; elevated to genus by Emerit, 1974: 29.

f globulata (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................Sumatra, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014428]
Plectana g. Walckenaer, 1841: 151 (Df).
Gasteracantha g. Hasselt, 1882: 12.
A. g. Simon, 1864: 286.

Gen. Actinosoma Holmberg, 1883 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01423]

Transferred to other genera:
A. heteracanthum Mello-Leitão, 1943 -- see Wagneriana.
A. riscoi Archer, 1971 -- see Rubrepeira.

mf pentacanthum (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................Colombia to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014429]
Plectana pentacantha Walckenaer, 1841: 170 (Df).
Acrosoma stelligerum Thorell, 1859: 301 (Df).
Acrosoma p. Butler, 1873b: 428.
Acrosoma pulcherrima Holmberg, 1876: 21 (Df).
A. p. Holmberg, 1883b: 237.
Cyrtarachne quinquespinosa Keyserling, 1892: 55, pl. 3, f. 44 (Dmf).
Araneus pentacanthus Simon, 1895a: 819, f. 869.
A. p. Levi, 1995b: 158, f. 1-12 (mf).
A. p. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 63-65, 255-256 (mf).

Gen. Aculepeira Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01424]

A. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75, type Araneus aculeatus (Emerton, 1877).

Transferred to other genera:
A. callaria Levi, 1991 -- see Amazonepeira.
A. tedgenica (Bakhvalov, 1978) -- see Neoscona.

In synonymy:
A. aculeata (Emerton, 1877, removed from S of A. carbonarioides) = A. packardi (Thorell, 1875).
A. armida canescens (Simon, 1908) = A. armida (Audouin, 1826) (Levy, 1998a: 329).
A. charitonovi (Ermolajew, 1928) = A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) (Marusik, Tarabaev & Litovchenko, 1991: 15).
A. cutucensis (Kraus, 1955, T from Araneus) = A. travassosi (Soares & Camargo, 1948) (Levi, 1991a: 298).
A. helvola (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Metazygia) = A. aculifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1993a: 236).
A. hyperborea (Kulczyn'ski, 1908) = A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) (Marusik, Tarabaev & Litovchenko, 1991: 15).
A. karabagi (Karol, 1965, T from Araneus) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Levi, 1977b: 236, sub A. noseki).
A. kariae (Roewer, 1942, attributed to Strand, 1920, T from Araneus) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Levi, 1977b: 236, sub A. noseki).
A. lencoranicus (Bakhvalov, 1983, T from Araneus) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Marusik, 1985b: 137).
A. melloi (Brignoli, 1983, T from Araneus) = A. albovittata (Mello-Leitão, 1941) (Levi, 1991a: 303).
A. noseki (Strand, 1907) = A. talishia (Zawadsky, 1902) (Marusik, 1985b: 137).
A. sargi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Araneus) = A. aculifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 304).
A. septentrionalis (Kulczyn'ski, 1908, T from Araneus) = A. packardi (ThoreII, 1875) (Levi, 1977b: 228).
A. vachoni (Karol, 1964, T from Araneus) = A. ceropegia (Walckenaer, 1802) (Levi, 1977b: 234).
A. vegae (Holm, 1970, T from Araneus) = A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1977b: 230).
A. verae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = A. packardi (ThoreII, 1875) (Levi, 1977b: 228).
A. victoria (Thorell, 1870, T from Araneus) = A. armida (Audouin, 1826) (Drensky, 1943: 244, sub Araneus).

mf aculifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014430]
Epeira a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 29, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira helvola O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 24, pl. 5, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Epeira sargi O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 28, pl. 6, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira sargi Keyserling, 1892: 123, pl. 6, f. 91 (f).
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1892: 207, pl. 10, f. 153 (f).
Epeira helvola Keyserling, 1893: 221, pl. 11, f. 164 (mf).
Aranea sargi F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 511, pl. 49, f. 2 (f).
Aranea a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 512, pl. 49, f. 5 (f).
Aranea helvola F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 513, pl. 49, f. 10 (mf).
Araneus aculiferus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
Araneus helvolus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 296.
Araneus sargi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
Metazygia helvola Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 304, f. 566-577 (Tf from Araneus, S).
A. a. Levi, 1993a: 236, f. 28 (Sm).

f albovittata (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014431]
Neosconella a. Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 214, f. 20 (Df, preoccupied in Araneus by Westring, 1851).
Araneus melloi Brignoli, 1983c: 263 (replacement name).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 303, f. 560-563 (Tf from Araneus, S).

mf angeloi Álvares, Loyola & De Maria, 2005....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040005]
A. a. Álvares, Loyola & De Maria, 2005: 55, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

f apa Levi, 1991....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014432]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 302, f. 557-559 (Df).

mf armida (Audouin, 1826)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014433]
Epeira a. Audouin, 1826: 337, pl. 2, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira hirsuta Hahn, 1831a: 13, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 52 (Dm).
Miranda exornata C. L. Koch, 1844: 156, f. 952 (Df).
Miranda hirsuta C. L. Koch, 1847: 75, f. 1550 (f).
Epeira victoria Thorell, 1870a: 25 (Df).
Epeira a. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 331, pl. 12, f. 17 (f).
Araneus a. canescens Simon, 1908a: 432 (Df).
Araneus a. Simon, 1929: 691, 761, f. 1067-1068 (mf).
Aranea a. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 19 (f, S).
Araneus victoria Azheganova, 1968: 80, f. 154, 172 (mf).
Araneus armidus Brignoli, 1968d: 90, f. 1-3 (mf).
Araneus victoria Miller, 1971: 209, pl. XXXIX, f. 15-16 (f).
Araneus victoria Loksa, 1972: 95, f. 87E-F (mf).
A. a. Levi, 1977b: 236, f. 208-217 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus victoria Zhang, 1987: 73, f. 56.1-2 (f).
Araneus victoria Mcheidze, 1997: 270, f. 599-600 (mf).
A. a. Levy, 1998a: 329, f. 68-79 (mf, S).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131J, 145G (f).

f armida orientalis (Kulczyn'ski, 1901)....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014434]
Epeira victoria o. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 330, pl. 12, f. 16 (Df).
Araneus victoria o. Zhang, 1987: 74, f. 57.1-2 (f).
A. a. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131K, 145H (f).

mf armida pumila (Simon, 1929)....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014435]
Araneus a. pumilus Simon, 1929: 691, 762 (Dmf).

f azul Levi, 1991....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014436]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 306, f. 589-591 (Df).

f busu Levi, 1991....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014437]
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 308, f. 596-599 (Df).

mf carbonaria (L. Koch, 1869)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014438]
Epeira c. L. Koch, 1869: 58 (Dm).
Epeira c. Simon, 1874a: 92 (Df).
Epeira c. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 332, pl. 12, f. 18-19 (mf).
Araneus carbonarius Lessert, 1910b: 326, f. 177-178 (mf).
Araneus carbonarius Simon, 1929: 690, 761, f. 1066 (mf).
Aranea c. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 19 (f).
A. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1977b: 234, f. 198-207 (mf).
Araneus victoria Hu & Li, 1987a: 327, f. 9.1-4, 10.1-2 (mf, misidentified).
A. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 70, f. 160 (mf).
A. c. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 19, 22 (m).
A. c. Hu, 2001: 435, f. 280.1-7 (mf).
A. c. Kunt, Yagmur & Tezcan, 2008: 57, f. 2A-B (f).

f carbonaria fulva (Franganillo, 1913)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014439]
Epeira c. f. Franganillo, 1913: 128 (Df).

mf carbonaria sinensis (Schenkel, 1953)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014440]
Araneus carbonarius s. Schenkel, 1953b: 49, f. 23a-c (Dmf).
A. c. s. Brignoli, 1983c: 255.
A. c. s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 81, f. 60.1-9 (mf).
A. c. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 103, f. 30a-i (mf).
A. c. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131L-N, 132F-G, 145I (mf).
A. c. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 181, f. 106A-F (mf).

mf carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892)....................USA, Canada, Alaska, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014441]
Epeira carbonaria Emerton, 1884: 315, pl. 33, f. 18, pl. 36, f. 18-19 (mf, misidentified).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1892: 206, pl. 10, f. 152 (Df).
Epeira c. McCook, 1894: 158, pl. 5, f. 9 (f, Dm).
Epeira carbonaria Emerton, 1894: 405, pl. 1, f. 4b, d (mf, misidentified).
Araneus hyperboreus Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 45, pl. 2, f. 58 (Df).
Aranea charitonovi Ermolajev, 1928a: 209, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
Araneus vegae Holm, 1970: 198, f. 25-27, 29-31 (Dmf).
A. charitonovi Levi, 1977b: 230 (Tf from Araneus).
A. hyperborea Levi, 1977b: 230 (Tf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1977b: 230, f. 162-173, 182-186 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. carbonoides Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 58 (m).
A. c. Marusik, Tarabaev & Litovchenko, 1991: 15 (S).
A. carbonoides Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 12 (m).
A. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 42, f. 254-256 (mf).
A. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 179, f. 387-394 (mf).

mf ceropegia (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014442]
Aranea c. Walckenaer, 1802: 199 (Df).
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1805: 33.
Epeira sclopetaria Hahn, 1833a: 4, f. 131 (mf, misidentified).
Miranda c. C. L. Koch, 1838: 51, f. 370 (f, Dm).
Epeira c. Blackwall, 1864a: 347, pl. 25, f. 250 (mf).
Miranda c. Menge, 1866: 72, pl. 11, f. 17 (mf).
Epeira c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 132, pl. 5, f. 19 (mf).
Epeira c. Bösenberg, 1901: 32, pl. 2, f. 16 (mf).
Epeira c. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 332, pl. 12, f. 20 (m).
Araneus ceropegius Lessert, 1910b: 324.
Araneus c. Simon, 1929: 688, 761, f. 1064, 1065 (mf).
Aranea c. Wiehle, 1931: 100, f. 151-155 (mf).
Aranea c. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 19 (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Locket & Millidge, 1953: 138, f. 91A-C (mf).
Aranea c. Zamaraev, 1964: 356, f. 51-52 (f).
Araneus vachoni Karol, 1964: 188, f. 1-2 (Df).
Araneus ceropegius Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 585 (f).
Araneus ceropegius Loksa, 1972: 94, f. 86, 87A-D (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 39-42 (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Palmgren, 1974a: 30, f. 12l-o (mf).
A. c. Punda, 1975b: 30, f. 34-36 (mf).
A. c. Levi, 1977b: 234, f. 175, 187-197 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 70, f. 159 (mf).
A. c. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 18, 21 (m).
A. c. Roberts, 1995: 324, f. (mf).
Araneus ceropegius Mcheidze, 1997: 269, f. 597-598 (f).
A. c. Roberts, 1998: 337, f. (mf).
A. c. Blick & Nentwig, 2003: 38, f. 5-8 (f).
A. c. Almquist, 2005: 133, f. 146a-h (mf).

f escazu Levi, 1991....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014443]
A. e. Levi, 1991a: 306, f. 585-588 (Df).

f gravabilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Honduras to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014444]
Epeira g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 33, pl. 5, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1892: 122, pl. 6, f. 90 (f).
Araneus g. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 295.
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 304, f. 578-584 (Tf from Araneus).

mf lapponica (Holm, 1945)....................Sweden, Finland, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014969]
Aranea l. Holm, 1945b: 61, f. 20a-b (Df).
Araneus lapponicus Palmgren, 1974a: 30, f. 12p-t (f, Dm).
Araneus lapponicus Brignoli, 1983c: 257.
A. l. Blick & Nentwig, 2003: 39, f. 1, 3 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. l. Almquist, 2005: 133, f. 147a-c (f).

mf luosangensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014445]
Araneus ceropegius Hu & Li, 1987b: 262, f. 9.1-5 (mf, misidentified).
A. l. Yin et al., 1990: 10, f. 17-26 (Dmf).
A. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 104, f. 31a-j (mf).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 131O-Q, 132H-I, 145J (mf).
A. l. Hu, 2001: 436, f. 281.1-8 (mf).

f machu Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014446]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 302, f. 553-556 (Df).

mf matsudae Tanikawa, 1994....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014447]
A. m. Tanikawa, 1994c: 180, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 209, 631-632 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 210-211 (mf).

mf morenoae Rubio, Izquierdo & Piacentini, 2013....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045725]
A. m. Rubio, Izquierdo & Piacentini, 2013: 549, f. 1-30 (Dmf).

mf packardi (Thorell, 1875) *....................North America, Russia, China, Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014448]
Epeira packardii Thorell, 1875d: 490 (Dm).
Epeira aculeata Emerton, 1877: 528 (Df; preoccupied by Latreille, 1806).
Epeira carbonaria Keyserling, 1892: 204, pl. 9, f. 151 (mf, misidentified).
Epeira carbonaria McCook, 1894: 157, pl. 6, f. 1-2 (mf, misidentified).
Epeira aculeata Emerton, 1894: 405, pl. 1, f. 4 (f, Dm).
Araneus septentrionalis Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 47, pl. 2, f. 57 (Df).
Araneus aculeatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
Araneus septentrionalis Schenkel, 1930b: 24, f. 9a-b (Dm).
A. p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75 (removed mf from S of A. carbonaria).
A. verae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75, f. 215-216 (Dm).
A. verae Levi & Field, 1954: 448, f. 26, 28 (mf).
A. p. Holm, 1970: 201, f. 28 (m).
A. p. Levi, 1977b: 228, f. 148-161, 174, 176-181 (mf, S).
A. p. Yin et al., 1990: 12, f. 27-34 (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 106, f. 32a-i (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 132A-C, J-K. 145K (mf).
A. p. Hu, 2001: 438, f. 282.1-8 (mf).
A. p. Levi, 2002: 543, f. 130-131, 199 (mf).
A. p. Blick & Nentwig, 2003: 39, f. 2, 4 (f).
A. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 177, f. 378-386 (mf).

mf serpentina Guo & Zhang, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043753]
A. s. Guo & Zhang, 2010: 261, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf taibaishanensis Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014449]
Aculeperia t. Zhu & Wang, 1995: 165, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 107, f. 33a-e (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 132D-E, L-M, 145L (mf).

mf talishia (Zawadsky, 1902)....................Turkey, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014450]
Epeira t. Zawadsky, 1902: 4 (D).
Araneus similis Nosek, 1905b: 131 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Aranea noseki Strand, 1907m: 396 (replacement name for A. similis).
Aranea kariae Roewer, 1942a: 788 (lapsus for A. noseki).
Araneus karabagi Karol, 1965: 111, f. 1-2 (Df).
A. noseki Levi, 1977b: 236, f. 218-225 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
Araneus lencoranicus Bakhvalov, 1983: 93, f. 6 (Df).
A. t. Marusik, 1985b: 137 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. t. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 20, 23 (m).

mf travassosi (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014451]
Neosconella t. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 377, f. 33-34 (Df).
Neosconella cutucensis Kraus, 1955b: 23, f. 67-69 (Dm).
Araneus cutucensis Brignoli, 1983c: 262.
Araneus t. Brignoli, 1983c: 263.
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 298, f. 543-547 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
A. t. Levi, 2002: 543, f. 128-129 (f).
A. t. Dierkens, 2012a: 24, f. 1, 33 (f).

f visite Levi, 1991....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014452]
Parawixia darlingtoni Bryant, 1945a: 382, f. 21 (f only, not male holotype).
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 307, f. 592-595 (Df).

mf vittata (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014453]
Metepeira v. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 17, f. 26-27 (Df).
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 300, f. 548-552 (Tf from Metepeira, Dm).

Gen. Acusilas Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01425]

Transferred to other genera:
A. rufoniger Franganillo, 1930 -- see Alcimosphenus under Tetragnathidae.
A. rufoniger maculatus Franganillo, 1930 -- see Alcimosphenus under Tetragnathidae.

In synonymy:
A. gentingensis Murphy & Murphy, 1983 = A. coccineus Simon, 1895 (Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 18).

mf africanus Simon, 1895....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014454]
A. a. Simon, 1895a: 785, f. 849 (Df).
A. a. Murphy & Murphy, 1983b: 119, f. 7-8 (f).
A. a. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 15, f. 9A-C, 12B, 13B, 15A-B, 16A-E, 17A-B (f, Dm).

f callidus Schmidt & Scharff, 2008....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041729]
A. c. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 25, f. 27, 28A-B (Df).

mf coccineus Simon, 1895 *....................China to Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014455]
A. c. Simon, 1895a: 785 (Df).
A. c. Uyemura, 1939b: 142, f. a-f (f).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1960: 59, f. 58 (f).
A. c. Namkung, 1964: 37, f. 23 (f).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1971: 59, f. 58 (f).
A. c. Murphy & Murphy, 1983b: 117, f. 3-6 (f).
A. gentingensis Murphy & Murphy, 1983b: 122, f. 18-20 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014457].
A. c. Hu, 1984: 88, f. 78.1-2 (f).
A. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 116, f. 61.2 (mf).
A. c. Chikuni, 1989b: 75, f. 40 (mf).
A. c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 112, f. 106.1-3 (f).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 109, f. 35a-d (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 133A-D, 145M (mf).
A. c. Namkung, 2002: 256, f. 19.18a-b (mf).
A. c. Kim & Kim, 2002: 177, f. 1, 70-71, 156-157 (mf).
A. c. Namkung, 2003: 257, f. 19.17a-b (mf).
A. c. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 176, f. 17B-D (m).
A. c. Shin, 2007: 163, f. 11A-H (mf).
A. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 90, f. 279-281, 746-747 (mf).
A. c. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 18, f. 7A-B, 10A-D, 11A-B, 12A, 13A, 18A-B, 19A-E, 20A-B, 21A-B (mf, S).
A. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 461, f. 317-318 (mf).
A. c. Yin et al., 2012: 587, f. 282a-d (mf).

f dahoneus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014456]
A. d. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 584, f. 363a-e (Df).
A. d. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 22, f. 22, 23A-B (f).

m lepidus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014458]
Argiope lepida Thorell, 1898: 337 (Dm).
A. l. Levi, 1983: 260 (Tm from Argiope; N.B.: probably misplaced in this genus, per Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 23).
A. l. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222, f. 1 (m).

mf malaccensis Murphy & Murphy, 1983....................Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014459]
A. m. Murphy & Murphy, 1983b: 119, f. 9-17 (Dmf).
A. m. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 24, f. 4-5, 6A-B, 8A-B, 24A-B, 25A-F, 26A-B (mf).

m spiralis Schmidt & Scharff, 2008....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041730]
A. s. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 28, f. 29, 30A-B (Dm).

m vei Schmidt & Scharff, 2008....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041731]
A. v. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 29, f. 31, 32A-B (Dm).

m vilei Schmidt & Scharff, 2008....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041732]
A. v. Schmidt & Scharff, 2008: 30, f. 33, 34A-B (Dm).

Gen. Aethriscus Pocock, 1902 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01427]

f olivaceus Pocock, 1902 *....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014462]
A. o. Pocock, 1902b: 329 (Df).

f pani Lessert, 1930....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014463]
A. p. Lessert, 1930: 663, f. 33-34 (Df).

Gen. Aethrodiscus Strand, 1913 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01428]

f transversalis Strand, 1913 *....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014464]
A. t. Strand, 1913a: 387 (Df).

Gen. Aetrocantha Karsch, 1879 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01429]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 by Benoit, 1962a: 43; not a senior synonym of Paurotylus Tullgren, 1910 (Emerit, 1982c: 458, contra Benoit, 1964a: 47).

In synonymy:
A. galeata (Simon, 1887, T from Isoxya) = A. falkensteini Karsch, 1879 (Benoit, 1964a: 47).

mf falkensteini Karsch, 1879 *....................West, Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014465]
A. falkensteinii Karsch, 1879a: 332 (Df).
Isoxia f. Simon, 1887a: 268.
Isoxia galeata Simon, 1887a: 269, pl. 6, f. 3 (Df).
Gasteracantha galeata Simon, 1895a: 843, f. 891 (f).
Gasteracantha galeata Simon, 1907d: 301 (Dm).
Gasteracantha f. Dahl, 1914: 255.
Isoxya galeata Benoit, 1962a: 23, f. 16 (Tmf from Gasteracantha).
A. f. Benoit, 1962a: 43, f. 28-29 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
A. f. Benoit, 1964a: 47 (Sm).
A. f. Emerit, 1982c: 459, f. 1-3, pl. 1, f. 1B, pl. 2 (m).

Gen. Afracantha Dahl, 1914 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01430]

N.B.: described as a subgenus of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833; elevated to genus by Emerit, 1974: 29.

In synonymy:
A. batesi (Pocock, 1899, T from Gasteracantha) = A. camerunensis (Thorell, 1899) (Benoit, 1962a: 25).

f camerunensis (Thorell, 1899) *....................West, Central, East Africa, Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014466]
Gasteracantha brevispina c. Thorell, 1899: 65 (Df).
Gasteracantha batesi Pocock, 1899e: 858, pl. 56, f. 10 (Df).
Gasteracantha batesi Dahl, 1914: 252, f. 7 (f).
Isoxya c. Benoit, 1962a: 25, f. 18 (removed f from S of Gasteracantha batesi per Roewer, S).
A. c. Emerit, 1974: 29 (Tf from Isoxya).
Gasteracantha c. Levi, 1996b: 143, f. 313-321 (f).

Gen. Agalenatea Archer, 1951 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01431]

A. Archer, 1951c: 1, type Araneus redii Scopoli, 1763; considered valid by Grasshoff, 1976: 149.

Transferred to other genera:
A. angulopicta (Schenkel, 1953) -- see Alenatea.
A. arcopicta (Schenkel, 1953) -- see Alenatea.
A. davidi (Schenkel, 1963) -- see Alenatea.
A. fuscocolorata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Alenatea.

In synonymy:
A. modesta (Simon, 1890, T from Neoscona) = A. liriope (L. Koch, 1875) (Grasshoff & van Harten, 2007: 155).

mf liriope (L. Koch, 1875)....................Ethiopia, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014988]
Epeira l. L. Koch, 1875b: 19, pl. 2, f. 3 (Dm).
Epeira modesta Simon, 1890a: 104 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Aranea modestella Strand, 1907m: 422 (replacement name for Epeira modesta).
Neoscona modesta Levy, 1998a: 338 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. l. Grasshoff & van Harten, 2007: 155 (Tm from Araneus, Sf; N.B.: see note under Araneus cardioceros).

mf redii (Scopoli, 1763) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014467]
Aranea r. Scopoli, 1763: 394 (D).
Aranea aldrovandi Scopoli, 1763: 394 (D).
Aranea cratera Walckenaer, 1802: 197 (Df).
Aranea cratera Panzer, 1804b: 66, pl. 49, f. 5 (f).
Epeira cratera Walckenaer, 1805: 59.
Epeira solers Walckenaer, 1805: 60 (D).
Epeira agalena Hahn, 1834: 29, f. 115 (Dmf).
Epeira cratera Walckenaer, 1841: 35 (Dm).
Epeira solers Walckenaer, 1841: 41 (Df).
Atea sclopetaria C. L. Koch, 1844: 134, f. 934-935 (mf, misidentified).
Anetes caeletron Menge, 1850: 71 (D).
Epeira sollers Westring, 1861: 41 (Dm).
Epeira solers Blackwall, 1864a: 336, pl. 24, f. 243 (mf).
Epeira solers Menge, 1866: 63, pl. 9, f. 11 (mf).
Epeira biocellata Canestrini, 1868: 201 (Dm).
Epeira sollers Thorell, 1870a: 18.
Epeira r. Simon, 1874a: 90 (mf).
Epeira r. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 131, pl. 5, f. 17 (mf).
Epeira r. Becker, 1896: 29, pl. 6, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira r. Bösenberg, 1901: 38, pl. 2, f. 24 (mf).
Epeira agalena O. P.-Cambridge, 1909a: 108, pl. A, f. 18-22 (mf).
Araneus r. Lessert, 1910b: 323.
Araneus r. Fedotov, 1912a: 84, f. 29-30 (mf).
Araneus r. Simon, 1929: 688, 761, f. 1050, 1064 (mf).
Aranea r. Wiehle, 1931: 97, f. 146-150 (mf).
Aranea r. Drensky, 1943: 243, f. 21 (mf).
A. r. Archer, 1951c: 1, f. 1 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus r. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 139, f. 93A-C (mf).
Aranea r. Zamaraev, 1964: 357, f. 58-60 (mf).
Araneus r. Azheganova, 1968: 79, f. 162, 169 (mf).
Araneus r. Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 579, 587 (f).
Araneus r. Miller, 1971: 210, pl. XXXIX, f. 5-6 (mf).
Araneus r. Loksa, 1972: 80, f. 70A-D (mf).
Araneus r. Bakhvalov, 1974: 111, f. 76-80 (mf).
A. r. Punda, 1975b: 31, f. 37-38 (f).
A. r. Roberts, 1985: 214, f. 96a (mf).
Araneus r. Hu & Wu, 1989: 93, f. 69.1-3 (f).
A. r. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 70, f. 161 (mf).
A. r. Roberts, 1995: 325, f. (mf).
Araneus r. Mcheidze, 1997: 273, f. 613-616 (mf).
A. r. Yin et al., 1997d: 115, f. 40a-c (f).
A. r. Levy, 1998a: 333, f. 88-95 (mf).
A. r. Roberts, 1998: 338, f. (mf).
A. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, f. 133E-F, 145N (f).
A. r. Almquist, 2005: 135, f. 148a-k (mf).

Gen. Alenatea Song & Zhu, 1999 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01434]

A. Song & Zhu, in Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 230, type Agalenatea fuscocolorata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906).

In synonymy:
A. angulopicta (Schenkel, 1953) = A. fuscocolorata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Ma & Tu, 1987: 52, sub Neoscona).
A. arcopicta (Schenkel, 1953) = A. fuscocolorata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Ma & Tu, 1987: 51, sub Neoscona).
A. davidi (Schenkel, 1963) = A. fuscocolorata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Ma & Tu, 1987: 52, sub Neoscona).

mf fuscocolorata (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) *....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014476]
Aranea f. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 224, pl. 4, f. 29, pl. 12, f. 298 (Dmf).
Aranea f. Strand, 1918: 95, pl. 2, f. 25-26 (f).
Araneus fuscoloratus Nakatsudi, 1942a: 306, f. 12-14 (f).
Araneus arcopictus Schenkel, 1953b: 50, f. 25a-b (Df).
Araneus angulopictus Schenkel, 1953b: 53, f. 26a-b (Df).
Neoscona f. Yaginuma, 1955a: 19, pl. I, f. 6, 14 (Tmf from Araneus).
Catheistela f. Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36 (Tmf from Neoscona).
Agalenatea angulopicta Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 37 (Tf from Araneus).
Agalenatea arcopicta Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 37 (Tf from Araneus).
Araneus fuscocoloratus Yaginuma, 1960: 52, f. 48 (f).
Araneus davidi Schenkel, 1963: 172, f. 100a-b (Df).
Araneus fuscocoloratus Lee, 1966: 39, f. 10h-i (f).
Araneus fuscocoloratus Yaginuma, 1971: 52, f. 48 (f).
Araneus angulopictus Hu, 1984: 89, f. 80.1-2 (f).
Neoscona f. Hu, 1984: 93, f. 86.1-2 (mf).
Araneus arcopictus Zhu et al., 1985: 69, f. 56a-e (f, Dm).
Neoscona fuscolorata Yaginuma, 1986a: 105, f. 55.9 (f).
Araneus fuscocoloratus Grasshoff, 1986: 118 (Tmf from Neoscona).
Araneus fuscocoloratus Yaginuma, 1986c: 187, f. 1B, D (mf).
Neoscona angulopictus Zhang, 1987: 83, f. 67.1-2 (apparent Tf, unsubstantiated).
Neoscona f. Zhang, 1987: 85, f. 69.1-5 (mf).
Neoscona f. Ma & Tu, 1987: 51, f. 1 (mf, S).
Araneus fuscocoloratus Chikuni, 1989b: 70, f. 27 (mf).
Agalenatea arcopicta Yin et al., 1997d: 112, f. 37a-c (f).
Agalenatea davidi Yin et al., 1997d: 113, f. 38a-b (Tf from Araneus).
Agalenatea f. Yin et al., 1997d: 113, f. 39a-g (Tmf from Araneus).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 235, f. 6B, 133H-K, 146A-B (Tmf from Agalenatea).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 183, f. 107A-G (mf).
Araneus fuscoloratus Namkung, 2002: 253, f. 19.15a-b (mf).
A. f. Kim & Kim, 2002: 178, f. 2, 72-73, 158 (mf).
A. fuscocoloratus Namkung, 2003: 256, f. 19.16a-b (mf, lapsus).
A. f. Shin, 2007: 166, f. 12A-G (mf).
A. f. Tanikawa, 2007c: 77, f. 213, 637-638 (mf).
A. f. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 253-254 (mf).
A. f. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 196, f. 137A-G (mf).
A. f. Yin et al., 2012: 588, f. 283a-g (mf).

f touxie Song & Zhu, 1999....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014477]
Agalenatea angulopicta Yin et al., 1997d: 111, f. 36a-d (f, misidentified).
A. t. Song & Zhu, in Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 235 (Df).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 185, f. 108A-C (f).
A. t. Yin et al., 2012: 590, f. 284a-d (f).

f wangi Zhu & Song, 1999....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014478]
A. w. Zhu & Song, in Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 235, f. 133L-N (Df).

Gen. Allocyclosa Levi, 1999 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01435]

A. Levi, 1999: 304, type Cyclosa bifurca (McCook, 1887).

In synonymy:
A. furcata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898, T from Cyclosa) = A. bifurca (McCook, 1887) (Levi, 1999: 304).

mf bifurca (McCook, 1887) *....................USA to Panama, Cuba, Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014479]
Cyrtophora b. McCook, 1887: 342 (Dmf).
Cyclosa fissicauda O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 49, pl. 8, f. 7 (Dj).
Cyclosa b. McCook, 1894: 1: 128, 2: 189, 372, 376, 3: 227, pl. 17, f. 9-10 (mf).
Cyclosa fissicauda Keyserling, 1893: 274, pl. 14, f. 203 (f).
Larinia fissicauda Simon, 1895a: 790.
Cyclosa furcata O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 247, pl. 31, f. 3 (Df).
Cyclosa furcata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 494, pl. 47, f. 6 (f).
Cyclosa fissicauda F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 495, pl. 47, f. 8 (f).
Cyclosa b. Levi, 1977a: 86, f. 78-89 (mf).
A. b. Levi, 1999: 304, f. 3-22 (Tmf from Cyclosa, S).
A. b. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 58-59, 273-274 (mf).

Gen. Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01436]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Araneus Clerck, 1757 and considered a senior synonym of Parepeira Mello-Leitão, 1933 (contra Archer, 1951a: 42, who considered that name a junior synonym of Cercidia by transfer of type species), Subaraneus Caporiacco, 1948a: 661, type Araneus veniliae (Keyserling, 1865), Lariniacantha Archer, 1951a: 15, type Araneus grayi (Blackwall, 1863) and Subedricus Caporiacco, 1954: 84, type Araneus nigropustulatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) by Levi, 1976: 388, and of Pickardiana Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 192, type Edricus truncatus (Keyserling, 1865) by Levi, 1988: 472 (by transfer of type species, contra Archer, 1951a: 20, who considered that name a junior synonym of Verrucosa).

Transferred to other genera:
A. calix (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Metazygia.
A. duodecimguttata (Keyserling, 1879) -- see Spilasma.
A. erythromela (Holmberg, 1876) -- see Mecynogea.
A. mammifera (Tullgren, 1902) -- see Molinaranea.
A. maura (Hentz, 1847) -- see Metazygia.
A. montecarlo Levi, 1988 -- see Larinia.
A. riscoi (Archer, 1971) -- see Rubrepeira.
A. rubronigra (Mello-Leitão, 1939) -- see Rubrepeira.

In synonymy:
A. aestimabilis (Keyserling, 1892, T from Araneus) = A. championi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1988: 454).
A. albonotata (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Epeiroides) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 472).
A. albostriata (Keyserling, 1865) = A. leucogramma (White, 1841) (Levi, 1988: 391).
A. albostriata columbiana (Strand, 1915) = A. leucogramma (White, 1841) (Levi, 1988: 391).
A. albotaeniata (Mello-Leitão, 1942, T from Wixia) = A. rubellula (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 395).
A. borellii (Simon, 1897, T from Araneus) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).
A. carteri (Badcock, 1932, T from Araneus) = A. alticeps (Keyserling, 1879) (Levi, 1988: 415).
A. citrinella (Roewer, 1942, T from Metepeira) = A. citrina (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 418).
A. coniformis (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = A. conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1988: 462).
A. deliciosa (Keyserling, 1893, T from Araneus) = A. carminea (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 406).
A. designata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936, T from Araneus) = A. bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 387).
A. ensifera (Caporiacco, 1947, T from Edricus) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Caporiacco, 1954: 85, sub Subedricus nigropustulatus).
A. fissifasciata (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Wixia) = A. bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 387).
A. inexplicabilis (Badcock, 1932, T from Araneus) = A. rubellula (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 395).
A. multipunctata (Simon, 1895, T from Araneus, a nomen nudum that was erroneously listed by Roewer as valid) = A. tabula (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1988: 404).
A. mutata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936, T from Araneus) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 472).
A. nigropunctata (Mello-Leitão, 1941, T from Wixia) = A. rubellula (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 395).
A. nigropunctatula (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = A. calotypa (Chamberlin, 1916) (Levi, 1988: 461).
A. nigropustulata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) = A. truncata (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 472).
A. ocellifera (Mello-Leitão, 1945) = A. quadrilorata (Simon, 1897) (Levi, 1988: 467).
A. octomaculata (Mello-Leitão, 1945) = A. quadrilorata (Simon, 1897) (Levi, 1988: 467).
A. pantherina (Taczanowski, 1873, T from Araneus) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).
A. rhodomelas (Taczanowski, 1878, T from Araneus) = A. acuta (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 450).
A. roemeri (Strand, 1908) = A. navicula (L. Koch, 1871) (Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 25).
A. spinigera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Wixia) = A. bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 387).
A. taczanowskii (Simon, 1897, T from Araneus) = A. delicata (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1988: 458).
A. trisignata (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = A. trilineata (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1988: 445).
A. unguiformis (Keyserling, 1893, T from Metazygia) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).
A. wiedenmeyeri (Schenkel, 1953, T from Metepeira) = A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1988: 402).

mf acuta (Keyserling, 1865)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014480]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1865: 816, pl. 18, f. 13-14 (Df).
Epeira rhodomelas Taczanowski, 1878b: 147, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1893: 228, pl. 11, f. 169 (f).
Araneus acutus Simon, 1897e: 2.
Araneus rhodomelas Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Wixia a. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 261 (Tf from Araneus).
A. a. Levi, 1988: 450, f. 421-426 (Tf from Wixia, Dm, S).
A. a. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 175-177 (f).

mf albocincta (Mello-Leitão, 1945)....................Venezuela to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014481]
Epeirella a. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 236 (Dj from Argentina; N.B.: Brignoli's 1983c: 268 reference to E. albocincta Mello-Leitão, 1948: 169, m from Guyana, appears to be a lapsus for this taxon).
A. a. Levi, 1988: 466, f. 525-529 (Tj from Epeirella=Eriophora, Dmf).

mf almada Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014482]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 482, f. 635-639 (Dmf).
A. a. Levi, 2002: 547, f. 189-190 (m).

mf alticeps (Keyserling, 1879)....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014483]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1879: 311, pl. 4, f. 13 (Df).
Epeira undulata Bertkau, 1880a: 89, pl. 2, f. 32 (Df).
Epeira göldii Karsch, 1886b: 92, pl. 3, f. 9 (Dmf).
Araneus a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 278.
Araneus carteri Badcock, 1932: 25, f. 17 (Dmf).
Verrucosa a. Roewer, 1942a: 879.
A. a. Levi, 1976: 358 (Tmf from Verrucosa).
A. a. Levi, 1988: 415, f. 182-187 (mf, S).

f alto Levi, 1988....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014484]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 434, f. 320-323 (Df).

mf alvarengai Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014485]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 407, f. 128-133 (Dmf).

f amambay Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014486]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 429, f. 274-277 (Df).

mf anchicaya Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014487]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 474, f. 587-592 (Dmf).

f angra Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014488]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 468, f. 537-540 (Df).

mf antonio Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014489]
A. a. Levi, 1988: 446, f. 392-397 (Dmf).
A. a. Dierkens, 2014b: 15, f. 1, 38 (f).

mf arvoredo Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044647]
A. hoffmanni Levi, 1988: 400, f. 95-96 (m, misidentified).
A. a. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 263, f. 3-7 (Dmf).

f atomaria (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014490]
Salassina a. Simon, 1895a: 781 (Df).
Edricus atomarius Petrunkevitch, 1911: 337.
A. a. Levi, 1988: 458, f. 479-482 (Tf from Edricus).

mf banos Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014491]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 428, f. 261-266 (Dmf).
A. b. Dierkens, 2014b: 15, f. 2, 27 (m).

f biasii Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014492]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 422, f. 231-233 (Df).

mf bicornuta (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Costa Rica to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014493]
Epeira b. Taczanowski, 1878b: 168, pl. 2, f. 18 (Dmf).
Epeira spinigera O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 43, pl. 5, f. 9-10 (Df).
Epeira spinigera Keyserling, 1892: 131, pl. 7, f. 97 (f).
Epeira spinigera McCook, 1894: 191, pl. 14, f. 3-4 (f).
Araneus bicornutus Simon, 1895a: 818.
Aranea spinigera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 515, pl. 49, f. 16 (f).
Araneus spiniger Petrunkevitch, 1911: 317.
Araneus designatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 51, pl. 14, f. 126-127 (Df).
Wixia fissifasciata Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 244, f. 27 (Df).
Wixia spinigera Caporiacco, 1948a: 654 (Tf from Araneus).
A. b. Levi, 1988: 387, f. 9, 11-18 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. b. Dierkens, 2014b: 16, f. 3-4, 28, 39 (mf).

mf bischoffi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014494]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 424, f. 234-238 (Dmf).

m boa Levi, 1988....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014495]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 447, f. 408-409 (Dm).
A. b. Dierkens, 2014b: 16, f. 5, 29 (m).

m boraceia Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014496]
A. b. Levi, 1988: 436, f. 328-329 (Dm).

m cachimbo Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014497]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 400, f. 90-91 (Dm).

mf cali Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014498]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 477, f. 611-616 (Dmf).

mf calotypa (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014499]
Araneus c. Chamberlin, 1916: 256, pl. 19, f. 4 (Dmf).
Epeira nigropunctata Taczanowski, 1878b: 167, pl. 2, f. 17 (Dmf; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1871).
Araneus nigropunctatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Aranea nigropunctatula Roewer, 1942a: 848 (replacement name for Epeira nigropunctata).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 461, f. 501-505 (Tmf from Araneus, S).

f canela Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014500]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 421, f. 216-218 (Df).

mf canoa Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014501]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 439, f. 348-353 (Dmf).

mf caramba Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044648]
A. c. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 263, f. 8-12 (Dmf).

mf carminea (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014502]
Epeira c. Taczanowski, 1878b: 163, pl. 2, f. 14 (Df).
Epeira deliciosa Keyserling, 1893: 234, pl. 11, f. 274 (Dmf).
Araneus deliciosus Simon, 1897e: 2.
Araneus carmineus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 284.
Parepeira c. Mello-Leitão, 1942a: 429, f. 1 (Tf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 406, f. 122-127 (f, Sm).

m caxias Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014503]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 439, f. 346-347 (Dm).

f chaco Levi, 1988....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014504]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 408, f. 140-142 (Df).

mf championi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014505]
Epeira c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 42, pl. 5, f. 12-13 (Dmf).
Epeira aestimabilis Keyserling, 1892: 181, pl. 9, f. 133 (Df).
Aranea c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 517, pl. 50, f. 1-2 (mf).
Araneus aestimabilis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
Araneus c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285.
A. c. Levi, 1988: 454, f. 446-451 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. c. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 182-184 (f).

f chapada Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014506]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 402, f. 97-100 (Df).

mf chickeringi Levi, 1988....................Panama to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014507]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 480, f. 628-634 (Dmf).

f cisneros Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014508]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 476, f. 599-602 (Df).

mf citrina (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014509]
Epeira citrina Keyserling, 1892: 88, pl. 4, f. 66 (Df).
Araneus citrinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285.
Aranea citrinella Roewer, 1942a: 839 (superfluous replacement name for Epeira citrina Keyserling, preoccupied in Araneus by Fourcroy, 1785).
Metepeira c. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 187 (Tf from Araneus).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 418, f. 204-206 (Tf from Metepeira, S).
A. c. Rodrigues & Mendonça, 2011: 61, f. 1-4 (Dm).

mf conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 *....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014510]
A. conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 53, pl. 4, f. 3 (Df).
A. conica Keyserling, 1893: 281, pl. 14, f. 207 (f).
Aranea conica F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 519.
Araneus conicus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 286.
Aranea coniformis Roewer, 1942a: 839 (superfluous replacement name for A. conica, preoccupied in Araneus by Pallas, 1772).
A. c. Levi, 1988: 462, f. 506-511 (Tf from Araneus, Dm, S).

m constant Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014511]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 402, f. 101-102 (Dm).

mf coroico Levi, 1988....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014512]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 392, f. 39-43 (Dmf).

f costai Levi, 1988....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014513]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 464, f. 515-518 (Df).

f cuiaba Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014514]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 399, f. 86-89 (Df).

f cuyabeno Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014515]
A. c. Levi, 1988: 428, f. 267-270 (Df).

mf darlingtoni Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014516]
A. d. Levi, 1988: 468, f. 541-546 (Dmf).

f deborae Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Suriname, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014517]
A. d. Levi, 1988: 442, f. 364-366 (Df).
A. d. Dierkens, 2014b: 16, f. 6, 40 (f).

mf delicata (Keyserling, 1892)....................Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014518]
Epeira d. Keyserling, 1892: 183, pl. 9, f. 135 (Dmf).
Araneus taczanowskii Simon, 1897b: 473 (Df).
Araneus delicatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 288.
A. d. Levi, 1988: 458, f. 472-478 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
A. d. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 7-8, 30, 41 (mf).

mf dominica Levi, 1988....................Lesser Antilles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014519]
A. d. Levi, 1988: 410, f. 147-153 (Dmf).

f eberhardi Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014520]
A. e. Levi, 1988: 470, f. 555-558 (Df).

f elegantula (Archer, 1965)....................Martinique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014521]
Lariniacantha e. Archer, 1965b: 132, f. 8-9 (Df).
A. e. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.
A. e. Levi, 1988: 410, f. 143-146 (f).

f ericae Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014522]
A. e. Levi, 1988: 460, f. 486-490 (Df).

f erythrothorax (Taczanowski, 1873)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014523]
Singa e. Taczanowski, 1873: 126 (Dmf).
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
A. e. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tmf from Singa).
A. e. Levi, 1988: 444, f. 376-378 (f; m of Taczanowski = A. leucogramma).

mf gallardoi Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014524]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 432, f. 300-305 (Dmf).

f gracia Levi, 1988....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014525]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 464, f. 512-514 (Df).

mf graphica (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014526]
Epeira g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 22, pl. 7, f. 16 (Dm).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1892: 121, pl. 6, f. 89 (m).
Aranea g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 518, pl. 51, f. 2 (m).
Araneus graphicus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294.
Metazygia g. Caporiacco, 1948a: 661 (Tm from Araneus, Df).
A. g. Levi, 1988: 453, f. 435-439 (Tmf from Metazygia).

mf grayi (Blackwall, 1863)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014527]
Epeira grayii Blackwall, 1863a: 34 (Dmf).
Epeira veles Keyserling, 1879: 310, pl. 4, f. 12 (Df).
Araneus g. Simon, 1897e: 1.
Wixia g. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 251 (Tmf from Araneus).
Lariniacantha g. Archer, 1951a: 15, f. 38-40 (Tmf from Wixia).
A. g. Levi, 1976: 388.
A. g. Levi, 1988: 394, f. 10, 44-49 (mf).
A. g. Levi, 2002: 557, f. 291-292 (m).

mf guimaraes Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014528]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 390, f. 19-24 (Dmf).

m gurupi Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014529]
A. g. Levi, 1988: 429, f. 278-279 (Dm).

mf guto Abrahim & Bonaldo, 2008....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042274]
A. g. Abrahim & Bonaldo, 2008: 398, f. 1-4 (Dmf).

f haligera (Archer, 1971)....................Peru, Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014530]
Lariniacantha h. Archer, 1971: 159, f. 5 (Df).
A. h. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.
A. h. Levi, 1988: 426, f. 257-260 (f).

f hartliebi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014531]
A. h. Levi, 1988: 430, f. 294-297 (Df).

mf hoffmanni Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014532]
A. h. Levi, 1988: 400, f. 92-94 (Df; not m, =A. arvoredo).
A. h. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 262, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f holmbergi Levi, 1988....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014533]
A. h. Levi, 1988: 408, f. 134-137 (Df).

mf iguazu Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014534]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 436, f. 330-335 (Dmf).

f iquitos Levi, 1988....................Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014535]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 416, f. 194-197 (Df).
A. i. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 9, 42 (f).

mf itacolomi Santos & Santos, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042906]
A. i. Santos & Santos, 2010: 62, f. 1-2, 5-7 (Dmf).

f itapua Levi, 1988....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014536]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 433, f. 310-312 (Df).

mf itauba Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014537]
A. i. Levi, 1988: 445, f. 386-391 (Dmf).

m jacaranda Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014538]
A. j. Levi, 1988: 432, f. 298-299 (Dm).

f kartabo Levi, 1988....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014539]
A. k. Levi, 1988: 399, f. 80-83 (Df).

mf keyserlingi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014540]
A. k. Levi, 1988: 398, f. 69-74 (Dmf).

mf kochalkai Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014541]
A. k. Levi, 1988: 416, f. 191-193 (Df).
A. k. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 264, f. 13-14 (Dm).

m lanei Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014542]
A. l. Levi, 1988: 412, f. 170-171 (Dm).

mf latro (Fabricius, 1775)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014543]
Aranea l. Fabricius, 1775: 412 (D).
Aranea l. Olivier, 1789: 233 (D).
Epeira l. Walckenaer, 1841: 113 (Df).
Miranda l. C. L. Koch, 1844: 158, f. 933 (Dm).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1878a: 574, pl. 14, f. 3 (f).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1892: 197, pl. 9, f. 146 (f).
Araneus l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 299.
Drexellia l. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 177 (Tmf from Araneus, lapsus).
Lariniacantha l. Archer, 1951a: 15 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. l. Levi, 1988: 414, f. 175-181 (mf).

mf leucogramma (White, 1841)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014544]
Epeira (Singa) l. White, 1841: 474 (Df).
Epeira albostriata Keyserling, 1865: 815, pl. 19, f. 27-28 (Df).
Epeira albostriata Keyserling, 1893: 258, pl. 13, f. 193 (f, Dm).
Aranea albostriata Tullgren, 1905: 34, pl. 5, f. 11 (f).
Araneus leucogrammus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 301.
Aranea albostriata columbiana Strand, 1916b: 110 (Df).
Parepeira albostriata Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 41.
Parepeira albostriata Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321 (S).
Cercidia albostriata Archer, 1951a: 42 (Tmf from Parepeira=Alpaida).
A. l. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
Lariniacantha albostriata Levi, 1975b: 113 (Tmf from Cercidia).
A. l. Levi, 1988: 391, f. 1-6, 32-38 (f, Sm).
A. l. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 178-181 (f).
A. l. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 10, 31 (m).

mf lomba Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014545]
A. l. Levi, 1988: 421, f. 219-222 (Df).
A. l. Buckup & Rodrigues, 2011: 264, f. 15-16 (Dm).

mf lubinae Levi, 1988....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014546]
A. l. Levi, 1988: 442, f. 367-373 (Dmf).

f machala Levi, 1988....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014547]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 470, f. 559-563 (Df).

f madeira Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014548]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 468, f. 547-550 (Df).

mf manicata Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014549]
Araneus manicatus Simon, 1895a: 822 (nomen nudum).
A. m. Levi, 1988: 420, f. 210-215 (Dmf).

f marmorata (Taczanowski, 1873)....................Ecuador, Peru, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014550]
Singa m. Taczanowski, 1873: 125 (Df).
Araneus m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 301.
A. m. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
A. m. Levi, 1988: 429, f. 280-288 (f).

mf marta Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014551]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 478, f. 623-627 (Dmf).

f mato Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014552]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 422, f. 228-230 (Df).

mf moata (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014553]
Araneus moatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 47, pl. 14, f. 125 (Df).
A. m. Levi, 1988: 448, f. 415-420 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

f moka Levi, 1988....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014554]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 426, f. 253-256 (Df).

mf monzon Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014555]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 398, f. 75-79 (Dmf).

f monzon audiberti Dierkens, 2014b....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046664]
A. m. i. Dierkens, 2014b: 17, f. 11-12, 43 (Df).

f morro Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014556]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 412, f. 166-169 (Df).

f muco Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014557]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 466, f. 519-522 (Df).

m murtinho Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014558]
A. m. Levi, 1988: 399, f. 84-85 (Dm).

f nadleri Levi, 1988....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014559]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 474, f. 583-586 (Df).

f nancho Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014560]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 456, f. 468-471 (Df).

f narino Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014561]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 428, f. 271-273 (Df).

m natal Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014562]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 422, f. 226-227 (Dm).

f navicula (L. Koch, 1871)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015049]
Epeira n. L. Koch, 1871: 102, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df).
Aranea roemeri Strand, 1908c: 3 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014575].
A. roemeri Levi, 1988: 469, f. 551-554 (Tf from Araneus).
A. n. Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 25, f. 3A-B (Tf from Araneus, S).

mf negro Levi, 1988....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014563]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 448, f. 410-414 (Dmf).

f nigrofrenata (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014564]
Araneus nigrofrenatus Simon, 1895a: 816 (Df).
A. n. Levi, 1988: 421, f. 223-225 (Tf from Araneus).

mf niveosigillata (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014565]
Singa n. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 260, f. 1 (Df).
A. n. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
A. niveosagillata Levi, 1988: 446, f. 398-403 (f, Dm).

mf nonoai Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014566]
A. n. Levi, 1988: 478, f. 617-622 (Dmf).

mf octolobata Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014567]
A. o. Levi, 1988: 460, f. 483-485 (Df).
A. o. Rodrigues & Mendonça, 2011: 61, f. 5-8 (Dm).

m oliverioi (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014568]
Cyclosa o. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 369, f. 22 (Dm).
A. o. Levi, 1999: 310 (Tm from Cyclosa; N.B.: both palpi lost).

f orgaos Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014569]
A. o. Levi, 1988: 424, f. 239-242 (Df).

f oyapockensis Dierkens, 2014b....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046665]
A. o. Dierkens, 2014b: 19, f. 13-14, 44 (Df).

mf pedro Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014570]
A. p. Levi, 1988: 425, f. 246-252 (Dmf).

f picchu Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014571]
A. p. Levi, 1988: 433, f. 313-316 (Df).

mf quadrilorata (Simon, 1897)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014572]
Araneus quadriloratus Simon, 1897e: 5 (Df).
Cercidia octomaculata Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 236, f. 10 (Df).
Parepeira ocellifera Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 241, f. 19 (Dm).
A. octomaculata Levi, 1975b: 113 (Tf from Cercidia).
A. ocellifera Brignoli, 1983c: 256.
A. q. Levi, 1988: 467, f. 530-536 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).

mf queremal Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014573]
A. q. Levi, 1988: 470, f. 564-569 (Dmf).

mf rioja Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014574]
A. r. Levi, 1988: 406, f. 116-121 (Dmf).

mf rosa Levi, 1988....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014576]
A. r. Levi, 1988: 461, f. 495-500 (Dmf).

f rossi Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014577]
A. r. Levi, 1988: 447, f. 404-407 (Df).

mf rostratula (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014578]
Epeira r. Keyserling, 1892: 82, pl. 4, f. 62 (Dm).
Araneus rostratulus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Wixia r. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tm from Araneus).
A. r. Levi, 1988: 394, f. 50-56 (Tm from Wixia, Df).

mf rubellula (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014579]
Epeira r. Keyserling, 1892: 81, pl. 4, f. 61 (Df).
Araneus rubellulus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Araneus inexplicabilis Badcock, 1932: 23, f. 16 (Df).
Wixia nigropunctata Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 214, f. 21-22 (Df).
Wixia albotaeniata Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 403, f. 25-26 (Df).
Wixia r. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tf from Araneus).
A. r. Levi, 1988: 395, f. 57-62 (Tf from Wixia, Dm, S).

f sandrei (Simon, 1895)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014580]
Araneus s. Simon, 1895a: 816 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1988: 420, f. 207-209 (Tf from Araneus).

m santosi Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014581]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 408, f. 138-139 (Dm).

m schneblei Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014582]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 477, f. 603-604 (Dm).

mf scriba (Mello-Leitão, 1940)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014583]
Drexelia s. Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 203 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1988: 416, f. 188-190 (Tf from Drexelia=Larinia).
A. s. Buckup & Meyer, 1993: 353, f. 1-3 (Dm).

mf septemmammata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014584]
Epeira septem-mammata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 42, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1892: 89, pl. 4, f. 67 (f).
Aranea s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 514, pl. 49, f. 15 (f).
Araneus septemmammatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 315.
A. s. Levi, 1988: 452, f. 427-434 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).
A. s. Dierkens, 2014b: 21, f. 15, 32 (m).

f sevilla Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014585]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 434, f. 317-319 (Df).

mf silencio Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014586]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 477, f. 605-610 (Dmf).

mf simla Levi, 1988....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014587]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 430, f. 289-293 (Dmf).

f sobradinho Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014588]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 433, f. 306-309 (Df).

f sulphurea (Taczanowski, 1873)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014589]
Nephila s. Taczanowski, 1873: 148 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1988: 482, f. 640-643 (removed f from S of Nephila clavipes cornuta).

f sumare Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014590]
A. s. Levi, 1988: 425, f. 243-245 (Df).

mf tabula (Simon, 1895)....................Guyana to Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014591]
Araneus t. Simon, 1895a: 815, f. 867 (Df).
Araneus multipunctatus Simon, 1895a: 815 (nomen nudum).
Wixia t. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 261 (Tf from Araneus).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 404, f. 110-115 (Tf from Wixia, Dm, S).
A. t. Dierkens, 2014b: 21, f. 16, 45 (f).

mf tayos Levi, 1988....................Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014592]
A. t. Levi, 1988: 456, f. 458-467 (Dmf).
A. t. Dierkens, 2014b: 21, f. 17-18, 33, 46 (mf).

mf teresinha Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046223]
A. t. Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013: 325, f. 1-2, 5-7 (Dmf).

f thaxteri Levi, 1988....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014593]
A. t. Levi, 1988: 436, f. 324-327 (Df).

mf tijuca Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014594]
A. t. Levi, 1988: 438, f. 336-341 (Dmf).

mf toninho Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046224]
A. t. Braga-Pereira & Santos, 2013: 325, f. 3-4, 8-16 (Dmf).

mf tonze Santos & Santos, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042907]
A. t. Santos & Santos, 2010: 64, f. 3-4, 8-10 (Dmf).

mf trilineata (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014595]
Epeira trilineata Taczanowski, 1878b: 162, pl. 2, f. 13 (Dmf; preoccupied by Linnaeus, 1767 sub Aranea).
Araneus trilineatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 320.
Aranea trisignata Roewer, 1942a: 854 (replacement name for Epeira trilineata).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 445, f. 381-385 (Tmf from Araneus, S).

mf trispinosa (Keyserling, 1892)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014596]
Epeira grayi Keyserling, 1865: 809, pl. 18, f. 9-10 (f, misidentified).
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1892: 78, pl. 4, f. 59 (Dmf).
Epeira grayi Keyserling, 1892: 79, pl. 4, f. 60 (f, misidentified).
Araneus trispinosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 320.
Wixia t. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 396, f. 63-68 (Tmf from Wixia).
A. t. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 72-74 (f).

mf truncata (Keyserling, 1865)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014597]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1865: 807, pl. 19, f. 21-22 (Df).
Epeira elegantissima Taczanowski, 1878b: 170, pl. 2, f. 19 (Df).
Epeira cylindrica Taczanowski, 1878b: 171, pl. 2, f. 20-21 (Dmf).
Epeira nigropustulata O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 111, pl. 15, f. 5 (Dj)
Araneus truncatus Simon, 1895a: 811.
Aranea nigropustulata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 516, pl. 49, f. 22 (j).
Araneus nigropustulatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Edricus truncatus Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 36.
Araneus mutatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 46, pl. 14, f. 128-129 (Df).
Pickardiana t. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 192 (Tmf from Edricus).
Epeiroides albonotatus Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 237 (Df).
Edricus ensifer Caporiacco, 1947a: 25 (Dm).
Edricus ensifer Caporiacco, 1948a: 658, f. 66 (m).
Subaraneus nigropustulatus Caporiacco, 1948a: 662 (Tj from Araneus, Df).
Edricus t. Schenkel, 1953a: 23, f. 21a-c (m).
Subedricus nigropustulatus Caporiacco, 1954: 85 (Tf from Subaraneus, Sm).
A. nigropustulata Levi, 1976: 388.
A. t. Levi, 1988: 472, f. 570-578 (mf, S).
A. t. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 75-77, 260-261 (mf).
A. t. Dierkens, 2014b: 22, f. 19-20, 34, 47 (mf).

f truncata obscura (Caporiacco, 1948)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014598]
Subaraneus nigropustulatus obscurus Caporiacco, 1948a: 662 (Df).
Subedricus nigropustulatus obscurus Caporiacco, 1954: 85 (Tf from Subaraneus).
A. nigropustulata o. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.

f truncata sexmaculata (Caporiacco, 1948)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014599]
Subaraneus nigropustulatus sexmaculatus Caporiacco, 1948a: 662 (Df).
Subedricus nigropustulatus sexmaculatus Caporiacco, 1954: 85 (Tf from Subaraneus).
A. nigropustulata s. Brignoli, 1983c: 256.

m tullgreni (Caporiacco, 1955)....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014600]
Parawixia t. Caporiacco, 1955: 348, f. 31a-c (Dm).
A. t. Levi, 1992b: 8 (Tm from Parawixia).
A. t. Levi, 1993a: 234, f. 26-27 (m).

mf tuonabo (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014601]
Araneus t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 50, pl. 14, f. 130 (Df).
A. t. Levi, 1988: 474, f. 593-598 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

mf urucuca Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014602]
A. u. Levi, 1988: 454, f. 440-445 (Dmf).

mf utcuyacu Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014603]
A. u. Levi, 1988: 390, f. 25-31 (Dmf).

m utiariti Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014604]
A. u. Levi, 1988: 466, f. 523-524 (Dm).

mf vanzolinii Levi, 1988....................Peru, Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014605]
A. v. Levi, 1988: 411, f. 160-165 (Dmf).

mf variabilis (Keyserling, 1864)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014606]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1864: 126, pl. 6, f. 1-4 (Df).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1893: 249, pl. 12, f. 185 (f, Dm).
Araneus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
Neoscona v. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 257 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. v. Levi, 1988: 418, f. 198-203 (Tmf from Neoscona).

mf veniliae (Keyserling, 1865)....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014607]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1865: 817, pl. 19, f. 23-24 (Dmf).
Epeira pantherina Taczanowski, 1873: 132 (Dmf).
Epeira unguiformis Keyserling, 1893: 237, pl. 11, f. 177 (Df).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1893: 256, pl. 13, f. 191 (mf).
Araneus borellii Simon, 1897e: 6 (Df).
Aranea v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 516, pl. 49, f. 23-24 (mf).
Aranea borelli Tullgren, 1905: 32, pl. 4, f. 10 (f, Dm).
Araneus pantherinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 308.
Araneus unguiformis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
Araneus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
Neoscona borelli Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 40.
Metazygia unguiformis Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 187 (Tf from Araneus).
Subaraneus v. Caporiacco, 1948a: 661 (Tmf from Araneus).
Lariniacantha v. Archer, 1951a: 15 (Tmf from Subaraneus).
Metepeira wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953a: 22, f. 20 (Dm).
A. v. Levi, 1976: 388.
A. v. Levi, 1988: 402, f. 103-109 (mf, S).
A. v. Dierkens, 2014b: 22, f. 21-22, 35, 48 (mf).

m vera Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014608]
A. v. Levi, 1988: 444, f. 379-380 (Dm).

mf versicolor (Keyserling, 1877)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014609]
Cercidia v. Keyserling, 1877b: 86, pl. 3, f. 2 (Df).
Cercidia v. Keyserling, 1892: 38, pl. 2, f. 33 (f, Dm).
Araneus v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
A. v. Levi, 1988: 411, f. 154-159 (Tmf from Cercidia).

f wenzeli (Simon, 1897)....................St. Vincent [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014610]
Araneus w. Simon, 1897d: 874 (Df).
A. w. Levi, 1988: 438, f. 342-345 (Tf from Araneus).

f weyrauchi Levi, 1988....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014611]
A. w. Levi, 1988: 440, f. 360-363 (Df).

mf xavantina Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014612]
A. x. Levi, 1988: 455, f. 452-457 (Dmf).

f yotoco Levi, 1988....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014613]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 473, f. 579-582 (Df).

f yucuma Levi, 1988....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014614]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 460, f. 491-494 (Df).

m yungas Levi, 1988....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014615]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 444, f. 374-375 (Dm).

mf yuto Levi, 1988....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014616]
A. y. Levi, 1988: 440, f. 354-359 (Dmf).

Gen. Amazonepeira Levi, 1989 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01437]

A. Levi, 1989: 97, type A. herrera Levi, 1989.

mf beno Levi, 1994....................Ecuador, Brazil, Suriname [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014617]
A. b. Levi, 1994: 238, f. 48-52 (Dmf).
A. b. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 142-143 (f).

mf callaria (Levi, 1991)....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014618]
Aculepeira c. Levi, 1991a: 303, f. 564-565 (Dm).
A. c. Levi, 1994: 236, f. 28-40 (Tm from Aculepeira, Df; N.B.: m from Ecuador of Levi, 1991 belongs to A. masaka).

mf herrera Levi, 1989 *....................Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014619]
A. h. Levi, 1989: 98, f. 56-60 (Dmf).
A. h. Levi, 1994: 235, f. 15-23 (mf).
A. h. Levi, 2002: 559, f. 309 (m).

f manaus Levi, 1994....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014620]
A. m. Levi, 1994: 236, f. 24-27 (Df).

mf masaka Levi, 1994....................Ecuador, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014621]
A. m. Levi, 1994: 237, f. 41-47 (Dmf).
A. m. Levi, 2002: 547, f. 198 (m).

Gen. Anepsion Strand, 1929 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01438]

N.B.: replacement name (omitted by Roewer) for Anepsia L. Koch, 1871, preoccupied.

In synonymy:
A. japonicum Yaginuma, 1962 = A. japonicum (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Chotwong et al., 2013: 92).

f buchi Chrysanthus, 1969....................New Guinea, Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014622]
A. b. Chrysanthus, 1969: 35, f. 13-14 (Df).
A. b. Chrysanthus, 1971: 34, f. 67-68 (f).

mf depressum (Thorell, 1877)....................China, Myanmar to Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014623]
Paraplectana depressa Thorell, 1877b: 353 (Df).
Anepsia depressa Simon, 1895a: 868, f. 930.
A. d. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 466, f. 13-17 (f).
A. d. Chrysanthus, 1969: 32, f. 3-5 (Dm).
A. d. Zhu et al., 1994: 26, f. 1A-C (f).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 116, f. 41a-c (f).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 133O-P, 146C (f).
A. d. Chotwong et al., 2013: 91, f. 2-4, 9-11 (mf).

f depressum birmanicum (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014624]
Paraplectana depressa birmanica Thorell, 1895: 208 (Df).
A. d. b. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 466, f. 18 (f).

f fuscolimbatum (Simon, 1901)....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014625]
Anepsia fuscolimbata Simon, 1901k: 61 (Df).
A. f. Chrysanthus, 1969: 32, f. 1-2 (f).

f hammeni Chrysanthus, 1969....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014626]
A. h. Chrysanthus, 1969: 33, f. 6-7 (Df).
A. h. Chrysanthus, 1971: 33, f. 65-66 (f).

f jacobsoni Chrysanthus, 1961....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014627]
A. j. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 467, f. 19-21 (Df).

mf japonicum (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Thailand, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016870]
Paraplectana japonica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 242, pl. 15, f. 424 (Dj).
Anepsium j. Yaginuma, 1962b: 134, f. 6-8 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014628].
A. j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 123, f. 65.1 (m).
A. j. Yin et al., 1997d: 117, f. 42a-c (m).
A. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134B-C, 146D (m).
A. j. Tanikawa, 2007c: 55, f. 485 (m).
A. j. Tanikawa, 2009: 433, f. 67 (m).
A. j. Chotwong et al., 2013: 92, f. 5-8, 12-14 (Tj from Paraplectana, Sm, Df).

f maculatum (Thorell, 1897)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014629]
Anepsia maculata Thorell, 1897b: 11 (Df).
A. m. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 469, f. 31-32 (f).

mf maritatum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1877)....................Sri Lanka, China to Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014630]
Paraplectana maritata O. P.-Cambridge, 1877c: 32, pl. 7, f. 7 (Dmf).
Paraplectana picta Thorell, 1877b: 356 (Df).
Paraplectana picta Thorell, 1878b: 19 (Dm).
Paraplectana nigroanalis Hasselt, 1882: 15, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
Anepsia maritata Simon, 1905c: 63.
A. m. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 465, f. 3-10 (mf).
A. m. Yaginuma & Wen, 1983: 196, f. 4A-B (f).
A. m. Song, 1987: 158, f. 118 (f).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 118, f. 43a-b (f).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134A, 146E (f).

mf peltoides (Thorell, 1878)....................Australia, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014631]
Paraplectana p. Thorell, 1878b: 21 (Dj).
Paraplectana p. Strand, 1911d: 155 (Df).
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 469, f. 33-34 (f).
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1969: 33, f. 9, 11 (Dm).
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1971: 33, f. 62-64 (mf).
A. p. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 23 (mf).

f reimoseri Chrysanthus, 1961....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014632]
A. r. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 469, f. 35-36 (Df).

mf rhomboides (L. Koch, 1867) *....................Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014633]
Epeira r. L. Koch, 1867b: 177 (Dmf).
Anepsia r. L. Koch, 1871: 46, pl. 3, f. 8-9 (mf).
A. r. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 465, f. 1-2 (f).
A. r. Chrysanthus, 1969: 31, f. 10 (m).

mf roeweri Chrysanthus, 1961....................Taiwan, Philippines, Riouw Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014634]
A. r. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 467, f. 22-27 (Dmf).
A. r. Yoshida, 1991a: 1, f. 1-8 (mf).

f semialbum (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014635]
Paraplectana semialba Simon, 1880i: 168 (Df).
A. s. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 466, f. 11-12 (f).

f villosum (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014636]
Paraplectana villosa Thorell, 1877b: 359 (Df).
A. v. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 468, f. 28-30 (f).

mf wichmanni (Kulczyn'ski, 1911)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014637]
Anepsia wichmannii Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 500, pl. 20, f. 59 (Df).
A. w. Chrysanthus, 1961a: 470, f. 37-40 (f, Dm).
A. w. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 207, f. 54-56, 69 (mf).
A. w. Chrysanthus, 1969: 37, f. 12 (m).

f wolffi Chrysanthus, 1969....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014638]
A. w. Chrysanthus, 1969: 35, f. 15-16 (Df).

Gen. Arachnura Vinson, 1863 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01439]

Nomen nudum:
A. nipponica Kishida (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 251).

f angura Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014639]
A. a. Tikader, 1970: 31, f. 19a-b (Df).
A. a. Tikader, 1982a: 210, f. 411-413 (f).
A. a. Kulkarni & Deshpande, 2012b: 113, f. 1-4 (f).

f caudatella Roewer, 1942....................New Guinea, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014640]
Epeira caudata Bradley, 1876a: 147, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df; preoccupied by Hentz, 1850).
A. caudata Simon, 1895a: 777.
A. c. Roewer, 1942a: 752 (replacement name).

mf feredayi (L. Koch, 1872)....................Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014641]
Epeira f. L. Koch, 1872a: 122, pl. 11, f. 2 (Df).
A. nigrita Urquhart, 1885: 37 (Df).
A. obtusa Urquhart, 1885: 37 (Df).
A. f. Hickman, 1926: 182, pl. 15, f. 7 (Dm).
A. f. Dondale, 1966: 1160, f. 1G-J (f).
A. f. Uyemura, 1976a: 13, f. 7 (f).

mf heptotubercula Yin, Hu & Wang, 1983....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014642]
A. h. Yin, Hu & Wang, 1983: 1, f. 1A-F, 2A-c (Dmf).
A. h. Feng, 1990: 51, f. 26.1-9 (mf).
A. h. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 100, f. 93.1-7, 94.1-4 (mf).
A. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 120, f. 44a-j (mf).
A. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134D-E, H-I, 146F-G (mf).
A. h. Yin et al., 2012: 593, f. 285a-j (mf).

mf higginsi (L. Koch, 1872)....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014643]
Epeira higginsii L. Koch, 1872a: 120, pl. 11, f. 1 (Df).
A. h. Simon, 1895a: 776, f. 848.
A. h. Butler, 1933: 279, pl. 17, f. 1.
A. h. Hickman, 1967: 60, f. 104-105 (f, Dm).
A. h. Uyemura, 1976a: 13, f. 7 (f).
A. h. Uyemura, 1976b: 23, f. 1.1, 3, 5, 2.3-5, 3.2, 4.2 (f).
A. higginsii Davies, 1988b: 320, f. 41 (f, Dm).

mf logio Yaginuma, 1956....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014644]
A. l. Yaginuma, 1956a: 1, f. 1-14 (Dmf).
A. l. Yaginuma, 1960: 66, f. 62 (mf).
A. l. Yaginuma, 1971: 66, f. 62 (mf).
A. l. Hu, 1984: 101, f. 96.1-3 (mf).
A. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 116, f. 61.1 (mf).
A. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 77, f. 45 (mf).
A. l. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 99, f. 92.1-2 (mf).
A. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 121, f. 45a-d (m).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134J, 146H-I (m).
A. l. Kim & Yoo, 2007: 93, f. 1a-b (f).
A. l. Shin, 2007: 169, f. 13A-I (mf).
A. l. Tanikawa, 2007c: 42, f. 2-3, 423-424 (mf).
A. l. Kim, Shin & Park, 2008: 66, f. 1a-b (f).
A. l. Tanikawa, 2009: 423, f. 13-14 (mf).

mf melanura Simon, 1867....................India to Japan and Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014645]
A. m. Simon, 1867: 17 (Df).
A. digitata Thorell, 1877b: 410 (Df).
A. m. Simon, 1895a: 776, f. 847 (f).
A. m. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 203, f. 39-41, 68 (f).
A. m. Tanikawa, 1991a: 12, f. 1-6 (f, Dm).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 122, f. 46a-d (f).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134F-G, 146J (f).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 42, f. 4-5, 425-427 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 423, f. 15-16 (mf).
A. m. Yin et al., 2012: 594, f. 286a-d (f).

f perfissa (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014646]
Epeira p. Thorell, 1895: 175 (Dj).
A. p. Thorell, 1898: 343 (Df).

m pygmaea (Thorell, 1890)....................Nias Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014647]
Poltys pygmaeus Thorell, 1890b: 29 (Dm).
A. p. Simon, 1895a: 777.

f quinqueapicata Strand, 1911....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014648]
A. q. Strand, 1911d: 148, pl. 5, f. 50 (Df).

f scorpionoides Vinson, 1863 *....................Congo, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014649]
Arachnoura s. Vinson, 1863: 291, 310, pl. 13, f. 1 (Df).
Hapalochrota caudata Keyserling, 1864: 82, pl. 3, f. 6-11 (Df).
A. scorpionides Uyemura, 1976b: 26, f. 1.2, 4, 6, 2.1-2, 3.1, 4.1 (f).
A. s. Saaristo, 2010: 33, f. 4.1-2 (f).

f simoni Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014650]
A. s. Berland, 1924a: 218, f. 122-123 (Df).

f spinosa (Saito, 1933)....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014651]
Cyclosa s. Saito, 1933b: 52, pl. 3, f. 33 (Df).
A. s. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 51 (Tf from Cyclosa, after Yoshida, 1978).

Gen. Araneus Clerck, 1757 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01440]

N.B.: generic name validated by ICZN Direction 104, type species designated by ICZN Opinion 2224; not a senior synonym of Alpaida O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1976: 388) or Molinaranea Mello-Leitão, 1940g: 237, type M. molinai Mello-Leitão, 1940 [=M. cinaberina (Nicolet, 1849)] (Levi, 1991a: 177, contra Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1963: 107); considered a senior synonym of Cathaistela Archer, 1958: 16, type Araneus ventricosus (L. Koch, 1878) by Yaginuma, 1959c: 28 (N.B.: spelling Catheisthela in Brignoli, 1983c: 250 is a lapsus); of Amamrotypus Archer, 1951a: 17, type A. mammatus Archer, 1951, Cambridgepeira Archer, 1951b: 2, type Araneus detrimentosus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889), Conaranea Archer, 1951b: 5, type Araneus excelsus (Banks, 1896) [=A. bispinosus (Keyserling, 1885)] (considered instead a junior synonym of Atea C. L. Koch, 1837 by Archer, 1951c: 3), Conepeira Archer, 1951b: 12, type Araneus miniatus (Walckenaer, 1841) and Neosconella F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903 (contra Archer, 1951a: 38) by Levi, 1973: 478; and of Atea C. L. Koch, 1837 by Levi, 1991a: 171, contra Grasshoff, 1976: 150.

Transferred to other genera:
A. aballensis albozonatus Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. aballensis angustifolius Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. aballensis bimaculatus Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. aballensis foliatus Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. aballensis nigricans Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. aballensis subconcolor Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. abscissus (Karsch, 1879) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. acacesiiformis Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Eriophora.
A. accentuatus Thorell, 1899 -- see Neoscona.
A. achine Simon, 1906 -- see Neoscona.
A. acinctus (Urquhart, 1890) -- see Zealaranea.
A. aculifer (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Aculepeira.
A. acutus (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Alpaida.
A. adiantoides (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Neoscona.
A. adiantus (Walckenaer, 1802) -- see Neoscona.
A. advena Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Parawixia.
A. aequiangulus Franganillo, 1930 -- see Verrucosa.
A. aequiangulus ochraceus Franganillo, 1930 -- see Verrucosa.
A. aestimabilis (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Alpaida.
A. aestivus (Urquhart, 1892) -- see Zealaranea.
A. affinitatus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Molinaranea.
A. agriliformis (Taczanowski, 1879) -- see Micrathena.
A. airensis Denis, 1955 -- see Neoscona.
A. akeholmi Brignoli, 1983 -- see Tatepeira.
A. alberti Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. albini (Scopoli, 1763) -- see Linyphia under Linyphiidae.
A. albiscutum (Urquhart, 1889) -- see Zealaranea.
A. albisectus Mello-Leitão, 1936 -- see Ocrepeira.
A. albiventer (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Eustala.
A. albobitriangulosus (Caporiacco, 1939) -- see Neoscona.
A. albolineatus (Urquhart, 1892) -- see Cryptaranea.
A. alboniger (Franganillo, 1931) -- see Larinia.
A. albopunctatus (Taczanowski, 1879) -- see Ocrepeira.
A. albostrictus (Urquhart, 1889) -- see Zealaranea.
A. albovittatus (Mello-Leitão, 1941) -- see Aculepeira.
A. alpicus (L. Koch, 1869) -- see Araniella.
A. alternidens Schenkel, 1936 -- see Neoscona.
A. amulensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Neoscona.
A. angulatulus Schenkel, 1937 -- see Neoscona.
A. angulopictus Schenkel, 1953 -- see Alenatea.
A. angusticlavus (Urquhart, 1892) -- see Zealaranea.
A. annulatus (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Backobourkia.
A. annulellus (Strand, 1907) -- see Neoscona.
A. annulipedatus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Neoscona.
A. arabescus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Neoscona.
A. arcopictus Schenkel, 1953 -- see Alenatea.
A. argyronotus Mello-Leitão, 1939 -- see Eriophora.
A. armida (Audouin, 1826) -- see Aculepeira.
A. artifex (Tullgren, 1910) -- see Neoscona.
A. asbenicus Denis, 1955 -- see Pararaneus.
A. astridae (Strand, 1917) -- see Plebs.
A. atrihastulus (Urquhart, 1890) -- see Cryptaranea.
A. aureus (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
A. australasia (Griffith & Pidgeon, 1833) -- see Poecilopachys.
A. aysenensis Tullgren, 1902 -- see Molinaranea.
A. baotianmanensis Hu, Wang & Wang, 1991 -- see Plebs.
A. benjaminus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Neoscona.
A. bettoni Pocock, 1898 -- see Neoscona.
A. bialbimacula (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Zealaranea.
A. biapicatus (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Eriophora.
A. bicaudatus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Nicolepeira.
A. bicoloratus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Parawixia.
A. bicornis (Lepechin, 1774) -- see Gibbaranea bituberculata.
A. bicornutus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) -- see Gibbaranea bituberculata.
A. bicornutus (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Alpaida.
A. bioculatus Thorell, 1899 -- see Neoscona.
A. bituberculatus (Walckenaer, 1802) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. blandus (Blackwall, 1865) -- see Neoscona.
A. blatteus (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Eriophora.
A. blondeli (Simon, 1885) -- see Neoscona.
A. borellii Simon, 1897 -- see Alpaida.
A. bradleyi (Keyserling, 1887) -- see Plebs.
A. brouni (Urquhart, 1885) -- see Backobourkia.
A. brouni olivinius (Urquhart, 1889) -- see Zealaranea.
A. bucheti Lessert, 1930 -- see Neoscona.
A. calciope Simon, 1895 -- see Chorizopes.
A. calix (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Metazygia.
A. calotypus (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Alpaida.
A. canestrinii (Thorell, 1873) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. capitalis (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Eriophora.
A. caputlupi (Doleschall, 1859) -- see Parawixia.
A. carbonarioides (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Aculepeira.
A. carbonarius (L. Koch, 1869) -- see Aculepeira.
A. carbonarius sinensis Schenkel, 1953 -- see Aculepeira.
A. carenatus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Nicolepeira.
A. carmineus (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Alpaida.
A. carolinalis (Archer, 1951) -- see Metazygia.
A. carteri Badcock, 1932 -- see Alpaida.
A. castaneoscutatus Simon, 1895 -- see Metazygia.
A. catawba (Banks, 1911) -- see Colphepeira.
A. caudacutus (Taczanowski, 1873) -- see Opas under Tetragnathidae.
A. cavaleriei Schenkel, 1963 -- see Eriovixia.
A. cedrorum Simon, 1929 -- see Nuctenea.
A. centrodes (Thorell, 1887) -- see Cyclosa.
A. cerasiae (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Acanthepeira.
A. cereolellus (Strand, 1907) -- see Neoscona.
A. ceropegius (Walckenaer, 1802) -- see Aculepeira.
A. cerviniventris (Simon, 1884) -- see Neoscona.
A. chabarovi Bakhvalov, 1981 -- see Larinioides.
A. championi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Alpaida.
A. charitonovi (Ermolajew, 1928) -- see Aculepeira.
A. cheesmanae Berland, 1938 -- see Neoscona.
A. chiarinii (Pavesi, 1883) -- see Neoscona.
A. chilensis (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. cinaberinus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. citrinellus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Alpaida.
A. citrinus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Alpaida.
A. clymene (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. collinus (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Backobourkia.
A. collusor Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Heterognatha.
A. compsus (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Metepeira.
A. concinnus Rainbow, 1900 -- see Plebs.
A. confusionis (Strand, 1906) -- see Pararaneus.
A. conicus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Alpaida.
A. conifer (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Neoscona.
A. coniformis (Roewer, 1942) -- see Alpaida.
A. consequus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Ocrepeira.
A. cooksoni (Butler, 1877) -- see Neoscona.
A. cordiformis (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Cyrtophora.
A. cornutus Clerck, 1757 -- see Larinioides.
A. coroniger (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Parawixia.
A. cossoni (Simon, 1885) -- see Araniella.
A. crassicaudex (Thorell, 1899) -- see Pararaneus.
A. crassipes (Rainbow, 1897) -- see Cyrtophora.
A. crassus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Zealaranea.
A. crewi (Banks, 1903) -- see Metazygia.
A. croaticus Kulczyn'ski, 1905 -- see Araniella.
A. crucifer (Lucas, 1839) -- see Neoscona.
A. crucifer albimaculatus (Strand, 1908) -- see Neoscona.
A. crucifer ladislausi (Strand, 1908) -- see Neoscona.
A. crucifer ochroleucellus (Strand, 1908) -- see Neoscona.
A. crucifer pyramidellus (Strand, 1908) -- see Neoscona.
A. cruciferoides (Tullgren, 1910) -- see Neoscona.
A. crucinotatus (Pokrowsky, 1904) -- see Zygiella.
A. cucurbitinus (Linnaeus, 1758) -- see Araniella.
A. cucurbitinus maderianus Kulczyn'ski, 1905 -- see Araniella.
A. cucurbitinus opisthographus Kulczyn'ski, 1905 -- see Araniella.
A. cutucensis (Kraus, 1955) -- see Aculepeira.
A. cylicophorus Badcock, 1932 -- see Verrucosa.
A. cylindriformis (Roewer, 1942) -- see Linyphiidae incertae sedis.
A. cyphoxis Simon, 1908 -- see Plebs.
A. cyrtophoroides (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Kapogea.
A. cyrtoscapus (Pocock, 1898) -- see Pararaneus.
A. danensis (Strand, 1906) -- see Neoscona.
A. darolicola (Strand, 1906) -- see Pararaneus.
A. davidi Schenkel, 1963 -- see Alenatea.
A. davisi (Hingston, 1932) -- see Spilasma.
A. dehaani (Doleschall, 1859) -- see Parawixia.
A. delicatus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Alpaida.
A. deliciosus (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Alpaida.
A. designatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Alpaida.
A. devius (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Eustala.
A. diegensis Schenkel, 1950 -- see Eustala.
A. dilatatus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Metazygia.
A. discolorus (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Colaranea.
A. displicatus (Hentz, 1847) -- see Araniella.
A. dissimulatus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Mimetus under Mimetidae.
A. distinctus (Rainbow, 1897) -- see Neoscona.
A. doenitzi (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Neoscona.
A. dorsatulus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Molinaranea.
A. dubius (Keyserling, 1863) -- see Metazygia.
A. dufouri (Simon, 1874) -- see Siwa.
A. dumetorum (Fourcroy, 1785) -- see Larinioides.
A. dumicola (Urquhart, 1888) -- see Zealaranea.
A. duocyphus Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Ocrepeira.
A. eburnus (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Plebs.
A. edwardianus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. egregius Kulczyn'ski, 1911 -- see Neogea.
A. electus (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Kaira.
A. elinguis (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Bertrana.
A. emertoni (Banks, 1904) -- see Eustala.
A. eriophoroides Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Parawixia.
A. errans (Roewer, 1942) -- see Metazygia.
A. erraticus (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Metazygia.
A. essequibensis (Hingston, 1932) -- see Eustala.
A. excelsus (Simon, 1889) -- see Eriovixia.
A. eximius (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Neoscona.
A. fasciolatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Kaira.
A. fernandensis Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. fiebrigi (Dahl, 1906) -- see Ocrepeira.
A. flavicomus (Simon, 1880) -- see Eriophora.
A. flavifrons (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Nicolepeira.
A. flaviventris (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. flavomaculatus (Urquhart, 1889) -- see Colaranea.
A. foliatus (Fourcroy, 1785) -- see Larinioides.
A. folisecens (Hingston, 1932) -- see Hingstepeira.
A. folium Schrank, 1803 -- see Larinioides.
A. formicae Tullgren, 1910 -- see Neoscona.
A. franganilloides Brignoli, 1983 -- see Kapogea.
A. fratrellus (Chamberlin, 1924) -- see Heurodes.
A. fuliginatus (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Cyclosa.
A. fuligineus (C. L. Koch, 1838) -- see Eriophora.
A. furcifer (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Verrucosa.
A. fuscocoloratus (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Alenatea.
A. galatheae (Thorell, 1891) -- see Metepeira.
A. galbanus (Urquhart, 1890) -- see Colaranea.
A. gazellae (Karsch, 1878) -- see Cyrtophora.
A. geayi (Caporiacco, 1954) -- see Eriophora.
A. genialis (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.
A. gerhardti Caporiacco, 1949 -- see Neoscona.
A. gibbosus (Walckenaer, 1802) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. globiger Hogg, 1913 -- see Molinaranea.
A. glomerabilis (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.
A. glomosus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Cyclosa.
A. gracilentus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Argiope.
A. gracilis (Menge, 1879) -- see Larinioides.
A. granatai Caporiacco, 1941 -- see Neoscona.
A. graphicus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Alpaida.
A. gravabilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Aculepeira.
A. grayi (Blackwall, 1863) -- see Alpaida.
A. gressus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metepeira.
A. hallucinor Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Acacesia.
A. haploscapus Pocock, 1898 -- see Neoscona.
A. helvolus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Aculepeira.
A. henanensis (Hu, Wang & Wang, 1991) -- see Sinolinyphia under Linyphiidae.
A. herbeoides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Mangora.
A. heroine (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Backobourkia.
A. hetian Hu & Wu, 1989 -- see Gibbaranea.
A. himalayaensis Tikader, 1975 -- see Plebs.
A. hirtipedatus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Mangora.
A. hirtipes (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Mangora.
A. hirtus (C. L. Koch, 1844) -- see Neoscona.
A. hispidus (C. L. Koch, 1844) -- see Eriophora.
A. hoffmanni Schenkel, 1937 -- see Neoscona.
A. hoggi (Rainbow, 1897) -- see Neoscona.
A. holmi Schenkel, 1953 -- see Neoscona.
A. hoplophallus Pocock, 1899 -- see Pararaneus.
A. hyadesi (Simon, 1884) -- see Nicolepeira.
A. hyperboreus Kulczyn'ski, 1908 -- see Aculepeira.
A. ikomosanensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Cyrtophora.
A. immundus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Parawixia.
A. incertus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Metazygia.
A. inconspicuus (Simon, 1874) -- see Araniella.
A. inexplicabilis Badcock, 1932 -- see Alpaida.
A. invisibilis (Urquhart, 1891) -- see Cryptaranea.
A. iris (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Acanthepeira.
A. itemvarians Bonnet, 1955 -- see Hypsosinga.
A. ithaca (McCook, 1894) -- see Larinioides.
A. ixobolus (Thorell, 1873) -- see Larinioides.
A. karabagi Karol, 1965 -- see Aculepeira.
A. kariae (Strand, 1919) -- see Aculepeira.
A. katangae Giltay, 1935 -- see Neoscona.
A. keyserlingi (Roewer, 1942) -- see Metepeira.
A. kibonotensis (Tullgren, 1910) -- see Neoscona.
A. kochi (Taczanowski, 1873) -- see Parawixia.
A. koratsensis (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) -- see Neoscona.
A. lacteus Saito, 1933 -- see Neoscona.
A. laevigatus (Urquhart, 1891) -- see Novaranea.
A. laglaizei (Simon, 1877) -- see Eriovixia.
A. lambarenensis Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. lamentarius (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Spilasma.
A. lanuginosus (Lenz, 1886) -- see Neoscona.
A. lapillulus Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. lapponicus (Holm, 1945) -- see Aculepeira.
A. laticeps (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Metazygia.
A. latro (Fabricius, 1781) -- see Alpaida.
A. leimenstolli Strand, 1906 -- see Neoscona.
A. lencoranicus Bakhvalov, 1983 -- see Aculepeira.
A. leucaspis Schenkel, 1963 -- see Neoscona.
A. leuciscus (Urquhart, 1891) -- see Eriophora.
A. lewisi (Archer, 1958) -- see Lewisepeira.
A. limbatus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Euryopis under Theridiidae.
A. lineaacutus (Urquhart, 1887) -- see Zealaranea.
A. liriope (L. Koch, 1875) -- see Agalenatea.
A. locuples (Butler, 1879) -- see Neoscona.
A. lodiculafaciens (Hingston, 1932) -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
A. lunulifer (Reimoser, 1938) -- see Pararaneus.
A. lunulus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Ursa.
A. lyratus (Fischer-Waldheim, 1830) -- see Larinioides.
A. maculaticeps (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Neoscona.
A. magellanicus (Walckenaer, 1847) -- see Molinaranea.
A. mammifer Tullgren, 1902 -- see Molinaranea.
A. manicatus Simon, 1895 -- see Alpaida.
A. manicola (Strand, 1906) -- see Pararaneus.
A. marcuzzii Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Neoscona.
A. margaritaceus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Heterognatha.
A. marshalli Pocock, 1898 -- see Neoscona.
A. melanopa (Gerstäcker, 1873) -- see Neoscona.
A. melloi Brignoli, 1983 -- see Aculepeira.
A. mellotteei Simon, 1896 -- see Neoscona.
A. melo (Krynicki, 1837) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. mensamontis Pocock, 1900 -- see Neoscona.
A. mesonauta Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. messalina (Hasselt, 1888) -- see Eriophora.
A. minas (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Parawixia.
A. minimus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Neoscona.
A. mitratus Simon, 1895 -- see Plebs.
A. moatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Alpaida.
A. modestus (Simon, 1890) -- see Agalenatea.
A. molinai (Mello-Leitão, 1940) -- see Molinaranea.
A. monticola (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Parawixia.
A. moraballii (Hingston, 1932) -- see Metazygia.
A. mormon (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Larinia.
A. mucronatellus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Eustala.
A. multiplicans (Chamberlin, 1924) -- see Neoscona.
A. multipunctatus Simon, 1895 -- see Alpaida.
A. mundanius (Roewer, 1942) -- see Cryptaranea.
A. mundulellus (Strand, 1915) -- see Metazygia.
A. mundulus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.
A. musivus (Hasselt, 1888) -- see Eriophora.
A. mutatus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Alpaida.
A. mutilatus Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Neoscona.
A. naevius (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. naiba (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1929) -- see Neoscona.
A. nanshanensis Yin et al., 1990 -- see Porcataraneus.
A. napiformis (Thorell, 1899) -- see Eriovixia.
A. nauticus (L. Koch, 1875) -- see Neoscona.
A. navicula (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Alpaida.
A. neocaledonicus Berland, 1924 -- see Plebs.
A. neotheis Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Neoscona.
A. nephiloides trapezoidalis Franganillo, 1930 -- see Eriophora.
A. neptuninus (Mello-Leitão, 1948) -- see Dubiepeira.
A. netus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Singa.
A. neufvilleorum Lessert, 1930 -- see Eriophora.
A. nicaraguensis (Keyserling, 1885) -- see Eriophora.
A. nidificans (Hingston, 1932) -- see Neoscona.
A. nigritus Thorell, 1899 -- see Neoscona.
A. nigritus fernandensis Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. nigriventris (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Metepeira.
A. nigrocinctus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Metazygia.
A. nigrofrenatus Simon, 1895 -- see Alpaida.
A. nigrohastulus (Urquhart, 1890) -- see Cryptaranea.
A. nigrolineatus Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Acacesia.
A. nigropunctatulus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Alpaida.
A. nigropustulatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) -- see Alpaida.
A. nigrostriatus Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Neoscona.
A. nigrostriatus nigrovittatus Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Neoscona.
A. nocturnellus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Neoscona.
A. nordenskioldi (Tullgren, 1905) -- see Parawixia.
A. noseki Strand, 1907 -- see Aculepeira.
A. novellus Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. oaxacensis (Keyserling, 1863) -- see Neoscona.
A. obliteratus (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. occidaneus Simon, 1907 -- see Neoscona.
A. ochraceus (Grube, 1861) -- see Cercidia.
A. odites Simon, 1906 -- see Neoscona.
A. omoedus (Thorell, 1870) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. opimus (L. Koch, 1878) -- see Neoscona.
A. orinus (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Eustala.
A. orizabensis (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Neoscona.
A. oviger (Panzer, 1804) -- see Larinioides.
A. pachanus Pocock, 1898 -- see Neoscona.
A. pallidulus (Keyserling, 1864) -- see Metazygia.
A. palloides Roewer, 1955 -- see Metazygia.
A. pantherinus (Taczanowski, 1872) -- see Alpaida.
A. paracymbifer (Strand, 1906) -- see Pararaneus.
A. paraopeba Mello-Leitão, 1917 -- see Parawixia.
A. parascylla Schenkel, 1963 -- see Neoscona.
A. patagiatus Clerck, 1757 -- see Larinioides.
A. patagonicus Tullgren, 1901 -- see Molinaranea.
A. pavidus Simon, 1906 -- see Neoscona.
A. peckhami (McCook, 1894) -- see Metellina under Tetragnathidae.
A. pentagonus (Hentz, 1850) -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
A. perforatus (Thorell, 1899) -- see Pararaneus.
A. perperus Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Carepalxis.
A. perplicatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Neoscona.
A. petasatus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Eustala.
A. phaethontis Simon, 1896 -- see Molinaranea.
A. pineus Yin et al., 1990 -- see Plebs.
A. platyparomma (Caporiacco, 1939) -- see Neoscona.
A. plebejus (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Neoscona.
A. porculus (Simon, 1877) -- see Heurodes.
A. potanini Simon, 1895 -- see Larinioides.
A. potteri Simon, 1901 -- see Neoscona.
A. powelli (Urquhart, 1894) -- see Novaranea.
A. pratensis (Hentz, 1847) -- see Neoscona.
A. productus (L. Koch, 1867) -- see Eriophora.
A. proximus (Kulczyn'ski, 1885) -- see Araniella.
A. pseudocentrodes (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Eriovixia.
A. pseudoscylla Schenkel, 1953 -- see Neoscona.
A. psyllus (Thorell, 1887) -- see Cyclosa.
A. pubiventris (Simon, 1889) -- see Larinia.
A. punctigera (Doleschall, 1857) -- see Neoscona.
A. punctipes (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Mangora.
A. purpurus (Urquhart, 1887) -- see Zealaranea.
A. pustulosus (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Eriophora.
A. quadriloratus Simon, 1897 -- see Alpaida.
A. quadrimaculosus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Molinaranea.
A. quadripunctatulus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Molinaranea.
A. quaesitus (Keyserling, 1887) -- see Novaranea.
A. queribundus (Keyserling, 1887) -- see Novaranea.
A. raptus Thorell, 1899 -- see Neoscona.
A. redemptus (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) -- see Ocrepeira.
A. redii (Scopoli, 1763) -- see Agalenatea.
A. restiarius (Tullgren, 1910) -- see Neoscona.
A. restiarius obscurus (Tullgren, 1910) -- see Neoscona.
A. reversus Hogg, 1914 -- see Backobourkia.
A. rhinurus Pocock, 1899 -- see Eriovixia.
A. rhodomelas (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Alpaida.
A. ribeiroi Mello-Leitão, 1917 -- see Parawixia.
A. rivalis (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Parawixia.
A. roemeri (Strand, 1908) -- see Alpaida.
A. rostratulus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Alpaida.
A. rostratus (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Mangora.
A. rubellulus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Alpaida.
A. rubens (Hentz, 1847) -- see Hypsosinga.
A. rubripunctatus (Rainbow, 1893) -- see Plebs.
A. rubroguttulatus (Keyserling, 1879) -- see Eustala.
A. rufipalpis (Lucas, 1858) -- see Neoscona.
A. rufofemoratus (Simon, 1884) -- see Neoscona.
A. rugosus Badcock, 1932 -- see Parawixia.
A. rugosus Franganillo, 1936 -- see Kapogea.
A. rumpfi (Thorell, 1878) -- see Neoscona.
A. sacer (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Neoscona.
A. sachalinensis (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
A. salaeria (Chamberlin, 1920) -- see Neoscona.
A. salei (Keyserling, 1863) -- see Metepeira.
A. sandrei Simon, 1895 -- see Alpaida.
A. sanguipes (Thorell, 1899) -- see Pararaneus.
A. sanguipes antepictus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes constrictifascius Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes decoratellus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes indistinctepictus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes lanceolatellus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes monotonius Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes nigrifoliatus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. sanguipes recurvatus Strand, 1913 -- see Neoscona.
A. santa (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Metepeira.
A. sargi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Aculepeira.
A. saxitalis (Urquhart, 1887) -- see Zealaranea.
A. sclopetarius Clerck, 1757 -- see Larinioides.
A. scrofa (Molina, 1788) -- see Phrixotrichus under Theraphosidae.
A. scylla nigromaculatus Yaginuma, 1961 -- see Neoscona.
A. seditiosus (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Metepeira.
A. semilunaris (Karsch, 1879) -- see Neoscona.
A. septemmammatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Alpaida.
A. septentrionalis Kulczyn'ski, 1908 -- see Aculepeira.
A. sericatus Clerck, 1757 -- see Larinioides.
A. sermonifer Mello-Leitão, 1932 -- see Parawixia.
A. setospinosus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Cyrtophora.
A. setosus (Mello-Leitão, 1948) -- see Parawixia.
A. sexpunctatus (Linnaeus, 1758) -- see Nuctenea.
A. sextus (Chamberlin, 1916) -- see Kaira.
A. sia (Strand, 1906) -- see Yaginumia.
A. silvicultrix (C. L. Koch, 1845) -- see Nuctenea.
A. similaris (Urquhart, 1890) -- see Zealaranea.
A. simplicissimus (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Metazygia.
A. singularis (Banks, 1898) -- see Neoscona.
A. sinhagadensis Tikader, 1975 -- see Neoscona.
A. sinuosus (Rainbow, 1893) -- see Plebs.
A. slateri (Butler, 1879) -- see Neoscona.
A. spasskyi Brignoli, 1983 -- see Neoscona.
A. spectator (Karsch, 1886) -- see Pararaneus.
A. spenceri Pocock, 1898 -- see Neoscona.
A. speciosissimus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Neoscona.
A. spiniger (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Alpaida.
A. stanleyi Lessert, 1930 -- see Neoscona.
A. strenuus (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Mangora.
A. streptoceros Pocock, 1898 -- see Pararaneus.
A. subbituberculatus Thorell, 1899 -- see Neoscona.
A. subcomptus (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Cryptaranea.
A. subfuscus (C. L. Koch, 1837) -- see Neoscona.
A. sublutius (Urquhart, 1892) -- see Zealaranea.
A. submodestus (Strand, 1906) -- see Neoscona.
A. subpullatus (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Neoscona.
A. suedicola (Simon, 1890) -- see Pararaneus.
A. suedicola pardalis Simon, 1907 -- see Pararaneus.
A. surculorum Simon, 1896 -- see Molinaranea.
A. suspicax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) -- see Larinioides.
A. tabula Simon, 1895 -- see Alpaida.
A. taczanowskii Simon, 1897 -- see Alpaida.
A. talishius (Zawadsky, 1902) -- see Aculepeira.
A. taruensis Pocock, 1898 -- see Neoscona.
A. tatarendensis (Tullgren, 1905) -- see Tatepeira.
A. tbilisiensis Mcheidze, 1997 -- see Araniella.
A. tedgenicus Bakhvalov, 1978 -- see Aculepeira.
A. temerarius Tullgren, 1910 -- see Neoscona.
A. tenellus (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Acacesia.
A. theisi (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Neoscona.
A. theisiellus (Tullgren, 1910) -- see Neoscona.
A. thyridotus (Thorell, 1870) -- see Eriophora.
A. tokachianus Saito, 1934 -- see Plebs.
A. transitorius (C. L. Koch, 1839) -- see Wagneriana.
A. transmarinus (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Eriophora.
A. transversalis (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Nicolepeira.
A. trapezoides (Karsch, 1879) -- see Eriophora.
A. travassosi (Soares & Camargo, 1948) -- see Aculepeira.
A. tricolor (Fischer-Waldheim, 1830) -- see Larinioides.
A. trigonellus Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Ocrepeira.
A. trigonus (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Cyrtophora.
A. trilineatus (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Alpaida.
A. trinitatis Hogg, 1918 -- see Eustala.
A. trisignatus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Alpaida.
A. trispinosus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Alpaida.
A. tristimoniae Petrunkevitch, 1911 -- see Neoscona.
A. trituberculosus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Novakia.
A. tubulofaciens (Hingston, 1932) -- see Micrepeira.
A. tullgreni Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Neoscona.
A. tullgreni obscuratus Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Neoscona.
A. tumidus (Taczanowski, 1879) -- see Wagneriana.
A. tuonabo Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 -- see Alpaida.
A. turbinatus (Thorell, 1899) -- see Eriovixia.
A. turritus (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Heurodes.
A. tyloscapus Pocock, 1899 -- see Pararaneus.
A. ullrichi (Hahn, 1835) -- see Gibbaranea.
A. umbraticus Clerck, 1757 -- see Nuctenea.
A. uncivulva (Strand, 1907) -- see Pararaneus.
A. undatus (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Zealaranea.
A. undulatus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Parawixia.
A. unguiformis (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Alpaida.
A. ursinus (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Eriophora.
A. utahanus (Chamberlin, 1919) -- see Neoscona.
A. vachoni Karol, 1964 -- see Aculepeira.
A. valdiviensis (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Molinaranea.
A. vallentini Hogg, 1913 -- see Molinaranea.
A. variabilis (Keyserling, 1863) -- see Alpaida.
A. varians Thorell, 1899 -- see Neoscona.
A. vegae Holm, 1970 -- see Aculepeira.
A. velutinus (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Parawixia.
A. veniliae (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Alpaida.
A. ventricosellus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Backobourkia.
A. venustulus (Keyserling, 1879) -- see Ocrepeira.
A. verecundus (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Ocrepeira.
A. victoria (Thorell, 1870) -- see Aculepeira.
A. vigilans (Blackwall, 1865) -- see Neoscona.
A. vigilax (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Metepeira.
A. viridipedatus (Roewer, 1942) -- see Eustala.
A. viridis (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Eriophora.
A. viriditas (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Colaranea.
A. viriditas hastatus (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Colaranea.
A. viriditas lineolus (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Colaranea.
A. viriditas veruinus (Urquhart, 1886) -- see Colaranea.
A. viriosus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.
A. voluptificus (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.
A. vulgaris (Hentz, 1847) -- see Neoscona.
A. wagenknechti (Mello-Leitão, 1940) -- see Molinaranea.
A. wagneri (Rainbow, 1896) -- see Phonognatha.
A. wenzeli Simon, 1897 -- see Alpaida.
A. zebra (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Verrucosa.
A. zelotypus (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Chrysometa under Tetragnathidae.
A. zilloides (Banks, 1898) -- see Metazygia.

