A Workshop for Conservation Biologists, Pollination Ecologists, and other Biologists


Course URL:  


Where and When: Southwestern Research Station (SWRS), Portal, Arizona, August 25 September 4, 2013.

Jerome G. Rozen, Jr. (American Museum of Natural History)
Ronald J. McGinley (Dewey, IL)


In 2013, we are again offering THE BEE COURSE, a nine-day workshop to be presented at the Southwestern Research Station, near Portal, Arizona. The main purpose of the course is to provide participants with sufficient knowledge and experience to use effectively The Bee Genera of North and Central America by Michener, McGinley, and Danforth, 1994. This book provides well-illustrated keys to all genera of bees found in that geographic region and information about their morphology, distribution, and classification. Persons equipped with the information from this course will be capable of using Charles Michener's magnum opus, Bees of the World, re-published in 2007 by Johns Hopkins University Press. This book deals with the classification, evolution, and distribution of bees on a worldwide basis and presents keys to genera, subgenera, and higher taxa for the entire globe. 

COURSE OBJECTIVES.--THE BEE COURSE is designed primarily for botanists, conservation biologists, pollination ecologists, and other biologists whose research, training, or teaching responsibilities require a greater understanding of bee taxonomy. It emphasizes the classification and identification of more than sixty bee genera of North and Central America (both temperate and tropical), and the general information provided is applicable to the global bee fauna. Lectures include background information on the biologies of bees, their floral relationships, their importance in maintaining and/or improving floral diversity, inventory strategies, and the significance of oligolecty (i.e., taxonomic floral specialization). Field trips acquaint participants with collecting and sampling techniques; associated lab work provides instruction on specimen identification, preparation and labeling.

COURSE SIGNIFICANCE.--The field of pollination ecology explores the reproductive biology of plants in general, including the biotic and abiotic agents associated with pollination and seed-set. This is of interest for basic research and understanding of world communities and also has significant practical impact as it relates to pollination of economically important crop plants, to survival of endangered plants, and to plant reproduction in threatened habitats. Pollen is moved between receptive flowers by wind, water, birds, bats, beetles, flies, etc., but the 20,000 species of bees worldwide play a dominant role in the sexual reproduction of most plant communities. This course will empower students with 1) the confident use of The Bee Genera of North and Central America, 2) an appreciation for the biological diversity of bees, and 3) sufficient background to learn more about bees and investigate pollination and conservation problems with greater insight.



Robert G. Goelet Bee Workshop Fund, American Museum of Natural History. 
Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, American Museum of Natural History. 

Others to be announced.


BACKGROUND INFORMATION.--THE BEE COURSE was presented for the first time in 1999 at the SWRS, and two similar workshops, held in Mexico in 1985 and 1986, involved many current instructors. The Southwestern Research Station is centered amid the richest bee fauna in North America, and its collections include exemplars of almost all of the local bee fauna.

This is an ongoing course, offered annually.


PARTICIPANT ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA.--THE BEE COURSE is open to all interested individuals. Priority will be given to those biologists for whom the course will have significant impact on their research and/or teaching. An entomological background is not required. THE BEE COURSE, presented in English, is limited to 22 participants.



Dr. John S. Ascher
Division of Invertebrate Zoology 
American Museum of Natural History 
Central Park W. @ 79th St.
New York, NY 10024

Dr. Stephen L. Buchmann
1870 W. Prince Rd. 
   Suite 16 
Tucson, AZ 85705




Dr. Ronald J. McGinley
2517 County Road 600 East
Dewey, IL 61840









Dr. James H. Cane
USDA-ARS Bee Biology 
   and Systematics Lab
Utah State University
Logan, UT 84322-5310



Dr. Terry L. Griswold
USDA-ARS Bee Biology &
   Systematics Lab 
Utah State University
Logan, UT 84322-5310




Dr. Lawrence Packer
Department of Biology
York University
Toronto, ON, Canada






Dr. Jerome G. Rozen, Jr.
Division of Invertebrate Zoology 
American Museum of Natural History 
Central Park W. @ 79th St.
New York, NY 10024

Dr. Robbin W. Thorp
Department of Entomology
University of California
Davis, California 95616











Tuition for the 9-day COURSE is $900 to be paid by all participants on being informed of their acceptance unless they have been granted a waiver or partial waiver. Tuition covers overhead costs of the workshop. This fee may be paid by check (but not by credit card) after you are informed of acceptance.

In addition, all students (whether or not they have received a waiver of tuition) or their home institutions must pay the Southwestern Research Station (SWRS) fees of $670 for this period, covering dormitory room and board. This fee is payable to SWRS by credit card, certified check or money order (in USD), or cash (not personal check). This fee must be paid 30 days in advance of the course to: Southwest Research Station, PO Box 16553, Portal, AZ USA 85632, or call 1-520-558-2396 with a credit card. Transportation costs between home and Tucson (air) or SWRS (auto) are to be borne by all participants or their home institutions.



The application form is available on the course web site:



For application forms and additional information, please send requests to:

NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10024-5192, USA