In synonymy:
A. abundus (Taczanowski, 1878) = A. bogotensis (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi, 1991a: 196).
A. albosigillatus (Mello-Leitão, 1947, T from Larinia) = A. omnicolor (Keyserling, 1893) (Levi, 1991a: 202).
A. angulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) = A. angulatus Clerck, 1757 (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
A. arabescus (Mello-Leitão, 1947, T from Metepeira) = A. corporosus (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1991a: 206).
A. atlantis (Archer, 1951) = A. partitus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 510).
A. badianus (Roewer, 1961, T from Larinia) = A. aethiopissa Simon, 1907 (Grasshoff, 1970b: 218).
A. bellus (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942) = A. pegnia (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1981b: 255).
A. biplagiatus (Bertkau, 1880) = A. unanimus (Keyserling, 1879) (Levi, 1991a: 203).
A. bourgeoisi Berland, 1913 = A. meropes (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1991a: 223).
A. cambridgei (Roewer, 1942) = A. rufipes (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 234).
A. candidus Simon, 1895 = A. uniformis (Keyserling, 1879) (Levi, 1991a: 246).
A. canmorus Schenkel, 1950 = A. gemmoides Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935 (Levi, 1971a: 171).
A. chasisus (Zhu & Song, 1994, T from Neoscona) = A. pallasi Thorell, 1875 (Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 12).
A. chiricahua Levi, 1973 = A. guerrerensis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 (Levi, 1991a: 285).
A. darlingtoni Archer, 1951 = A. nordmanni (Thorell, 1870) (Levi, 1971a: 152).
A. dawsoni (Archer, 1951) = A. miniatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 508).
A. delineatus (Mello-Leitão, 1943, T from Metepeira) = A. corporosus (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1991a: 206).
A. denningi Archer, 1951 = A. corticarius (Emerton, 1884) (Levi, 1971a: 158).
A. diadematus (Linnaeus, 1758) = A. diadematus Clerck, 1757 (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
A. dubius (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, T from Lithyphantes=Steatoda) = A. ejusmodi (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, 1954e: 26).
A. farinosus (Mello-Leitão, 1941) = A. omnicolor (Keyserling, 1893) (Levi, 1991a: 202).
A. flavidus Yin et al., 1990 = A. quadratus Clerck, 1757 (Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 13).
A. floridanus (Banks, 1896) = A. juniperi (Emerton, 1884) (Levi, 1973: 522).
A. floridensis (Banks, 1904) = A. miniatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 508).
A. foratus (Keyserling, 1893) = A. niveus (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 104).
A. fuscocoloratoides Namkung, 2002 = A. acusisetus Zhu & Song, 1994 (Namkung, 2003: 255).
A. gertschi (Archer, 1951) = A. mammatus (Archer, 1951) (Levi, 1973: 500).
A. gigas (Leach, 1815, removed from S of A. raji) = A. bicentenarius (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1971a: 143, older name suppressed by petition to ICZN).
A. glabratus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) = A. guttatus (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1991a: 254).
A. glyphicus (Archer, 1951) = A. guttulatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 530).
A. gosoganus (Chamberlin, 1920) = A. trifolium (Hentz, 1847) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 94).
A. gratuitus Petrunkevitch, 1911 = A. expletus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 231).
A. griseomaculatus (Yin & Wang, 1982, T from Neoscona) = A. ellipticus (Tikader & Bal, 1981) (Yin et al., 1997d: 347, sub Neoscona).
A. innominatus (Archer, 1951) = A. cingulatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 526).
A. issiculus Bakhvalov, 1981 = A. pallasi Thorell, 1875 (Marusik, 1989b: 41).
A. kisatchia Archer, 1951 = A. bicentenarius (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1971a: 143).
A. lacteus (Mello-Leitão, 1944, T from Eustala) = A. corporosus (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1991a: 207).
A. leitaoi Brignoli, 1983 = A. guttatus (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1991a: 254).
A. linteatus (McCook, 1894) = A. detrimentosus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1973: 542).
A. llano (Archer, 1951) = A. juniperi (Emerton, 1884) (Levi, 1973: 522).
A. lucidus (Keyserling, 1884) = A. uniformis (Keyserling, 1879) (Levi, 1991a: 246).
A. maculifrons Oliger, 1983 = A. stella (Karsch, 1879) (Marusik, 1989b: 42, sub A. tsuno).
A. magnus (Caporiacco, 1955) = A. bogotensis (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi, 1991a: 196).
A. manitobae Archer, 1951 = A. groenlandicola (Strand, 1906) (Levi, 1971a: 164).
A. marylandicus (Archer, 1951) = A. cingulatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 526).
A. mayo (McCook, 1894, removed from S of A. miniatus) = A. triguttatus (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1973: 492).
A. miyashitai Tanikawa, 2001 = A. seminiger (L. Koch, 1878) (Ono, 2002a: 58).
A. montanus (Archer, 1951) = A. thaddeus (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1973: 544).
A. mumai (Archer, 1951) = A. juniperi (Emerton, 1884) (Levi, 1973: 522).
A. nawazi (Dyal, 1935) = A. mitificus (Simon, 1886) (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 638).
A. nigrofoliatus (Keyserling, 1884) = A. miniatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 506).
A. nivosus (Archer, 1951) = A. niveus (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1973: 528).
A. nobilis (Mello-Leitão, 1944, T from Larinia) = A. corporosus (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1991a: 207).
A. ozarkensis (Archer, 1951) = A. cingulatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 526).
A. pachygnathoides Schenkel, 1963 = A. ejusmodi Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Zhu, 1983: 20).
A. papuanus Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = A. cyrtarachnoides (Keyserling, 1887) (Chrysanthus, 1960: 36).
A. peruvianus (Taczanowski, 1878) = A. venatrix (C. L. Koch, 1839) (Levi, 1991a: 252).
A. piatus (Roewer, 1942) = A. ventricosus (L. Koch, 1878) (Song, 1988: 128).
A. pima Levi, 1971 = A. illaudatus (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936) (Levi, 1975c: 268).
A. pirus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935 = A. gemma (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1971a: 172).
A. plesius (Chamberlin, 1916) = A. meropes (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1991a: 223).
A. pseudomelas Archer, 1951 = A. nordmanni (Thorell, 1870) (Levi, 1971a: 152).
A. punctillatus (Keyserling, 1879, removed from S of A. miniatus) = A. partitus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 510).
A. quechuanus (Chamberlin, 1916) = A. bogotensis (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi, 1991a: 196).
A. raji (Scopoli, 1763) = A. marmoreus Clerck, 1757 (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
A. raji betulae (Sulzer, 1776) = A. marmoreus Clerck, 1757 (Roberts, 1985: 208).
A. reaumuri (Scopoli, 1763) = A. quadratus Clerck, 1757 (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
A. reptilis (Keyserling, 1892) = A. pratensis (Emerton, 1884) (Levi, 1973: 492).
A. sachimau Archer, 1951 = A. iviei Archer, 1951 (Levi, 1971a: 162).
A. sanguinalis (Hentz, 1847) = A. guttulatus (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 530).
A. sarasota (Archer, 1951) = A. juniperi (Emerton, 1884) (Levi, 1973: 522).
A. seensis Oliger, 1991 = A. ishisawai Kishida, 1920 (Marusik, 2009f: 97).
A. septimus (Hentz, 1847) = A. trifolium (Hentz, 1847) (Archer, 1940: 46, but see Levi, 1971b: 287).
A. silvaticus (Emerton, 1884, removed from S of A. solitarius) = A. nordmanni (Thorell, 1870) (Levi, 1971a: 150).
A. similellus (Roewer, 1942) = A. guttatus (Keyserling, 1865) (Levi, 1991a: 254).
A. sinister (Thorell, 1873) = A. saevus (L. Koch, 1872) (Tullgren, 1952: 164).
A. sinuoscapus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = A. venatrix (C. L. Koch, 1839) (Levi, 1991a: 252).
A. smithi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898) = A. expletus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 231).
A. solersioides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) = A. pegnia (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1973: 546).
A. solitarius (Emerton, 1884) = A. saevus (L. Koch, 1872) (Levi, 1971a: 148).
A. styliger (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) = A. expletus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 231).
A. trifolium candicans (McCook, 1894) = A. trifolium (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1971a: 167).
A. tsuno Yaginuma, 1972 = A. stella (Karsch, 1879) (Ono, 2002a: 59).
A. tusigia (Chamberlin, 1919) = A. marmoreus Clerck, 1757 (Levi, 1971a: 156).
A. unicus (Archer, 1951) = A. bonsallae (McCook, 1894) (Levi, 1973: 524).
A. vespae (Strand, 1908) = A. uniformis (Keyserling, 1879) (Levi, 1991a: 246).
A. vesta (Bryant, 1948) = A. detrimentosus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 269).
A. zimmermanni (Thorell, 1875) = A. saevus (L. Koch, 1872) (Tullgren, 1952: 164).

Homonyms replaced:
A. bipunctatus (Mello-Leitão, 1948) -- see A. guttatus.
A. blandus (Bryant, 1945) -- see A. elizabethae.
A. bryantae (Brignoli, 1983, T from Meta) -- see A. elizabethae.
A. conicus Franganillo, 1946 -- see A. balboae (nomen dubium).
A. cruciferoides Spassky, 1952 -- see Neoscona tedgenica.
A. holmi Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Wixia tatarendensis.
A. miniatus (Archer, 1951) -- see A. allani.
A. niger Franganillo, 1936 -- see A. franganillianus (nomen dubium).
A. nigropunctatus Rainbow, 1920 -- see A. rainbowi.
A. parvus (Bryant, 1945) -- see A. bryantae.
A. raui Levi, 1973 -- see A. missouri.

Nomina dubia:
NOTE: For a listing of early names (established prior to 1825) described in Aranea or Araneus (in the sense including all spiders) and not subsequently recognized, see Bonnet, 1955: 399-406, 408. Such names are mentioned here only if they have been cited in more recent literature.
A. accinctus (Walckenaer, 1841: 111, locality unknown, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1476.
A. aciculatus (Walckenaer, 1841: 128, locality unknown, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1476.
A. affixus (Walckenaer, 1841: 112, locality unknown, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1476.
A. ambagiosus (Walckenaer, 1841: 113, Spain, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1477.
A. anaglyphe (Walckenaer, 1841: 128, f, USA, originally in Epeira) -- never used.
A. angustatus (Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 301, originally in Aranea) -- Bonnet, 1958: 3074.
A. anuncinatus Franganillo, 1930: 28 (f, Cuba) -- Levi, 1971b: 287.
A. anuncinatus depilosus Franganillo, 1930: 29 (Cuba, omitted by Roewer) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. anuncinatus ochrorufus Franganillo, 1931: 288, f. 21a (f, Cuba) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014708] -- omitted by Roewer and Brignoli; placed here because species name is a nomen dubium.
A. approximatus (Blackwall, 1846a: 80, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1971a: 167.
A. astutus (Blackwall, 1863a: 36, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. austerus Workman, 1900: 133 (f, Java) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. balboae Brignoli, 1983c: 262 (replacement name for A. conicus Franganillo, 1946: 97, f. 1-2, f, Cuba, preoccupied by Pallas, 1772) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. bantamensis Workman, 1900: 141 (f, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. bicolor (Fabricius, 1798: 291, Brazil, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1395.
A. bilineatus (Cantor, 1842: 492, China, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1395.1478.
A. bormensis Berland, 1913b: 94, pl. 9, f. 46-47 (f, Ecuador) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. bourguyi Mello-Leitão, 1915a: 135 (f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. callidulus (Roewer, 1942a: 859, replacement name for Epeira callida Walckenaer, 1841: 68, f, USA, preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1802 sub Aranea) -- never used.
A. carnifex (Fabricius, 1775: 486, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1395, Bonnet, 1956: 1052.
A. cautus (Walckenaer, 1841: 35, 127, mf, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. clercki (Walckenaer, 1841: 34, locality unknown, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1479.
A. consimilis Mello-Leitão, 1915a: 133 (f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. contestationis Caporiacco, 1954: 105, f. 25, 25a-b (f, French Guiana) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. crux (Roewer, 1942a: 840, replacement name for Epeira cruciata Nicolet, 1849: 494, f, Chile, preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1805) -- Levi, 1991a: 180.
A. decaspinus (Taczanowski, 1873: 143, f, French Guiana, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. depressatus (Roewer, 1942a: 841, replacement name for Epeira depressa Walckenaer, 1841: 134, f, Brazil, preoccupied by Razoumowsky, 1789) -- Levi, 1991a: 180.
A. elegantulus (Roewer, 1942a: 841, replacement name for Epeira elegans Blackwall, 1862b: 431, f, Brazil, preoccupied by Meyer, 1790, sub Aranea) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. emphanus (Walckenaer, 1841: 74, f, USA, originally in Epeira) -- never used.
A. ergaster (Walckenaer, 1841: 55, f, USA, originally in Epeira) -- never used.
A. esuriens (Fabricius, 1798: 291. Mauritius, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1397.
A. fascinatrix (Walckenaer, 1841: 111, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1481.
A. felinus (Butler, 1876a: 351, pl. 10, f. 1-2 (f, Queensland, originally in Epeira) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014867] -- Framenau et al., 2010: 95.
A. foliplicans (Hingston, 1932: 367, f, Guyana, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181, Levi, 1995b: 209.
A. franganillianus Brignoli, 1983c: 262 (replacement name for A. niger Franganillo, 1936c: 73, f, Cuba, preoccupied by Lister, 1778) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. fuligineus romboidalis Franganillo, 1930: 25 (f, Cuba) -- Levi, 1971b: 292.
A. fuligineus sanguineus Franganillo, 1930: 25 (f, Cuba) -- Levi, 1971b: 292.
A. fuliginosus (Walckenaer, 1841: 41, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. fulvus (Walckenaer, 1841: 129, f, USA, originally in Epeira) -- never used.
A. fumidus (Blackwall, 1862b: 433, m, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. gracilipes (Blackwall, 1862b: 437, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1482.
A. grammicus (Blackwall, 1862b: 434, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. heraldicus (Cantor, 1842: 492, China, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1483.
A. incertus (C. L. Koch, 1843: 100, originally in Atea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1419.
A. intersectus (Fourcroy, 1785: 532, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1398.
A. intrepidus Mello-Leitão, 1915a: 134 (f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. itatiayae Mello-Leitão, 1915a: 133 (f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. jaspidatus (Walckenaer, 1841: 59, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1971a: 167.
A. jucundus (Walckenaer, 1841: 110, locality unknown, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1484.
A. lepidus (Blackwall, 1862b: 430, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. liliputanus (Nicolet, 1849: 501, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1484.
A. luteolus (Blackwall, 1862b: 435, m, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. malangensis Workman, 1900: 144 (m, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. melanillus (Roewer, 1942a: 829, replacement name, sub Aranea, for Epeira melania Urquhart, 1891a: 166, f, New Zealand, preoccupied by L. Koch, 1871) -- Court & Forster, 1988: 69.
A. minutellus (Roewer, 1942a: 847, replacement name for Epeira minuta Nicolet, 1849: 508, f, Chile, preoccupied by Meyer, 1790 sub Aranea) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. mucronatus (Blackwall, 1862b: 438, m, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. multiguttatus (Blackwall, 1862b: 432, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. mundatulus (Roewer, 1942a: 847, replacement name for Epeira munda Blackwall, 1863a: 33, f, Brazil, preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1836) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. nigrocellatus Caporiacco, 1954: 110, f. 28 (f, French Guiana) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. nitidus (Walckenaer, 1841: 110, locality unknown, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1486.
A. nobilis (Fabricius, 1798, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1400, Bonnet, 1958: 4104.
A. novellus Workman, 1900: 137 (f, Singapore) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. ophir Workman, 1900: 142 (f, Singapore) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. pallidus Workman, 1900: 135 (f, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. perfoliatus Franganillo, 1930: 28 (f, Cuba) -- Levi, 1971b: 287, 1991a: 181.
A. perplexus (Walckenaer, 1841: 101, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. petri Simon, 1897e: 6 (j, Paraguay) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. prostypa (Walckenaer, 1841: 136, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. prudens (Walckenaer, 1841: 135, New Guinea, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1487.
A. rapaxatus (Roewer, 1942a: 850, replacement name for Epeira rapax Blackwall, 1863a: 32, m, Brazil, preoccupied by Fabricius, 1798 sub Aranea) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. rubriventer (Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 260, originally in Aranea) -- Bonnet, 1959: 4879.
A. russatus Workman, 1900: 134 (f, Singapore) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. rusticus Workman, 1900: 136 (f, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. sacculifaciens (Hingston, 1932: 364, f, Guyana) -- Levi, 1991a: 181, 1995b: 209.
A. scitulus (Blackwall, 1863a: 37, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. scurrilis Workman, 1900: 143 (m, Malaysia) -- omitted by Roewer and Bonnet.
A. segmentatulus (Roewer, 1942a: 863, replacement name for Epeira segmentata Walckenaer, 1841: 120, f, USA) -- never used.
A. sinuatus (Walckenaer, 1841: 137, Southeast Asia, originally in Epeira) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1489.
A. spira (Walckenaer, 1841: 80, f, Brazil, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. spithameus (Blumenbach, 1782: 396, originally in Aranea) -- Bonnet, 1958: 3074.
A. striatus Clerck, 1757: 119 -- Alicata & Cantarella, 1994: 113.
A. sulphureus Franganillo, 1930: 29, f. 10 (f, Cuba) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
A. sumavensis Barta, 1869: 133 (Bohemia) -- omitted by Roewer.
A. uchidai Kishida, 1924 (Sakhalin) -- Marusik et al., 1993b: 82.
A. variegatus (Olivier, 1789: 225, originally in Aranea) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1404.
A. viridanus (Urquhart, 1893a: 175, originally in Epeira, f, New Zealand) -- Sirvid & Vink, 2000: 49.
A. viridicans (Urquhart, 1888: 116, f, New Zealand, originally in Epeira) -- Court & Forster, 1988: 69.
A. vulpeculus (Walckenaer, 1841: 69, f, USA, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1971a: 167.

Nomen nudum:
A. quinqueuncatus Simon, 1895a: 822 (f, South America).

f aballensis (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014652]
Aranea a. Strand, 1906b: 622 (Df).

mf abeicus Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014653]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 255, f. 316-320 (Dmf).

mf abigeatus Levi, 1975....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014654]
A. illaudatus Levi, 1971a: 176, f. 233-237 (f, misidentified).
A. a. Levi, 1975c: 269, f. 5-11 (Dmf).

f acachmenus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014655]
A. a. Rainbow, 1916a: 98, pl. 21, f. 14-15 (Df).

f acolla Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014656]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 219, f. 138-141 (Df).

f acrocephalus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014657]
Epeira acrocephala Thorell, 1887: 195 (Df).

f acronotus (Grube, 1861)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014658]
Epeira acronota Grube, 1861: 164 (Df).
A. a. Wesolowska, 1988b: 407, f. 12-13 (f).

f acropygus (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014659]
Epeira acropyga Thorell, 1877b: 398 (Df).
A. acropyga Simon, 1899a: 91.

mf acuminatus (L. Koch, 1872)....................Queensland, Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014660]
Epeira acuminata L. Koch, 1872a: 109, pl. 9, f. 2 (Dm).
A. a. Rainbow, 1913: 11, f. 6 (Df).
A. a. Rainbow, 1916a: 110, pl. 22, f. 30-31 (f).

mf acusisetus Zhu & Song, 1994....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014661]
A. a. Zhu & Song, in Zhu et al., 1994: 27, f. 2A-C (Dm).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 143, f. 58a-c (m).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134K-L, 146K (m).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2001b: 83, f. 73-74, 77-78 (m, Df).
A. fuscocoloratoides Namkung, 2002: 254, 620, f. 19.16a-b (Dmf).
A. a. Namkung, 2003: 255, f. 19.15a-b (mf, S).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 82, f. 238-239, 679-680 (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 255-256 (mf).

m adiantiformis Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014662]
A. a. Caporiacco, 1941b: 83, f. 29a-d (Dm).

f adjuntaensis (Petrunkevitch, 1930)....................Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014663]
Meta a. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 349, f. 232-234 (Df).
A. a. Levi, 1986a: 105 (Tf from Meta).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 273, f. 414-417 (f).

m aethiopicus (Roewer, 1961)....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014664]
Eustala aethiopica Roewer, 1961b: 48, f. 11a-e (Dm).
A. a. Grasshoff, 1970b: 215 (Tm from Eustala).

mf aethiopissa Simon, 1907....................Senegal, Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014665]
A. a. Simon, 1907d: 291 (Df).
Larinia badiana Roewer, 1961b: 49, f. 12a-e (Dmf).
A. a. Grasshoff, 1970b: 218 (S).

m affinis Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014666]
A. a. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 53, f. 4-6 (Dm).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 155, f. 71a-c (m).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 236, f. 134M, 135A, 146L (m).

f agastus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014667]
A. a. Rainbow, 1916a: 104, pl. 22, f. 20-21 (Df).

m akakensis (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014668]
Aranea a. Strand, 1906b: 621 (Dm).

f aksuensis Yin, Xie & Bao, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014669]
A. a. Yin, Xie & Bao, 1996: 1, f. 1-5 (Df).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 155, f. 72a-e (f).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135B-D, 146M (f).

mf albabdominalis Zhu et al., 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042259]
A. a. Zhu et al., 2005: 508, f. 3A-E (Dmf).

f albiaculeis (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014670]
Aranea a. Strand, 1906b: 621 (Df).
A. a. Caporiacco, 1940c: 822.

f albidus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014671]
Epeira albida L. Koch, 1871: 83, pl. 7, f. 2 (Df).
A. a. Rainbow, 1911: 181.

f albilunatus Roewer, 1961....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014672]
A. a. Roewer, 1961b: 51, f. 13a-d (Df).
A. albilunulatus Brignoli, 1983c: 259.

mf albomaculatus Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014673]
A. a. Yin et al., 1990: 15, f. 35-42 (Dmf).
A. a. Yin & Kim, 1997: 58, f. 1A-E (mf).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 132, f. 47a-h (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135E-G, 142F, 146N (mf).

f alboquadratus Dyal, 1935....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014674]
A. a. Dyal, 1935: 183 (Df).

mf albotriangulus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014675]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1887a: 187, pl. 16, f. 4-5 (Dmf).

mf alboventris (Emerton, 1884)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014676]
Epeira a. Emerton, 1884: 314, pl. 34, f. 5, pl. 36, f. 12 (Df).
A. attestor Petrunkevitch, 1911: 280 (unnecessary replacement name).
Epeira attestor Kaston, 1948: 260, f. 791-792 (f, Dm).
Conepeira a. Archer, 1951b: 20, f. 47, 71 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. a. Levi, 1973: 514, f. 192-203, 443 (mf).
A. a. Dondale et al., 2003: 242, f. 531-538 (mf).

mf alhue Levi, 1991....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014677]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 244, f. 262-266 (Dmf).

mf allani Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014678]
Amamrotypus miniatus Archer, 1951a: 18, f. 25 (Df, preoccupied in Araneus by Walckenaer, 1841).
A. a. Levi, 1973: 494, f. 32-43, 440 (f, Dm; replacement name).

mf alsine (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014679]
Aranea a. Walckenaer, 1802: 193 (D).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1805: 59 (D).
Epeira lutea C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3 (D).
Epeira bohemica C. L. Koch, 1838: 59, f. 376 (Dm, not f).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 33 (Df).
Epeira lutea C. L. Koch, 1844: 123, f. 926-927 (Dmf).
Epeira lutea Blackwall, 1864a: 345, pl. 25, f. 249 (mf).
Epeira lutea Menge, 1866: 61, pl. 9, f. 10 (mf).
Epeira lutea Thorell, 1870a: 17.
Epeira a. Simon, 1874a: 78 (m).
Epeira a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 130, pl. 5, f. 13 (mf).
Epeira a. Becker, 1896: 22, pl. 4, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira a. Bösenberg, 1901: 37, pl. 2, f. 24 (mf).
A. a. Lessert, 1910b: 316.
A. a. Charitonov, 1926c: 115, pl. 5, f. 4 (m).
A. a. Simon, 1929: 684, 758, f. 1053-1054 (mf).
Aranea a. Wiehle, 1931: 83, f. 119-123 (mf).
Aranea a. Drensky, 1943: 242, f. 26 (mf).
Aranea a. Mikulska, 1953: 13, f. 14, 17 (mf).
A. a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 133, f. 85D, 86D (mf).
Aranea a. Zamaraev, 1964: 359, f. 73-75 (mf).
A. a. Azheganova, 1968: 74, f. 147-148 (mf).
A. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 592 (f).
A. a. Miller, 1971: 212, pl. XL, f. 9-10 (mf).
A. a. Levi, 1971a: 162, f. 131-137 (mf).
A. a. Loksa, 1972: 89, f. 79A, 80G-H (mf).
A. a. Izmailova, 1972c: 50, f. 1 (f).
A. a. Palmgren, 1974a: 24, f. 9d, 10h-i (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1985: 210, f. 94a (mf).
A. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 74, f. 168 (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1995: 319, f. (mf).
A. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 279, f. 638-640 (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1998: 333, f. (mf).
A. a. Almquist, 2005: 136, f. 149a-i (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 78, f. 227, 660-661 (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 234-235 (mf).
A. a. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 82, f. 4a, 5a, 6, 8, 33a-d, 34a-d, 35a-h, 36a-e, 37a-d, 38a-k (mf).

f altitudinum Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014680]
A. a. Caporiacco, 1934a: 153, pl. 3, f. 11 (Df).

mf amabilis Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037655]
A. a. Tanikawa, 2001b: 82, f. 69-72, 75-76 (Dmf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 84, f. 251-255, 697-698 (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 273-274 (mf).

f amblycyphus Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014681]
A. a. Simon, 1908d: 427 (Df).

f amurius Bakhvalov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014682]
A. a. Bakhvalov, 1981b: 142, f. 1 (Df).

f amygdalaceus (Keyserling, 1864)....................Mauritius [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014683]
Epeira amygdalacea Keyserling, 1864: 128, pl. 6, f. 5-6 (Df).

f ana Levi, 1991....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014684]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 268, f. 389-391 (Df).

f anantnagensis Tikader & Bal, 1981....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014685]
A. a. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 46, f. 99-102 (Df).
A. a. Tikader, 1982a: 25, f. 436-439 (f).

f anaspastus (Thorell, 1892)....................Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014686]
Epeira anaspasta Thorell, 1892a: 234 (Df).
Epeira anaspasta Workman, 1896: 49, pl. 49 (f).

mf anatipes (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014687]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1887a: 175, pl. 15, f. 3 (Dmf).

mf ancurus Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014688]
A. a. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 54, f. 7-11 (Dmf).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 157, f. 73a-e (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135H-I, 142G-H, 147A (mf).

mf andrewsi (Archer, 1951)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014689]
Aranea a. Archer, 1951a: 31, f. 63-64, 82 (Dmf).
A. a. Levi, 1971a: 146, f. 27-33 (mf).

f anguinifer (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................Mexico, Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014690]
Aranea anguinifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 514, pl. 49, f. 14 (Df).
Epeira anguinifera Banks, 1909a: 210.
A. anguiniferus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 278.
Conaranea anguinifera Archer, 1951b: 11 (Tf from Araneus).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 286, f. 494-496 (f).

mf angulatus Clerck, 1757 *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014691]
A. a. Clerck, 1757: 22, pl. 1, f. 1-3 (Df).
A. virgatus Clerck, 1757: 41, pl. 2, f. 2 (Df).
Aranea angulata Linnaeus, 1758: 620 (Df).
Aranea cruciata Walckenaer, 1802: 190 (Df).
Epeira angulata Walckenaer, 1805: 57.
Epeira cruciata Walckenaer, 1805: 57.
Epeira angulata Hahn, 1834: 19, f. 108 (f, Dm).
Epeira eremita C. L. Koch, 1835: 131, pl. 23-24 (Df).
Epeira angulata Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 28, f. b (f).
Epeira quercetorum C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3 (D).
Epeira pinetorum C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3 (D).
Epeira angulata C. L. Koch, 1844: 77, f. 892-893 (mf; not f. 894-895).
Epeira pinetorum C. L. Koch, 1844: 95, f. 904-905 (Dmf).
Epeira angulata Blackwall, 1864a: 360, pl. 27, f. 259 (mf).
Epeira angulata Menge, 1866: 47, pl. 2, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira regia Simon, 1874a: 54 (Df).
Epeira spinivulva Simon, 1874a: 61, pl. 1, f. 10 (f, misidentified).
Epeira angulata Emerton, 1884: 299, pl. 33. f, 12, pl. 35, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira angulata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 128, pl. 4, f. 45 (mf).
Epeira angulata Keyserling, 1892: 114, pl. 6, f. 84 (f).
Epeira angulata McCook, 1894: 186, pl. 10, f. 3-5, pl. 11, f. 2-4 (f).
A. a. Simon, 1895a: 829, f. 861-863 (mf).
Epeira angulata Becker, 1896: 12, pl. 1, f. 4 (mf).
Epeira angulata Bösenberg, 1901: 25, pl. 1, f. 5 (mf).
Epeira angulata Emerton, 1902: 164, f. 389 (mf).
A. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 59, pl. 2, f. 74-75, 79 (mf).
A. a. Fage, 1921a: 175, f. 3a (m).
A. a. Simon, 1929: 677, 755, f. 1033 (mf).
Aranea angulata Reimoser, 1930b: 13, f. 2 (mf).
Aranea angulata Wiehle, 1931: 52, f. 4b, 5a, 71-79 (mf).
A. a. Nakatsudi, 1942b: 11, f. 2B-C (f).
Aranea angulata Drensky, 1943: 240, f. 15, 17 (mf).
Aranea angulata Archer, 1951a: 31, f. 66 (f).
A. a. Tullgren, 1952: 162, f. 9a-b (f).
A. a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 127, f. 80C, 83A-B (mf).
A. a. Saito, 1959: 85, f. 89a-h (f).
A. a. Wiehle, 1963c: 265, f. 60, 62 (mf).
Aranea angulata Zamaraev, 1964: 355, f. 40-43 (f).
A. a. Wiehle, 1967c: 199, f. 11-12 (f).
A. a. Azheganova, 1968: 75, f. 149-150 (mf).
A. a. Tyschchenko, 1971: 193, f. 570, 572 (f).
A. a. Miller, 1971: 207, pl. XXXVIII, f. 14-16 (f).
A. a. Levi, 1971a: 142, f. 9-14 (mf).
A. a. Loksa, 1972: 74, f. 63C, 65A-E (mf).
A. a. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 93, f. 7 (f).
A. a. Palmgren, 1974a: 17, f. 7a-d (mf).
A. a. Punda, 1975b: 31, f. 39-40, 76 (f).
A. a. Roberts, 1985: 206, f. 92c (mf).
A. a. Zhang, 1987: 63, f. 46.1-3 (mf).
A. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 82, f. 61.1-2 (f).
A. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 72, f. 164 (mf).
A. a. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 24, 28 (m).
A. a. Roberts, 1995: 317, f. (mf).
A. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 268, f. 588-591 (mf).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 158, f. 74a-d (f).
A. a. Roberts, 1998: 330, f. (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135J-L, 147B (f).
A. a. Namkung, 2002: 240, f. 19.3a-c (mf).
A. a. Kim & Kim, 2002: 179, f. 3, 159-161 (f).
A. a. Namkung, 2003: 243, f. 19.3a-c (mf).
A. a. Trotta, 2005: 163, f. 237, 240 (mf).
A. a. Almquist, 2005: 137, f. 150a-g (mf).
A. a. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 51, f. 3f, 4e, 5f, 10-11, 13a-e, 14a-d, 15a-h, 16a-d, 17a-i, 18a-l (mf).

f angulatus afolius (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014692]
Epeira angulata afolia Franganillo, 1909: 187 (Df).
Epeira angulata afolia Franganillo, 1910: 12 (f).

mf angulatus atricolor Simon, 1929....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014693]
A. a. a. Simon, 1929: 678, 756 (Dmf).

f angulatus castaneus (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014694]
Epeira angulata castanea Franganillo, 1909: 187 (Df).
Epeira angulata castanea Franganillo, 1910: 12 (f).

f angulatus crucinceptus (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014695]
Epeira cruciata crucincepta Franganillo, 1909: 188 (Df).
Epeira cruciata crucincepta Franganillo, 1910: 13 (f).

f angulatus fuscus (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014696]
Epeira cruciata fusca Franganillo, 1909: 188 (Df).
Epeira cruciata fusca Franganillo, 1910: 12, f. 6 (f).

f angulatus iberoi (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014697]
Epeira cruciata i. Franganillo, 1909: 188 (Df).
Epeira cruciata i. Franganillo, 1910: 13 (f).

f angulatus levifolius (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014698]
Epeira angulata levifolia Franganillo, 1909: 187 (Df).
Epeira angulata levifolia Franganillo, 1910: 11 (f).

f angulatus niger (Franganillo, 1918)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014699]
Epeira angulata nigra Franganillo, 1918b: 121 (Df).

f angulatus nitidifolius (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014700]
Epeira angulata nitidifolia Franganillo, 1909: 186 (Df).
Epeira angulata nitidifolia Franganillo, 1910: 11 (f).

f angulatus pallidus (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014701]
Epeira cruciata pallida Franganillo, 1909: 188 (Df).
Epeira cruciata pallida Franganillo, 1910: 12, f. 5 (f).

mf angulatus personatus Simon, 1929....................Belgium, France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014702]
A. a. personata Simon, 1929: 678, 756 (Dmf).

f angulatus serifolius (Franganillo, 1909)....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014703]
Epeira angulata serifolia Franganillo, 1909: 187 (Df).
Epeira angulata serifolia Franganillo, 1910: 12 (f).

f anjonensis Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014704]
A. a. Schenkel, 1963: 171, f. 99a-b (Df).

f annuliger (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014705]
Epeira annuligera Thorell, 1898: 354 (Df).

f annulipes (Lucas, 1838)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014707]
Epeira a. Lucas, 1838: 41, pl. 6, f. 2 (Df).

mf apache Levi, 1975....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014709]
A. a. Levi, 1975c: 270, f. 12-20 (Dmf).

f apicalis (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014710]
Aranea a. Thorell, 1899: 58 (Df).

f apiculatus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014711]
Epeira apiculata Thorell, 1895: 183 (Df).

mf apobleptus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014712]
A. a. Rainbow, 1916a: 112, pl. 22, f. 32-37 (Dmf).

?? appendiculatus (Taczanowski, 1873)....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014713]
Epeira appendiculata Taczanowski, 1873: 137 (D; "nicht zu deuten" per Roewer).

f apricus (Karsch, 1884)....................Africa, São Tomé, Yemen, Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014714]
Epeira aprica Karsch, 1884a: 67, f. 8 (Df).

f aragua Levi, 2008....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041417]
A. beebei Levi, 1991a: 229, f. 184-187 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Petrunkevitch, 1914) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014738].
A. a. Levi, 2008a: 561 (replacement name).

f aralis Bakhvalov, 1981....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014715]
A. a. Bakhvalov, 1981a: 137, f. 1 (Df).

mf arenaceus (Keyserling, 1886)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014716]
Epeira arenacea Keyserling, 1886a: 145, pl. 12, f. 2-3 (Dmf).

f arfakianus (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014717]
Epeira arfakiana Thorell, 1881: 96 (Df).

mf arganicola Simon, 1909....................Morocco [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014718]
Araneus a. Simon, 1909b: 26 (Dmf).

f argentarius Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014719]
A. a. Rainbow, 1916a: 114, pl. 22, f. 38-39 (Df).

mf arizonensis (Banks, 1900)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014720]
Epeira a. Banks, 1900a: 100 (Dmf).
Epeira a. Banks, 1901a: 585, pl. 22, f. 5 (m).
A. a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 280.
Neosconella a. Archer, 1951a: 38 (Tmf from Araneus).
Conaranea gertschi Archer, 1951b: 7, f. 17, 30 (f only, misidentified).
A. a. Levi, 1973: 497, f. 60-71 (mf).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 290, f. 507-510 (mf).

f asiaticus Bakhvalov, 1983....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014721]
A. a. Bakhvalov, 1983: 69, f. 3 (Df).

f aubertorum Berland, 1938....................New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014722]
A. aubertarum Berland, 1938: 174, f. 131-132 (Df).

mf aurantiifemuris (Mello-Leitão, 1942)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014723]
Metepeira a. Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 402, f. 21-22 (Df).
Metepeira aurantifemuris Brignoli, 1983c: 275.
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 199, f. 37-41 (Tf from Metepeira, Dm).

mf auriculatus Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014724]
A. a. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 167, f. 1A-D (Dmf).
A. a. Song & Li, 1997: 411, f. 13A-D (mf).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 144, f. 59a-e (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135M-N, 142I-J (mf).
A. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 198, f. 138A-D (mf).
A. a. Yin et al., 2012: 598, f. 287a-c (f).

mf axacus Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014725]
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 277, f. 440-444 (Dmf).

f badiofoliatus Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014726]
A. b. Schenkel, 1963: 155, f. 92a-c (Df).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 199, f. 116a-c (f).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135O-P, 147C (f).

m badongensis Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014727]
A. b. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 168, f. 2A-B (Dm).
A. b. Song & Li, 1997: 412, f. 14A-B (m).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 200, f. 117a-c (m).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 142K-L (m).

f bagamoyensis (Strand, 1906)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014728]
Aranea b. Strand, 1906b: 688 (Df).

f baicalicus Bakhvalov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014729]
A. b. Bakhvalov, 1981b: 148, f. 6 (Df).

f balanus (Doleschall, 1859)....................Amboina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014730]
Epeira b. Doleschall, 1859: 36, pl. 3, f. 1 (Df).

f bandelieri (Simon, 1891)....................Venezuela, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014731]
Epeira b. Simon, 1891d: 10, pl. 1 (Df).
A. b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 281.
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 214, f. 113-115 (f).

f bantaengi Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014732]
A. bantaëngi Merian, 1911: 220 (Df).

f bargusinus Bakhvalov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014734]
A. b. Bakhvalov, 1981b: 147, f. 5 (Df).

jj basalteus Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014735]
A. b. Schenkel, 1936b: 99, f. 35 (Djj).

f bastarensis Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040006]
A. b. Gajbe, 2005a: 55, f. 4-7 (Df).

f baul Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014736]
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 288, f. 503-506 (Df).

f beebei Petrunkevitch, 1914....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014737]
A. b. Petrunkevitch, 1914a: 172, pl. 26, f. 9-10 (Df).

mf beijiangensis Hu & Wu, 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014739]
A. b. Hu & Wu, 1989: 82, f. 62.1-5 (Dmf).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 160, f. 76a-f (mf).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 135T, 136A-B, 142O, 147E (mf).

f biapicatifer (Strand, 1907)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014740]
Aranea biapicatifera Strand, 1907i: 202 (Df).

f bicavus Zhu & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014741]
A. b. Zhu & Wang, in Zhu et al., 1994: 28, f. 3A-C (Df).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 161, f. 77a-c (f).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 136C-D, 147F (f).

mf bicentenarius (McCook, 1888)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014742]
Epeira gigas Leach, 1815: 132, pl. 109 (Df; N.B.: see note above in synonymy section).
Epeira bicentennaria McCook, 1888b: 194, f. 3 (Df, lapsus, corrected by McCook, 1894: 186).
Aranea kisatchia Archer, 1951a: 27, f. 69 (Df).
Aranea bicentenaria Archer, 1951a: 31, f. 68, 78 (removed f from S of A. angulatus, Dm).
A. b. Levi, 1971a: 143, f. 15-26 (mf, S).
A. b. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 42, f. 257-259 (mf).
A. b. Dondale et al., 2003: 209, f. 428-435 (mf).

j bigibbosus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014743]
Epeira bigibbosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 45 (Dj).

mf bihamulus Zhu et al., 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042260]
A. b. Zhu et al., 2005: 509, f. 4A-E (Dmf).

f bilunifer Pocock, 1900....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014744]
A. b. Pocock, 1900a: 227, f. 74 (Df).
A. b. Patel, 1975b: 162, f. 3a-c (f).
A. b. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 43, f. 91-94 (f).
A. b. Tikader, 1982a: 221, f. 428-431 (f).

mf bimaculicollis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037656]
A. b. Hu, 2001: 439, f. 283.1-3, 284.1-5 (Dmf).

mf bimini Levi, 1991....................Bahama Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014745]
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 264, f. 372-375 (Dmf).

mf biprominens Yin, Wang & Xie, 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014746]
A. b. Yin, Wang & Xie, 1989: 330, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. prominens Yin & Bao, 1995a: 127, f. 4-6 (Dm).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 162, f. 78a-g (mf).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 136E-G, 142P-Q, 147G (mf).
A. b. Yin et al., 2012: 600, f. 288a-g (mf).

f bipunctatus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014747]
Epeira bipunctata Thorell, 1898: 356 (Df).

?? bipunctatus Franganillo, 1931....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014748]
A. b. Franganillo, 1931: 288 (D; if this species is ever recognized, a replacement name will be needed).

mf bispinosus (Keyserling, 1885)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014749]
Epeira bispinosa Keyserling, 1885: 531, pl. 13, f. 30 (Df).
Epeira bispinosa Keyserling, 1892: 124, pl. 6, f. 92 (f).
Epeira bispinosa McCook, 1894: 180, pl. 9, f. 3 (f).
Epeira pacifica McCook, 1894: 180, pl. 11, f. 15-16 (Dmf).
Epeira excelsa Banks, 1896b: 90 (Df).
Aranea bispinosa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 512.
A. b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 282.
Conaranea excelsa Archer, 1951b: 9, f. 20-21, 27 (removed f from S of A. bispinosus, rejected, Dm).
Conaranea bispinosa Archer, 1951b: 10, f. 4, 14-15, 22-23 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. b. Levi, 1973: 500, f. 86-106 (mf).

mf bivittatus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014750]
Epeira bivittata Walckenaer, 1841: 78 (Df).
Conepeira bivittata Archer, 1951b: 21, f. 12, 49, 70 (removed f from S of Araneus miniatus, Dm, but both misidentified, =A. juniperi).
A. b. Levi, 1973: 519, f. 221-230, 445 (f, Dm).

f blaisei Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014751]
A. b. Simon, 1909e: 108 (Df).

f blochmanni (Strand, 1907)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014752]
Aranea b. Strand, 1907m: 419 (Df).

mf blumenau Levi, 1991....................Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014753]
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 200, f. 42-48 (Dmf).

mf boerneri (Strand, 1907)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014754]
Aranea börneri Strand, 1907k: 182, f. 10-12 (Dmf).

f boerneri clavimaculus (Strand, 1907)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014755]
Aranea börneri clavimacula Strand, 1907k: 188 (Df).

f boerneri obscurellus (Strand, 1907)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014756]
Aranea börneri obscurella Strand, 1907k: 189 (Df).

f boesenbergi (Fox, 1938)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014757]
Aranea b. Fox, 1938b: 367, f. 7 (Df).
A. bosenbergi Yin et al., 1997d: 163, f. 79 (f).
A. bosenbergi Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 136H (f).

mf bogotensis (Keyserling, 1864)....................Colombia to Bolivia and Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014758]
Epeira b. Keyserling, 1864: 88, pl. 4, f. 1-6 (Df).
Epeira abunda Taczanowski, 1878b: 152, pl. 1, f. 7 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Keyserling, 1892: 167, pl. 8, f. 124 (f).
A. abundus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 277.
A. b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 283.
Aranea quechuana Chamberlin, 1916: 250, pl. 19, f. 1 (Dm).
Metepeira b. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 256 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
Neosconella magna Caporiacco, 1955: 351, f. 33a-d (Df).
A. magnus Brignoli, 1983c: 263.
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 196, f. 1-4, 17-36 (f, Sm).
A. b. Levi, 2002: 549, f. 206 (m).

mf boneti Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014759]
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 268, f. 385-388 (Dmf).

mf bonsallae (McCook, 1894)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014760]
Epeira bonsallae McCook, 1894: 179, pl. 8, f. 10 (Df).
Conepeira unica Archer, 1951b: 23, f. 75 (Df).
A. bonsallae Levi, 1973: 524, f. 265-294, 453-454 (removed f from S of A. bispinosus, Dm, S).

mf borealis Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037657]
A. b. Tanikawa, 2001b: 69, f. 22-23, 28-31 (Dmf).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 87, f. 264, 717-720 (mf).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 293-296 (mf).

mf boreus Uyemura & Yaginuma, 1972....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014761]
A. b. Uyemura & Yaginuma, 1972: 10, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
A. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 100, f. 53.6 (mf).
A. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 66, f. 15 (f).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 83, f. 240, 681 (f).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 257 (f).

f bosmani Simon, 1903....................Equatorial Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014762]
A. b. Simon, 1903e: 89 (Df).

m braueri (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014764]
Aranea b. Strand, 1906b: 629 (Dm).

mf brisbanae (L. Koch, 1867)....................New Guinea, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014765]
Epeira b. L. Koch, 1867b: 176 (Df).
Epeira b. L. Koch, 1872a: 111, pl. 6, f. 4 (f).
Epeira b. Keyserling, 1887a: 161, pl. 13, f. 6-7 (f, Dm).

f bryantae Brignoli, 1983....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014766]
Neosconella parva Bryant, 1945a: 381, f. 19, 24 (Df, preoccupied in Araneus by Karsch, 1878).
A. b. Brignoli, 1983c: 262 (replacement name).
A. b. Levi, 1991a: 262, f. 353-356 (f).

mf bufo (Denis, 1941)....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014767]
Glyptogona b. Denis, 1941a: 116, f. 5-6 (Df).
Wagneriana b. Wunderlich, 1987a: 135, f. 361a (Tf from Glyptogona).
A. b. Wunderlich, 1992a: 366, f. 346-352 (Tf from Wagneriana, Dm).

f caballo Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014768]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 273, f. 418-421 (Df).

mf calusa Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014769]
A. c. Levi, 1973: 512, f. 152-157 (Df).
A. c. Levi, 1981b: 255, f. 5-7 (Dm).

f camilla (Simon, 1889)....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014770]
Epeira c. Simon, 1889i: 338 (Df).
A. c. Dyal, 1935: 179.

f canacus Berland, 1931....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014771]
A. c. Berland, 1931b: 669, f. 8-11 (Df).

f canalae Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014772]
A. c. Berland, 1924a: 222, f. 126-127 (Df).

m caplandensis (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014774]
Aranea c. Strand, 1907a: 535 (Dm).
Aranea c. Strand, 1907n: 631 (Dm).

j carabellus (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014775]
Aranea carabella Strand, 1913a: 377 (Dj).

mf carchi Levi, 1991....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014776]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 215, f. 122-127 (Dmf).

mf cardioceros Pocock, 1899....................Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014777]
A. c. Pocock, 1899c: 40 (Dmf; N.B.: may be a junior synonym of Agalenatea liriope).
A. c. Pocock, 1903g: 191, pl. 14, f. 4 (mf).

m carimagua Levi, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014778]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 230, f. 190 (Dm).

f carnifex (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014779]
Epeira c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 50 (Df).

f carroll Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014780]
A. c. Levi, 1973: 516, f. 215-220 (Df).

m castilho Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014781]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 196, f. 15-16 (Dm).

j catillatus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014782]
Epeira catillata Thorell, 1895: 191 (Dj).

f catospilotus Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau, Principe, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014783]
A. c. Simon, 1907d: 298 (Df).

f caudifer Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014784]
A. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 482, pl. 20, f. 52-54 (Df).

mf cavaticus (Keyserling, 1881)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014785]
Epeira cavatica Keyserling, 1881c: 269, pl. 11, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira cinerea Emerton, 1884: 302, pl. 33, f. 10, pl. 35, f. 7-8 (Dmf).
Epeira cavatica Keyserling, 1892: 118, pl. 6, f. 87 (mf).
Epeira cavatica McCook, 1894: 185, pl. 10, f. 1-2, pl. 22, f. 6 (mf).
Epeira cinerea Emerton, 1902: 165, f. 391 (f).
A. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 284.
Aranea cavatica Comstock, 1940: 484, f. 489 (f).
Aranea cavatica Kaston, 1948: 251, f. 798-799 (f).
A. c. Levi, 1971a: 170, f. 187-194 (mf).
A. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 42, f. 260-261 (mf).
A. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 244, f. 539-545 (mf).

mf celebensis Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014786]
A. c. Merian, 1911: 219, pl. 9, f. 6 (Dmf).

f cercidius Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014787]
A. c. Yin et al., 1990: 20, f. 47-50 (Df).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 135, f. 50a-d (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 136I-K. 147H (f).

mf cereolus (Simon, 1886)....................Senegal, Cameroon, Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014788]
Epeira cereola Simon, 1886g: 368 (Df).
Aranea cereola Thorell, 1899: 56.
A. c. Caporiacco, 1940c: 824, f. 30 (Dm).

m chiapas Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014789]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 262, f. 351-352 (Dm).

f chiaramontei Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014790]
A. c. Caporiacco, 1940d: 19, f. 1.1-2 (Df; spelled chiaromontei in legend).

f chingaza Levi, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014791]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 258, f. 330-334 (Df).

mf chunhuaia Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014792]
A. c. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 54, f. 12-16 (Dmf).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 164, f. 80a-e (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 136L-M. 142M-N, 147I (mf).

mf chunlin Yin et al., 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042429]
A. c. Yin et al., 2009: 2, f. 1-10 (Dmf).

mf cingulatus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014793]
Epeira cingulata Walckenaer, 1841: 40 (Df).
Conepeira marilandica Archer, 1951b: 21, f. 40, 50 (Dm; not f, f. 11, 72, =A. gadus).
Conepeira mumai Archer, 1951b: 22, f. 73 (f, misidentified).
Conepeira innominata Archer, 1951b: 24, f. 62, 77 (Dmf).
Conepeira ozarkensis Archer, 1951b: 25, f. 16, 76 (Dmf).
A. c. Levi, 1973: 526, f. 301-313, 455-462 (removed f from S of A. miniatus, Sm).
A. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 256, f. 575-582 (mf).

mf circe (Audouin, 1826)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014794]
Epeira c. Audouin, 1826: 338, pl. 2, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira schreibersii Hahn, 1834: 20, f. 109 (Df).
Epeira regia C. L. Koch, 1835: 129, pl. 20 (Df).
Epeira gistlii C. L. Koch, 1835: 129, pl. 22 (Df).
Epeira schreibersii Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 28, f. c (f).
Epeira pectoralis C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3 (D).
Epeira cornuta Walckenaer, 1841: 123 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Epeira gistlii C. L. Koch, 1844: 85, f. 898 (f).
Epeira regia C. L. Koch, 1844: 88, f. 899 (f).
Epeira schreibersii C. L. Koch, 1844: 90, f. 900-901 (f, Dm).
Epeira affinis Doleschall, 1852: 648 (Df, preoccupied by Nicolet and Blackwall).
Epeira austriaca Thorell, 1870a: 6 (replacement name for E. affinis Doleschall, 1852).
Epeira c. Simon, 1874a: 58 (m).
Epeira cornuta Lebert, 1877: 118, pl. 4, f. 23 (mf).
Epeira c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 128, pl. 4, f. 44 (mf).
Epeira schreibersi Bösenberg, 1901: 25, pl. 1, f. 6 (mf).
A. c. Lessert, 1910b: 208.
A. c. Simon, 1929: 676, 756, f. 1031, 1034-1035, 1040 (mf).
Aranea c. Wiehle, 1931: 56, f. 80-83 (mf).
Aranea c. Drensky, 1943: 240, f. 17 (m).
A. c. Wiehle, 1963c: 268, f. 61, 63 (mf).
Aranea c. Zamaraev, 1964: 355, f. 44-45 (f).
A. c. Miller, 1971: 207, pl. XXXVIII, f. 17-19 (f).
A. c. Loksa, 1972: 73, f. 62A-D, 63A (f).
A. c. Izmailova, 1989: 51, f. 36 (f).
A. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 72, f. 163 (mf).
A. c. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 25, 29 (m).
A. c. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 60, f. 4f, 5g, 9, 11, 19a-f, 20a-d, 21a-i, 22a-f (mf).

?? circe strandi (Kolosváry, 1935)....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014795]
Aranea c. s. Kolosváry, 1935b: 215, f. 1 (D).

f circellus Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014796]
A. c. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 168, f. 3A-B (Df).
A. c. Song & Li, 1997: 412, f. 15A-B (f).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 145, f. 60a-c (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 136N-O (f).

f circulissparsus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014797]
Epeira circulissparsa Keyserling, 1887a: 190, pl. 16, f. 7 (Df).

f circumbasilaris Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014798]
A. c. Yin et al., 1990: 29, f. 69-73 (Df).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 165, f. 81a-e (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 136P-R, 147J (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 187, f. 109A-D (f).

f coccinella Pocock, 1898....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014799]
A. c. Pocock, 1898c: 211, pl. 8, f. 6 (Df).

mf cochise Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014800]
A. c. Levi, 1973: 497, f. 55-59 (Df).
A. c. Dean, Agnew & Breene, 1989: 126, f. 1-2 (Dm).
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 278, f. 445-448 (mf).

m cohnae Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014801]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 229, f. 188 (Dm).

mf colima Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014802]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 266, f. 376-380 (Dmf).

f colubrinus Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014803]
A. c. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 169, f. 4A-B (Df).
A. c. Song & Li, 1997: 413, f. 16A-B (f).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 146, f. 61a-c (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 136S-T (f).

m compsus (Soares & Camargo, 1948)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014804]
Neosconella compsa Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 376, f. 32 (Dm).
A. c. Brignoli, 1983c: 262.

f comptus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014805]
A. c. Rainbow, 1916a: 108, pl. 22, f. 27-28 (Df).

f comptus fuscocapitatus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014806]
A. c. f. Rainbow, 1916a: 109, pl. 22, f. 29 (Df).

mf concepcion Levi, 1991....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014807]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 241, f. 250-253 (Dmf).

f concoloratus (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014809]
Aranea concolorata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 511, pl. 49, f. 3 (Df).
A. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 286.
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 249, f. 282-285 (f).

f corbita (L. Koch, 1871)....................Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014810]
Epeira c. L. Koch, 1871: 72, pl. 6, f. 9 (Df).

mf corporosus (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014811]
Epeira corporosa Keyserling, 1892: 189, pl. 9, f. 140 (Df).
A. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 287.
Metepeira corporosa Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 187 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
Metepeira delineata Mello-Leitão, 1943c: 105, f. 5 (Df).
Eustala lactea Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 329 (Dm).
Larinia nobilis Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 331, f. 15 (Dm).
Metepeira arabesca Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 248, f. 14-15 (Df).
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 206, f. 71-77 (f, Sm).
A. c. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 152-153 (f).

f corticaloides (Roewer, 1955)....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014812]
Epeira corticalis Simon, 1874a: 99 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1802 sub Aranea).
A. corticalis Simon, 1929: 687, 760.
Aranea c. Roewer, 1955c: 784 (replacement name).

mf corticarius (Emerton, 1884)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014813]
Epeira corticaria Emerton, 1884: 300, pl. 33, f. 14, pl. 35, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira incestifica Keyserling, 1892: 132, pl. 7, f. 98 (Df).
Epeira corticaria McCook, 1894: 176, pl. 8, f. 7 (f).
Epeira corticaria Emerton, 1902: 165, f. 392 (f).
Epeira corticaria Emerton, 1909: 199, pl. 5, f. 3 (Dm).
A. c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 287.
Aranea corticaria Comstock, 1940: 486, f. 401 (f).
Aranea corticaria Kaston, 1948: 252, f. 800-802 (f).
Aranea corticaria Archer, 1951a: 30, f. 76 (m).
Aranea denningi Archer, 1951a: 30, f. 81 (Dm).
A. c. Levi & Field, 1954: 448, f. 32 (m).
A. c. Levi, 1971a: 158, f. 114-122 (mf, S).
A. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 42, f. 263-265 (mf).
A. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 226, f. 482--488 (mf).

f crinitus (Rainbow, 1893)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014815]
Anepsia crinita Rainbow, 1893b: 23, pl. 3, f. 5 (Df).
A. c. Simon, 1895a: 869.

f crispulus Tullgren, 1952....................Sweden [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014816]
A. c. Tullgren, 1952: 168, f. 15a-b (Df).
Araniella c. Grasshoff, 1976: 150 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).

mf cristobal Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014817]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 277, f. 435-439 (Dmf).

f cuiaba Levi, 1991....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014818]
A. c. Levi, 1991a: 248, f. 276-278 (Df).

f cungei Bakhvalov, 1974....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014819]
A. c. Bakhvalov, 1974: 110, f. 59, 61 (Df).
A. c. Bakhvalov, 1981a: 140, f. 3 (f).

f cyclops Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014820]
A. c. Caporiacco, 1940c: 772 (Df).

mf cyrtarachnoides (Keyserling, 1887)....................New Guinea to New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014822]
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1887a: 181, pl. 15, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
A. papuanus Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 489, pl. 20, f. 50 (Df).
A. c. Chrysanthus, 1960: 36, f. 46, 51, 65, 74 (mf, S).

mf daozhenensis Zhu et al., 2005....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042261]
A. d. Zhu et al., 2005: 509, f. 5A-E (Dmf).

f dayongensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014823]
A. d. Yin et al., 1990: 22, f. 58-61 (Df).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 147, f. 62a-d (f).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137A-B, 147K (f).
A. daoyongensis Yin et al., 2012: 601, f. 289a-d (f).

f decaisnei (Lucas, 1863)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014824]
Epeira d. Lucas, 1863: 411 (Df).

m decentellus (Strand, 1907)....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014825]
Aranea decentella Strand, 1907k: 190, f. 14 (Dm).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 201, f. 118a-d (m).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 143A (m).

f decolor (L. Koch, 1871)....................New South Wales, Victoria, Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014826]
Epeira d. L. Koch, 1871: 71, pl. 6, f. 8 (Df).

f decoratus (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014827]
Aranea decorata Thorell, 1899: 56 (Df).

m demoniacus Caporiacco, 1939....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014828]
A. d. Caporiacco, 1939a: 346, f. 14 (Dm).

f depressatulus (Roewer, 1942)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014829]
A. depressus Rainbow, 1898a: 340, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df; preoccupied by Razoumowsky, 1789, sub Aranea).
Aranea depressatula Roewer, 1942a: 826 (replacement name).

mf desierto Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014830]
A. d. Levi, 1991a: 280, f. 453-456 (Dmf).

mf detrimentosus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014831]
Epeira detrimentosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 26, pl. 6, f. 7 (Dm).
Epeira detrimentosa Keyserling, 1892: 137, pl. 7, f. 101 (m, Df).
Epeira nigrohumeralis O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 111, pl. 15, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira tranquilla Keyserling, 1893: 224, pl. 11, f. 166 (Df).
Epeira tranquilla McCook, 1894: 162, pl. 6, f. 3 (f).
Epeira linteata McCook, 1894: 176, pl. 8, f. 5-6 (Dmf).
Epeira detrimentosa Banks, 1898b: 253, pl. 15, f. 7 (f).
Aranea detrimentosa F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 515, pl. 49, f. 18 (mf).
A. d. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 289.
A. linteatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 300.
Aranea vesta Bryant, 1948a: 60, f. 4, 6 (Dmf).
Cambridgepeira dentrimentosa Archer, 1951b: 2, f. 8-10 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. d. Levi, 1973: 538, f. 398-414 (mf, S).
A. vesta Brignoli, 1983c: 261.
A. d. Levi, 1991a: 269, f. 395-399 (mf, S).
A. d. Levi, 2002: 549, f. 207 (m).

m diabrosis (Walckenaer, 1841)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014832]
Epeira d. Walckenaer, 1841: 131 (Dm).

f diadematoides Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014833]
A. d. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 55, f. 17-19 (Df).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 166, f. 82a-c (f).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137C-D, 147L (f).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 188, f. 110A-C (f).

mf diadematus Clerck, 1757....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014834]
A. d. Clerck, 1757: 25, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
A. peleg Clerck, 1757: 27, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).
Aranea diadema Linnaeus, 1758: 619 (D).
Aranea linnaei Scopoli, 1763: 392 (Df).
Aranea d. Fabricius, 1775: 441 (D).
Aranea cruciger De Geer, 1778: 218, pl. 11, f. 3-8 (Df).
Aranea papalis Fourcroy, 1785: 534 (Df).
A. d. Fabricius, 1793: 415 (D).
Aranea myagria Walckenaer, 1802: 192 (Df).
Epeira myagria Walckenaer, 1805: 59.
Aranea diadema Treviranus, 1812: 26, f. 17-19, 21-22, 37 (mf).
Epeira d. Sundevall, 1833a: 235 (Dm).
Epeira diademata Hahn, 1834: 22, f. 110 (mf).
Epeira d. C. L. Koch, 1844: 103, f. 910 (mf).
Epeira fruticosus Bremi-Wolff, 1849: 1-16.
Epeira frutetorum Bremi-Wolff, 1849: 1-16.
Epeira diademata Blackwall, 1864a: 358, pl. 26, f. 258 (mf).
Epeira diademata Menge, 1866: 42, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira pyrenaea Simon, 1874a: 75 (Dmf).
Epeira diademata Hansen, 1882: 17, pl. 1, f. 31 (mf).
Epeira diademata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 14 (mf).
Epeira diademata McCook, 1894: 188, pl. 10, f. 11, pl. 11, f. 10-11 (mf).
Epeira diademata Becker, 1896: 17, pl. 1, f. 5 (mf).
Epeira diademata Bösenberg, 1901: 22, pl. 1, f. 2 (mf).
Aranea d. Reimoser, 1929c: 84, f. 1 (mf).
A. d. Simon, 1929: 680, 757, f. 1041-1042 (mf).
Aranea d. Wiehle, 1931: 70, f. 103-108 (mf).
A. d. Berland, 1932b: 270, f. 388-390 (f).
Aranea diadema Drensky, 1943: 242, f. 25 (mf).
Aranea diadema Kaston, 1948: 249, f. 779-782 (mf).
A. d. Chrysanthus, 1949b: 350, f. 3 (f).
Aranea diademata Archer, 1951a: 23, f. 80 (m).
A. d. Tullgren, 1952: 166, f. 11a-b (f).
Aranea diadema Mikulska, 1953: 51, f. 61, 64 (mf).
A. d. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 127, f. 79C, 84A, 85A, 86A, 87A (mf).
A. d. Braendegaard, 1958: 32, f. 21-22 (mf).
A. d. Bristowe, 1958: 24, f. 4 (f).
A. d. Yaginuma, 1960: 51, f. 47 (f).
A. d. Laurent, 1963: 294, f. 35-36 (f).
A. d. Grasshoff, 1964: 305, f. 1-2 (f).
Aranea diadema Zamaraev, 1964: 359, f. 76-79 (mf).
A. d. Azheganova, 1968: 75, f. 144, 151, 168 (mf).
A. d. Grasshoff, 1968: 7, f. 7, 9, 11, 16a, 17k-m, 20a-c, 21a-d, 23, 25-26, 28-29, 30a-b, 31-33, 34a, 35a-d, 36a-d, 37a-d, 38a-d, 39a-d, 40a, 41a-c, 42a, 43-46 (mf).
A. d. Levi, 1970: 109, f. 1-3 (m).
A. d. Miller, 1971: 211, pl. XL, f. 1-2 (mf).
A. d. Yaginuma, 1971: 51, f. 47 (f).
A. d. Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 577, 588 (mf).
A. d. Levi, 1971a: 147, f. 34-41, 95, 184-186 (mf).
A. d. Loksa, 1972: 86, f. 78B, 79C, 80A-B (mf).
A. d. Grasshoff, 1973b: 131, f. 1-2, 4-5 (mf).
A. d. Bakhvalov, 1974: 110, f. 67-68, 70 (mf).
A. d. Palmgren, 1974a: 21, f. 9a, 10a-c (mf).
A. d. Saaristo, 1975: 21, f. 2, 4, 6, 8-9 (mf).
A. d. Punda, 1975b: 36, f. 46-50 (mf).
A. d. Moore, 1977: 87, f. 9 (m).
A. d. Saaristo, 1977: 5, f. 2, 4, 6, 8-9 (mf).
A. d. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. IV.10 (f).
A. d. Kraus, 1984: 376, f. 3 (mf).
A. diadema Hu, 1984: 90, f. 83.1-4 (mf).
A. d. Roberts, 1985: 208, f. 93a (mf).
A. d. Zhu et al., 1985: 71, f. 58a-c (f).
A. d. Schult, 1986: 267, f. 31-32 (mf).
A. d. Yaginuma, 1986a: 95, f. 49.2 (mf).
A. d. Song, 1987: 162, f. 122 (f).
A. d. Roberts, 1987: 181, f. 941-f (m).
A. d. Zhang, 1987: 66, f. 48.1-4 (mf).
A. d. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 226, f. LXX.10 (f).
A. d. Chikuni, 1989b: 65, f. 9 (mf).
A. d. Hu & Wu, 1989: 87, f. 64.1-4 (mf).
A. d. Feng, 1990: 56, f. 31.1-5 (f).
A. d. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 8 (m).
A. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 74, f. 167 (mf).
A. d. Salz, 1992: 59, f. 1B-C (mf).
A. d. Roberts, 1995: 317, f. (mf).
A. d. Agnarsson, 1996: 60, f. 46A-C (mf).
A. d. Mcheidze, 1997: 271, f. 605-608 (mf).
A. d. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 372, f. 8, 25 (mf).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 167, f. 83a-h (mf).
A. d. Levy, 1998a: 326, f. 57-67 (mf).
A. d. Roberts, 1998: 331, f. (mf).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137E, G, 143B-C, 147M (mf).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 189, f. 111A-D (mf).
A. d. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 50 (m).
A. d. Levi, 2002: 549, f. 205 (m).
A. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 43, f. 266-268 (mf).
A. d. Dondale et al., 2003: 216, f. 451-457 (mf).
A. d. Trotta, 2005: 163, f. 236, 239 (mf).
A. d. Griswold et al., 2005: 14, f. 171E-F (m).
A. d. Almquist, 2005: 139, f. 151a-i (mf).
A. d. Tanikawa, 2007c: 80, f. 228-229, 415-419, 662-663 (mf).
A. d. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 236-237 (mf).
A. d. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 91, f. 3d-e, 4b, 5b, 6, 1239a-e, 40a-d, 41a-g, 42a-e, 43a-g, 44a-j (mf).

f diadematus islandicus (Strand, 1906)....................Iceland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014835]
Aranea diademata islandica Strand, 1906a: 431 (Df).

mf diadematus nemorosus Simon, 1929....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014836]
A. d. nemorosa Simon, 1929: 680, 757 (Dmf).

mf diadematus soror (Simon, 1874)....................Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014837]
Epeira s. Simon, 1874a: 74 (Dmf).
A. d. s. Simon, 1929: 681, 757.

mf diadematus stellatus (C. L. Koch, 1836)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014838]
Epeira stellata C. L. Koch, 1836b: 134, pl. 7 (Df).
Epeira stellata C. L. Koch, 1844: 105, f. 911 (f).
Epeira diademata alpina Calloni, 1889: 66.
Epeira diademata obscura Calloni, 1889: 262.
Epeira diademata nigra Gétaz, 1889: 60 (Df).
A. d. s. Simon, 1929: 681, 757.

mf dianiphus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014839]
A. d. Rainbow, 1916a: 106, pl. 22, f. 22-25 (Dmf).

f dianiphus xanthostichus Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014840]
A. d. x. Rainbow, 1916a: 107, pl. 22, f. 26 (Df).

f diffinis Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014841]
A. d. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 56, f. 20-22 (Df).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 202, f. 119a-c (f).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137H-I, 147N (f).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 190, f. 112A-C (f).

f dimidiatus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014842]
Epeira dimidiata L. Koch, 1871: 95, pl. 8, f. 1 (Df).

f diversicolor (Rainbow, 1893)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014844]
Epeira d. Rainbow, 1893b: 16, pl. 3, f. 1 (Df).

f doenitzellus (Strand, 1906)....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014845]
Aranea dönitzella Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 383, pl. 4, f. 40 (Df).
A. doenitzella Saito, 1933b: 54, pl. 3, f. 16.
A. dönitzella Yin et al., 1997d: 202, f. 120 (f).
A. doenitzella Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137F (f).

mf dofleini (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014846]
Aranea d. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 235, f. 4 (Dmf).

m dospinolongus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014847]
A. d. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 635, f. 403a-f (Dm).

mf dreisbachi Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014848]
A. d. Levi, 1991a: 280, f. 449-452 (Dmf).

m drygalskii (Strand, 1909)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014849]
Aranea d. Strand, 1909g: 571 (Dm).

f ealensis Giltay, 1935....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014850]
A. e. Giltay, 1935a: 1, f. 1-2 (Df).

f eburneiventris (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014851]
Larinia e. Simon, 1908d: 424 (Df).
A. e. Grasshoff, 1970b: 218 (Tf from Larinia).

mf ejusmodi Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014853]
A. e. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 229, pl. 11, f. 215 (Dmf).
Lithyphantes dubius Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906:: 380, pl. 4, f. 34 (Df).
Lithyphantes dubius Paik, 1942: 101, f. 1-2 (f).
A. e. Yaginuma, 1954e: 26, f. 1.1-7, 2A-H (mf, S).
Agalenatea e. Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 37 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
A. e. Yaginuma, 1960: 55, f. 51 (m).
A. pachygnathoides Schenkel, 1963: 167, f. 97a-c (Df).
A. e. Yaginuma, 1971: 55, f. 51 (m).
A. e. Yin, 1978: 1, f. 1A-D (mf).
Aranea e. Song, 1980: 92, f. 38a-d (mf).
A. e. Wang, 1981: 102, f. 44A-D (mf).
A. e. Zhu, 1983: 20 (S).
A. e. Hu, 1984: 92, f. 85.1-2 (f).
A. e. Guo, 1985: 55, f. 2-11.1-4 (mf).
A. e. Zhu et al., 1985: 73, f. 60a-c (f).
A. e. Yaginuma, 1986a: 99, f. 53.2 (m).
A. e. Chikuni, 1989b: 69, f. 23 (mf).
A. e. Feng, 1990: 57, f. 32.1-5 (mf).
A. e. Chen & Gao, 1990: 45, f. 48a-b (mf).
A. e. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 87, f. 77.1-5 (mf).
A. e. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 870, f. 34A-C (mf).
A. e. Zhao, 1993: 229, f. 105a-c (f).
A. e. Yin et al., 1997d: 136, f. 51a-e (mf).
A. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137J-K, 143D (mf).
A. e. Namkung, 2002: 251, f. 19.13a-c (mf).
A. e. Kim & Kim, 2002: 179, f. 4, 74-75, 162-163 (mf).
A. e. Namkung, 2003: 253, f. 19.13a-c (mf).
A. e. Tanikawa, 2007c: 86, f. 257-258, 702-703 (mf).
A. e. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 278-279 (mf).
A. e. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 199, f. 139A-C (mf).
A. e. Yin et al., 2012: 604, f. 291a-e (mf).

f elatatus (Strand, 1911)....................Aru Is., Kei Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014854]
Aranea elatata Strand, 1911d: 152, pl. 4, f. 3, pl. 5, f. 38 (Df).

f elizabethae Levi, 1991....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014855]
Meta blanda Bryant, 1945a: 386, f. 22 (Df; preoccupied by M. b. L. Koch, 1878, but that species was transferred to Leucauge by Bösenberg & Strand, 1906).
Meta bryantae Brignoli, 1983c: 230 (replacement name for Meta blanda Bryant).
A. blanda Levi, 1986a: 105 (Tf from Meta).
A. e. Levi, 1991a: 263, f. 357-360 (replacement name for Meta bryantae Brignoli, 1983, preoccupied in Araneus).

mf ellipticus (Tikader & Bal, 1981)....................Bangladesh, India, China, Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014856]
Neoscona elliptica Tikader & Bal, 1981: 24, f. 45-49 (Dmf).
Neoscona elliptica Tikader, 1982a: 259, f. 515-519 (mf).
Neoscona griseomaculata Yin & Wang, 1982: 260, f. A-L (Dmf).
Neoscona griseomaculata Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 6C (m).
Neoscona griseomaculata Hu, 1984: 122, f. 122.1-11 (mf).
A. e. Grasshoff, 1986: 118 (Tmf from Neoscona).
Neoscona griseomaculata Song, 1987: 171, f. 131 (mf).
Neoscona griseomaculata Feng, 1990: 90, f. 65.1-4 (mf).
Neoscona griseomaculata Chen & Gao, 1990: 66, f. 81a-c (mf).
Neoscona griseomaculata Zhao, 1993: 242, f. 114a-b (mf).
Neoscona elliptica Zhu & Zhang, 1993: 38, f. 14-20 (mf).
A. e. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 639, f. 406a-d (f).
Neoscona elliptica Yin et al., 1997d: 347, f. 245a-k (mf, S).
Neoscona elliptica Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 299, f. 175O-Q, 178Q-R, 180F (mf).
Neoscona elliptica Gajbe, 2007: 531, f. 322-325 (f).
Neoscona elliptica Yin et al., 2012: 725, f. 360a-k (mf).

f elongatus Yin, Wang & Xie, 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014857]
A. e. Yin, Wang & Xie, 1989: 331, f. 5-9 (Df).
A. e. Yin et al., 1997d: 137, f. 52a-e (f).
A. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137L-N, 147O (f).

f emmae Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014858]
A. e. Simon, 1900a: 482, pl. 16, f. 6 (Df).

f enucleatus (Karsch, 1879)....................India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014859]
Epeira enucleata Karsch, 1879d: 550 (Df).
Epeira albertisii Thorell, 1887: 182 (Df).
Epeira soronis Thorell, 1890a: 143 (Df).
A. soronis Simon, 1899a: 91.

f enyoides (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014860]
Epeira e. Thorell, 1877b: 396 (Df).

f excavatus Franganillo, 1930....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014861]
A. e. Franganillo, 1930: 25 (Df).

mf expletus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014862]
Epeira expleta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 25, pl. 6, f. 11 (Df; N.B.: the spelling explecta in Roewer is a lapsus).
Neosconella expleta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 476, pl. 45, f. 7 (f).
A. e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
Epeira smithi O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 280, pl. 37, f. 4 (Df).
Neosconella styligera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 475, pl. 44, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Neosconella guttata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 477, pl. 45, f. 9 (Df; preoccupied by Keyserling, 1865, sub Epeira).
Aranea smithi F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 511, pl. 49, f. 1 (f).
A. gratuitus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294 (replacement name for Neosconella guttata).
A. smithi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 316.
A. styliger Petrunkevitch, 1911: 318.
A. gratuitus Kraus, 1955b: 22, f. 59-61 (f).
Neosconella styligera Levi, 1973: 547, f. 439 (m).
A. e. Levi, 1991a: 231, f. 193-210 (f, Sm).

f exsertus Rainbow, 1904....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014863]
A. e. Rainbow, 1904a: 102, f. 26-27 (Df).

mf falcatus Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044210]
A. f. Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011a: 214, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf fastidiosus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014864]
Epeira fastidiosa Keyserling, 1887a: 183, pl. 16, f. 1 (Dm).
A. f. Rainbow, 1916a: 101, pl. 21, f. 16-17 (Df).

f favorabilis Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014865]
A. f. Rainbow, 1916a: 103, pl. 22, f. 18-19 (Df).

f faxoni (Bryant, 1940)....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014866]
Aranea f. Bryant, 1940: 334, f. 102-103 (Df).
A. f. Brignoli, 1983c: 262.
A. f. Levi, 1991a: 264, f. 369-371 (f).

f fengshanensis Zhu & Song, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014868]
A. f. Zhu & Song, in Zhu et al., 1994: 31, f. 6A-D (Df).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137O-Q, 147P (f).

f ferganicus Bakhvalov, 1983....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014869]
A. f. Bakhvalov, 1983: 91, f. 5 (Df).

m ferrugineus (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014870]
Epeira ferruginea Thorell, 1877b: 379 (Dm).

f fictus (Rainbow, 1896)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014871]
Epeira ficta Rainbow, 1896a: 323, pl. 18, f. 2 (Df).

f finneganae Berland, 1938....................New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014872]
A. f. Berland, 1938: 176, f. 137-140 (Df).

j fishoekensis (Strand, 1909)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014873]
Aranea f. Strand, 1909g: 573 (Dj).

f fistulosus Franganillo, 1930....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014874]
A. f. Franganillo, 1930: 29 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer and Brignoli).

f flagelliformis Zhu & Yin, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014875]
A. f. Zhu & Yin, in Yin et al., 1997d: 168, f. 84a-e (Df).
A. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 137R-T, 147Q (f).

f flavisternis (Thorell, 1878)....................Amboina, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014876]
Epeira f. Thorell, 1878b: 61 (Df).
A. f. Simon, 1899a: 90.

f flavisternis momiensis (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014877]
Epeira f. m. Thorell, 1881: 106 (Df).

m flavopunctatus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014878]
Epeira flavopunctata L. Koch, 1871: 79, pl. 5, f. 4 (Dm).

f flavosellatus Simon, 1895....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014879]
A. f. Simon, 1895a: 824 (Dm).

f flavosignatus (Roewer, 1942)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014880]
Araneus flavopunctatus Merian 1911: 218 (Df; preoccupied by L. Koch, 1871, sub Epeira).
Aranea flavosignata Roewer, 1942a: 817 (replacement name).

mf flavus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894)....................Mexico to Nicaragua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014881]
Singa flava O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 136, pl. 17, f. 15 (Dm, S. lutea in legend).
Aranea flava F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 516, pl. 51, f. 3 (m).
A. f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 292.
A. f. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tm from Singa).
A. f. Levi, 1991a: 272, f. 404-409 (m, Df).

mf floriatus Hogg, 1914....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014882]
A. f. Hogg, 1914a: 57 (Dmf).
A. f. Hogg, 1915a: 446, f. 25 (f).

f formosellus (Roewer, 1942)....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014883]
A. formosus Dyal, 1935: 185, pl. 11, f. 5 (Df; preoccupied by Olivier, 1789, sub Aranea).
Aranea formosella Roewer, 1942a: 817 (replacement name).

m frio Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014884]
A. f. Levi, 1991a: 276, f. 429-430 (Dm).

mf fronki Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014885]
A. f. Levi, 1991a: 228, f. 179-183 (Dmf).

f frosti (Hogg, 1896)....................Central Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014886]
Epeira f. Hogg, 1896: 315, pl. 24, f. 1 (Df).

mf fulvellus (Roewer, 1942)....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014887]
A. fulvus Dyal, 1935: 178, pl. 11, f. 4 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1841, sub Epeira).
Aranea fulvella Roewer, 1942a: 817 (replacement name).
A. fulvus Reddy & Patel, 1992b: 138, f. 1A-G (f, Dm).

f fuscinotus (Strand, 1908)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014888]
Aranea rufipalpis fuscinotum Strand, 1908e: 294 (Df).
Aranea fuscinotum Roewer, 1942a: 808 (elevated to species).

mf gadus Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014889]
Conepeira marilandica Archer, 1951b: 21, f. 11, 72 (f, misidentified).
A. g. Levi, 1973: 520, f. 231-247, 446 (Dmf).

mf galero Levi, 1991....................Panama, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014890]
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 234, f. 223-227 (Dmf).

j gazerti (Strand, 1909)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014892]
Aranea g. Strand, 1909g: 574 (Dj).

f geminatus (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014893]
Epeira geminata Thorell, 1881: 122 (Df).

mf gemma (McCook, 1888)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014894]
Epeira g. McCook, 1888b: 193, f. 1-2 (Df).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1892: 115, pl. 6, f. 85 (f).
Epeira g. McCook, 1894: 182, pl. 10, f. 6, pl. 11, f. 12-14 (f).
Araneus gemmus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 21, pl. 10, f. 79 (f).
A. pirus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 22, pl. 10, f. 81 (Df).
Aranea g. Comstock, 1940: 486, f. 134, 490 (f).
A. g. Levi, 1971a: 172, f. 203-214 (mf, S).
A. g. Levi, 1975c: 268, f. 2 (m).
A. g. Levi, 2002: 559, f. 307 (m).
A. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 249, f. 553-559 (mf).

mf gemmoides Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014895]
A. g. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 22, pl. 10, f. 80 (Dmf).
A. canmorus Schenkel, 1950b: 65, f. 22a-c (Df).
Aranea g. Levi, 1951: 12, f. 14-16 (m).
A. g. Levi & Field, 1954: 450, f. 29-31 (mf).
A. g. Levi, 1971a: 171, f. 195-202 (mf, S).
A. g. Levi, 1975c: 268, f. 1 (m).
A. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 246, f. 546-552 (mf).

m gerais Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014896]
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 231, f. 191-192 (Dm).

m gestrellus (Strand, 1907)....................Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014897]
Aranea gestrella Strand, 1907k: 178, f. 15 (Dm).

mf gestroi (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014898]
Epeira g. Thorell, 1881: 116 (Dmf).

f gibber (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014899]
Epeira gibbera O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 51 (Df).

mf ginninderranus Dondale, 1966....................Australian Capital Territory [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014900]
A. g. Dondale, 1966: 1169, f. 3A-C (Dmf).

f goniaeoides (Strand, 1915)....................Lombok [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014903]
Aranea g. Strand, 1915d: 224, pl. 17, f. 70 (Df).

f goniaeus (Thorell, 1878)....................Myanmar, Java, Amboina, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014901]
Epeira goniaea Thorell, 1878b: 51 (Df).

f goniaeus virens (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014902]
Epeira goniaea v. Thorell, 1890a: 120 (Df).

f graemii Pocock, 1900....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014905]
A. g. Pocock, 1900e: 324 (Df).

mf granadensis (Keyserling, 1864)....................Venezuela to Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014906]
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1864: 86, pl. 4, f. 7-9 (Df).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1892: 194, pl. 9, f. 144 (f, Dm).
Araneus g. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294.
Neoscona g. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 325.
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 220, f. 146-152 (mf).

mf granti Hogg, 1914....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014907]
A. g. Hogg, 1914a: 57 (Df).
A. g. Hogg, 1915a: 448, f. 26 (f).
A. g. Chrysanthus, 1960: 36, f. 32-33, 49, 60, 72 (f, Dm).

f gratiolus Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014908]
A. g. Yin et al., 1990: 32, f. 78-80 (Df).
A. g. Yin et al., 1997d: 170, f. 86a-c (f).
A. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 238, f. 138A-B, 148B (f).

mf groenlandicola (Strand, 1906)....................USA, Canada, Greenland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014909]
Aranea reaumuri g. Strand, 1906a: 458 (Df).
Aranea manitobae Archer, 1951a: 37, f. 51, 59, 62 (Dm).
A. g. Levi, 1970: 110, f. 16-17 (m).
A. groenlandicolus Levi, 1971a: 164, f. 159-166 (elevated f from subspecies of A. reaumuri, Sm).
A. g. Levi, 1973: 480 (correction of spelling).
A. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 43, f. 269-271 (mf).
A. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 230, f. 496-502 (mf).

mf grossus (C. L. Koch, 1844)....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014910]
Epeira gigas C. L. Koch, 1835: 129, pl. 22 (Df; preoccupied).
Epeira grossa C. L. Koch, 1844: 82, f. 896-897 (Df).
Epeira grossa Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 329, pl. 12, f. 9 (Dm).
A. g. Fage, 1921a: 175, f. 3B (m).
A. g. Simon, 1929: 677, 756, f. 1032, 1036-1039 (mf).
A. g. Wiehle, 1963c: 265, f. 65-73 (mf).
A. g. Wiehle, 1967b: 187, f. 15-16 (f).
A. g. Miller, 1971: 207, pl. XXXVIII, f. 20-21 (f).
A. g. Loksa, 1972: 74, f. 63B, 64A-E (mf).
A. grossi Bakhvalov, 1974: 111, f. 88, 91-92, 97 (mf).
A. g. Izmailova, 1989: 54, f. 38 (f).
A. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 72, f. 165 (mf).
A. g. Thaler, 1991b: 50, f. 26-27, 30 (m).
A. g. Mcheidze, 1997: 267, f. 581-583 (f).
A. g. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 66, f. 4g, 5h, 10-11, 23a-d, 24a-d, 25a-g, 26a-e (mf).

m guandishanensis Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014911]
A. g. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 57, f. 23-24 (Dm).
A. g. Yin et al., 1997d: 171, f. 87a-c (m).
A. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 143E-F, 148C (m).

f guatemus Levi, 1991....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014912]
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 232, f. 211-214 (Df).

mf guerrerensis Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014913]
A. g. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 45, pl. 13, f. 117-118 (Df).
Conaranea pacifica Archer, 1951b: 10, f. 26, 28-29 (removed mf from S of A. bispinosus, misidentified).
A. chiricahua Levi, 1973: 496, f. 44-54, 441 (Dmf).
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 285, f. 487-493 (f, Sm).

j guessfeldi (Karsch, 1879)....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014914]
Epeira güssfeldii Karsch, 1879a: 335 (Dj).

f gundlachi (Banks, 1914)....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014915]
Epeira g. Banks, 1914c: 641, pl. 43, f. 8 (Df).

jj gurdus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Tibet [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014916]
Epeira gurda O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 46 (Djj).

mf guttatus (Keyserling, 1865)....................Costa Rica to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014917]
Epeira guttata Keyserling, 1865: 823, pl. 18, f. 17-18 (Df).
Epeira similis Taczanowski, 1873: 130 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1844).
Epeira guttata Keyserling, 1892: 193, pl. 9, f. 143 (f).
Aranea glabrata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 512, pl. 49, f. 6 (Df).
A. glabratus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 293.
A. g. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 296.
A. similis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 315.
Aranea similella Roewer, 1942a: 852 (replacement name).
Neosconella bipunctata Mello-Leitão, 1948: 170, f. 12 (Df, preoccupied in Araneus by Thorell, 1898).
A. leitaoi Brignoli, 1983c: 263 (replacement name).
A. g. Levi, 1991a: 253, f. 303-315 (f, Dm, S).
A. g. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 154 (f).

mf guttulatus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014918]
Epeira guttulata Walckenaer, 1841: 78 (Df).
Epeira sanguinalis Hentz, 1847: 476, pl. 31, f. 15 (Dm).
A. sanguinalis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
Conepeira glyphica Archer, 1951b: 17, f. 56 (Df).
Conepeira guttulata Archer, 1951b: 18, f. 42, 67 (removed f from S of A. miniatus, Dm, S).
Conepeira glyphica Levi & Field, 1954: 450, f. 33-34 (f).
A. g. Levi, 1973: 530, f. 3, 332-361, 470-474 (mf, S).
A. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 259, f. 583-592 (mf).
A. g. Paquin et al., 2008c: 29, f. 1-5 (mf).

f habilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014919]
Epeira h. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 28, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira h. Keyserling, 1892: 220, pl. 10, f. 163 (f).
Neosconella h. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 477, pl. 45, f. 8 (f).
A. h. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 296.
A. h. Levi, 1991a: 234, f. 219-222 (f).

j haematomerus (Gerstäcker, 1873)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014920]
Epeira haematomera Gerstäcker, 1873: 491, pl. 18, f. 9 (Dj).

f hamiltoni (Rainbow, 1893)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014921]
Epeira h. Rainbow, 1893b: 21, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).

f hampei Simon, 1895....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014922]
A. h. Simon, 1895a: 822 (Df).

f haploscapellus (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014923]
Aranea haploscapella Strand, 1907a: 533 (Df).
Aranea haploscapella Strand, 1907n: 616 (Df).

f haruspex (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Tibet [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014924]
Epeira h. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 46 (Df).

m herbeus (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014926]
Epeira herbea Thorell, 1890a: 156 (Dm).

f hierographicus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014927]
A. h. Simon, 1909e: 107 (Df).

f himalayanus (Simon, 1889)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014929]
Epeira himalayana Simon, 1889i: 339 (Df).

f hirsti Lessert, 1915....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014930]
A. h. Lessert, 1915a: 33, pl. 2, f. 50, 52-53 (Df).

f hirsutulus (Stoliczka, 1869)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014931]
Epeira hirsutula Stoliczka, 1869: 239, pl. 20, f. 13 (Df).

f hispaniola (Bryant, 1945)....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014932]
Aranea h. Bryant, 1945a: 366, f. 2 (Df).
A. h. Brignoli, 1983c: 262.
A. h. Levi, 1991a: 263, f. 365-368 (f).

mf holzapfelae Lessert, 1936....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014934]
A. holzapfeli Lessert, 1936: 246, f. 40-42 (Dmf; patronym for Ms. Holzapfel).

mf horizonte Levi, 1991....................Colombia to Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014935]
A. h. Levi, 1991a: 211, f. 99-104 (Df).
A. h. Braul, Bertoncello & Lise, 1999: 124 (Dm).

m hortensis (Blackwall, 1859)....................Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014936]
Epeira h. Blackwall, 1859b: 263 (Dm).

mf hoshi Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037659]
A. triguttatus Saito, 1934b: 326, pl. 13, f. 23, pl. 15, f. 66 (f, misidentified).
A. triguttatus Saito, 1959: 90, f. 106a-d (f, misidentified).
A. triguttatus Yaginuma, 1960: 55, f. 51 (f, misidentified).
A. h. Tanikawa, 2001b: 73, f. 39-40, 45-48 (Dmf).
A. h. Tanikawa, 2007c: 88, f. 269-270, 728-731 (mf).
A. h. Tanikawa, 2009: 459, f. 304-307 (mf).

f hotteiensis (Bryant, 1945)....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014937]
Meta h. Bryant, 1945a: 387, f. 25 (Df).
A. h. Levi, 1986a: 105 (Tf from Meta).
A. h. Levi, 1991a: 263, f. 361-364 (f).

mf huahun Levi, 1991....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014938]
A. h. Levi, 1991a: 244, f. 258-261 (Dmf).

f hui Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037660]
A. h. Hu, 2001: 442, f. 286.1-3 (Df).

m huixtla Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014939]
A. h. Levi, 1991a: 286, f. 497-498 (Dm).

mf humilis (L. Koch, 1867)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014940]
Theridion humile L. Koch, 1867b: 191 (Df).
Epeira h. L. Koch, 1872a: 107, pl. 9, f. 1 (f).
Deliochus h. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 171, f. 12A-B (m).

f idoneus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014941]
Epeira idonea Keyserling, 1887a: 177, pl. 15, f. 5 (Df).

mf iguacu Levi, 1991....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014942]
A. i. Levi, 1991a: 256, f. 321-325 (Dmf).

mf illaudatus (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014943]
Aranea illaudata Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 19, f. 36-37 (Dm).
Aranea illaudata Archer, 1951a: 36, f. 74 (m, not f, f. 67=A. nordmanni).
A. pima Levi, 1971a: 176, f. 218-232 (Dmf).
A. i. Levi, 1970: 108, f. 14-15, 18-19 (mf).
A. i. Levi, 1971a: 176, f. 238-240 (m, not f, f. 233-237, =A. abigeatus).
A. i. Levi, 1975c: 268, f. 3-4 (m, S).
A. i. Roth, 1985: B6-5, f. 49 (f).

f indistinctus (Doleschall, 1859)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014944]
Epeira indistincta Doleschall, 1859: 41, pl. 9, f. 6 (Df).

m inquietus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014945]
Epeira inquieta Keyserling, 1887a: 189, p. 16, f. 6 (Dm).

f interjectus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014946]
Epeira interjecta L. Koch, 1871: 96, pl. 7, f. 7 (Df).

mf inustus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Taiwan, Sumatra to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014947]
Epeira inusta L. Koch, 1871: 94, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira weyersi Simon, 1885a: 38 (Df).
Epeira inusta Thorell, 1890a: 151.
A. i. Chrysanthus, 1960: 41, f. 48, 52, 59, 67-68 (f, Dm).
A. i. Lee, 1966: 40, f. 11a-c (f).
A. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 631, f. 400a-d, 401a-c (mf).
A. i. Yin et al., 1997d: 138, f. 53a-c (f).
A. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 138F-G, 148F (f).

mf iriomotensis Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037661]
A. i. Tanikawa, 2001b: 71, f. 24-25, 32-35 (Dmf).
A. i. Tanikawa, 2007c: 87, f. 265-266, 721-724 (mf).
A. i. Tanikawa, 2009: 459, f. 297-300 (mf).

j isabella (Vinson, 1863)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014948]
Epeira i. Vinson, 1863: 157, 308, pl. 4, f. 2 (Dj).

mf ishisawai Kishida, 1920....................Russia, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014949]
A. i. Kishida, 1920c: 474, f. 41 (Df).
A. i. Yaginuma, 1957a: 55, f. 18 (f).
Catheistela i. Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36 (Tf from Araneus).
A. i. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 93, f. 8 (f).
A. i. Chikuni, 1989b: 63, f. 4 (f, Dm).
A. seensis Oliger, 1991: 141, f. 1-8 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015189].
A. i. Namkung, 2002: 243, f. 19.5a-b (mf).
A. i. Namkung, 2003: 245, f. 19.5a-b (mf).
A. i. Tanikawa, 2007c: 83, f. 241-243, 682-685 (mf).
A. i. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 258-261 (mf).
A. i. Marusik, 2009f: 97 (S).

mf iviei (Archer, 1951)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014950]
Aranea i. Archer, 1951a: 33, f. 53 (Df).
Aranea sachimau Archer, 1951a: 33, f. 55 (Df).
A. i. Levi, 1970: 109, f. 7-9 (m).
A. i. Levi, 1971a: 162, f. 138-151 (f, Dm, S).
A. i. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 43, f. 272-274 (mf).
A. i. Dondale et al., 2003: 240, f. 524-530 (mf).

f jalimovi Bakhvalov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014951]
A. j. Bakhvalov, 1981b: 146, f. 4 (Df).

m jalisco Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014952]
A. j. Levi, 1991a: 269, f. 392-394 (Dm).

m jamundi Levi, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014953]
A. j. Levi, 1991a: 222, f. 157 (Dm).

mf juniperi (Emerton, 1884)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014954]
Epeira j. Emerton, 1884: 313, pl. 34, f. 6, pl. 36, f. 14-16 (Dmf).
Epeira j. McCook, 1894: 167, pl. 6, f. 13 (f).
Singa floridana Banks, 1896e: 69 (Df).
Epeira j. Emerton, 1909: 200, pl. 5, f. 1 (m).
A. floridanus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 292.
A. j. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 298.
Conepeira bivittata Archer, 1951b: 21, f. 12, 49, 70 (mf, misidentified).
Conepeira mumai Archer, 1951b: 22, f. 51 (Dm; not f, f. 73, =A. cingulatus).
Conepeira sarasota Archer, 1951b: 23, f. 74 (Df).
Conepeira llano Archer, 1951b: 24, f. 52, 55 (Dmf).
Conepeira j. Archer, 1951b: 25, f. 54, 78 (Tmf from Araneus, misidentified, =A. nashoba).
A. floridanus Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tf from Singa).
A. j. Levi, 1973: 522, f. 248-264, 447-452 (mf, S).
A. j. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 43, f. 275-277 (mf).
A. j. Dondale et al., 2003: 254, f. 568-574 (mf).

f kalaharensis Simon, 1910....................Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014955]
A. k. Simon, 1910b: 194 (Df).

f kapiolaniae Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014956]
A. k. Simon, 1900a: 483, pl. 16, f. 7 (Df).

f karissimbicus (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014957]
Aranea karissimbica Strand, 1913a: 374 (Df).

f kerr Levi, 1981....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014958]
A. k. Levi, 1981b: 254, f. 1-4 (Df).

f kirgisikus Bakhvalov, 1974....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014959]
A. k. Bakhvalov, 1974: 111, f. 71, 75 (Df).

f kiwuanus (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014960]
Aranea kiwuana Strand, 1913a: 373 (Df).

m klaptoczi Simon, 1908....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014961]
A. k. Simon, 1908a: 430 (Dm).

mf koepckeorum Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014962]
A. k. Levi, 1991a: 224, f. 168-173 (Dmf).

mf komi Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037662]
A. k. Tanikawa, 2001b: 75, f. 41-42, 49-51 (Dmf).
A. k. Tanikawa, 2007c: 89, f. 271, 732-734 (mf).
A. k. Tanikawa, 2009: 459, f. 308-310 (mf).

f kraepelini (Lenz, 1891)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014963]
Epeira k. Lenz, 1891: 176, pl. 2, f. 16 (Df).

f lacrymosus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014964]
Epeira lacrymosa Walckenaer, 1841: 34 (Df).

f ladschicola (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014965]
Aranea l. Strand, 1906b: 622 (Df).

f lamperti (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014966]
Aranea l. Strand, 1907a: 534 (Df).
Aranea l. Strand, 1907n: 626 (Df).

m lancearius (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014967]
Epeira lancearia Keyserling, 1887a: 157, pl. 13, f. 3 (Dm).

f lanio Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014968]
A. l. Levi, 1991a: 268, f. 381-384 (Df).

f lateriguttatus (Karsch, 1879)....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014970]
Epeira lateriguttata Karsch, 1879a: 336 (Df).

mf lathyrinus (Holmberg, 1875)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014971]
Epeira lathyrina Holmberg, 1875: 283, pl. 6, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira montevidensis Keyserling, 1878a: 571, pl. 14, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Epeira caerulea Bertkau, 1880a: 87, pl. 2, f. 31 (Df).
Epeira montevidensis Keyserling, 1892: 148, pl. 7, f. 109 (mf).
A. l. Simon, 1897e: 1.
Neosconella lathyrina Mello-Leitão, 1933b: 41.
Metepeira lathyrina Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 188 (Tmf from Araneus).
Cambridgepeira lathyrina Archer, 1951b: 3, f. 7 (Tmf from Metepeira).
A. l. Levi, 1991a: 210, f. 85-91 (mf).

m latirostris (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014972]
Epeira l. Thorell, 1895: 186 (Dm).

f leai (Rainbow, 1894)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014973]
Epeira l. Rainbow, 1894a: 287, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df).

f lechugalensis (Keyserling, 1883)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014974]
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1883a: 195, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1892: 191, pl. 9, f. 142 (f).
A. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 299.

mf legonensis Grasshoff & Edmunds, 1979....................Ghana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014975]
A. l. Grasshoff & Edmunds, 1979: 303, f. 1-11 (Dmf).

f lenkoi Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014976]
A. l. Levi, 1991a: 258, f. 326-329 (Df).

f lenzi (Roewer, 1942)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014977]
Epeira albomaculata Lenz, 1886: 388, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df; preoccupied by Lucas, 1846).
A. l. Roewer, 1942a: 810 (replacement name).

mf leones Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014978]
A. l. Levi, 1991a: 281, f. 457-461 (Dmf).

mf liae Yin et al., 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042430]
A. l. Yin et al., 2009: 4, f. 11-21 (Dmf).

f liber (Leardi, 1902)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014979]
Epeira libera Leardi, 1902a: 360 (Df).

f liberalis Rainbow, 1902....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014980]
A. l. Rainbow, 1902c: 486, pl. 18, f. 2 (Df).

m liberiae (Strand, 1906)....................Liberia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014981]
Aranea l. Strand, 1906b: 687 (Dm).
Aranea l. Strand, 1908l: 66, pl. 2, f. 27 (m).

f licenti Schenkel, 1953....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014982]
A. l. Schenkel, 1953b: 42, f. 20a-c (Df).
A. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 172, f. 89a-c (f).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 138J-L (f).

mf lineatipes (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014984]
Epeira l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 30, pl. 7, f. 17-18 (Dmf).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1892: 190, pl. 9, f. 141 (mf).
Neosconella l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 476, pl. 45, f. 5-6 (mf).
A. l. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 300.
A. l. Levi, 1991a: 239, f. 240-244 (mf).

?? lineatus Franganillo, 1931....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014985]
A. l. Franganillo, 1931: 288 (D; if this species is ever recognized, a replacement name will be needed).

f linshuensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014986]
A. l. Yin et al., 1990: 35, f. 84-86 (Df).
A. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 173, f. 90a-c (f).
A. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 138M-N, 148G (f).

f lintatus Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014987]
A. l. Levi, 1991a: 262, f. 347-350 (Df).

f linzhiensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037663]
A. l. Hu, 2001: 443, f. 287.1-3 (Df).

?? lithyphantiformis (Kishida, 1910)....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014989]
Aranea l. Kishida, 1910: 7 (D).
A. l. Brignoli, 1983c: 257.

mf lixicolor (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014990]
Epeira l. Thorell, 1895: 180 (Dmf).

f loczyanus (Lendl, 1898)....................Hong Kong [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014991]
Epeira loczyana Lendl, 1898: 562, f. 10-12 (Df).

f lodicula (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014992]
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1887a: 159, pl. 13, f. 4 (Df).

j longicaudus (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014993]
Epeira longicauda Thorell, 1877b: 408 (Dj).

f luteofaciens (Roewer, 1942)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014994]
Aranea luteola Thorell, 1899: 57 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1862 sub Epeira).
Aranea l. Roewer, 1942a: 810 (replacement name).

f lutulentus (Keyserling, 1886)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014995]
Epeira lutulenta Keyserling, 1886a: 143, pl. 11, f. 6 (Df).

mf macacus Uyemura, 1961....................Russia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014996]
A. ventricosus m. Uyemura, 1961: 103, f. 12-13, 18.5, 19.6, 27, pl. 8, 14 (Dmf).
A. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 92, f. 48.3 (f; elevated from subspecies).
A. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 63, f. 3 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 78, f. 221, 645-647, 654-655 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 222-225 (mf).

f macleayi (Bradley, 1876)....................New Guinea, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014997]
Epeira m. Bradley, 1876a: 145, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).

mf madagascaricus (Strand, 1908)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014998]
Aranea rufipalpis madagascarica Strand, 1908e: 290, 293 (Dmf).
Aranea m. Roewer, 1942a: 810.

f mamillanus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014999]
Epeira mamillana Keyserling, 1887a: 154, pl. 12, f. 8 (Df).

mf mammatus (Archer, 1951)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015000]
Amamrotypus m. Archer, 1951a: 17, f. 23-24 (Df).
Conaranea gertschi Archer, 1951b: 7, f. 33 (Dm; not f, f. 17, 30, =A. arizonensis).
A. m. Levi, 1973: 500, f. 72-85, 442 (f, Sm; specific name preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1805 sub Epeira but that species previously synonymized with Argiope argentata).

mf mangarevoides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Japan, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015001]
Aranea m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 228, pl. 4, f. 21, pl. 11, f. 213 (Dmf).
A. m. Schenkel, 1963: 142, f. 83a-b (m).

f margaritae Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015002]
A. m. Caporiacco, 1940c: 826, f. 31 (Df).

f margitae (Strand, 1917)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015003]
Epeira cinerea Lenz, 1886: 390, pl. 10, f. 13 (Df; preoccupied).
Aranea m. Strand, 1917c: 71 (replacement name).

mf mariposa Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015004]
A. m. Levi, 1973: 502, f. 107, 122-137 (Dmf).

mf marmoreus Clerck, 1757....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015005]
A. m. Clerck, 1757: 29, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
A. babel Clerck, 1757: 30, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
A. pyramidatus Clerck, 1757: 34, pl. 1, f. 8 (Df).
Aranea raji Scopoli, 1763: 394 (Df).
Aranea marmorea Fabricius, 1775: 434.
Aranea betulae Sulzer, 1776: 254, pl. 29, f. 14 (Df).
Aranea aurantio-maculata De Geer, 1778: 222, pl. 12, f. 16-17 (Df).
Aranea aurantia Olivier, 1789: 200 (Df).
Aranea pyramidata Olivier, 1789: 206 (D).
Aranea reticulata Roemer, 1789: 33, pl. 29, f. 14 (D).
Aranea scalaris Panzer, 1793: 4, pl. 24 (D).
Aranea regalis Panzer, 1797: hft. 40, pl. 21 (D).
Aranea melittagria Walckenaer, 1802: 191 (Df).
Epeira melittagria Walckenaer, 1805: 59.
Epeira scalaris Walckenaer, 1805: 60.
Dysdera lutea Risso, 1826: 162 (D).
Epeira marmorea Sundevall, 1833a: 241 (Dm).
Epeira pyramidata Sundevall, 1833a: 242 (f).
Epeira scalaris Hahn, 1834: 27, f. 114 (Dmf).
Epeira jenisoni C. L. Koch, 1834: 127, pl. 16 (Df).
Epeira bohemica C. L. Koch, 1838: 59, f. 377 (Df, not m).
Epeira marmorea C. L. Koch, 1838: 63, f. 379-380 (mf).
Epeira graduata Walckenaer, 1841: 48 (Dmf).
Epeira conspicellata Walckenaer, 1841: 58 (Dm).
Epeira pyramidata C. L. Koch, 1844: 107, f. 912 (Dm).
Epeira jenisoni C. L. Koch, 1844: 126, f. 928-929 (mf).
Epeira insularis Hentz, 1847: 470, pl. 30, f. 10 (Df).
Epeira obesa Hentz, 1847: 471, pl. 30, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira insularis Keyserling, 1864: 91, pl. 5, f. 3-5 (f).
Epeira scalaris Blackwall, 1864a: 331, pl. 24, f. 240 (mf).
Epeira marmorea Menge, 1866: 50, pl. 4, f. 4 (mf).
Epeira pyramidata Menge, 1866: 51, pl. 3, f. 3 (mf).
Epeira flava Giebel, 1867b: 429 (Df).
Epeira annulipes Giebel, 1869a: 250 (Df).
Epeira marmorea Thorell, 1870a: 9.
Epeira marmorea pyramidata Thorell, 1870a: 10.
Epeira marmorea Emerton, 1884: 307, pl. 33, f. 2, pl. 35, f. 17 (mf).
Epeira insularis Emerton, 1884: 309, pl. 33, f. 1, pl. 35, f. 18 (mf).
Epeira marmorea principalis Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 130, pl. 5, f. 15 (Dmf).
Epeira insularis Keyserling, 1892: 170, pl. 8, f. 126 (mf).
Epeira marmorea McCook, 1894: 143, pl. 1, f. 1-2, pl. 2, f. 1-2, pl. 3, f. 7-8 (mf).
Epeira marmorea Becker, 1896: 20, pl. 4, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira marmorea Bösenberg, 1901: 24, pl. 1, f. 4A-E (mf).
Epeira marmorea pyramidata Bösenberg, 1901: 24, pl. 1, f. 4F-G (f).
Epeira marmorea Emerton, 1902: 168, f. 398-400 (mf).
A. m. pyramidatus Lessert, 1910b: 315.
Aranea tusigia Chamberlin, 1919a: 254, pl. 19, f. 3 (Dm).
A. m. Simon, 1929: 682, 758, f. 1045, 1051 (mf).
A. m. pyramidatus Simon, 1929: 682, 758, f. 1046 (mf).
Aranea raji Reimoser, 1930b: 13, f. 3 (mf).
Aranea raji Wiehle, 1931: 75, f. 109-114 (mf).
A. gigas Berland, 1932b: 278, f. 422-423 (m).
Aranea gigas Comstock, 1940: 118, 489, f. 112-113, 493-498 (mf).
Aranea raji Muma, 1943: 85, pl. XIII, f. 16 (f).
Aranea raji Drensky, 1943: 242, f. 25 (mf).
Epeira raji Kaston, 1948: 257, f. 816-822 (m).
Aranea tusigia Archer, 1951a: 32, f. 73 (m).
A. m. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 130, f. 79D, 84C, 85C, 86C, 87B (mf).
Aranea raji Mikulska, 1953: 12, f. 13, 16 (mf).
A. m. Yaginuma, 1957a: 54, f. 15 (f).
A. m. Braendegaard, 1958: 34, f. 23-25 (mf).
A. m. Saito, 1959: 86, f. 93a-j (mf).
Aranea marmorea Zamaraev, 1964: 360, f. 80-82 (mf).
A. m. Azheganova, 1968: 76, f. 155-156 (mf).
A. m. Grasshoff, 1968: 7, f. 6, 16a-c, 17a-c, 20d, 21e-f, 23, 25-26, 29f-i, 30e-f, 34b, 35e-h, 36e-h, 37e-h, 38e-h, 39e-h, 40d, 41g-i, 42d (mf).
A. m. Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 593 (f).
A. m. Miller, 1971: 211, pl. XL, f. 3-4 (mf).
A. m. Levi, 1971a: 156, f. 1-6, 100-105, 107-113, 183 (mf, S).
A. m. Loksa, 1972: 87, f. 78A, 79D, 80E-F (mf).
A. m. Bakhvalov, 1974: 111, f. 86, 93-95 (mf).
A. m. Palmgren, 1974a: 22, f. 9b, 10d-e (mf).
A. m. Punda, 1975b: 36, f. 51-55 (mf).
A. m. Paik, 1976b: 83, f. 1-2 (f).
A. m. Gertsch, 1979: 90, f. 3E (f).
Aranea marmorea Song, 1980: 40, f. 14c (f).
A. m. Oliger, 1981: 5, f. 7-8 (f).
A. m. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. IV.1-2 (mf).
A. m. Roberts, 1985: 208, f. 93c (mf, S).
A. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 94, f. 49.1 (mf).
A. m. Song, 1987: 164, f. 125 (mf).
A. m. Zhang, 1987: 69, f. 51.1-3 (mf).
A. m. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 57, f. 25-29 (mf).
A. m. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 226, f. LXX.1-2 (mf).
A. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 65, f. 10 (mf).
A. m. Hu & Wu, 1989: 90, f. 67.1-6 (mf).
A. m. pyramidatus Hu & Wu, 1989: 91, f. 68.1-3 (f).
A. m. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 74, f. 169 (mf).
A. m. Roberts, 1995: 318, f. (mf).
A. m. Agnarsson, 1996: 62, f. 48A-D (mf).
A. m. Mcheidze, 1997: 272, f. 609-611 (mf).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 174, f. 91a-e (mf).
A. m. Roberts, 1998: 332, f. (mf).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 138O-P, 143G-H, 148H (mf).
A. m. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 49 (m).
A. m. Namkung, 2002: 244, f. 19.6a-b (mf).
A. m. Kim & Kim, 2002: 180, f. 6, 76-77, 164-165 (mf).
A. m. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 44, f. 278-280 (mf).
A. m. Dondale et al., 2003: 221, f. 466-474 (mf).
A. m. Namkung, 2003: 246, f. 19.6a-b (mf).
A. m. Almquist, 2005: 141, f. 152a-h (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 81, f. 230-232, 664-667 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 238-241 (mf).
A. m. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 101, f. 1d, 2a-e, 3c, 4c, 5c, 6, 8, 12, 45a-g, 46a-d, 47a-e, 48a-f, 49a-g, 50a-k, 51a-e (mf).
A. m. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 846, f. 133a, 137D, 138F (mf).
A. m. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 200, f. 140A-E (mf).

f marmoreus trapezius (Franganillo, 1913)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015006]
Epeira marmorea trapezia Franganillo, 1913: 127 (Df).
Epeira marmorea trapezia Franganillo, 1918a: 63 (Dm).

mf marmoroides Schenkel, 1953....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015007]
A. m. Schenkel, 1953b: 35, f. 17a-e (Dm).
A. m. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 58, f. 31-35 (m, Df).
A. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 46, f. 50a-b (mf).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 175, f. 92a-e (mf).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 138Q-R, 143I-J (mf).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 191, f. 113A-E (mf).

m masculus Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015008]
A. m. Caporiacco, 1941b: 85, f. 30a-b (Dm).

f masoni (Simon, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015009]
Epeira m. Simon, 1887i: 105 (Df).

mf mastersi (Bradley, 1876)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015010]
Epeira mastersii Bradley, 1876a: 146, pl. 1, f. 6 (Dmf).

m matogrosso Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015011]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 230, f. 189 (Dm).

f mauensis Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015012]
A. m. Caporiacco, 1949a: 421. f. 61 (Df).

f mauensis ocellatus Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015013]
A. m. o. Caporiacco, 1949a: 422 (Df).

mf mayumiae Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037664]
A. m. Tanikawa, 2001b: 81, f. 56-57, 62-66 (Dmf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 81, f. 233-234, 668-671 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 242-245 (mf).

mf mazamitla Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015014]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 270, f. 400-403 (Dmf).

mf mbogaensis (Strand, 1913)....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015015]
Aranea m. Strand, 1913a: 379 (Dmf).

f memoryi Hogg, 1900....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015016]
A. memorii Hogg, 1900: 99, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df; patronym for Memory).

mf mendoza Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015017]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 284, f. 477-481 (Dmf).

m menglunensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015018]
A. m. Yin et al., 1990: 41, f. 94-99 (Dm).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 187, f. 104a-h (m).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 143K-L, 148I (m).
A. m. Yin et al., 2012: 607, f. 293a-f (m).

mf meropes (Keyserling, 1865)....................Colombia to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015019]
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1865: 825, pl. 19, f. 6-7 (Dm).
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1892: 139, pl. 7, f. 102 (m).
A. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 302.
A. bourgeoisi Berland, 1913b: 93, pl. 9, f. 44-45 (Df).
Aranea plesia Chamberlin, 1916: 253, pl. 19, f. 5 (Df).
Larinia m. Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 255 (Tm from Araneus, rejected).
A. thaddeus Levi, 1973: 543 (S, rejected).
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 222, f. 158-167 (removed m from S of A. thaddeus, Sf).

m mertoni (Strand, 1911)....................Kei Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015020]
Aranea m. Strand, 1911d: 153, pl. 4, f. 2, pl. 5, f. 46 (Dm).

f metalis (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015021]
Epeira m. Thorell, 1887: 204 (Df).

j metellus (Strand, 1907)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015022]
Aranea metella Strand, 1907k: 193 (Dj).

f meus (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015023]
Aranea mea Strand, 1907a: 534 (Df).
Aranea mea Strand, 1907n: 619 (Df).

f miami Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015024]
A. m. Levi, 1973: 512, f. 172-176 (Df).

mf microsoma (Banks, 1909)....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015025]
Epeira m. Banks, 1909a: 211, pl. 6, f. 39, 45 (Dmf).
A. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 303.
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 260, f. 343-346 (mf).

f microtuberculatus Petrunkevitch, 1914....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015026]
A. m. Petrunkevitch, 1914a: 172, pl. 26, f. 6-8 (Df).

f mimosicola (Simon, 1884)....................Sudan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015027]
Epeira m. Simon, 1884k: 17 (Df).

f minahassae Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015028]
A. m. Merian, 1911: 221 (Df).

mf miniatus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015029]
Epeira miniata Walckenaer, 1841: 39 (Dmf).
Epeira scutulata Hentz, 1850: 19, pl. 3, f. 3 (Dm).
Larinia nigrofoliata Keyserling, 1884b: 653, pl. 21, f. 5 (Dm).
Epeira scutulata Keyserling, 1892: 129, pl. 6, f. 96 (m, Df).
Larinia nigrofoliata Keyserling, 1893: 291, pl. 15, f. 215 (m).
Epeira miniata McCook, 1894: 177, pl. 8, f. 8-9, pl. 10, f. 7-9 (mf).
Epeira scutulata Emerton, 1902: 178, f. 415 (m).
Epeira floridensis Banks, 1904c: 129, pl. 7, f. 5 (Df).
A. floridensis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 292.
A. m. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 303.
Aranea miniata Archer, 1941b: 20, pl. IV, f. 1 (f).
Aranea floridensis Archer, 1941b: 20, pl. IV, f. 2 (f).
Conepeira partita Archer, 1951b: 13, f. 63 (f, misidentified).
Conepeira floridensis Archer, 1951b: 14, f. 38, 58 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).
Conepeira miniata Archer, 1951b: 15, f. 36-37, 61 (Tmf from Araneus).
Conepeira dawsoni Archer, 1951b: 16, f. 13, 39, 53, 59 (Dmf).
Conepeira nifrofoliata Archer, 1951b: 17, f. 41, 65 (Tmf from Larinia).
A. m. Levi, 1973: 506, f. 158-171 (mf, S).

f minutalis (Simon, 1889)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015030]
Epeira m. Simon, 1889i: 340 (Df).

mf miquanensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015031]
A. m. Yin et al., 1990: 41, f. 103-106 (Df).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 188, f. 105a-d (f).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 138S-U, 148J (f).
A. m. Guo, Zhang & Wang, 2011: 192, f. 1a-f (f, Dm).

f missouri Levi, 2008....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041416]
A. raui Levi, 1973: 516, f. 295-300 (Df; preoccupied by Strand, 1907) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015160].
A. m. Levi, 2008a: 561 (replacement name).

mf mitificus (Simon, 1886)....................India to Philippines, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015032]
Epeira mitifica Simon, 1886a: 150 (Df).
Epeira mitifica Workman, 1896: 39, pl. 39 (f, Dm).
Aranea mitifica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 221, pl. 4, f. 20, pl. 11, f. 207 (f).
A. m. Simon, 1909e: 109.
A. m. Saito, 1939: 19, f. 3(2) (f).
Zilla nawazi Dyal, 1935: 186, pl. 11, f. 6, pl. 16, f. 124 (Df).
Zygiella nawazi Roewer, 1942a: 886.
Afraranea mitifica Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 37 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
A. m. Saito, 1959: 87, f. 94a-b (f).
A. mitifica Tikader, 1963b: 43, f. 4a-c (mf).
A. m. Lee, 1966: 40, f. 10k-l (f).
A. nawazi Levi, 1974a: 271 (Tf from Zygiella).
A. mitifica Tikader & Bal, 1981: 53, f. 115-120 (mf).
A. mitifica Tikader, 1982a: 233, f. 452-457 (mf).
A. m. Hu, 1984: 95, f. 89.1-2 (f).
A. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 100, f. 53.5 (m).
A. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 66, f. 14 (mf).
A. m. Feng, 1990: 58, f. 33.1-4 (mf).
A. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 46, f. 51a-b (mf).
A. m. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 89, f. 79.1-4 (mf).
A. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 638, f. 405a-h (f, S).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 139, f. 54a-f (mf).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 139A-B (f).
A. m. Namkung, 2002: 246, f. 19.8a-b (mf).
A. m. Kim & Kim, 2002: 181, f. 7, 78, 166-167 (mf).
A. m. Namkung, 2003: 248, f. 19.8a-b (mf).
A. mitifica Gajbe, 2007: 524, f. 303-307 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 85, f. 256, 699-701 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 275-277 (mf).
A. m. Yin et al., 2012: 609, f. 294a-f (mf).

f monica Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015033]
A. m. Levi, 1973: 504, f. 110-121 (Df).

m monoceros (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015034]
Epeira m. Thorell, 1895: 184 (Dm; N.B.: listed by Bonnet as a synonym of Eriovixia laglaizei).

mf montereyensis (Archer, 1951)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015035]
Conaranea m. Archer, 1951b: 8, f. 3, 24-25 (Dmf).
A. m. Levi, 1973: 506, f. 108-109, 138-151 (mf).
A. m. Dondale et al., 2003: 251, f. 560-567 (mf).

f moretonae Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015036]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 219, f. 142-145 (Df).

f mortoni (Urquhart, 1891)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015037]
Epeira m. Urquhart, 1891b: 236, f. 1 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

m morulus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015038]
Epeira morula Thorell, 1898: 363 (Dm).

f mossambicanus (Pavesi, 1881)....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015039]
Epeira mossambicana Pavesi, 1881: 542 (Df).

f motuoensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015040]
A. m. Yin et al., 1990: 36, f. 87-90 (Df).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 176, f. 93a-d (f).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 139C-D, 148K (f).
A. m. Hu, 2001: 445, f. 288.1-2 (f).

m mulierarius (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015042]
Epeira mulieraria Keyserling, 1887a: 200, pl. 18, f. 1 (Dm).

m musawas Levi, 1991....................Nicaragua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015045]
A. m. Levi, 1991a: 274, f. 427-428 (Dm).

f myurus (Thorell, 1877)....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015046]
Epeira myura Thorell, 1877b: 406 (Df).

f nacional Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015047]
A. n. Levi, 1991a: 284, f. 474-476 (Df).

mf nashoba Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015048]
Conepeira juniperi Archer, 1951b: 25, f. 54, 78 (mf, misidentified).
A. n. Levi, 1973: 534, f. 380-397 (Dmf).

f necopinus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015050]
Epeira necopina Keyserling, 1887a: 198, pl. 17, f. 7 (Df).

f nephelodes (Thorell, 1890)....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015052]
Epeira n. Thorell, 1890a: 136 (Df).

mf nidus Yin & Gong, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015053]
A. n. Yin & Gong, 1996: 73, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
A. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 177, f. 94a-h (mf).
A. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 239, f. 139G-H, 143M-N, 148M (mf).
A. n. Yin et al., 2012: 611, f. 295a-h (mf).

f nigmanni (Strand, 1906)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015054]
Aranea nigmannii Strand, 1906h: 59 (Df).

f nigricaudus Simon, 1897....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015055]
A. nigricauda Simon, 1897b: 474 (Df).

j nigrodecoratus (Strand, 1908)....................Togo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015056]
Aranea rufipalpis nigrodecorata Strand, 1908e: 290 (Dj).
Aranea nigrodecorata Roewer, 1942a: 811.

f nigroflavornatus Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015057]
A. n. Merian, 1911: 222 (Df).

f nigromaculatus Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015058]
A. n. Schenkel, 1963: 154, f. 91a-c (Df).
A. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 204, f. 122a-c (f).
A. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139E-F, 148L (f).

mf nigropunctatus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Queensland, Tahiti [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015059]
Epeira nigropunctata L. Koch, 1871: 65, pl. 6, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira nigropunctata Keyserling, 1887a: 204, pl. 18, f. 5 (Dm).
A. n. Berland, 1942: 21, f. 8e-f (f).

f nigroquadratus Lawrence, 1937....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015060]
A. n. Lawrence, 1937: 233, f. 10 (Df).

mf niveus (Hentz, 1847)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015061]
Epeira nivea Hentz, 1847: 474, pl. 31, f. 9 (Df).
Larinia forata Keyserling, 1893: 295, pl. 15, f. 218 (Dm).
Epeira forata McCook, 1894: 165, pl. 6, f. 7, 12 (m, Df).
A. n. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 307.
Aranea nivea Archer, 1941b: 20, pl. III, f. 3-4, pl. IV, f. 4 (mf).
A. guttulatus Archer, 1951b: 18 (S, rejected).
Conepeira forata Archer, 1951b: 18, f. 43, 66 (removed m from S of Larinia nigrofoliata, Df).
Conepeira nivosa Archer, 1951b: 19, f. 45, 57, 68 (Dmf).
A. n. Levi, 1973: 528, f. 314-331, 463-469 (removed f from S of A. guttulatus, Sm).
A. n. Levi, 1975b: 104 (S).

f noegeatus (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar, Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015062]
Epeira noegeata Thorell, 1895: 178 (Df).
Epeira noegeata Workman, 1896: 43, pl. 43 (f).

mf nojimai Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037665]
A. n. Tanikawa, 2001b: 63, f. 1-2, 9-13 (Dmf).
A. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 85, f. 259, 704-708 (mf).
A. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 280-284 (mf).

mf nordmanni (Thorell, 1870)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015063]
Epeira angulata C. L. Koch, 1844: 77, f. 894-895, not 892-893 (m, misidentified).
Epeira angulata Westring, 1861: 23 (mf, as var. c, misidentified).
Epeira n. Thorell, 1870a: 4 (Df).
Epeira n. Thorell, 1873: 544.
Epeira n. Dahl, 1883: 28 (Dmf).
Epeira silvatica Emerton, 1884: 300, pl. 33, f. 13, pl. 35, f. 1, 4-6 (Dmf).
Epeira n. Emerton, 1884: 301, pl. 33, f. 6 (f).
Epeira n. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 128, pl. 4, f. 46 (mf).
Epeira silvatica Keyserling, 1892: 117, pl. 6, f. 86 (f).
Epeira n. McCook, 1894: 184, pl. 9, f. 5-7, pl. 11, f. 5 (mf).
Epeira silvatica McCook, 1894: 188, pl. 10, f. 9, pl. 11, f. 9 (f).
Epeira n. Emerton, 1894: 403, pl. 1, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira n. Bösenberg, 1901: 27, pl. 1, f. 8 (f).
Epeira n. Emerton, 1902: 163, f. 387-388 (f).
Epeira silvatica Emerton, 1902: 164, f. 390 (f).
A. n. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 307.
Aranea n. Wiehle, 1931: 58, f. 84-85 (f).
A. n. Saito, 1934a: 333, f. 7 (f).
A. n. Comstock, 1940: 484, f. 486 (f).
A. n. Kaston, 1948: 250, f. 783-784, 793-795 (mf).
Aranea darlingtoni Archer, 1951a: 25, f. 71, 75 (Dmf).
Aranea pseudomelaena Archer, 1951a: 26, f. 70, 79 (Dmf).
A. n. Saito, 1959: 87, f. 96a-b (f).
A. n. Wiehle, 1963c: 271, f. 74-83 (mf).
A. n. Yaginuma & Nishikawa, 1969: 74, f. 4-5 (m).
A. n. Levi, 1970: 109, f. 4-6 (m).
A. n. Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 571 (f).
A. n. Levi, 1971a: 150, f. 61-94, 96-99 (mf, S).
A. n. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 93, f. 9 (f).
A. n. Palmgren, 1974a: 19, f. 8a-e (mf).
A. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 95, f. 49.3 (m).
A. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 65, f. 8 (mf).
A. n. Izmailova, 1989: 56, f. 40 (f).
A. n. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 72, f. 162 (mf).
A. n. Roberts, 1995: 317, f. (mf).
A. n. Mcheidze, 1997: 267, f. 584-586 (f).
A. n. Roberts, 1998: 331, f. (mf).
A. n. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 51 (m).
A. n. Namkung, 2002: 248, f. 19.10a-b (mf).
A. n. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 544, f. 156-157 (f).
A. n. Kim & Kim, 2002: 182, f. 8, 79 (m).
A. n. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 44, f. 281-283 (mf).
A. n. Dondale et al., 2003: 219, f. 458-463 (mf).
A. n. Namkung, 2003: 250, f. 19.10a-b (mf).
A. n. Almquist, 2005: 142, f. 153a-e (mf).
A. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 81, f. 235, 672-674 (mf).
A. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 246-248 (mf).
A. n. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 72, f. 5i, 9, 11, 27a-e, 28a-d, 29a-g, 30a-d (mf).
A. n. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 113, f. 7.6-7 (f).

jj nossibeus (Strand, 1907)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015064]
Aranea nossibea Strand, 1907d: 732 (Djj).
Aranea nossibea Strand, 1907o: 51 (Djj).

f notacephalus (Urquhart, 1891)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015065]
Epeira notacephala Urquhart, 1891b: 239 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

f notandus Rainbow, 1912....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015066]
A. n. Rainbow, 1912a: 196, f. 7-9 (Df).

f noumeensis (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015067]
Epeira n. Simon, 1880i: 169 (Df).

mf novaepommerianae (Strand, 1913)....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015068]
Aranea novae-pommerianae Strand, 1913d: 117 (Dm).
Aranea novae-pommerianae Strand, 1915d: 223, pl. 14, f. 20, pl. 17, f. 64 (Df).

f nox (Simon, 1877)....................Myanmar, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines, Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015069]
Epeira n. Simon, 1877b: 77 (Df).
Epeira pilula Thorell, 1877b: 388 (Df).
A. n. Simon, 1905c: 62.
Aranea noxilla Strand, 1907k: 177 (provisional name only).

m nuboso Levi, 1991....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015070]
A. n. Levi, 1991a: 276, f. 431-432 (Dm).

mf nympha (Simon, 1889)....................India, Pakistan, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015071]
Epeira n. Simon, 1889i: 339 (Df).
A. n. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 55, f. 121-124 (f).
A. n. Tikader, 1982a: 235, f. 458-461 (f).
A. n. Hu & Li, 1987b: 263, f. 10.1-4 (f).
A. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 148, f. 63a-d (f).
A. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139J-L, 148N (f).
A. n. Hu, 2001: 445, f. 289.1-4, 290.1-4 (f, Dm).

mf obscurissimus Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015073]
A. o. Caporiacco, 1934a: 156, pl. 4, f. 2 (Dmf).

f obscurtus (Urquhart, 1893)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015072]
Epeira obscurta Urquhart, 1893b: 116 (Df).
Araneus obscuratus Bonnet, 1955: 554 (invalid emendation).

f obtusatus (Karsch, 1891)....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015074]
Epeira obtusata Karsch, 1891: 283, pl. 10, f. 7 (Df).

mf ocaxa Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015075]
A. o. Levi, 1991a: 288, f. 499-502 (Dmf).

j ocellatulus (Roewer, 1942)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015076]
Epeira ocellata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 29, pl. 6, f. 17 (Dj; preoccupied by Linnaeus, 1758 sub Aranea).
Aranea ocellata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 518.
A. ocellatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 307.
Aranea ocellatula Roewer, 1942a: 849 (replacement name).

m octodentalis Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015077]
A. o. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 169, f. 5A-B (Dm).
A. o. Song & Li, 1997: 414, f. 17A-B (m).
A. o. Yin et al., 1997d: 149, f. 64a-c (m).
A. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 144A-B (m).

mf octumaculalus Han & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043202]
A. o. Han & Zhu, 2010a: 58, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf ogatai Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037666]
A. o. Tanikawa, 2001b: 76, f. 43-44, 52-53 (Df).
A. o. Tanikawa, 2004a: 57, f. 1-2 (Dm).
A. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 89, f. 272-273, 735-737 (mf).
A. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 459, f. 311-312 (mf).

mf omnicolor (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015078]
Epeira o. Keyserling, 1893: 210, pl. 10, f. 155 (Df).
A. o. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 307.
Neosconella farinosa Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 152, f. 48, pl. I, f. 2 (Df).
Eriophora o. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 178 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
Larinia albosigillata Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 247, f. 13 (Df).
Metepeira o. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 249 (Tf from Eriophora, rejected).
A. farinosus Brignoli, 1983c: 262.
A. o. Levi, 1991a: 202, f. 49-57 (f, Dm, S).

f orgaos Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015079]
A. o. Levi, 1991a: 211, f. 92-94 (Df).

mf origenus (Thorell, 1890)....................Myanmar, Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015080]
Epeira origena Thorell, 1890a: 130 (Dmf).

f oxygaster Caporiacco, 1940....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015081]
A. o. Caporiacco, 1940c: 823, f. 29 (Df).

f oxyurus (Thorell, 1877)....................Myanmar, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015082]
Epeira oxyura Thorell, 1877b: 400 (Dj).
Epeira raphanus Thorell, 1887: 206 (Df).

f paenulatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015083]
Epeira paenulata O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 47 (Df).

f pahalgaonensis Tikader & Bal, 1981....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015084]
A. p. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 44, f. 95-98 (Df).
A. p. Tikader, 1982a: 223, f. 432-435 (f).
A. p. Yin et al., 1990: 38, f. 91-93 (f).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 179, f. 95a-d (f).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139I, M-N, 148O (f).

f pahli (Strand, 1906)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015085]
Aranea p. Strand, 1906h: 61 (Df).

m paitaensis Schenkel, 1953....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015086]
A. p. Schenkel, 1953b: 37, f. 18a-e (Dm).

mf pallasi (Thorell, 1875)....................Turkey, Russia, Ukraine, Central Asia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015087]
Epeira pallasii Thorell, 1875b: 54 (Dmf).
Epeira p. Thorell, 1875c: 12 (Dmf).
A. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 678, pl. 26, f. 22 (f).
A. p. Spassky & Shnitnikov, 1937: 279, f. 4 (f).
A. issiculus Bakhvalov, 1981a: 138, f. 2 (Df).
A. p. Marikovskii & Marusik, 1985: 3, f. 1-9 (mf).
A. p. Marusik, 1989b: 41 (S).
Neoscona chasisa Zhu & Song, in Zhu et al., 1994: 43, f. 18A-E (Dmf).
Neoscona chasisa Yin et al., 1997d: 346, f. 244a-e (mf).
Neoscona chasisa Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 299, f. 175M-N, 178P, 180E (mf).
A. p. Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 12 (S).
A. p. Marusik, 2009b: 1, f. 1-8 (mf).
A. p. Marusik, S[invert caret over]estáková & Omelko, 2012: 93, f. 15-17 (m).

f pallescens (Lenz, 1891)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015088]
Epeira p. Lenz, 1891: 174, pl. 2, f. 15 (Df).

mf pallidus (Olivier, 1789)....................Portugal, Spain, France, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015089]
Aranea pallida Olivier, 1789: 200 (Df).
Epeira pallida Walckenaer, 1805: 60.
Epeira olivieri Walckenaer, 1841: 49 (Df).
A. p. Simon, 1929: 679, 757, f. 1043-1044 (f).
A. p. Grasshoff, 1964: 305, f. 1-2 (f).
A. p. Grasshoff, 1968: 7, f. 17g-i, 20a-b, 21k-o, 23, 25-26, 29a'-b', 30c-d, 34d, 35n-q, 36n-q, 37n-q, 38n-q, 39n-q, 40b, 41d-f, 42b (mf).

f panchganiensis Tikader & Bal, 1981....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015090]
A. p. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 48, f. 103-106 (Df).
A. pachganiensis Tikader, 1982a: 227, f. 440-443 (f).

f panniferens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015091]
Epeira p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 49 (f).

f papulatus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar, Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015092]
Epeira papulata Thorell, 1887: 188 (Df).
Epeira petax Thorell, 1890a: 164 (Df).

mf partitus (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015093]
Epeira partita Walckenaer, 1841: 46 (Df).
Epeira punctillata Keyserling, 1879: 304, pl. 4, f. 7 (Dm).
A. p. Simon, 1895a: 808.
Epeira miniata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 100 (S, rejected).
Conepeira partita Archer, 1951b: 13, f. 34 (Tf from Araneus, Dm; f, f. 63, misidentified, =A. miniatus).
Conepeira atlantis Archer, 1951b: 13, f. 32, 35, 60 (Dmf).
A. p. Levi, 1973: 510, f. 177-191 (mf, S).
A. p. Roth, 1985: B6-5, f. 50 (f).
A. p. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 91-92 (f).

mf parvulus Rainbow, 1900....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015094]
A. p. Rainbow, 1900a: 489, pl. 24, f. 3 (Dmf).

f parvus (Karsch, 1878)....................South Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015095]
Epeira parva Karsch, 1878c: 804 (Df).

m pauxillus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015096]
Epeira pauxilla Thorell, 1887: 199 (Dm).

m pavlovi Schenkel, 1953....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015097]
A. p. Schenkel, 1953b: 39, f. 19a-d (Dm).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 205, f. 123a-d (m).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 144C-D (m).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 192, f. 114A-C (m).

f pecuensis (Karsch, 1881)....................Russia, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015098]
Epeira p. Karsch, 1881f: 219 (Df).
Aranea p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 227, pl. 11, f. 205 (f).

mf pegnia (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA to Ecuador and Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015099]
Epeira p. Walckenaer, 1841: 80 (Dmf).
Epeira tytera Walckenaer, 1841: 81 (Df).
Epeira globosa Keyserling, 1865: 820, pl. 18, f. 19-21 (Df).
Epeira triaranea McCook, 1876: 201 (Df).
Epeira globosa McCook, 1878a: 134, f. 4 (f).
Epeira triaranea Emerton, 1884: 315, pl. 34, f. 9, pl. 36, f. 6-7 (f, Dm).
Epeira solersioides O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 25, pl. 7, f. 15 (Dm).
Epeira globosa Keyserling, 1892: 159, pl. 8, f. 117 (f).
Epeira p. McCook, 1894: 170, pl. 7, f. 8-9 (mf).
Epeira globosa Emerton, 1902: 173, f. 406-407 (f).
Neosconella solersioides F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 475, pl. 44, f. 3-4 (m, Df).
A. p. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 309.
A. solersioides Petrunkevitch, 1911: 316.
Neosconella bella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 78, f. 223-224 (Dm).
Epeira p. Kaston, 1948: 260, f. 810, 828-829 (m).
Neosconella p. Archer, 1951a: 38, f. 42 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. p. Levi, 1973: 546, f. 5-6, 426-438 (mf, S).
A. bellus Brignoli, 1983c: 260.
A. p. Levi, 1981b: 255 (S).
A. p. Levi, 1991a: 236, f. 228-234 (mf).
A. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 213, f. 444-450 (mf).

f pellax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015100]
Epeira p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 45 (Df).

mf penai Levi, 1991....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015101]
A. p. Levi, 1991a: 216, f. 128-132 (Dmf).

mf pentagrammicus (Karsch, 1879)....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015102]
Miranda pentagrammica Karsch, 1879g: 72, pl. 1, f. 6 (Dm).
Aranea pentagrammica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 219, pl. 4, f. 35, pl. 11, f. 211 (m, Df).
Catheistela pentagrammica Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 100, f. 53.4 (f).
A. p. Zhang, 1987: 70, f. 52.1-2 (f).
A. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 66, f. 13 (mf).
A. p. Feng, 1990: 61, f. 36.1-3 (f).
A. pentagrammica Chen & Zhang, 1991: 91, f. 81.1-3 (f).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 180, f. 96a-f (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139O-P, 144G-H, 148P (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 193, f. 115A-F (mf).
A. p. Namkung, 2002: 247, f. 19.9a-b (mf).
A. p. Kim & Kim, 2002: 182, f. 9, 80-81, 168-169 (mf).
A. p. Namkung, 2003: 249, f. 19.9a-b (mf).
A. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 84, f. 248-250, 695-696 (mf).
A. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 271-272 (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 2012: 612, f. 296a-f (mf).

f perincertus Caporiacco, 1947....................Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015103]
A. p. Caporiacco, 1947d: 176, f. 32 (Df).

f petersi (Karsch, 1878)....................Ethiopia, Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015104]
Epeira petersii Karsch, 1878a: 320, pl. 2, f. 2 (Df).

mf pfeifferae (Thorell, 1877)....................Java, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015105]
Epeira p. Thorell, 1877b: 375 (Dm).
Aranea pseudopfeifferae Strand, 1907m: 421 (f,provisional name only).

f phaleratus (Urquhart, 1893)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015106]
Epeira phalerata Urquhart, 1893b: 114 (Df).

f phlyctogena Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau, Bioko, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015107]
A. p. Simon, 1907d: 297 (Df, plus two varieties).

f phyllonotus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015109]
Epeira phyllonota Thorell, 1887: 201 (Df).

f pichoni Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015110]
A. p. Schenkel, 1963: 157, f. 93a-b (Df).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 205, f. 124a-b (f).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139Q, 148Q (f).

mf pico Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015111]
A. p. Levi, 1991a: 215, f. 117-121 (Dmf).

m pictithorax (Hasselt, 1882)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015112]
Epeira p. Hasselt, 1882: 20, pl. 4, f. 4 (Dm).

mf pinguis (Karsch, 1879)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015114]
Epeira p. Karsch, 1879g: 68 (Df).
Aranea p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 226, pl. 11, f. 210 (f).
A. p. Yaginuma, 1957a: 55, f. 17 (f).
A. p. Yaginuma, 1969b: 19, f. 1b-8b (mf).
A. p. Song, Yu & Shang, 1981: 83, f. 3-4 (mf).
A. p. Hu, 1984: 95, f. 91.1-2 (mf).
A. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 95, f. 50.2 (mf).
A. p. Song, 1987: 165, f. 126 (mf).
A. p. Yoshikura, 1987: 298, f. 37.6A (m).
A. p. Zhang, 1987: 70, f. 53.1-2 (mf).
A. quadratus Zhang, 1987: 74, f. 58.1-2 (f, misidentified).
A. p. Chikuni, 1989b: 64, f. 5 (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 181, f. 97a-e (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139U-V, 144E-F (mf).
A. p. Namkung, 2002: 245, f. 19.7a-b (mf).
A. p. Kim & Kim, 2002: 183, f. 10, 82-83, 170-171 (mf).
A. p. Namkung, 2003: 247, f. 19.7a-b (mf).
A. p. Marusik & Crawford, 2006: 173, f. 1-3, 7-9 (mf).
A. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 82, f. 236-237, 675-678 (mf).
A. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 454, f. 249-252 (mf).

f pistiger Simon, 1899....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015115]
Araneus p. Simon, 1899a: 91 (Df).

f pius (Karsch, 1878)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015116]
Epeira pia Karsch, 1878c: 806 (Df).

mf plenus Yin et al., 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042431]
A. p. Yin et al., 2009: 6, f. 22-32 (Dmf).

f pogisa (Marples, 1957)....................Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015117]
Epeira p. Marples, 1957: 394, f. 5a-b (Df).
A. p. Brignoli, 1983c: 260.

f poltyoides Chrysanthus, 1971....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015118]
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1971: 29, f. 52-58 (Df).

mf polydentatus Yin, Griswold & Xu, 2007....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040007]
A. p. Yin, Griswold & Xu, 2007: 1, f. 1a-g (Dmf).
A. p. Yin et al., 2012: 614, f. 297a-g (mf).

mf pontii Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015119]
A. p. Caporiacco, 1934a: 154, pl. 3, f. 12 (Dmf).

mf popaco Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015120]
A. p. Levi, 1991a: 282, f. 466-469 (Dmf).

mf postilena (Thorell, 1878)....................Sumatra, Java, Amboina, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015121]
Epeira p. Thorell, 1878b: 70 (Dmf).
Epeira p. Workman, 1896: 38, pl. 38 (f).

m poumotuus (Strand, 1913)....................Polynesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015122]
Aranea poumotua Strand, 1913d: 117 (Dm).
Aranea poumotua Strand, 1915d: 221, pl. 17, f. 69 (m).

m praedatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1885)....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015124]
Epeira praedata O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 48 (Dm).

f praesignis (L. Koch, 1872)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015125]
Epeira p. L. Koch, 1872a: 110, pl. 9, f. 3 (Df).

f prasius (Thorell, 1890)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015126]
Epeira prasia Thorell, 1890a: 154 (Df).

mf pratensis (Emerton, 1884)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015127]
Singa p. Emerton, 1884: 322, pl. 34, f. 15, pl. 37, f. 14-15 (Dmf).
Epeira reptilis Keyserling, 1892: 244, pl. 12, f. 182 (Dm).
Singa rubella Keyserling, 1893: 284, pl. 14, f. 209 (Df).
Epeira reptilis McCook, 1894: 165, pl. 6, f. 6 (m).
Singa listeri McCook, 1894: 231, pl. 19, f. 3-4 (Dmf).
A. praticola Simon, 1895a: 807.
A. reptilis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Singa p. Muma, 1943: 99, pl. XIV, f. 7 (f).
Singa p. Kaston, 1948: 240, f. 745, 758-759 (mf).
Singa p. Shear, 1967: 10, f. 26-27 (m).
A. p. Levi, 1972a: 231 (Tmf from Singa).
A. p. Levi, 1973: 492, f. 2, 21-31 (mf, S).
A. p. Kaston, 1977: 30, f. 23-24 (f).
A. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 237, f. 517-523 (mf).

f principis Simon, 1907....................Principe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015128]
A. principium Simon, 1907d: 296 (Df).

f pronubus (Rainbow, 1894)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015129]
Epeira pronuba Rainbow, 1894a: 289, pl. 10, f. 2 (Df).

mf prospiciens (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015130]
Epeira p. Thorell, 1890a: 138 (Dmf).
A. p. Simon, 1899a: 92.

m providens Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015131]
A. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 484, pl. 20, f. 55 (Dm).

f prunus Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015132]
A. p. Levi, 1973: 536, f. 375-379 (Df).

j pseudoconicus Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015133]
A. p. Schenkel, 1936b: 114, f. 40 (Dj).

f pseudosturmii Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015134]
A. p. Yin et al., 1990: 25, f. 62-63 (Df).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 150, f. 65a-b (f).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 140A, 148F (f).
A. p. Yin et al., 2012: 615, f. 298a-b (f).

m pseudoventricosus Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015135]
A. p. Schenkel, 1963: 150, f. 88a-c (Dm).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 190, f. 107a-c (m).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 144I (m).

mf psittacinus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015136]
Epeira psittacina Keyserling, 1887a: 173, pl. 14, f. 7 (Dmf).
A. p. Dondale, 1966: 1168, f. 3D-F (mf).

j pudicus (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015137]
Epeira pudica Thorell, 1898: 358 (Dj).

mf puebla Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015138]
A. p. Levi, 1991a: 285, f. 482-486 (Dmf).

f pulcherrimus (Roewer, 1942)....................Europe, Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015139]
Epeira pulchra C. L. Koch, 1835: 129, pl. 21 (Df; preoccupied by Razumowsky, 1789 sub Aranea).
Epeira pulchra C. L. Koch, 1844: 100, f. 908 (f).
Aranea pulcherrima Roewer, 1942a: 790 (replacement name).

f pulchriformis (Roewer, 1942)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015140]
Epeira pulchra Rainbow, 1893b: 18, pl. 3, f. 2-3 (Df; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1844).
Aranea p. Roewer, 1942a: 831 (replacement name).

f punctipedellus (Strand, 1908)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015141]
Aranea rufipalpis punctipedella Strand, 1908e: 292 (Df).
Aranea p. Roewer, 1942a: 812.

f pupulus (Thorell, 1890)....................Java, Amboina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015142]
Epeira pupula Thorell, 1890a: 159 (Df).

f purus (Simon, 1907)....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015143]
Larinia pura Simon, 1907d: 268 (Df).
A. p. Grasshoff, 1970b: 218 (Tf from Larinia).

f qianshan Zhu, Zhang & Li, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015149]
A. q. Zhu, Zhang & Li, 1998: 30, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 140B-C (f).

mf quadratus Clerck, 1757....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015144]
A. q. Clerck, 1757: 27, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
Aranea reaumurii Scopoli, 1763: 393 (Df).
Aranea quadrimaculata De Geer, 1778: 223, pl. 12, f. 18 (Df).
Epeira quadrata Walckenaer, 1805: 61.
Epeira quadrata Dufour, 1824: 205, pl. 10, f. 2 (f).
Epeira quadrata Sundevall, 1833a: 239 (Dm).
Epeira quadrata C. L. Koch, 1838: 66, f. 381-382 (mf).
Epeira quadrata Blackwall, 1864a: 324, pl. 23, f. 236 (mf).
Epeira quadrata Menge, 1866: 53, pl. 5, f. 5 (mf).
Epeira quadrata Thorell, 1870a: 14.
Epeira quadrata Hansen, 1882: 18, pl. 1, f. 32 (mf).
Epeira quadrata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 130, pl. 5, f. 12 (mf).
Epeira quadrata Becker, 1896: 23, pl. 5, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira quadrata Bösenberg, 1901: 23, pl. 1, f. 3 (mf).
Aranea reaumuri Strand, 1906a: 458.
Epeira quadrata Spassky, 1925: 17, f. 55 (f).
A. q. Simon, 1929: 693, 758, f. 1047, 1052 (mf).
Aranea reaumuri Wiehle, 1931: 79, f. 115-118 (mf).
Aranea reaumuri Reimoser, 1932: 11, f. 1 (mf).
Aranea reaumuri Drensky, 1943: 242, f. 26 (mf).
Aranea reamuri Mikulska, 1953: 12, f. 12, 15 (mf).
A. q. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 130, f. 84B, 85B, 86B (mf).
A. q. Saito, 1959: 88, f. 99a-g (f).
Aranea quadrata Zamaraev, 1964: 360, f. 83-84 (mf).
A. q. Azheganova, 1968: 79, f. 159-160 (mf).
A. q. Grasshoff, 1968: 7, f. 10, 16a, 17d-f, 20d, 21g-i, 23, 25-26, 29k-n, 30g-h, 34c, 35i-m, 36i-m, 37i-m, 38i-m, 39i-m, 40c, 41k-m, 42c (mf).
A. q. Yaginuma, 1969b: 18, f. 1a-8a (mf).
A. q. Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 584, 595 (f).
A. q. Miller, 1971: 212, pl. XL, f. 5-6 (mf).
A. q. Levi, 1971a: 164, f. 152-158 (mf).
A. q. Loksa, 1972: 88, f. 77, 79B, 80C-D (mf).
A. q. Grasshoff, 1973b: 134, f. 4c (f).
A. q. Palmgren, 1974a: 24, f. 9c, 10f-g (mf).
A. q. Punda, 1975b: 34, f. 43-45 (mf).
A. q. Roberts, 1985: 208, f. 93b (mf).
A. q. Yaginuma, 1986a: 95, f. 50.1 (mf).
A. flavidus Yin et al., 1990: 30, f. 74-77 (Df).
A. q. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 74, f. 170 (mf).
A. q. Roberts, 1995: 318, f. (mf).
A. q. Mcheidze, 1997: 278, f. 635-637 (mf).
A. flavidus Yin et al., 1997d: 169, f. 85a-d (f).
A. q. Roberts, 1998: 332, f. (mf).
A. flavidus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 237, f. 137O-W, 148A (f).
A. q. Marusik, Logunov & Koponen, 2000: 13 (S).
A. q. Almquist, 2005: 142, f. 154a-i (mf).
A. q. Topçu et al., 2006a: 335, f. 1 (f).
A. q. Marusik & Crawford, 2006: 173, f. 4-6, 10-13 (mf).
A. q. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 111, f. 4d, 5d-e, 6, 8, 12, 52a-e, 53a-d, 54a-h, 55a-d, 56a-f, 57a-j (mf).

f quadratus minimus (Gétaz, 1889)....................Switzerland, France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015145]
Epeira quadrata minima Gétaz, 1889: 60 (Df).

f quadratus subviridis (Franganillo, 1913)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015146]
Epeira quadrata s. Franganillo, 1913: 127 (Df).

f quietus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015150]
Epeira quieta Keyserling, 1887a: 192, pl. 17, f. 1 (Df).

f quirapan Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015151]
A. q. Levi, 1991a: 284, f. 470-473 (Df).

f rabiosulus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015152]
Epeira rabiosula Keyserling, 1887a: 194, pl. 17, f. 3 (Df).

f radja (Doleschall, 1857)....................Amboina, Yule Is., Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015153]
Epeira r. Doleschall, 1857: 417 (Df).
Epeira r. Doleschall, 1859: pl. 2, f. 3 (f).

m ragnhildae (Strand, 1917)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015154]
Epeira gracilis Hogg, 1896: 317, pl. 24, f. 2 (Dm, preoccupied).
Aranea r. Strand, 1917c: 71 (replacement name).

f rainbowi (Roewer, 1942)....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015155]
A. nigropunctatus Rainbow, 1920b: 248, pl. 29, f. 55-56 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Epeira nigropunctata L. Koch, 1871; erroneously listed by Roewer as a species of the gnaphosid genus Aracus as well as under Aranea).
Aranea r. Roewer, 1942a: 832 (replacement name).

f ramulosus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015156]
Epeira ramulosa Keyserling, 1887a: 203, pl. 18, f. 4 (Df).

j rani (Thorell, 1881)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015157]
Epeira r. Thorell, 1881: 93 (Dj).

m rarus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015158]
Epeira rara Keyserling, 1887a: 193, pl. 17, f. 2 (Dm).

j raui (Strand, 1907)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015159]
Aranea r. Strand, 1907i: 177 (Dj).

f recherchensis (Main, 1954)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015161]
Aranea r. Main, 1954: 41, pl. 3, f. 5, 8 (Df).
A. r. Brignoli, 1983c: 260.

mf relicinus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Solomon Is., Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015162]
Nephila relicina Keyserling, 1887a: 216, pl. 19, f. 6 (Df).
A. r. Pocock, 1898b: 462.
A. r. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 396, pl. 17, f. 8-9 (f, Dm).

f repetecus Bakhvalov, 1978....................Turkmenistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015163]
A. r. Bakhvalov, 1978: 790, f. 5-7 (Df).

f riveti Berland, 1913....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015165]
A. r. Berland, 1913b: 92, pl. 9, f. 42-43 (Df).

f roseomaculatus Ono, 1992....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015166]
A. r. Ono, 1992b: 122, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140D-E (f).

mf rotundicornis Yaginuma, 1972....................Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015167]
A. r. Yaginuma, 1972a: 55, f. 9-16 (Dmf).
A. r. Yaginuma, 1986a: 97, f. 51.2 (mf).
A. r. Chikuni, 1989b: 64, f. 7 (mf).
A. r. Tanikawa, 2007c: 77, f. 214-216, 639-640 (mf).
A. r. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 216-217 (mf).
A. r. Lee, Lee & Kim, 2012: 211, f. 1-6 (f).

mf rotundulus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015168]
Epeira rotundula Keyserling, 1887a: 178, pl. 15, f. 6-7 (Dmf).

f royi Roewer, 1961....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015169]
A. r. Roewer, 1961b: 53, f. 15a-d (Df).

mf rubicundulus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015170]
Epeira rubicundula Keyserling, 1887a: 164, pl. 14, f. 1 (Df).

f rubrivitticeps (Strand, 1911)....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015172]
Aranea r. Strand, 1911d: 152, pl. 4, f. 4, pl. 5, f. 39 (Df).

f rufipes (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015173]
Epeira rufipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 31, pl. 4, f. 12 (Df; preoccupied by Linnaeus, 1758 sub Aranea).
Epeira rufipes Keyserling, 1892: 176, pl. 8, f. 130 (f).
Aranea rufipes F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 515, pl. 49, f. 17 (f).
A. rufipes Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Aranea cambridgei Roewer, 1942a: 838 (replacement name for Epeira rufipes).
Neoscona r. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 170 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
A. r. Levi, 1991a: 234, f. 215-218 (f, S).

f russicus Bakhvalov, 1981....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015174]
A. r. Bakhvalov, 1981b: 144, f. 3 (Df).

mf ryukyuanus Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037667]
A. r. Tanikawa, 2001b: 67, f. 5-8, 19-21 (Dmf).
A. r. Tanikawa, 2007c: 87, f. 262-263, 714-716 (mf).
A. r. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 290-292 (mf).

f saccalava (Strand, 1907)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015175]
Aranea s. Strand, 1907d: 731 (Df).
Aranea s. Strand, 1907o: 57 (Df).

mf saevus (L. Koch, 1872)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015176]
Epeira saeva L. Koch, 1872b: 123 (Dm).
Epeira sinistra Thorell, 1873: 545 (Dm).
Epeira zimmermanni Thorell, 1875a: 81 (Df).
Epeira zimmermanni Thorell, 1875c: 6 (Df).
Epeira solitaria Emerton, 1884: 299, pl. 33, f. 11, pl. 35, f. 3 (Dm).
Epeira nigra Emerton, 1894: 402, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dmf).
Epeira zimmermanni Bösenberg, 1901: 26, pl. 1, f. 7 (f).
Epeira s. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 328, pl. 12, f. 5 (m).
A. s. Lessert, 1905b: 641, f. 10 (m).
Epeira solitaria Petrunkevitch, 1910: 211 (Dm).
A. solitarius Petrunkevitch, 1911: 317.
A. s. Lessert, 1910b: 308, f. 167 (m).
A. zimmermanni Charitonov, 1926b: 57, f. 1 (f).
Aranea s. Wiehle, 1931: 60, f. 86 (m).
Aranea zimmermanni Wiehle, 1931: 60.
Aranea angulata Comstock, 1940: 483, f. 483bis (f).
Aranea angulata silvatica Comstock, 1940: 132, f. 133a-b (f).
Aranea solitaria Archer, 1941b: 19, pl. III, f. 2 (f).
Aranea saeva Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 17 (f).
Aranea solitaria Kaston, 1948: 250, f. 785-786, 796-797 (mf).
A. zimmermanni Johansson, 1950: 93, f. 1-2 (f).
Aranea silvatica Archer, 1951a: 26 (removed from S, rejected)
Aranea nigra Archer, 1951a: 29, f. 77 (m, removed from S, rejected).
Aranea solitaria Archer, 1951a: 29, f. 72 (m).
A. s. Tullgren, 1952: 164, f. 10a-b, 12a-b (mf, S).
A. s. Wiehle, 1963c: 276, f. 84-92 (mf).
A. s. Levi, 1970: 109, f. 10-13 (m).
A. s. Levi, 1971a: 148, f. 7-8, 42-51, 55-60 (mf, S).
A. s. Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXVIII, f. 22-23 (f).
A. zimmermanni Palmgren, 1974a: 19, f. 7e-i (f, Dm).
A. s. Kurka, 1981: 55, f. 1-2 (f).
A. s. Izmailova, 1989: 60, f. 43 (m).
A. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 74, f. 166 (mf).
A. s. Tanikawa, 2001b: 81, f. 67-68 (m).
A. s. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 44, f. 284-286 (mf).
A. s. Dondale et al., 2003: 224, f. 475-481 (mf).
A. s. Aakra, 2005: 31, f. 9 (f).
A. s. Almquist, 2005: 144, f. 155a-g (mf).
A. s. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 78, f. 5j, 9, 11, 31a-f, 32a-f (mf).

m sagicola (Dönitz & Strand, 1906)....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015177]
Aranea s. Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 383, pl. 3, f. 3 (Dm).

f salto Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015178]
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 282, f. 462-465 (Df).

f sambava (Strand, 1907)....................Madagascar, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015179]
Aranea s. Strand, 1907d: 731 (Df).
Aranea s. Strand, 1907o: 61 (Df).

f santacruziensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015180]
A. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 640, f. 407a-e (Df).

f santarita (Archer, 1951)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015181]
Aranea s. Archer, 1951a: 24, f. 65 (Df).
A. s. Levi, 1971a: 150, f. 52-54 (f).

j savesi (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015182]
Epeira s. Simon, 1880i: 169 (Dj).

f schneblei Levi, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015184]
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 211, f. 95-98 (Df).

m schrencki (Grube, 1861)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015185]
Epeira schrenckii Grube, 1861: 162 (Dm).
A. s. Wesolowska, 1988b: 408, f. 14-17 (m).

m scutellatus Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015186]
A. s. Schenkel, 1963: 153, f. 90 (Dm).

f scutifer (Keyserling, 1886)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015187]
Epeira scutifera Keyserling, 1886a: 152, pl. 12, f. 7 (Df).

mf scutigerens Hogg, 1900....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015188]
A. s. Hogg, 1900: 100, pl. 15, f. 2 (Dmf).

mf selva Levi, 1991....................Guatemala to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015190]
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 259, f. 335-338 (Dmf).

mf seminiger (L. Koch, 1878)....................Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015191]
Epeira semi-nigra L. Koch, 1878c: 737 (Dj).
Aranea semi-nigra Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 235.
A. mongolicus Saito, 1959: 87, f. 95a-e (f, misidentified).
A. mongolicus Yaginuma, 1961a: 82, f. F (m, misidentified).
A. s. Namkung, 1964: 37, f. 25 (Df).
A. tartaricus Yaginuma, 1986a: 94, f. 49.4 (mf, misidentified).
A. miyashitai Tanikawa, 2001b: 77, f. 54-55, 58-61 (Dmf).
A. s. Ono, 2002a: 58, f. 21-22 (Sm).
A. tartaricus Namkung, 2002: 249, f. 19.11a-c (f, misidentified).
A. s. Namkung, 2003: 251, f. 19.11a-c (f).
A. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 78, f. 218-220, 643-644 (mf).
A. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 220-221 (mf).

f senicaudatus Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015192]
A. senicaudata Simon, 1908d: 425 (Df).

f senicaudatus simplex Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015193]
A. senicaudata s. Simon, 1908d: 426 (Df).

f separatus (Roewer, 1942)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015194]
A. singularis Rainbow, 1900a: 490, pl. 24, f. 4 (Df; preoccupied by Banks, 1898).
Aranea separata Roewer, 1942a: 833 (replacement name).

f septemtuberculatus (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015195]
Aranea septem-tuberculata Thorell, 1899: 45 (Df).

f sericinus (Roewer, 1942)....................Portugal, Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015196]
Epeira sericea Franganillo, 1918b: 121 (Df; preoccupied by Latreille, 1806).
Aranea sericina Roewer, 1942a: 791 (replacement name).

f sernai Levi, 1991....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015197]
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 214, f. 109-112 (Df).

mf shunhuangensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015198]
A. s. Yin et al., 1990: 18, f. 43-46 (Df).
A. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 134, f. 49a-d (f).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140F-H, 149A (f).
A. s. Yin, Griswold & Xu, 2007: 3, f. 2a-f (Dm).
A. s. Yin et al., 2012: 616, f. 299a-j (mf).

f sicki Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015199]
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 250, f. 286-289 (Df).

mf simillimus Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015200]
A. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 486, pl. 20, f. 56-58, 60-61 (Dmf).
A. s. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 199, f. 12-15, 82 (f).

f singularis (Urquhart, 1891)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015201]
Epeira singulara Urquhart, 1891b: 240, f. 2 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

f sinistrellus (Roewer, 1942)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015202]
Aranea sinistra F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 510, pl. 48, f. 21 (Df; preoccupied by Thorell, 1873 sub Epeira).
A. sinister Petrunkevitch, 1911: 316.
Aranea sinistrella Roewer, 1942a: 852 (replacement name).
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 193, f. 5-8 (f).

f sogdianus Charitonov, 1969....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015204]
A. s. Charitonov, 1969: 79, f. 2 (Df).

f spathurus (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015205]
Epeira spathura Thorell, 1890a: 173 (Df).

m speculabundus (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia, Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015207]
Epeira speculabunda L. Koch, 1871: 80, pl. 5, f. 6 (Dm).
A. s. Berland, 1929b: 64.

f sponsus (Thorell, 1887)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015208]
Epeira sponsa Thorell, 1887: 186 (Df).

f squamifer (Keyserling, 1886)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015209]
Epeira squamifera Keyserling, 1886a: 151, pl. 12, f. 6 (Df).

mf stabilis (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015210]
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1892: 213, pl. 10, f. 158 (Dmf).
A. s. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 317.
A. s. Levi, 1991a: 226, f. 174-178 (mf).

mf stella (Karsch, 1879)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015211]
Epeira s. Karsch, 1879g: 69 (Dj).
A. tsuno Yaginuma, 1972a: 53, f. 1-8 (Dmf).
A. tsuno Shinkai, 1977: 327, f. 21 (m).
A. maculifrons Oliger, 1983a: 303, f. 4-8 (Dmf).
A. tsuno Zhou, Wang & Zhu, 1983: 154, f. 2a-d (f).
A. tsuno Yaginuma, 1986a: 97, f. 51.1 (mf).
A. tsuno Marusik, 1989b: 42 (S).
A. tsuno Chikuni, 1989b: 64, f. 6 (mf).
A. tsuno Yin et al., 1997d: 183, f. 100a-d (f).
A. tsuno Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140T-U, X, 149H (f).
A. s. Ono, 2002a: 59, f. 23 (Smf).
A. tsuno Namkung, 2002: 250, f. 19.12a-b (mf).
A. tsuno Kim & Kim, 2002: 185, f. 13, 87-88, 176-178 (mf).
A. s. Namkung, 2003: 252, f. 19.12a-b (mf).
A. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 78, f. 217, 641-642 (mf).
A. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 218-219 (mf).

f stolidus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015212]
Epeira stolida Keyserling, 1887a: 186, pl. 16, f. 3 (Df).

mf strandiellus Charitonov, 1951....................Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015213]
A. s. Charitonov, 1951: 210, f. 2a-b (Df).
A. s. Marusik, S[invert caret over]estáková & Omelko, 2012: 92, f. 1-14, 18-21 (f, Dm).

f striatipes (Simon, 1877)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015214]
Epeira s. Simon, 1877b: 76 (Df).

f strigatellus (Strand, 1908)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015215]
Aranea rufipalpis strigatella Strand, 1908e: 294 (Df).
Aranea strigatella Roewer, 1942a: 814.

f strupifer (Simon, 1886)....................Tropical Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015216]
Epeira strupifera Simon, 1886g: 368 (Df).
A. eresifrons Pocock, 1898g: 509, pl. 41, f. 3 (Df).
Aranea webensis Strand, 1908g: 395 (provisional name only).
Aranea s. Tullgren, 1910: 163, pl. 4, f. 108 (f).

mf sturmi (Hahn, 1831)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015217]
Epeira sturmii Hahn, 1831a: 12, f. 8 (Dmf).
Atea s. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3.
Epeira alpina C. L. Koch, 1844: 122, f. 924-925 (mf, lapsus for E. alsine, misidentified).
Atea agalena C. L. Koch, 1844: 137, f. 938-939 (Dmf).
Epeira agalena Westring, 1861: 53.
Epeira agalenoides Simon, 1870b: 311 (Df).
Epeira s. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 131, pl. 5, f. 5 (mf).
Epeira s. Bösenberg, 1901: 39, pl. 2, f. 26 (mf).
A. s. Lessert, 1910b: 321.
A. s. Simon, 1929: 697, 764, f. 1083-1084 (mf).
Aranea s. Wiehle, 1931: 113, f. 177-182 (mf).
Aranea s. Drensky, 1943: 245, f. 20 (mf).
Conaranea s. Archer, 1951b: 7 (Tmf from Araneus).
Atea s. Archer, 1951c: 3.
A. s. Tullgren, 1952: 175, f. 21a-c (mf).
A. s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 141, f. 94A-B, 95A-B (mf).
Aranea s. Zamaraev, 1964: 356, f. 53-54, 55A (mf).
A. s. Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 575, 586 (mf).
A. s. Miller, 1971: 210, pl. XXXIX, f. 9-10 (mf).
A. s. Loksa, 1972: 79, f. 68C-G (mf).
A. s. Levi, 1973: 490, f. 1, 7-13 (mf).
A. s. Palmgren, 1974a: 31, f. 13a-d (mf).
Atea s. Punda, 1975b: 38, f. 62-63 (f).
A. s. Xu & Wang, 1983: 32, f. 2a (f).
A. s. Roberts, 1985: 210, f. 94b (mf).
Atea s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 80, f. 179 (mf).
Atea s. Roberts, 1995: 323, f. (mf).
A. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 151, f. 66a-c (f).
Atea s. Bellmann, 1997: 112, f. (f).
Atea s. Roberts, 1998: 336, f. (mf).
A. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140I-J, 149B (f).
A. s. Aakra, 2000a: 78, f. 1-4 (f).
A. s. Trotta, 2005: 163, f. 238, 241 (mf).
A. s. Almquist, 2005: 145, f. 156a-l (mf).
A. s. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 120, f. 3b, 4h, 5k, 7, 11, 58a-c, 59a-d, 60a-k, 61a-g, 62a-b, 63a-e, 64a-o (mf).

f suavis Rainbow, 1899....................New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015218]
A. s. Rainbow, 1899b: 308, pl. 24, f. 2 (Df).

f subflavidus (Urquhart, 1893)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015219]
Epeira sub-flavida Urquhart, 1893b: 117 (Df).

f subumbrosus Roewer, 1961....................Senegal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015221]
A. s. Roewer, 1961b: 53, f. 14a-b (Df).
A. subombrosus Brignoli, 1983c: 260.

f sulfurinus (Pavesi, 1883)....................Ethiopia, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015222]
Epeira sulfurina Pavesi, 1883: 16 (Df).
Aranea sulphurina Tullgren, 1910: 167, pl. 4, f. 120 (f).

mf svanetiensis Mcheidze, 1997....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015223]
A. s. Mcheidze, 1997: 270, f. 601-604 (Dmf).

mf sydneyicus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015224]
Epeira sydneyica Keyserling, 1887a: 155, pl. 13, f. 1-2 (Dmf).

f sylvicola (Rainbow, 1897)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015225]
Epeira s. Rainbow, 1897b: 518, pl. 17, f. 4 (Df).
A. s. Rainbow, 1909: 222.

m taigunensis Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015226]
A. t. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 58, f. 36-38 (Dm).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 182, f. 98a-c (m).
A. taiguensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140J-K, 149C (m).

mf talasi Bakhvalov, 1970....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015227]
A. t. Bakhvalov, 1970: 51, f. 2 (Df).
A. talassi Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 43, 49-52 (f, Dm).

mf talca Levi, 1991....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015228]
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 240, f. 245-249 (Dmf).

f talipedatus (Keyserling, 1887)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015229]
Epeira talipedata Keyserling, 1887a: 169, pl. 14, f. 4 (Df).

f tambopata Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015230]
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 222, f. 153-156 (Df).

f tamerlani (Roewer, 1942)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015231]
Epeira obesa Thorell, 1881: 109 (Df; preoccupied by Hentz, 1847).
Aranea t. Roewer, 1942a: 834 (replacement name).

f taperae (Mello-Leitão, 1937)....................Ecuador to Suriname [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015232]
Metepeira t. Mello-Leitão, 1937a: 7, f. 8 (Df).
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 212, f. 105-108 (Tf from Metepeira).

mf tartaricus (Kroneberg, 1875)....................Central Asia to Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015233]
Epeira tartarica Kroneberg, 1875: 2, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
A. mongolicus Simon, 1895c: 335 (Dmf).
A. t. Schenkel, 1936b: 269, f. 89 (m).
A. mongolicus Ermolajev, 1937b: 603, f. 3 (mf).
A. t. Spassky & Shnitnikov, 1937: 276, f. 3 (m).
A. t. Bakhvalov, 1974: 111, f. 87, 89-90, 96 (mf).
A. t. Feng, 1990: 60, f. 35.1-5 (f).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 191, f. 108a-c (f).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140K-L (f).
A. t. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 28, f. 48 (m).
A. t. Kim & Kim, 2002: 184, f. 11, 84, 172-173 (mf).
A. t. Yin et al., 2012: 618, f. 300a-c (f).

f tatianae Lessert, 1938....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015234]
A. t. Lessert, 1938: 449, f. 35-37 (Df).

f tatsulokeus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015235]
A. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 636, f. 404a-f (Df).

mf tellezi Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015236]
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 291, f. 515-519 (Dmf).

mf tenancingo Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015237]
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 290, f. 511-514 (Dmf).

f tenerius Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015238]
A. t. Yin et al., 1990: 45, f. 111-116 (Df).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 192, f. 109a-f (f).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140M-O, 149D (f).

f tengxianensis Zhu & Zhang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015239]
A. t. Zhu & Zhang, in Zhu et al., 1994: 29, f. 4A-C (Df).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 141, f. 56a-c (f).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140P-Q, 149E (f).

f tepic Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015240]
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 272, f. 410-413 (Df).

f tetraspinulus (Yin et al., 1990)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015241]
Pronous t. Yin et al., 1990: 7, f. 14-16 (Df).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 182, f. 99a-c (Tf from Pronous).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140R-S, 149F (f).
A. t. Yin et al., 2012: 619, f. 301a-c (f).

mf texanus (Archer, 1951)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015242]
Conepeira texana Archer, 1951b: 20, f. 48, 69 (Dmf).
A. t. Levi, 1973: 534, f. 362-374 (mf).

mf thaddeus (Hentz, 1847)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015243]
Epeira t. Hentz, 1847: 473, pl. 31, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira baltimorensis Keyserling, 1879: 305, pl. 4, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira t. Emerton, 1884: 309, pl. 33, f. 9 (f).
Epeira t. McCook, 1894: 169, pl. 7, f. 3-5 (f, Dm).
Epeira t. Emerton, 1902: 170, f. 401 (f).
Epeira t. Emerton, 1909: 200, pl. 5, f. 2 (mf).
A. t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 319.
A. t. Peelle & Saito, 1932: 93, f. 6 (f).
Aranea t. Comstock, 1940: 504, f. 520 (f).
Aranea t. Muma, 1943: 86, pl. XIII, f. 17 (f).
Epeira t. Kaston, 1948: 259, f. 807-809, 826-827 (m).
Neosconella t. Archer, 1951a: 38 (Tmf from Araneus).
Neosconella montana Archer, 1951a: 39, f. 41 (Dm).
A. t. Saito, 1959: 89, f. 103a-f (mf, presumably misidentified).
A. t. Levi, 1973: 543, f. 4, 415-425 (mf, S).
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 239, f. 235-239 (mf).
A. t. Dondale et al., 2003: 211, f. 436-443 (mf).
A. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2006: 4, f. 1-4 (mf).

f thevenoti Simon, 1895....................Zanzibar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015244]
A. t. Simon, 1895a: 824 (Df).

f thorelli (Roewer, 1942)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015245]
Epeira modesta Thorell, 1898: 361 (Df; preoccupied by Simon, 1890).
Aranea t. Roewer, 1942a: 821 (replacement name).

mf tiganus (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015246]
Aranea tigana Chamberlin, 1916: 251, pl. 19, f. 2 (Dm).
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 194, f. 9-14 (m, Df).

mf tijuca Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015247]
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 250, f. 290-294 (Dmf).

m tinikdikitus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015248]
A. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 635, f. 402a-g (Dm).

mf titirus Simon, 1896....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015249]
A. t. Simon, 1896e: 68 (Df).
A. t. Levi, 1991a: 245, f. 267-271 (f, Dm).

j toma (Strand, 1915)....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015250]
Aranea t. Strand, 1915d: 223, pl. 17, f. 71 (Dj).

f tonkinus Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015251]
A. t. Simon, 1909e: 109 (Df).

mf toruaigiri Bakhvalov, 1970....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015252]
A. t. Bakhvalov, 1970: 51, f. 1 (Df).
A. t. Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 44-48 (f, Dm).

j transversivittiger (Strand, 1907)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015253]
Aranea transversivittigera Strand, 1907k: 180 (Dj).

m transversus Rainbow, 1912....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015254]
A. t. Rainbow, 1912a: 197, f. 10-14 (Dmf).
A. t. Davies & Gallon, 1986: 233 (Rainbow's f=Gea theridioides).

f triangulus (Fox, 1938)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015255]
Aranea triangula Fox, 1938b: 368, f. 4-5 (Df).

mf tricoloratus Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015256]
A. t. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 59, f. 39-43 (Dmf).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 193, f. 110a-e (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140V-W, 144L-M, 149G (mf).

mf trifolium (Hentz, 1847)....................USA, Canada, Alaska [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015257]
Epeira jaspidata Walckenaer, 1841: 59 (Df; nomen oblitum).
Epeira t. Hentz, 1847: 471, pl. 31, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira septima Hentz, 1847: 470, pl. 30, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira aureola Hentz, 1847: 471, pl. 31, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira t. Emerton, 1884: 306, pl. 33, f. 8, pl. 35, f. 13-14, 21-22 (f, Dm).
Epeira t. McCook, 1894: 145, pl. 1, f. 3-6, pl. 2, f. 3 (mf).
Epeira t. candicans McCook, 1894: 146, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira t. Emerton, 1902: 171, f. 402-404 (mf).
A. t. Simon, 1903c: 386.
A. septimus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 315.
A. t. candidans Petrunkevitch, 1911: 320.
Aranea gosogana Chamberlin, 1919b: 8, pl. 4, f. 6 (Df).
A. t. Comstock, 1940: 493, f. 503 (f).
A. t. Archer, 1940: 46 (S).
Aranea t. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 94 (S).
Epeira t. Kaston, 1948: 258, f. 823-825 (f).
A. jaspidatus Yaginuma, 1957a: 55, f. 16a-b (f, presumably misidentified).
A. t. Levi, 1971a: 167, f. 174-182 (mf, S).
A. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 44, f. 287-289 (mf).
A. t. Dondale et al., 2003: 233, f. 503-509 (mf).

f trigonophorus (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015258]
Epeira trigonophora Thorell, 1887: 191 (Df).

mf triguttatus (Fabricius, 1793)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015260]
A. triguttata Fabricius, 1793: 419 (Df).
A. agalena Walckenaer, 1802: 197 (Df).
A. drypta Walckenaer, 1802: 198 (Df).
A. myabora Walckenaer, 1802: 198 (Df).
Epeira drypta Walckenaer, 1805: 59.
Epeira agalena Walckenaer, 1805: 59.
Epeira myabora Walckenaer, 1805: 59.
Epeira aurantiaca C. L. Koch, 1836b: 134, pl. 1 (Df).
Epeira agalena Walckenaer, 1841: 36 (Dm).
Epeira triguttata Walckenaer, 1841: 39.
Atea aurantiaca C. L. Koch, 1844: 141, f. 940 (f).
Epeira signata Blackwall, 1850: 341 (Dj).
Epeira agalena Blackwall, 1864a: 334, pl. 24, f. 242 (mf).
Epeira agalena Menge, 1866: 65, pl. 10, f. 12 (mf).
Epeira youngii O. P.-Cambridge, 1871a: 461 (Dj).
Epeira camelina Simon, 1870b: 310 (Df).
Epeira triguttata Simon, 1874a: 88 (m).
Epeira triguttata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 131, pl. 5, f. 6 (mf).
Epeira mayo McCook, 1894: 179, pl. 8, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira triguttata Becker, 1896: 27, pl. 3, f. 3 (mf).
Epeira triguttata Bösenberg, 1901: 38, pl. 2, f. 25 (mf).
Epeira triguttata O. P.-Cambridge, 1909a: 110, pl. A, f. 23-26 (mf).
A. t. Lessert, 1910b: 323.
A. t. Simon, 1929: 697, 763, f. 1081-1082 (mf).
Aranea triguttata Wiehle, 1931: 115, f. 183-187 (mf).
Aranea triguttata Drensky, 1943: 245. f. 20 (mf).
Conaranea triguttata Archer, 1951b: 7, f. 18-19, 31 (Tmf from Araneus).
Conepeira mayo Archer, 1951b: 16, f. 64 (removed f from S of A. miniatus).
A. t. Tullgren, 1952: 175, f. 22a-b (mf).
A. t. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 143, f. 94C-D, 95C (mf).
Conepeira mayo Levi & Field, 1954: 450, f. 35 (f).
Aranea triguttata Zamaraev, 1964: 357, f. 55B, 56-57 (mf).
A. t. Miller, 1971: 210, pl. XXXIX, f. 7-8 (mf).
A. t. Yaginuma, 1971: 55, f. 51 (f).
A. t. Tyschchenko, 1971: 196, f. 580 (m).
A. t. Loksa, 1972: 79, f. 68A-B, 69 (mf).
A. t. Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1972: 93, f. 10 (f).
A. t. Levi, 1973: 492, f. 14-20 (mf, S).
A. t. Roberts, 1985: 210, f. 94c (mf).
Atea triguttata Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 80, f. 180 (mf).
Atea triguttata Roberts, 1995: 323, f. (mf).
Atea triguttata Bellmann, 1997: 112, f. (f).
Atea triguttata Roberts, 1998: 336, f. (mf).
A. t. Kim & Kim, 2002: 185, f. 12, 85-86, 174-175 (mf).
A. t. Almquist, 2005: 145, f. 157a-g (mf).
A. t. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 129, f. 4i, 5l, 7, 11, 65a-d, 66a-e, 67a-i, 68a-d, 69a-e, 70a-g (mf).

f tschuiskii Bakhvalov, 1974....................Kyrgyzstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015261]
A. t. Bakhvalov, 1974: 111, f. 72-74 (Df).
A. tschuiskyi Bakhvalov, 1983: 90, f. 4 (f).

mf tsurusakii Tanikawa, 2001....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037668]
A. viperifer Yaginuma, 1967b: 94, f. 2c-e (m, misidentified).
A. viperifer Yaginuma, 1986a: 101, f. 54.2 (mf, misidentified).
A. viperifer Chikuni, 1989a: 136, f. 7A-B, G (mf, misidentified).
A. t. Tanikawa, 2001b: 66, f. 3-4, 14-18 (Dmf).
A. viperifer Namkung, 2002: 252, f. 19.14a-b (mf, misidentified).
A. t. Namkung, 2003: 254, f. 19.14a-b (mf).
A. t. Tanikawa, 2007c: 86, f. 260-261, 709-713 (mf).
A. t. Tanikawa, 2009: 457, f. 285-289 (mf).

mf tubabdominus Zhu & Zhang, 1993....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015263]
A. t. Zhu & Zhang, 1993: 36, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 184, f. 101a-g (mf).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 140Y-Z, 144N-O, 149I (mf).

mf tuscarora Levi, 1973....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015264]
A. t. Levi, 1973: 514, f. 204-214, 444 (Dmf).

mf ubicki Levi, 1991....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015265]
A. u. Levi, 1991a: 274, f. 422-426 (Dmf).

mf unanimus (Keyserling, 1879)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015266]
Epeira unanima Keyserling, 1879: 306, pl. 4, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira biplagiata Bertkau, 1880a: 86, pl. 2, f. 30 (Dj).
Epeira unanima Keyserling, 1892: 147, pl. 7, f. 108 (f).
A. biplagiatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 282.
A. u. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321.
Metepeira unanima Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 188, f. 16, 16a (Tf from Araneus, rejected, Dm).
A. u. Levi, 1991a: 203, f. 58-63 (mf, S).

mf uniformis (Keyserling, 1879)....................Bolivia to Argentina and Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015267]
Epeira u. Keyserling, 1879: 307, pl. 4, f. 10 (Df).
Epeira lucida Keyserling, 1884b: 650, pl. 21, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira lucida Keyserling, 1892: 126, pl. 6, f. 93 (f).
Epeira u. Keyserling, 1892: 160, pl. 8, f. 118 (f).
A. candidus Simon, 1895a: 809 (Df).
Aranea vespae Strand, 1908c: 3 (Df).
A. lucidus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 300.
A. u. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
A. vespae Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
Neosconella candida Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 152, f. 47 (Dm).
Metepeira u. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 188 (Tf from Araneus).
Wixia lucida Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 196 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
Cambridgepeira u. Archer, 1951b: 3 (Tf from Metepeira).
Metepeira candida Abalos & Báez, 1963: 203, f. 10-11 (Tmf from Neosconella=Araneus, rejected).
Metepeira candida Abalos, 1967: 273, f. 12E (f).
A. u. Levi, 1991a: 246, f. 272-275 (f, Sm).

f unistriatus (McCook, 1894)....................probably Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015268]
Verrucosa unistriata McCook, 1894: 201, pl. 5, f. 3 (Df; N.B.: probably a Parawixia, per H. W. Levi, in litt.).
A. u. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.

m urbanus (Keyserling, 1887)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015269]
Epeira urbana Keyserling, 1887a: 160, pl. 13, f. 5 (Dm).

f urquharti (Roewer, 1942)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015270]
Epeira similaris Rainbow, 1896a: 324, pl. 18, f. 3 (Df; preoccupied by Urquhart, 1891).
Aranea u. Roewer, 1942a: 835 (replacement name).

f ursimorphus (Strand, 1906)....................Ethiopia, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015271]
Aranea ursimorpha Strand, 1906b: 683 (Df).
Aranea ursimorpha Strand, 1908l: 35, pl. 2, f. 5 (f).

m uruapan Levi, 1991....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015272]
A. u. Levi, 1991a: 276, f. 433-434 (Dm).

mf urubamba Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015273]
A. u. Levi, 1991a: 218, f. 133-137 (Dmf).

mf usualis (Keyserling, 1887)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015274]
Epeira u. Keyserling, 1887a: 201, pl. 18, f. 2-3 (Dmf).

mf uyemurai Yaginuma, 1960....................Russia, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015275]
A. u. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 3, pl. 17, f. 107, f. 101f (Df).
A. ventricosus u. Uyemura, 1961: 97, f. 7-9, 15a-h, 18.6, 19.1, 25, 26a-i, pl. 4, 6, 13 (f, Dm, reduced to subspecies).
A. u. Yaginuma, 1986a: 92, f. 48.2 (f; elevated from subspecies).
A. u. Chikuni, 1989b: 63, f. 2 (mf).
A. u. Namkung, Im & Kim, 1994: 67, f. 1-6 (mf).
A. u. Namkung, 2002: 240, f. 19.2a-c (mf).
A. u. Kim & Kim, 2002: 186, f. 14-15, 89-90, 179-180 (mf).
A. u. Namkung, 2003: 242, f. 19.2a-c (mf).
A. u. Tanikawa, 2007c: 78, f. 222, 648-650, 656-657 (mf).
A. u. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 226-229 (mf).

mf variegatus Yaginuma, 1960....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015276]
A. v. Yaginuma, 1960: append. 4, pl. 19, f. 116, f. 50.4 (Df; preoccupied by Olivier, 1789 sub Aranea, but as that species is unidentifiable, Brignoli chose not to replace Yaginuma's name).
A. v. Yaginuma, 1971: 54, f. 50.4 (f).
A. v. Yin, 1978: 3, f. 5A-D (f).
A. v. Namkung & Yoon, 1980: 19, f. 2 (f).
Aranea variegata Song, 1980: 96, f. 42a-d (f).
A. v. Hu, 1984: 98, f. 94.1-3 (mf).
A. v. Zhang, 1987: 71, f. 54.1-3 (f).
A. v. Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 59, f. 44-46 (m).
A. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 66, f. 12 (mf).
A. v. Chen & Gao, 1990: 47, f. 53a-c (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 193, f. 111a-h (mf).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 141A-C, 145A, 149J (mf).
A. variegata Hu, 2001: 446, f. 291.1-3 (mf, lapsus).
A. v. Namkung, 2002: 242, f. 19.4a-b (mf).
A. v. Kim & Kim, 2002: 187, f. 16, 91, 181-183 (mf).
A. v. Namkung, 2003: 244, f. 19.4a-b (mf).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2007c: 83, f. 246-247, 692-694 (mf).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 268-270 (mf).
A. v. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 201, f. 141A-D (mf).

mf venatrix (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Panama and Trinidad to Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015277]
Miranda v. C. L. Koch, 1838: 56, f. 373 (Df).
Epeira v. Walckenaer, 1841: 38.
Epeira analis C. L. Koch, 1844: 75, f. 891 (Df).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1892: 201, pl. 9, f. 149 (f, Dm).
A. v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
A. sinuoscapus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 49, pl. 14, f. 123 (Df).
Epeira peruviana Taczanowski, 1878b: 150, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).
A. peruvianus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 309.
Metepeira peruviana Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 256 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
Aculepeira v. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 75 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
Metepeira v. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 188 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 252, f. 295-302 (mf, S).
A. v. Sestáková, Krumpál & Krumpálová, 2009: 138, f. 71b-c, 72a-e (mf).

mf ventricosus (L. Koch, 1878)....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015279]
Epeira ventricosa L. Koch, 1878c: 739, pl. 15, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira senta Karsch, 1879g: 70, pl. 1, f. 5 (Dm).
Epeira ventricosa Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 328, pl. 12, f. 6, 8 (mf).
A. ventricosa Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 213, f. 3, pl. 3, f. 15, pl. 11, f. 198-199 (mf).
Aranea pia Chamberlin, 1924a: 19, pl. 5, f. 36 (Df; preoccupied by Karsch, 1878).
A. v. Saito, 1933b: 54.
Aranea piata Roewer, 1942a: 820 (replacement name for Aranea pia).
A. v. Yaginuma, 1957a: 55, f. 21 (f).
Cathaistela ventricosa Archer, 1958: 16, f. 34 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. v. Saito, 1959: 97, text-f. 7.9, f. 108a-l (f).
A. v. Uyemura, 1961: 86, f. 1-7, 9-11, 14, 17a, 18.2, 19.5, 20a-f, 22b, pl. 1-4, 11 (mf).
A. v. Schenkel, 1963: 152, f. 89a-h (mf).
A. v. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 42, f. 22.1-2 (mf).
A. v. Oliger, 1981: 4, f. 2-6 (mf).
A. v. Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 2C, 6A (m).
A. v. Hu, 1984: 97, f. 93 (f).
A. v. Guo, 1985: 59, f. 2-13.1-3 (mf).
A. v. Yaginuma, 1986a: 92, f. 48.1 (f).
A. v. Song, 1987: 166, f. 127 (mf).
A. v. Yoshikura, 1987: 151, f. 20.5B (f).
A. v. Zhang, 1987: 72, f. 55.1-2 (f).
A. v. Song, 1988: 128, f. 7A-B (f, S).
A. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 62, f. 1 (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 1990: 39, f. 100-102 (m).
A. v. Feng, 1990: 59, f. 34.1-5 (mf).
A. v. Chen & Gao, 1990: 47, f. 54a-b (mf).
A. v. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 88, f. 78.1-4 (mf).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 870, f. 35A-E (mf).
A. v. Zhao, 1993: 231, f. 106a-c (f).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 195, f. XI-XIII, 112a-f (mf).
A. v. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1710, f. 9a-b (f).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 241, f. 13B, 141D-F, 145B-C (mf).
A. v. Hu, 2001: 447, f. 292.1-4 (mf).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 194, f. 116A-E (mf).
A. v. Namkung, 2002: 238, f. 19.1a-b (mf).
A. v. Kim & Kim, 2002: 188, f. 17, 92-93, 184-185 (mf).
A. v. Namkung, 2003: 241, f. 19.1a-b (mf).
A. v. Shin, 2007: 146, f. 4.I-III (m).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2007c: 78, f. 223-226, 651-653, 658-659 (mf).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2009: 452, f. 230-233 (mf).
A. v. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 202, f. 142A-E (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 2012: 621, f. 302a-f, 3-16e-f, 3-17e (mf).

mf ventricosus abikonus Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015280]
A. v. a. Uyemura, 1961: 115, f. 16, 18.3, 19.3, pl. 10, 15 (Dmf).

mf ventricosus globulus Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015281]
A. v. g. Uyemura, 1961: 112, f. 17b, 19.2, 18.4, 30 (Dmf).

f ventricosus hakonensis Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015282]
A. v. h. Uyemura, 1961: 106, f. 9, pl. 7 (Df).

mf ventricosus ishinodai Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015283]
A. v. i. Uyemura, 1961: 95, f. 24a-b (Dmf).

f ventricosus kishuensis Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015284]
A. v. k. Uyemura, 1961: 93, f. 23 (Df).

f ventricosus montanioides Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015285]
A. v. m. Uyemura, 1961: 111 (Df).

mf ventricosus montanus Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015286]
A. v. m. Uyemura, 1961: 108, f. 28, 29a-c, pl. 4, 9 (Dmf).

f ventricosus nigelloides Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015287]
A. v. n. Uyemura, 1961: 93 (Df).

mf ventricosus nigellus Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015288]
A. v. n. Uyemura, 1961: 90, f. 18.1, 19.4, 21-22, pl. 5, 12 (Dmf).

f ventricosus yaginumai Uyemura, 1961....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015289]
A. v. y. Uyemura, 1961: 101 (Df).

f ventriosus (Urquhart, 1891)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015290]
Epeira ventriosa Urquhart, 1891b: 237 (Df; N.B.: not Epeira ventriosa Urquhart, 1892b: 243 from New Zealand, see A. ventricosellus; omitted by Bonnet).

f vermimaculatus Zhu & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015292]
A. v. Zhu & Wang, in Zhu et al., 1994: 30, f. 5A-C (Df).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 151, f. 67a-c (f).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141F-G, 149K (f).

f villa Levi, 1991....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015293]
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 249, f. 279-281 (Df).

mf vincibilis (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015294]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1893: 209, pl. 9, f. 154 (Df).
A. v. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
Metepeira v. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 188 (Tf from Araneus, rejected).
A. v. Levi, 1991a: 206, f. 64-70 (f, Dm).

mf viperifer Schenkel, 1963....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015295]
A. v. Schenkel, 1963: 165, f. 96a-b (Df).
A. v. Ohno & Yaginuma 1967: 37, f. 4.1-4 (mf).
A. v. Nishikawa, 1969: 58, f. 2 (mf).
A. v. Yaginuma, 1971: 129, f. 106.2-5 (mf).
A. v. Suganami, 1971: 24, f. 5-6 (f).
A. v. Shinkai, 1977: 375, f. 18 (f).
A. v. Shinkai, 1978: 91, f. 27-30 (mf).
A. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 68, f. 19 (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 152, f. 68a-b (f).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141H, 149L (f).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2001b: 66, f. 79 (f).
A. v. Kim & Kim, 2002: 189, f. 18, 94, 186 (mf).

f virgunculus (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015296]
Epeira virguncula Thorell, 1890a: 121 (Df).

f virgus (Fox, 1938)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015297]
Aranea virga Fox, 1938b: 370, f. 2 (Df).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 206, f. 125 (f).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141I (f).

mf viridisomus Gravely, 1921....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015299]
A. viridisoma Gravely, 1921a: 415, f. 3c (Dmf).

mf viridiventris Yaginuma, 1969....................China, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015300]
A. v. Yaginuma, in Ohno & Yaginuma, 1969: 21, f. 3a-f (Dmf).
A. v. Yaginuma, 1986a: 101, f. 54.1 (mf).
A. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 69, f. 24 (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 1990: 22, f. 51-57 (mf).
A. v. Kim et al., 1995: 88, f. 1-2 (f).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 142, f. 57a-h (mf).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141J-K, N, 145D, 149M (mf).
A. v. Chang & Tso, 2004: 27, f. 1-4 (mf).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2007c: 83, f. 245, 689-691 (mf).
A. v. Tanikawa, 2009: 455, f. 265-267 (mf).

f viridulus (Urquhart, 1891)....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015301]
Epeira viridula Urquhart, 1891b: 242 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

f v-notatus (Thorell, 1875)....................France, Algeria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015302]
Epeira v-notata Thorell, 1875c: 10 (Df).
A. sturmi v. Simon, 1929: 697, 764.

f volgeri Simon, 1897....................Zanzibar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015303]
A. v. Simon, 1897b: 474 (Df).

f vulpinus (Hahn, 1834)....................Southern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015304]
Epeira vulpina Hahn, 1834: 24, f. 111 (Df).
Epeira spinivulva Dufour, 1835a: 110, pl. 5, f. 5-6 (Df).
Epeira bicolor Walckenaer, 1841: 41 (Df).

f vulvarius (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015305]
Epeira vulvaria Thorell, 1898: 360 (Df).
Aranea vulgaris Roewer, 1942a: 821 (lapsus).

m walesianus (Karsch, 1878)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015306]
Epeira walesiana Karsch, 1878c: 805 (Df).

mf washingtoni Levi, 1971....................Russia, USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015307]
A. w. Levi, 1971a: 160, f. 106, 123-130 (Dmf).
A. w. Dondale et al., 2003: 228, f. 489-495 (mf).
A. w. Paquin & Dupérré, 2006: 6, f. 5-8 (mf).
A. w. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 113, f. 7.5 (m).

f wokamus (Strand, 1911)....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015308]
Aranea wokama Strand, 1911d: 153, pl. 4, f. 7, pl. 5, f. 40 (Df).

f woodfordi Pocock, 1898....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015309]
A. w. Pocock, 1898b: 463, pl. 19, f. 3 (Df).

mf workmani (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015310]
Epeira worckmanni Keyserling, 1884b: 649, pl. 21, f. 1 (Dm, patronym for Workman).
Epeira worckmanni Keyserling, 1892: 188, pl. 9, f. 139 (m).
Araneus worckmanni Petrunkevitch, 1911: 325.
Metepeira worckmanni Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 188 (Tm from Araneus, rejected).
A. w. Levi, 1991a: 207, f. 78-84 (m, Df).

f wulongensis Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015311]
A. w. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 170, f. 6A-B (Df).
A. w. Song & Li, 1997: 415, f. 18A-B (f).
A. w. Yin et al., 1997d: 153, f. 69a-c (f).
A. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141O-P (f).

m xavantina Levi, 1991....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015312]
A. x. Levi, 1991a: 214, f. 116 (Dm).

f xianfengensis Song & Zhu, 1992....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015313]
A. x. Song & Zhu, 1992c: 171, f. 7A-B (Df).
A. x. Song & Li, 1997: 415, f. 19A-B (f).
A. x. Yin et al., 1997d: 185, f. 102a-c (f).
A. x. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141L-M (f).

m xizangensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037669]
A. x. Hu, 2001: 449, f. 293.1-5 (Dm).

m yadongensis Hu, 2001....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037670]
A. y. Hu, 2001: 450, f. 294.1-6 (Dm).

mf yapingensis Yin et al., 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042432]
A. y. Yin et al., 2009: 8, f. 33-41 (Dmf).

mf yasudai Tanikawa, 2001....................Russia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037671]
A. y. Tanikawa, 2001b: 72, f. 26-27, 36-38 (Dmf).
A. y. Tanikawa, 2007c: 88, f. 267-268, 725-727 (mf).
A. y. Tanikawa, 2009: 459, f. 301-303 (mf).

f yatei Berland, 1924....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015314]
A. y. Berland, 1924a: 222, f. 128-130 (Df).

f yuanminensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015315]
A. y. Yin et al., 1990: 26, f. 64-68 (Df).
A. y. Yin et al., 1997d: 154, f. 70a-e (f).
A. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141R-T, 149N (f).
A. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 196, f. 117A-E (f).

mf yukon Levi, 1971....................Russia, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015316]
A. y. Levi, 1971a: 166, f. 167-173 (Dmf).
A. y. Dondale et al., 2003: 235, f. 510-516 (mf).

f yunnanensis Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015317]
A. y. Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994: 104, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. y. Yin et al., 1997d: 198, f. 115a-e (f).
A. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 141Q, U-V, 149O (f).

mf yuzhongensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015318]
A. y. Yin et al., 1990: 47, f. 117-123 (Dmf).
A. y. Yin et al., 1997d: 196, f. 113a-g (mf).
A. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 142A-C, 145E-F, 149P (mf).

f zapallar Levi, 1991....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015319]
A. z. Levi, 1991a: 242, f. 254-257 (Df).

f zebrinus Zhu & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015320]
A. z. Zhu & Wang, in Zhu et al., 1994: 32, f. 7A-C (Df).
A. z. Yin et al., 1997d: 186, f. 103a-c (f).
A. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242, f. 142D-E, 150A (f).

f zelus (Strand, 1907)....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015321]
Aranea zela Strand, 1907a: 533 (Df).
Aranea zela Strand, 1907n: 615 (Df).

mf zhangmu Zhang, Song & Kim, 2006....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040008]
A. z. Zhang, Song & Kim, 2006: 2, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

mf zhaoi Zhang & Zhang, 2002....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037672]
A. z. Zhang & Zhang, 2002: 22, f. 1A-E (Dmf).

f zuluanus (Strand, 1907)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015322]
Aranea zuluana Strand, 1907a: 534 (Df).
Aranea zuluana Strand, 1907n: 629 (Df).

f zygielloides Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015323]
A. z. Schenkel, 1963: 169, f. 98a-d (Df).

Gen. Araniella Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01441]

A. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 76, type Araneus displicatus (Hentz, 1847); see Yaginuma, 1985: 127, for comments on Japanese species.

Transferred to other genera:
A. crispula (Tullgren, 1952) -- see Araneus.
A. geayi Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Eriophora.

In synonymy:
A. cossoni (Simon, 1885, T from Araneus) = A. cucurbitina (Clerck, 1757) (Blanke, 1982: 302).
A. croatica (Kulczyn'ski, 1905, T from Araneus) = A. displicata (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1974b: 296).
A. cucurbitina (Linnaeus, 1758, T from Araneus) = A. cucurbitina (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICNZ Direction 104).
A. displicata octopunctata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942 = A. displicata (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1974b: 296).

mf alpica (L. Koch, 1869)....................Europe to Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015324]
Epeira a. L. Koch, 1869: 173 (Dmf).
Epeira a. Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 21, pl. 9, f. 3 (m).
Epeira a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 131, pl. 5, f. 21 (mf).
Epeira a. Bösenberg, 1901: 30, pl. 1, f. 13 (mf).
Araneus alpicus Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 238, pl. 7, f. 6-7, 21, 27, 31 (mf).
Araneus alpicus Lessert, 1910b: 320, f. 174-176 (mf).
Araneus alpicus Charitonov, 1926c: 117, pl. 5, f. 6 (f).
Araneus alpicus Simon, 1929: 695, 763, f. 1076-1077 (mf).
Aranea a. Wiehle, 1931: 110, f. 171-173 (mf).
Aranea a. Drensky, 1943: 245, f. 23 (mf).
A. a. Archer, 1951c: 3, f. 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus alpicus Millidge & Locket, 1952: 65, f. 7a, 8a, 9a, 10a, 11b (mf).
Araneus alpicus Tullgren, 1952: 172, f. 19a-c (mf).
Araneus alpicus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 149, f. 96C, 98D, 99B, 100A (mf).
Aranea aplica Zamaraev, 1964: 358, f. 65-66 (m, lapsus).
Araneus alpicus Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 589 (f).
Araneus alpicus Miller, 1971: 210, pl. XXXIX, f. 13 (f).
Araneus alpicus Loksa, 1972: 83, f. 72D, 74A-C (mf).
Araneus alpicus Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 68, f. 40C-D (f).
A. a. Levi, 1974b: 299, f. 38-42 (mf).
A. a. Palmgren, 1974a: 34, f. 16o-r (mf).
A. a. Blanke, 1982: 292, f. 12a-b, 13a, c, 14a-b, 15a (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1985: 216, f. 97d (mf).
Araneus alpicus Morano & Ferrández, 1985a: 31, f. A-E (mf).
A. a. Levy, 1987: 244, f. 10-12 (m).
A. a. Ransy, 1987: 25, f. 15, 17, 19, 21-22, 24, 26 (mf).
A. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 76, f. 172 (mf).
A. a. Roberts, 1995: 329, f. (mf).
Araneus alpicus Mcheidze, 1997: 275, f. 622 (f).
A. a. Roberts, 1998: 342, f. (mf).
A. a. Almquist, 2005: 148, f. 158a-h (mf).
A. a. Türkes & Mergen, 2008: 300, f. 1-2 (mf).
A. a. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 174, f. 15A-C (m).

mf coreana Namkung, 2002....................Korea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037673]
A. c. Namkung, 2002: 278, 620, f. 19.39a-d (Dmf).
A. c. Namkung, 2003: 280, f. 19.39a-d (mf).

mf cucurbitina (Clerck, 1757)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015325]
Araneus cucurbitinus Clerck, 1757: 44, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).
Aranea c. Linnaeus, 1758: 620 (Df).
Aranea frischii Scopoli, 1763: 395 (Df).
Aranea octopunctata Linnaeus, 1767: 1030 (Df).
Aranea viridis-punctata De Geer, 1778: 233, pl. 14, f. 1-3 (Df).
Aranea depressa Razoumowsky, 1789: 245 (Df).
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1805: 63.
Epeira c. Sundevall, 1833a: 245 (Dm).
Miranda c. C. L. Koch, 1838: 53, f. 371-372 (mf).
Epeira squamosa Seidel, 1849: 110 (D).
Epeira c. Blackwall, 1864a: 342, pl. 25, f. 247 (mf).
Miranda c. Menge, 1866: 69, pl. 10, f. 14 (mf).
Epeira c. Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 21, pl. 9, f. 2 (m).
Epeira cossoni Simon, 1885f: 23 (Df).
Epeira c. Becker, 1896: 25, pl. 6, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira c. Bösenberg, 1901: 31, pl. 2, f. 15 (mf).
Epeira c. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 333, pl. 12, f. 22 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus typicus Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 232, pl. 7, f. 1, 11, 15-16, 25 (mf).
Araneus cossoni Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 235, pl. 7, f. 13 (Dm).
Araneus cucurbitinus typicus Lessert, 1910b: 318, f. 170 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Charitonov, 1926c: 116, pl. 5, f. 5 (f).
Aranea c. Reimoser, 1929c: 85, f. 3 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Simon, 1929: 695, 762, f. 1074-1075 (mf).
Aranea c. Wiehle, 1931: 106, f. 161-164 (mf).
A. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 76 (Tmf from Araneus).
Aranea c. Drensky, 1943: 244, f. 22 (mf).
A. c. Archer, 1951b: 4, f. 1 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Millidge & Locket, 1952: 65, f. 7c, 8c, 10b, 11a (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Tullgren, 1952: 170, f. 16a-c (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 144, f. 96A, 97B, 98A, 99A (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Chrysanthus, 1955a: 301, f. 1 (f).
Aranea c. Zamaraev, 1964: 357, f. 61-63 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 591 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Miller, 1971: 210, pl. XXXIX, f. 11-12 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Loksa, 1972: 82, f. 71A-B, 72A (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Izmailova, 1972c: 51, f. 2 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Bakhvalov, 1974: 110, f. 63-64, 66, 69 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 65, f. 38A-D (f).
A. c. Levi, 1974b: 298, f. 22-31 (mf, S, rejected).
A. c. Palmgren, 1974a: 36, f. 16a-d (mf).
A. c. Punda, 1975b: 36, f. 56-57 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Wunderlich, 1975b: 42, f. 30 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Blanke, 1976a: 77, f. 1a, 2a, 3a, 4a (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Blanke, 1980a: 97, f. 1, 4, 7 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Tikader & Bal, 1981: 56, f. 125-128 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Tikader, 1982a: 236, f. 462-465 (f).
Araneus cucurbitinus Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. IV.17 (f).
A. c. Blanke, 1982: 289, f. 3a-b, 5a-b, 6a-b, 8a (mf, S).
A. c. Roberts, 1985: 216, f. 97a (mf).
A. c. Ransy, 1987: 25, f. 6, 9, 12 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 226, f. LXX.17 (f).
A. c. Hu & Wu, 1989: 95, f. 72.1-2 (f).
A. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 78, f. 175 (mf).
A. c. Roberts, 1995: 328, f. (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Mcheidze, 1997: 274, f. 619-621 (m).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 207, f. 126a-b (f).
A. c. Roberts, 1998: 340, f. (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 150B-C (f).
A. c. Hu, 2001: 452, f. 295.1-2 (mf).
A. c. Namkung, 2002: 279, f. 19.40a (f).
A. c. Melero & Anadón, 2002: 170, f. 4-6 (m).
A. c. Namkung, 2003: 281, f. 19.40a (f).
A. c. Almquist, 2005: 149, f. 159a-l (mf).

mf displicata (Hentz, 1847) *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015326]
Epeira d. Hentz, 1847: 476, pl. 31, f. 17 (Df).
Epeira ornata Blackwall, 1850: 342 (Df).
Epeira decipiens Fitch, 1855: 219 (Df).
Epeira westringii Thorell, 1856: 106 (Dm).
Epeira westringii Westring, 1861: 49 (Df).
Epeira westringii Hansen, 1882: 21, pl. 1, f. 36 (mf).
Epeira d. Emerton, 1884: 313, pl. 34, f. 4, pl. 36, f. 20 (mf).
Epeira sexpunctata Keyserling, 1885: 530, pl. 13, f. 28 (Df).
Epeira alba Keyserling, 1885: 530, pl. 13, f. 29 (Df).
Epeira cucurbitina Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 131, pl. 5, f. 20 (f, misidentified).
Epeira sexpunctata Keyserling, 1892: 200, pl. 9, f. 148 (f).
Epeira d. Keyserling, 1893: 219, pl. 10, f. 162 (f).
Epeira cucurbitina McCook, 1894: 150, pl. 3, f. 1-3, pl. 4, f. 6 (Dmf).
Epeira westringii Bösenberg, 1901: 31, pl. 1, f. 14 (mf).
Epeira d. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 333, pl. 13, f. 3 (f).
Epeira d. Emerton, 1902: 172, f. 405 (f).
Araneus croaticus Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 233, pl. 7, f. 22, 30 (Df).
Araneus displicatus Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 237, pl. 7, f. 5, 12, 19, 24, 28 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 287.
Aranea d. Wiehle, 1931: 109, f. 167-170 (mf).
Araneus displicatus Nakatsudi, 1942b: 11, f. 3A (m).
A. d. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 76 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. displicata octopunctata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1942a: 76 (Dmf).
Aranea d. Drensky, 1943: 245, f. 23 (mf).
Aranea d. Jong, 1947: 511, f. 1-3 (f).
A. d. Archer, 1951b: 4, f. 5 (m).
Araneus displicatus Millidge & Locket, 1952: 63, f. 6a (m).
Araneus displicatus Tullgren, 1952: 172, f. 18a-c (mf).
Araneus displicatus westringi Millidge & Locket, 1952: 63, f. 5a-b, 6b-c, 11c (mf).
Araneus displicatus westringi Locket & Millidge, 1953: 149, f. 96B, 97C, 99C, 100C, E (mf).
Araneus displicatus Schenkel, 1953b: 50, f. 24a-c (m).
Aranea d. westringi Zamaraev, 1964: 358, f. 71-72 (f).
A. d. Shear, 1967: 9, f. 24-25 (m).
Araneus cucurbitinus displicatus Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 581, 590 (mf).
Araneus displicatus Loksa, 1972: 82, f. 72B-C, 73A-B (mf).
Araneus displicatus westringi Loksa, 1972: 82, f. 73C (m).
A. d. Levi, 1974b: 294, f. 1-21 (mf, S).
A. d. Palmgren, 1974a: 36, f. 16g-j (mf).
A. d. Punda, 1975b: 36, f. 58-59 (mf).
A. d. Blanke, 1982: 288, f. 1-2 (mf).
Araneus displicatus Hu, 1984: 91, f. 84 (f).
A. d. Roberts, 1985: 216, f. 97e (mf).
Araneus displicatus Guo, 1985: 53, f. 2-10.1-3 (mf).
Araneus displicatus Zhu et al., 1985: 72, f. 59a-e (mf).
Araneus displicatus Song, 1987: 162, f. 123 (mf).
A. d. Ransy, 1987: 25, f. 1-5 (mf).
Araneus displicatus Zhang, 1987: 67, f. 49.1-3 (mf).
A. d. Hu & Wu, 1989: 97, f. 72.3-4 (m).
Araneus displicatus Izmailova, 1989: 53, f. 37 (f).
Araneus displicatus Chen & Gao, 1990: 44, f. 47a-c (mf).
A. d. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 78, f. 173 (mf).
A. d. Breene et al., 1993: 107, f. 166A-C (mf).
Araneus displicatus Zhao, 1993: 229, f. 104a-e (mf).
A. d. Roberts, 1995: 329, f. (mf).
A. d. Tanikawa, 1995a: 56, f. 10-16 (mf).
A. d. Buckle & Roney, 1995: 977, f. 4-6 (mf).
A. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 208, f. 127a-f (mf).
A. d. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1711, f. 10a-b (m).
A. d. Roberts, 1998: 342, f. (mf).
A. d. Kim, 1998c: 2, f. 1-7 (mf).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 150D-E, L-M, P (mf).
A. d. Hu, 2001: 453, f. 296.1-5 (mf).
A. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 197, f. 118A-E (mf).
A. d. Namkung, 2002: 277, f. 19.38a-g (mf).
A. d. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 147-148, 185-186 (mf).
A. d. Kim & Kim, 2002: 190, f. 19-21, 95-98, 187-191 (mf).
A. d. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 45, f. 290-292 (mf).
A. d. Dondale et al., 2003: 193, f. 417-423 (mf).
A. d. Namkung, 2003: 279, f. 19.38a-g (mf).
A. d. Almquist, 2005: 151, f. 160a-e (mf).
A. d. Tanikawa, 2007c: 65, f. 135, 559-560 (mf).
A. d. Tanikawa, 2009: 441, f. 139-140 (mf).
A. d. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 204, f. 143A-E (mf).
A. d. Yin et al., 2012: 623, f. 303a-f (mf).

mf inconspicua (Simon, 1874)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015327]
Epeira i. Simon, 1874a: 84 (Df).
Epeira i. Bertkau, 1889: 77 (Dm).
Epeira i. Bösenberg, 1901: 29, pl. 1, f. 12 (mf).
Epeira i. Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 333, pl. 13, f. 1 (f).
Araneus inconspicuus Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 239, pl. 7, f. 8-9, 18 (mf).
Aranea i. Wiehle, 1931: 112, f. 174-176 (mf).
Aranea i. Drensky, 1943: 245, f. 23 (mf).
Araneus inconspicuus Millidge & Locket, 1952: 65, f. 7b, 8b, 9b, 10a (mf).
Araneus inconspicuus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 146, f. 97A, 98C, 99D, 100B (mf).
Aranea i. Zamaraev, 1964: 358, f. 64, 67 (f).
Araneus inconspicuus Miller, 1971: 211, pl. XXXIX, f. 14 (f).
Araneus inconspicuus Loksa, 1972: 83, f. 74D-F (mf).
Araneus inconspicuus Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 68, f. 40A-B (f).
A. i. Levi, 1974b: 298, f. 32-37 (Tmf from Araneus).
A. i. Blanke, 1982: 292, f. 12c-d, 13b, d, 14c-d, 15b (mf).
A. i. Roberts, 1985: 216, f. 97c (mf).
A. i. Ransy, 1987: 25, f. 16, 18, 20, 23, 25, 27 (mf).
A. i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 76, f. 171 (mf).
A. i. Roberts, 1995: 328, f. (mf).
A. i. Yin et al., 1997d: 209, f. 128a-d (f).
A. i. Roberts, 1998: 342, f. (mf).
A. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 150F-H, Q (f).
A. i. Almquist, 2005: 153, f. 161a-h (mf).
A. i. Türkes & Mergen, 2008: 300, f. 3 (f).

mf jilinensis Yin & Zhu, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015328]
A. j. Yin & Zhu, 1994: 1, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
A. jilingensis Yin et al., 1997d: 210, f. 129a-g (mf).
A. jilingensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 150I-K, N-O (mf).

mf maderiana (Kulczyn'ski, 1905)....................Canary Is., Madeira [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015329]
Araneus cucurbitinus m. Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 231, pl. 7, f. 3 (Dm).
Araneus maderianus Blanke, 1980a: 97, f. 3, 6, 9 (mf, elevated from subspecies of A. cucurbitina).
Araneus maderianus Blanke, 1980b: 225, f. 2b, 3a (mf).
A. m. Blanke, 1982: 289, f. 9 (mf).

mf opisthographa (Kulczyn'ski, 1905)....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015330]
Araneus cucurbitinus o. Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 232, pl. 7, f. 2, 20, 23, 26 (Dmf).
Araneus cucurbitinus opisthographus Lessert, 1910b: 319, f. 171-172 (mf).
Aranea cucurbitina o. Wiehle, 1931: 108, f. 165-166 (mf).
Aranea cucurbitina o. Drensky, 1943: 245, f. 22 (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus opistographus Millidge & Locket, 1952: 65, f. 7d (m).
Araneus cucurbitinus opistographus Tullgren, 1952: 172, f. 17a-c (mf).
Araneus cucurbitinus opistographus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 145, f. 98B (m).
Araneus cucurbitinus opistographus Chrysanthus, 1955a: 301, f. 1 (f).
Araneus opistographus Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 65, f. 39A-D (f, elevated from subspecies of A. cucurbitina).
A. cucurbitina Levi, 1974b: 298 (S, rejected).
A. cucurbitina opistographa Palmgren, 1974a: 36, f. 16e-f (mf).
A. o. Punda, 1975b: 36, f. 60-61 (mf).
Araneus opistographus Blanke, 1976a: 77, f. 1b, 2b, 3b, 4b (mf).
Araneus opisthographus Blanke, 1980a: 97, f. 2, 5, 8 (mf).
Araneus opisthographus Blanke, 1980b: 225, f. 2a, 3b (mf).
A. o. Blanke, 1982: 289, f. 3c-d, 5c-d, 6c-d, 8b (mf, removed from S).
A. opistographa Roberts, 1985: 216, f. 97b (mf).
A. o. Levy, 1987: 244, f. 1-9 (mf).
A. opistographa Ransy, 1987: 25, f. 7, 10, 13 (mf).
A. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 78, f. 176 (mf).
A. o. Roberts, 1995: 328, f. (mf).
A. o. Roberts, 1998: 341, f. (mf).
A. opistographa Melero & Anadón, 2002: 170, f. 1-3 (m).
A. o. Almquist, 2005: 154, f. 162a-g (mf).

mf proxima (Kulczyn'ski, 1885)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015331]
Epeira p. Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 19, pl. 9, f. 11 (Dm).
Epeira mediocris Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 332, pl. 12, f. 21 (Df).
Araneus proximus Kulczyn'ski, 1905b: 232, pl. 7, f. 4, 10, 14, 17, 29 (mf).
Araneus proximus Schenkel, 1930b: 22, f. 8a-d (mf).
Araneus proximus Tullgren, 1952: 172, f. 20a-c (mf).
Araneus proximus Azheganova, 1968: 78, f. 161, 170 (mf).
A. p. Palmgren, 1974a: 37, f. 16k-n (Tmf from Araneus).
A. cucurbitina Levi, 1974b: 298 (S, rejected).
Araneus proximus Wunderlich, 1975b: 40, f. 23-29 (mf).
A. p. Blanke, 1982: 289, f. 10-11 (mf, removed from S).
A. p. Ransy, 1987: 25, f. 8, 11, 14 (mf).
A. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 78, f. 174 (mf).
A. p. Buckle & Roney, 1995: 977, f. 1-3 (mf).
A. p. Roberts, 1998: 341, f. (mf).
A. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 45, f. 293-295 (mf).
A. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 196, f. 424-427 (mf).
A. p. Almquist, 2005: 155, f. 163a-e (mf).

f silesiaca (Fickert, 1876)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015332]
Epeira silesiaca Fickert, 1876: 70 (Df).
A. s. Blanke, 1982: 302 (removed f from S of A. alpica; not a S of Araneus crispulus Tullgren, 1952, which is not an Araniella, contra Grasshoff, 1976: 150).

mf tbilisiensis (Mcheidze, 1997)....................Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015333]
Araneus t. Mcheidze, 1997: 280, f. 642-644 (Dmf).
A. t. Mikhailov, 1998b: 18 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf yaginumai Tanikawa, 1995....................Russia, Korea, China, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038307]
A. y. Tanikawa, 1995a: 52, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
A. y. Chang & Chang, 1996: 143, f. 1-4 (mf).
A. y. Kim, 1998c: 4, f. 8-13 (mf).
A. y. Marusik & Koponen, 2000: 56, f. 1-7 (mf).
A. y. Namkung, 2002: 280, f. 19.41a-c (mf).
A. y. Kim & Kim, 2002: 190, f. 22, 99-100, 192-193 (mf).
A. y. Kim & Cho, 2002: 253, f. 589-594 (m).
A. y. Namkung, 2003: 282, f. 19.41a-c (mf).
A. y. Hou, Liang & Zhu, 2007: 14, f. A-G (mf).
A. y. Tanikawa, 2007c: 65, f. 133-134, 557-558 (mf).
A. y. Tanikawa, 2009: 441, f. 137-138 (mf).
A. y. Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 113, f. 7.8-10 (mf).

Gen. Aranoethra Butler, 1873 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01442]

f butleri Pocock, 1899....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015335]
A. b. Pocock, 1899e: 860, pl. 55, f. 1 (Df).

mf cambridgei (Butler, 1873) *....................West, Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015336]
Gasteracantha (A.) c. Butler, 1873a: 175, pl. 4, f. 8 (Df).
A. c. Simon, 1907d: 304 (Dm).
A. c. Emerit, 1982c: 465, f. 5-6 (Dm; m previously placed here by Simon, 1907 belongs to Gasteracantha curvispina (Guérin, 1837).

f ungari Karsch, 1878....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015337]
A. u. Karsch, 1878c: 322, pl. 9, f. 1 (Df; N.B.: treated as a synonym of A. cambridgei by Lessert, 1930: 661, without explanation).

Gen. Argiope Audouin, 1826 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01443]

N.B.: original spelling Argyope suppressed by ICZN Opinion 1038; considered a senior synonym of Austrargiope Kishida, 1936a: 17, type Argiope plana L. Koch, 1867 [=A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775)], Chaetargiope Kishida, 1936a: 20, type Argiope picta L. Koch, 1871, Coganargiope Kishida, 1936a: 18, type Argiope amoena L. Koch, 1878 and Heterargiope Kishida, 1936a: 19, type Argiope maja Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 by Yaginuma, 1959c: 21 and of Brachygea Caporiacco, 1947a: 24, type B. platycephala Caporiacco, 1947 [=A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775)] by Levi, 1983: 258.

Transferred to other genera:
A. aequior Chamberlin, 1924 -- see Oxyopes under Oxyopidae.
A. aurea Saito, 1934 -- see Eriophora.
A. curvipes Keyserling, 1886 -- see Gea.
A. lalita Sherriffs, 1928 -- see Neogea.
A. lepida Thorell, 1898 -- see Acusilas.
A. leucopicta Urquhart, 1890 -- see Cyrtophora.
A. maja Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Nephila under Nephilidae.
A. marxi McCook, 1894 -- see Cyrtophora.
A. sachalinensis Saito, 1934 -- see Plebs.
A. thai Levi, 1983 -- see Cyrtophora.
A. viabilior Chamberlin, 1924 -- see Oxyopes under Oxyopidae.

In synonymy:
A. abalosi Mello-Leitão, 1942 = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 340).
A. acuminata Franganillo, 1920 = A. bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772) (Jäger, 2012c: 286).
A. aemula nigripes Thorell, 1877 = A. aemula (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 273).
A. aetherea annulipes Thorell, 1881 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. aetherea confusa Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = A. reinwardti (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1983: 277).
A. aetherea coniuncta Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = A. reinwardti (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1983: 278).
A. aetherea deusta Thorell, 1881 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Chrysanthus, 1958a: 238).
A. aetherea keyensis Strand, 1911 = A. modesta Thorell, 1881 (Jäger, 2012c: 308, contra Levi, 1983: 314).
A. aetherea melanopalpis Strand, 1911 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. aetherea tangana Strand, 1911 = A. brunnescentia Strand 1911 (Jäger, 2012c: 310, contra Levi, 1983: 313).
A. anasuja fletcheri Hirst, 1911 = A. anasuja Thorell, 1887 (Grasshoff, 1980: 390).
A. arcuata Simon, 1884 = A. lobata (Pallas, 1772) (Levi, 1983: 284).
A. avara Thorell, 1859 = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 340).
A. avara angulicosta Strand, 1911 = A. brunnescentia Strand 1911 (Jäger, 2012c: 310, contra Levi, 1983: 313).
A. avara ocelligera Strand, 1911 = A. brunnescentia Strand 1911 (Jäger, 2012c: 310, contra Levi, 1983: 313).
A. avara tristipes Strand, 1911 = A. brunnescentia Strand 1911 (Jäger, 2012c: 310, contra Levi, 1983: 313).
A. banana Strand, 1919 = A. australis (Walckenaer, 1805) (Bjørn, 1997: 209).
A. barbipoda Strand, 1911 = A. reinwardti (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1983: 277).
A. boetonica Strand, 1915 (removed from S of A. aetherea)= A. pictula Strand, 1911 (Jäger, 2012c: 309, contra Levi, 1983: 308 and Chrysanthus, 1971: 10).
A. browni O. P.-Cambridge, 1877 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. bruennichi africana Strand, 1906 = A. bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772) (Bjørn, 1997: 214).
A. bruennichi nigrofasciata Franganillo, 1910 = A. bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772) (Jäger, 2012c: 286).
A. bruennichi orientalis Strand, 1907 = A. bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772) (Levi, 1983: 282).
A. carinata L. Koch, 1871 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1983: 251).
A. celebesiana Merian, 1911 = A. reinwardti (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1983: 278).
A. chloreides Chrysanthus, 1961 = A. chloreis Thorell, 1877 (Levi, 1983: 292).
A. clathrata C. L. Koch, 1839 = A. australis (Walckenaer, 1805) (Bjørn, 1997: 209).
A. concinna Thorell, 1881 = A. reinwardti (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1983: 276).
A. cuspidata Thorell, 1859 = A. flavipalpis (Lucas, 1858) (Edmunds, 1982: 287).
A. cuyunii Hingston, 1932 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 346).
A. davidi Schenkel, 1963 = A. amoena L. Koch, 1878 (Levi, 1983: 280).
A. dubiosa (Strand, 1911, T from Gea) = A. picta L. Koch, 1871 (Levi, 1983: 317).
A. extensa Rainbow, 1897 = A. protensa L. Koch, 1872 (Levi, 1983: 284).
A. filiargentata Hingston, 1932 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 346).
A. filinfracta Hingston, 1932 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 346).
A. friederici Strand, 1911 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. gracilenta (Roewer, 1942, T from Singa) = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1991a: 177).
A. gracillima Roewer, 1942 = A. protensa L. Koch, 1872 (Levi, 1983: 285).
A. haynesi Hogg, 1914 = A. protensa L. Koch, 1872 (Levi, 1983: 285).
A. hirta Taczanowski, 1879 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 345).
A. indistincta Mello-Leitão, 1944 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 346).
A. kalimpongensis Sinha, 1952 = A. caesarea Thorell, 1897 (Levi, 1983: 279).
A. leopardina Pocock, 1898 = A. bougainvilla (Walckenaer, 1847) (Levi, 1983: 312).
A. leopardina clavifemur Strand, 1914 = A. bougainvilla (Walckenaer, 1847) (Levi, 1983: 312).
A. lihirica Strand, 1913 = A. brunnescentia Strand 1911 (Jäger, 2012c: 310, contra Levi, 1983: 313).
A. lobata retracta Franganillo, 1918 = A. lobata Pallas, 1772 (Jäger, 2012c: 288).
A. lugubris L. Koch, 1872 = A. picta L. Koch, 1871 (Levi, 1983: 317).
A. lunata Bradley, 1876 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. maerens Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. mindiptanensis Chrysanthus, 1961 = A. halmaherensis Strand, 1907 (Levi, 1983: 294).
A. multifasciata Thorell, 1892 = A. protensa L. Koch, 1872 (Levi, 1983: 284).
A. nigripes Simon, 1890 = A. australis (Walckenaer, 1805) (Bjørn, 1997: 209).
A. nigrovittata Thorell, 1859 = A. australis (Walckenaer, 1805) (Bjørn, 1997: 209).
A. novaepommeraniae Strand, 1915 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 314).
A. obscuripes Strand, 1906 = A. sector (Forsskål, 1776) (Bjørn, 1997: 224).
A. ohsumiensis Yaginuma, 1967 = A. ocula Fox, 1938 (Levi, 1983: 272).
A. ornata lineata (Marapao, 1965) = A. aemula (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 273).
A. ornata turricula (Marapao, 1965) = A. catenulata (Doleschall, 1859) (Levi, 1983: 274).
A. pallida Rainbow, 1897 = A. protensa L. Koch, 1872 (Levi, 1983: 285).
A. panamensis (Chamberlin, 1917, T from Gea) = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Bryant, 1940: 333).
A. papuana Workman, 1900 = A. picta L. Koch, 1871 (Jäger, 2012c: 313).
A. plagiata Karsch, 1891 = A. anasuja Thorell, 1887 (Levi, 1983: 293).
A. plana L. Koch, 1867 (removed from S of A. reinwardti) = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Chrysanthus, 1972: 156).
A. platycephala (Caporiacco, 1947) = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Levi, 1983: 286).
A. pradhani Sinha, 1952 = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Levi, 1983: 286).
A. principalis L. Koch, 1871 = A. picta L. Koch, 1871 (Chrysanthus, 1958a: 237).
A. pumila Thorell, 1890 = A. chloreis Thorell, 1877 (Levi, 1983: 292).
A. reticulata (Kishida, 1931) = A. appensa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 308).
A. rotunda (Hogg, 1915, T from Gea) = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 314).
A. savignyi Levi, 1968 = A. submaronica Strand, 1916 (Jäger, 2012c: 299).
A. schoenigi Marapao, 1965 = A. appensa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 308).
A. seminola Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944 = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 340).
A. shillongensis Sinha, 1951 = A. minuta Karsch, 1879 (Levi, 1983: 298).
A. sikkimensis Tikader, 1970 = A. caesarea Thorell, 1897 (Levi, 1983: 279; see also Tikader, 1982a: 125).
A. stenogastra Mello-Leitão, 1945 = A. trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775) (Levi, 1968a: 340).
A. suavissima Gerstäcker, 1873 = A. australis (Walckenaer, 1805) (Bjørn, 1997: 209).
A. udjirica Strand, 1911 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Chrysanthus, 1958a: 240).
A. undulata Thorell, 1887 (removed from S of A. luzona) = A. pulchella Thorell, 1881 (Levi, 1983: 304).
A. vanicorensis Simon, 1897 = A. bougainvilla (Walckenaer, 1847) (Levi, 1983: 312).
A. verecunda Thorell, 1878 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. waughi Simon, 1896 = A. argentata (Fabricius, 1775) (Archer, 1963: 18, sub A. hirta).
A. wogeonicola Strand, 1913 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 314).
A. wolfi Strand, 1911 = A. aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1983: 313).
A. zabonica (Chamberlin, 1924) = A. bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772) (Levi, 1983: 282).

Nomina dubia:
A. elegans Thorell, 1859: 299 (f, South Africa) -- Bjørn, 1997: 206.
A. gibberosa Caporiacco, 1947d: 158 (j, Kenya, Tanzania) -- Bjørn, 1997: 206.
A. gracilis Blackwall, 1866: 464 (j, Tropical Africa) -- Bjørn, 1997: 206.
A. manicata Thorell, 1859: 300 (j, Hong Kong) -- Levi, 1983: 262.
A. phrygiatus (Walckenaer, 1841: 54, originally Epeira phrygiata, placed here by Petrunkevitch, 1911: 310, f, USA) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015108] -- Levi, 2008a: 561.

Nomen nudum:
A. argentata nigra Franganillo, 1926a: 52.

mf aemula (Walckenaer, 1841)....................India to Philippines, Sulawesi, New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015339]
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 118 (Df).
Epeira striata Doleschall, 1857: 415 (Df).
Epeira striata Doleschall, 1859: 30, pl. 9, f. 2 (f).
A. a. Thorell, 1877b: 364 (Dm).
A. a. nigripes Thorell, 1877b: 364 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015340].
A. a. Thorell, 1887: 164 (Dm).
A. trivittata Karsch, 1891: 280, pl. 10, f. 6 (Df).
Metargiope ornatus lineatus Marapao, 1965: 46, pl. 2, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. a. Shimojana, 1967: 18, f. 11 (f).
A. a. Tikader, 1970: 29, f. 17b (f).
A. a. Chrysanthus, 1971: 9, f. 1-3 (f).
A. a. Yin, 1978: 4, f. 9A-C (f).
A. a. Song, 1980: 100, f. 46a-c (f).
A. a. Tikader, 1982a: 119, f. 223-226 (f).
A. ornata lineata Brignoli, 1983c: 242.
A. a. Levi, 1983: 273, f. 9-10, 29-35 (mf, S).
A. a. Hu, 1984: 101, f. 97.1-3 (f).
A. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 114, f. 59.6 (m).
A. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 78, f. 46 (mf).
A. aemule Feng, 1990: 62, f. 37.1-4 (f).
A. a. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 575, f. 356a-d, 357a-f (mf).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 69, f. 3a-g (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 150R-S, 151A, 152L, 153F (mf).
A. a. Gajbe, 2007: 512, f. 269-272 (f).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 45, f. 24-25, 439-440 (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 425, f. 28-29 (mf).
A. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 206, f. 144A-E (mf).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 281, f. 3-7 (m).
A. a. Yin et al., 2012: 566, f. 270a-g (mf).

mf aetherea (Walckenaer, 1841)....................China to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015341]
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 112 (Df).
A. regalis L. Koch, 1871: 36, pl. 3, f. 4 (Df).
A. variabilis Bradley, 1876a: 141, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
A. lunata Bradley, 1876a: 143, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
A. brownii O. P.-Cambridge, 1877a: 284 (Df).
A. verecunda Thorell, 1878b: 35 (Df).
A. a. deusta Thorell, 1881: 68 (Df).
A. a. annulipes Thorell, 1881: 68 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015342].
A. verecunda Pocock, 1897c: 599, pl. 35, f. 6.
A. a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 198, pl. 12, f. 296 (f).
A. maerens Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 473, pl. 20, f. 45 (Df).
A. a. melanopalpis Strand, 1911b: 204 (Df).
A. friedericii Strand, 1911b: 204 (Df).
A. wolfi Strand, 1911b: 204 (Dj).
A. udjirica Strand, 1911d: 142, pl. 5, f. 43 (Df).
A. wogeonicola Strand, 1913d: 116 (Df).
A. a. deusta Strand, 1915d: 211, pl. 13, f. 15, pl. 17, f. 61 (f).
A. novae-pommeraniae Strand, 1915d: 212, pl. 16, f. 51 (Df).
A. wolfi Strand, 1915d: 212, pl. 16, f. 55 (Df).
A. wogeonicola Strand, 1915d: 213, pl. 16, f. 56, pl. 17, f. 58 (f).
A. friedericii Strand, 1915d: 214, pl. 17, f. 62 (f).
Gea rotunda Hogg, 1915a: 444, f. 24 (Dm).
A. udjirica Roewer, 1938: 33, f. 22 (f).
A. a. Chrysanthus, 1958a: 237, f. 7-12, 20, 24 (mf, S).
A. a. Main, 1964: 102, f. D-E (f).
A. a. Chrysanthus, 1971: 10 (S A. boetonica, rejected).
A. a. Levi, 1983: 313, f. 5-6, 297-309 (mf, S).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 312, f. 155-156 (m).

mf aetheroides Yin et al., 1989....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015343]
A. aetherea Yaginuma, 1986a: 114, f. 59.5 (f, misidentified).
A. a. Yin et al., 1989: 61, f. 1A-E (Df).
A. a. Tanikawa, 1994a: 34, f. 1-7 (f, Dm).
A. a. Yin & Bao, 1995a: 127, f. 1-3 (m).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 80, f. 13a-i (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 151B-D, 152M, 153G (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 45, f. 26, 441-443 (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 425, f. 30-31 (mf).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 304, f. 108-110 (m).
A. a. Yin et al., 2012: 567, f. 271a-i (mf).

f ahngeri Spassky, 1932....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015344]
A. a. Spassky, 1932a: 182, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. anhgeri Bakhvalov, 1974: 108, f. 11 (f).

mf amoena L. Koch, 1878....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015345]
A. a. L. Koch, 1878c: 735, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df).
A. a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 199, pl. 4, f. 19, pl. 12, f. 290 (f, Dm).
A. a. Strand, 1918: 95, pl. 2, f. 37 (f).
Coganargiope a. Kishida, 1936a: 18 (Tmf from Argiope).
Coganargiope a. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 304, f. 3-4 (f).
A. davidi Schenkel, 1963: 136, f. 80a-b (Dm).
A. a. Hikichi, 1977: 154, f. 39 (f).
A. a. Yin, 1978: 3, f. 7A-C (f).
A. a. Song, 1980: 98, f. 44a-c (f).
A. a. Wang, 1981: 99, f. 40A-C (f).
A. a. Levi, 1983: 280, f. 67-72 (mf, S).
A. a. Hu, 1984: 102, f. 98.4-5 (f).
A. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 113, f. 59.1 (m).
A. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 79, f. 48 (mf).
A. a. Feng, 1990: 64, f. 39.1-5 (mf).
A. a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 49, f. 55a-b (mf).
A. a. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 83, f. 73.1-4 (mf).
A. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 72, f. 6a-f (mf).
A. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 151E-F, 152N, 153H (mf).
A. a. Hu, 2001: 431, f. 277.1-4 (mf).
A. a. Namkung, 2002: 271, f. 19.33a-b (mf).
A. a. Kim & Kim, 2002: 191, f. 23, 101, 194-195 (mf).
A. a. Kim & Cho, 2002: 254, f. 595-600 (m).
A. a. Namkung, 2003: 273, f. 19.33a-b (mf).
A. a. Shin, 2007: 152, f. 6A-E (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 46, f. 27-29, 444-445 (mf).
A. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 425, f. 32-33 (mf).
A. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 207, f. 145A-F (mf).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 285, f. 34-35 (m).
A. a. Yin et al., 2012: 569, f. 272a-f (mf).

mf anasuja Thorell, 1887....................Seychelles to India, Pakistan, Maldives [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015346]
A. a. Thorell, 1887: 162 (D).
A. plagiata Karsch, 1891: 279, pl. 10, f. 5 (Df).
A. plagiata Strand, 1907k: 167, f. 5 (f).
A. a. fletcheri Hirst, 1911: 385, f. 3 (Df).
A. a. Gravely, 1921a: 412, f. 3a (f).
A. a. Grasshoff, 1980: 389 (S).
A. a. Tikader, 1982a: 127, f. 239-242 (f).
A. a. Levi, 1983: 293, f. 167-172 (f, Dm, S).
A. a. Saaristo, 2010: 48, f. 4.66-71 (mf).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 299, f. 84-87 (mf).

m anomalopalpis Bjørn, 1997....................Congo, South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015347]
A. a. Bjørn, 1997: 230, f. 79 (Dm).

mf appensa (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Hawaii, Taiwan to New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015348]
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 111 (Df).
Epeira crenulata Doleschall, 1857: 414 (Df).
Epeira crenulata Doleschall, 1859: pl. 3, f. 7 (f).
A. chrysorrhoea L. Koch, 1871: 38, pl. 3, f. 5 (Df).
A. crenulata Thorell, 1878b: 30 (Dm).
Coganargiope reticulata Kishida, 1936a: 27, f. 6-11 (Dmf).
A. crenulata Roewer, 1938: 33, f. 23 (f).
Coganargiope reticulata Nakatsudi, 1943a: 154, f. 5a-b, pl. XXII, f. 1-2 (mf).
A. schoenigi Marapao, 1965: 44, pl. 1, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
A. a. Chrysanthus, 1971: 10, f. 4-8 (mf).
A. a. Levi, 1983: 308, f. 271-278 (mf, S).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 309, f. 147-151 (mf).

mf argentata (Fabricius, 1775)....................USA to Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015349]
Aranea a. Fabricius, 1775: 433 (D).
Aranea mammeata De Geer, 1778: 318, pl. 39, f. 5 (D).
Aranea mammata Olivier, 1789: 202.
Aranea a. Olivier, 1789: 234 (D)
Epeira mammata Walckenaer, 1805: 56.
Argyopes argentatus C. L. Koch, 1838: 38, f. 360 (Df).
Argyopes fenestrinus C. L. Koch, 1838: 39, f. 361 (Df).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 115, pl. 18, f. 3 (f).
Epeira amictoria Walckenaer, 1841: 119 (Df).
Plectana sloanii Walckenaer, 1841: 200 (Df).
Epeira gracilis Keyserling, 1865: 826, pl. 19, f. 29-30 (Dm; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1805).
A. carinata L. Koch, 1871: 29, pl. 2, f. 7 (Df).
Acrosoma sloanii Butler, 1873b: 428.
Argyopes maronicus Taczanowski, 1873: 261 (Df).
Argyopes subtilis Taczanowski, 1873: 261 (Df).
Argyopes hirtus Taczanowski, 1879: 103, pl. 1, f. 23 (Df).
Epeira gracilis Keyserling, 1893: 235, pl. 11, f. 175 (m).
A. a. McCook, 1894: 220, pl. 16, f. 1-2 (mf).
A. a. Simon, 1895a: 764, f. 840 (f).
A. waughi Simon, 1896e: 105 (Df).
A. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 450, pl. 42, f. 25-26 (mf).
Araneus gracilis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294.
Micrathena sloanei Petrunkevitch, 1911: 378.
Gea panamensis Chamberlin, 1917: 243, pl. 19, f. 8 (Dm).
A. a. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 241, f. 90-92 (mf).
A. argyrea Badcock, 1932: 19, f. 13 (Df).
Micrathena sloani Mello-Leitão, 1932a: 77.
A. cuyunii Hingston, 1932: 373 (Df).
A. filiargentata Hingston, 1932: 373 (Df).
A. filinfracta Hingston, 1932: 373 (Df).
A. a. Bryant, 1940: 333 (S).
Singa gracilis Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 259 (Tm from Araneus sub primary homonym by Keyserling, 1865, replaced by Aranea gracilenta in Roewer).
Aranea gracilenta Roewer, 1942a: 843 (replacement name for Epeira gracilis).
A. indistincta Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 328, f. 12 (Dm).
A. a. Abalos & Báez, 1963: 201, f. 12-15, 26-27 (mf).
A. a. Abalos, 1967: 273, f. 12G-H, J (f).
A. hirta Archer, 1963: 18 (S).
A. a. Levi, 1968a: 345, f. 42, 73, 112-136 (mf, S).
A. a. Levi, 1983: 251 (S).
A. a. Levi, 1991a: 177 (S).
A. a. Lopez, 1993: 12, f. 12-13 (m).
A. a. Agnarsson, 2004: 607, f. 92A (m).
A. a. Levi, 2004: 58, f. 16-17, 36-45 (mf).
A. a. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 176, f. 17A (m).
A. a. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 846, f. 133B, 137A, C, E, 140A, F (mf).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 296, f. 73-79 (mf).
A. a. Taucare-Ríos, 2012a: 43, f. 1-3 (mf).

mf aurantia Lucas, 1833....................Canada to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015350]
A. a. Lucas, 1833a: 86, pl. 5, f. 1 (Df).
Nephila vestita C. L. Koch, 1838: 35, f. 358 (Df).
Epeira a. Lucas, 1840: 421.
Epeira cophinaria Walckenaer, 1841: 109 (Df).
Epeira ambitoria Walckenaer, 1841: 112 (Df).
Epeira riparia Hentz, 1847: 468, pl. 30, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira sutrix Hentz, 1847: 478, pl. 31, f. 23 (Df).
A. riparia McCook, 1882: 256.
A. riparia Emerton, 1884: 329, pl. 34, f. 19, pl. 38, f. 13-14, 19 (f, Dm).
A. riparia multiconcha Treat, 1887: 1122 (Df).
A. cophinaria Marx, 1890: 541.
A. personata O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 110, pl. 14, f. 14 (Df).
A. cophinaria McCook, 1894: 217, pl. 15, f. 1-6, pl. 16, f. 1, 5-6 (mf).
A. a. Simon, 1895a: 765, f. 843 (m).
A. godmani O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 236, pl. 37, f. 8 (Df).
A. riparia Emerton, 1902: 194, f. 448-454 (f, Dm).
Miranda cophinaria F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 452, pl. 43, f. 4-5 (f, Dm).
A. a. Kaston, 1948: 221, f. 696, 717-721 (mf).
A. a. Cloudsley-Thompson, 1956: 74, f. 1B (f).
A. a. Levi, 1968a: 338, f. 43-57 (mf).
A. a. Breene et al., 1993: 101, f. 147A-C (mf).
A. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 45, f. 296-298 (mf).
A. a. Dondale et al., 2003: 155, f. 323-328 (mf).
A. a. Levi, 2004: 52, f. 9-15 (mf).
A. a. Uhl, Nessler & Schneider, 2010: 77, f. 1B (f).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 287, f. 42-43 (m).

f aurocincta Pocock, 1898....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015351]
A. a. Pocock, 1898g: 512, pl. 41, f. 6, pl. 42, f. 11 (Df).
A. a. Bjørn, 1997: 207, f. 6-10, 15-19 (f).

mf australis (Walckenaer, 1805)....................Central, East, Southern Africa, Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015352]
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1805: 56 (D).
Argyopes clathratus C. L. Koch, 1838: 40, f. 362 (Df).
Epeira australis Walckenaer, 1841: 116 (Df).
A. laeta Thorell, 1859: 300 (Df).
A. nigrovittata Thorell, 1859: 300 (Df).
Argyopes caudatus Blackwall, 1865b: 346 (Df).
A. sericea zairensis Brito Capello, 1866: 80 (Df).
A. clathrata Thorell, 1868b: 30.
A. nigrovittata Thorell, 1868b: 31.
A. suavissima Gerstäcker, 1873: 495, pl. 18, f. 10 (Df).
A. nigripes Simon, 1890a: 101 (Df).
A. suavissima Tullgren, 1910: 156, pl. 4, f. 91 (f).
A. nigrovittata Tullgren, 1910: 156, pl. 4, f. 92 (f).
A. banana Strand, 1920: 110 (Df).
A. suavissima Lessert, 1930: 629, f. 10a (f).
A. a. Bjørn, 1997: 209, f. 1, 11-12, 20-33 (N.B.: Walckenaer's 1805 citation of a pre-Linnean discussion of the f of this species regarded as a valid indication, Dm, S).
A. a. Jäger, 2012c: 290, f. 49-53 (mf).

mf bivittigera Strand, 1911....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045278]
A. doleschallii b. Strand, 1911d: 141 (Df).
A. b. Jäger, 2012c: 283, f. 10-14, ph. 1-5 (removed f from S of A. reinwardti, contra Levi, 1983: 276, Dm).

mf blanda O. P.-Cambridge, 1898....................USA to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015353]
A. b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 267, pl. 37, f. 2 (Dm).
A. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 451, pl. 43, f. 1 (m).
A. b. Levi, 1968a: 348, f. 137-153 (m, Df).
A. b. Levi, 2004: 60, f. 46-54 (mf).
A. b. Jäger, 2012c: 298, f. 80-82 (m).

mf boesenbergi Levi, 1983....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015354]
A. b. Levi, 1983: 279, f. 61-66 (Dmf).
A. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 113, f. 59.2 (m).
A. b. Hu & Li, 1987b: 265, f. 11.1-5 (f).
A. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 79, f. 49 (mf).
A. b. Feng, 1990: 63, f. 38.1-6 (mf).
A. b. Chen & Gao, 1990: 50, f. 56a-c (f).
A. b. Namkung, Im & Kim, 1994: 69, f. 7-14 (mf).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 73, f. 7a-f (f).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 151G-I (f).
A. b. Hu, 2001: 432, f. 278.1-2 (f).
A. b. Namkung, 2002: 272, f. 19.34a-c (mf).
A. b. Kim & Kim, 2002: 192, f. 24-25, 102-103, 196-200 (mf).
A. b. Namkung, 2003: 274, f. 19.34a-c (mf).
A. b. Shin, 2007: 154, f. 7A-G (mf).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 46, f. 30-31, 446-447 (mf).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 425, f. 34-35 (mf).
A. b. Jäger, 2012c: 285, f. 33 (m).
A. b. Yin et al., 2012: 571, f. 273a-f (f).

mf bougainvilla (Walckenaer, 1847)....................New Guinea to Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015355]
Epeira b. Walckenaer, 1847a: 473 (Df).
A. b. L. Koch, 1871: 42.
A. vanicorensis Simon, 1898b: 272 (Df).
A. leopardina Pocock, 1898b: 461, pl. 19, f. 2 (Df).
A. leopardina clavifemur Strand, 1915d: 216 (Df).
A. b. Levi, 1983: 312, f. 286-291 (f, Dm, S).

mf bruennichi (Scopoli, 1772)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015356]
Aranea brünnichii Scopoli, 1772: 125 (D).
Aranea speciosa Pallas, 1773: 732 (D).
Aranea senoculata Lepechin, 1774: 316, pl. 16, f. 1 (misidentified).
Aranea fasciata Fabricius, 1775: 433 (D).
Aranea zebra Sulzer, 1776: 254, pl. 29, f. 15 (Df).
Aranea formosa Cyrillus, 1787: 7, pl. 9 (Df).
Aranea pulchra Razoumowsky, 1787: 372 (D).
Aranea caspia Gmelin, 1789: 2959 (D).
Aranea fasciata Olivier, 1789: 198 (D).
Aranea phragmitis Rossi, 1790: 128, pl. 3, f. 13, pl. 9, f. 5 (D).
Segestria pulchra Risso, 1826: 160 (D).
A. fasciata Audouin, 1826: 329 (Df).
Miranda transalpina C. L. Koch, 1835: 128, pl. 14 (Df).
Epeira speciosa Krynicki, 1837: 76.
Nephila transalpina C. L. Koch, 1838: 33, f. 356-357 (Dmf).
Epeira speciosa Eichwald, 1841: 241, pl. 37, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira fasciata Walckenaer, 1841: 104 (Dmf).
Epeira fasciata var. A. Walckenaer, 1841: 105 (f).
Nephila fasciata C. L. Koch, 1844: 159, f. 954 (f).
A. b. Thorell, 1873: 518.
A. b. Simon, 1874a: 31 (mf).
A. b. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 117, pl. 4, f. 40 (mf).
A. b. Becker, 1896: 5, pl. 1, f. 2 (mf).
A. b. Bösenberg, 1901: 20, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
A. brünnichii africana Strand, 1906b: 618 (Df).
A. b. orientalis Strand, 1907m: 416 (Df).
A. bruennuchi nigrofasciata Franganillo, 1910: 7, f. 1-2 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015357].
A. acuminata Franganillo, 1920: 138 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015338].
Miranda zabonica Chamberlin, 1924a: 17, pl. 4, f. 34 (Dmf).
A. brünnichii Spassky, 1925: 15, f. 49 (m).
A. b. Kolosváry, 1931: 1075, pl. 30, f. 6-9 (f).
A. b. Wiehle, 1931: 14, f. 4b, 5a, 11-17 (Dmf).
A. b. Drensky, 1943: 222, f. 3 (mf).
A. b. Bristowe, 1945: 829, f. 1-3 (f).
A. b. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 168, f. 112A-C (mf).
A. b. Cloudsley-Thompson, 1956: 74, f. 1A (f).
A. brünnichi Saito, 1959: 100, f. 117a-f (f).
A. b. Crome & Crome, 1961a: 444, f. 37-42 (f).
A. b. Crome & Crome, 1961b: 190, f. 22-26 (mf).
A. b. Azheganova, 1968: 70, f. 141-143 (mf).
A. b. Levi, 1968a: 334, f. 39-41 (m).
A. b. Tyschchenko, 1971: 190, f. 550 (m).
A. b. Miller, 1971: 201, pl. XXXVII, f. 16 (f).
A. b. Loksa, 1972: 110, f. 100B, 101A-B (mf).
A. b. Bakhvalov, 1974: 108, f. 12-14 (f).
A. b. Yin, 1978: 3, f. 6A-C (f).
A. b. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 42, f. 23 (m).
A. b. Song, 1980: 97, f. 43a-c (f).
A. b. Wang, 1981: 98, f. 39A-C (f).
A. b. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50, f. III.21, 25 (mf).
A. b. Levi, 1983: 282, f. 81-86 (mf, S).
A. b. Hu, 1984: 103, f. 99.1-2 (f).
A. b. Roberts, 1985: 222, f. 100c (mf).
A. b. Zhu et al., 1985: 76, f. 63a-c (f).
A. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 114, f. 69.4 (m).
A. bruennichii Zhang, 1987: 75, f. 59.1-4 (mf).
A. b. Song, 1988: 130, f. 9A-C (mf).
A. b. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 225, f. LXIX.21, 25 (mf).
A. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 78, f. 47 (mf).
A. b. Hu & Wu, 1989: 98, f. 73.1-3 (mf).
A. bruennichii Feng, 1990: 65, f. 40.1-5 (mf).
A. bruennichii Chen & Gao, 1990: 50, f. 57a-b (mf).
A. b. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 82, f. 72.1-4 (mf).
A. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 80, f. 177 (mf).
A. b. Zhao, 1993: 234, f. 108a-c (f).
A. b. Roberts, 1995: 338, f. (mf).
A. b. Mcheidze, 1997: 252, f. 543-547 (mf).
A. b. Bjørn, 1997: 214, f. 37-42 (mf, S).
A. b. Levy, 1998a: 358, f. 179-187 (mf).
A. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 75, f. 8a-f (mf).
A. b. Roberts, 1998: 350, f. (mf).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 151J-K, 152O (mf).
A. bruennichii Hu, 2001: 433, f. 279.1-3 (mf).
A. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 199, f. 119A-F (mf).
A. b. Namkung, 2002: 274, f. 19.36a-b (mf).
A. b. Kim & Kim, 2002: 193, f. 26, 104, 201-202 (mf).
A. b. Kim & Cho, 2002: 254, f. 601-606 (m).
A. b. Namkung, 2003: 276, f. 19.36a-b (mf).
A. b. Almquist, 2005: 155, f. 164a-d (mf).
A. b. Nessler, Uhl & Schneider, 2007: 2337, f. 1a-g (mf).
A. b. Uhl, Nessler & Schneider, 2007: 400, f. 1A-G, 2A-F, 3A-B, 4A-F (mf).
A. b. Shin, 2007: 156, f. 8A-K (mf).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 45, f. 19-23, 437-438 (mf).
A. b. Kim, Ki & Park, 2008: 182, f. 5A-D (mf).
A. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 425, f. 26-27 (mf).
A. b. Uhl, Nessler & Schneider, 2010: 77, f. 1A (f).
A. b. Di Pompeo et al., 2011: 206, f. 3, 6a-b (f).
A. b. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 208, f. 146A-E (mf).
A. b. Jäger, 2012c: 286, f. 37-41 (mf, S).
A. b. Yin et al., 2012: 572, f. 274a-f (mf).
A. b. Vöcking, Uhl & Michalik, 2013: 2, f. 1A-F (f).

mf brunnescentia Strand, 1911....................New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015358]
A. avara b. Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
A. avara angulicosta Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
A. avara ocelligera Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
A. avara tristipes Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
A. aetherea tangana Strand, 1911b: 204 (Df).
A. lihirica Strand, 1913d: 116 (Df).
A. lihirica Strand, 1915d: 215, pl. 13, f. 14, pl. 16, f. 52 (f).
A. b. Levi, 1983: 310, f. 279-285 (f, Sm, elevated from subspecies).
A. b. Jäger, 2012c: 310, f. 152 (m, S).

f buehleri Schenkel, 1944....................Timor [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015359]
A. bühleri Schenkel, 1944: 184, f. 7a-c (Df).
A. b. Levi, 1983: 276, f. 42-46 (f).

f bullocki Rainbow, 1908....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015360]
A. bullockii Rainbow, 1908: 46, f. 3 (Df).
A. b. Levi, 1983: 288, f. 120-123 (f).

f caesarea Thorell, 1897....................India, Myanmar, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015361]
A. c. Thorell, 1897b: 7 (Df).
A. kalimpongensis Sinha, 1952: 77, f. 3a-c (Df).
A. sikkimensis Tikader, 1970: 28, f. 18a-b (Df).
A. kalimpongensis Tikader, 1982a: 125, f. 235-238 (f, S).
A. c. Levi, 1983: 279, f. 56-60 (f, S).
A. c. Yin et al., 1989: 62, f. 2A-C (f).
A. caesares Yin et al., 1997d: 71, f. 5a-f (f).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 151L-N, 153I (f).

f caledonia Levi, 1983....................New Caledonia, New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015362]
A. c. Levi, 1983: 302, f. 217-221 (Df).

m cameloides Zhu & Song, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015363]
A. c. Zhu & Song, in Zhu et al., 1994: 33, f. 8A-C (Dm).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 82, f. 14a-c (m).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 152P, 153J (m).
A. c. Jäger, 2012c: 307, f. 123-125 (m).

mf catenulata (Doleschall, 1859)....................India to Philippines, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015364]
Epeira c. Doleschall, 1859: 30, pl. 9, f. 1 (Df).
A. opulenta Thorell, 1859: 299 (Df).
Epeira stellata Stoliczka, 1869: 234, pl. 18, f. 6 (Df).
A. pelewensis Keyserling, 1886a: 136, pl. 11, f. 2 (Df).
A. c. Kolosváry, 1931: 1071, pl. 30, f. 5 (f).
A. c. Chrysanthus, 1958a: 240, f. 13-18, 22 (mf).
Metargiope ornatus turricula Marapao, 1965: 47, pl. 3, f. 5-11 (Dmf).
A. c. Yin, 1978: 4, f. 10A-C (f).
A. c. Song, 1980: 101, f. 47a-c (f).
A. c. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 35, f. 56-58 (f).
A. c. Tikader, 1982a: 121, f. 227-230 (f).
A. ornata turricula Brignoli, 1983c: 243.
A. c. Levi, 1983: 274, f. 36-41 (mf, S).
A. c. Hu, 1984: 103, f. 98.1-3 (f).
A. c. Feng, 1990: 66, f. 41.1-6 (mf).
A. c. Amalin, Barrion & Rueda, 1992: 37, f. 1a-e, 2a-c (mf).
A. c. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 570, f. 353a-e, 354a-c (mf).
A. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 70, f. 4a-h (mf).
A. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 151O-P, 152Q, 153K (mf).
A. c. Jäger, 2012c: 282, f. 8-9 (mf).
A. c. Yin et al., 2012: 574, f. 275a-h (mf).

f chloreis Thorell, 1877....................Laos, Sumatra to New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015365]
A. c. Thorell, 1877b: 368 (Df).
A. pumila Thorell, 1890a: 99 (Df).
A. chloreides Chrysanthus, 1961b: 197, f. 5-8 (Df).
A. pumila Chrysanthus, 1961b: 197, f. 10-11 (f).
A. c. Levi, 1983: 292, f. 141-151 (f, S).
A. c. Jäger, 2012c: 296, f. 69-72 (f).

f comorica Bjørn, 1997....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015366]
A. c. Bjørn, 1997: 229, f. 74-78 (Df).

mf coquereli (Vinson, 1863)....................Zanzibar, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015367]
Epeira coquerelii Vinson, 1863: 201, 312, pl. 8, f. 1 (Df).
A. c. Karsch, 1879a: 339.
A. c. Bjørn, 1997: 217, f. 43-48 (f).
A. c. Jäger, 2012c: 292, f. 61, ph. 25-27 (Dm).

mf dang Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2009....................Thailand, Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042865]
A. d. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2009: 36, f. 38-51 (Dmf).
A. d. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2011b: 25, f. 53-56 (f).
A. d. Jäger, 2012c: 306, f. 121-122 (m).
A. d. Chotwong & Tanikawa, 2013: 2, f. 3, 9-10 (f).

f dietrichae Levi, 1983....................Western Australia, Northern Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015368]
A. d. Levi, 1983: 290, f. 136-140 (Df).

mf doboensis Strand, 1911....................Indonesia, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015369]
A. d. Strand, 1911d: 144, pl. 4, f. 6 (Df).
A. ocyaloides Chrysanthus, 1971: 14, f. 13-16 (f, misidentified).
A. d. Levi, 1983: 290, f. 1-2, 130-135 (mf).

mf doleschalli Thorell, 1873....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045279]
Epeira trifasciata Doleschall, 1857: 416, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df, preoccupied).
A. doleschallii Thorell, 1873: 520 (replacement name).
A. d. Jäger, 2012c: 284, f. 29-31, ph. 15-18 (removed f from S of A. reinwardti, Dm).

mf ericae Levi, 2004....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040009]
A. e. Levi, 2004: 62, f. 64-73 (Dmf).

mf flavipalpis (Lucas, 1858)....................Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015371]
Epeira f. Lucas, 1858: 427 (Df).
A. cuspidata Thorell, 1859: 300 (Df).
A. flavipalpis Brito Capello, 1866: 83, pl. 2, f. 2 (Df).
A. pechuelii Karsch, 1879a: 340 (Df).
A. f. Thorell, 1899: 39 (Dm).
A. pechueli preussi Strand, 1906h: 53 (Df).
A. cuspidata Lessert, 1930: 630, f. 10 (f).
A. f. Caporiacco, 1941b: 72, f. 24a-b (m).
A. f. Edmunds, 1982: 287, f. 5-21 (mf, S).
A. f. Bjørn, 1997: 218, f. 49-53 (mf).
A. f. Jäger, 2012c: 292, f. 62-64, ph. 28-33 (m).

mf florida Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015372]
A. f. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 95, f. 93-97 (Df).
A. f. Levi, 1968a: 344, f. 92-111 (f, Dm).
A. f. Levi, 2004: 56, f. 27-35 (mf).

f halmaherensis Strand, 1907....................Moluccas to New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015373]
A. h. Strand, 1907k: 171, f. 4 (Df).
A. mindiptanensis Chrysanthus, 1961b: 195, f. 1-4 (Df).
A. h. Levi, 1983: 294, f. 173-177 (f, S).

mf hinderlichi Jäger, 2012....................Laos [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045281]
A. h. Jäger, 2012c: 301, f. 89-92, ph. 38-45 (Dmf).

f intricata Simon, 1877....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015374]
A. i. Simon, 1877b: 75 (Df).
A. i. Levi, 1983: 304, f. 233-237 (f).

mf jinghongensis Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994....................China, Laos, Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015375]
A. j. Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994: 105, f. 6-9 (Dm).
A. j. Yin et al., 1997d: 82, f. 15a-d (m).
A. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 260, f. 152R (m).
A. j. Jäger, 2012c: 302, f. 93-107 (m, Df).

mf katherina Levi, 1983....................Northern Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015376]
A. k. Levi, 1983: 300, f. 211-216 (Dmf).

mf keyserlingi Karsch, 1878....................Queensland, New South Wales, Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015377]
A. aetherea Keyserling, 1865: 803, pl. 19, f. 1, 2 (f, misidentified).
A. keyserlingii Karsch, 1878c: 789 (Df).
A. k. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 199, pl. 11, f. 230 (Df).
A. k. Levi, 1983: 296, f. 194-199 (f, Dm).
A. k. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 33 (mf).

f kochi Levi, 1983....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015378]
A. k. Levi, 1983: 298, f. 200-204 (Df, possible m-f. 193).

mf legionis Motta & Levi, 2009....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042501]
A. l. Motta & Levi, 2009: 334, f. 1-10 (Dmf).

mf levii Bjørn, 1997....................Kenya, Tanzania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015379]
A. l. Bjørn, 1997: 232, f. 13b, 86-92 (Dmf).

mf lobata (Pallas, 1772) *....................Old World [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015380]
Aranea l. Pallas, 1772: 46, pl. 3, f. 14-15 (Df).
Aranea l. Fabricius, 1781: 536 (D).
Aranea argentea Gmelin, 1789: 2954 (D).
Aranea sericea Olivier, 1789: 198 (D).
Aranea l. Olivier, 1789: 232 (D).
Epeira sericea Latreille, 1806: 107 (D).
Epeira sericea Hahn, 1821: 1, pl. 28, f. a (Df).
Segestria dentata Risso, 1826: 161 (D).
Epeira margaritacea Risso, 1826: 170 (D).
A. sericea Audouin, 1826: 334, pl. 2, f. 6 (f).
A. splendida Audouin, 1826: 335, pl. 2, f. 7 (Df).
Argyopes praelautus C. L. Koch, 1838: 36, f. 359 (Df).
Argyopes sericea Eichwald, 1841: 241, pl. 37, f. 4 (f).
Epeira splendida Walckenaer, 1841: 117 (D).
Epeira dentata Walckenaer, 1841: 118 (Df).
Argyopes impudicus L. Koch, 1867c: 857 (Dm).
Argiope l. Thorell, 1873: 520.
A. l. Simon, 1874a: 29, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
A. arcuata Simon, 1884q: 343 (Df).
A. l. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 117, pl. 4, f. 41 (mf).
A. arcuata Pocock, 1900a: 220, f. 70 (f).
A. l. retracta Franganillo, 1918b: 122 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015381].
A. l. Kolosváry, 1938b: 22, f. 1-5 (f; N.B.: names four additional "forms", without diagnoses).
A. l. Drensky, 1943: 222, f. 3 (m).
A. l. Denis, 1947a: 44, pl. II, f. 5 (f).
A. l. Levi, 1968a: 336, f. 25-38 (mf).
A. l. Loksa, 1972: 110, f. 100A, 101C-D (mf).
A. l. Bakhvalov, 1974: 108, f. 8-10 (mf).
A. arcuata Tikader, 1982a: 115, f. 215-218 (f).
A. l. Levi, 1983: 284, f. 87-97 (mf, S).
A. l. Hu, 1984: 104, f. 100.1-3 (f).
A. l. Hu & Wu, 1989: 98, f. 74.1-3, 75.1-3 (mf).
A. l. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 80, f. 178 (mf).
A. l. Baldacchino et al., 1993: 52, f. 7c (m).
A. l. Bjørn, 1997: 221, f. 54-61 (mf).
A. l. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 13 (m).
A. l. Levy, 1998a: 350, f. 151-164 (mf).
A. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 84, f. 16a-f (mf).
A. l. Rao et al., 2006b: 51, f. 1-6 (f).
A. l. Uhl, Nessler & Schneider, 2010: 77, f. 1C (f).
A. l. Jäger, 2012c: 288, f. 44-48 (mf).

mf luzona (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015382]
Epeira l. Walckenaer, 1841: 109 (Df).
A. l. Simon, 1877b: 74.
A. l. Levi, 1983: 304, f. 227-232 (f, Dm).
A. l. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 573, f. 355a-g (f).
A. l. Jäger, 2012c: 304, f. 111-114 (m).

f macrochoera Thorell, 1891....................Nicobar Is., China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015383]
A. m. Thorell, 1891: 50 (Df).
A. m. Levi, 1983: 272, f. 19-23 (f).
A. m. Yin et al., 1989: 63, f. 3A-C (f).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 68, f. 2a-f (f).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 151Q-S, 153L (f).

mf madang Levi, 1984....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015384]
A. m. Levi, 1984: 249, f. 1-7 (Dmf).

mf magnifica L. Koch, 1871....................Queensland to Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015385]
A. m. L. Koch, 1871: 27, pl. 2, f. 6 (Df).
A. m. Levi, 1983: 280, f. 73-80 (mf, removed from S of A. aemula).
A. m. Jäger, 2012c: 285, f. 36 (m).

mf mangal Koh, 1991....................Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015387]
A. m. Koh, 1991: 171, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

mf manila Levi, 1983....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015388]
A. m. Levi, 1983: 272, f. 24-28 (Df).
A. m. Jäger, 2012c: 280, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f mascordi Levi, 1983....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015389]
A. m. Levi, 1983: 296, f. 188-192 (Df, possible m-f. 193).

mf minuta Karsch, 1879....................Bangladesh, East Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015390]
A. m. Karsch, 1879g: 67 (Dj).
A. m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 194, pl. 1, f. 16, pl. 11, f. 218, 222 (Dmf).
A. m. Saito, 1933b: 51, pl. 3, f. 36.
Coganargiope m. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 305, f. 5-7 (f).
A. shillongensis Sinha, 1952: 75, f. 1a-c (Df).
A. m. Saito, 1959: 100, text-f. 7.3, f. 116a-c (f).
A. m. Hikichi, 1977: 154, f. 40 (f).
A. m. Yin, 1978: 4, f. 8A-C (f).
A. m. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 43, f. 24.1-2 (mf).
A. m. Song, 1980: 99, f.45a-c (f).
A. m. Wang, 1981: 100, f. 41A-C (f).
A. shillongensis Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 36, f. 59-61 (f).
A. shillongensis Tikader, 1982a: 117, f. 219-222 (f).
A. m. Levi, 1983: 298, f. 205-210 (mf, S).
A. m. Hu, 1984: 105, f. 101 (f).
A. m. Guo, 1985: 61, f. 2-15.1-3 (f).
A. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 113, f. 59.3 (mf).
A. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 79, f. 50 (mf).
A. m. Feng, 1990: 67, f. 42.1-4 (mf).
A. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 51, f. 58a-c (mf).
A. m. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 84, f. 74.1-3 (mf).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 871, f. 36A-C (mf).
A. m. Okuma et al., 1993: 19, f. 14 (f).
A. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 77, f. 10a-f (mf).
A. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 261, f. 151T-U, 153A (mf).
A. m. Namkung, 2002: 273, f. 19.35a-b (mf).
A. m. Kim & Kim, 2002: 194, f. 27, 105, 203-204 (mf).
A. m. Kim & Cho, 2002: 255, f. 607-612 (f).
A. m. Namkung, 2003: 275, f. 19.35a-b (mf).
A. m. Shin, 2007: 158, f. 9A-I (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 47, f. 32-35, 448-449 (mf).
A. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 427, f. 36-37 (mf).
A. m. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 209, f. 147A-G (mf).
A. m. Jäger, 2012c: 300, f. 88 (m).
A. m. Yin et al., 2012: 575, f. 276a-f, 3-17c (mf).

mf modesta Thorell, 1881....................Borneo to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015391]
A. m. Thorell, 1881: 75 (Df).
A. aetherea keyensis Strand, 1911d: 145 (Df).
A. m. Schenkel, 1944: 182, f. 6a-c (f).
A. m. Levi, 1983: 308, f. 263-270 (f, S, rejected).
A. m. Jäger, 2012c: 308, f. 126-130 (f, Dm, S).

f niasensis Strand, 1907....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015392]
A. n. Strand, 1907k: 162, f. 1-3 (Df).
A. n. Levi, 1983: 294, f. 178-182 (f).

mf ocula Fox, 1938....................China, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015393]
A. o. Fox, 1938b: 364, f. 6 (Df).
A. ohsumiensis Yaginuma, 1967a: 50, 59, f. 1.1-9 (Dmf).
A. ohsumiensis Yaginuma, 1971: 128, f. 107.12-17 (mf).
A. o. Levi, 1983: 272, f. 14-18 (f, Sm).
A. o. Yaginuma, 1986a: 115, f. 59.7 (mf).
A. o. Feng, 1990: 68, f. 43.1-3 (f).
A. o. Chen & Gao, 1990: 51, f. 59 (f).
A. o. Yin et al., 1997d: 67, f. 1a-e (f).
A. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 151W-X (f).
A. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 47, f. 36-37, 450-452 (mf).
A. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 427, f. 38-40 (mf).
A. o. Yin et al., 2012: 577, f. 277a-g (mf).

mf ocyaloides L. Koch, 1871....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015394]
A. o. L. Koch, 1871: 30, pl. 2, f. 8 (Df).
A. o. Levi, 1983: 288, f. 124-129 (f, Dm).

f pentagona L. Koch, 1871....................Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015395]
A. p. L. Koch, 1871: 39, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 313, f. 292-296 (f).

mf perforata Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015396]
A. p. Schenkel, 1963: 135, f. 79a-b (Df).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 293, f. 162-166 (f).
A. p. Wang, 1988: 101, f. 1-3 (Dm).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 78, f. 11a-i (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 151V, Y-Z, 153B, M (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 2012: 578, f. 278a-i (mf).

mf picta L. Koch, 1871....................Moluccas to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015397]
A. p. L. Koch, 1871: 33, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df).
A. gorgonea L. Koch, 1871: 35 (Df).
A. principalis L. Koch, 1872a: 207, pl. 18, f. 5 (Df).
A. lugubris L. Koch, 1872a: 209, pl. 18, f. 6-7 (Dmf).
A. p. principalis Thorell, 1881: 65.
A. papuana Workman, 1900: 129 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer and Bonnet).
A. p. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 391, pl. 17, f. 2 (f).
Gea dubiosa Strand, 1911d: 146, pl. 4, f. 11 (Df).
Chaetargiope p. Kishida, 1936a: 21 (Tf from Argiope).
A. p. Roewer, 1938: 31, f. 20 (f).
A. principalis Roewer, 1938: 32, f. 21 (f).
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1958a: 237, f. 1-6, 19, 21, 23 (f, Dm, S).
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1971: 14 (S A. squallica, rejected).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 317, f. 7-8, 310-316 (mf, S).
A. p. Jäger, 2012c: 313, f. 157-166 (m, S).

mf pictula Strand, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045282]
A. crenulata pictula Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
A. boetonica Strand, 1915d: 215, pl. 16, f. 53 (Dm).
A. p. Jäger, 2012c: 308, f. 131-146 (removed f from synonymy of A. modesta, contra Levi, 1983: 308 and Chrysanthus, 1971: 10, Sm).

f ponape Levi, 1983....................Caroline Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015398]
A. p. Levi, 1983: 320, f. 329-333 (Df).

f possoica Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015399]
A. celebesiana p. Merian, 1911: 205 (Df).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 293, f. 157-161 (f, elevated from subspecies).

mf probata Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015400]
A. p. Rainbow, 1916a: 91, pl. 21, f. 13 (Dmf).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 286, f. 107-111 (mf).

mf protensa L. Koch, 1872....................New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015401]
A. p. L. Koch, 1872a: 211, pl. 18, F. 8 (Df).
A. syrmatica L. Koch, 1872a: 213, pl. 18, f. 9 (Df).
Epeira attenuata Urquhart, 1885: 33, pl. 9, f. 1 (Df).
Arachnura longicauda Urquhart, 1885: 34, pl. 9, f. 2, 10 (Df).
A. multifasciata Thorell, 1892a: 226 (Dj).
A. extensa Rainbow, 1897b: 519, pl. 17, f. 5 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015370].
A. pallida Rainbow, 1897b: 521, pl. 17, f. 6 (Df).
A. gracilis Rainbow, 1897b: 522, pl. 17, f. 7 (Df; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1866 sub Argyopes).
A. haynesi Hogg, 1914b: 73, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
A. gracillima Roewer, 1955c: 742 (replacement name for A. gracilis).
A. p. Main, 1964: 102, f. F-H (f).
A. p. Chrysanthus, 1971: 15, f. 17-19 (f).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 284, f. 98-106 (f, Dm, S).
A. p. Jäger, 2012c: 294, f. 65-67 (m).

mf pulchella Thorell, 1881....................India to China and Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015402]
A. p. Thorell, 1881: 74 (Df).
A. undulata Thorell, 1887: 154 (Df).
A. p. Thorell, 1887: 158 (Dm).
A. undulata Thorell, 1895: 161 (Dm).
A. p. Gravely, 1921a: 412, f. 3b (f).
A. p. Dyal, 1935: 190, pl. 11, f. 8 (f).
A. p. Tikader, 1970: 27, f. 17a (f).
A. p. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 37, f. 62-64 (f).
A. p. Tikader, 1982a: 129, f. 243-246 (f).
A. p. Levi, 1983: 304, f. 238-250 (mf, S).
A. p. Yin et al., 1989: 64, f. 4A-F (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 85, f. 17a-i (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 152A-C, 153C, N (mf).
A. p. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2009: 38, f. 52-68, 74 (mf; N.B.: may be a junior S of A. versicolor).
A. p. Jäger, 2012c: 304, f. 115-118 (m).

mf pulchelloides Yin et al., 1989....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015403]
A. p. Yin et al., 1989: 64, f. 5A-G (Dmf).
A. p. Chen & Gao, 1990: 52, f. 60a-g (mf).
A. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 86, f. 18a-i (mf).
A. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 152D-F, 153D, O (mf).
A. p. Jäger, 2012c: 306, f. 119-120 (m).

mf radon Levi, 1983....................Northern Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015404]
A. r. Levi, 1983: 318, f. 317-323 (Dmf).

mf ranomafanensis Bjørn, 1997....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015405]
A. r. Bjørn, 1997: 235, f. 93-98 (Dmf).

mf reinwardti (Doleschall, 1859)....................Malaysia to New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015406]
A. concinna Thorell, 1881: 71 (Df).
A. fasciata Keyserling, 1886a: 133 (Df).
A. r. Simon, 1895a: 765, f. 841-842.
A. r. Workman, 1896: 29, pl. 29 (f).
A. barbipoda Strand, 1911d: 144, pl. 5, f. 44 (Dj).
A. celebesiana Merian, 1911: 203, pl. 9, f. 1-3 (Df).
A. aetherea confusa Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 475 (D).
A. aetherea coniuncta Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 475 (D).
A. r. Roewer, 1938: 35, f. 24 (f).
A. r. Chrysanthus, 1971: 15, f. 20-22 (f).
A. r. Chrysanthus, 1972: 156, f. 1-4 (Dm).
A. r. Levi, 1983: 276, f. 47-55 (mf, S).
A. r. Jäger, 2012c: 283, f. 15-28, ph. 8-14 (mf).

f reinwardti sumatrana (Hasselt, 1882)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015407]
A. doleschallii s. Hasselt, 1882: 18 (Df).

m sapoa Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015408]
A. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 577, f. 358a-e (Dm).

mf sector (Forsskål, 1776)....................North Africa, Middle East, Cape Verde Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015410]
Aranea s. Forsskål, 1776: 7, pl. 25, f. C (Df).
Plectana s. Walckenaer, 1841: 200.
Argyopes clarkii Blackwall, 1865a: 98 (Df).
Argyopes sericea caboverdiana Brito Capello, 1866: 80 (Df).
A. lordii O. P.-Cambridge, 1870e: 820, pl. 50, f. 1 (Df).
A. fissiloba L. Koch, 1875b: 15, pl. 2, f. 1 (Df).
A. clarki Simon, 1890a: 101.
A. lordii Simon, 1894a: 760, f. 836-837.
A. clarki Pocock, 1903g: 188, pl. 14, f. 3 (f, Dm).
A. obscuripes Strand, 1906b: 618 (Df).
A. s. Simon, 1909c: 39.
A. clarki Denis, 1947a: 43, pl. II, f. 4 (f).
A. s. Bjørn, 1997: 224, f. 2, 14a-c, 62-67 (mf, S).
A. clarki Levy, 1998a: 354, f. 165-168 (mf).
A. s. Jäger, 2012c: 290, f. 54-58 (m).

m squallica Strand, 1915....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045283]
A. s. Strand, 1915d: 216, pl. 16, f. 54 (Dm).
A. s. Jäger, 2012c: 311, f. 153-154 (removed m from synonymy of A. brunnescentia Strand, 1911, contra Levi, 1983: 310 and Chrysanthus, 1971: 14).

mf submaronica Strand, 1916....................Mexico to Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045280]
A. s. Strand, 1916b: 105 (Df).
A. savignyi Levi, 1968a: 350, f. 154-169 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015409].
A. savignyi Levi, 2002: 553, f. 238 (m).
A. savignyi Levi, 2004: 61, f. 55-63 (mf).
A. s. Jäger, 2012c: 298, f. 83 (removed f from synonymy of A. argentata, contra Levi, 1968a: 346, and Bonnet, Sm).

f takum Chrysanthus, 1971....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015411]
A. t. Chrysanthus, 1971: 17, f. 23-25 (Df).
A. t. Levi, 1983: 296, f. 183-187 (f).

mf tapinolobata Bjørn, 1997....................Senegal, Namibia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015412]
A. t. Bjørn, 1997: 231, f. 80-85 (Df).
A. t. Jäger, 2012c: 291, f. 59-60, ph. 22-24 (f, Dm).

f taprobanica Thorell, 1887....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015413]
A. t. Thorell, 1887: 164 (Df).
A. t. Levi, 1983: 302, f. 222-226 (f).

mf trifasciata (Forsskål, 1775)....................Cosmopolitan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015415]
Aranea t. Forsskål, 1775: 86 (D).
Aranea t. Forsskål, 1776: 7, pl. 24, f. E (Df).
Aranea fastuosa Olivier, 1789: 202 (D).
A. aurelia Audouin, 1826: 331, pl. 2, f. 5 (Dmf).
Epeira webbii Lucas, 1838: 38, pl. 6, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira nephoda Walckenaer, 1841: 74 (Df).
Epeira aurelia Walckenaer, 1841: 107.
Epeira latreilla Walckenaer, 1841: 108 (Df).
Epeira mauricia Walckenaer, 1841: 108 (Df).
Epeira fastuosa Walckenaer, 1841: 109 (Dm).
Epeira argyraspides Walckenaer, 1841: 110 (Df).
Epeira fasciata Hentz, 1847: 468, pl. 30, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira flavipes Nicolet, 1849: 493 (Df).
A. avara Thorell, 1859: 299 (Df).
Epeira latreilla Vinson, 1863: 194, 311 (D).
Epeira mauritia Vinson, 1863: 194, 311, pl. 8, f. 2 (f).
Nephila aurelia Blackwall, 1867b: 210.
A. plana L. Koch, 1867b: 181 (Df).
A. plana L. Koch, 1871: 31, pl. 3, f. 1 (f).
A. t. Thorell, 1873: 519.
A. sticticalis O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 576 (Df).
Argyopes indecissa Holmberg, 1876: 19 (Df).
A. hentzi Thorell, 1878b: 295.
A. fasciata McCook, 1882: 256.
A. mauricia Hasselt, 1882: 18.
A. transversa Emerton, 1884: 330, pl. 34, f. 20, pl. 28, f. 15-18 (Dmf).
A. t. Keyserling, 1886a: 133, pl. 10, f. 5 (m).
A. argyraspis McCook, 1894: 219, pl. 15, f. 7-12, pl. 16, f. 3, 4 (Dmf).
A. avara McCook, 1894: 222, pl. 14, f. 1 (f).
A. avara Simon, 1900a: 476 (Dm).
A. transversa Emerton, 1902: 197, f. 455-458 (mf).
Metargiope t. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 451, pl. 43, f. 2-3 (mf).
A. fastuosa Banks, 1909b: 161.
Metargiope t. Tullgren, 1910: 156, pl. 4, f. 93 (f).
A. t. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 239, f. 87-89 (mf).
A. simplex Badcock, 1932: 17, f. 12 (Df).
Metargyope t. Lawrence, 1936: 152.
Austrargiope plana Kishida, 1936a: 17 (Tmf from Argiope).
A. abalosi Mello-Leitão, 1942b: 399 (Df).
A. seminola Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 96, f. 98-102 (Dmf).
A. stenogastra Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 235 (Df).
A. t. Kaston, 1948: 222, f. 697-699, 722-723 (mf).
Brachygea platycephala Caporiacco, 1947a: 24 (Dm).
Brachygea platycephala Caporiacco, 1948a: 653, f. 61 (m).
A. pradhani Sinha, 1952: 76, f. 2a-c (Df).
A. t. Bücherl, 1959: 297, f. 22 (f).
A. t. Main, 1964: 102, f. A-C (f).
A. t. Shear, 1967: 9, f. 22-23 (m).
A. t. Hickman, 1967: 59, f. 103 (f).
A. t. Levi, 1968a: 340, f. 58-72, 74-91 (mf, S).
A. avara Chrysanthus, 1971: 12, f. 9-12 (f).
A. t. Chrysanthus, 1972: 156 (S).
A. pradhani Tikader, 1982a: 123, f. 231-234 (f).
A. t. Levi, 1983: 286, f. 11, 112-119 (mf, S).
A. t. Roberts, 1983: 250, f. 124-132 (mf).
A. t. Feng, 1990: 69, f. 44.1-4 (f).
A. t. Breene et al., 1993: 101, f. 148A-C (mf).
A. t. Bjørn, 1997: 226, f. 5, 68-73 (mf).
A. t. Levy, 1998a: 355, f. 169-178 (mf).
A. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 76, f. 8a-c (f).
A. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 152G-H, 154A (f).
A. t. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 45, f. 299-301 (mf).
A. t. Dondale et al., 2003: 157, f. 329-335 (mf).
A. t. Levi, 2004: 54, f. 18-26 (mf).
A. t. Saaristo, 2010: 48, f. 4.72-76 (mf).
A. t. Di Pompeo et al., 2011: 206, f. 1, 4, 5a-b (f).
A. t. Jäger, 2012c: 294, f. 68 (m).

?? trifasciata deserticola Simon, 1906....................Sudan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015416]
A. t. d. Simon, 1906a: 1162 (D; N.B.: omitted by Roewer)

f trifasciata kauaiensis Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015417]
A. avara k. Simon, 1900a: 477 (Df).

f truk Levi, 1983....................Caroline Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015418]
A. t. Levi, 1983: 320, f. 324-328 (Df).

mf versicolor (Doleschall, 1859)....................China to Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015419]
Epeira v. Doleschall, 1859: 31, pl. 9, f. 10 (Df).
A. succincta L. Koch, 1871: 35 (Df).
A. v. Thorell, 1890a: 95 (Dm).
A. v. Workman, 1896: 28, pl. 28 (f).
A. succincta Pocock, 1897c: 598, pl. 25, f. 7 (f).
A. v. Levi, 1983: 305, f. 3-4, 251-262 (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 1989: 65, f. 6A-F (mf).
A. v. Chen & Gao, 1990: 53, f. 61a-e (mf).
A. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 88, f. 19a-i (mf).
A. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 152I-K, 153E, 154B (mf).
A. v. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2009: 38, f. 69-73 (mf).

f vietnamensis Ono, 2010....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043285]
A. v. Ono, 2010b: 8, f. 10, 24-27 (Df).

Gen. Arkys Walckenaer, 1837 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01444]

N.B.: transferred here from the Tetragnathidae by Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 404, there from the Mimetidae by Davies, 1988b: 282, contra Heimer, 1984a: 156; considered a senior synonym of Archemorus Simon, 1893 by Heimer, 1984a: 156 and of Aerea Urquhart, 1891 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01426] and Neoarchemorus Mascord, 1968: 10, type N. speechleyi Mascord, 1968 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01527] by Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 166; Arcys is an unjustified emendation.

In synonymy:
A. clavatus Keyserling, 1884 = A. walckenaeri Simon, 1879 (Heimer, 1984a: 175).
A. magnifica (Urquhart, 1893) = A. alticephala (Urquhart, 1891) (Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 166).
A. nitidiceps Simon, 1908 = A. walckenaeri Simon, 1879 (Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 167).
A. perlatus Simon, 1889 = A. brevipalpus Karsch, 1878 (Heimer, 1984a: 160).
A. simsoni (Simon, 1893) = A. alticephala (Urquhart, 1891) (Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 166).

m alatus Keyserling, 1890....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015420]
A. a. Keyserling, 1890: 257, pl. 23, f. 8 (Dm).
A. a. Heimer, 1984a: 159, f. 1-2 (m).

mf alticephala (Urquhart, 1891)....................Southern Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014460]
Aerea a. Urquhart, 1891b: 245, f. 4 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).
Aerea magnifica Urquhart, 1893b: 119 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014461].
Archemorus simsoni Simon, 1893d: 328 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015443].
Archemorus simsoni Simon, 1895a: 901, f. 967 (f).
A. simsoni Heimer, 1984a: 172, f. 21-22 (mf).
A. a. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 166, f. 19A-B (Sm).

mf brevipalpus Karsch, 1878....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015421]
A. b. Karsch, 1878c: 802 (Dm).
A. perlatus Simon, 1889c: 240 (Dj).
A. perlatus Simon, 1895a: 898, f. 966 (Df).
A. perlatus Berland, 1924a: 223, f. 131-134 (f, Dm).
A. b. Heimer, 1984a: 160, f. 3 (m, S).

mf bulburinensis Heimer, 1984....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015422]
A. b. Heimer, 1984a: 162, f. 4-6 (Dmf).

f cicatricosus (Rainbow, 1920)....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015423]
Archemorus c. Rainbow, 1920b: 250, pl. 29, f. 58 (Df).

mf cornutus L. Koch, 1872....................New Guinea, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015424]
A. c. L. Koch, 1872a: 218, pl. 19, f. 2 (Df).
A. c. Keyserling, 1890: 256, pl. 23, f. 7 (Dm).
A. c. Heimer, 1984a: 164, f. 7-9 (mf).
A. c. Davies, 1988b: 282, f. 9 (mf).

j coronatus (Balogh, 1978)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015425]
Archemorus c. Balogh, 1978: 19, f. 14-15, 32, 54 (Dj).

f curtulus (Simon, 1903)....................Eastern Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015426]
Archemorus c. Simon, 1903d: 27 (Df).

f dilatatus (Balogh, 1978)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015427]
Archemorus d. Balogh, 1978: 13, f. 5-6, 26, 46, 60 (Df).

f furcatus (Balogh, 1978)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015428]
Archemorus f. Balogh, 1978: 11, f. 1-2, 23, 38, 62 (Df).

mf gracilis Heimer, 1984....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015429]
A. g. Heimer, 1984a: 166, f. 10-11 (Dmf).

f grandis (Balogh, 1978)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015430]
Archemorus g. Balogh, 1978: 22, f. 16, 34, 36, 56 (Df).

mf hickmani Heimer, 1984....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015431]
A. h. Heimer, 1984a: 167, f. 12-13 (Dmf).

f kaszabi (Balogh, 1978)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015432]
Archemorus k. Balogh, 1978: 19, f. 11-12, 29, 55, 59 (Df).

mf lancearius Walckenaer, 1837 *....................New Guinea to New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015433]
A. l. Walckenaer, 1837: 497 (Df).
A. l. L. Koch, 1872a: 216, pl. 19, f. 1 (f).
A. l. Karsch, 1878c: 785 (Dm).
A. l. Keyserling, 1890: 258, pl. 23, f. 9 (m).
A. l. Heimer, 1984a: 170, f. 14-16 (mf).

f latissimus (Balogh, 1982)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015434]
Archemorus l. Balogh, 1982: 21, f. 13-16 (Df).

f montanus (Balogh, 1978)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015435]
Archemorus m. Balogh, 1978: 23, f. 17-18, 48, 57 (Df).

f multituberculatus (Balogh, 1982)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015436]
Archemorus m. Balogh, 1982: 20, f. 9-12 (Df).

m nimdol Chrysanthus, 1971....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015437]
A. n. Chrysanthus, 1971: 40, f. 79-81 (Dm).
A. n. Heimer, 1984a: 170, f. 17 (m).

mf occidentalis (Reimoser, 1936)....................Buru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015439]
Archemorus o. Reimoser, 1936: 409, f. 2-3 (Dmf).
Archemorus o. Balogh, 1978: 14, f. 28, 51, 63 (f).
A. o. Heimer, 1984a: 171, f. 18 (f).

f roosdorpi (Chrysanthus, 1971)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015440]
Archemorus r. Chrysanthus, 1971: 38, f. 74-77 (Df).
Archemorus r. Balogh, 1978: 15, f. 8, 27, 50, 64 (f).
A. r. Heimer, 1984a: 171, f. 19 (f).

f semicirculatus (Balogh, 1982)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015441]
Archemorus s. Balogh, 1982: 17, f. 1-4 (Df).

f sibil (Chrysanthus, 1971)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015442]
Archemorus s. Chrysanthus, 1971: 37, f. 71-73 (Df).
Archemorus s. Balogh, 1978: 17, f. 7, 43-45, 65 (f).
A. s. Heimer, 1984a: 172, f. 20 (f).

f soosi (Balogh, 1982)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015444]
Archemorus s. Balogh, 1982: 18, f. 5-8 (Df).

mf speechleyi (Mascord, 1968)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016684]
Neoarchemorus s. Mascord, 1968: 10, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

f toxopeusi (Reimoser, 1936)....................Buru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015445]
Archemorus t. Reimoser, 1936: 410, f. 4 (Df).

m transversus (Balogh, 1978)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015446]
Archemorus t. Balogh, 1978: 12, f. 3, 24, 39 (Dm).

f tuberculatus (Balogh, 1978)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015447]
Archemorus t. Balogh, 1978: 17, f. 9-10, 30, 40-42, 66 (Df).

mf varians (Balogh, 1978)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015448]
Archemorus v. Balogh, 1978: 24, f. 19, 21-22, 35, 49, 58 (Df).
A. v. Heimer, 1984a: 175, f. 26 (m).

f vicarius (Balogh, 1978)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015449]
Archemorus v. Balogh, 1978: 14, f. 4, 25, 47, 61 (Df).

mf walckenaeri Simon, 1879....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015450]
A. w. Simon, 1879b: 57 (Df).
A. clavatus Keyserling, 1890: 259, pl. 24, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
A. nitidiceps Simon, 1908d: 429 (Dj) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015438].
A. clavatus Butler, 1933: 280, pl. 17, f. 4.
A. clavatus Heimer, 1982: 44, f. 12 (m).
A. nitidiceps Main, 1982d: 425, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
A. w. Heimer, 1984a: 175, f. 23-25 (mf, S).
A. w. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 167, f. 1D, 20A-B (S).

Gen. Artonis Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01445]

N.B.: transferred here from the Theridiidae by Levi & Levi, 1964a: 211.

f bituberculata (Thorell, 1895) *....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015451]
Anania b. Thorell, 1895: 148 (Df).
A. b. Simon, 1895a: 922.
A. b. Levi & Levi, 1962: 65, f. 324 (f).
A. b. Levi, 1964a: 211, f. 7-11 (f).

f gallana (Pavesi, 1895)....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015452]
Anania g. Pavesi, 1895a: 500 (Df).
A. g. Simon, 1895a: 922.

Gen. Aspidolasius Simon, 1887 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01446]

In synonymy:
S. bifurcatus Simon, 1897 = S. branicki (Taczanowski, 1879) (Calixto & Levi, 2006: 318).
S. peruanus (Keyserling, 1879, T from Paraplectana) = S. branicki (Taczanowski, 1879) (Calixto & Levi, 2006: 318).
S. smaragdus Mello-Leitão, 1948 = S. branicki (Taczanowski, 1879) (Calixto & Levi, 2006: 318).

mf branicki (Taczanowski, 1879) *....................Colombia to Bolivia, Guyana, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015454]
Inca branickii Taczanowski, 1879: 105, pl. 1, f. 24 (Df).
Paraplectana peruana Keyserling, 1879: 296 (Dm).
Paraplectana peruana Keyserling, 1892: 5, pl. 1, f. 3 (m).
A. b. Simon, 1895a: 870.
A. bifurcatus Simon, 1897b: 471 (Df).
A. smaragdus Mello-Leitão, 1948: 159 (Df).
A. b. Levi, 2002: 549, f. 213-214 (m).
A. b. Calixto & Levi, 2006: 318, f. 1B, 4-18 (mf, S).

Gen. Augusta O. P.-Cambridge, 1877 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01447]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 by Emerit, 1974: 32.

mf glyphica (Guérin, 1839) *....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015456]
Gasteracantha g. Guérin, 1839: 110 (Df).
Augusta papilionacea O. P.-Cambridge, 1877c: 37, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df).
A. g. Emerit, 1974: 33, f. 3A-B, 4A-F, 5A-C, 6B (Tf from Gasteracantha, Dm).
A. g. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 372, f. 4 (m).

Gen. Austracantha Dahl, 1914 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01448]

N.B.: described as a subgenus of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833; elevated to genus by Emerit, 1974: 29.

mf minax (Thorell, 1859) *....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015457]
Gasteracantha m. Thorell, 1859: 303 (Df).
Gasteracantha flavomaculata Keyserling, 1865: 801, pl. 19, f. 8-9 (Df).
Actinacantha maculata Karsch, 1878c: 800 (D).
Isacantha m. Keyserling, 1886a: 94, pl. 7, f. 4 (Dm).
Gasteracantha m. Dahl, 1914: 251, f. 5 (f).
Gasteracantha m. Butler, 1933: 279, pl. 17, f. 9.
Gasteracantha m. Mascord, 1966: 44, f. 1-5 (mf).
Gasteracantha m. Dondale, 1966: 1174, f. 4F-I (mf).
Gasteracantha m. Hickman, 1967: 68, f. 122-123 (mf).
Gasteracantha m. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 31 (mf).

f minax astrigera (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015458]
Gasteracantha a. L. Koch, 1871: 14, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Gasteracantha a. Dahl, 1914: 251.
Gasteracantha m. a. Hogg, 1914b: 79 (reduced to subspecies).

f minax hermitis (Hogg, 1914)....................Montebello Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015459]
Gasteracantha m. h. Hogg, 1914b: 80, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).

?? minax leonhardii (Strand, 1913)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015460]
Gasteracantha m. l. Strand, 1913c: 609 (D).

f minax lugubris (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015461]
Gasteracantha lugubris L. Koch, 1871: 12, pl. 1, f. 8 (Df).
Gasteracantha m. l. Hogg, 1914b: 79 (reduced to supspecies).

Gen. Backobourkia Framenau et al., 2010 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03958]

B. Framenau et al., 2010: 89, type Eriophora heroine (L. Koch, 1871).

In synonymy:
B. annulata (Keyserling, 1886, T from Araneus, where omitted by Roewer) = B. heroine (L. Koch, 1871) (Dondale, 1966: 1168, sub Araneus).
B. reversa (Hogg, 1914, T from Araneus) = B. collina (Keyserling, 1886) (Framenau et al., 2010: 99).
B. ventricosella (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = B. heroine (L. Koch, 1871) (Paquin et al., 2008d: 4, sub Eriophora; N.B.: possibly a S of B. brouni rather than B. heroine).

mf brouni (Urquhart, 1885)....................Australia, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043116]
Epeira brounii Urquhart, 1885: 32, pl. 10, f. 5a-d (Df, not m, =Eriophora pustulosa).
Epeira brounii indistincta Urquhart, 1885: 33 (D).
Epeira orientalis Urquhart, 1887: 79, pl. 7, f. 3, 3a (m, misidentified).
Araneus b. Dalmas, 1917a: 383, f. 47-48, 50 (mf).
Araneus heroine Dondale, 1966: 1166, f. 2A-C (mf, misidentified, in part).
Araneus heroine Gibbs, 1982: 4, f. 1 (f, misidentified).
Eriophora heroine Court & Forster, 1988: 100, f. 352, 504-506, 508-513 (Tmf from Araneus, misidentified, S, rejected; see note under Neoscona orientalis).
B. brounii Framenau et al., 2010: 96, f. 1A-B, 5C-D, 10A-G (removed mf from S of B. heroine, contra Court & Forster, 1988: 100).
B. brounii Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 48, f. 25.7-8 (mf).

mf collina (Keyserling, 1886)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015876]
Epeira transmarina L. Koch, 1871: 59, pl. 5, f. 2 (f, misidentified, in part).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1886a: 141, pl. 11, f. 5 (Df).
Araneus reversus Hogg, 1914b: 77, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015164].
Eriophora c. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tf from Araneus).
B. c. Framenau et al., 2010: 99, f. 5E-F, 12A-G (Tf from Eriophora, Dm, S).

mf heroine (L. Koch, 1871) *....................Australia, New Caledonia, Norfolk Is., possibly New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015881]
Epeira h. L. Koch, 1871: 51, pl. 4, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira transmarina L. Koch, 1871: 59, pl. 5, f. 2 (f, misidentified, in part).
Epeira h. Keyserling, 1886a: 138, pl. 11, f. 3 (Dm).
Epeira annulata Keyserling, 1886a: 141 (Df).
Epeira ventriosa Urquhart, 1892b: 243 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015278] (Df; preoccupied by Epeira ventriosa Urquhart, 1891, not by Epeira ventricosa L. Koch, 1878).
Aranea ventricosella Roewer, 1942a: 835 (replacement name for "Epeira ventricosa Urquhart" which is just a lapsus, but since the intended Urquhart name is actually preoccupied, Roewer's replacement name can be used).
Araneus h. Dondale, 1966: 1166, f. 2A-C (mf, S; N.B.: some specimens belong to B. brouni).
Araneus h. Hickman, 1967: 65, f. 115-117 (mf; N.B.: some specimens may belong to B. brouni).
Eriophora h. Paquin et al., 2008d: 4 (S).
B. h. Framenau et al., 2010: 92, f. 1C-E, 4A-D, 5A-B, 6A-K, 7A-C, 8A-C (Tmf from Eriophora).

Gen. Bertrana Keyserling, 1884 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01449]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Diotherisoma Caporiacco, 1947a: 25, type D. strandi Caporiacco, 1947 by Levi, in Coddington, 1986: 6.

Transferred to other genera:
B. errans (Roewer, 1942) -- see Metazygia.
B. erratica (Keyserling, 1883) -- see Metazygia.
B. farri Archer, 1958 -- see Lewisepeira.

In synonymy:
B. flavosellata Simon, 1893 = B. elinguis (Keyserling, 1883) (Levi, 1989: 88).
B. hieroglyphica Petrunkevitch, 1925 = B. striolata Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, 1989: 84).
B. strandi (Caporiacco, 1947) = B. striolata Keyserling, 1884 (Levi, 1989: 84).

f abbreviata (Keyserling, 1879)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015462]
Singa a. Keyserling, 1879: 301, pl. 4, f. 5 (Df).
Singa a. Keyserling, 1893: 287, pl. 15, f. 212 (f).
Araneus abbreviatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 276.
Singa a. Levi, 1972a: 230 (considered as Theridiosomatidae incertae sedis).
B. a. Levi, 1989: 91, f. 31-34 (Tf from Singa).

f arena Levi, 1989....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015463]
B. a. Levi, 1989: 93, f. 44-46 (Df).

f benuta Levi, 1994....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015464]
B. b. Levi, 1994: 230, f. 1-6 (Df).

f elinguis (Keyserling, 1883)....................Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, French Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015465]
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1883a: 198, pl. 15, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1892: 151, pl. 8, f. 111 (f).
B. flavosellata Simon, 1893d: 326 (Df).
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
B. e. Levi, 1989: 88, f. 25-30 (Tf from Araneus, S).
B. e. Dierkens, 2012a: 27, f. 2-3, 25 (m).

mf laselva Levi, 1989....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015466]
B. l. Levi, 1989: 91, f. 35-40 (Dmf).

f nancho Levi, 1989....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015467]
B. n. Levi, 1989: 92, f. 41-43 (Df).

mf planada Levi, 1989....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015468]
B. p. Levi, 1989: 94, f. 47-50 (Dmf).

f poa Levi, 1994....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015469]
B. p. Levi, 1994: 232, f. 7-11 (Df).

mf rufostriata Simon, 1893....................Venezuela, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015470]
B. r. Simon, 1893d: 325 (Df).
B. r. Levi, 1989: 87, f. 19-24 (f, Dm).

mf striolata Keyserling, 1884 *....................Costa Rica to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015471]
B. s. Keyserling, 1884b: 654, pl. 21, f. 6 (Df).
B. s. Keyserling, 1893: 310, pl. 16, f. 229 (f).
B. hieroglyphica Petrunkevitch, 1925a: 113, f. 22-28 (Dm).
Diotherisoma strandi Caporiacco, 1947a: 25 (Df).
Diotherisoma strandi Caporiacco, 1948a: 664, f. 74 (f).
B. hieroglyphica Chickering, 1963d: 129, f. 1-4 (m, Df).
B. s. Levi, 1989: 84, f. 11-18 (f, Sm).
B. s. Levi, 2002: 545, f. 167-170, 303-304 (mf).

m urahua Levi, 1994....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015472]
B. u. Levi, 1994: 232, f. 12-14 (Dm).

mf vella Levi, 1989....................Panama, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015473]
B. v. Levi, 1989: 96, f. 51-55 (Dmf).

Gen. Caerostris Thorell, 1868 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01450]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Trichocharis Simon, 1895 by Grasshoff, 1984: 727.

Transferred to other genera:
C. basilissa (Thorell, 1899) -- see Megaraneus.
C. bhabanii Tikader, 1970 -- see Poltys.

In synonymy:
C. albescens Pocock, 1899 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 746, sub C. vinsoni).
C. albescens flavicomis Simon, 1903 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 747, sub C. vinsoni).
C. albiceps O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 746, sub C. vinsoni).
C. albopubescens Strand, 1906 = C. mitralis (Vinson, 1863) (Grasshoff, 1984: 743).
C. amanica Strand, 1907 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 747, 762, sub C. vinsoni).
C. avernalis Butler, 1878 = C. mitralis (Vinson, 1863) (Grasshoff, 1984: 743).
C. bankana Strand, 1915 = C. extrusa Butler, 1882 (Grasshoff, 1984: 752).
C. bimaculata Strand, 1907 = C. corticosa Pocock, 1902 (Grasshoff, 1984: 751).
C. columnifer Pocock, 1902 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 747, sub C. vinsoni).
C. darlingi Pocock, 1902 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 747, sub C. vinsoni).
C. excellens Butler, 1882 = C. cowani Butler, 1882 (Grasshoff, 1984: 755).
C. femoralis Thorell, 1899 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. hnatiukae Roberts, 1983 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 737).
C. insularis Strand, 1913 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. keyserlingi Thorell, 1868 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. mimica Strand, 1906 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. mitralis humilis Thorell, 1868 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. mitralis turrigera Thorell, 1868 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. petersi Karsch, 1878 = C. mitralis (Vinson, 1863) (Grasshoff, 1984: 743).
C. retorta Butler, 1882 = C. mitralis (Vinson, 1863) (Grasshoff, 1984: 743).
C. rugosa Karsch, 1878 = C. mitralis (Vinson, 1863) (Grasshoff, 1984: 743).
C. schubotzi Strand, 1913 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. simata Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 746, sub C. vinsoni).
C. stygiana Butler, 1879 = C. mitralis (Vinson, 1863) (Grasshoff, 1984: 743).
C. subsimata Strand, 1906 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 747, sub C. vinsoni).
C. tuberculosa (Vinson, 1863) = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).
C. turriger Pocock, 1899 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1984: 746, sub C. vinsoni).
C. vinsoni Thorell, 1868 = C. vicina (Blackwall, 1866) (Levi, 1996b: 93).
C. voeltzkowi Strand, 1916 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 737).
C. wahlbergi Thorell, 1868 = C. sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793) (Grasshoff, 1984: 736).

Nomina dubia:
C. junior Strand, 1913a: 382 (m, Central Africa) -- Grasshoff, 1984: 763.
C. rutenbergi Karsch, 1881h: 191, pl. 12, f. A (j, Madagascar) -- Grasshoff, 1984: 763.
C. subamanica Caporiacco, 1940c: 829, f. 33 (j, Ethiopia) -- Grasshoff, 1984: 763.

f corticosa Pocock, 1902....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015474]
C. c. Pocock, 1902b: 326, f. C (Df).
C. bimaculata Strand, 1907a: 535 (Df).
C. bimaculata Strand, 1907n: 636 (Df).
C. c. Grasshoff, 1984: 751, f. 26-27 (f, S).

f cowani Butler, 1882....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015475]
C. c. Butler, 1882a: 103, pl. 6, f. 4 (Df).
C. excellens Butler, 1882a: 105, pl. 6, f. 5 (Df).
C. c. Grasshoff, 1984: 755, f. 34-36 (f, S).

mf darwini Kuntner & Agnarsson, 2010....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043500]
C. d. Kuntner & Agnarsson, 2010: 6, f. 2A-C, 4D-E, 5A-B, 6A-F (Dmf).

f ecclesiigera Butler, 1882....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015476]
C. e. Butler, 1882a: 102, pl. 6, f. 1-2 (Df).
C. e. Grasshoff, 1984: 754, f. 31-33 (f).

f extrusa Butler, 1882....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015477]
C. e. Butler, 1882a: 100, pl. 6, f. 3 (Df).
C. bankana Strand, 1915d: 225 (Df).
C. e. Grasshoff, 1984: 752, f. 28-30 (f, S).

f hirsuta (Simon, 1895)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015478]
Trichocharis h. Simon, 1895a: 835 (Df).
C. h. Grasshoff, 1984: 756, f. 4, 39 (f).

f indica Strand, 1915....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015479]
C. paradoxa Pocock, 1900a: 231, f. 77 (f, misidentified).
C. i. Strand, 1915d: 226 (Df).
C. i. Grasshoff, 1984: 760, f. 41 (f).

f mayottensis Grasshoff, 1984....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015480]
C. m. Grasshoff, 1984: 756, f. 37-38 (Df).

mf mitralis (Vinson, 1863) *....................Central Africa, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015481]
Epeira paradoxa Doleschall, 1859: 37, pl. 9, f. 11, pl. 10, f. 8 (Df; preoccupied by Lucas, 1846).
Epeira m. Vinson, 1863: 230, 314, pl. 9, f. 2-4 (Df).
C. avernalis Butler, 1878b: 799, f. 1-3 (Df).
C. rugosa Karsch, 1878a: 323, pl. 1, f. 8 (Df).
C. petersii Karsch, 1878a: 324, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df).
C. stygiana Butler, 1879a: 731, pl. 58, f. 4 (Df).
C. paradoxa Butler, 1879a: 732, pl. 57, f. 5 (f).
C. retorta Butler, 1882a: 101, pl. 6, f. 6 (Df).
C. petersi Simon, 1895a: 831, f. 874 (f).
C. avernalis Simon, 1895a: 831, f. 880.
C. m. Simon, 1895a: 834.
C. paradoxa Workman, 1896: 25, pl. 25 (f).
C. m. Simon, 1902b: 215, f. C.
C. albopubescens Strand, 1906b: 688 (Df).
C. m. Grasshoff, 1984: 743, f. 10, 13, 19-21, 45 (mf, S).

mf sexcuspidata (Fabricius, 1793)....................Africa, Madagascar, Comoro Is., Aldabra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015482]
Aranea s. Fabricius 1793: 427 (Df).
Epeira imperialis Walckenaer, 1805: 67.
Gasteracantha s. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 36, f. 271 (f).
Epeira imperialis Walckenaer, 1841: 147, pl. 18, f. 1 (Df).
Eurysoma s. C. L. Koch, 1850: 9.
Epeira tuberculosa Vinson, 1863: 228, 314, pl. 14, f. 2 (Df).
C. mitralis humilis Thorell, 1868b: 4 (Df).
C. mitralis turrigera Thorell, 1868b: 4 (Df).
C. wahlbergii Thorell, 1868b: 7 (Df).
C. keyserlingii Thorell, 1868b: 7 (Df).
C. rutenbergi Lenz, 1886: 384 (f, misidentified).
C. tuberculosa Lenz, 1886: 384.
C. s. Simon, 1895a: 831, f. 876-879, 881-882 (f, Dm).
C. femoralis Thorell, 1899: 63 (Df).
C. argostictus Pocock, 1899e: 855, pl. 55, f. 5 (Df).
C. mimicus Strand, 1906b: 624 (Df).
C. tuberculosa Strand, 1908f: 470.
C. s. Tullgren, 1910: 167, pl. 4, f. 121 (f).
C. kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910: 168, pl. 4, f. 122 (Dmf).
C. schubotzi Strand, 1913a: 383 (Df).
C. insularis Strand, 1913a: 384 (Df).
C. tuberculosa Strand, 1916b: 62.
C. voeltzkowi Strand, 1916d: 119 (Df).
C. hnatiukae Roberts, 1983: 280, f. 215-221 (Dm).
C. s. Grasshoff, 1984: 736, f. 8-9, 11, 14-18, 46-47 (mf, S).

mf sumatrana Strand, 1915....................India to China, Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015483]
C. paradoxa Simon, 1895a: 831, f. 875 (misidentified).
C. s. Strand, 1915d: 225 (Df).
C. paradoxa Tikader, 1982a: 132, f. 247-250 (f).
C. s. Grasshoff, 1984: 758, f. 5, 40, 48 (f).
C. paradoxa Yin et al., 1997d: 212, f. 130a-c (f).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 154C-E (f).
C. s. Jäger, 2007: 37, f. 10-17 (f, Dm).

mf vicina (Blackwall, 1866)....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015484]
Eurysoma v. Blackwall, 1866: 465 (Df).
C. vinsonii Thorell, 1868b: 8 (Df).
C. albiceps O. P.-Cambridge, 1890b: 628, pl. 53, f. 8 (Df).
C. simata Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 46, pl. 2, f. 27 (Df).
C. nodulosa Pocock, 1898g: 514, pl. 41, f. 7 (Dmf).
C. turriger Pocock, 1899e: 837, pl. 57, f. 15 (Df; preoccupied by C. mitralis turrigera Thorell, 1868).
C. albescens Pocock, 1899e: 856, pl. 57, f. 16 (Df).
C. darlingi Pocock, 1902b: 327, f. D (Df).
C. columnifer Pocock, 1902b: 328 (replacement name for C. turrigera).
C. albescens Simon, 1902b: 215, f. A-B.
C. albescens flavicomis Simon, 1903e: 90 (Df).
C. subsimata Strand, 1906h: 64 (Df).
C. amanica Strand, 1907a: 536 (Df).
C. amanica Strand, 1907n: 638 (Df).
C. simata Strand, 1907n: 641.
C. vinsoni Grasshoff, 1984: 746, f. 1-3, 6-7, 12, 22-25, 43-44 (mf, S).
C. v. Levi, 1996b: 93 (Tf from Paraplectana, Sm).

Gen. Carepalxis L. Koch, 1872 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01452]

Transferred to other genera:
C. bispinosa Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Ocrepeira.
C. normalis Keyserling, 1892 -- see Scoloderus.

In synonymy:
C. eremita Archer, 1965 = C. salobrensis Simon, 1895 (Levi, 1992a: 259).
C. furcula Keyserling, 1886 = C. tuberculata Keyserling, 1886 (Simon, 1896a: 347, omitted by Roewer)
C. gibbosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 = C. salobrensis Simon, 1895 (Levi, 1992a: 259).
C. rotunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 = C. salobrensis Simon, 1895 (Levi, 1992a: 259).
C. vianai Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948 = C. camelus Simon, 1895 (Levi, 1992a: 255).

f beelzebub (Hasselt, 1873)....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015486]
Epeira b. Hasselt, 1873: 240, pl. 12, f. A-C (Df).
C. b. Rainbow, 1911: 197.

f bilobata Keyserling, 1886....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015487]
C. b. Keyserling, 1886a: 118, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).

f camelus Simon, 1895....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015488]
C. c. Simon, 1895g: 157 (Df).
C. vianai Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 16, f. 22-25 (Df).
C. c. Levi, 1992a: 255, f. 1-5 (f, S).

f coronata (Rainbow, 1896)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015489]
Epeira c. Rainbow, 1896b: 629, pl. 49, f. 1 (Df).
C. c. Rainbow, 1911: 197.

f lichensis Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015490]
C. l. Rainbow, 1916a: 115, pl. 22, f. 40-42 (Df).

f montifera L. Koch, 1872 *....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015491]
C. m. L. Koch, 1872a: 123, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df).

f perpera (Petrunkevitch, 1911)....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015492]
Epeira perplexa Banks, 1898b: 251, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1841).
Araneus perperus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 309 (replacement name).
C. p. Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Araneus).
C. p. Levi, 1992a: 258, f. 6-10 (f).

f poweri Rainbow, 1916....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015493]
C. p. Rainbow, 1916b: 61, f. 4 (Df).

f salobrensis Simon, 1895....................Jamaica, Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015494]
C. s. Simon, 1895g: 157 (Df).
C. gibbosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 48, pl. 4, f. 10 (Dj).
C. gibbosa Keyserling, 1892: 54, pl. 2, f. 43 (j).
C. rotunda O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 224, pl. 27, f. 7 (Df).
C. eremita Archer, 1965b: 131, f. 2-3 (Df).
C. s. Levi, 1992a: 259, f. 11-17 (f, S).

f suberosa Thorell, 1881....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015495]
C. s. Thorell, 1881: 48 (Df).

f tricuspidata Chrysanthus, 1961....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015496]
C. t. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 205, f. 50-53 (Df).

mf tuberculata Keyserling, 1886....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015497]
C. t. Keyserling, 1886a: 119, pl. 9, f. 5 (Df).
C. furcula Keyserling, 1886a: 121, pl. 9, f. 6 (Dj).
C. t. Simon, 1896a: 347 (Dm, S).
C. t. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 22 (f).

Gen. Celaenia Thorell, 1868 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01453]

In synonymy:
C. kinbergi Thorell, 1868 = C. excavata (L. Koch, 1867) (Hickman, 1971: 75, who erroneously gave the younger name priority).

mf atkinsoni (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015498]
Thlaosoma atkinsonii O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 699, pl. 52, f. 7 (Df).
C. a. Dalmas, 1917a: 388.
C. a. Guerin, 1987: 181, f. 1-2 (Dm).

f calotoides Rainbow, 1908....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015499]
C. c. Rainbow, 1908: 48, f. 4-5 (Df).

mf distincta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................New South Wales, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015500]
Thlaosoma distinctum O. P.-Cambridge, 1869a: 274, pl. 9, f. 36-38 (Df).
C. d. L. Koch, 1872a: 238.
C. d. Rainbow, 1902c: 488, pl. 18, f. 4 (f).
C. d. Hickman, 1971: 79, f. 6-7 (Dm).

f dubia (O. P.-Cambridge, 1869)....................New South Wales, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015501]
Thlaosoma dubium O. P.-Cambridge, 1869a: 272, pl. 9, f. 25-35 (Df).
C. d. L. Koch, 1872a: 236.

mf excavata (L. Koch, 1867) *....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015502]
Cyrtogaster e. L. Koch, 1867b: 175 (D).
C. kinbergii Thorell, 1868b: 2 (Df).
C. e. L. Koch, 1872a: 234, pl. 20, f. 1 (Df).
C. e. Karsch, 1878c: 784 (Dm).
C. e. Simon, 1895a: 895, f. 959, 963 (f).
C. e. Butler, 1933: 280, pl. 17, f. 7.
C. e. Dunn & Dunn, 1946: 87, f. 1-2 (m).
C. e. Hickman, 1967: 66, f. 118-121 (mf).
C. kingbergi Hickman, 1971: 75, f. 1-5 (m, S, erroneously used younger name).
C. kinbergii Davies, 1988b: 316, f. 35 (f, Dm).
C. e. Levi, 1996a: 194, f. 24-32 (mf).

f hectori (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015503]
Thlaosoma h. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879d: 700, pl. 52, f. 8 (Df).
C. h. Dalmas, 1917a: 388.

mf olivacea (Urquhart, 1885)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015504]
Thlaosoma o. Urquhart, 1885: 39, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).
Thlaosoma o. Urquhart, 1887: 95 (Dm).
C. o. Dalmas, 1917a: 388.

f penna (Urquhart, 1887)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015505]
Thlaosoma pennum Urquhart, 1887: 94, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df).
C. p. Dalmas, 1917a: 388.
C. p. Forster & Gray, 1979: 1066, f. 56.

f tuberosa (Urquhart, 1889)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015506]
Thlaosoma t. Urquhart, 1889a: 149 (Df).
C. t. Dalmas, 1917a: 388.

f tumidosa Urquhart, 1891....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015507]
C. t. Urquhart, 1891b: 251 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

f voraginosa Urquhart, 1891....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015508]
C. v. Urquhart, 1891b: 249, f. 5 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

Gen. Cercidia Thorell, 1869 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01454]

Transferred to other genera:
C. albostriata (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Alpaida.
C. funebris Keyserling, 1892 -- see Hypsosinga.
C. octomaculata Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Alpaida.
C. versicolor Keyserling, 1877 -- see Alpaida.

In synonymy:
C. ochracea (Grube, 1861, T from Araneus) = C. prominens (Westring, 1851) (Wesolowska, 1988b: 409).

mf levii Marusik, 1985....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015509]
C. l. Marusik, 1985a: 117, f. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 (Dmf).

mf prominens (Westring, 1851) *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015510]
Epeira p. Westring, 1851: 35 (Dm).
Epeira bella Meade, 1861: 21 (Dmf).
Singa p. Westring, 1861: 63 (f).
Singa scutifera Westring, 1861: 66 (Df).
Epeira ochracea Grube, 1861: 163 (Df).
Epeira bella Blackwall, 1864a: 343, pl. 25, f. 248 (mf).
Atea spinosa Ohlert, 1865: 9 (Df).
Cerceis p. Menge, 1866: 80, pl. 13, f. 21 (mf).
Miranda carinata Giebel, 1869c: 301 (Df).
C. p. Thorell, 1869: 49, 58.
C. p. Thorell, 1870a: 30.
C. p. Becker, 1896: 49, pl. 10, f. 4 (mf).
C. p. Bösenberg, 1901: 53, pl. 4, f. 47 (mf).
Araneus p. Bryant, 1908: 58.
Araneus p. Simon, 1929: 707, 767, f. 1104-1105 (mf).
C. p. Wiehle, 1931: 25, f. 10, 30-32 (mf).
C. p. Drensky, 1943: 226, f. 7 (mf).
C. p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 159, f. 106A-E (mf).
C. p. Beer, 1964: 529, f. 12-13 (f).
C. p. Zamaraev, 1964: 351, f. 9 (mf).
C. p. Azheganova, 1968: 80, f. 164, 182-183 (mf).
C. p. Miller, 1971: 204, pl. XXXVII, f. 21, pl. XXXVIII, f. 1 (m).
C. p. Loksa, 1972: 105, f. 95A-C (mf).
C. p. Palmgren, 1974a: 7, f. 2a-c (mf).
C. p. Levi, 1975b: 113, f. 47-57 (mf).
C. p. Roth, 1985: B6-6, f. 55-56, 83 (mf).
C. p. Marusik, 1985a: 115, f. 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15 (mf).
C. p. Roberts, 1985: 220, f. 99b (mf).
C. p. Wesolowska, 1988b: 409, f. 18-19 (f, S).
C. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 80, f. 181 (mf).
C. p. Roberts, 1995: 327, f. (mf).
C. p. Roberts, 1998: 339, f. (mf).
C. p. Hutchinson, Paquin & Dupérré, 2000: 40, f. 1-3 (mf).
C. p. Levi, 2002: 547, f. 194 (m).
C. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 46, f. 302-304 (mf).
C. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 262, f. 593-599 (mf).
C. p. Almquist, 2005: 157, f. 165a-k (mf).

mf punctigera Simon, 1889....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015511]
C. p. Simon, 1889i: 341 (Dmf).
Araneus cribratus Simon, 1895a: 822 (replacement name, needed in Araneus).

Gen. Chorizopes O. P.-Cambridge, 1870 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01456]

N.B.: original spelling is Chorizoopes but Thorell's (1873: 600) emendation is now protected by usage; transferred here from the Theridiidae by Levi & Levi, 1962: 18.

Transferred to other genera:
C. bengalensis Tikader, 1975 -- see Porcataraneus.
C. nanshanensis (Yin et al., 1990) -- see Porcataraneus.

Homonym replaced:
C. tikaderi Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001 -- see C. khandaricus.

Nomen nudum:
C. quadrificus Kishida (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 252).

f anjanes Tikader, 1965....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015522]
C. a. Tikader, 1965b: 94, f. 2a-d (Df).
C. a. Tikader, 1982a: 162, f. 308-311 (f).

mf antongilensis Emerit, 1997....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015523]
C. a. Emerit, 1997: 44, f. 1-3 (Dmf).

mf calciope (Simon, 1895)....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015525]
Araneus c. Simon, 1895a: 822 (Df).
C. c. Tikader, 1982a: 164, f. 312-315 (Tmf from Araneus).

f congener O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015526]
Chorizoopes c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 53 (Df).

f dicavus Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015527]
C. d. Yin et al., 1990: 52, f. 129-132 (Df).
C. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 215, f. 136a-d (f; N.B.: not f. 132)
C. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 154H-I, 155E (f).
C. d. Yin et al., 2012: 626, f. 305a-d (f).

mf frontalis O. P.-Cambridge, 1870 *....................Sri Lanka to Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015528]
Chorizoopes f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1870d: 738, pl. 44, f. 6 (Df).
C. f. Simon, 1895a: 922, f. 988-990.
C. f. Levi, 1964a: 212, f. 12-20 (f, Dm).

f goosus Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015529]
C. g. Yin et al., 1990: 53, f. 133-136 (Df).
C. g. Yin et al., 1997d: 215, f. 133a-d (f).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 154J-K, 155F (f).

f kastoni Gajbe & Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040010]
C. k. Gajbe & Gajbe, 2004b: 117, f. 1-3 (Df).
C. k. Gajbe, 2004a: 35, f. 20-22 (f).

f khandaricus Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040011]
C. tikaderi Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001a: 59, f. 1-4 (Df, preoccupied).
C. tikaderi Gajbe, 2004a: 37, f. 23-26 (f).
C. k. Gajbe, in Siliwal, Molur & Biswas, 2005: 2004, 2014 (replacement name).

f khanjanes Tikader, 1965....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015530]
C. k. Tikader, 1965b: 95, f. 3a-c (Df).
C. k. Tikader, 1982a: 159, f. 297-301 (f).
C. k. Yin, Wang & Xie, 1994: 5, f. 1-8 (f).
C. k. Yin et al., 1997d: 216, f. 134a-h (f).
C. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 154L-N, 155G (f).
C. k. Yin et al., 2012: 628, f. 306a-g (f).

f khedaensis Reddy & Patel, 1993....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015531]
C. k. Reddy & Patel, 1993b: 54, f. 6-11 (Df).

mf madagascariensis Emerit, 1997....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015532]
C. m. Emerit, 1997: 47, f. 4-5 (Dmf).

f mucronatus Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015533]
C. m. Simon, 1895a: 922 (Df).

mf nipponicus Yaginuma, 1963....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015534]
C. n. Yaginuma, 1963c: 9, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
C. n. Yaginuma, 1986a: 122, f. 64.7 (mf).
C. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 85, f. 69 (mf).
C. n. Yin et al., 1990: 55, f. 140-141 (f).
C. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 217, f. 135a-g (mf).
C. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 262, f. 154O-P, X, 155H (mf).
C. n. Namkung, 2002: 292, f. 19.53a-b (mf).
C. n. Kim & Kim, 2002: 195, f. 28, 106, 205-206 (mf).
C. n. Namkung, 2003: 294, f. 19.53a-b (mf).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 42, f. 1, 420-422 (mf).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 422, f. 8, 11-12 (mf).
C. n. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 210, f. 148A-D (mf).
C. n. Yin et al., 2012: 629, f. 307a-f (mf).

f orientalis Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015535]
C. frontalis o. Simon, 1909e: 119 (Df).
C. o. Levi, 1964a: 214, f. 21-26 (f, elevated from subspecies).

f pateli Reddy & Patel, 1993....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015536]
C. p. Reddy & Patel, 1993b: 53, f. 1-5 (Df).

f rajanpurensis Mukhtar & Tahir, 2013....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045866]
C. r. Mukhtar & Tahir, 2013: 434, f. 1a-e (Df).

f shimenensis Yin & Peng, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015537]
C. s. Yin & Peng, in Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994: 107, f. 14-17 (Df).
C. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 218, f. 132a-d (f; N.B.: not f. 136)
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 154Q-R, 155I (f).
C. s. Yin et al., 2012: 631, f. 308a-g (mf).

f stoliczkae O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015538]
Chorizoopes s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 52 (Df).

f tikaderi Sadana & Kaur, 1974....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015539]
C. t. Sadana & Kaur, 1974a: 162, f. 1-3 (Df).

f trimamillatus Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015540]
C. t. Schenkel, 1963: 181, f. 104a-h (Df).
C. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 219, f. 137a-g (f).
C. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 154S, 155J-K (f).

mf tumens Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015541]
C. t. Yin et al., 1990: 56, f. 142-147 (Dmf).
C. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 220, f. 138a-f (mf).
C. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 154T-U, 155A-B, L (mf).

f wulingensis Yin, Wang & Xie, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015542]
C. khanjanes Yin et al., 1990: 55, f. 137-139 (f, misidentified).
C. w. Yin, Wang & Xie, 1994: 5, f. 9-15 (Df).
C. w. Yin et al., 1997d: 221, f. 139a-g (f).
C. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 154V-W, 155M (f).
C. w. Yin et al., 2012: 632, f. 309a-g (f).

m zepherus Zhu & Song, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015543]
C. z. Zhu & Song, in Zhu et al., 1994: 34, f. 9A-C (Dm; N.B.: spelled zephenus in species heading, zopherus in figure legend, as above in English abstract).
C. z. Yin et al., 1997d: 222, f. 140a-c (m).
C. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 155C, N (m).

Gen. Cladomelea Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01457]

Transferred to other genera:
C. mundhva Tikader, 1963 -- see Ordgarius.

mf akermani Hewitt, 1923....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015544]
C. a. Hewitt, 1923: 63, f. 4-5 (Df).
C. a. Leroy, Jocqué, & Leroy, 1998: 1, f. 1-7 (f, Dm).
C. a. Levi, 2003: 378, f. 434-444 (mf).

f debeeri Roff & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2004....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040012]
C. d. Roff & Dippenaar-Schoeman, 2004: 3, f. 1-5 (Df).

f longipes (O. P.-Cambridge, 1877) *....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015545]
Cyrtarachne l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1877b: 559, pl. 56, f. 1 (Df).
C. l. Simon, 1895a: 883, f. 949-950 (f).

f ornata Hirst, 1907....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015546]
C. o. Hirst, 1907b: 36, f. 4 (Df).

Gen. Cnodalia Thorell, 1890 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01458]

mf ampliabdominis (Song, Zhang & Zhu, 2006)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042158]
Pronoides a. Song, Zhang & Zhu, 2006: 675, f. 113.1-4 (Df).
C. a. Zhang, Zhang & Zhu, 2010: 66 (Tf from Pronoides).
C. a. Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011b: 6, f. 1-10 (f, Dm).

mf flavescens Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043280]
C. f. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010a: 62, f. 9-16 (Dmf).

mf harpax Thorell, 1890 *....................Sumatra, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015547]
C. h. Thorell, 1890a: 116 (Df).
C. h. Tanikawa, 2006b: 21, f. 1-8 (f).
C. h. Tanikawa, 2007b: 72, f. 1-4 (Dm).
C. h. Tanikawa, 2007c: 89, f. 278, 743-745 (f).
C. h. Tanikawa, 2009: 463, f. 335-337 (mf).

mf quadrituberculata Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043279]
C. q. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010a: 60, f. 1-8 (Dmf).

Gen. Coelossia Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01459]

f aciculata Simon, 1895 *....................Sierra Leone [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015548]
C. a. Simon, 1895a: 888 (Df).

f trituberculata Simon, 1903....................Mauritius, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015549]
C. t. Simon, 1903b: 139 (Df).

Gen. Colaranea Court & Forster, 1988 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01460]

C. Court & Forster, 1988: 76, type Araneus viriditas (Urquhart, 1886).

In synonymy:
C. discolora (Urquhart, 1887, T from Araneus) = C. viriditas (Urquhart, 1887) (Court & Forster, 1988: 77).
C. flavomaculata (Urquhart, 1890, T from Araneus) = C. viriditas (Urquhart, 1887) (Court & Forster, 1988: 77).
C. galbana (Urquhart, 1891, T from Araneus) = C. viriditas (Urquhart, 1887) (Court & Forster, 1988: 77).
C. viriditas hastata (Urquhart, 1887, T from Araneus) = C. verutum (Urquhart, 1887) (Court & Forster, 1988: 78).
C. viriditas lineola (Urquhart, 1887, T from Araneus) = C. verutum (Urquhart, 1887) (Court & Forster, 1988: 78).
C. viriditas veruina (Urquhart, 1887, T from Araneus) = C. verutum (Urquhart, 1887) (Court & Forster, 1988: 78).

mf brunnea Court & Forster, 1988....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015550]
C. b. Court & Forster, 1988: 81, f. 350, 430-434 (Dmf).

mf melanoviridis Court & Forster, 1988....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015551]
C. m. Court & Forster, 1988: 81, f. 349, 429, 435-436 (Dmf).

mf verutum (Urquhart, 1887)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015552]
Epeira v. Urquhart, 1887: 87, 89 (Dmf).
Epeira v. veruina Urquhart, 1887: 88 (Df).
Epeira v. hastatum Urquhart, 1887: 89, pl. 8, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira v. lineola Urquhart, 1887: 89 (Dm).
Araneus verutus Bryant, 1935c: 61, pl. 9, f. 10-11 (f).
Aranea viriditas hastata Roewer, 1942a: 835.
Aranea viriditas lineola Roewer, 1942a: 835.
Aranea viriditas veruina Roewer, 1942a: 835.
C. v. Court & Forster, 1988: 78, f. 348, 417-426 (removed mf from S of C. viriditas, S).

mf viriditas (Urquhart, 1887) *....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015553]
Epeira v. Urquhart, 1887: 85 (Df).
Epeira discolora Urquhart, 1887: 86 (Dmf).
Epeira flavomaculata Urquhart, 1890c: 239 (Df).
Epeira galbana Urquhart, 1891a: 163 (Df).
Araneus v. Dalmas, 1917a: 387, f. 54 (f).
C. v. Court & Forster, 1988: 77, f. 347, 401-410 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
C. v. Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 48, f. 25.1-3 (mf).

Gen. Collina Urquhart, 1891 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01461]

f glabicira Urquhart, 1891 *....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015554]
C. g. Urquhart, 1891b: 247, f. 4 (Df; omitted by Bonnet).

Gen. Colphepeira Archer, 1941 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01462]

C. Archer, 1941b: 12, type Araneus catawba (Banks, 1911); transferred here from the Theridiosomatidae by Levi, 1978a: 420.

mf catawba (Banks, 1911) *....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015555]
Epeira c. Banks, 1911: 450, pl. 34, f. 4 (Df).
C. c. Archer, 1941b: 13, pl. I, f. 3-4, pl. II, f. 1-3 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).
C. c. Archer, 1953: 22, f. 32-34 (mf).
C. c. Levi, 1978a: 422, f. 1-15 (mf).
C. c. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 57 (m).
C. c. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 69-70, 316 (mf).

Gen. Cryptaranea Court & Forster, 1988 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01463]

C. Court & Forster, 1988: 82, type Araneus invisibilis (Urquhart, 1891).

In synonymy:
C. mundania (Urquhart, 1893, T from Araneus) = C. venustula (Urquhart, 1891) (Sirvid & Vink, 2000: 49, sub C. munda).
C. mundania inversa (Urquhart, 1893, T from Araneus) = C. venustula (Urquhart, 1891) (Sirvid & Vink, 2000: 49, sub C. munda).
C. nigrohastula (Urquhart, 1891, T from Araneus) = C. atrihastula (Urquhart, 1891) (Court & Forster, 1988: 90).

mf albolineata (Urquhart, 1893)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015556]
Epeira albo-lineata Urquhart, 1893a: 178 (Df).
C. a. Court & Forster, 1988: 87, f. 358, 458-469 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

mf atrihastula (Urquhart, 1891)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015557]
Epeira atri-hastula Urquhart, 1891a: 162, pl. 21, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira nigro-hastula Urquhart, 1891a: 159, pl. 21, f. 13 (Dmf).
C. a. Court & Forster, 1988: 90, f. 357, 483-489 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).

mf invisibilis (Urquhart, 1892) *....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015558]
Epeira i. Urquhart, 1892b: 239 (Dmf).
C. i. Court & Forster, 1988: 83, f. 360, 437, 439-445 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf stewartensis Court & Forster, 1988....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015559]
C. s. Court & Forster, 1988: 89, f. 355, 478-482 (Dmf).

mf subalpina Court & Forster, 1988....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015560]
C. s. Court & Forster, 1988: 89, f. 354, 472-477 (Dmf).

mf subcompta (Urquhart, 1887)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015561]
Epeira sub-compta Urquhart, 1887: 83, pl. 7, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira peronginia Urquhart, 1894: 215 (Df).
C. s. Court & Forster, 1988: 94, f. 356, 492-497 (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

mf venustula (Urquhart, 1891)....................New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015562]
Epeira v. Urquhart, 1891a: 165, pl. 21, f. 12 (Df, primary junior homonym of E. v. Keyserling, 1880).
Epeira munda Urquhart, 1893a: 177 (Df; preoccupied by C. L. Koch, 1836).
Epeira munda inversa Urquhart, 1893a: 178 (Df).
Araneus venustulus Dalmas, 1917a: 386, f. 53 (f).
Aranea mundania Roewer, 1942a: 830 (replacement name).
Aranea mundania inversa Roewer, 1942a: 830.
C. v. Court & Forster, 1988: 85, f. 362, 446-457, 471 (removed f from S of Araneus viriditas, Dm).
C. v. Sirvid & Vink, 2000: 49 (S).

Gen. Cyclosa Menge, 1866 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01464]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Parazygia Caporiacco, 1955, type P. accentonotata Caporiacco, 1955 [=C. caroli (Hentz, 1850)] by Levi, 1977a: 73.

Transferred to other genera:
C. bicauda Saito, 1933 -- see Cyrtophora.
C. bifurca (McCook, 1887) -- see Allocyclosa.
C. bifurcata Paik, 1942 -- see Cyrtophora.
C. furcata O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 -- see Allocyclosa.
C. minuscula Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
C. moraballii (Hingston, 1932) -- see Parawixia.
C. oliverioi Soares & Camargo, 1948 -- see Alpaida.
C. paranensis Mello-Leitão, 1937 -- see Opas under Tetragnathidae.
C. rainbowi Roewer, 1955 -- see Cyrtophora.
C. silvestris (Bryant, 1942) -- see Metazygia.
C. spinosa Saito, 1933 -- see Arachnura.
C. tuberculata (Hingston, 1932) -- see Parawixia.
C. v-notata Petrunkevitch, 1925 -- see Faiditus under Theridiidae.

In synonymy:
C. accentonotata (Caporiacco, 1955) = C. tapetifaciens Hingston, 1932 (Levi, 1999: 338, contra Levi, 1977a: 83).
C. brevis Bryant, 1940 = C. diversa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894) (Levi, 1999: 369).
C. clara O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 = C. triquetra Simon, 1895 (Levi, 1999: 352).
C. conica canadensis Blackwall, 1846 = C. conica (Pallas, 1772) (Levi, 1977a: 78).
C. cuadrituberosa Franganillo, 1936 = C. walckenaeri (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1999: 360, after Levi, 1977a: 85).
C. culta O. P.-Cambridge, 1893 = C. turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1977a: 80).
C. elongata Franganillo, 1930 = C. caroli (Hentz, 1850) (Franganillo, 1936c: 83).
C. filiobliqua Hingston, 1932 = C. tapetifaciens Hingston, 1932 (Levi, 1999: 338).
C. filisinuosa Hingston, 1932 = C. fililineata Hingston, 1932 (Levi, 1999: 330).
C. fissicauda Simon, 1889 = C. quinqueguttata (Thorell, 1881) (Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 55).
C. fusiformis (Taczanowski, 1878) = C. bifurcata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1999: 365).
C. globulifaciens Hingston, 1932 = C. bifurcata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1999: 365).
C. glomosa (Walckenaer, 1841) = C. turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841) (McCook, 1888a: 79, omitted by Roewer).
C. hybophora (Thorell, 1887) = C. quinqueguttata (Thorell, 1881) (Roberts, 1983: 261).
C. index O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 = C. turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1977a: 80).
C. kiangsica Schenkel, 1963 = C. argenteoalba Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 (Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263).
C. lacerta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 = C. caroli (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1977a: 82).
C. longispina (Saito, 1933, T from Argyrodes) = C. mulmeinensis (Thorell, 1887) (Yaginuma, 1963d: 21).
C. moesta (Blackwall, 1865) = C. insulana (Costa, 1834) (Berland, 1936: 87, omitted by Roewer).
C. nanna Ivie & Barrows, 1935 = C. turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1977a: 80).
C. quavansea Roberts, 1983 = C. camelodes (Thorell, 1878) (Saaristo, 2010: 34).
C. scelesta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894, removed from S of C. diversa) = C. bifurcata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1999: 365).
C. strandjae Drensky, 1915 = C. conica (Pallas, 1772) (Deltshev & Blagoev, 2001: 110).
C. sumaqkay Archer, 1971 = C. tapetifaciens Hingston, 1932 (Levi, 1999: 338).
C. trifida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 = C. walckenaeri (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1977a: 84).
C. tuberculifera O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 = C. turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1999: 356, after Levi, 1977a: 80).
C. vanbruyseli (Becker, 1879, T from Singa) = C. turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1972a: 231).
C. velata Chrysanthus, 1961 = C. albopunctata Kulczyn'ski, 1901 (Chrysanthus, 1971: 25).

Nomina dubia:
C. convexisterna Caporiacco, 1947a: 25, 1948a: 656, f. 63 (j, Guyana) -- Levi, 1999: 310 (as juvenile of Mecynometa).
C. tremula Hingston, 1932: 370 (m, Guyana) -- Levi, 1999: 338.
C. tricauda Saito, 1933b: 53, pl. 3, f. 38 (f, Taiwan) -- Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 51 (but see Lee, 1966: 52, f. 17c-d, f, Taiwan).
C. tricolorata Brignoli, 1983c: 266 (replacement name for C. tricolor Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 202, f, Brazil, preoccupied by Leardi, 1902) -- Levi, 1999: 299.

Homonyms replaced:
C. tricolor Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see C. tricolorata.
C. trituberculata Berland, 1913 -- see C. berlandi.

f alayoni Levi, 1999....................Cuba, Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015563]
C. a. Levi, 1999: 374, f. 421-424 (Df).

mf alba Tanikawa, 1992....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015564]
C. a. Tanikawa, 1992b: 62, f. 198-201 (Df).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 120, 541 (f).
C. a. Tanikawa, Ikeda & Yoshio, 2008: 68, f. 2-4 (Dm).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 122 (f).

mf albisternis Simon, 1888....................India, Andaman Is., Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015565]
C. a. Simon, 1888a: 285 (Dmf).
C. a. Tanikawa, 1992b: 32, f. 56-60 (mf).

mf albopunctata Kulczyn'ski, 1901....................Africa, New Guinea, New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015566]
C. a. Kulczyn'ski, 1901a: 27, pl. 2, f. 23-24 (Dm).
Cyclosa velata Chrysanthus, 1961b: 201, f. 28, 30-33 (Dmf).
C. a. Chrysanthus, 1971: 25, f. 123-125 (m, S).
C. vellata Bigot, 1992: 116, f. 1c-e (mf).

mf algerica Simon, 1885....................Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015567]
C. a. Simon, 1885f: 21 (Df).
C. a. Simon, 1929: 711, 768, f. 1109-1111 (f, Dm).
C. a. Levi, 1977a: 79, f. 34-37 (mf).

mf andinas Levi, 1999....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015568]
C. a. Levi, 1999: 331, f. 108-116 (Dmf).

mf angusta Tanikawa, 1992....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015569]
C. a. Tanikawa, 1992b: 26, f. 35-38 (Df).
C. a. Tanikawa, 1997a: 29, f. 1-6 (Dm).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 58, f. 94, 499-500 (mf).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 435, f. 81-82 (mf).

f argentata Tanikawa & Ono, 1993....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015570]
C. a. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 59, f. 10-12 (Df).
C. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 228, f. 141a-c (f).
C. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 155O-P, 160C (f).

mf argenteoalba Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015571]
C. a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 202, pl. 4, f. 38, pl. 15, f. 419 (Df).
C. kiangsica Schenkel, 1963: 139, f. 81 (Df).
C. kiangsica Yin, 1978: 7, f. 18A-D (f).
C. kiangsica Song, 1980: 110, f. 55a-d (f).
C. kingsica Wang, 1981: 101, f. 42A-C (f, lapsus).
C. a. Hu, 1984: 106, f. 102.1 (f).
C. kiangsica Hu, 1984: 107, f. 102.2 (f).
C. kiangsica Guo, 1985: 61, f. 2-16.1-2 (f).
C. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 121, f. 64.2 (mf).
C. a. Song, 1987: 168, f. 128 (mf).
C. a. Chikuni, 1989b: 86, f. 73 (mf).
C. a. Feng, 1990: 70, f. 45.1-3 (mf).
C. argenteoalbe Chen & Gao, 1990: 54, f. 62a-c (mf).
C. a. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 92, f. 83.1-4 (mf).
C. kiangsica Chen & Zhang, 1991: 99, f. 91.1-4 (f).
C. a. Tanikawa, 1992b: 65, f. 211-221 (mf).
C. a. Zhao, 1993: 236, f. 109a-b (mf).
C. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 256, f. 167a-i (mf).
C. a. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1711, f. 11a-d (mf).
C. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 155Q-R, 158I, 160H (mf, S).
C. a. Namkung, 2002: 299, f. 19.60a-b (mf).
C. a. Kim & Kim, 2002: 196, f. 29, 107, 207-208 (mf).
C. a. Kim & Cho, 2002: 256, f. 619-624 (f).
C. a. Namkung, 2003: 301, f. 19.60a-b (mf).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 64, f. 121-124, 542-544 (mf).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 123-125 (mf).
C. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 212, f. 149A-F (mf).
C. a. Yin et al., 2012: 636, f. 310a-i (mf).

mf atrata Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015572]
C. a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 204, pl. 4, f. 28, pl. 15, f. 417 (Df).
C. a. Strand, 1918: 95, pl. 2, f. 17 (f).
C. a. Saito, 1934b: 318, pl. 14, f. 21 (f).
C. a. Matsuyama, 1957: 9, f. 1-15 (mf).
C. a. Saito, 1959: 97, f. 109a-e (f).
C. a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 121, f. 64.3 (mf).
C. a. Feng, 1990: 71, f. 46.1-3 (f).
C. otrata Chen & Gao, 1990: 58, f. 69a-b (f).
C. a. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 95, f. 87.1-3 (f).
C. a. Tanikawa, 1992b: 45, f. 109-118 (mf).
C. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 228, f. 142a-g (mf).
C. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 155S-T (f).
C. a. Namkung, 2002: 301, f. 19.62a-b (mf).
C. a. Kim & Kim, 2002: 196, f. 108, 209-210 (mf).
C. a. Kim & Cho, 2002: 256, f. 625-630 (f).
C. a. Namkung, 2003: 303, f. 19.62a-b (mf).
C. a. Lee et al., 2004: 99, unnumbered f. (f).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 60, f. 110, 518-521 (mf).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 100-103 (mf).
C. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 213, f. 150A-D (m).
C. a. Yin et al., 2012: 638, f. 311a-g (mf).

f baakea Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015573]
C. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 605, f. 380a-f (Df).

f bacilliformis Simon, 1908....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015574]
C. b. Simon, 1908d: 423 (Df).

f baloghi Kolosváry, 1934....................Hungary [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015575]
C. b. Kolosváry, 1934b: 12, f. 2 (Df).
C. b. Kolosváry, 1938e: 14, f. d-e (f).

f banawensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015576]
C. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 592, f. 369a-h (Df).

mf berlandi Levi, 1999....................USA, Hispaniola to Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015577]
C. trituberculata Berland, 1913b: 91, pl. 9, f. 36-41 (Dmf).
C. b. Levi, 1999: 358, f. 322-332 (replacement name for C. trituberculata Berland, preoccupied in this genus by Lucas, 1846)

mf bianchoria Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015578]
C. ginnaga Chen & Gao, 1990: 55, f. 63b (mf, misidentified).
C. b. Yin et al., 1990: 59, f. 148-155 (Dmf).
C. b. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 872, f. 37A-B (f).
C. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 229, f. 143a-i (mf).
C. b. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1712, f. 12a-b (m).
C. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 155U, 158J, 160I (mf).
C. b. Yin et al., 2012: 640, f. 312a-i (mf).

mf bifida (Doleschall, 1859)....................India to Philippines, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015579]
Epeira b. Doleschall, 1859: 38, pl. 2, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira macrura Thorell, 1877b: 402 (Df).
C. b. Simon, 1895a: 779, f. 852.
Epeira b. Workman, 1896: 33, pl. 33 (f, Dm).
C. macrura Strand, 1911d: 149.
C. b. Tikader, 1966b: 14, f. 31-34 (f).
C. b. Chrysanthus, 1971: 21, f. 34-36 (f).
C. b. Tikader, 1982a: 185, f. 351-355 (f).
C. b. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 608, f. 381a-g (f).
C. b. Keswani, 2013: 62, f. 1A-H (f).

mf bifurcata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Costa Rica, Hispaniola to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015580]
Epeira b. Walckenaer, 1841: 145 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Keyserling, 1864: 142, pl. 6, f. 22-23 (f).
Epeira fusiformis Taczanowski, 1878b: 173, pl. 2, f. 22 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Keyserling, 1892: 97, pl. 5, f. 72 (f).
Turckheimia scelesta O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 268, pl. 39, f. 10 (Df).
Cyrtophora fusiformis Banks, 1898b: 256.
C. fusiformis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 497.
C. globulifaciens Hingston, 1932: 369 (Df).
C. b. Levi, 1999: 365, f. 26, 368-377 (mf, S).
C. b. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 84-85 (f).

m bihamata Zhang, Zhang & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043932]
C. b. Zhang, Zhang & Zhu, 2010b: 698, f. 2a-c (Dm).

f bilobata Sen, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2012....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046437]
C. b. Sen, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2012: 10, f. 1-9 (Df).

f bituberculata Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015581]
C. b. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998a: 46, f. 1-6 (Df).

f bulleri (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015582]
Epeira b. Thorell, 1881: 119 (Df).
C. b. Simon, 1895a: 780.

f cajamarca Levi, 1999....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015583]
C. c. Levi, 1999: 344, f. 232-235 (Df).

f caligata (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015584]
Epeira c. Thorell, 1890a: 176 (Df).
C. c. Roewer, 1942a: 756.

f camargoi Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015585]
C. c. Levi, 1999: 343, f. 212-217 (Df).

mf camelodes (Thorell, 1878)....................Seychelles, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015586]
Epeira c. Thorell, 1878b: 78 (Df).
C. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 479 (Dm).
C. c. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 201, f. 16-18, 81 (f).
C. c. Chrysanthus, 1971: 22, f. 37-39, 116 (m).
C. quavansea Roberts, 1983: 258, f. 139-154 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015693].
C. c. Tanikawa, 1992b: 51, f. 143-145 (f).
C. c. Saaristo, 2010: 34, f. 4.10-12 (mf, S).

mf caroli (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, West Indies to Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015587]
Epeira c. Hentz, 1850: 24, pl. 3, f. 15 (Df).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1864: 137, pl. 6, f. 17-19 (f).
C. lacerta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 50 (Dm).
Epeira lacerta Keyserling, 1893: 275, pl. 14, f. 204 (m).
Epeira c. McCook, 1894: 277, pl. 17, f. 7-8 (f, Dm).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1893: 272, pl. 14, f. 202 (mf).
C. c. Simon, 1897d: 873.
C. lacerta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 491, pl. 47, f. 3 (m).
C. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 494, pl. 47, f. 4 (f).
C. c. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 316, f. 190-191 (f).
C. elongata Franganillo, 1930: 24 (D; N.B.: omitted by Roewer and Brignoli).
C. c. Franganillo, 1936c: 83 (S).
C. c. Bryant, 1940: 336, f. 114 (f).
C. c. Levi, 1977a: 82, f. 51-63 (mf, S).
C. c. Levi, 1999: 336, f. 162-180 (mf).

f centrifaciens Hingston, 1927....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015588]
C. c. Hingston, 1927: 290 (Df).

f centrodes (Thorell, 1887)....................India to Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015589]
Epeira porcula Hasselt, 1882: 22, pl. 4, f. 6 (f, misidentified).
Epeira c. Thorell, 1887: 209 (Df).
Epeira c. Workman, 1896: 35, pl. 35 (f).
Araneus c. Simon, 1899a: 91.
C. c. Tikader, 1977a: 179 (Tf from Araneus).

m cephalodina Song & Liu, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015590]
C. c. Song & Liu, in Song et al., 1996: 105, f. 1A-E (Dm).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 158K-L, 160K (m).

f chichawatniensis Mukhtar & Mushtaq, 2005....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040013]
C. c. Mukhtar & Mushtaq, 2005b: 201, f. 1a-f (Df).

f circumlucens Simon, 1907....................Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015591]
C. c. Simon, 1907d: 286 (Df).

f concolor Caporiacco, 1933....................Libya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015592]
C. c. Caporiacco, 1933: 324, f. 6 (Df).

mf confraga (Thorell, 1892)....................India, Bangladesh to Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015593]
Epeira c. Thorell, 1892a: 239 (Df).
Epeira c. Workman, 1896: 34, pl. 34 (f).
C. c. Simon, 1909e: 104.
C. c. Dyal, 1935: 191, pl. 11, f. 9, pl. 16, f. 117-119 (f, Dm).
C. c. Tikader, 1982a: 193, f. 372-376 (f).
C. c. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998a: 46, f. 27-33 (f).
C. c. Gajbe, 2007: 519, f. 287-291 (f).
C. c. Keswani, 2013: 64, f. 2A-F (f).

mf confusa Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015594]
C. c. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 209, pl. 15, f. 418 (Dm).
C. insulana Chikuni, 1989b: 84, f. 68 (m, misidentified).
C. c. Tanikawa, 1992b: 34, f. 65-80 (m, Df).
C. c. Kim & Kim, 1996: 45, f. 1-5 (f).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 236, f. 149a-k (mf).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156A-B, 158M-N, 160L (mf).
C. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 60, f. 99-107, 507-510 (mf).
C. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 435, f. 89-92 (mf).
C. c. Yin et al., 2012: 641, f. 313a-k (mf).

mf conica (Pallas, 1772) *....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015595]
Aranea c. Pallas, 1772: 48, pl. 1, f. 16 (Df).
Aranea triquetra Sulzer, 1776: 254, pl. 30, f. 2 (Df).
Aranea c. De Geer, 1778: 231, pl. 13, f. 16-20 (f).
Aranea c. Olivier, 1789: 203 (D).
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1802: 202.
Epeira c. Dufour, 1824: 207, pl. 10, f. 3 (Dm).
Epeira c. Hahn, 1834: 45, f. 130 (mf).
Singa c. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 6.
Singa c. C. L. Koch, 1844: 145, f. 943-945 (mf).
Epeira canadensis Blackwall, 1846a: 81 (Df).
Epeira c. Blackwall, 1864a: 362, pl. 27, f. 261 (mf).
C. c. Menge, 1866: 74, pl. 12, f. 18 (mf).
Cyrtophora c. Thorell, 1870a: 18.
C. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881a: 246, pl. 4, f. 6 (mf).
Cyrtophora c. Hansen, 1882: 22, pl. 1, f. 37 (mf).
C. c. Emerton, 1884: 321, pl. 34, f. 3, pl. 38, f. 11 (mf).
C. c. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 127, pl. 4, f. 42 (mf).
C. c. Keyserling, 1893: 276, pl. 14, f. 205 (mf).
C. c. Becker, 1896: 7, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
C. c. Bösenberg, 1901: 41, pl. 3, f. 29 (mf).
C. c. Emerton, 1902: 183, f. 428-429 (mf).
C. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 493, pl. 46, f. 19-20 (mf).
C. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1907: 574, pl. 21, f. 12-13 (f).
C. strandjae Drensky, 1915: 143, 174, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dj, see Dimitrov, 1999: 23, f. 1).
C. c. Simon, 1929: 710, 767, f. 1106-1108 (mf).
C. c. canadensis Simon, 1929: 768.
C. c. Reimoser, 1930b: 14, f. 4 (mf).
C. c. Wiehle, 1931: 18, f. 8, 17-21 (mf).
C. c. Drensky, 1943: 225, f. 5 (mf).
C. c. Kaston, 1948: 236, f. 711-713 (m).
C. c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 166, f. 111A-D (mf).
C. c. Zamaraev, 1964: 352, f. 18 (f).
C. c. Azheganova, 1968: 82, f. 165, 173, 188 (mf).
C. c. Miller, 1971: 202, pl. XXXVII, f. 17-18 (mf).
C. c. Loksa, 1972: 109, f. 99A-B (mf).
C. c. Palmgren, 1974a: 7, f. 2d-g (mf).
C. c. Punda, 1975b: 40, f. 64, 66-67 (f).
C. c. Levi, 1977a: 78, f. 1-19 (mf, S).
C. c. Roberts, 1985: 222, f. 100b (mf).
C. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 182 (mf).
C. c. Roberts, 1995: 336, f. (mf).
C. c. Mcheidze, 1997: 255, f. 554-557 (mf).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 258, f. 169a-e (mf).
C. c. Roberts, 1998: 349, f. (mf).
C. c. Levi, 1999: 320, f. 42-48 (mf).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156C, 158O, 160M (mf).
C. c. Deltshev & Blagoev, 2001: 110 (S).
C. c. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 78, 81, 83 (f).
C. c. Bayram & Ünal, 2002: 173, f. 1A-E (f).
C. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 46, f. 305-307 (mf).
C. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 162, f. 336-346 (mf).
C. c. Trotta, 2005: 149, f. 29 (f).
C. c. Almquist, 2005: 158, f. 166a-i (mf).
C. c. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 174, f. 15D-F (m).
C. c. Marusik, 2009h: 14, f. 6-7 (m).
C. c. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 846, f. 133C, 134D, 140B (mf).

f conica albifoliata Strand, 1907....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015596]
C. c. a. Strand, 1907e: 233 (Df).
C. c. rubricauda Simon, 1929: 710, 768 (Df).

f conica defoliata Strand, 1907....................Central Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015597]
C. c. d. Strand, 1907e: 233 (Df).
C. c. triangulifera Simon, 1929: 710, 768 (Df).

f conica dimidiata Simon, 1929....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015598]
C. c. d. Simon, 1929: 711, 768 (Df).

f conica leucomelas Strand, 1907....................Central Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015599]
C. c. l. Strand, 1907e: 232 (Df).

f conica pyrenaica Strand, 1907....................France [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015600]
C. c. p. Strand, 1907e: 233 (Df).

f conica zamezai Franganillo, 1909....................Portugal [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015601]
C. c. z. Franganillo, 1909: 186 (Df).
C. c. z. Franganillo, 1910: 9, f. 3-4 (f).

f conigera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015602]
C. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 494, pl. 47, f. 5 (Df).
C. c. Levi, 1999: 322, f. 57-61 (f, removed from S of C. caroli, contra Levi, 1977a: 83).

f coylei Levi, 1999....................Mexico, Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015603]
C. c. Levi, 1999: 324, f. 62-66 (Df).

mf cucurbitoria (Yin et al., 1990)....................China, Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015604]
Eustala c. Yin et al., 1990: 65, f. 163-168 (Df).
C. c. Yin & Gong, 1996: 74, f. 9-11 (Tf from Eustala, Dm).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 231, f. 144a-h (mf).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156D-E, 158P-Q, 160N (mf).
C. c. Yin et al., 2012: 643, f. 314a-h (mf).
C. c. Chotwong & Tanikawa, 2013: 3, f. 4-5, 11-13 (mf).

f cucurbitula Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015605]
C. c. Simon, 1900a: 482 (Df).

f curiraba Levi, 1999....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015606]
C. c. Levi, 1999: 346, f. 240-243 (Df).

f cylindrata Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015607]
C. c. Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995: 11, f. 1-3 (Df).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 232, f. 145a-c (f).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156F-G, 160O (f).

f cylindrifaciens Hingston, 1927....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015608]
C. c. Hingston, 1927: 291 (Df).

f damingensis Xie, Yin & Kim, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015609]
C. d. Xie, Yin & Kim, 1995: 23, f. 1-5 (Df).
C. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 259, f. 170a-e (f).
C. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156H-I, 160P (f).
C. d. Yin et al., 2012: 645, f. 315a-e (f).

mf deserticola Levy, 1998....................Egypt, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015610]
C. d. Levy, 1998a: 320, f. 33-46 (Dmf).

mf dianasilvae Levi, 1999....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015611]
C. d. Levi, 1999: 343, f. 223-231 (Dmf).

mf diversa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1894)....................Mexico, Cuba to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015612]
Turckheimia d. O. P.-Cambridge, 1894a: 136, pl. 16, f. 11 (Df).
C. d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 496, pl. 47, f. 10 (f).
C. brevis Bryant, 1940: 335, f. 110 (Dm).
C. d. Alayón, 1993d: 4, f. 2A-D (f).
C. d. Levi, 1999: 369, f. 391-412 (f, Sm).

mf dives Simon, 1877....................China, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015613]
C. d. Simon, 1877b: 71 (Dm).
C. d. Tanikawa, 1992b: 32, f. 63-64 (m).
C. d. Zhu et al., 1994: 35, f. 10A-H (m, Df).
C. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 237, f. 150a-h (mf).
C. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156J-K, 158R, 160Q (mf).

f donking Levi, 1999....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015614]
C. d. Levi, 1999: 341, f. 195-198 (Df).

f dosbukolea Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015615]
C. d. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 601, f. 377a-i (Df).

f durango Levi, 1999....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015616]
C. d. Levi, 1999: 325, f. 71-76 (Df).

f elongata Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015617]
C. e. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998a: 49, f. 7-13 (Df).

m espumoso Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015618]
C. e. Levi, 1999: 355, f. 298-303 (Dm).

mf fililineata Hingston, 1932....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015619]
C. sericaria Simon, 1895a: 782 (nomen nudum)
C. f. Hingston, 1932: 371 (Df).
C. filisinuosa Hingston, 1932: 372 (Dm).
C. f. Levi, 1999: 330, f. 36-37, 96-107 (f, Sm).

f formosa Karsch, 1879....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015620]
C. f. Karsch, 1879e: 835 (Df).
Salassina f. Pocock, 1898g: 513.

f formosana Tanikawa & Ono, 1993....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015621]
C. f. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 57, f. 6-9 (Df).
C. f. Yin et al., 1997d: 238, f. 151a-d (f).
C. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156L-M, 160R (f).

mf fuliginata (L. Koch, 1872)....................New South Wales, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015622]
Epeira fuliginata L. Koch, 1872a: 106, pl. 8, f. 7 (Df).
C. f. Dondale, 1966: 1162, f. 3G-J (Tf from Araneus, Dm).

mf ginnaga Yaginuma, 1959....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015623]
C. g. Yaginuma, 1959b: 12, f. 8-13 (Df).
C. g. Yaginuma, 1960: 67, f. 63 (f).
C. g. Lee, 1966: 52, f. 17g-i (f).
C. g. Yaginuma, 1971: 67, f. 63 (f).
C. g. Hu, 1984: 107, f. 103.1-2 (f).
C. g. Yaginuma, 1986a: 121, f. 64.1 (f).
C. g. Zhang & Zhu, 1987: 33, f. 1A-B (Dm).
C. g. Zhang, 1987: 77, f. 60.1-4 (mf).
C. g. Chen & Gao, 1990: 55, f. 63a (mf, not f. 63b).
C. g. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 97, f. 90.1-3 (f).
C. g. Tanikawa, 1992b: 71, f. 232-246 (mf).
C. g. Yin et al., 1997d: 233, f. 146a-c (f).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156N-O, 160S (f).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 200, f. 120A-C (f).
C. g. Kim & Kim, 2002: 197, f. 30, 211-212 (f).
C. g. Tanikawa, 2007c: 64, f. 125-128, 549-551 (mf).
C. g. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 129-131 (mf).
C. g. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 214, f. 151A-C (f).

f gossypiata Keswani, 2013....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045983]
C. g. Keswani, 2013: 70, f. 5A-G (Df).

mf groppalii Pesarini, 1998....................Balearic Is., Crete [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015624]
C. g. Pesarini, in Groppali, Guerci & Pesarini, 1998: 71, f. 2b, 3, 5 (Dm).
C. g. Bosmans et al., 2013: 11, f. 42-45 (Df).

f gulinensis Xie, Yin & Kim, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015625]
C. g. Xie, Yin & Kim, 1995: 24, f. 6-12 (Df).
C. g. Yin et al., 1997d: 244, f. 156a-g (f).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156P-Q, 161A (f).
C. g. Yin et al., 2012: 646, f. 316a-g (f).

f haiti Levi, 1999....................Hispaniola, Jamaica, Mona Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015626]
C. h. Levi, 1999: 365, f. 363-367 (Df).

mf hamulata Tanikawa, 1992....................Russia, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015627]
C. atrata Chikuni, 1989b: 86, f. 76 (mf, misidentified).
C. h. Tanikawa, 1992b: 47, f. 119-129 (Dmf).
C. h. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 111, 522-525 (mf).
C. h. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 104-107 (mf).

mf hexatuberculata Tikader, 1982....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015628]
C. h. Tikader, 1982a: 197, f. 382-387 (Dmf).

m hova Strand, 1907....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015629]
C. h. Strand, 1907d: 730 (Dm).
C. h. Strand, 1907o: 47 (Dm).

mf huila Levi, 1999....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015630]
C. h. Levi, 1999: 336, f. 154-161 (Dmf).

f imias Levi, 1999....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015631]
C. i. Levi, 1999: 322, f. 49-52 (Df).

mf inca Levi, 1999....................Colombia to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015632]
C. i. Levi, 1999: 326, f. 86-95 (Dmf).

mf informis Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015633]
C. i. Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995: 12, f. 4-11 (Dmf).
C. i. Yin et al., 1997d: 239, f. 152a-h (mf).
C. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156R-S, 158S, 161B (mf).

mf insulana (Costa, 1834)....................Mediterranean to Philippines, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015634]
Epeira i. Costa, 1834: 65 (Df).
Epeira anseripes Walckenaer, 1841: 146 (Df).
Epeira trituberculata Lucas, 1846: 248, pl. 15, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira moesta Blackwall, 1865a: 94 (Dm).
Singa trituberculata Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 790.
Cyrtophora argentea Ausserer, 1871b: 821, pl. 5, f. 8 (Dj).
C. trituberculata Simon, 1874a: 43.
Cyrtophora melanura Simon, 1877b: 72, pl. 3, f. 9 (Df).
C. propinqua Simon, 1882b: 230 (Dmf).
C. i. Thorell, 1892b: 232.
Cyrtophora interalbicans Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 42, pl. 2, f. 23 (Df).
Epeira i. Workman, 1896: 36, pl. 36 (mf).
C. i. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 205, pl. 4, f. 22, pl. 11, f. 243-244, pl. 15, f. 396 (Dmf).
C. i. Strand, 1918: 95, pl. 2, f. 6-7 (f).
C. i. Berland, 1936: 87 (S).
C. i. Roewer, 1938: 37, f. 25 (f).
C. i. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 306, f. 23-25 (f).
C. i. Saito, 1959: 99, f. 113a-d (f).
C. i. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 199, f. 19-27, 80 (mf).
C. i. Tikader, 1966b: 14, f. 35-38 (f).
C. i. Levi, 1977a: 74, f. 24-29 (mf).
C. i. Locket, 1980: 123, f. 29-31 (f).
C. i. Tikader, 1982a: 201, f. 394-398 (f).
C. i. Yaginuma, 1986a: 121, f. 64.6 (mf).
C. i. Tanikawa, 1992b: 32, f. 61-62 (m).
C. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 598, f. 374a-f, 375a-g (mf).
C. i. Groppali, Guerci & Pesarini, 1998: 73, f. 2, 4, 6 (m).
C. i. Saaristo, 2010: 36, f. 4.13-16 (mf).

f ipilea Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015635]
C. i. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 591, f. 368a-g (Df).

f jalapa Levi, 1999....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015636]
C. j. Levi, 1999: 322, f. 53-56 (Df).

mf japonica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015637]
C. j. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 211, f. 2 (Df).
C. j. Saito, 1939: 12, f. 2(5) (f).
C. j. Yaginuma, 1958f: 71, f. 3-4 (f).
C. j. Saito, 1959: 98, f. 112a-d (f).
C. j. Yaginuma, 1960: 67, f. 63 (f).
C. j. Paik, 1962: 75, f. 3 (f).
C. insulana Lee, 1966: 51, f. 16i-j (f, misidentified).
C. j. Yaginuma, 1971: 67, f. 63 (f).
C. insulana Hu, 1984: 107, f. 104.1-2 (f, misidentified).
C. j. Yaginuma, 1986a: 119, f. 63.5 (mf).
C. j. Chikuni, 1989b: 86, f. 74 (mf).
C. insulana Chen & Gao, 1990: 55, f. 64a, c (mf, misidentified, not f. 64b).
C. j. Chen & Gao, 1990: 56, f. 65a-b (mf).
C. insulana Chen & Zhang, 1991: 96, f. 88.1-2 (f, misidentified).
C. j. Tanikawa, 1992b: 38, f. 81-96 (mf).
C. j. Yin et al., 1997d: 241, f. 153a-l (mf).
C. j. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 264, f. 156T-U, 159A-B, 161C (mf).
C. j. Namkung, 2002: 298, f. 19.59a-c (mf).
C. j. Kim & Kim, 2002: 198, f. 31, 109-110, 213-214 (mf).
C. j. Kim & Cho, 2002: 265, f. 631-636 (f).
C. j. Namkung, 2003: 300, f. 19.59a-c (mf).
C. j. Shin, 2007: 146, f. 5 (m).
C. j. Tanikawa, 2007c: 60, f. 108, 511-514 (mf).
C. j. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 93-96 (mf).
C. j. Yin et al., 2012: 647, f. 317a-l (mf).

mf jose Levi, 1999....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015638]
C. j. Levi, 1999: 368, f. 378-386 (Dmf).

f kashmirica Caporiacco, 1934....................Karakorum [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015639]
C. k. Caporiacco, 1934a: 152 (Df).

mf kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910....................Central, East Africa, Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015640]
C. k. Tullgren, 1910: 158, pl. 4, f. 98 (Dmf).
C. k. Saaristo, 2010: 36, f. 4.17-19 (mf).

f koi Tanikawa & Ono, 1993....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015641]
C. k. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 62, f. 22-25 (Df).
C. k. Yin et al., 1997d: 260, f. 171a-d (f).
C. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 156V-W, 161D (f).

m krusa Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Pakistan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015642]
C. k. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 596, f. 373a-h (Dm).

mf kumadai Tanikawa, 1992....................Russia, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015643]
C. ginnaga Chikuni, 1989b: 86, f. 75 (mf, misidentified).
C. k. Tanikawa, 1992b: 74, f. 247-256 (Dmf).
C. k. Namkung, 2002: 300, f. 19.61a-c (mf).
C. k. Namkung, 2003: 302, f. 19.61a-c (mf).
C. k. Tanikawa, 2007c: 64, f. 129, 552-554 (mf).
C. k. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 132-134 (mf).

mf laticauda Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015644]
C. l. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 209, pl. 15, f. 414 (Df).
C. l. Saito 1939: 12, f. 2.6 (Dm).
C. l. Saito, 1959: 98, f. 110a-b (m).
C. l. Namkung, 1964: 38, f. 28 (f).
C. l. Lee, 1966: 52, f. 17e-f (m).
C. l. Hu, 1984: 108, f. 105.1-3 (mf).
C. l. Yaginuma, 1986a: 119, f. 63.3 (mf).
C. l. Chikuni, 1989b: 87, f. 77 (f only; m=C. monticola).
C. l. Tanikawa, 1992b: 20, f. 12-21 (mf).
C. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 245, f. 157a-g (mf).
C. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 156X-Y, 159C, 161E (mf).
C. l. Namkung, 2002: 296, f. 19.57a-c (mf).
C. l. Kim & Kim, 2002: 199, f. 32, 111, 215-216 (mf).
C. l. Kim & Cho, 2002: 265, f. 637-642 (m).
C. l. Namkung, 2003: 298, f. 19.57a-c (mf).
C. l. Tanikawa, 2007c: 58, f. 92, 495-496 (mf).
C. l. Tanikawa, 2009: 434, f. 77-78 (mf).

f lawrencei Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015645]
C. l. Caporiacco, 1949a: 409, f. 52 (Df).

f libertad Levi, 1999....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015646]
C. l. Levi, 1999: 344, f. 236-239 (Df).

mf litoralis (L. Koch, 1867)....................Samoa, Fiji, Tahiti [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015647]
Epeira l. L. Koch, 1867b: 180 (Dm).
Epeira l. L. Koch, 1872a: 117, pl. 9, f. 5 (m).
Epeira strangulata L. Koch, 1872a: 118, pl. 9, f. 6 (Df).
C. strangulata Simon, 1885a: 37.
C. l. Berland, 1929b: 62.

mf longicauda (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Colombia to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015648]
Singa l. Taczanowski, 1878b: 145 (Df).
Araneus longicaudus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 300.
C. l. Levi, 1999: 332, f. 117-126 (Tf from Singa, Dm).

mf machadinho Levi, 1999....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015649]
C. m. Levi, 1999: 351, f. 265-274 (Dmf).

mf maderiana Kulczyn'ski, 1899....................Madeira, Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015650]
C. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1899: 390, pl. 7, f. 67-68, 71-73 (Df).
C. m. Wunderlich, 1987a: 134, f. 360-361 (Dm).

mf maritima Tanikawa, 1992....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015651]
C. camelodes Shinkai, 1977: 328, f. 13-14 (mf, misidentified).
C. camelodes Yaginuma, 1986a: 120, f. 63.6 (mf, misidentified).
C. m. Tanikawa, 1992b: 50, f. 131-142 (Dmf).
C. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 112, 526-528 (mf).
C. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 108-110 (mf).

f mavaca Levi, 1999....................Colombia, Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015652]
C. m. Levi, 1999: 342, f. 208-211 (Df).

m meruensis Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015653]
C. m. Tullgren, 1910: 158, pl. 4, f. 97 (Dm).

f micula (Thorell, 1892)....................India, Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015654]
Epeira m. Thorell, 1892a: 245 (Df).
Epeira m. Workman, 1896: 40, pl. 40 (f).
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 203, f. 37-38 (f).

m minora Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015655]
C. m. Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995: 13, f. 12-16 (Dm).
C. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 261, f. 172a-e (m).
C. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 159D-E, 161F (m).

f mocoa Levi, 1999....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015656]
C. m. Levi, 1999: 324, f. 67-70 (Df).

f mohini Dyal, 1935....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015657]
C. m. Dyal, 1935: 192 (Df).

mf monteverde Levi, 1999....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015658]
C. m. Levi, 1999: 355, f. 304-313 (Dmf).

mf monticola Bösenberg & Strand, 1906....................Russia, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015659]
C. m. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 210, pl. 15, f. 413 (Df).
C. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 119, f. 63.4 (f).
C. laticauda Zhang, 1987: 78, f. 61.1-2 (f, misidentified).
C. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 87, f. 78 (f).
C. laticauda Chikuni, 1989b: 87, f. 77 (misidentified, m only).
C. laticauda Chen & Gao, 1990: 56, f. 66a-c (mf, misidentified).
C. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 57, f. 67 (f).
C. laticauda Feng, 1990: 73, f. 48.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
C. laticauda Chen & Zhang, 1991: 97, f. 89.1-3 (mf, misidentified).
C. m. Tanikawa, 1992b: 24, f. 23-34 (f, Dm).
C. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 246, f. 158a-j (mf).
C. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157A, 159F-G, 161G (mf).
C. m. Namkung, 2002: 295, f. 19.56a-c (mf).
C. m. Kim & Kim, 2002: 199, f. 112-113, 217 (mf).
C. m. Namkung, 2003: 297, f. 19.56a-c (mf).
C. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 58, f. 93, 497-498 (mf).
C. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 435, f. 79-80 (mf).
C. m. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 215, f. 152A-F (mf).
C. m. Yin et al., 2012: 649, f. 318a-j (mf).

mf moonduensis Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015660]
C. m. Tikader, 1963b: 46, f. 5a-b (Df).
C. m. Patel, 1975b: 165, f. 3d (f).
C. m. Tikader, 1982a: 191, f. 376-371 (f).
C. m. Gajbe, 2007: 517, f. 283-286 (f).
C. m. Keswani, 2013: 66, f. 3A-H, 4A-G (f, Dm).

mf morretes Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015661]
C. m. Levi, 1999: 350, f. 256-264 (Dmf).

mf mulmeinensis (Thorell, 1887)....................Africa to Japan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015662]
Epeira m. Thorell, 1887: 221 (Df).
Epeira m. Thorell, 1895: 192 (Dm).
Epeira m. Workman, 1896: 37, pl. 37 (mf).
C. m. Simon, 1909e: 104.
Argyrodes longispinus Saito, 1933b: 45, pl. 3, f. 26 (Df).
Argyrodes longispinus Saito, 1959: 69, f. 62a-e (f).
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 203, f. 34-36 (f).
C. m. Yaginuma, 1963d: 21, f. 1 (f, S).
C. m. Lee, 1966: 49, f. 16c-e (f).
C. m. Yaginuma, 1967b: 95, f. 2u (f).
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1971: 23, f. 120-122 (m).
C. m. Tikader, 1982a: 187, f. 356-360 (f).
C. m. Yaginuma, 1986a: 121, f. 64.5 (f).
C. m. Chikuni, 1989b: 85, f. 71 (f).
C. m. Tanikawa, 1990b: 5, f. 16-32 (mf, S).
C. m. Koh, 1991: 176, f. 9-12 (f).
C. m. Tanikawa, 1992b: 54, f. 149-165 (mf).
C. m. Okuma et al., 1993: 27, f. 23A-B (f).
C. m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 370a-g, 371a-e (f).
C. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 253, f. 164a-j (mf).
C. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157B-C, 159H (mf).
C. m. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 113-115, 531-534 (mf).
C. m. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 112-115 (mf).
C. m. Yin et al., 2012: 651, f. 319a-i (mf).

mf neilensis Tikader, 1977....................Andaman Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015663]
C. n. Tikader, 1977a: 179, f. 11A-D (Dmf).
C. n. Tikader, 1982a: 199, f. 388-393 (mf).

mf nevada Levi, 1999....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015664]
C. n. Levi, 1999: 333, f. 34-35, 127-137 (Dmf).

mf nigra Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015665]
C. n. Yin et al., 1990: 62, f. 156-162 (Dmf).
C. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 234, f. 147a-g (mf).
C. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157D-E, 159I, 161J (mf).
C. n. Yin et al., 2012: 653, f. 320a-g (mf).

f nodosa (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015666]
Turckheimia n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 47, pl. 4, f. 11 (Dj).
C. n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 496, pl. 47, f. 11 (Df).
C. n. Levi, 1999: 374, f. 425-429 (f).

mf norihisai Tanikawa, 1992....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015667]
C. n. Tanikawa, 1992b: 41, f. 99-107 (Dmf).
C. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 242, f. 154a-f (f).
C. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157F-H, 160I (f).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 60, f. 109, 515-517 (mf).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 97-99 (mf).
C. n. Yin et al., 2012: 654, f. 321a-f (f).

mf oatesi (Thorell, 1892)....................Andaman Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015668]
Epeira oatesii Thorell, 1892b: 228 (Dmf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 1992b: 62, f. 202-210 (mf).

mf octotuberculata Karsch, 1879....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015669]
C. o. Karsch, 1879g: 74, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dm).
C. o. Simon, 1895a: 779, f. 850.
C. o. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 208, pl. 15, f. 412 (m, Df).
C. o. Saito, 1939: 12, f. 2(7) (f).
C. ocutotuberculata Nakatsudi, 1942a: 306, f. 26 (f).
C. o. Saito, 1959: 98, f. 111a-b (f).
C. o. Lee, 1966: 51, f. 17a-b (f).
C. o. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 44, f. 25.1-2 (mf).
C. octotubenculata Hu, 1984: 109, f. 106.1-3 (f).
C. o. Yaginuma, 1986a: 119, f. 63.1 (mf).
C. o. Chikuni, 1989b: 84, f. 67 (mf).
C. o. Feng, 1990: 74, f. 49.1-5 (mf).
C. o. Chen & Gao, 1990: 57, f. 68a-c (mf).
C. o. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 94, f. 85.1-3, 86 (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 1992b: 16, f. 1-10 (mf).
C. o. Yin et al., 1997d: 247, f. 159a-h (mf).
C. o. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1713, f. 13a-c (m).
C. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157I-J, 159J, M, 161J (mf).
C. o. Namkung, 2002: 294, f. 19.55a-b (mf).
C. o. Kim & Kim, 2002: 200, f. 33, 114-115, 218-219 (mf).
C. o. Kim & Cho, 2002: 266, f. 643-648 (f).
C. o. Namkung, 2003: 296, f. 19.55a-b (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 56, f. 90-91, 493-494 (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 433, f. 75-76 (mf).
C. o. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 216, f. 152A-E (mf).
C. o. Yin et al., 2012: 655, f. 322a-h (mf).

mf oculata (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015670]
Aranea o. Walckenaer, 1802: 428 (Df).
Epeira o. Walckenaer, 1805: 64.
Epeira o. Walckenaer, 1841: 144 (Dm).
Cyrtophora o. Simon, 1864: 262.
Singa o. L. Koch, 1870: 4.
Singa tuberculata Reinhard, 1874: 217.
C. o. Simon, 1874a: 41.
C. o. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 128, pl. 4, f. 43 (mf).
C. o. Becker, 1896: 10, pl. 1, f. 3 (mf).
Cyrtophora o. Bösenberg, 1901: 41, pl. 3, f. 30 (mf).
C. o. Wiehle, 1931: 20, f. 22-25 (mf).
C. o. Schenkel, 1936b: 123, f. 43 (j).
C. o. Drensky, 1943: 224, f. 4 (mf).
C. o. Zamaraev, 1964: 353, f. 19-20 (f).
C. o. Azheganova, 1968: 84, f. 166, 189-190 (mf).
C. o. Miller, 1971: 202, pl. XXXVII, f. 19-20 (f).
C. o. Loksa, 1972: 109, f. 99C-D (mf).
C. o. Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 32-35 (mf).
C. o. Levi, 1977a: 64, f. 21-23 (mf).
C. o. Hu & Wu, 1989: 100, f. 76.1-3 (f).
C. o. Izmailova, 1989: 62, f. 44 (m).
C. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 183 (mf).
C. o. Roberts, 1995: 337, f. (mf).
C. o. Mcheidze, 1997: 254, f. 549-551 (mf).
C. o. Yin et al., 1997d: 249, f. 160a-e (f).
C. o. Roberts, 1998: 349, f. (mf).
C. o. Groppali, Guerci & Pesarini, 1998: 73, f. 1, 3, 7 (m).
C. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157K-L, 161K (f).
C. o. Zschokke & Bolzern, 2007: 11, f. 2-3 (mf).

f ojeda Levi, 1999....................Curaçao [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015671]
C. o. Levi, 1999: 372, f. 413-416 (Df).

mf okumae Tanikawa, 1992....................Russia, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015672]
C. o. Tanikawa, 1992b: 68, f. 222-230 (Dmf).
C. o. Kim & Yoo, 1996: 30, f. 1-6 (f).
C. o. Kim & Kim, 2002: 201, f. 34, 220-221 (f).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 64, f. 545-548 (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 126-128 (mf).

f olivenca Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015673]
C. o. Levi, 1999: 354, f. 294-297 (Df).

f olorina Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015674]
C. o. Simon, 1900a: 481, pl. 16, f. 5 (Df).

mf omonaga Tanikawa, 1992....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015675]
C. insulana Chikuni, 1989b: 84, f. 68 (f, misidentified).
C. insulana Chen & Gao, 1990: 55, f. 64b (mf, misidentified, not f. 64a, c).
C. japonica Feng, 1990: 72, f. 47.1-4 (mf, misidentified).
C. o. Tanikawa, 1992b: 30, f. 44-55 (Dmf).
C. o. Kim, 1995a: 80, f. 1-6 (f).
C. o. Yin et al., 1997d: 243, f. 155a-k (mf).
C. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157M, 159K-L, 161L (mf).
C. o. Namkung, 2002: 297, f. 19.58a-c (mf).
C. o. Kim & Kim, 2002: 201, f. 35-36, 116-117, 222-224 (mf).
C. o. Namkung, 2003: 299, f. 19.58a-c (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 58, f. 96-98, 503-506 (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 435, f. 85-88 (mf).
C. o. Yin et al., 2012: 657, f. 323a-k (mf).

mf onoi Tanikawa, 1992....................China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015676]
C. o. Tanikawa, 1992b: 28, f. 39-42 (Df).
C. o. Tanikawa, 1992d: 199, f. 1-6 (Dm).
C. o. Yin et al., 1997d: 249, f. 161a-k (mf).
C. o. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157N-P, 159N-O, 161M (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 58, f. 95, 501-502 (mf).
C. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 435, f. 83-84 (mf).
C. o. Yin et al., 2012: 659, f. 324a-k, 3-21a-c (mf).

f oseret Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015677]
C. o. Levi, 1999: 341, f. 199-203 (Df).

m otsomarka Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015678]
C. o. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 601, f. 376a-f (Dm).

mf pantanal Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015679]
C. p. Levi, 1999: 348, f. 248-255 (Dmf).

f parangmulmeinensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015680]
C. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 594, f. 372a-j (Df).

m parangtarugoa Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015681]
C. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 603, f. 378a-f (Dm).

f paupercula Simon, 1893....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015682]
C. p. Simon, 1893f: 322 (Df).

mf pedropalo Levi, 1999....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015683]
C. p. Levi, 1999: 334, f. 138-145 (Dmf).

f pellaxoides Roewer, 1955....................Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015684]
Epeira pellax Thorell, 1892a: 243 (Df; preoccupied by O. P.-Cambridge, 1885).
C. p. Roewer, 1955c: 757 (replacement name).

f pentatuberculata Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015685]
C. p. Yin, Zhu & Wang, 1995: 14, f. 17-23 (Df).
C. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 251, f. 152a-g (f).
C. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157Q-S, 161N (f).
C. p. Yin et al., 2012: 660, f. 325a-g (f).

f perkinsi Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015686]
C. p. Simon, 1900a: 479 (Df).

m picchu Levi, 1999....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015687]
C. p. Levi, 1999: 348, f. 244-247 (Dm).

mf pichilinque Levi, 1999....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015688]
C. p. Levi, 1999: 363, f. 344-353 (Dmf).

jj pseudoculata Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015689]
C. p. Schenkel, 1936b: 124, f. 44 (Dj).

f psylla (Thorell, 1887)....................Myanmar, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015690]
Epeira p. Thorell, 1887: 214 (Df).
Aranea p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 236, pl. 15, f. 402 (f).
C. p. Yaginuma, 1987b: 387 (Tf from Araneus).
C. p. Tanikawa, 1992b: 53, f. 146-148 (f).
C. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 529-530 (f).
C. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 437, f. 111 (f).

f punctata Keyserling, 1879....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015691]
C. p. Keyserling, 1879: 312, pl. 4, f. 14 (Df).
C. p. Keyserling, 1893: 271, pl. 14, f. 201 (f).
C. p. Levi, 1999: 376, f. 433-434 (f; N.B.: probably misplaced in this genus).

f punjabiensis Ghafoor & Beg, 2002....................Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040014]
C. p. Ghafoor & Beg, 2002a: 525, f. 1A-C (Df).

f purnai Keswani, 2013....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045984]
C. p. Keswani, 2013: 76, f. 8A-H (Df).

f pusilla Simon, 1880....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015692]
C. p. Simon, 1880i: 168 (Df).

mf quinqueguttata (Thorell, 1881)....................India, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015694]
Epeira quinque-guttata Thorell, 1881: 113 (Dm).
Epeira hybophora Thorell, 1887: 217 (Df).
C. fissicauda Simon, 1889i: 338 (Dj).
C. fissicauda Tikader, 1982a: 189, f. 361-366 (f).
C. q. Roberts, 1983: 261 (S).
C. q. Tanikawa, 1992b: 61, f. 190-197 (mf).
C. q. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 55, f. 2-5 (m, S).
C. q. Yin et al., 1997d: 254, f. 165a-f (mf).
C. q. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 271, f. 157T-U, 159P, 161O (mf).

mf reniformis Zhu, Lian & Chen, 2006....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040015]
C. r. Zhu, Lian & Chen, 2006: 16, f. 7-14 (Dmf).

m rhombocephala (Thorell, 1881)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015696]
Epeira r. Thorell, 1881: 98 (Dm).
C. r. Simon, 1895a: 780.

mf rubronigra Caporiacco, 1947....................Costa Rica to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015697]
C. r. Caporiacco, 1947a: 24 (Dm).
C. nigrorubra Caporiacco, 1948a: 655, f. 62 (m; lapsus).
C. r. Levi, 1999: 325, f. 77-85 (m, Df).

mf sachikoae Tanikawa, 1992....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015698]
C. s. Tanikawa, 1992b: 60, f. 182-189 (Dmf).
C. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 117-119, 539-540 (mf).
C. s. Tanikawa, Ikeda & Yoshio, 2008: 69, f. 5 (m).
C. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 120-121 (mf).

f saismarka Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Pakistan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015699]
C. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 605, f. 379a-h (Df).

mf sanctibenedicti (Vinson, 1863)....................Réunion [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015700]
Epeira sancti-benedicti Vinson, 1863: 204, 312, pl. 14, f. 3 (Df).
C. s. Lopez, 1990: 18, f. 7 (Dm).

mf santafe Levi, 1999....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015701]
C. s. Levi, 1999: 334, f. 146-153 (Dmf).

mf sedeculata Karsch, 1879....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015702]
C. s. Karsch, 1879g: 74, pl. 1, f. 9 (Dmf).
C. s. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 207, pl. 15, f. 416 (mf).
C. sediculata Saito, 1939: 13, f. 2(8) (f).
C. s. Yin, 1978: 7, f. 19A-C (f).
C. s. Song, 1980: 112, f. 56a-c (f).
Cyclasa s. Wang, 1981: 101, f. 43A-C (f).
C. s. Hu, 1984: 110, f. 107.1-3 (f).
C. s. Guo, 1985: 63, f. 2-18.1-3 (mf).
C. s. Zhu et al., 1985: 77, f. 64a-c (f).
C. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 119, f. 63.2 (mf).
C. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 85, f. 70 (mf).
C. s. Feng, 1990: 75, f. 50.1-4 (mf).
C. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 58, f. 70a-b (mf).
C. s. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 93, f. 84.1-3 (mf).
C. s. Tanikawa, 1992b: 77, f. 258-264 (mf).
C. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 262, f. 173a-f (mf).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 157V-W, 160A, 161P (mf).
C. s. Namkung, 2002: 293, f. 19.54a-b (mf).
C. s. Kim & Kim, 2002: 202, f. 37, 118, 225-226 (mf).
C. s. Kim & Cho, 2002: 266, f. 649-654 (mf).
C. s. Namkung, 2003: 295, f. 19.54a-b (mf).
C. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 64, f. 130-132, 555-556 (mf).
C. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 135-136 (mf).
C. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 217, f. 154A-D (mf).
C. s. Yin et al., 2012: 662, f. 326a-f (mf).

mf senticauda Zhu & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015703]
C. s. Zhu & Wang, in Zhu et al., 1994: 36, f. 11A-G (Dmf).
C. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 235, f. 148a-h (mf).
C. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 157X, 158A, 160B, 162A (mf).
C. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 218, f. 155A-E (mf).

mf serena Levi, 1999....................Chile, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015704]
C. s. Levi, 1999: 364, f. 354-362 (Dmf).

f seriata (Thorell, 1881)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015705]
Epeira s. Thorell, 1881: 121 (Df).
C. s. Roewer, 1942a: 757.

mf shinoharai Tanikawa & Ono, 1993....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015706]
C. s. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 60, f. 13-21 (Dmf).
C. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 263, f. 174a-i (mf).
C. shinohariai Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 158B-C, 160C-D, 162B (mf).

mf sierrae Simon, 1870....................Europe to Georgia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015707]
C. sierae Simon, 1870b: 305, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df, lapsus).
C. sierrae Simon, 1873a: 169, pl. 3, f. 3 (f).
Epeira incongrua O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 299 (Dmf).
C. s. Simon, 1874a: 40.
C. caudata L. Koch, 1876b: 287 (Dmf).
C. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1907: 574, pl. 21, f. 8-10 (mf).
C. s. Drensky, 1943: 225, f. 5 (f).
C. s. Brignoli, 1967f: 130, f. 1-5 (mf).
C. s. Levi, 1977a: 79, f. 30-33 (mf).
C. s. Levy, 1998a: 318, f. 24-32 (mf).
C. s. Marusik, 2009h: 14, f. 3, 5, 8 (m).
C. s. Lecigne, 2013: 187, f. 5D-E (m).

f simoni Tikader, 1982....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015708]
C. s. Tikader, 1982a: 203, f. 399-403 (Df).

f simplicicauda Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015709]
C. s. Simon, 1900a: 479, pl. 16, f. 4 (Df).

f simplicicauda rufescens Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015710]
C. s. r. Simon, 1900a: 480 (Df).

mf spirifera Simon, 1889....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015711]
C. s. Simon, 1889i: 337 (Dmf).
C. s. Tikader, 1982a: 195, f. 377-381 (f).
C. s. Gajbe, 2007: 520, f. 292-295 (f).
C. s. Keswani, 2013: 72, f. 6A-J, 7A-G (mf).

f strandi Kolosváry, 1934....................Balkans [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015712]
C. s. Kolosváry, 1934b: 12, f. 1 (Df).

f tamanaco Levi, 1999....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015714]
C. t. Levi, 1999: 374, f. 417-420 (Df).

mf tapetifaciens Hingston, 1932....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015715]
C. t. Hingston, 1932: 370 (Df).
C. filiobliqua Hingston, 1932: 371 (Dm).
Parazygia accentonotata Caporiacco, 1955: 345, f. 30a-b (Dm).
C. sumaqkay Archer, 1971: 159, f. 7 (Df).
C. t. Levi, 1999: 338, f. 23-25, 27-30, 181-194 (f, Sm).

f tardipes (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015716]
Epeira t. Thorell, 1895: 193 (Df).
C. t. Reimoser, 1927a: 47.

f tardipes ignava (Thorell, 1895)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015717]
Epeira t. i. Thorell, 1895: 193 (Df).

mf tauraai Berland, 1933....................Marquesas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015718]
C. t. Berland, 1933b: 67, f. 53-54 (Df).
C. t. Berland, 1935: 59, f. 47-48 (Dm).

m teresa Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015719]
C. t. Levi, 1999: 343, f. 218-222 (Dm).

f tricolor (Leardi, 1902)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015720]
Epeira (C.) t. Leardi, 1902b: 120 (Df).

mf trilobata (Urquhart, 1885)....................Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015721]
Arachnura t. Urquhart, 1885: 37, pl. 9, f. 1, pl. 10, f. 9, 11 (Dmf).
Epeira anseripes Keyserling, 1887a: 174, pl. 15, f. 1-2 (mf, misidentified).
C. t. Dalmas, 1917a: 377.
C. t. Hickman, 1967: 60, f. 106-107 (mf).
C. t. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 26 (mf).

f tripartita Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015722]
C. t. Tullgren, 1910: 159, pl. 4, f. 99 (Df).

mf triquetra Simon, 1895....................Mexico, West Indies to Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015723]
C. t. Simon, 1895a: 779, f. 851 (Df).
C. clara O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 248, pl. 31, f. 8 (Df).
C. clara F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 497, pl. 47, f. 13 (f).
C. t. Levi, 1999: 352, f. 275-283 (f, Dm, S).

f tropica Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015724]
C. t. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998a: 50, f. 14-19 (Df).

f tuberascens Simon, 1906....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015725]
C. t. Simon, 1906c: 310 (Df).

mf turbinata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................USA to Panama, West Indies, Galapagos Is., Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015726]
Epeira t. Walckenaer, 1841: 140 (Df).
Epeira glomosa Walckenaer, 1841: 143 (Df).
Epeira caudata Hentz, 1850: 23, pl. 3, f. 14 (Df).
Singa vanbruyssellii Becker, 1879a: 78, pl. 1, f. 4-6 (Dm).
Cyrtophora t. McCook, 1888a: 79 (S).
C. index O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 5, pl. 6, f. 6 (Df).
Singa van-bruysselii Keyserling, 1892: 288, pl. 15, f. 213 (m).
C. culta O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 112, pl. 14, f. 12 (Dm).
C. caudata Keyserling, 1893: 279, pl. 14, f. 206 (f, Dm).
C. t. McCook, 1894: 224, pl. 17, f. 5-6 (mf).
C. tuberculifera O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 269, pl. 36, f. 10 (Dm).
C. tuberculifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 493, pl. 47, f. 1 (m).
C. culta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 493, pl. 47, f. 2 (m).
C. index F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 496, pl. 47, f. 12 (f).
Araneus glomosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 294.
Araneus van bruysseli Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
C. nanna Ivie & Barrows, 1935: 18, pl. 7, f. 52-53 (Dmf).
Singa van-bruyselli Archer, 1941b: 17, pl. I, f. 5 (Df).
Singa vanbrusselli Kraus, 1955b: 26, f. 70-71 (m).
C. t. Levi, 1972a: 231 (S).
C. t. Levi, 1977a: 80, f. 20, 38-50 (mf, S).
C. t. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 61 (m).
C. t. Breene et al., 1993: 105, f. 159A-C (mf).
C. t. Levi, 1999: 356, f. 314-321 (mf, S).
C. t. Levi, 2002: 555, f. 264-265 (m).
C. t. Dondale et al., 2003: 164, f. 347-354 (mf).

f turvo Levi, 1999....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015727]
C. t. Levi, 1999: 342, f. 204-207 (Df).

mf vallata (Keyserling, 1886)....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015728]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1886a: 149, pl. 12, f. 5 (Df).
C. v. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 203, pl. 15, f. 411 (f, Dm).
C. v. Chrysanthus, 1971: 23, f. 40-41, 117-119 (mf).
C. v. Yaginuma, 1986a: 121, f. 64.4 (mf).
C. v. Chikuni, 1989b: 85, f. 72 (f).
C. v. Tanikawa, 1990b: 2, f. 1-15 (mf).
C. v. Tanikawa, 1992b: 57, f. 166-180 (mf).
C. v. Yin et al., 1997d: 255, f. 166a-i (mf).
C. v. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 158D-E, 160E-F, 162C (mf).
C. v. Namkung, 2002: 302, f. 19.63a-b (mf).
C. v. Kim & Kim, 2002: 202, f. 38, 119-120, 227-228 (mf).
C. v. Namkung, 2003: 304, f. 19.63a-b (mf).
C. v. Tanikawa, 2007c: 61, f. 116, 535-538 (mf).
C. v. Tanikawa, 2009: 439, f. 116-119 (mf).
C. v. Yin et al., 2012: 663, f. 327a-i (mf).

f vicente Levi, 1999....................Colombia, Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015729]
C. v. Levi, 1999: 369, f. 387-390 (Df).

mf vieirae Levi, 1999....................Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015730]
C. v. Levi, 1999: 354, f. 284-293 (Dmf).

mf walckenaeri (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to Guyana, West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015731]
Turckheimia walckenaerii O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 47, pl. 8, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira w. Keyserling, 1892: 98, pl. 5, f. 85 (f, Dm).
C. w. McCook, 1894: 226, pl. 17, f. 1-2 (mf).
C. trifida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 495, pl. 47, f. 7 (Df).
C. w. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 496, pl. 47, f. 9 (f).
C. w. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 315, f. 188-189 (f).
C. cuadrituberosa Franganillo, 1936c: 84 (Dj; N.B.: "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer, 1955c: 1454, sub C. quadrituberosa).
C. oculata Bryant, 1945a: 367 (S, rejected).
C. w. Levi, 1977a: 84, f. 64-77 (mf, removed from S, S).
C. w. Levi, 1999: 360, f. 38, 333-343 (mf, S).

m woyangchuan Zhang, Zhang & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043931]
C. w. Zhang, Zhang & Zhu, 2010b: 696, f. 1a-c (Dm).

f xanthomelas Simon, 1900....................Hawaii [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015732]
C. x. Simon, 1900a: 480, pl. 16, f. 3 (Df).

f yaginumai Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015733]
C. y. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 1998a: 51, f. 20-26 (Df).

f zhangmuensis Hu & Li, 1987....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015734]
C. z. Hu & Li, 1987b: 265, f. 12.1-5 (Df).
C. z. Yin et al., 1997d: 252, f. 163a-e (f).
C. z. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 158F-H (f).
C. z. Hu, 2001: 456, f. 298.1-3 (f).

Gen. Cyphalonotus Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01465]

j assuliformis Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015735]
C. a. Simon, 1909e: 117 (Dj).

f benoiti Archer, 1965....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015736]
C. b. Archer, 1965a: 80, f. 1-2 (Df).

f columnifer Simon, 1903....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015737]
C. c. Simon, 1903b: 140 (Df).

f elongatus Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015738]
C. e. Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994: 106, f. 10-13 (Df).
C. e. Yin et al., 1997d: 266, f. 177a-d (f).
C. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 162D-F (f).
C. e. Yin et al., 2012: 665, f. 328a-d (f).

mf larvatus (Simon, 1881) *....................Congo, East Africa, Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015739]
Poltys larvata Simon, 1881e: 5 (Df).
C. l. Simon, 1895a: 889, 893, f. 954 (f).
C. l. Pavesi, 1897b: 166 (Dm).
C. l. Tullgren, 1910: 172, pl. 4, f. 126 (mf).
C. l. Lessert, 1930: 665, f. 35 (f).
C. l. Archer, 1951b: 28, f. 2 (m).
C. l. Archer, 1965a: 82, f. 3-4 (mf).

f sumatranus Simon, 1899....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015740]
C. s. Simon, 1899a: 96 (Df).

Gen. Cyrtarachne Thorell, 1868 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01466]

Transferred to other genera:
C. setosa Keyserling, 1886 -- see Poecilopachys.
C. simplex (Karsch, 1878) -- see Demadiana.

In synonymy:
C. induta Yaginuma, 1960 = C. yunoharuensis Strand, 1918 (Tanikawa, 2001c: 87).
C. nigra Yaginuma, 1960 = C. nagasakiensis Strand, 1918 (Tanikawa, 2001c: 88).

mf akirai Tanikawa, 2013....................China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046730]
C. inaequalis Yaginuma, 1986a: 109, f. 58.1 (m, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Chikuni, 1989b: 82, f. 57 (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Yin et al., 1997d: 272, f. 182a-e (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 162O, 163A, K (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Namkung, 2002: 285, f. 19.46a-b (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Kim & Kim, 2002: 204, f. 40, 122, 231 (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Namkung, 2003: 287, f. 19.46a-b (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Tanikawa, 2007c: 48, f. 40-41, 455-456 (mf, misidentified).
C. inaequalis Tanikawa, 2009: 427, f. 43-44 (mf, misidentified).
C. a. Tanikawa, 2013b: 97, f. 3-4, 9-10, 13 (Dmf).

f avimerdaria Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015741]
C. a. Tikader, 1963a: 269, f. 1a-c (Df).
C. a. Tikader, 1982a: 154, f. 289-292 (f).

f bengalensis Tikader, 1961....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015742]
C. b. Tikader, 1961a: 550, f. 3a-c (Df).
C. b. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 28, f. 37-38 (f).
C. b. Tikader, 1982a: 141, f. 262-265 (f).

f bicolor Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015743]
C. b. Thorell, 1898: 369 (Df).

f bigibbosa Simon, 1907....................São Tomé, Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015744]
C. b. Simon, 1907d: 303 (Df).

f bilunulata Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015745]
C. b. Thorell, 1899: 62 (Df).

f biswamoyi Tikader, 1961....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015746]
C. b. Tikader, 1961a: 554, f. 5a-c (Df).
C. b. Tikader, 1982a: 140, f. 258-261 (f).

mf bufo (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015747]
Poecilopachys b. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 241, pl. 3, f. 12, pl. 11, f. 219 (Df).
C. b. Yaginuma, 1958d: 265, f. C (Tf from Poecilopachys).
C. b. Namkung & Kim, 1985: 23, f. 1 (f).
C. b. Yaginuma, 1986a: 109, f. 58.2 (m).
C. b. Chikuni, 1989b: 82, f. 56 (mf).
C. b. Feng, 1990: 76, f. 51.1-4 (f).
C. b. Chen & Gao, 1990: 59, f. 71 (f).
C. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 268, f. 178a-d (f).
C. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 162G-H, 163G (f).
C. b. Namkung, 2002: 286, f. 19.47a-b (mf).
C. b. Kim & Kim, 2002: 203, f. 39, 121, 229-230 (mf).
C. b. Namkung, 2003: 288, f. 19.47a-b (mf).
C. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 48, f. 38-39, 453-454 (mf).
C. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 427, f. 41-42 (mf).
C. b. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 220, f. 156A-C (f).
C. b. Yin et al., 2012: 667, f. 329a-d (f).

f cingulata Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015748]
C. c. Thorell, 1895: 202 (Df).
C. c. Pocock, 1900a: 229, f. 75 (f).

f conica O. P.-Cambridge, 1901....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015749]
C. c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901: 13, pl. 5, f. 1 (Df).

m dimidiata Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015750]
C. d. Thorell, 1895: 204 (Dm).

f fangchengensis Yin & Zhao, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015751]
C. f. Yin & Zhao, 1994: 1, f. 1-5 (Df).
C. f. Yin et al., 1997d: 269, f. 179a-e (f).
C. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 162I-J, 163H (f).

mf finniganae Lessert, 1936....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015752]
C. finnigani Lessert, 1936: 249, f. 43-45 (Dmf).

f flavopicta Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015753]
C. f. Thorell, 1899: 61 (Df).

f friederici Strand, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015754]
C. friedericii Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
C. f. Strand, 1915d: 236, pl. 18, f. 85 (f).
C. f. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 209, f. 60-62, 79 (f).

f gibbifera Simon, 1899....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015755]
C. g. Simon, 1899a: 92 (Df).

f gilva Yin & Zhao, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015756]
C. gilvus Yin & Zhao, 1994: 3, f. 6-10 (Df).
C. gilvus Yin et al., 1997d: 270, f. 180a-f (f).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 272, f. 162K-L, 163I (f).

f gravelyi Tikader, 1961....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015757]
C. g. Tikader, 1961a: 553, f. 4a-c (Df).
C. g. Tikader, 1982a: 147, f. 274-276 (f).

f grubei (Keyserling, 1864) *....................Mauritius [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015758]
Cyrtogaster grubii Keyserling, 1864: 81, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
C. g. Thorell, 1868b: 10.
C. g. Emerit, 2000: 150, f. 6-7 (f).

j guttigera Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015759]
C. g. Simon, 1909e: 114 (Dj).

j heminaria Simon, 1909....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015760]
C. h. Simon, 1909e: 114 (Dj).

f histrionica Thorell, 1898....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015761]
C. h. Thorell, 1898: 370 (Df).

f hubeiensis Yin & Zhao, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015762]
C. h. Yin & Zhao, 1994: 3, f. 11-16 (Df).
C. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 271, f. 181a-f (f).
C. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 162M-N, 163J (f).

j ignava Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015763]
C. i. Thorell, 1895: 203 (Dj).

mf inaequalis Thorell, 1895....................India, China, Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015764]
C. i. Thorell, 1895: 201 (Df).
C. i. Tikader, 1961a: 548, f. 1a-c (f).
C. inaquolis Yin, 1978: 8, f. 20A-C (f).
C. i. Song, 1980: 113, f. 57a-c (f).
C. inequalis Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 29, f. 39-40 (f).
C. inequalis Tikader, 1982a: 143, f. 266-269 (f).
C. i. Hu, 1984: 113, f. 111.1-3 (f).
C. i. Feng, 1990: 77, f. 52.1-7 (mf).
C. i. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 220, f. 157A-D (mf, misidentified).
C. i. Yin et al., 2012: 669, f. 330a-e (mf, misidentified).
C. i. Tanikawa, 2013b: 96, f. 2, 7-8 (f).

f invenusta Thorell, 1891....................Nicobar Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015766]
C. i. Thorell, 1891: 55 (Df).

mf ixoides (Simon, 1870)....................Mediterranean to Georgia, Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015767]
Peltosoma i. Simon, 1870b: 315 (Df).
Peltosoma tuberculiferum Simon, 1870b: 316 (Dmf).
Peltosoma i. Simon, 1873a: 170, pl. 3, f. 8.
Peltosoma tuberculiferum Simon, 1873a: 170, pl. 3, f. 6-7 (m).
Peniza europaea Ausserer, 1871b: 818, pl. 5, f. 4-7 (Df).
C. tuberculiferum Berland, 1926: 177, f. 4-5 (f, Dm).
C. tuberculiferum Berland, 1927b: 10, f. 1 (mf).
C. i. Simon, 1929: 714, 771.
C. ixodoides Brignoli, 1967f: 134, f. 6 (f).
C. ixodoides Emerit, 1977: 24, f. 1-2 (Dm).
C. ixodoides Levy, 1998a: 314, f. 1-11 (mf).
C. ixodoides Emerit, 2000: 148, f. 3-5 (f).
C. i. Danisman et al., 2009: 134, f. 1-2 (f).

mf jucunda Tanikawa, 2013....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046731]
C. j. Tanikawa, 2013b: 98, f. 5-6, 11-12, 14 (Dmf).

f keralensis Jose, 2011....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044212]
C. k. Jose, 2011: 322, f. 1a-g (Df).

f lactea Pocock, 1898....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015768]
C. l. Pocock, 1898e: 446, pl. 13, f. 8 (Df).

f laevis Thorell, 1877....................Sumatra, Flores, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015769]
C. l. Thorell, 1877b: 361 (Df).

f latifrons Hogg, 1900....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015770]
C. l. Hogg, 1900: 102, pl. 15, f. 3 (Df).

f latifrons atuberculata Hogg, 1900....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015771]
C. l. a. Hogg, 1900: 102, pl. 15, f. 4 (Df).

f lepida Thorell, 1890....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015772]
C. l. Thorell, 1890a: 80 (Df).

f madagascariensis Emerit, 2000....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037058]
C. m. Emerit, 2000: 147, f. 1-2 (Df).

f melanoleuca Ono, 1995....................Thailand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015773]
C. m. Ono, 1995c: 160, f. 4-6, 24 (Df).

f melanosticta Thorell, 1895....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015774]
C. m. Thorell, 1895: 206 (Df).

m menghaiensis Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015775]
C. m. Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994: 108, f. 18-21 (Dm).
C. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 273, f. 184a-d (m).
C. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 163B-C, M (m).

mf nagasakiensis Strand, 1918....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015776]
C. n. Strand, 1918: 81, pl. 1, f. 15-17 (Df).
C. niger Yaginuma, 1960: append. 5, pl. 26, f. 151, f. 101K (Df).
C. n. Jo, 1981: 77, f. 1-7 (mf).
C. bengalensis Hu & Li, 1987b: 267, f. 13.1-4 (f, misidentified).
C. n. Chikuni, 1989b: 82, f. 59 (f).
C. n. Feng, 1990: 79, f. 54.1-3 (f).
C. n. Chen & Gao, 1990: 60, f. 72a-b (mf).
C. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 274, f. 185a-e (mf).
C. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 162R-S, 163D, N (mf).
C. n. Hu, 2001: 457, f. 299.1-3 (f).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2001c: 88, f. 3-4 (S).
C. n. Namkung, 2002: 287, f. 19.48a-b (mf).
C. n. Kim & Kim, 2002: 205, f. 41, 123, 232-233 (mf).
C. n. Namkung, 2003: 289, f. 19.48a-b (mf).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2007c: 49, f. 42-47, 457-458 (mf).
C. n. Tanikawa, 2009: 428, f. 45-46 (mf).
C. n. Yin et al., 2012: 670, f. 331a-e (mf).

f nodosa Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon, Bioko, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015778]
C. n. Thorell, 1899: 62 (Df).

j pallida O. P.-Cambridge, 1885....................Yarkand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015779]
C. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1885b: 55 (Dj).

f perspicillata (Doleschall, 1859)....................Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Java, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015780]
Epeira p. Doleschall, 1859: 41, pl. 9, f. 9 (Df).
C. p. Hasselt, 1882: 16, pl. 1, f. 4-5 (f).

f perspicillata possoica Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015781]
C. p. p. Merian, 1911: 242 (Df).

f promilai Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015782]
C. p. Tikader, 1963a: 274, f. 4j-l (Df).
C. p. Tikader, 1982a: 149, f. 277-280 (f).

f raniceps Pocock, 1900....................India, Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015783]
C. r. Pocock, 1900a: 229 (Df).
C. r. Tikader, 1961a: 550, f. 2a-c (f, removed from S of C. perspicillata per Roewer).
C. r. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 29, f. 41-42 (f).
C. r. Tikader, 1982a: 145, f. 270-273 (f).

f rubicunda L. Koch, 1871....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015784]
C. r. L. Koch, 1871: 18 (Df).

f schmidi Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015785]
C. s. Tikader, 1963a: 271, f. 2d-f (Df).
C. s. Tikader, 1982a: 152, f. 285-288 (f).

j sinicola Strand, 1942....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015787]
C. sp. Schenkel, 1936b: 127, f. 46 (j).
C. s. Strand, 1942: 396 (Dj).

f sundari Tikader, 1963....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015788]
C. s. Tikader, 1963a: 271, f. 3g-i (Df).
C. s. Tikader, 1982a: 150, f. 281-284 (f).

f szetschuanensis Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015789]
C. s. Schenkel, 1963: 174, f. 101 (Df).
C. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 275, f. 186a-b (f).

m termitophila Lawrence, 1952....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015790]
C. t. Lawrence, 1952b: 10, f. 6a-d (Dm).

f tricolor (Doleschall, 1859)....................Moluccas to Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015791]
Plectana t. Doleschall, 1859: 44, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
C. t. Thorell, 1881: 57.
C. t. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 209, f. 57-59, 78 (f).

f tricolor aruana Strand, 1911....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015792]
C. t. a. Strand, 1911d: 155 (Df).

f tuladepilachna Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015793]
C. t. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 581, f. 361a-e (Df).

j xanthopyga Kulczyn'ski, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015794]
C. x. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 503 (Dj).

mf yunoharuensis Strand, 1918....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015795]
C. y. Strand, 1918: 81, pl. 1, f. 12-14 (Df).
C. indutus Yaginuma, 1960: append. 4, pl. 26, f. 148, f. 101H (Df).
C. y. Yaginuma, 1986a: 110, f. 58.3 (m).
C. y. Zhang, 1986: 49, f. 1-3 (mf).
C. nigra Zhang, 1986: 50, f. 4-5 (f, misidentified).
C. y. Chikuni, 1989b: 82, f. 58 (mf).
C. y. Feng, 1990: 78, f. 53.1-4 (f).
C. induta Yin et al., 1997d: 273, f. 183a-d (f).
C. y. Yin et al., 1997d: 276, f. 187a-g (mf).
C. induta Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 162P-Q, 163L (f).
C. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 162U-V, 163E-F, O (mf).
C. y. Tanikawa, 2001c: 87, f. 1-2 (S).
C. y. Namkung, 2002: 288, f. 19.49a-b (mf).
C. y. Namkung, 2003: 290, f. 19.49a-b (mf).
C. y. Tanikawa, 2007c: 49, f. 48-51, 459-460 (mf).
C. y. Tanikawa, 2009: 428, f. 47-48 (mf).
C. y. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 221, f. 158A-E (mf).
C. y. Yin et al., 2012: 672, f. 332a-g (mf).

Gen. Cyrtobill Framenau & Scharff, 2009 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03929]

C. Framenau & Scharff, 2009: 318, type C. darwini Framenau & Scharff, 2009.

mf darwini Framenau & Scharff, 2009 *....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042774]
C. d. Framenau & Scharff, 2009: 320, f. 1B, 2A-F, 3A-D, 4A-F, 5A-D (Dmf).

Gen. Cyrtophora Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01467]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Suzumia Nakatsudi, 1943b: 184, type S. orientalis Nakatsudi, 1943 by Yaginuma, 1958c: 10.

Transferred to other genera:
C. alayoi Archer, 1958 -- see Kapogea.
C. berlandi (Caporiacco, 1954) -- see Manogea.
C. brasilica (Soares & Camargo, 1948) -- see Manogea.
C. californiensis Keyserling, 1885 -- see Eustala.
C. cyrtophoroides (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) -- see Kapogea.
C. espiritosantensis (Soares & Camargo, 1955) -- see Manogea.
C. davisi (Hingston, 1932) -- see Spilasma.
C. gabonensis (Lucas, 1858) -- see Megaraneus.
C. grammica Simon, 1895 -- see Manogea.
C. guyanensis (Keyserling, 1881) -- see Manogea.
C. lodiculafaciens (Hingston, 1932) -- see Dolichognatha under Tetragnathidae.
C. nympha Simon, 1895 -- see Kapogea.
C. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1839) -- see Manogea.
C. sellata Simon, 1895 -- see Kapogea.
C. setospinosa (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Kapogea.
C. sexnotata Simon, 1895 -- see Kapogea.
C. vachoni Caporiacco, 1954 -- see Azilia under Tetragnathidae.

In synonymy:
C. albopunctata Rainbow, 1898 = C. moluccensis (Doleschall, 1857) (Davies & Gallon, 1986: 232).
C. bifurcata (Paik, 1942, T from Cyclosa) = C. exanthematica (Doleschall, 1859) (Yaginuma, 1958c: 14).
C. marxi (McCook, 1894, T from Argiope) = C. moluccensis (Doleschall, 1857) (Levi, 1968a: 334).
C. orientalis (Nakatsudi, 1943) = C. ikomosanensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, 1958c: 13).
C. simoni Rainbow, 1898 = C. moluccensis (Doleschall, 1857) (Davies & Gallon, 1986: 232).
C. thai (Levi, 1983, T from Argiope) = C. moluccensis (Doleschall, 1857) (Jäger, 2012c: 315).

Nomina dubia:
C. acrobalia (Thorell, 1895: 173, originally in Epeira but considered a possible member of this genus by Pocok, 1900a: 225, j, Myanmar) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015796] -- Framenau, 2008b: 134.
C. citricola nigra (Franganillo, 1925: 33, Iberian Peninsula, originally as C. opuntiae n.) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1456.
C. citricola pallida (Franganillo, 1925: 33, Iberian Peninsula, originally as C. opuntiae p.) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1456.

Nomen nudum:
"Suzumia" shimomurai Kishida (Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 254).

f admiralia Strand, 1913....................Admiralty Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015797]
C. a. Strand, 1913d: 117 (Df).
C. a. Strand, 1915d: 218, pl. 14, f. 17, pl. 17, f. 63 (f).

mf beccarii (Thorell, 1878)....................Laos, Malaysia to Northern Territory [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015798]
Epeira b. Thorell, 1878b: 65 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Workman & Workman, 1892: 5, pl. 5 (f).
C. b. Chrysanthus, 1960: 25, f. 9-13 (mf).
C. b. Chrysanthus, 1972: 157, f. 11-12 (m).
C. b. Koh, 1991: 177, f. 13-14 (f).

f bicauda (Saito, 1933)....................Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015799]
Cyclosa b. Saito, 1933b: 51, pl. 3, f. 31 (Df).
C. b. Tanikawa & Ono, 1993: 51 (Tf from Cyclosa, may =C. exanthematica).
Cyclosa b. Yin et al., 1997d: 258, f. 168a-c (f).
Cyclosa b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 263, f. 155V, 160J (f).

f bidenta Tikader, 1970....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015800]
C. b. Tikader, 1970: 32, f. 20a-c (Df).
C. b. Tikader, 1982a: 174, f. 331-335 (f).

mf bimaculata Han, Zhang & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043930]
C. b. Han, Zhang & Zhu, 2010b: 692, f. 1a-f, 2a-g (Dmf).

f caudata Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015801]
C. c. Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 41, pl. 2, f. 22 (Df).

j cephalotes Simon, 1877....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015802]
C. c. Simon, 1877b: 73, pl. 3, f. 8 (Dj).

mf cicatrosa (Stoliczka, 1869)....................Pakistan to Northern Territory [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015803]
Epeira c. Stoliczka, 1869: 242, pl. 20, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira salebrosa Thorell, 1878b: 48 (Df).
Euetria salebrosa Thorell, 1881: 84, 687.
Meta adspersata Karsch, 1891: 284, pl. 10, f. 8 (Df).
Euetria salebrosa Workman, 1896: 31, pl. 31 (f).
Araneus c. Pocock, 1900a: 226.
C. salebrosa Strand, 1915d: 220.
C. c. Chrysanthus, 1960: 28, f. 19-23 (f, Dm).
C. c. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 32, f. 45-46 (f).
C. c. Tikader, 1982a: 179, f. 341-345 (f).
C. c. Koh, 1991: 179, f. 18-19 (f).
C. cicatorosa Okuma et al., 1993: 29, f. 26A-B (f).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 279, f. 188a-f (f).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 163P-Q, 164O-P, 165A (mf).
C. c. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004: 124, f. 1-6 (f).
C. c. Gajbe, 2007: 516, f. 278-282 (f).

mf citricola (Forsskål, 1775) *....................Old World, Greater Antilles, Costa Rica, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015804]
Aranea c. Forsskål, 1775: 86 (D).
Aranea c. Forsskål, 1776: pl. 24, f. D (D).
Epeira opuntiae Dufour, 1820a: 359, pl. 69, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira cacti-opuntiae Lucas, 1838: 40, pl. 6, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1841: 143, pl. 18, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira emarginata Lucas, 1858: 418, pl. 12, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira opuntiae Vinson, 1863: 212, 313, pl. 9, f. 1 (mf, in part).
Epeira flava Vinson, 1863: 222, 313, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira purpurea Vinson, 1863: 225, 313, pl. 8. f. 4 (Df).
C. c. Simon, 1864: 262.
Epeira dorsuosa Blackwall, 1866: 462 (Df).
Epeira opuntiae Simon, 1870b: 314 (Dm).
C. sculptilis L. Koch, 1872a: 128, pl. 9, f. 9 (Df).
C. opuntiae Simon, 1874a: 34, pl. 1, f. 3 (f).
Epeira cajetana Costa, 1882: sep. p. 28.
C. c. Simon, 1895a: 775, f. 845 (m).
Epeira c. Workman, 1896: 32, pl. 32 (f).
Araneus c. Pocock, 1900a: 266, f. 73 (f).
C. c. Tullgren, 1910: 158, pl. 4, f. 96 (f).
C. c. Dyal, 1935: 175, pl. 14, f. 111-115 (f).
C. dorsuosa Roewer, 1942a: 748.
C. c. Wiehle, 1967b: 195, f. 52 (f).
C. c. Brignoli, 1968d: 86, f. 4-5 (mf).
C. c. Yaginuma, 1968b: 36, f. 6-7 (f).
C. c. Saaristo, 1978: 124, f. 242-254 (mf).
C. c. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 31, f. 43-44 (f).
C. c. Tikader, 1982a: 180, f. 346-350 (f).
C. c. Roberts, 1983: 253, f. 133-138 (mf).
C. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 118, f. 62.3 (f).
C. c. Chen & Gao, 1990: 60, f. 73a-b (mf).
C. c. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 375, f. 21 (m).
C. c. Levi, 1997: 252, f. 148-156 (mf).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 279, f. 189a-e (mf).
C. c. Levy, 1998a: 323, f. 47-56 (mf).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 163R-S, 165B (f).
C. c. Levi, 2002: 538, f. 56-57, 275-276 (mf).
C. c. Butt & Siraj, 2006: 218, f. 3A-C (f).
C. c. Gajbe, 2007: 515, f. 273-277 (f).
C. c. Víquez, 2007: 386, f. 1b-c, 2a-c (mf).
C. c. Saaristo, 2010: 50, f. 4.77-84 (mf).

f citricola abessinensis Strand, 1906....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015805]
C. c. a. Strand, 1906b: 618 (Df).

j citricola lurida Karsch, 1879....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:038625]
C. c. l. Karsch, 1879a: 338 (Dj).

f citricola minahassae Merian, 1911....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015806]
C. c. m. Merian, 1911: 211 (Df).

f cordiformis (L. Koch, 1871)....................New Guinea, Queensland, Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015807]
Epeira c. L. Koch, 1871: 82, pl. 5, f. 7 (Df).
Araneus c. Chrysanthus, 1971: 26, f. 43-44 (f).
C. c. Gray, 1974: 51 (Tf from Araneus).

f crassipes (Rainbow, 1897)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014814]
Epeira c. Rainbow, 1897b: 515, pl. 17, f. 2 (Df).
C. c. Framenau & Scharff, 2009: 326 (Tf from Epeira=Araneus).

mf cylindroides (Walckenaer, 1841)....................China to Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015808]
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1841: 136 (Df).
Epeira viridipes Doleschall, 1859: 29, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira nephilina L. Koch, 1871: 90, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira viridipes Keyserling, 1887a: 167, pl. 14, f. 3 (Dm).
C. c. Pocock, 1898b: 462.
C. c. Chrysanthus, 1959: 200, f. 6, 10, 25 (f).
C. c. Chrysanthus, 1960: 25, f. 1-2 (m).
C. c. Yin et al., 1990: 67, f. 169-170 (f).
C. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 280, f. 190a-c (f).
C. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 164A, D, 165C (f).
C. c. Tanikawa, Chang & Tso, 2010: 32, f. 1, 5-7 (mf).
C. c. Jäger, Nophaseud & Praxaysombath, 2012: 85, f. 23-35 (mf).

j cylindroides scalaris Strand, 1915....................New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015809]
C. viridipes s. Strand, 1915d: 220, pl. 14, f. 22 (Dj).

j diazoma (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015810]
Epeira d. Thorell, 1890a: 127 (Dj).
C. d. Roewer, 1942a: 749.

f doriae (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015811]
Epeira d. Thorell, 1881: 81 (Df).
C. d. Strand, 1915d: 219.

f eczematica (Thorell, 1892)....................Malaysia, Java, Sulawesi, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015812]
Epeira e. Thorell, 1892a: 231 (Df).
Epeira e. Workman, 1896: 45, pl. 45 (f).
C. e. Simon, 1895a: 771.

mf exanthematica (Doleschall, 1859)....................Myanmar to Philippines, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015813]
Epeira e. Doleschall, 1859: 38, pl. 3, f. 3, pl. 11, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1887a: 184, pl. 16, f. 2 (f).
Epeira e. Workman, 1896: 44, pl. 44 (f).
Araneus exanthematicus Pocock, 1900a: 227.
Cyclosa bifurcata Paik, 1942: 104, f. 4-5 (Df).
Chinestela e. Archer, 1951b: 5 (Tmf from Cyrtophora, rejected).
C. e. Yaginuma, 1958c: 14, f. 3I-L (mf, S).
C. e. Yaginuma, 1960: 65, f. 61 (mf).
C. e. Lee, 1966: 47, f. 15d-f, h (mf).
C. e. Yaginuma, 1968b: 38, f. 3-5 (f).
C. e. Yaginuma, 1971: 65, f. 61 (mf).
C. e. Hu, 1984: 112, f. 110.1-2 (f).
C. e. Yaginuma, 1986a: 117, f. 62.2 (f).
C. e. Chikuni, 1989b: 81, f. 54 (f).
C. e. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 585, f. 364a-g (f).
C. e. Yin et al., 1997d: 281, f. 191a-d (mf).
C. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 279, f. 164B, E, Q (mf).
C. e. Tanikawa, 2007c: 42, f. 6-10, 428-430 (mf).
C. e. Tanikawa, 2009: 423, f. 17-19 (mf).
C. e. Yin et al., 2012: 674, f. 333a-d (mf).

mf feai (Thorell, 1887)....................India to Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015814]
Euetria feae Thorell, 1887: 173 (Dmf; patronym for Fea).
Araneus feae Pocock, 1900a: 226.
C. feae Tikader, 1982a: 176, f. 336-340 (f).

f forbesi (Thorell, 1890)....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015815]
Euetria f. Thorell, 1890a: 111 (Df).

f gazellae (Karsch, 1878)....................New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014891]
Epeira g. Karsch, 1878c: 803 (Df).
C. g. Framenau & Scharff, 2009: 327 (Tf from Epeira=Araneus).

f gemmosa Thorell, 1899....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015816]
C. g. Thorell, 1899: 43 (Df).
C. margaritata Pocock, 1899e: 854, pl. 55, f. 4 (Df).

mf guangxiensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015817]
C. g. Yin et al., 1990: 67, f. 171-174 (Dmf).
C. g. Yin et al., 1997d: 282, f. 192a-e (mf).
C. g. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 280, f. 164C, F, R, 165D (mf).

f hainanensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015818]
C. cicatrosus Feng, 1990: 81, f. 56.1-3 (f, misidentified).
C. h. Yin et al., 1990: 70, f. 175-177 (Df).
C. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 283, f. 193a-f (f).
C. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 280, f. 164G, J, 165E (f).

f hirta L. Koch, 1872....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015819]
C. h. L. Koch, 1872a: 125, pl. 9, f. 7 (Df).

mf ikomosanensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043614]
Aranea i. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 234, pl. 11, f. 224 (Df).
Araneus i. Saito, 1939: 18.
Suzumia orientalis Nakatsudi, 1943b: 185, f. 2F-H, 3A-E (mf).
C. i. Yaginuma, 1958c: 13, f. 2A-E (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
C. i. Yaginuma, 1960: 65, f. 61 (mf).
C. i. Yaginuma, 1962c: 30 (invalid emendation).
C. moluccensis Yaginuma, 1968b: 36, f. 1-2 (mf, S, misidentified).
C. i. Yaginuma, 1971: 65, f. 61 (mf).
C. moluccensis Yaginuma, 1986a: 117, f. 62.1 (mf, misidentified).
C. moluccensis Chikuni, 1989b: 81, f. 53 (mf, misidentified).
C. moluccensis Tanikawa, 2007c: 43, f. 11-15, 431-433 (mf, misidentified).
C. moluccensis Tanikawa, 2009: 423, f. 20-22 (mf, misidentified).
C. i. Tanikawa, Chang & Tso, 2010: 37, f. 3, 13-17, 20-25 (removed mf from S of C. moluccensis, contra Yaginuma, 1968b: 36).

f jabalpurensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:037674]
C. j. Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999i: 29, f. 1-3 (Df).
C. j. Gajbe, 2004a: 40, f. 27-29 (f).

f koronadalensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015820]
C. k. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 590, f. 367a-h (Df).

f ksudra Sherriffs, 1928....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015821]
C. k. Sherriffs, 1928: 190 (Df).

f lacunaris Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015822]
C. l. Yin et al., 1990: 71, f. 178-180 (Df).
C. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 284, f. 194a-d (f).
C. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 280, f. 164H, K, 165F (f).

f lahirii Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040016]
C. l. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004: 127, f. 13-18 (Df).

f larinioides Simon, 1895....................Cameroon [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015823]
C. l. Simon, 1895g: 155 (Df).

f leucopicta (Urquhart, 1890)....................Fiji [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015824]
Argiope leuco-picta Urquhart, 1890a: 234 (Df).
C. l. Levi, 1983: 260 (Tf from Argiope).

f limbata (Thorell, 1898)....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015825]
Euetria l. Thorell, 1898: 351 (Df).

f lineata Kulczyn'ski, 1910....................Solomon Is., Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015826]
C. l. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 394, pl. 17, f. 6-7 (Df).

mf moluccensis (Doleschall, 1857)....................India to Japan, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015827]
Epeira m. Doleschall, 1857: 418 (Df).
Epeira maritima Keyserling, 1865: 813, pl. 18, f. 22-23 (Df).
Epeira hieroglyphica L. Koch, 1871: 89, pl. 7, f. 8 (Dm).
Euetria m. Thorell, 1890a: 111.
Argiope marxii McCook, 1894: 223, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).
C. m. Simon, 1895a: 770, f. 846 (m).
Araneus m. Pocock, 1897c: 599, pl. 25, f. 9 (f).
C. simoni Rainbow, 1898a: 337, pl. 7, f. 4 (Df).
C. albopunctata Rainbow, 1898a: 339, pl. 7, f. 5 (Df).
C. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 394, pl. 17, f. 5 (f).
Suzumia m. Nakatsudi, 1943a: 160, f. 9, pl. XXIII, f. 1 (f).
C. m. Yaginuma, 1958c: 14, f. 2F-H (mf).
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1959: 199, f. 1, 9, 30 (f).
C. m. Lee, 1966: 47, f. 15a-c, i (mf).
C. m. Levi, 1968a: 334 (S).
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1971: 19, f. 31-33 (m).
C. m. Tikader, 1982a: 172, f. 326-330 (f).
Argiope thai Levi, 1983: 292, f. 152-156 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015414].
C. m. Hu, 1984: 112, f. 109.1-3 (mf).
C. m. Davies & Gallon, 1986: 232-233 (S).
C. m. Davies, 1988b: 320, f. 42 (mf).
C. m. Feng, 1990: 82, f. 57.1-4 (mf).
C. m. Chen & Gao, 1990: 61, f. 74a-b (mf).
C. m. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 105, f. 99.1-4 (mf).
C. m. Koh, 1991: 179, f. 15-17 (f).
C. m. Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 872, f. 38A-C (mf).
C. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 285, f. 195a-g (mf).
C. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 280, f. 164I, L. S (mf).
C. m. Tanikawa, Chang & Tso, 2010: 34, f. 1, 8-12, 17-19 (mf).
C. m. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 222, f. 159A-C (mf).
C. m. Jäger, 2012c: 315 (S).
C. m. Yin et al., 2012: 675, f. 334a-g (mf).

f moluccensis albidinota Strand, 1911....................Caroline Is., Palau, Yap [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015828]
C. m. a. Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
C. m. a. Strand, 1915d: 217, pl. 17, f. 66 (f).

f moluccensis bukae Strand, 1911....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015829]
C. m. b. Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
C. m. b. Strand, 1915d: 217, pl. 17, f. 67 (f).

f moluccensis cupidinea (Thorell, 1875)....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015830]
Epeira c. Thorell, 1875e: 135, pl. 25, f. 3 (Df).
C. m. c. Strand, 1911b: 203.

f moluccensis margaritacea (Doleschall, 1859)....................Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015831]
Epeira m. Doleschall, 1859: 29, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
C. m. m. Strand, 1911b: 203.

f moluccensis rubicundinota Strand, 1911....................Keule Is., near New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015832]
C. m. r. Strand, 1911b: 203 (Df).
C. m. r. Strand, 1915d: 217, pl. 14, f. 18 (f).

mf monulfi Chrysanthus, 1960....................New Guinea, Northern Territory [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015833]
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1960: 26, f. 14-18 (Df).
C. m. Chrysanthus, 1972: 157, f. 5-10 (Dm).

f nareshi Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004....................Bangladesh [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040017]
C. n. Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004: 125, f. 7-12 (Df).

f parangexanthematica Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015834]
C. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 586, f. 365a-g (Df).

f parnasia L. Koch, 1872....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015835]
C. p. L. Koch, 1872a: 126, pl. 9, f. 8 (Df).
C. p. Hickman, 1928: 172, f. 8.

f petersi Karsch, 1878....................Mozambique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015836]
C. p. Karsch, 1878a: 321, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).

f rainbowi (Roewer, 1955)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015695]
Epeira pallida Rainbow, 1897b: 514, pl. 17, f. 1 (Df; preoccupied by Walckenaer, 1805).
Cyclosa r. Roewer, 1955c: 758 (replacement name).
C. r. Framenau & Scharff, 2009: 326 (Tf from Cyclosa).

mf subacalypha (Simon, 1882)....................Aden [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015837]
Epeira s. Simon, 1882b: 232 (Dmf).
C. acalyphoides Simon, 1890a: 102 (lapsus).

f trigona (L. Koch, 1871)....................Queensland, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015259]
Epeira t. L. Koch, 1871: 50, pl. 4, f. 1 (Df).
C. t. Framenau & Scharff, 2009: 327 (Tf from Epeira=Araneus).

mf unicolor (Doleschall, 1857)....................Sri Lanka to Japan, Philippines, New Guinea, Christmas Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015838]
Epeira u. Doleschall, 1857: 419 (D).
Epeira u. Doleschall, 1859: pl. 2, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira stigmatisata Karsch, 1878c: 326, pl. 9, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira stigmatisata Hasselt, 1882: 21, pl. 4, f. 5 (f).
Epeira stigmatisata serrata Thorell, 1890a: 33.
Epeira u. Workman & Workman, 1894: 20, pl. 20 (f).
Araneus u. Pocock, 1897c: 600, pl. 25, f. 10 (f).
C. u. Chrysanthus, 1959: 201, f. 3, 7, 26 (f).
C. u. Yaginuma, 1968b: 36, f. 8-9 (f).
C. u. Yaginuma, 1986a: 117, f. 62.4 (f).
C. u. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 587, f. 366a-i (f).
C. u. Yin et al., 1997d: 287, f. 196a-c (f).
C. u. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 280, f. 164M-N, 165G (f).
C. u. Tanikawa, 2007c: 43, f. 16-18, 434-436 (mf).
C. u. Framenau, 2008b: 131, f. 1-9 (f, Dm).
C. u. Tanikawa, 2009: 423, f. 23-25 (mf).

Gen. Deione Thorell, 1898 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01468]

mf lingulata Han, Zhu & Levi, 2009....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042782]
D. l. Han, Zhu & Levi, 2009: 56, f. 6-16, 18 (Dmf).

mf ovata Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043316]
D. o. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010c: 37, f. 10-16 (Dmf).

mf renaria Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043315]
D. r. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010c: 35, f. 1-9 (Dmf).

f thoracica Thorell, 1898 *....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015839]
D. t. Thorell, 1898: 365 (Df).
D. t. Han, Zhu & Levi, 2009: 56, f. 1-5 (f).

Gen. Deliochus Simon, 1894 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01369]

N.B.: transferred here from the Tetragnathidae by Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 190.

f pulcher Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013593]
D. pulchra Rainbow, 1916a: 88, pl. 21, f. 10-11 (Df).

f pulcher melanius Rainbow, 1916....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013594]
D. pulchra melania Rainbow, 1916a: 89, pl. 21, f. 12 (Df).

mf zelivira (Keyserling, 1887) *....................Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:013595]
Meta z. Keyserling, 1887a: 210, pl. 19, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
D. z. Simon, 1894a: 749.
D. z. Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 171, f. C-D (f).
D. z. Kuntner, Coddington & Schneider, 2009: 1453, f. 2C-D (f).

Gen. Demadiana Strand, 1929 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03969]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Cyrtarachne Thorell, 1868 by Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 152.

m carrai Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043399]
D. c. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 155, f. 10A, 11A-B (Dm).

mf cerula (Simon, 1908)....................Western Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016880]
Paraplectanoides c. Simon, 1908d: 428 (Df).
D. c. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 156, f. 1A-B, 2A-D, 3A-D, 4A-D, 5A-D, 10C-D, 12A-D, 13A-D (Tf from Paraplectanoides, Dm).

m complicata Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043400]
D. c. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 159, f. 10B, 14A-B (Dm).

mf diabolus Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010....................South Australia, Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043401]
D. d. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 160, f. 15A-B, 16A-D (Dmf).

mf milledgei Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010....................New South Wales, Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043402]
D. m. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 163, f. 15C-D, 17A-D (Dmf).

mf simplex (Karsch, 1878) *....................Southern Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015786]
Dema s. Karsch, 1878c: 801 (Df).
D. s. Strand, 1929: 18 (generic replacement name for Dema, preoccupied in the Coleoptera).
D. s. Framenau, Scharff & Harvey, 2010: 153, f. 8A-B, 9A-E (Tf from Cyrtarachne, Dm).

Gen. Dolophones Walckenaer, 1837 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01469]

f bituberculata Lamb, 1911....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015840]
D. b. Lamb, 1911: 172, f. 3 (Df).

mf clypeata (L. Koch, 1871)....................Moluccas, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015841]
Tholia c. L. Koch, 1871: 23, pl. 4, f. 5 (Dmf).
D. clypeatus Simon, 1895a: 903.

f conifera (Keyserling, 1886)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015842]
Tholia c. Keyserling, 1886a: 109, pl. 8, f. 6 (Df).
D. conifer Simon, 1908d: 429.

mf elfordi Dunn & Dunn, 1946....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015843]
D. e. Dunn & Dunn, 1946: 89, f. 3-4 (Df; N.B.: omitted by Brignoli).

f intricata Rainbow, 1915....................South Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015844]
D. i. Rainbow, 1915: 782, pl. 67, f. 9-10 (Df).

f macleayi (Bradley, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015845]
Tholia m. Bradley, 1876a: 140, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
D. m. Simon, 1895a: 903.

mf mammeata (Keyserling, 1886)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015846]
Tholia m. Keyserling, 1886a: 107, pl. 8, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
D. mammeatus Hogg, 1900: 75.

f maxima Hogg, 1900....................Victoria [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015847]
D. maximus Hogg, 1900: 104, pl. 15, f. 5 (Df).

f nasalis (Butler, 1876)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015848]
Tholia n. Butler, 1876a: 349, pl. 10, f. 4-5 (Df).
D. n. Simon, 1895a: 903.

mf notacantha (Quoy & Gaimarg, 1824) *....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015849]
Aranea n. Quoy & Gaimarg, 1824: 544, pl. 81, f. 6-8 (Dmf).
D. n. Walckenaer, 1837: 383.
Tholia n. Karsch, 1886e: 300.

f peltata (Keyserling, 1886)....................Australia, Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015850]
Tholia p. Keyserling, 1886a: 100, pl. 7, f. 6 (Df).
D. p. Rainbow, 1909: 233.

mf pilosa (Keyserling, 1886)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015851]
Tholia p. Keyserling, 1886a: 105, pl. 8, f. 3 (Dmf).
D. pilosus Hogg, 1900: 74.

m simpla (Keyserling, 1886)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015852]
Tholia s. Keyserling, 1886a: 110, pl. 8, f. 7 (Dm).
D. simplex Simon, 1896a: 348.

mf testudinea (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia, New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015853]
Tholia t. L. Koch, 1871: 20, pl. 2, f. 2; p. 204, pl. 18, f. 4 (Dmf).
D. t. Simon, 1895a: 902, f. 968, 970 (f).

f thomisoides Rainbow, 1915....................South Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015854]
D. t. Rainbow, 1915: 782, pl. 68, f. 11 (Df).

mf tuberculata (Keyserling, 1886)....................New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015855]
Tholia t. Keyserling, 1886a: 102, pl. 7, f. 7, pl. 8, f. 1 (Dmf).
D. t. Davies, 1988b: 308, f. 28 (mf).

f turrigera (L. Koch, 1867)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015856]
Gasteracantha t. L. Koch, 1867b: 173 (Df).
Tholia t. L. Koch, 1871: 22, pl. 1, f. 3 (f).
D. t. Butler, 1933: 280, pl. 17, f. 2.

Gen. Dubiepeira Levi, 1991 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01470]

D. Levi, 1991a: 291, type Metepeira dubitata Soares & Camargo, 1948.

f amablemaria Levi, 1991....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015857]
D. a. Levi, 1991a: 296, f. 540-542 (Df).

mf amacayacu Levi, 1991....................Colombia, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015858]
D. a. Levi, 1991a: 296, f. 531-535 (Dmf).

mf dubitata (Soares & Camargo, 1948) *....................Venezuela to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015859]
Metepeira d. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 375, f. 30-31 (Df).
D. d. Levi, 1991a: 292, f. 520-526 (Tf from Metepeira, Dm).
D. d. Levi, 2002: 543, f. 135-138, 195 (mf).
D. d. Dierkens, 2012a: 27, f. 4, 6, 34 (f).

f lamolina Levi, 1991....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015860]
D. l. Levi, 1991a: 296, f. 536-539 (Df).

f neptunina (Mello-Leitão, 1948)....................Colombia, Peru, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015861]
Neosconella n. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 170, f. 13-14 (Df).
Araneus neptuninus Brignoli, 1983c: 263.
D. n. Levi, 1991a: 294, f. 527-530 (Tf from Araneus).
D. n. Dierkens, 2012a: 27, f. 5, 7, 35 (f).;

Gen. Edricus O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01471]

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Salassina Simon, 1895 (Levi, 1986b: 37).

Transferred to other genera:
E. atomarius (Simon, 1895) -- see Alpaida.
E. cayana (Taczanowski, 1873) -- see Witica.
E. crassicaudus (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Witica.
E. ensifer Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Alpaida.
E. eupalaestrus Mello-Leitão, 1943 -- see Wagneriana.
E. tricuspis (Gétaz, 1893) -- see Witica.
E. truncatus (Keyserling, 1865) -- see Alpaida.

Nomen dubium:
E. rubricornis Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 204 (f, Brazil) -- Levi, 1991b: 367.

mf productus O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015862]
E. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 186, pl. 23, f. 5 (Dm).
E. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 500, pl. 49, f. 26 (m).
E. p. Levi, 1991b: 367, f. 1-8 (m, Df).
E. p. Levi, 2002: 551, f. 229-230 (m).

mf spiniger O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 *....................Panama to Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015863]
E. spinigerus O. P.-Cambridge, 1890a: 58, pl. 4, f. 1 (Dm).
E. spinigerus Keyserling, 1892: 33, pl. 2, f. 30 (m).
E. spinigerus F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 500, pl. 49, f. 25 (m).
E. spinigerus Levi, 1991b: 368, f. 9-15 (m, Df).

Gen. Enacrosoma Mello-Leitão, 1932 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01472]

In synonymy:
E. leprosa (Simon, 1896, T from Glyptogona) = E. anomalum (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi, 1996b: 148).
E. sexlobata (Simon, 1895, T from Glyptogona) = E. anomalum (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi, 1996b: 148).

Nomen dubium:
E. quadrituberculatum (Simon, 1876d: 88, f, South America, originally in Acrosoma) -- Levi, 1996b: 146.

mf anomalum (Taczanowski, 1873) *....................Colombia, Peru to Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015864]
Epeira anomala Taczanowski, 1873: 144, pl. 5, f. 19 (Dmf).
Gasteracantha anomala Taczanowski, 1879: 108.
Glyptogona sexlobata Simon, 1895a: 866, f. 928-929 (f).
Glyptogona sexlobata Simon, 1895g: 160 (Df).
Micrathena anomala Simon, 1895a: 862.
Glyptogona leprosa Simon, 1897b: 471 (Dmf).
E. a. Mello-Leitão, 1932a: 78.
E. a. Levi, 1996b: 148, f. 339-345 (mf, S).

m decemtuberculatum (O. P.-Cambridge, 1890)....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015865]
Cyrtarachne decem-tuberculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1890a: 59, pl. 4, f. 4 (Dm).
Cyrtarachne 10-tuberculata Keyserling, 1892: 57, pl. 3, f. 45 (m).
Glyptogona decem-tuberculata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 523.
E. d. Levi, 1996b: 151, f. 358 (Tm from Glyptogona).

mf frenca Levi, 1996....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015866]
E. f. Levi, 1996b: 147, f. 322-338 (Dmf).
E. f. Levi, 2002: 553, f. 253-254 (m).

f javium Levi, 1996....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015867]
E. j. Levi, 1996b: 150, f. 346-349 (Df).

f multilobatum (Simon, 1897)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015868]
Glyptogona multilobata Simon, 1897b: 472 (Df).
E. m. Levi, 1996b: 151, f. 354-357 (Tf from Glyptogona).

f quizarra Levi, 1996....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015869]
E. q. Levi, 1996b: 151, f. 350-353 (Df).

Gen. Encyosaccus Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01473]

mf sexmaculatus Simon, 1895 *....................Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015870]
E. s. Simon, 1895a: 847, f. 894 (Df).
E. s. Levi, 1996b: 128, f. 237-247 (f, Dm).
E. s. Levi, 2002: 553, f. 247-248 (m).

Gen. Epeiroides Keyserling, 1885 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01475]

N.B.: apparently removed from the synonymy of Araneus Clerck, 1757 by Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 237.

Transferred to other genera:
E. albonotatus Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Alpaida.
E. lamprus Soares & Camargo, 1948 -- see Verrucosa.

mf bahiensis (Keyserling, 1885) *....................Costa Rica to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015872]
E. b. Keyserling, 1885: 524, pl. 13, f. 23 (Df).
E. b. Keyserling, 1893: 307, pl. 15, f. 227 (f).
E. b. Göldi, 1899: 161, pl. 9, f. 1-10 (f, Dm).
Araneus b. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 281.
E. b. Levi, 1989, f. 1-10 (mf).
E. b. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 95-96, 281-283 (mf).
E. b. Dierkens, 2012a: 27, f. 8, 24, 26 (m).

Gen. Eriophora Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01476]

N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Epeirella Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 149, type E. tucumana Mello-Leitão, 1941, by Levi, 2002: 562; see note under Pararaneus.

Transferred to other genera:
E. aeronavis Mello-Leitão, 1947 -- see Parawixia.
E. albocincta (Mello-Leitão, 1945) -- see Alpaida.
E. annulata (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Backobourkia.
E. astridae (Strand, 1917) -- see Plebs.
E. aurea (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
E. baotianmanensis (Hu, Wang & Wang, 1991) -- see Plebs.
E. bistriata (Rengger, 1836) -- see Parawixia.
E. brouni (Urquhart, 1885) -- see Backobourkia.
E. burmeisteri (Holmberg, 1876) -- see Parawixia.
E. collina (Keyserling, 1886) -- see Backobourkia.
E. decorosa (Urquhart, 1894) -- see Acroaspis.
E. flava Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. flavomaculata (Yaginuma, 1955) -- see Plebs.
E. heroine (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Backobourkia.
E. himalayaensis (Tikader, 1975) -- see Plebs.
E. migra Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. oculosa Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. omnicolor (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Araneus.
E. pinea (Yin et al., 1990) -- see Plebs.
E. plumiopedella (Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1987) -- see Plebs.
E. poecila (Zhu & Wang, 1994) -- see Plebs.
E. sachalinensis (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
E. shaanxiensis Zhu & Wang, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. tokachiana (Saito, 1934) -- see Plebs.
E. tricentra Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. tubulofaciens (Hingston, 1932) -- see Micrepeira.
E. ventricosella (Roewer, 1942) -- see Backobourkia.
E. wagenknechti Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see Molinaranea.
E. wangi Zhu & Song, 1994 -- see Plebs.
E. yanbaruensis Tanikawa, 2000 -- see Plebs.

In synonymy:
E. acacesiiformis (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Araneus) = E. nephiloides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 177).
E. argyronota (Mello-Leitão, 1939, T from Araneus) = E. edax (Blackwall, 1863) (Levi, 1991a: 177).
E. balaustina (McCook, 1888, removed from S of E. circulata) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. blattea (Urquhart, 1887, T from Araneus) = E. pustulosa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Court & Forster, 1988: 104).
E. capitalis (L. Koch, 1871, T from Araneus) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).
E. edax cauca (Strand, 1915) = E. edax (Blackwall, 1863) (Levi, 1971b: 296).
E. geayi (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Araneus) = E. edax (Blackwall, 1863) (Levi, 1991a: 178).
E. hispida (C. L. Koch, 1844, T from Araneus) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. leucisca (Urquhart, 1892, T from Araneus) = E. pustulosa (Walckenaer, 1841) (Court & Forster, 1988: 104).
E. messalina (Hasselt, 1888, T from Araneus) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. minax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1893) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. musiva (Hasselt, 1888, T from Araneus, nomen oblitum) = E. nephiloides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 1991a: 179).
E. nicaraguensis (Keyserling, 1885) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. producta (L. Koch, 1867) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).
E. purpurascens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. thyridota (Thorell, 1870, T from Araneus) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).
E. trapezoides (Karsch, 1879, T from Singa) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. ursina (Keyserling, 1865) = E. fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1971b: 290).
E. variolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, removed from S of E. edax) = E. ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1971b: 287).
E. viridis (Keyserling, 1865, T from Araneus) = E. transmarina (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1164, sub Araneus).

Nomina dubia:
E. bivariolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 27, pl. 6, f. 15, mf) -- Levi, 1971b: 287.
E. circulata (Walckenaer, 1841: 79, f, originally in Epeira) -- Levi, 1971b: 286.
E. nephiloides trapezoidalis (Franganillo, 1930: 30, f, 1946: 98, f. 3, m, Cuba, T from Araneus by Brignoli, 1983c: 268) -- Levi, 1991a: 181.
E. tucumana (Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 149, pl. VII, f. 31, originally in Epeirella, j, Brazil) -- Levi, 2002: 562.

mf biapicata (L. Koch, 1871)....................Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015875]
Epeira b. L. Koch, 1871: 54, pl. 4, f. 4 (Df).
Araneus transmarinus Dondale, 1966: 1164 (S, rejected).
E. b. Davies, 1980b: 128, f. 9-15 (removed f from S of E. transmarina, Dm).

mf conica (Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1987)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017160]
Zilla c. Yin, Wang & Zhang, 1987: 63, f. 8-14 (Dmf).
Zilla c. Yin et al., 1997d: 398, f. 288a-g (mf).
Zilla c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 310, f. 184L-M, 185A-B, M (mf).
E. c. Yin et al., 2012: 680, f. 336a-g (Tmf from Zilla).

mf edax (Blackwall, 1863)....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015878]
Epeira e. Blackwall, 1863a: 30 (Dmf).
E. e. Banks, 1909a: 210.
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 290.
Aranea e. cauca Strand, 1916b: 111 (Df).
E. e. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 325, f. 205-207 (mf).
Araneus argyronotus Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 111, f. 14 (Df).
E. e. Bryant, 1948a: 62, f. 7 (f).
Araniella geayi Caporiacco, 1954: 104, f. 24 (Df).
E. e. Levi, 1971b: 296, f. 35-48 (mf, S).
Araneus geayi Levi, 1974b: 293 (Tf from Araniella).
E. e. Levi, 1991a: 177-178 (S).
E. e. Levi, 2002: 541, f. 112-113 (f).

mf flavicoma (Simon, 1880)....................New Caledonia, Loyalty Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015879]
Epeira f. Simon, 1880i: 168 (Df).
Araneus f. Berland, 1924a: 220 (Dm).
E. f. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf fuliginea (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Honduras to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015880]
Epeira f. C. L. Koch, 1838: 58, f. 375 (Df).
Epeira hispida C. L. Koch, 1844: 71, f. 889 (Dm).
Epeira ursina Keyserling, 1865: 822, pl. 19, f. 3-5 (Df).
Epeira trapezoides Karsch, 1879h: 107 (Df).
Epeira messalina Hasselt, 1888: 181, pl. 6, f. 1-2 (Df).
Epeira purpurascens O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 33, pl. 7, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
Epeira purpurescens Keyserling, 1893: 226, pl. 11, f. 168 (mf).
Epeira ursina Keyserling, 1893: 229, pl. 11, f. 170 (f).
Araneus fuligineus Simon, 1895a: 803.
Araneus hispidus Simon, 1895a: 803.
Araneus messalina Simon, 1895a: 803.
Araneus purpurascens Simon, 1897d: 873.
E. purpurascens F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 463, pl. 43, f. 14-15 (mf).
Araneus trapezoides Petrunkevitch, 1911: 319.
Araneus ursinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 322.
E. ursina Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 254 (Tf from Araneus)
Singa trapezoides Mello-Leitão, 1941b: 260 (Tf from Araneus).
E. f. Levi, 1971b: 290, f. 25-34 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
E. f. Levi, 2002: 547, f. 192 (m).

mf nephiloides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015882]
Epeira musiva Hasselt, 1888: 184, pl. 5, f. 5-7 (Df; nomen oblitum).
Epeira n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 32, pl. 7, f. 1-2 (Df).
Epeira n. McCook, 1894: 190, pl. 14, f. 5-6, pl. 22, f. 3 (f).
Epeira n. Keyserling, 1893: 222, pl. 11, f. 165 (f).
Araneus musivus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 305.
Araneus n. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Aranea n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 511, pl. 48, f. 22 (f).
E. n. Banks, 1909a: 210.
Araneus acacesiiformis Caporiacco, 1954: 108, f. 27, 27a (Df).
E. n. Levi, 1971b: 298, f. 49-58 (f, Dm).
E. n. Levi, 1991a: 177-179 (S).

mf neufvilleorum (Lessert, 1930)....................Congo, Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015883]
Araneus n. Lessert, 1930: 641, f. 17-18 (Dmf).
E. n. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf pustulosa (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015885]
Epeira p. Walckenaer, 1841: 132 (Df).
Epeira verrucosa Walckenaer, 1841: 135 (Df).
Epeira verrucosa Keyserling, 1864: 139, pl. 6, f. 20-21 (f).
Epeira verrucosa L. Koch, 1872a: 112, pl. 9, f. 4 (f, Dm).
Epeira brounii Urquhart, 1885: 32, pl. 10, f. 5 (m, misidentified).
Epeira corrugatum Urquhart, 1887: 72, pl. 7, f. 1 (Dmf).
Epeira pocillator Urquhart, 1887: 74 (Dmf).
Epeira oblitera Urquhart, 1887: 77 (Df).
Epeira mulleola Urquhart, 1888: 118, pl. 41, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira helveo-guttata Urquhart, 1888: 119 (Df).
Epeira mulleola Urquhart, 1889a: 147 (Dm).
Epeira ostri-brunnea Urquhart, 1890c: 243, 250, pl. 17, f. 5 (Dmf).
Epeira atri-apiata Urquhart, 1891a: 156 (Dm).
Epeira simulata Urquhart, 1892b: 242 (Df).
Epeira leucisca Urquhart, 1892b: 245 (Df).
Epeira blattea Urquhart, 1893a: 179 (Dm).
Araneus p. Dalmas, 1917a: 379, f. 46, 49 (mf).
Araneus pustulosus Main, 1964: 100, f. G (f).
Araneus pustulosus Hickman, 1967: 64, f. 112-114 (mf).
Aranea p. Forster, 1967: 17, f. 10, 31 (mf).
Araneus pustulosus Forster & Forster, 1973: 27, f. 3c, 6c (mf).
Araneus pustulosus Main, 1977b: 100, f. 5 (f).
E. p. Court & Forster, 1988: 104, f. 353, 516-530 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
E. p. Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 49, f. 25.4-5 (mf).

mf ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844) *....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015886]
Epeira r. C. L. Koch, 1844: 73, f. 890 (Df).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1885: 532, pl. 13, f. 31 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1888b: 198 (Df).
Epeira variolata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 46, pl. 6, f. 14 (Dmf).
Epeira bivariolata Keyserling, 1892: 100, pl. 5, f. 74 (m, using nomen dubium).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1893: 214, pl. 10, f. 159 (f).
Epeira minax O. P.-Cambridge, 1893b: 112, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1894: 155, pl. 4, f. 2 (f).
Epeira bivariolata McCook, 1894: 159, pl. 5, f. 5-6 (mf, using nomen dubium).
Epeira r. McCook, 1894: 161, pl. 5, f. 7 (f, Dm).
Eustala variolata Simon, 1897d: 873.
E. variolata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 464.
E. minax F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 3 (f).
Epeira bivariolata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 1-2 (mf, using nomen dubium).
E. r. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 465.
Aranea nicaraguensis F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 519.
E. balaustina Banks, 1909b: 161.
Araneus balaustinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 281.
Araneus minax Petrunkevitch, 1911: 303.
Araneus nicaraguensis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Araneus ravillus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Araneus variolatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
E. circulata Comstock, 1940: 117, 517, f. 108-111, 538 (m).
E. nicaraguensis Mello-Leitão, 1948: 164 (Tf from Araneus).
E. r. Levi, 1971b: 286, f. 7-24 (mf, S).
E. r. Breene et al., 1993: 103, f. 154A-D (mf).

mf transmarina (Keyserling, 1865)....................New Guinea, Australia, Samoa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015889]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1865: 814, pl. 18, f. 15-16 (Df).
Epeira viridis Keyserling, 1865: 812, pl. 18, f. 11-12 (Df).
Epeira producta L. Koch, 1867b: 178 (Df).
Epeira thyridota Thorell, 1870c: 367 (Df).
Epeira thyridota L. Koch, 1871: 52, pl. 4, f. 3, pl. 7, f. 1 (f, Dm).
Epeira producta L. Koch, 1871: 55, pl. 4, f. 5-7 (f, Dm).
Epeira capitalis L. Koch, 1871: 58, pl. 5, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1887a: 139, pl. 1, f. 4 (Dm).
Epeira capitalis Hogg, 1899: 139, pl. 13, f. 3, 4b (f).
Epeira producta Hogg, 1899: 139, pl. 13, f. 4, 4a (f).
Araneus productus Rainbow, 1909: 222.
Aranea producta Strand, 1913c: 608.
Araneus capitalis Berland, 1938: 173, f. 129-130 (Dm).
E. producta Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).
E. t. Archer, 1951a: 21 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus productus Chrysanthus, 1960: 30, f. 34, 47, 64, 71 (mf).
Araneus transmarinus Main, 1964: 100, f. B-F (f).
Araneus transmarinus Dondale, 1966: 1164, f. 2D-G (mf, S).
E. t. Davies, 1980b: 126, f. 1-8, pl. IB (mf, S).
E. t. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 24 (mf).

Gen. Eriovixia Archer, 1951 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01477]

E. Archer, 1951a: 18, type Araneus rhinurus Pocock, 1899; removed from the synonymy of Neoscona Simon, 1864 by Grasshoff, 1986: 4, contra Berman & Levi, 1971: 469; considered a senior synonym of Simonarachne Archer, 1951b: 28, type Araneus laglaizei (Simon, 1877) by Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36 and of Tukaraneus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 644, type T. mahabaeus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01571] by Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2611; Grasshoff, 1986: 118, apparently does not accept the synonymy of Eriovixia with Heurodes Keyserling, 1886 proposed by Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 35).

Transferred to other genera:
E. porcula (Simon, 1877) -- see Heurodes.

mf cavaleriei (Schenkel, 1963)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015893]
Araneus c. Schenkel, 1963: 162, f. 95a-g (Dmf).
Araneus cavalierei Brignoli, 1983c: 257.
Araneus c. Song, 1987: 160, f. 120 (m).
Araneus c. Feng, 1990: 53, f. 28.1-2 (f).
E. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 295, f. 203a-e, g (Tf from Araneus, not m).
E. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 165K-L, 167E, G (f, not m).
E. cavalerier Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 202, f. 121A-E, G (f, not m).
E. c. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2613, f. 1A-B, 5A-E (mf).
E. c. Yin et al., 2012: 686, f. 339a-h (mf).

f enshiensis (Yin & Zhao, 1994)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015894]
Neoscona e. Yin & Zhao, 1994: 4, f. 17-21 (Df).
E. e. Yin et al., 1997d: 297, f. 204a-e (Tf from Neoscona).
E. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 166M-N, 167H (f).

mf excelsa (Simon, 1889)....................India, Pakistan, China, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015895]
Glyptogona e. Simon 1889i: 337 (Df).
Araneus excelsus Simon, 1906c: 283.
Araneus excelsus Dyal, 1935: 179, pl. 16, f. 116 (f).
Neoscona excelsus Tikader & Bal, 1981: 25, f. 50-54 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus excelsus Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 20, f. 16-18 (f).
Neoscona excelsus Tikader, 1982a: 261, f. 520-524 (mf).
E. e. Grasshoff, 1986: 118 (Tmf from Neoscona).
E. e. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 643, f. 409a-f (f).
E. e. Tso & Tanikawa, 2000: 129, f. 17-22 (mf).
E. e. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 41, f. 1-8 (mf).
E. e. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2616, f. 1C, 6A-C (f).

f hainanensis (Yin et al., 1990)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015896]
Neoscona h. Yin et al., 1990: 110, f. 270-275 (Df).
E. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 297, f. 205a-f (Tf from Neoscona).
E. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 166O-P, 167I (f).
E. h. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2618, f. 1D, 7A-C (f).

m huwena Han & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043564]
E. h. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2619, f. 2A, 8A-B (Dm).

mf jianfengensis Han & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043565]
E. j. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2621, f. 2B-D, 9A-E (Dmf).

mf laglaizei (Simon, 1877)....................India, China to Philippines, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015897]
Epeira thomisoides Doleschall, 1857: 422 (Df; preoccupied).
Epeira thomisoides Doleschall, 1859: pl. 2, f. 2 (f).
Epeira laglaisei Simon, 1877b: 77 (Df, lapsus).
Epeira thelura Thorell, 1878b: 84 (replacement name for E. thomisoides).
Araneus l. Simon, 1895a: 820, f. 871-872 (f, Dm).
Epeira l. Workman, 1896: 41, pl. 41 (f).
Aranea l. thelura Strand, 1911d: 224.
Aranea l. Roewer, 1938: 41, f. 29 (f).
Simonarachne laglaizei Archer, 1951b: 28 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus l. Chrysanthus, 1960: 39, f. 50, 56, 75 (f).
Araneus l. Chrysanthus, 1971: 28, f. 45-47 (m).
Neoscona l. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 27, f. 55-58 (Tmf from Araneus).
Neoscona l. Tikader, 1982a: 263, f. 525-528 (f).
Araneus l. Yaginuma & Wen, 1983: 196, f. 5A-D (f).
E. l. Grasshoff, 1986: 118 (Tmf from Neoscona).
Araneus l. Song, 1987: 163, f. 124 (f).
Neoscona laglaizai Zhu et al., 1994: 45, f. 19A-E (mf).
E. l. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 641, f. 408a-j (f).
E. l. Yin et al., 1997d: 296, f. 206a-e (mf).
E. l. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 166Q-R, 167F, J (mf).
E. l. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2623, f. 3A-B, 10A-I (mf).

m mahabaeus (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017089]
Tukaraneus m. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 645, f. 411a-f (Dm).

f menglunensis (Yin et al., 1990)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015898]
Neoscona m. Yin et al., 1990: 112, f. 276-279 (Df).
E. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 300, f. 207a-d (Tf from Neoscona).
E. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 166S-T, 167K (f).

mf napiformis (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon to East Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015899]
Aranea n. Thorell, 1899: 55 (Df).
Aranea n. Tullgren, 1910: 167, pl. 4, f. 119 (f, Dm).
Araneus n. Lessert, 1930: 657.
E. n. Archer, 1951a: 18 (Tmf from Araneus).

mf nigrimaculata Han & Zhu, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043566]
E. n. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2625, f. 3C-D, 11A-E (Dmf).

m palawanensis (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995)....................India, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017090]
Tukaraneus p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 645, f. 410a-f (Dm).
Tukaraneus p. Sen et al., 2011: 367, f. 1-7, 15 (m).

m patulisus (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017091]
Tukaraneus p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 649, f. 412a-f (Dm).

f poonaensis (Tikader & Bal, 1981)....................India, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015900]
Neoscona p. Tikader & Bal, 1981: 29, f. 59-62 (Df).
Neoscona p. Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 22, text-f. 11-14, f. 22-24 (f).
Neoscona p. Tikader, 1982a: 265, f. 529-532 (f).
E. p. Grasshoff, 1986: 118 (Tf from Neoscona).
Neoscona p. Yin et al., 1990: 115, f. 280-282 (f).
E. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 301, f. 208a-g (f).
E. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 166U, 167A, L (f).

mf pseudocentrodes (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Laos, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015901]
Aranea p. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 232, pl. 15, f. 415 (Df).
Heurodes p. Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
Araneus p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 99, f. 53.1e (f, not m).
Araneus p. Chikuni, 1989b: 68, f. 21 (f, not m).
Araneus pseudoventrodes Chen & Zhang, 1991: 85, f. 75.1-2 (f).
Araneus p. Yin et al., 1997d: 140, f. 55a-e (f).
Araneus p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 240, f. 139W-X, 148S (f).
E. p. Tanikawa, 1999a: 43, f. 1-3, 5-8 (Tf from Araneus, not m).
E. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 90, f. 282-284, 748-749 (f, not m).
E. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 461, f. 319-320 (f, not m).
E. p. Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2009: 39, f. 78-79 (f).
E. p. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 43, f. 9-16 (f, Dm).
E. p. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2627, f. 4A, 12A-C (f).

mf rhinura (Pocock, 1899) *....................West, Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015902]
Araneus r. Pocock, 1899e: 852, pl. 56, f. 9 (Df).
Araneus r. Lessert, 1930: 655, f. 28a, 29 (f).
Araneus r. Lessert, 1938: 448, f. 34 (Dm).
E. r. Archer, 1951a: 18 (Tmf from Araneus).
Neoscona r. Berman & Levi, 1971: 469 (Tmf from Eriovixia).

mf sakiedaorum Tanikawa, 1999....................Hainan, Taiwan, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015903]
E. s. Tanikawa, 1999a: 45, f. 11-17 (Dmf).
E. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 91, f. 286-288, 751-753 (mf).
E. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 461, f. 322-324 (mf).
E. s. Han & Zhu, 2010b: 2629, f. 4B-C, 13A-E (mf).

mf sticta Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043312]
Araneus pseudocentrodes Yaginuma, 1986a: 99, f. 53.1p (m, misidentified).
Araneus pseudocentrodes Chikuni, 1989b: 68, f. 21 (m, misidentified).
E. cavaleriei Yin et al., 1997d: 295, f. 203f, h (m, misidentified).
E. cavaleriei Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 167D (m, misidentified).
E. pseudocentrodes Tanikawa, 1999a: 43, f. 4, 9-10 (m, misidentified).
E. cavalerier Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 202, f. 121F, H (m, misidentified).
E. pseudocentrodes Tanikawa, 2007c: 90, f. 285, 750 (m, misidentified).
E. pseudocentrodes Tanikawa, 2009: 461, f. 321 (m, misidentified).
E. s. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 45, f. 17-24 (Dmf).

f turbinata (Thorell, 1899)....................Cameroon, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015904]
Aranea t. Thorell, 1899: 54 (Df).
Araneus turbinatus Lessert, 1930: 657, f. 28b (f).
E. t. Archer, 1951a: 18 (Tf from Araneus).

mf yunnanensis (Yin et al., 1990)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015905]
Neoscona y. Yin et al., 1990: 115, f. 283-287 (Df).
E. y. Yin et al., 1997d: 302, f. 209a-g (Tf from Neoscona).
E. y. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 167B-C, M (f).
E. y. Mi, Peng & Yin, 2010b: 47, f. 25-33 (f, Dm).

Gen. Eustacesia Caporiacco, 1954 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01479]

E. Caporiacco, 1954: 94, type E. albonotata Caporiacco, 1954.

f albonotata Caporiacco, 1954 *....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015908]
E. a. Caporiacco, 1954: 95, f. 19, 19a (Df).

Gen. Eustala Simon, 1895 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01480]

Transferred to other genera:
E. aethiopica Roewer, 1961 -- see Araneus.
E. cucurbitoria Yin et al., 1990 -- see Cyclosa.
E. decemtuberculata Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Parawixia.
E. hirsuta Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see Ocrepeira.
E. isosceles Mello-Leitão, 1939 -- see Kapogea.
E. lactea Mello-Leitão, 1944 -- see Araneus.
E. marginata Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see Ocrepeira.
E. seditiosa (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Metepeira.
E. tuceps Chamberlin, 1925 -- see Metazygia.

In synonymy:
E. abdita Chickering, 1955 = E. californiensis (Keyserling, 1885) (Levi, 1977a: 104).
E. anastera buliafera Chamberlin, 1924 = E. conchlea (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1977a: 122, contra Chickering, 1955: 414).
E. anastera leuca Chamberlin, 1924 = E. conchlea (McCook, 1888) (Levi, 1977a: 122, contra Chickering, 1955: 414).
E. anastera vermiformis Franganillo, 1931 = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. arkansana Archer, 1951 = E. emertoni (Banks, 1904) (Levi, 1977a: 120).
E. diegensis (Schenkel, 1950, T from Araneus) = E. californiensis (Keyserling, 1885) (Levi, 1977a: 104).
E. gertschi Chickering, 1955 = E. conformans Chamberlin, 1925 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. hirta (Taczanowski, 1873, T from Nephilengys) = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Kuntner & Levi, 2007: 446).
E. longembola Chickering, 1955 = E. ingenua Chickering, 1955 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223).
E. mexicana Chickering, 1955 = E. californiensis (Keyserling, 1885) (Levi, 1977a: 104).
E. minima Chickering, 1955 = E. tantula Chickering (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223, contra Levi, 1977a: 101).
E. montana Chickering, 1955 = E. montivaga Chickering, 1955 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223).
E. orina (Chamberlin, 1916) = E. guianensis (Taczanowski, 1873) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. panamana Chickering, 1955 = E. bucolica Chickering, 1955 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. parvula (Keyserling, 1864, removed from S of E. anastera) = E. cepina (Walckenaer, 1841) (Levi, 1977a: 118).
E. procurva Franganillo, 1936 = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. richardsi Mello-Leitão, 1939 = E. fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. sanguinosa (Keyserling, 1893) = E. albiventer (Keyserling, 1884) (Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 156).
E. tumida Chickering, 1955 = E. nasuta Mello-Leitão, 1939 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).
E. venusta Chickering, 1955 = E. histrio Mello-Leitão, 1948 (Levi & Santos, 2013: 222).

Nomen dubium:
E. petasata (Walckenaer, 1841: 70, f, USA, originally in Epeira, T from Araneus) -- Levi, 1977a: 120.

f albicans Caporiacco, 1954....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015909]
E. a. Caporiacco, 1954: 88, f. 16 (Df).

mf albiventer (Keyserling, 1884)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015910]
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1884b: 651, pl. 21, f. 3 (Df).
Epeira a. Keyserling, 1892: 157, pl. 8, f. 115 (f).
Epeira sanguinosa Keyserling, 1893: 225, pl. 11, f. 167 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015977].
Araneus a. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 278.
Araneus sanguinosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
E. sanguinosa Roewer, 1942a: 766.
Metazygia a. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 186 (Tf from Araneus).
E. a. Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Metazygia).
E. a. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 155, f. 20-24 (f, Dm, S).

mf anastera (Walckenaer, 1841) *....................North, Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015911]
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1841: 33 (Df).
Epeira eustala Walckenaer, 1841: 37 (Df).
Epeira apotroga Walckenaer, 1841: 43 (Df).
Epeira spatulata Walckenaer, 1841: 44 (Df).
Epeira illustrata Walckenaer, 1841: 45 (Dm).
Epeira decolorata Walckenaer, 1841: 49 (Dmf).
Epeira vivida Walckenaer, 1841: 54 (Df).
Epeira triflex Walckenaer, 1841: 60 (Dm).
Epeira trinotata Walckenaer, 1841: 75 (Df).
Epeira subfusca Walckenaer, 1841: 76 (Df).
Epeira prompta Hentz, 1847: 473, pl. 31, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira hebes Hentz, 1847: 473, pl. 31, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira bombycinaria Hentz, 1847: 476, pl. 31, f. 16 (Df).
Epeira bombycinaria Keyserling, 1892: 145, pl. 7, f. 107 (mf).
Epeira a. McCook, 1894: 172, pl. 8, f. 1-4 (mf).
E. a. Simon, 1895a: 795, f. 860 (f).
E. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 506, pl. 48, f. 7-8 (mf).
E. a. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 331, f. 215 (f).
E. a. Comstock, 1940: 524, f. 549-554 (f).
E. a. Muma, 1943: 92, pl. XIII, f. 18 (f).
E. a. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 102 (S E. conchlea, rejected).
E. a. Kaston, 1948: 233, f. 706-709, 727 (f).
E. a. Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 46 (m).
E. a. Chickering, 1955: 414, f. 24-29 (mf, S, rejected).
E. a. Levi, 1977a: 114, f. 205-232, 280-285, 298-302, 314-315 (mf).
E. a. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 60 (m).
E. a. Breene et al., 1993: 104, f. 155A-C (mf).
E. a. Levi, 2002: 533, f. 13-15, 208-210 (mf).
E. a. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 46, f. 308-310 (mf).
E. a. Dondale et al., 2003: 267, f. 600-611 (mf).

j andina Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015913]
E. a. Chamberlin, 1916: 245 (Dj).

mf bacelarae Caporiacco, 1955....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015914]
E. b. Caporiacco, 1955: 340, f. 27a-d (Dmf).

m banksi Chickering, 1955....................Mexico, Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015915]
E. b. Chickering, 1955: 417, f. 30-34 (Dm).

mf belissima Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044011]
E. b. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 267, f. 4-9 (Dmf).

mf bifida F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................USA to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015916]
E. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 507, pl. 48, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Banks, 1909a: 212.
E. b. Chickering, 1955: 421, f. 35-40 (mf).
E. b. Levi, 1977a: 108, f. 167-175, 178 (mf).

mf bisetosa Bryant, 1945....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015917]
E. b. Bryant, 1945a: 370, f. 5-6 (Dmf).

mf brevispina Gertsch & Davis, 1936....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015918]
E. b. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 12, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
E. b. Levi, 1977a: 106, f. 149-158 (mf).

mf bucolica Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015919]
E. b. Chickering, 1955: 425, f. 41-44 (Dm).
E. panamana Chickering, 1955: 480, f. 103-105 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015965].
E. b. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (Sf).

mf californiensis (Keyserling, 1885)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015920]
Cyrtophora c. Keyserling, 1885: 525, pl. 13, f. 24 (Df).
Cyrtophora c. Keyserling, 1893: 263, pl. 13, f. 106 (f).
Epeira bucardia McCook, 1894: 183, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).
Araneus diegensis Schenkel, 1950b: 67, f. 23a-c (Df).
E. abdita Chickering, 1955: 410, f. 19-23 (Dm).
E. mexicana Chickering, 1955: 465, f. 88-89 (Df).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 104, f. 138-148 (Tf from Cyrtophora, Sm).

m cameronensis Gertsch & Davis, 1936....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015921]
E. c. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 13, f. 13 (Dm).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 112, f. 189-191 (m).

mf cazieri Levi, 1977....................USA, Bahama Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015922]
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 102, f. 128-137 (Dmf).

mf cepina (Walckenaer, 1841)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015923]
Epeira c. Walckenaer, 1841: 37 (Df).
Epeira parvula Keyserling, 1864: 131, pl. 6, f. 9-10 (Df).
Epeira parvula Emerton, 1884: 317, pl. 34, f. 12, pl. 37, f. 1, 2 (f, Dm).
Epeira parvula Emerton, 1902: 179, f. 416-418 (mf).
E. c. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 103 (removed from S of E. anastera).
E. arkansana Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 47 (f, misidentified).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 118, f. 233-252, 286-290, 303-308, 316 (f, Dm, S).
E. c. Breene et al., 1993: 104, f. 156A-C (mf).
E. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 271, f. 622-631 (mf).
E. c. Paquin et al., 2008c: 29, f. 6-8 (mf).

mf clavispina (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to El Salvador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015924]
Epeira c. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 37, pl. 7, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira c. Keyserling, 1892: 102, pl. 5, f. 75 (Dm).
Amamra nigromaculata O. P.-Cambridge, 1895a: 155, pl. 19, f. 5 (Df).
E. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 509, pl. 48, f. 19 (f).
E. c. Chickering, 1955: 428, f. 45-48 (f).
E. c. Kraus, 1955b: 21, f. 51-52 (f).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 106, f. 159-166, 176-177 (f, Dm).

mf conchlea (McCook, 1888)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015925]
Epeira parvula c. McCook, 1888b: 199, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira anastera c. McCook, 1894: 174, pl. 8, f. 1n (f).
E. anastera buliafera Chamberlin, 1924b: 650 (Df).
E. anastera leuca Chamberlin, 1924b: 650 (Df).
E. anastera Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 102 (S, rejected).
E. anastera Chickering, 1955: 414 (S, rejected).
E. c. Levi, 1977a: 122, f. 269-279, 296, 312, 318 (mf, elevated from subspecies, S).

mf conformans Chamberlin, 1925....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015926]
E. c. Chamberlin, 1925d: 216 (Df).
E. c. Chickering, 1955: 430, f. 49-50 (f).
E. gertschi Chickering, 1955: 440, f. 59-62 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015937].
E. c. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (Sm).

mf crista Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044012]
E. c. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 268, f. 10-15 (Dmf).

m delasmata Bryant, 1945....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015928]
E. d. Bryant, 1945a: 372, f. 11 (Dm).

m delecta Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015929]
E. d. Chickering, 1955: 431, f. 51-54 (Dm).

mf devia (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936)....................USA to Panama, West Indies [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015930]
Neosconella d. Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936b: 16, f. 38 (Df).
E. d. Levi, 1973: 487 (Tf from Araneus).
E. d. Levi, 1977a: 101, f. 118-127 (f, Dm, S, rejected).

mf eleuthera Levi, 1977....................USA, Bahama Is., Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015931]
E. e. Levi, 1977a: 111, f. 179-188 (Dmf).

mf emertoni (Banks, 1904)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015932]
Epeira e. Banks, 1904a: 111 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by a fossil species in Epeira, but the two species are not currently considered congeneric).
Araneus e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
E. anastera e. Archer, 1940: 55 (Tmf from Araneus, placed as subspecies).
E. triflex Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 103 (removed from S of E. anastera, misidentified).
E. arkansana Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 44 only (Dm; f. 47, f=E. cepina).
E. triflex Archer, 1951a: 19, f. 45 (m, misidentified).
E. e. Levi, 1977a: 120, f. 253-268, 291-295, 309-311, 317 (elevated f from subspecies of E. anastera, Sm).
E. e. Dondale et al., 2003: 269, f. 612-621 (mf).

m essequibensis (Hingston, 1932)....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015933]
Epeira e. Hingston, 1932: 366 (Dm).
Singa e. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 171 (Tm from Araneus).
Wixia e. Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tm from Singa).
E. e. Levi, 1995b: 209 (Tm from Wixia).

m exigua Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015934]
E. e. Chickering, 1955: 435, f. 55-58 (Dm).

f fragilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015935]
Epeira f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 23, pl. 4, f. 18 (Df).
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1892: 186, pl. 9, f. 137 (f).
E. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 509, pl. 48, f. 18 (f).

mf fuscovittata (Keyserling, 1864)....................Mexico, Cuba to South America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015936]
Epeira fusco-vittata Keyserling, 1864: 129, pl. 6, f. 7-8 (Df).
Nephila hirta Taczanowski, 1873: 149 (Df).
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1893: 251, pl. 13, f. 187 (f, Dm).
Cyclosa thorelli McCook, 1894: 228, pl. 19, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira caudata Banks, 1898b: 255, pl. 15, f. 5 (Df).
E. f. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 505, pl. 48, f. 3-4 (mf).
E. anastera vermiformis Franganillo, 1931: 44 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015912].
E. procurva Franganillo, 1936c: 80, f. 37a-b (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015969].
E. richardsi Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 105, f. 1-4 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015971].
Nephilengys hirta Roewer, 1942a: 934.
E. fusco-vittata Chickering, 1955: 398, f. A-B, 1-5 (mf).
E. f. Grasshoff, 1970b: 216, f. 2a-c (mf).
E. f. Kuntner & Levi, 2007: 446, f. 1-3 (f, S).
E. f. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

mf gonygaster (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015938]
Argyopes g. C. L. Koch, 1838: 43, f. 365 (Df).
E. g. Simon, 1895a: 789.
E. g. Caporiacco, 1948a: 660, f. 68-69 (Dm).

mf guianensis (Taczanowski, 1873)....................Peru, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015939]
Singa g. Taczanowski, 1873: 124 (Df).
Epeira g. Taczanowski, 1878b: 160, pl. 2, f. 11 (f, Dm).
E. g. Simon, 1895a: 789.
Aranea orina Chamberlin, 1916: 248, pl. 19, f. 3 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015963].
E. orina Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tm from Araneus).
E. g. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

mf guttata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015940]
E. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 508, pl. 48, f. 13-14 (Dmf).
E. g. Camargo, 1953: 309, f. 6, 8, 31-34, 48 (m).
E. g. Chickering, 1955: 442, f. 63-68 (mf).
E. g. Kraus, 1955b: 22, f. 53 (f).

f histrio Mello-Leitão, 1948....................Panama, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015941]
E. h. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 165, f. 8 (Df).
E. venusta Chickering, 1955: 515, f. 139-140 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015996].
E. h. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

mf illicita (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015942]
Epeira i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 17, pl. 6, f. 16 (Df).
Epeira cambridgii Keyserling, 1893: 255, pl. 13, f. 190 (Df).
E. i. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 506, pl. 48, f. 5, 6 (f, Dm).
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 401, f. 6-11 (mf).

m inconstans Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015943]
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 446, f. 69-72 (Dm).

mf ingenua Chickering, 1955....................Guatemala to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015944]
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 449, f. 73 (Df).
E. longembola Chickering, 1955: 458, f. 81-85 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015950].
E. i. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Sm).

f innoxia Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015945]
E. i. Chickering, 1955: 452, f. 74-76 (Df).

mf itapocuensis Strand, 1916....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015947]
E. i. Strand, 1916b: 107 (Dm).
E. i. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 270, f. 16-21 (m, Df).

f lata Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015948]
E. l. Chickering, 1955: 454, f. 77 (Df).

f latebricola (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Guatemala to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015949]
Epeira l. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 31, pl. 8, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira l. Keyserling, 1892: 150, pl. 7, f. 110 (f).
E. l. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 508, pl. 48, f. 15 (f).
E. l. Chickering, 1955: 457, f. 78-80 (f).

mf levii Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043573]
E. l. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 151, f. 8-13 (Dmf).

mf lunulifera Mello-Leitão, 1939....................French Guiana, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015951]
E. l. Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 108, f. 7-8 (Df).
E. l. Caporiacco, 1954: 90, f. 17 (Dm).

f maxima Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015952]
E. m. Chickering, 1955: 461, f. 86-87 (Df).

mf meridionalis Baert, 2014....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046986]
E. m. Baert, 2014b: 12, f. 4A-C, 5B, 6B (Dmf).

m mimica Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015953]
E. m. Chickering, 1955: 467, f. 90-93 (Dm).

mf minuscula (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015954]
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1892: 140, pl. 7, f. 103 (Dmf).
E. m. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 179 (Tmf from Mangora, after Mello-Leitão, 1919).

f monticola Chamberlin, 1916....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015956]
E. m. Chamberlin, 1916: 246, pl. 18, f. 7 (Df).

mf montivaga Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015957]
E. m. Chickering, 1955: 478, f. 101-102 (Df).
E. montana Chickering, 1955: 474, f. 97-100 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015955].
E. m. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Sm).

mf mourei Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015958]
E. m. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 241, f. 9-10 (Dmf).

mf mucronatella (Roewer, 1942)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015041]
Epeira mucronata L. Koch, 1871: 74, pl. 6, f. 2-3 (Dmf; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1862).
Aranea m. Roewer, 1942a: 830 (replacement name).
E. m. Framenau, Scharff & Levi, 2009: 26, f. 4A-H (Tmf from Araneus).

mf nasuta Mello-Leitão, 1939....................Panama, Guyana, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015959]
E. n. Mello-Leitão, 1939g: 107, f. 5-6 (Df).
E. tumida Chickering, 1955: 508, f. 131-132 (Df) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015990].
E. n. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 273, f. 32-33 (Dm).
E. n. Levi & Santos, 2013: 222 (S).

f nigerrima Mello-Leitão, 1940....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015960]
E. n. Mello-Leitão, 1940d: 205 (Df).

f novemmamillata Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015961]
E. 9-mamillata Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 212, f. 16-17 (Df).
E. n. Brignoli, 1983c: 270.

mf oblonga Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015962]
E. o. Chickering, 1955: 404, f. 12-18 (Dmf).

mf occidentalis Baert, 2014....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046984]
E. o. Baert, 2014b: 3, f. 1A-E, 2A-F, 5A, 6A (Dmf).

mf orientalis Baert, 2014....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046985]
E. o. Baert, 2014b: 9, f. 3A-E, 5C, 6C (Dmf).

f pallida Mello-Leitão, 1940....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015964]
E. p. Mello-Leitão, 1940h: 25, f. 2-3 (Df).

mf palmares Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010....................Brazil, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043574]
E. p. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 152, f. 14-19 (Dmf).

mf perdita Bryant, 1945....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015966]
E. p. Bryant, 1945a: 373, f. 4, 9 (Dmf).

mf perfida Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015967]
E. p. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 243, f. 11 (Df).
E. p. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 271, f. 22-26 (f, Dm).

mf photographica Mello-Leitão, 1944....................Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015968]
E. p. Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 329, f. 13-14 (Df).
E. p. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 158, f. 30-34 (f, Dm).

f redundans Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015970]
E. r. Chickering, 1955: 484, f. 106-107 (Df).

mf rosae Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015972]
E. r. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1935b: 22, pl. 15, f. 124 (Df).
E. r. Gertsch & Davis, 1936: 14, f. 11-12 (f, Dm).
E. r. Levi, 1977a: 112, f. 192-204, 297, 313 (f, Dm; m of Gertsch & Davis, 1936 =E. clavispina).

f rubroguttulata (Keyserling, 1879)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015973]
Larinia r. Keyserling, 1879: 314, pl. 4, f. 15 (Df).
Larinia r. Keyserling, 1893: 292, pl. 15, f. 216 (f).
Araneus rubroguttulatus Grasshoff, 1970b: 218 (Tf from Larinia).
E. r. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 246 (Tf from Araneus).

mf rustica Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015974]
E. r. Chickering, 1955: 486, f. 108-113 (Dmf).

mf saga (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil, Uruguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015975]
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1893: 253, pl. 13, f. 188 (Dmf).
Araneus sagus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
E. s. Roewer, 1942a: 766.

mf sagana (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015976]
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1893: 254, pl. 13, f. 189 (Dmf).
Araneus saganus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
E. s. Roewer, 1942a: 766.

m scitula Chickering, 1955....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015978]
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 492, f. 114-117 (Dm).

mf scutigera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1898)....................Mexico to Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015979]
Epeira s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 243, pl. 33, f. 8 (Df).
Epeira nava O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 300, pl. 37, f. 5 (Df).
E. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 508, pl. 48, f. 11-12 (f, Dm).
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 496, f. 118-123 (mf).

mf secta Mello-Leitão, 1945....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015980]
E. s. Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 238, f. 11 (Df).
E. s. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010b: 272, f. 27-31 (f, Dm).

f sedula Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015981]
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 500, f. 124-126 (Df).

f semifoliata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1899)....................Central America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015982]
Epeira s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1899a: 301, pl. 36, f. 3 (Df).
E. s. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 510, pl. 48, f. 21 (f).
E. s. Chickering, 1955: 502, f. 127 (f).

f smaragdinea (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015983]
Epeira s. Taczanowski, 1878b: 161, pl. 2, f. 12 (Df).
E. s. Simon, 1895a: 789.

mf tantula Chickering, 1955....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015984]
E. t. Chickering, 1955: 505, f. 128-130 (Dm).
E. minima Chickering, 1955: 471, f. 94-96 (Df).
E. t. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Sf).

mf taquara (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015985]
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1892: 143, pl. 7, f. 105 (Df).
Araneus t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 318.
E. t. Roewer, 1942a: 766.
E. t. Poeta, Marques & Buckup, 2010a: 157, f. 25-29 (f, Dm).

f tribrachiata Badcock, 1932....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015986]
E. t. Badcock, 1932: 20, f. 15 (Df).

mf tridentata (C. L. Koch, 1838)....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015987]
Argyopes tridentatus C. L. Koch, 1838: 41, f. 363-364 (Dmf).
Epeira argyopes Walckenaer, 1841: 132 (Dmf).
E. t. Simon, 1895a: 795.
E. t. Caporiacco, 1954: 92, f. 18, 18a (mf).

f trinitatis (Hogg, 1918)....................Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015988]
Araneus t. Hogg, 1918: 166, f. 1 (Df).
E. t. Levi, 1991a: 178 (Tf from Araneus).

f tristis (Blackwall, 1862)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015989]
Epeira t. Blackwall, 1862b: 436 (Df).
Araneus t. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321.
E. t. Roewer, 1942a: 767.

f ulecebrosa (Keyserling, 1892)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015991]
Epeira u. Keyserling, 1892: 104, pl. 5, f. 77 (Df).
Araneus ulecebrosus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321.
E. u. Mello-Leitão, 1919: 470.

f uncicurva Franganillo, 1936....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015992]
E. u. Franganillo, 1936c: 80 (Df).

mf unimaculata Franganillo, 1930....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015993]
E. u. Franganillo, 1930: 22 (Df).
E. u. Bryant, 1936b: 327, pl. 23, f. 1, 5 (Dm).

mf vegeta (Keyserling, 1865)....................Mexico to Brazil, Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015994]
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1865: 819, pl. 19, f. 31-34 (Dmf).
Epeira v. Keyserling, 1892: 144, pl. 7, f. 106 (mf).
Acacesia v. Simon, 1895a: 789, f. 858-859 (m).
E. v. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 509, pl. 48, f. 16-17 (mf).
E. v. Bryant, 1945a: 374, f. 7 (m).
E. v. Chickering, 1955: 511, f. 133-138 (mf).

f vellardi Mello-Leitão, 1924....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015995]
E. v. Mello-Leitão, 1924a: 279 (Df).

mf viridipedata (Roewer, 1942)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015997]
Epeira viridipes Taczanowski, 1878b: 155, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dmf; preoccupied by Doleschall, 1859).
Araneus viridipes Petrunkevitch, 1911: 324.
Aranea v. Roewer, 1942a: 856 (replacement name).
E. v. Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tmf from Araneus).

f wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015998]
E. w. Schenkel, 1953a: 21, f. 19a-b (Df).

Gen. Exechocentrus Simon, 1889 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01481]

f lancearius Simon, 1889 *....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015999]
E. l. Simon, 1889b: 227 (Df).
E. l. Simon, 1895a: 888, f. 951-953 (f).
E. l. Scharff & Hormiga, 2012: 110, f. 1A-B, 2A-B, 3A-C, 4A-B, 5A-B (f).

f madilina Scharff & Hormiga, 2012....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045518]
E. m. Scharff & Hormiga, 2012: 114, f. 6A-C, 7A-B (Df).


Gen. Faradja Grasshoff, 1970 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01482]

F. Grasshoff, 1970c: 418, type Larinia faradjensis Lessert, 1930.

m faradjensis (Lessert, 1930) *....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016000]
Larinia f. Lessert, 1930: 637, f. 14 (Dm).
F. f. Grasshoff, 1970c: 418, f. 24a-c (Tm from Larinia).

Gen. Friula O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01483]

f wallacei O. P.-Cambridge, 1896 *....................Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016001]
F. w. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896b: 1009, pl. 52, f. 2 (Df).

Gen. Galaporella Levi, 2009 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03939]

G. Levi, 2009: 894, type G. thaleri Levi, 2009.

mf thaleri Levi, 2009 *....................Galapagos Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042912]
G. t. Levi, 2009: 896, f. 1-12 (Dmf).

Gen. Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01484]

N.B.: not a senior synonym of Aetrocantha Karsch, 1879, Isoxya Simon, 1885, or Acrosomoides Simon, 1887 (Benoit, 1962a: 14, 43, 45); or of Actinacantha Simon, 1864, Macracantha Simon, 1864, Augusta O. P.-Cambridge, 1877, Thelacantha van Hasselt, 1882, Afracantha Dahl, 1914, Austracantha Dahl, 1914, Hypsacantha Dahl, 1914 or Togacantha Dahl, 1914 (Emerit, 1974: 28-31, contra Benoit, 1962a: 14); considered a senior synonym of Paurotylus Tullgren, 1910 (transferred here from the Theridiidae by Levi & Levi, 1962: 25) by Emerit, 1982c: 458, contra Benoit, 1964a: 47, who considered that genus a junior synonym of Aetrocantha Karsch, 1879 instead; considered a senior synonym of Bunocrania Thorell, 1878 by Levi, 1996b: 140.

Transferred to other genera:
G. acrosomoides O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 -- see Acrosomoides.
G. arcuata (Fabricius, 1793) -- see Macracantha.
G. astrigera L. Koch, 1871 -- see Austracantha.
G. batesi Pocock, 1899 -- see Afracantha.
G. brevispina (Doleschall, 1857) -- see Thelacantha.
G. camerunensis Thorell, 1899 -- see Afracantha.
G. cicatricosa C. L. Koch, 1844 -- see Isoxya.
G. cowani Butler, 1882 -- see Isoxya.
G. crucimaculata Dahl, 1914 -- see Hypsacantha.
G. falkensteini (Karsch, 1879) -- see Aetrocantha.
G. formosana Saito, 1933 -- see Thelacantha.
G. galeata (Simon, 1887) -- see Aetrocantha.
G. globulata (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Actinacantha.
G. glyphica Guérin, 1839 -- see Augusta.
G. linnaei (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Acrosomoides.
G. minax Thorell, 1859 -- see Austracantha.
G. mucronota (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Isoxya.
G. nigromutica Caporiacco, 1939 -- see Isoxya.
G. nordviei Strand, 1913 (removed from S of G. simoni) -- see Togacantha.
G. nossibeana Strand, 1915 -- see Madacantha.
G. penizoides (Simon, 1887) -- see Isoxya.
G. reuteri Lenz, 1886 -- see Isoxya.
G. sagaensis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. sola Saito, 1933 -- see Thelacantha.
G. somalica Caporiacco, 1940 -- see Isoxya.
G. sparsa Saito, 1933 -- see Thelacantha.
G. stuhlmanni Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895 -- see Isoxya.
G. tabulata Thorell, 1859 -- see Isoxya.
G. testudinaria Simon, 1901 -- see Isoxya.
G. testudinaria benina Strand, 1913 -- see Isoxya.
G. tetraedra (Walckenaer, 1841) -- see Acrosomoides.
G. tuberifera Dahl, 1914 -- see Isoxya.

In synonymy:
G. cancriformis unicolor Taczanowski, 1879 = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1978a: 438).
G. comstocki Mello-Leitão, 1917 = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1996b: 142).
G. crucigera melanotica Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = G. crucigera Bradley, 1877 (Chrysanthus, 1971: 44).
G. crucigera tenuiscapus Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = G. crucigera Bradley, 1877 (Chrysanthus, 1971: 44).
G. depressa (Tullgren, 1910) = G. milvoides Butler, 1873 (Emerit, 1982c: 458).
G. importuna O. P.-Cambridge, 1879 = G. sanguinolenta C. L. Koch, 1844 (Benoit, 1962a: 64).
G. impotens Gerstäcker, 1873 (removed from S of G. versicolor) = G. sanguinolenta C. L. Koch, 1844 (Benoit, 1962a: 64).
G. insulana Thorell, 1859 (removed from S of G. servillei) = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1978a: 437).
G. kochi Butler, 1873 (removed from S of G. servillei) = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1978a: 438).
G. macrura Pocock, 1898 (removed from S of G. sanguinolenta) = G. milvoides Butler, 1873 (Benoit, 1962a: 59).
G. mammosa C. L. Koch, 1844 = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Benoit, 1964a: 49).
G. mascula Strand, 1915 = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1996b: 142).
G. nabona Chamberlin, 1924 = G. kuhli C. L. Koch, 1837 (Fox, 1938b: 365).
G. nigripes Simon, 1881 = G. rhomboidea madagascariensis Vinson, 1863 (Benoit, 1964a: 50).
G. occidentalis Dahl, 1914 = G. sanguinolenta C. L. Koch, 1844 (Benoit, 1962a: 64).
G. scintillans concolor Rainbow, 1913 = G. scintillans Butler, 1873 (Chrysanthus, 1971: 45).
G. sepulchralis Simon, 1881 = G. rhomboidea madagascariensis Vinson, 1863 (Benoit, 1964a: 50).
G. servillei (Guérin, 1825) = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1996b: 140).
G. servillei joinvillensis Strand, 1915 = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1996b: 142).
G. sodalis O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 = G. sanguinolenta C. L. Koch, 1844 (Benoit, 1964a: 50).
G. tetracantha (Linnaeus, 1767) = G. cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Levi, 1996b: 140).
G. versicolor nigristerna Caporiacco, 1941 = G. versicolor (Walckenaer, 1841) (Benoit, 1962a: 61).

Nomen dubium:
G. trigona Giebel, 1863: 311 (Java) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1514.

Nomina nuda:
G. cancriformis alba Franganillo, 1936c: 96.
G. cancriformis aurata Franganillo, 1926a: 57.
G. cancriformis nigra Franganillo, 1926a: 57.

f aciculata (Pocock, 1899)....................New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016002]
Actinacantha a. Pocock, 1899f: 107, pl. 10, f. 5 (Df).
G. a. Dahl, 1914: 248.

f acutispina Dahl, 1914....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016003]
G. a. Dahl, 1914: 246, f. 17 (Df).

f audouini Guérin, 1838....................Sumatra, Timor, Amboina, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016004]
G. audouinii Guérin, 1838b: 55 (Df).
Plectana transversalis Walckenaer, 1841: 165 (Df).
Plectana bleekeri Doleschall, 1857: 423 (Df).
G. pseudoflava Simon, 1877c: 228, pl. 3, f. 4 (Df).
G. bleekeri Thorell, 1878b: 11.
G. bleekeri retrorsa Thorell, 1878b: 12 (Df).
G. retrorsa Thorell, 1881: 6.
G. pseudoflava Simon, 1895a: 839, f. 888 (f).
G. a. Dahl, 1914: 284.

f aureola Mi & Peng, 2013....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046546]
G. a. Mi & Peng, 2013b: 795, f. 1-5 (Df).

f beccarii Thorell, 1877....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016005]
G. b. Thorell, 1877b: 347 (Df).
Plectana b. Thorell, 1890a: 68.
G. b. Dahl, 1914: 245.

m biloba (Thorell, 1878)....................Moluccas, Amboina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016006]
Bunocrania b. Thorell, 1878b: 25 (Dj)
Bunocrania b. Thorell, 1898: 374 (Dm).

mf cancriformis (Linnaeus, 1758) *....................New World [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016007]
Aranea c. Linnaeus, 1758: 624 (Df).
Aranea tetracantha Linnaeus, 1767: 1037 (Df).
Aranea conchata Slabber, 1769: 3 (D).
Aranea tetracantha Pallas, 1772: 49, pl. 3, f. 16-17 (f).
Aranea hexacantha Fabricius, 1787: 344 (Df).
Epeira lata Walckenaer, 1805: 66.
Epeira servillei Guérin, 1825: 263 (Df).
G. c. Sundevall, 1833b: 14.
Acrosoma hexacantha Hahn, 1834: 17, f. 106 (f, misidentified).
G. c. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 21, f. 263 (f).
G. hexacantha C. L. Koch, 1837a: 31, f. 268 (f, misidentified).
G. velitaris C. L. Koch, 1837a: 33, f. 269 (Df).
Plectana c. Walckenaer, 1841: 151.
Plectana velitaris Walckenaer, 1841: 152.
Plectana hexacantha Walckenaer, 1841: 152.
Plectana elipsoides Walckenaer, 1841: 155 (Df).
Plectana quinqueserrata Walckenaer, 1841: 157 (Df).
Plectana sexserrata Walckenaer, 1841: 157 (Df).
Plectana triserrata Walckenaer, 1841: 158 (Df).
Plectana servillei Walckenaer, 1841: 159.
Plectana lata Walckenaer, 1841: 165 (Df).
Plectana atlantica Walckenaer, 1841: 167 (Df).
G. rubiginosa C. L. Koch, 1844: 55, f. 878 (Df).
G. picea C. L. Koch, 1844: 61, f. 882 (Df).
G. mammosa C. L. Koch, 1844: 57, f. 879 (Df).
G. quadridens C. L. Koch, 1844: 59, f. 880 (Df).
G. pallida C. L. Koch, 1844: 60, f. 881 (Df).
Epeira cancer Hentz, 1850: 23, pl. 3, f. 13 (Df).
G. moesta Thorell, 1859: 301 (Dj).
G. insulana Thorell, 1859: 302 (Df).
G. hilaris Thorell, 1859: 302 (Df).
G. columbiae Giebel, 1863: 312 (Df).
G. kochii Butler, 1873a: 169 (Df).
Dicantha lata Butler, 1873a: 175.
Micrathena triserrata Butler, 1873a: 429.
G. oldendorffii Holmberg, 1876: 21 (Df).
G. insulana Butler, 1877: 76, pl. 13, f. 1 (f).
G. canestrinii O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 282, pl. 26, f. 2 (Dj).
G. callida O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 284, pl. 26, f. 7 (Df).
G. raimondii Taczanowski, 1879: 106, pl. 1, f. 25-26 (Df).
G. raimondii unicolor Taczanowski, 1879: 107 (Df).
G. proboscidea Taczanowski, 1879: 108, pl. 1, f. 27 (Df).
G. rufospinosa Marx, 1886: 25, f. a-f (Df).
G. hexacantha Keyserling, 1892: 1, pl. 1, f. 1 (f, misidentified).
G. maura McCook, 1894: 210, pl. 13, f. 12 (Df).
G. c. McCook, 1894: 211, pl. 14, f. 9 (f).
G. elliptica Gétaz, 1893: 105 (Df).
G. pallida McCook, 1894: 209, pl. 14, f. 8 (f).
G. preciosa McCook, 1894: 211, pl. 14, f. 7 (Df).
G. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901b: 329, pl. 7, f. 11 (f).
G. canestrinii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901b: 330, pl. 7, f. 10 (Df).
G. kochii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1901b: 331, pl. 7, f. 10 (f).
G. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 525, pl. 51, f. 14 (f).
G. kochii F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 525, pl. 51, f. 15 (f).
G. biolleyi Banks, 1905b: 20, f. 3 (Df).
G. c. Dahl, 1914: 263.
G. servillei Dahl, 1914: 264.
G. tetracantha Dahl, 1914: 265.
G. kochi joinvillensis Strand, 1916b: 118 (Df).
G. mascula Strand, 1916b: 119 (Dm).
G. comstocki Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 93 (Df).
Vibradellus carolinus Chamberlin, 1925d: 214 (Dm).
G. c. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 249, f. 103 (mf).
G. tetracantha Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 253, f. 104-107 (f, Dm).
G. c. Archer, 1941b: 23, pl. IV, f. 3, 5 (mf).
G. c. Benoit, 1964a: 49 (S).
G. c. Levi, 1978a: 437, f. 69-84 (mf, S).
G. c. Levi, 1978b: 11, f. 15-17 (m).
G. tetracantha Wunderlich, 1986: 217, f. 218 (m).
G. c. Levi, 1996b: 140, f. 292-312 (mf, S).
G. c. Levi, 2002: 553, f. 251-252 (m).
G. c. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 846, f. 133E, 136A (f).

mf cancriformis gertschi Archer, 1941....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016008]
G. c. g. Archer, 1941b: 24, pl. IV, f. 6 (Dmf; probably not valid, per Brignoli, 1983c: 245).

f clarki Emerit, 1974....................Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016009]
G. c. Emerit, 1974: 101, f. 42, 43A-B (Df).

f clavatrix (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Lombok, Sulawesi, Mentawai Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016010]
Plectana c. Walckenaer, 1841: 186 (Df).
G. c. Thorell, 1877b: 349.
G. claveata O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 289, pl. 27, f. 17 (Df).
G. claveata Pocock, 1897c: 603, pl. 25, f. 5 (f).
G. c. Dahl, 1914: 244.

f clavigera Giebel, 1863....................Thailand, Philippines, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016011]
G. c. Giebel, 1863: 307 (Df).
G. nigrisparsa Butler, 1873a: 154, pl. 4, f. 11 (Df).
G. scoparia Simon, 1877b: 68, pl. 3, f. 1 (Df).
G. scoparia Simon, 1895a: 839, f. 889 (f).
G. c. Dahl, 1914: 244.

mf crucigera Bradley, 1877....................Malaysia, Java, Borneo, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016012]
G. c. Bradley, 1877: 138, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
G. crepidiphora O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 287, pl. 27, f. 14 (Df).
G. similis Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 497, pl. 20, f. 65, 70 (Df).
G. c. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 494, pl. 20, f. 64, 69 (f, Dm).
G. crepidiphora Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 496, pl. 20, f. 66, 71 (f).
G. similis tenuiscapus Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 498 (Df).
G. similis melanotica Kulczyn'ski, 1911d: 123 (Df).
G. c. Dahl, 1914: 247.
G. c. Chrysanthus, 1971: 44, f. 94-96 (f, S).

mf curvispina (Guérin, 1837)....................West, Central Africa, Bioko [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016013]
Epeira c. Guérin, 1837: 8, pl. 2, f. 8 (Df).
Plectana c. Walckenaer, 1841: 154.
G. walckenaeri Lucas, 1858: 49, 425, pl. 12, f. 7 (Df).
G. vaccula Thorell, 1859: 301 (Df).
G. retracta Butler, 1873a: 157, pl. 4, f. 12 (Df).
G. dahomensis Karsch, 1884b: 70 (Df).
G. c. Simon, 1907d: 300 (Dm).
G. c. Dahl, 1914: 266, f. 13 (f).
G. c. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 328, f. 15-16 (m).
G. c. Emerit, 1982c: 458, 465, pl. 1, f. A, D, F-G (m).

f curvistyla Dahl, 1914....................Togian Is., near Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016014]
G. c. Dahl, 1914: 245, f. 16 (Df).

f cuspidata C. L. Koch, 1837....................Malaysia, Nicobar Is., Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016015]
G. c. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 22, f. 264 (Df).
Plectana c. Walckenaer, 1841: 154.

f dalyi Pocock, 1900....................India, Pakistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016016]
G. d. Pocock, 1900a: 232 (Df).
G. d. Tikader, 1982a: 67, f. 135-138 (f).

f diadesmia Thorell, 1887....................India to Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016017]
G. diadesmia Thorell, 1887: 225 (Df; cited under G. panisicea in Roewer).
G. d. Tikader, 1982a: 61, f. 123-126 (f).
G. d. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 557, f. 343a-f, 344a-i (f).
G. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 95, f. 24a-c (f).
G. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 168C-D, P (f).

f diardi (Lucas, 1835)....................China, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Sunda Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016018]
Epeira d. Lucas, 1835a: 70, pl. 149, f. 4 (Df).
G. fornicata C. L. Koch, 1837a: 18, f. 261 (f, misidentified).
G. obliqua C. L. Koch, 1844: 64, f. 884 (Df).
Plectana acuminata Doleschall, 1859: 42, pl. 12, f. 1 (Df).
G. varia Thorell, 1859: 301 (Df).
G. unguicornis Butler, 1873a: 159, pl. 4, f. 13 (Df).
G. consanguinea Butler, 1873a: 159 (Df).
G. dicallina Butler, 1873a: 160, pl. 4, f. 1 (Df).
G. sumatrana Butler, 1873a: 162, pl. 4, f. 3 (Df).
G. pavesi O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 282, pl. 26, f. 4 (Df).
G. fornicata bubula Thorell, 1890a: 49 (Df).
G. montana Thorell, 1890a: 53 (Df).
G. fornicata jalorensis Simon, 1901k: 60 (Df).
G. bouchardi Simon, 1903h: 302 (Df).
G. marsdeni Simon, 1903h: 302 (Df).
G. marsdeni punctisternis Strand, 1906d: 264 (Df).
G. fornicata olivacea Strand, 1907m: 424 (Df).
G. d. Dahl, 1914: 285.
G. d. Kolosváry, 1931: 1057, pl. 30, f. 1 (f).

f doriae Simon, 1877....................Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016019]
G. d. Simon, 1877c: 232, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df).
G. harpax O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 284, pl. 26, f. 9 (Df).
G. d. Workman & Workman, 1892: 7, pl. 7 (f).
G. kulczynskii Strand, 1906d: 266 (Df).
G. fornicata hundeshageni Strand, 1907k: 195 (Df).
G. d. Dahl, 1914: 277.

f falcicornis Butler, 1873....................Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016020]
G. f. Butler, 1873a: 158, pl. 4, f. 10 (Df).
G. toxotes Gerstäcker, 1873: 489 (Df).
G. resupinata Gerstäcker, 1873: 490, pl. 18, f. 8 (Df).
G. petersii Karsch, 1878a: 322, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
G. falciformis Simon, 1895a: 840 (lapsus).
G. f. Dahl, 1914: 276.
G. f. Emerit, 1974: 107, f. 46D-F (f).

f fasciata Guérin, 1838....................New Guinea, Guam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016021]
G. f. Guérin, 1838b: 53 (Df).
Plectana variegata Walckenaer, 1841: 160 (Df).
G. variegata L. Koch, 1871: 2.
G. f. Dahl, 1914: 282.
G. f. Chrysanthus, 1971: 49, f. 112-113 (f).

f flava Nicolet, 1849....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016022]
G. f. Nicolet, 1849: 476 (Df).

f fornicata (Fabricius, 1775)....................Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016023]
Aranea f. Fabricius, 1775: 435 (Df).
G. vittata L. Koch, 1871: 2, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
G. bradleyi Thorell, 1881: 12 (Df).
G. f. Dahl, 1914: 280.

f frontata Blackwall, 1864....................India, Myanmar, Thailand, Flores, Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016024]
G. f. Blackwall, 1864b: 40 (Df).
G. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 283, pl. 26, f. 5 (f).
G. flebilis O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 284, pl. 26, f. 8 (Df).
G. f. Dahl, 1914: 283.

f gambeyi Simon, 1877....................New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016025]
G. g. Simon, 1877c: 236, pl. 3, f. 5 (Df).

mf geminata (Fabricius, 1798)....................India, Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016026]
Aranea g. Fabricius, 1798: 292 (Df).
G. g. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 16, f. 260 (f).
Plectana g. Walckenaer, 1841: 158.
G. connata Butler, 1873a: 168 (Df).
G. rimata O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 282, pl. 26, f. 3 (Df).
G. g. Simon, 1895a: 836, f. 883-887 (f, Dm).
G. g. Pocock, 1900a: 233, f. 79 (f).
G. g. Dahl, 1914: 267, f. 11 (f).
G. g. Tikader, 1982a: 53, f. 107-110 (f).
G. g. Kim et al., 2013b: 175, f. 1-8 (f).

mf hasselti C. L. Koch, 1837....................India, China to Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016027]
G. hasseltii C. L. Koch, 1837a: 29, f. 267 (Df).
G. horrens Thorell, 1859: 303 (Df).
G. parvula Thorell, 1859: 303 (Dm).
G. blackwalli Keyserling, 1864: 65, pl. 1, f. 1 (Df).
G. helva Blackwall, 1864b: 42 (Df).
G. hepatica L. Koch, 1871: 8, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).
G. helva O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 287, pl. 27, f. 15 (f).
G. propinqua O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 288, pl. 27, f. 16 (Df).
G. pictospina Hasselt, 1882: 14, pl. 1, f. 1-2 (Df).
Actinacantha pictispina Simon, 1885a: 37.
Actinacantha propinqua Simon, 1886a: 147.
Plectana hasselti Thorell, 1887: 224.
Plectana blackwallii Thorell, 1890a: 68.
G. h. Pocock, 1900a: 233.
G. perakensis Simon, 1901k: 60 (Df).
G. propinqua Simon, 1904b: 282, pl. 16, f. 5 (f).
G. tjibodensis Strand, 1907m: 424 (Df).
G. hasseltii Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 33, f. 47-49 (f).
G. hasseltii Tikader, 1982a: 63, f. 127-130 (f).
G. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 96, f. 25a-f (mf).
G. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 168E-F, K-L, Q-R (mf).
G. h. Yin et al., 2012: 581, f. 279a-f (mf).

f hecata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016028]
Plectana h. Walckenaer, 1841: 168 (Df).
G. falcifera C. L. Koch, 1844: 62, f. 883 (Df).
G. h. Dahl, 1914: 270.

f interrupta Dahl, 1914....................Lombok, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016029]
G. i. Dahl, 1914: 262, f. 15 (Df).

f irradiata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Thailand to Philippines, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:036933]
Plectana i. Walckenaer, 1841: 170 (Df).
G. vittata Thorell, 1859: 301 (Df).
G. minahassae Merian, 1911: 235, pl. 9, f. 5 (Df).
G. i. Dahl, 1914: 284.

f janopol Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016030]
G. j. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 553, f. 340a-i (Df).

mf kuhli C. L. Koch, 1837....................India to Japan, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016031]
G. kuhlii C. L. Koch, 1837a: 20, f. 262 (Df).
Plectana acuminata Walckenaer, 1841: 159 (Df).
G. annulipes C. L. Koch, 1844: 52, f. 876 (Df).
Plectana leucomelas Doleschall, 1859: 42, pl. 11, f. 8 (Df).
G. annamita Simon, 1886a: 148 (Df).
G. leucomelaena Thorell, 1887: 231 (Df).
G. leucomelas Simon, 1904b: 282, pl. 16, f. 3 (f).
G. leucomelas Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 239, pl. 3, f. 18, pl. 15, f. 395 (f).
G. k. Dahl, 1914: 262.
G. nabona Chamberlin, 1924a: 22 (Df).
G. leucomelas Sherriffs, 1934: 87, f. 2 (f).
G. kuhlii Fox, 1938b: 365 (S).
G. leucomelaena Saito, 1939: 10, f. 2(4) (f).
G. kuhlii Nakatsudi, 1943a: 162, f. 11 (f).
G. leucomelaena Saito, 1959: 112, f. 137a-d (f).
G. kuhlii Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 34, f. 50-52 (f).
G. kuhlii Tikader, 1982a: 59, g. 119-122 (f).
G. kuhlii Hu, 1984: 114, f. 112.1-2 (f).
G. kuhlii Yaginuma, 1986a: 111, f. 58.4 (m).
G. kuhlii Chikuni, 1989b: 83, f. 64 (mf).
G. kuhlii Feng, 1990: 83, f. 58.1-6 (f).
G. kuhlii Chen & Gao, 1990: 62, f. 75 (f).
G. kuhlii Chen & Zhang, 1991: 101, f. 95.1-4 (f).
G. kuhlii Zhao, 1993: 238, f. 111 (f).
G. kuhlii Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 559, f. 345a-f (f).
G. k. Yin et al., 1997d: 97, f. 26a-f (mf).
G. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 168G-H, M, S-T (mf).
G. k. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 204, f. 122A-F (mf).
G. k. Namkung, 2002: 289, f. 19.50a-b (mf).
G. k. Kim & Kim, 2002: 207, f. 46, 127, 240-241 (mf).
G. kuhlii Kim & Cho, 2002: 267, f. 655-660 (f).
G. k. Namkung, 2003: 291, f. 19.50a-b (mf).
G. kuhlii Kim & Park, 2007: 119, f. 1a-d (f).
G. k. Shin, 2007: 160, f. 10A-I (f).
G. kuhlii Tanikawa, 2007c: 52, f. 61-63, 471-472 (mf).
G. kuhlii Tanikawa, 2009: 429, f. 55-56 (mf).
G. k. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 225, f. 161A-F (mf).
G. k. Yin et al., 2012: 582, f. 280a-f (mf).

f lepelletieri (Guérin, 1825)....................Sumatra to Philippines, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016032]
Epeira lepeletieri Guérin, 1825: 763 (Df, patronym for Lepelletier).
G. l. Guérin, 1838b: 52.
Plectana l. Walckenaer, 1841: 156.
Plectana praetextata Doleschall, 1859: 42, pl. 8, f. 4, pl. 11, f. 6 (f, misidentified).
G. doleschalli Simon, 1877c: 227 (Df).
Actinacantha l. Simon, 1885a: 37.
G. praetextata helva Merian, 1911: 235 (Df).
G. l. Dahl, 1914: 250.

f lunata Guérin, 1838....................Timor, Moluccas, New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016033]
G. l. Guérin, 1838b: 55 (Df).
G. ternatensis Thorell, 1881: 18 (Df).
G. bruijnii Thorell, 1881: 21 (Df).
G. bruijnii laeviuscula Thorell, 1881: 21 (Df).
G. fragispina Keyserling, 1886a: 92, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
G. laeviuscula Strand, 1907k: 197.
G. l. Dahl, 1914: 285.

f martensi Dahl, 1914....................Sumatra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016034]
G. m. Dahl, 1914: 249, f. 18 (Df).

f mediofusca (Doleschall, 1859)....................Java, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016035]
Plectana mediofusca Doleschall, 1859: 44, pl. 13, f. 9 (Df).
G. mediofusca Merian, 1911: 237.
G. m. Chrysanthus, 1971: 47, f. 105-106 (removed f from S of G. mammosa per Roewer).

f mengei Keyserling, 1864....................Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016036]
G. m. Keyserling, 1864: 67, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).
Atelacantha malayensis Simon, 1864: 285.
G. malayensis Hasselt, 1882: 13 (Df).
G. m. Dahl, 1914: 270, f. 10 (f).

f metallica (Pocock, 1898)....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016037]
Actinacantha m. Pocock, 1898b: 465, pl. 19, f. 5 (Df).
G. m. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 398.

mf milvoides Butler, 1873....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016038]
G. milvoides Butler, 1873a: 159, pl. 4, f. 2 (Df).
G. macrura Pocock, 1898e: 438, pl. 13, f. 3 (Df).
Paurotylus depressus Tullgren, 1910: 171, pl. 4, f. 125 (Dm).
G. m. Benoit, 1962a: 59 (removed f from S of G. versicolor, S).
Paurotylus depressus Benoit, 1962d: 371, f. 1-3 (m).
Aetrocantha galatea Benoit, 1964a: 47 (S, rejected).
G. m. Emerit, 1973: 685, f. 5B, pl. IIc (m).
G. m. Emerit, 1974: 107, f. 46A-C (f).
G. m. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 328, f. 13-14 (m).
G. m. Emerit, 1982c: 458, pl. 1, f. C, E (m, S).

f notata Kulczyn'ski, 1910....................New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016039]
G. n. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 398, pl. 17, f. 10 (Df).

f panisicca Butler, 1873....................Myanmar to Philippines, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016040]
G. p. Butler, 1873a: 162, pl. 4, f. 14 (Df).
G. p. Dahl, 1914: 287.
G. panisicea Kolosváry, 1931: 1063, pl. 30, f. 2 (f).

f parangdiadesmia Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016041]
G. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 555, f. 342a-e (Df).

mf pentagona (Walckenaer, 1841)....................New Ireland, New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016042]
Plectana p. Walckenaer, 1841: 168 (Df).
G. p. L. Koch, 1871: 9, pl. 1, f. 6 (f).
Stanneoclavis studeri Karsch, 1878c: 799 (Df).
G. strasseni Strand, 1911b: 206 (Df).
G. mahurica Strand, 1913d: 118 (Df).
G. strasseni Strand, 1915d: 229, pl. 14, f. 25-26, pl. 17, f. 72 (f).
G. p. Dahl, 1914: 248.
G. p. Chrysanthus, 1971: 45, f. 97-100 (mf).

f pentagona anirica Strand, 1915....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016043]
G. strasseni a. Strand, 1915d: 230 (Df).

j picta (Thorell, 1892)....................Singapore [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016044]
Bunocrania p. Thorell, 1892a: 251 (Dj).

f quadrispinosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1879....................New Guinea, Queensland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016045]
G. q. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 281, pl. 26, f. 1 (Df).
G. papuana Thorell, 1881: 15 (Df).
G. quadrispina Lamb, 1911: 171, f. 2 (Df).
G. wolfi Strand, 1911b: 205 (Df).
G. q. Dahl, 1914: 270.
G. q. Chrysanthus, 1971: 48, f. 107-108 (f).

f recurva Simon, 1877....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016046]
G. r. Simon, 1877b: 70, pl. 3, f. 2 (Df).
G. r. Simon, 1895a: 839, f. 890 (f).

f regalis Butler, 1873....................New Hebrides [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016047]
G. r. Butler, 1873a: 156, pl. 4, f. 7 (Df).

f remifera Butler, 1873....................India, Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016048]
G. r. Butler, 1873a: 154, pl. 4, f. 5 (Df).
Plectana clavatrix Karsch, 1891: 277 (f, misidentified).
G. r. Pocock, 1900a: 233, f. 78 (f).
G. r. Dahl, 1914: 244.
G. r. Tikader, 1982a: 65, f. 131-134 (f).

f rhomboidea Guérin, 1838....................Mauritius [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016049]
G. r. Guérin, 1838b: 54 (Df).
Plectana mauricia Walckenaer, 1841: 155 (Df).
G. mauritia Vinson, 1863: 239, 315.
G. peccans O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 293, pl. 26, f. 6 (Df).
G. r. Dahl, 1914: 287.
G. r. Emerit, 1974: 97, f. 27D, 39, 40A-C (f).

f rhomboidea comorensis Strand, 1917....................Comoro Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016050]
G. comorensis Strand, 1917b: 117 (Df).
G. r. c. Emerit, 1974: 95, f. 38A-B (f, reduced to subspecies).

mf rhomboidea madagascariensis Vinson, 1863....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016051]
G. m. Vinson, 1863: 242, 315, pl. 9, f. 6 (Df).
G. m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 285, pl. 26, f. 10 (f).
G. sepulchralis Simon, 1881e: 2 (Df).
G. nigripes Simon, 1881e: 3 (Df).
G. r. m. Benoit, 1964a: 50 (removed f from S of G. sanguinolenta, placed as subspecies, S G. comorensis, rejected).
G. r. m. Emerit, 1974: 91, f. 27C, 28C, 36, 37A-E (f, Dm).

f rubrospinis Guérin, 1838....................Lombok, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Caledonia, Guam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016052]
G. r. Guérin, 1838b: 53 (Df).
G. circumnotata Simon, 1877c: 229 (Df).
G. butleri Thorell, 1877b: 350 (Df).
G. simoni Keyserling, 1886a: 90, pl. 7, f. 2 (Df).
G. eurygaster Thorell, 1890a: 25 (Df).
G. circumnotata Pocock, 1897c: 603, pl. 25, f. 2 (f).
G. butleri elberti Strand, 1911b: 206 (Df).
G. r. Dahl, 1914: 282 (S all names above).
G. butleri elberti Strand, 1915d: 230, pl. 17, f. 73 (f).

f rufithorax Simon, 1881....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016053]
G. r. Simon, 1881e: 2 (Df).
G. rhomboidea madagascariensis Benoit, 1964a: 50 (S, rejected).
G. r. Emerit, 1974: 97, f. 38B, 41B (f, removed from S).

f sacerdotalis L. Koch, 1872....................New Guinea, Queensland, New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016054]
G. s. L. Koch, 1872a: 198, pl. 18, f. 1 (Df).
G. sylvestris Simon, 1877c: 234, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
G. s. Thorell, 1881: 28.

f sanguinea Dahl, 1914....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016055]
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 245, f. 2 (Df).

mf sanguinolenta C. L. Koch, 1844....................Africa, São Tomé, Yemen, Seychelles, Socotra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016056]
G. s. C. L. Koch, 1844: 51, f. 875 (Df).
G. ensifera Thorell, 1859: 302 (Df).
G. ornata Thorell, 1859: 302 (Df).
G. lepida O. P.-Cambridge, 1870e: 821, pl. 50, f. 2 (Df).
G. nana Butler, 1873a: 168, pl. 4, f. 4 (Df).
G. radiata Gerstäcker, 1873: 488 (Df).
G. impotens Gerstäcker, 1873: 491 (Df).
G. vittata Keyserling, 1877b: 85, pl. 3, f. 1 (Df).
G. molesta O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 286, pl. 27, f. 13 (Df).
G. importuna O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 286, pl. 26, f. 12 (Df).
G. formosa confluxa Karsch, 1884a: 68 (Df).
G. schweinfurthi Simon, 1890a: 100 (Df).
G. sodalis O. P.-Cambridge, 1898b: 388, pl. 31, f. 3 (Df).
G. spenceri Pocock, 1900e: 324 (Df).
G. abyssinica Strand, 1907a: 537 (Dj).
G. abyssinica Strand, 1907n: 644 (Df).
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 278.
G. occidentalis Dahl, 1914: 283, f. 20 (Df).
G. occidentalis Archer, 1951d: 2, f. 2 (f).
G. s. Benoit, 1962a: 63, f. 42 (S).
G. s. Benoit, 1964a: 50 (S).
G. s. Wiehle, 1967b: 193, f. 36 (f).
G. s. Emerit, 1974: 77, f. 27B, 30A-C (f).
G. s. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 329, f. 9-10 (Dm).

f sanguinolenta andrefanae Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016057]
G. s. a. Emerit, 1974: 83, f. 33A-C (Df).

mf sanguinolenta bigoti Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016058]
G. s. b. Emerit, 1974: 84, f. 28E, 34, 35A-C (Dmf).

mf sanguinolenta emeriti Roberts, 1983....................Aldabra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016059]
G. s. e. Roberts, 1983: 286, f. 225-234 (Dmf~).

f sanguinolenta insulicola Emerit, 1974....................Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016060]
G. s. i. Emerit, 1974: 81, f. 32C (Df).

f sanguinolenta legendrei Emerit, 1974....................Europa Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016061]
G. s. l. Emerit, 1974: 89, f. 32B (Df).

mf sanguinolenta mangrovae Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016062]
G. s. m. Emerit, 1974: 87, f. 28D, 32A (Dmf).

f sanguinolenta rueppelli (Strand, 1916)....................Egypt [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016063]
G. lepida rüppelli Strand, 1916b: 65 (Df).

f sapperi Dahl, 1914....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016064]
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 249, f. 3 (Df).

f sauteri Dahl, 1914....................China, Taiwan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016065]
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 281, f. 14 (Df).
G. fornicata Saito, 1959: 112, f. 138 (S, rejected).
G. s. Feng, 1990: 85, f. 60.1-5 (f).
G. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 100, f. 28a-c (f).
G. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 168I-J, N, 169A (f).

f scintillans Butler, 1873....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016066]
G. s. Butler, 1873a: 156, pl. 4, f. 9 (Df).
G. s. concolor Rainbow, 1913: 12 (Df).
G. s. Chrysanthus, 1971: 45, f. 101-103 (f, S).

f signifera Pocock, 1898....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016067]
G. mollusca Keyserling, 1886a: 88, pl. 7, f. 1 (f, misidentified).
G. signifer Pocock, 1898b: 465, pl. 19, f. 6 (Df).
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 281.
G. s. Chrysanthus, 1971: 49, f. 109-111 (f).

f signifera bistrigella Strand, 1915....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016068]
G. s. b. Strand, 1915d: 236, pl. 20, f. 80 (Df).

f signifera heterospina Strand, 1915....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016069]
G. s. h. Strand, 1915d: 236 (Df).

f signifera pustulinota Strand, 1915....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016070]
G. s. p. Strand, 1915d: 236, pl. 20, f. 84 (Df).

f simoni O. P.-Cambridge, 1879....................Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016071]
G. s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 289, pl. 27, f. 18 (Df).
G. connata Simon, 1895a: 843.

f sororna Butler, 1873....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016072]
G. s. Butler, 1873a: 155, pl. 4, f. 15 (Df).

f sturi (Doleschall, 1857)....................Laos, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016073]
Plectana sturii Doleschall, 1857: 424 (Df).
Plectana centrum Doleschall, 1857: 425 (Df).
Plectana s. Doleschall, 1859: pl. 8, f. 1 (f).
G. s. Thorell, 1878b: 9, 294.
G. nigristernis Simon, 1899a: 92 (Df).
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 284.
G. s. Kolosváry, 1931: 1068, pl. 30, f. 3 (f).

f subaequispina Dahl, 1914....................Borneo, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016074]
G. s. Dahl, 1914: 278, f. 19 (Df).

mf taeniata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................India to Polynesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016075]
Plectana t. Walckenaer, 1841: 169 (Df).
G. violenta L. Koch, 1871: 5, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
G. t. L. Koch, 1871: 10.
G. hebridisia Butler, 1873a: 165 (Df).
G. albiventer Butler, 1873a: 166, pl. 4, f. 6 (Df).
G. relegata Simon, 1877c: 235 (Df).
G. albertisii Thorell, 1881: 2 (Df).
G. wallacei Thorell, 1881: 13 (Df).
G. karschii Thorell, 1887: 230 (Df).
G. t. Dahl, 1914: 287.
G. t. Chrysanthus, 1959: 202, f. 5, 14, 27 (f).
G. t. Chrysanthus, 1960: 23, f. 7-8 (Dm).

f taeniata analispina Strand, 1911....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016076]
G. a. Strand, 1911b: 205 (Df).
G. a. Strand, 1915d: 232, pl. 18, f. 81 (f).

f taeniata anirensis Strand, 1911....................New Ireland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016077]
G. analispina a. Strand, 1911b: 206 (Df).
G. analispina a. Strand, 1915d: 233, pl. 18, f. 78 (f).

f taeniata bawensis Strand, 1915....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016078]
G. t. b. Strand, 1915d: 235 (Df).

f taeniata jamurensis Strand, 1915....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016079]
G. t. j. Strand, 1915d: 235 (Df).

f taeniata lugubris Simon, 1898....................Solomon Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016080]
G. hebridisia l. Simon, 1898b: 274 (Df).

f taeniata maculella Strand, 1911....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016081]
G. t. m. Strand, 1911d: 154 (Df).

f taeniata novahannoveriana Dahl, 1914....................Bismarck Arch. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016082]
G. t. nova-hannoveriana Dahl, 1914: 288, f. 21 (Df).

f taeniata obsoletopicta Strand, 1915....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016083]
G. t. o. Strand, 1915d: 235, pl. 18, f. 75 (Df).

f taeniata oinokensis Strand, 1915....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016084]
G. t. o. Strand, 1915d: 235 (Df).

f taeniata sentanensis Strand, 1915....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016085]
G. t. s. Strand, 1915d: 235 (Df).

f taeniata trivittinota Strand, 1911....................New Ireland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016086]
G. bradleyi t. Strand, 1911b: 206 (Df).
G. bradleyi t. Strand, 1915d: 234, pl. 17, f. 74, pl. 18, f. 83 (f).

f taeniata univittinota Strand, 1911....................New Ireland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016087]
G. bradleyi u. Strand, 1911b: 206 (Df).

mf theisi Guérin, 1838....................New Guinea, Moluccas [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016088]
G. theisii Guérin, 1838b: 54 (Df).
Plectana praetextata Walckenaer, 1841: 166 (Df).
G. aruana Thorell, 1881: 40 (Df).
G. t. Strand, 1915d: 228, pl. 18, f. 77 (f).
G. t. Dahl, 1914: 249.
G. t. Chrysanthus, 1959: 203, f. 12, 15-18, 20-23 (mf).
G. t. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 17 (m).

f theisi antemaculata Strand, 1911....................Aru Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016089]
G. aruana a. Strand, 1911d: 154 (Df).

f theisi keyana Strand, 1911....................Kei Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016090]
G. aruana k. Strand, 1911d: 154 (Df).

f theisi quadrisignatella Strand, 1911....................Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016091]
G. t. q. Strand, 1911b: 206 (Df).

f thomasinsulae Archer, 1951....................São Tomé [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016092]
G. t. Archer, 1951d: 1, f. 1 (Df).

mf thorelli Keyserling, 1864....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016093]
G. thorellii Keyserling, 1864: 67, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
G. formosa t. Strand, 1907n: 642.
G. t. Dahl, 1914: 276.
G. t. Emerit, 1974: 111, f. 28B, 48C, 50, 51A-C (f, Dm).

f tondanae Pocock, 1897....................Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016094]
G. t. Pocock, 1897c: 604, pl. 25, f. 3 (Df).

f transversa C. L. Koch, 1837....................Sumatra, Java [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016095]
G. t. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 14, f. 259 (Df).
G. nebulosa Butler, 1873a: 164 (Df).
G. vittata longicornis Strand, 1907m: 422 (Df).
G. t. Dahl, 1914: 280.

mf unguifera Simon, 1889....................China, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016096]
G. u. Simon, 1889i: 336 (Df).
G. u. Tikader, 1982a: 57, f. 115-118 (f).
G. u. Mi & Peng, 2013b: 797, f. 6-15 (f, Dm).

mf versicolor (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016097]
Plectana v. Walckenaer, 1841: 161 (Df).
G. scapha Gerstäcker, 1873: 487 (Df).
G. v. Dahl, 1914: 279.
G. versicolor nigristerna Caporiacco, 1941b: 88 (Df).
G. v. Benoit, 1962a: 61, f. 40 (S).
G. v. Emerit, 1968: 898, f. 1-3 (mf).
G. v. Emerit, 1973: 686, f. 5A. pl. IIA-B (Dm).
G. v. Emerit, 1974: 103, f. 28F, 47A-B (mf).
G. v. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 330, f. 11-12 (m).

f versicolor avaratrae Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016098]
G. v. a. Emerit, 1974: 109, f. 48A, 49A-C (Df).

mf versicolor formosa Vinson, 1863....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016099]
G. f. Vinson, 1863: 244, 315, pl. 9, f. 7 (Df).
G. f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 285, pl. 26, f. 11 (f).
G. v. f. Emerit, 1974: 109, f. 2A-C, 27A, 28A, 29, 45A-E, 48B (f, placed as subspecies, Dm).

f westringi Keyserling, 1864....................Australia, Admiralty Is., New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016100]
G. westringii Keyserling, 1864: 66, pl. 1, f. 2 (Df).
G. laeta Fauvel, 1865: 68, pl. 1, f. 18 (Df).
G. w. L. Koch, 1871: 7, pl. 1, f. 4 (f).
G. mollusca L. Koch, 1871: 7, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
G. ocillatum Urquhart, 1889b: 152, pl. 7, f. 1-3 (Df).
G. wogeonis Strand, 1911b: 205 (Df).
G. wogeonis Strand, 1915d: 231, pl. 18, f. 82 (f).
G. w. Dahl, 1914: 281.

Gen. Gastroxya Benoit, 1962 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01485]

G. Benoit, 1962a: 8, type G. schoutedeni Benoit, 1962.

f benoiti Emerit, 1973....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016101]
G. b. Emerit, 1973: 693, f. 8, 9D (Df).
G. b. Emerit, 1974: 39, f. 5D (f).

mf krausi Benoit, 1962....................Liberia, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016102]
G. k. Benoit, 1962a: 11, f. 7-10 (Dmf).

f leleupi Benoit, 1962....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016103]
G. l. Benoit, 1962a: 13, f. 11 (Df).

mf schoutedeni Benoit, 1962 *....................Congo, Rwanda, Burundi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016104]
G. s. Benoit, 1962a: 9, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
G. s. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 14 (m).

Gen. Gea C. L. Koch, 1843 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01486]

Transferred to other genera:
G. bimucronata Mello-Leitão, 1936 -- see Mecynogea.
G. diadema Hogg, 1920 -- see Neogea.
G. dubiosa Strand, 1911 -- see Argiope.
G. guttata Thorell, 1890 -- see Neogea.
G. lugens O. P.-Cambridge, 1899 -- see Neogea.
G. nocticolor Thorell, 1887 -- see Neogea.
G. panamensis Chamberlin, 1917 -- see Argiope.
G. rotunda Hogg, 1915 -- see Argiope.
G. virginis Strand, 1911 -- see Leucauge under Tetragnathidae.
G. wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953 -- see Mecynogea.

In synonymy:
G. brongersmai Chrysanthus, 1971 = G. subarmata Thorell, 1890 (Levi, 1983: 323).
G. catenulata Thorell, 1898 = G. subarmata Thorell, 1890 (Levi, 1983: 323).
G. chelifer (Hasselt, 1882, removed from S of Argiope catenulata (Doleschall, 1859)) = G. spinipes C. L. Koch, 1843 (Levi, 1983: 326).
G. corbetti Tikader, 1982 = G. subarmata Thorell, 1890 (Levi, 1983: 323).
G. curvipes (Keyserling, 1886, T from Argiope) = G. theridioides (L. Koch, 1872) (Levi, 1983: 328).
G. decorata Thorell, 1890 = G. spinipes C. L. Koch, 1843 (Levi, 1983: 326).
G. festiva Thorell, 1895 = G. spinipes C. L. Koch, 1843 (Levi, 1983: 326).
G. heptagon nigra Petrunkevitch, 1930 = G. heptagon (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1968a: 325).
G. praecincta (L. Koch, 1872) = G. heptagon (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1983: 322).
G. praedicta O. P.-Cambridge, 1898 = G. heptagon (Hentz, 1850) (Levi, 1968a: 325).

Nomina dubia:
G. decorata varians Franganillo, 1926a: 53 (Dj, Cuba) -- Levi, 1968a: 324.
G. integra Franganillo, 1930: 19, f. 6B (Dmf, Cuba) -- Levi, 1968a: 325.
G. lineata Franganillo, 1926a: 53 (Dj, Cuba) -- Levi, 1968a: 324.
G. partita Franganillo, 1930: 17, f. 6A (Dmf, Cuba) -- Levi, 1968a: 325.
G. severinoi Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 91 (Df, Brazil, omitted by Roewer) -- Levi, 1968a: 324.
G. subarmata maculata Franganillo, 1930: 19 (Df, Cuba) -- Levi, 1968a: 325.

f africana Simon, 1895....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016105]
G. a. Simon, 1895g: 154 (Df).

f argiopides Strand, 1911....................Aru Is., New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016106]
G. a. Strand, 1911d: 146, pl. 4, f. 10, pl. 5, f. 51 (Df).
G. a. Levi, 1983: 322, f. 345-349 (f).

f bituberculata (Thorell, 1881)....................New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016107]
Ebaea b. Thorell, 1881: 60 (Df).
G. b. Levi, 1983: 328, f. 376-380 (f).

mf eff Levi, 1983....................New Guinea, New Britain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016108]
G. e. Levi, 1983: 324, f. 336-337, 355-361 (Dmf).

mf heptagon (Hentz, 1850)....................USA to Argentina, South Pacific Is., Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016109]
Epeira h. Hentz, 1850: 20 (Dmf).
Ebaea praecincta L. Koch, 1872a: 130, pl. 10, f. 2, 3 (Dmf).
G. h. Keyserling, 1892: 76, pl. 3, f. 58 (f).
G. h. McCook, 1894: 208, pl. 12, f 8 (f).
G. praecincta Simon, 1895a: 765, f. 844.
G. praedicta O. P.-Cambridge, 1898a: 267, pl. 37, f. 11 (Dm).
G. h. Tullgren, 1901a: 9, pl. 1, f. 5 (f).
G. h. Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 243, f. 93-96 (mf).
G. h. nigra Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 245, f. 97-100 (Df).
G. ergaster Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 104 (S, rejected).
G. h. Levi & Field, 1954: 448, f. 24-25, 27 (mf).
G. h. Levi, 1968a: 324, f. 1-24 (mf, S).
G. h. Levi, 1983: 322, f. 334-335, 338-344 (mf, S).
G. h. Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 66 (m).
G. h. Breene et al., 1993: 101, f. 146A-C (mf).
G. h. Levi, 2002: 553, f. 241-242 (m).
G. h. Dondale et al., 2003: 151, f. 314-322 (mf).
G. h. Levi, 2004: 49, f. 1-8 (mf).
G. h. Víquez, 2007: 386, f. 4a-c (mf).

mf infuscata Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa, Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016110]
G. i. Tullgren, 1910: 157, pl. 4, f. 95 (Df).
G. i. Lessert, 1915a: 26, pl. 1, f. 4, 8 (Dm).

f nilotica Simon, 1906....................Egypt, Sudan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016111]
G. n. Simon, 1906a: 1162 (Df).

mf spinipes C. L. Koch, 1843 *....................India, China, Taiwan to Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016112]
G. s. C. L. Koch, 1843: 101, f. 823 (Df).
Pronous chelifer Hasselt, 1882: 24, pl. 2, f. 3, pl. 4, f. 7-10 (Dm).
Argiope chelifera Thorell, 1890a: 90 (Df).
G. decorata Thorell, 1890a: 104 (Df).
G. decorata Workman & Workman, 1894: 23, pl. 23 (Dm).
G. festiva Thorell, 1895: 166 (Df).
G. festiva Workman, 1896: 30, pl. 30 (f).
G. s. Levi, 1983: 326, f. 362-375 (f, Sm).
G. s. Yin et al., 1989: 67, f. 7A-C (f).
G. s. Chang & Chang, 1997: 83, f. 1-4 (mf).
G. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 90, f. 21a-f (mf).
G. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169B-D (mf).
G. s. Chakrabarti, 2009: 128, f. 1-7 (f).

f spinipes nigrifrons Simon, 1901....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016113]
G. festiva n. Simon, 1901k: 59 (Df).

mf subarmata Thorell, 1890....................India, Bangladesh to Philippines, New Guinea [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016114]
G. s. Thorell, 1890a: 101 (Df).
G. catenulata Thorell, 1898: 339 (Df).
G. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1910: 392, pl. 17, f. 3, 4 (f).
G. s. Kulczyn'ski, 1911c: 476, pl. 20, f. 48-49 (f, Dm).
G. brongersmai Chrysanthus, 1971: 18, f. 26-29 (Df).
G. corbetti Tikader, 1982a: 109, f. 205-210 (Df).
G. s. Levi, 1983: 323, f. 350-354 (f, S).
G. s. Okuma et al., 1993: 21, f. 16A-B (f, Dm).
G. s. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 568, f. 351a-j (f).

mf theridioides (L. Koch, 1872)....................Queensland, New South Wales [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016115]
Ebaea t. L. Koch, 1872a: 132, pl. 10, f. 4 (Df).
Argiope curvipes Keyserling, 1886a: 135, pl. 17, f. 1 (Dm).
G. t. Levi, 1983: 328, f. 381-388 (f, Sm).
G. t. Davies & Gallon, 1986: 233 (f of Araneus transversus Rainbow, 1912, belongs here).
G. t. Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 32 (mf).

f transversovittata Tullgren, 1910....................Congo, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016116]
G. t. Tullgren, 1910: 157, pl. 4, f. 94 (Df).

f zaragosa Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016117]
G. z. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 569, f. 352a-f (Df).

Gen. Gibbaranea Archer, 1951 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01487]

G. Archer, 1951b: 4, type Araneus bituberculatus (Walckenaer, 1802); considered valid by Grasshoff, 1976: 148..

In synonymy:
G. canestrinii (Thorell, 1873, T from Araneus) = G. bituberculata (Walckenaer, 1802) (Brignoli, 1983b: 564).
G. melo (Krynicki, 1837, T from Araneus) = G. bituberculata (Walckenaer, 1802) (Marusik, 1985b: 138).

mf abscissa (Karsch, 1879)....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016118]
Epeira a. Karsch, 1879g: 69 (Df).
Aranea a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 225, pl. 11, f. 214 (f, Dm).
Araneus a. Saito, 1934b: 328.
Atea abcissa Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 40 (Tmf from Araneus, rejected).
Araneus a. Saito, 1959: 85, f. 87a-b (f).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1960: 53, f. 49 (f).
Araneus abscissus Namkung, 1964: 37, f. 24 (f).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1971: 53, f. 49 (f).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1972a: 53, f. 17-18 (mf).
Araneus abscissus Yaginuma, 1986a: 97, f. 51.3 (mf).
Araneus abscissus Song, 1987: 158, f. 119 (mf).
Araneus abscissus Zhu, Tu & Hu, 1988: 53, f. 1-3 (f).
Araneus abscissus Chikuni, 1989b: 67, f. 18 (mf).
G. abscissus Yin et al., 1997d: 303, f. 210a-e (Tmf from Araneus).
G. abscissus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169E-G, N, Q (mf).
G. abscissus Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 205, f. 123A-C (mf).
G. a. Namkung, 2002: 257, f. 19.19a-b (mf).
G. abscissus Kim & Kim, 2002: 208, f. 47, 128-129, 242-244 (mf).
G. a. Namkung, 2003: 258, f. 19.18a-b (mf).
G. a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 76, f. 210-211, 633-634 (mf).
G. a. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 212-213 (mf).

m bifida Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044211]
G. b. Guo, Zhang & Zhu, 2011a: 214, f. 6-8 (Dm).

mf bituberculata (Walckenaer, 1802) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016119]
Aranea abdomine bicorni Lepechin, 1774: 245, pl. 16, f. 13 (f; unavailable trinomen).
Aranea bicornuta Martini & Goeze, in Lister, 1778: 263 (D for species of Lepechin, 1774; nomen oblitum).
Aranea bicornis Gmelin, 1789: 2959 (D for species of Lepechin, 1774; nomen oblitum).
Aranea b. Walckenaer, 1802: 191 (Df).
Aranea dromaderia Walckenaer, 1802: 191 (Df).
Aranea albo-arcuata Panzer, 1804b: 156, pl. 172, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira b. Walckenaer, 1805: 58.
Epeira dromaderia Walckenaer, 1805: 58.
Epeira furcata Walckenaer, 1826: pl. 9, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira lepechini Krynicki, 1837: 78 (Df).
Epeira melo Krynicki, 1837: 81 (Df).
Epeira dromaderia Walckenaer, 1841: 126 (Dm).
Epeira dromedaria C. L. Koch, 1844: 98, f. 906-907 (mf, in part).
Epeira bicornis Menge, 1866: 66, pl. 10, f. 13 (m).
Epeira ornata Canestrini, 1868: 200 (Dm; preoccupied by Blackwall, 1850).
Epeira canestrinii Thorell, 1873: 491, 549 (replacement name for E. ornata Canestrini, 1868) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:014773].
Epeira dromedaria Menge, 1879: 560, pl. 91, f. 322 (m).
Epeira dromedaria Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 3 (mf).
Epeira dromedaria Becker, 1896: 14, pl. 3, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira ullrichi Bösenberg, 1901: 28, pl. 1, f. 10 (Dmf).
Epeira dromedaria O. P.-Cambridge, 1909a: 111, pl. A, f. 15-17 (f).
Araneus dromedarius Lessert, 1910b: 309.
Araneus bituberculatus Simon, 1929: 699, 765, f. 1088-1090 (mf).
Araneus ornatus Simon, 1929: 765.
Epeira dromedaria Reimoser, 1931b: 84, f. 1 (mf).
Aranea b. Wiehle, 1931: 61, f. 87-90 (mf).
Aranea b. Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 16 (mf).
G. b. Archer, 1951b: 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
G. dromedaria Archer, 1951c: 2, f. 3 (m).
Araneus bituberculatus Tullgren, 1952: 168, f. 13a-d (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 123, f. 80A, 81A, 82A (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Yaginuma, 1969c: 81, f. 4-5 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 568 (m).
Araneus bituberculatus Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 1-2 (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Loksa, 1972: 76, f. 66A-E (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Bakhvalov, 1974: 112, f. 98, 100, 102 (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Palmgren, 1974a: 19, f. 8k-n (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Punda, 1975b: 32, f. 41-42 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Yaginuma, Yamaguchi & Nishikawa, 1976: 826, f. 4-5 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Tikader & Bal, 1981: 51, f. 111-144 (f).
Araneus bituberculatus Tikader, 1982a: 231, f. 448-451 (f).
G. b. Brignoli, 1983b: 564 (S).
G. b. Marusik, 1985b: 138 (S).
G. b. Roberts, 1985: 206, f. 92a (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Hu & Wu, 1989: 86, f. 63.1-4 (f).
G. b. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 185 (mf).
G. b. Thaler, 1991b: 53, f. 31, 34-35 (m).
G. b. Roberts, 1995: 315, f. (mf).
Araneus bituberculatus Mcheidze, 1997: 268, f. 592-593 (m).
G. b. Yin et al., 1997d: 304, f. 211a-d (f).
G. b. Levy, 1998a: 331, f. 80-87 (mf).
G. b. Roberts, 1998: 329, f. (mf).
G. b. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169H-J, R (f).
G. b. Hu, 2001: 458, f. 300.1-3 (f).
G. b. Almquist, 2005: 159, f. 167a-b (f).
G. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 76, f. 212, 635-636 (mf).
G. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 450, f. 214-215 (mf).

f bituberculata cuculligera (Simon, 1909)....................Spain [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016120]
Araneus dromedarius cucuiilger Simon, 1909b: 25 (Df).

f bituberculata strandiana (Kolosváry, 1936)....................Eastern Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016121]
Aranea b. s. Kolosváry, 1936a: 97, f. 16 (Df).

mf gibbosa (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Europe to Azerbaijan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016122]
Aranea g. Walckenaer, 1802: 190 (Df).
Aranea bicornis Walckenaer, 1802: 190 (Df).
Epeira bicornis Walckenaer, 1805: 57.
Epeira g. Walckenaer, 1805: 57.
Epeira arbustorum C. L. Koch, 1837b: 3 (D).
Epeira bicornis Walckenaer, 1841: 124 (Dm).
Epeira bicornis C. L. Koch, 1844: 92, f. 902-903 (mf).
Epeira bicornis Blackwall, 1864a: 361, pl. 27, f. 260 (mf).
Epeira g. Simon, 1874a: 67 (m).
Epeira arbustorum Dahl, 1883: 28 (Dmf).
Epeira g. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 2 (f).
Epeira g. Becker, 1896: 16, pl. 3, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira g. Bösenberg, 1901: 29, pl. 1, f. 11 (mf).
Araneus gibbosus Lessert, 1910b: 168.
Araneus gibbosus Simon, 1929: 698, 764, f. 1085-1086 (mf).
Aranea g. Wiehle, 1931: 67, f. 99-102 (mf).
Aranea g. Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 18 (mf).
G. g. Archer, 1951b: 4, f. 6 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus gibbosus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 124, f. 80B, 81B, 82B (mf).
Aranea g. Zamaraev, 1964: 355, f. 46-48 (f).
Araneus gibbosus Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 573 (f).
Araneus gibbosus Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 21 (f).
Araneus gibbosus Loksa, 1972: 78, f. 67C (f).
G. g. Roberts, 1985: 206, f. 92b (mf).
G. g. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 184 (mf).
G. g. Roberts, 1995: 315, f. (mf).
G. g. Roberts, 1998: 329, f. (mf).
G. g. Almquist, 2005: 160, f. 168a-i (mf).

mf gibbosa confinis (Simon, 1870)....................Spain, Corsica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016123]
Epeira c. Simon, 1870b: 307 (Dmf).
Epeira c. Simon, 1873a: 169, pl. 3, f. 1 (m).
Araneus gibbosus c. Simon, 1929: 698, 764.

m hetian (Hu & Wu, 1989)....................China, Mongolia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016124]
Araneus h. Hu & Wu, 1989: 88, f. 65.1-6 (Dm).
G. h. Marusik, 1992: 95 (Tm from Araneus).
Araneus h. Yin et al., 1997d: 203, f. 121a-f (m).
G. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169O-P, S (m).

f nanguosa Yin & Gong, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016125]
G. n. Yin & Gong, 1996: 74, f. 12-16 (Df).
G. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 305, f. 212a-e (f).
G. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 169K-M, 170A (f).
G. n. Yin et al., 2012: 688, f. 340a-e (f).

mf occidentalis Wunderlich, 1989....................Azores [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016126]
G. o. Wunderlich, 1989: 205, f. 1-9 (Dmf).
G. o. Wunderlich, 1992a: 367, f. 353-361 (mf).

mf omoeda (Thorell, 1870)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016127]
Epeira bicornis Westring, 1851: 35 (D; preoccupied).
Epeira o. Thorell, 1870a: 19 (Dmf).
Epeira o. Hansen, 1882: 20, pl. 1, f. 35 (mf).
Epeira o. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira o. Bösenberg, 1901: 27, pl. 1, f. 9 (mf).
Araneus omoedus Lessert, 1910b: 310.
Araneus omoedus Simon, 1929: 699, 764, f. 1087-1088 (mf).
Aranea o. Wiehle, 1931: 66, f. 96-98 (mf).
Araneus omoedus Saito, 1934b: 328, pl. 13, f. 24 (f).
Aranea o. Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 18 (mf).
G. o. Archer, 1951b: 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus omoedus Tullgren, 1952: 168, f. 14a-b (f).
Araneus o. Yaginuma, 1957a: 55, f. 19 (f).
Araneus o. Saito, 1959: 88, f. 97a-d (f).
Araneus omoedus Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 574 (f).
Araneus omoedus Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 20 (m).
Araneus omoedus Loksa, 1972: 78, f. 67A-B (mf).
Araneus omoedus Palmgren, 1974a: 19, f. 8f-j (mf).
G. o. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 84, f. 187 (mf).
G. o. Thaler, 1991b: 53, f. 32-33 (m).
G. o. Roberts, 1995: 316, f. (mf).
G. o. Roberts, 1998: 330, f. (mf).
G. o. Almquist, 2005: 161, f. 169a-e (mf).

f tenerifensis Wunderlich, 1992....................Canary Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016128]
G. t. Wunderlich, 1992a: 367, f. 362-367 (Df).

mf ullrichi (Hahn, 1835)....................Europe, Russia, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016129]
Epeira ullrichii Hahn, 1835: 66, f. 159 (Dmf).
Epeira dromedaria C. L. Koch, 1844: 98, f. 906-907 (mf, in part).
Epeira u. Simon, 1874a: 64.
Epeira u. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 129, pl. 5, f. 4 (mf).
Araneus u. Lessert, 1904: 363, pl. 5, f. 25 (f).
Araneus u. Kulczyn'ski, 1909b: 676, pl. 26, f. 19-20, 22 (m).
Araneus u. Kulczyn'ski, 1911a: 61, pl. 2 (f).
Araneus u. Simon, 1929: 699, 765, f. 1091 (mf).
Aranea u. Wiehle, 1931: 64, f. 91-95 (mf).
Aranea ulrichi Drensky, 1943: 241, f. 18 (mf).
G. u. Archer, 1951b: 4 (Tmf from Araneus).
Aranea u. Zamaraev, 1964: 356, f. 49-50 (f).
Araneus u. Azheganova, 1968: 79, f. 145, 163, 171 (mf).
Araneus u. Tyschchenko, 1971: 194, f. 569 (m).
Araneus u. Miller, 1971: 208, pl. XXXIX, f. 3-4 (mf).
Araneus u. Loksa, 1972: 77, f. 66F-H (mf).
Araneus u. Bakhvalov, 1974: 112, f. 99, 101, 103 (mf).
G. u. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 82, f. 186 (mf).
Araneus u. Mcheidze, 1997: 269, f. 594-596 (mf).
G. u. van Helsdingen, 2010a: 6, f. 1-6 (m).

Gen. Glyptogona Simon, 1884 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01488]

Transferred to other genera:
G. bufo Denis, 1941 -- see Araneus.
G. decemtuberculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) -- see Enacrosoma.
G. fumosa (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. gayi (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. leprosa Simon, 1896 -- see Enacrosoma.
G. multilobata Simon, 1896 -- see Enacrosoma.
G. nicoleti Roewer, 1942 -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. pennata (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. sexlobata Simon, 1895 -- see Enacrosoma.
G. spissa (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. umbrosa (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.
G. variabilis (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Phoroncidia under Theridiidae.

f duriuscula Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016130]
G. d. Simon, 1895g: 159 (Df).

mf sextuberculata (Keyserling, 1863) *....................Italy to Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016131]
Epeira 6-tuberculata Keyserling, 1863: 381, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira tuberculata Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 796 (lapsus).
G. s. Simon, 1884j: 326.
G. s. Trani, 1905: 1, f. 1-2 (f, Dm).
G. s. Levi, 1996b: 152, f. 359-365 (mf).
G. s. Levy, 1998a: 315, f. 12-23 (mf).
G. s. Trotta, 2005: 161, f. 206-207 (m).

Gen. Heterognatha Nicolet, 1849 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01489]

N.B.: implicitly revalidated by Levi, 1991a: 177-180, after Archer, 1963; Levi's (1991) suggestion that this genus may belong to the Mimetidae was rejected by Platnick & Shadab, 1993: 9; possibly a close relative of Testudinaria Taczanowski, 1879.

In synonymy:
H. collusor Petrunkevitch, 1911 (T from Araneus) = H. chilensis Nicolet, 1849 (Archer, 1963: 22).

mf chilensis Nicolet, 1849 *....................Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016132]
H. c. Nicolet, 1849: 470, pl. 5, f. 3 (Df; preoccupied by Nicolet, 1849 sub Epeira but not congeneric with that species).
H. margaritacea Nicolet, 1849: 471 (Df).
Araneus collusor Petrunkevitch, 1911: 285 (replacement name for H. c.).
Araneus margaritaceus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 301.
H. c. Archer, 1963: 22 (Tf from Araneus, sub junior secondary homonym replaced before 1960, S).
H. m. Levi, 1991a: 180.
H. c. Levi, 2005b: 186, f. 1-12 (f, Dm).

Gen. Heurodes Keyserling, 1886 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01490]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Araneus Clerck, 1757 by Archer, 1958: 14; apparently not a senior synonym of Eriovixia Archer, 1951 or Simonarachne Archer, 1951 (see note under Eriovixia).

j fratrellus (Chamberlin, 1924)....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016133]
Aranea fratrella Chamberlin, 1924a: 19 (Dj).
H. f. Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 36 (Tj from Araneus).
Araneus f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 242 (considered unidentifiable).

f porculus (Simon, 1877)....................Singapore, Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016134]
Epeira porcula Simon, 1877b: 78, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira porcula Workman, 1896: 42, pl. 42 (f).
Eriovixia porcula Archer, 1951a: 18 (Tf from Araneus).
H. porcula Archer, 1958: 14, f. 35 (Tf from Eriovixia).

mf turritus Keyserling, 1886 *....................Tasmania [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016135]
H. turrita Keyserling, 1886a: 116, pl. 9, f. 3 (Dj).
Araneus turrita Simon, 11895a: 820.
H. turrita Davies, 1988b: 300, f. 25 (Dmf).

Gen. Hingstepeira Levi, 1995 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01491]

H. Levi, 1995b: 161, type Araneus folisecens (Hingston, 1932).

In synonymy:
H. bristowei (Mello-Leitão, 1940, T from Larinia) = H. folisecens (Hingston, 1932) (Levi, 1995b: 164).

f arnolisei Levi, 1995....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016136]
H. a. Levi, 1995b: 165, f. 40-44 (Df).

f dimona Levi, 1995....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016137]
H. d. Levi, 1995b: 166, f. 45-52 (Df).

mf folisecens (Hingston, 1932) *....................Colombia, Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016138]
Epeira f. Hingston, 1932: 364 (Df).
Larinia bristowei Mello-Leitão, 1940c: 180, f. 6-7 (Dm).
H. f. Levi, 1995b: 164, f. 21-34 (Tf from Araneus, Sm).
H. f. Levi, 2002: 541, f. 97-99, 293-294 (mf).

f isherton Levi, 1995....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016139]
H. i. Levi, 1995b: 165, f. 35-39 (Df).

Gen. Hypognatha Guérin, 1839 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01493]

In synonymy:
H. coccinellina (Taczanowski, 1879) = H. scutata (Perty, 1833) (Levi, 1996b: 105).
H. decora (O. P.-Cambridge, 1877) = H. scutata (Perty, 1833) (Levi, 1996b: 105).
H. geometrica (Taczanowski, 1879) = H. testudinaria (Taczanowski, 1879) (Levi, 1996b: 109).
H. prospiciens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1874) = H. scutata (Perty, 1833) (Levi, 1996b: 105).

Nomina dubia:
H. cruciata Tullgren, 1905: 36, pl. 5, f. 13 (j, Bolivia) -- Levi, 1996b: 105.
H. squammosa (Simon, 1864: 293, f, Brazil, originally in Micrathena) -- Levi, 1996b: 105.

f alho Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016142]
H. a. Levi, 1996b: 122, f. 175-178 (Df).

mf belem Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016143]
H. b. Levi, 1996b: 115, f. 131-133 (Df).
H. b. Santos, 2002: 91, f. 1-4 (Dm).

m cacau Levi, 1996....................Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016144]
H. c. Levi, 1996b: 122, f. 179-182 (Dm).

mf cambara Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016145]
H. c. Levi, 1996b: 114, f. 112-118 (Dmf).

m carpish Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016146]
H. c. Levi, 1996b: 110, f. 92-94 (Dm).

mf colosso Levi, 1996....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016147]
H. c. Levi, 1996b: 126, f. 17-19, 216-224 (Dmf).

f coyo Levi, 1996....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016148]
H. c. Levi, 1996b: 118, f. 162-164 (Df).

mf cryptocephala Mello-Leitão, 1947....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016149]
H. c. Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 246, f. 12 (Df).
H. c. Levi, 1996b: 99, f. 2-16 (f, Dm).
H. c. Levi, 2002: 551, f. 217-219 (m).

mf deplanata (Taczanowski, 1873)....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016150]
Hypophthalma d. Taczanowski, 1873: 284, pl. 6, f. 32 (Df).
H. d. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 350.
H. d. Caporiacco, 1955: 359, f. 37a-b (Dm).
H. d. Levi, 1996b: 123, f. 196-207 (mf).

mf divuca Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016151]
H. d. Levi, 1996b: 122, f. 183-189 (Dmf).

mf elaborata Chickering, 1953....................Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016152]
H. e. Chickering, 1953a: 2, f. 1-10 (Dmf).
H. e. Levi, 1996b: 116, f. 138-153 (mf).

m furcifera (O. P.-Cambridge, 1881)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016153]
Mutina f. O. P.-Cambridge, 1881d: 771, pl. 66, f. 4 (Dm).
H. f. Simon, 1895a: 872, f. 936-937 (m).
H. f. Levi, 1996b: 126, f. 225-228 (m).

mf ica Levi, 1996....................Colombia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016154]
H. i. Levi, 1996b: 118, f. 154-161 (Dmf).

f ituara Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016155]
H. i. Levi, 1996b: 110, f. 88-91 (Df).

m jacaze Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016156]
H. j. Levi, 1996b: 128, f. 233-236 (Dm).

f janauari Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016157]
H. j. Levi, 1996b: 116, f. 134-137 (Df).

mf lagoas Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016158]
H. l. Levi, 1996b: 100, f. 24-30 (Dmf).

mf lamoka Levi, 1996....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016159]
H. l. Levi, 1996b: 104, f. 38-44 (Dmf).

f maranon Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016160]
H. m. Levi, 1996b: 120, f. 165-167 (Df).

m maria Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016161]
H. m. Levi, 1996b: 112, f. 103-105 (Dm).

mf matisia Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016162]
H. m. Levi, 1996b: 114, f. 119-127 (Dmf).

f mirandaribeiroi Soares & Camargo, 1948....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016163]
H. m. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 371, f. 25-26 (Df).
H. mirandariberoi Brignoli, 1983c: 271 (lapsus).
H. m. Levi, 1996b: 110, 95-99 (f).

mf mozamba Levi, 1996....................Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016164]
H. m. Levi, 1996b: 100, f. 1, 31-37, 52-53 (Dmf).

mf nasuta O. P.-Cambridge, 1896....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016165]
H. n. O. P.-Cambridge, 1896a: 222, pl. 27, f. 3-5 (Dmf).
H. n. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 540, pl. 51, f. 27-28 (mf).
H. n. Chickering, 1953a: 6, f. 11-15 (mf).
H. n. Levi, 1996b: 104, f. 45-51, 54-55 (mf).

mf navio Levi, 1996....................Venezuela, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016166]
H. n. Levi, 1996b: 108, f. 67-76 (Dmf).

f pereiroi Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016167]
H. p. Levi, 1996b: 115, f. 128-130 (Df).

mf putumayo Levi, 1996....................Colombia, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016168]
H. p. Levi, 1996b: 124, f. 208-215 (Dmf).

f rancho Levi, 1996....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016169]
H. r. Levi, 1996b: 123, f. 190-192 (Df).

f saut Levi, 1996....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016170]
H. s. Levi, 1996b: 108, f. 64-66 (Df).

mf scutata (Perty, 1833) *....................Trinidad to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016171]
Acrosoma scutatum Perty, 1833: 194, pl. 38, f. 7 (Df).
Gasteracantha feisthamelii Guérin, 1839: 110 (Df).
Eurysoma scutatum C. L. Koch, 1839a: 117, f. 517 (f).
Epeira s. Walckenaer, 1841: 148.
Eurycorma s. Thorell, 1868b: 4.
Calydna prospiciens O. P.-Cambridge, 1874c: 175, pl. 17, f. 3 (Dm).
Paraplectana decora O. P.-Cambridge, 1877c: 34, pl. 7, f. 8 (Df).
Eurysoma s. Keyserling, 1879: 293, pl. 4, f. 1 (f, Dm).
Hypophthalma coccinellina Taczanowski, 1879: 125, pl. 2, f. 37 (Dmf).
Paraplectana s. Keyserling, 1892: 2, pl. 1, f. 2 (mf).
H. s. Simon, 1895a: 874, f. 932-935 (mf).
H. decora Simon, 1895a: 874.
H. prospiciens Simon, 1895a: 874.
H. coccinellina Petrunkevitch, 1911: 350.
H. s. Levi, 1996b: 105, f. 56-63 (mf, S).

f solimoes Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016172]
H. s. Levi, 1996b: 123, f. 193-195 (Df).

f tampo Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016173]
H. t. Levi, 1996b: 99, f. 20-23 (Df).

mf testudinaria (Taczanowski, 1879)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016174]
Hypophthalma t. Taczanowski, 1879: 128, pl. 2, f. 39 (Dmf).
Hypophthalma geometrica Taczanowski, 1879: 126, pl. 2, f. 38 (Dmf).
H. t. Simon, 1895a: 873.
H. geometrica Petrunkevitch, 1911: 350.
H. t. Levi, 1996b: 109, f. 77-87 (mf, S).

m tingo Levi, 1996....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016175]
H. t. Levi, 1996b: 112, f. 100-102 (Dm).

f tocantins Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016176]
H. t. Levi, 1996b: 126, f. 229-232 (Df).

f triunfo Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016177]
H. t. Levi, 1996b: 120, f. 168-170 (Df).

f utari Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016178]
H. u. Levi, 1996b: 120, f. 171-174 (Df).

mf viamao Levi, 1996....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016179]
H. v. Levi, 1996b: 112, f. 106-111 (Dmf).

Gen. Hypsacantha Dahl, 1914 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01494]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 by Emerit, 1973: 688, 1974: 29.

mf crucimaculata (Dahl, 1914) *....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016180]
Gasteracantha c. Dahl, 1914: 257, f. 4 (Df).
H. c. Dahl, 1914: 257.
Isoxya c. Benoit, 1962a: 31 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
H. c. Emerit, 1973: 688, f. 6-7, pl. IIF-G (Tf from Isoxya, Dm).

Gen. Hypsosinga Ausserer, 1871 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01495]

N.B.: often considered a synonym of Singa C. L. Koch, 1836; for the orthography, see Levi, 1972a: 240.

Transferred to other genera:
H. henanensis Hu, Wang & Wang, 1991 -- see Sinolinyphia under Linyphiidae.

In synonymy:
H. aenea (Kroneberg, 1875, T from Singa) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Marusik, 1989b: 43).
H. affinis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876, T from Singa) = H. albovittata (Westring, 1851) (Levy, 1984: 127).
H. atra (Kulczyn'ski, 1885, T from Singa) = H. sanguinea (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Levi, 1972a: 242).
H. attica (Simon, 1884, T from Singa) = H. albovittata (Westring, 1851) (Hadjissarantos, 1940: 70, sub Singa).
H. banksi (Petrunkevitch, 1911, T from Linyphia) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1972a: 244, sub H. variabilis).
H. cubana (Banks, 1909, T from Singa) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1972a: 244, sub H. variabilis).
H. distincta (Banks, 1892, T from Microneta) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1972a: 242, sub H. variabilis).
H. hentzi (Banks, 1907, T from Singa) = H. rubens (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1972a: 250).
H. hilgendorfi (Karsch, 1879, T from Theridion) = H. sanguinea (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Ono, 1981c: 4).
H. itemvarians (Bonnet, 1955, T from Araneus) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1972a: 244, sub H. variabilis).
H. laevisternis (Simon, 1909, T from Pronous) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1995b: 169).
H. linyphiformis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Singa) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Yaginuma, 1962c: 32, sub Singa).
H. melania (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947, T from Singa) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1972a: 244, sub H. variabilis).
H. modesta (Banks, 1896, T from Singa) = H. rubens (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1972a: 250).
H. nigripes (Keyserling, 1884, T from Singa) = H. rubens (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1972a: 250).
H. nigrofasciata (L. Koch, 1882, T from Singa) = H. albovittata (Westring, 1851) (Denis, 1952c: 1, sub Singa, after Simon, 1929).
H. orotes (Archer, 1951, T from Singa) = H. funebris (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1972a: 246, sub H. singaeformis).
H. scabristernis (Kulczyn'ski, 1887, T from Singa) = H. albovittata (Westring, 1851) (Thaler & Knoflach, 2003: 637).
H. singaeformis (Scheffer, 1904) = H. funebris (Keyserling, 1892) (Levi, 1975b: 113).
H. theridiformis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Singa) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Yaginuma, 1962c: 32, sub Singa).
H. truncata (Banks, 1901, T from Singa) = H. rubens (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1972a: 250).
H. variabilis (Emerton, 1884) = H. pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831) (Levi, 1975c: 273, but see Crawford, 1988: 9 for a dissenting opinion).

mf alberta Levi, 1972....................Russia, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016181]
H. a. Levi, 1972a: 254, f. 99-106 (Df).
H. a. Dondale et al., 2003: 287, f. 668-674 (f, Dm).

mf alboria Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016182]
H. a. Yin et al., 1990: 73, f. 181-187 (Dmf).
H. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 307, f. 213a-g (mf).
H. a. Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1713, f. 14a-c (m).
H. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 170B-C, I-J, 171A (mf).
H. a. Yin et al., 2012: 690, f. 341a-g (mf).

mf albovittata (Westring, 1851)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016183]
Singa a. Westring, 1851: 36 (D).
Epeira calva Blackwall, 1852b: 99 (Df).
Singa a. Westring, 1861: 60 (Dmf).
Epeira calva Blackwall, 1864a: 365, pl. 27, f. 263 (f).
Singa a. Menge, 1866: 84, pl. 13, f. 23 (mf).
Hyposinga a. Ausserer, 1871b: 823.
Singa affinis O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 575 (Df).
Singa a. Menge, 1879: 558, pl. 91, f. 321 (mf).
Singa nigrofasciata L. Koch, 1882: 627, pl. 2, f. 2 (Df).
Singa attica Simon, 1884j: 329 (Df).
Singa scabristernis Kulczyn'ski, 1887: 306, pl. 5, f. 15 (Df).
Singa a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 135, pl. 5, f. 26 (mf).
Singa a. Becker, 1896: 45, pl. 10, f. 1 (mf).
Singa a. Bösenberg, 1901: 51, pl. 4, f. 44 (mf).
Araneus albovittatus Lessert, 1910b: 336.
Singa a. Wiehle, 1931: 46, f. 62-63 (mf).
Singa a. Hadjissarantos, 1940: 70 (S).
Singa a. Drensky, 1943: 232, f. 13 (mf).
Singa a. Denis, 1952c: 2 (S).
Singa a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 154, f. 102A, 103A, 104A (mf).
Singa a. Holm, 1960a: 512, f. 3 (f).
Singa a. Zamaraev, 1964: 354, f. 31-33 (Tmf from Singa s. str.).
H. a. Azheganova, 1968: 86, f. 174-175, 184 (mf).
Singa a. Miller, 1971: 206, pl. XXXVIII, f. 8-9 (m).
Singa a. Loksa, 1972: 101, f. 92A-B, 94A (mf).
H. a. Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 27-29 (mf).
Singa a. Palmgren, 1974a: 11, f. 4a-c (mf).
H. a. Levy, 1984: 127, f. 42-56 (mf).
H. a. Roberts, 1985: 218, f. 98b (mf).
H. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 84, f. 188 (mf).
H. a. Roberts, 1995: 330, f. (mf).
H. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 257, f. 564-566 (mf).
H. a. Roberts, 1998: 343, f. (mf).
H. a. Thaler & Knoflach, 2003: 637 (S).
H. a. Almquist, 2005: 162, f. 170a-h (mf).

mf clax Oliger, 1993....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016184]
H. c. Oliger, 1993: 65, f. 1a-d, 2a (Dmf).

mf funebris (Keyserling, 1892)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016185]
Cercidia f. Keyserling, 1892: 37, pl. 2, f, 32 (Df).
Cercidia f. McCook, 1894: 216, pl. 19, f. 9-10 (f).
Araneus singaeformis Scheffer, 1904b: 259, pl. 17, f. 4-6 (Dm).
Singa schefferi Banks, 1910: 40 (replacement name for A. s., believed preoccupied by Epeira singaeformis Hasselt, 1882).
Araneus f. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 293.
Araneus schefferi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 314.
Singa orotes Archer, 1951a: 41, f. 36-37, 61 (Dmf).
H. singaeformis Levi, 1972a: 246, f. 58-71 (Tf from Singa, Sm).
Singa singaeformis Levi, 1972c: 191, f. 1-11 (mf).
H. f. Levi, 1975b: 113 (Tf from Cercidia, Sm).
H. singaeformis Kaston, 1977: 28, f. 20 (f).
H. f. Dondale et al., 2003: 292, f. 688-696 (mf).

mf groenlandica Simon, 1889....................USA, Canada, Greenland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016186]
H. g. Simon, 1889j: 290 (Df).
Aranea g. Strand, 1906a: 460.
Araneus groenlandicus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 295.
Singa (H.) g. Holm, 1960a: 512, f. 2 (Tf from Singa s. str.).
Singa g. Holm, 1967: 68, f. 86-87 (f).
H. g. Levi, 1972a: 254, f. 89-98 (f, Dm).
H. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 46,f. 311-314 (mf).
H. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 285, f. 659-667 (mf).

mf heri (Hahn, 1831)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016187]
Epeira herii Hahn, 1831a: 8, f. 5 (Dmf).
Singa h. C. L. Koch, 1837b: 6.
Singa nigrifrons C. L. Koch, 1844: 153, f. 949 (Df).
Singa nigrifrons Menge, 1866: 85, pl. 13, f. L-N (Dm).
Hypsosinga nigrifrons Ausserer, 1871b: 823.
Cercidia pachyderma Simon, 1873c: 327, pl. 10, f. 1 (Df).
Singa h. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 135, pl. 5, f. 27 (mf).
Singa h. O. P.-Cambridge, 1893a: 160, f. 5 (m).
Singa h. Bösenberg, 1901: 51, pl. 4, f. 43 (mf).
Araneus h. Lessert, 1910b: 335.
Araneus h. Simon, 1929: 703, 705, 766, f. 1102-1103 (mf).
Singa h. Wiehle, 1931: 48, f. 66-68 (mf).
Singa h. Drensky, 1943: 232, f. 14 (mf).
Singa h. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 157, f. 103F, 105A-B (mf).
Singa (H.) h. Zamaraev, 1964: 354, f. 28-30 (Tmf from Singa s. str.).
H. h. Azheganova, 1968: 86, 176-177 (mf).
Singa h. Miller, 1971: 206, pl. XXXVIII, f. 12-13 (mf).
Singa h. Loksa, 1972: 102, f. 93A-B (mf).
H. h. Levy, 1984: 130, f. 72-77 (mf).
H. h. Roberts, 1985: 218, f. 98e (mf).
H. h. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 84, f. 189 (mf).
H. h. Almquist, 1994: 114, f. 10-15 (mf).
H. h. Roberts, 1995: 332, f. (mf).
H. h. Mcheidze, 1997: 258, f. 570-572 (mf).
H. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 308, f. 214a-b (m).
H. h. Roberts, 1998: 344, f. (mf).
H. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 170D, K (mf).
H. h. Almquist, 2005: 163, f. 171a-h (mf).
H. h. Jäger, 2006d: 4, f. 1-4h-m (mf).

m kazachstanica Ponomarev, 2007....................Kazakhstan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041377]
H. k. Ponomarev, 2007b: 89, f. 8 (Dm).

mf lithyphantoides Caporiacco, 1947....................Uganda, Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016188]
Hyposinga l. Caporiacco, 1947d: 164, f. 25 (Df).
Hyposinga l. Caporiacco, 1949a: 413, f. 54a-c (f, Dm).

mf lithyphantoides dealbata Caporiacco, 1949....................Kenya [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016189]
Hyposinga l. dealbatas Caporiacco, 1949a: 414, f. 55 (Dmf).
H. l. d. Brignoli, 1983c: 271.

mf pygmaea (Sundevall, 1831)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016190]
Theridion pygmaeum Sundevall, 1831: 14, 1832: 121 (Df).
Micryphantes anthracinus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 11 (D).
Phrurolithus trifasciatus C. L. Koch, 1839a: 116, f. 516 (Df).
Singa trifasciata C. L. Koch, 1844: 151, f. 948 (f).
Singa anthracina C. L. Koch, 1844: 154, f. 950 (Dm).
Epeira nigrifrons Westring, 1851: 36.
Epeira trifasciata Westring, 1851: 59.
Epeira anthracina Blackwall, 1864a: 357, pl. 26, f. 257 (m).
Epeira herii Blackwall, 1864a: pl. 27, f. 264 (misidentified).
Singa heerii Menge, 1866: 84, pl. 13, f. 23A (mf, misidentified).
Singa trifasciata Ohlert, 1867: 26 (Dm).
Singa p. Thorell, 1870a: 26.
Hyposinga p. Ausserer, 1871b: 823.
Singa abbreviata Karsch, 1873: 120, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dj).
Singa p. Simon, 1874a: 128.
Singa aenea Kroneberg, 1875: 5, pl. 1, f. 3 (Df).
Singa maculata Thorell, 1875a: 81 (Dmf).
Singa maculata Thorell, 1875c: 13 (Dmf).
Singa variabilis Emerton, 1884: 322, pl. 34, f. 16, pl. 37, f. 19-21 (Dmf).
Singa grammica Simon, 1884j: 328 (Df).
Singa p. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 135, pl. 5, f. 28 (mf).
Microneta distincta Banks, 1892a: 48, pl. 2, f. 53 (Dm).
Singa variabilis McCook, 1894: 233, pl. 20, f. 11-13, pl. 19, f. 7 (mf).
Singa p. Becker, 1896: 46, pl. 10, f. 2 (mf).
Singa p. Bösenberg, 1901: 53, pl. 4, f. 46 (mf).
Singa variabilis Emerton, 1902: 187, f. 436 (mf).
Araneus p. Lessert, 1910b: 337.
Aranea (Singa) theridiformis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 236, pl. 4, f. 35, pl. 15, f. 400 (Dmf).
Aranea (Singa) linyphiformis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 237, pl. 15, f. 421 (Df).
Linyphia bicolor Banks, 1906b: 97 (Dmf; preoccupied by Nicolet, 1849).
Pronous laevisternis Simon, 1909e: 113 (Df).
Singa cubana Banks, 1909b: 162, pl. 45, f. 8 (Df).
Linyphia banksi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 246 (replacement name for Linyphia bicolor).
Araneus varians Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323 (replacement name for Singa variabilis).
Microneta distincta Banks, 1916: 77, pl. 10, f. 1 (m).
Singa p. Wiehle, 1931: 47, f. 64-65 (mf).
Singa p. Drensky, 1943: 232, f. 13 (mf).
Singa melania Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 64 (Dj).
Singa variabilis Kaston, 1948: 240, f. 760-765 (mf).
Singa p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 155, f. 102C, 103B, 104B (mf).
Araneus itemvarians Bonnet, 1955: 523 (replacement name for Araneus varians Petrunkevitch, 1911, preoccupied).
Singa p. Yaginuma, 1960: 59, f. 57 (f).
Singa p. Yaginuma, 1962c: 32 (S).
Singa pygmea Namkung, 1964: 39, f. 29 (f).
Singa (H.) p. Zamaraev, 1964: 354, f. 34-36 (Tmf from Singa s. str.).
Singa p. Yaginuma, 1965b: 363, f. 3.2 (f).
H. p. Azheganova, 1968: 87, f. 185-186 (mf).
Singa p. Chu & Okuma, 1970: 70, f. 2A-B (mf).
Singa p. Yaginuma, 1971: 59, f. 57 (f).
Singa p. Miller, 1971: 206, pl. XXXVIII, f. 6-7 (m).
Singa p. Loksa, 1972: 101, f. 92C-D, 94B (mf).
H. variabilis Levi, 1972a: 242, f. 44-57 (Tmf from Singa, S).
H. p. Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 24, 26, 30 (mf).
Singa p. Palmgren, 1974a: 11, f. 4d-f (mf).
H. p. Levi, 1975c: 273, f. 21 (f, S).
Singa p. Yin, 1978: 6, f. 16A-E (mf).
Singa p. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 48, f. 31 (f).
Singa p. Song, 1980: 108, f. 53a-e (mf).
Singa p. Qiu, 1981: 17, f. 8A-D (mf).
Singa p. Wang, 1981: 104, f. 46A-C (mf).
H. p. Levy, 1984: 129, f. 57-71 (mf).
Singa p. Hu, 1984: 130, f. 131.1-4 (mf).
H. p. Roberts, 1985: 218, f. 98c (mf).
Singa p. Guo, 1985: 72, f. 2-25.1-3 (mf).
Singa p. Zhu et al., 1985: 87, f. 75a-e (mf).
H. p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 107, f. 57.2 (f).
Singa p. Song, 1987: 177, f. 137 (mf).
H. p. Zhang, 1987: 80, f. 63.1-4 (mf).
H. p. Marusik, 1989b: 43 (S).
Singa p. Hu & Wu, 1989: 108, f. 83.1-3 (mf).
H. p. Feng, 1990: 100, f. 75.1-4 (mf).
Singa p. Chen & Gao, 1990: 71, f. 90a-b (mf).
Singa p. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 108, f. 102.1-5 (mf).
H. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 84, f. 190 (mf).
H. p. Okuma et al., 1993: 25, f. 21A-B (mf).
Singa p. Zhao, 1993: 260, f. 122a-c (mf).
H. p. Roberts, 1995: 331, f. (mf).
H. p. Levi, 1995b: 169 (S).
H. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 611, f. 383a-c (f).
H. pigmaea Mcheidze, 1997: 257, f. 567-569 (mf).
H. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 309, f. 215a-f (mf).
H. p. Roberts, 1998: 343, f. (mf).
H. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 282, f. 170E-F, N, 171B (mf).
H. p. Hu, 2001: 460, f. 302.1-3 (mf).
H. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 207, f. 124A-D (mf).
H. p. Namkung, 2002: 282, f. 19.43a-b (mf).
H. p. Levi, 2002: 541, f. 102-103 (f).
H. p. Kim & Kim, 2002: 209, f. 48, 130, 245-246 (mf).
H. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 47, f. 315-318 (mf).
H. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 282, f. 649-658 (mf).
H. p. Namkung, 2003: 284, f. 19.43a-b (mf).
H. p. Almquist, 2005: 164, f. 172a-h (mf).
H. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 53, f. 71-72, 475-476 (mf).
H. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 431, f. 59-60 (mf).
H. p. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 227, f. 162A-D (mf).
H. p. Yin et al., 2012: 692, f. 342a-f (mf).

f pygmaea nigra (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016191]
Pronous laevisternis niger Simon, 1909e: 113 (Df).

f pygmaea nigriceps (Kulczyn'ski, 1903)....................Turkey [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016192]
Aranea p. n. Kulczyn'ski, 1903b: 649 (Df).

mf rubens (Hentz, 1847)....................USA, Canada [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016193]
Epeira r. Hentz, 1847: 477, pl. 31, f. 18 (Df).
Singa maculata Emerton, 1884: 323, pl. 37, f. 18 (Dmf; preoccupied by Thorell, 1875).
Singa nigripes Keyserling, 1884b: 655, pl. 21, f. 7 (Df).
Singa maculata Keyserling, 1892: 285, pl. 14, f. 210 (f).
Singa nigripes Keyserling, 1893: 290, pl. 15, f. 214 (f).
Singa nigripes McCook, 1894: 232, pl. 19, f. 5-6 (f, Dm).
Singa maculata McCook, 1894: 235, pl. 19, f. 9 (f).
Singa modesta Banks, 1896e: 70 (Df).
Singa truncata Banks, 1901c: 188 (replacement name for Singa maculata).
Singa hentzi Banks, 1907: 740, f. 20 (Df).
Araneus hentzi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 296.
Araneus modestus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 304.
Araneus nigripes Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Araneus r. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
Araneus tusus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 321 (superfluous replacement name).
Singa r. Archer, 1940: 38, pl. II, f. 3 (Tf from Araneus).
Singa truncata Kaston, 1948: 241, f. 746, 766 (mf).
H. r. Levi, 1972a: 248, f. 72-88 (Tmf from Singa, S).
H. r. Breene et al., 1993: 107, f. 165A-C (mf).
H. r. Levi, 2002: 549, f. 203 (m).
H. r. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 47, f. 319-322 (mf).
H. r. Dondale et al., 2003: 289, f. 675-687 (mf).

mf sanguinea (C. L. Koch, 1844) *....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016194]
Singa s. C. L. Koch, 1844: 155, f. 951 (Df).
Epeira s. O. P.-Cambridge, 1873b: 552 (Dm).
Theridion hilgendorfi Karsch, 1879g: 63, pl. 1, f. 2 (Dm).
Singa atra Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 23, pl. 9, f. 6 (Df).
Singa s. Bösenberg, 1901: 52, pl. 4, f. 45 (mf).
Theridion hilgendorfi Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 148, pl. 15, f. 401 (Df).
Araneus sanguineus Simon, 1929: 703, 707, 767.
Singa s. Wiehle, 1931: 49, f. 69-70 (mf).
Singa s. Nakatsudi, 1942b: 12, f. 3B-C (f).
Singa s. Drensky, 1943: 232, f. 14 (mf).
Singa s. Tullgren, 1952: 162, f. 8a-b (m).
Singa s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 155, f. 103D-E, 104C (mf).
Singa s. Yaginuma, 1960: 59, f. 57 (f).
Singa s. Paik, 1962: 76, f. 4 (f).
Singa (H.) s. Zamaraev, 1964: 354, f. 37-39 (Tmf from Singa s. str.).
Singa s. Yaginuma, 1965b: 363, f. 3.3 (f).
H. s. Azheganova, 1968: 87, f. 178, 187 (mf).
Singa s. Yaginuma, 1971: 59, f. 57 (f).
Singa s. Miller, 1971: 206, pl. XXXVIII, f. 10-11 (mf).
Singa s. Loksa, 1972: 103, f. 93C-D (mf).
H. s. Izmailova, 1972c: 55, f. 6 (f).
H. s. Levi, 1972a: 242, f. 35-43 (mf, S).
Singa s. Palmgren, 1974a: 11, f. 3h-l (mf).
H. s. Ono, 1981c: 4, f. 2 (Sm).
Singa s. Hu, 1984: 130, f. 132.1-3 (mf).
H. s. Roberts, 1985: 218, f. 98d (mf).
Singa s. Guo, 1985: 72, f. 2-26.1-2 (f).
H. s. Zhu et al., 1985: 77, f. 65a-f (mf).
H. s. Yaginuma, 1986a: 107, f. 57.3 (f).
H. s. Song, 1987: 169, f. 129 (f).
H. s. Zhang, 1987: 81, f. 64.1-3 (mf).
H. s. Chikuni, 1989b: 76, f. 42 (mf).
H. s. Feng, 1990: 99, f. 74.1-3 (mf).
H. s. Chen & Gao, 1990: 72, f. 91a-b (mf).
H. s. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 109, f. 103.1-3 (f).
H. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 84, f. 191 (mf).
H. s. Oliger, 1993: 65, f. 2b-c (m).
H. s. Zhao, 1993: 237, f. 110a-c (mf).
H. s. Roberts, 1995: 331, f. (mf).
H. s. Mcheidze, 1997: 258, f. 573-574 (mf).
H. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 310, f. 216a-f (mf).
H. s. Roberts, 1998: 344, f. (mf).
H. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 170G-H, L-M, 171C (mf).
H. s. Hu, 2001: 460, f. 301.1-2 (f).
H. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 208, f. 125A-F (mf).
H. s. Namkung, 2002: 283, f. 19.44a-b (mf).
H. s. Kim & Kim, 2002: 210, f. 49, 131-132, 247-248 (mf).
H. s. Namkung, 2003: 285, f. 19.44a-b (mf).
H. s. Almquist, 2005: 166, f. 173a-f (mf).
H. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 54, f. 73-79, 477-478 (mf).
H. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 431, f. 61-62 (mf).
H. s. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 228, f. 163A-E (mf).
H. s. Yin et al., 2012: 693, f. 343a-f (mf).

mf taprobanica (Simon, 1895)....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016195]
Pronous taprobanicus Simon, 1895a: 863, f. 952 (Dmf).
H. t. Levi, 1995b: 169 (Tmf from Pronous).

mf turkmenica Bakhvalov, 1978....................Turkmenistan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016196]
Hyposinga t. Bakhvalov, 1978: 792, f. 8-12 (Dmf).

f vaulogeri (Simon, 1909)....................Vietnam [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016197]
Araneus (H.) v. Simon, 1909e: 110 (Df).

m wanica Song, Qian & Gao, 1996....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016198]
H. w. Song, Qian & Gao, in Song et al., 1996: 106, f. 2A-C (Dm).
H. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 170O-P (m).

Gen. Ideocaira Simon, 1903 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01496]

f transversa Simon, 1903 *....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016199]
I. t. Simon, 1903d: 26 (Df).

mf triquetra Simon, 1903....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016200]
I. t. Simon, 1903d: 27 (Df).
I. triqueta Smith, 2005: 469, f. 20-25 (f, figured m).

Gen. Isoxya Simon, 1885 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01497]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833 by Benoit, 1962a: 14; not a senior synonym of Afracantha Dahl, 1914, Hypsacantha Dahl, 1914 or Togacantha Dahl, 1914 (Emerit, 1974: 28-31, contra Benoit, 1962a: 14).

Transferred to other genera:
I. camerunensis (Thorell, 1899) -- see Afracantha.
I. crucimaculata (Dahl, 1914) -- see Hypsacantha.
I. galeata Simon, 1887 -- see Aetrocantha.
I. nordviei (Strand, 1913) -- see Togacantha.

In synonymy:
I. rogersi (O. P.-Cambridge, 1879, removed from S of I. testudinaria) = I. semiflava Simon, 1887 (Benoit, 1962a: 29).
I. testudinaria benina (Strand, 1913, T from Gasteracantha) = I. testudinaria (Simon, 1901) (Benoit, 1962a: 31).
I. tuberifera (Dahl, 1914, T from Gasteracantha) = I. cicatricosa (C. L. Koch, 1844) (Benoit, 1962a: 38).

mf basilewskyi Benoit & Emerit, 1975....................Rwanda, Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016201]
I. b. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 324, f. 4-6 (Dmf).

mf cicatricosa (C. L. Koch, 1844) *....................Central, East, Southern Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016202]
Gasteracantha c. C. L. Koch, 1844: 54, f. 877 (Df).
Isacantha hildebrandti Karsch, 1878b: 313, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Gasteracantha wealii O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 290, pl. 27, f. 20 (Df).
Gasteracantha proba O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 291, pl. 27, f. 22 (Df).
Gasteracantha pygmaea Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 47, pl. 2, f. 29 (Dm).
Gasteracantha sanguinipes Strand, 1906b: 625 (Df).
Gasteracantha hildebrandti Strand, 1908g: 433 (Dm).
Gasteracantha c. Dahl, 1914: 256.
Gasteracantha tubifera Dahl, 1914: 256, f. 18 (Df).
I. c. Benoit, 1962a: 38, f. 25bis (Tmf from Gasteracantha, S).
I. c. Emerit, 1973: 676, f. 2A-C, pl. IA, C (m).
I. c. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 327, f. 8a-b (m).

mf cowani (Butler, 1882)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016203]
Gasteracantha c. Butler, 1882b: 766, pl. 57, f. 5 (Dm).
Gasteracantha c. Dahl, 1914: 255 (Df).
I. c. Emerit, 1974: 49, f. 7A, 11, 12A-C, 16A (Tmf from Gasteracantha).

mf mahafalensis Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016204]
I. m. Emerit, 1974: 43, f. 7C, 8, 9A-C, 10A-C, 16B (Dmf).

f milloti Emerit, 1974....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016205]
I. m. Emerit, 1974: 55, f. 15, 16C (Df).

f mossamedensis Benoit, 1962....................Angola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016206]
I. m. Benoit, 1962a: 24, f. 17 (Df).

mf mucronata (Walckenaer, 1841)....................Central, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016207]
Plectana m. Walckenaer, 1841: 156 (Df).
Gasteracantha tuberosa Thorell, 1859: 303 (Df).
Stanneoclavis tuberosa Karsch, 1879a: 330.
Gasteracantha purpurea Simon, 1884k: 19, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Gasteracantha m. Dahl, 1914: 255.
I. m. Benoit, 1962a: 27, f. 20 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
I. m. Emerit, 1982b: 160, pl. 1C, f. 2 (Dm).

f nigromutica (Caporiacco, 1939)....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016208]
Gasteracantha n. Caporiacco, 1939a: 348 (Df).
I. n. Benoit, 1962a: 66 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

mf penizoides Simon, 1887....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016209]
Isoxia p. Simon, 1887a: 269 (Df).
Gasteracantha p. Simon, 1895a: 843, f. 892 (f).
Plectana p. Thorell, 1899: 64.
Gasteracantha p. Simon, 1907d: 302 (Dm).
I. p. Benoit, 1962a: 20 (Tmf from Gasteracantha).
I. p. Emerit, 1982b: 162, pl. 1B.

f reuteri (Lenz, 1886)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016210]
Gasteracantha r. Lenz, 1886: 382, pl. 10, f. 3 (Df).
Gasteracantha maculosa Lenz, 1886: 383, pl. 10, f. 4 (f).
I. r. Dahl, 1914: 255.
I. r. Benoit, 1962d: 373 (Tf from Gasteracantha).
I. r. Emerit, 1974: 51, f. 7B, 13, 14A-C, 16D (f).

f semiflava Simon, 1887....................West, Central Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016211]
Isoxia s. Simon, 1887a: 268, pl. 6, f. 2 (Df).
I. s. Simon, 1895a: 843, f. 893 (f).
Gasteracantha rogersi O. P.-Cambridge, 1879c: 292, pl. 27, f. 23 (Dm).
I. s. Benoit, 1962a: 29, f. 22 (removed f from S of I. mucronata, S).

f somalica (Caporiacco, 1940)....................Somalia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016212]
Gasteracantha s. Caporiacco, 1940c: 773, f. 2 (Df).
I. s. Benoit, 1962a: 67 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

f stuhlmanni (Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016213]
Gasteracantha s. Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895: 48, pl. 2, f. 30 (Df).
I. s. Benoit, 1962a: 34, f. 25 (Tf from Gasteracantha).

mf tabulata (Thorell, 1859)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016214]
Gasteracantha t. Thorell, 1859: 303 (Df).
Gasteracantha modesta Thorell, 1859: 303 (Dm).
Isoxia t. Pavesi, 1895a: 497.
Gasteracantha cicatrella Strand, 1907a: 537 (Df).
Gasteracantha kibonotensis Tullgren, 1910: 169 (Df).
Gasteracantha momboensis Tullgren, 1910: 170 (Df).
Gasteracantha t. Dahl, 1914: 255, f. 8 (f).
Gasteracantha t. Lawrence, 1937: 234, f. 11 (mf).
I. t. Benoit, 1962a: 36 (Tmf from Gasteracantha).
I. t. Emerit, 1973: 680, f. 3A-C, pl. IE-G (m).
I. t. Benoit & Emerit, 1975: 327, f. 7a-b (m).

mf testudinaria (Simon, 1901)....................West, Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016215]
Gasteracantha t. Simon, 1901d: 20 (Df).
Gasteracantha t. benina Strand, 1913a: 385 (Df).
I. t. Benoit, 1962a: 31, f. 23 (Tmf from Gasteracantha, S).
I. t. Emerit, 1982b: 163, pl. 1D.

f yatesi Emerit, 1973....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016216]
I. y. Emerit, 1973: 683, f. 4 (Df).

Gen. Kaira O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01498]

N.B.: original spelling as above, not Caira; considered a senior synonym of Pronarachne Mello-Leitão, 1937 and Macpos Mello-Leitão, 1940a: 59, type M. monstrosus Mello-Leitão, 1940 by Levi, 1977b: 214, and of Haliger Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 180, type H. corniferus Mello-Leitão, 1943, transferred from the Theridiosomatidae, by Levi, 1993c: 210.

Transferred to other genera:
K. dromedaria O. P.-Cambridge, 1893 -- see Pozonia.
K. granadensis Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Pozonia.

In synonymy:
K. aries (Mello-Leitão, 1937) = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1977b: 218).
K. cornifera (Mello-Leitão, 1943) = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1993c: 214).
K. fasciolata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889, T from Mastophora) = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 2003: 325).
K. minutissima (Mello-Leitão, 1941) = K. gibberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 (Levi, 1993c: 216).
K. obtusa Keyserling, 1892 = K. gibberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 (Levi, 1993c: 216).
K. spinosa Simon, 1896 = K. altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 1977b: 218).

Nomina dubia:
K. capra Simon, 1896b: 479, f, Paraguay -- Levi, 1993c: 214.
K. monstrosa (Mello-Leitão, 1940a: 59, f. 6a-b, f, Brazil, originally in Macpos) -- Levi, 1993c: 216.

mf alba (Hentz, 1850)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016217]
Epeira a. Hentz, 1850: 30, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
Epeira leucogaster Marx, 1890: 546.
K. a. Keyserling, 1892: 64, pl. 3, f. 50 (f).
K. a. McCook, 1894: 202, pl. 12, f. 3 (f).
K. a. Levi, 1977b: 216, f. 117-129 (f, Dm).
K. a. Levi, 1993c: 216, f. 1-2, 23-28 (mf).
K. a. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 374, f. 16 (m).
K. a. Levi, 2002: 559, f. 313 (m).

mf altiventer O. P.-Cambridge, 1889....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016218]
Epeiroides fasciolata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 15, pl. 8, f. 5 (Dm).
K. a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 56, pl. 8, f. 13 (Df).
K. a. Keyserling, 1892: 62, pl. 3, f. 48 (f).
Epeiroides fasciolata Keyserling, 1893: 309, pl. 16, f. 228 (m).
Caira spinosa Simon, 1897b: 478 (Df).
Aranea fasciolata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 519, pl. 51, f. 5 (m).
K. a. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 522, pl. 51, f. 10 (f).
Araneus fasciolatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 291.
Pronarachne aries Mello-Leitão, 1937a: 9, f. 10 (Df).
Haliger corniferus Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 180, f. 18 (Df).
K. a. Levi, 1977b: 218, f. 130-137 (f, Dm, S).
Mastophora fasciolata Levi, 1991a: 180 (Tm from Araneus).
K. a. Levi, 1993c: 213, f. 3-22 (mf, S).
K. a. Levi, 2002: 533, f. 8, 10-12 (f).
K. a. Levi, 2003: 325 (S).

f candidissima (Mello-Leitão, 1941)....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016219]
Macpos candidissimus Mello-Leitão, 1941f: 212, f. 18-19 (Df).
K. c. Brignoli, 1983c: 271.
K. c. Levi, 1993c: 221, f. 66-69 (f).

mf cobimcha Levi, 1993....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016220]
K. c. Levi, 1993c: 223, f. 86-92 (Dmf).

f conica Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016221]
K. c. Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1948: 11, f. 11-13 (Df).
K. c. Levi, 1993c: 221, f. 70-74 (f).

f dianae Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016222]
K. d. Levi, 1993c: 221, f. 61-65 (Df).

mf echinus (Simon, 1897)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016223]
Caira e. Simon, 1897b: 479 (Df).
K. e. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 352.
K. e. Levi, 1993c: 222, f. 75-81 (f, Dm).

m electa (Keyserling, 1883)....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016224]
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1883a: 196, pl. 15, f. 2 (Dmf).
Epeira e. Keyserling, 1893: 250, pl. 12, f. 186 (m).
Araneus electus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 290.
K. e. Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tm from Araneus).

f erwini Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016225]
K. e. Levi, 1993c: 220, f. 52-56 (Df).

mf gibberosa O. P.-Cambridge, 1890 *....................Mexico to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016226]
K. g. O. P.-Cambridge, 1890a: 57, pl. 3, f. 12 (Df).
K. g. Keyserling, 1892: 63, pl. 3, f. 49 (f).
K. obtusa Keyserling, 1892: 66, pl. 3, f. 51 (Dj).
K. g. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 522, pl. 51, f. 9 (f).
Wagneriana minutissima Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 250 (Df).
K. minutissima Levi, 1991b: 373 (Tf from Wagneriana).
K. g. Levi, 1993c: 216, f. 29-47 (f, Sm).

mf hiteae Levi, 1977....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016227]
K. h. Levi, 1977b: 220, f. 138-140 (Dm).
K. h. Levi, 1993c: 222, f. 82-85 (Df).

f levii Alayón, 1993....................Cuba [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016228]
K. l. Alayón, 1993e: 2, f. 1A-D (Df).

f sabino Levi, 1977....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016229]
K. s. Levi, 1977b: 221, f. 141-147 (Df).

mf sexta (Chamberlin, 1916)....................Guatemala to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016230]
Aranea s. Chamberlin, 1916: 255, pl. 19, f. 7 (Df).
Araneus s. Levi, 1991a: 259, f. 339-342 (Dmf; N.B.: Chamberlin's f is juvenile).
K. s. Levi, 1993c: 24 (Tmf from Araneus).
K. s. Levi, 2002: 540, f. 93-94 (f).

f shinguito Levi, 1993....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016231]
K. s. Levi, 1993c: 220, f. 57-60 (Df).

f tulua Levi, 1993....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016232]
K. t. Levi, 1993c: 220, f. 48-51 (Df).

Gen. Kapogea Levi, 1997 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01499]

K. Levi, 1997: 239, type Cyrtophora sellata Simon, 1895.

In synonymy:
K. alayoi (Archer, 1958) = K. isosceles (Mello-Leitão, 1939) (Levi & Santos, 2013: 223).
K. franganilloides (Brignoli, 1983, T from Araneus) = K. sellata (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1997: 242).
K. nympha (Simon, 1895, T from Cyrtophora) = K. sexnotata (Simon, 1895) (Levi, 1997: 249).
K. setospinosa (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936, T from Araneus) = K. cyrtophoroides (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904) (Levi, 1997: 244, contra Levi, 1991a: 178m sub Cyrtophora nympha).

mf cyrtophoroides (F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904)....................Mexico to Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016234]
Aranea c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 518, pl. 51, f. 4 (Df).
Araneus c. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 288.
Araneus setospinosus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 48, pl. 14, f. 124 (Df).
K. c. Levi, 1997: 244, f. 123-132 (removed f from S of Cyrtophora nympha, contra Levi, 1991a: 178, Dm).
K. c. Víquez, 2007: 386, f. 5a-b (f).

mf isosceles (Mello-Leitão, 1939)....................Greater Antilles, Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:015946]
Eustala i. Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 62, f. 32-33 (Df).
Cyrtophora alayoi Archer, 1958: 9, f. 14-16 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016233].
K. alayoi Levi, 1997: 246, f. 133-139 (Tm from Cyrtophora, Df).
K. alayoi Levi, 2002: 559, f. 299-300 (m).
K. i. Levi & Santos, 2013: 223 (Tf from Eustala, Sm).

mf sellata (Simon, 1895) *....................Greater Antilles, Costa Rica to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016235]
Cyrtophora s. Simon, 1895g: 155 (Df).
Cyrtophora s. Blanke, 1976b: 125, f. 1a-c, 2a-e (f, Dm).
Araneus rugosus Franganillo, 1936c: 75, f. 33 (Df; preoccupied by Badcock, 1932).
Araneus franganilloides Brignoli, 1983c: 262 (replacement name for A. rugosus Franganillo).
K. s. Levi, 1997: 243, f. 107-122 (Tmf from Cyrtophora, S).
K. s. Víquez, 2007: 388, f. 5c-d (f).

mf sexnotata (Simon, 1895)....................Venezuela to Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016236]
Cyrtophora s. Simon, 1895g: 155 (Df).
Cyrtophora nympha Simon, 1895g: 156 (Dj).
Cyrtophora nympha Levi, 1991a: 178 (S, rejected).
K. s. Levi, 1997: 249, f. 140-147 (Tf from Cyrtophora, Dm, S).

Gen. Kilima Grasshoff, 1970 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01500]

K. Grasshoff, 1970a: 122, type Larinia decens (Blackwall, 1866).

In synonymy:
K. mitis (Pavesi, 1897, T from Larinia) = K. decens (Blackwall, 1866) (Grasshoff, 1970a: 123).
K. simillima (Lessert, 1915, T from Larinia) = K. griseovariegata (Tullgren, 1910) (Grasshoff, 1970a: 124).

mf conspersa Grasshoff, 1970....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016237]
K. c. Grasshoff, 1970a: 127, f. 1e-f, 4a-d, 6a-c, 8c, 11 (Dmf; N.B.: omitted by Brignoli).

mf decens (Blackwall, 1866) *....................Central, East, Southern Africa, Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016238]
Epeira d. Blackwall, 1866: 461 (Dj).
Larinia mitis Pavesi, 1897b: 163 (Df).
Larinia d. Tullgren, 1910: 160, pl. 4, f. 102 (Dmf).
K. d. Grasshoff, 1970a: 122, f. 1a-d, 2a-c, 5a-c, 8a-b, 9 (Tmf from Larinia, S).
K. d. Saaristo, 2010: 39, f. 4.26-31 (mf).

mf griseovariegata (Tullgren, 1910)....................Central, East Africa, Yemen [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016239]
Larinia g. Tullgren, 1910: 161, pl. 4, f. 105 (Dmf).
Larinia simillima Lessert, 1915a: 28, pl. 2, f. 27-29 (Dmf).
K. g. Grasshoff, 1970a: 124, f. 3a-d, 7a-c, 8d, 10 (Tmf from Larinia, S).

Gen. Larinia Simon, 1874 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01501]

N.B.: Tanikawa (1989) and Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger (1991), following Levi (1975b) and Marusik (1987c), rejected the conclusions of Grasshoff (1970a, b, c, 1971a), who separated these species into about 10 genera; as none of the regional reports have analyzed Grasshoff's conclusions on a worldwide basis, and workers such as Levy (1986) have supported some of Grasshoff's results, only those subsequent generic synonymies that have been listed in detail (such as the synonymy of Drexelia McCook, 1892 by Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 243, after Levi, 1975b: 102) are followed here; considered a senior synonym of Larinopa Grasshoff, 1970b: 226, type Larinia tabida (L. Koch, 1872) (Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 242, by transfer of type species, contra Levy, 1986: 5).

Transferred to other genera:
L. albosigillata Mello-Leitão, 1947 -- see Araneus.
L. argiopiformis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Lariniaria.
L. atomaria (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) -- see Siwa.
L. badiana Roewer, 1961 -- see Araneus.
L. bartelsi Lessert, 1933 -- see Paralarinia.
L. bristowei Mello-Leitão, 1940 -- see Hingstepeira.
L. coamensis Petrunkevitch, 1930 -- see Metazygia.
L. decens (Blackwall, 1866) -- see Kilima.
L. denisi Lessert, 1938 -- see Paralarinia.
L. diluta (Thorell, 1887) -- see Lipocrea.
L. dufouri Simon, 1874 -- see Siwa.
L. eburneiventris Simon, 1908 -- see Araneus.
L. epeiroides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) -- see Lipocrea.
L. faradjensis Lessert, 1930 -- see Faradja.
L. fasciata Thorell, 1899 -- see Lipocrea.
L. forata Keyserling, 1893 -- see Araneus.
L. fusiformis (Thorell, 1877) -- see Lipocrea.
L. griseovariegata Tullgren, 1910 -- see Kilima.
L. hewitti Lessert, 1930 -- see Mahembea.
L. incerta Tullgren, 1910 -- see Paralarinia.
L. latro (Fabricius, 1775) -- see Alpaida.
L. longissima Simon, 1881 -- see Lipocrea.
L. lutescens Thorell, 1898 -- see Lipocrea.
L. maulliniana Mello-Leitão, 1951 -- see Zygiella.
L. melanosticta Thorell, 1891 -- see Lipocrea.
L. mitis Pavesi, 1897 -- see Kilima.
L. mundula (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.
L. mundulella (Strand, 1915) -- see Metazygia.
L. nigrofoliata Keyserling, 1884 -- see Araneus.
L. nigrolimbata Simon, 1909 -- see Lipocrea.
L. nobilis Mello-Leitão, 1944 -- see Araneus.
L. ovata Denis, 1947 -- see Siwa.
L. peltiventris Strand, 1913 -- see Paralarinia.
L. punctifera Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 -- see Lariniaria.
L. pura Simon, 1907 -- see Araneus.
L. quadrinotata Simon, 1889 -- see Lipocrea.
L. quinquepunctata Tullgren, 1910 -- see Lipocrea.
L. quinquepunctata concolor Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Lipocrea.
L. rubroguttulata Keyserling, 1879 -- see Eustala.
L. scriba (Mello-Leitão, 1940) -- see Alpaida.
L. silvestris Bryant, 1942 -- see Metazygia.
L. simillima Lessert, 1915 -- see Kilima.
L. tibelloides Lessert, 1930 -- see Lipocrea.
L. vicina Kulczyn'ski, 1911 -- see Lipocrea.
L. viriosa (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Metazygia.

In synonymy:
L. albigera Yin et al., 1990 (N.B.: f only, m=Lariniaria argiopiformis) = L. phthisica (L. Koch, 1871) (Yin, 1994: 135).
L. albonigra Franganillo, 1931 = L. directa (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 106).
L. albotaeniata Simon, 1906 = L. acuticauda Simon, 1906 (Grasshoff, 1970b: 217, sub Drexelia).
L. antarctica Simon, 1905 = L. bivittata Keyserling, 1885 (Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 256).
L. bellona Banks, 1898 = L. directa (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 106).
L. camerunica (Strand, 1908) = L. acuticauda Simon, 1906 (Grasshoff, 1971a: 94, sub Drexelia).
L. chhagani Patel, 1975 = L. phthisica (L. Koch, 1871) (Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 44).
L. cymotympa Chamberlin, 1924 = L. directa (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 106).
L. flavescens Simon, 1882 = L. chloris (Audouin, 1826) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 222).
L. ishango (Grasshoff, 1971) = L. bifida Tullgren, 1910 (Saaristo, 2010: 39).
L. lintearia (Keyserling, 1893, T from Mangora) = L. bivittata Keyserling, 1885 (Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 256).
L. mormon (Keyserling, 1892, T from Araneus) = L. famulatoria (Keyserling, 1883) (Levi, 1975b: 110).
L. nenilini Marusik, 1986 = L. phthisica (L. Koch, 1871) (Yin et al., 1997d: 321).
L. nigrovittata Mello-Leitão, 1947 = L. directa (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 106).
L. octopunctata (Caporiacco, 1955) = L. directa (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 106).
L. phragmiteti (Nemenz, 1956, T from Singa) = L. elegans Spassky, 1939 (Thaler & Knoflach, 2003: 638, after suggestion by Jäger, 1995a).
L. punctipedana Strand, 1913 = L. bifida Tullgren, 1910 (Grasshoff, 1970b: 217, sub Drexelia).
L. shandongensis Yin et al., 1990 = L. sekiguchii Tanikawa, 1989 (Yin, 1994: 135).
L. turcmenica Spassky, 1939 = L. pubiventris Simon, 1889 (Marusik, 1987c: 247).
L. vicina Kulczyn'ski, 1911 = L. tabida (L. Koch, 1872) (Chrysanthus, 1961b: 205).

mf acuticauda Simon, 1906....................West Africa to Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016240]
L. a. Simon, 1906a: 1164 (Df).
L. albotaeniata Simon, 1906a: 1164 (Df).
Drexelia camerunica Strand, 1908e: 269 (Df).
Drexelia a. Grasshoff, 1970b: 217 (Tf from Larinia, S).
Drexelia a. Grasshoff, 1971a: 94, f. 46a-e (mf, S).
Drexelia a. Levy, 1986: 8, f. 40-49 (mf).
Drexelia a. Wunderlich, 2011: 11, f. 6-9 (mf).

mf ambo Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016241]
L. a. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 257, f. 26-31 (Dmf).

f assimilis Tullgren, 1910....................East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016242]
L. a. Tullgren, 1910: 161, pl. 4, f. 106 (Df).
Drexelia a. Grasshoff, 1971a: 90, f. 41a-d (Tf from Larinia).

m astrigera Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016243]
L. a. Yin et al., 1990: 78, f. 195-198 (Dm).
L. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 314, f. 218a-d (m).
L. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171T-U (m).

m bharatae Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040018]
L. b. Bhandari & Gajbe, 2001a: 61, f. 5-6 (Dm).
L. b. Gajbe, 2004a: 42, f. 30-31 (m).

mf bifida Tullgren, 1910....................Central, East, Southern Africa, Seychelles [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016244]
L. b. Tullgren, 1910: 160, pl. 4, f. 103 (Df; not m, =Paralarinia incerta).
L. punctipedana Strand, 1913a: 369 (Df; not m, =Paralarinia incerta).
Drexelia b. Grasshoff, 1970b: 217 (Tf from Larinia, not m, =Paralarinia incerta, S).
Drexelia b. Grasshoff, 1971a: 88, f. 30b, 38a-c (f).
Drexelia ishango Grasshoff, 1971a: 92, f. 44a-b (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016257].
L. b. Saaristo, 2010: 39, f. 4.20-23 (f, Sm).

mf bivittata Keyserling, 1885....................Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016245]
L. b. Keyserling, 1885: 526, pl. 13, f. 25 (Df).
Epeira lintearia Keyserling, 1893: 236, pl. 11, f. 176 (Df).
L. b. Keyserling, 1893: 293, pl. 15, f. 217 (f).
Mangora lintearia Simon, 1895a: 791.
L. antarctica Simon, 1905e: 10 (Df).
Araneus antarctica Grasshoff, 1970b: 217 (Tf from Larinia, rejected).
L. b. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 256, f. 20-25 (f, Dm, S).

f blandula (Grasshoff, 1971)....................West Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016246]
Drexelia b. Grasshoff, 1971a: 85, f. 35a-d (Df).

mf bonneti Spassky, 1939....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016247]
L. b. Spassky, 1939b: 304, f. 4-5, 7 (Dmf).
L. b. Marusik, 1986: 21, f. 2.1-4 (mf).
L. b. Marusik, 1987c: 250, f. 17-21 (mf).
L. b. Tanikawa, 2000b: 205, f. 1-4 (mf).
L. b. Szinetár & Eichardt, 2004: 184, f. 1C, 2C (mf).
L. b. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 208, 628-630 (mf).
L. b. Murphy, Villepoux & Cruveillier, 2008: 45, f. 1A-F (mf).
L. b. Tanikawa, 2009: 448, f. 207-209 (mf).
L. b. Wunderlich, 2011: 11, f. 14-16 (mf).

mf borealis Banks, 1894....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016248]
L. b. Banks, 1894a: 8 (D).
L. b. McCook, 1894: 247, pl. 22, f. 1-2 (mf).
L. b. Kaston, 1948: 228, f. 732-733 (f).
L. b. Archer, 1951b: 27, f. 46 (m).
Drexelia b. Grasshoff, 1971a: 89, f. 40a-d (Tmf from Larinia).
L. b. Levi, 1975b: 108, f. 13-21, 32, 35, 42-44 (mf).
L. b. Scharff & Coddington, 1997: 375, f. 20 (m).
L. b. Dondale et al., 2003: 312, f. 733-739 (mf).

mf bossae Marusik, 1987....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016249]
L. b. Marusik, 1987c: 252, f. 25-29 (Dmf).

mf chloris (Audouin, 1826)....................Turkey to Mozambique, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016250]
Epeira c. Audouin, 1826: 347, pl. 3, f. 5 (Dm).
L. flavescens Simon, 1882b: 233 (Dj).
L. chloreis Denis, 1947a: 46, pl. II, f. 6 (f).
L. c. Grasshoff, 1970b: 222, f. 7a-d, 8a-d, 9a (mf, S).
L. c. Grasshoff, 1973b: 148, f. 11 (mf).
L. c. Tikader, 1982a: 206, f. 404-407 (mf).
L. c. Levy, 1986: 5, f. 18-27 (mf).
L. c. Gajbe, 2007: 521, f. 296-298 (f).
L. c. Kunt et al., 2012: 638, f. 2a-d (f).

mf cyclera Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016251]
L. c. Yin et al., 1990: 80, f. 199-205 (Dmf).
L. c. Yin, 1994: 135 (Tm to Lipocrea fusiformis, subsequently rejected).
L. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 315, f. 219a-g (mf).
L. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171D-E, V-W, 172K (mf).
L. c. Yin et al., 2012: 698, f. 345a-g (mf).

f dasia (Roberts, 1983)....................Aldabra [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016252]
Drexelia d. Roberts, 1983: 262, f. 160-161 (Df).
L. d. Saaristo, 2010: 39, f. 4.24-25 (f).

mf delicata Rainbow, 1920....................Lord Howe Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042031]
L. d. Rainbow, 1920b: 247, pl. 29, f. 51-54 (Dmf).
L. d. Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 243, f. 48-53 (removed mf from S of Lipocrea diluta, contra Grasshoff, 1970b: 233).

mf dinanea Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016253]
L. d. Yin et al., 1990: 82, f. 206-212 (Dmf).
L. d. Yin et al., 1997d: 316, f. 220a-g (mf).
L. d. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171F-G, 172A-B, L (mf).
L. d. Yin et al., 2012: 699, f. 346a-g (mf).

mf directa (Hentz, 1847)....................USA to Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016254]
Epeira d. Hentz, 1847: 478, pl. 31, f. 21 (Df).
Epeira rubella Hentz, 1847: 478, pl. 31, f. 22 (Df).
Epeira tetragnathoides O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 16 (D).
Epeira intercisa O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 18, pl. 5, f. 11 (Dm).
Drexelia d. McCook, 1892: 127.
Epeira deludens Keyserling, 1893: 261, pl. 13, f. 19 (Dmf).
Drexelia d. McCook, 1894: 249, pl. 6, f. 10-11, pl. 22, f. 3 (f).
Larinia d. Banks, 1894a: 8.
L. bellona Banks, 1898b: 257, pl. 15, f. 6 (Dmf).
Larinia d. Emerton, 1902: 182, f. 424-427 (mf).
Drexelia d. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 461, pl. 43, f. 12-13 (mf).
Drexelia bellona F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1903a: 461.
L. cymotypa Chamberlin, 1924b: 649, f. 93 (Df).
L. albonigra Franganillo, 1931: 44, f. 23 (Dmf).
L. albonigra Franganillo, 1936c: 81, f. 38 (m).
Metazygia albonigra Bryant, 1940: 339, f. 107-109, 111 (Tmf from Larinia, based on misidentified Metazygia zilloides, rejected).
L. nigrovittata Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 12, f. 26-27 (Dm).
L. d. Archer, 1951b: 27, f. 44 (m).
Drexelia octopunctata Caporiacco, 1955: 349, f. 32 (Df).
Araneus albonigra Grasshoff, 1970b: 217 (Tmf from Larinia, rejected).
Drexelia d. Grasshoff, 1971a: 93, f. 45a-d (mf).
L. d. Levi, 1975b: 105, f. 1-12, 31, 34, 37-41 (mf, S).
L. d. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 249, f. 1-5 (mf).
L. d. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 149-151, 204 (mf).
L. d. Dierkens, 2012a: 28, f. 11, 27 (m).

mf elegans Spassky, 1939....................Austria to China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016255]
L. e. Spassky, 1939b: 302, f. 3 (Df).
L. e. Spassky, 1940: 361, f. 12-13 (Dm).
Singa phragmiteti Nemenz, 1956: 60, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Singa phragmiteti Nemenz & Pühringer, 1973: 101, f. 1-10 (m, Df).
L. e. Marusik, 1986: 22, f. 3.1-4 (mf).
L. e. Marusik, 1987c: 248, f. 11-16 (mf).
Singa phragmiteti Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 90, f. 203 (mf).
L. e. Song, Zhou & Chen, 1992: 9, f. 1A-F (mf).
L. e. Yin et al., 1997d: 318, f. 221a-f (mf).
L. e. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171H-I, 172C-D (mf).
L. e. Thaler & Knoflach, 2003: 638 (S).
L. e. Szinetár & Eichardt, 2004: 181, f. 1B, 2B (mf).

f emertoni Gajbe & Gajbe, 2004....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040019]
L. e. Gajbe & Gajbe, 2004a: 113, f. 1-3 (Df).
L. e. Gajbe, 2004a: 44, f. 32-34 (f).

mf famulatoria (Keyserling, 1883)....................USA, Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016256]
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1883a: 201, pl. 15, f. 6 (Df).
Epeira mormon Keyserling, 1892: 182, pl. 9, f. 134 (Df).
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1893: 231, pl. 11, f. 172 (f).
Epeira mormon McCook, 1894: 164, pl. 6, f. 5 (f).
Aranea mormon F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 517, pl. 51, f. 1 (f).
L. f. Banks, 1910: 38.
Araneus mormon Petrunkevitch, 1911: 304.
L. f. Levi, 1975b: 110, f. 22-30, 33, 36, 45-46 (f, Dm, S).

mf fangxiangensis Zhu, Lian & Chen, 2006....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040020]
L. f. Zhu, Lian & Chen, 2006: 15, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf jamberoo Framenau & Scharff, 2008....................New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042029]
L. j. Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 230, f. 1-10 (Dmf).

f jaysankari Biswas, 1984....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016258]
L. j. Biswas, 1984b: 133, f. 1-3 (Df).

mf jeskovi Marusik, 1987....................Eastern Europe to Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016259]
L. j. Marusik, 1987c: 253, f. 30-34 (Dmf).
L. j. Tanikawa, 1989: 44, f. 34-40 (mf).
L. j. Kupryjanowicz, 1995a: 78, f. 1-13 (mf).
L. j. Szinetár & Eichardt, 2004: 179, f. 1A, 2A (mf).
L. j. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 207, 624-627 (mf).
L. j. Tanikawa, 2009: 448, f. 203-206 (mf).

f kampala (Grasshoff, 1971)....................Uganda [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016260]
Drexelia k. Grasshoff, 1971a: 91, f. 43a-b (Df).

f kanpurae Patel & Nigam, 1994....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016261]
L. k. Patel & Nigam, 1994: 201, f. 1a-d (Df).

f lampa Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991....................Peru, Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016262]
L. l. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 252, f. 6-9 (Df).

mf lineata (Lucas, 1846) *....................Western Mediterranean [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016263]
Epeira l. Lucas, 1846: 248, pl. 15, f. 5 (Df).
L. l. Simon, 1895a: 795, f. 848, 855 (f, Dm).
Araneus lineatus Simon, 1929: 692, 762, f. 1069-1071 (mf).
L. l. Grasshoff, 1970b: 221, f. 6a-e (mf).
L. l. Grasshoff, 1973b: 148, f. 11 (mf).
L. l. Barrientos, Morano & Ferrández, 1983: 286, f. 1A-C (f).

mf liuae Yin & Bao, 2012....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:046203]
L. l. Yin & Bao, in Yin et al., 2012: 701, f. 347a-f (Dmf).

f macrohooda Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016264]
L. m. Yin et al., 1990: 84, f. 213-217 (Df).
L. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 319, f. 222a-f (f).
L. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171J-K, 172M (f).
L. m. Yin et al., 2012: 702, f. 348a-f (f).

f mandlaensis Gajbe, 2005....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040021]
L. m. Gajbe, 2005a: 52, f. 1-3 (Df).

f microhooda Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016265]
L. m. Yin et al., 1990: 86, f. 218-220 (Df).
L. m. Yin et al., 1997d: 320, f. 223a-c (f).
L. m. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171L-M, 172N ((f).
L. m. Yin et al., 2012: 704, f. 349a-c (f).

f minor (Bryant, 1945)....................Hispaniola [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016266]
Drexelia m. Bryant, 1945a: 367, f. 10 (Df).
L. m. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 254, f. 16-19 (f).

mf montagui Hogg, 1914....................Australia, Lord Howe Is., Norfolk Is. [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:042030]
L. m. Hogg, 1914b: 75, pl. 1, f. 4 (Df).
L. tabida Davies, 1988b: 308, f. 29 (mf, misidentified).
L. m. Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 233, f. 12-21 (removed f from S of Lariniaria argiopiformis, contra Grasshoff, 1970b: 217, Dm).

mf montecarlo (Levi, 1988)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016267]
Alpaida m. Levi, 1988: 414, f. 172-174 (Df).
L. m. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 260, f. 43-48 (Tf from Alpaida, Dm).

f natalensis (Grasshoff, 1971)....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016268]
Drexelia n. Grasshoff, 1971a: 87, f. 36a-d (Df).

f neblina Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016269]
L. n. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 258, f. 32-35 (Df).

m nolabelia Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016270]
L. n. Yin et al., 1990: 88, f. 223-226 (Dm).
L. n. Yin et al., 1997d: 320, f. 224a-d (m).
L. n. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 172E-F, O (m).

f obtusa (Grasshoff, 1971)....................Congo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016271]
Drexelia o. Grasshoff, 1971a: 87, f. 37a-e (Df).

mf onoi Tanikawa, 1989....................Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016272]
L. o. Tanikawa, 1989: 40, f. 22-27 (Dmf).
L. o. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 205, 618-620 (mf).
L. o. Tanikawa, 2009: 447, f. 197-199 (mf).

m parangmata Barrion & Litsinger, 1995....................Philippines [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016273]
L. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 617, f. 388a-f (Dm).

mf phthisica (L. Koch, 1871)....................Crete, Asia, Japan, Philippines, New Guinea, Australia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016274]
Epeira p. L. Koch, 1871: 103, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira p. Keyserling, 1887a: 171, pl. 14, f. 6 (Dm).
L. p. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 205, f. 42-45 (f).
L. p. Grasshoff, 1970b: 224, f. 7a-e, 8f-i (mf).
L. p. Grasshoff, 1973b: 148, f. 11 (f).
L. chhagani Patel, 1975a: 113, f. 5-8 (Dmf).
L. phtisica Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 44, f. 72-73 (f, S).
L. phtisica Tikader, 1982a: 208, f. 408-410 (f).
L. nenilini Marusik, 1987c: 246, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
L. p. Tanikawa, 1989: 36, f. 15-21 (mf).
L. albigera Yin et al., 1990: 76, f. 188-194 (Df; m=Lariniaria argiopiformis).
L. nenilini Song, Zhou & Chen, 1992: 10, f. 2A-F (mf).
L. p. Okuma et al., 1993: 23, f. 18, 20A-B (f).
L. p. Yin, 1994: 135 (S, Tm of L. triprovina).
L. p. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 614, f. 386a-e, 387a-l (mf).
L. p. Zhu & Zhang, 1993: 37, f. 8-13 (mf).
L. p. Yin et al., 1997d: 321, f. 225a-f (mf, S).
L. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171N-O. 172G-H, P (mf).
L. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 203-204, 614-617 (mf).
L. p. Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 237, f. 23-34 (mf).
L. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 447, f. 193-196 (mf).
L. p. Yin et al., 2012: 705, f. 350a-f (mf).

f pubiventris Simon, 1889....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016275]
L. p. Simon, 1889l: 381 (Df).
L. turkmenica Spassky, 1939b: 307, f. 6 (Df).
Araneus p. Grasshoff, 1970b: 218 (Tf from Larinia).
L. p. Marusik, 1987c: 247, f. 6-10 (Tf from Araneus, S).

mf sekiguchii Tanikawa, 1989....................Russia, China, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016276]
L. s. Tanikawa, 1989: 42, f. 28-33 (Dmf).
L. shandongensis Yin et al., 1990: 87, f. 221-222 (Df).
L. s. Yin, 1994: 135 (S).
L. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 322, f. 226a-c (f).
L. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 291, f. 171P-Q, 172Q (f).
L. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 210, f. 126A-C (f).
L. s. Tanikawa, 2007c: 74, f. 206, 621-623 (mf).
L. s. Tanikawa, 2009: 447, f. 200-202 (mf).

j strandi Caporiacco, 1941....................Ethiopia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016277]
L. s. Caporiacco, 1941b: 87 (Dj).

mf tabida (L. Koch, 1872)....................Sulawesi to Australia, New Caledonia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016303]
Epeira t. L. Koch, 1872a: 105, pl. 8, f. 6 (Df).
Meta soror Thorell, 1877b: 433 (Df).
Epeira t. Keyserling, 1887a: 170, pl. 14, f. 5 (Dm).
Lipocrea t. Thorell, 1887: 148.
Lipocrea soror Thorell, 1887: 148.
L. t. Thorell, 1890a: 25.
L. vicina Kulczyn'ski, 1911d: 121, pl. 4, f. 8-9 (Df).
L. t. Chrysanthus, 1961b: 205, f. 46-49 (f, S).
Larinopa t. Grasshoff, 1970b: 228, f. 9b, 12c-d, 13a-f (Tmf from Larinia).
L. t. Chrysanthus, 1971: 26, f. 42 (m).
L. t. Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 242, f. 36-46 (Tmf from Lipocrea).

f tamatave (Grasshoff, 1971)....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016278]
Drexelia t. Grasshoff, 1971a: 91, f. 42a-d (Df).

f teiraensis Biswas & Biswas, 2007....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041049]
L. t. Biswas & Biswas, 2007: 469, f. 7-9 (Df; N.B.: figures referred to but apparently not published).

mf t-notata (Tullgren, 1905)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016279]
Chrysometa T-notata Tullgren, 1905: 28, pl. 3, f. 8 (Df).
L. T-notata Levi, 1986a: 102 (Tf from Chrysometa).
L. t. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 259, f. 36-42 (f, Dm).

mf trifida Tullgren, 1910....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016280]
L. t. Tullgren, 1910: 161, pl. 4, f. 104 (Dm).
L. t. Lessert, 1930: 635, f. 13 (Df).
Drexelia t. Grasshoff, 1971a: 84, f. 30a, 33a-g (Tmf from Larinia).

f triprovina Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016281]
L. t. Yin et al., 1990: 90, f. 227-233 (Dmf).
L. t. Yin, 1994: 135 (Tm to L. phthisica).
L. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 323, f. 227a-d (f).
L. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 171R-S, 172R (f).
L. t. Yin et al., 2012: 706, f. 351a-d (f).

mf tucuman Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016282]
L. t. Harrod, Levi & Leibensperger, 1991: 253, f. 10-15 (Dmf).

mf tyloridia Patel, 1975....................India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016283]
L. t. Patel, 1975a: 111, f. 1-4 (Df).
L. t. Patel & Reddy, 1990c: 161, f. 12-16 (f, Dm).

m vara Kauri, 1950....................South Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016284]
L. v. Kauri, 1950: 9, f. 7 (Dm).

mf wenshanensis Yin & Yan, 1994....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016285]
L. w. Yin & Yan, in Yin, Peng & Wang, 1994: 108, f. 22-26 (Dm).
L. w. Yin et al., 1997d: 324, f. 228a-e (m).
L. w. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 172I-J, S (m).
L. w. Yin et al., 2012: 708, f. 352a-i (m, Df).

Gen. Lariniaria Grasshoff, 1970 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01502]

L. Grasshoff, 1970c: 420, type Larinia argiopiformis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906; see note under Larinia.

Transferred to other genera:
L. montagui (Hogg, 1914) -- see Larinia.

In synonymy:
L. punctifera (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906, T from Larinia) = L. argiopiformis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) (Yaginuma, 1962c: 30, sub Larinia).

mf argiopiformis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) *....................Russia, China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016286]
Larinia a. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 212, pl. 15, f. 423 (Df).
Larinia punctifera Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 212, pl. 4, f. 32, pl. 11, f. 203 (Dmf).
Larinia a. Nakatsudi, 1942a: 307, f. 15-21 (f).
Larinia a. Saito, 1959: 101, f. 121a-c (f).
Larinia punctifera Saito, 1959: 101, f. 122a-d (f).
Larinia a. Yaginuma, 1960: 60, f. 59 (f).
Larinia a. Yaginuma, 1962c: 30 (Sm).
L. a. Grasshoff, 1970b: 217 (Tmf from Larinia, S).
L. a. Grasshoff, 1970c: 421, f. 29a-e (mf).
Larinia a. Yaginuma, 1971: 60, f. 59 (f).
Larinia a. Yin, 1978: 6, f. 15A-C (f).
Larinia a. Paik & Namkung, 1979: 45, f. 26.1-2 (mf).
Larinia a. Song, 1980: 107, f. 52a-c (f).
Larinia a. Wang, 1981: 103, f. 45A-C (f).
Larinia a. Hu, 1984: 117, f. 116.1-2 (mf).
Larinia a. Guo, 1985: 66, f. 2-19.1-3 (mf).
Larinia a. Zhu et al., 1985: 78, f. 66a-b (f).
Larinia a. Yaginuma, 1986a: 115, f. 60.1 (f).
Larinia a. Marusik, 1987c: 251, f. 22-24 (f).
Larinia a. Zhang, 1987: 81, f. 65.1-3 (f).
Larinia a. Tanikawa, 1989: 33, f. 1-7 (mf).
Larinia a. Chikuni, 1989b: 87, f. 79 (mf).
Larinia a. Feng, 1990: 87, f. 62.1-5 (mf).
Larinia a. Chen & Gao, 1990: 63, f. 77a-d (mf).
Larinia albigera Yin et al., 1990: 76, f. 188-194 (m only, misidentified).
Larinia a. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 107, f. 100.1-3 (mf).
Larinia a. Zhao, 1993: 239, f. 112a-b (f).
Larinia a. Yin, 1994: 135 (Tm of Larinia albigera Yin et al., 1990).
Larinia a. Yin et al., 1997d: 313, f. 217a-f (mf).
L. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 172T, 173A-D (mf).
Larinia a. Hu, 2001: 461, f. 277.1-2 (mf).
L. a. Namkung, 2002: 276, f. 19.37a-b (mf).
L. a. Kim & Kim, 2002: 211, f. 50, 133-134, 249-250 (mf).
L. a. Namkung, 2003: 278, f. 19.37a-b (mf).
Larinia a. Tanikawa, 2007c: 72, f. 199-201, 606-609 (mf).
Larinia a. Tanikawa, 2009: 447, f. 185-188 (mf).
L. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 229, f. 164A-E (mf).
Larinia a. Yin et al., 2012: 696, f. 344a-f (mf).

Gen. Larinioides Caporiacco, 1934 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01503]

Transferred to other genera:
L. subinermis Caporiacco, 1940 -- see Singafrotypa.

In synonymy:
L. cornutus orientalis (Fage, 1921) = L. suspicax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Levy, 1998a: 347).
L. dernae Caporiacco, 1934 = L. suspicax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) (Grasshoff, 1983: 226, sub L. folium).
L. dumetorum (Fourcroy, 1785, T from Araneus) = L. patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
L. foliatus (Fourcroy, 1785, T from Araneus) = L. cornutus (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
L. ithaca (McCook, 1894, T from Araneus) = L. patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) (Levi, 1974b: 309).
L. lyrata (Fischer-Waldheim, 1830, T from Araneus) = L. cornutus (Clerck, 1757) (Mikhailov, 1997c: 119).
L. oviger (Panzer, 1804, T from Araneus) = L. sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
L. potanini (Simon, 1895, T from Araneus) = L. patagiatus (Clerck, 1757) (Marusik, 1989b: 43).
L. tricolor (Fischer-Waldheim, 1830, T from Araneus) = L. cornutus (Clerck, 1757) (Mikhailov, 1997c: 119).

Nomina dubia:
L. folium (Schrank, 1803: 240, f, Mediterranean) -- Levy, 1998a: 345, contra Thaler, 1974b: 257.
L. gracilis (Menge, 1879: 558, Germany, originally in Epeira, T from Araneus) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1482; Prószyn'ski & Starega, 1971: 85, sub Cyphepeira.

mf chabarovi (Bakhvalov, 1981)....................Russia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016287]
Araneus c. Bakhvalov, 1981b: 143, f. 2 (Df).
L. c. Marusik, 1989b: 43 (Tf from Araneus).
L. c. Oliger, Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 94, f. 1-6 (f, Dm).

mf cornutus (Clerck, 1757)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016288]
Araneus c. Clerck, 1757: 39, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
Aranea leuwenhoekii Scopoli, 1763: 394 (Df).
Aranea foliata Fourcroy, 1785: 533 (Df).
Aranea apoclisa Walckenaer, 1802: 195 (in part).
Epeira marmorata Risso, 1826: 169 (D).
Epeira lyrata Fischer-Waldheim, 1830: pl. 7i-k (D).
Epeira tricolor Fischer-Waldheim, 1830: pl. 7n-o (D).
Epeira apoclisa Sundevall, 1833a: 243 (mf).
Epeira apoclisa Hahn, 1834: 30, f. 116 (mf).
Epeira arundinacea C. L. Koch, 1835: 131, pl. 18, 20 (mf).
Epeira apoclisa americana Walckenaer, 1841: 61, 502 (D).
Epeira foliosa Walckenaer, 1841: 66 (Df).
Epeira foliata C. L. Koch, 1844: 119, f. 920-921 (mf).
Epeira arundinacea C. L. Koch, 1844: 109, f. 913 (Dm).
Epeira affinis Blackwall, 1846a: 77 (Df).
Epeira strix Hentz, 1847: 473, pl. 31, f. 5 (Df).
Epeira tectorum Bremi-Wolff, 1849: 1-16 (Dmf).
Epeira cornuta Westring, 1851: 34.
Epeira cornuta Westring, 1861: 34 (m).
Epeira foliata Keyserling, 1864: 92, pl. 7, f. 10-11.
Epeira apoclysa Blackwall, 1864a: 325, pl. 23, f. 237 (mf).
Epeira cornuta Menge, 1866: 58, pl. 8, f. 8 (mf).
Epeira cornuta Simon, 1874a: 108, pl. 1, f. 17 (mf).
Epeira strix Emerton, 1884: 305, pl. 33, f. 5, pl. 35, f. 12 (f, Dm).
Epeira vicaria Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 21, pl. 9, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira cornuta Kulczyn'ski, 1885: 21, pl. 9, f. 5 (f).
Epeira cornuta Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 133, pl. 5, f. 9 (mf).
Epeira cornuta McCook, 1894: 140, pl. 1, f. 9-11 (mf).
Epeira cornuta Becker, 1896: 34, pl. 7, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira cornuta Bösenberg, 1901: 35, pl. 2, f. 21 (mf).
Epeira strix Emerton, 1902: 160, f. 385 (f).
Epeira cornuta Kulczyn'ski, 1908b: 44, pl. 2, f. 64 (f).
Epeira vicaria Grese, 1909: 326, pl. 7, f. 1-2 (Dm).
Epeira cornuta inermis Franganillo, 1925: 33 (D).
Epeira cornuta Spassky, 1925: 17, f. 37 (m).
Aranea foliata Reimoser, 1928: 105, f. 2 (mf).
Araneus c. Simon, 1929: 686, 759, f. 1048, 1061-1063 (mf).
Aranea foliata Wiehle, 1931: 86, f. 124-127 (mf).
Aranea frondosa Comstock, 1940: 114, 501, f. 104-106, 513-515 (mf).
Aranea foliata Muma, 1943: 85, pl. XIII, f. 15 (f).
Aranea foliata Drensky, 1943: 242, f. 27 (mf).
Epeira foliata Kaston, 1948: 254, f. 787, 803, 812 (mf).
Araneus c. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 134, f. 88A, 89B, 90C (mf).
Araneus c. Braendegaard, 1958: 36, f. 26-27 (mf).
Cyphepeira cornuta Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 41.
Araneus c. Saito, 1959: 85, f. 90a-h (mf).
Aranea foliata Zamaraev, 1964: 361, f. 91-93 (mf).
Araneus c. Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 600 (f).
Araneus c. Miller, 1971: 212, pl. XL, f. 7-8 (mf).
Araneus c. Loksa, 1972: 91, f. 81A-C, 82F, 83A-B (mf).
Araneus c. Izmailova, 1972c: 54, f. 5 (f).
Araneus foliatus Bakhvalov, 1974: 110, f. 58, 62, 65 (mf).
Araneus c. Thaler, 1974b: 257, f. 3-4, 6, 8, 11 (mf).
Nuctenea cornuta Levi, 1974b: 306, f. 61-62, 67-76, 94, 97-98, 110-111, 118-119, 126 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus c. Palmgren, 1974a: 25, f. 9e, 11a-e (mf).
Araneus c. Yin, 1978: 2, f. 2A-d (mf).
Nuctenea cornuta Paik, 1978e: 98, f. 14-15 (m).
Nuctenea cornuta Paik & Namkung, 1979: 45, f. 27.1-2 (mf).
Aranea cornuta Song, 1980: 93, f. 39a-d (mf).
L. cornuta Grasshoff, 1983: 227 (Tmf from Nuctenea).
Araneus c. Hu, 1984: 89, f. 81.1-2 (mf).
L. c. Roberts, 1985: 212, f. 95a (mf).
Araneus c. Guo, 1985: 53, f. 1-21, 2-9.1-3 (mf).
Araneus c. Zhu et al., 1985: 70, f. 57a-f (mf).
L. c. Yaginuma, 1986a: 98, f. 52.3 (f).
Araneus c. Song, 1987: 161, f. 121 (mf).
Araneus c. Zhang, 1987: 64, f. 29, 47.1-4 (mf).
Araneus c. Chikuni, 1989b: 67, f. 17 (mf).
Araneus c. Feng, 1990: 54, f. 29.1-3 (mf).
Araneus c. Chen & Gao, 1990: 43, f. 45a-b (mf).
Araneus c. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 86, f. 76.1-3 (mf).
L. c. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 86, f. 192 (mf).
Nuctenea cornuta Herreros, 1991: 210, f. 4A-D (mf).
Araneus c. Zhao, 1993: 225, f. 103a-e (mf).
L. c. Roberts, 1995: 321, f. (mf).
L. c. Agnarsson, 1996: 63, f. 49A-C (mf).
Araneus cornutus Mcheidze, 1997: 276, f. 626-627 (f).
L. cornuta Yin et al., 1997d: 325, f. 229a-e (mf).
L. c. Mikhailov, 1997c: 119 (S).
L. c. Levy, 1998a: 345, f. 135-143 (mf).
L. c. Roberts, 1998: 334, f. (mf).
L. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 13A, 173E, L (mf).
L. cornuta Hu, 2001: 462, f. 303.3-4 (mf, lapsus).
L. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 211, f. 127A-D (mf).
L. c. Yoo & Kim, 2002: 29, f. 71-72 (m).
L. c. Morano, 2002: 73, f. 5A-B (mf).
L. c. Namkung, 2002: 258, f. 19.20a-b (mf).
L. c. Levi, 2002: 543, f. 132-134, 187-188 (mf).
L. c. Kim & Kim, 2002: 212, f. 51, 135, 251 (mf).
L. c. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 47, f. 323-325 (mf).
L. c. Dondale et al., 2003: 184, f. 395-401 (mf).
L. c. Namkung, 2003: 259, f. 19.19a-b (mf).
L. c. Trotta, 2005: 162, f. 228, 232 (mf).
L. c. Almquist, 2005: 167, f. 174a-i (mf).
L. c. Tanikawa, 2007c: 55, f. 86-88, 486-489 (mf).
L. c. Tanikawa, 2009: 433, f. 68-71 (mf).
L. c. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 847, f. 134A, 136D, 137F (f).
L. c. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 231, f. 165A-D (mf).
L. c. Yin et al., 2012: 710, f. 353a-e (m).

mf ixobolus (Thorell, 1873)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016289]
Epeira umbratica Menge, 1866: 55, pl. 6, f. 6 (m, misidentified)
Epeira ixobola Thorell, 1873: 545 (Dm).
Epeira ixobola Simon, 1874a: 106 (Df).
Epeira umbratica Menge, 1879: 556, pl. 91, f. 319 (m, misidentified).
Epeira ixobola Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 133, pl. 5, f. 8 (mf).
Epeira ixobola Bösenberg, 1901: 34, pl. 2, f. 20 (mf).
Aranea ixobola Wiehle, 1931: 92, f. 134-137 (mf).
Araneus multiplicatus Rosca, 1935: 241, f. 1-2 (Df).
Araneus multiplicatus Rosca, 1936a: 197, f. 6 (f).
Araneus ixobola Drensky, 1939a: 87.
Aranea ixobola Drensky, 1943: 243, f. 28 (mf).
Aranea ixobola Zamaraev, 1964: 361, f. 94-96 (mf).
Araneus i. Tyschchenko, 1971: 200, f. 597 (f).
Araneus i. Miller, 1971: 213, pl. XL, f. 15, 22 (mf).
Araneus i. Loksa, 1972: 93, f. 82B-C, 84A (mf).
Araneus i. Bakhvalov, 1974: 110, f. 53-56 (mf).
Nuctenea ixobola Levi, 1974b: 312, f. 89-92, 95, 109, 116-117, 129 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus i. Palmgren, 1974a: 27, f. 9i, 12i-k (mf).
L. ixobola Grasshoff, 1983: 227 (Tmf from Nuctenea).
Araneus ixobolatus Zhu et al., 1985: 74, f. 61a-c (m).
Araneus ixobolatus Zhang, 1987: 68, f. 50.1-3 (m).
Araneus i. Hu & Wu, 1989: 89, f. 66.1-3 (f).
Araneus i. Izmailova, 1989: 55, f. 39 (f).
L. i. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 86, f. 196 (mf).
L. i. Horak & Kropf, 1992: 167, f. 1b, 2b, d, f (m).
L. ixobola Yin et al., 1997d: 327, f. 230a-c (f).
L. i. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 173F-G, M (f).
L. i. Jäger, 2006d: 1-4n-o, r (f).

mf patagiatus (Clerck, 1757)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016290]
Araneus p. Clerck, 1757: 38, pl. 1, f. 10 (Df).
Araneus ocellatus Clerck, 1757: 36, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Aranea dumetorum Fourcroy, 1785: 534 (D).
Aranea dumetorum Villers, 1789: 126 (Df).
Aranea lacera Olivier, 1789: 201 (Df).
Aranea picta Razoumowsky, 1789: 242 (Df).
Aranea nigro-fasciata Razoumowsky, 1789: 247 (Df).
Aranea apoclysa Walckenaer, 1802: 195 (in part, var. 3).
Epeira apoclysa Dufour, 1831: 364, pl. 11, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira dumetorum Hahn, 1834: 31, f. 117 (mf).
Epeira nauseosa C. L. Koch, 1834: 123, pl. 20 (Df).
Epeira munda C. L. Koch, 1836b: 134, pl. 4 (Df).
Epeira patagiata C. L. Koch, 1844: 115, f. 916-919 (f, Dm).
Epeira nauseosa C. L. Koch, 1844: 120, f. 922-923 (f).
Epeira patagiata Blackwall, 1864a: 329, pl. 24, f. 239 (mf).
Epeira formosa Keyserling, 1865: 828, pl. 19, f. 17-18 (Df).
Epeira patagiata Menge, 1866: 60, pl. 8, f. 9 (mf).
Epeira silvicultrix Ohlert, 1867: 25 (Dmf).
Epeira patagiata Thorell, 1870a: 16.
Epeira patagiata Simon, 1874a: 110, pl. 1, f. 18 (m).
Epeira hilaris O. P.-Cambridge, 1881b: 113 (Df).
Epeira patagiata Emerton, 1884: 305, pl. 33, f. 3, pl. 35, f. 11 (f).
Epeira patagiata Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 133, pl. 5, f. 10 (mf).
Epeira patagiata Emerton, 1894: 404, pl. 1, f. 3 (f).
Epeira patagiata McCook, 1894: 138, pl. 1, f. 11, pl. 3, f. 8-9 (mf).
Epeira ithaca McCook, 1894: 152, pl.4, f. 3 (Dmf).
Araneus potanini Simon, 1895c: 336 (Df).
Epeira patagiata Becker, 1896: 36, pl. 8, f. 3 (mf).
Epeira patagiata Bösenberg, 1901: 36, pl. 2, f. 22 (mf).
Epeira patagiata Emerton, 1902: 160, f. 384 (mf).
Araneus ithaca Petrunkevitch, 1911: 298.
Araneus ocellatus Simon, 1929: 684, 700, f. 1055-1057 (mf).
Aranea dumetorum Wiehle, 1931: 88, f. 128-129 (mf).
Aranea ocellata Comstock, 1940: 114, 503, f. 107, 517-518 (mf).
Aranea dumetorum Drensky, 1943: 243, f. 27 (mf).
Epeira dumetorum Kaston, 1948: 255, f. 788, 804, 813 (mf).
Araneus p. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 136, f. 89C, 90B (mf).
Araneus p. Braendegaard, 1958: 38, f. 28-29 (mf).
Cyphepeira patagiata Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 41.
Araneus p. Saito, 1959: 88, f. 98a-d (f).
Araneus p. Yaginuma, 1960: 58, f. 49 (f).
Araneus p. Beer, 1964: 528, f. 8 (f; N.B.: listed as A. ocellatus in heading but A. p. in legend).
Aranea patagiata Zamaraev, 1964: 360, f. 85-87 (mf).
Araneus ocellatus Azheganova, 1968: 78, f. 157-158 (mf).
Araneus p. Yaginuma, 1971: 58, f. 49 (f).
Araneus ocellatus Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 599 (f).
Araneus ocellatus Miller, 1971: 212, pl. XL, f. 13-14 (mf).
Araneus ocellatus Loksa, 1972: 90, f. 82A, 83C (mf).
Araneus ocellatus Izmailova, 1972c: 51, f. 3 (f).
Araneus p. Bakhvalov, 1974: 110, f. 57, 60 (f).
Nuctenea patagiata Levi, 1974b: 309, f. 77-84, 96, 100-102, 107, 112-113, 120-123, 127 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
Araneus p. Palmgren, 1974a: 27, f. 9f, 11f-j (mf).
Cyphepeira patagiata Punda, 1975b: 40, f. 69-70 (f).
L. patagiata Grasshoff, 1983: 227 (Tmf from Nuctenea).
L. p. Roberts, 1985: 212, f. 95c (mf).
Araneus p. Yaginuma, 1986a: 98, f. 52.2 (f).
L. p. Marusik, 1989b: 43 (S).
L. patagiata Ware & Opell, 1989: 150, f. 2B (m).
Araneus p. Chikuni, 1989b: 65, f. 11 (f).
Araneus ocellatus Izmailova, 1989: 57, f. 41 (f).
L. p. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 86, f. 194 (mf).
Nuctenea patagiata Herreros, 1991: 215, f. 10C.3-4 (mf).
L. p. Roberts, 1995: 322, f. (mf).
L. p. Agnarsson, 1996: 65, f. 52A-B (mf).
Araneus ocellatus Mcheidze, 1997: 275, f. 623-624 (mf).
L. patagiata Yin et al., 1997d: 328, f. 231a-c (f).
L. p. Roberts, 1998: 335, f. (mf).
L. p. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 173H-I, N (f).
L. p. Morano, 2002: 70, f. 2A-B (mf).
L. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 47, f. 326-328 (mf).
L. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 186, f. 402-408 (mf).
L. p. Trotta, 2005: 162, f. 229, 233 (mf).
L. p. Almquist, 2005: 167, f. 175a-h (mf).
L. p. Tanikawa, 2007c: 56, f. 89, 490-492 (mf).
L. p. Tanikawa, 2009: 433, f. 72-74 (mf).

f patagiatus islandicola (Strand, 1906)....................Iceland [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016291]
Aranea dumetorum i. Strand, 1906e: 282 (Df).

mf sclopetarius (Clerck, 1757)....................Holarctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016292]
Araneus s. Clerck, 1757: 43, pl. 2, f. 3 (Dm).
Araneus sericatus Clerck, 1757: 40, pl. 2, f. 1 (Df).
Aranea undata Olivier, 1789: 206 (D; preoccupied by De Geer, 1778).
Aranea oviger Panzer, 1804b: 157, pl. 174, f. 3 (D).
Epeira sericata C. L. Koch, 1833: pl. 1.
Epeira virgata Hahn, 1834: 26, f. 113 (Dmf).
Epeira frondosa Walckenaer, 1841: 65 (Df).
Epeira sericata C. L. Koch, 1844: 110, f. 914-915 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria Westring, 1851: 34 (Df).
Epeira sericata Blackwall, 1864a: 328, pl. 23, f. 238 (mf).
Epeira umbratica Menge, 1866: 55, pl. 7, f. 7 (m, misidentified, not f).
Epeira sclopetaria Menge, 1866: 57, pl. 6, f. 6 (mf).
Epeira hygrophila Simon, 1874a: 105 (Df).
Epeira sclopetaria Hansen, 1882: 19, pl. 1, f. 34 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria Emerton, 1884: 303, pl. 33, f. 4, pl. 35, f. 10 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 132, pl. 5, f. 7 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria McCook, 1894: 137, pl. 1, f. 9, pl. 2, f. 10-11 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria Becker, 1896: 34, pl. 8, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria Bösenberg, 1901: 34, pl. 2, f. 19 (mf).
Epeira sclopetaria Emerton, 1902: 160, f. 383 (f).
Araneus sericatus Simon, 1929: 685, 759, f. 1058-1060 (mf).
Aranea undata Wiehle, 1931: 90, f. 130-133 (mf).
Aranea undata Reimoser, 1932: 10, f. 2 (mf).
Aranea sericata Comstock, 1940: 500, f. 511-512 (mf).
Aranea undata Archer, 1940: 46, pl. I, f. 3 (f).
Aranea undata Bristowe, 1941: 488, f. 88 (mf).
Aranea undata Drensky, 1943: 243, f. 28 (mf).
Epeira undata Kaston, 1948: 256, f. 789, 805, 814-815 (mf).
Araneus s. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 136, f. 88B, 89A, 90A (mf).
Cyphepeira sclopetaria Yaginuma & Archer, 1959: 41.
Araneus undatus Saito, 1959: 97, f. 107a-d (mf).
Aranea sclopetaria Zamaraev, 1964: 361, f. 88-90 (mf).
Araneus sericatus Shear, 1967: 8, f. 18-21 (m).
Araneus sericatus Tyschchenko, 1971: 198, f. 582, 596 (mf).
Araneus sericatus Miller, 1971: 212, pl. XL, f. 11-12 (mf).
Araneus sericatus Loksa, 1972: 92, f. 81D, 82E, 83D (mf).
Nuctenea sclopetaria Levi, 1974b: 310, f. 85-88, 103-104, 108, 114-115, 124-125, 128 (Tmf from Araneus).
L. sclopetaria Grasshoff, 1983: 227 (Tmf from Nuctenea).
L. s. Roberts, 1985: 212, f. 95b (mf).
L. sclopetaria Ware & Opell, 1989: 150, f. 2A (m).
Araneus s. Hu & Wu, 1989: 94, f. 70.1-3 (f).
L. s. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 86, f. 195 (mf).
Nuctenea sclopetaria Herreros, 1991: 211, f. 5A-D (mf).
L. s. Horak & Kropf, 1992: 167, f. 1a, 2a, c, e (m).
L. s. Roberts, 1995: 321, f. (mf).
L. sclopetaria Yin et al., 1997d: 329, f. 232a-c (f).
L. s. Roberts, 1998: 335, f. (mf).
L. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 173J-K, O (f).
L. s. Morano, 2002: 70, f. 3A-B (mf).
L. s. Namkung, 2002: 259, f. 19.21a-b (mf).
L. s. Kim & Kim, 2002: 212, f. 52, 252-253 (f).
L. s. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 48, f. 329-331 (mf).
L. s. Dondale et al., 2003: 189, f. 409-416 (mf).
L. s. Namkung, 2003: 260, f. 19.20a-b (mf).
L. s. Trotta, 2005: 162, f. 230, 234 (mf).
L. s. Almquist, 2005: 169, f. 176a-h (mf).
L. s. Jäger, 2006d: 4, f. 1-4p-q (m).

mf suspicax (O. P.-Cambridge, 1876) *....................Europe to Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016294]
Epeira apoclysa Audouin, 1826: 341, pl. 3, f. 1 (m, misidentified).
Epeira cornuta lurida Thorell, 1875c: 9 (Df; nomen oblitum).
Epeira suspicax O. P.-Cambridge, 1876b: 577 (Df).
Araneus suspicax Simon, 1908a: 430.
Epeira folium Kulczyn'ski, 1901b: 329, p. 12, f. 10-14 (m, using nomen dubium).
Araneus folium Lessert, 1910b: 329 (m).
Araneus folium Fedotov, 1912a: 84, f. 31 (f).
Araneus cornutus orientalis Fage, 1921a: 176, f. 4B-C (Dmf).
Araneus suspicax Simon, 1929: 686, 759 (Dm).
L. dernae Caporiacco, 1934b: 14, f. 5 (Df).
Araneus suspicax Denis, 1947a: 49, pl. II, f. 10-11 (mf).
Araneus folium Beltyukova, 1949: 84, f. 7 (mf, removed from S of L. cornuta).
Araneus folium Azheganova, 1968: 76, f. 152-153 (mf).
Araneus folium Thaler, 1974b: 257, f. 1-2, 5, 7, 10 (mf, S).
Nuctenea cornuta Levi, 1974b: 306, f. 63-66 (f, misidentified).
L. folium Grasshoff, 1983: 226 (Tmf from Araneus, S).
L. folium Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 86, f. 193 (mf).
L. folium Baldacchino et al., 1993: 53, f. 7b (m).
Araneus folium Mcheidze, 1997: 277, f. 628-629 (mf).
L. s. Levy, 1998a: 347, f. 144-150 (removed mf from S of L. folium, S).
L. s. Morano, 2002: 71, f. 4A-B (mf).
L. s. Trotta, 2005: 162, f. 231, 235 (mf).

Gen. Leviellus Wunderlich, 2004 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:03689]

L. Wunderlich, 2004f: 935, type Zygiella kochi Thorell, 1870; N.B.: placed in the Zygiellidae by Wunderlich.

mf caspica (Simon, 1889)....................Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017169]
Zilla c. Simon, 1889l: 382 (Dm).
Zygiella c. Levi, 1974a: 280, f. 70-75 (m, Df).
L. c. Wunderlich, 2004f: 928 (Tmf from Zygiella).

mf inconveniens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Lebanon, Israel [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017172]
Epeira i. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 298 (Df).
Zygiella i. Simon, 1929: 664.
Zygiella i. Levi, 1974a: 283, f. 92-94 (f).
Zygiella i. Levy, 1987: 247, f. 13-25 (f, Dm).
L. i. Wunderlich, 2004f: 928, f. 58 (Tmf from Zygiella).

mf kochi (Thorell, 1870) *....................Southern Europe, North Africa, Central Asia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017176]
Zilla kochii Thorell, 1870a: 33 (Dmf).
Zilla k. Bösenberg, 1901: 43, pl. 3, f. 32 (mf).
Zygiella k. Simon, 1929: 663, 754, f. 1021, 1025 (mf).
Zilla k. Wiehle, 1931: 41, f. 52-53 (mf).
Zygiella k. Levi, 1974a: 283, f. 85-91 (mf).
L. k. Wunderlich, 2004f: 928, f. 38 (Tmf from Zygiella).

mf thorelli (Ausserer, 1871)....................Europe [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:017186]
Zilla thorellii Ausserer, 1871b: 830, pl. 5, f. 10 (Df).
Zilla t. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 137, pl. 5, f. 32 (f).
Zilla t. Bösenberg, 1901: 42, pl. 3, f. 31 (f, Dm).
Araneus t. Lessert, 1910b: 342.
Zygiella t. Simon, 1929: 663, 755, f. 1019, 1024 (mf).
Zilla t. Wiehle, 1931: 39, f. 49-51 (mf).
Zilla t. Drensky, 1943: 228, f. 9 (mf).
Zygiella t. Loksa, 1972: 106, f. 97A-C (mf).
Zygiella t. Levi, 1974a: 284, f. 95-101 (mf).
Zygiella t. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 66, f. 145 (mf).
L. t. Wunderlich, 2004f: 935 (Tmf from Zygiella).
L. t. Pfliegler, 2014: 145, f. 1i-j, 4b (m).

Gen. Lewisepeira Levi, 1993 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01504]

L. Levi, 1993d: 128, type Bertrana farri Archer, 1958.

In synonymy:
L. lewisi (Archer, 1958, T from Araneus) = L. farri (Archer, 1958) (Levi, 1993d: 132).

mf boquete Levi, 1993....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016295]
L. b. Levi, 1993d: 130, f. 1-6 (Dmf).

mf chichinautzin Levi, 1993....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016296]
L. c. Levi, 1993d: 135, f. 16-18 (Dmf).

mf farri (Archer, 1958) *....................Jamaica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016297]
Bertrana f. Archer, 1958: 11, f. 18-21, 24 (Dmf).
Atea lewisi Archer, 1958: 17, f. 39-40 (Df).
Araneus lewisi Brignoli, 1983c: 263.
L. f. Levi, 1993d: 132, f. 7-13 (Tm from Bertrana, Sf; N.B.: f of Archer, 1958 is an unnamed Chrysometa).
L. f. Levi, 2002: 544, f. 139-141, 305-306 (mf).

m maricao Levi, 1993....................Puerto Rico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016298]
L. m. Levi, 1993d: 134, f. 14-15 (Dm).

Gen. Lipocrea Thorell, 1878 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01505]

N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Larinia Simon, 1874 by Levy, 1986: 5; not a senior synonym of Larinopa Grasshoff, 1970 (Framenau & Scharff, 2008: 242, contra Levy, 1986: 5); see note under Larinia.

Transferred to other genera:
L. delicata (Rainbow, 1920) -- see Larinia.
L. tabida (L. Koch, 1872) -- see Larinia.
L. vicina (Kulczyn'ski, 1911) -- see Larinia.

In synonymy:
L. fasciata (Thorell, 1899, T from Larinia) = L. longissima (Simon, 1881) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 230, sub Larinopa).
L. lutescens (Thorell, 1898, T from Larinia) = L. fusiformis (Thorell, 1877) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 231, sub Larinopa).
L. quadrinotata (Simon, 1889, T from Larinia) = L. fusiformis (Thorell, 1877) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 231, sub Larinopa).
L. quinquepunctata (Tullgren, 1910, T from Larinia) = L. longissima (Simon, 1881) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 230, sub Larinopa).
L. quinquepunctata concolor (Caporiacco, 1947, T from Larinia) = L. longissima (Simon, 1881) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 230, sub Larinopa).
L. tibelloides (Lessert, 1930, T from Larinia) = L. longissima (Simon, 1881) (Grasshoff, 1970b: 230, sub Larinopa).

Nomina dubia:
L. melanosticta (Thorell, 1891: 47, j, Nicobar Is., T from Larinia) -- Grasshoff, 1970b: 217, 234, sub Larinopa.
L. nigrolimbata (Simon, 1909e: 106, j, Vietnam, T from Larinia) -- Grasshoff, 1970b: 217, 234, sub Larinopa.

mf diluta Thorell, 1887....................Myanmar to Indonesia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016299]
L. d. Thorell, 1887: 146 (Dj).
Larinia d. Thorell, 1890b: 24 (Df).
Larinia d. Thorell, 1898: 341 (Dm).
Larinopa d. Grasshoff, 1970b: 233, f. 17a-c (Tmf from Larinia, S).

mf epeiroides (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)....................Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Yemen, India [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016300]
Argiope e. O. P.-Cambridge, 1872a: 301 (Dmf).
Larinia e. Simon, 1895a: 768.
Larinia chloris Grasshoff, 1970b: 222 (S, rejected).
L. e. Levy, 1986: 7, f. 28-39 (Tmf from Larinia, removed from S).
L. e. Kunt et al., 2010: 71, f. 1-10 (m).
L. e. Wunderlich, 2011: 11, f. 4-5 (mf).
L. e. Keswani & Vankhede, 2013: 66, f. 1A-F, 2A-I (mf).

mf fusiformis (Thorell, 1877) *....................India to Japan, Philippines, Sulawesi [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016301]
Meta f. Thorell, 1877b: 431 (Df).
L. f. Thorell, 1887: 146.
Larinia quadrinotata Simon, 1889i: 340 (Dj).
Larinia lutescens Thorell, 1898: 342 (Dmf).
Larinia quadrinotata Simon, 1909e: 105 (Df).
Larinopa f. Grasshoff, 1970b: 231, f. 15a-b, 16a-e (Tf from Larinia, Dm, S).
Larinia f. Tanikawa, 1989: 35, f. 8-14 (mf).
Larinia f. Okuma et al., 1993: 23, f. 20C-D (f).
Larinia f. Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 612, f. 384a-e, 385a-b (mf).
Larinia f. Chang & Tso, 2004: 28, f. 5-8 (mf).
Larinia f. Tanikawa, 2007c: 73, f. 202, 610-613 (mf).
Larinia f. Tanikawa, 2009: 447, f. 189-192 (mf).

mf longissima (Simon, 1881)....................Central, East, Southern Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016302]
Larinia l. Simon, 1881e: 3 (Df).
Larinia fasciata Thorell, 1899: 41 (Df).
Larinia quinquepunctata Tullgren, 1910: 162 (Dj).
Larinia tibelloides Lessert, 1930: 632, f. 11 (Df).
Larinia tibelloides Lessert, 1933: 113, f. 28-30 (Dm).
Larinia quinquepunctata concolor Caporiacco, 1947d: 163 (Dj).
Larinopa l. Grasshoff, 1970b: 230, f. 12a-b, 14a-f (Tf from Larinia, Sm).

Gen. Macracantha Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01506]

N.B.: described as a subgenus of Gasteracantha Sundevall, 1833; elevated to genus by Emerit, 1974: 29.

mf arcuata (Fabricius, 1793) *....................India, China to Borneo [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016304]
Aranea a. Fabricius, 1793: 425 (Df).
Epeira curvicauda Vauthier, 1824: 261, pl. 18, f. 1-6 (Df).
Gasteracantha a. C. L. Koch, 1837a: 34, f. 270 (f).
Plectana curvicauda Walckenaer, 1841: 175.
Plectana a. Walckenaer, 1841: 177.
Plectana a. Doleschall, 1859: 42, pl. 12, f. 3 (f).
M. curvicauda Simon, 1864: 287.
M. arquata Simon, 1864: 287 (lapsus).
Gasteracantha curvicauda Hasselt, 1882: 11.
Gasteracantha beccarii Hasselt, 1882: 11, pl. 4, f. 1 (Dj).
Actinacantha a. Simon, 1886a: 147.
Gasteracantha fabricii Simon, 1899a: 94 (Df).
Gasteracantha a. Simon, 1903h: 301 (Dm).
Gasteracantha a. Simon, 1904b: 282, pl. 16, f. 4 (f).
Gasteracantha a. Dahl, 1914: 242, f. 1 (f).
Gasteracantha a. Tikader, 1982a: 69, f. 139-142 (f).
Gasteracantha a. Yin et al., 1997d: 94, f. 23a-c (f).
Gasteracantha a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 281, f. 167N-P, 168A-B, O (f).

Gen. Madacantha Emerit, 1970 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01507]

M. Emerit, 1970: 843, type Gasteracantha nossibeana Strand, 1916.

mf nossibeana (Strand, 1916) *....................Madagascar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016305]
Gasteracantha n. Strand, 1916b: 64 (Df).
Gasteracantha rhomboidea madagascariensis Benoit, 1964a: 50 (S, rejected).
M. n. Emerit, 1970: 853, f. 1A-B, 2A-B, 3B, 4B (Tf from Gasteracantha, Dm).
M. n. Emerit, 1974: 66, f. 23, 24A-C, 25A-B, 26B (mf).

Gen. Mahembea Grasshoff, 1970 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01509]

M. Grasshoff, 1970c: 418, type Larinia hewitti Lessert, 1930.

mf hewitti (Lessert, 1930) *....................Central, East Africa [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016307]
Larinia hewittii Lessert, 1930: 633, f. 12 (Df).
Larinia h. Lessert, 1938: 444, f. 28-30 (Dm).
M. h. Grasshoff, 1970c: 418, f. 25b, 26a-c, 27a-c (Tmf from Larinia).

Gen. Mangora O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01510]

Transferred to other genera:
M. bituberculata Mello-Leitão, 1939 -- see Mecynogea.
M. insolens Simon, 1909 -- see Prasonica.
M. lintearia (Keyserling, 1893) -- see Larinia.
M. minuscula (Keyserling, 1892) -- see Eustala.
M. nigrotaeniata Simon, 1909 -- see Prasonica.
M. octolineata Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Manogea.
M. spillmanni Lessert, 1933 -- see Prasonica.
M. spinosissima Tullgren, 1910 -- see Umbonata.
M. triangularis Franganillo, 1930 -- see Metepeira.

In synonymy:
M. aragarcensis Soares & Camargo, 1948 = M. melanocephala (Taczanowski, 1874) (Levi, 2005a: 151).
M. belligerens Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = M. pia Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 (Chickering, 1954: 208).
M. conspicua Chickering, 1963 = M. fascialata Franganillo, 1936 (Levi, 1975b: 128).
M. dentembolus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = M. melanocephala (Taczanowski, 1874) (Chickering, 1954: 211, sub M. spinula).
M. fida (Mello-Leitão, 1943)= M. v-signata Mello-Leitão, 1943 (Levi, 2007: 88).
M. floridana Archer, 1951 = M. spiculata (Hentz, 1847) (Levi, 1975b: 125).
M. hirtipedata (Roewer, 1942, T from Araneus) = M. hirtipes (Taczanowski, 1878) (Levi, 1991a: 177).
M. pozonae Schenkel, 1953 = M. melanocephala (Taczanowski, 1874) (Levi, 2005a: 151).
M. rostrata (Keyserling, 1893) = M. passiva (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889) (Levi, 2005a: 169).
M. spinula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904 = M. melanocephala (Taczanowski, 1874) (Levi, 2005a: 151).
M. striatipes Bryant, 1945 = M. fascialata Franganillo, 1936 (Levi, 1975b: 128).
M. trilineata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 = M. picta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 (Levi, 2005a: 148).
M. wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953 = M. pia Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 (Levi, 2005a: 176).
M. woytkowskii Levi, 2007 = M. hirtipes (Taczanowski, 1878) (Saturnino et al., 2013: 54).

Nomina dubia:
M. aethiopica Strand, 1906b: 618 (f, Ethiopia) -- Grasshoff, 1971b: 295.
M. decolorata (Keyserling, 1893: 306, pl. 15, f. 226, f, Guatemala, originally in Zilla, transferred to Araneus by Petrunkevitch, 1911: 288, to Zygiella by Roewer, 1942a: 887, here by Levi, 1974a: 271 -- Levi, 2005a: 142.
M. ornatula (Roewer, 1942a: 504, T from Theridion, replacement name for Theridion ornatum Walckenaer, 1841: 239, f, USA) -- Levi, 1975b: 122.

Nomen nudum:
M. paraensis Simon, 1895a: 794.

mf acalypha (Walckenaer, 1802)....................Palearctic [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016308]
Aranea a. Walckenaer, 1802: 199 (D).
Epeira a. Walckenaer, 1805: 60.
Epeira genistae Hahn, 1831a: 11, f. 7 (Dmf).
Zilla genistae C. L. Koch, 1837b: 5.
Zilla decora C. L. Koch, 1837b: 5.
Zilla a. C. L. Koch, 1839a: 139, f. 530-531 (Dmf).
Epeira a. Blackwall, 1864a: 341, pl. 25, f. 246 (mf).
Miranda a. Menge, 1866: 71, pl. 11, f. 16 (mf).
Meta a. Ausserer, 1867: 148.
Epeira a. Thorell, 1873: 454.
Zilla a. O. P.-Cambridge, 1878a: 119, pl. 11, f. 4 (f).
Epeira a. Chyzer & Kulczyn'ski, 1891: 133, pl. 5, f. 22 (mf).
Epeira a. Becker, 1896: 39, pl. 9, f. 2 (mf).
Epeira a. Bösenberg, 1901: 39, pl. 3, f. 27 (mf).
M. a. Lessert, 1910b: 307.
M. a. Simon, 1929: 667, 755, f. 1029 (mf).
M. a. Wiehle, 1931: 23, f. 9, 26-29 (mf).
M. a. Drensky, 1943: 225, f. 6 (mf).
M. a. Locket & Millidge, 1953: 166, f. 110A-D (mf).
M. a. Azheganova, 1968: 87, f. 191-193 (mf).
M. a. Miller, 1971: 214, pl. XL, f. 18-19 (m).
M. a. Loksa, 1972: 108, f. 98A-D (mf).
M. a. Grasshoff, 1973a: 242, f. 1-5 (mf).
M. a. Bakhvalov, 1974: 109, f. 31, 36-38 (mf).
M. a. Punda, 1975b: 40, f. 73-74 (f).
M. a. Levi, 1975b: 117, f. 102-109 (mf).
M. a. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 50: f. III.23, 26 (mf).
M. a. Roberts, 1985: 222, f. 100a (mf).
M. a. Levy, 1987: 252, f. 44-54 (mf).
M. a. Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 225: f. LXIX.23, 26 (mf).
M. a. Hu & Wu, 1989: 101, f. 77.1-6 (mf).
M. a. Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 88, f. 197 (mf).
M. a. Roberts, 1995: 337, f. (mf).
M. a. Mcheidze, 1997: 255, f. 558-561 (mf).
M. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 331, f. 233a-f (mf).
M. a. Roberts, 1998: 350, f. (mf).
M. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 173P-Q, 174J (mf).
M. a. Almquist, 2005: 171, f. 177a-k (mf).

f acaponeta Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040022]
M. a. Levi, 2005a: 156, f. 57-61 (Df).

f acoripa Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041435]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 32, f. 42-43 (Df).

mf acre Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041427]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 24, f. 4-8 (Dmf).

mf alinahui Levi, 2007....................Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041545]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 129, f. 590-594 (Dmf).

f amacayacu Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041480]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 71, f. 251-257 (Df).

mf amchickeringi Levi, 2005....................Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040023]
M. mobilis Chickering, 1954: 202, f. 10-14 (mf, misidentified).
M. a. Levi, 2005a: 160, f. 80-90 (Dmf).
M. a. Levi, 2007: 92, f. 377-382 (mf).

mf angulopicta Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016309]
M. a. Yin et al., 1990: 93, f. 234-238 (Dmf).
M. a. Yin et al., 1997d: 332, f. 234a-e (mf).
M. a. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 292, f. 173R-S, 174K-L, Q (mf).
M. a. Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 232, f. 166A-E (mf).
M. a. Yin et al., 2012: 712, f. 354a-e (mf).

m anilensis Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041510]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 100, f. 418-421 (Dm).

m antillana Dierkens, 2012....................Martinique [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:045529]
M. a. Dierkens, 2012b: 67, f. 1-5 (Dm).

f antonio Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041441]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 37, f. 65-66 (Df).

m apaporis Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041511]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 100, f. 422-423 (Df).

mf apobama Levi, 2007....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041543]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 128, f. 577-583 (Dmf).

f argenteostriata Simon, 1897....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016311]
M. a. Simon, 1897b: 478 (Df).
M. a. Levi, 2007: 96, f. 401-404 (f).

mf aripeba Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041482]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 72, f. 264-268 (Dmf).

f aripuana Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041504]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 95, f. 389-392 (Df).

f asis Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041434]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 32, f. 38-41 (Df).

f ayo Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041449]
M. a. Levi, 2007: 42, f. 96-97 (Df).

f balbina Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041481]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 72, f. 258-263 (Df).

mf bambusa Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041550]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 134, f. 616-621 (Dmf).

f barba Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041506]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 95, f. 397-400 (Df).

mf bemberg Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041521]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 111, f. 487-490 (Dmf).

mf bimaculata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016312]
Epeira b. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 21, pl. 6, f. 12-13 (Dmf).
Epeira b. Keyserling, 1893: 260, pl. 13, f. 19 (mf).
M. b. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 479, pl. 45, f. 10-11 (mf).
M. b. Chickering, 1954: 197, f. 1-5 (mf).
M. b. Levi, 2005a: 175, f. 193-199 (mf).

mf blumenau Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041509]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 99, f. 414-417 (Dmf).

mf bocaina Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041467]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 57, f. 177-185 (Dmf).

m bonaldoi Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041525]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 114, f. 503-504 (Dm).

m botelho Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041474]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 66, f. 221-222 (Dm).

mf bovis Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041508]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 98, f. 410-413 (Dmf).

mf boyaca Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041531]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 118, f. 520-523 (Dmf).

mf brokopondo Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041460]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 50, f. 137-140 (Df).
M. b. Dierkens, 2013b: 112, f. 1-2, 13, 21-23 (f, Dm).
M. b. Saturnino et al., 2013: 52, f. 1-5 (m).

f browns Levi, 2007....................Suriname [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041491]
M. b. Levi, 2007: 81, f. 309-312 (Df).

mf caballero Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041476]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 67, f. 231-237 (Dmf).

m cajuta Levi, 2007....................Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041439]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 36, f. 61-62 (Dm).

mf calcarifera F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904....................USA to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016313]
M. c. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 479, pl. 45, f. 12-13 (Dmf).
M. c. Levi, 1975b: 132, f. 131-144 (mf).
M. c. Levi, 2005a: 150, f. 20-29 (mf).

f campeche Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040024]
M. c. Levi, 2005a: 166, f. 136-139 (Df).

mf candida Chickering, 1954....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016314]
M. c. Chickering, 1954: 198, f. 6-9 (Dmf).
M. c. Levi, 2005a: 170, f. 164-170 (mf).

f caparu Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041450]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 42, f. 98-99 (Df).

mf castelo Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041507]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 96, f. 405-409 (Dmf).

mf caxias Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041544]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 129, f. 584-589 (Dmf).

f cercado Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041477]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 68, f. 238-240 (Df).

mf chacobo Levi, 2007....................Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041494]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 84, f. 324-330 (Dmf).

f chanchamayo Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041514]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 102, f. 430-433 (Df).

mf chao Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041493]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 82, f. 317-323 (Dmf).

m chavantina Levi, 2007....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041472]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 66, f. 216-217 (Dm).
M. c. Dierkens, 2013b: 113, f. 3, 24 (m).

mf chicanna Levi, 2005....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040025]
M. c. Levi, 2005a: 172, f. 175-181 (Dmf).

f chiguaza Levi, 2007....................Ecuador, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041431]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 29, f. 22-26 (Df).

f chispa Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041488]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 78, f. 293-295 (Df).

f chuquisaca Levi, 2007....................Bolivia, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041501]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 90, f. 363-366 (Df).

mf cochuna Levi, 2007....................Peru, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041443]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 37, f. 70-74 (Dmf).

f colonche Levi, 2007....................Peru, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041539]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 124, f. 560-562 (Df).

mf comaina Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041512]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 100, f. 424-427 (Dmf).

f corcovado Levi, 2005....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040026]
M. c. Levi, 2005a: 179, f. 215-218 (Df).

m corocito Levi, 2007....................Venezuela, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041485]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 74, f. 277-279 (Dm).
M. c. Dierkens, 2013b: 113, f. 4, 25-26 (m).

mf craigae Levi, 2005....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040027]
M. c. Levi, 2005a: 147, f. 8-13 (Dmf).

f crescopicta Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016315]
M. c. Yin et al., 1990: 95, f. 239-242 (Df).
M. c. Yin et al., 1997d: 333, f. 235a-d (f).
M. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 173T-U, 174R (f).
M. c. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 213, f. 128A-D (f).
M. c. Yin et al., 2012: 714, f. 355a-d (f).

f cutucu Levi, 2007....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041527]
M. c. Levi, 2007: 115, f. 508-510 (Df).

mf dagua Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041468]
M. d. Levi, 2007: 58, f. 186-190 (Dmf).

mf dianasilvae Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041490]
M. d. Levi, 2007: 79, f. 302-308 (Dmf).

mf distincta Chickering, 1963....................Honduras to Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016317]
M. d. Chickering, 1963a: 6, f. 8-11 (Dm).
M. d. Levi, 2005a: 158, f. 71-79 (m, Df).

mf divisor Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041437]
M. d. Levi, 2007: 33, f. 48-50 (Dmf).

mf eberhardi Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041522]
M. e. Levi, 2007: 111, f. 491-496 (Dmf).

f engleri Levi, 2007....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041457]
M. e. Levi, 2007: 48, f. 127-129 (Df).

mf enseada Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041459]
M. e. Levi, 2007: 49, f. 132-36 (Dm).

f explorama Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041519]
M. e. Levi, 2007: 110, f. 478-481 (Df).

mf falconae Schenkel, 1953....................Panama, Colombia, Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016318]
M. f. Schenkel, 1953a: 19, f. 17 (Df).
M. f. Levi, 2005a: 178, f. 208-214 (f, Dm).
M. f. Levi, 2007: 87, f. 3, 344-348 (mf).

mf fascialata Franganillo, 1936....................USA to Honduras, Cuba, Hispaniola, Trinidad [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016319]
M. f. Franganillo, 1936c: 83 (Df).
M. striatipes Bryant, 1945a: 375, f. 17-18 (Dmf).
M. gibberosa Kraus, 1955b: 22, f. 57-58 (f, misidentified).
M. conspicua Chickering, 1963a: 2, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
M. f. Levi, 1975b: 128, f. 110-117 (mf, S).
M. f. Breene et al., 1993: 102, f. 150A-C (mf).
M. f. Levi, 2002: 559, f. 317 (m).
M. f. Levi, 2005a: 162, f. 97-103 (mf).
M. f. Penney, 2008: 105, f. 5.100 (m).

m florestal Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041528]
M. f. Levi, 2007: 115, f. 511 (Dm).

f foliosa Zhu & Yin, 1998....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016321]
M. f. Zhu & Yin, in Yin et al., 1997d: 333, f. 236a-e (Df).
M. f. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174A-B, S (f).
M. f. Yin et al., 2012: 715, f. 356a-e (f).

mf fornicata (Keyserling, 1864)....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016322]
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1864: 134, pl. 7, f. 18-20 (Df).
Epeira f. Keyserling, 1893: 245, pl. 12, f. 183 (f).
M. f. Simon, 1895a: 789, f. 854.
M. f. Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 150, f. 44, pl. VII, f. 32 (m, misidentified per Levi, 2007: 119).
M. fornicate Levi, 2007: 119, f. 524-533 (mf, lapsus, correct in index)

f fortuna Levi, 2005....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040028]
M. f. Levi, 2005a: 166, f. 131-135 (Df).

mf fundo Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041466]
M. f. Levi, 2007: 56, f. 170-176 (Dmf).

mf gibberosa (Hentz, 1847)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016323]
Epeira g. Hentz, 1847: 479, pl. 31, f. 20 (Df).
Epeira g. Emerton, 1884: 317, pl. 34, f. 1, pl. 36, f. 17 (f, Dm).
Epeira g. Keyserling, 1893: 241, pl. 12, f. 180 (mf).
Abbotia g. McCook, 1894: 240, pl. 24, f. 4 (mf).
M. g. Simon, 1895a: 793.
Epeira g. Emerton, 1902: 175, f. 411-413 (f).
Abbotiana g. Strand, 1929: 10.
M. g. Kaston, 1948: 239, f. 743-744, 755-756 (m).
M. g. Archer, 1951a: 15, f. 26 (m).
M. g. Shear, 1967: 11, f. 28-29 (m).
M. g. Levi, 1975b: 130, f. 118-130 (mf).
M. g. Breene et al., 1993: 102, f. 151A-C (mf).
M. g. Hutchinson, Paquin & LeSage, 2000: 46, f. 1-5 (mf).
M. g. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 48, f. 332-334 (mf).
M. g. Dondale et al., 2003: 134, f. 271-277 (mf).
M. g. Levi, 2005a: 161, f. 91-96 (mf).
M. g. Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 847, f. 134B (f).

f goodnightorum Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040029]
M. g. Levi, 2005a: 168, f. 140-143 (Df).

f grande Levi, 2007....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041430]
M. g. Levi, 2007: 28, f. 17-20 (Df).

f hemicraera (Thorell, 1890)....................Malaysia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016324]
Epeira h. Thorell, 1890d: 301 (Df).
M. h. Simon, 1895a: 791.

mf herbeoides (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906)....................China, Korea, Japan [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016325]
Aranea h. Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 227, pl. 4, f. 30, pl. 11, f. 241 (Dmf).
Aranea h. Strand, 1918: 81, pl. 1, f. 9.
M. h. Yaginuma, 1955a: 16, f. 1-8 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus h. Schenkel, 1963: 143, f. 84a-c (m).
M. h. Yaginuma, 1986a: 107, f. 57.4 (mf).
M. h. Yin et al., 1997d: 334, f. 237a-e (mf).
M. h. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174C, M-N, T (mf).
M. h. Namkung, 2002: 281, f. 19.42a-b (mf).
M. h. Kim & Kim, 2002: 213, f. 53, 136-137, 254 (mf).
M. h. Namkung, 2003: 283, f. 19.42a-b (mf).
M. h. Tanikawa, 2007c: 89, f. 274, 738-740 (mf).
M. h. Tanikawa, 2009: 459, f. 313-314 (mf).
M. h. Yin et al., 2012: 716, f. 357a-e (mf).

mf hirtipes (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru, Brazil, Guyana, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016326]
Epeira h. Taczanowski, 1878b: 164, pl. 2, f. 15 (Df; preoccupied in Araneus by Fabricius, 1775, sub Aranea).
Araneus h. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 297.
Aranea hirtipedata Roewer, 1942a: 844 (replacement name for Epeira hirtipes).
M. h. Levi, 1991a: 177 (Tf from Araneus, S unneeded replacement name).
M. h. Levi, 2007: 124, f. 563-567 (f).
M. woytkowskii Levi, 2007: 133, f. 603-604 (Dm) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041548].
M. h. Dierkens, 2013b: 113, f. 5, 14 (f).
M. h. Saturnino et al., 2013: 54 (Sm).

mf huallaga Levi, 2007....................Peru, Bolivia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041483]
M. h. Levi, 2007: 73, f. 269-273 (Dmf).

m huancabamba Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041515]
M. h. Levi, 2007: 103, f. 434-435 (Dm).

mf ikuruwa Levi, 2007....................Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041455]
M. i. Levi, 2007: 47, f. 116-121 (Dmf).
M. i. Dierkens, 2013b: 113, f. 6, 15 (f).

j inconspicua Schenkel, 1936....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016327]
M. i. Schenkel, 1936b: 98 (Dj).

mf insperata Soares & Camargo, 1948....................Colombia, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016328]
M. i. Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 374, f. 29, 29A (Df).
M. i. Levi, 2007: 106, f. 458-464 (f, Dm).

mf isabel Levi, 2007....................Brazil, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041487]
M. i. Levi, 2007: 76, f. 287-292 (Dmf).
M. i. Dierkens, 2013b: 114, f. 7, 16 (f).

f itabapuana Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041484]
M. i. Levi, 2007: 74, f. 274-276, 283-286 (Df).

mf itatiaia Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041552]
M. i. Levi, 2007: 138, f. 633-637 (Dmf).

mf itza Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040030]
M. i. Levi, 2005a: 154, f. 48-56 (Dmf).

mf ixtapan Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040031]
M. i. Levi, 2005a: 170, f. 157-163 (Dmf).

f jumboe Levi, 2007....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041453]
M. j. Levi, 2007: 46, f. 110-113 (Df).

m keduc Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041454]
M. k. Levi, 2007: 46, f. 114-115 (Dm).

f kochalkai Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041523]
M. k. Levi, 2007: 112, f. 497-499 (Df).

mf kuntur Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041530]
M. k. Levi, 2007: 116, f. 516-519 (Dmf).

mf lactea Mello-Leitão, 1944....................Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016329]
M. l. Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 331, f. 16 (Df).
M. l. Levi, 2007: 140, f. 638-642 (f, Dm).

mf laga Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041540]
M. l. Levi, 2007: 126, f. 568-570 (Dmf).

f latica Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041547]
M. l. Levi, 2007: 132, f. 600-602 (Df).

mf lechugal Levi, 2007....................Peru, Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041546]
M. l. Levi, 2007: 130, f. 595-599 (Dmf).

m leticia Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041513]
M. l. Levi, 2007: 102, f. 428-429 (Dm).

f leucogasteroides Roewer, 1955....................Myanmar [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016330]
Epeira leucogaster Thorell, 1895: 189 (Df; preoccupied by Marx, 1889).
M. l. Roewer, 1955c: 773 (replacement name).

f leverger Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041429]
M. l. Levi, 2007: 28, f. 15-16 (Df).

f logrono Levi, 2007....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041448]
M. l. Levi, 2007: 42, f. 91-95 (Df).

mf maculata (Keyserling, 1865)....................USA [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016331]
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1865: 827, pl. 18, f. 24-27 (Dmf).
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1893: 242, pl. 12, f. 181 (mf).
Abbotia m. McCook, 1894: 241, pl. 20, f. 9-10 (mf).
M. m. Simon, 1895a: 791.
M. ornata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 105 (S, rejected).
M. m. Archer, 1951a: 15, f. 32 (m).
M. m. Grasshoff, 1971b: 295, f. 48a-b (m).
M. m. Levi, 1975b: 122, f. 58-68 (mf).
M. m. Dondale et al., 2003: 139, f. 285-290 (mf).

mf mamiraua Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041518]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 109, f. 472-477 (Dmf).

f manglar Levi, 2007....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041533]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 120, f. 538-540 (Df).

mf manicore Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041452]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 44, f. 105-109 (Dmf).

mf mapia Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041428]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 26, f. 9-14 (Dmf).

mf matamata Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041451]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 43, f. 100-104 (Dmf).

mf mathani Simon, 1895....................Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041516]
M. m. Simon, 1895a: 787, 793 (Df; N.B.: considered a nomen nudum by Bonnet, but putatively diagnostic information is provided).
M. m. Levi, 2007: 103, f. 436-449, 541-542 (f, Dm).

f maximiano Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041505]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 95, f. 393-396 (Df).

mf melanocephala (Taczanowski, 1874)....................Mexico to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016332]
Linyphia m. Taczanowski, 1874: 70 (Dmf).
Zilla m. Keyserling, 1881b: 552, pl. 16, f. 4 (mf).
M. picta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 14, pl. 3, f. 6 (f, misidentified).
Zilla m. Keyserling, 1893: 302, pl. 15, f. 223 (mf).
Araneus melanocephalus Simon, 1897e: 2.
M. picta F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 479, pl. 45, f. 15 (f, misidentified).
M. spinula F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 480, pl. 45, f. 18 (Dm).
M. dentembolus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 59, pl. 12, f. 114-116 (Df).
Zygiella m. Roewer, 1942a: 887.
M. m. Caporiacco, 1948a: 659 (Tf from Zygiella).
M. aragarcensis Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 372, f. 27-28 (Df).
M. pozonae Schenkel, 1953a: 20, f. 18 (Df).
M. spinula Chickering, 1954: 211, f. 23-26 (m, Sf).
M. m. Levi, 2005a: 151, f. 30-47 (mf, S).
M. m. Levi, 2007: 61, f. 2, 21, 199-211 (mf).
M. m. Dierkens, 2013b: 114, f. 8, 17, 27-28 (mf).

mf melanoleuca Mello-Leitão, 1941....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016333]
M. m. Mello-Leitão, 1941d: 150, f. 45-46 (Dmf).
M. m. Levi, 2007: 70, f. 241-244 (mf).

m melloleitaoi Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041461]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 52, f. 141-142 (Dm).

mf minacu Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041534]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 122, f. 543-546 (Dmf).

mf missa Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041464]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 53, f. 154-163 (Dmf).

m mitu Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041498]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 86, f. 341-343 (Dm).

mf mobilis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016334]
Epeira m. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 30, pl. 6, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira m. Keyserling, 1893: 240, pl. 12, f. 179 (f).
M. m. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 479, pl. 45, f. 16-17 (f, Dm).
M. m. Levi, 2005a: 156, f. 62-70 (mf).

mf montana Chickering, 1954....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016335]
M. m. Chickering, 1954: 204, f. 15-17 (Dmf).
M. m. Levi, 2005a: 146, f. 1-7 (mf).

f morona Levi, 2007....................Ecuador, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041497]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 86, f. 337-340 (Df).

f moyobamba Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041541]
M. m. Levi, 2007: 127, f. 571-572 (Df).

f nahuatl Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040032]
M. n. Levi, 2005a: 165, f. 121-125 (Df).

mf nonoai Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041551]
M. n.Levi, 2007: 138, f. 629-632 (Dmf).

mf novempupillata Mello-Leitão, 1940....................Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016336]
M. 9-pupillata Mello-Leitão, 1940h: 26, f. 6-8 (Df).
M. n. Roewer, 1955c: 774.
M. n. Levi, 2007: 104, f. 450-457 (f, Dm).

mf nuco Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041542]
M. n. Levi, 2007: 127, f. 573-576 (Dmf).

f oaxaca Levi, 2005....................Mexico [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040033]
M. o. Levi, 2005a: 165, f. 116-120 (Df).

m ordaz Levi, 2007....................Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041470]
M. o. Levi, 2007: 60, f. 196-198 (Dm).

mf ouropreto Santos & Santos, 2011....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:044262]
M. o. Santos & Santos, 2011: 250, f. 1-5 (Dmf).

f oxapampa Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041529]
M. o. Levi, 2007: 116, f. 512-515 (Df).

m pagoreni Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041479]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 71, f. 249-250 (Dm).

f palenque Levi, 2007....................Ecuador [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041538]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 123, f. 557-559 (Df).

f paranaiba Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041495]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 85, f. 331-333 (Df).

mf passiva (O. P.-Cambridge, 1889)....................USA to Nicaragua [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016337]
Epeira p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 20, pl. 5, f. 4 (Df).
Epeira rostrata Keyserling, 1893: 230, pl. 11, f. 171 (Df).
M. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 480, pl. 45, f. 19 (f).
Araneus rostratus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 313.
M. p. Levi, 1975b: 124, f. 69-79 (f, Dm).
M. rostrata Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tf from Araneus).
M. p. Levi, 2005a: 169, f. 148-156 (mf, S).

mf paula Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041502]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 91, f. 372-376 (Dmf).

mf peichiuta Levi, 2007....................Paraguay [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041463]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 52, f. 143, 148-153 (Dmf).

f pepino Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041537]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 123, f. 554-556 (Df).

mf pia Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936....................Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016338]
M. p. Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 58, pl. 12, f. 112 (Df).
M. belligerens Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 60, pl. 12, f. 113 (Dm).
M. wiedenmeyeri Schenkel, 1953a: 18, f. 16 (Df).
M. p. Chickering, 1954: 208, f. 18-21 (f, Sm).
M. p. Levi, 2005a: 176, f. 200-207 (mf, S).
M. p. Levi, 2007: 134, f. 611-615 (mf).

mf picta O. P.-Cambridge, 1889 *....................Mexico to Honduras [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016339]
M. p. O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 14, pl. 3, f. 5 (Dm; not f, =M. melanocephala).
M. trilineata O. P.-Cambridge, 1889d: 14, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
M. p. F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 479, pl. 45, f. 14 (m, not f).
M. trilineata F. O. P.-Cambridge, 1904: 480, pl. 45, f. 20 (f).
M. trilineata Chickering, 1954: 213, f. 27-28 (f).
M. p. Levi, 2005a: 148, f. 14-19 (m, Sf).

mf pira Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041433]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 30, f. 32-37 (Dmf).

f piratini Rodrigues & Mendonça, 2011....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:043782]
M. p. Rodrigues & Mendonça, 2011: 66, f. 14-16 (Df).

f piroca Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041440]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 36, f. 63-64 (Df).

mf placida (Hentz, 1847)....................North America [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016340]
Epeira p. Hentz, 1847: 475, pl. 31, f. 12 (Df).
Epeira praetrepida Keyserling, 1881b: 549, pl. 16, f. 2 (Df).
Epeira p. Emerton, 1884: 316, pl. 34, f. 2, pl. 36, f. 10, 13 (f, Dm).
Epeira praetrepida Keyserling, 1893: 232, pl. 11, f. 173 (f).
Epeira p. McCook, 1894: 153, pl. 4, f. 4-5 (mf).
M. p. Simon, 1895a: 786.
Epeira p. Emerton, 1902: 176, f. 414 (f).
M. p. Kaston, 1948: 238, f. 753-754 (f).
M. spiculata Archer, 1951a: 13, f. 28 (m, misidentified).
M. p. Archer, 1951a: 14, f. 29 (f, not f. 30, m, =M. spiculata).
M. p. Levi, 1975b: 126, f. 80-81, 90-101 (mf).
M. p. Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 48, f. 335-337 (mf).
M. p. Dondale et al., 2003: 136, f. 278-284 (mf).
M. p. Levi, 2005a: 164, f. 110-115 (mf).

m polypicula Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016341]
M. p. Yin et al., 1990: 96, f. 243-246 (Dm).
M. polyspicula Yin et al., 1997d: 235, f. 238a-d (m).
M. polyspicula Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174O-P. U (m).

f porcullo Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041536]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 123, f. 550-553 (Df).

f puerto Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041473]
M. p. Levi, 2007: 66, f. 218-220 (Df).

f punctipes (Taczanowski, 1878)....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016343]
Epeira p. Taczanowski, 1878b: 166, pl. 2, f. 16 (Df).
Araneus p. Petrunkevitch, 1911: 311.
M. p. Levi, 1991a: 179 (Tf from Araneus).
M. p. Levi, 2007: 90, f. 367-371 (f).

mf purulha Levi, 2005....................Guatemala [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040034]
M. p. Levi, 2005a: 174, f. 182-188 (Dmf).

mf ramirezi Levi, 2007....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041489]
M. r. Levi, 2007: 79, f. 296-301 (Dmf).

mf rhombopicta Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016344]
M. r. Yin et al., 1990: 98, f. 247-250 (Df).
M. r. Yin et al., 1997d: 336, f. 239a-d (f).
M. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174D-E, 175A (f).
M. r. Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 214, f. 129A-C (f).
M. r. Zhang & Zhang, 2002: 23, f. 2A-C (Dm).
M. r. Yin et al., 2012: 718, f. 258a-f (mf).

f rondonia Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041520]
M. r. Levi, 2007: 110, f. 482-486 (Df).

f rupununi Levi, 2007....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041486]
M. r. Levi, 2007: 76, f. 280-282 (Df).

f saut Levi, 2007....................French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041471]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 64, f. 212-215 (Df).
M. s. Dierkens, 2013b: 114, f. 9-10, 18-19 (f).

f schneirlai Chickering, 1954....................Costa Rica, Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016346]
M. s. Chickering, 1954: 209, f. 22 (Df).
M. s. Levi, 2005a: 175, f. 189-192 (f).

f sciosciae Levi, 2007....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041499]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 87, f. 349-352 (Df).

f semiargentea Simon, 1895....................Sri Lanka [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016347]
M. s. Simon, 1895a: 791 (Df).

mf semiatra Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Venezuela, Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041492]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 81, f. 1, 313-316 (Dmf).

f shudikar Levi, 2007....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041478]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 70, f. 245-248 (Df).

mf sobradinho Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041517]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 108, f. 465-471 (Dmf).

f socorpa Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041535]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 122, f. 547-549 (Df).

mf songyangensis Yin et al., 1990....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016348]
M. s. Yin et al., 1990: 99, f. 251-253 (Df).
M. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 337. f. 240a-c (f).
M. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174F-G, 175B (f).
M. s. Yin, Griswold & Xu, 2007: 4, f. 3a-d (Dm).
M. s. Yin et al., 2012: 720, f. 359a-g (mf).

mf spiculata (Hentz, 1847)....................USA, China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016349]
Epeira s. Hentz, 1847: 475, pl. 31, f. 13 (Df).
M. s. Archer, 1951a: 13, f. 27 (f, removed from S of M. placida, not m, =M. placida).
M. placida Archer, 1951a: 14, f. 30 (m, misidentified).
M. floridana Archer, 1951a: 14, f. 31, 56, 60 (Dmf).
M. s. Levi, 1975b: 125, f. 82-89 (f, Sm).
M. s. Xu & Wang, 1983: 32, f. 1a-b (f).
M. s. Yin et al., 1997d: 338, f. 241a-b (f).
M. s. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174H, 175C (f).
M. s. Levi, 2005a: 164, f. 104-109 (mf).

mf strenua (Keyserling, 1893)....................Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016351]
Epeira s. Keyserling, 1893: 257, pl. 13, f. 192 (Df).
Araneus strenuus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 318.
M. s. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 184 (Tf from Araneus).
M. s. Levi, 2007: 136, f. 622-628 (f, Dm).

f sturmi Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041445]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 39, f. 81-84 (Df).

m sufflava Chickering, 1963....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016352]
M. s. Chickering, 1963a: 9, f. 12-15 (Dm).
M. s. Levi, 2005a: 172, f. 171-174 (m).

mf sumauma Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041456]
M. s. Levi, 2007: 47, f. 122-126 (Dmf).

f taboquinha Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041532]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 120, f. 534-537 (Df).

f taczanowskii Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041500]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 87, f. 353-355 (Df).

m tambo Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041458]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 48, f. 130-131 (Dm).

f taraira Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041446]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 39, f. 85-86 (Df).

f tarapuy Levi, 2007....................Ecuador, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041436]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 33, f. 44-47 (Df).

f tarma Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041526]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 114, f. 505-507 (Df).

mf tefe Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041549]
M. t. Levi, 2007: 133, f. 605-610 (Dmf).

f theridioides Mello-Leitão, 1948....................Guyana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016353]
M. t. Mello-Leitão, 1948: 166, f. 9 (Df).
M. t. Levi, 2007: 38, f. 75-77 (f).

f tschekiangensis Schenkel, 1963....................China [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016355]
M. t. Schenkel, 1963: 141, f. 82 (Df).
M. t. Chen & Zhang, 1991: 113, f. 107 (f).
M. t. Yin et al., 1997d: 338, f. 242a-b (f).
M. t. Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 293, f. 174I, 175D (f).

f umbrata Simon, 1897....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016356]
M. u. Simon, 1897b: 478 (Df).
M. u. Levi, 2007: 36, f. 57-60 (f).

mf unam Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Peru, Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041432]
M. u. Levi, 2007: 29, f. 27-31 (Dmf).

mf uraricoera Levi, 2007....................Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041503]
M. u. Levi, 2007: 92, f. 383-388 (Dmf).
M. u. Dierkens, 2013b: 114, f. 11-12, 20 (f).

m uru Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041444]
M. u. Levi, 2007: 39, f. 78-80 (Dm).

mf uziga Levi, 2007....................Paraguay, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041475]
M. u. Levi, 2007: 67, f. 223-230 (Dmf).

f vaupes Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041447]
M. v. Levi, 2007: 40, f. 87-90 (Df).

mf velha Levi, 2007....................Brazil [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041465]
M. v. Levi, 2007: 54, f. 164-169 (Dmf).

f vianai Levi, 2007....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041524]
M. v. Levi, 2007: 114, f. 500-502 (Df).

m villeta Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041462]
M. v. Levi, 2007: 52, f. 144-147 (Dm).

f vito Levi, 2005....................Costa Rica [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040035]
M. v. Levi, 2005a: 168, f. 144-147 (Df).

f volcan Levi, 2005....................Panama [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:040036]
M. v. Levi, 2005a: 165, f. 126-130 (Df).

mf v-signata Mello-Leitão, 1943....................Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016357]
M. v. Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 184, f. 21 (Df).
Theridion fidum Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 169, f. 13, 14 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016320].
M. fida Levi, 1967b: 37, f. 42-44 (Tmf from Theridion).
M. v. Levi, 2007: 88, f. 356-362 (f, Sm).

f yacupoi Levi, 2007....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041469]
M. y. Levi, 2007: 60, f. 191-195 (Df).

m yungas Levi, 2007....................Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041442]
M. y. Levi, 2007: 37, f. 67-69 (Dm).

m zepol Levi, 2007....................Colombia [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041496]
M. z. Levi, 2007: 85, f. 334-336 (Dm).

mf zona Levi, 2007....................Peru [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:041438]
M. z. Levi, 2007: 34, f. 51-56 (Dmf).

Gen. Manogea Levi, 1997 [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidergen:01511]

M. Levi, 1997: 233, type Cyrtophora porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838).

In synonymy:
M. berlandi (Caporiacco, 1954, T from Meta) = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1986a: 105, sub Cyrtophora guyanensis).
M. brasilica (Soares & Camargo, 1948, T from Meta) = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1986a: 105, sub Cyrtophora guyanensis).
M. espiritosantensis (Soares & Camargo, 1955, T from Meta) = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1986a: 105, sub Cyrtophora guyanensis).
M. grammica Simon, 1895 = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1980a: 13, sub Cyrtophora guyanensis).
M. guianensis (Mello-Leitão, 1948, T from Mecynogea) = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1997: 234).
M. guyanensis (Keyserling, 1881, T from Cyrtophora) = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1997: 234).
M. octolineata (Caporiacco, 1947, T from Mangora) = M. porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) (Levi, 1997: 234).

mf gaira Levi, 1997....................Colombia, Venezuela [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016359]
M. g. Levi, 1997: 238, f. 100-106 (Dmf).

mf porracea (C. L. Koch, 1838) *....................Panama to Argentina [urn:lsid:amnh.org:spidersp:016360]
Miranda p. C. L. Koch, 1838: 49, f. 368 (Df).
Epeira p. Walckenaer, 1841: 51.
Cyrtophora p. Simon, 1895a: 773.
Araneus po